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ARTS Page 20

SPORTS Track and Field begin strong 13


FORUM Prevent China-Japan War with diplomacy 12 The Independent Student Newspaper



B r a n d e is U n i v e r sit y S i n c e 1 9 4 9


Volume LXVI, Number 15

Tuesday, January 14, 2014



Lawrence to start talks with Al-Quds ■ After ceasing its

relationship with Al-Quds, the University hopes to reestablish the relationship. By SARA DEJENE JUSTICE EDITOR

University President Frederick Lawrence is in talks with members of the administration at Al-Quds University to discuss reestablishing the partnership between the two schools, according to Senior Vice President for Communications Ellen de Graffenreid. De Graffenreid wrote in an email to the Justice that Lawrence and members of Al-Quds’ administration are currently looking at possible “next steps” with the “ultimate goal of re-establishing a partnership.” Lawrence announced the deci-

Waltham, Mass.

sion to suspend the partnership in November, following the release of a Nov. 17 letter from Al-Quds University President Sari Nusseibeh addressing a demonstration on its campus earlier that month, during which participants allegedly donned black military garb and fake weapons while making Nazistyle gestures. According to Lawrence in a Nov. 18, 2013 BrandeisNOW press release, Nusseibeh’s letter responding to the rally was “unacceptable and inflammatory.” Nusseibeh was also suspended from the advisory board of the Center for Ethics, Justice and Public Life. However, a resolution from the advisory board released on Dec. 9, 2013, called for both Brandeis and Al-Quds to take steps to reinstate the partnership and lift Nusseibeh’s suspension from the board. According to de Graffenreid,

See AL-QUDS, 7 ☛


Trustees to scrutinize executive compensation ■ Proposals by the Faculty

Senate ad undergraduate student representatives will focus on transparency. By MARISSA DITKOWSKY JUSTICE EDITOR

Senior Vice President for Communications Ellen de Graffenreid confirmed in an email to the Justice that the Board of Trustees is considering making changes to its compensation policies following a controversy that arose after a report revealed President Emeritus Jehuda Reinharz’s fiscal year 2011 compensation. Although de Graffenreid wrote that “it is premature for anyone to discuss details of possible governance changes at this time,” Junior Undergraduate Representative to the Board Alex Thomson ’15 wrote in an email to the Justice that proposals to increase transparency are currently being composed to present to the Board at its January meeting. According to Thomson, he and

Jack Hait ’14, the undergraduate student representatives, and the Faculty Senate have each submitted separate proposals to the Board. Both will be reviewed and discussed at the January Board meeting. “The proposals have aimed to provide greater transparency on the process in which executive compensation is decided, improve equity in how much is paid to senior administrators in compensation, [and] enhance the position of the student and faculty representatives in providing advice and greater input,” Thomson wrote. Prof. Eric Chasalow (MUS), the chair of the Faculty Senate, wrote in an email to the Justice that the document, which was drafted together with the Faculty Representatives to the Board, was a series of recommendations on “Transparency, Equity, and Oversight.” “This is not a public document at this point, but part of a discussion of possible ideas with the Board,” Chasalow wrote. “There will soon be a committee from the communi-



Class of 2017 midyears moved luggage into the Village last Thursday, with the help of orientation leaders and community advisors who welcomed them at the doors.


Program leaves ASA after boycott announced ■ Brandeis was the second

university to end its affiliation with the American Studies Association. By MARISSA DITKOWSKY JUSTICE EDITOR

The American Studies program discontinued its institutional affiliation with the American Studies Association in response to the association’s recent vote in favor of an academic boycott of Israel. The pro-

gram released a statement on Dec. 18 announcing the decision, two days after the association announced the boycott. Brandeis’ program was the second to decide to cancel its institutional membership. “We view the recent vote by the membership to affirm an academic boycott of Israel as a politicization of the discipline and a rebuke to the kind of open inquiry that a scholarly association should foster,” the statement reads. “We remain committed to the discipline of American Studies but we can no longer support an organization that has rejected two

See ASA, 7 ☛

Israel studies

Crossover dribble

BranVan online

A post-doctoral fellow’s passion for hiking inspired the publication of a book.

 The men’s basketball team could not take down rival NYU.

 The University implemented an online BranVan reservation system.

FEATURES 8 For tips or info email

of the core principles of American culture—freedom of association and expression.” According to the association’s website, it is one of several academic associations that were asked to participate in the boycott of Israeli academic institutions as a part of the Boycott, Divest and Sanctions campaign. “Israeli academic institutions function as a central part of a system that has denied Palestinians their basic rights,” the American Studies Association’s website reads. “Palestinian students face ongoing discrim-

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10 8


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News 5 COPYRIGHT 2014 FREE AT BRANDEIS. Email for home delivery.





Young adults reluctant to enroll for new federal health insurance plans

WASHINGTON—Halfway through the six-month enrollment period for private marketplace health insurance, just one in four new adult enrollees are between ages 18 and 34, the crucial demographic group whose participation rates are key to keeping monthly premiums affordable under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. In the first release of extensive demographic data about the new enrollee population, the Obama administration said Monday that 55 percent, or roughly 1.2 million of the nearly 2.2 million people who have selected a federal or state marketplace plan, are generally older adults, ranging in age from 45 to 64. About 517,000, or 24 percent, of the new enrollees were young adults ages 18 to 34. The administration also reported Monday that women make up 54 percent of new state and federal marketplace enrollees, 60 percent of enrollees have selected a “silver” plan that covers at least 70 percent of medical expenses, and nearly eight in 10 new plan members qualify for tax credits or other federal subsidies to help pay for their coverage. The early influx of older enrollees comes as no surprise to most experts who predicted the Affordable Care Act’s new consumer protections and beefed-up coverage requirements would initially attract older people who may have been denied coverage in the past or been unable to purchase affordable health insurance because of pre-existing health problems. The health law outlaws coverage denials and guarantees access to individual and small-group coverage regardless of current or past health problems. But in order to keep premiums for marketplace coverage in check, the Obama administration needs roughly 40 percent of new exchange enrollees to be under age 35. This group of younger, typically healthy plan members is cheaper to insure and would offset the coverage costs for older plan members, who are generally sicker and costlier to cover. Dan Mendelson, CEO of Avalere Health, a health care consulting firm, said the early rush of older plan members isn’t a problem—yet. “I look at this and say it’s a modestly negative sign, but it is not an indication of failure by any means at this point,” Mendelson said. “It’s older than what you want to see from an underwriting perspective, but if the younger population accelerates their enrollment between now and March 31, there won’t be a major problem.” Administration officials said they were pleased with the mix of young people who have signed up thus far, saying the 24 percent share among 18- to 34-year-olds is comparable to their 26 percent share of the general public. “We are confident, based on the results we have now, that we will have an appropriate mix of individuals enrolled in coverage,” Michael Hash, director of the office of health reform at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, said during a conference call with the media. Aaron Smith, executive director of Young Invincibles, a national advocacy group for young adults, said he expected youth enrollment to increase in the coming months and was “encouraged to see young people enrolling at such a fast clip this early on in the enrollment process.” Mendelson agreed. “In our enrollment models, the younger people sign up at the end of March because they are more likely to procrastinate,” he said. “That’s how we have been thinking about this all along, so it’s roughly consistent with what we expected.” The Obama administration will work with college fraternities and sororities and other grassroots groups to focus their enrollment efforts on 25 cities that have the largest numbers of uninsured. Those cities include Miami; Dallas; Houston; Detroit; St. Louis; New Orleans; Atlanta; Charlotte, N.C.; Austin, Texas; and McAllen, Texas.


Dec. 17—A student reported a prior incident of assault and battery. University Police compiled a report of the incident and will launch an investigation to address the matter.

Medical Emergency

Dec. 13—A student reported a party fell and suffered head trauma upon exercising in Mandel Center for the Humanities. University Police and BEMCo responded and transported the patient to Newton-Wellesley Hospital for further treatment. Dec. 16—University Police received a report that a student fell on ice outside Usdan Student Center and suffered head trauma. University Police arrived on the scene and transported the student to Newton-Wellesley Hospital for further treatment. Dec. 17—Waltham Police reported to University Police that a female student fell on the Squire Bridge. She called 911, and after being treated by BEMCo, was transported to Newton-Wellesley Hospital for further treatment. Jan. 7—A female entered

Stoneman Building with a fork lodged in her right knee, an injury obtained after falling while running with the fork. University Police treated the party and transported her to NewtonWellesley Hospital for further treatment.


Dec. 14—A staff member in the Shapiro Life Sciences Center reported the theft and use of a credit card. University Police compiled a report of the incident and advised the staff member to cancel the card. Dec. 16—A student reported that items were missing from a suite in Rosenthal South. University Police compiled a report of the incident. Dec. 17—A staff member reported that $50 was stolen from a wallet in the Shapiro Life Sciences Building. University Police compiled a report of the incident. Dec. 19—A staff member reported the theft of $15 from a purse left unattended in Volen Center for Complex Systems. University Police compiled a report of the incident.

Jan. 9—University Police received a report that approximately $1,000 in cash was stolen from a secured office desk during winter recess. University Police compiled a report of the theft.


Dec. 11—A student reported his car was hit in the Usen Castle parking lot the previous day. University Police compiled a report of the hit and run. Dec. 19—University Police received a report that a car parked in the Goldfarb Library parking lot was rear-ended and received damage. University Police then compiled a report of the incident.


Dec. 11—A student at Charles River Road reported the smell of marijuana adjacent to her room. University Police responded but were unable to trace the source and appraised the community development coordinator on-call of the situation.


Dec. 12—A student reported a strong odor in the Shapiro Life

DeRosa runs for office


n The caption of a photo in Sports should have identified its subject as Julian Cardillo, not Jullian Cardillo. (Dec. 10, p. 13)

A sign in the Usdan Student Center stands to inform students that the New York-style kosher delicatessen Louis’ will open next Monday, while Peet’s, a coffee shop, will open in the Shapiro Science Center next Wednesday.

n The artwork shown on the Arts section cover was not properly attributed. The painting shown was by Mara Sassoon ’14. (Dec. 10, p. 17)


The Justice welcomes submissions for errors that warrant correction or clarification. Email editor@



The Justice is the independent student newspaper of Brandeis University. The Justice is published every Tuesday of the academic year with the exception of examination and vacation periods. Editor in chief office hours are held Mondays from 2 to 3 p.m. in the Justice office. Editor News Forum Features Sports Arts Ads Photos Managing

The Justice Brandeis University Mailstop 214 P.O. Box 549110 Waltham, MA 02454-9110 Phone: (781) 736-3750


Join Student Activities and American Sign Language Club for ASL-themed Bingo. Thursday from 10 to 11:30 p.m. in the Carl and Ruth Shapiro Campus Center Atrium.

Laser tag battle

Join the Department of Student Activities for an ultimate laser tag battle. Challenge your friends to a showdown in an interactive battleground. Who will win? Friday from 7 to 9 p.m. in the Carl and Ruth Shapiro Campus Center Atrium.

Skating on the Frog Pond

Experience one of Boston’s signature winter activities by skating on the Boston Common Frog Pond, an ice rink nestled in the heart of America’s oldest public park. Purchase a five dollar ticket (includes admission and skate rentals) at Brandeis Tickets in the Shapiro Campus Center atrium. Saturday from 12:15 to 3:45 p.m. Transportation leaves from Theater Lot.

—compiled by Adam Rabinowitz



—McClatchy Newspapers

n A photograph in Features failed to credit a photographer. The photograph should have been attributed to Josh Horowitz. (Dec. 10, p. 9)

Sciences stairwell. University Police arrived at the scene and indicated the source of the smell probably stemmed from a facilities issue. Facilities staff was notified and no further action was taken by University Police. Dec. 13—A student reported that a fire had arisen in a bush near Gordon Hall in North Quad. State police units arrived on the scene along with University Police and extinguished the fire. The source of the fire seemed to stem from a lit cigarette. Dec. 15—A female student reported that another person had looked at her while in the shower. University Police compiled a report of the incident, and after failing to locate the perpetrator, appraised the CDC on call of the situation. Dec. 19—A potential non-student was found sleeping in the Scheffres Hall lounge. The party claimed to be a student, but after failing to locate a student listing, was immediately escorted off campus and issued a trespass warning.

Live band karaoke

Sing your favorite song while accompanied by a live karaoke band, B11. Co-sponsored by Student Activities and Student Events. Saturday from 9 to 11:59 p.m. in the Carl and Ruth Shapiro Campus Center Atrium.

Winter involvement fair

Come wander through all of the rooms and offices of the Shapiro Campus Center and meet leaders from our clubs and organizations. Involvement is the key to success—so get started. Sunday from 1 to 3 p.m. at locations throughout the Carl and Ruth Shapiro Campus Center.

Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial

Brandeis University’s ninth Annual Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial: “For the Love of A Dream!” This event will feature Brandeis’ own scholar-song bird Erica Barnett ’17, schol-

Prof. James Arena-DeRosa (Heller), an adjunct lecturer at the Heller School for Social Policy and Management and a resident of Holliston, Mass., has joined the race for lieutenant governor of Massachusetts, local sources such as the Metro Daily West and reported late last month. Arena-DeRosa, who teaches courses such as HS 218f: “Communication for Impact” and HS 281f: “International Advocacy in Action,” will run against Steve Kerrigan, a former Senator Ted Kennedy aide, CEO of Leading Cities Mike Lake and Jonathan Edwards, a selectman from Whately, Mass., in the September Democratic primary. Arena-DeRosa was formerly the director of Public Advocacy for Oxfam America, New England Regional Manager for the United States Peace Corps in Boston, and currently oversees $10 billion of food and nutrition programs in the Northeast for the U.S. Department of Agriculture, according to his profile on the Heller School’s website. According to a Jan. 13 MassLive. com article, Arena-DeRosa plans to focus on hunger, nutrition and food policy, should he be elected. “There are billions of dollars of long-term savings if we can get people to have a healthier lifestyle,” Arena-DeRosa told the online news outlet. “There’s tremendous interest in fresh, local healthy foods,” DeRosa continued. “The rules are set up unfortunately to sometimes help the bigger corporate entities. We need someone who’s fighting for our small farmers.” The position of lieutenant governor has been vacant since June, when Timothy Murray resigned to become president and chief executive officer of the Worcester Regional Chamber of Commerce according to a May 23 Worcester Telegram article. Murray left the elected post amid scandals involving a high-speed car crash and allegations of improper campaign fundraising, according to the article. —Tate Herbert

ar-singer-songwriter-athlete and Brandeis Bridge Fellow Makalani Mack ’16, along with scholar-artists and celebrated dance juggernauts Kaos Kids. Back by popular demand will be the return of the Emmy Award Winning Sean Fielder and the Boston Tap Company. The keynote couplet for the evening will be the duo of Freedom Activists, assistant to Dr. King and Musicians, Hubert and Jane Sapp. Dr. King will reengage our lives through the very capable and encore embodiment of the delivery of his words through scholar-motivator and social change agent Jermaine Hamilton ’14. The evening’s festivities will be hosted by Prof. Chad Williams (AAAS), chair of the African and Afro-American Studies department. The event is cosponsored by MLK and Friends, the Division of Student Affairs and the Office of Communications. Monday from 6:30 to 8:30 p.m. in the Carl Shapiro Campus Center Theater.



Counsel Steven Locke has been promoted to take her place as the University’s general counsel. By MARISSA DITKOWSKY JUSTICE EDITOR

Senior Vice President and General Counsel Judith Sizer stepped down at the end of last month after almost 22 years at the University to join the education practice at Rose, Chinitz & Rose, a Boston law firm. Deputy General Counsel Steven Locke will take Sizer’s place as general counsel following confirmation of his appointment by the Board of Trustees in January, as confirmed by Senior Vice President of Communications Ellen de Graffenreid. In addition to Sizer’s departure, some administrative reorganization will take place. The general counsel’s office will now be overseen by Senior Vice President and Chief of Staff David Bunis ’83. Bunis will serve as the University’s chief risk management officer and will continue to oversee the Office of Institutional Research. He will also continue to serve as assistant secretary and clerk of the Corporation of Brandeis University. Bunis’ new title will be senior vice president and chief legal officer, according to de Graffenreid in an email to the Justice. Sizer wrote in an email to the Justice that she will serve at Rose, Chinitz & Rose as the senior counsel, representing educational institutions and other nonprofits. Prior to her role as senior vice president and general counsel, Sizer wrote that she held the positions of assistant general counsel from 1992 to 1994, associate general counsel from 1995 to 1998 and deputy general counsel from 1999 to 2000. She was named general counsel in 2000 and senior vice president in 2007. “I had been thinking about my ‘life after Brandeis’ for some time, and the chance to practice with excellent lawyers for a variety of educational and non-profit clients in a boutique

law firm setting was too attractive to resist,” Sizer wrote regarding her reasons for leaving the University. H o w e v e r , Sizer wrote that she will “always treasure” her Sizer time at Brandeis. “Brandeis is a remarkable place, and I have had many very happy years here, working with some brilliant and cherished staff, faculty and trustee colleagues to support the University and its community,” she wrote. Locke’s career at the University began on Sept. 30, 2005 when he took on the role of associate general counsel, Locke wrote in an email to the Justice. He was promoted to deputy general counsel in 2012. Prior to joining Brandeis, he was general counsel at the Massachusetts Commission Against Discrimination from 2001 to 2005. In regard to the reasons for restructuring in administration, de Graffenreid wrote that “Sizer’s decision to join Rose, Chinitz & Rose provided an opportunity to look at the organizational structure and determine what might work best for Brandeis at this time.” In addition to his other responsibilities, Bunis wrote in an email to the Justice that he will be involved more directly in providing legal advice, and managing outside counsel as well as the University’s legal affairs. “Given the expertise already in place with David Bunis—a recognized attorney here in Boston—in the SVP and Chief of Staff position and our ongoing efforts to be as efficient and effective as possible in Brandeis’ administration, it made sense to add some duties to his job description,” de Graffenreid continued. According to Bunis, managing the University’s legal affairs and risk management functions will be his responsibility going forward. “We are constantly assessing Brandeis’ needs and looking for ways to be as efficient and effective as possible,” he wrote.







Sizer leaves University after 22-year career ■ Former Deputy General


Senior Vice President for Students and Enrollment Andrew Flagel takes a moment to address the newest members of the Brandeis student body during midyear orientation.


University starts search for Collins’ replacement ■ A committee of faculty,

administrators and students will review the applicant pool provided by firm Witt/Kieffer. By MARISSA DITKOWSKY JUSTICE EDITOR

The University is currently in the process of finding a replacement for Senior Vice President for Administration Mark Collins, who left Brandeis at the end of the 2013 calendar year. However, the University now looks to fill a position with a different title: vice president for operations. Collins, whose departure prompted public criticism from faculty, most notably Prof. Harry Mairson (COSI), had been at Brandeis for 27 years before an October announcement stated he would leave for reasons that remain unclear. Senior Vice President for Finance and Chief Financial Officer Marianne Cwalina, who is chairing the search committee, confirmed that the search to replace Collins has been in place. Cwalina wrote in an email to the Justice that the position is changing

“to reflect best practices at peer institutions in terms of the title and level of positions that oversee campus operations.” The vice president for operations, according to Cwalina, will continue to be in charge of facilities, public safety, major capital projects, environmental health and safety, conferences and events, dining and other campus services. However, “[j]ob descriptions may change based on the qualifications of the individual ultimately selected,” Cwalina wrote. The vice president for operations will report to Chief Operating Officer Steve Manos. Cwalina wrote that the firm of Witt/ Kieffer is assisting Brandeis with the search. The firm was hired in December and has been searching for potential applicants for about three weeks, according to Cwalina. A search committee, which includes representatives from administration, faculty and students, will be working to select the vice president for operations. According to an email to the Justice from Student Union President Ricky Rosen ’14, who is on the committee, its first meeting was on Dec. 16. Rosen wrote that all seven committee members were present, including five

administrators, one faculty member and himself. A staff member and Manos were also present, while the two consultants spoke to the attendees over the phone. Rosen wrote that he is the sole student representative on the committee. “I believe that the thinking was to keep the committee smaller to allow for more frequent communication and more intimate discussion, which is difficult to do with a larger group,” Rosen wrote. According to Rosen, at its first meeting, the committee discussed the “specific characteristics” that they would be considering for the new vice president for operations. According to Cwalina, the timing of the search process will depend upon how quickly the search firm can assemble a pool of qualified candidates for this important position. The firm will provide names of potential candidates to the committee when the applicant pool has been completely assembled. Rosen wrote that both the consultants and the committee will be interviewing candidates over the next few months. “[W]e are hoping that a new V.P. of Operations will be appointed sometime in March,” Rosen wrote.


Sarna elected as president of AJS ■ The Association of Jewish

Studies chose Prof. Jonathan D. Sarna (NEJS) as president at its last conference. By ZACHary REID JUSTICE STAFF WRITER

Prof. Jonathan D. Sarna ’75 (NEJS) was elected president of the Association of Jewish Studies at its 45th annual December conference in Boston. The Association of Jewish Studies elects its presidents every two years, according to the association’s website. Candidates are nominated by a committee on the board of directors, and are then put to a vote among the association’s members. Sarna wrote in an email to the Justice that he is “deeply honored to have been elected.” Previously, Sarna served as a board member of the Association and, most recently, its secretary-treasurer. Sarna stated that he views himself as the “John Quincy Adams” of the organization; this is due to the fact that his father, Nahum Sarna, was president of the organization from 1984 to 1985, according to a BrandeisNOW

article published on Jan. 6. Nahum Sarna was a professor at Brandeis from 1965 to 1985. Sarna wrote that he recalls his father’s “high scholarly standards” and “devotion to the AssoSarna ciation for Jewish Studies,” and that this influenced his previous involvement in AJS. He has been a part of the organization since he was a graduate student, which, according to Sarna, means that he has been involved for nearly 40 years. In the BrandeisNOW article, Brandeis University Provost Steve Goldstein ’78 expressed pride at the role Brandeis played in “the creation and nurturing of the field of Jewish Studies in the United States;” he noted the contributions of the faculty members who “served the profession in this role.” Goldstein also stated that Sarna’s “scholarly contributions and international stature are valued both by Brandeis and the Association.” According to his biography on the department of Near Eastern and Ju-

daic Studies’ website, Sarna earned his undergraduate degree in Judaic Studies and History from Brandeis, and his doctoral degree in history from Yale University. He taught at the Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion in Cincinnati until 1990, as well as at Yale University, the University of Cincinnati and the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. Sarna came to Brandeis in 1990 to join the Near Eastern and Judaic Studies department, and has since served as the department’s chair twice. The Association of Jewish Studies was founded at Brandeis in 1969 by “a small group of scholars seeking a forum for exploring methodological and pedagogical issues in the new field of Jewish Studies,” according to the association’s website. The organization’s mission is to “advance research and teaching in Jewish Studies at colleges, universities and other institutions of higher learning, and to foster greater understanding of Jewish Studies scholarship among the wider public.” It has more than 1,800 members, including “university faculty, graduate students, independent scholars and museum and related professionals who represent the breadth of Jewish Studies scholarship.”





Various departments to fill positions By phil gallagher JUSTICE editor

Schusterman seeks director The University is engaged in a search for a new director of the Schusterman Center for Israel Studies to replace Prof. Ilan Troen ’63 (NEJS), who is stepping down after eight years as director. Troen will continue to serve on the faculty of the Near Eastern and Judaic Studies department. In an email to the Justice, Troen explained his plan to continue teaching and mentoring students. “I have concluded two terms as director and explained at the beginning of my second term that I would not wish to serve further. I will continue with a phased retirement so I will continue to teach for a number of years. I have outstanding doctoral students and wish to continue to work with them,” he wrote. Troen also mentioned that upon stepping down from the directorship, he will serve as president of the Association for Israel Studies, of which he currently serves as the vice president. “I graduate[d] with a B.A. from Brandeis and relish my connection with the university. In one way or another I will continue to be connected for some time,” he wrote. Prof. Sylvia Barack Fishman (NEJS) chairs the search committee for a new director. In an interview with the Justice, she reported that the search committee was in the middle of the search process. The final candidate, she said, will not necessarily be hired into the NEJS department but rather the department most relevant to the new director’s research interests.

AAAS and WGS search for joint assistant prof As part of a cluster hiring initiative around the theme of the African diaspora, the African and Afro-American Studies department and the Women’s and Gender Studies program are jointly conducting a search for a tenure-track faculty member to specialize in women’s and gender studies in relation to the African or Afro-American community. The new professor will divide his or her time equally between the AAAS department and the WGS program, according to Prof. Wendy Cadge (SOC), chair of the Women’s and Gender Studies program. Prof. Chad Williams (AAAS), the chair of the AAAS department and co-chair of the search committee, said in an interview with the Justice that the committee has narrowed down its original applicant pool of almost 250 applications to three finalists, who will be visiting campus and delivering lectures in the next couple of weeks as a part of the interview process. The lectures are open to the campus community. Williams stated that each of the three finalists fills “a gap in

our curriculum ... particularly in sociology, performance and the creative arts, [and] queer studies. These are all areas that we feel very strongly about, that students need to be exposed to.” Cadge also addressed the importance of having a joint appointment between AAAS and WGS. “[The] WGS and AAAS programs saw an opportunity to greater combine their research and teaching by sharing a faculty member with expertise in both areas. It also adds to the commitments in both programs/ departments to address issues of intersectionality,” she wrote in an email to the Justice. Cadge also wrote that the new faculty member is expected to “teach core courses in WGS in both the undergraduate and graduate programs and actively advise and mentor students” alongside new electives which will be “determined based on their expertise.” Williams expressed a similar expectation for the professor’s involvement in the AAAS department. “We would like for the person who accepts the position

to be able to teach our Introduction to African-American Studies course, which is one of our foundational courses. But we’re really leaving it open to the person that we hire to shape their own courses according to their expertise and their interests as well,” he said. Williams said that he expects the new professor to begin teaching at the University in the coming fall. According to Cadge, the three finalists are as follows: Jasmine Johnson of Northwestern University, will give a lecture, entitled “Choreographing Return: West African Dance Tourism and the Politics of Diaspora,” on Jan. 15 at 12 p.m. in Mandel 328. Kai Green of the University of Southern California will give a lecture, entitled “In the Presence of a Future Past: Black Los Angeles’ Queer Recoveries,” on Jan. 22 at 12 p.m. in Pearlman Lounge. Kiana Cox of the University of Illinois at Chicago will give a lecture entitled “Visible but Out of Place: Black Women and Gender in Assessments of African-American Inequality” on Jan. 24 at 2 p.m. in Mandel 328.

