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ARTS PageS 19 AND 20

SPORTS Tennis takes on Coast Guard 13


FORUM How Fred Phelps united America 11 The Independent Student Newspaper



B r a n d e is U n i v e r sit y S i n c e 1 9 4 9


Volume LXVI, Number 23

Tuesday, March 25, 2014



WGS brings focus to gender equity ■ The Women’s and Gender

Studies program evaluated the demographics of women at Brandeis since 1972. By HANNAH WULKAN JUSTICE EDITORIAL ASSISTANT

The Women’s and Gender Studies program recently published a report card on women at Brandeis that indicates there has been an increase in the percentage of female faculty members in the last 40 years. However, when it comes to the percentage of women receiving honorary degrees, holding senior administrative positions and serving on the Board of Trustees, several faculty in the Women’s and Gender Studies pro-

gram say the University falls short. “We were concerned about how monolithic the senior administration is,” said Prof. Wendy Cadge (SOC) in an interview with the Justice. She continued to say that it is important “to have a leadership structure that represents who we are as a university in terms of gender and race and sexual orientation and gender identity and a range of other things.” The percentage of full-time female faculty has increased over the past 40 years, rising from 14 percent in the 1972 to 1973 academic year to 42 percent in the 2012 to 2013 academic year. Only 20 percent of the honorary degree recipients since 1972 have been women, and women only make up 23 percent of the Board of Trustees, ac-

See REPORT, 7 ☛


Counseling center expands outreach

■ The Psychological

Counseling Center has not yet completed its search for an executive director. By MARISSA DITKOWSKY JUSTICE EDITOR

The Psychological Counseling Center has begun offering several workshops since full-time Associate Director Michael LaFarr was hired last fall, after the University announced several changes to the Golding Health Center and Psychological Counseling Center’s structure following Hodgkins-Beckley Consulting’s review of both centers. According to Senior Director of the PCC Robert Berlin in a phone interview with the Justice, since the release of the Hodgkins-Beckley Consulting report on the Health and Psychological Counseling Centers, no definitive plans have been made to address several suggestions the report made, and changes will not be set in stone until an executive director is hired. However, as an executive director to oversee health and wellness has not yet been hired since Senior Vice President for Students and Enrollment Andrew Flagel announced the

changes this past November, the PCC has been at a standstill and has been unable to make concrete plans to address Hodgkins-Beckley Consulting’s suggestions in its report. The report stressed the need for an executive director for health and wellness, who will oversee both the Health Center and the Counseling Center, due to the existence of “stakeholders who are highly resistant to change and must be educated to recognize and understand the deficiencies of current operations and the opportunities associated with new strategic options. “In addition to raising the service level of campus health and wellness, a position with this level of experience will be critical to conducting a successful request for proposals (RFP) process, realizing potential savings of shifting organizational and practice structures, and for implementing an insurance billing system to create significant savings/ revenue,” the report stated. According to a Nov. 5 Justice article, Assistant Vice President for Health and Wellness Sheryl Sousa ’90 said that she had hoped to have an executive director in place before the end of the spring semester. The University is still in the process of searching for someone to fill the po-



PRESSING ISSUES: Senior Vice President for Communications Ellen de Graffenreid and Senior Vice President for Students and Enrollment Andrew Flagel answered students’ and Student Union representatives’ questions at a roundtable discussion on Thursday.

Concerns aired in forum

■ Senior administrators

and the Student Union held a public forum to address a variety of student concerns. By TATE HERBERT and GLEN CHAGI CHESIR JUSTICE EDITORS

Executive compensation, changes to meal plans and dining, renovations to campus dormitories and overall transparency were just some of the topics of concern brought up at a roundtable discussion hosted by the Student Union on Thursday evening. According to an email announcing the roundtable discussion from Student Union President Ricky Rosen ’14, the first half of the event was meant to be a discussion between the Student Union representatives and administrators, while the second half was meant to be a “forum for students to pose questions to members of senior administration.” The panel discussion, which included Student Union members as well as two administrators, Senior Vice President for Students and Enrollment Andrew Flagel and Senior Vice President for Communications Ellen de Graffenreid, took place in the Carl and Ruth Shapiro Admissions Center presentation room. The first segment of the event featured questions posed to Flagel and de Graffenreid from Union representatives on varying topics. Union Vice President Charlotte Franco ’15 kicked off the event with a question about the level of student involvement in the de-

cision-making processes surrounding major changes, such as the upcoming bid processes for the campus bookstore and mailroom. The University is currently evaluating their options regarding bookstore vendor and is currently in the bidding process for a potentially new mailroom vendor. More specifically, she asked why the Student Union only heard two of four proposals for meal plans before the final decision on which would be offered to students was reached. “Details of [Sodexo’s] contract are under a mutual non disclosure agreement,” responded Flagel, who said that he was “not engaged” in the bidding process for dining providers. “But I think it’s fair to say that one of the major factors that was in the [request for proposal] and a major factor of the contract is student satisfaction, so a large part of [Sodexo’s] responsibility is interfacing with you over these meal plans and their development.” Relaying too much information during ongoing contract negotiations could be problematic, said Flagel, because “you don’t get the best possible price point with completely transparent negotiations.” Franco said that, in the future, she still hoped to see more student representatives on committees that review options for outside contractors, such as the mailroom and the bookstore. Flagel agreed that “[w]e didn’t really have a student input structure for any of those [bidding processes] because it hadn’t changed in a decade so there wasn’t a whole lot to discuss.” However, he added that “ultimately, you all want the same thing we want: we want

the best level of service that students can have for the best possible value.” He proposed a “University administrative systems committee” to work with committees and vendors in areas related to student life. Union Secretary Sneha Walia ’15 then raised concerns regarding budget transparency, specifically President Emeritus Jehuda Reinharz’s compensation. Reinharz’s salary has been highly scrutinized following its publication in both this paper and The Boston Globe in November. De Graffenreid responded that based on conversations she has had with “counterparts” at other private institutions, “Brandeis is now probably the most transparent private university in the country in terms of executive compensation.” Releasing University President Frederick Lawrence’s salary at the March faculty meeting “was a very big step for the Board of Trustees to take,” said de Graffenreid, calling it “sort of precedent-setting in the United States.” Flagel then noted other substantial budgetary areas. “There was a massive investment, about five million dollars in sustainable energy projects, that had a lot to do with heating and cooling across the campus. .... The cleanup of the steam pipes that were sending steam shooting in different directions up through the ground, fixing those leaks,” he said. “There’s investments in the infrastructure that you’ve all experienced like the massive overhaul of East [Quad] that went on over a two-year period. This sum-

See FORUM, 7 ☛

Poetry release

On target

Zinner passes

A resident scholar in the Women’s Studies Research Center read poems from her newest poetry collection.

 The Archery Club hosted some of the country’s top archers in the second-annual Shamrock Shoot.

 A former trustee and philanthropist passed away at 70 on March 18.

FEATURES 8 For tips or info email

Waltham, Mass.

Let your voice be heard! Submit letters to the editor online at



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News 3 11

COPYRIGHT 2014 FREE AT BRANDEIS. Email for home delivery.





Senate votes to charter two more clubs The Senate began its March 23 meeting by chartering two clubs. The 3-D Printing Club, which seeks to provide opportunities for students to learn about 3-D printing, sought recognition and charter. The Senate unanimously voted to recognize the club. In a discussion regarding charter, senators raised concerns about the amount of funding needed and what it would be used for. Members explained that one member is willing to donate a 3-D printer that he already owns and that funds would primarily be used to purchase filament to print objects. The Senate unanimously voted to charter the club. The Supply Club, a chapter of a nonprofit organization that was recognized last semester, approached the Senate seeking charter. The club, which according to its constitution “aims to promote awareness about the lack of education as well as severe violations of human rights that surround slum communities around the world,” recapped its progress since its recognition and outlined planned use of funds, including screening a documentary. The Supply Club was approved for charter, with 10 senators voting in favor, two opposed and seven abstaining. During Executive Officer reports, Executive Senator and Class of 2014 Senator Annie Chen announced that the Constitutional Review Task Force would be delaying the presentation of their proposal to the Senate for an additional week. She mentioned some changes to the proposal, which would call for a member of the Finance Board to be present at all Senate meetings as well as an examination of whether or not Brandeis Television is “fulfilling [its] role as a secured club.” Chen also reported that she is working on a proposal for new energy-efficient washing machines that she is planning on presenting to John Storti, director of strategic procurement. During Committee Chair reports, Senator-at-Large Naomi DePina ’16 announced that the Social Justice and Diversity Committee will be involved in events during lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and Queer Pride Month and reported that the committee is involved with the Brandeis Nothing But Nets Campaign, an initiative working to raise money and awareness about malaria in Sub-Saharan Africa. Club Support Committee Chair and East Quad Senator Andrew Savage ’16 reported that he is working on merging the Brandeis Consulting Club and the Marketing Club. —Sara Dejene



Medical Emergency

Mar. 21—University Police received notice of a voluntary psychiatric transport from Mailman House to Newton-Wellesley Hospital. The community development coordinator on call was notified. Mar. 22—A student called University Police to report that a female in Ziv Quad might have fallen and suffered head trauma. BEMCo responded and after treatment, the student refused further care. Mar. 22—A student at the Charles River Apartments called University Police to report persistent chest pressure. University Police and BEMCo responded and transported the student to Newton-Wellesley Hospital for further treatment.


Mar. 16—University Police were notified of a theft in a club office in the Shapiro Campus Center. Officers compiled a report of the incident. Mar. 20—University Police were notified of a bag of pens that had been stolen from the computer lab in the Goldfarb Library. Officers compiled a report of the incident.


Mar. 19—University Police received a report that a vehicle had been intentionally struck in the Lemberg Children’s Center

parking lot. Officers compiled a report after consulting with the operator of the vehicle.


Mar. 18—University Police were notified of a black male at the Shapiro Campus Center who seemed to be oddly staring off into space. Upon further investigation, the male was an employee of Einstein’s Bros. Bagels who was there to pick up his son. No further action was taken. Mar. 18—University Police received a report of a large unattended suitcase left behind in a classroom in the Mandel Center for the Humanities. Officers retrieved the suitcase and later discovered it was empty. Mar. 19—University Police received a report that a suspicious-looking male was photographing the area around Epstein Building. After consulting with Waltham Police Department, the male actually was an employee of Aggregate Industries Inc. Mar. 22—University Police investigated a report of several suspicious students inside a vehicle. As officers approached, students who were underage and clearly had been consuming alcohol jumped out of the vehicle. Officers will file University judicial charges. —compiled by Adam Rabinowitz


CORRECTIONS AND CLARIFICATIONS n In an Arts teaser, a copyrighted illustration that the Justice did not have explicit permission to use was printed. The illustration’s copyright belongs to Elizabeth Davenport ’08 and Prof. Martin Levin (POL). (March 18, p. 1) n An article in News incorrectly cited statistics as ranks as opposed to percentiles. In fact, University President Frederick Lawrence’s compensation was in the 45th percentile compared to all schools within the AAU. He is not ranked 45th in compensation out of the 62 AAU presidents. Executive compensation was in the 19th, 17th and 20th percentile among AAU private schools and in the 54th, 57th and 55th percentiles for all AAU schools in 2011, 2012 and 2013, respectively. (March 18, p. 1) n A photograph in News incorrectly identified an image of Noah Pollak, the executive director of the Emergency Committee for Israel, as Ilya Feoktistov, the producer of The J Street Challenge. (March 18, p. 3) n An article in News initially referred to Ricky Rosen ’14 as the Student Union vice president. He is, in fact, the president. (March 18, p. 3) n An article in news stated that the Mandel Foundation is located in the Abraham Shapiro Academic Complex. The Mandel Center, not the foundation, is housed there. (March 18, p. 5) n An article in Features incorrectly identified Kochava Ayoun’s ’14 thesis topic. It involves the Hague Abduction Convention, not the Hague Adoption Convention. (March 18, p. 8) n The Staff Top 10 incorrectly spelled News Editor Marissa Ditkowsky’s name. (March 18, p. 24) The Justice welcomes submissions for errors that warrant correction or clarification. Email editor@



The Justice is the independent student newspaper of Brandeis University. The Justice is published every Tuesday of the academic year with the exception of examination and vacation periods. Editor in chief office hours are held Mondays from 2 to 3 p.m. in the Justice office. Editor News Forum Features Sports Arts Ads Photos Managing Copy Layout

The Justice Brandeis University Mailstop 214 P.O. Box 549110 Waltham, MA 02454-9110 Phone: (781) 736-3750

SHAYNA HERTZ /the Justice

Students participated in the luminaria ceremony in order to honor those who battled cancer as a part of Relay for Life in the Red Auerbach Arena of the Gosman Sports and Convocation Center on Sunday night.

Scientists confirm theory Researchers from Brandeis and the University of Pittsburgh recently confirmed Alan Turing’s theory on how organisms develop their shapes and how identical cells differentiate into specialized cells. Turing is most famous for his work in computer science and mathematics, but in particular, for cracking the Enigma code in World War II. In 1952, Turing also wrote a biology paper titled “The Chemical Basis of Morphogenesis.” The paper describes how diffusion can interact with chemical reactions to make identical cells differentiate into specialized cells of the various parts of an organism, a process known as morphogenesis. Scientists from Brandeis and the University of Pittsburgh have now provided the first experimental evidence confirming Turing’s theory of morphogenesis. Profs. Seth Fraden (PHYS) and Irving Epstein (CHEM) have verified Turing’s models through chemical experiments. The data from these experiments was analyzed by G. Bard Ermentrout, professor of computational biology and mathematics at the University of Pittsburgh. Nathan Tompkins (Ph.D., PHYS), Ning Li (Ph.D., PHYS) and Camille Girabawe (Ph.D., PHYS) also contributed to this research. Their findings were published in a paper titled “Testing Turing’s theory of morphogenesis in chemical cells” in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences on March 10. Turing proposed a chemical process called intercellular reaction-diffusion to explain morphogenesis. This theory takes into consideration the effect of diffusion on chemical reactions. An inhibitory agent that suppresses the reaction and an excitatory agent that activates the reaction, diffuses around the system, over time causing the reaction to start in some places and stop in others. These oscillations give rise to patterns that result in chemically different groups of cells. Fraden and Epstein created circular arrays of synthetic “cells” or droplets containing the reactants of an oscillatory reaction called the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction in order to test Turing’s theories. They observed all six patterns predicted by Turing and an additional seventh pattern unpredicted by Turing. The team provides an understanding of this seventh pattern by modifying Turing’s theory to take into consideration that the heterogeneity of chemical reactants is the differences in the phases of the reactants. “It’s not that Turing made a mistake,” Fraden said in an interview with the Justice. “He simplified and the thing that he left out was heterogeneity.” In addition to contributing to the field of biological development and pattern formation, this research also has relevance to material science. “Throughout nature, in seashells and in porcupine quills, we see patterns emerge. So, why can’t we make materials the same way?” said Fraden. “If we can understand this reaction-diffusion process and the conditions under which morphogenesis occurs, can we start building materials based on those principles?” When asked about the future of this field of research, Epstein talked about studying evolutionary molecular selforganization. “The idea is to look for or make molecules that are capable of spontaneously organizing themselves into complex structures and also of catalyzing either their own production or their self-organization as a potential link to the origin of life.” Building off of Turing’s seminal work continues to inspire and inform the scientific community’s understanding of many fields, including the basis of life itself. —Aishwarya Bhonsle

ANNOUNCEMENTS Imagining the Fighting Jew

This colloquium provides a critical forum for graduate students and faculty to present and discuss works in progress, thereby fostering an interdisciplinary intellectual community in all areas of modern Jewish studies. In each session, participants will discuss a paper presented by faculty or graduate students from Brandeis and other institutions. The presenter will begin with a brief overview (five to 10 minutes) of the work, and the rest of the session will be open to questions and answers. Today from 12:20 to 2 p.m. in the Lown Center for Judaica Studies Room 315.

Changing Times, Changing Women’s Lives

When young Catherine Filene returned to Boston in 1919 after a stint at the Women’s Bureau in Washington, D.C., she entered the hub of the vocational education movement. She later made Washington her permanent home, married, divorced

and remarried and became a mother. But, most important, became a force to be reckoned with in the political and cultural life of the nation’s capitol. Today from 12:30 to 2:30 p.m. in the Kniznick Gallery of the Epstein Building.

Richman Fellowship in Public Life Lecture

Angela Glover Blackwell, the founder and chief executive officer of PolicyLink, will deliver the inaugural Richman Distinguished Fellowship in Public Life Lecture. Blackwell is a leading national voice in the movement to use public policy to improve accessed opportunity for all low-income people and communities of color, particularly in the areas of health, housing, transportation, education and infrastructure. Today from 5 to 7 p.m. in the Rapaporte Treasure Hall.

Issues of Identity and Adoption

Based on personal experience, the presentation will focus on the complex rela-

tionships between parents and adoptee, as well as issues of identity, cultural heritage and belonging. Women’s Studies Research Center scholar Mei-Mei Ellerman will also address the stereotype of the adoptee as “perpetual child.” Thursday from 12:30 to 2:30 p.m. in the Kniznick Gallery of the Epstein Building.

Native American Culture and Medicine

In this event, titled “Eliminating Stereotypes: Native American Culture and Medicine Through a New Lens,” Claudia A. Fox Tree of the Massachusetts Center for Native American Awareness will speak on dismantling stereotypes and misconceptions of Native American communities. Applications will include Native American cultural and Western medicine with a discussion of health disparities. The event will include refreshments and a student-led discussion. Thursday from 4 to 5:30 p.m. in the Alumni Lounge of the Usdan Student Center.



Ronny Zinner, trustee and advocate, dies at 70 ■ Zinner, the daughter of

Trustee Emeritus Carl J. Shapiro, donated the Rhonda S. and Michael J. Zinner Forum in the Heller School for Social Policy and Management. By JESSIE MILLER JUSTICE EDITOR

Ronny Zinner, the daughter of Carl and Ruth Shapiro and a Brandeis University trustee, passed away on March 18 at the age of 70 in Boston, according to a March 20 BrandeisNow article. Following her parents’ legacy of dedication to Brandeis, Zinner served as president of the Carl and Ruth Shapiro Family Foundation, which is known for its widespread philanthropic work. The foundation supports organizations ranging from the Heller School for Social Policy and Management at Brandeis to after-school youth art programs. According to the Shapiro Family Foundation’s website, Zinner focused her life on community service and had a passion for learning. She impacted countless individuals in pursuing these commitments. Both family and friends remember her as a loving, passionate leader who treated every cause with dedication and care. From her work at the foundation and other organizations, Zinner demonstrated her devotion to social justice and helping others. In the BrandeisNOW article, University President Frederick Law-

rence stressed Zinner’s impact on the Heller School, where she served as the vice chair of the Board of Overseers. “Ronny’s involvement with Heller reflected her valZinner ues and goal of improving people’s lives through positive social change. She was a remarkable woman—kind, wise and generous in every way. She will be greatly missed,” Lawrence said of Zinner. Zinner brought her values of social change to the Heller School, resulting in the establishment of the Rhonda S. and Michael J. Zinner Forum, a space used for lectures and other events. Senior Vice President of Institutional Advancement Nancy Winship, who stated in the BrandeisNOW article that she worked closely with the Shapiro family, described Zinner as a caring individual who connected with and inspired students: “Ronny was a warm, caring person who had the innate ability to connect with students and make them believe in themselves.” Dean and Maurice B. Hexter Professor of Social and Economic Policy and Vice Chair of the Board of Overseers Lisa Lynch said in her eulogy for Zinner that “she actively engaged with all those involved in the social issues and projects she funded. It was personal.” Lynch also explained that Zinner

valued “public discourse on difficult issues” and fully supported the University’s commitment to social justice, including funding debates at Heller on immigration policy, Medicare and Social security reform. Zinner was also Snvolved with a program that supported low-income high school students in Boston and connected them with mentors. Lynch said that Zinner interacted personally with the students, all of whom went on to graduate from college. In the foundation’s statement on Zinner’s passing, Carl J. Shapiro described his daughter as a central pillar of the foundation, adding that she was all a father could ask for in a daughter. Zinner’s husband Michael also stated in the statement that she would be sincerely missed by her family and the thousands of lives that she touched. Prior to her work in social justice and philanthropy, Zinner earned her undergraduate degree from Sarah Lawrence College, followed by a Master of Social Work from Boston University and a Master of Arts in Teaching from Harvard University. Zinner also worked as a psychotherapist, often offering her services for free or at a reduced cost, according to the BrandeisNOW article. Zinner is remembered as a notable member of the Brandeis community who consistently gave back, following in the footsteps of her parents. Aside from her efforts on campus, Zinner worked consistently within the greater Boston area on many other causes.

