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CONTENTS 1 - Editor’s Letter 2 - Voice of KawanWH 16 - 19 - Meet the Team 20 - 21 - WH Editorial Team 2017/2018 32 - 33 - Trivia: Freedom of Speech 34 - 35 - The Return of FISIP 36 - Infographic Warta Himahi NEWS 4 - 5 6 7 8

China’s Social Credit System and Its Influence in Southeast Asia The Journey of Turkey’s Ancient Artefacts Belt and Road Initiative: China Begins to Develop Bangladesh Industry The Reason for War in Syria FEATURE

10 – 11 12 – 13 14 – 15 22 23

BTS: Delivering Impactful Messages Through Their Lyrics and Action Voices of Women: Women’s March, Bandung Call Them Resistance, Call Them Heroes Kontributor: Raising Your Voice to be Silenced IREC Trivia REGULAR CONTENT

24 – 25 26 – 27 28 - 29 30 31

WH Lookbook Regcont Special: New Orleans Bounce: A Blaring, Thumping Medium for LGBTQ+ Community Review Jukebox WH Crosswords

“VOICE” COVER BY NIQA HAUNA


EDITORIAL TEAM Editor-in-Chief BRIGETTE GIOVANDRETTA POHAN Vice Editor-in-Chief SARITA LARAS Editorial Secretary ARYANNE REGITA Editorial Treasurer KERIN DESYOLA Feature Editor ERIANA ERIGE Feature Writers FLORENCIA MARIA SURYA SONIA MEILIANA STELLA NONGKA YOLANDA JUNIAR RAYO News Editor VERONICA CINDY IRAWAN News Writers BRIGITA PRINSILA JOSEPHINE DIVA ANINDITA YOHANES AMADEUS RADITYA Regular Content Editor SITI ADELA Regular Content Writers EZRA REYHAN MARZUKI HANI INDITA IGNATIUS KRISTIAN NUGROHO IVAN IMMANUEL M. Event Manager KENNY NATHANE Event Staff ALYA KHALIDA ANWAR EZRAELLA MEIRANI GERALDI HALOMOAN MARIA FAUSTINA DWI KISMADRIANI MARVEL TANARA Creative Director PUPUT PRADANI ALIYA RASHATI Content Designer ALOYSIUS EFRAIM LEONARD GABRIELLA CARMEN YEGI WIJAYA Head of Photographer ANDREW ADUSA Photographer / Videographer AHMAD Z. NURRAFI NIQA HAUNA PRISCILLA PUSPITA RANESSA TRI J. NAINGGOLAN Public Relations and Marketing Manager MARIKA GANISTI IMANTIA Public Relations and Marketing Staff ANSELMA AMBAR ARUMDALU BELLA APRILIA NAOMI VERIAWAN RADITYA FAUZAN PUTRA UTOMO

EDITOR’S LETTER Hello, KawanWH! Time flies as we have reached the last WH Edisi for this period. We’ve been through ups and downs to come this far. As we are now entering the election time in WH, HMPSIHI, and Unpar, we feel the need to voicing it out tremendously. Thus, we pick ‘voice’ as our theme for this edition. Also, we want to promote the freedom of speech because we feel need to understand it to raise awareness that every option has its own responsibilities. On behalf of Warta Himahi Editorial Team 2017/2018, we would like to express our utmost gratitude for your support and appreciation throughout our journey. We hope we can continue to present the best content for our readers, both digitally and in print. Farewell, see you in the next period. Remember: keep being smart, active, and talkative! Yours truly, Warta Himahi Editorial Team 2017/2018.

STAY CONNECTED! TWITTER @KawanWH INSTAGRAM @wartahimahi FACEBOOK Warta Himahi YOUTUBE youtube.com/wartahimahi LINE @bxi1173b whimahi@gmail.com

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VOICE OF KAWANWH

WHAT ARE THE QUALITIES THAT YOU THINK A FUTURE LEADER SHOULD HAVE? Reiza Adinda (2017) The great leader should be responsible of what he says and what he does. ‘Leader’ is far different from the word ‘boss’; the great leader should be able to lead his followers towards the right path.

