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FISHES NATIONAL MUSEUW

je^rVISION OF S.

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AQUARIUM

PUBLISHED AT PHILADELPHIA. Vol.1

PA.

BY THE AQUARIUM SOCIETIES Jz^OFTHE CITIES OFc^tt

NEW YORK CHICAGO

:

:

u No.

BROOKLYN

PHILADELPHIA

n


LOUIS RUHE IMPORTER OF ALL KINDS OF

Singing and Fancy

BIRDS Aquarium

Fish, Plants,

etc.

HEADQUARTERS FOR THE

Genuine Natural Fish Food The

Best

248

Food

for all

Kinds of Aquarium Fish

GRAND STREET NEW YORK


FISH FOOD

DRIED DAPHNIA

WM. L. PAULLIN Goldfish Hatchery Fancy Japanese Fantails and Telescopes Common and Fancy Water Plants

WHOLESALE 425

Jacob C. Cassel 915

Arch

Pa.

Philadelphia,

Street,

Manufacturer

WOLF

Aquariums

will

also

Floral Terra Cotta, etc.

Send

all

for

develop

fine fins

makes your

and robust;

aquarium requisites

PA.

and

for

Daphnia.

is

color;

healthv

the best substitute

This food

New York

used by the

Catalog and Trade Prices

and

fish

will act as a laxa-

tive

Fish Food

Fish Globes and

PHILADELPHIA,

ST.

Greenriver Fish and Baby Fish Food

Aquarium Ornaments Goldfish

RETAIL

is

and

Philadelphia Aquaria; also by

Self- Sustaining Paradise

and

Live-Bearmg

Aquaria

many

Ask your dealer

flSHES

HARRY

FOR SALE Large Variety of Water Plants

for

P.

it

or send to

PETERS

Warnock Street PHILADELPHIA, PA.

1210 North

HERMANN RABENAU 1143-1153

breeders in Philadelphia

LIBERTY AVE., BROOKLYN

IMPORTER AND BREEDER

Grant Avenue Station, end of City Line Elevated

C.

THIELER DEALER

Scaleless

IN

Fancy Japanese Gold and

Silver Fish Aquaria, Fish Globes, Foods and Plants, Birds and Cages, Bird Seed, Mocking-Bird Food, Etc.

Paradise Fish

CHAS. PAULLIN

THIELER'S SONG RESTORER Very Best

in

the

BREEDER

Market

2740

^^

Flatbush Avenue,

Japanese Ribbon and Veil Tails

Telescopes

BROOKLYN,

Telephone Connection

W.

Silver Street,

PHILADELPHIA, PA.

N. Y. Mail Orders Solicited


9

S I

FRANKLIN BARRETT

8

D

4815

g

i

Street, Olney, Philadelphia, Pa.

Largest Greenhouses in the World Devoted to the Breeding of Fancy, Chinese and Japanese Goldfish and

Propagation

of

Aquarium

Plants

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL

PLANTS

FISHES

CABOMBA MYRIOPHYLLUM

COMMON SCALED

ANACHARIS SAGITTARIA LUDWIGIA VALISNERIA

SCALELESS

COMET FANTAIL FRINGETAIL TELESCOPES

HORNWORT POTAMOGETON SNOW FLAKE WATER POPPY WATER HYACINTH

CELESTIALS LION'S HEADS

SHUBUNKINS

SALVINIA

PARADISE GOLDEN-ORFES GOLDEN-TENCH GAMBUSIA-AFFINIS STICKLE-BACKS

WATER FERN LACE LEAF

WATER LETTUCE UMBRELLA PALMS CYPERUS PAPYRUS CYPERUS

SNAILS

ALTERNIFOLIUS GRACILIS

COMMON RAM S HORN

LAXUS FOLVA VARIEGATED BOSTON FERNS

POTOMAC AFRICAN JAPANESE

Drawing by H. T.

WOLF

PTERIS FERNS

WATER

LILIES

Submerged and Semi-Submerged Plants FOR PONDS ON ESTATES

Manufacturer of the Celebrated Rustless corner pieces.

Marbleized

slate

"SUPERIOR" AQUARIUMS Made

bottoms.

in

galvanized sheet iron, wrought iron

and brass nickel plated.

Manufacturer of the Made from

F"or fish only.

aquarium pure and sweet and does not injure the plants

Once

triel,

We maim

the

"AMERJAP" FISH FOOD

Celebrated

the purest of materials.

in

Keeps your

good condition, keeps your Eaten hy the fish with avidity.

fish in

the aquarium

always used.

carry the finest line of aquarium ornaments in the country. fish,

No

rough, sharp edges to injure and

but every ornament glazed with a smooth and beautiful finish, and in harmonious colors,

creating an artistic effect in the aquarium.

Globes, Nets, Pebbles, Sand, Foods, Etc. Everything Pertaining to the Aquarium and Pond Send

for Price Lists

fHOH^I^I^iOt't'


Breeding Chanchito Frank L. Tappan Minneapolis, Minnesota

Efirly last S))nng

was

I

fortunate- in

ol)taining a pair of little fellows bartly

two and one-half inches long, that

I

breed.

placed

I

lon aquarium.

aquarium

them

into a 30-gal-

one end of the

^Vt

placed a small terra cotta

I

with a large

castle,

The

base.

so small

feared they were too young to

opening

the

at

did not seem to agree

(ish

very well, and after several domestic

apparently

disputes

while the female was

found

the shade

in

One day

aquarium.

the

had

fish

castle,

usually to be

of

group of

a

at the further

sagittaria

the

sej)arated,

male taking possession of the

end of the

CHANCHITOâ&#x20AC;&#x201D; 7/e/o/rtr.'<ÂŤAâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;Jenyns

noticed that

I

apparintly

made

up

After Drawing by Schlawjinski

and were busy swimming thru and around tlie castle, inspecting every part of

Then began

it.

the labor of removing the

sand from the inside of the castle which took several days, the

fish

had a peculiar

Early on the morning of the 1

found one of the old

first

day and

thought was that the ])arent had

destroyed

motion not unlike that of a hen dusting

fish

Finally the last of the sand which

fifth

the castle as

usual, but not a trace of eggs or young,

my

method of throwing the sand out with tlieir fins and tails, with a sort of quivering herself.

fish in

them.