Residence life

Housing selection process adopts new online system ■ The transition occurred

without any major technical problems, with the exception of one period of connectivity difficulties. By MARISSA DITKOWSKY JUSTICE EDITOR

For the first time ever, housing selection took place online this year, using a program called MyHousing. Although some issues came up during room selection, according to Assistant Director for Operations at the Department of Community Living Sarah Hogan-Crowley, the process went “about 90 percent smoothly.” Hogan-Crowley said in an interview that there were no issues with sophomore room selection. However, she said that during the upperclassman room selection, for about 20 minutes on Sunday afternoon there was “a connectivity issue.” Students were receiving an error message, which eventually disappeared, according to HoganCrowley. She said that although DCL got in touch with the company to catch the error messages, the company did not find any. Therefore, DCL is still unsure about what caused the error. Hogan-Crowley said that although she has not received a lot of feedback about the new online system, she thinks that overall, the process “was less stressful because you didn’t have to go and stand in line and you didn’t have to be somewhere at a certain time.” However, she said that students had more questions about the process because this year was the first time that the new system was used, “but we were here and we answered

questions and I think everyone got through it OK,” she said. “I thought it was a little confusing but once I figured it out with some of my friends I was like, ‘Oh, I have no issue with that,’” said Alex Landau ’17, a student who used the new program along with all other University students who opted to select on-campus housing, in an interview with the Justice. According to Hogan-Crowley, the major questions that DCL received were regarding changing group sizes in order to see different options. In addition, she said that on Sunday morning, DCL found that if students had one unmatched person in their group, the website wouldn’t let them see any options. For an individual to be matched, all students within the housing group had to accept that person’s request. “The nice thing is, we have the ability to sort of step in and see what they say, and we can say, ‘Oh, you’ve got someone unmatched in your group and you’ve got to take care of that.’” DCL then posted a message on its website, which seemed to clear matters up, said Hogan-Crowley. Hogan-Crowley said that she would like to work with MyHousing on how the matching works. “They’re upgrading the product right now, so maybe with the upgrade we’ll have more flexibility, but I would like to see the system be more flexible so that students get in and sort of automatically know what their options are rather than having to adjust group sizes, because I think that slowed some folks down,” she said. According to Hogan-Crowley, DCL had updates running on its website, but said that “it wasn’t quite realtime.” “I think that it would be much better if they made it so you could log in in the morning, see what rooms

are available and then watch as they leave the page,” said Annie Abrams ’17, another student who used MyHousing in order to select housing, in an interview with the Justice. Using the new software, the DCL was able to oversee exactly when and at what numbers housing options ran out. All housing ran out at number 1770 this year, according to data provided by Hogan-Crowley. In the past eight years, housing has run out at numbers between about 1400 and 2100. In 2012, housing ran out at number 1501, according to DCL’s website. This year, the order of housing selection followed the historic trend, with underclassmen filling Usen Castle suites first, by number 57, and upperclassmen filling four-person Ridgewood Quad suites first, by number 1047. Hogan-Crowley said that she was surprised about the order in which some of the housing options were claimed. Hogan-Crowley said that there was one six-person Foster Mod that “hung on forever,” and that “the sophomores chose a little bit differently than we normally expect.” When asked if the online housing process could have affected the late claim of the six-person Mod, HoganCrowley said that she thought the secrecy that online housing allows for could have caused this occurrence. “If they didn’t tell folks what their number was, it was all kind of quiet, so you could just go and take a single somewhere and not feel pressured to take in a whole suite because maybe you didn’t want to live in the Mods,” she said. According to Hogan-Crowley, in previous years, the Mods ran out right after Ridgewood suites. —Tate Herbert and Hannah Wulkan contributed reporting




GRACE KWON/the Justice

Dr. Ofer Sharone, assistant professor at the Sloan School of Management of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, delivered a lecture comparing unemployment in Israel and the U.S. on Thursday.


Judiciary turns down proposed BLCU name ■ The Union Judiciary issued

a verdict that required the BLCU to change its name and, in the process, generated controversy among competing parties. By ANDREW WINGENS JUSTICE EDITOR

In accord with a Student Judiciary ruling earlier this month, the Brandeis Libertarian Conservative Union proposed to change its name to the Brandeis Union For Liberty. The Judiciary, however, rejected the new name as inconsistent with the requirements of the justices’ earlier decision. BLCU President Joshua Nass ’14 strongly objected to the decision in interviews with the Justice. He said the decision represents “a blatant abuse” of the Judiciary’s power. The case first made its way to the Judiciary after the Brandeis Libertarians, formerly known as Young Americans for Liberty, contested the validity of the BLCU using the term “libertarian” in its name. BL members said that BLCU misrepresented libertarianism. The Judiciary decided on March 9 that BLCU would be required to change its name so as to “better represent the wide range of political views that BLCU portrayed to espouse during the trial.” The original decision specifically forbade the word “libertarian,” but said that using “liberty” would be allowed. “That runs contrary to what libertarianism and conservatism is all about, which is allowing competition,” said Nass of the claim that BLCU should not be allowed to have “libertarian” in their club name. In its most recent decision not to allow the BLCU to change its name to Brandeis Union for Liberty, the Judiciary wrote in an email decision that “the name Brandeis Union

for Liberty does not represent a wide range of political views.” The justices proposed other names such as “Brandeis Multi-Political Union” or “Brandeis MultiPolitical Union for Liberty.” In an interview with the Justice, Chief Justice Claire Sinai ’15 said the name Brandeis Union for Liberty does not comport with the earlier decision because the name did not demonstrate “multi-political views.” Student Union President Ricky Rosen ’14 insisted on being present for Sinai’s interview with the Justice. When asked to expand on how the name Brandeis Union for Liberty does not represent a range of political views, she said that “[i]t doesn’t implicate politics in general. It just says ‘Brandeis Union for Liberty.’ I guess it shows libertarianism but we didn’t believe at the time that it demonstrated that it has any other political views.” Although “liberty” may be acceptable in the name, in this case the word liberty “made it seem like it was more of a libertarian club and it didn’t have an equal balance of political parties,” said Sinai. When asked why she thinks liberty means libertarian, she said, “I’m not the person to ask about this. We said that they could use the word liberty because you can be for liberty and have many different views. But libertarianism is a specific, set view.” Nass fervently disagreed with the Judiciary’s decision. “Nobody can tell you with a straight face what that means because it makes no sense. Does that make any sense to anybody?” said Nass of the Judiciary’s decision. Associate Justice Luky Guigui ’14, in an interview with the Justice, said of the case “The number one part of the case is that both clubs are at fault … they both were not prepared for the trial like they were supposed to be.” Associate Justice Maris RygerWasserman ’16 did not respond to a request for comment by press time.



Justice Photography Staff!

Contact Morgan Brill and Josh Horowitz at


and African and AfroAmerican Studies department are also looking to fill an opening under the Florence Levy Kay Fellowship. By BRITTANY JOYCE JUSTICE EDITOR

JENNY CHENG/the Justice

ECO-FRIENDLY: Rohan Bhatia ’14 discussed the exploratory Committee on Fossil Fuel Divestment’s progress at the town hall.

Town hall on sustainability showcases club initiatives Committee hosted its inaugural town hall in the Shapiro Campus Center Atrium last Tuesday. By KATHRYN BRODY JUSTICE EDITORIAL ASSISTANT

On Tuesday, March 18, the Senate Sustainability Committee hosted its inaugural town hall meeting in the Shapiro Campus Center Atrium. The town hall consisted of presentations by different groups and clubs on campus that work to promote ecofriendly practices within the entire Brandeis community. The groups included Brandeis’ Eco-Reps, TapBrandeis and Students for Environmental Action. Class of 2015 Senator and Chair of the Student Union Sustainability Committee Anna Bessendorf began the event by discussing how the committee was created last semester to “centralize” the efforts of all the different clubs that are dedicated to sustainability on campus. For example, the committee was responsible for the installation of 90 dual-flush toilets around campus, which are designed to save one-half gallon of water per flush, according to Bessendorf. Non-senate Chair of the Sustainability Committee Nate Shaffer ’16 then took the podium. He spoke about the Brandeis Sustainability Fund, for which he served on the board last year. The BSF, he said, works to promote sustainability by providing funding for Brandeis students to pursue their eco-friendly ideas. For the 2013 to 2014 academic year, these ideas included: Bike for Shelter, which works to increase the number of bike shelters on campus; 200 subsidized $50 Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority passes for undergraduate students; TapBrandeis, a returning BSF project which works to stimulate sustainable water-use practices on campus through hydration stations and giving out reusable water bottles; dualflush toilets and Little Green Libraries, an initiative proposed to create book exchanges where students can


University fills cluster positions ■ The Education Program

trade books they no longer wanted for other books. The exchanges would be placed in various locations on campus and will be built out of recycled and refurbished materials. Next, a member of the Eco-Reps Margaret Hoffman ’15 and Deanna Heller ’15, the residential Eco-Rep, spoke about the program. Eco-Reps is a program of the Campus Sustainability Initiative which encourages people on campus to become “leaders of sustainability,” Heller said during the event. The two representatives then went on to discuss some of the initiatives Eco-Reps are working to implement on campus, including Mug Save, which involved the group negotiating a 45-cent discount on a regular coffee for anyone who brings a reusable mug at the campus coffee shops including vendors such as Starbucks, Dunkin’ Donuts and Peets Coffee. The group also organizes residence hall events to inform students about eco-friendly practices such as turning off the lights when not in use and other simple actions. Emma Balmuth-Loris ’14 and Jeremy Goodman ’14, representatives of TapBrandeis, presented the new initiative designed to encourage students to use reusable water bottles and spoke about their plans for the future. TapBrandeis has applied to the BSF to install more hydration stations on campus, the two representatives announced. The group also set up a stand where people pledge to reduce their use of plastic water bottles in exchange for a free water bottle in the Shapiro Campus Center Atrium on Feb. 6 and in the Usdan Student Center on March 17, Balmuth-Loris wrote in an email to the Justice. Vice President of SEA Stephanie Weinstein ’17 took the podium. SEA, Weinstein said, is a student-run organization that focuses on improving sustainability on campus. Weinstein then spoke about the group’s regular volunteering efforts at the Waltham Fields Community Farm and SEA’s Annual Charles River Cleanup, which occurred on March 22. In the cleanup, the club takes members into Boston to clean up the Christian A. Herter Park, which is




■ The Senate Sustainability

alongside the Charles River. Rohan Bhatia ’14, one of the student members of the University-created exploratory Committee on Fossil Fuel Divestment, gave a presentation discussing how the committee and its supporters campaigned successfully for the support of the student body to divest from fossil fuel. After making a climate refugee camp outside the Shapiro Campus Center, which was designed to demonstrate the number of people who are or will be displaced by natural disasters, and “March 4th for Climate,” a protest march down the Rabb steps, 79 percent of students who participated in the vote on April 25, 2013 voted to divest. The committee is currently working on a presentation for the Board of Trustees. Bhatia did not specify the date for the presentation, and he did not respond to requests for comment from the Justice by press time. Next, Jay DeGioia, the resident district manager for Sodexo at Brandeis, discussed Sodexo’s plans to become more sustainable. DeGioia said that Sodexo is dedicated to buying local products, including products from Russo’s Market, Red Seafood and Gifford’s Ice Cream. Furthermore, Sodexo launched in November the Sustainable Management and Reporting Tool, an online resource which would calculate numbers on the company’s use of carbon and energy, use of water and production of waste. Managers would keep track of how much of these resources would be used in each dining hall and the SMART program would generate quarterly reports allowing Sodexo to see exactly what needs to be improved and in what areas. In pursuit of reducing waste and increasing healthy and sustainable food options, Sodexo is hosting a sustainability fair, featuring sponsors such as Coca-Cola and Casella Waste Systems, on April 23. Sodexo is also planning on adopting bamboo plates and utensils, among other actions. Editor’s Note: Non-senate Chair of the Sustainability Committee Nate Shaffer ’16 is a member of the JustArts staff.

The University recently announced the hiring of two new professors as part of a cluster hire around the African Diaspora, while the Education program and African and AfroAmerican Studies department look to fill openings under the Florence Levy Kay Fellowship, a two-year post-doctoral fellowship that rotates between different departments and programs for each appointment. Both new professors and the post-doctoral fellow will begin teaching in fall 2014. AAAS and the Women’s and Gender Studies program hired Jasmine Johnson, who recently completed a post-doctoral program at Northwestern University. Greg Childs, who earned his Ph.D. from the faculty of George Washington University, will work in the History department researching the African diaspora to Latin America. Johnson will teach one course in AAAS and one course in WGS each semester, according to Prof. Wendy Cadge (SOC), chair of the WGS program. According to Cadge, the details for Johnson’s WGS course have not been finalized. Cadge wrote of the hire in an email to the Justice: “It influences our program tremendously— mostly by diversifying the classes we can offer.” Johnson described her work as “an attempt to understand the politics of African diasporic movement” in an email to the Justice. While her work focuses on West African dance, Johnson wrote that she is also interested in movement in general. “How does movement shape racialized and gendered identities? I draw from the African diaspora, black feminist, and dance theories in answering these questions,” she wrote. Johnson wrote that she looks forward to sharing in “Brandeis’ intellectual and artistic life.” As a professor in both AAAS and WGS, she wrote about

her excitement to be able to offer different cross-listed and interdisciplinary courses, particularly in the area of dance, where she hopes to work with the School of Creative Arts. She is also excited to join the Brandeis community, writing that the “African Diaspora cluster hire indicates Brandeis’ commitment to AAAS and WGS. It means that Brandeis understand[s] these intellectual communities to be essential to the mission of the university” and that it shows Brandeis is committed to interdisciplinary work. Greg Childs’ work focuses on the history of the African Diaspora to Latin America. According to Prof. Jane Kamensky (HIST), chair of the History department, Childs’ “work on Brazil, urban history, the African Diaspora, and the global eighteenth century will lead to crucial new course offerings.” Kamensky wrote in an email to the Justice about her excitement at the interdisciplinary possibilities of Childs’ appointment, writing that “Childs is poised to be a transformative teacher.” Childs did not respond to requests for comment by press time. The AAAS department and the Education program are also looking to fill a post-doctoral Kay Fellowship position, Prof. Chad Williams (AAAS) wrote in an email to the Justice. This year, the Kay Fellowship will fit under the African Diaspora cluster hire, as AAAS and Education seek a specialist in urban education. This year’s Kay Fellow candidates are Derron Wallace, Aaminah Norris and Tess Bundy. All of the candidates are visiting Brandeis to speak about their work: Wallace gave a lecture yesterday titled “Bad Blacks and Better Blacks?: Exploring the Role of Black Cultural Capital in the Educational Experiences of AfroCaribbean Youth in London and New York;” Norris will give a lecture titled “Make Matters: Teaching and Learning Literacies and Identities in Urban Schools” this Thursday and Bundy will give a lecture titled “‘The Schools Are Killing Our Kids!:’ The African American Fight for Racial Democracy in the Boston Public Schools” on Tuesday, April 8. This African Diaspora cluster hire initiative was formed to fill an area of study not present in the University and to bring more diversity to course offerings, according to the Jan. 14 issue of the Justice.

BRIEF Constitutional Review Task Force delays Senate presentation The Constitutional Review Task Force has delayed its presentation to the Senate of its proposed changes to the Student Union’s constitution for an additional week, following meetings with the Finance Board and the Justice Editorial Board, according to Student Union President Ricky Rosen ’14 in an email to the Justice. The task force, which was formed as a result of an amendment to the Student Union’s constitution that was approved last fall, put forward a list of proposed changes last week, some of which concerned F-Board operations. One of the initial proposals would rename F-Board to the Allocations Board, another would include a Senate member in F-Board meetings and another would give the Senate the power to confirm all F-Board allocation decisions. The task force originally planned to present its proposal to the Senate during its March 16 meeting, but postponed it until the March 23 meeting to receive input from F-Board members. If approved by the Senate, the proposed changes would go to the student body for a vote.