Bernardus Nando (2015) To be a leader, you must be someone who looks at everything in a whole different angle. Certainly, it cannot be done through unreachable high expectations just for the sake of fulfilling your ego. It is always the pride of the people that should always be maintained, not yours.

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Jessica Vk (2016) A leader’s duties are not only to deliver his campaign promises, but also to hold his people’s best interest at heart.

Abdillah Sabda (2017) A leader needs to prioritize welfare.

Fajrina Nadira M (2015) The most powerful leaders will make you feel as if they are speaking directly to you. A leader must establish an identity that is true; one that others can relate to and be comfortable with, that makes a leader easier to interpret and understand.

Nikolas Aditya (2016) Whoever will become the leader for the next period should be someone who is able to lead from the perspective of all elements, not just by their own vision. It is necessary to be aware of people’s needs and work together as a whole student’s representatives.


NEWS

CHINA’S SOCIAL CREDIT SYSTEM

& its impact in Southeast Asia 4 / WH


NEWS

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n March 2018, the Chinese government announced that a social credit system will be implemented in 2020 to regulate 1.4 billion people in China. This system is created as the following step to reform the country economically and socially. For the past two years, the government has worked with banks and companies who shared the consumer data in order to calculate the score of China’s citizens. The system will calculate the score based on their criminal and credit history, shopping habits, profession, and whether or not they have posted something bad about the government or are connected to someone who has done it. This score will affect the facilities that they will get, whether they will be banned to travel or not, the possibilities of borrowing money and getting jobs, and so on. People who are blacklisted will be announced in public meanwhile the ones who are on the redlist will be praised and given advantages. This system will also be applied to the companies in China. This system is basically giving the government more power to maintain order in the society.

On the other side, many believe that it will affect other countries as well since China is seen as a leader in the Southeast Asia region. If social credit system can be proven to have a good impact, it is not impossible for other countries to follow China’s steps especially countries that are struggling to maintain order inside their country. Thailand, Myanmar, and Vietnam are on top of the list since they also have applied stricter rules about freedom of expression. In Thailand, people are restricted from insulting the monarchy and their internet activities are monitored by the government. These things also happen in Vietnam and Myanmar where the government implements strict rules to reduce instability caused by critical expression. China will be more than happy to actually spread the system after they use it for their domestic purposes. Looking at the current situation where many developing countries are struggling to take care of their own people, it is highly possible for the Southeast Asian countries to follow China and apply for the so-called Zhima Credit. (VCI)

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NEWS

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stablished on October 2017, Turkey created a parliamentary commission to take on the task of

recovering treasures and ancient artifacts that currently on display in museums and private collections. Serdal Kuyucuoglu, an opposition MP from Mersin led the team to travel around Europe and North America to demand the return of at least 150,000 ancient artifacts. Since the early 18th century, archaeologists –mainly French, British, and German- came to the Turkish region of Anatolia, which was part of the then Ottoman Empire, to dig for ancient artifacts to fill their own museums. The digs were then authorized by the Ottoman Empire authority, who is not so keen on keeping the relics of past empires. They were also rather distracted by the large number of money given by private collectors for the artefacts. It is very difficult to get those artifacts back, because it needs the cooperation of more than one country. For example, Priam’s Treasure which was excavated by German archeologists in the 19th century is now displayed in the Pushkin Museum in Moscow. Also at the same time Germany wants the artefacts back from Moscow that was stolen during World War II. Demanding artifacts that are on display in famous museums such as London’s Victoria and Albert museum and Paris’ Louvre museum is only part of the task. The commission also has to stop illegal diggings that is increasing in the past years. It was believed to be caused by the illegal transactions going online. The ‘blackmarket’ of stolen artifacts is now moving online because there are many websites that provides the basis for illegal trading. Also, it is so much easier now to trade stolen artifacts because doing it online eliminates the ‘middle man’ that is always been used to connect the buyers and the sellers. Kuyucuoglu said that the cooperation with countries, mainly European and North American countries, are needed in order to decrease the smuggling of stolen artifacts. He also added that he is now focusing on decreasing the number of illegal transactions online because it is harder for the commission to demand the stolen artifacts back if it went sold to private collectors. (YAR)

