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February 2018

Hawai‘i Island’s Community Magazine The Life |

January – February

Ianuali – Pepeluali

Ianuali – Pepeluali 2018


Making Life Colorfully Social for Our Kūpuna Maunakea and Lake Waiau Hawai‘i Wildlife Center


2 | January-February 2018 | January-February 2018

Cover painting: Maunakea in Winter by Peter Jefferson. Table of contents image: "Snow in HawaiĂżi ?" by Bill Doar. 4 Read more about them on page 85.

The Life

Hawai‘i Island’s Community Magazine Ianuali – Pepeluali | January – February 2018


Epic Origami


Making Life Colorfully Social for Our Kūpuna


Folds and Creases for Awareness By Ma‘ata Tukuafu Hawai‘i Island Adult Care By Paula Thomas

Art is Life. Life is Art. 52 Donkey Mill Art Center

Community Surfʻs Up


The 23rd Annual Shane Dorian Banyan Keiki Classic Returns By Karen Rose

VASH Hawai‘i Island

Nonprofit Comes to the Rescue of Unfortunate Visitors By Fern Gavelek


Preserving Waimeaʻs Historic Spencer House By Denise Laitinen


Kainani Kahaunaele 81 Revitalizing Hawaiian Music By Mālielani Larish



Hanauna Ola


A Mountain of Unmatched Amazement By Britni Schock Sustaining the Generations Through Voyaging By Jan Wizinowich

Lake Waiau

By Karen Valentine



Hawai‘i Island Tea — Craft Brew


Hawai‘i Wildlife Center


Mālama Mokupuni


By Brittany P. Anderson A Hospital for the Birds By Catherine Tarleton

Caring for Our Island Environment By Rachel Laderman | January-February 2018



The Life Hawai‘i Island’s Community Magazine Ianuali – Pepeluali | January – February 2018

Ka Wehena: The Opening

E Ho‘ōla Ē, Eia Launa‘ole Ē, I Laila Ē


By Kumu Keala Ching


Managing with Aloha

Motivation is Kuleanaʻs Inside Job


Island Treasures Tiffanyʻs Art Agency

Your Health. Our Mission.


Talk Story With An Advertiser

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Local Food

For the Love of Chocolate


And a recipe for Maunkea truffles

Kela Me Keia: This & That

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Worldwide Voyage update: Māhalo, Hawai‘i Sail About Our Cover & Table Of Contents Artists Crossword Puzzle Hawai‘i Island Happenings Community Kōkua Farmers Markets Advertiser Index

Ka Puana: Closing Thoughts 932: He pūko‘a kani ‘āina.

Mary Kawena Pukui, Olelo Noeau: Hawaiian Proverbs and Poetical Sayings. Look for the 2018 Hawaiÿi Island Weddings, Honeymoons, and Special Occasions Islandwide!

67-1125 Mamalahoa Highway, Kamuela, HI 96743 • The Queen’s Health Systems is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit family of companies.

The official magazine of

North Hawai‘i Community Hospital is part of The Queen’s Health Systems ‘ohana. Brought

15558 NHCH Ke Ola Magazine; 3.5 in w x 7.25 in h; cmyk

to you by


From Our Publisher It’s almost inconceivable that we’re beginning the tenth year of publishing Ke Ola Magazine! When we first hatched the idea for Ke Ola, we couldn’t have foreseen the impact and importance this magazine would have. One accomplishment is that it’s stimulated our local economy by offering affordable advertising rates to mostly small business owners who would otherwise have a difficult time keeping their brand names in front of the public. Another accomplishment, because our advertisers find value in utilizing Ke Ola Magazine for reaching their customers, it’s enabled us to grow in size over the years. That’s given us the opportunity to tell more and more stories, resulting in the perpetuation of the arts, culture and sustainability of our island, both in print and on the web. Ke Ola Magazine is often compared to Hawaiian Airlinesʻ Hana Hou magazine, which is a huge compliment! People often mistake one for the other, telling me they read the magazine on the plane, or assuming they are one and the same publication. Ke Ola Magazine has also been referred to as Hawai‘i Island’s Honolulu Magazine or Maui Nō Ka ‘Oi, which we also take as amazing compliments. In actuality, Ke Ola has its own mana, its own spirit. As much as we love the comparisons, it’s different from all the other publications, and often times feels like it has a mind of its own. Ke Ola Magazine has evolved and matured, and we’re very proud of what we’ve accomplished since the inspiration for the magazine took hold in July 2008. The economy was becoming uncertain, and businesses were having a difficult time keeping their visibility, with limited or non-existent marketing budgets. The first appointment I had with a potential advertiser was at BMW of Hawaii. They had just opened, and their client advisor, Boris Huber-Bejerana, called me to ask if I could help them place ads in a by-then defunct newspaper. I said “Boris, that publication is out of business, however I have an idea for

a lifestyle magazine published for people who live here, and BMW would be perfect in it!” It took less than a week for my former business partner, Karen Valentine, and me to come up with a media kit so I could meet with Boris and his boss. I considered that initial contact to be the sign I needed to move forward with this business, because it really was a perfect fit for BMW to place their ads. I’m so pleased to welcome BMW of Hawaii back again starting in this issue, as our first art story sponsor. We started offering story sponsorships in the November-December 2017 issue, with Island Naturals being the first to sponsor the Local Agriculture/Food series. As of this issue, we have seven sponsors already! We are excited to welcome Clark Realty as our Home/Building story sponsor; Employment Experts as our Business story sponsor; Kingsʻ Shops as our Culture story sponsor; Kohala HUB as our North Kohala story sponsor; and Kona Coast Realty as our Sustainability story sponsor. We have other story sponsorships available, so give me a call if you’re interested! In the meantime, please be sure to read Kumu Keala Chingʻs chant in honor of the new year, the Hi‘uwai cleansing ceremony he offers every year at Honokōhau Harbor Beach in Kona. Although it’s been several years since I’ve attended, it has always had a deep meaning for me. I realized in reading his chant in this issue, the importance of “cleaning one’s own house before someone else’s.” Kumu Keala has been an inspiration to this magazine since he blessed the first issue in 2008. I’ll never forget his words. He said, “This magazine has already been blessed.” All we’ve needed to do was follow ke ala, the path. Mahalo, Kumu! May 2018 bring you inspiration, success and health! Barbara Garcia and Ke Ola Magazine’s ʻohana.

From Our Editor

From Our Readers

Mauna Kea vs. Maunakea Aloha Barbara,

I was reading the article done on the KMC [Kīlauea Military Camp] in your latest edition [Nov-Dec 2017] of Ke Ola Magazine and saw the picture of my husband John and I attending the Marine Corps Birthday Ball and of course got excited that we were featured in your magazine, however, that picture was taken in November 1956, not 1963. Just wanted to let you know. Keep up the good work, love the magazine. Also I’m renewing my subscription, can you take care of it? Appreciate it! Aloha, Vanna McKay North Carolina | January-February 2018

We received the following information from the University of Hawai‘i Institute for Astronomy, and have modified our editorial guidelines starting with this issue, except when Mauna Kea is used in a business name or title. Why have we changed the spelling of Mauna Kea to Maunakea? While the name Mauna Kea (white mountain) is simply descriptive, Maunakea is a name that in Native Hawaiian tradition is short for Mauna a Wākea, the mountain of Wākea, one of the progenitors of the Hawaiian people. Maunakea is believed to connect the land to the heavens. The UH Hilo School of Hawaiian Language recommends the one-word spelling, and recently the Office of Maunakea Management started using the one-word spelling. According to Stephanie Nagata, director of OMKM, the name Maunakea has been accepted by the official Hawai‘i Board on Geographic Names, and the federal government has also accepted the name change, so new maps will now use the one-word name.


_ _ E HO‘OLA E

Ka Wehena

Na Kumu Keala Ching

E ho‘ōla ka mana ē, e ho‘ōla ka mana ē E ho‘ōla ka ‘uhane ē, e ho‘ōla ka ‘uhane ē E ho‘ōla ke ola ē, e ho‘ōla ke ola ē E ho‘ōla ē, e ho‘ōla ē, e ho‘ōla ē E Ola

Heal the presences, heal the presences Heal the being, heal the being Heal the life, heal the life Heal, heal, heal Let it live!

_ EIA LAUNA‘OLE E Eia ke aloha, aloha launa‘ole Eia ka ‘i‘ini, ‘i‘ini launa‘ole Eia ka mana, mana launa‘ole Eia ho‘i ē, eia ho‘i ē, Eia ho‘i ē Ē

Here is the compassion, unconditional compassion Here is the presences, unannounced presences Here is the spiritual essences, spiritual essences beyond Here it is, here it stands! Here it exists! It is!

_ I LAILA E I laila ē, ke kani ka ua ē I laila ē, ke kani ka makani ē I laila ē, ke kani ka honua ē I laila ē, ke kani ke kai one ē I laila ē, ke kani ka pu‘uwai ē I laila ē, I laila ē, I laila ē E ola ē

It is there, the sound of the rain It is there, the sound of the wind It is there, the sound of the earth It is there, the sound of the sea It is there, the sound of the heart It is there, it is there, it is there Let it live!

Maka i luna, kuli i lalo! Ho‘omana‘o wale ho‘i ‘oe i ka pono o kou ola, aia ka ho‘ōla kino iā ‘oe iho i hiki ke kōkua iā ha‘i. Ho‘ōla iā ‘oe iho ma mua o kekahi ē a‘e, eia ho‘i kahi mana‘o pili i kēia mana‘o—Ho‘oma‘ema‘e nō i kou hale ma mua o kekahi hale ē a‘e. I laila nō ka pono i ho‘ōla aku ai, eia nō na‘e ho‘ōla ka pono o ka honua nei. He aloha launa‘ole e imi aku ai. Ē Eyes above, knees are down (Pule). Remember the righteous of your life, healing begins with your spirit before you help others. Heal yourself before others, here is a thought similar to this thought—You must clean your house before someone else’s house. It is there (a place that is known, but not seen), righteous healing is attained, much like the healing required here on earth. Unconditional compassion is needed! It is!

For more information on Kumu Keala and Nä Wai Iwi Ola, visit: Kumu Keala Ching's annual Hiÿuwai. photo by Karen Valentine

o | January-February 2018

ne of the most captivating mountains in the world is located in the Pacific Ocean on Hawai‘i Island. This dormant volcano, called Maunakea, is the tallest mountain on Earth, with its start about 23,000 feet below sea level and its peak 13,796 feet above sea level. Its combined total height is therefore a few thousand feet taller than Everest. Maunakea and the entire chain of Hawaiian Islands were born out of a volcanic hot spot on the seafloor which continues to create new land. In Hawaiian, Maunakea means “white mountain”, which illustrates the annual snow that blankets the summit. Views of the mountain are just as breathtaking from the shoreline as they are from the summit; however the perspectives are quite different. Whales and marine life explore the submerged slopes, while birds and land creatures enjoy the exposed, majestic beauty above sea level. How many mountains offer you the opportunity to ski or trek through snow on its alpine summit, and swim in warm Pacific Ocean waters at its coastline, all in the same day? Temperatures on the summit stay in the range of 25 to 40 degrees Fahrenheit, however when combined with the wind chill and high altitude it often feels much colder. The high altitude is also a serious matter when it comes to preventing altitude sickness. You need to let your body slowly adjust before heading directly to the summit, and make sure you have consumed enough food and water beforehand. The altitude at the Visitor Information Station (VIS) is 9,200 feet, which is still categorized as high altitude, however the majority of people feel fine at this level. Winter on the summit of Maunakea can mean a few feet of snow that serves as a white blanket covering the mountain. During winter a change in weather conditions can come suddenly and change drastically. Snowstorms can create dangerous conditions on the summit with extreme winds over 100 mph and ice-covered roads. The road to the summit is closed during hazardous conditions, however the Visitor Information Station remains open 365 days a year. The Visitor Information Station is open from 12pm–10pm every day and offers a variety of services. On site are Maunakea Rangers and interpretive guides to help with questions that visitors may have. There are stargazing telescopes for use by the public and a specialized solar telescope to view the sun during the daylight hours. Recently, they began offering a free stargazing program Tuesday, Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday nights from 6pm–10pm, weather permitting. On Saturday nights, the VIS hosts a special stargazing program that involves different speakers including students from the University of Hawai‘i at Hilo Astrophysics Club and Malalo o ka Po Lani, which involves community members sharing a cultural perspective. On the first Saturday of each month they have a showing of The Universe Tonight, which presents current research and news about Maunakea. The regular program starts off with an indoor film viewing of First Light, which is a documentary about Maunakea that gives some history about the mountain from scientific and cultural viewpoints. The film is followed by telescope viewing on the stargazing patio, which is led by the staff and volunteers at VIS. When the sky gets dark enough, a guide will begin a star 10 tour and using a laser pointer, show what is visible in the sky that night.

A view of the southern flank of Maunakea from 10,000ft after significant snowfall on Hawaiÿi Island. photo by Andrew Richard Hara

Maunakea A Mountain of Unmatched Amazement By Britni Schock

The Milky Way rises while gazing east toward the clouded glow of Hilo. photo by Andrew Richard Hara

Hawaiian Cultural Center of Hāmākua | January-February 2018

A multicultural, multigenerational community center in historic Honoka‘a



Located in the Botelho Building 45-3490 Mamane Street, Suite B & C, Honoka'a

Celebrate our 2-year anniversary! Saturday, March 10, 2018

Join us for a fundraiser and unveiling of our Mauna Kea Exhibit! Entertainment ~ Arts & Crafts ~ Silent Auction

Maunakea is home to a very unique ecosystem of native and invasive species. Some of the animals found on Maunakea exist only on Hawai‘i Island. The wēkiu bug, palila (endangered gray, yellow, and white Hawaiian honeycreeper), and ‘io (Hawaiian hawk) that live on the slopes of Maunakea, are a few of the species native to Hawai‘i Island. “Moving further inland and higher up on the windward slopes you start to meet the bottom reaches of the remaining native rainforests. This is where things start to get really interesting. If you can navigate through the dangerous thickets of uluhe (Hawaiian false staghorn fern) you might start to find some of the hardier native forest bird species at around 2,000 foot elevation. Native forest birds for the most part are only found in high altitude areas because avian pox and malaria are rare in colder environments,” said Noah Gomes who has his M.A. in Hawaiian Language and Literature, as well as a passion for native species. Several reserves have been created by state and federal governments in various areas on Maunakea to protect and preserve the natural environment. Maunakea Forest Reserve, Maunakea Ice Age Natural Area Reserve, and Maunakea Science Reserve are a few. The Maunakea

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Maunakea Visitor Information Station. photo courtesy of | January-February 2018

Ice Age Reserve is of great importance because of the historical sites for the Hawaiian people. Landmarks including Lake Waiau, Hawai‘i’s sole alpine lake, are found in this reserve. Another important area is the Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge. The refuge is home to 17 endangered species and consists of about 38,000 acres of native forests. They focus on rejuvenating native habitats and conservation. It is the only area in the entire state which has a stable or growing population of native forest bird populations. Being positioned so remotely in the middle of the Pacific Ocean makes Maunakea one of the best stargazing and astronomy observation sites in the world. The height of the mountain is one of the attributes that make it such an incredible experience. At the summit, you are above approximately 40% of the Earth’s atmosphere, which creates an environment best suited for viewing the sky. In this area, scientists are able to capture the clearest images and collect the most reliable data in the northern hemisphere. When discussing Maunakea, the word ‘sacred’ is often used to describe its very essence, and rightfully so,


Andrea Ghez (UCLA) guides Keck Observatory's twin infrared lasers into the observable universe during a setting full moon in the early morning at 13,000ft elevation on Maunakea. photo by Andrew Richard Hara | January-February 2018

when you discover all the history and the pure geographical uniqueness of the mountain. It is an especially significant place for the Hawaiian people because of its summit, which is believed to be a sacred realm of the gods. Not only can scientists trace the history of the universe from this peak, but Hawaiians can connect with their ancestral spirits or ‘aumākua. The summit is thought to be a place where you feel the relationship between heaven and earth. Maunakea is also the home of Poli‘ahu, the goddess of snow. She sits across from her rival, Pele, goddess of volcanoes, across from the summit of Mauna Loa. The goddesses are divided by the saddle area


between the two mountains. Watching the sunset from the high altitudes of Maunakea is popular with both visitors and residents. Some even make the early morning expedition to watch the sunrise. If you ever decide to make the journey to the divine mountain of Maunakea, be sure to show respect and mahalo (thank) the ‘āina (land). “Hawaiians traditionally request permission to enter a space, in honor of the space, perhaps offering an oli (chant). Through asking permission you acknowledge your environment with respect. The environment then responds, in turn acknowledging you. This can be through a gust of wind,

Palila. photo by Jack Jeffrey, courtesy of USGS. Public domain

Rolling grassy hills on the western flank of Maunakea supply a large portion of the watershed and biodiverse terrain on Hawaiÿi Island. photo by Andrew Richard Hara

sudden change in weather or even just silence,” said Hawaiian studies student Kekaikāne-Olahō‘ikeikonamanakālena Lindsey, who studies Hawaiian language and culture at the University of Hawai‘i at Hilo. People come to Maunakea for many different reasons, often drawn to its mana (spiritual power) or energy. Whether you are interested in Hawaiian culture and history, nature and conservation, science and astronomy, or you are just an allaround adventure seeker, Maunakea surely has something for everyone to experience. n For more information, contact:

Silversword. photo by Sebastian Marquez, courtesy of

For more information about the Kama‘āina Observatory Experience, or to reserve a spot for an upcoming tour, visit: or call ‘Imiloa Astronomy Center at 808.969.9703. | January-February 2018


Hilo’s historic waterrront district is home to landmark buildinns, unique shops, restaurants, alleries, museums, cultural and interpreeve centers, and lots oo reen space. You’ll nd shoppinn, dininn, and entertainment, served local-style. Want to experience aloha? Come to Hilo! Find out more – Check out the new online resource: | January-February 2018

A project oo the Hilo Downtown Improvement Associaaon


Epic Origami By Ma‘ata Tukuafu

Folds and creases for awareness

photo courtesy of Bonnie Cherni | January-February 2018

In the origami world, there are two types of people: those who follow instructions, and those who create the instructions. Julien Lozi, an astronomer at Subaru Telescope in Hilo, explains Raptor at Epic Oragami Show at Denver International how he is Airport. photo courtesy of Denver considered a International Airport “folder” of origami; he follows The team of Epic Origami is made up of both local and instructions, yet near the international artists. Bonnie has attracted these artists by end of the piece, creates his own sharing her love of origami with others through teaching touches. Julien is part of Epic Origami, a events and holding installation exhibits. The local artists group of origami enthusiasts who have teamed include Shannon Nakaya, who runs; Steven up with Bonnie Cherni to teach audiences about the art Epstein, RedCAT Systems CEO; Julien Lozi, astronomer; and of folding, and to bring awareness to the endangered animal Rod Hinman, robotics engineer. International artists include species in our world. Nyugen Hong Cyong from Vietnam, and Nicolas Terry from Julien became interested in origami when he was ten years France, both renowned origamists. Also included are John old. Introduced through a lunchtime program at his school in Montroll and Robert Lang; both famous origamists who have France, he took to the art, and his parents bought him a book inspired many with their books and videos. on origami folding. Life got busy he says, and when he was in For Julien, his introduction to Bonnie occurred when he college, he began folding again. Studying optics and lasers for attended an event at Hilo’s ‘Imiloa Astronomy Center. At the his Master’s degree, he realized how much optics and origami opening of the event, Bonnie was teaching origami to children were similar; both disciplines require patience, dedication and and Julien showed her some of the work he did. Eventually, accuracy. “There’s a lot of mathematics going into origami,” says Julien. “I like the idea that you can take a simple square of paper and end up with something complicated.” Epic Origami is the dream of Bonnie Cherni, a longtime resident of Hawai‘i Island. She is the lead artist who collaborates with other origami artists to inspire others. At the age of 15, she discovered John Montroll’s origami books, and delved into the art. After folding her animals with the typical size of 3” squares, 6” squares and 10” squares, she wondered if she could create life-size origami animals. Bonnie is now known for her large scale origami creations. Her favorite moment is when the animal stands up and looks at her. “I like making bigger animals out of huge 15’x15’ paper. Steven helps me with the complicated steps and I have to crawl inside to create the folds,” Left to Right: Jennifer Prater, Bonnie Cherni, and Tai King after Bonnie said. completing the install at Denver International Airport.