F-Board Chair Mohamed Ali ’14 was unable to be reached for comment by press time. During the March 23 Senate meeting, a number of changes were discussed. Executive Senator and Class of 2014 Senator Annie Chen announced that while the task force decided to delay its presentation, some potential changes to the proposal included the attendance of an F-Board member at all Senate meetings and an examination of whether Brandeis Television is “fulfilling [its] role as a secured club.” Rosen declined to comment on the status of the proposal until it is finalized. Other changes in the original proposal included restructuring the Capital Expenditures and Emergencies Fund, designating funding for secured clubs as percentages of the Student Activities fee rather than set amounts, removing excess language from the Constitution, adding the definitions of recognized, secured and chartered clubs, adding intra-union meetings and removing a section regarding petitions. —Sara Dejene

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FORUM: Students press for greater transparency CONTINUED FROM 1 mer, we’re going to be doing two of the halls of Ziv [Quad] and the [Foster] Mods.” The next portion of the event featured questions from the audience of approximately 30 students. To start the segment, Class of 2017 Senator and Chair of Senate Dining Committee David Heaton questioned who holds the ability to change the current and oftscrutinized meal plans, “You seemed to indicate that the composition of the meal plans was actually the responsibility of Sodexo, but in our meeting with Sodexo, they said that it was the responsibility of the administration,” he said. Flagel responded, “The crafting and structure came out of Sodexo and my impression was that that had been ongoing discussion, so the fact that it has this level of disconnect troubles me, but I assume that everyone is operating in good faith.” The conversation then shifted from dining to executive compensation. “How much do University administrators make annually and why is this not released to the full Brandeis community?” asked David Miller ’14 of the Brandeis Labor Coalition. De Graffenreid responded, saying that the Board of Trustees was “concerned that transparency on individual administrator’s salary would not allow [University] President [Freder-

ick] Lawrence to manage his team in a way that is effective.” She said that administrators have tasks that they are supposed to accomplish every year, “and we’re accountable to President Lawrence for those things. “Our compensation depends largely on how well we do on those work plans, and the Board thought that if it was completely transparent, that people could see how people were performing, which would limit the ability to have continuous improvement and performance in people’s jobs," she continued. Andrew Nguyen ’15, also representing the Brandeis Labor Coalition, then turned from the salaries of the administration toward that of the president in particular. Nguyen expressed his dismay of a quote by Board of Trustees Chair Perry Traquina ’78 in a Justice article last week, namely that the University “would never get a president here” if the presidential compensation was “handcuffed to the lowest-paid staff member. “Shouldn’t a president want to come to Brandeis because of its commitment to equity, not in spite of this?” asked Nguyen. “Why don’t we have a fulltime sexuality and gender diversity coordinator” if we can pay such high salaries to administrators? Flagel said the University is making progress toward a full-time lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer

adviser position. “My hope is that in collaboration with other offices and with looking at space that we’re actually going to be able to realize the full student proposal that you all voted on of creating a gender and sexuality center on campus. We’re looking at space in Usdan [Student Center] right now where we can carve that out,” he said. The issue of sexual assault on campus and the new blog SpeakOut! Brandeis was also addressed. Flagel expressed his surprise at the amount of people who don’t think sexual assault is an issue [at Brandeis] because “people are so nice.” Flagel affirmed that “[sexual assault] is already here” and “we’ve really just begun the work” needed to combat it. Other topics included the lighting and safety of the various South Street crossings, reductions in cost of the Golding Health Center as measures to cut costs, potentially recognizing greek life on campus and the overall image of Brandeis. Town hall meetings on marketing and presentation of Brandeis, including the University logo, will be held “toward the end of April,” according to de Graffenreid. “We’ll get those dates out to everyone, and we’re going to buy pizza, and you should come and let your voice be heard,” she said. —Marissa Ditkowsky contributed reporting

REPORT: Honorary degrees primarily awarded to men CONTINUED FROM 1 cording to the report. While the Justice was unable to find data about the national average of females receiving honorary degrees, Cadge pointed to a 2010 study published in the Chronicle of Higher Education that cited the national average of women on boards of trustees to be around 30 percent, indicating that Brandeis is below the national average. The senior administration has also been historically male-dominated. Since 1972, only one of five University presidents was female. Of the seven senior administration positions that the report card examines, only two are currently held by women: the senior vice president for communications and the senior vice president of institutional advancement. However, the University’s website identifies a 12-person senior management team, which includes deans as well as senior vice presidents. Five out of the 12 of these individuals are women. “I think that there needs to be some commitment to seeing that it’s a problem,” said Cadge. “I think some kind of public statement from them that affirms that would take us a long way and then a process of following it up when it’s time to hire.” Cadge, who authored the report along with other WGS faculty, said the particularly low representation of women among honorary degree recipients spurred the creation of the report card. In an interview with the Justice, Cadge said that last spring that she and some of the WGS faculty members were concerned that only one out of six honorary degree recipients were women. “We think that there are more than 20 percent of Brandeis alums and supporters and people worthy of honorary degrees that are women. … So, we think there is a clear call for change there,” Cadge said, referring to the percentage of women who have received honorary degrees since 1972. Cadge also said that out of the five honorary degrees awarded each year, there has never been a year in which the majority of recipients have been women. This can also be seen on the

Board of Trustees' website in a list of all past recipients. Senior Vice President for Communication Ellen de Graffenreid, who is a staff member on the Board’s honorary degree committee, said the Board has organized a “dashboard” to continuously monitor the diversity of honorary degree nominees in order to help them reach their goals of more diversity among the candidates. “The Board is very cognizant of the need to have diversity in those chosen for honorary degrees,” she wrote in an email to the Justice. Prof. Bulbul Chakraborty (PHYS), a former faculty liaison to the Board of Trustees, agreed that encouraging the community to nominate more diverse candidates would help solve the disparity. Chakraborty, who was the first female tenured faculty member in the Physics department, said in an interview with the Justice that she believes that the people who have been responsible for nominating recipients in the past “nominated in a self selected way that is more biased towards men.” However, she said that she thinks “we can fix that by making the community broadly aware that they can nominate.” The 28 percent increase in the number of female faculty members over the past 40 years was a pleasant surprise to those involved with the report card. “I expected there to be some increase, but I didn’t realize how dramatic it would be,” said Prof. Susan Lanser (ENG) in an interview with the Justice. She clarified, however, that “we are still not at parity.” Lanser speculated that a large reason the ratio was not closer to 50-50 was due to “historical hiring. “More women have come in to the academy in the last 30 years but also we had a pretty male-dominated faculty, and it takes a while for that to turn over and change,” Lanser said. Despite this growth, there is still a discrepancy between the percentages of female faculty members on the tenure track and those not on the tenure track. In fall 2012, of the full-time faculty on the tenure track, only 36 percent were women, whereas of the full-time faculty not on the tenure track, 56 per-

cent were women. According to the 2006 American Association of University Professors report, 11 percent of full-time tenure track faculty members were women, while almost 19 percent of full-time, non-tenure track faculty was women. Cadge said she recognized this discrepancy when compiling the report. “There are still mostly men who are senior faculty, and still mostly women in lower status positions like lecturers and contract faculty,” said Cadge. “We have questions as to whether there are enough women sort of in the pipeline,” she explained. The report card also recorded the percentage of women composing the Board of Trustees. The University’s Board is comprised of 23 percent women, while Cadge told the Justice that the national average at private universities is about 30 percent. While Cadge said the low national average is problematic unto itself, at Brandeis “we were surprised to see that we are quite a bit below that average,” said Cadge. The professors interviewed said that the report card is just the beginning, and that the administration and those hiring new faculty should consider this and future reports in composing their departments. “I think one thing that they shouldn’t do is to take this as evidence that they have succeeded and not do anything more,” said Chakraborty. Prof. Faith Smith (AAAS) wrote in an email to the Justice that the report “is an excellent jolt to our community: hard facts sometimes have the effect of cutting through hot air or ‘good intentions.’” Cadge said that she hopes to make this report a regular publication every few years as a way to keep tabs on the success of the school, and Lanser said that she did not think it should stop at gender equality. Lanser said that she hopes that a report is published on racial diversity as well and said that she hopes to see Brandeis “hold ourselves accountable to the standards we profess and to the university’s founding values, so that everyone has a place at the table.” —Andrew Wingens contributed reporting




MORGAN BRILL/the Justice

Judith Giller-Leinwohl ’15 (left) and Lindsay Fitzpatrick ’15 (right) spoke at Relay for Life, an event to raise funds and awareness for cancer research, last Sunday afternoon.

COUNSELING: Center announces workshops CONTINUED FROM 1 sition. Flagel said in an interview with the Justice that the search committee is in its initial stages. However, he said that there was no timeline set in place, although he hopes that an executive director will be hired “as soon as possible.” According to Flagel, several “structural questions” came up regarding the volume of visits to the PCC. Nonetheless, he said that the PCC features an “extraordinary team.” According to the report, approximately 20 percent of Brandeis students make use of PCC services each academic year. “They present a wide range of concerns, including academic problems, relationship and roommate problems, family problems, substance use/abuse, sexuality, depression, anxiety and psychosis,” the report read. Berlin said that the Counseling Center is used by a number “heading toward” 700 students. He said that many of these cases are “active,” and that “very, very few students come just once.” At the time of the report’s release, according to Hodgkins Beckley Consulting, the PCC was staffed by over 20 part-time psychologists and social workers, three half-time psychiatrists and six unpaid interns. Berlin declined to comment on how many clinicians are currently employed at the PCC in relation to the volume of students who use the PCC’s services, but said that regardless of the number of students, “my clinicians are dedicated.” Although greater changes at the PCC will not be addressed until an executive director is hired, Flagel said that LaFarr has put in a “tremendous amount of work in the meantime.” LaFarr wrote in an email to the Justice that the PCC is addressing student feedback with a series of workshops as well as a wellness week, which he wrote is still in the works and will be announced at a future date. “When I was brought on to the staff this past fall, Vice Presidents Flagel and Sousa asked me to expand outreach efforts to the community,” LaFarr wrote in an email to the Justice. “I have done that through one on one meetings, trainings with faculty, attending faculty meetings, sitting on University wide committees, meeting with student groups, and working with the PCC staff to de-

velop workshops based on students’ requests.” Along with several events for students that have already occurred, such as a grief workshop and a session discussing perfectionism that took place in March, the PCC is also holding mindfulness and meditation sessions “for relaxing and coping with your thoughts and emotions,” according to the description, on Wednesdays from 12:15 to 1 p.m. in the Usdan Student Center Peace Room. The center also currently hosts a social skills and social anxiety group on Fridays from 2 to 2:50 p.m. in the Mailman House and will hold a discussion on building constructive relationships on March 31 at 8 p.m. in Mailman House. Another workshop discussing the stresses and strategies of completing dissertations has also been added. One of the report’s suggestions involved outreach to campus, and providing more support groups to the Brandeis community. According to the report at the time it was released, “[t]here is minimal outreach programming provided to the Brandeis community by the PCC, and there is no involvement of the PCC with numerous student support groups. This was true prior to the economic downturn of 2008 so the current lack of emphasis on outreach programming appears to be a reflection of philosophy and mission rather than a cost savings measure.” The report states that only two part-time staff positions were dedicated to outreach responsibilities, “amounting to less than one halftime position devoted to outreach programming and external training.” In addition, the report expressed concerns about the lack of group counseling services provided. “Only an eating disorders group was mentioned during the facility tour and in staff interviews,” the report read. According to LaFarr, the meditation group was created because one of the doctoral interns “had expertise in the area” and “a number of students” requested the creation of such a group. “It has been well attended,” he wrote in an email to the Justice. Although LaFarr wrote that the PCC will continue this outreach, he wrote that “[i]t’s always a combination of student request and expertise.” —Kathryn Brody contributed reporting







VERBATIM | ALBERT CAMUS The evil that is in the world almost always comes from ignorance, and good intentions may do as much harm as malevolence if they lack understanding.



In 1807, The Slave Trade Act became a law, thus abolishing the slave trade in the British Empire.

The first novel ever written on a typewriter was Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain.

Defying academic divisions

POLITICAL POET: Marguerite Guzman Bouvard shares selections from her most recent anthology of poems she published titled The Light That Shines Inside Us.

Bouvard draws from a rich career with new volume of poetry By ELIOR MOSKOWITZ JUSTICE STAFF WRITER

“Do not run away from yourself. You will see strife and mercy all around. There will always be wars, the barricades of those who pile up treasure, the arrogant who want to be celebrated. But there are no real boundaries. We are all one. We are not alone.” These were the closing words of Marguerite Guzman Bouvard’s poem “Silence,” which she read as part of a poetry reading for her new volume of work titled The Light That Shines Inside Us. The reading took place this past Thursday at the Women’s Studies Research Center, where Bouvard is a resident scholar. Bouvard’s pieces are rooted in her commitment to humanism, her own experiences as a world traveler and scholarship as a political scientist, all of which have contributed to her sense of world citizenship and respect for the suffering of a wide variety of individuals. In The Light that Shines Inside Us, Bouvard examines themes of humanity and the contradictory nature of the human experience,

in that it is so plagued by war, yet contains so much beauty in its crevices of solace and simple joy. This collection embodies Bouvard’s abhorrence of boundaries, especially those placed on women. In an aside to the audience between readings, Bouvard exemplified this dislike of limitations. “Don’t be too smart,” she says sarcastically, “because people will want to cut you down.” Writing allows Bouvard room to explore and move around. “In academia you’re supposed to be one thing,” she said, “stay in your department and not move out … this is a place where you don’t have boundaries.” As a resident scholar at the WSRC, Bouvard’s career extends far beyond poetry. She organized the first Tillie K. Lubin Symposium in 1994 on the Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo, a group of Argentinian mothers whose children disappeared during a military dictatorship between 1976 and 1983. She has also sponsored other lectures related to women, including a lecture series on women and human rights and on environmental racism. She has organized panels for Women’s History Month

and has had two exhibits at the Dreitzer Gallery and one at the Kniznick gallery in the WSRC. Bouvard was a political science professor at Regis College and a director of poetry workshops for many years. She has published 17 books and numerous articles in thean array of academic fields that include political science, psychology, literature and poetry. Her works focus predominantly on human rights and political issues as well as the suffering that characterizes the human condition universally. For example, she published a book on the same topic as the first Lubin Symposium lecture about the Plaza de Mayo mothers, titled Revolutionizing Motherhood: “The Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo, as well as a book examining the difficulties veterans face returning to civilian life titled Invisible Wounds of War: Coming Home from Iraq and Afghanistan. Bouvard explains that her creative process for her poetic works differed from her nonfiction pieces because for poetry, she has to be alone and secluded in order to fully feel the resonance of her emotions.

“For some reason people think that emotions are not intelligent, but they are,” she told her listeners. Yet she still maintained a connection to the outside world through a window that bridges the gap between the world inside and that outside. This embodies the style her work, as she brings emotionality to politics, connecting two seemingly unrelated spheres. Many of Bouvard’s pieces are inspired by her cultural heritage. She has a personal connection to Syria as well as Europe because of her Syrian grandmother and her Italian heritage. This makes her poems that reference these particular geographic regions potent, bolstering her connection to her subject matter. In her reading of her poem “Diaspora,” she addresses the tragedy of Syrian refugees. “The arc of their country vanished,” she read “as they fled into the blank pages of days, unknown languages, improvising life’s discordant music.” Bouvard also read a poem titled “The Island Behind Our Laws,” addressing the emotional anguish of those who have suffered at Guanta-

namo Bay. “The man who held his son on his lap … brothers and sisters that loved him … where death is kept at bay it is where my country’s heart pulses behind a barbed wire.” Bouvard crafts a connection between personal identity and emotion and the world that is polluted by war and affliction. Currently, Bouvard is in the process of writing a book titled, Moral Heroes and Heroines. In this book, as well as in many of her other works, Bouvard thematically incorporates a glimmer of hope for the audience that illuminates the human experience, even in times of great suffering. Her poem “Somalia” which she read toward the end of the event, is no exception. Bouvard expanded on a picture of an emaciated child from a news source that prompted deep unsettling feelings within her. She articulated the delicate balance between vileness and purity that characterizes the world. “His eyes are luminous as the sea, reflect a cloudless sky, radiate his innocence … his gaze has the eternity of ancient texts, reminding us that there is light and darkness in our hearts.”

STORIED SCHOLAR: Bouvard has been published widely as a resident scholar at the Women’s Studies Research Center. JOSHUA LINTON/the Justice


Exploring past politics


POLITICAL PEN: Alexander Wohl ’83 recently published a book about two American political figures, Tom Clark and his son Ramsey Clark. PHOTOS COURTESY OF ALEXANDER WOHL

Alexander Wohl ’83 writes the seldom told story of two American politicians By ROSE GITTELL JUSTICE EDITORIAL ASSISTANT

Alexander Wohl ’83 believes that the past is an inextricable aspect of the future. To that end, he asserts that participating in modern legal and political debates crucially depends on an understanding of the dynamics of the past. For this reason, Wohl examined the long-standing American tension between the power of the individual and the power of the central government through the lens of a dual biography of former Supreme Court Justice Tom Clark and Attorney General Ramsey Clark, called Father, Son, and Constitution. Since graduating from Brandeis with a degree in History, Wohl has explored his interests in law and legal affairs from different perspectives—working as a journalist and a professor at American University, as well as completing a tenure with the Clinton administration. Wohl’s diverse profile of accomplishments is the result of his success in merging all his interests with teaching and writing. “To me, legal issues, understanding why laws do what they do and understanding how governments function to protect the individual, these are the key questions. When I write, the goal is to get to those ultimate issues,” said Wohl.

Wohl was drawn to the father-son biography of Tom and Ramsey Clark by a political anomaly: the resignation of Tom Clark from the Supreme Court at a relatively young age. Further along in his research, Wohl discovered that Tom Clark had selflessly stepped down for the sake of his son Ramsey Clark, at the time a young lawyer in the President Lyndon Johnson’s administration and attorney general nominee. “Tom Clark didn’t want there to be any potential conflict of interest. They were very close, and he wanted his son to have his own day in the sun. I found this to be quite remarkable,” Wohl said. As Wohl investigated further, he discovered the dynamics between the father and son, uncovering an inter-generational story that illuminates the evolution of the political and legal rights in America. “Tom Clark started out quite conservative in many areas and gradually [became more liberal]. Ramsey Clark started out liberal, and ended up even more so. … I discovered that what they shared and what they didn’t share would make an interesting political, legal and familial story,” Wohl said. Tom and Ramsey Clark both influenced the interpretation of civil rights in America, however in different ways and under different presi-

dents. Tom Clark, under President Harry Truman, helped to subtly and quietly lay the framework which would allow civil rights to occur. Ramsey Clark was then an outspoken advocate for civil rights under President Lyndon Johnson. “They crossed ideological paths on these issues, although they never discussed the issues personally,” said Wohl. Wohl’s book examines the ideological change in just one generation from Tom to Ramsey and the progression from the ’40s to the ’60s in how Americans interpret individual rights and equality. “Both men believe strongly in the underlying rule of law, they just approached it differently. They came from different eras. Although they started differently, they both ended up in the same place: as strong advocates for civil rights.” In general, both their ideals are founded on a strong belief in the rights of an individual in the face of an overwhelmingly powerful government. “They shared a commitment to the rule of law and the protection of the constitution in broad terms,” said Wohl. In fact, the interpretation of the legal system as a means of protection for the rights of the individual citizen is a central theme of the book. “The backdrop of this book is examining the balance between how to balance government power with the

rights of individuals. This issue is in front of us everyday, in issues such as drones, the role of the FBI, or the privacy rights of individuals,” said Wohl. Although Tom and Ramsey are similar ideologically, Wohl’s analysis of their lives centers on the difference in strategy of the two men. “What’s interesting is the way they approached these issues—they have very different personalities. Tom Clark was a very gregarious individual who understood the political process and was able to accomplish things and get along with everybody… Ramsey Clark was more idealistic and very stubborn. His nickname was ‘the preacher,’ said Wohl.Wohl suspects that his course of study shaped is current interests and beliefs. “This may have stemmed from my time as a history major at Brandeis, but I have a belief that we can learn a lot both from the individual facts, and the dynamics of how things worked out in the past. For me, the issue of individual rights versus gov-

ernment power has been a key issue in our country since it’s founding. This is the issue which divides us most today,” said Wohl. Wohl shared the assertion of using the past as a powerful tool with which to interpret the present yesterday when he lectured to Prof. Daniel Breen’s (LGLS) legal studies class. A defining aspect of Wohl’s experience at Brandeis was his role as editor in chief of the Justice. From this experience, he learned about subtle power dynamics between individuals, as well as between the administration and the student body. “I gained an understanding of the impact of the media. How things could be misinterpreted. You get an understanding of politics, with a lowercase ‘p’—how people deal with each other,” said Wohl. “The idea of the book is to use these two individuals to illustrate this ongoing debate. To understand that things change over time, that we learn from the past, that things are the way they are for a reason.”

YOUNG JOURNALIST: Wohl spent some of her time as a Brandeis student in Justice office, which was then located in the Usdan Student Center.