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THE JOURNEY OF

TURKEY’S ANCIENT ARTIFACTS


NEWS

BELT AND ROAD INITIATIVE:

CHINA BEGINS TO DEVELOP BANGLADESH INDUSTRY

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hina will start developing a 750-acre industrial park in Bangladesh which will largely be used by Chinese manufacturing firms as a part of the Belt anvd Road Initiative to expand links with South Asia and around, said Chinese official on Wednesday (04/04/18). China is investing billions of dollars to build ports, power stations, and roads in Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Pakistan to build trade and transport corridors across Asian and its surroundings. This industrial park will be in Bangladesh’s main port city of Chittagong and will take five years to build and become fully operational. Li Guangjun, the economic and commercial counsellor at the Chinese embassy in Dhaka said that the state-run China Harbour Engineering Company will hold 70% share in a joint venture with the Bangladesh Special Economic Zone Authority (BSEZA) for the industrial park. Furthermore, Li told that it was the first time for China to receive such a facility from the Bangladesh government where Chinese investors would be able to set up industries, mainly manufacturing firms. Chinese investment in Bangladesh will focus on power, road, and infrastructure projects.

Chinese investment in Bangladesh will be soft Chinese loans, with interest rates of 2% and repayment periods of 20 years. The investment would soon reach $10 billion for development in Bangladesh. Li said the land acquisition process needs to be faster in Bangladesh to reach completion because China did not want to face criticism for tough loans conditions back in Sri Lanka. China is a fair choice as Bangladesh’s partner in economic development. For Bangladesh, China was the number one trading partner. Bilateral trade between the two countries had grown significantly, which reached $6.8 billion last year. Bangladesh’s export basket to China was dominated by apparels. The other major export items include frozen foods, jute goods, leather, and agricultural products. Meanwhile, Bangladesh’s major imports from China include cotton, machinery, electrical and electronic equipment, vehicles, organic chemicals, iron and steel. (JDA)

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NEWS

THE REASON FOR WAR IN SYRIA

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even years ago, peaceful uprising against the president of Syria has turned into a full-scale civil war. Before the conflict even started, many Syrians were complaining about high unemployment, corruption and a lack of political freedom under President Bashar al-Assad. Then, on March 2011, pro-democracy demonstrations

internally displaced, while another 5.6 million have fled abroad. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a UK-based monitoring group with a network of sources on the ground, had documented the deaths of 353,900 people by March 2018, including 106,000 civilians. The total didn’t include the ones that went missing. Not only are the people physically injured, but

exploded in the Southwest Syrian city of Deraa. President Assad used deadly force to push down the dissent. However, the issue got intensified instead and protests demanding the president’s resignation got out of control resulting in violence. The protests becoming one of the biggest problem in the region. The world was divided into two sides, the pros and cons. Russia, Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, and Yemen are the friends of Mr. Assad and provided a lot of military support. Alongside with the protesters, there are United States, United Kingdom, France, and other western countries fighting with them.

also they are emotionally wounded and their culture is basically gone. They have no security and limited access to healthcare. Most of the refugees went abroad and the neighboring Jordan, Lebanon, and Turkey had to take care of the problem.

With seven years of violence and protests, how does it affect the people and the government? At least 6.1 million Syrians are

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Looking back at all of the harms created by this conflict, many people think that the only way to end this conflict is by letting Assad wins, then he would stop all the attacks. In this moment, Assad rarely cares about international condemnation or Western countries attacks. The fact that the government easily attacked more towns with chemical weapons shows that he only care for his position and therefore nothing can stop him unless his allies left him. (BP)


VOICE

WH FEATURE


FEATURE

BTS: DELIVERING IMPACTF THEIR LYRICS

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eaningful, touching and relatable song lyrics. That is what has been missing from most of the song that we listen to today. Mostly, we only listen to songs that revolve around romance, partying, and basic daily life. Not many musicians have the courage to talk about self-love or sensitive topics like politics, social injustice, or society in general. Still, there is some musician that talks about this kind of stuff. One of them is a South Korean boy group known as Bangtan Sonyeondan, roughly translated to Bulletproof Boy Scouts or BTS. They start their ways since 2013 and 5 years later BTS has gained lots of fans and recognition from across the globe. In 2017, they took part in TIME’s ‘25 Most Influential People on the Internet’ side by side with J.K Rowling and Rihanna, and also recently they made it to Forbes’ ‘30 Under 30 Asia’. With their latest album Love Yourself: Her has taken the number one spot on iTunes in 73 countries, some might be wondering what makes people all around the world listening and supporting these guys. The answer from most of the fans is, despite the language differences, BTS’ music and lyrics