Hebrew language program looks to fill vacancy The Near Eastern and Judaic Studies department is conducting a search for a new director of its Hebrew language program following the departure of former Director Prof. Vardit Ringvald (NEJS) at the end of last year. In an email to the Justice, Ringvald wrote that she was invited by the president of Middlebury College to create a research institute at Middlebury “for the advancement of Hebrew and to become a research professor.” She has also been serving as the director of the Brandeis UniversityMiddlebury School of Hebrew, which is a part of the Middlebury Language Schools. Ringvald had taught at Brandeis since 1985,

having served as the director of the Hebrew language program since 1995. This year, the program has been co-directed in the interim by Profs. Ilana Szobel (NEJS) and Sara Hascal (NEJS). A job posting online for the position indicates that first consideration would be given to applications submitted by Jan. 6. Prof. Sylvia Barack Fishman (NEJS), the chairwoman of the Near Eastern and Judaic Studies department, said that a search committee is gathering applications and beginning to look at applications received. The position requires teaching four courses each year and supervising the Hebrew language program. The

Hebrew language program is larger than other language programs on campus because it provides instruction for both the undergraduate program in Hebrew and several graduate programs, including the Hornstein Jewish Professional Leadership program, the NEJS graduate programs and the DeLet graduate program for training Jewish day school teachers. The job description says that candidates holding doctoral degrees are preferred, and the committee is willing to hire a professor either inside or outside of the tenure structure. Ringvald wrote that she was not a tenured faculty member at the University.

Search for new historian in final stages The History department is conducting a search for a new tenure-track historian of Latin America as a part of an ongoing cluster hire initiative around the theme of the African diaspora. Prof. David Engerman (HIST), the chair of the search committee, wrote in an email to the Justice that the committee read through over 100 applications and has narrowed the pool down to three finalists, who will be visiting campus and delivering lectures over the next three weeks. The lectures will be open to the campus community. Engerman explained that the new professor will fill a vacancy created by the retirement last year of Prof. Emerita Silvia Arrom (HIST). Arrom specialized in Latin American women’s history, although Engerman wrote that the search committee expressed a “preference for scholars who focus on the Caribbean or African diaspora in any part of Latin America.” The position will be entirely within the History department and will not have formal responsibilities within the African and Afro-American Studies department. However, Prof. Chad Williams (AAAS), the chair of the AAAS department, said in an interview with the Justice that he expected the new professor to have some degree of involvement with his department. “It’s entirely reasonable that some of the courses that individual teaches would be cross-listed in AAAS. I don’t think they’ll have an expectation to teach courses that are directly in the department, but that might change in the future,” he said.

residence life

DCL moves housing selection process online ■ Students will have to

create friend groups with the number of members in that group determining their available housing options. By andrew wingens JUSTICE editor

Brandeis room selection will be conducted online for the first time this March. Students will select rooms for the 2014 to 2015 academic year using MyHousing, online software run by Adirondack Solutions, a college software provider. The overall process for room selection will remain similar to that of years past, but without the trip to Sherman Function Hall, said DCL Assistant Director for Operations Sarah Hogan-Crowley in an interview with the Justice. Students will have to opt into room selection, as in previous years, by submitting an online application, or “checking the box,” on the Department of Community Living website. DCL will distribute lottery numbers over February break with room selection at its usual time in March. The new online system will require students who want to room together to create friend groups in the system. Students will be able to request one another, and accepting a request will create a matched group. The number of people in a friend group will determine what housing options that group can select. A group of two, for example, would only be able to see doubles available and not housing options

with a different number of rooms. Anyone in a friend group can select housing for that group and toggle which student is in which room in suites. Hogan-Crowley said DCL will update its website and social media during room selection with the number and types of rooms remaining. That way, students can alter the size of their groups in the system to select the most desirable housing options. The online system will also allow students to create profiles and then search for other students. Profiles can also be set to private, said Hogan-Crowley. Following room selection, the system will send instantaneous emails to students with confirmation. Hogan-Crowley said DCL started the process of moving the system online a couple years ago, and the process of implementing the Adirondack Solutions software began last spring, with much work being done over the summer. The system went live for DCL in November 2013. DCL ran a test of the system last week in which “everything went great,” according to Hogan-Crowley. DCL plans for a “larger test” of the system in the next few weeks. In response to concerns about the system crashing, Hogan-Crowley said Adirondack Solutions, which provides housing software to several other universities, has backups to its system. During the initial rollout of the selection process, DCL will always be open while room selection is running, said Hogan-Crowley. Adirondack Solutions will also be available 24/7 for technological support.

ROBYN SPECTOR/Justice file photo

CHECKING IN: Students examine housing options at room selection in spring 2012 in Hassenfeld Conference Center.



Escort services adopts online booking system ■ All BranVans and buses

will also be equipped with GPS tracking devices, according to head of Escort Services Rupert Thomas ’14. By MARISSA DITKOWSKY JUSTICE editor

This semester, the BranVan is beginning a new online reservation system, according to a Sunday email announcement from Student Union President Ricky Rosen ’14. The new service went live yesterday at 3:30 p.m., according to head of Escort Services Rupert Thomas ’14. Students will be able to reserve vans by accessing the online reservation system utilizing their Brandeis user IDs. Rosen’s email directs students to visit either or to reserve a seat.  “There are no fundamental differences between the new and old system besides allowing riders to reserve their own vans; all rules still apply as per normal and are

enforced through the systems built in restrictions placed on users,” Thomas wrote in an email to the Justice. Thomas wrote that the idea came about last semester in “response to my attempts to make the workings of the Escort Safety Service department more transparent.” The system was created last semester, according to Thomas. The fall 2013 semester served as a trial run period, during which it was only accessible to Escort employees. BranVan technologist Ethan Roseman ’16 said in an interview with the Justice that over the fall semester, he worked out some of the bugs in the system and added features for the coordinators. According to Roseman, the system was finished over winter break. “The aim of this new system is to empower our consumer base which is the Brandeis community, by placing the power to reserve BranVans in their hands,” Thomas wrote. According to Thomas, the University hired student technologist Roseman, who worked with Thomas independently to help take BranVan reservations online.

According to Roseman, Alex Bardasu ’15 laid down the initial website. However, Roseman said that “he got kind of busy,” so Bardasu reached out to the Library and Technology Services Help Desk, which is where Roseman works. “I said I’d like to help with it, and he kind of handed it over to me,” Roseman said. There was no actual cost of implementation, according to Thomas, however, all hours put into the creation of the system by Roseman and Thomas were charged to the Escort Safety Service Department. In addition to the new online reservation systems, Thomas wrote that University students can expect all BranVans and Joseph’s Transportation buses to be outfitted with GPS tracking devices that will “place the ability to track the locations of vans and buses in the hands of all our users in the coming months.” Thomas declined to comment further on the GPS tracking system initiative. —Tate Herbert contributed reporting


University replaces Brandeis secure network with eduroam ■ Brandeis students will

be able to connect to the wireless networks at several other institutions. By andrew wingens JUSTICE editor

This month Brandeis implemented the rollout of a new official wireless network, eduroam, in dormitories. Eduroam replaces the Brandeis secure network. The Brandeis open network will continue to work for gaming, media devices and televisions, and the Brandeis guest network will remain available to guests, according to an email from Chief Information Officer John Unsworth. The eduroam network became available to students in residence halls this month, and it will be made available to others across campus over the course of the semester, according to the Library and Technology Services website. “Eduroam is an international university partnership that allows students from different institutions

to connect automatically to wireless networks at other institutions,” according to Unsworth’s email. Eduroam is already available at schools such as Boston College, University of Massachusetts Boston, Princeton University and George Washington University. It is also “testing” at Harvard University and many others, according to eduroam’s website. “Not only does eduroam allow Brandeis community members to connect seamlessly to the wireless networks of other institutions that participate in the eduroam program, but visitors to the Brandeis campus (from institutions that participate in eduroam) can connect to our wireless network without being required to create a guest account,” explained Lindsay Barton, associate director for LTS Policy, Planning, and Analysis, in an email to the Justice. Because eduroam is a global partnership, it will also be available to students at participating universities while studying abroad. However, according to the Library and Technology Services site, eduroam is “in the early stages of its development in the United States,”

which may cause difficulties connecting to wireless at other institutions. Michael Corn, the University’s deputy chief information officer, said in an interview with the Justice this “was an opportune moment” to make the switch. The University did not have to change hardware, and the eduroam software is open source, which is free. Corn said that there had been no significant issues in the rollout to date. Lindsay Barton, associate director for LTS policy, plannings and analysis, said the biggest issue with eduroam so far has been students not electing to “forget” the Brandeis open network on their wireless devices. If the Brandeis open network preference is saved in the computer, it may attempt to connect to that network instead of eduroam. “Really, the message is that we’re cleaning up the air, if you will, by eliminating brandeis_secure and having eduroam be our official wireless network,” wrote Barton in an email to the Justice.

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BRIEF New Burden installation delayed While Rose Art Museum director Christopher Bedford originally announced that the Rose hoped to begin installation of a new large-scale permanent outdoor installation piece during the spring 2014 semester, he confirmed in a phone interview with the Justice last week that the installation will be completely installed and opened for the public to view by early next academic year, between August and September 2014. A Nov. 11 BrandeisNOW press release originally stated that installation of the piece was expected to be complete by late April 2014, depending on weather conditions. This fall, the Rose Art Museum first released the news that its months-long endeavor to acquire a permanent outdoor installation was finally coming to fruition. In a November 2013 phone interview with the Justice, Bedford expressed that he hopes the piece will serve as a way to integrate the Rose into campus and student

life, as it will be installed at the Rose’s entrance. The piece is created by American performance and installation artist Chris Burden and titled “Light of Reason,” a phrase that the artist borrowed from a quotation by Justice Louis D. Brandeis. The acquisition of the piece cost the Rose two million dollars, Bedford told the Justice in November. As detailed in schematic drawings first released by the Rose Art Museum in a Nov. 11 BrandeisNOW article the piece will be composed of a symbolic formation of tall columns topped with lanterns. The formation, Bedford informed in a November interview with the Justice, is meant to thematically echo both the three flames on the University’s seal, as well as the three-character Hebrew word for “truth,” emmet, which is also on the seal. —Rachel Hughes and Emily Wishingrad

BRIEF Leiferman to depart from DCL Senior Director of the Department of Community Living Jeremy Leiferman confirmed in an email to the Justice that he will be leaving Brandeis within the next few weeks, after about 10 and a half years at the University. Leiferman wrote that he has accepted a new job “that will allow me to continue my professional journey.” He will be the director of housing and residence life at the University of Minnesota Duluth after he leaves Brandeis. According to Leiferman, the job is similar to his current position at Brandeis, but has greater depth and responsibility. Leiferman started at Brandeis as a community development

coordinator in East Quad from 2003 to 2005. According to Leiferman, he became the associate director of Community Living in 2005, and remained in that position until 2009. Leiferman has been senior director since 2009. “I have enjoyed being part of a community that has strong values that it follows through on them,” wrote Leiferman. “I have had the great privilege of working with many amazing students in my time at Brandeis.  I appreciate all that they have done to make me a stronger professional.” Leiferman could not comment on a potential replacement. —Marissa Ditkowsky


BENS now sends text message notifications ■ The Brandeis Emergency

Notification System implemented the measure last October. By sarah rontal JUSTICE STAFF WRITER

In light of severe winter weather, the administration is encouraging students to sign up for Brandeis Emergency Notification System texts. The University implemented in October 2012 a policy that enables the BENS to send text message notifications with severe weather to students and employees who have signed up for BENS text message notifications through Sage for students, or Brandeis University Self-Service for employees. The essential goal of the BENS is to notify students about emergencies such as the Boston Marathon bombings, according to Senior Vice President for Communications Ellen de Graffenreid in an interview with the Justice. That remains its central goal and, for that purpose, the BENS also includes a call module. This feature is not, however, intended for severe weather updates and students should only expect to find a text from the University in the case of a delay or closure, according to de Graffenreid. The administration enacted this policy in October to try and “get ahead of the winter weather,” de Graffenreid said. “We had had feedback from some students, particularly graduate students who commute to campus and employees,

that they were already on the road by the time they got the notification.” The BENS system sends severe weather updates to students and employees faster than the notification system that notifies the entire University community. The system for the whole community, which is not affected by this policy change, includes a mass email, notifications in the local media, and a banner on the website. According to de Graffenreid it can take up to 30 minutes to send all of the emails and up to an hour to reach media outlets. Right now 4,300 students and employees are signed up for the BENS system. The administration would like to see that number grow. “We would love for 100 percent of the student body that has a cell phone to be signed up,” de Graffenreid said. Though de Graffenreid said that severe weather updates are convenient through the BENS, what is really important is “for students and employees if at all possible to sign up to receive text messages so we can notify people in the event of an emergency.” Students and employees not yet signed up for BENS, or who would like to add the text message function, may fill in their contact information on Sage or BUSS through the link labeled “Crisis/Weather Contact Info.” De Graffenreid recommended all students and employees with text message capable phones sign up for BENS text message notifications for the fastest severe weather and campus emergency updates.