DEMOCRACY AND LAW: Both Tom Clark and Ramsey Clark expressed the belief that the legal system should be focused on protecting individual liberties.


10 TUESDAY, March 25, 2014 ● THE JUSTICE


Justice Established 1949

Brandeis University

Tate Herbert, Editor in Chief Andrew Wingens, Senior Editor Adam Rabinowitz, Managing Editor Phil Gallagher and Rachel Hughes, Deputy Editors Rachel Burkhoff, Glen Chagi Chesir, Sara Dejene, Shafaq Hasan, Joshua Linton, Jessie Miller, and Olivia Pobiel, Associate Editors Marissa Ditkowsky, News Editor Jaime Kaiser, Features Editor Max Moran, Forum Editor Avi Gold, Sports Editor Emily Wishingrad, Arts Editor Josh Horowitz and Morgan Brill, Photography Editors Rebecca Lantner, Layout Editor Celine Hacobian, Online Editor Brittany Joyce, Copy Editor Schuyler Brass, Advertising Editor

Town hall event proves underwhelming In the past this board has called for both transparency from the administration and greater efforts from our elected representatives to respond to student input. That is why we were initially encouraged by the Student Union’s efforts to organize a town hall with several senior vice presidents. While the event was worthwhile, it fell short of its potential due to inadequate attendance and lackluster questions. The number of students who attended the town hall—about 30 in all—was disappointing. Thursday’s town hall provided an opportunity for students to voice their concerns about an array of issues, from dining services to fair pay to environmental justice to sexual harassment awareness and policy. We are supposedly a University known for social justice, but that requires more than complaining about University policies on social media. With the scarce attendance, we fear students send a message of apathy rather than engagement. The poor attendance may in part be due to the timing of the event, which was in the middle of a popular class period. The event took place from 4 to 6 p.m., while the 3:30 p.m. class block runs until 5 p.m. Events after the completion of daytime classes often draw larger student attendance. The schedules of senior administrators combined with the schedules of Student Union leaders may impose difficulty in the planning process, but the Union must prioritize maximizing student participation. Students should know that change is truly possible if they make their voices heard in a reasoned, respectful manner. For instance, a team of students proposed a nearly $100,000 plan to create a gender and sexuality center and hire a full-time director for the center. At the town hall, Senior Vice President for Students and Enrollment Andrew Flagel said space would be included in the upcoming budget for the project— illustrating the power of students to make a difference on this campus.

Enhance student engagement

We are encouraged that Flagel and Senior Vice President for Communications Ellen de Graffenreid demonstrated a willingness to stand before the student body and answer questions. It is their obligation—as the administrator who oversees student life and the school’s spokesperson—to engage in this dialogue with students. We only regret that Senior Vice President David Bunis ’83, who was also invited to the town hall, did not attend. Turning from logistics to substance, student questions at times harbored too much hostility and at least one answer missed the mark. At one point during the event, de Graffenreid said that in order for students to be involved in the decision-making process, students should propose a system that makes student participation an automatic step. Seeing as the student body elects student representatives, it is unnecessary to create a new structure for student involvement. Senate committees such as the Services Committee, Dining Services Committee, and the Campus Operations Working Group Committee already exist to communicate between students and the administration. Moreover, Student Union leaders regularly meet with and voice concerns to administrators. At times student questions also proved unproductive. Many questions touched on topics that had already been covered, evoking redundant responses from the administrators. Overall, the Union’s effort and the administration’s participation in this town hall are commendable. Students have a right to receive substantive answers from administrators about University policy, but first they need to show up for a face-toface discussion. The student body should take better advantage of opportunities to directly examine University policy makers.

Eliminate gender disparity among faculty On March 10, the Women’s and Gender Studies program released its report on the status of women at Brandeis. The study found that 42 percent of all full-time faculty in the 2012 to 2013 academic year were women, a laudable increase from the nine female professors in 1972, the first year included in the study. However, when one inspects the individual areas on which the study focused its analysis, troubling patterns become apparent. While all of the statistics show general improvements, this board urges the University to re-evaluate its tenure and honorary degree policies to push for even higher female participation. The Board of Trustees currently has only 10 female members out of 44 total. This leaves women underrepresented within the most authoritative body at Brandeis. The higher along the tenure track one focuses his or her attention, the fewer women are present. Women make up a 64 percent majority of the lecturer position, while a mere 31 percent of full professors are women. 105 men are full professors, while only 48 women hold the same rank— less than half their male counterparts. Additionally, the University has awarded only 63 honorary degrees to women since 1972, a startlingly low number compared to the 258 men who were similarly honored. Senior Vice President for Communications Ellen de Graffenreid told the

Consider WGS report Justice this week that the Board of Trustees “has put together a dashboard that monitors the diversity of [honorary degree] nominees on an ongoing basis.” This includes an online nomination form with which students and faculty can select their choices for honorary degrees. The new policy shows that the board cares about the critically low number of female honorary degree recipients. However, it does not explain why so few women have been honored in the first place, as there is no shortage of capable candidates. Honorary degree recipients can be nominated by anyone in the community and are approved by the Board of Trustees, in which women hold a significant minority. However, this new system will have greater student involvement in the honorary degree process, and for that, we commend it. A University whose mission statement outlines a desire for “a just and inclusive campus culture that embraces the diversity of the larger society” should strive to go beyond standard trends in its representation of all groups on campus. We commend the Women’s and Gender Studies program for, of their own volition, analyzing Brandeis’ employment trends of over 30 years. We hope the administration considers the study’s findings for the future.


Views the News on

On Thursday, President Obama announced a new wave of economic and political sanctions against Russia, in response to the country’s recent annexation of Ukraine’s Crimea region. The new sanctions will target senior Russian government officials, a bank and broader sectors of the Russian economy. Additionally, Obama and other world leaders moved on Monday to suspend Russia’s membership within the Group of 8 leading nations. Obama acknowledged that the sanctions could be “disruptive” to the global economy, but has stated that he does not want to do anything to “trigger an actual war with Russia.” What do you think of these new, heavier sanctions?

Prof. Emerita Rachel McCulloch (ECON) Along with most Americans, President Barack Obama has no wish to expand the nation’s military commitments. Sanctions represent an alternative way to signal U.S. support of Ukraine’s sovereignty. Yet the initial sanctions were so limited as to invite more derision than consternation in Moscow. The second round, aimed at increasing economic pressure on President Vladimir Putin’s inner circle, did have some impact on Russia’s financial markets, at least temporarily. Even more recently, the U.S. and six other major western nations voted to “suspend” Russia’s membership in the G8. At this point the action is largely symbolic. History suggests that sanctions can be effective only when nations act in concert. The key question remains whether the European Union, which relies significantly on business with Russia, is willing to coordinate its policies with those of the U.S. For example, an embargo on Russian energy exports would likely have a greater effect than the current sanctions but would also inflict considerable pain on the EU. Moreover, a possible unintended consequence of sanctions would be to reinforce Russia’s efforts to increase political and economic ties to Asia and especially China. Prof. Emerita Rachel McCulloch (ECON) teaches ECON 160a: “International Trade Theory.”

Tzvi Miller ’16 I believe that these new sanctions are more of a symbolic move on President Barack Obama’s part than anything else, and will ultimately do little to affect Russia’s policies regarding Crimea. Russia in turn recently banned Speaker John Boehner, Sen. Harry Reid and Sen. John McCain, among other government individuals, from entry into their country, so it appears that the two powers are playing a game of tag. That being said, some people play tag simply for kicks, but sometimes people play tag just to cover their true intention of wanting to run really fast at someone and hit them. I’m not going to say which version of tag is being played here, but I do want to point out that Vladimir Putin stands at 5’5”, and Obama is 6’1”, so I like our chances. Tzvi Miller ’16 is an International and Global Studies major.

Jesse Freedman ’16 While I disagree with President Vladimir Putin’s actions, I believe Obama should not have placed sanctions on Russia. Economically, sanctions hurt both parties because goods are no longer traded. They can also lead to trade wars, which would hurt an already fragile U.S. economy. The situation in Russia is tense and there is a possibility of war. If Russia does not change their policy then the relationship between the U.S. and Russia will become more heated. These sanctions are designed to coerce Russia into returning Crimea to Ukraine. The Petersen Institute for International Economics found that sanctions “succeed” about one-third of the time. Taking these factors into account, is it necessary for the U.S. to create this risk, which would damage the economy, potentially lead to war and only has roughly a 33 percent chance of succeeding, in return for a small piece of land in which the majority of people voted to join Russia? I believe not. Jesse Freedman ’16 is a member of Brandeis Libertarians.

Connor Wahrman ’17 On the whole, sanctions aren’t an effective response to the Crimean crisis. Putin has overwhelming support in both Russia and Crimea, drawing upon the demonization of Ukraine’s EU and NATO leanings, and the call to protect Crimea’s Russian-speaking majority. Backing down at this point, then, would not only be degrading, but also foolish from President Vladimir Putin’s position of strength. But given President Barack Obama’s options, sanctions can be seen as a reasonable choice. The U.S. is not in a position to seek out another armed conflict, least against the major power in Eastern Europe. As such, when negotiations fail and U.N. action is made impossible by Russian veto power, sanctions become the clearest option. Putin, however, can then respond in kind, justifying the U.S. response to the violation of Ukraine’s sovereignty as a threat to Crimea’s self-determination. These bilateral sanctions only increase tensions and do little to change the situation. Connor Wahrman ’17 is an International and Global Studies major and writes for the Brandeis International Journal.


TUESDAY, March 25, 2014


Look past cult of perfection to promote women in sciences By Christa Caggiano JUSTICE contributing WRITER

Little boys want to be doctors, athletes, and teachers. Little girls also want to be doctors, athletes and teachers. A recent study by the British charitable initiative Born to Care found that there is actually no difference in career aspirations between genders for children between two and 12 years old. Children’s top five careers for both genders were precisely the same: teacher, doctor, athlete, policeman and dancer. So why is it when we fast-forward to college, things change radically? Today, we do not have equal representations of gender in any of those five careers. Men dominate medicine, athletics and law. Women dance and teach more than their male counterparts. Gender inequality in the workforce is a national epidemic, especially in science. The National Center for Education Statistics reports that only 20 percent of bachelor’s degrees in physics are conferred on women. This painfully real statistic is a wake-up call, smashing the beautiful idealism of childhood dreams. Women and men, who start out with the same naïve hopes, end up with dramatically different realities. Somewhere along the way, there is a force that drives this differentiation. I will not pretend to say there is any one reason why women are underrepresented in the sciences. One of the most thought-provoking of these perspectives is the recent study by Harvard University economics Professor Claudia Goldin. She found that in an Introduction to Economics class, women who received B’s in the subject were 50 percent less likely than their male counterparts to major in it. This is complicated. One could argue that maybe the women weren’t that interested in majoring in economics to begin with, or that their B was just a realization that economics doesn’t make them happy. All of this could be true, but what makes any sort of explanation of this phenomenon tricky is that similar trends were not seen in the men. In fact, the percentage of men choosing to major in economics was between 30 to 40 percent, no matter the grade. By the time grades less than a B- were reached for women, however, only five percent of them chose to major in economics. Why women behave like this, I think, could be a repercussion of the cult of perfection. In our cultural moment, women not only want to be perfect, they are expected to be perfect. Magazines and advertisements describe women as having the perfect hair, the perfect family, the perfect life. We are bombarded with images of these so-called perfect women, and actresses like Katherine Hiegl have made many a romantic

comedy about nearly perfect women. When women fail to be perfect in the media, they are portrayed as unhappy and unloved, otherwise pitiful creatures. Male characters, however, do not face these crippling repercussions of falling short of society’s expectations. Of course, men face their own set of societal pressures, but these pressures don’t seem to be deterring them from natural science. Part of this media pressure stems from the fact that women are still largely judged on their accomplishments and extrinsic qualities. In the book Cinderella Ate My Daughter, author Peggy Orenstein explores positive reinforcement parents used on their children. Orenstein found that often parents told their sons they’re “smart” while calling their daughters “pretty.” Little boys are told that they are intrinsically valuable; little girls are told that they are merely valuable for their appearances. If women are told from an early age that their self-worth is based on their external self, they will continue to believe this for the rest of their lives, according to a study done at King’s College London. This explains why women are more prone to eating disorders or plastic surgery. Men only make up 10 percent of the total population with eating disorders, and only 20 percent of cosmetic plastic surgeries. Appearances, however, can also mean giving off the impression of having a picture-perfect career or family. Failing to give off the outward impression of perfection—in any aspect—means a failure to validate a sense of self-worth. When women capitulate to this cult of perfection, they perpetuate it. Mothers, friends and sisters seem to have the perfect life, and encourage other women to have it as well. Through a sort of toxic syllogism, most of the social pressure to be perfect falls mostly on women. In the context of Goldin’s study, this could mean that women are less likely to major in subjects in which they receive average grades because a B would mean that they are failing to be perfect. The unfortunate thing about this is that science will never be perfect. In physics, you will fail more often than not. Physics is built on concepts that make little intuitive sense, like thermodynamics, and even more obtuse math invented to describe physical phenomena. Post-educational physics is even worse, as modern physics research involves answering nearly impossible questions, such as reconciling quantum mechanics and general relativity. Even Albert Einstein failed; his doctoral thesis was rejected long before he ever brushed the surface of his theory of relativity. Regularly, in the natural sciences and math, the highest grade on a midterm will be a Cplus, leaving most of the students in a murky

ALI SANTANA/the Justice

D territory. It is miserable and unabashed, and your GPA may not persevere. For perfectionist women, this imperfection is a constant reminder that they are falling short of their lofty goals. The relationship between grades and choosing a major is a powerful way to explain why four times the number of men receive physics degrees than women. According to a Feb. 4 article in the Justice, inflation is not as rampant in the sciences as it is in the humanities during the underclassmen years. Understandably then, it is easy to see why a hopeful science major who got a C in her chemistry class would look around her, hear about her friend’s perfect 4.0 GPA, and wonder if she is making the right life choices. So women lick their wounds, salvage their GPAs, and find another subject in which they can excel. They leave science in the dust. Contorting a world to achieve perfectionism, however, only hurts women in the end.

Psychologists classify perfectionism as a neurotic disorder. Succumbing to the cult of perfectionism can lead to low self-esteem, anxiety and depression, according to a seminal study by D.E. Hamachek. Women need to allow themselves to let go of the unattainable standards that they set for themselves. Failure is never as catastrophic as perfectionists pretend it to be, and being able to come to terms with this is an important step our society needs to take. Maybe women will still realize that they would rather be an English major or a sociology Ph.D. We shouldn’t force anyone to be a scientist-—we desperately need artists and poets in this world. But maybe if women do let go of their inhibitions, they will come to recognize the beauty in partial derivatives or the elegance of attaining a long-awaited experimental result, and can find happiness, like their male peers, in science.

Respond to Westboro Baptist founder’s death with compassion Max

Moran The Bottom Bunk

Last Thursday marked the passing of America’s universal bad guy. No matter who you are and no matter what you believed, no matter your sexuality, religion, politics or class, you probably hated Fred Phelps. Everyone hated Phelps, pastor of the Westboro Baptist Church. One man, the leader of one church of a few dozen parishioners, the majority of whom are his own family, inspired the irresolute disgust of an entire fiercely divided country. I can’t find a sufficiently negative adjective to express how I feel about Phelps’ beliefs; he held an ironclad commitment to the idea that homosexuality was not only a sin, but was directly responsible for the damnation of the entire United States, if not the whole planet Earth. The only way to survive said damnation, in Phelps’ mind, was to throw unpublishable hate-filled words at anyone who would listen. His church became famous for their tactic of protesting at the funerals of military service

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members, beloved celebrities and public icons, and basically anywhere that would earn them a news camera. Scanning the Westboro Baptist website inspires a strange anti-nostalgia; it’s a trip back in time through all of the disasters of recent history, and the Church’s joy at the death and destruction. They celebrate the Haitian earthquake as a sign of God’s power and are downright giddy about the 2011 Japanese tsunami. Not to mention the site has weekly updates on the number of service members killed abroad: “Thank God for 10 more dead troops. We are praying for 10,000 more.” To call Phelps and the Westboro Baptist Church hateful is, of course, an understatement. Hate defined the man—it was what he felt toward all who were not himself, and was what they all felt toward him. His estranged son Nate Phelps, now an advocate for both gay rights and atheism, describes frequent beatings at home, as well as strange fad-diets and torturous exercise regimens. Before Nate Phelps hit puberty, he had run a marathon. Other Phelps children who have distanced themselves from the church confirm Nate’s accusations, and all say that adjustment to life outside of Westboro Baptist is a lifelong struggle. And yet, despite years of trauma and a lifetime of therapy and social readjustment that have come as a result of his father, Nate Phelps did not feel joy when he learned Fred was dead. “I ask this of everyone,” he said of his father in a statement on Thursday, “Let his death

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mean something. Let every mention of his name and of his church be a constant reminder of the tremendous good we are all capable of doing in our communities.” Tremendous good? What good is there to see in Fred Phelps?

The world has reacted not with the hatred Phelps would wish us to project, but with sympathy and love. Consider this: Phelps was not the average wacko-of-the-week media character who says or does something terrible and makes us all shake our heads until we forget them. Do you even remember the name of that pastor who was going to burn the Koran? What made Phelps unique was his perseverance to earn attention, and how uniquely, almost laughably horrible he was. He represented someone and something that absolutely no one could sympathize with. He was every liberal’s stereotype of a hateful Southern minister made real, and he was every conservative’s vision of exactly what they don’t want their beliefs to be associated with.

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In an odd way, he may have been one of the most important figures in the gay rights movement: who could possibly hear the horrible things Phelps said about homosexuals, homosexuals who were people, and still find themselves against helping the gay community? How could one not want to stand united with the often hundreds who showed up to counterprotest the WBC at every turn, a group ranging from soccer moms to biker gangs, from the hacker group Anonymous to even the Ku Klux Klan? Shortly after the news broke that he was dead, I watched a comment box live update on as people offered their perspectives on Phelps’ death. It was mostly similar stuff: “Thank God he’s dead, burn in hell.” “I hated this guy, so happy he’s gone.” And yet, as the days have passed, the world reacted not with the hatred Phelps would wish us to project, but with sympathy and love. At a recent Westboro Baptist protest in Kansas City Mo. against the singer Lorde, counter-protestors stood across the street holding a banner of their own. It read “Sorry for your loss.” Fred Phelps was a man who desperately needed sympathy, love and attention. He only ever figured out how to get the last one. But the best way to ensure that his message of prejudice and cruelty fades away is not to hate it, or even to ignore it, but to feel sympathy for, help and cherish the people who espouse it. Cliche it may be, but there is truly no higher cause than to love thy neighbor as thyself.