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are so relatable and meaningful. There is no hesitation for them to speak out about social injustice, society, and criticism towards the government. For instance, BTS’s very first song, titled ‘No More Dream’, touched a topic about how kids are forced to give up their dreams in order to appease their parents. In other song called ‘N.O’, they are talking about how the education system tends to turn kids into a “studying machine”. Different from the previous example, in a song titled ‘Whalien 52’ BTS is using the idea of ‘the loneliest whale in the world’ that scientist discovered in 1989 as a metaphor to the alienation from others often felt by adolescents and how young people often feel they do not have a voice against older generations. Women empowerment is also one of the subjects that they are repeatedly talking about. With the lyrics “Tell them that you’re strong, tell them you’re enough”, BTS’s song titled ‘21st Century Girl’ becomes one of the feminist songs in Korea. Self-love is also one of the vital topic that they are explicitly brings up recently. In one of BTS’


FEATURE

FUL MESSAGES THROUGH AND ACTION

rap song titled ‘Cypher pt.4’, despite the lyrics that are full of sarcasm and word play, they successfully deliver a meaningful lyrics about not giving attention to haters or anyone that trying to bring us down. This song also make us realize that the noise that they make is merely just a noise and it is all about loving ourselves and not to care about what everyone says or think about us. Compared to their lyrical messages and songs that addressing societal ills, at the end of last year BTS has joined forces to collaborate with United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) on ‘Love Myself’ anti-violence campaign. With this campaign they want to raise awareness against violence toward children and teens around the world, with the hope of making the world as a better place through music. So far ‘Love Myself’ campaign has surpassed over 600 million won (approximately 564.000 USD) in donations.

but not many people are bold enough to use it well. In this case, BTS is using social media and music as platform to confront many issues that usually not being addressed before. BTS is not just an average typical K-pop group that most people have in mind. They are very vocal about voicing out their ideas and trying to influence not only the youth but all generation through music as their medium. Their lyrics and songs are all about spreading the message of hope and positivity. (YJR/EME/BG)

In digitalization era, everyone has a platform to speak up about numerous social problems,

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FEATURE

VOICES OF WOMEN: WOMEN’S MARCH, BANDUNG

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FEATURE

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s a plea of the fulfillment of women’s rights, every year Women’s March is held on March 4th to commemorate the International Women’s Day which will be celebrated on March 8th. This year, “Gender-based Violence” was picked as the main theme of Women’s March 2018 in Bandung alongside with other cities in Indonesia. Hundreds of marchers walked from Car Free Day Dago to Gedung Sate by coming up with eight demands to the government that mainly focused on raising awareness towards gender-based violence. One of the committees, Zefanya Natasha (also known as Anya), said that what makes Women’s March always engaging is that even though everyone has their own purposes, all marchers are still united as a unity regardless their backgrounds: gender, race, age, religion, and job. With the aim of eliminating discrimination towards women, Anya believes that someday gender equality will be achieved if everyone had the same vision of protecting human rights and promoting better conditions for women. However, some did not go according to the plan. When they walked in a long march, someone was trying to break the line. There were also groups of people that tried to hamper or deny the implementation of this Women’s March by accusing and spreading hate

comments. Hanna Maureen Losia (known as Hanna), one of the participants of this march, was experiencing a public shaming right after she posted a photo of herself using a pride flag – a symbol of LGBT social movements. “There is an account with thousands of followers that used my photo to tease and threaten me. It was an awful experience for me, and honestly, I feel terrified during that time. Fortunately, that account does not exist anymore.” The fact that Indonesia has adopted patriarchal culture since long time ago means that there will still be a long way to reach gender equality. An assumption that women will be always under men’s control needs to be changed. A stigma that feminism always opposes the sociocultural and religious beliefs should be changed as well. In the end, actions speak louder than words. There will be no significant changes if no one has the courage to start a movement. Most importantly, do everything with purposes. Bring impacts to the society started from a small act of solidarity. Since both Anya and Hanna have shown us that voices of women clearly matter, then how about you? Will you join them as the agents of changes? (FMS/EME)