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their meeting led to his collaboration with her in an exhibit where four of his pieces were shown: an eagle, two different types of bears, and a bee. In the astronomy world, Julien has given talks on how origami can help with science and space. As an example, he said rockets going into space are not that big, but must carry large satellites. Origami design helps scientists to create satellite components which expand outward when reaching their destination. Another application he cites is foldable lenses for telescopes, which origami has enhanced. The Epic Origami team had an exhibit at the Denver Airport from July through November 2017. “I never thought I would have a piece in the Denver Airport exhibition, and I enjoy being part of this collaboration,” Julien says. “There’s a mix of people with different skills and artistic levels with Epic Origami.” Bonnie’s favorite thing is to combine the geometric and modular shapes that Steven and Rod make, with the organic animal shapes the team folds. There will be another two cases in Terminal A at the Denver Airport that feature animals playing with geometric snowflakes. This show runs through January 2, 2018. In addition to the origami artists, Bonnie has Tai King and Jennifer Prater on her team to assist with the installations and events. Tai met Bonnie at a dance class in Waimea a few years ago, and they have been friends ever since. Tai says she has no folding skills, yet helps with community outreach programs such as those held at the Kahilu Theatre and Thelma Parker Library in Waimea. “It’s interesting that there are a lot of mathmeticians, engineers and astronomists who are drawn to origami,” Tai says. “Something in the way their brains work, it makes a lot of sense to them.” Many people have tried folding origami at some time in their life, the simplest of origami gadgets or animals may take 15 or 20 folds. The intricacy of some origami creations can take up | January-February 2018

Julien Lozi with his eagle. photo courtesy of Bonnie Cherni


shark intact. “The day we arrived, we began unpacking all of the boxes to see what we had to work with,” says Tai. “It was like working with pieces of a puzzle; how to angle them, and how to display the art.” It took three days to set up the installation, and Tai says they would have been lost if they hadn’t received the assistance of the Denver crew assigned to them. The large elephant Bonnie had folded took two men to lift, and was displayed in the main window. Tai says doing an art installation is not too different from A dinosaur with soaring birds. All pieces are folded with just one sheet of paper and not cuts. creating a storefront window or photo courtesy of Denver International Airport designing a home; it is about focus and not being overwhelmed by having to 250 to 300 folds. Tai says the Epic Origami installations have it be too cluttered, as well as letting smaller pieces stand expanded the idea of what art can be. alone. “People haven’t seen origami on this level,” says Tai. “Bonnie Jennifer says they never knew what they were going to has folded larger pieces and dragons while people are there unpack until they arrived for the installation. After installing watching. Sometimes she has folded with canvas or metalsome origami birds, Jennifer says they were told by the folder backed paper. There’s so much more to origami.” from France that the birds were upside down. “The important In preparation for the Denver installation, Bonnie received thing is how to create a 3-D display or to be mindful of the art both large and small boxes in the mail from the folders. Tai even if some of the art space was tucked under a stairway,” and Jennifer hand-carried delicate origami art on their flights she says. to Denver. Tai recalls hand-carrying a folded shark that was “It takes a team to be able to create the vision for the too fragile to put in the overhead bin and the flight attendants installation, and then to minimize it,” says Bonnie. She feels actually made room in their own compartment to keep the grateful for people who can “think on their feet,” who can | January-February 2018


install the origami on the wall, hang it from the ceiling or place animals standing on structures. “We want our installations to be fulfilling and interesting,” Bonnie says. “We’ve created a business and our reputation is

Top: Bonnie Cherni’s art studio. photo courtesy of Bonnie Cherni

Left: Bonnie Cherni with Shark. photo courtesy of Elyse & Matt Mallams

on the line. We have great references and it is a fun project. I’m excited our team feels motivated and they work hard to create this.” While Bonnie is comfortable using 150 steps in her folds, she says that Julien and Shannon can create designs using 350 steps and more. Bonnie says Julien’s piece in the show was incredible; an intricate eagle folded from one piece of delicate paper. She adds that Shannon makes her own origami patterns. Bonnie is excited about the material the team folders are using and experimenting with: canvas, copper mesh, and adhesive vinyl. Nicolas Terry, also on the team, provides the folders with beautiful and exotic paper to use. Bonnie says many on the team know by touch alone, what kind of paper they are using. She says Shannon has been experimenting with hand painting paper before she folds it, which brings a whole new dimension to the finished product. It is Bonnie’s dream to create a 501(c)3 nonprofit status for Epic Origami, and to continue sharing the art and science of what origami can bring to the world. The team has collaborated with several local venues to share and present their origami art to the public; Waimea’s Thelma Parker Library, Kahilu Theatre, ‘Imiloa, Keck and Fairmont Orchid’s Annual Waimea Ocean Film Festival. Bonnie’s overall goal is for Epic Origami to be an inspiration to people and to create awareness of our animal species with the art of origami. Epic Origami will teach origami folding at the Waimea Ocean Film Festival from January 1–9, 2018. “Come fold with us,” says Bonnie. n | January-February 2018

For more information about Epic Origami:


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The first three leaves of new growth are harvested. photo by Brittany P. Anderson | January-February 2018

History of Hawai‘i Island Tea Tea was introduced to Hawai‘i Island in the late 1800s as a potential cash crop. The idea was to farm tea commercially in the fashion of sugarcane and pineapple. Plantation owners reviewed growing and harvesting methods finding it too labor intensive. According to numerous articles and researchers, the Hawaiian Coffee and Tea Co. established a five-acre plantation in Kona in 1887. Historians are unable to identify why the venture was abandoned by 1892, however speculate that it was due to the rising profits of coffee in the region. Only a few US plantations of that era grew tea and fewer still were successful. Domestic US tea production proved costlier than importing tea from China,


Oolong, green, and black tea. photo by Brittany P. Anderson

Ask The Naturopath... | January-February 2018

Patient: What does natural medicine have to offer people given the diagnosis of Alzheimer's or dementia? Dr. Ardolf: The good news is we have a lot to offer family members given this seemingly grave diagnosis. As you know, we often begin our treatment course based on discovering the underlying cause. Did you know the number one cause of dementia is prescription drug use? Sounds counterintuitive but it’s true! The other top 3 causes include diet and nutrition. Repairing the damage therefore often boils down to eradicating the underlying cause and providing the body and mind with the missing nutrients. In order for the nutrient(s) to reach the brain in a high enough concentration to effect noticeable change in just a few days, the medicine must be provided via (IV) Intravenous. To see the person recall life events once forgotten is quite amazing. In office treatment can be quite effective in as little as 5 days! 


“My sister and I sought out Dr. Ardolf for our dad who was recently diagnosed with Alzheimer's of the dementia type after the neurologist strongly recommended institutional living. We are so glad we did. We began noticing memory recall on our way to begin day 2 of his treatment! He improved so much that he remained living on his own for another 3 1/2 years. Dr. Ardolf provided a logical comprehens comprehensive treatment plan. She was clearly very skilled. My dad loved her.” - Arizona, 72 years old

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Japan, or India. Culturally, tea was prevalent throughout Hawai‘i Island, however attempts to grow the shrub were dormant for the early 20th century—until the 1950s. University of Hawai‘i at Hilo horticulture professor, Dr. Philip Ito, brought tea seeds back from his visit to China. He cultivated a small tea garden at his Waiākea home. Interest in tea as a commodity renewed in the 1960s as sugar continued to decline. Hawai‘i Island’s sugar powerhouses C. Brewer and Amfac both toyed with the idea of turning their sugar plantations into commercial tea operations. Both companies turned down the opportunity, though Alexander & Baldwin on Maui partnered with Lipton’s for a brief time until, like previous attempts, growing tea commercially in the state proved cost prohibitive. Efforts focused on the untested quality, maturity process, and relatively small profits when compared to coffee at the time. John Cross, former land manager for C. Brewer, took advantage of the plantation’s former investigative research and planted tea on his family farm in Hakalau (north of Hilo) in 1993. Shortly thereafter, Dr. Francis Zee, horticulturist with the United States Department of Agriculture, was introduced to Dr. Ito’s tea plants and began experimenting with processing the leaves utilizing a microwave oven. By 1998 a cooperative project between Hawai‘i Department of Agriculture, USDA­­—Agriculture Research Services, and UH College of Tropical Agriculture & Human Resources began evaluating adaptable tea plants focusing

Tea Hawaii & Company integrates their tea with the surrounding ÿöhiÿa. photo courtesy of Tea Hawaii & Company

their testing on resilience in several microclimates on the island. This partnership proved to be the catalyst tea needed, and interest in growing tea on Hawai‘i Island began to take hold. | January-February 2018

Tea of Today The type of tea—oolong, green, or black—is determined by the processing method used and not by the cultivar. A tea’s taste, much like coffee and wine, is highly dependent on the soil, topography, and climate present where the plant is grown—known as terroir. Māmaki, the indigenous shrub used in Native Hawaiian traditions, is grown and harvested much the same way as tea. Though popular locally, it is not considered a true tea because it lacks caffeine. Many of the island tea growers come from a background that is outside of agriculture. For Eva Lee and her husband Chiu Leung, of Tea Hawaii & Company, growing tea is both a cultural and artistic experience. “We both come from a cultural background in the aspects of tea,” Eva Lee explains. Eva and Chiu connect with their Chinese heritage through growing, processing, and serving tea grown on their tea estate in Volcano Village. Chiu is an accomplished potter who has combined his artwork with his love of tea to create porcelain tea cups. Chiu hand throws each cup and pairs his collections with their harvest to enhance the tea drinking experience. There is something spectacularly meditative in harvesting the tiny new growth leaves along the hedgerows of tea as mist rolls through. Both Eva and Chiu are intimately involved in the daily production of their teas, and are advocates for tea agriculture on Hawai‘i Island. Their approach is based in artistic integrity forming strong relationships in local and global tea. On the Hāmākua Coast, Onomea Tea Company is perched atop a bluff overlooking Onomea Bay. Mike Longo and Rob Nunally went into the tea business through their love of a good cup of tea. Prior to moving to Hawai‘i Island, Mike Longo was a daylily hybridizer and successful horticulture entrepreneur while Rob Nunally was in the tech industry. The plan was to move to Hawai‘i Island and continue hybridizing daylilies on their newly purchased agricultural land. However, the daylilies had other plans. “They just didn’t bloom consistently, so we started looking at other crops for our agricultural land,” Rob explains. As the pair were discussing options, Rob held in his hands a cup of tea—their fate was sealed.


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Onomea Tea Company lower field. photo by Brittany P. Anderson

The duo started with 40 seeds in 2004 and now tend more than 3,500 plants that are a combination of varieties including their own hybrids. Onomea Tea Company focuses on clean sustainable agriculture minimizing inputs and their overall footprint. “Growing tea is the easiest on the land because you don’t have to spray it, you don’t have to pull it up, till the soil, replant, rotate it. You just let tea grow and trim it,” Rob speaks passionately on his lānai overlooking rows of tea shrubs and the Pacific. Cultivating the future of tea The Hawai‘i Tea Society has been an active force cultivating tea growers across Hawai‘i Island. The volunteer-based organization was key in tea-based research, legislation, and advocacy. A bill was introduced by the state agricultural | January-February 2018

Eva Lee and Tea Hawaii & Company tasting room art studio.


photo courtesy of Tea Hawaii & Company

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committee speaking to origin significance within the Hawai‘i tea industry. Legislation was introduced to solidify that when a tea product said it was made in Hawai‘i, it was actually grown in Hawai‘i. The bill was not adopted, and many of the tea growers shifted focus to expanding their plantations to keep up with demand. The organization is currently awaiting funding for programs in 2018. Hawai‘i Island grown tea is increasingly recognized in USbased and worldwide competitions. The Tea Of The United States (TOTUS) Awards project, of which Eva Lee is Executive Director, was held in 2015 with the help of state and federal grants. Ten US states were represented in the first US-based tea competition. Onomea Tea Company as well as Eva Lee’s Tea Hawaii & Company won a substantial number of awards. “We’d love to make this competition an annual event,” Lee remarks. However, funding for the project has been difficult to attain. Hawai‘i State has more tea growers than any other state in the US, with the vast majority on Hawai‘i Island. Because of their popularity at the TOTUS awards, the demand for Hawai‘i tea is growing. The price for Hawai‘i grown tea ranges from $100 to $400 per pound, as of 2016. Tea from China and other higher producing areas fetch around $1.50 per pound. Because teas from Hawai‘i Island specifically are highly sought after, Eva Lee hopes to inspire more tea producers. Rob Nunally agrees that more growers on Hawai‘i Island are needed. “There’s no reason tea can’t be made on a commercial level here, we just need more people growing,” Rob notes. Harvesting is labor intensive when picking by hand, and many tea farmers have difficulty finding labor willing to pick with the care needed. Weather is also a concern. “You can’t pick in the rain, so I have to call people and tell them to go back home before they even arrive,” Rob bemoans. “We’re experimenting with mechanical harvesters like the big plantations,” Rob explains as he pours a cup of sweetly subtle


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green tea. Onomea Tea Company is a solar powered operation, so Rob and Mike are experimenting with electric trimmers to decrease manpower and increase yield. Agritourism has become a popular secondary stream of income for tea growers across the island. Onomea Tea Company and Tea Hawaii & Company host farm tours, and many other tea farmers do as well. Each farmer’s operations is as different as their terroir. Eva and Chiu offer an agroforestry sanctuary with tea integrated into the landscape and hold tea tastings in their art studio tasting space. Rob and Mike offer a plantation-style setting complete with tea tasting on the lānai. Tea on Hawai‘i Island is clearly gaining a following at home and abroad. According to a 2011 market feasibility study, specialty tea is “well positioned for financial growth” within the United States, and tea consumption increases annually. “There is a specialty tea market, before there wasn’t that consumer awareness there is now,” Eva remarks. Hawai‘i Island is uniquely situated with most of the world’s climates—the uniqueness of each tea grower’s terroir means each tea has its own distinctive taste. Tea grows well in the understories of Volcano Village, and with the ocean breeze of the Hāmākua, everyone embracing their differences providing a range consumers are happy to experience. n For more information, contact: Onomea Tea Company: Tea Hawaii & Company: Onomea Tea Company upper field. photo courtesy of Onomea Tea Company

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For the Love of Chocolate

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And a recipe for Maunakea truffles By Brittany P. Anderson mixture is silky smooth it can be poured into molds to make bars. Sounds easy? Well, it is yet—it isn’t. If you planted your cacao seeds this year, you would have to wait about five years to harvest. Plus, it takes several hundred beans to produce one pound of chocolate. Growing and processing your own cacao is a rewarding challenge. If you aren’t willing to wait five years for a homemade chocolate treat, you can still purchase locally made chocolate to make this delightful Maunakea chocolate truffle. Once completed the delightful truffle looks like a little snowball! Maunakea Truffles Recipe Ingredients 3.5 oz chocolate bar 1 Tbs coconut oil, room temperature ¼ cup coconut cream, or the top of a coconut milk that isn’t shaken, room temperature 1 Tbs vanilla extract 1/2 cup shaved unsweetened coconut Method Place chocolate in a microwave-proof bowl and melt in the microwave using 30 second cycles, until fully melted. Add coconut oil and stir together thoroughly. While the melted chocolate is still warm, add coconut cream and vanilla. Stir together until well combined. Chill in the refrigerator for approximately 3 hours, so chocolate is hardened but still soft enough to scoop with a spoon. Place coconut shavings into a shallow bowl, set aside. Using a melon baller or a teaspoon, scoop out the chocolate. Roll each ball between your palms to form a smooth ball. Then, place in the shaved coconut to coat. You can place back in the refrigerator to set the coconut shavings or serve immediately. Cleaning up never tasted so good! photo by Brittany P. Anderson | January-February 2018

What better way to say ‘I love you’ than with a delightful chocolate candy? As Valentine’s Day approaches, lovers all over the country will be in pursuit of the melt-in-your-mouth confection. Victorian age etiquette books warned that an exchange of chocolates between a man and a woman was equivalent to an engagement proposal. I do love chocolate, but it just doesn’t hold the same meaning today as it did in Victorian times. Once a delicacy, today chocolate is found in stores year round and specialty chocolate shops are popping up on Hawai‘i Island in both Hilo and Kailua-Kona. Cacao has become a popular crop on Hawai‘i Island. As demand for chocolate increases worldwide, Hawai‘i Island cacao farmers are honing their production skills. You can find multiple Hawai‘i Island farms listed as the point of origin for several local chocolatiers’ products, and some farmers are even producing their own chocolates from their very own cacao. Bean-to-bar chocolate classes are also popular across the island and the delicious annual Big Island Chocolate Festival celebrates all things chocolate. Candy bars don’t grow on trees—or do they? The cacao bean is processed and sweetened to make the tasty chocolate treat exchanged between friends and sweethearts. Cacao trees are a small tree with large broad leaves and tiny white flowers that bloom directly on the trunk and branches. A hard, ribbed pod containing up to 60 fruit-covered beans is borne from the flowers. Pods come in a variety of colors—from striking flame orange to cool ice blue. They are about the size of a football though slightly narrower. There are three main types of cacao; Criollo, Forastero, and Trinitario. Lucky for us, all three varieties grow exceptionally well on Hawai‘i Island. Cacao is grown from the bean and enjoys high humidity, plenty of rainfall, and high temperatures. The cacao tree is indigenous to the Amazon basin of Central America where it has been cultivated for at least 2,000 years. It was used by the Maya people to create a drink made of cacao beans, maize, and hot chili peppers all boiled in water. When the Spaniards came, they preferred to add sugar and vanilla to the drink. Soon, the sweetened chocolate beverage became fashionable in Europe—predating coffee and tea! Ripe pods are cracked open, their white pulpy fruit-covered beans are removed and then fermented for several days. Surprisingly, the pulp doesn’t taste like chocolate at all; it has a light sweet lemonade flavor. After fermenting, the pulp is cleaned off and the beans are then dried. To make chocolate, cacao beans are roasted after they dry, ground into a paste, and then a sweetener is added. Once the


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Hanauna Ola:

Sustaining the Generations through Voyaging By Jan Wizinowich Waÿa crew member Keomailani Case takes some sun sights. photo by Jan Wizinowich


or centuries, the spirit of the voyaging canoe

sail that will be fully provisioned from the soil and hands of the island and in the process re-establish the cultural practices that make up a healthy voyaging-based life. “At Na Kalai Waʽa, what we try to do is to rediscover what that core is and try to live that legacy. That legacy is to involve everybody. Not only human beings but animals too. The health of the ocean. It’s not separate. It’s pretty much everything,” said Shorty Bertelmann, Pwo Navigator and Hanauna Ola sail director. Along with 30 waʽa crew, the program is made up of a group of ten school gardens plus Hōʽea Moku, the Na Kalai Waʽa canoe garden in Kohala, who will endeavor to provision Makaliʽi for a one month voyage. Waʽa Crew In its first year, the 30 participating waʽa crew engaged in an array of trainings to equip them with the complex skill set they needed to be successful crew members. Furthermore, it is primary for a voyage to know one’s place. “It’s not just a matter of going. Before you leave you have to know everything about your island, the birds, the reef. Our journey is to learn | January-February 2018

lay dormant only to be reawakened with a question: Is it possible to sail a voyaging canoe to Tahiti using non-instrument navigation? Now, many years later on Hawaiʽi Island, Pwo navigator Chadd Paishon asks a different question: Can Hawai‘i Island provision one canoe for one voyage? “Some years ago, before we started the worldwide voyage, on [Hawai‘i] Island we already had our school gardens. I was trying to figure it out for myself; what to say to the garden folks about the canoe? If our kūpuna (elders) were able to come here aboard their canoes and were able to sustain themselves, then is it possible for us to provision one canoe for one voyage?” said Chadd. Land and waʽa (canoe) crew are striving to answer that question with a resounding “Yes!” through a three year Administration for Native Americans (ANA) grant awarded to Na Kalai Waʽa for the Hanauna Ola program, which will culminate in a sail to Papahānaumokuākea (northwest of the Hawaiian Islands) in 2019. Beginning in 2016 and now in its second year, the ʽOhana Makaliʽi is digging deep into traditions to prepare for a 2019


Pwo Navigator Chadd Paishon explains the star compass to canoe crew. photo by Jan Wizinowich

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Canoe crew orientation at Kalaemano. photo by Jan Wizinowich

our island. When we arrive, we’re Hawaiʽi Islanders who came,” said Shorty. The crew explored wahi pana (a legendary place) such as Kumukahi, the eastern most point of the island and a traditional embarkation point; Koʽa Heiau Holomoana, Mahukona’s navigational heiau (place of worship); and Kalaemano Cultural Center at Ka‘ūpūlehu where the star compass Kukuku o Kalani now resides. At a year two orientation gathering last October, crew gathered around Kukulu o Kalani. The star compass, brought to Hawaiʽi by master voyager Mau Piailug, is an essential navigational tool. “It’s the origin; the place to begin. It’s that beginning point that allows you to understand the rising and setting. That whole continuum that’s going on right now. Where the sun goes down and where it’s going to come up tomorrow, where that star is going to come from. Where the wind is coming from. Feel that wind on your face and notice that subtle change and when it starts to shift,” explained Chadd. This is where navigational knowledge begins, but it continues on the water with crew observing and reading the story displayed in the sky and then to setting and holding a course using natural elements as a guide.