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CONTINUED FROM 1 “there is no specific timetable” for re-establishing the partnership. “[T]hese processes often require a high degree of flexibility in terms of providing adequate time for discussion,” she wrote. On Dec. 9, 2013, Director of the International Center for Ethics, Justice and Public Life Daniel Terris and Profs. Susan Lanser (ENG) and Daniel Kryder (POL) released a report examining the demonstration itself and Al-Quds’ response. The professors were asked by the administration to investigate the situation at Al-Quds during a trip that had been scheduled before the demonstration took place. Their report concluded that AlQuds acted quickly and appropriately in response to the rally and that the University should work to restore its relationship with AlQuds. Though Lawrence was traveling


Orientation leaders helped to direct traffic and help midyears move in last Thursday.

ASA: Lawrence against Israel academic boycott ination, including the suppression of Palestinian cultural events, and there is sanctioning and ongoing surveillance of Palestinian students and faculty who protest Israeli policies.” The ASA also condemned the United States’ role in “aiding and abetting Israel’s violations of human rights against Palestinians and its occupation of Palestinian lands through its use of the veto in the UN Security Council.” The boycott targets institutions and their representatives, and will prevent participation in conferences or events officially sponsored by Israeli universities. The ASA claimed on its website that the boycott will not interfere with individual scholars or students, but acknowledged that it would be a civil offense for Israeli academics to support the boycott. The boycott was approved by its membership in an online vote, according to Prof. Thomas Doherty (AMST), who is the program chair, in an email to the Justice. According to the association’s website, 1,252 of almost 5,000 members voted. The website states that this number is “the largest number of participants in the organization’s history.” According to the association’s website, 66.05 percent of voters endorsed the resolution, while 30.5 percent of voters voted no and 3.43 percent abstained. The website states that the election was a response to the ASA National Council’s announcement on Dec. 4 that it supported the academic boycott. Doherty wrote that the resolution was put forth at the association’s annual meeting in November. Although Doherty wrote that he did not receive an email reminding members to vote, “[i]ronically, a postcard arrived today [Dec. 16] from the ASA urging me to vote ‘by Dec. 15.’” According to Doherty, the decision to cancel the program’s affiliation with the association “was pretty much a spontaneous consensus among our faculty—we had been tracking developments since the

[November] meeting and had talked about what to do.” Doherty added that there were no dissents, and that the program’s move was made independently, with no input or pressure from the administration. After the program ceased its affiliation with the association, University President Frederick Lawrence released a statement condemning the association’s resolution. The Dec. 24 statement read, “I find disturbing the uniqueness of the target of the ASA decision, with Israel representing the only nation on the planet whose universities are thereby stigmatized. The boycott even defies common sense; what Israeli universities can do that would end the policies that the ASA has condemned is hard to imagine.” Lawrence wrote that he was proud that Brandeis was one of the first institutions in the world to withdraw as an institutional member of the ASA, and urged others to follow Brandeis’ lead. “Brandeis University values its many relationships with Israeli academic institutions. We will not allow the ASA’s action to undermine those relationships or the principle of academic freedom,” the statement continued. Other universities, such as Harvard University, Cornell University, Johns Hopkins University, New York University and Yale University, have openly condemned the association’s resolution. Harvard University President Drew Faust’s statement on the matter asserts that “[a]cademic boycotts subvert the academic freedoms and values necessary to the free flow of ideas, which is the lifeblood of the worldwide community of scholars.” As of yesterday, a total of 157 colleges and universities mad a declaration against the boycott and six have ended academic affiliations with the association according to the Jewish Federations of North America. Although Brandeis’ program ended its affiliation with the association, faculty members decided to leave the association individually prior to the release of the department’s statement. Doherty wrote that he is



AL-QUDS: Outcome of report discussed by administration



leaving the association after about 30 years. “I am sad that an organization I have been a part of for so long has decided to politicize itself in this way,” he wrote. Prof. Joyce Antler (AMST) agreed that such academic associations should not engage in systematic academic boycotts. “I agree with the [American Association of University Professors] that on specific issues, other forms of protest may be appropriate, even for non-partisan academic associations, if they promote the free exchange of ideas rather then stifle academic freedom,” wrote Antler, who also stated that she would be resigning from the association before the program released its statement. “The resolution is noxious, deeply harming the principle of academic freedom and dangerously scapegoating Israel.” Doherty also questioned the association’s actions, stating that the “outrage is highly selective.” “[L]et’s just say that it is interesting they’re going after Israel—and not, say, China or the Arab states,” Doherty wrote. According to Antler, over 70 “eminent” ASA scholars, including eight former presidents, opposed the resolution before the vote, but the ASA’s National Council refused to share the countering statements with ASA members. Despite disagreement among scholars, the association released a statement on Dec. 16 emphasizing the fact that the members did vote for the association to take such an action. “The resolution is in solidarity with scholars and students deprived of their academic freedom, and it aspires to enlarge that freedom for all, including Palestinians,” the statement read. Brandeis’ American Studies program was the second to announce that it would discontinue its affiliation with the association after Pennsylvania State Harrisburg. Kenyon College and Indiana University followed suit and cancelled their institutional memberships, as well, according to a Dec. 23 Tablet article.

in India at the time of the report’s release, he has since read the report and has been in “regular contact” with the authors, according to de Graffenreid. “He is grateful for their firsthand perspective and for the significant effort that they have put into the writing and sharing of the report,” she wrote. In an email to the Justice, Terris wrote that the report will be discussed at the next faculty meeting but declined to comment on the current status of the University’s discussions with Al-Quds until then. De Graffenreid echoed a similar sentiment. “The University plans to keep the lines of communication open and to continue to exchange information with Al-Quds University’s administration,” she wrote. “These are sensitive issues that need to be discussed between the two institutions and not in the public media.”

REINHARZ: Proposals to be presented to Board CONTINUED FROM 1 ty to continue this discussion very quickly, working with the Board so that, when the Trustees meet at the end of the month, they will have some concrete things to consider.” Although both proposals aim to increase transparency, the Faculty Senate proposal, according to Thomson, “goes into greater depth and outlines specific benchmarks,” while the student representative proposal “provides general guidelines for increasing transparency and ensuring that student input is given and properly considered.” Thomson wrote that he is not certain as to whether or not the Board will make its own proposals and stated that he would receive all “board materials” in early January, a few weeks before the meeting. Thomson wrote that he is also unaware as to whether or not the Board will make any final decisions in January but maintained that the Board has been discussing this issue “constantly since the [Boston] Globe first reported on the matter.”

“I think that the Board is moving in the direction of greater transparency and additional student and faculty input,” he wrote. “The student representatives are pushing hard (along with the Faculty Senate) for greater representation in private discussions and we are confident that the Board will agree with our position.” In the Justice's efforts to contact Board Chair Perry Traquina ’78 for comment, de Graffenreid denied requests for contact information but stated that Traquina could comment “when we have substantive action by the Board of Trustees to share with you.” Reinharz’s compensation came into the spotlight after a Nov. 18 Globe article revealed that Reinharz has earned at least $1.2 million for part-time advisory work since stepping down as president at the end of 2010. The article led to outrage and concern among students and faculty. Nearly 1,600 alumni, students, faculty members and other people with ties to Brandeis subsequently signed an online petition protesting Reinharz’s pay.

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VERBATIM | FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE You have your way. I have my way. As for the right way, the correct way, and the only way, it does not exist.



In 1972, Queen Margrethe II of Denmark ascended the throne, the first queen of Denmark since 1412.

One quarter of the bones in your body are in your feet.


history’s footsteps


TRAIL MAP: A modern map of the Israel National Trail, which Rabineau hiked and served as inspiration for his dissertation topic.


WALKING THE PAST: Post-doctoral fellow Shay Rabineau hopes to turn his dissertation into a book about the history of Israel’s hiking trails.

Schusterman fellow Rabineau studies the Israel trail system By JAIME KAISER JUSTICE editoR

From the Southern banks of the Kadesh stream to the Canyons of the Negev Desert, natives asked a trio of hikers over and over again why they were hiking the Israel National Trail. “It seemed liked a weird question to me,” recalled Brandeis post-doctoral fellow Shay Rabineau. “I mean, why does anyone go hiking?” Rabineau is a 2014 Schusterman Center for Israel Studies post-doctoral fellow in the Schusterman Center for Israel Studies. He earned his doctorate in the department of Near Eastern and Judaic Studies and wrote a dissertation about the history of the Israel hiking trail network, a topic seldom tackled by scholars, much less with the multidisciplinary narrative Rabineau outlines in the dissertation manuscript he plans to publish as a book. A new lecturer in the NEJS department for

the spring 2014 semester, Rabineau will teach two undergraduate courses, one of which he will co-teach with Prof. Ilan Troen (NEJS). Teaching Israel Studies was never something Rabineau thought he would pursue as a career. As a non-Jew from the Midwest “I’m sort of an odd duck in my department,” Rabineau said. Rabineau developed his interest in Israeli hiking in 2006 when he walked over 3,000 miles of the Israel National Trail over the course of a month along with his brother and friend. When natives he met along the way asked him why they were hiking, Rabineau realized that “what they were really asking us was why are you as a non-Israeli and nonJew interested in hiking Israel.” Despite the scholar’s recent passion for the hiking history of the region, he explained that he has been curious about the Holy Land since he was young. As the child of a minister in Indiana, he was naturally very familiar with the Bible. “You have this geography of


CHARTED TERRITORY: The Israel National Trail is by some standards the most highly developed trail network on the planet, consisting of color-coded markers on permanent features of the landscape.

what happens in the scriptures and that lends itself to being interested in what’s going on in Israel in the present day,” he said. Rabineau majored in English writing as an undergraduate at the University of Oklahoma. The first seeds of his academic pursuit of Middle Eastern studies, however, were planted when he went to Morocco with friends after his freshman year, prompting him to learn Arabic. A couple years after his Morocco trip, he made his first visit to Israel and began studying Hebrew. In a stroke of good fortune, his beginning Hebrew language class was taught by Norman Stillman, “a giant of Judaic Studies,” said Rabineau. Rabineau visited Israel multiple times before he discovered its hiking opportunities. “I got tired of bus tours. … I wanted to find a way to walk across Israel,” he said. As he researched ways to do this, he had two realizations: Israel contains, by some measurements, the most highly developed trail network in the world, and almost no foreigners know of its existence. “If you look at the ratio of kilometers of marked trails to square kilometers of territory proportionate to country size, Israel’s one of the most densely marked territories in the world,” said Rabineau. Upon walking the Israel National Trail for the first time, Rabineau “felt like he was seeing Israel through new eyes,” he said. Rabineau wanted others like himself to have the same experience. Approximately three million tourists visit Israel annually but at the time, there was a serious lack of English language resources for tourists. Unlike the commercialized trail network of countries like France and Switzerland, Israel’s trails were not easy to navigate for nonHebrew speakers. “I went back in 2008 and started recording GPS routes in the Negev because I wanted to create English language resources for nonHebrew speaking hikers,” he said. Rabineau is the creator of the Israel National Trail Data Project, a website he created where he has translated various trail-related guides and other resources from Hebrew into English. Rabineau has held various jobs in the Middle East, including working for a Holy Land tour company, but he was not sure how his

Middle Eastern interests could translate into a career until he applied and received the Brandeis fellowship as Stillman suggested. Rabineau’s completed dissertation is titled “Marking and Mapping the Nation: The History of Israel’s Hiking Trail Network.” His research is a throwback to his National Trail Data Project. It examines the development of Zionist culture through the creation of Israel’s marked hiking trail system after the establishment of the state of Israel. To complete the field component of his study, he lived in Israel from July 2011 to July 2012. His research involved visiting historically significant portions of the trail such as a twokilometer path that runs through Masada, the first trail section ever marked, in 1947 by the Palmach, a militia group of the Haganah, a Jewish parliamentary organization. Rabineau also discovered that although many foreigners did not know about the trails, most Israelis are highly familiar with them and in fact, the trails continue to play an integral role in primary and secondary education through class trips. Rabineau’s advisors encouraged him to write his dissertation accessibly, as opposed to cloaking his ideas in scholarly prose. “I tried to write a book that I would be interested in reading,” he said. Rabineau is in the process of submitting his book manuscript to publishers. The classes Rabineau are teaching this semester are titled NEJS 193B: “Walking the Land: Hiking and Religious Pilgrimage in Israel, Palestine and the Holy Land” and NEJS 145A:” “History of The State of Israel,” the latter of which he has taken as a student and been a teaching assistant for. The first course will be loosely based on his dissertation but its focus will be broader. “It’s not just about Jewish walking. It’s about the meaning different groups have invested in walking through that part of the world ... other maps that still exist in the minds of other non-Zionists,” Rabineau said. “I’ve always enjoyed teaching and communicating and telling stories,” said Rabineau. “My hope is that my broad interest will translate into new ways of understanding a part of the world that people have been talking about for a long time.”




