Page 1

ARTS Page 20

FORUM Defend human rights 11


SPORTS Volleyball earns first UAA victory 13 The Independent Student Newspaper



B r a n d e is U n i v e r sit y S i n c e 1 9 4 9


Volume LXVI, Number 6

Tuesday, October 8, 2013



University fills sexual assault response role ■ Sheila McMahon was

hired to fill the new sexual assault services and prevention position. By TATE HERBERT JUSTICE EDITOR

Last week, Brandeis hired Sheila McMahon to be the University’s first-ever sexual assault services and prevention specialist, according to a press release from the office of communications. She will begin her work on campus Nov. 1. “We are very pleased to bring a professional of Sheila’s stature to our campus,” wrote Andrew Flagel, senior vice president for students and enrollment, in his email


Special election conducted to fill remaining four seats the four positions, while “abstain” won the offcampus election. By MARISSA DITKOWSKY JUSTICE EDITOR

The special election for the four unfilled positions of associate justice, Village Quad senator, Myra Kraft Transitional Year Program senator and off-campus senator took place last Wednesday, leaving

■ Should the shutdown

continue, it could potentially affect research conducted at Brandeis. By MARISSA DITKOWSKY JUSTICE EDITOR

able to use those methods in order to end conflicts respectfully and responsively to benefit all parties involved.” Bowen Li ’16 was elected Village senator with 20 votes, or 44 percent. Abstain came in second with 17 votes, or 38 percent. Li was unable to be reached for comment before press time. The MKTYP senatorial position was filled by Jennifer Almodovar (MKTYP) with 64 percent of vote, which accounted for nine votes. The special election for MKTYP

The federal government shutdown, which began last Monday at midnight for the first time since 1996 after Congress failed to agree upon a working budget for the 2014 fiscal year, will postpone new research awaiting approval for funding from being conducted at Brandeis. According to Senior Vice President for Communications Ellen de Graffenreid, the National Institute of Health and the National Science Foundation, along with most other federal agencies that fund university research, are not accepting


proposals during the shutdown. The agencies are also not making any new awards using current year funds, which do not exist at this point due to the budget stalemate. According to Assistant Provost for Research Administration Paul O’Keefe, the shutdown would primarily affect funding for scientific research. “The humanities don’t get a lot of funding, and very little of what they do get is from the federal government,” wrote O’Keefe in an email to the Justice. “The shutdown shouldn’t have much impact on them, at least in terms of grant funding.” Although, according to O’Keefe, the University has not received any stop-work orders on existing projects, he wrote that he cannot be sure of that fates of projects awaiting approval for funding. “The longer the shutdown con-


Sea scrolls concert

Grinding out victories

JedCampus seal

Composer combined ancient history and electronic music to create an innovative piece.

 The women’s soccer squad beat Smith by a single tally at home, before downing Case Western on a late goal.

Brandeis received a seal after its mental health programs were assessed.

FEATURES 8 For tips or info email

See HIRED, 7 ☛

Shutdown results in few effects on campus

On Friday night, Timeflies performed as a part of the fall concert in the Gosman Sports and Convocation Center. Student Events organized the performance.

only three of these positions filled. Luky Guigui ’15 was elected associate justice. Guigui won against seven other candidates with 24 percent of the vote, or 138 votes. Abstain came in second with 90 votes, or 16 percent of the vote. “I hope that I will be able to use my new position to be as fair as possible and to ensure that the proper decisions are made for any case that comes before the Judiciary,” Guigui wrote in an email to the Justice. “I am also a strong believer in compromise and mediation and I hope that when needed I will be

announcement to the campus community yesterday. “She is a transformative leader for sexual assault services and prevention, not just for Brandeis, but in higher education at the national level.” McMahon will take on the fulltime role to “coordinate advocacy services for survivors of sexual assault, relationship violence and stalking, conduct outreach and education to promote a healthy campus environment, and serve as a liaison to student organizations,” according to the press release. Before accepting the position at Brandeis, McMahon was involved with the Center on Violence Against Women and Children at the Rutgers University School of Social Work and Boston College’s


MORGAN BRILL/the Justice

■ Voters filled three of

Waltham, Mass.

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17 16


10 8


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News 3 COPYRIGHT 2013 FREE AT BRANDEIS. Email for home delivery.


TUESDAY, OCTOber 8, 2013



Senate charters club, denies another The Student Union Senate began their most recent meeting with a discussion of adding a constitutional amendment that would make constitutional reviews mandatory every four years, and details the process by which the constitutional review task force would function. Ben Beutel ’12, a former senator, participated in that portion of the meeting via video chat, advising senators on constitutional review and answering questions about the proposed amendment. The Student Judiciary, led by chief justice Claire Sinai ’15, will oversee the constitutional review process. The required 10 senators signed the petition to send the amendment to the student body for public consideration. A vote will be held on Sunday, from midnight to midnight. The Senate then moved on to swearing in its newest members, Myra Kraft Transitional Year Program Senator Jennifer Almodovar (MKTYP) and Village Quad Senator Bowen Li ’16. Newly elected associate justice Luky Guigui ’15 was not present. Moving on to club chartering and recognition, the Senate heard from two groups: the Brandeis Technical Traders Society and the Brandeis Alternative Medicine Club. First, BTTS, which was recognized last semester, returned to be chartered. The club, whose leaders said draws 20 to 40 students per meeting, focuses on teaching trading and technical analysis skills to its members. The group stated that it was different from Investment Club, which focuses its activity on managing an investment portfolio. Examples of funding they might require were travel for competitions, bringing in speakers and taking the group members on trips. The Senate undertook a lengthy debate about the purpose of the group as being competitive versus being purely educational. Ultimately, the Senate voted to charter BTTS conditionally, with the requirement that they collect an additional 15 signatures of support. The list of signatures they had presented to the Senate was outdated, with at least 15 of the signers having graduated. The Brandeis Alternative Medicine Club then came before the Senate and successfully changed their name, expanding their mission at the same time. The club was previously recognized as the Skincare Club, and focused solely on skincare. The club then presented its case for being chartered. With Student Union funds, the club leaders said they would bring specialists such as massage therapists and acupuncturists to speak on campus, and work with overlapping interest groups such as the Intercultural Center or the Pre-Health Society to host educational events. The Senate’s deliberation periodically deviated into questions of the legitimacy of alternative medicine, and safety concerns of practicing on students. Executive Senator Annie Chen ’14 and Vice President Charlotte Franco ’15 continually brought the discussion back to the issue of whether the club should be chartered, not recognized. Ultimately, the Senate did not charter the club, but urged its leaders to come back with more evidence of support with its new name, as well as more events or initiatives that could not be put on without Union funding. In Student Union President Ricky Rosen’s ’14 report to the Senate, he announced that all University committees had been filled, and that Finance Board had finished regular marathon funding. In regard to issues with the Union’s shuttle initiative, Rosen urged senators to tell their constituents that complaints should be directed to procurement, which would keep records of the issues. Rosen also addressed the issue of limited parking on campus, and said that the problem with towing and ticketing this year has been more severe than usual, causing the Student Union and the administration to revisit the parking system. Potential solutions include adding a shuttle from an outside lot, or, in the long-term, building a parking garage. Other major changes that may be coming in the near future include construction on dining facilities. According to Rosen, at a Sept. 27 meeting with University and Sodexo administrators, Sodexo is looking into “building out,” or physically expanding, the dining locations in Sherman Function Hall and Usdan Student Center. He stated that they were also looking into the possibility of adding a dining location in the Carl J. Shapiro Science Center. Rosen also briefly mentioned the formation of the divestment exploratory committee, and encouraged club attendance at the upcoming “Taste of Sodexo” event. —Tate Herbert

CORRECTIONS AND CLARIFICATIONS n An article in Arts misidenified the name of a band that performed at Cholmondeley’s as His Orchestra. The band is actually called Reputante. (Oct. 1, p. 19) The Justice welcomes submissions for errors that warrant correction or clarification. Email editor@



The Justice is the independent student newspaper of Brandeis University. The Justice is published every Tuesday of the academic year with the exception of examination and vacation periods. Editor in chief office hours are held Mondays from 2 to 3 p.m. in the Justice office. Editor News Forum Features Sports Arts Ads Photos Managing

The Justice Brandeis University Mailstop 214 P.O. Box 549110 Waltham, MA 02454-9110 Phone: (781) 736-3750

POLICE LOG Medical Emergency

Sept. 30—A student in Usen Hall reported having flu-like symptoms. University Police responded and the student was transported to Newton-Wellesley Hospital for further care. Sept. 30—A parent of a firstyear student in Deroy Hall reported that her daughter suffered a leg injury several days before that potentially resulted in a blood clot. BEMCo and University Police responded to treat the student, who was transported to Newton-Wellesley Hospital for further care. Oct. 1—The Waltham Fire Department received a report of an injured student in the woods next to North Quad. University Police responded along with the Fire Department to reach the student who remained on the opposite side of the fence. Oct. 2—A staff member at Mailman House requested an

ambulance to transport a student to McLean Hospital. University Police assisted. Oct. 2—A student was reported to have fainted at the Spingold Theater Center. BEMCo responded and treated the student, who refused further treatment. Oct. 3—A female first-year student in Usen Hall experienced severe oblique pain and requested BEMCo. BEMCo responded and the student refused further treatment. Oct. 5—A student notified University Police that there was an unresponsive, intoxicated female student in Deroy Hall. BEMCo and University Police responded, and after treatment, the student refused further care. Oct. 5—BEMCo was on hand at the fall concert in the Gosman Sports and Convocation Ceter to respond to an intoxicated female student. The

student was transported to Newton-Wellesley Hospital for further care.

responded and compiled a report on the incident.


Oct. 5—A reporting party notified University Police of persistent screaming and the additional sound of a baseball bat hitting someone near Hamilton Road. University Police and Waltham Police checked each side of the park, and after an extensive search, found that children were just playing in the area.

Oct. 2—A former student reported that her vehicle was hit in a parking spot near Usen Castle. University Police responded and compiled a report on the incident. Oct. 3—A student notified University Police that a vehicle struck a parked car in Tower Lot and immediately left the scene. University Police apprehended the suspect in Charles River Lot, revoked that student’s registration and towed the car to the Stoneman bulding until further notice. University judicial charges are expected to be filed. Oct. 3—A student reported that a suspect vehicle struck an automobile near the loading dock adjacent to Sherman Dining Hall. University Police



Oct. 2—An alarm company notified University Police that an alarm was set off for the ATM in the Usdan Student Center. University Police responded and reported that the ATM was, in fact, just in supervisory mode. —compiled by Adam Rabinowitz



Anti-semitism case ends


The bands Dent May and Dead Gaze performed together last Tuesday night at Cholmondeley’s. The two quirky Mississippi pop bands brought their lo-fi, funky musical stylings to the Brandeis campus. See p. 19.

The U.S. Department of Education has dismissed Jewish students’ contentions that anti-Israel protests at the University of California, Berkeley created an illegally hostile and anti-Semitic atmosphere on that campus. The department’s civil rights office has determined that the campus protests last year against Israel’s treatment of Palestinians, which reportedly included mock military checkpoints, may be upsetting to Jews but “do not constitute actionable harassment,” according to a letter from the department released by the University of California on Tuesday. “In the university environment, exposure to such robust and discordant expressions, even when personally offensive and hurtful, is a circumstance that a reasonable student in higher education may experience,” the department wrote. The federal investigation also looked into other incidents, including the defacement of a sign of a Jewish student organization, and found there was not enough evidence to support claims that UC should have responded more forcefully. The probe was in response to charges filed last year by two recent UCBerkeley graduates, who said that the protest and other events stoked antiSemitism and that the school did nothing to deter it. The complaint went so far as to allege that the campus atmosphere echoed that of Nazi-dominated Europe before and during the Holocaust. “The claim that there is a hostile environment for Jewish students at Berkeley is, on its face, entirely unfounded,” UC-Berkeley Chancellor Nicholas Dirks said in a statement. “The campus takes great pride in its vibrant Jewish community and in the many academic and cultural opportunities available to members of that community and others interested in its history and culture. We will continue our ongoing efforts to protect free speech rights while promoting respectful dialogue and maintaining a campus environment that is safe for all our students.” —McClatchy Newspapers

ANNOUNCEMENTS How to Make Family From Strangers

Intermarriage: we’re doing it, our kids are doing it. Negotiating how we honor our own traditions, respect our children, and our new in-law families is challenging, but can be enriching. This interactive sessions draws from Women’s Studies Research Center scholar Ruth Nemzoff’s books Don’t Bite Your Tongue: How to Foster Rewarding Relationships with Your Adult Children and Don’t Roll Your Eyes: Making In-Laws Into Family and helps families enjoy each other as well as strengthen their own beliefs and cultures. Today from 12:30 to 2 p.m. in the LiebermanMiller Lecture Hall in the Epstein Building.

The Reading Brain

Maryanne Wolf discusses the neurological underpinnings of reading, languagelearning, and dyslexia, and takes questions afterward. Wolf is director of the Center for Reading and Language Research and a professor of child development in the Eliot-Pearson Department of Child Development at Tufts Uni-

2013 Jacob Heskel Gabbay Award

versity. She is the editor of Dyslexia, Fluency, and the Brain and the author of Proust and the Squid: the Story and Science of the Reading Brain. This event is sponsored by the Office of the Dean of Arts and Sciences, the departments of Neuroscience, Psychology, Romance Studies and Education, and the Office of Academic Services and Disabilities Services and Support Tomorrow from noon to 1:30 p.m. in the Usdan Student Center International Lounge.

The theater will be used for the 2013 Jacob Heskel Gabbay Award symposium. There are three awardees this year and they will come to Brandeis and present a talk. The awardees are: Dr. Karl Deisseroth (Stanford University); Dr. Ed Boyden (Massachusetts Institute of Technology); Dr. Gero Miesenboeck (University of Oxford). Dr. Kenneth Gabbay will also be in attendance. Thursday from 3 to 6 p.m. in the Carl J. Shapiro Theater.

bVIEW Launch

Homecoming and Hall of Fame Ceremony

Join University President Frederick Lawrence and Brandeis Visions for Israel in an Evolving World in launching its second year. Meet surprising allies Rabbi Ron Kronish ’68 and Muslim Kadi Iyad Zahalka, who will discuss how they promote dialogue between Jews, Muslims and others in Israel. Tomorrow from 7 to 8:30 p.m. in the Carl. J Shapiro Campus Center Atrium.

Join Brandeis Athletics for a free homecoming barbecue, and cheer on the men’s and women’s soccer teams as they take on a major conference rival. There will be shirts, foam fingers and other giveaways. Retro Brandeis basketball and soccer jerseys will be given away to the most spirited fans, so bring your energy and Brandeis gear. Saturday from 11 a.m. to 6 p.m. in the Gosman Sports and Convocation Center and Gordon Field.



first 30 universities to be awarded the JedCampus seal by the foundation. By SARAH RONTAL JUSTICE STAFF WRITER

The Jed Foundation, a nonprofit that works to reduce emotional distress and prevent suicide among college students, announced on Thursday in a local press release that Brandeis was among the first 30 schools to earn the Jed Foundation’s “JedCampus seal” for exhibiting comprehensive mental health promotion and suicide prevention programming on campus. Aimed to help colleges explore and enhance their programming in this field, the Jedcampus Seal program provides colleges with customized feedback and “can help schools develop a strategic plan for mental health promotion,” according to the JedCampus website. The program “is widely recognized as the approach colleges should take toward mental health,” according to Jed Foundation Executive Director John MacPhee in an interview with the Justice. According to MacPhee, the JedCampus Seal program is the first of its kind. The website also notes that seal recipients will be recognized for their commitment to the emotional wellbeing of their campus. According to MacPhee, the seal and its meaning is something that the Jed Foundation would like considered when students are deciding what school to attend. In the local press release, MacPhee said that the resulting “campus-wide approach to health promotion” might also improve student retention. The JedCampus seal application be-

gins with a self-assessment, which is then reviewed and returned. Schools must pay $650 to apply for the seal, but the fee is below the cost of the review and sponsors cover further funding, according to MacPhee. The review process compares the completed survey to recommended practices developed by the the Jed Foundation and Suicide Prevention Resource Center as described in their collaborative publication, The Comprehensive Approach to Mental Health Promotion and Suicide Prevention on College and University Campuses, according to the local press release. During review the Jed Foundation pays particular attention to whether the school has a campus-wide strategic plan for promoting and protecting the emotional health of students that includes offices other than the psychological counseling office. The first few questions of the self-assessment ask applicant schools to assess the scope of their strategy directly. Further questions on the assessment also require cross-campus collaboration during the application process, noted MacPhee. These include an assessment of the “efforts to identify students at risk,” such as forms for incoming students to fill out about mental health, MacPhee said. MacPhee also discussed some patterns in the areas where colleges and universities can improve their mental health and suicide prevention programming. A pattern they’ve seen, MacPhee said, was that “A lot of schools do not have a consistent approach” in regard to environmental scans of dangerous areas, such as bridges and rooftops, and gun policies. “Schools should be doing an environmental scan,” he said, suggesting that some schools do not. He noted that these patterns show the necessity of a structured program.