It is fall equinox and Makaliʽi awaits her crew just inside the sea wall at Kawaihae Harbor. On this day, they will be sailing north. If they find the wind and the conditions are right, they will sail across the channel to Hāna, Maui and back. Before leaving the dock for a sail the crew gathers and clasps hands for a blessing and to set intentions. Shorty questions the crew about what they notice about conditions. What is the meaning of the position of the sun? What do those clouds mean? How has the sky changed from sunrise? From last night? The crew will also learn about and experience all the roles on the canoe. Everyone will learn to lead and to navigate, and at the core of it all is spirit. The canoe fosters an intangible spiritual connection that goes far beyond skills and schedules. “We can do everything we need to do to voyage. Be on track and all the training and everything, but for voyaging we need to connect to the universe and that’s multi-dimensional. That’s like all the training plus another dimension,” said Shorty.

Keala Kahuanui at the year two orientation. photo by Jan Wizinowich

Land Crew Traditionally, the skills and contributions of the entire island went into making a successful voyage. Just as the canoe crew has many dimensions to their training, the land crew, Captain and Pwo Navigator Shorty Bertelmann orients the crew. photo by Jan Wizinowich | January-February 2018

Hānai Waʽa Hānai means to foster, sustain, connect and it is that spirit that infuses every aspect of Hanauna Ola. “The spiritual journey is a part of us and it’s never separated. When we start to talk about ceremony, protocol, it’s the same with everything we do. When we’re putting our plants in the ground it’s the intention you plant with, the spirit you plant with,” said Chadd. At the heart of hānai waʽa voices are raised in chant, a conduit to the deep spirit that connects everything and is the manner in which voices are sent out on the wind when a canoe leaves the shores. “Chanting is huge, an integral part of everything that we do. A chant might ask permission for a canoe to begin its journey, announce the arrival of a canoe to the welcoming land base, or recite the genealogy of its creation. To chant with all your heart with a complete understanding of the intention and purpose is an essential part of the kuleana (responsibility) of the chanter when it comes to the canoe,” explained Kumu Pua Case.  

33 | January-February 2018

Makaliÿi almost ready to depart Kawaihae for a training cruise. photo by Jan Wizinowich


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coordinated by Keala Kahuanui and Chadd, will be engaging in growing, preserving and preparing food to sustain the canoe crew on their journey, as well as creating cordage and learning protocols and chants. Representatives from the four participating districts of Hilo, Hāmākua, Kohala and Kailua-Kona meet on a regular basis to learn about and prepare foods and cordage. Supplying healthy, balanced food for the crew without benefit of refrigeration is the challenge being taken on by the school gardens. The first quarter of the year (2017) focused on trainings in food processing and preservation such as dehydration, pickling, and canning. In November, the land crew members met in Laupāhoehoe to study preservation techniques and process foods. “We made sauerkraut the first day. We made liliko‘i, strawberry, and mango jam. We did four hours of reading [safe food preparation] and then we did the hands-on work. The next week we did fish, chicken, and sausage making and it’s all preserved,” said Heather Sarsona, Kanu o ka ʽĀina garden coordinator. The hope is that the process of preparing for the voyage will encourage sustainability in our island community. “The preservation class. The most beautiful thing for me is that it’s teaching us to not waste. To stock our own pantries at home. So that whenever we’re going on a voyage everyone can contribute from their pantry and wasn’t that how it was in the old days?” said Heather. The other focus area for the land crew is cordage, which literally and metaphorically connects everything together. It lashes the canoe together and binds the crew to the canoe, the community, and the island and is a key part of canoe protocols. The first step is to learn about hau, hala, niu and laʽi, some of the main cordage plants, and prepare them for braiding. “All the different districts are looking at the resources within their community. If we understand that those resources are still here and take care of it and know how to use it. It’s beautiful. That’s what Hanauna Ola is. To ensure that those exact things, those experiences continue. That they don’t stop,” said Chadd. Even beyond the voyage, the hope is that the roots of Hanauna Ola will establish themselves as a foundation for a sustainable, healthy life. “If we can provision Makaliʽi, 14 crew members, three meals a day, for a month then we can feed

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our families. If we can do that for the canoe, it’s possible we can do it for our community. Whatever we do on the canoe is really a reflection back on what we can do on our moku (island),” said Chadd. The ʽOhana Waʽa has sailed many journeys and the Hanauna Ola program is the wind beneath the sails that will extend those journeys throughout the generations. “What I’ve learned from the canoe is that it’s a community based entity. There’s intention behind it. There’s spirit behind it. There’s family behind it. Every bit from mauka to makai is wrapped up between those two hulls. It’s through Hanauna Ola, that we will sustain the generations through voyaging,” concluded Chadd. n

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Hanauna Ola land crew prepares sauerkraut in Laupähoehoe. photo courtesy of Keala Kahuanui

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36 | January-February 2018

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Lake Waiau By Karen Valentine


ike a deep and mysterious woman,

she lies nestled in her bed of ancient lava within the majestic pinnacle of the sacred mountain Maunakea. One of the few tropical alpine lakes in the world, Lake Waiau has many subtle moods, changing slightly with the season and precipitation levels, yet steadfast through the centuries. Remote from the interference of humanity in the frosty tundra, the surface of Lake Waiau is at 13,025 feet above sea level (just 771 feet below the summit of Maunakea at 13,796). Her ecosystem remains mostly as it was 3,000 years ago, an era which core samples taken by scientists have identified. Native Hawaiian legends and practices identify Lake Waiau as a sacred site that should be treated with reverence. It is roughly heart shaped and it slopes to its deepest point a little off center. This shape has led it to be considered a piko or navel. “Deep” in physical terms is less than 10 feet, depending on lake level, however we are using the term defined more as mysterious. In fact, before measurements were taken, the lake was once thought to be bottomless. The magical, mirror-like surface of the lake is perhaps reflecting the snow goddesses who once bathed here. One of these is Waiau, one of four snow goddesses related to Pele, which also include Poliahu of Maunakea. In the Sacred Texts chapter, “Pele and the Snow Goddess,” there were four maidens with white mantles—Poliahu and Waiau of Maunakea,

artwork courtesy of Linda Rowell Stevens

Somewhere, buried in the memory of some old Hawaiian, is a legend worth exhuming, probably connecting Waiau, the maiden, with Waiau, the lake. | January-February 2018

Goddess of the Lake Waiau atop Mauna Kea, Waiau is sister to Poliahu, Lilinoe & Kahoupokane. She bathes Poliahu in her beautiful lake.

Lilinoe of Haleakalā, Kahoupokane of Hualālai (sacred-texts. com). They were all queens of beauty, full of wit and wisdom, lovers of adventure, and enemies of Pele. They were the goddesses of the snow-covered mountains. They embodied the mythical ideas of spirits carrying on eternal warfare between heat and cold, fire and frost, burning lava and stony ice. They ruled the mountains north of Kilauea and dwelt in the cloudcapped summits. They clothed themselves against the bitter cold with snow-mantles. They all had the power of laying aside the white garment and taking in its place clothes made from the golden sunshine…. …Waiau was another snow-maiden of Mauna Kea, whose record in the legends has been almost entirely forgotten. There is a beautiful lake glistening in one of the crater-cones on the summit of the mountain. This was sometimes called “The Bottomless Lake,” and was supposed to go down deep into the heart of the mountain. It is really 40 feet in its greatest depthdeep enough for the bath of the goddess. The name Wai-au means water of sufficient depth to bathe.

37 | January-February 2018

Lake Waiau, named after one of the snow goddesses of Maunakea, is a sacred site. photo by Robert Frutos


How Does the Water Stay in the Lake? People wonder why the water in Lake Waiau, collected by snow melt, doesn’t just drain through the porous lava. In 2010, a year of low precipitation on the island, it appeared to be disappearing. However, the lake level has revived. Scientists study this matter. Herbert Gregory and Chester Wentworth wrote in a 1937 bulletin of the Geological Society of America, “Waiau—a perennial body of water in the bowl of the comparatively old Waiau ash cone—has the appearance of an ordinary crater lake, but striae directed toward the basin from the northeast, morainal deposits high up on its southern slope, and scour marks on its outlet bar, show that it was occupied by glacial ice. The possibility is suggested that downward seepage of lake water is impeded not only by fine-grained ash and organic material but also by ground ice that probably forms each year.” Underneath Lake Waiau exists hidden streams and reservoirs that contribute to the water supply of the island. The lowest point of the lake’s rim is on the western side, where the lake water occasionally overflows into the headwaters of Pohakuloa Gulch, which extends all the way to Kawaihae. What is in the Lake? As a student at University of Hawai‘i at Hilo in the 1970s, Dr. Jane Massey Licata chose to do her PhD dissertation on Lake Waiau and spent nearly three years trekking to the frigid shores of the lake to take measurements. Today she is a lawyer and adjunct professor at Rutgers School of Law. Jane returned to the lake in May, 2017, to visit and give a lecture on her past

Lake Waiau has attracted navigators and other sky-watchers to its shores to view and track the motion of heavenly bodies as their reflections move across the lake. photo by Robert Frutos

findings. Her specialty at that time was a unicellular phytoplankton called a diatom. During her time there, she discovered a new species of diatom, Stauroneis maunakeaensis. “I spent my 21st birthday there,” Jane says. “It was hard to work up there to take the measurements and do all the experiments. For me it was a very significant time in my life. Lake Waiau is a very special place for me. She captured my heart, soul and mind when I was very young, and returning to share some time with her again over 40 years later was a gift. It was quite remarkable to stand on her shore with my youngest son, who is the same age as when I did the research at Waiau, and see that he too could understand the wonder and beauty and spirit of the place. It was also reassuring that nothing had really changed at the lake except the hike in.” In her studies, Jane found that the lake’s ecosystem is very simple, noting that the lake sometimes appeared beautifully blue and other times had a green cast to it. What was happening was related to the variation in the tiny algae and spider plankton that would live and die in the lake throughout the seasons. Like a swimming pool whose bottom is painted either blue or green, the water takes on that color. The algae aren’t floating in the lake. They are at the bottom, and as they die they become part of the sediment, she says. The intense light at that elevation enhances the color and mirror-like quality of the lake’s surface. The lake was even more isolated during her research than it is today, with few visitors. Jane’s comparison of species with those in core samples taken measuring a period of over 3,000 years led her to conclude that the lake at the time of her studies was approximately the same. “Returning this year, it was looking very much the same as in 1978. It was very comforting.”

Use Caution when Visiting Lake Waiau Local photographer and author, Robert Frutos, has visited Lake Waiau in all of its moods. In his book, Sacred Sites of the Big Island, Robert states, “Indeed, the water of the lake is known as the most sacred | January-February 2018

Human Intervention At different times, Lake Waiau was used—or was attempted to be used—for the purposes of humans. It was once investigated as a source of water for the Hilo Kohala Railroad, once stocked with trout that didn’t survive, and once touted in magazines as a “tropical ice skating rink.” Jane’s research of the core samples showed that about 1,000 years ago, there were other species in the lake in large numbers, giving it more diversity. She speculates that Hawaiians who worked in the nearby adze quarry were using Lake Waiau as a water source. Today the Mauna Kea Adze Quarry is preserved as an archeological site near the lake. It was used by the Hawaiians to make stone tools for carving canoes and other purposes. “It was the first time for which we saw the hand of man that came in and caused changes,” Jane said.


Reflecting the Moods of the Goddesses It is reported that Hawaiians would often choose a pool of water in which to watch the reflection of the moon, observing over time the north-south swing of its orbit. Waiau has attracted navigators and other sky-watchers to its shores to view and track the motion of heavenly bodies as their reflections move across the lake. Visitors to Lake Waiau today might pause and imagine the reflections of the four goddesses shedding their snowy mantles to bathe in the pristine waters of Lake Waiau eons ago. If you go, leave only footprints and blessings. n

Depth recordings made by Dr. Jane Massey Licata in her 1978 doctoral thesis. photo courtesy of Jane Licata | January-February 2018

waters throughout the islands of Hawai‘i. Rituals are still performed here in present day. One of these practices and traditions is placing the piko (umbilical cord) of a newborn baby into the lake, as the lake is known to be full of energy and mana (spirit, power). This is thought to bring strength and good fortune to the child.� Robert cautions visitors to remember that all the highaltitude difficulties with breathing, light-headedness and disorientation, as well as wind and cold, apply at Lake Waiau, just like being on the summit of Maunakea.


Dr. Jane Massey Licata, while a student at UH-Hilo, taking samples and working on her doctoral thesis at Lake Waiau in 1978. photo courtesy of Jane Licata

Surf’s Up!

The 23rd Annual Shane Dorian Banyan Keiki Classic Returns By Karen Rose

It was moves like this that garnered Chloe Smith top honors in the Junior Girls Division in 2017.

ailua-Kona’s hometown hero and big

wave surfer Shane Dorian has taken his success in surfing and utilized his fame to establish a surf competition for Hawai‘i Island’s youth. Now in its 23rd year, the Shane Dorian Banyan Keiki Classic reflects Shane’s commitment to the Kona community and local groms (young surfers), ensuring his status as one of Hawai‘i’s favorite surfers. “I was 22 when I started the Keiki Classic,” said Shane. “When I was growing up in Kona there weren’t many surf competitions, so when I started doing well in surfing, I felt I was in a unique position to bring a competition to my home town. I wanted to create a competition that I felt would be like a contest I would have wanted to surf in as a kid.” Born in 1972, Shane grew up in Kona where his parents owned and operated a restaurant called Dorians. Being too young to help out in the restaurant, he occupied his time playing near the ocean. In 1992, Shane began surfing competitively, touring on the World Championship Tour. He quit

competition surfing 11 years later to become a big wave surfer and is currently considered one of the best in the world. Big wave surfing is the sport of getting towed into big waves via jet ski, however most big wave surfers today prefer paddling into the waves. Shane won top prize for big wave surfing in 2008 at the Global Big Wave awards in California. “I grew up in the 70’s and 80’s in Kona when it was a very small town,” said Shane. It was a tough dynamic down at Banyans when I was a kid. There were a lot of drugs and drinking, and lots of guys hanging out down there that just got out of jail. There weren’t many positive influences in my life at that time. Over the years it has really changed, it’s much more of a family beach now.” Wanting to bring a positive vibe and influence to his hometown beach, Shane chose to have the surf competition at Banyan Beach in Kailua-Kona. Twenty-three years later, the Shane Dorian Banyan Keiki Classic has grown into a highly anticipated annual event for young local surfers. | January-February 2018



Historic Kainaliu, Kona’s original shopping village. Located 5 miles south of Kailua-Kona.

“I really wanted to have it at my home break at Banyans,” said Shane. “There are quite a few kids that grow up at Banyans that aren’t able to compete in the surf contests because so many of them are really expensive to enter. We wanted to have a free event for kids where no one was excluded, and it was really cool and fun for them to look forward to every year.” Today, the Shane Dorian Banyan Keiki Classic is a favorite competition for young surfers on Hawai‘i Island. To qualify for entry, keiki must submit their most current report card, along with their entry form, to confirm they meet the eligible grade point average of 2.25. The contest is limited to the first 50 qualified entrants who are 17 years old and younger. Contestants are also required to bring canned food to donate to the Hawai‘i Island Food Bank when they check in at the competition. Shane feels it is important to give the kids academic motivation and encourage them to work hard to reach their goal of participating in the competition. “When we started the contest, we had a grade point average minimum of 2.0,” he said. “After a while we bumped up the required GPA to 2.25, and that was really cool because there were a lot of kids who had to work really hard in order to get into our event.” | January-February 2018

Uncle Shane talking to the crowd at the 2017 Keiki Classic. He has hosted this for over two decades and the vibes remain casual and community-based.


As a result of the academic requirements he implemented, Shane began receiving messages from young surfers who shared with him how they previously never made much of an effort in school. “I received letters from a lot of the kids who told me they never really paid much attention in school, but because of the GPA eligibility rule, they stepped up their game and started working harder so they could compete,” he said. “It’s important to me that I know it impacted the kids that way.” The Banyan Keiki Classic has become a popular annual event in Kailua-Kona. Competitors receive a contest t-shirt, lunch, a goodie bag full of surf-related items, and a chance to win one of many trophies, including the coveted Surfer of the Year award. There is also the much anticipated ‘Expression Session’ during lunch where all the competitors are on the water at the same time for up to half an hour, and the most radical maneuver of the session wins. Competitors and spectators

alike are treated to an autograph session with some of the world’s top surfers. “It’s been really cool, because since I’m a pro surfer, many of my friends are as well, so every year I always fly over between five and eight pro surfers from O‘ahu, Maui, or California,” said Shane. “Because of this, the kids from the Big Island who surf Banyans every day, and who never get to be exposed to pro surfers in real life, get to meet some of the guys such as Kelly Slater, Torrey Meister, Zeke Lau, and Matt Meola, that they

2017 Keiki Classic. On-hand to sign autographs for the kids were some serious surf celebs including Kelly Slater, Zeke Lau, Torrey Meister, Matt Meola, and more. | January-February 2018

look up to and watch on the world tour webcast or see in the magazines and movies. I think that is a really unique aspect as well.” Shane makes every effort to keep the competition consistent from year to year. It’s important to him that the original concept remains intact and not deviate too far from why the competition was created in the first place. It is important to him the competition remains free, continues to be a fun day for the kids that is not overly competitive, and is something they look forward to every year. “A lot of the surf competitions that kids surf in these days are extremely competitive and kids are all about winning,” said Shane. “That’s fine, but we wanted our event to be a little bit different. We want the Keiki Classic to celebrate a day of surfing, more than celebrating who wins the contest. It’s always great to win the surf contest and the kids get really excited about it because they are naturally competitive. However, we really try to put an emphasis on the overall day and the experience the kids have instead of the competitive aspect. “This is a really fun community event for kids that doesn’t cost anything to enter,” said Shane. “It’s a great experience, and even if your kids don’t surf, all families are welcome to come check it out. There’s always great food and fun things for kids to do. There are some amazing community events on the Big Island and I’m just really grateful to be able to organize one of them. I’m stoked to bring the Keiki Classic back to Kona every year.” The spirit of the Keiki Classic instills a sense of community inclusion within the participants and gives local businesses an opportunity to give back and feel good about dedicating resources and time to the event. The main objective of the competition is to inspire Hawai‘i Island youth to plan for the


future as well as to help their community. Shane’s hope is to encourage youth to be their best, and at the same time see beyond themselves to the larger world around them through the sport of surfing. Past competitions have given young surfers the opportunity to compete in Nationals in California as well as participate in other surfing trips to Central America and the South Pacific. In addition to hosting the Keiki Classic every year, Shane has contributed to the sport of surfing in other ways as well. In 2010, he had a close brush with death during a massive wipeout at Mavericks big wave surf spot in Northern California. The terrifying incident inspired him to design the sport’s first safety suit that holds a CO2 cartridge in a wetsuit vest. The

Encouraging taking care of the planet.

invention is designed to instantly catapult a surfer who is trapped underwater back up to the surface. Shane also has concerns about how climate change will affect the sport of surfing. In his travels around the globe, he has witnessed the effects of overpopulation and pollution on the environment. “It’s difficult to predict how climate change will affect the future of surfing,” he said. “It seems like there’s a lot of problems that don’t have a great solution. I’ve been to places like China and other countries in Southeast Asia. All of their trash, all their sewage, all their pollution goes straight into the rivers, lakes, and oceans. It’s concerning because it feels like no matter how hard you try to do your part, it remains overwhelming. At the same time, I go surfing here in Hawai‘i every day and the water is relatively clean and there’s fish so you can go fishing. However, I feel if we don’t activate the next generation and teach them about sustainability and caring for the ocean and the earth, future generations are going to suffer.” When not surfing, Shane makes his home in Hōlualoa on Hawai‘i Island with his wife Lisa and their son. He reflects on how surfing has shaped his life and made him into the man he is today. “I kind of feel, in a way, that surfing saved me,” said Shane. “I feel like surfing has really given me everything. I met all of my closest through surfing. I’ve made a living through surfing. I met my wife through surfing. Surfing has shaped this life that I’ve been lucky enough to live and for that I’m very grateful.” n All photos courtesy of Shane Dorian | January-February 2018




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Making life colorfully social _ for our kupuna By Paula Thomas

photo by Paula Thomas

Lori Thal and HIAC founder Betty Nagao sharing time at HIAC’s Halloween party. photo by Paula Thomas


ince 1976, the Hawai‘i Island Adult Care (HIAC) in Hilo has provided quality care for

elders and challenged adults as well as support for their families. Their life-enhancing programs include an art program thatʻs been led by Lori Thal for the last 35 years. Lori, an artist first, is able to conceive art projects such as whole, complex tapestries that eventually become the | January-February 2018

Aquatic-themed wall tapestry.

magnificently delightful creations hanging on the walls of HIAC. The facility dazzles with color. Decorations hang from the ceiling and doorways and grace every arch. The kūpuna (elders) colorful art covers every expanse of wall. There is something to catch the eye everywhere you turn—one delightful surprise after another. The place feels positively 45 joyful.

