Kimb erlyn B a cc hus P O R T F O L I O
Hello! My name is Kimberlyn Bacchus and I will be receiving my Master’s Degree in Architecture and Urban Design from Meiji University in March 2018. The process of designing and constructing buildings always intrigues me, so much so that after completing my Bachelor’s Degree, I sought employment in Project Management, gaining insight into what happens after the client accepts an Architect’s design. This position also taught me the importance of being organised, and understanding the importance of all people involved from concept design to project close out. My approach to design can be described as ‘functional appeal’. When designing, I focus on the desired function of the space, develop a logical layout that facilitates and/or enhances this function and then apply materials, forms and/or equipment that help to make the experience of the space quirky, interesting and memorable.
Contents GRADUATE WORK Room to Grow- Thesis Project
UNDERGRADUATE WORK Georgetown Cultural Center for Youth and Sport
St. Johnâ€™s Public Library
ROOM TO GROW ARIAKE, KOTO WARD, TOKYO MEIJI UNIVERSITY, THESIS DESIGN PROJECT 2018 This project involved developing an architecture that welcomes and encourages change over time. The design would allow changes from the micro to the macro scale both spatially and temporally. The resulting design was produced as a process rather than a fixed form as this would allow maximum flexibility. Users are allowed and encouraged to take charge of the form of their spaces and can make changes, whether seasonal or over a period of years, by making all building parts into components that can be leased in a similar manner to furniture.
T H E C O N C E P T - Growth- the increases in cell size and number that take place during the life history of an organism. Growth is seldom random. Rather, it occurs according to a plan that eventually determines the size and shape of the individual.Encyclopedia Britannica This architecture provides a frame that acts as the growth plan for this community. Another part of growth is decay- where old, worn out parts are destroyed in order to make room for new parts. The growth plan should anticipate this occurrence and allow old parts to be easily removed to make room for the new.
CULTURE TURE SOCIETY CIETY BEHAVI BEH VIOUR UR
ARCHITE CHITECTURE TURE
can the architecture archite ture of one s society ciety influence the behaviour beh viour in another? an ther?
T H E C H A L L E N G E S - The design issues are as follows: 1. The thesis research questions whether attitudes and techniques from Japanese traditional architecture can introduce new methods to the Caribbean and help remedy the issues with architecture in the region. Therefore the goal of this design is to produce an architecture that can encourage new habits and cultural views to architecture.
HEIGHTENED MATERIAL AWARENESS MODULE BASED: -self contained -‘complete’ -large- difficult to change or relocate EXCEPTIONAL ELEMENT PRECISION
ANTICIPATORY JOINT/CONNECTION DESIGN
3. Findings from the research highlighted particular techniques that have been employed by traditional Japanese architecture that must be given a modern makeover.
COMPONENT BASED: -various sizes -‘piecemeal assembly - easier changes and more variety
3. The findings also show that the concept of changing architecture is not new in Japan but it did not put the power of change in the hands of the users. This design seeks to remedy that by finding a blanace between provided framework and changeable spaces.
KOTO-KU THE STRATEGIES The Site
The site is a greenfield site in Ariake, Koto Ward in Tokyo Bay. This neighbourhood is in the midst of rapid change for the 2020 Olympics and beyond, making it a perfect location for an architecture that encourages change. 4m
EXCEPTION ZONE ZONE33 EXCEPTION Bounded BY by SURFACE surface AND BOUNDED and elevated ELEVATED EXPRESSWAY. Expressway. Noise NOISE AND PUBLIC and public intrusion INTRUSION EXPECTED expected.