Editorial Assistants

Annie Kim, Abby Knecht, Bri Mussman, Leah Newman,

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Wang, Xiaoyu Yang


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Pearlman, Aditi Shah Forum: Jennie Bromberg, Aaron Fried, Kahlil Oppenheimer, Jassen Lu, Catherine Rosch Sports: Elan Kane, Daniel Kanovich, Dan Rozel Arts: Carly Chernomorets, Aliza Gans, Kiran Gill, Rachel Liff, Alexandra Zelle Rettman, Mara Sassoon, Nate Shaffer Photography: Zach Anziska, Jenny Cheng, Annie Fortnow,


TUESDAY, March 25, 2014



NSA surveillance program must be taken seriously Aaron

Fried Free Thought

The National Security Agency has been criticized since last June, when whistleblower Edward Snowden revealed their shocking dragnet of electronic surveillance. The NSA has slithered into every form of electronic communication on earth, and can spy on nearly everyone. In essence, the NSA has unilaterally—without the knowledge or consent of Congress—judged their spying activity to trump the right to privacy, and pursued complete conquest of all digital networks. Yet, despite the disregard the NSA has shown for Americans’ rights, they retain a stubborn band of defenders. Much of the intelligence community, former Vice President Dick Cheney, and the national security zealots on Capitol Hill futilely defend any abuse that Snowden reveals. This group denies the right to privacy; they have forfeited the moral high ground. Anyone who would object to being spied on in the shower cannot take this position seriously. There is also a group of NSA defenders who accept the right to privacy, but believe that the NSA does not substantially infringe upon it. In essence, they hold that the systematic interception of all our communications is negligible. In the Justice’s March 18 issue, Kahlil Oppenheimer’s ’17 op-ed titled “Concern about web surveillance and NSA is overblown,” offers us his version of this middle-of-the-road position. Mr. Oppenheimer makes his moral stance clear toward the end of his article: “Regarding an intrinsic right to privacy, [he believes] we have one, but not when it comes to the Internet.” Fundamentally, Oppenheimer has dispensed with inalienable rights, but still pays them lip service. The inconsistency of this view becomes clear in his next sentence, when he suggests that “if you want to have a private conversation, have it in person.” If you are standing next to your loved one, you have a right to privacy. If they are across the country, and you video-call them, you have apparently lost that right. Conceptually, this is no different than saying that your property rights apply to the cash in your wallet, but not to your online bank account—though stealing from either is equally wrong and illegal. Since Oppenheimer stands on moral quicksand by diluting inalienable rights, he must scurry to a utilitarian argument. He aims to downplay the NSA’s mass violation of our rights by portraying a tiny cost that yields a massive reward. The arguments designed to achieve this are a series of worn-out diversions and logical fallacies that misdirect and obfuscate the debate away from the dangers of the NSA’s spying rather than engage with them. The most effective tactic that Oppenheimer employs is to claim that the NSA protects us. He states that NSA critics have “accrued the belief that any protective measures are superfluous because they’ve been brought up in extremely privileged, protected places because of agencies


like the NSA.” He emphasizes that we do not live under constant fear of terrorism, presumably as a direct result of the NSA’s spying activities. Claiming that blanket spying has directly prevented a terrorist attack must be supported by evidence, which the NSA has not provided because, they conveniently say, it is secret—but the burden of proof is on them. Merely to assert that there have been few terrorist attacks in America since these programs were enacted is insufficient, as correlation does not imply causation. To say that we should trust the NSA’s claims on face is guilty not only of naïve faith in authority, but also of two logical fallacies—an appeal to authority and an appeal to ignorance. Next, Oppenheimer blurs the lines between public and private, and blames the victims for perceiving an overreach of those lines. Oppenheimer claims that “we’ve all known from the start that anything we put online [is] fair game,” because “anything we put on the Internet is for other people or society to see.” Note that Oppenheimer does not specify what he means by “fair game,” and ignores the distinction between a private message and something intended for publication, disregarding the fact that every communication has an intended audience. This omis-

sion permits him to conflate a spy violating our privacy with those with whom we consent to communicate—sharing with someone does not mean sharing with everyone. The fact that private digital conversations have a high risk of being intercepted does not implicate the victim, only the spy. Oppenheimer also resorts to belittling the desire for privacy, claiming that most communications are innocuous anyway. The worst thing that can happen, Oppenheimer says, is “that the government [will know] our plans for this Friday night.” He also states that because “no human eyes will ever see any of our stuff unless it gets flagged,” and it will be stored in a database, there is no real cause for concern. I wonder if Oppenheimer would object to a video camera that recorded everything in his dorm room if he was promised that no one would ever watch the footage unless he came under investigation. I would expect Oppenheimer to object to so conspicuous an intrusion into his own privacy, although he defends a more subtle violation of everyone’s privacy. In concept, both entail having nearly every moment of a person’s life recorded without their consent. The NSA has access to the private communications of every current and future world leader.

They may not be able to do anything of consequence with your Friday night plans, but what about the Friday nights of every senator? Whether intentionally or not, the NSA has undoubtedly intercepted enough reputation-damaging misdeeds of our current politicians to coerce them, and is guaranteed to have a cornucopia of the next generation’s teenage indiscretions. Even if the current NSA does not care about this data, they collect it anyway, and store it indefinitely. Snowden termed the danger this poses as “turnkey tyranny.” The tools to manipulate an entire nation have been assembled in the shadows, and the only thing preventing the key from being turned is the policy of an agency that operates beyond the control of Congress. Does this unchecked power not endanger the future of democracy? In the information age, those with the information rule—and the NSA has forcibly seized a monopoly on all information. An issue this immense cannot be pettily reduced to straw-men about whether the NSA cares about your evening plans. Rather, the NSA’s Orwellian spying must be addressed for what it is: a systematic and deliberate usurpation of democracy through the eradication of all vestiges of privacy.

Forcing Palestinians to recognize Jewish state prolongs conflict By Aaron Dvorkin JUSTICE contributing WRITER

The Israelis and Palestinians currently find themselves at a crucial moment in the peace process. With the window for a two-state solution closing quickly, the two sides have once again found themselves in a stalemate with each side unwilling to compromise on basic issues. One of the main reasons for the standoff is Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s demand that the Palestinian leadership recognize Israel as a “Jewish State.” The administration of President Barack Obama will likely decide not to oversee negotiations again if a system for beginning peace talks is not reached by their deadline this coming April. If a framework agreement is not reached by that time, the Palestinians will likely turn to anti-Israel groups such as the Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions campaign to further isolate Israel from the rest of the world. It is imperative that the two sides put aside their respective demands until the negotiations actually begin. Unfortunately, Netanyahu’s demand that the Palestinian Authority recognize Israel as a Jewish state will inevitably lead to a failure to begin peace talks. Netanyahu’s demand may seem reasonable, but such recognition would be controversial to Palestinians currently living in Israel, who make up 20 percent of the country’s population. The Knesset—the Israeli Parliament—has attempted, and failed, to define the term “Jewish State” after the issue came to a vote multiple

times over the past few years. Perhaps if the Knesset passed a resolution defining the “Jewish State” as a democratic, nondiscriminatory nation it would not be as controversial if Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas were to make the concession. If they do not do so, many Palestinians will consider calling Israel a Jewish state an implicit show of support for certain Israeli policies which discriminate against non-Jews, such as the allocation of public land almost exclusively to Jews. If Netanyahu has really made the recognition of Israel as a Jewish state paramount to all other concessions he desires from the Palestinians, then he should work with the Knesset to create a definition of the term which he thinks the Palestinians could accept. Another issue associated with the Palestinian recognition of Israel as a Jewish state is the “right of return” for Palestinian refugees living outside of Israel and the occupied territories. The Palestinian Authority believes that descendants of Palestinian refugees from Israel’s War of Independence in 1948 deserve to be able to move back to their ancestors’ homes, many of which are located in Israel proper. This mass migration of non-Jews into Israel would undermine Israel’s status as a Jewish state by possibly creating an Arab majority in Israel. The Israelis will not accept a flood of Palestinians coming into Israel, but Netanyahu must realize that the issue needs to be settled during talks, not before. Drawing lines in the sand on issues that can

only be resolved through negotiations is unnecessary and may lead the Palestinians to question if Israel genuinely desires to sit down with them. If Netanyahu truly desires to meet with the Palestinians, he must remember where he went wrong during the previous negotiations in 2010. The last round of peace talks broke down due to Netanyahu’s refusal to extend a 10-month moratorium on Israeli settlement in the occupied territories unless Abbas recognized Israel as a Jewish state.

It is imperative that the two sides put aside their respective demands until the negotiations actually begin. Abbas promptly refused, claiming that the religious identification of Israel had nothing to do with peace talks. There is no reason why Abbas would change his opinion on the issue, so Netanyahu must have known the Palestinians would reject the most recent iteration of the demand. His request shows the type of stubborn refusal to negotiate, which has plagued the leadership of both sides for decades and caused the

conflict to continue for as long as it has. The Palestinian Liberation Organization recognized the state of Israel in 1993 and has continued to recognize Israel since that time. The fact that they have not used the term “Jewish state” in their acknowledgement should not be an issue. It was never considered an issue until Netanyahu manufactured this crisis when he became Prime Minister for the second time in 2009. If Netanyahu truly cared about ensuring that his country is called a Jewish state, he would work hard to give the Palestinians their own state, thereby preventing the inevitable loss of the Jewish majority due to the growth of the Arab population in Israel. If the Arab population were to grow larger than the Jewish population in the Jewish state of Israel, Israel would become an apartheid state, and the policies that favor Jews would become even more problematic than they are now. The Israeli government’s policy of allocating land almost exclusively to Jews, for example, would absolutely be an apartheid policy if there were an Arab majority in a Jewish state. Netanyahu’s main goal should be to ensure that this situation never becomes a reality so that Israel can maintain its status as a democratic state. Netanyahu is adding unnecessary roadblocks to the conflict when he should be working toward mitigating tensions and getting back to the negotiating table. By showing no willingness to work with the Palestinians at such a crucial point in the peace talks, Netanyahu is jeopardizing Israel’s ability to be both Jewish and democratic in the long run.




BULLSEYE: Mehraj Awal ’14 (right) and Dustin Aaron ’14 (left) prepare their shots during the Shamrock Shoot on Saturday.

ARCHERY: Top archers gather for annual meet fore I was here,” Aaron explained. “Even to just host a tournament at Brandeis is an amazing fundraiser for the team and it’s great exposure and unique, and what ended up happening was we had an opportunity to bring even bigger names but constraints on the tournament didn’t allow it.” The competition is the only 70-meter indoor competition in the United Sates thus far but is styled like an outdoor competition, making it an attraction for all types of archers. Aaron mentioned that a smiliar venue is currently being built on the West Coast, and would host a much larger competition than the Shamrock Shoot. “Archery competitions come in two forms, indoors and outdoors,” explained Aaron. “The beauty of our competition is that it’s an outdoor style competition held indoors. Being in New England lets people shoot a little bit earlier than they would [have] otherwise. “That's the main draw,” Aaron said. “It is the only indoor 70-meter competition so far in the United States. For now it's a great appeal to New England.” Aaron explained that shooting indoors allowed archers to begin shooting while the weather was still cold and the outdoor ranges unavailable for use.

The tournament gave each competitor four minutes to fire six arrows at a standard bull’s-eye. Each of the bull’s-eye’s concentric rings is given a specific point value with the center standing as the most valuable target. The competitor, meanwhile, stands at a distance depending on their bow to attempt their six shots. Aaron explained that competitors at the Shamrock Shoot used two types of bows; recurve bows and composite bows. Recurve bows, made of wood or carbon fiber, have a single string on which the arrow is mounted and are more closely associated with the classic bow and arrow. Conversely, compound bows are larger bows with multiple strings and wheels at the top and bottom allowing for quicker and more accurate shooting, making them the preferred bow for hunting. Aaron explained that most of the Archery club uses recurve bows. The Archery Club, much like the distinctive event it hosts, stands out as well. “As a collegiate archery team we straddle two different halves of the world,” Aaron said. “There’s the collegiate competition and the national competition, so we technically belong to two governing bodies, collegiate archery and national archery.” Aaron explained that the Shamrock Shoot attracted archers who

march 25, 2014


FENCING: Judges finish campaign on national stage



were competing on their own merit, completely unattached to a college or professional team. “When we run something like this, we do it as a national archery body so we have people coming who are completely disassociated with a college and everyone who shot there shot as an individual, including the few people who shot from [the] Brandeis [team].” Since the competition was an individual event, only the top Brandeis competitors actually took part on Saturday. However this did not detract from the overall experience of the day for Aaron. “If this was a collegiate tournament we’d all be shooting, but since this is an individual tournament, we put our top shooters in the competition,” Aaron continued. Aaron explained that the team had an intra-team competiton on Friday to determine who would shoot on Saturday, but stressed that overall he was proud of the direction of the Archery Club. “[As a senior] I really feel like there’s a strong base left behind with the team and I honestly expect great things because we’re still on the up. Every year we get a little bit closer, we win a little bit more. “Hopefully in years to come this will grow, that’s the goal,” he said. “We got off the ground last year, we did it right this year, and hopefully in the future we’ll do even better.”

Mandel, while not attaining the same All-American honors he did last year, still posted top results. This year, Mandel posted a 9-12 overall at the championships and finished in 15th place, just one victory and a handful of touches shy of the honor. In his first bout of the championships, Mandel took down NYU sophomore Andrew Kelley 5-2 before recording five straight touches to defeat UPenn junior Steven Yang by an identical 5-2 score. During his second day at the Championships, Mandel took down Columbia University sophomore Geoffery Loss by a 5-3 score. Loss, the Northeast Regional Champion, went on to finish the tournament in seventh place. Mandel also added a 5-3 win over Duke University freshman Christopher Monti, an All-American

who later finished the championships in eighth place. “Loss is always very good, and any time you beat someone [of that caliber] it shows that their potential is very high,” said Shipman. The efforts turned in by Berman and Mandel gave Brandeis 18 points for the tournament, resulting in a 21st place finish, identical to last year. Looking back on the season, Shipman took pride in the teams he coached this year. “The men fenced near their potential all season and had a good season,” he said. “The women might have had a better season considering the youth of the team and it looks good for the future of the team.” As the fencing season draws to a close, the strong development of three fencers at the NCAA Championships was in full display, and coach Shipman’s teams have a bright future.

BRIEF Men’s tennis defeats United States Coast Guard Academy 7-2 with strong singles play After a crushing 5-4 loss at No. 24 New York University last weekend, the men’s tennis team would be forgiven for taking a little while to recover from such a demoralizing defeat. Instead, the team responded in emphatic fashion, returning to its winning ways Saturday with a 7-2 romp of the United States Coast Guard Academy in New London, Conn. on Saturday. The Judges improved to 5-3 on the season with their latest win. While the Judges took five of six singles matches and two out of three in doubles play, the day did not get off to a great start for Brandeis on the doubles court. At the No. 1 doubles slot, the Bears’ sophomore tandem of Mark Guentert and Weston Fortna downed Michael Secular ’15 and Brian Granoff ’17 in a tight 8-6 decision to give the Bears an early lead over the visitors. However, Brandeis swept second and third doubles as Danny Lubarsky ’16 and Michael Arguello ’17 beat sophomore Robert Renfrow and junior Alex Mead at second doubles by the same margin. From there, Alec Siegel ’15 and Jeffrey Cherkin ’17 defeated junior John Lightner and freshman Bruce Kim, 8-2. The singles matches proved even more fruitful for Brandeis. At the No. 1 in singles play, Arguello defeated Guentert 6-4, 6-3. Though Renfrow gained a measure of re-

venge for his doubles defeat by downing Granoff in a three-set match, 0-6, 6-2, 6-2, his teammates were unable to solve the Judges. Ryan Bunis ’17 beat Fortna at the No. 3 singles in yet another three-set decision, 6-3, 4-6, 7-5. The most dominant performances were found in the No. 4 and No. 6 slots. Cherkin showed no mercy on Lightner, defeating his opponent 6-0, 6-0, while Adam Brown ’14 downed Kim by the same margin. Meanwhile at the No. 5 court, Matthew Zuckerman ’14 clinched the match for the Judges by defeating Mead in straight sets, 6-2, 6-2. The team’s progress has come as somewhat of a surprise. Despite losing valuable talent such as former Judges Steven Milo ’13 and Josh Jordan ’13, the young team is 5-3 after eight matches this season. Last year, the squad was 3-5 following the same number of games. As the weather starts to improve, the Judges should expect to see increased action—a key test of their current success. The team visits Babson College tomorrow in a 3 p.m. match, while on Saturday, Bowdoin College pays a visit to the Gosman Recreation and Convocation Center. Based on their early season performance, it appears that this could be a great year for the men’s tennis squad. —Henry Loughlin

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Tuesday, March 25, 2014





Runs Batted In

Not including Monday’s games. UAA Conference Overall W L W L Pct. Case 6 2 13 3 .812 Emory 6 2 18 7 .720 WashU 4 4 7 10 .412 JUDGES 2 6 6 8 .429 Rochester 2 6 3 9 .250 Chicago 0 0 0 2 .000

UPCOMING GAMES: Thursday vs. Bridgewater State Friday at MIT Tues., Apr. 1 at Tufts

Tom McCarthy ’15 leads the team with 12 RBIs. Player RBI Tom McCarthy 12 Connor Doyle 9 Brian Ing 9 Greg Heineman 6

Strikeouts Kyle Brenner ’15 leads all pitchers with 22 strikeouts. Player Ks Kyle Brenner 22 Elio Fernandez 10 Colin Markel 7 Liam Coughlin 5



Not including Monday’s games.

Runs Batted In

UAA Conference W L Emory 5 3 WashU 5 3 Case 5 3 JUDGES 3 5 Rochester 2 6 Chicago 0 0

W 27 13 10 9 5 4

Overall L Pct. 5 .844 6 .684 8 .556 5 .643 7 .417 0 .1000

Liana Moss ’17 leads the squad with 13 RBIs. Player RBI Liana Moss 13 Danielle Novotny 13 Anya Kamber 12 Melissa Nolan 10

Strikeouts Samantha Wroblewski ’17 leads all pitchers with 25 strikeouts.

UPCOMING GAMES: Saturday vs. Husson (DH) Wed., Apr. 2 vs. Wellesley (DH) Thurs., Apr. 3 vs. Endicott (DH) *DH=Doubleheader

Player Ks Samantha Wroblewski 25 Emma Krulick 17 Nikki Cote 16 Melissa Soleimani 8

FENCING Overall results from the fencing squads this season.



SABER Adam Mandel

RECORD 92-14

SABER Nina Sayles

RECORD 62-27

ÉPÉE Ari Feingersch

RECORD 59-39

ÉPÉE Sonya Glickman

RECORD 66-46

FOIL Noah Berman

RECORD 76-30

FOIL Caroline Mattos

RECORD 98-21

EDITOR’S NOTE: Berman, Mandel and Mattos all competed at the NCAA Championships held this past weekend at Ohio State University.

TENNIS Updated season results.



MEN’S SINGLES Michael Secular




MEN’S DOUBLES Arguello/Lubarsky


WOMEN’S DOUBLES Bernstein/Lazar


UPCOMING MEET: The men’s and women’s tennis teams will both travel to Babson College for their next meets, with the men playing tomorrow at 3 p.m. and the women playing on Thursday at 3 p.m.

OLIVIA WANG/Justice File Photo

ENDING IN STYLE: Guard Kasey Dean ’14 (left) looks past a Carnegie Mellon University defender in the team’s victory last month.