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Lori takes great care to design the projects that make it onto the walls. The art is so well rendered that HIAC auctions them off periodically to raise funds. Some are cloth, others are loomed, and a few are whimsical wood sculptures. On an interior wall, hundreds and hundreds of puzzle pieces have been glued together to make a 3-D abstract “painting.” The projects require concentration, imagination, and sharing, all of which serve the health needs of the participants. Art as Therapy For Lori, creating art is a means to an end. The kūpuna create things, and practice eye-hand coordination, dexterity, spatial relations, and engage the imagination. “The work I do is less about the art, though,” Lori says with a sparkle in her eyes. “Really what we are doing is having a social experience.” And therein lies the deeper beauty of the artwork the kūpuna produce under Lori’s tutelage. Over the span of her 35-year tenure, her art program has greatly evolved in terms of the range of projects, materials, and activities she makes available. A storage room shelved with supplies is adjacent to her kiln. In another storage room some clay trays line shelves, drying out so they can be glazed. “Ceramics, watercolor, and other art projects are taught and offered to all of our participants,” notes Paula Uusitalo, the recently retired executive director. “Use of their eye-hand coordination coupled by their creativity are key factors to our participants’ thriving while at HIAC.” As an example, a fabric tapestry of winding anthuriums graces a wall. One can see that it is composed of individually created stems, finely orchestrated on a mat of green fabric, framed by yet more patterned fabric. To create this, the kūpuna sat around large tables with hundreds of bits of fabric Circles of felt arranged in rows and hung on polka dot fabric create an eye-popping wall display. | January-February 2018

photo by Paula Thomas


Before and after photos of commissioned art

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Not everything is done indoors. Here, küpuna work on a watercolor project on the front länai. photo courtesy of HIAC

(plus the all-important craft glue) and were set with the task of making an anthurium stem shadowed by a piece of maroon fabric. Once every stem was completed, the tapestry was laid out, glued, and the finished piece slipped onto a rod for hanging. These group projects are a cornerstone of the art program: a large-scale concept broken down into elements, with each kupuna designing and producing one element that Lori then pieces together. As the participants work on projects, they talk about their home life, children, people they know or have known, their experiences growing up. When projects are finished, the kūpuna do a show and tell: each person takes a turn showing her finished piece, sharing what thoughts and feelings came up during the process. The more intimate share time can be therapeutic and clues Lori and the staff in to what the kūpuna are experiencing day to day; what’s bringing them joy, sorrow, sadness, excitement. It is this sharing that makes the art projects so life-enhancing. “Lori is also the master creator of the themed days (May Day, Halloween, Keiro No Hi, Christmas, Easter) . . . making large murals and coordinating activities and costumes for those events,” adds Paula. Themed days occur once a month, and October’s Halloween theme was Superheroes. Ever resourceful, Lori got her hands on a few superhero costumes, stuffed | January-February 2018

At a large table used for art activities, küpuna create still life paintings. photo courtesy of HIAC


them, and tacked them to the holiday bulletin board. They perched protectively on the wall just behind the main seating area. When I visited, kūpuna were finishing up a painted “Halloween” banner, and glitter-trimmed cat masks (a craft project) sat ready for the end-of-month Halloween party. “Lori was the driving force to develop the activities calendar which is revamped every month to bring in variety and new ideas,” explains Paula, “and we are extremely lucky to have her [along with her] skills and understanding throughout the 35 years.” Notably, Lori is the only art therapist on staff at HIAC and at any other adult day care center across the state. Everywhere else, Certified Nursing Assistants (CNAs) conduct most of the activities, including the art/craft projects. Her conceptions and the creative process she orchestrates make Lori a veritable treasure at HIAC. These days, most of the kūpuna are in their 80’s and 90’s and live with their adult children. Most don’t drive and are brought to the old Hilo Hospital building by relatives or by an HIAC van that runs pick-up and drop-off service daily, Monday through Friday. “Not everyone comes every day,” Lori explains, “and some are in the Alzheimer’s wing, a completely separate area.” Lori works there part of her day. “I am not a licensed psychologist,” she says, “but there are things you can determine from observing what the kūpuna create,” she says. “For example, I can detect cognitive decline from the way someone may draw something,” she explains, “and I can convey what I have observed to the family. It’s not medical advice or a diagnosis, but it’s information they ought to know.” Detail from a multi-media tapestry portraying wildflowers in a field (hand-sewn fabric and dried plant material). photo by Paula Thomas

i n c | January-February 2018

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Serving Hilo for Over 40 Years HIAC was founded in 1976 by Betty Nagao, who ran the program from the Kaumana Baptist Church. In 1981, the organization moved into the old Hilo Hospital building and Lori joined the staff not long after that. Betty now participates in the program she founded, and the two are at this point legendary. Lori, who never dreamed she would be working with the elderly, has long been a vital creative force. “Some of our participants actually discover the ‘creative arts’ side of them while under the guidance of Lori,” notes incoming executive director Marcie Saquing. “To watch Lori work with our participants not only during her art activities, but during the course of the day, you can see her love and compassion for our participants. It’s magic.” Lori arrived on Hawai‘i Island from Berkeley, hoping to become a high school art teacher. Initially she was a substitute teacher. Trained in art at Hunter College in New York and University of California, Berkeley, she knew she wanted to teach. However, the high schools in Hilo were not hiring full-time teachers, and she instead responded to an ad from Hawai‘i Island Adult Care. She was hired right away. Her Master’s in art therapy and gerontology came later as she continued her work with the kūpuna. She obtained the degree from Norwich College in Vermont when the field was just emerging. She loves her work and you can feel her passion, joy, and attentiveness. The monthly newsletter that goes out to families includes the calendar of events and a very special front page: a personal profile. Each month, Lori selects one personal story




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Celebrating May Day at HIAC, Lori with participant Gayle Kudo. photo courtesy of HIAC


as the newsletter cover. Over the years, she has taken the time to sit and listen to each participant’s life story. She writes it up and adds a portrait that she has sketched to complete the profile. Lori believes that personal recognition is important. “These men and women—they are all children from the plantation days,” she notes. “They are the last generation of people who have memory of plantation life and many of them came here from Asia with their parents. I have a stack of profiles,” she reflects, and gestures with her hand to indicate a four-inch thick pile. “For 35 years I have collected these,” she says. She makes six copies in all: Five go home with each kupuna for their families to review and share, and one she keeps. The program at HIAC aims to support the elderly with dayto-day activities so they can stay vital and vibrant and age in place—that means stay with family or live at home for as long as possible. HIAC supports aging in place by offering full days of activity so kūpuna have a place to go during the day. It is closed only on Thanksgiving, Christmas, New Year’s Day, and the Fourth of July. Future Home on the Horizon After more than 15 years in the planning, Hawai‘i Island Adult Care is moving to a brand new center designed by HIAC staff to specifically meet the programming needs, and will be located at the senior housing complex off of Mohouli Extension. Marcie Saquing, excited about her new position says, “HIAC continues to strive and offer the best safe, quality daycare centers where our participants can thrive and remain in their own homes for as long as possible. I believe,” she continues, “that it takes our island community to raise up our kūpuna to continue their journey to thrive. The caregivers and loved ones of our participants are the real heroes. Together, we are truly | January-February 2018

Lori stands in front of the Superhero banner painted by participants for the HIAC celebration of Halloween. photo courtesy of HIAC


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making a positive difference in the lives of our kūpuna and other adults in need. “We have a remarkable staff here. They love their jobs in caring for, nurturing and loving all of our participants who come to the centers. It takes a special kind of person to be a caregiver for others”. Lori Thal is certainly special. She has dedicated her life and career to HIAC’s participants, conceiving ongoing activities and art projects to enhance and enrich the lives of Hawai‘i Island’s kūpuna—for her entire career. n

Detail of a fish from an aquatic-themed wall tapestry. photo by Paula Thomas | January-February 2018

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Art is Life. Life is Art. Donkey Mill Art Center

Hölualoa Elementary School 5th graders celebrate after a fun day of art classes at Donkey Mill Art Center. photo courtesy of DMAC

D | January-February 2018

onkey Mill Art Center is the home of Holualoa Foundation for Arts and Culture, a 501(c)3 nonprofit art education organization. Its mission is to provide a stimulating environment that helps individuals discover, develop and expand their artistic abilities. In 2016 alone, the Mill served over 1,000 keiki (children) and teens, provided more than $8,000 in scholarships to young students, and held 94 classes and workshops for adults. Exhibits and events hosted by the Mill provide opportunities to learn and grow for all visitors, and are open to the public year-round. DMAC is open Wednesday through Saturday, 10am to 6:30pm Then and Now In 1994, Holualoa Foundation for Arts and Culture (HFAC) was established by a handful of individuals who wanted to give their community a place where artists could gather to work, share ideas, and exhibit their creations. With just $700 and newly secured nonprofit status, they began offering weekend classes for adults and children as the board of directors searched for a home. In 2001, with a gift from Lisen and Desmond Twigg-Smith and a successful fundraising campaign, HFAC was able to purchase the historic Donkey Mill, built by Kona’s first coffee farming cooperative. The name comes from when manager, George Harada, perched a silhouette of a donkey on the roof when the coffee mill opened in 1954. It wasn’t long before it was known as “The Donkey Mill”. Hard-working volunteers put in countless hours to create 52 a workshop, classroom, and exhibition space out of the old

coffee mill while preserving its rustic character. In the fall of 2002, HFAC moved into its new home, the Donkey Mill Art Center (DMAC). Since then, volunteers have continued to add studio space, a small retail shop, the children’s garden, and the kitchen that’s become the heart of every gathering at the Mill. Adding to this, Cassandra and Paul Hazen graciously donated the land adjacent to the Mill in 2005, providing additional financial security and a resource for future growth. On campus and off, the needs of the local community and the contributions of visiting artists from around the world have expanded the Mill’s programs. The Youth Program has grown beyond the walls of the Mill, bringing continuous art education into the classrooms at several local elementary public schools. More recent collaborations with nonprofit organizations, such as West Hawai’i Community Health Center, Full Life Hawai‘i, and Abled Hawai‘i Artists (AHA) characterize the evolution of DMAC’s involvement—and art’s important role—in the life of our local community. New classes in youth, teen, and family programming; printmaking; fiber arts; metal works; photography; and professional development have attracted more people than ever, necessitating a restructuring of the organization, modernizing its systems, and concentrating on efficiency, capacity building, and sustainability. How the Mill is Funded The Donkey Mill Art Center has always relied on the generosity of donations from the community to fund its programming and everything else. This year they will be

Mahalo BMW of Hawaii – Art Story Sponsor

10th Annual Art Auction opening blessing and performance at BMW of Hawaii. photo courtesy of DMAC

featuring their 11th Annual Art Auction, to be held at BMW of Hawaii on Saturday, February 24, 2018 from 5 to 8pm. This thoughtfully curated auction provides a rare opportunity for art enthusiasts and patrons to access a wide range of highly desirable work by renowned artists while enjoying a celebratory evening in a beautiful upscale venue. The Annual Art Auction draws contributions from local and national artists united in a desire to support the beloved community art center and its work to provide rich art experiences and opportunities for the people of West Hawai‘i and visitors alike. Thoughtfully selected pieces by more than 50 renowned artists will be represented in this year’s silent and live auctions in an effort to raise critical resources for the organization. Among the highly anticipated works available at this year’s auction will be pieces by painter Lynn Capell, fine art prints by Bud Shark Ink, ceramicist David Kuraoka, ceramicist Richard

Bidders gather for the 10th Annual Art Auction at BMW of Hawaii. photo courtesy of DMAC Notkin, printmaker and painter Mayumi Oda, and ceramicist Esther Shimazu. A complete digital catalog will be made available to ticketholders in advance of the event, and patrons who are unable to attend may opt to bid remotely. Tickets are available online at the Millʻs website ( Proceeds from the event will enable the Donkey Mill Art Center to continue providing youth and adult art programs, community events, and art experiences for all throughout our community. Many thanks to BMW for sponsoring this annual event. n For more information, contact: | January-February 2018


54 | January-February 2018 | January-February 2018


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Motivation is Kuleana’s | January-February 2018

By Rosa Say


All coaches fall back on a stable of self-coaching phrases they’ve learned to trust in over time; short, pithy maxims expressing a general truth or rule of conduct. These serve as mantras, affirmations, and reliable catch phrases which people can recall to remember useful principles which will continue to encourage and guide them once their coaching programs are over. One of mine as a workplace culture coach, is “motivation is an inside job.” I talk to my coaching clients about why self-motivation is really the only type of motivation there is. We talk about how motivation works, to better understand where they come in as managers who support another’s Ho‘ohana (the intention of worthwhile work) and Kuleana. Practically speaking, in the language of Managing with Aloha: Ho‘ohana + Kuleana = Self-Motivation. No matter how good Alaka‘i Managers aspire to be, they cannot get someone to do anything that person does not want to do—at least not decently well. Coerced, obedient work is not good work. Job performance without Ho‘ohana is without heart or soul, and it’s rarely worth doing at all. Routine work, where someone goes through the motions of it methodically, is boring work which breeds mediocrity and drains a person’s energy, squandering the most precious workplace resource you both have; you’d achieve better by automating, outsourcing, or eliminating that job altogether. The job itself may be necessary to a business, but not all jobs contribute to healthy culture-building, whereas “Working with Aloha” is the match made in Kuleana heaven. It happens when the right person is matched to performing that job—it intersects with their Ho‘ohana and helps them accomplish it. Recognizing this, that person decides the job will be part of their Kuleana, their personal and professional responsibility. They don’t just accept it; they have a sense of urgency which compels them to grab onto it and jump in wholeheartedly— that’s when you know they are selfmotivated. That’s when you know they will also be self-directed, and as their manager, you must figure out how you will support

“Kuleana is one’s personal sense of responsibility. ‘I accept my responsibilities, and I will be held accountable.’” Eleventh in Series Two on Managing with Aloha

Inside Job

Managing with aloha


Next issue: We revisit ‘Ike loa, the value of learning. For more information: or ManagingWithAloha. com

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them without any drag or interference. They are their own engine. You are their energy booster whenever needed. You help by aligning their focus with precise, meaningful actions. Kuleana helps explain mana‘o (personal belief) by articulating the responsibility a person wants to take, and is completely willing to be held accountable for. Through Kuleana’s self-expression, we understand how taking responsibility shapes who we are, and who we are capable of being. We’re self-motivated because we know that a significant part of a “job well done” is that we become well done too. Kuleana is jam-packed with the workplace deliverables managers hope for within exceptional job performance. Personal responsibility. Easily engaged initiative. Self-assured empowerment. Explored opportunity. Thorough investigation and inventive experimentation. Complete ownership, and hence, blameless accountability. Compared to the “Language of We” in Lōkahi and Kākou, Kuleana is the ‘Language of Mine.’ Jobs are not chores (and managers are not parents). We were assigned chores when we were children, and we accepted responsibility for them as our family obligation. Our parents also assigned chores to us with free-wheeling experimentation and would change it up when we had siblings or aged, reshuffling those assignments to see who’d latch on to the chore best, and when. They did this to teach us Kuleana, however being ‘all grown up’ means you’re the one self-assigning your work and eventually, your Ho‘ohana: Did you learn the lessons your parents hoped to teach you about valuing responsibility in yourself, and with Mahalo for the contributions of others? Kuleana is now something you deliberately choose because you are self-motivated to do so; it is a choice you commit yourself to beyond simply accepting it, and for your selfexpression of possibility. Why would a manager want anything else, but a staff of people—their business partners in an ‘Ohana in Business—who are passionately self-motivated to excel through their chosen work, and thus, become better versions of themselves? Why would you want anything else for yourself? Selfcoaching in Kuleana is also a fantastic way to “be the change you want to see” in your work, in your life, and in our world.



A Hospital for the Birds

Hawai‘i Wildlife Center By Catherine Tarleton

T | January-February 2018

hings are hopping at Hawai‘i Wildlife Center in North Kohala—hopping, chirping, swimming, feeding, fledging, healing, and eventually flying. “Last night, we transported in a seabird from O‘ahu and a pueo (owl) from Kaua‘i,” said President and Center Director Linda Elliott. “We have ten patients at the moment from three islands.” Hawai‘i Wildlife Center (HWC) is the state’s only hospital and rehabilitation center exclusively for native species. Since it opened in 2012, the skilled team has taken in sick and injured birds and Hawaiian hoary bats, and cared for them with the ultimate goal to release them back into the wild. A 501(c)3 nonprofit organization, HWC is located on 2.2 acres in Kapa‘au. Facilities include a specialized hospital, clinic, lab and intensive care unit, kitchen, holding rooms and pens, four aviaries customized for forest birds, bird of prey, water birds and seabirds, and exercise swimming pools for the seabirds. There is also a retail shop that carries native wildlife themed merchandise, and educational exhibits in the Ho‘opulama Science and Discovery Center. Everyone (human) speaks in hushed tones, to deter their feathered friends from becoming frightened, or accustomed to being around people.


Petrel wash.