EXCEPTION EXCEPTION ZONE ZONE22 BISECTED Bisected BY by 88 LANE lane roadway AND andELEVATED elevated ROADWAY MonorailTRACK. track.NOISE Noise MONORAIL and PUBLIC publicINTRUSION intrusion AND expected. EXPECTED
EXCEPTION EXCEPTIONZONE ZONE1 1 Narrower PART part OF of site NARROWER bounded with SITE BOUNDED WITH commercial buildings. COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS. Possible public POSSIBLE PUBLIC INTRUSION
SITE CONDITIONSIssues that can affect user comfort in buildings placed on site. various conditions on site
OLYMPIC OlympicGYMNASTICS gymnastics CENTRE GROUNDS centreAND and grounds The building will be used for 10 The building will be used years after the Olympics.
for 10 years after the Olympics.
B A A PROJECT PROJECTFOCUS FOCUS
B housing areas HOUSING AREAS
COMMUNITY AND Community and PUBLIC PublicBUILDING Building LOCATIONS ONon SITEsite locations
building types placed inAND response to site RESPONSES TO SITE CONDITIONS LIMITATIONS- Buildings placedconditions in order to reduce issues of site.
The Framework- Macro Scale
THE MANIFESTATIONS OF JAPANESE ATTITUDES MODULAR BUILDING POST AND BEAM SHELL SPATIAL CHANGE NOT SPATIAL CHANGE IS DIFFICULT POSSIBLE Walls and roof of frame must material exceptional element precision Moduleheightened is fully contained andawareness be demolished for expansion. expansion or contraction is Cantilevered expansion at openings prevented by module form. is possible but at great expense. Any change needs specialized labour.
FRAME UNIT SPATIAL CHANGE IS WELCOME Minimal frame allows expansion in anticipatory joint designto many directions. Frame is made anticipate the installation and removal of components. This frame will allow the random and constant change desired for this design.
The Components- Micro Scale
CRITERIA component system shelter (S) roofing,EXTERNAL external ROOFING, walls... WALLS
infill (I) walls, DIVIDERS, dividers,DOORS, doors, WALLS, windows... WINDOWS...
circulation (C) stairs, RAMPS, ramps, LADDERS, ladders, STAIRS, other... OTHER...
structure (ST) columns, posts, space COLUMNS, POSTS, SPACE frames, floors... FRAMES, FLOORS...
mechanical (M) hvac cores, DUCTING ducting... HVAC CORES,
life span rating
A 30+ yrs
B C 20-30 yrs
</= 5 yrs
wks-mths 1-10 yrs
MOVED BY moved byINDIVIDUAL individual
MOVED BY moved byTEAM team
MOVED WITH moved withMINOR minor equipment EQUIPMENT
heavy movingEQUIPMENT equipment HEAVY MOVING needed NEEDED
construction vehiclesAND and CONSTRUCTION VEHICLES labour needed LABOUR NEEDED
These criteria were generated to produce a series of components that allow users to make changes on their own and also allows them to be aware of the lifespans of the materials of the components available for use.
THE RESULT The Components shelter (S)
Dual DualPitch Pitch
Sloping SlopingFlat Flat
Half HalfScissors Scissors
Trusses Life span: A-D Leasing: 3-5
Scale: Medium Materials: wood, steel, aluminium
Tensile fabric Life span: a-d Leasing: 1-4
Scale: Small- med Materials: PTFE with Fabrasorb Liner
cable support track
Piping support track
Life span: D-F Scale: small Leasing: 2-4 Materials: pvc, rubber
Life span: d-f Scale: small Leasing: 2-4 Materials: pvc
Main floor Life span: c-f Leasing: 3-5
Scale: Large Materials: steel, wood
infill floor support tracks
Wall support Tracks
Life span: C-F Scale: Small Leasing: 2-5 Materials: steel, wood
LS: a-d S: med L: 1-5 M: steel, wood
Life span: a-E Leasing: 2-5
Life span:B-E Scale: Small Leasing: 2-5 Materials: steel
Scale: medium Materials: steel
Life span: A-F Scale: Small Leasing: 2-5 Materials: Wood, EPS Sandwich Board(Steel)
Life span: a-f Scale: Small LS:A-F S:SM Leasing: 1-5 Materials: wood, L: 2-5 M: Wood, PVC, CR Paper
Life span: A-F Leasing: 2-5