My

attention

was

at-

tracted by the queer actions of one of the -it

further end of the a(|iiarium,

the

where the day before

I

had noticed him ex-

they were unable to remove in this manner

cavating a dee]) hole at the base of one of

mouths and carried

the water plants, the fish was turning side-

was taken up

in tlieir

and deposited

to a distance

dis-

one eye

s])awnd. the eggs,

manner.

Early one morning (July 13th), coverd

tliat

glistening

they had

like

little

ways and

in a licaj).

white

I

were

pearls,

stuck or glued on the inside edge of the

I'rom

castle.

now on both

fish

were assid-

uous in their care and attention to the eggs

and voung.

One- of the fish

was constantly

hovering over the eggs fanning

lliein

with

and causing a current of water to How over them, when one fish be-

his ])ectoral

came

fins

tiri'd tile

U})on

other instantly took

first ])lacing

its ])lac(.'.

the fish in the acjua-

rium, the water was ke])t at a dejjth of eight inches, after the fish had spawned,

the

depth of w%atcr was

inches,

and kept at

tliat

reduced

depth.

to

six

I

j)eering into the holi- with first

thi'ii

with the other,

\\'itli

in

a comical

the aid of a reading glass

discoverd a black mass ot

liltle

wriggling

bottom of the hole. 'I'he liltle C'hanchitos kepi up a eoiistaiil wriggling fishes in the

motion but were unable

to

swim, and seemd

and entirely de])cndeiit upon the parent fish for care and protection.

to be helpless

While one of the ))art'nt fish was constanlly guarding the little tellows the other fish was busily engaged in excavating d<'cp holes in the sand in difitreut parts of

tlu-

and once or twice a day the little fishes were tranferred to a new location, the old fish carrying several ol" them at a time in their mouths like cats carrying

acjiiarium,

their kittens.


On

the

A Hunt

morning of the ninth day the

Chanchitos were suffieiently developd to leave the sand holes and I found the parent fishes surrounded by a black ball of little fishes which gave them the appearlittle

ance of being in the midst of a swarm of If any of the little fishes strayd too bees. far

away from

the others, one of the old fish

would gently gather up the little one in its mouth and return it to its fellows. The parent fishes seemd very proud of their family, and it was amusing to see the comical way in wliich the now and then would ])eek

old fish every into the nest.

were able to swim about, the old fish became very jealous of their little family, and would fight like tigers if any one disturbd them, in fact I had to caution visitors not to tease them or approach too close to the aquarium, as After the

Clianchitos

little

several times the fish struck the glass sides

of the

aquarium with

force to

sufficient

stun themselves.

The

little fish

TiiAc V

On when

The

artificial

scraped meat, of which

fresh

little

By

actual count, there

Chanchitos and

I

succeeded

little

Chanchitos are kept with the little

fellows are the bosses

happen young ones appear and get the food out of the mouths of the old ones if they can reach it and the old ones seem to take it good naturedly. During the breeding season tlie old fish assumd the most intense colors, the eye is bright red, the body of tlie fish bright olive green, inclining to bronze, the tail and fins of the aquarium.

If the parents

to get fed first, the

jet black, as are also the seven cross bars

on the body, which give the pearance of a zebra.

found Soutli

in tlie

waters of

fish

the ap-

The Chanchito is the La Plata basin,

America, and attains a length of

nine or ten inches, fish,

it

is

a hardy, healthy

of striking appearance

and

interest-

ing habits and easy to keep in the aqua-

rium

October days

of Winter adds zest to one's enjoyment of the

lingering

warmtli

of

members of the

zealous

Summer, four

C. F. F. C. hied

themselves out of Chicago into the haunts of wary,

little

darters which had been dis-

covered in a tiny stream some thirty miles

away.

After a pleasant hour's ride thru of

fields

and across

cornstalks

tattered

we dropt

stubble and pasturelands

off the

train to find ourselves in a little village,

perched on the side of a base meandered, in

hill,

along whose

serpentine course, a

brook of clear, cold water, now babling over pebbly shallows and again purrino-

deep holes

in

between banks of

nestld

Donning our hip boots and toting our we made a bee-line for a

nets and pails

broad shallows Adsible a hundred yards

away

just below an old red bridge.

Start-

ing in on the lower end of the shallows two of us carried the

280 of them.

big ones and the

tliose delightful

requird no food until nine

they are very fond.

in raising

one of

the mere suggestion of the approach

green sod.

food until old enuf to eat the

were 285

H. Holmes

Chicago

days' old, then they were given the live

food and

for Darters

minnow

cent line across and

dragging

seine in a cres-

up the stream, and,

carefully over the stones,

it

made a quick sweep up

we

one shore, keep-

to

ing the down-stream end of the net snug against the shore while the other end of the net the

made

l)oint farther

be

to

a circular path out across

stream and back to the shore at a too

up stream.

clumsy,

glimpses of "the

for

At first we provd we merely got

fish tliat

got away," but,

gaining experience we soon began to find the

net

sparkling with

leaping,

flashing

Most of the hauls consisted of "Johnny" darters, but Floyd's practist eyes soon detected more rare and j)rizd specimens and so Fantail and Rainbow fishes.

darters hibited

were soon being exultingly exby Carl in his pocket globe whicli

he had so thoughtfully brought along.