Top left: Tern wash. Top center: Shearwater chick. Top right: Pueo exam. Bottom left: Skating black winged petrel in conditioning pool. Bottom center: White tailed tropic bird feeding. Bottom right: The first patient, a red-footed booby (seabird), on its way to HWC. “Each year the patient load increases, the number of calls increases,” says Linda. “Last year, we took over 400 calls from the public with wildlife rescue inquiries.” Because HWC specializes in native species of birds and the one native bat, not every call leads to a new patient. Barn owls are often confused with pueo; introduced birds—like mejiro or mynah birds—are mixed up with Hawaiian species. The public is encouraged to call or email HWC for help identifying found birds, and for instructions on their handling (see sidebar below). Why Does Wildlife Need a Hospital? Most of HWC’s patients got sick or injured—directly or indirectly—by human contact. Birds are hit by cars, boats, even golf balls; they could be attacked by pets and feral animals, or catch diseases from cats and insects; other invasive species eat bird eggs and destroy birds’ natural habitats. Seabirds, normally guided by moonlight, will navigate to any bright light source from a parking lot to a cruise ship. They'll become confused and exhausted and fall to the ground—a common enough problem to have its own name: “seabird fallout.” The actual treatment areas and hospital are closed

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Inspired by Lions It started when Linda was a child, and saw the movie Born Free for the first time. The story of a British couple’s work with

young African lions in Kenya resonated with Linda. “I was able to define my passion from that point on,” she says. “I was an Air Force brat. We moved a lot, and I had a zoo wherever we went. I collected animals to care for—from a horse to turtles and everything in between.” In 1974, Linda and her family moved to O‘ahu where her father was stationed. She graduated from Kalaheo High School, and pursued the sciences fervently. “It was a little frustrating in Hawai‘i,” Linda says. “There was limited information on our native Hawaiian species. Even at the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa. I transferred to Arizona State and got a Wildlife Biology degree in 1980.” She came home to Hawai‘i and got a job with the Honolulu Zoo. “I started out in reptiles,” Linda says. “Then worked each section—birds, mammals. When I left in 1988, I was overseeing the hospital for the whole zoo. It was a fabulous experience to be able to work with so many species in one place. I got to do amazing things.” Fast-forward a few years, to the construction of the new Hyatt Regency Waikoloa (now Hilton Waikoloa Village). Linda and her husband had honeymooned on Hawai‘i Island, visited often, and relished the idea of moving here. When the position 59 | January-February 2018

to the public in order to protect the patients. However, HWC’s Ho‘opūlama Science and Discovery Center is a fun, colorful and interactive learning exhibit that includes creative displays, hands-on multimedia games, videos, and a step-by-step computer program that lets visitors “play bird doctor” by diagnosing and prescribing treatments for injured patients. Teaching Birds, exact replicas of ‘apapane (crimson/ black Hawaiian honeycreeper) and ‘i‘iwi (scarlet Hawaiian honeycreeper) are featured in the Meet the Honeycreepers exhibit. These cast resin sculptures are created from intricate wood carvings by Haruo Uchiyama of Japan, acclaimed bird sculptor. So precise are his recreations that he makes bird models for a blind school in Japan to teach evolution. There are still Teaching Birds that need to be sponsored and created for the Science and Discovery Center, including a life-size sculpture of a Laysan Albatross, an ocean-going seabird with a six-and-a-half-foot wingspan, which will fly overhead as visitors explore the center.

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of Wildlife Manager opened up for the Hyatt, she leapt, or flew, at the opportunity. “I opened the wildlife department. I got all the parrots, swans, crown cranes, a flock of flamingoes... I set up a program, wrote the manual, and then opened Grand Hyatt Wailea on Maui and the Hyatt Regency on Kaua‘i. With the Hyatt on O‘ahu, I was responsible for the wildlife on four properties.” “Hyatt allowed us to create a wildlife rehabilitation program on each island,” says Linda. “The Hyatt Regency Waikoloa was the first resort ever to have native Hawai‘i species exhibited: koloa (Hawaiian duck) and nēnē (Hawaiian goose).” After five years, Linda moved on when Hilton took over the property. She was approached by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to help with emergency responses, such as avian botulism outbreaks or oil spills, and soon found herself caring for dozens and dozens of patients with zero facilities—working out of trash dumps, abandoned buildings and temporary structures. In all, she responded to eighteen wildlife crises in six countries. A New Resource for the State In 2004, she dusted off the business plan she had started for HWC ten years earlier, and worked with the North Kohala Community Resource Center on the project. It was incubated there for two years, and

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Pueo (owl) patient.

then a major land donor, Surety Kohala Corporation, stepped forward and offered the use of 2.2 acres near Kapa‘au. “We became our own nonprofit in 2006,” Linda continues. “In 2008 construction started and it was finished in November of 2011. In 2012, we started operations. It was kind of ‘build it they will come.’ Now, we get patients from all the main islands: Maui, O‘ahu, Kaua‘i, the Big Island. We also do projects with the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. We do conservation translocation programs: like moving 400 nēnē from Kaua‘i to the Big Island and Maui; translocating critically endangered Laysan Ducks from Midway to Kure Atoll.” If that wasn’t enough, HWC is providing training programs for state and federal wildlife agencies, e.g., oil spills and botulism response. They have a partner operation on Lāna‘i, and in November started a pilot project with the Honolulu Zoo, partnering to create a satellite on O‘ahu. This is particularly needed during the seabird season, September through December, when most young birds are fledging (leaving the nest for their first flight).

When You Find a Bird Needing Help For your safety, HWC recommends emailing birdhelp@ with a photo of the bird, or calling HWC at 808.884.5000 during office hours for instructions. For off-hours assistance, refer to the steps below. 1. Find and prepare an appropriate-sized container. • Use a cardboard box, plastic tub or dog/cat carrier large enough for the bird to comfortably sit or stand in. • Place a clean, soft cloth with no strings, loops or holes on the bottom. A t-shirt is a good example. • Make sure there are air holes in the lid. • For small birds, you can use a paper bag with small ventilation holes and with a paper towel on the bottom. 2. Use caution and protect yourself. • Cover the bird with a lightweight towel, t-shirt, or small sheet, depending on the size of the bird. • A bird with a long neck and beak should be handled very carefully as they may attempt to strike out and stab. In this case, safety glasses should be worn, or call Hawai‘i Wildlife Center for advice. • In the event of an injured raptor (hawk or owl) the feet and talons (sharp nails) are dangerous in addition to the beak. Great caution should be used to prevent injury to yourself. If possible, call HWC immediately for instructions. 3. Gently pick up the covered bird and place it in the prepared container. 4. Do not give food or water to the bird and do not leave any in the container or bag. 5. Secure the lid of the box, or roll the top of the paper bag closed and secure with a paper clip or tape. 6. Place the container/bag in a quiet and dark place, away from people, animals and loud noises. 7. Wash your hands if you handled the bird without gloves. 8. Contact and deliver the bird to HWC as soon as possible during business hours. If it is after hours keep the bird in the container in a dark, quiet, and warm area until the next morning. In Hawai‘i as in most states, it is against the law to keep any wildlife without appropriate rehabilitation permits, even if you plan on releasing them.

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A Day in the (Bird) Life Meanwhile, back in Kapa‘au, the work patiently continues one bird, one bat, one patient at a time. A typical day at HWC might look something like this: • P  repare food—such as a tasty, grey “seabird slurry,” made from raw fish and vitamins. Feed patients, clean cages, change linens, give checkups and bandage changes. • S  et up the science and discovery center: turn on electronics, wheel out carts, mount exhibit birds. • C  heck the bird help email account and phone line for new messages from the previous night or wee hours of the morning. • Answer rescue calls from public throughout the day. • C  oordinate volunteers for bird pickups; book air travel if it’s a neighbor island bird. • O  rganize various volunteer tasks, such as weeding aviaries, native garden maintenance, landscaping. • Process donations, send acknowledgement letters. • Afternoon feedings and checkups • Mouse colony maintenance (for owls and hawks) • P  atient veterinary visits, physical therapy, baths and waterproofing restoration when needed. • I nteract with visitors, answer questions, walk them though the science center, helping at the retail store. • T  ake care of evening food prep, feeding, bandage and linen changes. Enter all the patient data and updates into the record keeping system. Bird lovers and bat fans can help in numerous fun and creative ways. There are sponsorships available for Teaching

Birds, including the Laysan Albatross; HWC has an Amazon wish list and Smile program; sales from the artful retail shop, including “Hawai‘i’s Native Winged Wonders,” a coloring book created by students from Kohala Middle School, support HWC; and direct donations are always welcome. Interested humans are encouraged to come and volunteer at the Center, as drivers, or even airplane pilots. n All photos courtesy of Hawai‘i Wildlife Center Ho‘opūlama Science and Discovery Center is open Tuesday– Saturday, 9am–3pm. Admission is free. Donations welcome. Wildlife Assistance Hours: 7 days a week, 9am–5pm. Hawai‘i Wildlife Center 53-324 Lighthouse Road, Kapa‘au, HI 96755 808.884.5000 Facebook: YouTube channel:

Bath time for the first patient of HWC, a red footed booby (seabird) from Kauaÿi. | January-February 2018

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Resilience, Sustainability, & Impact by Michael Kramer


is resilience? It’s a mindset and a

lifestyle, a way of positioning ourselves to be both in the moment of the flow of life while also preparing for any possible future scenario. While society muddles through and has periodic breakdowns and breakthroughs, everything we do with our time, energy, and money reflects the future we need to adapt to or wish to create. Our values and priorities, together with our connection to self, community, and nature, can manifest through our lifestyle and career choices as well as our involvement in shaping the social and economic fabric of the island. We have immense power to both create our own lives and influence our environment. It is a choice—every day—to be a force for good or not, to act selfishly or towards the common good. This island is very fragile and vulnerable to forces we cannot control—our food and water supply is limited, and most of what we need to survive is imported. As coastal erosion and sea-level rise occurs, it jeopardizes all island harbors and Kona and Hilo towns in particular. The prudent response to an ever-uncertain and ambiguous reality is to cultivate both the internal capacity to adapt and be flexible while supporting a locally-owned economy that is less vulnerable to outside forces. Doing this requires that we assess all our personal, tangible, and financial assets so that we can identify realms where our lives are strong as well as those that could benefit from additional, time, energy, and money. The first place to evaluate, of course, is close-tohome: our beliefs, values, and skills, our primary relationships, our home and neighborhood, and our local financial institutions and barter networks. This is the core of our capacity to provide for our basic needs, reciprocate emotional support, and strengthen social fabric and a healthy local economy. Next, we can look at how we participate in the global economy, as we have choices with our careers, workplace lifestyle, volunteer efforts, and Sponsored Content

political advocacy, as well as the level of social and environmental responsibility we integrate when we shop at major corporations and invest our life savings in infrastructure, communities, companies, and nations. Finally, being the change we wish to see in the world means supporting evolution, of consciousness, nature, and society. This requires investments in new ideas, perspectives, and expressions of reality, in the regeneration of natural systems and forms of production that mimic nature, and in new financial strategies and systems that care for people and the planet and further democratize and empower our lives.

Being ready for anything means that we need to both be ready for disruptions in our way of life while also creating the new reality we want. It also requires that we see ourselves as inextricably linked to one another—with the reality of global climate change, our own fate is tied to that of humanity, meaning the more we care about others, the more this is a form of self-preservation. Now is the time to reinforce our interdependence, celebrate diversity, and focus on regenerative solutions that not only allow us to survive but increase our capacity to thrive in these turbulent times. For if we choose wisely, we just may create the reality we wish to see. For more information on Natural Investments, contact: Michael Kramer is Managing Partner of Natural Investments, a sustainable, responsible, and impact investment advisor since 1985 with 3 offices in Hawai`i and 7 others nationwide. Michael is co-author of The Resilient Investor: A Plan for Your Life, Not Just Your Money. He founded the Kuleana Green Business Program and serves on the boards of Sustain Hawai`i, Sustainability Association of Hawai`i, Feed Hawai`i, and Friends of Kona Pacific Public Charter School. He can be reached at

MCaringa lama Mokupuni for Our Island Environment _

Coral Reefs Are Dying: Climate Change and Sunscreen Pollution By Rachel Laderman


Hänau ka ‘Uku-ko‘ako‘a, hänau kana, he ‘Ako‘ako‘a, puka Born was the coral polyp, born was the coral, came forth n the Kumulipo, the Hawaiian creation chant, | January-February 2018

“There has been mass bleaching even in the far northwest Hawaiian islands in the last few years,” says John Burns, PhD, ko‘a (the coral polyp) was the very first organism on the a University of Hawai‘i at Hilo professor and researcher for earth, followed by others of increasing complexity. the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The The humble coral polyp is a powerful ecosystem engineer. bleaching corresponds with record high ocean temperatures. Coral reefs protect shorelines from storms, nurture a “The level of alarm I have is higher than I thought it would tremendous amount of sea life, produce much of the oxygen ever be,” says Burns. in the atmosphere, and create soft sandy beaches. Yet for all To do the work of reef-building, corals need particular their incalculable services, our actions are assaulting the coral conditions. They require a water temperate range between and causing a serious die-back. 22.7°–28.8° Celsius (that’s 73°–84° Fahrenheit). They need Damage to coral is most obvious when it looks bleached. clean, clear water, free of sediment and pollution, so their Snorkelers and divers in Hawai‘i and around the world are alarmed at the whitening of the coral at their favorite Healthy Pocillopora damicornis before exposure (left) and after exposure (right) to 500 parts per trillion of oxybenzone for 14 days at 27 C, spots. the normal temperature for this coral. photo by C. Downs, Haereticus Lab. Coral bleaching occurs when conditions are so stressful that the algae that live symbiotically within the coral are expelled. Algae provide the coral polyps with energy from the sun. The coral use this energy to grow their calcium shells and reproduce. Without their colorful algae, the coral not only look bleached, but are literally sapped of their strength. The coral are not dead; however, they are very weakened. Smothering brown algae then cover the weakened coral, making it even harder for them to recapture their 64 beneficial, symbiotic algae.

algae can get sunlight to photosynthesize. All it takes for serious coral bleaching to occur is a stretch of four to six weeks of temperatures just 1°C (around 2°F) higher than normal warm-weather temperatures. “Occasional mass bleaching isn’t a bad thing,” says Craig Downs, PhD, Executive Director of Haereticus Environmental Laboratory. “Ecologically, it is analogous to a forest fire that happens every 8–12 years.” It encourages healthy diversity in the coral ecosystem, allowing different species to grow. However, many coral reefs are not recovering after bleaching. Consistently warmer waters are a big part of the problem. Downs says another reason, especially along populated coasts, is the presence of hormone-mimicking chemicals from personal care products in the water. These pollutants keep not only coral but also many key fish species from reproducing. Sunscreen: One More Stress for Coral Reefs Ever notice the scum of oil that rises around your body when you enter the water? The chemicals we use to protect our skin unfortunately can damage sea life, including the beautiful coral that is often the very reason we have plunged underwater. One of the most commonly used ingredients in sunscreen is oxybenzone. It is added as a UV filter and product stabilizer to thousands of personal care products. The chemical enters the ocean not just through sunscreen on swimmers but also through wastewater treatment plants, from products used inland and washed down the drain. In a 2016 study, Downs showed that oxybenzone harms coral in several ways: it damages their DNA, is toxic to the larvae, and causes deformities in the coral. Oxybenzone lowers the temperature at which coral will bleach. Damage can occur at miniscule concentrations—62 parts per trillion.

What About Banning Oxybenzone? In a presentation to the Hawai‘i legislature in 2017, Downs showed how in water polluted with oxybenzone, coral have fewer symbiotic algae than coral in clean water at the same temperature. He showed examples of extensive degradation in Hanauma Bay, a hugely popular snorkeling site on O‘ahu. He showed a series of slides of Carysfort Reef in Florida, once an amazingly beautiful and heavily visited reef that is now bleached and not recovering.

2014: Bottom covered by healthy purple rice coral (Montipora dilatata; purple in color), and bleached coral (pale in color). 2015: 90% of coral that bleached in 2015 is dead. 2016: Dead coral is being overgrown by invasive green algae. photo by John Burns/HIMB and NOAA, 2016

“Oxybenzone reduces corals’ resilience to heat stress,” says Downs. “Almost all coral species will bleach around 30.5° Celsius (86.9° Fahrenheit). If corals are bleaching or paling at lower temperatures, it is highly probable that other stress factors are impacting the coral.” | January-February 2018

Visually documenting corals, NOAA reseacher John Burns surveys the health of the cauliflower coral (Pocillopora meandrina). photo by Karen Bryan/HIMB, 2017

Downs’ research caught the attention of the legislature, which proposed thirteen bills regarding banning oxybenzone and octinoxate (another harmful sunscreen chemical) in 2017. Hawai‘i State Senator Will Espero sponsored a bill to ban most oxybenzone and octinoxate from sale in Hawai‘i and from use on Hawaiian beaches. Espero’s bill, cosponsored by Democrats and Republicans, made it through the House and Senate but then died before being voted on. He explains that lobbyists for the sunscreen industry fought back hard due to Hawai‘i being the most lucrative market for sunscreen in the US. On the bright side, “The bill has attracted positive international attention, and the cosmetic industry is reacting positively,” Espero says. All the major brands now make an oxybenzone-free sunscreen. He hopes legislation will pass in 2018. The amount of sunscreen that comes off of swimmers is staggering—many thousands of tons a year. In many of Mexico’s marine and freshwater destinations such as Cancun and Xcaret, sunscreens with ingredients toxic to aquatic life are confiscated as visitors enter the facilities. As Espero says, “It would be great to see Hawai‘i be the first 65 to pass legislation banning oxybenzone.”

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Fish that Taste like Sunscreen? At an October 2017 hearing of the Maui County Council to ban oxybenzone and octinoxate, a subsistence fisherwoman testified that the limu (seaweed) and sea life she gathers tastes like sunscreen. It is becoming a common anecdote. “The limu tastes like sunscreen. I’m a hunter, fisher, diver, I depend on the ‘āina (land), I depend on the resources, and I have to go far now. I used to be able to walk 10 minutes from my house and collect ‘opihi (limpets), ‘ōpae (shrimp), different types of limu and ogo (seaweeds). I can’t do that anymore, it’s not good to eat. The medicines that were medicines in the ocean are not medicine any more…I have to go far now because all of the food and the medicine, it tastes like sunscreen.” As Downs explains, “Fish that taste like coconut is from coumarin, if they taste like jasmine it’s from the jasmonic acid,” both ingredients commonly labeled “fragrance” on sunscreen and cosmetics. “The issue is the reefs are dying. It’s going to hurt tourism. It’s going to hurt the GDP. It’s already hurting the culture.”

Early coral bleaching at Lisianski Island, Papahänaumokuäkea Marine National Monument in 2014. photo by John Burns/HIMB and NOAA

Minimize Your Impact You can reduce your use of sunscreen through simple actions: · C  over your skin with clothing—wear rash guards, long sleeves, and wide-brimmed hats. Applying sunscreen only to the neck, face, feet and back of hands reduces use by 90 percent. · Find shade. · P  lan to be on the beach and in the water when the sun is not at its peak.

A curious ulua aukea (giant trevally, Caranx ignobilis) swims close to divers during the 2017 RAMP cruise to Papahänaumokuäkea Marine National Monument. photo by John

Choosing a Safer Sunscreen There are safer alternatives to toxic sunscreen ingredients. · L ook for sunscreen with zinc oxide or titanium dioxide, minerals that protect your skin by physically reflecting ultraviolet radiation. · A  void “nano” zinc or titanium oxide; nanoparticles are also toxic to sea life. In addition to avoiding oxybenzone, watch out for octinoxate, homosalate, octocrylene, and avobenzone—all have been shown to be bad for sea creatures; many are also toxic to humans. · O  r simply check the label and if the list of chemicals is long and hard to pronounce—avoid it! · D  o not use aerosol spray sunscreens. In addition to being harmful to those who breathe them in (i.e., the person getting spritzed plus everyone downwind), the spray lands on the sand, and then gets washed into the ocean.