Life span: A-F Leasing: 2-5
Scale:small Materials: Wood, pvc
Scale: Small Materials: Wood, PVC, Aluminium
room Dividers Life span: A-F Leasing: 1-5
balcony Scale: Small Materials: Wood, PVC, Fabric
Life span: A-E Leasing: 3-5
Scale: MED Materials: wood, steel
articulating stairs Life span: a-d Leasing: 1-5
Scale: medium Materials: steel, Aluminium
The Frame Unit
The Housing Unit- Example
THE FRAME UNIT
HOUSING (SAMPLE UNIT)
The Community Centre
THE COMMUNITY CENTER MULTIPURPOSE HALL
CIRCULATION CORE Circulation Core
TYPICAL PLAN Typical Plan
HOUSING FLOOR 1 Housing FloorTYPE Type 1
HOUSING FLOOR TYPE 2 Housing Floor Type 2
1st Floor 1ST FLOOR
2nd Floor 2ND FLOOR
FLOOR PLAN Floor Plan
FRONT Front ELEVATION Elevation
SIDE Side ELEVATION Elevation
SIDE ELEVATION Side Elevation
FRONT ELEVATION Front Elevation
3d View 3D VIEW
3d View 3D OF FULL UNIT
3D OF FULL UNIT 3d View
Tensile roof is installed to protect the circulation core from the elements
Hoist is installed in stairwell to assist with moving components
Main support for roof and any future walls Floors are installed onto truss girders Tensile cable supported roof is made of segmeents that can be removed or replaced as necessary
Stacks onto floor support tracks. Act as ceiling and floor for area above
Truss girders that are attached to columns for constructing circulation core
Main Floor components are installed onto the joists
Supports upper floor by connecting to top supports
Connect wall tops to roof and to columns. Act as ring beam Trusses provide support for suspended ceilings and for future upper floors
Floors are installed by connecting joists to truss girders
The circulation core is constructed and connected to columns via truss girders
Cranes are used to hoist and install the columns in waiting connections A series of colums provide structural support for the components and the roof Connect wall bases to floor and to columns. Act as wall guards
The main support for the walls and upper floor
Components are retrieved from onsite storage.
Sculptural forms create storage rooms for components and spaces for various activities
THE OPTIONS/ VARIATIONS
Possibility of Variation and Growth
The Frame Unit- Expansion over time
THE FRAME UNIT- EXPANSION OVER TIME
Since the focus of this design is facilitating and encouraging change and growth, in-depth consideration was made for the manner in which the Frame Unit would grow over time, the way the housing units can change over time and the connections that would be necessary for this process.
1. SINGLE FRAME UNIT The initial frame with circulation core is established on the site.
2. READY FOR GROWTH The columns for the frame are sized to accomodate additional weight and have column splicing connections in preparation for future growth. The tensile roof is easily removed for additions to be made
3. GOING HIGHER Columns are added to the Frame Unit to the number of available floors.
The Housing Unit- Changes over time
THE HOUSING UNIT- CHANGES OVER TIME
1. SINGLE HOUSING UNIT Initial house by young couple.
2. SEASONAL CHANGES Windows can be changed to glass french doors in winter to let in sun and into screens in summer to let in breezes a from the sun.
4. NEW HEIGHTS The Frame Unit can now accomodate more residents.
5. FURTHER AFIELD The Frame Units can also grow across the site by using previously prepared piles throughout the site that await connection to new columns.
3. FAMILY STAGES An upper floor is added to make room for kids as the young family grows. Over the years, as the kids leave and the parents age, the house is shrinked to accomodate the reduced needs of the empty nesters.
THE RESULT A life of growth and change
Examples of the micro communities that can be formed on each floor of the Frame Units.