Again and again we dragged

tliat little


.

shallows and eacli time some prize would call forth a shout of

Fantail

we

his feet

yell, a

playd him false

floundering fisher-

(^Boleosoma

nigrum^,

man and two masses of flojjping Wildly we scrambled to the rescue,

{Ethcostoma

Jlabe/lare) ,

Rainl)ow

Carl, but of those precious darters, rapidly

Least

bank to True to fishermen's luck we lost the two rarest speciuuiis, the black-sided and green-sided darters, and no one knows how many extra

Soldier

In

all

tallied six species

{Etheostojua

(Microperca

roe rule urn)

These strange little cousins of the perch, changed in their mode of life and in

shelter of the rocks in the

After repairing the damage as best we

few inches of

rushing water and do not desert

for the

it

seemingly safer waters of the nearby deep

the slijjpery

rainbows.

fine

their adaptations for that life, stick to the

fishes.

not of

beckoning water below.

the

and Cireen-sided (Di-

(isj)ro)

down

somersaulting

Black-sided

punctulata) ,

(lladroplents

,

plcsion blamioides)

so

nniddy bank,

and there was a

Johnny

excited men.

of darters:

or

])('ry,

joy from the boyishly

could,

we

in the

creek about half a mile

cut across the fields to a jioint

away where

aquariums we readily under-

Floyd assured us Red-bellied Dace (C/irosomus-erythrogastei-) were waiting to try our mettle. This haunt was a broad and

stand their abliorence of the deep water,

deep part of the creek just above a narrow,

among

deep channel thru which the water rushed

and under rocks and even for diving under Hand that they are practically unfited for

The bottom of the was sandy, tho the banks on the deeper side were miry nmd. These grace-

After watching these darters

pools.

Winter

in the

for tliey are so fited for scrambling

swimming and seem very awkward

all

in try-

thru a mill-race.

as

pool

aristocratic denizens of the pools of

ing to get to the top of the aquarium.

ful,

Having collected as many darters as the members .could properly care for, and liaving thrown back into the stream all but

Illinois

the choicest specimens,

we

in a

of

pasture abov the bridge.

in

expedition but

we

a great help to the

feard

it

Fortunately

life.

three-foot-deep pools

stone

ano7)ialuÂťi)

minnows siick( rs

{

the

rest

rollers

Phcnacobius

are

cap?ii-

{Catiiposloinfi

sucker-mouthd

The

Jiiirahi/ix).

for they soon died, but

life still

tanks.

The most

part of

th{>

to

in

trip

leap across a

thriving

in

the

school

exciting episode of this

was little

of fishes in his hands.

tlie

attem))t of Carl

creek with two

])ails

Landing on

slij)-

a

our

away from

ing in stones to scare the fishes that avenue of escape,

the

we were

able to cap-

an hour's seining, only a half

ture, after

dozen of the wary of the

beasts

league with the

little

Even

beauties.

little

fields

seemd

to

be in

dace, for just as

make our

got ready to

hauls, a

we

band of

horses in the adjoining pasture dasht thru

stream

the

with

us

the h)

a

our

scaring

uHid

heroic

head

few

fishes

and

efforts

lh( ni oft",

feet away from us, away and s])attering

water. of

noyance.

And

was

for

I

of

Floyd

much

to

our an-

dace

not at all sure of our

the lifting of the pail

cover

a signal for all sorts of acrobatic feats

that resulted in

out

s))ite

and

after capturing the

we found we were prizes,

In

Carl

these horses persisted in

(lashing thru the stream,

did not seem to adapt themselves

aquarium

to

say he

iCatoslouins

some

and

,

at the

we can

we succeeded

some hog suckers

gric(in.s-),

would be

In the muddy,

did not even take cold.

turing

virility

shirt

He was

four hours.

cost of a

his

and "gym" i)ants and that icy cold water for three or

by stripping to

wading

Being shy

John demonstrated

boots.

in spite of

for,

having two of our party upstream throw-

set out for the

deeper and quieter stretches of the stream

streams provd almost more than a

match for four men,

of the

])ail

some of them lea})ing clear and back to freedom in

he stream. (CoNCi.UDEn ON Pace 7)


THE AQUARIUM

The value

may

of mutual help

INIany years

has been done in the past. Issued in the Interests of the Study, Care and Breeding of Aquatic Life

be best

appreciated by a short retrospect of what

ago the editor started out with an aquarium, which was anything but an aquarium

Publisht monthly except July and August at I

3

Aquarium

the

by Chicago,

Send

except

Sansom Street, Philadelphia

I

I

New York

and

Bank

Business

known

Manager, W.

DeVOE

F.

Advertising Rates upon Application

point to

he in

which

tho

well

were buried out of sight

and unknown volumes.

periences were only those of

His ex-

many

another

amateur jilodding by himself, unbeknown

Single Copies, ioc

Subscriptions,^!

way from

to failure, until

principles

to a few,

in scarce

383, Baldwin, Long Island, N. Y.

Box

::

underlying

Hoboken, N.J.

proper

experiencd

long run discovered for himself the

the

EUGENE SMITH

for Savings Building,

of

lack

for

from failure

point,

review, etc., direct to the Editor-in-chief; ail other matter to the Business Manager

Editor-in-Chief,

and

counsel he groped his

Philadelphia

manuscripts, exchanges, books for

all

For want of

name.

in

knowledge

Brooklyn,

of

Societies

of his colleags.

::

There was a dearth of information and Vol.

APRIL, 1912

I

No.

I

no source

Our Aim The aim

of

tliis

interest

First, to

magazine

is

twofold.

wider public

tlie

few

last

gained greatly it

years in

an

in

Within

im]>ortant subject of nature study. the

aquarium

the

which

to

it

public a])preciation,

is

tlio

the great possibilities

one of nature's

less

on account of

entitld

offers of

it

known

opening

To

fields.

the

scientific student, the fish breeder, the ad-

mirer of beauty, or the simple lover of nature,

the

becomes an object

afjuarinn)

of value.

This larger

and

foremost,

we

scientific

view will be kejit

i)oint of

we

while

members of the

the

cieties

them

in

to

bring before

several acjuariuin so-

matters which

interest to

is

may

be of general

mutual help the art of aquarium

as well as of

the furthering of

keeping.

In other words, to combine the

scientific

and the

monious whole.

who

call

into

therefor

a is

harto all

are interested in the life of the water

and of

We

practical

Our

its

co\ er

more immediate surroundings. the domains of river, lake and

marsh as well as of the

seaside.

in

way

a

known.

number

of people gradu-

workt out success for themselves, tho

complete ignorance of the things others

were doing along the same path.