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FEATURE

CALL THEM RESISTANCE, CALL THEM HEROES

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umanity is no longer important, when humankinds start to take away others’ lives. Ways like war, violence, genocide, and ego are ones that blur some people’s eyes. It sometimes comes to the point where these things become one very terrible addiction that brings chaos and destruction against human dignity. But there are also some people that still seek for kindness and love despite of the fact that they share the same blood like the ones who first pulled the trigger. Call them resistance. Call them heroes. Call them the White Rose. The bravery ran deeply through the veins of these German idealists and students against Adolf Hitler.

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“We will not be silent!” This phrase was spoken loud as a form of the rebellion they started in 1942. The flames began under the roof of University of Munich, by the hands of local students. The White Rose declared its desire on never leaving the Nazi in peace. In such act, after their experiences at the Easter Front of mass murder and the news of Hitler’s genocide, they allocated leaflets among the sympathetic students and lectures in Frankfurt, Hamburg, Berlin and Vienna through mailboxes and phone booths. It was far from easy; death kept following them everywhere through the chances of


FEATURE getting caught. But it’s all worth the cost of fighting for humanity that was greater than any fears. Their one voice collided into phrases

that Hitler needed to stop bringing this kind of hell. How tragic that most of the one who has the biggest heart only came from the youngest

such “Do not forget that every people deserves the regime they are willing to endure.”; the second one “After all, an end in terror is preferable to terror without end,”; followed by “Our present state is the dictatorship of evil,”; until the last one “Every word that comes from Hitler’s mouth is a lie.” Those words were as strong as a dagger, written on pages of paper or through the walls as their weapon to fight the tyrant.

ones, while some of the grown up people only thinking about glory and power from the blood of innocent people.

The White Rose knew that they were intellectual group, and it increased their hope that people somehow would listen to their voice. Days passed and it worked. In 1943, through all the sleepless and restless nights, “Appeal to all Germans!” was written in thousands of copies and it all hand operated. They won’t stop until those leaflets land into the hearts of German people in other cities. Also to convince them

Hans Scholl, Sophie Scholl, Alexander Schmorell, Willi Graf, Christoph Probst and their professors and other supporters of the White Group were being accused as criminals and traitors that the Nazi believed that they worth the death. However in the end, raising their voice was better than silence or act of ignorance. On their last days, their voices “Long live freedom!” remain loud until the bullet rips their flesh and bones. But their bravery is louder until now that it inspires peace to stay. (SN/EME/BG)

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M E E T T H E

T E A M 2017/2018

I N T I

Editor-in-Chief BRIGETTE GIOVANDRETTA POHAN Vice Editor-in-Chief SARITA LARAS Editorial Secretary ARYANNE REGITA

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Editorial Treasurer KERIN DESYOLA


CREATIVE Creative Director PUPUT PRADANI ALIYA RASHATI Content Designer ALOYSIUS EFRAIM LEONARD GABRIELLA CARMEN YEGI WIJAYA

EVENT Event Manager KENNY NATHANE Event Staff ALYA KHALIDA ANWAR EZRAELLA MEIRANI GERALDI HALOMOAN MARIA FAUSTINA DWI KISMADRIANI MARVEL TANARA

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FEATURE Feature Editor ERIANA ERIGE Feature Writers FLORENCIA MARIA SURYA SONIA MEILIANA STELLA NONGKA YOLANDA JUNIAR RAYO

News Editor VERONICA CINDY IRAWAN News Writers BRIGITA PRINSILA JOSEPHINE DIVA ANINDITA YOHANES AMADEUS RADITYA

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P R M PV

Public Relations and Marketing Manager MARIKA GANISTI IMANTIA

Head of Photographer ANDREW ADUSA Photographer / Videographer AHMAD Z. NURRAFI NIQA HAUNA PRISCILLA PUSPITA RANESSA TRI J. NAINGGOLAN

Public Relations and Marketing Staff ANSELMA AMBAR ARUMDALU BELLA APRILIA NAOMI VERIAWAN RADITYA FAUZAN PUTRA UTOMO

Regular Content Editor SITI ADELA Regular Content Writers EZRA REYHAN MARZUKI HANI INDITA IGNATIUS KRISTIAN NUGROHO IVAN IMMANUEL M.