Master plan of the site showing a possible outcome of the growth of the Frame Units across the site and the effect of the Community Cantre as a buffer building.
PEAKTOWN COMMUNITY HONG KONG, P.R.CHINA MEIJI UNIVERSITY, RESEARCH YEAR - 2015-2016 This project involved the renovation and expansion of an outdated, mixed use building complex which was typical in mid-century Hong Kong. This complex was identified as one of several which embodied the concept of a ‘city in a building’ due the myriad of functions which coexist within the buildings. The objective of the project was to solidify and improve this ‘city in a building’ concept by manifesting it spatially, thereby creating a new typology.
T H E C O N C E P T - Mountain communities make it habitable with terraces, ascending lanes, stairs and bridges. This building is so massive, it’s a mountain in it’s own right. These improvements can help to make this building into a high rise neighbourhood.
T H E C H A L L E N G E S - The existing building issues are as follows: 1. The existing building has a monotonous and unappealing facade which overlooks the major roadway.
Oceanic Mansion Fook Cheong Building
Yick Cheong Building
Yick Fat Building
2. Failure to maximise potential on adjacent major roadway.
3. Tiny apartments are packed along narrow, dark, long corridors.
4. Numerous voids in floor slabs fail to maximise light and air infltration and are a nuisance instead.
Controlled movement? Commercial Realm
1 Break up extra long facade and use openings to create visual interest 2 Designate residential and commercial realms 3 Provide shared spaces for residents 4 Size units based on user type and provide areas for ‘controlled’ expansion 5 Use shophouses to make a ‘borderless’ transition between commercial and residential zones
THE RESULT 1 Community center
The Mountain Path:
Why a ramp?
Linked by elevator
THE RESULT The ramp interacts with each zone and becomes a neighbourhood main street.
A Retail Path (Inner)
B Community Center
DN DN DN
UP DN UP
DN DN DN
C View deck along Community Path
D Retail Path (Along Facade)
MAUKA MAKAI DOWNTOWN HONOLULU, OAHU, HAWAII MEIJI UNIVERSITY, 1ST YEAR This project involved a two week study of Honolulu and a workshop that identified issues affecting downtown Honolulu. One or more issues were then selected and designs made in response. Two issues- transportation into the city and an underused and disconnected waterfront- were selected and an urban design was developed based on the ancient Hawaiian system of land division of Ahapua’a. A building was then designed to fit within this scheme.
T H E C O N C E P T - The Ahapua’a land division concept divided the land into segments that featured a flow from the mountains ‘Mauka’ to the water ‘Makai’. Modern development methods have interrupted this flow, separating the people from the water. This flow will be restored by easing access to the waterfront, introducing a water-based transport hub, and by creating different experiences along the waterfront to draw people to the water.
T H E C H A L L E N G E S - The site issues are as follows: 1. Ala Moana Boulevard creates a barrier between downtown honolulu and the waterfront.
2. The elevated train tracks currently under construction will add a visual barrier, emphasizing the separation.
3. Prime waterfront land is underutilized as carparks, unused buildings and poorly equipped parks.
THE STRATEGIES Urban Design- To Makai
Light Rail Viaduct Ferry Terminal Pedestrian Bridge (1 of 4) Aloha Tower
Ancient Hawaiian Culture Path linking two pedestrian streets
Arts & Culture
1. Design a viduct that incorporates pedestrian bridges instead of a rudimentary elevated track to allow better physical access to the waterfront. 2. Create a path that connects two popular pedestrian streets to the waterfront. 3. Create a visual connection along Bishop and Alakea street with a visual edge consisting of water based activites. 4. Develop various activity zones to draw users to the waterfront.
Architectural Design- To Mauka
The form of and the circulation through the spaces are arranged to emphasize movement from the water towards the mountains- Makai to Mauka. Visitors only move upward towards Mauka, and the form is sequentially pushed toward Mauka as it gets higher.