COMMUNITY CONNECTION: BBOG volunteers and Sodexo dietician Kate Moran (left) visit the Waltham Community Center weekly to prepare and serve nutritious meals.


on the


BBOG teams up with dietician for quality soup kitchen food By JAIME KAISER JUSTICE editoR

When Sodexo made its debut in the fall semester, the new food provider became the hot topic of campus conversation. The positives and negatives of various aspects of the dining experience were fiercely debated and weighed against its predecessor, Aramark. Whether or not the switch was a win in terms of students’ personal dietary needs and preferences, Sodexo has had a positive impact on a group of people you won’t see on campus, though they are linked to the our community nevertheless. The Hunger and Homelessness division of Waltham Group, Brandeis’s community service umbrella organization, has experienced positive improvements over the past semester to their Brandeis Be Our Guest program under the direction and assistance of Sodexo employees. BBOG provides services to Waltham’s food insecure population. They partner with the Waltham Community Day Center to provide weekly Friday meals to the people who visit the center. The program was started in 2010 by Elizabeth Stoker ’13, who as a student came up with the clever idea of collecting unused guest meals from students’ meal plans and donating them toward those in need.

Although the program was originally founded in partnership with Aramark, when Sodexo took over Brandeis dining services, they became even more involved. “Sodexo has definitely been an improvement over Aramark,” said Max Shpilman ’16, one of four Hunger and Homelessness coordinators. He observed that under Aramark, the meals were often lacking in a number of food groups, especially protein, and often consisted primarily of salad. “The guests noticed,” Shpilman said. Sodexo provides consistent, balanced meals every week. University dietician Kate Moran ensures that this happens by consulting with the chef to develop the menu. “[The meal] always has a protein, a vegetable, a starch or whole grain and then a bread, fruit and dessert,” Moran said. Sometimes, the meals are tailored to fit a particular theme. On Thanksgiving, for example, they served turkey, stuffing, mashed potatoes and corn. They usually have enough food so that the guests and the volunteers can eat together. For every guest meal donated, Sodexo provides one pound of food. With over 600 guest meals donated in the fall 2013 semester, they bring roughly 20 pounds of food to the Community Day Center every week. In addition to putting more serious thought into the nutritional value of the

meals served, Moran and a dining services chef accompany the BBOG volunteers to the soup kitchen every week. “Having Kate there is such a big help because she knows what she’s doing,” said Shpilman. Moran helps the students prepare and serve the food properly. In the beginning of the semester, Sodexo also held workshops for the volunteers on nutrition and safe food preparation practices. Moran said she feels fortunate to be using her nutrition knowledge to help those in need. “For some people this is there only meal of the day, it’s really rewarding for me in that I know I’m providing them a healthy meal,” Moran said. BBOG is not a typical soup kitchen volunteer program. “We really emphasize interaction, that’s really half of our programming,” said Shpilman. “Our volunteers see it as a chance to bond with the guests. ... It’s really an opportunity to bring that community closer to our community.” Petra Nelson ’15 agrees. “My co-coordinators and I have been focusing on ways to facilitate even more interaction between guests and students than we’ve ever had before, and they seem to be working,” she noted in an e-mail to the Justice. Shpilman indicated that on an average week, they serve approximately 15 guests and have eight volunteers, making for a friendly setting that encourages meaning-

ful relationships. In addition to eating, they often bring games like chess or checkers to further get to know each other. They also teamed but with Brandeis Beats, a student drum circle on campus, to bring music performance and participation to the center. BBOG is a major component of Hunger and Homelessness, but the group has teamed up with Sodexo on other occasions to provide food for the day center. On Kindness Day, they bagged over 200 bags of what they call granola “Nosh” to donate to the Center. The center currently shares a space with the First Presbyterian Church of Waltham, making it difficult for the center to dictate their hours. “They don’t have access to the shelter for as long as we would like them to,” as they are closed on weekends and after four,” Shpilman said. This dilemma prompted the center to recently purchase a new location on Feldon Street in a building that was formerly Franca’s Pizzeria. Shpilman said that they plan to start a Hunger and Homelessness blog for those who cannot come to the shelter on Fridays but would still like to take part in the discussion. “They have very few people to communicate with and be close to them and share their stories. ... [I]t’s important to show them that there are people who care about them,” Shpilman said.

HUNGRY TO HEALTHY: Hunger and Homelessness volunteers prepare wellbalanced meals every Friday at the center.

DELICIOUS DISH: A BBOG volunteer serves up a vegatable pasta dish to a patron of the Waltham Community day Center.


10 TUESDAY, january 14, 2014 ● THE JUSTICE

Justice Justice

the the

Established 1949, Brandeis University

Brandeis University

Established 1949

Tate Herbert, Editor in Chief Andrew Wingens, Senior Editor Adam Rabinowitz, Managing Editor Phil Gallagher, Deputy Editor Rachel Burkhoff, Sara Dejene, Shafaq Hasan, Joshua Linton and Jessie Miller Associate Editors Marissa Ditkowsky, News Editor Jaime Kaiser, Features Editor Glen Chagi Chesir, Forum Editor Avi Gold, Acting Sports Editor Rachel Hughes and Emily Wishingrad, Arts Editors Josh Horowitz and Olivia Pobiel, Photography Editors Morgan Brill, Acting Photography Editor Rebecca Lantner, Layout Editor Celine Hacobian, Online Editor Brittany Joyce, Copy Editor Schuyler Brass, Advertising Editor

Brandeis defends academic freedom On Dec. 18, the Brandeis American Studies program announced its departure from the American Studies Association, a nationwide collective of American Studies departments at colleges and universities, after the ASA announced its participation in a boycott of Israel’s higher education institutions. Brandeis University was the second school to end its partnership, after Pennsylvania State Harrisburg, and joins institutions such as Indiana University and Kenyon College in ending its American Studies Association membership after the decision. 157 colleges and universities have made formal statements in opposition of the boycott. This board supports the decision made by Prof. Thomas Doherty (AMST) and his colleagues to end the partnership and oppose the illogical boycott. The ASA is the most prominent institution participating in this boycott, stating that “Israeli academic institutions function as a central part of a system that has denied Palestinians their basic rights.” The ASA plans to prevent its member schools from participating in conferences and events sponsored by Israeli universities, but the association’s power is purely symbolic. As an academic institution, its only function is to promote dialogue between colleges on American studies, and the boycott prevents even this from being accomplished. This decision represents the politicization of an academic association that should be committed to the free exchange of all ideas. By blocking Israeli colleges from participating in scholarly exchange,

Support academic exchange The ASA contradicts its own constitution, which states that it seeks to promote “the strengthening of relations among persons and institutions in this country and abroad devoted to [American Studies].” While ASA members should be free to make their own choices about political issues, blocking an entire nation from participating in free exchange causes all to suffer, most of all the students who cannot engage in or recieve an Israeli perspective on issues of American culture. The boycott has been denounced by the Association of American Universities, which represents 62 schools across the United States and Canada. Telling about the nature of the boycott is a similar rejection by Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas, who stated that he “does not support boycotts of the institutions that the ASA is now targeting.” Brandeis’ decision to withdraw from the ASA should be lauded not only for showing the University’s continued support of Israel, but more importantly, for showing its commitment to academic integrity and the free exchange of scholarly work. In University President Frederick Lawrence’s response to the decision, he stated, “The boycott even defies common sense; what Israeli universities can do that would end the policies that the ASA has condemned is hard to imagine.” This board agrees wholeheartedly with Lawrence, and applauds the American Studies program’s response to the boycott.

Embrace technology innovations Over winter break, Brandeis implemented several new technological programs for the community. Constant innovation of technology on campus is essential to maintain a competitive environment in higher education. This board realizes the necessity to continually assess and execute technological advances and appreciates that these measures have provided an additional convenience to the student body. Upon arrival, students were asked to connect to the wireless network “eduroam,” as opposed to the old “Brandeis Secure” network. According to Chief Information Officer John Unsworth, “Eduroam is an international university partnership that allows students from different institutions to connect automatically to wireless networks at other institutions,” such as local Boston schools Harvard University and Boston College. This inclusive network will allow students to connect to these schools’ wireless Internet networks. Likewise, visitors from these schools will also be able to connect directly to eduroam without creating a Brandeis guest account, prompting fewer calls to Library and Technology Services. Moreover, the outdated phone system to reserve a BranVan has received a much needed overhaul and has now been replaced by an online reservation system. As the process of calling to make a reservation can be burdensome, especially for the workers coordinating the drop-offs and pick-ups, the new system

Necessary steps forward is a convenient upgrade of an outmoded process. Perhaps most notably, the University has taken steps to alleviate the stress of the room selection process. For the first time, the entire room selection process will be conducted online through the housing website. No longer will students have to balance their schedules around enrollment appointments, fill out proxy forms or wait in line at the Hassenfeld Conference Center. This board sees this as a valuable improvement in the efficiency of the room selection process. However, as with any technological advancements, the possibility of errors and problems is possible as these new innovations are implemented. For example, the room selection process would become even more cumbersome if large segments of the student body are trying to simultaneously access the website. Given the time-sensitive nature of room selection with selected enrollment appointments, the website crashing may only complicate the process. We are curious if at this time the website has instituted measures to avoid these glitches. However, despite these potential problems, this board looks forward to seeing students utilize these new advancements and hoping the University has anticipated any foreseeable service interruptions. We applaud the University for its innovation and hope the administration continues to address and improve on its outdated technological services.


Views the News on

A new year brings with it new resolutions, challenges and opportunities for self-improvement. 2013 was an eventful year for the college: Sodexo took over as the dining services provider, new administrators sat down in executive seats, the University suspended a 10 year partnership with Al-Quds University, and a front page article in The Boston Globe discussing President Emeritus Jehuda Reinharz’s compensation package led to petitions and protests. As the first semester of 2014 begins, what changes woul you like to see in the University?

Prof. Bernadette Brooten (NEJS)

I dream of a Brandeis that is free of violence, economically just, and active in pursuing peace in the Middle East and elsewhere. Unfortunately, students report that sexual and other gender-based violence is frequent, devastating and usually unreported. I dream of a day when everyone is trained in bystander intervention, and all staff and faculty know how to prevent and respond to such violence. If violence is in our own backyard, so too is economic injustice. The lowest-paid Sodexo workers earn $12.70 per hour, while senior administrators’ compensation have ballooned, and the number of highly paid administrators increased. If these high salaries came down, everyone could earn a living wage of at least $15 per hour. The Daniel Terris, Susan Lanser, and Daniel Kryder report satisfies me that Al-Quds’s administration vigorously opposed the hateful November demonstration. I hope that Brandeis will apologize to President Nusseibeh for its precipitous action and ask to re-establish the partnership. Prof. Bernadette Brooten (NEJS) is the Kraft-Hiatt Professor of Christian Studies, and the director of the Feminist Sexual Ethics Project.

Stephanie Grimes

As I look to 2014, I have many hopes for this upcoming year at Brandeis. I would love to see the passions of our community come through to the University not because it looks good in an Admissions video or brochure, but because it is truly a picture of what our students can accomplish. I want students to be involved in what matters to them—whether that is the creation of a conference dedicated to the discussion around Israel, excelling on the sports field or choreographing a dance for their peers to perform in the next show. I want all of us to do things like this because we want to—not because it looks good on our resumes or we want to look good for our supervisors. I would like the students to continue to push the minds of our professors and administrators to think beyond what they know to what they can imagine. Too many times in 2013, I heard comments like “well, I need to do this for my resume” or “if I say no to this project, will I still have a job?” We need to get back to doing things because we want to … because we love it. Stephanie Grimes is the Director of Student Activities.

Sahar Massachi ’11 M.A. ’12

Why did some of the most brilliant minds of the ’40s decide to teach at a no-name school with barely any students? Maslow, Roosevelt, Bernstein, etc. came here because Brandeis was meant to be something amazing: a university committed to social change. For the first time in well over 10 years, we have a chance at moving toward that vision, instead of continued backsliding. But should Brandeis run like a non-corrupt corporation, or a non-corrupt social justice university? A Brandeis true to our values would allow students, faculty, and staff an equal say in decision-making. There would be faculty, worker, student, and alumni seats on the Board of Trustees; a cap on administrative salaries tied to our lowest wage; student, faculty and worker input on the budget; a just cause firing language for staff; a written commitment to place students on all search committees regarding hiring administration; not to mention urgent non-structural priorities like divesting from fossil fuels, diversifying our faculty and freezing tuition. It’s time to remember why Brandeis was founded in the first place.