Dean to close year at regional all-star game ■ Guard Kasey Dean ’14, the captain of the women’s basketball team, will play in this weekend’s all-star game. By adam rabinowitz Justice EDITOR

Guard Kasey Dean ’14 has stepped up in every way possible for the Judges over the course of her collegiate career. Two years ago, women’s basketball guard Morgan Kendrew ’12 ended a storied four year-career with 974 points, 113 three-pointers and a spot in the 2012 New England Women’s Basketball Association Senior All-Star Classic. The Judges needed a new leader to step in and emerge as a consistent scoring threat. Enter Dean, who has started in every game throughout the last two years and done just that for a Brandeis squad that is on the rise. After a season in which she led the team in scoring nine times and in assists on 16 different occasions, Dean has become the first player since Kendrew to earn a selection to the NEWBA Classic. This year, the annual all-star showcase will be held at Smith Col-

lege on March 29. “It feels really great to be recognized, but of course, it wouldn’t be possible without our successful season,” she said. “We came together in some really big games and I wish others on the team could also be recognized, but this should be a great experience.” The NEWBA Classic is an event that seeks to honor outstanding seniors from Division III schools across New England. Players from around the region receive nominations from both their coaches and sports information directors and are placed on a ballot. Coaches proceed to select 22 participants from this expansive field through a vote. Dean captained a team that finished 14-13, earned a 7-7 mark within the University Athletic Association and, most significantly, secured its first playoff berth since the 2008 to 2009 season. Dean’s individual accomplishments range far and wide. She led the team with 10 points per game and 3.2 assists per game this year, particularly thriving during the squad’s impressive sixgame conference winning streak. The senior guard also drained a career-high 20 points in a Feb. 14 loss to then-No. 2 Washington Uni-

versity in St. Louis and dished out a personal record of nine assists in a stunning upset of local rival Emmanuel College, the No. 1 seed in the Eastern Collegiate Athletic Conference Tournament. “Every game during that whole streak was just a joy to play in,” she said. “We just knew we could win, beginning with that [Jan. 26] victory over Emory [University].” She also believes the critical skills she has acquired in her time with the Judges have figured prominently into her success. “All of my decisions have been based on my basketball career,” stated Dean. My self-discipline, ability to work on a team and splitsecond decision making has all been developed as a result of playing on this team.” Even though Dean’s storied playing career may end with the NEWBA Classic, she still aspires to stay in the athletics realm. She has considered pursuing employment opportunities in sports marketing or in a collegiate athletic department. Regardless, she knows it is a field she wishes to remain in for quite some time. “I’ve tried other areas but just haven’t had the same joy that I’ve had, for example, on the basketball court with this team,” she said.

BOSTON BRUINS BRIEF Bruins winning streak ends at a dozen games in shootout loss to Montreal after wins in the Midwest On March 1, the Boston Bruins departed from TD Garden fresh from a heartbreaking 4-2 loss to the Washington Capitals. Since returning from the three-week Winter Olympics hiatus on Feb. 26, the Bruins had failed to win a game and were struggling. Three weeks and a 12-game winning streak later, the Bruins look like an entirely different squad. Boston reeled off three straight road victories against the New Jersey Devils, Colorado Avalanche and Phoenix Coyotes, before finally falling to the Montreal Canadiens 2-1 in a shootout last night to improve to 49-17 on the season with 103 points, a mark that places them at the top of the Eastern Conference and 17 points ahead of the next closest Atlantic Division opponent.

The Bruins’ 12-game winning streak allowed the team to clinch a playoff spot, the first team in either conference of the NHL to do so. “We still have to play our hockey and really focus on the little details going into the playoffs,” said Bruins captain and defenseman Zdeno Chara. “Not being satisfied or complacent and keep pushing our team.” Meanwhile, the status of the Bruins’ winning streak stood in grave danger on Saturday against Phoenix. Boston trailed the host Coyotes by a 2-1 margin heading into the third period. Defenseman Oliver Ekman-Larsson, with 39 seconds left in the second period, just fired off a power-play goal past Bruins goalkeeper Tuukka Rask and the near post for the lead. However, the Bruins came roar-

ing back. Three minutes and 48 seconds into the third period, Chara fired a shot that deflected off of left wing Jarome Iginla and past Phoenix goalie Mike Smith to tie the game at 2-2. From there, Boston took control of the game. Right wing Shawn Thornton broke through for the go-ahead goal with 3:18 remaining in regulation, tipping in a feed past Smith from left wing Daniel Paille. Iginla put the icing on the cake, slotting home an empty-netter with 31.7 seconds left to ice the 4-2 victory for the Bruins. There was no doubt, though, for Boston in a road match at Denver the previous night. Goalie Chad Johnson made 31 saves and the Bruins cruised to a 2-0 victory. While Colorado outshot the road

team by a 14-6 margin in the first period, Boston struck first. Center Patrice Bergeron, with 5:12 remaining in the period, slotted the puck right at Avalanche goalie Semyon Varlamov, but then picked up a critical rebound. He found an opening past Varlamov’s outstretched left pad and fired it right past the goalkeeper for the 1-0 advantage. Center Carl Soderberg added an insurance goal at the 13:11 mark in the second period with a shot that soared to an exposed part of the net over Varlamov’s right shoulder. On Tuesday, the Bruins had to rely once again on its offense for a 4-2 victory over the Devils. Bergeron opened up the scoring at the 14:33 mark in the first period with a backhand shot through New Jersey goalie Martin Brodeur’s legs

for the early lead. After ceding a power-play goal to New Jersey center Patrik Elias, left wing Brad Marchand responded with a resounding one-timer into the top right corner to hand the lead right back to the Bruins. Iginla joined the scoring frenzy just 59 seconds later, slotting the puck past a beleaguered Brodeur for a 3-1 lead. Bergeron netted the Bruins’ lone goal in Monday’s 2-1 shootout loss, when he redirected defenseman Dougie Hamilton’s snap shot into the net at 14:34 of the third period. Rask stopped 21 shots in the loss. The Bruins will square off against the Chicago Blackhawks in a home match on Thursday at 7 p.m. —Adam Rabinowitz



Page 16

ALL-STAR SATURDAY Guard Kasey Dean ’14 will take part in the New England Women’s Basketball Association Senior All-Star Classic on Saturday, p. 15.

Tuesday, March 25, 2014

Waltham, Mass.



Archery club hosts unique home event ■ The second-annual

Shamrock Shoot, the only 70-meter archery shoot in New England, was hosted by the Archery Club on Saturday. By avi gold JUSTICE editor

Rather than hosting a basketball game or a track meet, Gosman Sports and Convocation Center was used for a far different purpose this past Saturday. The Archery Club hosted its second-annual Shamrock Shoot, a distinct event in the Northeast in part due to the attendees and also the competitions that took place at the event. Dustin Aaron ’14, president of the Archery Club, stated his overall satisfaction with his club’s event this past weekend. “All things considered, it was small but highly successful,” com-

mented Aaron. “This is our second year running it, so we had a lot of experience last year and we learned how to make this a decent competition, so everything ran really well. “It was not as highly attended as we had hoped—about the same as last year—but in terms of quality we got really lucky.” The Shamrock Shoot featured some of the top archers in the country, aside from Brandeis students. “We had a No. 1 ranked in the world men’s compound shooter, a recent gold-medal winner in the Indoor World Cup a month ago, a team silver medal winner, and another former top archer in the world which was really great,” Aaron said. The Shamrock Shoot has been in development for quite a while, and finally, it is starting to take off in just its second year. “This had been something that had been in the works even be-

See ARCHERY, 13 ☛


JOSHUA LINTON/Justice File Photo

FOLLOW THROUGH: Utility player Brian Ing ’14, who was named to the All-UAA Tournament Team, swings at a pitch last April.

Four Judges named to all-tournament squad ■ Amanda Genovese ’15,

Brian Ing ’14, Colin Markel ’14 and Tom McCarthy ’15 were all honored for their performances at the UAA Tournament. By Avi gold JUSTICE editor

The baseball and softball teams only have one week to prove themselves against University Athletic Association opponents. It appears that they made the most of their limited time, as Friday, four members of the teams were named to the UAA All-Tournament Team. Utility player Brian Ing ’14, starting pitcher Colin Markel ’14 and infielder Tom McCarthy ’15 were all selected to represent the baseball squad. Outfielder Amanda Genovese ’15 earned All-UAA Tournament honors for the softball team. Although the baseball team played to a 2-6 record during the tournament, Markel led the way for the Judges with a complete game victory over the University of Rochester on March 11. The senior returned to action after making just two appearances for Brandeis last year. Markel allowed just a pair of earned runs while striking out three batters and allowing three walks. He also pitched two innings out of the bullpen against Emory

University in the final game of the tournament, allowing two unearned runs on three hits. Markel walked two and struck out one of the 12 batters he faced in the Judges loss to the Eagles. “It was a nice feeling knowing I can still contribute to the team effort,” he said. Ing, a co-captain of the Judges, was the only baseball player to be honored for both his offensive and pitching contributions during the baseball tournament. The utility player earned a 3.83 ERA during the tournament, 10th-best among all pitchers, and slugged his way to a .429 batting average during the week, sixth among all UAA players. Ing got the game ball [define for reader] during the team’s 5-3 victory over Washington University in St. Louis on March 13, ceding just 10 hits over eight-plus innings of work. As the starting pitcher against the Bears, he allowed three earned runs and just two walks. Ing also excelled from the plate for Brandeis, collecting 12 hits, six runs and three RBIs for the Judges. His 12 hits were good for fourthbest in UAA play. McCarthy outhit his senior teammate batting .448 for the week with 13 hits, six runs and six RBI. McCarthy’s six runs and six RBI were both team-leading totals. His 13 hits were good for fourth in the conference. The infielder picked up four hits in a perfect day from the plate during the win over WashU, scoring the Judges’ first run from a sev-

enth inning double. Genovese hit .433 from the plate during a tournament in which her team went 3-5 in conference play. Her .433 average was fourth-best in the UAA. She also fired off a conference-leading 13 hits. Genovese also had six RBI, four runs scored and two steals to add to her schoolrecord in stolen bases. In addition to her stellar batting average, the utility player had four multi-hit games to lead the offensive charge for the Judges, including a pair of RBIs on a third inning triple during the team’s 12-11 victory over then No. 9 Emory. Genovese picked up four hits in six trips to the plate in an 11 inning win over WashU, and additionally, went twofor-five with two RBI on a fifth inning double in the team’s 12-11 win over Case Western Reserve University on March 13. Markel believes that regardless of who was chosen for the All-UAA Tournament team, the squad can use the honors as motivation for their upcoming games. “As far as motivation, regardless of the people chosen, we know we’re a good baseball team top to bottom,” he said. “We’re going to try and bring that confidence to our New England schedule,” he continued. The baseball team resumes play with a home game versus Bridgewater State University on Thursday at 3 p.m. The softball team will hit the road for a doubleheader against Husson University on Saturday afternoon.

Three fencers travel to NCAA Championships ■ Adam Mandel ’15 fell just

shy of his second-straight honor as an All-American, finishing in 15th place. By avi gold JUSTICE editoR

After an exhaustive season, collegiate fencers from throughout the country have one final chance at the NCAA Fencing Championships to showcase their growth over the course of that year. Three members of the Judges made the trip to Ohio State University for this year's tournament, two of which were making their second trip in as many years. Foilists Caroline Mattos ’16 and Noah Berman ’15, as well as saber Adam Mandel ’15, turned in strong performances to carry the Judges to an overall 21st place finish out of the 25 teams that competed at the event. Berman, Mattos and Mandel all combined for 18 total points, second only to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology among Division III schools. MIT scored 24 points, good for 18th place at the championships, but sent just a pair of fencers to the national tournament. “They all fenced hard and gave their best effort,” said coach Bill Shipman. “There were a lot of teams at our level that were not there so that is a major accomplishment in itself.” The four-day invitational began on the women’s side last Friday, allowing Mattos a chance to set the stage for the Judges in her second consecutive trip to the championships. Although she finished with a 4-19 record overall, the sophomore improved on her win total by one from last year’s championships. Mattos began the tournament slowly, but ultimately ended the first round with one of the biggest upsets of the weekend. After beginning 0-5 on the day, Mattos stepped up against University of Notre Dame sophomore Lee Kiefer, an Olympian and the defending NCAA champion. Mattos delivered a 5-2 victory over

Kiefer to hand the eventual champion one of only three losses on the tournament, paving the way for two other triumphs over Division I fencers. “[Mattos] did well [against Kiefer], fenced her very well,” said Shipman. “She did get a couple breaks, but you do need to go in with some confidence otherwise you have no chance.” Following the lunch break on Friday, Mattos defeated United States Air Force Academy sophomore Mary McElwee and Brown University senior Kathryn Hawrot by 5-3 and 5-4 scores, respectively. On the second day of women’s competition, Mattos was only able to squeak out a 5-1 victory over the University of Pennsylvania freshman Cassidy Seidl before closing out the day with a handful of losses, all to top foil competitors. Mattos’ performance put the Judges in 21st place heading into the men’s bouts, and from here, Brandeis garnered a number of wins on the strength of Berman and Mandel. On the first day of men’s competition—the third day overall—Berman stepped up in his first appearance at the national meet with eight wins in 21 bouts. The junior foilist opened his meet with a statement 5-0 sweep over New York University senior Christian Vastola, his University Athletic Association competitor. Berman also took down Princeton University sophomore Michael Dudey on the third day of the tournament. “Princeton is very strong and [Dudey] is one of the strongest fencers in the country,” said Shipman. “[Berman] is capable of beating that type of fencer all the time, so it’s not a big surprise because if they don’t bring their best game [Berman] can beat anyone.” On the final day of the Championships, Berman defeated three opponents. Berman took down UPenn junior Jason Chang, New Jersey Institute of Technology freshman David Kong and St. John’s University senior Max Blitzer, an All-American who later on finished in 12th place at the championships.

See FENCING, 13 ☛

JustArts Volume LXVI, Number 23

Your weekly guide to arts, movies, music and everything cultural at Brandeis and beyond

Tuesday, March 25, 2014

Waltham, Mass.

Musicology Colloquium - Professor from Notre Dame lectures on Schumann » 23


A Band Called Death WBRS brings Rough Francis to perform at Cholmondeley’s » 22

Senior Festival Seniors act in, write and direct plays for their theses » 19 and 20

Permission to be Global Latin American artists depict images of globalism at the Museum of Fine Arts » 23



TUESDAY, march 25, 2014 | THE JUSTICE




What’s happening in Arts on and off campus this week

ON-CAMPUS EVENTS Diana Puntar: Artist Lecture

Seniors direct ‘The Vagina Monologues’ JOSH HOROWITZ/the Justice

This week, justArts spoke with the directors of The Vagina Monologues, which was hosted by the Vagina Club and performed in the Shapiro Campus Center Theater on Friday and Sunday. JustArts: How did you get involved in The Vagina Monologues?

JA: The University does The Vagina Monologues every year, why do you think it’s a significant presence on campus? CD: Because it’s so relevant still. It was created in the ’90s and all the issues that are spoken about are still present in our culture today, so I think a lot of … women attend the show once, in hopes … of finding a place, finding a voice, finding people who have had the same experiences as them. KF: The show I think is just a fun, entertaining experience but it’s also a way of being part of a movement. Brandeis is a school that’s very big on activist movements and being a part of The Vagina Monologues or going to the show is a way to be part of an activist movement here at Brandeis working to end violence against women and I think that’s a huge thing here. JA: There is obviously a lot of heavy material in the show. How did you deal with that with your actors’ comfort level? CD: Most of the rehearsals actually aren’t focused on lines and blocking and things like that. It’s more focused on bonding and overcoming the struggles that you might face in the show and the struggles that you might face in life. KF: We work through all our emotions and then channel all those emotions into the parts that the women in our show have. And Cris and I do a lot of one-on-one time with the women in our cast and help them develop themselves and help them develop their characters as well. JA: What do you hope the audience takes away from the show, if you can narrow down a take-away? KF: I hope that audience members, if they didn’t already go into the experience or go into the show appreciating vaginas, I hope that that they appreciate them and respect them more. CD: I feel the same way and I hope that women specifically [come out of the show] respecting themselves more but also being more comfortable with themselves, being more comfortable with their vaginas, being more comfortable with their vaginas [and] as women in general. And I hope men … leave also with that same mentality of “oh my god this entire time I’ve had this machismo, misogynist agenda and I really need to change the way I think.” KF: But also, for people who don’t identify as women, I think that there should be some sort of solidarity there for people who have vaginas or lovers of vaginas, friends of vaginas. There should be something bonding us all together at the end of the show. And there’s a line from the show: “We … forget the vagina.” There’s a “lack of awe” and a “lack of reverence” and I hope when people leave the how they find that awe and they find that reverence. —Emily Wishingrad

Todd Pavlisko, a candidate for a tenure-track sculpture professorship in the Fine Arts department, will be giving an artist’s talk open to the University community. Pavlisko has exhibited his work in New York, Boston, Mexico, Austria and Italy. He earned his B.F.A. from Miami University in Ohio and the M.F.A. from Carnegie Mellon University, where his work is also publicly exhibited. Wednesday from 3:30 to 5 p.m. in the Rapaporte Treasure Hall.

Opening Reception for Rose Video 03

‘1984’ by Brandeis Players

Close Looking Series

Krissy Ford: I went to an all-girls Catholic school for high school and when I came to Brandeis I was looking for the same kind of community that I had there, a sisterhood really is what I wanted ... I saw a flyer for The Vagina Monologues and my friends told me “you should do it, you should try it.” And I auditioned, fell in love with it, got really used to saying the word “vagina” a lot and then started getting in touch with Women’s and Gender Studies and it was all … uphill [from there]. Cristina Dones: My freshman year I had a really hard time acclimating and I was finding that I wasn’t really bonding with [the friends I made] the way I wanted to. ... When the auditions came out for The Vagina Monologues, someone said I would be perfect for a part. So I just auditioned on a whim, just to do it, because someone said that I should. And it was honestly the only reason I didn’t transfer from Brandeis, so I got a lot out of the experience. I was in it for two years—I was in it my freshman year, my sophomore year, took a break my third year, and wasn’t planning on doing anything this year. But Krissy showed up … to my job one day when I was working at the [Shapiro Campus Center] [information] booth and was like, “hey are you interested in directing?” and I was like, “oh my god, yes I am.”

Attend a lecture by Diana Puntar, a candidate for a tenure-track sculpture professorship in the Fine Arts department, on her current artwork. Puntar is currently an assistant professor at California Polytechnic State University. She received her B.A. from the University of Maryland, College Park, and her M.F.A. from the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston and has exhibited her work throughout the country. Tuesday from 4 to 5 p.m. in the Goldman-Schwartz Art Studios Room 115. Free and open to the Brandeis community.

The Rose Art Museum will be debuting a new work of video art that explores a connection between the historical work of Austrian artist Maria Lassnig and the contemporary videos of Mary Reid Kelley, an American artist. The pairing explores video’s relationship to other media— performance, drawing and poetry— and reflects on the trajectory of feminist video art. Tuesday from 5 to 8 p.m. in the Rose Art Museum. This event is free and open to the public.

Cristina Dones ’14 and Krissy Ford’14

collaborative project. Wednesday from 3:30 to 5 p.m. in the Rapaporte Treasure Hall.