Early chance

in 1893, five

become

persons

existence,

who had by founded

acquainted,

small society which, tho

now no

a

longer in

was the mother of the present Society, which originally em-

New York

braced a membership from

York boroughs

as well as

the five

New

from the adja-

New Jersey. The New York Aquarium Society is thus the oldest in the field and has had the usual vicissitudes

cent part of

of all pioneer organizations.

The Philadelphia Society, numerically was formd independently of

being

purjiose

also intend to be ])o))ular.

Tlie second ])ur])o.se

ally

has

does not yet hold the ])rominent posi-

tion

availalile

In this

the strongest,

New to

York, fourteen years ago and has up

the i)resent time devoted

mainly

its

energies

to goldfish culture.

The Brooklyn Aquarium Society was in 1<)11, chiefly from the membershiji of the New York Society residing on Long Island. It too is successful and formd early

had cstablisht its

is

a small

monthly bulletin

own interests. The Chicago Fish Fanciers Club M

young and thriving

intcrc stcd

in ;u|uatie life.

in

also

grouj) of people


The Household Aquarium

If certain ettorts turn out successfully

we

will

the very near future greet a

in

Sam'i.

society in Boston as well.

The New York, Brooklyn and Chicago more general

societies are devoted to

as native fishes, terraria, foreign (mainly

aquarium

is

keejMng of

all

The

tropical) fishes, as well as the breeding of

Keenly realizing tion,

was

it

M. D.

and niainlenauee of an

important

factor

the

in

fisht;s.

ordinary

an

for

suited

best

one containing from thirty to

is

and

sixty gallons, larger ones are unwieldy

benefits of associa-

tlit'

dangerous on account of weight, smaller

touch with the

felt that closer

I'a.

an

size

dwelling

rare or specially interesting fishes.

3d,

])roper care

i'ltc

fields

McClahy, I'hiiadciphia,

The

work of others was needed and mutual help

ones require cleaning too frefiuently.

could not be better obtaind, than bv ere-

franu work should be of metal brass makes

ating an organ of inttrconununication.

an effective adormnent for a sitting-room,

;

This, not only would assist the several societies but

many

tou.di

would also serve

the brass

distant but nevertheless inter-

csted persons not connected with any soci-

The Brooklyn

ety.

very wisely

Society

and generously took

cijiles

instruct

the beginner

the ])rin-

in

of aquarium maintenance

air surface is small.

one of

is

we wish

past the beginner's stage,

it is

is,

do better

fish

shallow water in aquariums.

to en-

should

of slate and the sides of heavy

])e

servation as well as to ])resent to them ever

cement comes

We

of interest.

fields

we want other ries

to assist

citiis,

in

tlu-

forming

teachers

who

for thtir classes. Init

he there,

the

A

to

The

libra-

often

1

'2

part of white lead.

best general soil

freedom

most

jiig

We

Most plants

^,,j]^

t],at

helped.

small

love.

To

be successful

suijport of

cles

and

a

who

laria,

needs the active

in

l„.c„ine

t|,„j^,.

hidden

llie

])leas-

do

iu)t

in

-pi,,. i,,,^^

may

but

it

be i)lanted

in

sunk below the

acjuarium i)lants are

Sagil-

and good oxygeiigrows too rapidly and soon

Cohoviha, .

the soil and de-

will root well in this

pots of earth, and

Poltiinogctoii

ator.

Liidifigia

J'alisiiariti,

Anaclions

is

a

covers the surface, thereby occluding the top light which

more ambitious un-

we need your help both

,,„i

j,_.„„]

labor of

interest lies in the small

aquarium or

dertakings

it

is

^^.j]]

many.

Whether your fireside

It

lower layer of

a))))earance. so that particles of food

(.ompose.

salaries or ))rofits are j^aid those

a

and get nutrition,

traxcl

lo

want our readers to tell us of their cxiieriences and of their troubles, in other words wc want to help and also want to be

No

is

sand above makes a more even and

limited.

conduct this magazine.

1

])arts of glazier's jjutty.

and an up))er layer of coarse sand, Tlie pebbles allow the roots of plants more

tho the generous wish is

One

pebl)les

desire to keej) atjuaria

knowledge

good cement fornuda may be made of

part of litharge,

There are

no

contact with the water,

in

the following:

societies in

and we want to reach the

and especially the schools.

many

want

societies,

in

The base

plate glass, so joined that practically

help the individual as well as

it

high and

courage in careful study and accurate ob-

widening

so

built

should not be over

It

twentv inches deep, as

Those who have

the first of our objects.

has a large air surface, that

it

The same quantity of water will accommodate more fish when there is a large air surface than when the

with the present magazine.

To

The aquarium should be

that

preferably wider.

the matter and agreed to merge their bulletin

work.

should be at least as wide as

larger view of

this

and has a richer

easily polisht

is

appearance than gilding or paint on iron-

to bring into

SagiUaria

in arti-

most

in subscriptions.

5

is

is

best for the other plants,

about the best oxygenator and

satisfactory

all

around

plant,

it


be

should

used

extensively.

Cabomha,

and Potamogeton are fair oxygenators, but are to be used more for their

Litdirigia

NitcUa grows too rapidly

foliage effect.

and

around the other plants retard-

collects

should not be level,

soil

visable,

need not

it

have one or two depressions

in

should

it

and here

it,

is

l)uttons,

placed on the upper edges of the

frame.

This keeps out dust and forein

When

as lessens evaporation.

the fish are added, which should take

place after the plants are well rooted and

the luniuis and precipitate will collect and

are oxygenating the water,

may

add a few pieces of old plaster of

be easily removed by the dipping tube

This neutralizes

or siphon. I believe it is best to

up toward the

The

the center. in

sides,

have the

soil

slope

with a low space

may

plants

in

be arranged

groups, according to their height and those

foliage,

with

densest

the

foliage

should be farthest from the window

;

so as

to allow as much light as possible to penetrate thru from the side of the aquarium. It

makes a better foliage

ar-

effect to

range the plants in groups of one kind

The

each.

best light for plants

the north, but east light

that

is

when

this

is

from

cannot be had an

fairly satisfactory.