Sahar Massachi ‘11 M.A. ‘12, works at the Wikimedia Foundation and started the “Petition for Fair Executive Pay” on

Daniel Mael ’15 Last semester was my first at Brandeis University and I tried my best to get a sense of the atmosphere of Israel-related activity on campus. While I was impressed by the vast programming available, it became evident that there are still many apathetic students. As I enter my second semester here in Waltham, I hope even more students elect to speak up about Israel, whether it is Israeli-Arab politics or simply why Israel matters to them. The number of students who care about and talk about Israel on a daily basis is already truly remarkable, and I look forward to seeing additional students voice their opinions and engage in dialogue. With speakers coming to campuses on a weekly basis, I can think of no better arena in the United States for young college students to explore everything and anything related to Israel. I hope everyone, regardless of their previous knowledge, takes advantage of Brandeis’ unique climate. Daniel Mael ‘15 is the President of Students for Accuracy about Israeli and Palestinian affairs.


TUESDAY, january 14, 2014


Pope is a model for religious and non-religious alike Kahlil

Oppenheimer Unedited Justice

Saint Francis was born in Assisi, Italy in 1181 or 1182. He was the son of a rich cloth merchant and enjoyed a carefree adolescence and youth. At age 20, he went to war and was taken prisoner for almost a year. After he was released, he became seriously ill, which marked the beginning of a new chapter in his life. When he returned to Assisi, Francis embraced his spirituality and detached himself from material concerns. He met with lepers and extended a kiss to one. In rags, he lived among beggars at St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome. Francis’ father questioned his son’s generosity and servitude to the poor. While standing before the Bishop of Assisi, Francis stripped off his clothes and renounced his paternal inheritance, choosing to instead live as a hermit. In one famous episode, he went to the tattered small church of St. Damian, where Christ on the cross came to life and told him: “Go Francis, and repair my Church in ruins.” Former janitor, nightclub bouncer, chemical technician, and literature teacher Jorge Mario Bergoglio has not stripped naked (yet) but has acclimated to papacy with striking parallels to his namesake saint. Bergoglio is from Buenos Aires, Argentina, making him both the first South American and non-European pontiff. He’s also the first Jesuit to be elected head of the Roman Catholic Church, and the third pope to be named Time Magazine’s Person of the Year. Where I grew up, organized religion was synonymous with discrimination and closedmindedness. This held especially true for the Catholic Church. So when I heard about a new pope on my Facebook newsfeed, my initial reaction was skepticism—surely this was just another figurehead perpetuating the same hate that had always been associated with the church. I couldn’t have been more wrong. Pope Francis has entered the world stage as a down-toearth man who follows the beliefs he preaches, who has acted as a role model for world leaders, and who has shown me that organized religion can be good, really good. Unlike many world leaders, Pope Francis lives by the ideas he preaches. The Argentinian pontiff has kissed the head of a deformed

MARISA RUBEL/the Justice

man, washed the feet of a female prisoner in a ritual formerly restricted to men and even taken a “selfie” with some tourists. He drives a Ford Focus instead of the traditional pope’s Mercedes, has shunned the spacious papal apartment in the Vatican’s Apostolic Palace to live in a small suite in a Vatican guest house, and instructed Archibishop Konrad Krajewski, the man in charge of distributing money and food to the poor, to sell his desk and get out of the Vatican. “Don’t wait for people to come ringing. You need to go out and look for the poor,” Francis instructed. Poverty has been the biggest focus of Francis’s papacy thus far, and he’s made his dedication to it very clear. In his first major document, “Evangelii Gaudium,” he’s labeled trickle-down economics theories as “a new tyranny” and as expressing “a crude and naïve trust in the goodness of those wielding economic power.” He’s not the first pontiff to take such a stance on wealth inequality, but he’s certainly one of the first

to target it with such specificity and to uphold his preaching. Many, including conservative radio host Rush Limbaugh, responded by attacking Francis’s condemnation of trickle-down capitalism as “dramatically, embarrassingly, puzzlingly wrong” and as “pure Marxism.” Francis responded, “Marxist ideology is wrong. But I have met many Marxists in my life who are good people, so I do not feel offended. There is nothing in the exhortation that cannot be found in the social doctrine of the Church.” That roughly translates to, “I care about the poor not because I’m a Marxist, but because I’m a Christian.” To see a world leader, let alone the head of the Catholic Church, act in such a way has shaped the way I view both the Catholic Church and world leaders in general. Seeing the church set on a mission to help people who are in need, namely the poor, is revitalizing. Francis condemned the church as being

formerly “locked up in small things, in smallminded rules.” He added that “[w]e are about the healing mission of the church, not the theological police work that had maybe been preoccupying us … I prefer a Church which is bruised, hurting, and dirty because it has been out on the streets, rather than a Church which is unhealthy from being confined and from clinging to its own security.” Francis recognizes that under the former pope, Benedict XVI, the church became overly focused on marriage and abortion. While Francis doesn’t offer revolutionary ideas on these issues, his demonstrated efforts to help the poor serve as a constructive, rather than a destructive entity, which is exactly what this world needs. My skepticism almost persuaded me into ignoring the news about the Pope altogether; I couldn’t be happier that it didn’t. Not only do I now have faith in the Church as an institution, I have faith in organized religion in general.

Stopping incitive speech online ultimately user’s responsibility Shafaq

Hasan into the fire

@IH8UHOES, I hate you too. In the early hours on New Year’s day, two men known only by their Twitter handles (@ IH8UHOES and @RichlonelyJuan) took to Twitter to seemingly threaten the sexual assault and life of an unidentified young woman. One individual uploaded a revealing picture of an intoxicated girl sprawled and unconscious in her own vomit. The two supposed friends then continued tweeting back and forth discussing assaulting and killing the woman. The tweets went viral, enraging digital onlookers. Unsurprisingly, a police investigation into the sensational tweets determined the individuals were not co-conspirators of a gang rape, but only of a cruel joke. There was no woman, no murder, no assault and no charges would be filed. The individuals were given stern warnings and, according to local news stations, appeared remorseful for their actions. Even a cursory glance at the Twitter accounts will make your blood boil. Your kneejerk reaction may be to ignore them or even lash out at the tweeters, but is the speech egregious enough that it should have been censored by Twitter? However strong the impulse may be, the answer is not to censor online speech. Rather, we need to start using and responding to it more responsibly. What surprised me about this incident are

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the similarities to the Steubenville rape case and its trial by Internet. The case caught national attention two years ago when text messages, tweets, pictures and a 12-minute video were uncovered that callously discussed the brutal gang rape of an intoxicated 16-year-old girl by members of the town’s popular football team. Last March, two students were convicted of the sexual assault and kidnapping, while only one of the students was also found guilty of distributing nude images of the underage girl. This case may never have been prosecuted if it hadn’t been for Anonymous, a “hacktivist” group that primarily utilizes the Internet to engage in vigilante justice. Hackers from the group leaked the text messages, photos and video from the students’ phones that identified the perpetrators of the abuse. As the victim didn’t remember the assault, the recovered messages and images provided the bulk of the evidence that convicted the perpetrators. It’s questionable whether convictions could have been attained without the Internet being compelled by the case to get involved and illegally hack into the students’ phones. Both of these cases raise important questions about the contentious place of free speech on the Internet and how online speech can slip into the realm of incitement. Inciting speech or “fighting words” is seen as speech that can foreseeably provoke individuals to respond in a violent manner. Former Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes gives the most famous example of incitement as an individual falsely shouting “fire” in a crowded theater. Likewise, enraging and shocking speech as seen in the Steubenville case and on

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social media sites may also fall under the incitement limitation on free speech, but only if people are provoked by the speech to do something about it. In the Steubenville rape case, the online speech ultimately had a positive impact on the situation. However, under other circumstances, online speech creates an environment where individuals could be provoked to react violently to the information. The Internet’s misidentification of the Boston Marathon bombing suspects is one such case. Following the bombing last April, the Internet, including Anonymous hacktivists, took it upon themselves to uncover and incorrectly post the identities of the suspects. After working off of haphazardly gathered information, their investigation led them to wrongly accuse several individuals, including Sunil Tripathi, a Brown University student who had been missing for a month and whose body was later found in the Providence River. Online users apologized profusely for misidentifying the college student, but only after they had already doggedly posted information about Tripathi and others on Twitter, Reddit and Facebook, endangering the lives of the individuals and their families. Although, to my knowledge, none of those incorrectly named were physically harmed as a result of the misidentification, the danger was still palpable. As this potentially dangerous situation was unfolding, should Twitter, Facebook or Reddit have intervened and disabled the forums? As a private party, Twitter is not bound by the First Amendment, but they indicate that under special circumstances they do censor accounts. For example, following the explicit conversation that included threats of vio-

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lence to the unidentified woman, @RichlonelyJuan’s account was suspended for a period of time. Alarmed individuals who had seen the tweets had contacted the police, but no one had been compelled to violent action against the tweeters. After discovering the tweets were part of a hoax and no one had been hurt, Twitter reinstated the account last week. But should they have? Can Twitter or Facebook play a more proactive role in curbing potentially inciting speech produced by its users? Yes, it can, but it’s neither in Twitter’s interest nor our own to do so. The First Amendment and its restrictions are written in a way that they actually protect the majority of speech, including hate speech and libel, within certain limitations. Instead, the First Amendment shifts the responsibility of monitoring speech from the government to the people. Social media should only be the medium through which we create and receive speech. How we respond to it should remain our choice. However, this also means we need to be more responsible with our online speech because it has real, tangible consequences. There is no question that certain online posts on Twitter, Facebook and Reddit have the potential to invoke other users to action, whether violent or not. However, instead of choosing to engage in spreading false information, censorship or violence, we should instead respond in a manner that will enhance the conversation, whether by retweeting or reprehending an online troll. If we truly understood the impact our words can have, we would exercise discretion in our speech as much as our First Amendment right.

Editorial Assistant Forum: Max Moran Staff Senior Writers: Jacob Moskowitz, Henry Loughlin News: Jay Feinstein, Danielle Gross, Luke Hayslip, Ilana Kruger, Zach Reid, Sarah Rontal, Samantha Topper, Rachel Uemoto Features: Rebecca Heller, Hee Ju Kang, Casey Pearlman, Aditi Shah Forum: Jennie Bromberg, Daniel Koas, Aaron Fried, Noah M. Horwitz, Kahlil Oppenheimer, Catherine Rosch Sports: Elan Kane, Daniel Kanovich, Dan Rozel Arts: Aliza Gans, Kiran Gill, Arielle Gordon, Zachary Marlin, Alexandra Zelle Rettman, Mara Sassoon, Nate Shaffer, Aliza Vigderman

Photography: Zach Anziska, Jenny Cheng, Annie Fortnow, Wit Gan, Annie Kim, Abby Knecht, Bri Mussman, Leah Newman, Chelsea Polaniecki, Rafaella Schor, Adam Stern, Olivia Wang, Xiaoyu Yang Copy: Aliza Braverman, Kathryn Brody, Melanie Cytron, Mara Nussbaum Layout: Ashley Hebard, Elana Horowitz, Jassen Lu, Maya RiserKositsky, Lilah Zohar Illustrations: Hannah Kober, Marisa Rubel, Tziporah Thompson


TUESDAY, january 14, 2014



In NSA scandal, people, not technology, are at fault By Max moran JUSTICE editorial assistant

Let’s do a little exercise: When you were in high school, probably sophomore or junior year, did you have to read George Orwell’s 1984 for English class? Did you read the whole thing, no help from Sparknotes or a mere skimming over the text? How many of you actually read every single word of every single book you were assigned that year? Chances are that your answer to the first question was yes, and the third question was no. Consider how much better informed and better cultured you would be if you had done all of your work every day in class. Keeping Orwell in mind, let’s move to a new question: Right now, wherever you happen to be reading this article, are you being watched? Is there a camera in the room? Is there an authority figure who will punish you should you misbehave? Is there someone watching that person? It has become more and more likely that the answer to all of the above is a resounding yes. 1984, a classic dystopian novel about an all-powerful government that surveils its citizens’ every moment, warns of the dangers of a possible future. Every day we hear more and more about the American “surveillance state,” how our purchases, conversations, actions, our every choice is being chronicled and stored as data by outside forces. The National Security Administration has been mired in a scandal for the last six months about their secret surveillance of worldwide internet and cell phone usage, gathering data on almost anyone with a web browser about how they spend their time online. Edward Snowden, the whistleblower who leaked so many documents that some still remain unpublished, is now one of the most wanted men alive by American intelligence agencies, for the crime of informing the people of what their governments are doing. Reading about the NSA scandal is an exercise in recognizing Orwell references; practically every political pundit takes every chance they have to sneak in the words “Big Brother,” an ironic fate for the author of Politics and the English Language. But there is an important distinction between the NSA and Big Brother which is often overlooked: In 1984, any and all surveillance is something which the surveilled can actually physically see. Winston recognizes the cameras in his home. He knows that secret police are following him, even if he can’t tell who they are. What made the NSA scandal so shocking was that while most Americans knew their government was watching them to some extent (see the Patriot Act), almost no one had any idea that so much data was being stored. It is humorous to consider that we accept surveillance so easily, but nearly every Google search you’ve entered is likely stored on a server somewhere in Washington, along with every Amazon purchase and every Facebook status. Americans were confident that their government would never go that far, yet it did without us ever knowing about it. It was not just proof of a police state; it was also a betrayal of trust. A surveillance story that didn’t make headlines last year was Rialto, Calif.’s new police uniforms, which include small cameras that capture each officer’s shift from the officer’s point of view. People are informed by the police officer that