Join us for a close look at the Jack J. and Therese G. Katz Chinese snuff bottles collection, with talks by Profs. Aida Yuen Wong (FA) and Yu Feng (GRALL). Close Looking is an interdisciplinary event offering in-depth discussion of some of the University’s greatest treasures from the library’s Special Collections and the Rose Art Museum. Each session will include a viewing of a particular work, presentations by two faculty members, thought-provoking conversation and refreshments. Join us on three Wednesday afternoons per semester for this exciting

Todd Pavlisko: Artist Lecture

Based on the iconic novel by George Orwell, 1984 brings us the story of Winston Smith, a cog in the giant machine state of Oceania. Physically and mentally under the omnipresent eye of Big Brother, Winston has been caught struggling for scraps of love and freedom in a world awash with distrust and violence. With the brutal “help” of four Party Members, Winston is forced to confess his thought crimes before an unseen inquisitor, and the audience—which acts as a silent witness to his torture. The studentrun theater club, Brandeis Players, produces a ferocious and provocative adaptation of one of the most prescient works of literature of the last century. Friday from 8 to 11 p.m. in the Shapiro Campus Center Theater.

TALEA Ensemble

This New York ensemble, known for its global, cutting-edge musical practice, performs two concerts. “Talea Ensemble makes modernist music not just accessible but positively engaging through its combination of commanding virtuosity and infectious commitment,” according to TimeOut New York. In this concert, the ensemble will

perform new music by Profs. Eric Chasalow (MUS), Pierluigi Billone (MUS), and others. This event is free and open to the public. Saturday from 8 to 9:30 p.m. in the Slosberg Music Center.


Kate Burton (TV’s Scandal) returns to the Huntington Theater Company for Anton Chekhov’s emotionally rich classic, directed by Huntington favorite Maria Aitken (The Cocktail Hour, Betrayal, and Private Lives). Celebrated actress Irina Arkadina’s visit to her aspiring playwright son with her successful novelist lover in tow kindles unrequited passions and petty jealousies in Chekhov’s masterpiece about love, missed connections and what it means to be an artist. Burton’s son Morgan Ritchie, who also appeared with her in The Corn is Green, plays Arkadina’s son Konstantin. Showing until April 6 at the Boston University Theatre by the Huntington Theatre Company. Prices range from $25 to $99.

Synchronocity and The Sacred Space

Through storytelling and dance, Synchronicity & the Sacred Space probes the strange landscape where scientific thought encounters the unknown and human perception and reality are fluid partners in an enigmatic dance. Choreographed by Jody Weber with author and adventurer Jon Turk. This will be its final performance and will be danced by Adriane Brayton, Shannon Humphreys, Kristy Kuhn, Jennifer Roberts and Jennifer Sylvia, with guest performance by Weber Dance Community Group. Showing at the Multicultural Arts Center starting on March 28. General admission is $25, students and seniors are $20.

Pop Culture n

ww Greetings Brandeis! It has been a whirlwind week in Hollywood including two surprising pregnancy announcements, a celebrity couple welcoming twins, a shocking divorce announcement from a beloved former Olympian and the tragic death of a famed fashion designer. Spring is most certainly in the air this week as celebrity baby news dominated pop culture headlines. On March 15, TODAY Show anchor Savannah Guthrie married Mike Feldman, a communications strategist, in a supersecret ceremony in Tucson, Ariz. However, that wasn’t the only surprise that Guthrie, 42, had in store when she revealed her marriage on air just this Monday to viewers of TODAY. Apparently, during the wedding reception, the couple had the disc jockey play a recording of the NBC News “Special Report” melody and then took to the stage to announce that Guthrie is four months pregnant—that’s one impressive way to break the news. There’s no word yet on the baby’s sex, but Guthrie mentioned on the Monday morning broadcast that she’s due sometime in “late summer.” Even more baby news came on Friday, when actress Alyssa Milano announced that she is expecting her second child with husband David Bugliari. Milano, 41, and Bugliari have a two-year-old son, Milo. The star of ABC’s Mistresses has made her desire to have a sibling for Milo clear in recent interviews, even after this past December’s mini-scandal, in which comedian Jay Mohr made cruel remarks about Milano’s post-baby body (keep in mind that his comments came two years after she had given birth to Milo) and the heated Twitter exchange ensued. In other baby-related news, actor Chris Hemsworth and his wife Elsa Pataky welcomed twin boys on Friday at CedarsSinai Medical Center in Los Angeles. Hemsworth, 30, and Pataky, 37, are also parents to their 22-month-old daughter India Rose. The Thor actor married Pataky, a Spanish actress, who most recently starred in Fast & Furious 6 back

By Mara Sassoon


SPLIT JUMP: Former Olympic figure skater Johnny Weir, 29, is separating from his husband. in 2010. Aside from all the baby buzz, there was also some unfortunate news out of Hollywood this week. On Wednesday, former Olympic figure skater Johnny Weir, 29, took to Twitter to announce that he has separated from his husband, Victor Voronov, 30. People Magazine then confirmed that Weir filed for divorce from Voronov months ago. Apparently, Voronov was as surprised as everybody else about this news, posting on Twitter on Thursday afternoon that he was “only now finding out that [his] husband filed for divorce from [him] months ago.” Weir married Voronov, a Georgetown University-educated lawyer, in a civil ceremony in New York in 2011. He most

recently served on the NBC Olympics team as a figure skating analyst alongside retired figure skater Tara Lipinski. Lastly, tragic news broke last Monday when fashion designer L’Wren Scott was found dead in her Manhattan apartment, after apparently committing suicide. Beside the fame she garnered for designing gowns for countless A-list clients, Scott, 49, was also known for being musician Mick Jagger’s longtime girlfriend. Jagger was reportedly distraught upon learning the news. The Rolling Stones were set to start touring in Australia, but have now postponed that leg of the tour entirely. That’s this week’s pop culture round up, Brandeis.

ARTS COVER IMAGES: GRACE KWON and MORGAN BRILL/the Justice, Courtesy of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. DESIGN: OLIVIA POBIEL and MORGAN BRILL/the Justice.


THE JUSTICE | TUESDAY, March 25, 2014



WBRS brings punk band to Cholmondeley’s By MATT CAMBRIA


MORGAN BRILL/the Justice

BANGING IT OUT: On Friday evening, WBRS surprised the audience at Cholmondeley’s with a performance from Rough Francis, a punk band active in Detroit in the 1970s.

On Friday evening, Rough Francis, a punk band out of Burlington, Vt., played a show in Cholmondeley’s to a small but enthusiastic crowd. WBRS hosted the event and advertised for a screening of the documentary A Band Called Death before a question-and-answer session with Rough Francis, three of whom are the sons and nephews of Death’s members. The documentary, however, was not able to be screened. Yet, just as the documentary’s cancellation was unexpected, the band’s performance was as well. But after the cancellation came another surprise; a performance by Rough Francis, which ultimately proved to be a welcome substitution. The documentary, A Band Called Death, explores the history of the titular band, a punk band active in Detroit in the 1970s. Unrecognized in their time, the band’s one single, “Politicians in My Eyes,” became a collector’s item three decades after Death’s disbandment back in 1978. Bobby Hackney, Sr., the band’s vocalist, uncovered their 1974 demo in his attic, and, after hearing the demo, his sons formed Rough Francis, initially playing a set of tribute shows for Death before writing and performing their own musical selections. As the documentary proclaims, “Before there was punk, there was a band called Death.” Never Mind the Bollocks, Here’s the Sex Pistols and The Clash, two of punk’s most influential debut albums, both came out in the United Kingdom in 1977, three years and an ocean away from Death’s demo showcase. Despite Death’s visionary sound and style, the band struggled to find success in Detroit during the 1970s. As a band of three black brothers in the inner city, their sound did not fit in with contemporary popular music. Punk would not gain popularity in America until the early 1980s. The band’s morbid name also hindered their suc-

cess; despite a producer’s request for the brothers to change their band’s name, they continued to play as Death. Rough Francis, however, formed in 2008, taking their name from the pseudonym under which their uncle, Death’s guitarist, released the band’s later material. After releasing a fourtrack EP in 2010, Rough Francis put out their debut LP, titled Maximum Soul Power, earlier in the year. Their set consisted mainly of original tracks and closed with a climactic punk interpretation of Wilson Pickett’s much-covered “In the Midnight Hour.” Hackney, Sr.’s sons played vocals, guitar and drums while a second guitar and a bass filled out Rough Francis’ sound. Despite the small crowd, the band played a passionate show. Bobby Hackney, Jr. was often yelling into the microphone on his knees and Urian Hackney blasted his bass drum so hard that it would be six inches away from where it started by the end of a song. For WBRS, Friday’s event was a departure from other shows that they have typically organized in the past. Between WBRS and other concert-planning clubs, nearly 10 bands have come to Brandeis this semester, and, not surprisingly, Rough Francis is the first one to come in support of a documentary. But Lee Nisson ’14, WBRS’ general manager, says that, “it isn’t just about what music our board likes—we are actively trying to figure out what bands our student body would want to listen to” and in that spirit, screenings allow WBRS to expand the variety of music they bring to Brandeis. Though I was looking forward to watching A Band Called Death, Rough Francis’ performance quickly eclipsed the change of plans. In a way, the cancelled screening was in keeping with the senior band’s obscurity. I watched Rough Francis with little idea of what to expect and had hopes of hearing something new, just as concertgoers had done for Death 40 years ago in Detroit.


Seniors culminate theatrical careers with theses ‘Necessary Targets’



By RacHel liff

justicE EDITOR

Though the campus was abuzz over one work by American writer and activist Eve Ensler this weekend— The Vagina Monologues—another of the writer’s lesserknown, but equally impactful works was also being performed. For her senior thesis, Lizzy Benway ’14 directed a production of Ensler’s play Necessary Targets, which engages with feminism from a much different perspective than the Monologues. In her director’s note in the show’s program, Benway writes: “This piece begins before it was even written, when a daring young woman chose to follow a gut feeling halfway around the world to meet with women affected by the tragedies in Bosnia.” Featuring a cast of seven women, the production delves into each character’s experiences through wartime and being driven from their homes. Necessary Targets begins with an American psychologist, J.S., who decides, in a sweep of professional ladderclimbing, savior-complex gusto, to venture abroad to help those less fortunate than her. She takes on an assistant, Melissa, who specializes in war conditions and is in the process of writing a book about women in wartime, as a guide for her trip. As J.S. and Melissa, Zoë GolubSass ’16 and Jacquelyn Drozdow ’15, respectively, developed a fearless and emotionally symbiotic chemistry from the very first scene, which begins and ends with the two raising their voices at each other. The women that J.S. and Melissa meet on their journey have been driven from their homes in Bosnia and displaced—some with their families, and some alone, after their families were brutally killed by soldiers. The women, Zlata (Sarah Brodsky ’15), Jelena (Lisa Galperin ’14), Azra (Jade Garisch ’15), Seada (Ramona Wright ’17) and Nuna (Aliza Sotsky ’15) were each embodied by their actors perfectly, as the nuances of each one’s experiences shone through their performances. Through a succession of many short scenes and active set changes, the hour-and-a-half long performance kept the audience’s rapt attention the whole time. The trauma that each of the women experienced prior to where the play begins unites them as they start to feel safe enough to share their pain with each other. At one point, Melissa finds a way to tell J.S. that their work matters, and that they have, indeed, made a difference, saying: “These women need an outlet for their rage and despair. We are their necessary targets.”

justice Staff writer

Stories about change, philosophy, loss, firsts—these are the things that shape a person’s life. Listening to the stories of our friends and families tells us who they truly are. For his senior thesis, Levi Squier ’14 took this idea to his cast and devised a play about their lives. He worked with Steven Kline ’14, Charlie Madison ’15, Melanie Pollock ’14 and Page Smith ’17 to create a cohesive collection of their memories, and the result was nothing less than hilarious. The final product, called MICHAEL BROKOWSKI, was created and directed by Squier and assistant directed by Haley Bierman ’14. Their phenomenal sense of theatrical pacing combined with the performers’ impeccable comedic timing made these stories affect each audience member. Each performer’s scene was uniquely heartfelt, but Madison’s also stood out as especially comedic. His story was about a series of awkward “firsts”—first kiss and first time specifically. As the lights went up, Madison stood behind a piano, singing and talking about his ideal first kiss. But as his fantasy ended, he played a cacophonous melody and laughed, as he said, “not even close.” The rest of the scene in which left the audience doubled over in laughter as Squier and Kline acted out what really happened. In every scene those two acted, their stage chemistry stole the show. No matter if they were playing best friends, boyfriends or brothers, their energy and comedic timing raised the energy of the production. When it was Squier’s turn to take the stage, he finally told the story of Michael Brokowski, a friend from high school. He captivated the audience with his energetic retelling of the time Michael was hit by a car and survived. His performance may have been short, but by the end the presence of Michael Brokowski hung in the theater. Within just one scene, Squier was able to make the audience understand someone far away and, ultimately, himself. MICHAEL BROKOWSKI excelled in every way, The simple but functional use of the space, the perfect pacing and the combination of humorous and serious scenes tied together the personal coming-of-age story compilation. From start to finish, the piece was nothing but honest, even at the most ridiculous parts. Because “If the facts get in the way of what’s really true,” said Squier in the final scene, “I change them.”

‘Make Me A Song’ By carly chernomorets justice Staff writer

The lights came up on a simple set consisting of only four black chairs, a couple of big, black blocks and a piano. This week, the Laurie Theater welcomed Make Me A Song, Jason Dick’s ’14 senior thesis to the stage. Although the stage appeared humble, the magic created made up for it. The show is what is called a “song cycle,” a series of songs with a common theme or a thread, as opposed to a traditional, plot-driven musical. In the case of Make Me A Song, that common thread was music written by William Finn. Under the brilliant direction of Samantha Gordon ’14 and the skilled musical direction of Elan Wong ’15, the talented cast of Caley Chase ’16, Chris D’Agostino ’17, Marlee Rosenthal ’14 and Dick took the stage by storm and delivered a production that left the audience wanting more. Performing a song cycle is risky; it is very easy for a collection of songs with no plot to fall flat. Fortunately, because of the combination of Gordon’s hilarious blocking (the way that the actors used the stage) and light choreography and the cast’s adept musical abilities, the production was able to keep its audience captivated. The cast danced around the stage, at one point even putting on red feather boas and playing around with them. One of the most impressive parts of the cycle was Wong’s accompaniment throughout. He ceaselessly played through the entire duration of the production, stopping only to once get up and pretend to swing a bat in a song. The choice to integrate the pianist’s voice into ensemble numbers, as well as occasionally assigning him characters, was great—Wong proved that he is a man of many talents—and his accompaniment was flawless. There were portions of songs in which the piano dropped out and the actors sang a cappella for a few seconds, such as in the number “Heart and Music.” The fact that the performers were always on-key when the piano came back in is another testament to their immense talent as an ensemble. The group’s harmonies were unwaveringly correct, quite a feat considering the immensely challenging nature of the music in this song cycle. Make Me A Song was an absolute delight to experience. Even though there were so many places where this production could have taken a turn for the worse, this cast and production team really proved to be superiorly skilled in creating a masterpiece.


TUESDAY, March 25, 2014 | THE JUSTICE


Productions chronicle seniors’ theater careers ‘My Morning’ By rachel liff justice Staff writer

Lights up on Emma Lieberman ’14 in a bedroom, looking at herself in a black dress in a mirror. She begins to address the audience and it is revealed that she is dressing not for a night out, but for her friend’s funeral. In her thesis My Morning, Lieberman retells her experience when, during her first year at Brandeis, her friend committed suicide. Director Gabby Lamm ’17 worked one-on-one with Lieberman to make the most out of the small but functional space. The situation felt natural and honest. What was most impressive about My Morning was Lieberman’s ability to create an engaging one-woman show. Although other characters were mentioned, they never appeared on stage. Some characters spoke to Emma’s character through voice-overs, but they did not fit well within the piece. It was unclear who voiced them, but their tone and technological feel clashed with an otherwise extremely intimate performance. Likewise, projections were used to display text conversations and Inter-

net searches. The projections were portrayed on a white wall behind Lieberman’s bed, appearing as if they were in a thought bubble. They were not always visible, but when they were clear they were well received. The strongest parts of Lieberman’s writing were the moments of dark humor and her awareness of her own idiosyncrasies. Although the subject was serious and there were certainly more somber moments, the script itself was funny. It seemed that Lieberman’s process included looking back on the situation with wisdom, which included critiquing and accepting her own actions. It became clear that through looking back on her experience with a microscope, Lieberman had healed. The double meaning of the play’s title became clear; through addressing and talking about her experience, Lieberman was able to face the future. Amid the guilt and panic of the character, there were moments that reminded the audience of how young and vulnerable the character was. My Morning was an honest retelling of a depressing situation, turning pain and heartbreak into something truly beautiful.


A MOROSE MORNING: In her self-written, one-woman show, My Morning, Emma Lieberman ’14 retells the story of when her friend committed suicide during her first year at Brandeis.

‘The Elephant in the Room’

WILD THING: Shaquan Perkins ’14 played a circus elephant in the opening monologue of the show. His performance demonstrated his character’s mixed emotions about how he is treated in the circus.

By emily wishingrad justice editor

The Elephant in the Room began as the cast, wearing red and black, slowly got up from their seats in the audience and started stumbling onto the stage. Alex Davis ’15, Samantha Laney ’17, Shaquan Perkins ’14, Jamie Perutz ’13 and Jess Plante ’16 fell, tumbled and rolled on the floor in pain, making whimpering sounds that were hard to hear. The play, written and directed by Grace Fosler ’14, takes on the topic of animal cruelty as it cycles through a diverse array of cases of animal abuse, most of which portrayed the victims as human-like, speaking to the audience and giving them insight into their perspectives. Following the opening silent scene, Perkins performed a monologue in which he glorified show business even while noting its hardships. Only halfway through the show did it become apparent that Perkins was playing an elephant named Benjamin, who was describing his experiences in the circus. As Perkins noted in the talkback after the show, his character was clearly suffering from something resembling Stockholm syndrome. Perkins said that his character’s “mind is warped to think that these things, [the ways in which the trainers treated their animals] are okay.” In another scene, Jamie Perutz ’13, who now works in arts administration in Boston, gave an

amazing portrayal of an overly-excited and enthusiastic animal tester. Before testing her subject, Perutz interacted with the audience by asking them to raise their hands if they used certain household products: Dove, Listerine, Febreeze and Neutrogena were a few named. As hands slowly and uncertainly raised, it became apparent how many commonplace goods are actually products of animal testing. Perutz then tested various chemicals on Plante, who was playing a rabbit. Plante skillfully portrayed a petrified and indignant subject and her shrieks of pain when the “chemicals” were administered shook the room. The show ended with a scene that mirrored the opening as the actors tumbled back onstage. However, this time, Caley Chase ’15, who was dressed in white from head to toe and had her face covered in a veil, rose from the audience where she had been sitting for the entirety of the show. As she walked on stage, she one-by-one started to lift the performers to their feet. Some stumbled but Chase’s gentle touch brought them back to life and they started to dance. In the talkback, Fosler commented on Chase’s role, noting that she wrote Chase’s character to represent Gaia, the earth goddess, but also to represent an individual who has capacity to change the situation of abuse. After a heartbreaking show that was often painful to watch, Chase’s character gave the audience hope as they left the theater.