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WH EDITORIAL TE


EAM 2017/2018

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FEATURE

RAISING YOUR VOICE TO BE SILENCED by ALOYSIUS EFRAIM LEONARD

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he polemic of freedom of speech in Indonesia has been going on for a while. The country clearly states that it does support freedom of speech for its people, but, in contradict, that freedom of speech being silenced not by the government, but by the people itself. And that is a new level of constraints of freedom of expression. Freedom of speech is the ability of people to express what they think, want to say and believe without any oppression from other parties. Freedom of speech is also considered as one of the basic human rights, as stated in Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It is a common fact that can’t be ignored, that ever since the 2017 Jakarta governor election, from my perspective, people have a new standard in terms of freedom of speech, especially when the topic is religion. We have seen many cases in Indonesia in which people are being persecuted of making statements relating to religion: Basuki Tjahja Purnama, the ex-governor of Jakarta, currently in jail for blasphemy; Joshua Suherman, reported to the police for his jokes and Ge Pamungkas, reported to the police for using a Quranic verse during his performance as a comedian. Sure, religion is sacred for several people but it does not mean that every opinion regarding a religion is invalid. The elastic article of religion blasphemy is now being used to silence someone that has different opinion than ours. April 2018, Sukmawati Soekarnoputri recited a poem of hers in the Anne Avanti Fashion Show, using some reference to a specific religion. Her poem, Ibu Indonesia, was reported as a blasphemy for the sentence: Aku tidak tahu syariat Islam / Yang

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kutahu sari konde ibu Indonesia sangatlah indah / Lebih cantik dari cadar dirimu (I don’t know the Islamic shari’a / All I know is Mother Indonesia’s sari konde is truly beautiful / More beautiful than your veil) and Aku tak tahu syariat Islam / Yang kutahu suara kidung Ibu Indonesia, sangatlah elok / Lebih merdu dari alunan azanmu (I don’t know the Islamic shari’a / All I know is the voice of Mother Indonesia’s chant, is really beautiful / More beautiful than your adzan straints) The reaction for it? Many politicians said that her poem is considered to be potentially blasphemous and disrespectful to Islam. Numerous people on the net consider the same thing. While all she does was expressed her feelings in a form of a poem. It seems that today, Indonesians have to be careful in expressing their art, their literature, as by several people it might be considered as blasphemous, especially if it intersects with several ‘sensitive’ topics. For me, Indonesia faces a relatively funny, if not ironic, condition regarding freedom of expression and freedom of speech. While during the New Order it was the government that restrict opinions, right now, it is the people itself that restrict their opinion. I believe your voice should be heard, of course, but in Indonesia, it seems like raising your voice is only an act that will make be silenced. Such much for freedom of expression in Indonesia.


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NEW ORLEANS

BOUNCE

A BLARING, THUMPING MEDIUM FOR LGBTQ+ COMMUNITY

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ainstream culture these days are often filled by the enormous industries of hip-hop music. Most of hiphop industries dominated by WestCoast or East Coast rappers like Kendrick Lamar, NWA, 2Pac (West coast) or like The Notorious B.I.G., J.Cole, Chance The Rapper (east coast). We have heard of these names pretty often, but they were just a small part of this huge hip-hop culture. Meanwhile, New Orleans also have their own way in proving their selfhood. Originally called New Orleans Bounce (or Bounce Music), is an abstract sample genre to be defined but yet very familiar everytime you hear it. It was born in the late 80s and early 90s, where

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hip-hop culture was just started to form in New Orleans around that time. Bounce Music primarily formed by M.C.T. Tucker’s song titled “where dey at”.The unique aspect about the song is that Tucker introduced two major things in Bounce-Music-Thingy that shaped Bounce Music characteristic. First, the Triggerman Beat, funny thing about the essential Triggerman Beat is that this kind of beat (or usually used for intro) came in the beginning from Queens (New York) by rap duo The Showboys from their song Drag Rap. Second, hyper repetitive dance instructions, rap lyrics that reflects