Last Wednesday, a leakage from a damaged water main outside of the Usdan Student Center left a barrier for students traveling to and from classes. The leakage ran from the lawn outside of Usdan across the sidewalk toward the Goldfarb Library. According to Associate Vice President of Facility Services Peter Shields in an email to the Justice, the leak came from a broken water main, and Dig Safe was immediately contacted to help Facilities locate any utility lines that were in the area of the leaking water main. Dig Safe arrived Thursday morning and located the buried utility lines so that the contractor could excavate the area and repair the water main, according to Shields.   Shields explained that once the leak was located, it was determined that it would be best to do this work when Usdan was unoccupied. The contractor returned Thursday night and turned off the water to Usdan in order to make the repairs.  The repairs were completed in time for Usdan to reopen and

function as usual the next morning. The University does not know why the pipe was damaged, according to Shields. “It is an older [four-inch] pipe (40-ish years old) and something in the ground might have shifted putting stress on the pipe,” Shields wrote. In regard to whether or not Facilities Services plans to replace the remaining older pipes, Shields wrote that the Facilities Services Department “is constantly upgrading the belowgrade utility infrastructure.” According to Shields, over the summer, the steam and water lines leading to the Faculty Club were replaced. In addition, Facilities is currently in the process of replacing 200 feet of steam and water lines leading to the Goldman-Schwartz Fine Arts Studios. “Of course, we much prefer to replace entire sections of the aging pipe, but sometimes (like when school is in session) it is necessary just to repair the broken areas,” Shields wrote. —Marissa Ditkowsky

Do you, see whats wrong with this sentance.

JOIN COPY Contact Brittany Joyce at



GENDER STUDIES: A panel discussion on Betty Friedan’s well-known work ‘The Feminine Mystique’ was held last Friday.

Scholars discuss impact of controversial femininst text ■ The panelists took the

BRIEF Damaged water main outside student center results in leak



Jed Foundation honors campus ■ Brandeis was among the

opportunity to share their personal experiences in response to Friedan. By SCARLETT REYNOSO JUSTICE STAFF WRITER

On Oct. 4, the Brandeis Osher Lifelong Learning Institute hosted an event titled “The Feminine Mystique and the Masculine Response” in the Napoli Trophy Room at the Gosman Sports and Convocation Center. The discussion was centered on the late Betty Friedan, a feminist revolutionary of the 1960s and ’70s, and the impact she has had on what is perceived as the role of women. The panelists were author and professor of American studies at Smith College Daniel Horowitz, Prof. Joyce Antler (AMST), Prof. Marguerite Dorn (BOLLI) and David Small, head of human resources at Steward Healthcare. Roberta Salper, scholar in residence at the Women’s Studies Research Center, moderated the discussion. The panelists shared their own experiences with and the effects they saw from Friedan’s life work and her renowned book The Feminine Mystique. They also analyzed Friedan’s attitude during the second feminist wave in the United States and the discrepancies between her views and other feminists’ views. In The Feminine Mystique, Friedan wrote about the “the problem that has no name,” or the deep unhappiness of suburban housewives, what she believed was the underlying root of the problem, and how she believed women could move forward from it. She was inspired for her book after conducting a survey of her former Smith College classmates for their 15th anniversary reunion and hearing from her dissatisfied and unfulfilled female peers. Salper introduced the discussion, touching on a point that would arise in each of the panelists’ commentary: the dilemma of division in women’s roles at home and work as it applies to middle-class women exclusively. While Salper said she was positively influenced by Friedan, she said that “the solutions

[Friedan] suggested were incomplete … A factory girl would remain a factory girl, a maid would remain a maid. It seemed to me that unless a women’s movement made changing the status of women like Juanita and Vicenta, domestic workers I knew in Spain, as important as achieving more opportunities for my upper-middle class sister-in-law or for me in the United States, the fundamental causes of women’s oppression would not be eliminated.” Antler shared her troubles understanding her own mother’s identity, who did not have a career. “What kind of woman was she if she did not feel this mysterious fulfillment waxing the kitchen floor?” asked Antler, quoting a sarcastic Friedan excerpt. Antler said she did not see her mother at home all the time like many mothers who were exclusively housewives because she helped run her spouse’s business. Antler described that rather than merely assisting their husbands in furthering their careers, Friedan insisted that women needed a life plan, or a deliberately chosen career that they followed for themselves. “My mother didn’t pass the test,” said Antler. Dorn brought a modern evaluation of what it is like to be a female in the workforce decades after Friedan’s feminism, stating that females are still dramatically underrepresented in the workforce and have yet to get over “the maternal wall.” She spoke on the importance of planning not only for a career, but also for a home dynamic. Dorn gave other tips for the younger generation, such as how to keep in mind the amount that is needed to pay off student loans and accept that tradeoffs are necessary in balancing work and family. The discussion also touched on the difference between working for the betterment and equalization of women and men’s roles through structural changes versus only personal changes of learning to balance home and work. They spoke on how structural changes, meaning the expectations such as work schedule and amount of responsibility placed on workers, must better correlate with wages and lesser gender discrimination. Small spoke about how corporations have begun to try to ig-

nore, or do not formally take into account, gender role differences. For one, he cited “parental leave” used an alternative to “maternity leave” and said he supports a protocol that does not force workers to disclose the reasons for their work hours or penalize for them. Small spoke on the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 as one means still working toward lessening gender discrimination in the workforce now that women are gaining more access to different work opportunities. “I think [Friedan] was scared. [Friedan had] tried to join the communist party, and was a writer for the largest communist dominated union in the U.S.; had people known that, The Feminine Mystique would have been trashed,” said Horowitz. “I am enormously grateful to Friedan for her courage and intelligence; she was a singular American woman,” said Salper, adding how far women have come from Friedan’s period when the word “gender” didn’t even exist. The audience was invited to take down any questions on index cards during a brief intermission, and a question-and-answer session with the audience followed. “I think it was great to hear Ms. Dorn speak about how ... the pressure is not just on young women, but on the younger generation to be more motivated. There’s a huge misconception that the structure is fine and that it’s just the workforce that’s wrong, but the structure is definitely in need of fixing,” said attendee Omar Sedky ’15 in an interview with the Justice. Sedky also expressed his surprise in hearing how panelists of the older generation had a lot to say relevant to the younger generation. “What we’re trying to do at BOLLI is to have more intergenerational involvement … We want the students to be more aware that we’re there,” said BOLLI event coordinator Phyllis Cohen ’62, in an interview with the Justice. BOLLI not only provides adults in the area with a range of services including access to courses by Brandeis faculty, but also interacts with Brandeis students through programs such as mentoring and a program for international graduate students at Brandeis.

Pre-Register for Human Osteology ANTH 116a Spring 2014

Pre-registration for ANTH 116a for Spring 2014 will be held Monday October 21- Friday October 25. Sign up sheets will be posted those days only outside the Anthropology Department Office, Brown 228, starting at 9:30 a.m. Those who cannot sign up in person should ensure that their names are entered on the sheets by a designate. There are two sections: Section 1 meets in Block K Section 2 meets in Block M Those who successfully pre-register will be emailed an enrollment code to be used during fall enrollment (Nov 5 - Nov 11).

Enrollment will be 18 per section.

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Endowed positions announced ■ Profs. John Burt (ENG)

and Ira Gessel (MATH) will receive honored positions funded by specific donors. By BRIAN BUDIK JUSTICE CONTRIBUTING WRITER

Two distinguished faculty members, Profs. John Burt (ENG) and Ira Gessel, (MATH) received endowed professorships. The selection was announced on Oct. 1. Burt will hold the position of Paul E. Prosswimmer Professor of American Literature, a position previously held by Professor Emeritus Michael T. Gilmore (ENG), and Gessel has been named the Theodore W. and Evelyn G. Berenson Professor.

According to the Distinguished Faculty page on the University website, endowed faculty at Brandeis receive financial and academic support to further continue their research and instruction. These named professorships are funded by donors, who receive annual reports on the named professors’ research and teaching. Burt has been teaching at Brandeis since 1983. His area of expertise is in 19th- and 20th-century American literature, Southern gothic fiction and American romantic fiction. Burt’s most recent book, Lincoln’s Tragic Pragmatism, based on the events relating to the Lincoln-Douglas debates in 1856, received much critical acclaim from publications such as The New York Times and the Washington Post. Burt also appeared on the MSNBC talk show Morning Joe in April.

In an interview for an Oct. 1 BrandeisNOW article, Burt stated, “I promise to do my best to fulfill the promise of the tribute Brandeis has given me.” Burt wrote in an email to the Justice that he is “very happy and grateful” to be able to “follow the footsteps of … [his] mentors when [he] came to Brandeis.” “Being named Paul E. Prosswimmer Chair of American Literature is a great honor, and I hope to bring the kind of distinction to that chair that its previous incumbents, from J.V. Cunningham on, have brought to it,” Burt wrote. Gessel held the position of chair of the Department of Mathematics from 2009 to 2012. According to the BrandeisNOW article, he is also a fellow of the American Mathematical Society. He is on the

editorial board of Discrete Mathematics and the Journal of Algebraic Combinations, according to his curriculum vitae. According to the webpage of the Department of Mathematics at Brandeis University, Gessel took a sabbatical leave in spring 2013 in order to do research as part of the Simons Fellowship in Mathematics. In an interview with BrandeisNOW, Gessel noted that “the mathematics department has been a wonderful place to teach and do research, and I look forward to continuing my work here for years to come.” In an email to the Justice, Gessel noted that he had no additional comments regarding his future plans, other than the fact that he wishes to continue his teaching and research at Brandeis.


XIAOYU YANG/the Justice

Construction is ongoing for a Dunkin’ Donuts location at the site of the former Village Provisions on Demand Market. The restaurant is one of many changes brought by Sodexo, the dining provider who took over for Aramark earlier this year.

Get to know the Justice editors! Watch this week’s

In the


featuring associate editor Phil Gallagher

TUESDAY, OCTOber 8, 2013

BRIEF Student body will vote on amendment this Sunday Student Union Secretary Sneha Walia ’15 announced that the Senate was introducing a constitutional amendment to be voted upon by the student body on Sunday, in an email to the Brandeis community on Monday. The amendment calls for an independent constitutional review every four years, stating that “the Student Judiciary will be responsible for the facilitation and upkeep of the Student Union Constitution.” For this review, the Student Union President will convene a task force of between five and 10 students and one to two alumni who must then be confirmed by the Senate. The task force will then elect a chair, determine meeting procedure and organize sub-committees to address different parts of the constitution. The committee must hold meetings—either public or closed—at least once a month. The final product of the task force will be a report on existing practices, a list of “best practices” suggested and proposals—which may take the form of amendments to the Constitution sent directly to the student body—to fix inefficiencies and use best practices. This report will be completed and released “no later than the first week of March.” In addition to the constitutional review process, the proposed amendment also states that: “Any member of the Brandeis Undergraduate student community may approach the [Student] Judiciary, requesting any kind of change to the Constitution. Such member must provide substantial reasoning for the Judiciary to act further. If the Judiciary by majority agrees that such an issue is cause for concern, they may create and present a constitutional amendment or bylaw amendment to the Student Union Senate for ratification.” According to Walia’s email, any student who wishes to submit an argument for or against the amendment may email it to her before Sunday. At that time, if the amendment receives a twothird majority vote from the student body, it will be formally included in the constitution. —Sam Mintz

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HIRED: New position filled by McMahon CONTINUED FROM 1 Women’s Resource Center, where she was the director, according to the press release. She also worked for several years in various areas of the field of social work. McMahon received her Bachelor of Arts degree in English and women’s studies from Boston College, her Master of Divinity from Harvard University and her Master of Social Work from Rutgers University School of Social Work. She also completed training at Boston College’s Carroll School of Man-

senator was held due to a technical error that occurred in the first election. For the other positions, however, the special election was required because the abstain option received the most votes during the initial elections. “I look forward to learning new things and to make this a better campus for us all along with the rest of the Student Union,” Almodovar wrote in an email to the Justice. Almodovar added that she plans to talk to fellow students about any concerns that they have to get a better idea what changes they would like to see implemented. “As I’ve said before, one of my main goals is to make sure that we all have the best experience possible here at Brandeis,” she wrote.




agement, and expects her Ph.D. in Social Work in May 2014, also from Rutgers. “I’m thrilled with the decision to hire Sheila McMahon as is the search committee as a whole,” wrote Director of Athletics Sheryl Sousa ’90, who chaired the search committee to fill the specialist position, in an email to the Justice. “She will be a wonderful addition to the Students and Enrollment team.” McMahon was unable to be reached for comment by press time.

ELECTION: Three Union positions filled after vote CONTINUED FROM 1

“I ran for this position to serve my classmates, and I am glad I have been given the opportunity to do so.” The off-campus senator position will remain unfilled despite the fact that three candidates were running for the position, as the abstain option received the most votes, 25, which was 28 percent of the vote. According to Student Union Secretary Sneha Walia ’15, constitutionally, there can be one more additional special election. However, according to Walia, the Union executive board decided to postpone holding another election for the position until the beginning of the spring 2014 semester when the mid-year senator elections take place. The position will remain unfilled until the election occurs in the spring.

OLIVIER DOULIERY/McClatchy Newsapers

FEDERAL BLOCKAGES: The Washington Monument was among several closed after the government shutdown commenced.

SHUTDOWN: Fiscal stalemate in Congress could affect universities CONTINUED FROM 1 tinues, the more likely it is that we, like all other universities, will suffer reductions in research funding.” Major resources for research, such as the Library of Congress, the Smithsonian Institution and the National Archives, will remain closed during the shutdown. Despite the fact that the government shutdown is preventing new projects from being funded, according to de Graffenreid in an email to the Justice, “We have substantial existing funding for projects that use prior federal fiscal year authorizations, so those projects can continue.” According to an Oct. 3 USA Today article, several scholarly resources will not be updated during the shutdown.

The websites for the U.S. Census, the Bureau of Labor Statistics,, and the Education Resources Information Center are currently not up-to-date. Such closures and lack of updates could potentially have an effect on pending research. The effects are extending to universities across the nation, although Brandeis is directly experiencing effects as well. According to the USA Today article, the shutdown has caused sexual assault investigations to come to a temporary pause, as the U.S. Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights has stopped its current investigations of universities suspected of mishandling sexual violence cases on their campuses. In addition, several naval academies have been forced to close or cancel classes, and resources for

the academies have been cut, according to the article. In regard to financial aid, Director of Financial Aid and Student Employment Sherri Avery explained that the government shutdown has had a minute impact. “Since the Pell Grant and Direct Loan programs (the largest federal financial aid programs we administer) were appropriated prior to the shutdown, we are still able to award and receive funds from these programs for all eligible Brandeis students,” Avery wrote in an email to the Justice. According to Avery, during the shutdown, students may also continue to work under the Federal Work-Study program, and the online federal financial aid application remains available to all students who wish to apply for federal aid at this point in the semester.  

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VERBATIM | DAVID RAKOFF If you don’t have your experiences in the moment, if you gloss them over with jokes or zoom past them, you end up with curiously dispassionate memories.



In 1933, Air France was inaugurated, after being formed by a merger of five French airlines.

The Aztecs were the first to serve hot chocolate as a drink.

Harmonious history Musical composer blends biblical history, electronics and music By Hee ju Kang JUSTICE CONTRIBUTING WRITER


DEAD SEA TUNES: Flutist Sue-Ellen Hershman-Tcherepnin performs in the debut of “Where It Finds Nothing But the Wind,” composed by Prof. Eric Chasalow (MUS), in the Slosberg Music Center on Oct. 5.

The dichotomy of ancient texts and modern musical sensibilities can be perplexing. Nevertheless, the two have been combined to form a cohesive form of art with a wide, expressive range. The combination is striking, verging on eerie—even otherworldly, and left its listeners in a reverie throughout. “Where it Finds Nothing But the Wind,” the musical composition based on the Dead Sea Scrolls, premiered as the final piece of the concert on Oct. 5 in the Slosberg Music Center. Prof. Eric Chasalow (MUS), composer and director of the Brandeis Electro-Acoustic Music Studio, composed the piece, basing it on 10 texts from the Dead Sea Scrolls—a collection of texts discovered in caves near the shore of the Dead Sea including manuscripts later incorporated into the Hebrew Bible canon. The texts are written in Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek. The premiere was sponsored by the Brandeis University Office of the Provost and the Dead Sea Scrolls: Life in the Ancient Times exhibition hosted by the Museum of Science in Boston. Prof. Marc Brettler (NEJS) explained his involvement with the project in an email to the Justice. According to him, the idea of a partnership with the Museum of Science was proposed by Malcolm Sherman, then chair of the Brandeis Board of Trustees and former chair of the Museum of Science Board: Once the partnership was in place, the provost contacted Brettler and asked him to chair the committee. Chasalow became involved soon after. Brettler emailed the faculty asking whether anybody was interested in a project about the Dead Sea Scrolls, and Chasalow was intrigued by the idea. He emailed Brettler proposing the composition of a piece in relation to the scrolls, and Brettler consented, setting the idea into motion. He took this opportunity to blend the sounds of the flute, guitar, percussion and electronics with the vocals of Tony Arnold—the commended soprano of the International Contemporary Ensemble—to heighten the ancient scrolls. Brettler explained in his email that as a biblical scholar, he had been intrigued by the project. The insight the scrolls provide into how the Bible developed and the light they shine on the development of Judaism fascinates him. With his expertise and passion for the project, Brettler assisted Chasalow with deciphering the text. The project was not without difficulties, however. “The most challenging [part] was writing out and recording the scrolls that will be sung. The scrolls are written without vowel points, so figuring out how they should be pronounced

was very challenging and time-consuming,” Brettler said. The piece required a hefty time commitment. “I spent the entire summer starting at the beginning of June […] writing this music. I didn’t finish until the beginning of September, actually,” Chasalow said. Despite the challenges, the two enjoyed working with one another. “[Chasalow] is very curious, came up to speed very quickly concerning the scrolls and their content. [He] did a great job, with minimal advice, on selecting scrolls that could work for his new musical composition,” Brettler said. Their efforts came to fruition on the night of the concert. The concert began at 8 p.m., headed by three different pieces unrelated to the scrolls before the premiere of the Dead Sea Scrolls piece. The three pieces were “Cendres” (1998) by composer Kaija Saariaho, “The Furies” (1984) by Chasalow himself, and “The Riot” (1993) by Jonathan Harvey. Throughout the performance, palpable excitement hung thick in the atmosphere, and the audience sat hushed throughout until the start of intermission, after which the Dead Sea Scrolls piece, “Where It Finds Nothing But the Wind”, finally made its debut, performed live by the aforementioned soprano Tony Arnold and professional musicians from all around the country: Flutist Sue-Ellen Hershman-Tcherepnin, percussionist Jonathan Hess and guitarist Daniel Lippel. The texts in the piece draw several selections from the scrolls, ranging from Psalms to the lurid tale in the Book of Enoch, in which celestial beings look down on earth, pick women to bear them children and copulate with them. The women give birth to giants who drink blood and rampage on earth. Following this are selections from the War Scroll and benedictions. “Imagery in these texts is everything from what you’d expect which is ‘prayerful,’ and the voice of the individual song is very intimate and pastoral—beautiful. The language is fantastic,” Chasalow said. The music, the text and Arnold’s vocals, blending with the fragmented voices in the piece, enthralled the audience and evoked soft gasps of surprise from several. For one of the movements starting with the flutist, Chasalow commented, “It’s an unusual sound, and it’s very distant. It’s like an ancient voice,” he said. Chasalow also made a note on audience feedback. “You raise the bar very high as a composer when you write a big piece like this. And I’m just hoping that people will take that ride, and get lost in the world of those texts … leave feeling that they’ve experienced something new,” he said.