‘All You Need’ By phil gallagher justice editor

As part of the Theater Arts Senior Thesis Festival, Justy Kosek ’14 wrote and starred in All You Need, a compelling and emotional play that explores the theme of love as a double-edged sword: a force which Kosek, in an interview with the Justice, describes as both “creative and destructive.” As the script had never before been produced, it provided ample opportunity for artistic exploration. The actors therefore had the unique opportunity to frame their characters without preconceptions. Zachary Marlin ’15, who played Young Adam, the childhood version of the protagonist’s father, explained in an interview with the Justice that “part of the draw of being in the show was that [he] was creating this character that nobody else had played before so [he got] to really sort of meld it in [his] own way.” In contrast with established productions that have already been staged by theater groups, Marlin and other actors were able to define the preconception of who their characters were by using their own creative license. Kosek’s position acting as David, the young protagonist, instead of serving in a directorial role developed the production beyond its original vision. “It was totally different, and in a really great way,” said Kosek when asked how the

final product compared with his earlier expectations. “It was like a big stew that [the designers, cast members and directors] all put their own spices into.” Jonathan Young MFA ’14 served as the director, bringing substantial experience in directing from his undergraduate education. Although Young and Kosek collaborated closely, Kosek explained that he had to consciously step back from a managerial position to allow Young to direct. The original script also provided the opportunity to confront topics that have been uncommon in Brandeis theater. Marlin explained with gratitude that he was able to “explore such themes as suicide or love among teenagers because those are things that undergraduates go through all the time here, and it’s really neat to see them play out on stage and also have the chance to act that out on stage.” Kosek’s decision to write about these topics and stage them in detail helped bring these new themes to life. The production deftly juxtaposed themes against each other. Notably, a scene of David excitedly preparing for a school dance to a soft jazz tune that was simultaneously staged against a muted but violent confrontation between his two parents, resulting in both their deaths, embodied the ideals of David’s young love against his parents’ failed marriage. Such contrast permeated the play, demonstrating both the strengths and dangers of love.

UP CLOSE AND PERSONAL: Aaron Fisher ’15 and Jamie Semel ’17, playing the protagonist’s married parents, Adam and Jill, share an embrace in Justy Kosek’s’ 14 All You Need.

THE JUSTICE | TUESDAY, march 25, 2014



‘Vagina Monologues’ performs feminism

Photos by GRACE KWON/the Justice

STANDING TOGETHER: Student performers spoke about the taboos and challenges of womanhood during The Vagina Monologues last weekend.

By CARLY CHERNOMORETS justice Staff writer

The opening monologue of this year’s production of The Vagina Monologues, which premiered on Friday in the Shapiro Campus Center Theater, encapsulated my thoughts going into the production perfectly. Directors Cristina Dones ’14 and Krissy Ford ’14 entered the stage and began with “I bet you’re worried. I was worried. I was worried about vaginas. I was worried about what we think about vaginas, and even more that we don’t think about them.” Beginning on that tension-breaking note and continuing with that lighthearted tone, the cast and production staff did a great job of breaking down the ever-present social barriers surrounding discussions about vaginas and the female experience. The Vagina Monologues, which is put on by The Vagina Club each year, was first written by influential feminist Eve Ensler in 1995. The show is a compilation of monologues and scenes based off of a number of interviews that Ensler conducted with 200 women of varying ages, racial and economic backgrounds and sexual orientations. Many frequently tabooed topics such as sexual assault, masturbation, sex, birth, violence against transgendered women and the mystery of the clitoris are addressed in this poignant and thought-provoking production. In a promotional speech for her VDay empowerment campaign about the importance of affecting social change through theater, Ensler responded, “when you bring consciousness to anything, things begin to shift.” Ensler, as well as the cast and crew of The Vagina Monologues, believe in the power of the theater to engender social change. Flora Wang ’15, who performed in the show for the first time this year, said in an interview with the Justice that it is important because “it not only seeks to demystify vaginas but also advocates for ending violence against women. Ending systemic violence against women is the first step to creating a world where all human rights are respected.” Not only does the show have a very strong message, but also there were many instances of standout performances. Arielle Gordon ’16 hilariously portrayed an elderly woman in “The Flood” with a spoton Jewish grandmother accent talking about her first experience with a man. Between her wacky facial expressions and dynamic vocal variation, Gordon succeeded in making her time in the spotlight one of the highlights of the show. Another high point of the show was the dynamic duo of Queen White ’16 and Amaris Brown ’16 reciting “My Angry Vagina,” commenting critically on many

of the most difficult health and cultural concerns that come with having a vagina, such as gynecological exams, tampons and douches. Their hysterical and heartfelt account of all of the hoops that a person with a vagina must jump through was a great combination of honesty and brilliant contribution of comedic timing in the show. This year’s production of The Vagina Monologues did not disappoint. The directors put a refreshing spin on an old tradition by playing with the setting concept of the production. The production was set in “The Coochie Café,” a set that consisted of around 30 mismatched chairs and barstools that held the full cast for the duration of the show. Although it could be easy for The Vagina Monologues to become tired because it is performed every year, this cast and production staff did a beautiful job of creatively updating the show while keeping intact the strong messages of feminism and vagina pride. Dones commented in an interview with the Justice that the reason that it is important to perform The Vagina Monologues every year is because “a lot of … women attend the show … in hopes … of finding a place, finding a voice, finding people who have had the same experience as them.” The cast and crew aimed to create a safe space for exploration of these tabooed topics, and they truly succeeded in doing so.

CHALLENGING STEREOTYPES: Alia Abdulahi ’17 (right) and Arielle Gordon ’16 (left) both performed monologues in a production that spoke openly and honestly about the intricacies of the female body.

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THE JUSTICE | TUESDAY, march 25, 2014


museum exhibit AROUND THE WORLD: Permission to be Global/Practicas Globales depicts Latin American artwork, in a multitude of media, in an exploration of what it means to be global. IMAGE COURTESY OF THE MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS, BOSTON

MFA explores visions of global artwork By KIRAN GILL justice Staff writer

Permission to be Global/Prácticas Globales: Latin American Art from the Ella Fontanals-Cisneros Collection is the Museum of Fine Arts at Boston’s first ever exhibition centered on contemporary Latin American art. The exhibition re-evaluates the idea of globalization through visual language. The show was jointly curated by MFA staff members Jen Mergel and Liz Munsell and Jesús Fuenmayor of the Cisneros Fontanals Art Foundation. The exhibition is divided into four different themes: Power Parodied, Borders Redefined, Occupied Geometries and Absence Accumulated. Mergel describes the show, which includes work from 46 artists from 1960 to present day, as an exhibition with not just a “critical edge,” but also “an exhibition with teeth.” Through an exploration of scale and repetition, Power Parodied questions the status quo. Nelson Leirner’s dyptich, “Untitled,” from

the series “Assim é... se lhe parece… (Right You are If You Think You Are),” depicts two graphics. On a bright yellow background there is a map of North and South America and this image is repeated on a red background. The outline of the continents is defined, yet the man-made geographic boundaries of states and countries are not depicted. Instead, on one panel, North America is engulfed by a horde of cartoony and sinister, yet smiling skeletons and South America is populated by different renditions of cheery Mickey and Minnie Mouse characters. The second panel inverts this and depicts North America overrun by the cartoon characters and South America by the skeletons. Somehow, in this image, it is hard to decipher where cultural homogeneity ends and where it begins—the two continents seem to seep together. While Leirner’s work depicts one interpretation of the relationship between North and South America, the Cuban artist Wilfredo Prieto

reduces the Earth to a tiny, spherical chickpea in his work “Untitled” (Globe of the World). Inked onto the surface of a dried chickpea, a common food in Cuba, all seven continents have been shrunk. This globe can fit in the palm of one’s hand; globalization has been reduced to a mere morsel that can easily be crushed. Meanwhile, the curators of the exhibition utilize the theme of Borders Redefined to illustrate how the visual poetry of lines through the bars of a fence or jail, evoke division. “Reja Naranja (Orange Bars)” by Daniel Medina, depicts bold, yellow linear marks on the white museum wall which eventually lead to a black, barred fence that protrudes from the wall and disrupts the space of the room. The third exhibition theme, Occupied Geometries, engages with the individual and his or her relationship to public spaces. In the installation “O Tempo Oco (The Empty Time)” by Brazilian artist Ernesto Neto, soft, bulbous form sfilled with

silicon languidly fall from the ceiling in flesh-colored fabric. Visitors are invited to step through the space as these body-like shapes engage and interact with one’s personal space. The final theme, Absence Accumulated, explores history and that which is forgotten and remembered. Images are mixed with stories and performance art is imbued with social causes. From Oscar Munoz’s “Sedimentaciones (Sedimentations),” which projects photographs as they are developed by ghostly hands over a table-like surface, to the Chilean Eugenio Dittborn’s “Neo Transand Airmail Painting No. 41,” which mixes poetry, military photography and a drawing of a legendary indigenous boy who was mummified, into one image that was then mailed to a predetermined receiver outside of the country who could display the piece without fear. The exhibition, which closes on July 13, will also include specially commissioned live performances by the Cuban artist Lázaro Saavedra

and Guatemalan artist Regina José Galindo. Saavedra will finally realize one of his dreams by performing a piece that was originally prohibited by the cultural authorities in Cuba in 1990, while Galindo, a performance artist who specializes in hauntingly, poignant body work, will perform a specially commissioned work that specifically addresses the Boston community. The details of both performances will be released to the public shortly. The artists of Permission to be Global are incorporating such vast mediums as sculpture, painting, photography, video, installation and performance art to address communication on a both local and global level. The works produced by these artists are visually assertive in their manipulation of humor and parody, line and form, narrative and history. In actuality, these artists do not need permission to be global—their work and its implications are inherently entrenched in the global.


Colloquium brings new perspectives to campus By EMILY WISHINGRAD justice EDITOR

Do Robert Schumann’s works deviate substantially from the 18thcentury classical tradition, or are they merely an extension of the tradition? This is the overarching question that University of Notre Dame professor and departmental chair of music Peter H. Smith explored in his lecture in Slosberg Music Center on Friday afternoon. While Smith’s scholarship is mostly focused on Johannes Brahms, his lecture focused on Schumann and his place within the classical tradition, asking the question: can Schumann be considered a classical musician? The lecture was part of the Music Colloquium Series—a program funded by the University’s Martin Weiner Fund. Every year, there are about six colloquia held in either musicology or composition and theory. This lecture, one of the musicology

colloquia, was titled “Schumann’s Continuous Expositions and the Classical Tradition,” and was the fourth out of six colloquia scheduled for this spring. In an email interview with the Justice, Prof. Allan Keiler (MUS) wrote that the speakers for the musicology colloquia are selected from a committee of three faculty of musicology: himself, Profs. Eric Chafe (MUS) and Seth Coluzzi (MUS) and musicology graduate students. According to Keiler, the students on the committee are chosen by the three faculty members. “We try to choose students from a variety of individual areas in musicology so as to have the whole field, or as much as possible, represented among the students,” Keiler wrote. In terms of selecting speakers, Keiler explained that the committee likes to invite both speakers who are “established and published scholars” and speakers who are “younger

[and] who may just be getting started in their publication career.” According to Keiler, the committee also strives to represent many “areas and points of view within musicological research” in choosing speakers. In this case, Keiler himself recommended Smith to speak. He noted that he has known Smith for many years and admires his writing. On bringing Smith to Brandeis for the colloquium, he wrote that: “There was enthusiasm because [Smith’s] work was known to some of the committee, and particular enthusiasm from one of the students who had studied with [him] at Notre Dame.” Keiler noted that the committee works under limited funding. “Our budget is somewhat limited so it is easier for us to invite scholars fairly near to us so that we do not incur huge traveling expenses. But clearly there is enough money to make exceptions,” he said, noting that in this case, the committee brought Smith

from Indiana. The majority of the attendees at Friday’s lecture were associated with the Music department—both the one and two-year masters programs in Musicology require attendance at the musicology colloquia. The large presence from the Music department was understandable— the lecture was very technical—as Smith looked closely at the scores of two of Schumann’s sonatas, examining in detail their changes in key signature, dynamics, structural components and themes. The group looked at and followed along with Schumann’s scores. Smith moved into a conversation with other scholars as he argued for a place for Schumann within the classical movement. Schumann has been criticized for his divergence from the traditional classical score. As Smith notes, scholars have suggested that the composer’s music is “forcing something onto a sonata that it can’t

bear,” or that Schumann simply did not “understand sonata form.” Smith, however, suggested that these criticisms represent a very limited conception of 18th-century practice. Schumann deviates from the classical tradition only in his “creative appropriation” of 18th century classicalism, Smith described. He argued that rather than fitting perfectly into the realm of classical music, “Schumann perpetuates breadth of the classical practice.” Smith noted that we are still allowed to find Schumann’s music “aesthetically dissatisfying,” but it is important to see how it can fit within the realm of classicalism all the same. The lecture was very thought provoking—the fact that the Music department is able to bring in professors from other universities adds to the diversity and knowledge base of the University’s Music department and thus to music students’ education.



TOPof the


Brandeis TALKS


Quote of the week

for the week ending March 23

“Ronny was a warm, caring person who had the innate ability to connect with students and make them believe in themselves.”


1. Divergent 2. Muppets Most Wanted 3. Mr. Peabody & Sherman 4. 300: Rise of an Empire 5. God’s Not Dead 6. Need For Speed 7. The Grand Budapest Hotel 8. Non-Stop 9. The LEGO Movie 10. The Single Moms Club

— Nancy Winship, senior vice president of institutional advancement, on Ronny Zinner, the daughter of Carl and Ruth Shapiro and a former trustee who passed away. (News, p. 3).

How did the online housing selection go for you?


SHAYNA HERTZ/the Justice

MOUNTAIN SOUND: Justice photographer Shayna Hertz ’17 took this photo after waking up to a beautiful rainbow stretched across the sky during a tour of a remote village in the Atlas Mountains in Morocco.

the justice wants to see your original artwork! Arielle Gordon ’16 “Pretty similar [to last year’s], but more efficient. Less stressful.”

Danielle Mizrachi ’15 “Not stressful because my really good friend had a good number.”

Zachary Silver ’16 “Fine—my roommate got a great [appointment], plus I’m studying abroad.”

Adam Berger ’15 “Fine but I wish I knew the layout before logging on to actually choose [housing].”

Submit your photography or a photo of your original drawings, sculptures, paintings or works in other mediums to to be featured in the next issue!

CROSSWORD ACROSS 1 Pizza Quick sauce brand 5 Boxer’s weapon 9 Frankly declare 13 Parade instrument 14 “The Andy Griffith Show” tyke 15 Olin of “The Reader” 16 Cheers for a torero 17 Like a blue moon 18 Overcast, in London 19 Animation pioneer 22 Too scrupulous for 24 Peasant dress 27 Warren Harding’s successor 32 Jacuzzi effect 33 50+ group 34 Score after deuce 35 Line on a map 37 1999, 2000 and 2001 Best Actor nominee (he won once) 43 Japanese fish dish 44 Battery post 46 “Dear” one? 47 __ qua non 51 Duds 52 Cry of pain 53 Eat too much of, briefly 54 Poems of praise 55 Company’s main activity, and a hint to a different three-letter abbreviation hidden in 19-, 27- and 37- Across 58 Coyote’s coat 59 Bridge player’s blunde 60 Work on a garden row 62 Garden pest 63 Low points on graphs 64 Benelux locale: Abbr. 65 Billboard fillers 66 Lacking a musical key 67 Souse’s woe DOWN 1 Frat letter 2 Longtime ISP 3 Got tiresome 4 Not in the know 5 Old West defense 6 High-tech release of 2010 7 Voice-activated app for 6-Down 8 Football supporters 9 African country that was a French colony 10 “Well, that’s weird” 11 With 12-Down, sign with an arrow 12 See 11-Down 20 Island ring 21 Patriots’ org. 22 Serving success 23 Horrible


1. Pharrell Williams—“Happy” (from Despicable Me 2) 2. Idina Menzel—“Let It Go” (from Frozen) 3. John Legend—“All Of Me” 4. Brantley Gilbert—“Bottoms Up” 5. Martin Garrix—“Animals”


1. Soundtrack—Frozen 2. Luke Bryan—Spring Break 6... Like We Ain’t Ever (EP) 3. Rick Ross—Mastermind 4. Aloe Blacc—Lift Your Spirit 5. Pharrell Williams—Girl 6. 311—Stereolithic 7. Young Money—Rise Of An Empire 8. Lorde— Pure Heroine 9. Sara Evans—Slow Me Down 10. Eric Church— The Outsiders Top of the Charts information provided by Fandango, the New York Times, Billboard. com and 25 Modern film effects, briefly 26 Understanding 28 __ the Great: boy detective 29 Rob Reiner’s dad 30 Hershiser of 31 Oil bloc 35 FICA benefit 36 La-la lead-in 37 Ruddy, as a complexion 38 Places to plug in mice 39 More reserved 40 En pointe 41 Place to store cords 42 Beats by a whisker 43 For instance 45 Slalom curve 47 “Fine” 48 Words accompanying a shrug 49 Like much metered parking 50 Head-scratcher 56 Columnist Bombeck 57 Country singer McCoy 58 SFO overseer 61 Hesitant sounds


End of an Era By adam rabinowitz justice EDITOR

Solution to last issue’s crossword Crossword Copyright 2013 MCT Campus, Inc.

SUDOKU INSTRUCTIONS: Place a number in the empty boxes in such a way that each row across, each column down and each small 9-box square contains all of the numbers from one to nine.

Ashley Morales ’17 “Good. Easier than expected.”

—Compiled by Glen Chagi Chesir and photographed by Josh Horowitz/the Justice

Fiction 1. Power Play—Danielle Steele 2. Night Broken—Patricia Briggs 3. Be Careful What You Wish For— Jeffery Archer 4. Stone Cold— C.J. Box 5. Words of Radiance—Brandon Sanderson Nonfiction 1. Uganda Be Kidding Me—Chelsea Handler 2. 10% Happier—Dan Harris 3. Killing Jesus—Bill O’Reilly and Martin Dugard 4. David and Goliath—Malcolm Gladwell 5. Lean In—Sheryl Sandberg with Nell Scovell

Solution to last issue’s sudoku

Sudoku Copyright 2013 MCT Campus, Inc.

As my four-year career at the Justice is about to come to a close, it only seems appropriate to reflect on my 10 favorite articles that I have ever written. 1. “Crafting victory no matter the setting” (Nov. 12, 2013) 2. “Freak-outs made funny” (Jan. 21, 2013) 3. “Pachter slams his way to the top of the table” (Mar. 19, 2013) 4. “Going for Gold” (Aug. 27, 2012) 5. “Squad comes close to major upset win” (Jan. 13, 2014) 6. “Running back through time” (Oct. 1, 2013) 7. “Shooting for success” (Sept. 25, 2012) 8. “Novel reflects on political atmosphere of DC” (Aug. 27, 2013) 9. “Stewart mocks 2012 election, gets big laughs” (Jan. 17, 2012) 10. “Squad prevails in three of four contests” (Sept. 7, 2010)

The Justice, March 25, 2014 issue  

The independent student newspaper of Brandeis University since 1949.

The Justice, March 25, 2014 issue  

The independent student newspaper of Brandeis University since 1949.