Burns/NOAA, 2017

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and pollution all take their toll. The last thing coral reefs need to top it off is the added stress from toxic chemicals in sunscreens. n Reference: Rachel Laderman, Lynker Technologies Marine Science Division/NOAA Affiliate, Hawai‘i Island

An arc-eye hawkfish (Paracirrhites arcatus) hides between branches of finger coral (Porites spp.). photo by Stephen Matadobra/NOAA, 2017 Green algae covers coral at Lisianski Island that died following the 2014 massbleaching event. photo by John Burns/HIMB and NOAA While not all labels that claim “reef friendly” actually are, there are several guides to choosing safe sunscreens: · b eco-friendly-reef-safe-sunscreen-guide-ban-toxicsunscreens-web2.pdf · Unfortunately, we can’t just shop our way to a healthier reef. Mineral-based sunscreen (using zinc oxide or titanium dioxide) is better for the reef and better for us, but oxybenzone and its cousins are only a piece of the problem. The overarching problem causing bleaching of coral reefs is rising ocean temperatures due to climate change. However, every added stress impacts corals’ ability to adapt. Ocean acidification, overfishing, invasive species, sedimentation,

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70 | January-February 2018 | January-February 2018


Mahalo, Hawai‘i Sail | January-February 2018

Höküleÿa at Kaunakakai, Molokaÿi during the Mahalo, Hawaiÿi Sail. photo © 2017 Polynesian Voyaging Society, by Todd Yamashita

The Mahalo, Hawai‘i Sail continued in November and December, 2017 to thank Hawai‘i’s people, bringing Hōkūle‘a and Hikianalia home to all of Hawai‘i. They shared lessons learned from the Mālama Honua Worldwide Voyage, and deepen the organization’s connection and understanding of the important work being done here in the islands to care for the earth. November 17, Hōkūle‘a and her crew joined Nā Mamo O Mū‘olea and East Maui communities in celebrating the 9th Annual Limu Festival, a community event organized by Hāna residents to celebrate the many aspects of healthy shoreline ecosystem, from limu (seaweed), to seabirds, to fish and more. Local students and keiki greeted Hōkūle‘a as she entered Hāna Bay Harbor. November 20, Kicking off a week-long visit to the Friendly Isle, crewmembers aboard Hōkūle‘a arrived on Moloka‘i yesterday evening after sailing approximately 12 hours and 90 nautical miles from Hāna, Maui. Greeted by family and community members, the voyagers’ arrival was the start of a week of community events. While in Kaunakakai, Moloka‘i, Hōkūle‘a welcomed more than 1,500 students, community members and visitors to her deck. November 29, Hōkūle‘a departed Moloka‘i and arrived on O‘ahu at the Marine Education Training Center at Sand Island, where crew members prepared the canoe for the Wai‘anae engagement at Poka‘i Bay, December 6–21. Ke Ola Magazine will continue to follow Hōkūle‘a and the Mahalo, Hawai‘i Sail.

72 For more information and the schedule of future ports, visit:

Nakua Konohia-Lind, who was elevated to captain for Höküleÿa’s Mahalo, Hawaiÿi Sail into Häna, Maui. photo © 2017 by Kaipo Kiaha



Nonprofit comes to the rescue of unfortunate visitors


By Fern Gavelek

our friend vacationing from Minnesota loses | January-February 2018

him up at the hospital. We stayed with him because he was without any identification, cash, credit cards or mobile phone— her ID and worries how she will get on the plane those items were in his backpack left behind in the forest.” to return home. After a day at the beach, a guest at your Karen adds the hiker missed his flight so VASH assisted with vacation rental is in a traffic accident requiring hospitalization. meals, lodging and transportation while he waited to receive What do they do and who do they call? his travel documents and make new travel arrangements. First, phone 911 to report the incident to Hawai‘i County “As a result of requests Police. The HPD or another first from VASH, fees were waived responder then contacts VASH by the airlines and rental car Hawai‘i Island. The acronym agency,” Karen continues. stands for Visitor Aloha Society “On the day of his departure, of Hawai‘i and the non-profit VASH accompanied him to the assists with the immediate airport to make sure he was needs of visitors who fall upon able to board the plane and misfortune. then heard from him two days “We assist over 1,000 visitors later after he safely arrived every year and we never know back in Paris.” what will be needed when the phone rings,” says Karen Imagine It Happening to Rose, Executive Director (ED) You on Vacation of VASH Hawai‘i Island. ”Our To fully appreciate the program directors will assess importance of VASH Hawai‘i every call on an individual basis Island, Board President to determine the best course of Rachelle Hennings suggests action and services needed.” putting yourself in similar An example of a recent call shoes…for example, being to VASH involved the death of When visitors end up in the hospital, VASH gives them gift bags containing snacks, a fleece on a two-week vacation a visitor from Canada. He and blanket, toiletries and a Ke Ola Magazine. photo courtesy of VASH in Thailand. The Waikoloa his wife had checked out from resident says, “Imagine having already booked your trip’s the Hilton Waikoloa Village and were out for a final swim at itinerary and while out sightseeing, you fall and break your leg. Hapuna Beach State Park prior to their scheduled departure. You don’t speak Thai, you don’t know if your health “The husband was found unresponsive in the water and insurance works in Thailand and your hotel is only booked had passed away by the time the ambulance arrived,” recalled for one more night because you’re supposed to fly to another Karen. “VASH helped check the widow back into the hotel and Thai city,” details Rachelle, while describing a possible travel arranged for continued bereavement support until the woman’s scenario. “You already have a shuttle service booked to pick son arrived from Canada. We returned the rental vehicle and you up the next day and your hotel and activities have been worked as a liaison with the county coroner and mortuary. paid for at your next destination. And on top of that, your VASH also notified the Canadian consulate for the family.” spouse is extremely emotional about the whole ordeal.”   In another instance, VASH assisted a visiting European who Rachelle continues, “Now think how terrifying it would be was admitted into the hospital for care after he went missing to have to deal with all of this on your own and not have the for four days in Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park. support of an organization like VASH—to help with translation, “The young man was dehydrated and experiencing chest rebooking reservations, finding your spouse a place to stay pain,” Karen details. “That evening, VASH retrieved his rental near the hospital, transporting luggage, etc. I wish every car near the trail where he got lost and the next day picked


Volunteering at a 2015 VASH fundraiser are from left: Cherith Cohn, Kat Sullivan, Nicholas Lachey, Karen Rose, Lisa Pegg, Danielle Yamamoto, and Brit Morifuji. photo courtesy of VASH | January-February 2018



vacation destination had a VASH.” While VASH may not be able to turn a negative situation around completely, Rachelle emphasizes how having someone there to help you, talk to you, hold your hand, and even cry with you, can be such a comfort. Summing up the value of VASH, Rachelle relies on the organization’s description by one of its founding members, Hawai‘i County Prosecutor Mitch Roth. He says VASH staff and volunteers perform “Random Acts of Aloha” every day. How VASH Came to Be The Visitor Aloha Society of Hawai‘i was established by the Honolulu Rotary Club in 1997 to share aloha by aiding travelers who had been victimized by crime or other adversities. Mary Ellen Smith, VASH Hawai‘i Island’s current board secretary and inaugural ED, says visitor assistance efforts began on Hawai‘i Island soon afterwards. In 2001, a West Hawai‘i VASH program was started under the umbrella of O‘ahu’s VASH. Leading the effort was a small group of West Hawai‘i Rotarians, led by Larry Peckham, who volunteered to help visitors in need. Mary Ellen was hired to get the program started. “I was in charge of building up the program and recruiting volunteers—at first we had about 10,” says Mary Ellen. “I either found a volunteer to handle the issue, or I did it.” While the Kailua-Kona resident officially worked 20 hours a week, it actually was more like 35. “I was answering phone calls and providing assistance at all hours of the day. I had a phone next to my bed and would occasionally get calls from the police in the middle of the night.” In addition, East Hawai‘i also started its own VASH program. In 2002, the West Hawai‘i VASH broke ties with the O‘ahu organization and formed its own 501(c)3 so it could accept tax-deductible donations. The East Hawai‘i VASH didn’t want to be a separate nonprofit and eventually the programs were combined. VASH Hawai‘i Island was formed with its own board of directors. Today, there are visitor assistance programs on

all four major Hawaiian Islands, each operating separately and independently of one another while being dedicated to the mission of sharing the aloha spirit with visitors facing adversities. All of the programs are funded in part by the Hawai‘i Tourism Authority (HTA). Early VASH Hawai‘i Island In the organization’s early days, Mary Ellen recalls how VASH worked with police and airport security to develop a Lost ID form that was acceptable to airport TSA. It enabled visitors to leave the island in lieu of missing identification. “Until we had the form, a police report was used,” she explains. Once police, hospitals, cruise ships and hotels knew about VASH, assistance calls came in requiring all types of attention, including deaths. “Early on we developed important relationships with Hospice of Kona and North Hawai‘i Hospice,” notes Mary Ellen. She remembers asking a VASH advisory committee member, who also was a social worker at Hospice of Kona, to provide bereavement aid to a family staying at the former Keauhou Beach Hotel. This joint effort resulted in Hospice of Kona training VASH volunteers to provide specialized bereavement assistance. VASH also coordinates other death services for the victim’s grieving family: assisting with obtaining a death certificate after an autopsy and making arrangements to get the family and the deceased’s remains home. An early challenge was securing volunteers in North Hawai‘i. Mary Ellen remembers a long, Sunday night drive up to Kapa‘au to transport a couple from Thailand back to Kona. “They had slipped off the road driving from the ‘Upolu Lookout and the rental car company wouldn’t pick them up,” she says. “I discovered we needed people where the problems were and today there are North Hawai‘i volunteers.” Volunteers, Staff and Funding Today, VASH Hawai‘i Island has about 50 volunteers providing a variety of services islandwide: translation, hospital

VASH Hawaiÿi Island received the Kona-Kohala Chamber of Commerce’s 2016 Püalu Award for Visitor Industry Marketing. Pictured from left are Phoebe Barela, VASH program director for West Hawaiÿi; Karen Rose, VASH executive director; Governor David Ige, and Rachelle Hennings, VASH board president. (Photo by Kirk Shorte Photography). photo courtesy of Kona-Kohala Chamber of Commerce | January-February 2018


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One of VASH’s founders is Hawaiÿi County Prosecutor Mitch Roth, pictured here with VASH executive director Karen Rose. photo courtesy of VASH visitation, bereavement, transportation and moral support. Volunteers go through an orientation process before going out in the field. “The main characteristic all our VASH volunteers possess is a kind heart with a desire to help others in their time of need,” shares Karen. “Depending on how someone wishes to volunteer—whether it be direct service, language translation or fundraising—we utilize each volunteer’s strengths in a way he or she feels comfortable.” Volunteers are assigned by the full-time ED and part-time program directors in both West and East Hawai‘i. They assess the needs of callers and recruit volunteers for assistance. Also on staff are two on-call employees offering visitor assistance. VASH Hawai‘i Island is governed by a 10-member board of directors that not only sets policy, but whose members also support staff and donate goods and services for VASH fundraisers. Being a nonprofit, VASH relies on the generosity of donors. Hawai‘i Tourism Authority, the County of Hawai‘i and the Victims of Crime Act are the largest supporters. “We are so thankful for them,” notes Rachelle. “The ones that really touch our hearts are the small, individual donations from kama‘āina and visitors.” Additional funds are raised at four annual events: An Evening of Cabaret in February hosted by Hilton Waikoloa Village, the Hawai‘i Hotel Association’s Visitor Industry Charity Walk in May, the VASH Bowling Tournament in August hosted by KBXtreme and the Uncorked Food and Wine Festival in November hosted by The Shops at Mauna Lani. “Hopefully our visitors facing misfortune will go home and say, ‘Even though I had a negative experience, the VASH staff and volunteers showed me the true spirit of aloha,’” Rachelle concludes. n For more information about VASH Hawai‘i Island:

Mahalo Clark Realty Corp. – Home/Building Story Sponsor

Preserving Waimea’s Historic


By Denise Laitinen

courthouse, hotel, restaurant, gift shop,

real estate and law office, and a family home; the historic Spencer House in the heart of downtown Waimea has been many things since it was built in the 1840s. Before there was a Waimea Center or even Parker Ranch, there was the Spencer House. Considered to be the first house built in Waimea, it is not an exaggeration to say that the town of Waimea has literally grown up around this 20-room, twostory home. “It’s one of our treasures,” says Patti Cook, a longtime Waimea resident and president of the Waimea Community Association. Today, the Historic Spencer House is home to a Welcome Center that showcases the history of the home and Waimea, as well as an antique shop and business offices. Linda Fischer and Rochelle Delacruz, owners of Calabash Collectibles, the vintage shop within the Spencer House, also manage the Welcome Center, which is open Monday through Saturday from

10am to 4pm. It’s a fascinating look at the history of the house and Waimea. Home to Waimea’s Earliest Business Tycoons William French was a successful businessman in Honolulu. He had a thriving business as a trader supplying beef, hides, and tallow to the whaling ships that frequented Hawai‘i. French was able to supply these materials because he had land on Hawai‘i Island, including storage and wharf facilities in Kawaihae, as well as extensive businesses in Waimea relating to the cattle industry. At one point, French hired John Parker to manage his store. Parker would go on to create the famous Parker Ranch, one of the largest ranches in the entire country. Because records are sketchy, it is not known if French personally built the Waimea home after buying the three-acre property from Governor Kuakini in 1838 for the “price of a good horse”. The property, which included a slaughterhouse and a rock wall, extended from what is now Māmalahoa Highway to Waikoloa Stream. At the time, there was little else around. Paul Johnston, a Waimea resident who helped spearhead the restoration of the home in 2012–2013, notes that few nails were used in the construction of Spencer House. The house was built using mortise and tenon joinery to connect koa beams together. The historic property is named for a subsequent owner. | January-February 2018 Specner House today. photo by Denise Laitinen


After French died in 1852, another successful Honolulu businessman, Francis McFarland Spencer, bought French’s Hawai‘i Island businesses and home. Spencer originally hailed from Australia and, after being shipwrecked off O‘ahu with his wife and children on their way to California, he opened a dry goods store in Honolulu. Spencer’s business partner, James Louzada, was one of the original three vaqueros brought to Hawai‘i Island by King Kamehameha III to round up wild cattle and teach Hawaiians cowboy skills. In the early 1860s, Spencer | January-February 2018

Few nails were used in building the home with mortise and tenon joinery used to connect koa beams together. photo by Denise Laitinen


moved his family from O‘ahu to Waimea and took up residence at the home. Spencer’s wife Sarah died in 1862 and he went on to marry Martha Daniels, a woman of Hawaiian descent. Spencer, both his wives and several other relatives are buried in a small family graveyard next to the house. Spencer became known for raising sheep and the quality of the wool he produced. At one point, Spencer’s flocks numbered 25,000 and his land leases covered 200,000 acres extending from Hilo to Hāmākua, up to the summit of Maunakea and the entire ahupua‘a of Pu‘uanahulu. “Through my research I found that he was an entrepreneur and had many opportunities granted to him in his life,” says

Photo of Spencer House circa 1877. Thatched hut to the left is now the site of a McDonalds.

Sarah Spencer, wife of Francis Spencer. photo by Denise Laitinen

Maka Wiggins, a Waimea resident and great-greatgreat-great granddaughter of Francis Spencer. “Not only did he introduce new breeds of sheep to Waimea, he also established some of the first sheep stations that are now owned and operated by Parker Ranch, like Humu‘ula and Keanakolu.”

Maka adds that in researching her Spencer family geneology, “I was able to discover that Francis was trained in wood work and he was loved by the natives of Waimea who thought of him as a jovial man. I love that he was thought of as jovial. And looking at one of his portraits that’s exactly what he looks like.” The First of Many Renovations During the 1880s, the house underwent a significant renovation and expansion. As part of the remodel, the current two-story edifice was added to the front of the building, an additional staircase was added and two curved ceilings were incorporated into the main rooms on the first and second floors. We can assume the house renovation was completed by 1888 as someone inscribed “Boy Blue Nov 5th, 1888” in one of the home’s front windowpanes. “There’s no record of what Boy Blue refers to or why the date is significant although lots of theories abound, many of them of questionable origin,” says Paul. After Spencer’s death in 1897, his daughter Frances and her husband Richard Bickerton lived in the house and used the centrally located home as a hotel. Richard Bickerton was also a judge for the district of Hāmākua and the couple eventually moved to O‘ahu where he served on the Hawai‘i State Supreme Court. For decades the house was a family residence, however, by the 1950s it had fallen into disrepair. “In 1985 the house was remodeled again,” says Paul. This time it was turned into a commercial building that included a showroom and gallery. Somewhere One of the original walls of the Spencer house. photo by Denise Laitinen

along the line, some of the Spencer family heirs leased the land to Puna Plantation Hawaii, Limited, the parent company of KTA supermarkets, which built the Waimea Center shopping plaza in 1989 around Spencer House. The strip mall of stores is located in what was once the backyard of the Spencer House and McDonalds stands where a grass shack stood when the house was originally built. After the house was remodeled, a succession of businesses called Spencer House home, including an art gallery and a real estate firm. In 1991, Patti opened a gift shop selling locally made items within Spencer House called Cook’s Discoveries. Around the same time, Chef Maha Krann opened a restaurant in the front of the house called Maha’s Cafe. “It was a super popular restaurant,” says Patti, “very delicious.” More businesses used the space over the years, however, by 2011 the house was once again vacant and in need of repair. Haunted House Because the large house sat dark and empty for long periods of time, it had gained a reputation for being haunted. “Old timers in Waimea will tell you the house is haunted,” says Patti. “From my perspective, I never felt discomfort when I had a shop there, but I always felt protected. When music was playing there was a joyful feeling. It was like the house liked music. It sounds wacky but that’s the way it felt.” Francis Laitine McFarland Spence n r. pho A Community

to by D

enise Effort to Restore Spencer House Around 2011–2012, there was growing community interest in preserving the home, which is when Paul got involved. A former physician turned farmer, Paul owns Kekela Farms and runs the Waimea Town Farmers Market at Parker School on Saturdays. “Spencer House got to a place where it needed significant renovation work,” says Patti. “It had been closed for years and needed a lot of work.” Paul is widely credited as leading the charge to restore the home. “It was Paul that did most of the talking,” says Patti. “He got to talking with Puna Plantation and they were amenable with us bringing the building back to life. We also talked to the Spencer family,” says Patti. “Initially, a group of us as friends worked under the umbrella of the Waimea Preservation Association. Almost all of us were also active on the Waimea Community Association board,” explains Patti. “Eventually we formed our own group called Waimea Alive!.” Paul says the renovations took nearly a year and the Waimea Alive! group paid rent on the vacant property the entire time

Home is a Place to Laugh, Learn, | January-February 2018



they were renovating it. “When we first went into the house it was kind of dirty and needed a lot of love,” says Patti. There were significant plumbing and electrical issues that needed to be addressed. Fortunately, many Waimea community members, including electricians and contractors, came forward to help with the renovations. Paul says the renovations got a large boost when Hilton Grand Vacations Club selected Spencer House as their annual volunteer project and 50 staff spent a day working on the house. “They cleaned and painted and scrubbed,” adds Patti. “They hauled away a lot of junk, it was fabulous.” After a great deal of time-consuming work by many volunteers, a large party was held at Spencer House in November 2013 to celebrate the renovations. Many Spencer House descendants attended the 2013 celebration and donated family photos that are now on display at the Welcome Center. “I love that the home is there and being used by different groups,” says Maka. “I feel it is a staple of Waimea.” At the time of the 2013 renovations, it was thought that the space could be used by local nonprofits or possibly as a coworking space. Those plans Community members involved in the Spencer house project, shifted over time from left, Sherm Warner, Patti Cook, Bill Sanborn, Paul and about a year Johnston, and Bob Bonar. photo by Anna Pacheco to NHN ago Calabash Collectibles opened shop in the front of the house while the Nature Conservancy and other businesses rent office space in the back and upstairs. The co-owners of the collectibles shop explain the home’s history to visitors of the Historic Spencer House Welcome Center. Spencer family descendants from around the country often stop by to visit when on island to explore the home that bears their family name. Many in the community are grateful that the home was preserved as part of Waimea’s heritage. “So many communities in Hawai‘i and across the country become a collection of fast food restaurants and shopping malls that aren’t architecturally meaningful,” says Patti. “We don’t want to be a place of fast food architecture. We want to be a place with a sense of history. Taking care of Spencer House really gives a sense a place and the heritage of who we are.” n For more information about Spencer House contact:

The Spencer family graveyard is tucked away behind the property’s original rock wall next to Spencer House. photo by Denise Laitinen

Kainani Kahaunaele By Mālielani Larish


n 1999, after four months of sailing from

Lady Ipo Kahaunaele, a Kahu (Reverend), entertainer, and musician from Kaua‘i. The compilation contains two other songs about the enchanting places of Kainani’s childhood; “Lei Wainiha” honors the verdant Wainiha Valley, abode of the Menehune and Mū people, and home to 32 named winds. “Hanohano Kalihi” describes the majesty of Kalihikai, where Kainani and the older women of her family fished by boat. Even though her elders rowed the boat and directed

Nä Hökü Hanohano Award winner Kainani Kahaunaele. photo by Billy V | January-February 2018

Hawai‘i to Micronesia as a crewmember of the E Mau— Sailing the Master Home voyage, the day had arrived for Kainani Kahaunaele to give her gift to Mau Piailug. Papa Mau, as he was affectionately called, had spent the last 27 years teaching the art of celestial navigation to the peoples of Oceania—and this time he was home for good. Surrounded by her voyaging sisters, captains, and crew, and confidently strumming her ‘ukulele, Kainani presented her gift: an honorary name song, E Mau E, composed in Hawaiian. In the song, she praises Mau as the “grandmaster navigator, recognized and honored in his own land.” Eighteen years later, Kainani Kahaunaele’s distinguished career echoes the qualities that she admired in Papa Mau. Honored in her own land, Kainani works with a sense of deep responsibility to perpetuate the Hawaiian language, particularly through the art of Hawaiian songwriting and poetry. Winner of five Nā Hōkū Hanohano awards, Kainani is a sought-after performer whose original compositions have appeared in films, documentaries, and TV shows. As a lecturer at the University of Hawai‘i at Hilo’s College of Hawaiian Language, a wife and mother of three, and a musician, Kainani weaves the revitalization of Hawaiian language and culture into all aspects of her life. Born and raised on Kaua‘i, music expressed the language of the heart in Kainani’s family. Since she was the firstborn child in the family, her parents decided that she should be raised by her maternal grandmother. Per the customs of pre-contact Hawai‘i, paternal grandparents raised the firstborn boy and maternal grandparents raised the firstborn girl. The title track of Kainani’s first CD, Na‘u ‘Oe (You Belong to Me) voices her love and respect for her grandmother Kanani. Not only does this dazzling song embrace the listener like a lei of love, it highlights Kainani’s dynamic voice, which glides through vocal harmonies like a seabird in the wind. Kainani demonstrates the Hawaiian tradition of celebrating one’s natal lands in Na‘u ‘Oe. The “Kalalea Medley”, for instance, melds two songs that everyone in her hometown of Anahola, Kaua‘i knew while she was growing up. Praising the famed Kalalea mountain that stands sentinel above Anahola, the medley combines a song written by the team of her great-great-great grandmother and her daughter and another song written by her greatgrandparentsʻ nextdoor neighbor. The medley features Kainani’s mother,

Revitalizing Hawaiian Music


Kainani on where to fish, they always landed more fish than her by the time they reached shore. Although Na‘u ‘Oe features many traditional Hawaiian songs, a few of the songs sparkle with jazzy influences. In addition to four songs that reference Kaua‘i, the collection also includes a song written as a wedding gift, a name song written as a birthday gift for a friend, three songs written in English, two songs that reference natural elements and places of Hawai‘i Island, and a chant by Kaipo Frias (now Dr. Taupōuri Tangarō). Masterful guitar, ‘ukulele, and bass playing complement Kainani’s versatile and easygoing voice. Na‘u ‘Oe was originally conceived as a curriculum tool for the ‘Aha Pūnana Leo preschools. ‘Aha Pūnana Leo runs | January-February 2018

Kainani and Darryl Gonzales pose before stepping on stage to support Ke Akua Mana Church on Kauaÿi. photo courtesy of Mike Teruya


11 Hawaiian language immersion preschools on five of the Hawaiian Islands, and Kainani was hired by the nonprofit to work in the curriculum development house. At this dreamcome-true job, Kainani’s boss encouraged her to create a CD that could inspire students to compose in Hawaiian and engage a wide audience. “That was my lucky shot right there,” Kainani says of Na‘u ‘Oe, which garnered positive attention from music critics and the teachers and students that it was intended to serve. The CD earned her three Nā Hōkū Hanohano awards in 2004: Female Vocalist of the Year, Most Promising Artist, and Hawaiian Language Performance of the Year. “I had a good pulse on how the music was being used in the community…the teachers would give me feedback, the community would, the children.” To her delight, the songs were reaching the targeted audiences; teachers from preschool all the way through high school used the songs in their lessons, and students were learning the songs by heart. If the old-timers like her music, and if children ask to sing her songs for May Day, Kainani views these precious moments as her true measures of success. She prefers to sing at occasions of community significance, like ho‘olaule‘a (celebrations or festivals), hula competitions, fundraisers, weddings, funerals, and May Day programs, where her music supports the community. “I’m not trying to be a famous musician; it is about trying to promote responsibility,” Kainani says, particularly in the realm of Hawaiian composition, or haku mele. In the art of haku mele, the song is “made up mostly of natural elements, and the relationship between the natural elements, which are really about people relationships,” Kainani says.


When Kainani spends time in nature, she tries to tune into the environment, asking herself “How is this breeze, this fragrance, and the sunshine going to be characters in my song? How is this feeling going to come out in the way I create the music?” The word haku not only means to compose; it also means to braid or arrange, as in a lei. Thus, the haku mele poet deftly weaves together analogy, imagery, and metaphor, painting a picture that contains several layers of meaning. The casual listener misses the kaona, or interior meanings, of the poetry. For example, in Kainani’s jazzy number named “Makaki‘i”, the mist-laden lehua blossom represents a woman who is apprehensive about love and the famed Iponoenoelaua‘e wind, which is (derived from a legend involving the goddess Pele), represents the alluring lover. In 2010, Kainani released ‘Ohai ‘Ula, a CD that reflects her experiences as a mother, wife, teacher, and world traveler. Her second CD offers several traditional songs written in the haku mele style, plus songs with a contemporary twist. The CD garnered Nā Hōkū Hanohano awards in the categories of Haku Mele and Hawaiian Language Performance. One of Kainani’s mentors and teachers, Larry Kimura, instilled in her the idea that “We are not only going to speak Hawaiian, we are going to sing our songs better with greater understanding. We are going to promote it and teach it.” Today, at the University of Hawai‘i at Hilo’s Ka Haka ‘Ula O Ke‘elikōlani College of Hawaiian Language, students receive

LMT #10576

Kainani at the beach on Kauaÿi. photo courtesy Midweek | January-February 2018

83 | January-February 2018

a thorough understanding of traditional Hawaiian music in Kainani’s Hawaiian Music in Action Class. Kainani arms the students with a good batch of what she calls “foundational Hawaiian songs.” These are the songs from her grandparent’s generation that show the composer’s connection to the land, the songs that were sung by communities, the songs that are found on albums instead of CDs. She says that some students sign up for Hawaiian Music in Action thinking that they will sit back and listen to her lovely voice. Instead, students actively learn the songs and sing in two performances during the semester. Kainani also teaches Beginning Hawaiian Language and Pana O Hawai‘i, a class that explores each moku (district) of the island through stories and songs. She urges her students to hold onto what they are learning, because each student plays a role in the revitalization and preservation of the Hawaiian language. Furthermore, Kainani advises her students that learning Hawaiian songs can help them to increase their fluency in the Hawaiian language. Even though Kainani’s childhood experiences were liberally sprinkled with Hawaiian words, prayers, and songs, she didn’t learn the language fluently until she was an adult. Now she speaks Hawaiian all the time—at work, at home, and on the stage. Although her musical career has required a great deal of responsibility and hard work, Kainani emphasizes that the journey has been fun. She has performed all over the world, worked with Hawai‘i’s most talented musicians, accompanied the finest hula dancers, and witnessed children, adults, and kūpuna (elders) singing and dancing to her songs in countless school and community events. She especially looks forward to trips to Japan with her fellow musicians. Between shows, she spends plenty of time backstage, talking story and jamming with Hawai‘i’s top performers and observing the evolution of the Hawaiian music industry. Bringing it full circle, Kainani performed her E Mau E song for Mau Piailug as part of the Hōkūle‘a Homecoming ceremonies in June 2017 in Honolulu. Before the song, she gave a heartfelt speech in honor of Papa Mau, saying “We have so much kuleana (responsibility) to carry, and let us embrace that kuleana.” Weaving her life’s purpose seamlessly into her work, her music, and her relationships, Kainani embraces her kuleana, a dedication that shines forth in her songs. n


To contact Kainani Kahaunaele: ‘Ohai ‘Ula is available on iTunes and Amazon Na‘u ‘Oe is available on CD Baby and Amazon Kainani and Hälau Nä Kïpuÿupuÿu of Waimea represent Hawaiÿi in the Festival Polynesia Te Moana Nui a Hiva in Papeÿete, Tahiti. photo courtesy of Dino Morrow

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Featured Cover Artist: Peter Jefferson sales and donations.” While most of Peter’s work is landscapes, he does love figurative work and painting hula and geisha figures. As a colorist, he is drawn to these subjects. He enjoys the energy and movement of hula. He had a show in Hawi entitled Anticipation that featured dancers from the Beamer-Soloman Hālau. Three of his hula paintings are featured in HGTV program Building Hawaii (episode seven). Japanese Geishas and Maiko arrayed in their beautiful kimonos and whitened faces with traditional hairstyles offer stunning colors for the viewer. The watercolor painting entitled Geisha won an award at the Helen Cassidy Show held annually in Waimea.   Peter’s work can be viewed at the Third Dimension Gallery at the Shops at Mauna Lani, The Gallery of All Great Things in Waimea, and Plantation Interiors in Kona. Peter was the only Hawai‘i artist to be invited to the 13th Annual Sedona Plein Air Festival. For more information, contact:

Table Of Contents Artists: Bill Doar When “shooting,” Bill Doar prefers to use his camera. Growing up in Honolulu, Bill’s interest in photography began in grade school when his mother, a local girl from Pearl City, and father, an Army sergeant from Brooklyn, gave him a Brownie box camera. Years later, at Pacific University in Forest Grove, Oregon, he took his first of several photography classes. After college, while serving in the U.S. Navy in the Philippines, he bought his first 35mm camera. Since then, Bill has concentrated on nature photography, especially in Hawai‘i. He enjoys “shooting” flowers, native birds, bugs, lava, ocean, landscapes, and other subjects. 85 | January-February 2018

Our January-February cover artist, Peter Jefferson says, “Winter months on Hawai‘i Island are truly special. Year after year, it is amazing looking mauka and seeing the snow sitting atop Maunakea, then looking makai, watching the whales breaching and frolicking along our shores. We live in paradise! I love capturing these scenes and sharing them through my art.”  While the Kohala winds limit the size of Peter’s canvases, painting on his lānai (porch) allows him to work quite large. “I love my studio! Much of my commission work is done large so I can still paint outside in a protected space.” Peter, as a Plein Air Artist, directs the Kohala Plein Air Group on Hawai‘i Island. ‘En plein air’ translates from the French as outdoors, and identifies an art movement that came about in the mid-19th century when natural lighting and painting in fresh air was favored over that of studio work. Kohala Plein Air is one of three large Plein Air groups here on the island. (Hilo’s group is led by Leslie Sears and Kona’s is led by Richard Rochkowski). Peter began drawing as an engineer in Boston. He received a Master of Architecture at Carnegie Mellon University and that’s where he began painting watercolors and life drawing. Peter’s art studies flourished at the DeCordova Museum School.   His studies continued with oil painters Ovanes Berberian and Brigette Curt. The use of juicy colors and painting with bold strokes, no dabbing, are emphasized in their work, and that’s evident in Peter’s art. Peter exclaims, “I always try to have fun painting! Sir Issac Newton once said ‘Live life as an exclamation, not an explanation’. I try to approach my painting the same way! My watercolor techniques include very drippy flowing paint (wet on wet). This technique works perfectly to set up my ‘under’ paintings in my oils. It’s good, colorful, and messy fun.”   Peter enjoys working with charitable groups on Hawai‘i Island. In 2015, he had the honor of organizing a successful Plein Air show at the Kahilu Theatre to help support the arts. Their goal was to mix different art disciplines and the Kahilu was perfect for displaying their artwork. Patrons were able to view the artwork prior to and during intermission at many performances. They also had demonstrations. Peter says, “This was a fun, interactive show that included artists from around the island to help raise money for the theatre in

Crossword Puzzle | By Myles Mellor

Enjoy this crossword that tests your knowledge about what you read in this edition of Ke Ola Magazine, including the ads, while learning about Hawaiian culture and our island home! Some answers are in English, some are in Hawaiian. Feel free to use the Hawaiian reference library at Answers can be found on page 89. | January-February 2018

Your feedback is always welcome.




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Popular crop on Hawai‘i Island Elders in Hawaiian Calamity To look, hunt, search, or seek in Hawaiian Lake within the pinnacle of Maunakea Exists Tropical Climber Hawai‘i Island tea company _  _____ Kahaunaele, a lady who takes responsibility for the continuation of the Hawaiian language Hawaiian word for embryo Piece of advice P  rogram to sail to Tahiti with food from Hawai‘i Island school garden programs and non-instrument navigation Hawaiian word meaning because of Waveless L eader of Hawai‘i Island Adult Daycare art program, 2 words P  lant with brightly colored flowers and ornamental foliage Hawaiian word for blow or breathe gently

One of the varieties of chocolate Kind of lily What Bonnie Cherni teaches _____ No Hi, respect day for the aged Animal’s foot Loud racket Hawaiian word for peak or hill Intention Hawaiian word fold or crease Everyone Relatives Hawaiian word for delay Hawaiian word for outrigger float Alien in a popular film Hawaiian phrase meaning “heal”, 3 words Teachers assistant for short Hawaiian center for sick and injured birds, abbr. Zero Hawaiian wreath Hawaiian word for faded Started a campfire Appear or extend out in Hawaiian Hawaiian word for to be silent

Tiffany’s Art Agency For 11 years, Tiffany DeEtte Shafto has been working closely with locally established and emerging artists who are passionate and focused on their mastery. Tiffany says, “It has shifted how I see the world. Through their eyes and processes, my own are opened to wonders I never knew existed. It’s pure joy, which ignited my passion for sharing it with people in a new and improved way.” Tiffany explains, “I have always been a collector. A couple of careers have gotten me where I am now. With a BA in Interior Design and as a professional member of the American Society of Interior Designers, I enjoyed working with clients in the San Francisco Bay Area—turning their multi-million dollar houses into homes. An appreciation for a broad and diverse range of styles meant my clientsʻ personal tastes were always reflected in the finished space. Thanks to my blend of skills, I ended up doing more and more construction management and less of the fun creative puzzle-solving design work.” When Tiffany and her husband Tim Shafto made the leap to Hawai‘i in 2004, they had no idea they’d end up in the woodshop together—a dream Tim had always held. It took a couple of years until that appreciation for hands-on and handmade set Tiffany on a new course. She spent eight years as an award-winning woodworker, working collaboratively with Tim. That experience gave her unprecedented access to our island’s wood art community. Visiting studios, and seeing and understanding the creative process behind the work inspired Tiffany to create a coffee table book to document these amazing people—their works and stories. In 2009, she co-authored, produced, and published the award-winning coffee table book, Contemporary Hawai‘i Woodworkers; the Wood, the Art; the Aloha, thanks to the beautiful storytelling/writing of Lynda McDaniel. That book, along with all her volunteer work for local arts nonprofits (past president of the Hawai‘i Wood Guild & Hawai‘i Craftsmen, former administrator & secretary of Hawai‘i Artist

Collaboration), led to an opportunity to research the economic and social impact of Hawai‘i Island visual artists. Titled the Hawai‘i Island Network of Artists, from 2012–2013, Tiffany created a website to act as a resource directory for local artists as a mahalo (thank you) to each of them for participating in a survey. Through the project she met more than 500 visual artists, which proved just how prolific this island is with artists! Today Tiffany has continued the project as a non-juried site and resource directory. While working on that project, Tiffany fell into the role of gallery owner/partner in The Gallery at Hualalai in the lobby of the Four Seasons Hualalai. She says, “It changed my life! I discovered I love witnessing that moment when you fall in love with a work of art, and helping to facilitate it.” When that business ended in 2014, she opened Tiffany’s Art Agency—curating contemporary art experiences featuring Hawai‘i’s master artists. Getting to know so many artists so well inspired her once again to document and share their stories. Her second book with award-winning author Lynda McDaniel, Aloha Expressionism by Contemporary Hawai‘i Artists, features 50 of Hawai‘i’s master artists, and was released at the Hawai‘i Food & Wine Festival’s Corks & Forks event at the Hawai‘i Convention Center in 2015. Tiffany exclaims, “The designer, maker, and collector in me are all fulfilled through this work by sharing it with you. Mahalo for your appreciation of Hawai‘i’s master artists!” Tiffany invites everyone to join her at the gallery on January 13 for a very special Collectors Reception and Book Signing from 5–7 pm. Meet many of the Hawai‘i Island artists featured in the book and collect their autographs! Enjoy being surrounded by their beautiful art and making special memories. Tiffany’s Art Agency 55-3435 Akoni Pule Hwy. #9, Hawi 808.747.5882

Hawai‘i Island Happenings Wondering what’s happening around Hawai‘i Island? Visit these businesses and organizations websites for the most up-to-date event calendars.

Akamai Events 808.747.2829

InBigIsland 808.333.6936

Island of Hawai‘i Visitors Bureau 800.648.2441

Konaweb Shirley Stoffer, 808.345.2627

Aloha Theatre–Kainaliu Aloha Performing Arts Company 808.322.9924

Basically Books 808.961.0144

Donkey Mill Art Center 808.322.3362

Downtown Hilo Improvement Association 808.935.8850

Food Hub Kohala Karla Heath, 808.224.1404

Friends of NELHA 808.329.8073

Hawaiian Cultural Center of Hāmākua 808.494.0626

Hawai‘i Homegrown Food Network

Hawaii Museum of Contemporary Art/ EHCC 808.961.5711

Holualoa Village Association

Honoka‘a People’s Theatre 808.775.0000

Hulihe‘e Palace Wilhelmina’s Tea 808.329.1877

Kailua Village Business Improvement District

Kalani Oceanside Retreat 808.965.0468

Kona Historical Society 808.323.3222

Kona Choral Society 808.334.9880

‘Imiloa Astronomy Center of Hawai‘i 808.969.9703

• Nano-sized particles as small as .8 nanometer • Higher bioavailability than other larger-sized silver particles*

$20 per quart | January-February 2018 808.885.6868 808.326.7820

Safe and Effective Colloidal Silver Made on Hawai‘i Island


Kahilu Theatre–Waimea

(32 oz.) First purchase includes a reuseable EZ cap bottle for $5 additional

Resort and Shopping Center Cultural Events

Log onto websites for event calendars

Keauhou Shopping Center 808.322.3000

Kingsʻ Shops–Waikoloa 808.886.8811

Kona Commons Shopping Center 808.334.0005

Kona International Marketplace 808.329.6262

Prince Kuhio Plaza 808.959.3555

Free East Hawai’i Delivery

Queens’ MarketPlace–Waikoloa

Other Areas Shipped Priority Mail

The Shops at Mauna Lani

808-936-1821 *Clinical studies have shown that colloidal silver particles <50 nanometers are more fully assimilated and are much more effective against pathogenic microorganisms than colloidal silver particles >50 nanometers 808.886.8822 808.885.9501

Hawai‘i Island Happenings Wondering what’s happening around Hawai‘i Island? Visit these businesses and organizations websites for the most up-to-date event calendars.