SINGING SENSATION: Soprano Tony Arnold sang the vocal component of two of Chasalow’s compositions, including his newest piece, “Where It Finds Nothing But The Wind.” ZACHARY- ANZISKA/the Justice


CONTEMPORARY COMPOSER: Chasalow closely studied the Dead Sea Scrolls and used them as direct inspiration for his newest electro-acoustic composition which was featured at the concert.




SCIENCE FILM FAME: Alex Dainis ’11 produces and stars in a popular science YouTube channel called Bite Sci-zed.

Science made simple Alex Dainis ’11 produces her own science-themed YouTube series By rEBECCA HELLER JUSTICE CONTRIBUTNG WRITER

KNOWLEDGABLE GRAD: Dainis addresses a wide range of scientific topics in her short YouTube videos, including topics within the fields of neurology, biology and chemistry.

LEARNING ONLINE: Dainis’ YouTube channel was born out of her love for helping students understand science better and her extensive film and media experience.

How does caffeine give us energy? Why do we sneeze? What causes a brain freeze when we eat cold food too fast? If you’ve ever asked yourself these questions or wondered about the science behind parts of your day-to-day life, you may find answers on Bite Sci-zed, the YouTube channel that Alex Dainis ’11 has created. In the spirit of making education available without barriers, Dainis has created a series of free science-related educational videos on her YouTube channel, Bite Sci-zed. Like its name suggests, Bite Sci-zed provides “short, informative, informational science videos” about interesting topics that will be “open and accessible to anyone, no matter what their scientific background,” Dainis said. Bite Sci-zed currently has around 15,000 subscribers and is approaching one million channel views. Much of the videos’ subject matter comes from “questions or conversations that I have with my friends,” she said. For instance, “I was standing around with a bunch of co-workers who were talking about motion sickness, and I thought that was a really cool question, so I went and researched it and made a video.” Other Bite Sci-zed videos are inspired by science-related current events or news stories. A key aspect of Bite Sci-zed is that it remains a free resource. “I am really a huge believer in the fact that my videos should be free and open to everyone …. Education is not something that should be restricted to people who can pay for it, especially on the Internet,” she said. “I want my videos to be open and ready to spread science to anyone with an Internet connection.” Though Bite Sci-zed is not Dainis’ main focus— she just started at Stanford University, where she is pursuing a Ph.D. in genetics—it is a significant time commitment. If a video is about a subject that Dainis knows well, it may take five hours to make it. If a subject requires a lot of research, it may take Dainis up to 20 hours to create it. Dainis makes all the videos by herself and does all research on her own. Dainis was inspired to start Bite Sci-zed partly as a result of her studies as a Brandeis undergraduate. Dainis double-majored in Biology and Film, Television, and Interactive Media. Her time as a teaching assistant at an undergraduate biology lab “led [her] to realize how much [she] loved teaching and explaining science to people,” she said. Dainis spent two years working in Prof. Paul Garrity’s (BIOL) lab at Brandeis, where she “fell in love with research, which inspired [her] to go

to graduate school,” she said. These two unique interests combined helped her create Bite Sci-zed. After graduating from Brandeis, “I was working in film, but I missed teaching people about science,” she said, “I love watching the light bulb go off while people learn. I thought I could combine the film stuff and the science and reach people all around the world.” Dainis generally tries to aim her videos towards high school or college-age students, but tries to make them accessible to people of varying levels of education. “If you have no background, you should be able to jump right in. And if you know a lot and have a much stronger background, you can still jump in,” she said. To keep viewers interested, the videos are staged in a variety of different settings and incorporate many different types of visuals. A video explaining how brain freeze works, for instance, starts out in a kitchen with Dainis making a smoothie. Audience interaction is a big part of the channel: Bite Sci-zed has been viewed in 204 countries and territories. Viewers may notice that many of the videos have subtitles in other languages. Currently, there are videos subtitled in French, Spanish, Hebrew and Russian. Dainis did not originally plan to include subtitles. “The subtitling is actually all viewer-generated. I’ve had people step up and ask ‘Do you mind if I subtitle?’” she said. The impact her videos can have on her audience is one of the most special parts of the experience for Dainis. “I have a really cool community of people who watch,” she said. Her favorite messages are the ones she gets from students and teachers. She loves to hear that Bite Sci-zed videos got students interested in science or helped them understand science better. “The fact that a teacher has thought that my video is interesting and education enough to share with students is huge to me. It’s the biggest compliment I can get,” Dainis said. Dainis’ long-term goal after graduate school “is to go into some sort of public science education through film. I really love spreading science to other people. I think it’s i-mportant to get it out to as many people as possible,” she said. Having knowledge about science, she said, can help people make better decisions. “Knowing just a little more about science can help every moment of your day, from deciding which medications to take, to what food to eat, to how to vote,” she said. “If the entire public knows a little more about science, it helps society out. I want to break down the fear people have towards science,” she said.



Justice Justice

the the

Established 1949, Brandeis University

Brandeis University

Established 1949

Tate Herbert, Editor in Chief Andrew Wingens, Senior Editor Adam Rabinowitz, Managing Editor Sam Mintz, Production Editor Rachel Burkhoff, Sara Dejene, Phil Gallagher, Shafaq Hasan and Joshua Linton, Associate Editors Marissa Ditkowsky, News Editor Jaime Kaiser, Features Editor Glen Chagi Chesir, Forum Editor Henry Loughlin, Sports Editor Rachel Hughes and Jessie Miller, Arts Editors Josh Horowitz and Olivia Pobiel, Photography Editors Rebecca Lantner, Layout Editor Celine Hacobian, Acting Online Editor Brittany Joyce, Copy Editor Schuyler Brass, Advertising Editor

Divestment committee impresses Last Monday in an email to the Brandeis community, University President Frederick Lawrence announced a new working group to “explore Brandeis’ investment strategies as they relate to the fossil fuel divestment movement.” The formation of this group comes after the student body voted in favor of divesting from fossil fuels last spring. This board is pleased to see that the University has recognized the collective opinion of the student body and has further looked into the practicality and viability of divestment. University divestment from fossil fuels is a hot button issue across the nation. In a Sept. 5 article, the New York Times stipulated that over 300 campuses are currently in the midst of some sort of divestment campaign. The decisions of university administrations have varied—five New England schools have chosen to divest, including Unity College and Hampshire College, while others, like Harvard University, have decided against divestment. The issue of divestment is a complicated one that warrants a working group to evaluate the benefits, or detriments, of divestment. The working group consists of four students, one alumnus, two professors and one administrator as the chair of the group. We are pleased to see the University include students in the group, as this has been a student-led initiative throughout the process. Furthermore, we are happy to see both Prof. Eric Olson (Heller) and Prof. John Ballantine (IBS) as faculty members in the working group. One of Olson’s noted expertise in climate change and can prop-

Advocate for environment erly enumerate the negative effects of fossil fuel companies on the sustainability campaign. Ballantine, with his expertise in corporate finance and financial strategic planning, should be able to fully explain the effects divestment would have on both the University’s endowment, and on the companies from which we would be potentially divesting. This board implores the working group to make a final recommendation to the Board of Trustees based on a proper evaluation of the facts on hand. Brandeis, as a school grounded in social justice, should make its divestment decision based on which course of action is the best way to advocate on behalf of the environment. It may in fact be that divestment is the most effective course of action, as this board emphatically stated in a Feb. 5 editorial. “Although experts ... admit that the economic impact of universities divesting from fossil fuel giants would be small, the social and political impact of this potentially national campaign could be significant.” All aspects of a potential divestment should be evaluated by the committee, producing the best course of action for the environment. The formation of this working group is an exciting next step for the University in its perpetual pursuit of social justice. We look forward to seeing the final report of the group and watching the University be an active player in the battle against climate change.

Continue to evaluate mental health This past week, the Jed Foundation, a non-profit organization concerned with suicide prevention among students, recognized the University for the availability and comprehensiveness of its mental health resources. In order to be considered for the JedCampus seal, applicants must complete a self-assessment survey and review their school’s mental health promotion and suicide prevention programs. We commend the University for taking the initiative and applying for this award. Having received the seal, we hope the administration will continue critically evaluating and assessing the effectiveness of our mental health resources. According to a study commissioned by the University of Virginia in 2011, suicide is the second leading cause of death among college students, outpaced only by vehicular-related deaths. In 2008, the American College Health Association released a report that indicated of the students who screened positively for depression, only 36 percent received treatment. Universities must be equipped with the resources and personnel that can adequately provide the support students need. While we are not privy to the self-assessment the administration submitted as consideration for the award, according to the criteria provided by the Jed Foundation, we can conjecture the administration surveyed the free services provided by the Psychological Counseling Center, any available crisis programs and perhaps by on-campus groups as well, such as Students Talking About Relationships and Brandeis Counseling and Rape Crisis Hotline, among others. We hope the feedback the administration received from the

Release self-assessment

Jed Foundation, in addition to the insight they derived from their own evaluation, will compel the University to routinely conduct self-assessments of our mental health services. As the JedCampus seal is only valid for two years, the University can plan on another assessment at the end of the two-year term. While our mental health services have been recognized and honored, there can and always will be room for improvement. To facilitate improvement, the administration could release any pertinent parts of their self-assessment to the student body and ask for feedback. Or perhaps the administration could initiate a separate anonymous survey to students gauging their response to the available resources. By incorporating student feedback into future self-assessments, the University can work toward improving our services. The University should take advantage of the resources offered by the Jed Foundation. Administrators can attend conferences aimed specifically at promoting effective treatment and utilize the foundation as a sounding board to advise on mental health programs and policies. Students on college campuses across the country find themselves in need of mental health resources and Brandeis students are no exception. This award demonstrates that the success and usefulness of our mental health services are a priority to the University. However, in order to ensure that students feel safe and continue receiving effective treatment, a habitual evaluation and assessment of our resources must be put into place.


Views the News on

Oct. 1 marked the beginning of the first federal government shutdown since 1996, which resulted from Congress’ inability to pass a federal spending bill. The shutdown left 800,000 government employees without work, and over a million more are currently working without pay. The list of those to blame for the shutdown is long. Who do you think will make the necessary compromises to get Washington back to work? How will the political landscape be affected by this episode in congressional history?

David Miller ’14 Our best hope is that Speaker John Boehner gets enough moderate Republicans to support a clean continuation of funding. Trying to compromise with ringleader Sen. Ted Cruz and his fellow Tea Partiers would be a total waste of energy for Democrats. As Republican Marlin Stutzman says, “We’re not going to be disrespected. We have to get something out of this. And I don’t know what that even is.” Although Cruz and his House Republican allies may seem like hopeless ideologues, this is more likely motivated by self-interest. Cruz has taken the lead in the 2016 Republican primary for president. His House allies are better-positioned for advancement within the conservative movement. In the short term, the Republican leadership needs to get control of its caucus. In the long term, we could reconsider our government’s 200-year-old separation of powers, which has now made it possible for a gang of opportunists to threaten the national economy. David Miller ’14 is the public relations coordinator for Brandeis Democrats.

Joshua Nass ’14 Compromise is about two sides coming together and finding the middle ground on an issue. It is not about either side having an absolutist position. This president continues to refuse to even talk to those in the Republican leadership about forging some sort of a compromise. Meanwhile, he rushes to pick up the phone to speak to President Hassan Rouhani of Iran; a Holocaust-denying thug portraying himself as a so-called moderate. From my perspective, Republicans have been more than reasonable on this issue. Their position is that since the bill has been delayed for corporations, why not delay it for American families? This isn’t about repealing the bill or even defunding it. The House’s position has been to delay Obamacare for working American families. Although in the short term due to the help of the media, the Republicans will be blamed, in the long term Democrats and this president will be bearing the burden of the blame, and rightfully so. Joshua Nass ’14 is the chairman of Voices of Conservative Youth and president of the Brandeis Libertarian-Conservative Union.

Joshua Brikman ’16 The government shutdown, more aptly named the government slowdown as 83 percent of the federal government is still functioning, mind you, is a welcome piece of news for those political observers who cherish liberty. Government is the antithesis of liberty; it is a collection of persons that can steal (i.e.: tax) and murder (i.e.: war) whereas other groups and individuals such as the local Parent Teacher Association and Joe-salesman cannot. A slowdown of the leviathan that piles debt upon the unborn masses is a great achievement. It is worth noting that over a million individuals have had their pay zeroed-out or reduced during this process; regrettable given that there are families to feed. However, these are jobs that have been deemed non-essential and I ask: Why is it that there are people feeding at the public trough if they are non-essential? Can these jobs be privatized or removed so as to reduce disruptions in the economy caused by political bickering? Joshua Brikman ‘16 is a member of Brandeis’ Young Americans for Liberty.

Noah M. Horwitz ’16 A conversation over Obamacare, specifically the unpopular provisions such as the medical device tax, deserves to be heard. However, the continued operation of the government should not be tied to this conversation. By confounding these issues and forcing the partial repeal of Obamacare to be attached to the continued funding of the government, the Republicans are the ones completely at fault. It is their responsibility to withdraw these inane demands and simply debate a “clean”—that is, without the adulterations of non-fiscal policy— spending bill that will reopen the government. Democrats are not obligated to, nor should they, capitulate to the Republican party’s demands. A presidential election settled the issue of whether to repeal Obamacare in its entirety. Noah M. Horwitz ’16 is the editor in chief of the Texpatriate blog and a columnist for the Justice.




Tech industry human rights violations must not be ignored By MAX MORAN JUSTICE CONTRIBUTING WRITER

A few weeks ago, Brandeis was treated to a visit. A friendly young advertiser—excuse me, “educational ambassador”—representing Google, the famed search engine, hardware manufacturer, social network and translation tool, came by to show off some of her company’s newest products. A few friends and I decided to check it out. Upon walking in, we were instantly surrounded by a crowd of several dozen students, all crammed together to get a starry-eyed glance at the latest Nexus tablet. We heard rapturously about eTextbooks costing 80 percent less than paper. We took free Google pens, Google sunglasses and Google keychains, each individually wrapped in plastic. What struck me as unnerving about the whole affair was how close the students all huddled together, how they couldn’t bear to keep the customary respectful distance from the advertiser’s table, how passersby literally had to push and squeeze through just to see what everyone was standing shoulder-toshoulder adoring. It was Google. Who doesn’t love Google? Scattered through the crowd were familiar faces, people I know to be highly socially- conscious, and frequently critical of the mega corporations on the same scale as Google and its competitors. And yet, when presented with new buttons to push, screens to touch and apps to use, all of us turned into walking advertisements, whispering about the high quality of Google products, singing the company’s praises almost dogmatically. When the advertiser pulled out two Apple MacBooks she used to show off the videos, hisses and snarky comments arose from the crowd. “Traitor,” I heard someone say. So fierce is the perceived rivalry between Google and Apple that not even a Google employee can be considered a friend if she uses the enemy’s machine. Those same friends launched into practiced arguments about how overpriced Apple computers are, how they don’t allow users to modify their tech, and so the debate rages on. Though tech corporations like Google and Apple present themselves as irreconcilable rivals, almost all of their business models share the same darker sides. I wish I could say that the facts are secrets, but they are not. They are realities that we have chosen to ignore. Google’s newest piece of hardware, Google Glass, is currently being mass-produced at China’s Foxconn Technology Group factory complex, the same factory that builds all Apple products. Foxconn has been in the news over the past few years because employee suicides are so frequent that the factory has installed safety nets under the windows to catch potential jumpers. On Sept. 24, 11 people died in a mass riot within the factory. According to Business


Insider, employees are docked pay for not attending meetings, and spend up to eight hours straight standing on the production line. Foxconn workers for the most part live in and around the factory’s dormitories, which sometimes cram eight people into one room. Although they may work and live together for years, few roommates even know each other’s names. Again, says Business Insider, “Friendship is a big problem in the factory.” The minerals that are modified at Foxconn to become the microprocessors powering Google and Apple technology are mined primarily in Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Major armed groups and cartels sell the tin, tantalum and tungsten necessary to create smartphones and laptops, and use the funds to finance ongoing civil wars. Miners are physically abused, treated almost as slaves, according to the human rights group Global Witness. Economic conditions are so bad in eastern Congo that despite this treat-

ment, most locals still mine because they can’t find another source of income. The preferred weapon of enforcement by these armed groups is rape; women live in constant fear of their husbands displeasing the militias. The independent aid group Raise Hope for Congo reports that eastern Congo has the highest rates of sexual violence in the entire world. It is classified by the Enough Project, an aid organization dealing with issues in Africa, as the single most dangerous place in the world to be a woman. In 2014, a component of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act will mandate American companies to keep track of where their minerals are produced, but most corporations are already becoming more sensitive to the issue. Groups which follow and rate where companies get their minerals have found Apple and Google to be among the better groups in their industry; Apple reportedly receives 60 percent of its minerals from non-conflict areas. The worst-

rated company is Japanese video game developer Nintendo. The gaming company, noted for its family-friendly public image, has no official policy whatsoever for monitoring where it gets its minerals. Yet for all of the human rights violations perpetuated by these companies, for all of the modern developed world’s moralizing about how it does not tolerate such evils, the newest products released by these companies turn us all into infants laughing at jangling keys. It is the great cognitive dissonance of our generation that we can protest, plead and beg for workers in the third world to be treated with respect, but cannot imagine life without the products that come from their exploitation. Even now, I write this article on my MacBook Pro, the first Apple computer I’ve ever owned. As I walked out of the Apple store, knowing full well where its parts and assembly came from, I was as gleeful as a child. All I was worried about was whether the Chromebook really was the better deal.