THE RESULT Program
Permanent Exhibition/ Movement Space Controlled Exhibition spaces Staff spaces Commercial spaces Storage Research Center Public Access
Controlled exhibition space
Research Center Labs Support spaces
View from the water
FLOW LIXIL INTERNATIONAL STUDENT COMPETITION 2017- TEAM ENTRY MEIJI UNIVERSITY SUBMISSION ROLE: MATERIAL SELECTION, CONCEPT FORM, DESCRIPTION, SUPPORT SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND DESIGN This competition required the design of a ‘spa in nature’ where we needed to explore the possiblities of a communal bathing space in a natural setting. The issues to be considered were: privacy, sustainability, construction cost, the interaction between skin and materials, and the varying degrees in which the bath space can be mixed with experiencing nature. The entry was not selected as one of the 3 finalists. T H E C O N C E P T - Challenging the notions of enclosure and spatial definition, this structure allows an intimate interaction between users and the surrounding environment with a flow of loosely defined spaces. This spatial ambiguity is encouraged by the inclusion of only a few walls, formed mainly for the protection of privacy from the general public and the mediation of prevailing winds. These walls wind their way along the site, creating an area of relaxation that is safe from peering eyes.
T H E C H A L L E N G E S - The The issues at the site and competition conditions are as follows: 1. The design must be off the grid
2. Pay careful attention to modesty and privacy concerns.
3. Thereâ€™s a significant temperature range at the Hokkaido site.
LOUNGE ASHI YU CHANGING ROOM SAUNA SWIMMING POND ENTRANCE VIEWS FROM THE PUBLIC PREVAILING WINDS
Functions of the Wall
HEAT TRANSFER FOR SAUNA ONDOL
HEAT TRANSFER FIREPLACE HEAT SOURCE FOR ASHI YU ASHI YU
ONDOL FROM SWIMMING POND ASHI YU
1- ENTRY TO ASHI YU 2- ASHI YU TO CHANGING ROOM TO SAUNA 3- SAUNA TO SWIMMING POND
Priojected Usage Ritual
Summer use perspective
GEORGETOWN CULTURAL CENTER FOR YOUTH AND SPORT GEORGETOWN, GUYANA UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY, 4TH YEAR FINAL This project involved the creation of a community space using a sample from local literary works as a conceptual framework. This building is meant to serve as a hub for the annual Mashramani celebrations and as a place of gathering and recreation for the residents of Georgetown and its immediate environs. It features a multipurpose court, rooftop gardens and pool and a courtyard water feature.
THE CONCEPT “the flag blows out and the wind blows in; they are one and the same like flesh and skin.” This poem excerpt is made into form by using the chevrons on the Guyanese flag and by creating a ring shape that allows a visual mixing of activities, making all experiences of the center one and the same.
T H E C H A L L E N G E S - The site issues are as follows: 1. The site is adjacent to a national park reserve and in a green area. Sea Wall
1m High tide Sea level
2. The city is below sea level and is kept dry with a sea wall and a series of unmaintained canals.
Training Rooms Reception
COURTYARD Multipurpose Court
Reception Parking Parking
The program wraps around the courtyard in plan and section.
Private Mixed (Public & Private) Public
Activities are arranged from fully public, free access to controlled private access.
B Passive design techniques are employed to take advantage of the local climate.
THE RESULT Passive design:
2 3 4
B 6 7 8 13 9
GROW MAT IMPREGNATED WITH ENGINEERED SOIL
COMPACTED FILL Provides firm, level surface for Grasspave installation.
SACRIFICIAL THERMOPLASTIC POLYVINYL CHLORIDE LAYER
2” ALUMINIUM FRAME
SECOND THERMOPLASTIC POLYVINYL CHLORIDE LAYER FOR WATERPROOFING
12 WALLABA CLADDING MEMBERS
STEEL COMPOSITE DECKING
GRASSPAVE GRID MAT Provides support that makes grass wheelchair accessible and secures topsoil layer.