Kona Stories Bookstore

Palace Theatre–Hilo

Lyman Museum

Society for Kona’s Education & Art (SKEA) 808.324.0350 808.934.7010 Liz Ambrose, 808.935.5021 808.328.9392 Virginia Holte, 808.329.8876


Volcano Art Center–Gallery 808.967.8222

Nā Wai Iwi Ola (NWIO) Foundation Kumu Keala Ching

UH Hilo Performing Arts Center

North Kohala Community Resource Center 808.974.7310 808.889.5523

Waimea Community Theatre

One Island Sustainable Living Center 808.328.2452

West Hawaii Dance Theatre and Academy 808.885.5818

West Hawai‘i County Band 808.961.8699

73-5590 KAUHOLA STREET, NEAR COSTCO - KONA 808.326.7760 STATEMENTSHAWAII.COM MONDAY - SATURDAY 10-4:30 | January-February 2018


To submit volunteer information for your nonprofit go to:

Community Kökua


Kona Vistas Recreational Center 75-6350 Pualani St, Kailua-Kona 3rd Saturday, 1pm Trap, neuter, spay, community education, colony feeding, management. Contact Stephanie or Nancy 808.327.3724

Boys & Girls Club of the Big Island

Hilo, Kea‘au, Pāhoa, Pāhala Oceanview, Hāmākua Monday–Friday, 2:30–5pm Volunteers needed for after-school youth programs 808.961.5536

Calabash Cousins

Hulihe‘e Palace Grounds, Kailua-Kona 2nd Thursday of the month 1–2:30pm Men and women who support the mission of Daughters of Hawai‘i. Contact Geri Eckert 808.329.9555

CommUNITY cares

Kailua-Kona Monday–Friday, 9am–5pm Saturday, 9am–2pm

Volunteer Opportunities Community suffering from cancer, medical hair loss, domestic abuse. Contact Tiana Steinberg 808.326.2866

Contact Peter 808.323.3318 or 808.936.6457 Ethnobotanical-Garden-761479683986161

Donkey Mill Art Center

Friends of Lili‘uokalani Gardens

Hōlualoa Hōlualoa Foundation for Arts and Culture Tuesday–Saturday, 10am–4pm Volunteers help in arts education program. Contact Anne Catlin 808.322.3362

East Hawai‘i Cultural Center/HMOCA

Gallery Hours: Tuesday–Saturday, 10am–4PM Office Hours: Tuesday–Friday, 10am–4pm Volunteer in the art galleries, performing arts, classes, workshops, festivals. 808.961.5711

Friends of Amy B.H. Greenwell Ethnobotanical Garden

Captain Cook Saturday, 9am–noon Volunteers needed to help with weeding, trimming and maintenance of the gardens.

Hilo Ongoing Volunteers needed to help with the maintenance of Lili‘uokalani Gardens.

Friends of NELHA

Natural Energy Laboratory of Hawai‘i Keāhole Kona Monday–Friday, 9am–noon Share Ocean Science/Technology using deep ocean water. 808.329.8073

Hāmākua Youth Foundation, Inc.

Hāmākua Youth Center, Honoka‘a Daily, Mon. Tue. Fri. 2–5:30pm Wed. 1–5:30pm, Thu. 2–8pm Serving Hamakua’s school-age kids. Contact T. Mahealani Maiku‘i 808.775.0976 | January-February 2018



Use provided contacts for information (Listings provided on a space available basis)

Hawaii Literacy/Kona Literacy Center Bougainvilla Plaza, Kailua-Kona Ongoing at various times Kona Literacy provides free, one-to-one tutoring for English speaking adults. Contact Lisa Jacob

Hawai‘i Island Humane Society

Kona Shelter, Kailua-Kona Monday–Saturday, 9am–5pm Need volunteers 16 or older, parent/child team 6 or older. Contact Bebe Ackerman

Hawai‘i Plantation Museum

Pāpa‘ikou Tuesday–Saturday, 10am–3pm Greet Visitors, assist with tours. Contact Wayne Subica 808.964.5151

Hawai‘i Wildlife Fund

Wai‘ōhinu Coastline, Ka‘ū SE Hawai‘i Island beach cleanups. Ongoing 7:45am Contact Megan Lamson



We design and implement yurt projects from start to finish.


To submit volunteer information for your nonprofit go to:

Community Kökua


Hope Services Hawaii, Inc.

The Friendly Place Resource Center, Kailua-Kona Ongoing Volunteers help our community members who are experiencing homelessness. Contact Joycelyn Cabal 808.217.2830

Hospice Care

North Hawai‘i Hospice, Waimea Monday–Friday, 8am–4:30pm Care for families facing serious illness. Contact Catrinka Holland 808.885.7547

Hospice of Hilo, East Hawai‘i

Serving Laupāhoehoe to South Point Ongoing Seeking volunteers to provide staff support and care to patients and families. Contact Jeanette Mochida 808.969.1733

‘Imiloa Astronomy Center of Hawai‘i Hilo

Volunteer Opportunities Tuesday-Sunday 9am–5pm Assist with tours, shows, education programs and membership. Contact Roxanne Ching 808.969.9704

Saturdays and/or Sundays, 11am–4pm Volunteers needed to assist with pet adoption events. Contact: Deborah Cravatta 808.333.6299

Kahalu‘u Bay Education Center

Kona Choral Society

Kahalu‘u Beach, Kailua-Kona Daily 9:30am–4:30pm ReefTeach Volunteers educate visitors on reef etiquette and protection. Contact Rachel Silverman 808.887.6411

Kalani Retreat Center

Kalapana Varied Schedules Seeking volunteers: skilled trades/ maintenance, housekeeping, kitchen, horticulture. Contact Volunteer Office 808.965.7828

Kohala Animal Relocation & Education Service (KARES) Kamuela/Kona Shopping Area

Kailua-Kona Seeking volunteers for help with box office and ushering at our concerts. Contact John Week 808.334.9880

Use provided contacts for information (Listings provided on a space available basis)

Aloha Pavilion. Contact Katherine Patton 808.315.1093

Parrots in Paradise Sanctuary

Kealakekua Flexible hours Monday–Friday Sanctuary for displaced parrots. Contact Dorothy Walsh 808.322.3006

Rainbow Friends Animal Sanctuary

Kailua-Kona 1st and 3rd Tuesdays, 6pm Lynn Bell 808.989.7494

Kurtistown Ongoing Volunteers needed to help care for the animals, repairs and maintenance to the Sanctuary, and help with the office paperwork. Contact Mary Rose 808.982.5110

Ku’ikahi Mediation Center

Snorkel Day for People with Disabilities

Kona Toastmasters

Hilo Ongoing Become a volunteer mediator via Basic Mediation Training and apprenticeship. 808.935.7844

Lions Clubs International

Various Locations, Kailua-Kona 2nd Tuesday, 5:30pm “We Serve” is the motto of Lions Clubs International. Contact Lani 808.325.1973

Make-A-Wish Hawaii

Ongoing Granting wishes for children with life-threatening medical conditions. 808.537.3118

Malama O Puna

North Kohala Community Resource Center

Kohala Welcome Center, Hāwī Daily 9am–noon or noon–3pm Greet people to North Kohala with aloha. Contact Juanita Rivera 808.889.5523

Paradise Ponies, Carousel of Aloha

Hilo Coffee Mill, Mountain View Ongoing Seeking volunteers to create the Carousel of

Sundayʻs Child Foundation

Kamuela Serving at-risk youth aged 6 to 17 Volunteers needed islandwide. Contact Lauren Rainier 877.375.9191

The Pregnancy Center

Kailua-Kona (serves the entire island) Monday–Friday Volunteers needed and appreciated! Free pregnancy testing, ultra sound, and client support. Contact Matthew Schaetzle, Director 808.326.2060

Therapeutic Horsemanship of Hawaii Kailua-Kona Volunteers are the heart and soul of this program. All levels of expertise needed. Contact Nancy Bloomfield 808.937.7903

Visitor Aloha Society of Hawai’i Island (VASH) Islandwide Ongoing Volunteers need to provide assistance to visitors who experience misfortune while visiting Hawai’i Island. Training provided. Contact Phoebe Barela 808.756.0785 Kona 808.756.1472 Hilo | January-February 2018

15-2881 Pahoa Village Rd, Pahoa Weekdays: 10am–1pm or by appt. Volunteers needed for outdoor work for our environmental nonprofit doing hands-on projects. Contact Rene 808.965-2000

Kahalu‘u Beach Park, Kailua-Kona 3rd Friday, 10am–2pm Volunteers needed. Contact Hannah Merrill 808.326.4400 x 4017


Hawai‘i Island Farmers Markets East

Tuesday 3–5:30pm Hakalau Farmers Market Live music by: Alternative Medicine Bank Botanical World Adventures


1st and 3rd Friday of the month 4–8pm Mā‘ona Community Garden Friday Night Market 84-5097 Keala O Keawe Rd. Hōnaunau Saturday 8am–noon * Keauhou Farmers Market, Keauhou Shopping Center, Keauhou. | January-February 2018

Saturday 7:30–10am Waikoloa Village Farmers Market, 68-3625 Paniolo Ave., Waikoloa Community Church parking lot across from Waikoloa Elementary School. Saturday 9am–noon Hōlualoa Gardens Farmers g Market 76-5901 Māmalahoa Hwy, Hōlualoa. Sunday 9am–2pm * Pure Kona Green Market g Kealakekua, Amy Greenwell Ethnobotanical Garden. Wednesday 8:30am–1pm Kings’ Shops Farmers Market Waikoloa Beach Resort Kohala Coast. Wednesday 9am–2pm Ho‘oulu Community Farmers g Market, Sheraton Kona Resort at Keauhou Bay.

Wednesday 2–6pm Kona Sunset Farmers Marketg 92 74-5511 Luhia St (HPM parking lot).

Wednesday–Sunday 7am–4pm Kona Village Farmers Market, corner of Ali‘i Drive and Hualālai Rd.

North Saturday and Tuesday 8am–2pm, Saturdays * Hāwī Farmers Market, North Kohala, across from Post Office and Nakahara Store under the banyans. Saturday 8am–1pm Waimea Town Market g at Parker School, 65-1224 Lindsey Rd., Waimea/Kamuela. Saturday 7am–noon Waimea Hawaiian Homestead Farmers Market, 67-1229 Māmalahoa Hwy at Lindsey Rd, Waimea. Behind the post office across from Kahilu Theatre. Saturday 7:30am–12:30pm Kūhiō Hale Farmers’ Market 64-756 Māmalahoa Hwy, at Hawaiian Homelands office, Waimea. Tuesday and Friday 2–5pm Kekela Farms Organic Farmers Market, 64-604 Mana Rd., Waimea. 100% organic. Wednesday 9am–3pm Waimea Mid-Week Farmer’s g Market at Pukalani Stables, site of the Paniolo Museum. Pukalani Road in Waimea.

* EBT accepted: • g Dog Friendly •

Saturday 7:30am–2pm Honoka‘a Farmers Market, Mamane St., Honoka‘a, Honoka‘a Trading Co., Old Botelho Bldg. Sunday 9am–2pm * Hāmākua Harvest Farmers g Market, Honoka‘a Hwy 19 and Mamane St. Sunday 9am–1pm Laupāhoehoe Farmers Market. Next to the Minit Stop on Hwy 19. Daily 8am–5pm Pana‘ewa Hawaiian Home Lands Farmers Market, Pū‘ainakō and ‘Ohu‘ohu Streets by Walmart, Hilo. Sunday, Monday, Tuesday and Thursday 7am–4pm Hilo Farmers Market, corner of Mamo and Kamehameha Ave., downtown Hilo. 30 vendors. Wednesday and Saturday 6am–4pm * Hilo Farmers Market, corner of Mamo and Kamehameha Ave., downtown Hilo. 200 vendors. Saturday 7am–noon * Kino‘ole Farmers Market. Kino‘ole Shopping Plaza, 1990 Kino‘ole St., Hilo. Sunday 7am–2pm Pāhoa Village Farmers Market, Nānāwale Community Longhouse. Sunday 6am–2pm * Maku‘u Farmers Market, Kea‘au-Pāhoa bypass road.

Every 2nd Saturday 10am–2pm Orchidland Community Association Farmers Market Community Lot Orchidland Dr. Daily 7am–5pm Kea‘au Village Market, Old Volcano Rd., Kea‘au. Wednesday Evenings 5–9pm Farmers Market Kalapana end of Kalapana-Kopoho Rd, (Rte 137), next to Kalapana Village Cafe. Saturday 7:30am–4pm Keaukaha Pana‘ewa Farmers Market. Railroad Avenue, across from Home Depot, Hilo. Saturday 8am–noon * Outer SPACE Ho‘olaule‘a at Uncle Roberts ‘Awa Club, Kalapana. Monday–Saturday 10am–6pm * Dimple Cheek Farm Hwy 11, Mountain View. Saturday 10am–3pm Hawaiian Acres Farmers Market 16-1325 Moho Rd., Kurtistown Saturday 9am–2pm * Hilo Coffee Mill, g 17-995 Volcano Rd., Mountain View (on Hwy. 11 between mile markers 12 and 13).


Sunday 6:30am–10am * Volcano Farmers Market, Cooper Center, 1000 Wright Rd., Volcano Village. Saturday and Wednesday 8am–2pm Nā‘ālehu Farmers Market, Ace Hardware lawn.

Please send info on new markets or changes to

Celebrating a Long Time Advertiser Aloha Kona Kids (AKK) is Hawai‘i Island’s premiere baby equipment rental company. Started in 2006 as a retail baby gear store, then staying flexible through the changes in the economy over the years, it eventually evolved into a fullservice rental company with an expansive inventory. As a locally owned family business, co-owners Philip and Lori Tina along with their managers Kahea, Winonna, and Pilipo Tina, provide all the staffing and delivery operations. Philip was born and raised in Kailua-Kona and much of his family still resides there. Lori moved to Kona when she graduated from high school and has been there ever since. Since their business is locally owned and operated, they can ensure the quality of their products, delivery, set up, and pick up. Co-owner Lori reflects, “We like people to feel like they know us and feel comfortable with us. Since we are owner operated, our guests come to know us when we deliver and pick up.” AKK serves the Kona Coast from Captain Cook to Kohala Ranch (and everywhere in between) and also provides delivery services to the Keahole-Kona Airport. AKK’s primary customers are visitors to the island, part-time residents and those who have visiting family that temporarily need baby gear. At Aloha Kona Kids, they live by the motto of treating others how they would want to be treated. Their goal is to provide the best products and services possible. AKK can provide all the comforts of home, renting everything from cribs, strollers, high chairs, beach gear, car seats, rollaway beds, toys, and much more. If they don’t have what their guests need, they make every effort to provide it. They also offer grocery shopping services. As a rental company that primarily offers deliveries to hotels, condos, vacation homes, and residences, it enables the Tinas to operate as a home-based business. However they also have a storage facility in case their guests prefer the option for self pick-up and drop-off. They attend new product expos each year and learn about the best new items to provide their guests. They also continue to take classes in product quality and safety. Lori says, “We are very proud of our business and it shows in the relationships we have made with our guests and property owners/managers. We make every effort to go above and beyond in the service we provide. We are passionate about what we do.”

Lori attributes their businesses success to their strong family foundation. They never gave up when times were tough or things didn’t go as planned. She emphasizes, “We understand that with success comes great challenges and we grow from those. We owned and operated a small business for over 30 years and managed another business for about the same amount of time. Our 3 children all attended Kamehameha School on O‘ahu and pursued higher education in entrepreneurial studies, computer science and business management. We are proud of all of them!” Aloha Kona Kids has a Facebook page where they post pictures of some of their products and testimonies of past guests. They also do their best to keep up with Yelp and other online services. There are no needs that are too small or too big for the staff at Aloha Kona Kids, LLC. They can also help guests who require special accommodations (allergies/disabilities) and are happy to meet their needs. They also participate with Make a Wish foundation and have families that come to Kona for a muchneeded vacation. Lori closes by saying “We love our home and are blessed to be able to do business here.” Aloha Kona Kids, LLC 808.329.3621 Business 808.430.2932 Business Cell


A.S.K. about Travel and Wild Walkabout Travels

Talk Story with an Advertiser

BOOKKEEPING | January-February 2018




Betty OBrien has been helping people travel since March 1996! Betty earned her travel certificate from Eastern Connecticut State University in 1996, and her CTA certification from the Travel Institute in 1998. She moved to Kailua-Kona in March 1999 and worked at Travel Professionals in downtown Kona. In 2002, her passion for helping travelers, combined with her connections and expertise, inspired her to start A.S.K. About Travel. Betty says, “You take a vacation to relax, not so you can stress out while planning it. That’s where we come in. We make vacation planning as effortless as possible. From extensive, custom-crafted expeditions to family vacations, we do it all! Additionally, we have special expertise in cruising, and all things Australia.” This year Betty was awarded the title of Premier Aussie Specialist, from the Australian Tourism Board and will continue to educate herself and staff about Australia and travel in the South Pacific. Betty and her staff do not believe in “one size fits all” vacations. They pride themselves on making their clients feel individually cared for, and being able to design custom itineraries that take care of them from the moment they leave home until the moment they come back. Betty mentions that when the media runs a negative news story, it impacts the way people think. It can give areas of the world unfair reputations, and cause travelers to panic. She says, “It’s important to remember that travel agents research destinations extensively, and no agent, or their suppliers, will ever try to send you somewhere they think is dangerous. Wherever you go, we want you to have a safe and enjoyable experience while you’re there.” Betty and her staff continue to travel and educate themselves on an ongoing basis. She says, “It’s easier to sell what you’ve experienced firsthand, and to make informed decisions about which program, destination or service would fit a client best.” A.S.K. about Travel continues to revamp itself and grow. The newest addition to their staff is Kyra Boyle, a millennial who was raised in Kona and now lives in Portland OR. She serves as the staff travel writer and a new consultant. If you yearn for a serene escape—or maybe you hunger for a whirlwind adventure—whatever your destination, A.S.K About Travel knows the way!

A.S.K. about Travel Wild Walkabout Travels 808.325.1651

_ Papa'aloa Country Store & Cafe


Talk Story with an Advertiser

Pāpa‘aloa Country Store and Cafe 35-2032 Old Mamalahoa Hwy. Pāpa‘aloa, Hawaii 96780 papaaloacountrystore@ 808.339.7614



VETERINARY SERVICES | January-February 2018

A very special building in the small town of Pāpa‘aloa has been restored to its original, yet much improved, charm. The store that had previously inhabited this space next to the local post office was an institution, the heart of this Hāmākua community. Brothers Sol Ammon and Galahad Blyth breathed new life into it in 2015 and plan on improving it with each passing year. In addition to being a unique one-stop shop along the northern coast, Sol and Galahad strive to live up to their motto, “Something for Everyone,” and in doing so, their country grocery store has evolved to include a bakery, restaurant, café and bar, live music venue, and propane distribution center. About thirty minutes north of Hilo, they do all they can to serve their community and give them a place to call their own. As one of the last coastal agricultural tracts in the entire state, the Hāmākua Coast is where both brothers call home– they live within a few miles of the store. When they found this investment opportunity, it didn’t take long for them to combine their passion for supporting the local farming community and the need for a new regional focal point to take on reviving the Country Store. Sol says, “With no other businesses in the vicinity, we attempted to fill that void by providing as many basic goods and services as our community needs. We strive to not only provide for our community, but to actively build it by creating a space for people of all walks of life and every imaginable background to sit down and share a meal. Living in the country, sometimes it’s not easy to get to know your neighbors. We strive to bring them together, to share a meal, often including their neighbors hard-worked goods, to talk story, catch a show and support our local talent.” One of their biggest challenges has been in letting people know they are there, since the store isn’t visible from the highway. If people don’t know to turn makai (towards the ocean), most drive right by. For better or worse, Hawai‘i has strict rules that prevent them from putting up signage along the highway. Because of that, they rely heavily on word of mouth. They have confidence people will notice the care and aloha they put into everything they do, seemingly confirmed by the positive reviews online. Make a point to drive the spectacular Hāmākua Coast and when you do, be sure to stop by the Pāpa‘aloa Country Store and Café for some authentic aloha. Check them out on social media.


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‘Something for Everyone’


35-2032 Old Mamalahoa Hwy.

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January-February 2018  
January-February 2018