Preconceptions about people and religion prove to be misleading By KAHLIL OPPENHEIMER JUSTICE STAFF WRITER

I originally thought atheism meant “lack of religion,” but after hearing more sermons delivered from atheists than I ever did from any priest or pastor, I reconsidered. Most of the people I knew growing up were atheists, followed by Muslims, then Jews and finally Christians. My dad was not an atheist; he was “spiritual but not religious” (a description that I now understand to mean he believes in a higher power, meditates, has strict morals, but under no circumstance will reveal what he actually believes). A couple of my friends from high school identified as “culturally but not religiously Jewish.” That ended up meaning their families were Jewish, probably celebrated Jewish holidays, but rarely went to services. All I knew about Christianity was what my Facebook friends posted about the Westboro Baptist Church being comprised of hateful bigots. It wasn’t uncommon for me to make presumptions about unfamiliar groups. I had little-to-no experience with religion growing up, so I had no idea what to expect from Brandeis. Yes, I’ll be politically correct and note that Brandeis is not officially a Jewish university, but the main selling points on my tour here were the half-kosher dining hall and that Brandeis is sometimes referred to as

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“The Jewish Harvard.” Generalizing my preconceptions of the Westboro Baptist Church to all religious people, I was half-expecting to be thrown into a pit of hateful, closed-minded people who ate babies, then protested their funerals. Needless to say, that didn’t happen. I was actually very quickly humbled and pleasantly surprised by the feeling of welcome and community that Brandeis offered. I had thought that asking what “kosher” actually meant was taboo, but when I finally summoned the courage to ask the religious-looking man who supervises the kosher side of the dining hall, he simply smiled and explained the various dietary restrictions to me. As he explained, I felt compelled to apologize for my ignorance, out of respect for this belief system that I knew nothing about. He responded by chuckling, revealing a comforting smile, and then pointing me in the direction of the big entrée of the day. His tone revealed no indication of offense, in fact, he seemed incredibly accepting—a common trend among most religious people I’ve actually talked to at Brandeis. Atheists had always convinced me that atheism was the intellectually superior path and that religious people were incredibly closed-minded, but whenever I questioned that, they told me I was wrong. My conversations with them were often brief because

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they’d get quickly frustrated when I didn’t see the same “truth” as them. And they often entered our conversations from a post-enlightened—“once thought that too”—perspective.

It’s easy to lock ourselves away with beliefs that feel safer, more familiar, and more secure. As a sharp contrast, during my first week at Brandeis, I had a really pleasant conversation with two orthodox Jews. We sat down for lunch and they invited me to ask them anything I wanted about Judaism or about their particular beliefs. We began talking, and even though I disagreed with several of their views (particularly in regard to homosexuality), I did not feel like they assumed a moral superiority or forced their views on me; they were both actually extremely receptive to me articulating my disagreements. I’m sure there are plenty of closed-minded religious people and

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open-minded atheists, but the point is that it’s just people on all ends, and assuming anything based on religious preference is fallible. I remember how shocked I was in high school to hear that my economics teacher was Catholic. I remember being even more shocked when I learned that he was a Republican. But the biggest shock of all came when I realized that he was absolutely brilliant. He turned out to be one of the most perceptive, interesting and intelligent people I’ve ever talked to. If I hadn’t had to sit in class and listen to him speak every day, I would’ve just finalized my opinions right then and there—ah, another Catholic, Republican bigot, racist, sexist, homophobic, earth-destroyer. But think about how ridiculous it is that I formed all of these judgments from simply hearing him speak a sentence or two. Think about how ridiculous it is that I nearly did the same for Brandeis. Think about how ridiculous it is when any of us presume to know anything about anyone. It’s easy to lock ourselves away with beliefs that feel safer, more familiar and more secure, to surround ourselves with other likeminded folks, but it’s really hard to enter an unfamiliar place and to not just tolerate it, but to embrace it. I definitely haven’t fully embraced Brandeis yet, but I feel like I’m on my way. Shalom.

Editorial Assistants Arts: Emily Wishingrad Sports: Avi Gold Staff Senior Writers: Jacob Moskowitz News: Danielle Gross, Luke Hayslip, Ilana Kruger, Sarah Rontal, Scarlett Reynoso Features: Selene Campion Forum: Jennie Bromberg, Daniel Koas, Aaron Fried, Noah M. Horwitz, Kahlil Oppenheimer, Catherine Rosch, Naomi Volk Sports: Ben Freudman, Elan Kane Arts: Aliza Gans, Arielle Gordon, Brett Gossett, Zachary Marlin, Mara Sassoon, Aliza Vigderman Photography: Morgan Brill, Jenny Cheng, Annie Fortnow, Wit

Gan, Annie Kim, Abby Knecht, Bri Mussman, Rafaella Schor, Adam Stern, Olivia Wang, Xiaoyu Yang Copy: Aliza Braverman, Kathryn Brody, Melanie Cytron, Eliza Kopelman, Mara Nussbaum Layout: Ashley Hebard, Elana Horowitz, Jassen Lu, Maya RiserKositsky, Lilah Zohar Illustrations: Hannah Kober, Tziporah Thompson






While most political issues can create a heated debate on college campuses, the debate concerning the Israeli-Palestinian conflict tends to have a special blend of misinformation, closed-mindedness and hostility that turns people away from discussing the conflict altogether. Since current American college students represent the future of American leadership, the lack of sincere discussion over the situation in Israel and its territories presents a clear threat to the future of the American pro-Israel leadership. Debate among college students lacks authenticity, as students choose to repeat talking points rather than attempt to truly think or engage in the issues. Legitimate discourse with regard to the conflict will not be accomplished if it remains an idealistic dream of the few; rather, it must be a systematic change within the mindset of the campus community, catalyzed by the programming of pro-Israel campus organizations. An important part of changing the dialogue on campus is presenting students with the knowledge necessary to create well-informed opinions. Many Brandeis students come from heavily Zionistic backgrounds, and whether through their Jewish summer camps, youth movements or family ties, they have a strong and meaningful bond with the state of Israel. While these Brandeisians are often well aware of the Israeli narrative, they have little, or no understanding of the Palestinian narrative. The result of this biased education is that many Brandeis students are unable to grasp both the political intricacies and human elements at stake in the IsraeliPalestinian conflict. It is hard for any person to fully comprehend the misery inflicted on the Palestinians by the Israeli occupation without talking to a Palestinian and it is equally futile to discuss the issue of the Palestin-

ian right of return without speaking to a Palestinian refugee. Any proper discussion needs representation from both sides of the argument and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is not an exception. Within the past two years there has been a call for reason that has manifested itself in the hearts and minds of the national pro-Israel community as well as the Brandeis pro-Israel community. Today, the atmosphere at Brandeis has changed, and discussions on campus engage, challenge and bring different perspectives to the table. J Street U Brandeis is fostering the two sided discussion that must occur on campus. J Street U has been working tirelessly to help create a space where students are not limited to the labels of “pro-Israel” or “pro-Palestine,” but rather moving beyond the typical paradigms associated with these terms and forming a respectful, productive and nuanced discussion.

Bahour was able to present the Palestinian narrative that so many Zionists need to hear. For example, on Sept. 20, J Street U hosted Sam Bahour, a Palestinian businessman, who shared his personal narrative. Over 50 students, including religious Jews, secular Jews, Palestinian-Arabs, Israelis, Christians and Muslims, were able to hear Bahour talk about the constant, and often humiliating, struggles created by the Israeli military occupation of the West Bank. Bahour discussed the unnecessary problems not only for individuals like himself who are attempting to build the Palestinian private sector, but also for anyone who is just trying to live a normal life. Thanks to J Street U Brandeis,

Bahour was able to present the Palestinian narrative that so many Zionists need to hear before they formulate an opinion. Students’ willingness to participate in conversations that force them to truly contemplate their beliefs is not confided to the familiarity and comfort of campus. Just two weeks ago J Street U Brandeis brought 55 students to the J Street National Conference in Washington, D.C. This group of Brandeis students represents the largest college delegation to ever attend an Israel-related conference—larger then any delegation to an American Israel Public Affairs Committee, NORPAC, or any other conference. It is often said that Brandeis is a microcosm of American Jewry; thus, our delegation at the conference illustrates the changing tide of American Jewish thinking in regard to Israel. People are opening up to a two sided discussion as opposed to a one-sided onslaught. While bringing a Palestinian speaker might have been deemed “anti-Israel” in the past at Brandeis, J Street U Brandeis’ efforts have forged the way for an open and challenging conversation about the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. When the J Street National Conference kicked off, 900 students participated in and helped lead this exciting culmination of J Street’s efforts as it has grown into an influential and important voice in the American Pro-Israel community. The work that J Street is doing both nationally, and on campus, is changing and challenging the conversation being held on our campuses, in our Jewish communities and in Congress for the better. Two sided dialogue where all sides of the conflict are recognized is essential to form a proper opinion. J Street U Brandeis is a key player in forming that discussion. —Daniel Moskowitz is the education coordinator for J Street U Brandeis and Shaina Dorow is the membership coordinator for J Street U Brandeis.

Technology impedes on living life By SAM MINTZ JUSTICE EDITOR

Walk through any building or open space on campus, including a classroom, and many of the students you’ll see will be absorbed in a laptop, smartphone or other device. Too often, you’ll see friends out to dinner sitting around the table tapping away instead of interacting with each other. Visit a thriving online community like Reddit, and you’ll find countless users (many of whom are young people) making jokes about how they haven’t been outside in days because they’re so consumed with the Internet, gaming and other virtual pursuits. It sounds like a sitcom joke, but this kind of situation is all to real. Our entitled, instant gratification-generation needs self-control. We need to take walks, read books; we need to look up and interact with the world beyond the screens in front of our faces, because out there is where life takes place. Of course, all of these technological amenities are fantastic innovations, and they have undoubtedly made our lives richer in countless ways. But there’s clearly a dark side that many young people choose to ignore in a cavalier manner. To me, the scariest thing is that we’re the guinea pigs. Our parents spent their childhoods and teenage years completely without computers and the Internet and have only adopted these technologies in middle age. In addition to these harms that we’ll suffer, we have no idea how our constant use of gadgets and screens will affect our physical, mental and social health.

Personally, I’m worried about my eyes. According to WebMD, “Between 50 and 90 percent of people who work at a computer screen have at least some symptoms of eye trouble,” and people who spend similarly large amounts of time playing video games can also experience eye problems. There’s a documented medical issue called computer vision syndrome, which is even discussed on the American Optometric Association website. But perhaps more seriously, it’s also true that people can suffer emotional harm by distancing themselves from reality, and many college students will tell you of someone whose social life has fallen apart, replaced by League of Legends or fantasy football. Internet addiction is a serious issue, and one study by Aviv Weinstein at the Hadassah Medical Organization in Israel cites its prevalence in the United States and Europe as being as high as 8.2 percent. Excessive computer use and addiction can lead to mental disorders like depression, anxiety and sleep disorders, with one study published in the American Journal of Industrial Medicine suggesting that to prevent such problems, adult workers should be limited to less than five hours a day on their computers. In the spirit of full disclosure, I’m not standing on very solid ground from which to lecture. I spend much more time than I should playing video games, watching streaming sports and browsing social networking sites, sinking into this alternate world to relax, escape and discover—and subsequently start-

ing to lose the ability to do so elsewhere. It’s a dangerous precedent to set for myself and for our generation. To use a cliché often employed by lawyers, Internet addiction can be a slippery slope to an empty, selfcentered life. As suggested by the researchers in the American Journal of Industrial Medicine study, I believe that the solution is moderation. When I was a child, my parents placed a “screen time” limit on me, shutting me off after I had spent one or two hours playing games on the computer or watching TV. These days, I sometimes wish I still had some force in my life to do the same; I find it incredibly difficult to monitor and regulate myself. I’m going to try to, though. For an Environmental Studies class I’m taking this semester, I have an assignment for which I am asked to find a “place in the woods” and visit it every few weeks, sketching plants and trees and jotting down my observations. The first time I went out into the Sachar Woods, and I stayed for an hour and a half, enjoying the foliage, the weather and most of all, the quiet. As I was leaving the woods and walking back to campus, I realized with an uncomfortable jolt that I couldn’t remember the last time I had gone hiking, taken a walk in the woods or even passed a few hours without thinking about things tied to the virtual world. I’m not going to go “cold turkey” and stop using my computer or the Internet altogether. I am, however, going to try to use them more moderately. Real life is too beautiful and vibrant to constantly ignore.

HANNAH KOBER/the Justice

Solve federal budget with vast spending cuts, not more debt By NELSON GILLIAT JUSTICE CONTRIBUTING WRITER

According to, addiction is defined as: “the state of being enslaved to a habit or practice or to something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming, to such an extent that its cessation causes severe trauma.” Now imagine an addict, not addicted to drugs, but to spending. Because this addict spends more than he earns, he’s debt-ridden. Every month, he pays his enormous credit card bill with … another credit card. Unwilling to quit his addiction, he ignores them and spends more, going even deeper into debt. One day, he’s unable to borrow anymore. Unable to pay his bills, let alone the interest payments on his loans, he declares bankruptcy and defaults. I’m speaking of course, about the United States federal government. The federal government owes $17 trillion to individuals, corporations, banks and foreign governments. Per citizen, thats about $53,000. Picture the $17 trillion national debt as the negative side effect of our government’s bipartisan spending addiction. Both parties are addicted to spending on “stimulus,” bailouts, subsidies, handouts, entitlements, pointless wars, foreign “aid,” pensions, the drug war and coveted government contracts—in order to fund a massive warfare and welfare state. It’s not just politicians that are addicted to government spending either: our entire economy—savers, investors and employers—are addicted as well. The moment the government spigot stops, the house of cards that is our economy will fall. Make no mistake, however, if we don’t quit the addiction now, the economy will fall from much higher up. Yet concern that the U.S. will default is misplaced: technically, the U.S. can never default since all U.S. government debt is denominated in U.S. dollars, and the dollar is a freefloating, fiat currency. Instead of the disastrous economical and political ramifications of default, our government is monetizing the debt; rather than honestly repay what is owed, the government transfers the debt to the rest of us by debasing the currency, thereby lowering the purchasing power of everyone’s money. Such is the consequence of the Federal Reserve’s quantitative

easing and expansionist monetary policy. Debasing our currency saves us from default, but it doesn’t save us from inflation, a general rise in the price of goods and services. Inflation reduces growth and productivity because investors, consumers and companies are uncertain over future prices and thus cannot budget and plan long-term. In cases of rapid inflation, consumers hoard goods out of concern for future inflation, causing shortages. More importantly, the ultimate risk of inflation is a currency crisis, which has severe economic consequences. Nonetheless, there is every incentive for both political parties to monetize debt and risk high inflation because this relieves Congress of the responsibility of raising taxes or cutting programs. Yet deficit spending and debt monetization cannot last forever; either our creditors will eventually wise-up to our financial insolvency or inflation will create a currency crisis. Therefore, Congress needs to bite the bullet and do the right thing: cut spending, balance the budget and pay down the debt. For starters, consider whether 800,000 “non-essential” government workers currently on paid vacation, should even be employed. Then downsize our global military, reevaluate foreign “aid”, stop the counterproductive and failed drug war, abolish subsidies and discontinue the failed “stimulus.” The government cannot have its cake and eat it too; it cannot fund a massive welfare, warfare and police state and be wealthy at the same time. It cannot police the world, pay other countries’ bills and provide every human being with a living— and not go bankrupt. Rather, the government ought to live within its means and proper purpose: protecting the rights of Americans. Spending cuts hurt in the shortterm, but just as addicts who fail to confront their problem in order to avoid short-term pain suffer far worse long-term consequences, the long-term consequences of inflation will be way more painful than short-term spending withdrawal. If we’re able to wean ourselves off spending, our long-term goal should be to kick the spending habit entirely. No more unnecessary government spending—it is artificial, inefficient and counter-productive. We don’t get real, natural and sustainable prosperity from the government; we achieve it ourselves.