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from Bounce Music regularly very simple and easy to remember.M.C.T. Tucker’s ‘where dey at’ considered as the day that the New Orleans Bounce was born, and from that day new wave of artist and songs came through like GottiBoi Chris (Wiggle Low), Everlasting Hitman (Bounce Baby Bounce). The sales of the New Orleans Bounce made a good hit (in their own hometown. According to the Billboard Magazine in 1994, it sells 200 to 300 units a week, roughly 10 times the sales of national rap albums. The problem why is it so hard to make it outside of New Orleans, because it doesn’t match the wave of mainstream hip-hop. Not only many New Orleans Bounce artist who produced their music in 90’s sort of quit from it, but they also started to do mainstream (or we can say commercial) hip-hop. There is sort of absence in the scene of Bounce Music around late 90s, even though it was filled by small artist who played in small local club. This era is considered as the turning point where gender-bending came up to the surface of Bounce Music. By the stage name Katey Red, a young drag queen shocked the audience by her performance in underground club near the Melpomene housing project where she grew up, and in that star-is-born moment, a sample genre of bounce starts off. Katey Red flourishingly break the stigma that hiphop is a masculine thing that involve strong lyrics about drugs, murder, or fortune. Furthermore, bounce music goes beyond any doubt which

stated that there is sort of freedom in expressing self through music, dance, art. It denies the conformity that social norms have to offer: everyone can go into the music despite of their sexuality, race, and gender. Few years after Katey Red appearance, another pioneers in Bounce Music came up such as Big Freedia and Sissy Nobby who helped a lot ushers in a wave of openly queer bounce performers. Both of them are homosexual Bounce Music performers who were embracing their own vogue in their stage performance or music and it became very influential for LGBTQ people who had just started their work in this area. Even though it is a sad understatement that hip-hop and homosexuals don’t go together, the three majors pioneer in Bounce Music persistently do it their own way. Three of them make Bounce Music an inclusive playground for everyone to feel free to create despite what their background is. Even now, bounce music still loved by locals and many part of the world and the emerging of Bounce Music will still continue. (IM/ SA/BG)

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MOVIES REVIEWS

Utopia (2013) Directed by: John Pilger Cast (as themselves): Jon Charles Altman, Bob Randall, Lorna Fejo Utopia heavily emphasizes on a deeply dysfunctional relationship between the Indigenous Australian community and white Australians. We are prepared to learn an awful truth about indigenous communities: they live on mineral-rich lands that cause mouths to water in mining corporation boardrooms. Yet we still see their desperate poor conditions, and can expect more insidious harassment. Their voices and rights are continued to be ignored. Pilger’s film argues that the history of abuse and bullying, so far from being a closed chapter, is merely a prelude: it is about to become worse than before. (SA)

Persepolis (2007) Directed by: Marjane Satrapi & Vincent Paronnaud Cast: Chiara Mastroianni, Catherine Deneuve The movie focuses on Marjane, a little girl growing up in pre-revolutionary Iran in the 1970s. She is described as a superb character, smart, and vulnerable, with a profound love of Western culture. Hers is a funny and deeply involving story but its sharp stabs against the women-hatred of the Iranian governing classes are enough to trigger rage. Later Marjane will be sent abroad for a chaotic education in Europe, where she experiences the finest condescension and misogyny that the West has to offer. In spite of herself, Marjane finds a gravitational pull to a homeland that rejects free-thinking women: a complicated, bittersweet sense of exile which Satrapi has cultivated in this entertaining movie. It’s safe to say that “Persepolis” is a living proof of imagination’s resistance to the literal-minded and the power-mad, who insist that the world can be seen only in black and white. (SA)

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BOOKS

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REVIEWS A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens (1859)

