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Highrise Office Buildings (dominating gen) + Bridge

Bridge + Rowhouses

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 4


Architecture Vanishing into Landscape Landscape invading the City Hybrid Morphologies Topological Landscapes Infrastructure, Architecture and Landscape converging Applied Nature * *Daidalos 73, Oct.‘99 - “Architecture Goes Landscape“

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 7


infra

structure

archi scape

tecture land *Marc Angélil & Anna Klingmann - Hybrid Morphologies in Daidalos 73

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 8


Shopping Cart + Chair = Chaircart

Housing

Work spaces

Housing Transportation

Public Institutions

Landscape Car parking

Offices

Public space

Health Care

Gastronomy

Cultural use

Leisure

sports facilities

Religious institutions

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 12


Hybridity - The notion and its potential The mixing of functions, the juxtaposition of programmes and the merging of building types to form a new structure

Function

Type

Topography + Vegetation

Infrastructure

Housing, Office buildings, Cultural institutions

Hill, Valley, Gap + Greenfield, Forest, Jungle

Pedestrian, Public transport, Private transport

A Services & Finance

B Business & Industry

C Housing & Prisons

Appartment Detached Single Sports Block Family House facility

D Communal, Cultural &Leisure

Sui Generis

Genre

Architecture

Rowhouses School Library Airport

Sporting ground + School = New Type Sports School

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 13


IKEA‘s LandProp Proposal

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 1


15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 2


Accepting the existing

NEW

OLD

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 3

SUPERIMPOSITION


Street system

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 4


Ikeas Proposal

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 5


Geometrical Logic

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 6


Programme

C3 B1 101000 m² C1

A1 D1 -A5

D2

D2

Residential Offices Hotels Services & Shops Communal Leisure

C3 B1 C1 A1-A5 D1 D2

120000 m² 46000 m² 20000 m² 5000 m² 7000 m² 2000 m²

B1

C1

C3

D1 C3 C3

B1 D1

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 7


Simple Diagram “A B C“

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 8

f

...but „What If“

Introduction to ‚ad-hoc‘-questioning


Simple Diagram “A B C“

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 9


KCAP‘s tackeling of noise

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 10


Access and Circulation

Access to the “Sugarhouse Lane Island“ 15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 11


Porosity at the High-Street and the main road as distributor and divisor 15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 12


Movement - North / South 15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 13


Movement - West / East 15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 14


Circulation and Movement within the residential inner quarter, sidestreets “East / West“ 15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 15


Hierachy of heights

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 16


Typology

Theatre, Community Center, Casino etc...

High-rise Residential Tower

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 17

Residential Hybrid: Perimeter Block + Rowhouses (mew)

Hotel

Office Perimeter Block

Office Building


Edge condition

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 18


15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 19


STREETSCAPE IN THE NORTHWEST AND POROSITY

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 20


WATERFRONT IN THE NORTHEAST - HARD & SOFT EDGE

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 21


WATERFRONT IN THE NORTHEAST - HARD & SOFT EDGE

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 22


GREEN-WATER-GREEN IN THE SOUTHWEST - THE CANAL AS A XIS OF REFLECTION

E

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 23

F


Corners

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 24


AA

C C C

A-A A-A A-A

BB

D D DD D

C C C

D DD D

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 25

B-B B-B B-B

D-D D-D D-D D-D D-D D-D

CC


ELEMENTS OF DESIGN “EMBRACING“ THE ISLAND CHARACTER OF THE SHL-SITE AND ITS IMPLICATION IN URBAN DESIGN

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 26


SETTING BACK AND TWISTING - GENERATING APPEALING SITUATIONS/SPACES

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 27


What if... ...we are missing differentiation in height

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 28


What if... ...we are missing differentiation in height

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 29


Public Space

NOLLI PLAN

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 30


PLACES

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 31


„MEDIEVIL TOWN CENTER“

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 32

STREET-CHURCH-STREET


What if... ...WE ARE RELOCATING THE „CHURCH“ OR EVEN ESTABLISHING A POLYCENTRIC STRUCTURE. ARCHITECTURE IN SERVICE OF PUBLIC SPACE

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 33


SHL as a world of its own.

LEISURE

SCHOOL WORKSPACE

TOWNCENTER WATERFRONT HOTEL HOUSING

PARK/ BEACH

RECREATION SQUARE

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 34


erlin Berlin Berlin

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 35


London London London

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 36


Dresden Dresden Dresden

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 37


Genoa Genoa GENOA

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 38


GENOA

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 39


15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 40


The Manhattan Grid

COMPARABLE PLOTSIZE, DIFFERENT STREET SYSTEM.

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 41


Aix en Provence

Petra

San Sebastian

Trieste

Athens

Aranjuez

Turin

Manhattan

Berlin

Bilbao

Turin

Buenos Aires

Philadelphia

Madrid

Manhattan

SHL

Aranjuez

Aranjuez

Curiosity of the SHL-Grid: Narrow streets - deep plots.

M.1:5000

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 42


15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 43


15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 44


15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 45


What if... ...the IKEA grid meets perimeter block form

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 46


THE PERIMETER BLOCK

BorupsAllé, København, Denmark

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 47


15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 48


What If - The Street System inverse

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 49


What If - Radiant City meets Megaform

3D

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 50


15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 51


15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 52


THE VALLEY IS NOT A VALLEY BUT A LINE A SURFACE DETTACHED FROM THE LONDON FABRIC

15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 53


15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 54


15.02.2011__Interim-Review_DesignWorkshop_LowerLeeValley_1401_T2AAHU_DW2-LLV SugarHouseLane - LandProp‘s proposal (Ikea), The Grid, Hybridity 55


DESIGN WORKSHOP 2

LOWER LEA VALLEY

Design as Urban Research Workshop - Term 2 Wednesday, 15.02.2012 - Interim Review 1.Preface Slide We know existing and ancient hybrids. The cross-breeding of different types to form one entirely new is not new. (Steven Holl Linked Hybrid & Living Bridge 18th century) 2. Studying the Idea of Hybridity we came to the conclusion that it can mean more. why not landscape and or infrastructure. 3. Hybridity is not merging of genres, not mixing functions, it is creating new. 4. Try to explain found examples.