WSOCCER: Judges keep winning Women VOLLEYBALL

get win to close Round MSOCCER: Men discover scoring touch Robin


was unlucky to strike the woodwork on two different occasions. The early going saw the Judges begin their onslaught on the Pioneers’ goal, as midfielder Madeline Stein ’14, midfielder Sara Isaacson ’16 and forward Sapir Edalati ’15 all registered shots within the first 11 minutes of the match. Despite its earlier misses, Brandeis got the only goal it would need when Spital, who had a team-high six shots, scored her team-leading ninth goal of the year in the 25th minute off a pass

from forward Holly Szafran ’16. “Holly intercepted the ball and started dribbling to the middle of the field so I overlapped her and she found me through the middle with a great ball,” Spital said. “It was a foot race to the ball with one player, then I cut around the second girl and shot it.” The Judges tallied 23 shots from 11 different players, as compared to just three shots from the Pioneers. Though they had issues finding the back of the net, they also used their roster size to their advantage, subbing consistently and using 19 players as compared to the 15 players that Smith

used. That strategy paid off, as the Judges looked considerably more aggressive and fresh throughout the course of the game. The squad also held the advantage in corner kicks, tallying eight to Smith’s zero. Though these two victories are definitely morale-boosting, the team can’t afford to rest. The Judges have a tough schedule ahead, playing four of their next five games on the road, three of which are against UAA opponents. Spital said that the success of the

team will ultimately depend on its aggressiveness and cohesiveness within the core of the team. “In order to be successful against the UAA opponents coming up we have to have a lot of trust in ourselves,” Spital said. “We need to be healthy and play aggressive. We also have to win 50-50 balls and play smart out of the back.” The Judges will look to continue their solid play today, traveling to Eastern Nazarene College for a 4:00 p.m. road match. On Saturday, they will host their first UAA home contest, playing against the University of Rochester at 12 p.m.

■ The team was downed

CONTINUED FROM 16 can be vulnerable just after scoring a goal, the Judges proved the opposite to be true. Just a few minutes later, at the 42:39 mark of the game, Chaput and Vieira combined to score once again. This time, Viera proved the role of provider, as his shot from the left was deflected, which allowed Chaput to put home the rebound and the lead. The duo of reserves came up big and ended up providing all of the Judges’ offense on a day when they would ultimately need it. After a strong first-half perfor-

mance, in which Brandeis dominated Wheaton in all areas of the pitch, the Judges let up in the second half and the Lyons took advantage, taking shot after shot on goalkeeper Joe Graffy ’15. While the hosts wouldn’t be able to score on Graffy from open play, Wheaton junior forward Travis Blair got a penalty kick in the 78th minute, which he sent past the Judges’ netminder to make it a one goal game. After controlling the first half with relative ease, it appeared that the visitors were about to let the game slip away. Yet, it proved to be the last Wheaton opportunity of the day, and as a result,

the Judges secured a valuable road victory. Though the Judges were able to pull out the win against Wheaton, Applefield believes that the game proved that the team still has improvements to make. “We've had some trouble this year putting in a full performance for 90 minutes,” he said. “Against Wheaton, we did very well the first half and were up 2-0, but we made it really difficult on ourselves in the second half. Though we still won 2-1, they really dictated the flow of the game [during the entire second half].” Applefield also noted that even

though the match against Case was a rout, the Spartans were quite a difficult foe. “Any conference game away from home is challenging,” he said. “The conference will only get harder, so in order to continue to be successful, we'll need to be able to play well for 90 minutes and not just a half, or 60 minutes. However, we couldn't have asked for a better way to start the conference and now we'll try to keep building on it.” The Judges are off until Saturday, hosting the University of Rochester at 3 p.m. in what promises to be yet another exciting game.

JOSH HOROWITZ/Justice File Photo

SIDESTEPPING THE COMPETITION: Forward Zach Viera ’17 attempts to change his speed in his team’s 6-0 win against Wentworth. Viera scored the Judges’ fifth goal.

X-COUNTRY: Runners break out with fast results CONTINUED FROM 16

meet at the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, was also the second Brandeis runner across the line, taking 11th place in 27:27. Michael Rosenbach ’15 took 14th overall, timing in at 27:42. Rookie Matt Doran ’17 was close behind Rosenbach, placing 17th in 27:56. Grady Ward ’16 rounded out the scoring for the men, putting all five competitors in the top 20 and taking 19th overall in 28:01. Though the

Judges’ team performance indicated obvious strengths, they still have the potential to improve. “Last week was an easier week,” said Lundkvist. “Most of the girls only did five miles per day, which is less than what we normally do for a normal week of training. Now we’re beginning to pick it up again. We should be back to 55-60 [miles] this week and getting back to regular mileage.” In addition to upping their training, the Judges are getting excited

for competitive meets ahead in their schedule. “A lot of the good New England schools will be at [our next meet at Connecticut College.] We’re really excited to race there and see what we can do against some of the best teams in our region. Looking forward to [Division III New England] Regionals, we're obviously hoping to be one of the top seven teams [which advance to the NCAA Division III Championship], but we're just going to do our best and see what hap-

pens.” Though ultimately the team’s training will be the decisive factor on their fitness heading into the larger meets, Lundvist believes that the Judges’ attitude is in the right place as well. “We are feeling good,” she said. “We are definitely excited to show what we can do. I think we’re going to surprise a lot of people.” The Judges will race on Saturday, Oct. 19 at the Connecticut College Invitational.

by Chicago and WashU on Saturday, but rebounded to beat Rochester on Sunday in earning a conference win. By AVI GOLD JUSTICE EDITORIAL ASSISTANT

In the first round of the University Athletic Association Round Robin tournament, the volleyball squad posted a 1-2 record and saw their season record slide to 9-12 overall and 1-2 in UAA play. Hosted by Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, the weekend started poorly for the Judges in losses to both 18th ranked University of Chicago and 9th ranked Washington University in St. Louis on Saturday. However, the Judges were able to salvage the weekend with a straight set victory over the University of Rochester by margins of 25-20, 25-18 and 25-23. “Our team played some of the best teams in the country this weekend,” said middle blocker Carly Gutner-Davis ’15. “[Even though we lost to Chicago and WashU], we came out and played strong, and we got a win against Rochester, which was one of the best feelings in the world.” The Judges’ strong, all-around performance carried the day. Three players scored more than five kills and two players had more than 15 digs, including a game high 21 from libero Elsie Bernaiche ’15. While the Judges were outscored by a 3029 kill margin, they were able to ride a complete team performance to victory. In the opening match against Chicago on Saturday, the Judges saw the return of co-captain setter Yael Einhorn ’13 from injury. Einhorn had not seen action since mid-September and the team went 3-5 in her absence. She had a strong return with 25 assists and three digs. However, her return could not spur the Judges to victory, falling short in a 25-15, 25-15 and 25-16 defeat. While the Judges managed to convert just 11.5 percent of their kills, the team was bolstered by a game high 13 kills from outside hitter Liz Hood ’15. The match against WashU later that day proved to be even tougher as no member of the Judges had more than four kills in the 25-14, 2510, 25-17 loss. However, highlights for the Judges came from Einhorn, who recorded 14 assists, and Bernaiche, who had a game high 12 digs. The Judges sputtered to 25 offensive errors, a stark contrast from just nine errors on WashU’s side of the court. Brandeis returns to action Thursday night at Emerson College before the squad returns to the Midwest for the second round of UAA matches, hosted by WashU. The Judges will square off against Carnegie Mellon University and Case Western Reserve University. Given the performance the team put forth in its win over Rochester, Bernaiche believes that the squad has the potential to keep winning. “We have the ability to beat these teams if we believe it,” she said “Coming off this last win, we are more than pumped to bring it to the court [in our next game against Case Western.]”

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2013-2014 Statistics UAA Conf. W L D JUDGES 1 0 0 Rochester 1 0 0 Chicago 1 0 0 Wash U. 0 0 1 Emory 0 0 1 Carnegie 0 1 0 Case 0 1 0 NYU 0 1 0

Overall W L D Pct. 10 1 0 .909 8 1 1 .850 6 2 1 .722 6 2 2 .720 7 3 1 .682 7 2 1 .750 5 2 3 .650 6 3 1 .650

Kyle Feather ’14 leads the team with eight goals. Player Goals Kyle Feather 8 Michael Soboff 4 Tudor Livadaru 3 Zach Vieira 3

Assists Ben Applefield ’14 leads the team with seven assists. Player Assists Ben Applefield 7 Michael Soboff 7 Tudor Livadaru 3

UPCOMING GAMES: Saturday vs. Rochester Oct. 15 vs. Mass Maritime Oct. 18 at Carnegie Mellon



2013-2014 Statistics


UAA Conf. W L D WashU 1 0 0 JUDGES 1 0 0 Carnegie 0 0 1 Chicago 0 0 1 NYU 0 0 0 Rochester 0 0 0 Emory 0 1 0 Case 0 1 0

Dara Spital ’15 leads the team with eight goals. Player Goals Dara Spital 8 Sapir Edalati 7 Melissa Darling 2 Cid Moscovitch 2

W L 9 1 8 2 6 1 7 2 5 3 5 3 7 3 6 5

Overall D Pct. 0 .900 0 .800 2 .778 1 .750 2 .600 2 .600 1 .682 0 .545

UPCOMING GAMES: Tonight at E. Nazarene Saturday vs. Rochester Fri., Oct. 18 at Carnegie Mellon

Assists Dara Spital ’15 leads the team with five assists. Player Assists Dara Spital 5 Holly Szafran 2 Jessica Morana 2



2013-2014 Statistics UAA Conf. W L Emory 3 0 Chicago 3 0 NYU 2 1 WashU 2 1 Carnegie 1 2 JUDGES 1 2 Case 0 3 Rochester 0 3

W 21 14 18 14 16 9 9 7

L 1 5 2 5 6 12 12 16

Overall Pct. .955 .737 .900 .737 .727 .429 .429 .304

UPCOMING GAMES: Thursday at Emerson Sat., Oct. 19 vs. Carnegie Mellon Sat., Oct. 19 vs. Case Western

Liz Hood ’15 leads the team in kills with 269. Player Kills Liz Hood 269 Si-Si Hensley 116 Carly Gutner-Davis 115 Rachael Dye 74

Digs Elsie Bernaiche ’15 leads the team in digs with 341. Player Digs Elsie Bernaiche 341 Liz Hood 199 Si-Si Hensley 189 Amaris Brown 108

cross cOuntry Results from the Keene State Invitational at Keene State on Oct. 5.



RUNNER TIME Jarret Harrigan 27:04.0 Quinton Hoey 27:27.0 Michael Rosenbach 27:42.0 Matt Doran 27:56.0

RUNNER TIME 18:46.0 Amelia Lundkvist Maddie Dolins 18:54.0 Kelsey Whitaker 19:04.0 Ashley Piccirillo 19:46.0

UPCOMING EVENTS: Saturday Oct., 19 at Connecticut College Invitational Saturday, Nov. 2 at the UAA Championships (held in Pittsburgh.)


TOP OF THE HEAP: Jennifer Marble (GRAD) is held high by her teammates after IBS’ 3-1 victory over KSA on Thursday.

Intramural soccer ends with exciting matches ■ Shin Bowls and IBS took home titles in the coed and men’s brackets, respectively, of intramural soccer. By TOM RAND SPECIAL TO THE JUSTICE

Gordon Field proved to be the stage of two exciting finals for intramural soccer, as the men’s and coed divisions had their championship matches contested on Thursday night. In the men’s final, top-seeded KSA faced second-seeded IBS. The teams split their two regular season meetings. In the final, however, IBS outlasted KSA for a 3-1 victory. Jennifer Marble MA ’14, who was playing in the men’s division, got IBS on the board first with a goal eight minutes into the game. Just nine minutes later, Artem Bolshakov (GRAD) made it 2-0, giving his team a decisive advantage. Both goals were assisted by Matan Kurman MA ’14. Despite being a man down due to

an earlier red card, IBS made the score 3-0, 7:22 into the second half on a goal by Baran Budak (GRAD), assisted by team captain Baffour Boateng (GRAD). With 53 seconds left in the game KSA’s Jaemo Lee ’17 scored on a pass from captain Ryan Jang ’14 to avoid the shutout. Kaushal Vaddiraj MA ’15 made six saves for IBS, while Jin Uk Cho ’15 made three for KSA. The coed final featured an intense matchup between top-seeded Shin Bowls and third-seeded Pandora’s Penalty Box, who had upset secondseeded Tyler Loves Emily in the semi-finals 2-0. The teams did battle once in the regular season. In that game—despite Pandora leading 1-0 at the half—Shin Bowls emerged victorious 5-2. This time, the game would be much closer. Despite good scoring chances in the first half from Pandora’s Robbie Sousa ’15 and Jacob Elder ’15 as well as Shin Bowls’ Ku Jung ’14, the game was a scoreless encounter going into the second half. Just moments into the second half,

Shin Bowls seemingly took control, scoring two quick goals from Jung and Bethany Rennich ’17, which gave them a 2-0 advantage. With Pandora offering little attacking threat, it appeared that Shin Bowls would run away with the game. However, everything changed quickly, as Pandora scored with just over 10 minutes left to make it 2-1. Sam Mintz ’15 took a free kick from half field, which evaded the entire Shin Bowls defense and goalkeeper, as it clanged off of the left post and into the net. Sensing that their opponents were vulnerable, Pandora went into offensive overdrive. With one minute, 33 seconds left, a Shin Bowls player was issued a red card for a two-footed slide tackle. With 10 seconds left, Pandora was inches away from getting an equalizer. Elder sent a left-footed shot from 10 yards out, which beat the Shin Bowls goalkeeper. However, the shot clanked off of the right post and out of play, securing the victory for Shin Bowls. Editor’s note: Sam Mintz ’15 is the production editor of The Justice.

BOSTON BRUINS RECAP Bruins show ability to score shorthanded goals in opening victories over Tampa Bay and Detroit The Boston Bruins got their 2013 to 2014 campaign off to a strong start, downing the Tampa Bay Lightning and Detroit Red Wings by margins of 3-1 and 4-1, respectively. “Last year was a good year, not a great year,” said Bruins forward Chris Kelly—who scored a penalty shot in the opening night victory over Tampa Bay—in reference to the Bruins’ loss to the Chicago Blackhawks in the Stanley Cup Finals. “It’s in the past. But I thought everybody fit in well tonight.” On Oct. 5, in just the second game of the season, the 1-0 Bruins had their work cut out for them against the 2-0 Red Wings. Boston sought vengeance, especially after an 8-2 preseason rout at the hands of Detroit on Sept. 19. Eight minutes and 36 seconds into

the first period, a two-minute hooking penalty was called against Red Wing defenseman Niklas Kronwall. Bruins defenseman Torey Krug took the opportunity to score a power-play goal, his first career goal in a regular-season game, putting the Bruins ahead at 1-0 at the 10:46 mark. Left wing Milan Lucic and center David Krejci each earned their assists in the scoring effort. At 16:49, though, Red Wing captain Henrik Zetterberg tied the score, leading to a stalemate by the end of the first period. The Bruins were quick to re-capture the lead, though, staking their second goal from left wing Brad Marchand with just 36 seconds gone in the second period. Right wing Jordan Caron followed up with another goal at the 7:58 mark, giving

the Bruins a comfortable 3-1 lead. At 16:13, a two-minute penalty was called against Red Wings power forward Todd Bertuzzi hooking, leaving the Bruins yet another opportunity to seal the game. The Red Wings killed the power play, though, maintaining a twogoal deficit and leaving room for a late rally. Bruins captain Zdeno Chara took advantage of a power play, scoring another goal for the Bruins at 12:17. Krug and Lucic were credited with the assist. At 16:07, another two-minute tripping penalty was called against Krejci. Despite the penalty, the Bruins held on for a 4-1 victory, recording a formidable 37 shots on goal. Against Tampa Bay, just two nights earlier, the opening stages of

the game proved to be much more aggressive, given that both teams were playing for the first time this season. However, the Bruins got a massive slice of luck when Kelly gothooked by Lightning defenseman Mark Barberio and was given a penalty shot. Kelly’s shot—which he had attempted unsuccessfully against Bruins’ goalkeeper Tuukka Rask in practice—fooled Tampa Bay netminder Anders Lindback for a 1-0 advantage. The advantage would last just over one period, as Lightning forward Valtteri Filppula sent a snap shot past Rask with 10:32 left in the second period to tie the game. While the goal killed some of the Bruins’ momentum, they got a cru-

cial strike from Lucic toward the end of the second period. Krejci took the puck up the left wing, setting up Lucic for a slapshot with exactly one minute left in the second period. Despite playing with three men to Tampa Bay’s five, the Bruins scored a shorthanded goal for the second time of the night to seal the victory. Center Patrice Bergeron, who was playing captain for the night, went the length of the ice and scored an impressive solo goal to wrap up the win with just over 16 minutes left in the game. The Bruins will welcome the Colorado Avalanche to the T.D. Garden on Thursday night at 7 p.m. — Marissa Ditkowsky and Henry Loughlin



Page 16

THE CROWNING OF CHAMPIONS The intramural soccer finals saw Shin Bowls and IBS crowned champions of the coed and men’s competitions, p. 15.