I

acidit}^ in the

the development

for

In the acjuarium

have

to

keep the to

any

there

enough oxygen be supplied to from coming to the surface I find it

extent.

Feeding Aquarium Plants S. CuicHKSTEi! Lloyd Brooklyn, N.Y.

an

After months of experiment and I

have come

to the conclusion that

cellent flesh-eating scavengers, they will in-

rium

Scavengers should be

given a permanganate, then a strong salt

new

fish

should have before entering the tank, this

many

to allow

(To be Concludeii)

tail.

sort of fertilizer

kills

life,

body for each gallon of measurement I do not count

fish

In this

water.

a good rule, where

considerable plant

is

at least

the conditions

fish

one inch of

the

is

believe

fish in

all

bony

fishes'

we should endeavor

aquarium with goldfish, altho they are ex-

bath for a few minutes just as

of the

balanced, that

it

such, that

The scavengers best suited are snails (Japs, Ramshorn and Potomac), mussels

jure the goldfish.

paris.

water and

structure as well as the shells of the snails.

two hours of morning sun.

and tadpoles. Never put paradise

well to

is

it

furnishes mineral salts, which are essential

aquariums should have at least

all

ad-

and should

tightly

fit

be raisd slightly from the top by rubber

particles, as well

ing their growth.

The

cover over the top of the aquarium

of the parasites that infest them.

is

trials

some

for plants in the aqua-

an absolute necessity.

I

have

found that to a certain extent plants will flourish outdoors in plain gravel,

and with

nothing more nourishing than atmospheric influence and fish excrement, but I have notiet that such ])lants

do not start grow-

Plants should likewise hav an antiseptic

ing to any extent for a long period after

bath before putting them in the aquarium,

j)lanting,

C)

or 10 minutes in a bath of two gallons

of water to which has been added 5 teas))oonfnls

of

creolin,

after

which

should be washt for several hours

in

they

gen-giving leaves.

run-

are

ning water.

The

strength of permanganate solution

used for

fish

that the color

and scavengers should be so is a light claret red and they

should he observd closely while in this solution,

stronger solutions

kill

them.

A

and then the growth

glass

is

either

very slow or of a condition that runs to length of stem rather than to actual oxy-

Indoors the conditions

sometimes good, but more often the gravel turns black and the roots the same,

and the

means

slightest

stirring

of

the

gravel

a most uiq)leasant odor of decayed

])lant. wliile

the growth of plant

some cases;

tlie

to])

is

nil in

remaining green but

the bottom ahnost disconnected

from the


A

root. Tliis is evidently and obviously wrong, and the only remedy I know of is

empty

to entirely

to float in a

shallow

dish until the roots lose the blaek color, wliieh

sometimes take a week.

will

extreme cases loss of the entire

In

])]ant

may

Then, after thoroly washing the boihl gravel in running water, lay a half occur.

inch of

it

on the bottom of the afjuarium,

manure, covering

ail

inch and

lialf

;i

be

and the plants,

finger

with at least

of boild. waslit gravel.

may now

Small holes

this

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

made with

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; preferably

the

safrit-

inserted as thickly as and hidwigia which the water should be carefully pourd in so as to avoid bringing

tarid

disired, after

any of the manure

to the surface thru a

In order to make manure was not injurious to experimented by taking a large

disturbance of the sand. sure that the the fish

I

5r)-inch

washtub,

which until

it

they

had

all

settld

to

water

I

floated

l)eautifully

a

of loose

lot

one and a half-inch young scaleless fringetails in

good health, and three that were

poor condition from bruising and cold

These

transit.

fish

I

very

kindly to

left in the

in in

acjuarium

experience

bitter

life.

which

in

specimen leapt to

colored

death on the schoolroom

floor

necessary to keej) the tank cox

Besides the dace

we took

sunfish (Lcpomis ci/anellns)

it

a

his

was found red.

(

a few green

and one small-

mouth black bass

{Micropterus

dolojuicu).

On

to the bridge

we

the

way back

seined

some weedy, quiet stretches of the creek and added to our collection a lot of fine top-minnows or killifishes {Fuitdulus nolatus).

These

quiet, social little fellows are

very acceptable additions to our finnv fam-

and hav fallen in very easily with ways of the small aquarium. ily

Getting back to the bridge wives

nud put one dozen

gigantica,

Aiiac/ifiri.s-

one

manure the bottom and

was black, so that a fish could not be seen an inch below the surface. Into this

take

After

our coat pockets

the water

the

for all

They are a most l)eautiful (ish, especially when in full courting ri-galia, and ertbrts.

with water into

stirred several jiounds of

I it

filling

I'AciK:})

Hut the few we got repaid us

over this scatter a thin layer of pulverised slieeji

for Darters

(Continued fkom

the tank, boil the gravel

and allow the plants

Hunt

for

away, and there

in the

carefully

our

stowd

big out-of-doors

munchd our sandwiches and sjkuIs

we

talked over the

By

ex]H-riences of the day.

had divided our

we sought

the cold bites

had

mothers

or

tin'

the time

and cared

for

we our

])ets the afternoon train came jiuffing u)) and we dejiarted for our homes in the city, vowing to return at the first opportunity

in

the Spring.

tub for

three weeks, feeding tlieni daily or every

other day as the opportunit}' arose, and at ^^'atcll

the end of that time

I

examined them.

your snails carefully, the vege-

All table feeders

were

fat

and

lively,

and of good

color, with cially

the excejjtion of one very sick one of the three, the other

two were

to

to

stalk.

my

I

immediately

entire

some 22

collection

ous, thev are

^

and a half on each started to

of

which

are

Snails

big

in all.

(To BE Conci.iided)

are not danger

(oj)i-rcles)

recovery.