1. IKEA Intro - Basic Analysis of the urban structure Ikea is already providing prefab products for shaping the domestic environment, to fit out the bare built structure. Now, they go a step further and produce the outer shell too. The structure to put in their stuff. 1 Comparison and Superimposition of the old and the new structure. 2 Street system, same but further developped 3 the actual ikea plan as transferred through the renndering 4 the lines and its geometrical logic 5 The ikea programme, assumption of distribution and density 6 Simple Diagramm ABC and introduction of What if questions besides analysis (missed chance of linking?) example kcap streetscape formed by housing, buffer zone against street noise 2. Access and Circulation 1 Access the Sugar House Island 2 Perimeter And distributor (edge condition later on) 3 north south axes 4 west east 5 ring circulation and inner quarter circulation

3. Typology / Hierarchy in heights 4. Edge Conditions / Porosity & Grain (Urban Design) 1 Ground figure with adjacent structure, DIFFERENT URBAN GRAIN 2 Edge Conditions. how SHL connects to the Street, residential neighbourhood, park, 1. Streetscape and Porosity 2. Waterfront (hard edge and narrow path directly at the water) 3. Facade-Park-Water-Park-Facade. the canal like a mirror 3 Corners, introducing the Island with 3 different Caps: Cap North, Cap West and Cap South 1. Hotel, Setback, Square towards junctions 2. Leisure and identity (dont kill old buidlings, integrate) corner towards residentialnorth 3. Casino Square with trees towards Park

5. Elements of Design (Architecture and Public Space)


1 The Island, the Idea of embracing 2 Tackling the deep plot size. introduction of a hybrid block. rowhouses plus perimeterblock = MewRowBlock 3 twisting and setting back, creating appealing places. missing the differntiatin in heights like KCAP 4 The Grain, the Nolli Plan, Public Space and the inward residential quarter in the middle 5 Street - Chruch Street 6 Medievel old city structure 7 What if relocating the centre, what if polycentric 8 Ikea has it all, diagramm of park, residentail, water, workspace, a school, cafes around squares...

6. The Ikea Grid - the controlling factor 1. superimposition and comparison berlin london, dresden, genua Different grids with different urban typologies creating different situations. genua is intriguing because it creates a high density with detached point houses and also gets over differences in height. => 3d a simple adaption is not very useful. Naturally grown industrial fabric. Why did they overtake this structure when creating new. simple formal elements: the street system, the resulting plot pattern and then they arrange their buildings 2. manhattan grid. comparable plot size but small scale subdivision. and different density pressure and street system. 3. comparison again, street plot size ratio. Aranjuez as best comparable city (grid, building height) plotsize comparable, in aranjuez further subdivision intriguing: same streetscape, different building types, same heights, same width of street or distance from facades however. The naturally grown industrial structure. Ikea solves the problem of the narrow street system through the simple step of deletion of cars, so no ordinary infrastructure (pavement - 2 lanes - pavement) needed

7. Grid Transformations 1. back to plotsize use through perimeter block. kopenhagen 2. street system inverse. megastructure, radiant city, no cars like ikea, giant public space. no streets but green 8. Further tryouts. distribution of 200.000m² The built and the unbuilt. NEW GRID.A RIGID IMPOSITION ON THE NATURAL LANDSCAPE. 9. Conclusion: Ikea’s Plan is coherent and reasonable according to its own agenda. There are clear indications distinguishable that their intention was to create appealing public spaces, hierarchy within the fabric and a legible city. That all happens under the premises that you treat shl island as one cloistered world of its own.


But they miss the chance of linking 2 neighbourhoods by creating a third one. The premises of the LLV which are so intriguing with its obscure structures as industrial left overs, the canals which are meandering through the valley, the brownfield / greenfield situations and the Power of Ikea bring us back to a very fundamental question: What can architecture do. how do you treat the wide open field. How can the structuring power of the grid contribute to this.

the ongoing projects in the lower lea valley fundamentally fail to understand the certain atmosphere on the site. THE FOUND LANDSCAPE We can distinguish three layers: water, the green, and the infrastructure. we will navigate somewhere in between, from 1.5 to 2.5 so to speak... The freedom which is deeply grounded in the SHL site is appealing but limits are essential to freedom. (Space Reader, Corbusiers towards a new a, grid as generator)

THE VALLEY IS NOT A VALLEY BUT A LINE / A SURFACE / SOMEHOW DETTACHED FROM THE LONDON FABRIC do you see it as a line or as a layer which bends and errects or do you even cut a hole in it Obscure structures can be found all over the lea valley.The loose distribution of left overs of the once working hard industry is contributing to its particular athmosphere. This in combination with the wide open space, these brown or greenfield situations and the sourrounding residential neighbourhoods and the the idea of merging landscape and architecture is essential for our further narrating. the urban meets green. . 4. The Ikea question is also of political scale. Do we want major brands to built up their detached branded city? It is not only a question if inhabitants accept branding but also a fundamental question to our discipline and to urban planning / city planning in general.


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