Tuesday, October 8, 2013



Judges down foes in road triumphs

■ After downing Wheaton

2-1, the men’s soccer team beat Case Western 4-0 in their first UAA game. By DANIEL KANOVICH JUSTICE CONTRIBUTING WRITER

The men’s soccer team had their work cut out for them in trips to Wheaton College and University Athletic Association rival Case Western Reserve University. Yet, despite facing two tough away tests, the No. 14 Judges kept their winning streak alive. After downing Wheaton on their home turf by a 2-1 margin on Tuesday afternoon, the team opened UAA play with an impressive 4-0 rout of Case Western Reserve University on Saturday. The squad improved to 10-1 on the season with the two consecutive victories. “I was really satisfied by the performance of the whole team,” said left-back Ben Applefield ’14, who provided a goal and an assist in the 4-0 victory over Case. “[Our game against Case] was one of our most complete performances this season from start to finish. We seemed really focused from the start and played a complete match. There was about fifteen minutes at the start of the second half where we let the game get away from us a bit, but other than that I thought we were in control for most of the game.” Given that it was the Judges’ conference opener, Brandeis was looking to make a statement. UAA games are usually influential in determining

Waltham, Mass.

the team’s eligibility to compete in the NCAA Division III Tournament. The Judges got off to a fast start, scoring roughly halfway through the first half for a 1-0 advantage. Applefield opened his account for the season, running past two defenders and firing a left-footed shot into the top right corner for his first goal. That was the lone goal of the first half, but it proved to be a sign of things to come in the second half. Four minutes after the break, the Judges scored again. A free kick from midfielder Kyle Feather ’14 took a lucky deflection and fell to forward Michael Soboff ’15 who tapped it in. Soboff finished the day with a teamleading two assists. While the Judges had a 2-0 lead, it is often said that a two-goal advantage is never a safe margin in soccer. However, Brandeis ultimately put the game beyond all doubt in the 74th minute, as midfielder Jake Picard ’16 scored off of a corner kick by Soboff to make it 3-0. Brandeis, with the game well in hand, added a fourth goal with 11:24 left, through forward Zach Viera ’17, who scored his third goal in as many games. The Judges, though, came out of the gates at Wheaton much faster than their opponents did, taking a 10-7 first-half shot advantage over Wheaton. The pressure paid off in the 40th minute, as Viera took a ball from forward Michael Chaput ’16 on the left wing and finished past Lyons’ sophomore goalkeeper Matt Dickey for a 1-0 Brandeis lead. Though it is often said that teams

See MSOCCER, 13 ☛


Squads perform well at Keene State meet ■ The women earned first

place, while the men came in second at the annual Keene State Invitational. By HENRY LOUGHLIN JUSTICE EDITOR

Unlike indoor and outdoor track, cross-country is a sport that features different courses for runners every week. The women’s cross-country team is showing, this season, that it doesn’t matter where the course is—they still have the ability to emerge victorious. Led by Amelia Lundkvist ’14, who finished second overall and first among Division III competitors, the women took the Keene State Invitational by seven points. Host Keene State University was second with 59 points. “The race went very well I think,” said Lundkvist. “We got out a lot better and faster than [our meet at the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth] and moved up [past our competitors] quickly and fairly easily. As we moved up, we had people to [chase] so that made it go by fast. The finish was tough, but other than that it was a very solid race for us as a team.” Additionally, the men took second to Keene State, racking up 58 points to the Owls’ 24. The University of Southern Maine was third, finishing 10 points behind the Judg-

es with 68. Lundkvist toured the five-kilometer course in 18 minutes, 46 seconds. Yet, while Lundkvist has been leading the pack for her team this year, she wasn’t the only Judge to have a good day. Rookie Maddie Dolins ’17 was third, just eight seconds behind Lundkvist. Kelsey Whitaker ’16 completed Brandeis’ sweep of places two, three and four, coming in at 19:04. On a day where Victoria Sanford ’14, who is usually one of the Judges’ top-three finishers, was absent, the Judges were able to get some scoring help from the team’s younger runners. Ashley Piccirillo-Horan ’17 successfully broke the 20-minute barrier as Brandeis’ fourth runner, taking 15th overall with a time of 19:46. Kate Farrell ’17 rounded out the scoring for the Judges. She completed the course in 20:28, good for 34th place. Though the men didn’t take the team victory, they managed to upt forth a promising performance despite challenging circumstances. With Ed Colvin ’14—who is usually the Judges’ top runner—injured, Jarret Harrigan ’15 was the first finisher for the men, taking sixth place overall. Harrigan covered the tough, eight-kilometer course in 27:04. Even with Colvin absent, the men showed their strength. Quinton Hoey ’17, who was second on the team to Harrigan at a Sept. 21

See X-COUNTRY, 13 ☛

MORGAN BRILL/the Justice

CENTER OF ATTENTION: Forward Holly Szafran ’16 dribbles down the pitch during the Judges’ 1-0 home victory over Smith on Tuesday. Szafran registered four shots on the Pioneers’ net and assisted on forward Dara Spital’s winning goal.

Team finds top form in grinding out victories ■ The women’s soccer squad

beat Smith by a single tally at home, before downing Case Western on a late goal. By ELAN KANE JUSTICE STAFF WRITER

The women’s soccer team went 2-0 this past week, securing close 1-0 victories in its opening University Athletic Association game against Case Western Reserve University on Saturday and visiting Smith College last Tuesday. With the victories, the squad improved to 8-2 on the season and 1-0 in UAA play. The Judges came in to the Smith game having lost two straight road matches and two of three overall. Brandeis needed a strong week to get back to its winning ways. Forward Dara Spital ’15 reflected that the team needed to improve on playing both physically and mentally

in various conditions moving forward. “After [a 4-0 loss on the road at Bowdoin College on Sept. 28], we had to mentally regain our focus,” she said. “We can't let [playing on] grass fields [where both of the Judges’ defeats this year have come], affect our game and make us play slower. We were a step behind [Case] at times, but we still battled hard and created good chances.” In a game that was delayed twice by lightning, the Judges faced an evenly matched Case team, which was 6-4 in non-conference play prior to the start of the game. They found themselves challenged, matching the Spartans with only seven shots in the contest. Brandeis had few opportunities in the first half, though, getting only two shots off, both from Spital. They picked up their aggressiveness in the second half, notching five more shot attempts and looking to secure the game-winning goal. As the game wore on in scoreless

fashion, it appeared that it would only take one goal to emerge victorious. Thankfully, the Judges were able to capitalize on one of those shots in the 79th minute, when forward Melissa Darling ’16 slotted the ball into the bottom right corner of the net from a cross for her second goal of the season and her first collegiate game-winner. Spital noted that while UAA games are important, the team must put forth that same focus in every match if they want to be successful and ultimately achieve their postseason goals. “Winning UAA games is the biggest part of our season,” she said. “UAA games determine our final destination for the season. We want to make it farther than last year, meaning that every game—not only UAA games— are extremely important for future success.” While they struggled to create chances in the game against Case, shots were not an issue in the match against Smith, in which Brandeis completely dominated possession and

See WSOCCER, 13 ☛

JustArts Volume LXVI, Number 6

Tuesday, October 8, 2013


Fall Concert > Student events presents...

& Mates of State p. 21

Bo Burnham Internet star transitions to books

P. 23

Chekhov play adapted by MFA class P. 20

Documentary short P. 20

‘The Act of Killing’

Film urges moral reconciliation P. 19

‘The Seagull’

‘Juche Strong’ Korea

Waltham, Mass.


In this issue:

looks at North

Your weekly guide to arts, movies, music and everything cultural at Brandeis and beyond

Vivian Maier

WSRC unveils feminist photographer P. 21

‘The Mindy Project’ TV show clogs its first episode with plot P. 23







What’s happening in Arts on and off campus this week

ON-CAMPUS EVENTS Afternoon Jazz with Bob Nieske and Billy Novick

Add pizazz to your day with bassist Prof. Bob Nieske (MUS), director of the Brandeis Jazz Ensemble, and special guest Billy Novick on clarinet. Lunch will be provided. Wednesday at the Mandel Center for Humanities at noon. This event is free and open to the public.

Soli Sorabjee Lecture “Ingesting Culture: Cooking, Colonialism, and the Construction of Indian-ness”

Our fall 2013 Soli Sorabjee Lecture in South Asian Studies will feature Dr. Aruna D’Souza—a writer, critic, and historian of modern and contemporary art with a particular interest in issues of feminism, post-colonialism and globalization. D’Souza is a cultural critic who writes on food’s relation to memory and trauma. She is currently finishing two projects: a book titled Open Secrets: Intimacy Between Street and Home, and a memoir/cookbook, Kitchen Stories: Essays on Food, Love, and Loss. She is the author of Cézanne’s Bathers: Biography and the Erotics of Paint, and co-editor of the 2013 volume of Art History in the Wake of the Global Turn. Refreshments will be served. Sponsored by the South Asian Studies Program. Thursday from 5 to 7 p.m. in the Shapiro Admissions Center Presentation Room. This event is free and open to the public.

Karin Rosenthal Photographer curates feminist exhibition at WSRC PHOTO COURTESY OF ROBERT FOUR

JustArts chatted with Women’s Studies Research Center Scholar and curator of the new Vivian Maier photography exhibition, Karin Rosenthal. JustArts: Would you tell us a bit about your career as a photographer and your experience as a WSRC Scholar? Karin Rosenthal: Well, I’ve been a photographer since I was a little kid. I’m the third generation of women photographers in my family. Early on, I was interested in portraits and street photography, and I went to museum school after Wellesley [College] and was doing a lot of street photography, until shortly after that, I really fell in love with nature and still waters, and most of my work since then has been putting the human in water, using reflections and transforming—making psychological, metaphysical pictures. [The WSRC] is a very enriching environment, to be around so many serious scholars and people with deep commitments to their work in the arts or activism, whatever they’re doing. It’s such a privilege to have a small, intimate gallery right in the space where we work. It’s very rare and was one of the first things that really impressed me when I started being there—that I could have art all around me.

KR: I was introduced via an email with a YouTube link to a features story that was on Chicago TV. It was a 10-minute feature, and it told the story as it was known at that point, of this street photographer who was almost lost completely because all of her work was in storage lockers that were sold. She had defaulted on payments, and this was in 2007, and she died in 2009. She had never shown her work to anybody. She just led this very secretive existence when she wasn’t being a nanny. In every spare moment she photographed—it was a remarkable commitment to photography. JA: Would you tell us a bit more about the decision to create an exhibition out of her work? KR: I was on the exhibitions committee of the WSRC and could propose shows, and I started to reflect on whether it would be a good idea to show her work there. It didn’t take too long before I realized it would be a perfect fit. She considered herself a feminist, she had European roots and her life was strongly affected by World War II, as is the case with so many of the scholars at the center, and her work shows that she had deeply humanitarian sensibility and that parallels the art activism and research at the center. JA: Since Maier’s work was only publicized after her death, do you think that viewers will respond differently to it than they would to the work of an artist who was actively showing during her lifetime? KR: It’s hard to know how people will respond. There’s something about the totality of the story, not just the images, but the totality of how close they came to disappearing and never being seen. The commitment, the passion of a life, I think, touches people deeply. It’s kind of a metaphor for life, in a way, and I think that in embracing her work knowing that, we embrace everybody’s existence in some way. It adds a level, but also, you want to know more about what she was thinking, what would she have done if she really had taken her work all the way to the end, and finalized everything. How does that affect how she will be seen in photo history? Who writes photo history? Who will determine her place? Even though she’s not alive, I think there’s an active component to viewing her work, that it is in real time. JA: Do you think that she would be happy that her work is being shown? KR: That’s a tough one! It’s very hard to know. She loved seeing photographs, she obviously went to a lot of shows, she read magazine articles, she clipped newspaper, probably reviews, we think. She had endless clippings of magazines in her spaces. She loved exhibits, whether she was getting to that place herself isn’t clear. We can’t know; she was a very unique human being and very private and intensely private about her artwork, and yet she savored everything that was out there for her to absorb about photography—she saw anybody and everybody that was making photographs, and her work reflects the fact that she just slipped in the universe of photography in a very rich and fertile period that was the post-war era. We can’t think for her, though. —Rachel Hughes

Solar Winds Quintet with Jill Dreeben

This versatile Boston woodwind ensemble, known for their inventive, insightful programs, combines the traditional and the unexpected. Featuring Brandeis flute instructor Jill Dreeben. Sunday at 8 p.m. in the Slosburg Music Center. Tickets are available at the door. $15 general admission or $10 for seniors. This event is free for students.

The Rose Art Museum Fall Exhibitions: Andy Warhol and More The Rose reopened this month with five new exhibits, including Image Machine: Andy Warhol and Photography. This is a groundbreaking exhibition featuring images of celebrities such as Elizabeth Taylor, Gianni Versace, Cheryl Tiegs and Jackie Kennedy, examining the central role of photography in Warhol’s art and its relationship to his portrait painting and documentation on the artist’s social life. Other new exhibits on view include Light Years: Jack Whitten 1971-1973, Omer Fast: 5,000 Feet is the Best, Collection in Focus: Al Loving and Minimal and More: 60s and 70s Sculpture from the Collection. On view through Dec. 15 at the Rose Art Museum. The exhibits are free and open to the public.


‘Ahead of Time: The Extraordinary Journey of Ruth Gruber’

Partners in Crime: Film Screening and Conversation with the Director Paromita Vohra

This film discusses music copyright, plagerism and ownership in a changing world run by the internet and technological innovations. This is an amazing opportunity to hear from the director about her work. Sponsored by the South Asian Studies Program and the International Center for Ethics, Justice and Public Life.

JA: How were you first introduced to Vivian Maier’s work?

Friday from 3 to 5 p.m. in Mandel G03. This event is free and open to the public.

A screening of an award-winning documentary celebrating Ruth Gruber’s 102nd birthday. This event is part of the The National Center for Jewish Film’s 10 day long mini festival. For seven decades foreign correspondent and photojournalist Ruth Gruber didn’t just report the news…she made it! Born in 1911 to Russian Jewish immigrants, Gruber photographed the Soviet Arctic, escorted Holocaust refu-

gees on a secret war-time mission, and reported from the Palestine-bound ship Exodus in 1947. A special guest to the event will be the executive producer of the film, Patti Ketner. Wednesday at 5 p.m. at the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston.

‘AMY SILLMAN: one lump or two’

This exhibition traces the development of Sillman’s work over the past 25 years—from her early use of cartoon figures and a vivacious palette, to her exploration of the diagrammatic line, the history of Abstract Expressionism and a growing concern with the bodily and the erotic dimensions of paint. The exhibition focuses on the importance of drawing in Sillman’s practice, as well as the intensity with which she has embraced the dichotomy between figuration and abstraction. ‘Amy Sillman: one lump or two’ features over 90 works, including drawings, paintings, zines and the artist’s recent forays into animated film. Showing through Jan. 5 at the Institute of Contemporary Art in Boston. General admission is $15, senior admission is $13 and student admission is $10.

Prokofiev, Shostakovich and Strauss

French conductor Stéphane Denève is joined by universally acclaimed cellist Yo-Yo Ma for one of the 20th century’s great concertos, Dmitri Shostakovich’s “Cello Concerto No. 1.” This intense, highly personal work was composed for Mstislav Rostropovich, who premiered it in 1959. Also on the program is Serge Prokofiev’s Suite from his opera The Love of Three Oranges, based on an 18thcentury Carlo Gozzi farce and featuring some of Prokofiev’s most characterful and familiar passages. Richard Strauss’s tone poem Ein Heldenleben (“A Heroic Life”) quotes liberally from the composer’s own earlier tone poems summing up the first phase of his musical life in a powerful orchestral tour de fource. Tonight at 8 p.m. at Boston Symphony Hall. Tickets range from $30 to $104.


ww Wednesday, Irish songstress Last Sinead O’Connor posted an expletiveladen open letter to none other than pop queen Miley Cyrus on her website. O’Connor’s letter was a response to Miley’s comment in a recent Rolling Stone interview that the music video for her new hit single “Wrecking Ball” drew inspiration from the video for O’Connor’s 1990 song “Nothing Compares to U.” O’Connor, 46, criticized the oversexualization of Cyrus’s new image, even warning the 20-year-old that “the music business will … prostitute you for all you are worth, and cleverly make you think its [sic] what YOU want.” Zing! That was a more PG selection of the letter, by the way. Despite its crass language, the overall tone of the letter was one of care and concern for Cyrus that obviously stems from O’Connor’s own experiences with the music business. Showing Cyrus some “tough love” may be the only way to really get her point across. O’Connor even advised Cyrus that she is “worth more than [her] body or [her] sexual appeal.” Miley, however, turned to Twitter to respond, simply tweeting, “Before Amanda Bynes … there was …” followed by a picture of O’Connor. Many have taken offense at Cyrus’s Twitter response, arguing that it was insensitive toward mental illness, considering that actress Amanda Bynes is currently undergoing psychiatric treatment. It doesn’t stop there. Adding to this media-dubbed “feud,” O’Connor has since wrote two more angry open letters to Cyrus and has even threatened legal action against her on account of her emotionally damaging tweets. If Miley’s recent photo shoot with acclaimed photographer Terry Richardson is any indication—a photo shoot in which she, once again, wears nearly nothing—she certainly isn’t heeding O’Connor’s seemingly wellintentioned words. In other news this week, the rep

By Mara Sassoon


HONEYMOONERS: Rapper Big Sean and actress Naya Rivera have recently gotten engaged. for Glee’s Naya Rivera confirmed on Thursday that the actress is engaged to rapper Big Sean. Rivera, 26, and Big Sean, 25, dated for around six months before their engagement. Twitter also plays a role in this bit of pop culture news—Rivera admits that she initially connected with Big Sean through exchanging messages on the social media website. Ah, Twitter—the maker and breaker of Hollywood relationships. Some more big celebrity news broke late Saturday evening, when media outlets announced that Halle Berry and her husband, French actor Olivier Martinez, welcomed a baby boy. No word on a name at the time

of the announcement, but this is the second child for Berry, who had her five-year-old daughter Nala with her ex-boyfriend and Canadian model, Gabriel Aubrey. Berry, 47, was previously married to baseball player David Justice, and then to musician Eric Benet. Then, in July, she married Martinez. In an interview with CNN in April, she called this second pregnancy “a big surprise.” Nonetheless, a big congratulations is in order for the happy couple! Well, Brandeis, there you have this week in pop culture. We’ll wait and see how Twitter might dictate next week’s celebrity news.