GRAVEL SUBSTRATE Enables quick percolation of water and provides support for Grasspave grid.
PERFORATED DRAINAGE PIPE Helps to remove excess water from Grasspave system.
ALUMINIUM BRACKETS FOR WALLABA CLADDING WIREWALLTM FENCING
A Martial Arts/ Yoga & Dance Gymnasium Exhibition Hall
Private Room 1
Physical Therapy Room
Healing Garden Media Room/Lounge
Private Room 2
Free Weights Room
Male Locker Room
Seminar/ Meeting Room
Female Locker Room
Reception/ Gift Shop Library
Facilities Manager Staff Lounge
Power supply/ Equipment Battery Storage Room
North Elevation Min of Culture Secretariat Parks Manager
Medical officer/ First Aid
ST. JOHN’S PUBLIC LIBRARY ST. JOHN’S, ANTIGUA & BARBUDA UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY 3RD YEAR FINAL
This project involved the design of a library for St. John’s, Antigua’s capital city, following a detailed analysis of the city. The design required gaining an understanding of the functions and organization of a large-scale library and applying that knowledge to a challenging yet interersting site in the heart of the city. T H E C O N C E P T - “To encourage and nurture a quest for knowledge.” This quest is initiated by introducing a thoroughfare that cuts across the site from north to south and forms a shortcut between High and St. Mary’s streets. This shortcut, equipped with seating, shade and retail amenities would invite persons into the site, eventually leading them to the library’s entrance. Once inside, all spaces flow outward and upward from the main lobby, enticing visitors to investigate further and embark on a journey to an acquisition of higher levels of knowledge and self improvement.
T H E C H A L L E N G E S - The The issues at the site: 1. A narrow, odd shaped site surrounded by tall buildings
ST. MARYâ€™S ST.
2. Limited views out of the site, and the available views are undesirable.
ST, JOHNâ€™S CATHEDRAL
Retail, public spaces and street furniture invite users into the site.
A dynamic and appealing facade will help to create views within the site.
Heavy timber construction is used to pay homage to the traditional timber style in the city.
The main entrance
The entrance lobby
The childrenâ€™s library
10 1 50x100mm timber cladding 2 timber shed truss 3 50mm glass sheet 4 50x100mm timber frame
5 150x100mm gutter 6 steel angled cleat 7 250x250mm glued laminated timber beam 8 100mm structural glass glazing 9 to underground water storage
The teenâ€™s library
The south entrance
OTHER WORK PROJECT CO-ORDINATION
TOWER SUITES HOTEL PORT OF SPAIN, TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO
For this project, I was responsible for document control for construction documents, liaising with clients and engineers, and responding to Requests for Information. As a result, I made regular site visits to ensure compliance with the design and monitored the work done by engineers to maintain the project budget.
GOVERNMENT CAMPUS PLAZA PORT OF SPAIN, TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO
For this project, I was responsible for document control for construction documents, and for ensuring co-ordination between the drawings produced by the engineers and architects during the interior fit out of the completed tower shells.
OTHER WORK INTERNSHIP PROJECT- KUME SEKKEI
FACADE DESIGN YATSUSHIRO CITY HALL, KUMAMOTO
For this project, I was responsible for developing concepts for the facade of the Yatsushiro City Hall that is currently being designed. The design drew inspiration from the site context- especially the remains of Yatsushiro Castle that is opposite the site. The following design was selected by the project lead for further development.
Option 2- Stacked Spaces Public Space Facade Glass
Cultural Hall Glass
The series of stacked and overlapping alcoves emulate the stacked stones in the castle walls.
Office Space Facade
The alcoves can SECTION be used as display A-A spaces or alternate seating.
OTHER WORK GRAPHIC DESIGN
Here are a few logos I’ve designed for fun, school projects and for clients.
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Published on Mar 2, 2018