HANNAH KOBER/the Justice

they are being recorded, and that upon arrest the footage can be used as evidence in court. While at first glance this sounds like Orwell’s fears made a reality, response has been entirely positive. The main purpose of the cameras isn’t to watch civilians, it’s to watch the cops: officers follow the rules if their superiors have documented proof of exactly what they are doing, and Rialto residents say that in addition to following protocol better, their police just generally act kinder. Since the cameras started recording, public complaints about officers have fallen 88 percent, and use of force by officers has fallen 60 percent according to a study by the Guardian. At the same time, officers have noticed that civilians are more polite when they are on camera, even when drunk, high, or angry. The cameras also allow courts to see exactly what was happening upon arrest. There are no more conflicting testimonies where

emotions muddle the facts. Even the American Civil Liberties Union, frequent critics of police abuse and infringement on personal rights, have celebrated the program, so long as Rialto continues to regularly delete videos after processing a case and never releases the footage to the public. When pundits claim that modern technology has made Orwell’s dystopia a reality, they do a disservice to the book, the technology and the capacity of a watching eye to do actual good. The presence of cameras themselves is not an evil; nobody begrudges a store owner for trying to catch shoplifters. It is when all of the data compiled by all of the cameras is controlled by one entity, an entity that has no safeguard against itself, that privacy is threatened. And the less that entity tells the people what they are doing with the information, the less safe the world becomes. Modern technology can be applied to both wonder-

fully positive and nefarious actions, but it is only an extension of the people that use it. Get mad at the NSA. They deserve to know that they’ve gone too far, and the beauty of the Internet is that through the same chat rooms and communities they survey, people are organizing and expressing their anger. That is free speech, a right which, far from being stifled by an oppressive, omnipotent government, is more fiercely defended than ever online in the face of the Snowden leaks. But it is not surveillance technology itself that is the potential danger; it was not security cameras of which George Orwell was afraid. The scary ones are the people who are using those cameras, and whether they are held accountable to their own rules. We, the civilians, must be skeptical of the people in power, just as we have been for thousands of years.

Resolve Sino-Japanese dispute through diplomacy, not war By aaron dai justice contributing writer

The Senkaku, or Diaoyu, Islands are a group of uninhabited islands in the AsianPacific that have been the subject of a recent dispute between the Chinese and Japanese governments. Each nation claims the land is rightfully theirs, and both are steadily escalating their military forces around the islands. The situation is growing more serious by the day, and unless a diplomatic solution is reached, China may wage its first war as a superpower against a fellow world leader in just a few short months. This would be extremely detrimental for the Japanese, as they have only recently begun to shed their aggressor image from World War II. The islands are coveted for a few key reasons. They are part of several key shipping lanes in the Asia-Pacific and are known to have abundant oil reserves. The Japanese government sought to purchase three of the Senkaku islands from their private Japanese owner this year, much to China’s ire. Although the Chinese government did not object to a private owner, the symbolic gesture of the Japanese government publicly buying the islands triggered a nationalistic response from inside China, and to appease the populace, the Chinese government proceeded to forcefully object to the Japanese purchase. The Chinese believe that the Japanese claim to the islands is invalid because after Japan lost World War II, their territory was strictly limited to the home islands with a few minor islands that

did not include the Senkakus. Thus, the Chinese believe that they should have had the rights to the islands since the end of World War II. The situation quickly took a turn for the worse when the Japanese ordered the expansion of their self-defense force. China responded in kind by imposing an “Air Defense Zone” in late November, forcing all planes that travel in the zone to submit their travel itineraries. The rift between China and Japan signals a change in Chinese foreign policy. Indeed, the global community must recognize that China has become an international power and that it will attempt to test its newfound status among the elites. Through this dispute, the Chinese seek to show the world that they have finally ended the “hundred years of humiliation” at the hands of foreign powers. However, I believe it is of critical importance that the Chinese leadership display prudence and caution when dealing with this issue, as it may very well damage their reputation of being a peaceful country to the international community if they were to resort to violent action to resolve the issue. It would be best if the islands were not owned by any one party but considered as public space for everyone to use. Indeed, the Chinese have responded violently to two significant border disputes that resulted in the Sino-Indian War of 1962 (after Indian troops crossed into the disputed territory) and the Sino-Vietnamese war of 1979 (similarly after Vietnamese troops crossed into the disputed territory).

Thus, it is extremely possible that the Chinese will use the option of military force if the Japanese were to continue their military buildup around the islands.

It is essential that bloodshed be avoided at all costs; the conflict must be settled diplomatically. If the two countries were to escalate the present dispute, the nationalists of both countries may push their governments to use military force. For the Chinese Communist Party, preserving power and legitimacy are at the top of the agenda. Despite having a democratic government, if the Chinese were to use military force to solve the problem, the Japanese would be forced to take action, resulting in a full-blown military confrontation. Thus, it is very likely that if the Japanese military buildup continues, a violent Chinese reaction will force the Japanese to respond in kind. As an individual who is extremely passionate about international politics and cooperation, I find this particular issue to be extremely vexing. Being a Chinese-American, I cannot help but worry about the potential damage that could be inflicted upon both the

Chinese and Japanese peoples. Indeed, former Chinese president Deng Xiaoping recognized the importance of Japan as a major figure in Asian-Pacific politics and went through great efforts to try and improve Sino-Japanese relations during his tenure as paramount leader. This island dispute threatens to undo much of the diplomatic work that Deng had done during his time as leader. For the benefit of the Asia-Pacific region and the international community as a whole, it is essential that this issue be resolved peacefully with both parties remaining open for dialogue and discussion so as to find a solution to the question of the islands’ ownership. The best solution at this point is to treat the islands as international territory that is open to public use. This will resolve many of the issues that have been the root cause of this row. This way, both parties will be able to access the islands’ resources. Neither nation benefits from the current saber-rattling. China is a nation on the rise, and it would be a significant blow to the political capital that Beijing has been steadily accumulating if a full-scale war were to happen. To suddenly begin a rapid buildup of its military forces would potentially unnerve some of its Asian neighbors. This situation could quickly evolve into something extremely dangerous, and in order to avoid expanding the problem, both China and Japan must increase dialogue. It is essential that bloodshed be avoided at all costs; the conflict must be settled diplomatically.


January 14, 2014


MBBALL: Men go down to wire in tough defeat


CONTINUED FROM 16 On Jan. 7, the Judges held off visiting Bates despite 33 points from Bates junior guard Graham Safford. Retos shined in that contest as well, knocking down four of nine from beyond the arc and six of six from the foul line en route to a team-leading 18 points. Bartoldus excelled in that game, too, racking up 15 points with fiveof-10 shooting and five free throws. Forward Alex Stoyle ’14 scored 12 points. Moton battled foul trouble the whole game but still managed 13 points, connecting on five of six free throws. The Judges went 20 for 27 from the free throw line, a critical factor in the victory over the Bobcats. On Jan. 2, Brandeis held off Roger

Williams’ come-from-behind efforts for an 81-74 victory. Retos again led the Judges in scoring, this time with 19 points. He went five for nine from three point land and two for two from the line. The Judges pulled ahead by 17 points at one stage of the game, but Roger Williams never stopped fighting. They cut the lead to six points, 78-72, with 41 seconds left. Clutch free throw shooting and solid defense, though, allowed Brandeis to hold on for the victory. The Judges continue their UAA schedule this weekend, heading on the road to St. Louis and Chicago. They face Washington University in St. Louis on Friday at 9 pm, and then, the University of Chicago on Sunday at 1 p.m.

FENCING: Judges look to host NCAAs in 2016 CONTINUED FROM 16 sport committees to select sites as there just weren’t spots for all of the great bids we received. “Ultimately the sites that were selected will provide our studentathletes, coaches and fans the best experience possible.” Shipman, in his remarks, also chose to affirm Lewis’ comments. “In general, I think it’s a good idea,” he said.

“Obviously it gives more time for facilities and publicity. Two or three years are a good amount of time.” The NCAA also announced the 2017 and 2018 hosts of the tournament in the video release, confirming that the tournament will stay around the East Coast. The nation’s top fencers will visit the University of Notre Dame in Fishers, Ind. and Pennsylvania State University in University Park, Pa. in 2017 and 2018, respectively.

JOSHUA LINTON/Justice File Photo

RIGHT FOOT FORWARD: Guard Julia Scanlon ’14 escapes pressure to take a layup against Roger Williams University on Oct. 19.

WBBALL: Team faces second half struggles in loss to NYU CONTINUED FROM 16 second half would not relinquish the lead. Yet, with four minutes, 32 seconds left, guard Janelle Rodriguez ’14 nailed a jumper that brought the Judges within striking distance. NYU had one last run in store, reeling off five uncontested points to secure the victory. Rodriguez led the team with 13 points while Jackson once again reached double digits, recording 10 points and three steals. Center Angela Miller ’14 led the Judges with eight rebounds in the loss. The Judges fall to 6-6 after securing three wins in their past four games. Brandeis also fell to Trinity College on Jan. 4 in a 71-57 decision. Meanwhile, against UMass Boston on Jan. 6, the outcome was all but certain from the first minute. The Beacons looked lost on offense, missing their first 17 shots. Junior center Kristin Morrison secured the first basket with just 5:36 left in the first half, but by then Brandeis had run away with the game. The Judges

were up 28-10, and by the second half, Brandeis had all of the momentum. After two quick UMass Boston baskets to trim the deficit to 28-18, the hosts raced out on a 10-0 scoring run. By the 7:43 mark, the lead was up to 31 points after a smooth break-away layup from rookie guard Paris Hodges ’17. From there, the Judges cruised to a 73-35 victory. Jackson led the offensive outburst, securing 18 points on seven-of-10 shooting. Forward Nicolina Vitale ’14 also recorded double digits, scoring 13 points and, additionally, securing a team-high three steals. Hodges and Miller were effective on the boards, contributing seven rebounds apiece. Just two days earlier against Trinity, though, it was a different story. In that game, Brandeis failed to gain control. The first half was a back-andforth affair, featuring four ties and six lead changes, the last of which resulted in a 35-30 Trinity advantage. After recording the first two scores of the second half, Trinity eyed a chance to put the game to bed. The


Judges made sure that was not the case, answering with four forced turnovers and a 14-4 scoring run. Guard Kasey Dean ’14 brought the Judges back into the game after a 12-2 Trinity run, converting a steal into a layup that cut the deficit to 55-48 with just under nine minutes remaining. Trinity, though, made sure Brandeis wouldn’t score again, securing a 71-57 win. Vitale led the team with 14 points and Dean proved to be a presence in the paint with six rebounds. Brandeis looks to recover from its second-half collapse in New York with two critical UAA matchups. Jackson, in looking ahead to future matchups, noted how important it will be to move past adversity. “The conference schedule will definitely be tougher than what we've had so far so we just plan to focus and keep working in practice and get better every day. Our team is never one to give up. We always work hard and play until the end and we are going to need that for our next games,” she said.


TRACK AND FIELD BRIEF Squads race off to strong starts The Brandeis men’s and women’s track and field teams made a great start to the 2014 portion of their season at the Dartmouth Relays this past weekend. The men and women, squaring off against Division I competition that included teams from host Dartmouth College, Boston College and Harvard University, more than held their own. The men’s squad placed ninth of 14 teams with six points, while the women took eighth. The highlight of the day was Vincent Asante’s ’14 third-place finish in the men’s 60-meter dash. After a seventh-place finish in the preliminary race, he ran the distance in a blistering 6.98 seconds, second among Division III runners and qualified for the New England Division III Championship in the process. Grady Ward ’16 finished 17th in the men’s mile, running four minutes, 29.95 seconds. Matt Doran ’17 (45th, 4:42.56) and Liban Aden ’16 (63rd, 4:52.49) joined him in the marquee event, ultimately won by Dartmouth senior Will Geoghegan in 4:05.75. The women were similarly successful. Kelsey Whitaker ’14 just missed out on scoring, taking ninth in the event in 5:19.95.