Film morally confronts gang murderers By CATHERINE ROSCH JUSTICE STAFF WRITER

What makes Joshua Oppenheimer’s newest documentary, The Act of Killing, so disturbing is the sense of calm amongst the violence. Before the screening on Sunday night, Oppenheimer gave the audience a few words of warning, that “every act of evil is committed by humans” and that he would “not say to enjoy the film.” His warnings were well heeded, as The Act of Killing was two hours and 40 minutes of the recollections of mass murderers and was not exactly pleasant viewing. The film follows Anwar Congo, an Indonesian gangster who founded the right-wing paramilitary group Pemuda Pancasila, or in English, Pancasila Youth. Following a military coup of the government, Anwar and his friends, low-level gangsters who scalped movie tickets, became the leaders of death squads. Their victims were communists, intellectuals and the ethnic Chinese. In the

course of one year, from 1965 to 1966, the gang tortured, purged and killed between half a million to three million people. But unlike the perpetrators of the genocide in Rwanda, Nazis in wartime Germany or Khmer Rouge troops, Anwar and his fellow paramilitary guerillas have never been arrested, prosecuted or punished for their crimes. Rather, they are celebrated in their community of North Sumatra. In the film, Anwar and the Pancasila Youth are recognized by numerous candidates, politicians and government ministers. Rather than giving a straightforward retelling of the atrocities he committed, Anwar reenacts them in the style of his favorite film genres: western, musical and comedy. Oppenheimer not only films interviews with the men but also the production and publicity of the epic monstrosity they end up producing. Their “documentary of the imagination,” as Oppenheimer calls it, drifts from reality to the more nightmarish. Anwar not only

reenacts the actual act of killing his victims, but also how he was feeling at the time. Much of the film is dream-like, with sweeping shots of the Northern Sumatran countryside, wildlife, slums and the ocean. At points there were long periods of silence with the exception of an occasional bird chirping. The sense of serenity echoes the words and feelings of the gangsters and former paramilitary members as they joke about what they did and show no remorse for their actions. Anwar is seemingly untroubled by the actions of his past. Early in the film, he brags of killing over 1,000 people, primarily face-to-face by garroting and strangling. As he puts it, “war crimes are defined by the winners”—he sees himself as one of these heroic winners. But it is not until Anwar and his friends are filming a torture scene for their film, with Anwar as the victim of the interrogation that his attitude changes. Although he is never physically injured and knows it is just a movie, Anwar

starts to feel guilt. He claims he knows what his victims must have felt like and fears that his actions will come back and haunt him. But Oppenheimer, off camera, continually prods him, reminding Anwar that he was just acting and knew it would end while his victims knew they would die. The Act of Killing begins and ends the same way, with Anwar on the roof where he killed many of his victims, but at the end, the change is clear. He is no longer a proud member of a death squad but rather a broken man, ashamed of his past and full of guilt. The film was by no means a perfect movie. At slightly more than two and a half hours, it was far too long, even for such a complex subject matter. The compilation of interviews, political rallies, and scenes from Anwar’s film are confusing. People who appear repeatedly are never named. But, despite its flaws, the film is a powerful documentary that captures, in Oppenheimer’s words, “what it means to be human.”


SELF REFLECTIONS: In the film, Anwar Congo, an Indonesian gangster and murderer, and his partners in crime reenact their killings and reflect.

FATEFUL RIDE: The film urged the killers and gang members to confront their crimes through reenactments in varied film genre styles.


Tuesday gets the limelight with Chum’s concert By JOE CROOK



GUITAR HERO: The bands Dent May and Dead Gaze brought weekend vibes to campus with their stylized performances.

Tuesday never gets much attention in the context of the work week. Monday has come and gone, but stuck on day two out of five, the weekend still looms somewhere far on the horizon. With the help of quirky pop groups Dead Gaze and Dent May at Cholmondeley’s this past Tuesday, all in attendance were reminded of the virtues that come with perspective. If you change your outlook, the weekend is always waiting just around the corner. In fact, perspective plays a big role in the sound of both bands. Pop music can be a bland and superficial genre, but Dead Gaze and Dent May have a lot of fun playing with genre and toying with convention. Both hailing from Jackson, Miss., the bands echo their hometown’s motto, the “City with Soul.” Keeping the hooks, melodies and sing-along feel of pop music in place, and drenching them in reverb, delay and bass-lines taken right out of the funk handbook, Dead Gaze and Dent May craft pop music born out of their own secret recipe that yields Friday night vibes any day of the week.

Dead Gaze took the stage first and cranked their bit-crushing fuzz to 12. The band’s lo-fi take on the domain of pop music transformed Chum’s into a veritable speaker box of glorious noise. A few songs into their set, however, the monitors decided they were taking too much abuse and refused to keep working. However, with songs compressed so far into the red, there’s no real need for fine-tuning. The beauty of the lo-fi aesthetic is that it is all about texture. The noise accompanying and surrounding the notes occupies the space between primal artistic expression and fine-tuned studio gloss. After some technical fiddling, Dent May and his gang hopped up on stage, tamed the fuzz boxes and the monitors decided they could probably get back to work for a little bit. Toning down the noise aspect somewhat, Dent May crafted a type of bedroom surf-pop psychedelia that could easily sound track a hazy Saturday spent driving down the coast with a surfboard on the roof and eyes out toward the ocean. Touring in support of his sophomore album, Warm Blanket, May cleansed the audience’s palette of his noisy predecessors and was able

to elicit some laughter and adoration from the crowd with his playful banter about life in Mississippi and the band’s visit to Walden Pond earlier that day. Taking notes from the Beach Boys and Brian Wilson specifically, May’s music harkens to a bygone era of carefree summers and everlasting weekends, a theme doubtlessly referenced in the highlight track, “Born Too Late.” While some of the crowd shimmied about to the driving grooves, and others tripped out on the light bouncing off Chum’s ubiquitous disco ball, toward the end of his set, Dent May decided to ditch the guitar and join his audience on the dance floor. This was brief though. It seemed that he quickly became bored with the floor and opted to climb on top of the bar and strut back on forth before lying on his back to belt out the final notes of his set. Tuesday might not be a highlight of the week normally, but in just two hours, Dead Gaze and Dent May were able to transcend the monotony and blast the occupants of Chum’s to a faraway land where weeks play out from Friday to Sunday and there are unlimited surfboards for everyone.




BTC presents Chekhov’s ‘The Seagull’ HUG IT OUT: Irina, the overly dramatic ex-actress, played by Sara Schoch MFA ’14, embraces her husband.

GROWING APART: Konstantin (Eddie Shields MFA ’14) and his exgirlfriend, Nina (Alex Johnson MFA ‘14) reunite after a year.


This weekend, the Brandeis Theater Company put on a simultaneously comedic and heartbreaking performance of Anton Chekhov’s masterpiece, The Seagull. The play was originally written in Russian and first staged in 1896. This weekend, it was directed by Shira Milikowsky, performed mainly by third-year Masters of Fine Arts students and a few undergraduates. The material for this performance was newly translated by Brandeis’ own Ryan McKittrick, an assistant professor of Theater Arts, and Julia Smeliansky, an administrative director at the American Repertory Theater and at the Moscow Art Theater School Institute for Advanced Theater Training at Harvard University. This new translation did not sound as though it was written in the late


19th century, a fact that McKittrick accounted for in an interview with BrandeisNOW. McKittrick said that the translation is “not so contemporary it sounds like it happened yesterday, but it’s not antiquated.” The new modernized translation breathed some new life into the 117-year-old play and made it more accessible for today’s audience. The play features an artistic cast of characters, including both writers and actors, living together for the summer on an estate in the countryside, where elderly and sickly Pyotr Sorin, played by Alex Jacobs, MFA ’14, a friend of some, family of others, is staying. The play follows these characters as they wrestle with their relationships with themselves as well as others, as they try to find their places in the world. Sara Schoch, MFA ’14, portraying the overly dramatic and self-obsessed ex-actress Irina, was able to swing

between drastically different emotions with ease, and use passionate body movement to make her character come to life. Eddie Shields, MFA ’14 showed the complexity of the tortured, unloved and self-loathing Kostantin. Shields perfectly embodied his character’s struggles and progression into what looked like insanity. Toward the end of the performance, Shield’s representation of Konstantin’s insanity was so frightening and realistic that I jumped a few times in my seat at his loud and anguished outbursts filled with pain. The real genius of the show was that it was able to discuss such dark and weighty subjects such as suicide, loss of innocence, and heartbreak without being unbearably depressing. In fact, the performance was humorous. At many instances during the play the audience laughed out loud as the performance made fun of theatrical conventions, and charac-


ters made fools of themselves. Comical one-liners such as when Masha, played by Laura Jo Trexler, MFA ’14, a cynical woman haunted by her unrequited love, says sincerely, “When I get married I won’t have time to think about love,” speckled the show and received laughs from the crowd. These funny instances lightened up the performances and story lines. The play overtly alludes to the symbolism of the seagull again and again, but each mention added nuance to the symbol. The first mention of the seagull was when young and naïve Nina says to her boyfriend, “I am drawn here to the lake like a seagull.” This romantic image is later thwarted when Konstantin kills a seagull, places it at his girlfriend’s feet and reflects that he may kill himself just as he has killed the seagull. This scene foreshadows Konstantin’s attempt and failure to kill himself, and later, his successful suicide. At the end, one

of the characters stuffs Konstantin’s seagull, reflecting the characters’ struggles throughout the play to fill their lifes with the meaning it lacks. The set was very minimal. I thought the blank backdrop with the projected lights was a surprising choice. The setting of the play in the beautiful countryside would have been the perfect opportunity for a scenic background but the company interestingly decided to forgo a backdrop altogether. Instead, the cast successfully contrasted between the outdoor estate by the lake and the inside of a residence with the use of large translucent curtains. This play was definitely not a slave to convention as Konstantin worries his own play may be. The Seagull was like nothing that I had ever seen. I look forward to the Brandeis Theater Company continuing its practice of adapting classic plays to entertain contemporary audiences.

GREAT LEADER: The documentary short film explored North Korea’s national philosphy, called Juche, which fuels its government. PHOTO COURTESY OF ROB MONTZ

Film examines North Korean “national myth” By RACHEL HUGHES JUSTICE EDITOR

This Thursday evening, a group of eager students poured into the Edie and Lew Wasserman Cinematheque for one of the latest screenings presented by the Wasserman Fund and the Film, Television and Interactive Media Program. Juche Strong is a 2013 documentary short that takes viewers inside North Korea. Filmmaker Rob Montz attended the screening and stayed afterward for a special talkback with Prof. Heyward Parker James (HIST), an expert on Asian history. Though an equal mix of students and faculty generally attend the documentaries that are screened in Wasserman, the students really flocked to see Montz’s film this time. While the theater was almost empty five minutes before the scheduled start time, when I looked around as

the film begun, it had almost completely filled up. Montz’s film is anything but traditional—the work has a running time of just under 30 minutes, and opens with a jazzy title, displaying “Juche Strong” in giant red and yellow letters. But appropriately, Montz’s directorial style is also quite untraditional; he sought to explore the Juche philosophy as the “national myth” of North Korea, and seemed not only opposed to, but also perturbed by, the nervous sensationalist hype created around the country today. The Juche philosophy is a a system of thinking initiated by Kim Il-sung that maintains that it is the people of North Korea that control the country’s development. To deconstruct the philosophy, Montz divided up his film into four chapters: “Resilience,” “The Formula,” “Effects” and “Normal.” Essentially,

he wanted to show Western viewers that one cannot impose his own point of view onto another who is different from him; the film argues that the people of North Korea take great pride in the Juche philosophy, and largely see their commitment to their country and leader as a catalyst of self-reliance. The film opened with a statement of the Juche philosophy by Kim Jong-il and a mini-montage of clips of the cityscape and country surrounding Pyongyang, the capital of North Korea. Clips of youths dancing in lavish, technically perfect performances for the Great Leader, military men marching through wide city streets, impoverished workers making their way through fields of crops and a sampling of the iconoclasm of the Great Leader that decorates the city were pieced together in the introduction. Montz also included snippets of interviews

with several college professors and Asian historians, and even with a woman who was a defector from North Korea, among these visions of the landscape of Pyongyang. After the film finished, James opened up the talkback with Montz, saying, “I am so thankful to hear propaganda that is not ours.” The audience laughed along, and Montz explained the depiction of performance and nationalism in the film:, “There’s nothing there that doesn’t resemble what we see here. … It’s ultimately supposed to be deexotifying [sic] and demystifying.” Montz was careful to be very clear with the audience as to his intention in making the film. “This is not an apologist work. I’m trying to shine a light on what I think is an essential element of control,” he said, explaining how he was fascinated with the collective mindset of the country and how Juche is per-

petuated on both an individual and national level. The audience had many questions about Montz’ time in North Korea, where he spent 10 days collecting the footage for the film. He admitted that some of his subjects knew that they were being filmed, but many didn’t. “It’s shockingly easy to get in there,” Montz said, “There are 30 or 40 places that are open to visit and they cap the amount of time you can be there at 10 days. The vast majority of people that I met there were very open and evinced no hate for me.” If demystifying was his mission, I believe Montz succeeded; though the film left many questions unanswered about the oppression that has come with submission to Juche, it did challenge a largely American audience to think differently about a region that our media has sensationalized for years.

THE JUSTICE | TUESDAY, october 8, 2013



Mediocre show provides weekend fun By ALIZA GANS justice Staff writer

When I heard Mates of State and Timeflies were coming to Brandeis for the annual fall concert, I hoped their music would be as catchy as their inner-rhyming names. I will admit, I had never heard of either group, even though the husband and wife duo of Mates of State, Kori Gardner (vocals and keyboard) and Jason Hammel (vocals and drums), are mates of my home state, Connecticut. During the concert, I did recognize the tune of one of their more popular songs, “Palomino,” included on their newest LP, Mountaintops, released in 2011. The song features many of the band’s musical characteristics: echoic harmonies, psychedelic synthesizer and heavy rhythm resembling electronic or dance hall beats. The music video for “Palomino” is quite remarkably done— a cross between thick oil painting and stop animation film. I would have thoroughly enjoyed Mates of State out of the context of one of Brandeis’ largest musical events of the year. At its peak, around 300 people attended the fall concert, held in the Gosman Spots and Convocation Center, which could have accommodated twice this amount. In attempt to be ever-

closer, the student body pressed up against the stage and each other to mimic the feeling of being at a standing-room-only show, while the back of the gymnasium remained nearly empty. It was frustrating yet amusing to watch couples awkwardly vertical spooning, and wannabe partners bewilderedly rocking from side to side, trying to figure out how to dance to music neither-here-northere. One couple I interviewed, Julian Seltzer ’15 and Amanda Stern ’15, were also lukewarm about the concert. “I thought their songs got better as they went along, but, I mean, they’re not much of performers. I felt like I was watching a rehearsal,” said Seltzer. Stern nodded and added, “It seemed very informal. They seemed young.” The informality may have seemed unprofessional or less of a performance, but I thought it served as a mellow segue into the headliner, Timeflies. Abby Kirshbaum ’16, agreed, “[Mates of State] was not quite my type of music; a lot of people were dancing, and I think Timeflies will be much better for dancing.” In between acts, Student Events kept the crowd engaged with a constant flow of pump-up music while Brandeisians chatted and danced in small groups. The gap between


DRUM ROLL, PLEASE: The duo Mates of State warmed up the stage for Timeflies, playing more easygoing tunes and getting the crowd into their groove.

Mates of State and Timeflies only lasted around 15 minutes. Soon, husband and wife were replaced with Rob Resnick and vocalist Cal Shapiro, whose musical background hits very close to campus. The two Jewish performers met in a Tufts University funk band and formed Timeflies in 2010 (not to be confused with the 90s Virginia hard-core punk group, Time Flies). Their musical style is self-described on their web page as “Electro Hip Pop Dub-Something.” Timeflies is known for its remixes and renditions of pop songs, so all of the music sounded very familiar, and Brandeis students seemed more acquainted to dancing to this genre. Highlights included a version of “Glad You Came,” by The Wanted featuring memorable original lyrics such as, “Her name is Kristen/ But her ass says ‘Juicy’,” and “She swears she not a groupie/ She a hostess baby that’s the stuff/ Now we kickin’ it like Bruce Lee.” The crowd also enjoyed “Under the Sea,” inspired by Disney’s The Little Mermaid with an adult twist (“Darling it’s better/ You know I get you wetter/ Under the sea.”) Shapiro and Resnick then sprayed the crowd with their Poland Spring water bottles. The most lauded song of the concert was Shapiro’s “freestyle” rap about Brandeis. He read the lyrics off a sheet of paper which he crumpled and threw back to the audience, so only the lucky catcher knows the full script, but I managed to catch the references to “the Dungeon,” Carl and Ruth Shapiro, BEMCO and Gordon’s Fine Wines and Liquors. Nevertheless, I really appreciated this original touch to their otherwise “borrowed” musical style. The concert ended around 10 p.m., which felt very premature for a Saturday night. Immediately following the encore, I, along with the crowd of students piled out of Gosman. I felt energized, yet overall unaffected by the show. The two-by-two performers had barely any stage presence, and I knew I would not wake the next morning with their music stuck in my head. Instead, my friends and I left the gymnasium for another haunt to dance the night away.