A Tale of Two Cities tells a story about Doctor Alexandre

Manette, a political prisoner in Bastille. He finally got released and reunited with his daughter. The novel sets a riveting story about romance and family against the violent drama of the French Revolution. It also deals with the dominant element of revolution, duality, and also resurrection. The story heavily reveals about the injustice that incited the French Revolution, the gray areas between the populist ideals and the toll the rebellion took on individual. The plot and the characters are as rich and affecting as they can be. Dickens focuses throughout on two sets of relationships: family (father and daughter) and politics (subject and state). Those facing the guillotine do not hope to gain the pity of the readers, but it is a measure of Dickens’s skill that he makes us feel sympathyetic towards them. (IK)

All That Is Gone by Pramoedya Ananta Tour (2008) All That Is Gone is a short novella by the most famous Indonesian novelist who’s largely renowned by writing the Buru Quartet. It grasps at elusive fragments of a girl, aged eight, who is married to a violent 17-year-old and divorced within a year of their marriage. But the boy’s mother deems it improper to take the nine-year-old divorcee back into a house to be tortured. One of the mordant ironic stories that I personally favored, “Independence Day”, which focused on a veteran who sacrificed both his eyes and legs to the anti-colonial war. He mourns his lost freedom and mobility under self-rule, but his family soon forgets him in a home for invalids. The striking achievement of these stories is an unshakable innocence and a willingness to leave judgement to the reader. Pramoedya’s art is made more of sadness than of anger. (IK)

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Sudah cek laman Spotify WH belum?

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MIDNIGHT CITY NOISES No more than a road. (ER)

EYE’S DRIFT Too lazy to go out, too bored to stay. (ER)

A SERENE TOUCH People say women’s touch work wonders, and so does this work of art. (SA)

GENTLE MOVEMENT Reassures tranquility while letting your body rest. (SA)

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JUKEBOX

Water Me (Theophilus London) (ft. Leon Ware) (2014)

Bellow (Les Sins) (Michael) (2014)

Dayglo Reflection (Bobby Womack ft. Lana Del Rey) (The Bravest Man In The Universe) (2012)

Is It All Over My Face & Tower of Meaning (Blood Orange) (Master Mix: Red Hot + Arthur Russell – Compilation) (2014)

Wings (Jamie Isaac) (Wings - Single) (2018)

Diddy Bop (Noname ft. cam O’bi & Raury) (Telefone) (2016)

Loveleen (Rejjie Snow) (Rejovich EP) (2014)

The Noose of Jah City (King Krule) (King Krule) (2011)

Mother Maybe (Kadhja Bonet) (Mother Maybe Single) (2018)

Love Falls Down (Poppy Ajudha) (Love Falls Down Single) (2018)

Doubt (Chatlotte Day Wilson) (Doubt - Single) (2018)

Red Clay (Charlotte Dos Santos) (Cleo) (2017)

Little Boy in Corduroy (Donovan) (A Gift From A Flower To A Garden) (1967)

Train Song (Vashti Bunyan) (Some Things Just Stick In Your Mind) (2007)

Turiya and Ramakrishna (Alice Coltrane) (Ptah, the El Daud) (1970)

Unscene (But Heard) (Dear Nora) (The New Year EP) (2002)

Lyk U Use 2 (Moodymann ft. Andres) (Moodymann) (2014)

Friday Morning (Khruangbin) (Friday Morning Single) (2018)

Spice (Ravyn Lenae) (Midnight Moonlight EP) (2017)

Love Songs (Margo Guryan) (27 Demos) (2014)


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3. A tennis player, sister of Serena William 5. Phineas and Ferb’s sister 7. A Pakistani activist for female education and the youngest Nobel Prize laureate 8. The owner of Chum Bucket 9. A musical instrument that can be heard, but can not be seen or touched

1. A mermaid who gave up her voice to become human 2. Adolf Hitler 4. American Founding Father whom they made a Broadway musical about 6. I just can’t wait to be king! 8. President of the Russian Federation

ANSWER: 1. ARIEL 2. FUHRER 3. VENUS 4. HAMILTON 5. CANDACE 6. SIMBA 7. MALALA 8. HORIZONTAL: PLANKTON. VERTIKAL: PUTIN 9. VOICE

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WH Highlights WH Get-to-know Voice of KawanWH via Official Account 36 / WH

Silver Winner Best of Java Magazine Indonesian Student Print Media Awards 2018


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Voice - June 2018  
Voice - June 2018  
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