Proof conclusiv that even the intense heat and excessiv ammonia fumes were not injurious to fine goldfish. The Anaeliaris had foot

))lants

frequently (hstroyed by the snails. h;iving covers

a

))rove dangerous, espe-

tissued

com]:)letely cured,

and the third on the road

grown about

may

soft

dismantle

a(iiiariunis,

to

mostlv carnivorous.

on can do nothing more inqxtrtant than

interest

your friend

ings of nature; one

way

in is

the

homely do-

to j)reseiit

him

(or her) with a year's subscription to the

AgiAHiiM magazine.


SOCIETY BULLETIJWS Officers for 1912

Brooklyn Aquarium Society

W.

except June, July

St., at 8

Fee,

Owen H.

Smith, 52 Wall

Treasurer

Harry Roessle

Breed"

1.

— by

S.

New York

702 Fulton

P. Fritz

Owen H. Smith Street

to

Chichester Lloyd

Competitive Exhibit of Live-Bearing Fishes

Also:

Scaleless Goldfish, March 12, 1912, Prize {Blue Ribbon), H. F. Quick, for Squarctail TelChichester Lloyd, for Ribbontail Telescope; 5d Prize

At the Second Monthly Competitive Exhibit of the following Ribbons were awarded: escope; 2d Prize (Red Ribbon), S.

P.M. 5

,

Theodore

Local Business Manager,

138 Eldert Street

St.

Financial Secretary

April 26th Lefture: "Persuading Highly-Developed Male Goldfish

gust, at Fairchild Building,

Initiation

DeVoe, Box 383, Baldwin, N.Y

Dr. Rudolph C. Lienau Local Editor, Sylvester C. Llovi)

ir:?tr

month and Au

702 Fulton

F.

Vice-President

Regular meetings are Fourth held on the Friday in every

Corresponding and Recording Secretary

President

ist

(White Ribbon), Harry Roessle), for Calico Comet. At the First Monthly Competitive Exhibit of Fringetail Goldfish, February 13, 1912, 1st, 2d and 3d Prizes Blue, Red and White Ribbons) were awarded to S. T. Smith for Calico Broadtail Telescope, CalicoVeihail Telescope and Large Humpbackt Fringetail Comet, respectively.

00

1

Annual Dues,

32.00

Chicago Fish Fanciers' Club

Officers for 1912 F. S. Young, 428 West 66th Street Dr. G. a. Preusker, 457 North Avenue F.G.Orsinger, I 23 South Oakley Boulevard Carl Fossetta, 1500 Diversey Buulevard Tracy H. Holmes, 2816 Logan Boulevard Tracy H. Holmes, 1522 Rockwell Street Pieser, 3800 Grand Boulevard f. G.

President

Vice-President Secretary

Treasurer

Regular

meetings

are

on

held

Second and Fourth Wednesday of each month, at 729 Stock Exchange Building, La Salle and Washington Streets, at 8.30 P.M. the

Initiation Fee, $1.00

Aquarium Society

tjuu

Regular meetings are held on Second Thursday at the

the

German

-

American

Sherman Ave.,

Jersey City, and

on the Fourth Friday erican

Museum

School, at the

Am

Local Editor Local Bus. Mgr.

April 2 ^th Lecture:

New

Officers for 19 12

Isaac

.

.

Cor. Sec'y, Rev.

Henry

S.

Park York, each month

Local Business Manager, Isaac Buchanan, 143 Liberty St.,

April 26th:

Dues, $2.00

Lecture of

:

month, except May, June, July and August, at each

Street.

$100 Annual Dues, $1.80

Corresponding Membership $1.00 Annually

New York

New

York

New York

Meeting

"The Freshwater Molluscs

New York

of the Vicinity

City," by Silas C.

Wheat

Officers for 1912

Wm. T. Innes, Jr., 1311 Sansom St. Charles Paxson, 2521 N. 9th Street Treasurer Fred Schaefer, 1610 N. 2d Street Secretary and Bus. Mgr., Howard S. Crees, 3744 N. 13th St. President and Local

Vice-President

April 24 Regular meetings are held on Fourth Wednesday of the

Initiation Fee,

St.,

i

Philadelphia Aqu a r i u m Society uuuutr

414 Arch

Coffin, 129 East 71st

Treasurer, H. A. Richtberg, 85 South i6th St., East Orange, N.J. Librarian, Hermann Hoffmeister, 65 Webster Av., Jersey City, N.J. Local Editor, |ohn Treadwell Nichols, Am. Museum of Nat. Hist.

except July and August.

1

Devices," by

Buchanan, 143 Liberty Street, New York Vice-President, Richard Dorn,7 Norman Rd., Upper Montclair, N.J. Recording Secretary, Arthur Osborn, 42 South St., Jersey City, N.J. President

of Natural His-

Initiation Fee, $1.00

dis-

Young and Carl Fossetta.

tory, 77th St. and Central

West,

"The Aquarium";

cussion led by William Kopp May gfh Lecture: "Aerating F. S.

Annual Dues, $1.00

New York

Librarian

Stereopticon

Editor,

.

:

.

Competition

Lecture

Buchanan,

AWARDS

— "Varieties President

Fringetails

Under One Year

Aquarium Fish," by Isaac York Aquarium Society.

of Tropical

New

MARCH

One Year) 27, 191a Ribbon), Chas. Haldeman; (Red Ribbon), Chas. Haldeman; (White Ribbon), Fred Schaeker. Scaled Fringetail Telescopes, (Blue Ribbon), A. T. Coles; (Red Rilbon), A. T. Coles; (White Ribbon), L. M. Dorsey, Jr. Old Style Telescopes, (Blue Ribbon), L. M. Dorsey, "Jr.; (Red Ribbon), A. C. Heilig. Scaleless

Fringetail

(Telescopes Under

Telescopes, (Blue


The members the

of the

C

hicago Fish Fan-

It

members

to

have too few than too

your aqnarimn.

fishes in

of the eastern chibs in this, the

issue of our united

first

better

is

many

Chib extend their hearty greetings to

ciers

We

efforts.

sin-

cerely hope that this magazine will create If

and maintain a fraternal feeling between the

members

lectively

of the several clubs, both coland individually, and we, as indi-

viduals,

solicit

us to

It will

a

anywhere whose

friend

nothing will give him more ])leasure than

an a(]uarium.