TURN UP THE VOLUME: Cal Shapiro of Timeflies was the hit of the night, as he and band mate Rob Resnick excited the dancing students.


WSRC brings forgotten photos to New England By KIRAN GILL

justice CONTRIBUTINg writer

There’s no need to forage outside of Waltham for your weekly dose of art, as Brandeis’ Women’s Studies Research Center brings stunningly simple, yet beautifully composed, photographs by Vivian Maier to the Waltham community. The exhibition, entitled Vivian Maier: A Woman’s Lens, showcases poignant black and white street photography of Chicago and New York from the 1950s and ’60s. Working as a nanny in New York during the ’50s, Maier purchased a Rolleiflex, the camera that would soon become integral to her iconic style. The German camera was one of the most cutting-edge cameras of the time and enabled Maier to capture the intimacies of street style—from the tender embraces and touches of couples to the precocious children whose stances already revealed the fully formed individual within. Maier’s body of work consists of more than 150,000 black-and-white photographs that had been hiding from the public in storage lockers until John Maloof, Chicago real estate agent and local historian, found the negatives. This exhibit is the first one in the Greater Boston area of the photographer whose life story and talent is still largely undiscovered. And though Maier’s work has only just recently, in the last four or five years, been introduced to the public eye, her work has already been compared to the likes of Lisette Model, Henri Cartier-Bresson and Andre Kertèsz.

MORGAN BRILL/the Justice

FRAME OF REFERENCE: Viewers at the opening of the exhibition look on at a series of street photographs taken by Vivian Maier. The exhibition consists of fewer than 50 black and white photographs whose subjects are not just people but the very street itself. Through Maier’s gentle hand and discerning eye, the audience can see how humans and individuals not only interact, but also how they are changed by the landscape of the street. In an untitled photograph, one man humorously dozes off with

his face cupped in the palm of his hand inside a street-side newspaper stand, which is covered in faces; a snippet of Audrey Hepburn and other images of 1954 America can be discerned among the publications. Because of Maier’s experience as a nanny in New York City, children are a huge component of the exhibition. However, these are not the prim

and proper, sweet images of children worthy of a family’s holiday cards. Instead, children are captured in instances of pure, unadulterated emotion. They are in touch with the roller coaster ride of their feelings as tears stream down their faces, which are scrunched with anguish. But in contrast to these images, Maier was also fond of capturing the children whose

aura and unique magnetism radiated from the tilt of their head, the crossing of their arms and the intensity of their gaze. The most endearing aspect of the exhibition are the six photographs displayed together, which showcase such beautifully simple and unassuming moments of tender love. In one untitled image, a close up reveals a man and a woman standing side-by-side, their hands ever-sogently clasped. Maier has angled and cropped the photograph so the eye of the artist is drawn to the hands of the couple, as we are unable to see the full length of the bodies. Two of the images, both untitled, capture scenes of train travel and they highlight the intimacies of love as a man and a woman morph their bodies together, and as an elderly woman rests her head on the shoulder of her husband. The show is also sprinkled with Maier’s unobtrusive self-portraits. Simply posing before the glass windows of store shops or the found mirrors on the street, Maier is unpretentious, yet equally mysterious, as she rarely smiles in her photographs. She presents herself as a pleasant, but perhaps lonely individual whose decisive eye captured the everyday moments of a time that was conditional on the events of 1950s America. Standing before the exhibition, one is forced to consider not only how the street changes and alters our very existence, but also asks how a woman’s eye presents a story that may have been left unrecorded. The exhibition will run until Dec. 18 at the Women’s Studies Research Center.

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THE JUSTICE | TUESDAY, october 8, 2013



‘Egghead’ proves comic is anything but By MARISSA DITKOWSKY justice EDITOR

On Oct. 1, comedian and Hamilton, Mass. native Bo Burnham released his first book of poetry, titled Egghead: Or, You Can’t Survive on Ideas Alone. Burnham began his career on YouTube, and just four days after his 18th birthday, became the youngest comedian to have taped his own Comedy Central special. The release of this book comes just after completing another live recording for Comedy Central, this time of his current tour, called “what.” Although Burnham began his career by performing comedic songs primarily focused on teenage angst, he incorporated stand-up comedy when he began live performances. Last Thursday, Burnham participated in a reading of his newly released book at Coolidge Theater in Brookline, Mass., for which he introduced his book as the Bible. When the reading was complete, Burnham allowed audience members to ask questions about himself, as well as his career and future in comedy. The reading was followed by a book signing at Brookline Booksmith. Burnham collaborated with actor Chance Bone, who drew all of the images, to complete the book. According to Burnham, he wrote some of his poems for Bone’s illustrations, just as Chance illustrated some images for Burnham’s poems. Burnham said he did not consider Bone an “illustrator,” but rather that he was his partner in putting Egghead together.

Burnham’s blunt, politically incorrect and self-deprecating comedic style transferred over to his satiric poems seamlessly. Burnham explained after the reading, when asked about why he decided to write a book of poetry and the challenges it presented, that “it did not actually feel different,” when compared to writing satiric songs or stand-up, and that a joke can easily transition from one form to another. Egghead, similar to Burnham’s previous comedic endeavors, is driven by his clever use of words, as well as his quirky nature and ability to misdirect the audience, and in this case, the reader. The book features ridiculous humor that will make you laugh out loud, as well as some lines that will force you to sympathize with Burnham’s awkward character and make you wonder, “Is he actually being serious here?” Burnham explained during the question-and-answer session that he does not mean to be serious, but that “misdirection is a large part of comedy,” and his in particular. Poem titles range from “I Want to Beat You to Death” to “Masturbitosis” to “Let’s See What the Robots Think.” During the reading, Burnham read the most inappropriate and sexually explicit poems in the most nonchalant and natural tone possible, and incorporated the audience for more of an improvised performance. For example, Burnham picked out an audience member at the reading with her father, and said, “This is gonna get awkward.” He contin-

ued to look to her and to her father throughout the reading. In the past, his performances were focused on the script, and he would only improvise for a moment or two in response to audience reactions or special occasions. However, in this intimate environment, Burnham showed his true personality and his off-the-cuff sense of humor was on display. This reading was a chance for Burnham to, of course, read some excerpts from and promote his book but also to give the audience a better idea of who he is. He incorporated ambient music in the act, beginning with a jazzy track, transitioning to Aaron Carter’s “How I Beat Shaq,” which he ultimately rejected, returning to another one of the jazzy tracks. When asked when he realized he wanted to be a comedian for the rest of his life, Burnham responded, “I never had that moment,” and that he still is unsure if he would like to continue in comedy. “What’s always been my strength is my shortsightedness,” he said. He explained that he puts all of his effort into what he is doing currently, but that his future in comedy is yet to be determined. However, he described several small projects that he has in mind. Burnham continues to actively post to his Vine account, and is finishing his “what.” tour. Burnham’s comedic stylings will certainly be a treat for any reader with a sense of humor, open mind and appreciation for a good play on words. Every time I open Egghead, I cannot help but to laugh out loud.


A REAL PAGE TURNER: Young comedian Bo Burnham may have gained his fame through the Internet, but he is having just as much success in the world of print now.


Hilarious series struggles to maintain its charm

COFFEE BREAK: Mindy, the star of the show, is joined by her OB-GYN co-workers in The Mindy Project, created by Mindy Kaling.

Spoiler Alert! By ALIZA VIGDERMAN justice Staff writer

Fox’s The Mindy Project started off it’s season with an episode fraught with exposition, convoluted stoy lines and included James Franco. The sitcom, written by and starring Mindy Kaling as Dr. Mindy Lahiri, began where it left off- Mindy and her boyfriend, Pastor Casey (Anders Holm), are in Haiti, where she works as an OB-GYN and he as a missionary. Because of the difficulty of producing comedy in a struggling, poverty-stricken third world country, I was wondering how the writing team would make this unusual plot line work—perhaps in the vein of dark comedy, a risky choice for a cable sitcom. However, the writers seemed to realize they have bitten off more than they can chew, which is why they immediately send Mindy back to New York to get her gallstones removed. This convoluted


twist, after so much buildup to see how the ditzy, hilarious character would function in Haiti, was disappointing and forced. The first episode seemed overly stuffed with major life events. It begins in Haiti, where Mindy had romantically joined Casey at the end of last season. Casey proposes to Mindy in a tree, and the two go to consummate the relationship back in their tent. However, their tryst is cut short when Mindy feels stomach pain. Cut to her having to be airlifted back to New York for gallstone removal. Later in the episode, her and Casey decide to get married in her apartment. Minutes later, they decide not to get married, and Mindy decides not to return to Haiti in lieu of staying in New York to work at her practice. If that sounds confusing, it is because it was. Due to the first episode’s copious amounts of exposition, a lot of comedy was lost, as the writers tried to dig themselves out of a hole they had put themselves in at the end of the first

season. Upon returning to she office, Mindy finds the usual gang of humorous characters. The object of her sexual tension, the dark and handsome Dr. Danny Castellano (Chris Messina) breaks up with his ex-wife Christina, who had returned to his life in the previous season. The silly overgrown child, nurse Morgan Tookers (Ike Barinholtz), continues to exist merely for one-liners. Finally, there is a new character, Dr. Paul Leotard, played by James Franco. Like many fans of The Mindy Project, I was simultaneously surprised and not at all surprised when I heard that James Franco was going to be guest-starring, considering his diverse array of projects, which include incongruous works such as Your Highness, General Hospital, and, most recently, his own roast on Comedy Central. Dr. Paul Leotard, a handsome, lovable OB-GYN, sex therapist and nutritionist, has taken Mindy’s place in the office as Dr. L, her moniker arround the office, and as the “most adorable”

person in the office, a status which Mindy had previously designated to herself. Franco is one of many celebrity guest stars which appear for one episode to interact with Mindy briefly—without moving the plot forward—to give the ratings a boost. The Mindy Project seems caught between wanting to establish an overarching plotline and wanting to produce stand alone episodes. While the beginning of the show set up many character dynamics, such as the sexual tension between Danny and Mindy, these were never developed. As a result, the overarching plotline is weak and sort of silly, and the show functions as a vehicle for Dr. Mindy to live out her romantic comedy fantasies in short, sketch-like segments. While I do enjoy these forays into Ms. Kaling’s very perceptive, hilarious mind, I often find myself wishing she were better able to ingratiate her comedic, situational ideas within the context of the show, and not just arbitrarily drop ideas in wher-

ever she pleases. The first episode, overall, contained too much exposition and not enough comedy. As a Mindy fan, I remain hopeful that this show can sustain itself past its first season.


FUNNY GIRL: Mindy Kahling plays a down-to-earth OB-GYN who delivers both the babies and the jokes on her sitcom, The Mindy Project.



Brandeis TALKS

TOPof the



Quote of the week

Top 10s for the week ending October 6

“The longer the shutdown continues, the more likely it is that we, like all other universities, will suffer reductions in research funding.”


1. Gravity 2. Cloudy With a Chance of Meatballs 2 3. Runner Runner 4. Prisoners 5. Rush 6. Don Jon 7. Baggage Claim 8. Insidious: Chapter 2 9. Pulling Strings 10. Enough Said

— Paul O’Keefe, assistant provost for research administration on the government shutdown. (News, p. 1)

Do you think Brandeis is cliquey?


Eva Chiu ’14 “Yeah, I do. I think it’s based on who you see around campus and your schedule. A lot of cliques come about among people who run into each other a lot and take similar classes.”


TONS OF PUMPKINS: On a Justice photographers’ outing this fall, Annie Fortnow ’17 visited an applepicking orchard where she excitedly shot this collection of ready-to-carve pumpkins down on their level.

NEXT ISSUE’S PHOTO CONTEST THEME: AUTUMN LEAVES Submit your creative photo to to be featured in the Justice!

CROSSWORD Jody Bonhard MBA ’15 “As an IBS student I can sense the cliquey-ness. Students definitely tend to stick to one stop and one group of people.”

Christina Constabile MBA ’15 “I’m an MBA student and I see the cliques among international students and American students because of the language barrier.”

Abby Kirshbaum ’16

“I hate, hate, hate the word cliquey. Friend groups definitely exist but they don’t have the characteristics of being cliquey because they’re not exclusive or mean.”

ACROSS 1 Pink drink, briefly 6 Arson aftermath 9 Hutt crime lord of sci-fi 14 According to 15 Grazing area 16 Light purple 17 O’Neill drama set in Harry Hope’s saloon 20 Tailor’s target 21 Many a Beethoven sonata ender 22 Popeye’s __’ Pea 23 Jabber on and on 24 __ in November 25 Likable prez 27 More than feasts (on) 28 With 30-Across, drama based on ’70s presidential interviews 30 See 28-Across 32 Aspiring doc’s course 33 Walked alongside one’s master 35 On the Pacific 36 Fertilizable cells 38 “Just __!”: “Be right there!” 40 Drama about Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine 45 “Friendly skies” co. 46 Greatly feared 47 Comstock Lode find 48 Fred of “My Cousin Vinny” 50 Oozed 52 With 54-Across, “Viva La Vida” rock group, and what 17-, 28-/30and 40-Across each is? 54 See 52-Across 55 Pottery “pet” 58 Smooth transition 60 Pastoral poem 64 Invisible vibes 65 More than most 66 Wine tasting criterion 67 Quilting parties 68 Corrida cheer 69 Neuter, horsewise DOWN 1 Slyly spiteful 2 Irish actor Milo 3 Say what you will 4 Golda of Israel 5 “The Lord of the Rings” baddie 6 Answering the penultimate exam question, say 7 Actor Connery 8 How lovers walk 9 “Jersey Girl” actress, to fans 10 Goals 11 Emulated Mt. St. Helens? 12 With __ breath: expectantly

Nonfiction 1. Killing Jesus — Bill O’Reilly and Martin Dugard 2. Si-Cology 1 — Si Robertson with Mark Schlabach 3. Zealot — Reza Aslan 4. Still Foolin’ ‘Em — Billy Crystal 5. Lean In — Sheryl Sandberg with Nell Scovell


1. Lorde — “Royals” 2. Katy Perry — “Roar” 3. Miley Cyrus — “Wrecking Ball” 4. Avicii — “Wake Me Up” 5. Drake feat. Majid Jordon — “Hold On We’re Going Home”


13 Pains’ partner 18 Answering machine button 19 Journalist Roberts 24 Name, in Nîmes 26 Program file suffix 29 Not counterfeit 31 “The Good Earth” mother 32 “Nonsense!” 34 Tractor manufacturer 35 Give __: yank 37 By way of 39 Believability on the street, slangily 41 Driver’s license fig. 42 Threat words 43 Actor Snipes 44 Thought 49 “March Madness” games, informally 51 Sizing up 53 “Whip It” band 54 Like the driven snow 55 Red wine choice, for short 56 Tint 57 Wrath 59 Salon goop 61 Mommy deer 62 Initials on L’Homme fragrance 63 Took the reins

1. Drake — Nothing Was The Same 2. Kings of Leon — Mechanical Bull 3. Cher — Closer To The Truth 4. Elton John — The Diving Board 5. Jack Johnson — From Here To Now To You 6. Luke Bryan — Crash My Party 7. Dream Theater — Dream Theater 8. Krewella — Get Wet 9. Metallica — Through The Never 10. Justin Moore — Off The Beaten Path Top of the Charts information provided by Fandango, the New York Times, and



Solution to last issue’s crossword Crossword Copyright 2012 MCT Campus, Inc.

SUDOKU INSTRUCTIONS: Place a number in the empty boxes in such a way that each row across, each column down and each small 9-box square contains all of the numbers from one to nine.

Peter Yoo ’16 “No. It’s a small student body and if you just take a chance and put yourself out there, it’s pretty easy to integrate yourself into different groups.” —Compiled by Olivia Pobiel/the Justice

Fiction 1. Doctor Sleep — Stephen King 2. The Longest Ride — Nicholas Sparks 3. The Lowland — Jhumpa Lahiri 4. The Quest — Nelson DeMille 5. Never Go Back — Lee Child

Solution to last issue’s sudoku

Sudoku Copyright 2012 MCT Campus, Inc.

Since I was young, I’ve been playing, watching and writing about soccer. I’m a huge fan of European “football,” as they call it over there, and here are my top 10 current players in the world, all of whom play on the continent. I don’t expect anyone to agree with me; in fact, I hope you disagree and you should find me on campus to argue about it. I’m always down to have a conversation about the Beautiful Game. 1. Lionel Messi, Barcelona 2. Cristiano Ronaldo, Real Madrid 3. Zlatan Ibrahimovic, Paris St. Germain 4. Robin van Persie, Manchester United 5. Yaya Toure, Manchester City 6. Andres Iniesta, Barcelona 7. Gareth Bale, Real Madrid 8. Luis Suarez, Liverpool 9. Franck Ribery, Bayern Munich 10. Iker Casillas, Real Madrid

The Justice, October 8, 2013  

The independent student newspaper of Brandeis University since 1949.

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