Send him

our

to

kee])

be a pleasure for

of

the a<]Uariuni nsagazine and get

correspondence

eastern brothers.

you have

eyes are open to the uni\trsf about him.

exchange with members

with

in

a

copy

him

to

subscribe.

the east

by sending native species from our streams or exotic varieties raised by our

members.

FRED SCHAEFER

Chicago Fish Fanciers Club Per F. S.Young, President

The west.

sends

east

Brooklyn.

its

greetings

New York

1610 N.

BREEDER

the

to

and Philadel-

in all matters.

Scaled and scaleless and body development.

of the highest standard. fish

of

tlie

number

with beautiful

fin

Colors from velvet blacks to

Stock your aquarium well with plants. put

of

Telescope Goldfish

Veiltail

phia greet Chicago and hope to co-oi)erate

Be sparing

Second Street, Philadelphia

of fishes you

brilliant

CHOICE SPECIMENS FOR SALE IN SEASON.

NOTHING NOW

in.

A

DVERTISING

to

pays. its

It

kind

is

in

in

W.

in

"The

the

F.

Union,

De VOE,

Ac^ijarium

"

the only publication ol this

country.

the very people interested in

aquarium supplies.

calicoes.

It

reaches

It

all

goes

kinds of

every State

Rate card on application.

Business Manager, P.O.

Box 383, Baldwin, L.l.


TAPPAN

F. L.

Dealer and Breeder of Rare and

FANCY FISH Chanchitos, Gambusia, Paradise Fish and Goldfish Send ^i.oo

A

FISH.

for

my new

practical

book,

work on

AQUARIA

care and breeding

offish in the aquarium.

92

IMPORTED

SEVENTH STREET, SOUTH

"ORNAMENTAL"

MINNEAPOLIS, MINN.

= FISHFOB TEE

AQUARIUM FOUNTAIN AND POND

Aquarium Book Herman

^l^to'Wooeach

T. Wolf's work

"Goldfish Breeds and Other Aquarium Fishes" is

Tells

the standard authority.

all

Stock Always on

Iiargre

Instructive Fish

Cugley

Free.

1229

& MufUn Co. Market

about breeding

way on all aquarium and terrarium subjects. 240 beautiful illustrations. Price, postage prepaid by us, $3.00

Hand

Book

St.

Phila., Pa.

fancy goldfish and treats in a practical

Imported All Glass Tank

INNES & SONS 1313

Sansom

4"

X

Street, Philadelphia, Pa.

6" X 7" to

I

3" X 21 " X 14" high All kinds of

Aquaria, Tanks, Fish

Ornaments,

Globes,

etc.

PARROTS, MONKEYS AND PET 'STOCK We

are Specialists.

Catalog on application

Singing Canaries and Song Birds

ATLANTIC AND PACIFIC BIRD STORE 307 I

Birds,

W. Madison

Chicago,

FISHLER,

WANTEDâ&#x20AC;&#x201D; ALL

A

Specialty of

721 E. 43d Street,

G.

WAPLER,

PIESER,

A.

Fancy Goldfish

Chicago,

28

Warren

St.,

NEW YORK

The Guide

to

Nature

III.

Publisht Monthly by

KINDS OF SMALL WILD FISH,

EELS, LIZARDS, J.

N.

111.

HAVE THE PETS FOR YOU

Dogs and Animals.

S.

Street,

Etc.

The Agassiz Association

3800 Grand Boulevard, Chicago

ARCADIA, SOUND BEACH, CONNECTICUT

STEIN G ROVE SINGLE COPY, IOCONE YEAR, $1.00

387 Grove Street, Jersey City, N.J.

Dealer in Fish, Birds, Cages,

etc.

Goldfish and Aquairia Supplies

Frequently has interesting articles devoted to Aquaria'

Birds, Cages, Seeds, Etc.

Kaempfer's Bird Store,

114

N. State

St.,

and

Chicago,

111.

is

trated

always packed material

full

pertaining

of interesting, beautifully to

all

departments

<

illus-

f nature.


Mack

William

Goldfish! Aquatic Plants! We

exchange, import and breed all kinds of Chinese and Japanese Goldfish and Dragon Eyes. This is the day of specialists and we s;'ecialize in Balanced Aquaria and P'ish, Snails, Plants, etc. Clearing House for Fish Kull instructions on setting up an aquarium for months without changing the water, 35 cents per copy, postpaid. make our own fish food and are not afraid to tell vou

AQUARIST AND

buy,

and

scaled

sell,

scaleless

A

BIRD SPECIALIST

We

what

is

box,

postpaid.

AND DEVELOPS!

IT FEEDS

in it!

i

5

cents

Fresh herring roe for Breeders, per large Special prices per dozen or case. Big uouole bunch of .Aquarium plants, z^ cents, postpaid.

can. ^"

postpaid.

'"..to,

ORIENTAL GOLDFISH COMPANY 138

Eldert Street. Brooklyn, N. Y. Chii HESTER Li.ivii, Manager

S.

THE

Terminal Pet Shop Aquaria and their Maintenance A

Specialty

Pets of Every Description Birds, Seeds and Cages 102

NEW YORK Fhone,

STREET

^JVKST io6th

CITY

Burnett's Japanese Fish Booth No.

18

Food

Concourse, Terminal Building

NEW YORK

Factory, 259 North 5th Street, Newark, N.J.

9635 Riverside

?

=f

O.

Lindemann 35

Wooster

Street,

ESTABLISHT

New

& Co. York

1863

Manufacturers of Bird Cages

&

CATALOGS FURNISHT TO THE TRADE

-h


Largest Dealers and Importers IN

GOLDFISH f inest

Japanese Fantails and Fringetails

ON HAND .r

MAY FIRST We

open our new store

42-44 Cortlandt Street, Hudson Terminal Building, New York City, and we shall have a full line of imported at

Glassware and Appurtenances for Aquaria

BIRDS AND ANIMALS OF ALL KINDS "1

William Bartels Temporarily, 160 Greenwich

Company

Street,

NEW YORK

CITY


Wm. 425

Paullin

L.

WOLF

PHILADELPHIA, PA.

ST.,

Importer and Breeder of

Rare

Aquarium Fish Grower of Finest Water Plants Fancy Gold Fish

Jacob C.Cassel 915 Arch

Street, Philadelphia, Pa. Mamifai'turer of

for

"DIE

Government or

or

for

10'

fins fish

BRIND

act

Ponds.

List.

and

develop

Will

color; also

healthy and robust; as

fine

makes your will

and is the for Daphnia.

a laxative

best substitute It contains 17 ingredients, also

work on cure and hrei'ding of Aquarium, Greenhouse and out-door

cloud the water. Ihis food is used by the New York and Philadelphia Aquaria; also by many breeders in Philadelphia

Pract.'cal in the

Send for Price

best winter food on the

Daphnia. A

Daphnia

CITY

NEW YORK

"AQUARIA FISH" fisli

FISH FOOD

of 40'7f

Mosquito Larva.

t

market.

Binders are made of "Pluviusine" (Imported English Seal-Grain Im Leather) nicely gold-lettered, very heavy and strong. Spring-grip back, inside Inijj. Pluviusine Folder, WATERPROOF!

T^.

composed

equally good for Gold or Tropical Fish.

The

State Bulletins, to order.

500 Isham Street

iMucly illustrated.

Everyone interested in the kee])ing of fish should send fur a copy of this hook, price, $1. Four Horned Snails (Ainpullaria gigas) deniass of large coral red eggs out of the water, the little snails dro]) into the water These snails are invaluable as they hatch. ])osit a

for destroying Hydra in the Aquarium. Write for price list of native and foreign fish.

F. L. 92 So. 7th

St.,

not sour or

It will

and other large Retails for 10 cents

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Baby

Ask your

MINNEAPOLIS, MINN. THE AOUARIUM when

P.

cities

Food, 15 cents per box

de;iler for

HARRY

TAPPAN Mention

fish

Etc.

Greenriver Fish and Baby Fish Food

These

VV.

Egg dropping

Price, 15c a box.

WOCHEN-

SCHRIFT" and "DIE BLAETTER"

is

and It is

BINDERS for "THE AQUARIUM" also for "DOMESTICATED FISH" also

This food

Fish Food

for Catalog

$169 Postpaid;

Live bearing fish Egg laying fish

fish

HATCHERY

PAUXLIN'S

aquarium requisites and Trade Prices

all

All Kinds of Tropical Fish Bubble nest building

Try a box of

Floral Terra Cotta, etc.

Send

Telescopes

Etc.

Aquarium Ornaments Fish Globes

Japs

Fringetails

Nest building fish Mouth breeding fish

AQUARIUMS Gold Fish and

Veiltails

il

nr send to

PETERS

I2IO North W^arnock Street

PHILADELPHIA, PA. High-grade Breeders writing advertisers

at

reasonable prices.


WATERPROOFS IMPERVITE

g^

Why; •

lutely

f

is

Where Others

IMPERVII

Fail

a pure Asphaltic Paste that contains no Soap. It is absoOrdinary Waterproofing Compounds contain soap. They

permanent.

....,,..™..,,...,,.,.,,,.,....-..»^

•^ Impervite mixes easily with water. It does not reduce the Strength Soap compounds do. of Mortar or delay the vSetting. You will then re"Impervite Pointers"? A ^-inch Impervite facing will adhere to ceive gratis four interesting and valuable the inside of walls even where the water presbooklets on: sure is from the outside. Theory of the Various Waterproofing Methods. We guarantee that Impervite will make Full Directions for Waterproofing- Against Pressure. Cement Mortar absolutely water]iroof. Description of Some Interesting Jobs. Hoiv to .Make Waterproof, Non-Cracking Stucco. Why not write a postal today, asking for

STANDARD PAINT COMPANY, New

Aquarium Specialty Co WASHINGTON NE W YORK CITY

,827-1

Rogers

Notice!

Notice!

Halterbeck

J. J.

AVE,

CYPRESS AVENUE

251

MAKERS OF THE Aerator and Filter

Crystal

LARGEST MANUFACTURERS OF

WILL

Fringetail Japanese and Chinese Telescopes and of Red, African and Japanese Snails

MOVE

March

1st,

to

735 Lexington Ave. rji^%)f. NEW YORK CITY

Aquaria, Terraria, Vivaria and Aquatic Cages, Mouse and Frog Houses

BREEDERS OF

York

At this place there will be Continuous Exhibit of

a

RARE anJ FANCY FISH my large Monthly Importations

Will continue

Importers of Foreign and Tropical Fishes. All Supplies Kept in Stock:

CULTIVATORS OP

and Gigantica and Single-rooted Ludwigia Mtillertti

Sagittaria Natans

of

Aquariums

Aeration Pumps

Terrariums

Plants

REASONABLE DISCOUNTS TO

Exchanges ronsidered

DEALERS AND SOCIETIES

Correspondence solicited

H. G.

Snails

Foods, Etc.

Sutton

Fancy Jgjpanese Gold and Silver Fish, Aquaria, Fish Globes, Foods and Plants, Birds and Cages Bird Seed, Mocking-Bird Food, Etc.

Ask your

dealer for the

Lindemann Cage The

STANDARD

for

Fifty Years

THiELER'vS

SONG RESTORER

ViTv Best

in the

33 Flatbush Avenue,

Manufactured and sold

Markit

BROOKLYN,

N. Y.

O.

New THE AQtlARIUM when

only by

LINDEMANN &

Tck-plliillr ri.iiiicclinll

Mention

to the trade

CO.

York

writing advertisers Phess

iif

Wm.

H. Podi Piii.

H BDG. Co., 626

S.

CuBK

St.

Chi. ago



The Aquarium 1/1 1912