Molly Paris ’16 and Lydia McCaleb ’17 took 31st and 32nd. Paris ran in 5:53.32 while McCaleb finished in 5:53.95. Omar Scruggs ’17 led the way for Brandeis in the 400-meter dash, taking 15th place in 52.73 seconds. Mohamed Sidique ’14 (55.02), Jeremy Wilson ’17 (55.55), Trevor Tuplin ’16 (56.86) and Joshua Romanowicz ’17 (59.58) took 28th, 32nd, 38th and 44th, respectively, in the race. Additionally, the Brandeis 4x200 relay team of Asante, Sidique, Wilson and Tuplin placed 14th in 1:36.74. While she was the only competitor in the event, Ashley PiccirilloHoran ’17 picked up points in the 800-meter run, finishing fifth with a time of 2:25.86. Quinton Hoey ’17 had a strong showing in the men’s 3000-meter run, completing the 15-lap race in 9:10.94, good for 30th overall. Ultimately, 10 of the women’s 12 points came from the women’s 3K. Maddie Dolins ’17 and Victoria Sanford ’14 took fifth (10:26.37) and sixth (10:27.09), respectively. The Judges next travel to Saturday’s Greater Boston Track Club Invitational at Harvard. — Henry Loughlin

Contact Avi Gold at


Tuesday, JANUARY 14, 2014





Points Per Game

Not including Monday’s games UAA Conference W L W NYU 1 0 11 Carnegie 1 0 10 Case 1 0 9 Emory 1 0 9 JUDGES 0 1 8 Emory 0 1 7 Chicago 0 1 7 Rochester 0 1 6

UPCOMING GAMES: Friday at WashU Sunday at UChicago Jan. 24 vs. Rochester

Gabe Moton ’14 leads scorers with 17.2 points per game. Player PPG Gabe Moton 17.2 Ben Bartoldus 13.8 Derek Retos 9.4 Alex Stoyle 9.1

Overall L Pct. 1 .917 2 .833 3 .750 3 .750 4 .667 5 .583 Rebounds Per Game 5 .583 Gabe Moton ’14 leads the team 6 .500 with 6.8 rebounds per game. Player RPG Gabe Moton 6.8 Ben Bartoldus 4.4 Alex Stoyle 4.4 Robinson Vilmont 4.3

WOMen’s basketball UAA STANDINGS


Not including Monday’s games UAA Conference W L W Emory 1 0 12 NYU 1 0 12 WashU 1 0 11 Case 1 0 7 Carnegie 0 1 9 JUDGES 0 1 6 Chicago 0 1 6 Rochester 0 1 6

Points Per Game

Overall L Pct. 0 .1000 0 .1000 1 .917 5 .583 3 .750 6 .500 6 .500 6 .500

UPCOMING GAMES: Friday at WashU Sunday at Chicago Jan. 24 vs. Rochester

Niki Laskaris ’16 leads the team with 13.5 points per game. Player PPG Niki Laskaris 13.5 Nicolina Vitale 11.2 Kasey Dean 9.0 Maria Jackson 8.3

Rebounds Per Game Nicolina Vitale ’14 leads with 5.7 rebounds per game. Player RPG Nicolina Vitale 5.7 Angela Miller 4.6 Maria Jackson 4.6 Paris Hodges 4.5

FENCING Results from the Brandeis Invitational held on Dec. 8.

JON EDELSTEIN/Justice File Photo

OUT OF THE GATE: David Lazarovich ’16 takes to the pool against Wheaton College in the season opener last October.

Lazarovich eyes further successes in program



SABER Adam Mandel

RECORD 13 wins

SABER RECORD Annabel Sharahy 8 wins

ÉPÉE Tom Hearne

RECORD 7 wins

ÉPÉE Sonya Glickman

RECORD 9 wins

■ David Lazarovich ’16 looks to make a statement for the Judges’ swimming and diving squad this spring.

FOIL Julian Cardillo

RECORD 7 wins

FOIL Caroline Mattos

RECORD 9 wins

Justice editor

UPCOMING MEET: The men’s and women’s teams will take part in the USA Fencing North American Cup from Jan. 17 to 20.

TRACK AND FIELD Results from the Dartmouth Relays at Dartmouth College on Jan. 12.

TOP FINISHERS (Men’s) RUNNER TIME Omar Scruggs 52.73 Mohamed Sidique 55.02 Jeremy Wilson 55.55

TOP FINISHERS (Women’s) RUNNER TIME Kelsey Whitaker 5:19.95 Molly Paris 5:53.34 Lydia McCaleb 5:53.99


Saturday at Greater Boston Track Club Invitational Jan. 24 at Terrier Invitational at Boston University Feb. 1 at Tufts Stampede at Tufts University

By Avi Gold David Lazarovich ’16, a specialist in the breaststroke and the individual medley, has hopes to further mold the sport at Brandeis just two years after the restoration of the swimming and diving team. “It’s a rare opportunity to be part of a swim team but even rarer to make a new name,” he said. We plan on improving that name every single year.” The varsity swimming and diving team came to life with the reopening of the pool in the Joseph M. Linsey Sports Center in January of 2012 and, much like Lazarovich, has flourished ever since. He holds the top times for the 2012 to 2013 season in the 50-yard, 100-yard and 200-yard breaststroke. His top time for the 50-yard backstroke registers just 2.74 seconds behind the all-time school record. However, Lazarovich has stated his determination to push himself into the record books.

“It’s a matter of training harder, which should result in faster times,” he explained. “That’s the only thing you can do is move up that list.” Lazarovich has done his part to improve his swimming this year, pointing out recent success in the Judges’ last meet in December, where he recorded a top-10 finish in the 200-yard breaststroke. “The season is going really well compared to last season where it was the first season of college swimming, and I’ve already been faster at [our meet at Worcester Polytechnic Institute],” he said. Even though he does not focus on the sroke, Lazarovich also holds the second-fastest time from 2012 to 2013 in the 200-yard backstroke, a feat he does not overlook. “Before college swimming, I swam everything and breaststroke was just better,” he observed. “When I got to college the coach and I decided breaststroke would be my stroke, but it is good to be exposed to other strokes. If training for [the individual medley] means training for 200, I’ll do that.” Any chance for a top time or personal best, I’ll take it.” As the University Athletic Association Championships quickly approach, held from Feb. 12 to 15 at

Emory University, Lazarovich has his mind set on the record books. “For the next two weeks we’re focusing on keeping intensity and then championships,” he said. “I could easily gain three seconds on turns, so that’s something I’ll be focusing on for the next three weeks. Things are looking good for the end of the season and hopefully going to finals.” In addition to personal goals in the pool—two minutes and 12 seconds or faster in the 200-yard breaststroke and under a minute in the 100-yard breaststroke—Lazarovich has goals for the Judges outside the pool as well. “We’re forging our image and we try to keep up that image,” he noted. Lazarovich cited the pride individual swimmers take in the program—from talking up the team to wearing their team jackets around campus—as an effective way of building a name for the program. “The whole process is inspiring and you see everything growing so quickly and it’s an opportunity that doesn’t come around often,” he said. “Overall the experience will help me in the long run.” Lazarovich and the rest of the Judges look forward to making a name both in the pool and around campus in the upcoming months.

PRo Sports BRIEF Baseball Hall of Fame welcomes three new inductees amid the troubling legacy of the steroid era Starting pitchers Greg Maddux and Tom Glavine, as well as designated hitter Frank Thomas, were elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame last Wednesday in their first year of eligibility, leaving out second baseman Craig Biggio, catcher Mike Piazza, and the notorious corps of steroid-era players that include sluggers such as Barry Bonds, Roger Clemens, Mark McGwire and Sammy Sosa. Maddux received 97.2 percent of the 571 ballots cast by the senior members of the Baseball Writers’ Association of America—far surpassing the 75 percent needed for induction. Glavine received 91.9 percent of the ballots while Thomas received 83.7 percent. The players this year will be inducted on July 27 at a ceremony in

Cooperstown, N.Y., along with managers Bobby Cox, Joe Torre and Tony La Russa. The managers were elected last month by the Expansion Era Committee. Maddux, a longtime teammate of Glavine with the Atlanta Braves, recorded 355 wins throughout his 23-year career with the Braves, Chicago Cubs, Los Angeles Dodgers and San Diego Padres, posting an ERA of 3.16 and tallying over 3,300 strikeouts. He won four consecutive Cy Young Awards from 1992 to 1995 and received 18 Gold Gloves. Glavine, a 10-time All-Star, recorded 305 wins and 2,607 strikeouts in his 22-year career—17 of which were with the Braves—while also earning two Cy Young Awards. Thomas won two-time American League MVP and hit .301 over his

career with 521 home runs and 1,704 RBI in 19 seasons with the Chicago White Sox, Oakland Athletics and Toronto Blue Jays. Biggio, a 19-year veteran of the Houston Astros, received 74.8 percent of the ballots, missing the cut by two votes. “Obviously, I’m disappointed to come that close,” Biggio said in a statement released by the Astros. “I feel for my family, the organization and the fans. Hopefully next year.” Several players continued to lose support from the Baseball Writers Association of America in light of the permanent stigma of steroid use. Bonds, the all time leader in career home runs, fell from 36.2 percent in 2013 to 34.7 percent in 2014. Roger Clemens, a 354-game winner, went down from 37.6 percent to 35.4

percent while Rafael Palmeiro, who hit 569 career home runs, fell off the ballot altogether after failing to receive 5 percent of the votes. Other steroid-tainted players such as designated hitter Sammy Sosa and first-baseman Mark McGwire—renowned for their historic 1998 home run race—received 7.2 percent and 11 percent, on their second and eighth tries, respectively. Thomas reflected, following the election, on his pride in not having resorted to steroids during his storied career. “For a seven-year run there, no one basically could compete,” he stated. “There were only one or two guys who put up numbers that could compare. But I don’t fault anyone for what they did, but hey, I did it the right way.”

A number of baseball analysts have been critical of the Hall of Fame voting system, which requires voters to have been members of the BBWA for 10 consecutive years and allows them to place only 10 players on their ballots. The star-laden class of 2015 will only make voting even more problematic. In addition Biggio and Piazza, star pitchers Randy Johnson, John Smoltz and Pedro Martinez will be considered for induction. While the debate will surely continue, it is safe to say, for now, the system is intact. In inducting Maddux, Glavine and Thomas, along with a trio of renowned managers, Cooperstown will be bustling for the first time in two years in July. — Elan Kane



Page 16

PRIDE AND PROGRESS David Lazarovich ’16 strives to make a name for the Judges in just his second season on the swimming and diving squad, p. 15.

Tuesday, January 14, 2014

WOMEN’s basketball


Squad comes close to major upset win ■ The women’s basketball

team could not sustain its momentum in an eventual loss at New York University. By adam rabinowitz JUSTICE EDITOR

Women’s basketball forward Maria Jackson ’17 almost looked like she could do it again. Jackson led the Judges with a career-high 18 points in a 73-35 rout of the University of Massachusetts Boston on Jan. 6. On Saturday, in her team’s game against New York University, she guided the Judges to a 2524 lead at halftime, contributing six points, three rebounds, two assists and two steals. She traded baskets in the first half with the Violets’ star sophomore guard Riley Wurtz. However, at the start of the second half, Jackson lost her touch and Wurtz continued to show the hot hand, leading NYU on a quick 10-0 run. Brandeis failed to truly recover, dropping their University Athletic Association opener by a tight 67-57 margin.

Waltham, Mass.

Brandeis stormed into Coles Sports Center with momentum on its side. In the first half, the Judges matched each run the 11-1 Violets had to offer. A 6-0 NYU lead soon turned into a 7-6 Judges advantage. The Violets surged ahead to a 22-15 lead, but again, Brandeis had an answer, countering with its own 10-0 run. At halftime, the Judges were primed for a major upset, looking to deal the Violets just their second loss of the season. Brandeis’ defense was firing on all cylinders, limiting the prolific NYU offense to just a 27.5 shooting percentage. Jackson stated that the squad was in its most ideal situation here. “As a team we decided to really work on playing as a cohesive unit and playing for each other. We want our game to be five people on the court being successful together,” she said. However, the game proved to be a tale of two halves. The Violets’ sizable 48-35 rebounding advantage and the Judges’ 15 turnovers ultimately determined the outcome of the game. NYU, using its 10-0 run to open the

See WBBALL, 13 ☛


University to serve as host in national meet ■ Brandeis will be the

site of the 2016 national championships, their fourth time hosting the meet. By AVI GOLD JUSTICE editor

The top collegiate fencers in the nation will officially be convening in Waltham come the 2016 season. In a video release on December 11, 2013, the NCAA announced Brandeis will host the 2016 National Collegiate Fencing Championships at Gosman Sports and Convocation Center. The meet will bring nationallyranked fencers together from Divisions I, II and III. Following 1994, 1999, and most recently, 2004, the 2016 edition of the NCAA tournament will mark the fourth time that the Judges have hosted the meet. The Judges, encouragingly, have had success in years that they have hosted the tournament. Brandeis produced All-Americans in two of the three years as hosts and earned a school-record 12th overall finish in 1999. Coach Bill Shipman outlined how the hosting opportunity came to fruition for the University. “Since we hosted the tournament [in 2004], it was always in the back of our minds to host in the future, and I proposed to [Director of Athletics] Sheryl [Sousa] ’90 to put our name in the bidding process,” he explained. “Nowadays, more schools want to host—probably to give a better opportunity to win. Sheryl went through the process and paperwork and I think they wanted to come back to the East Coast.” Shipman also expressed his excitement for the opportunity to host such a prestigious event. “The last three or four tournaments have been at big cities and at

big universities, like Ohio State University, so it’s a little unusual,” he continued in his explanation. “We’re one of the only [Division III] schools to host in recent history, so it gives us a lot of visibility as coaches and parents come to the area. Hosting puts our name on the fencing map a little better, and it’s pretty exciting some times. Some people who don’t see fencing come out and see the tournament—students, faculty and staff—which is nice.” Shipman stated that, in hosting the tournament, fencers will have extra incentive to perform above and beyond expectations. “It certainly gives extra motivation to fencers who have the capability to make NCAAs and to make NCAAs in front of a home crowd is a nice addition to the honor of being there … but it’s not as easy as it used to be,” he noted. He also stated that the announcement illuminated the development of the school’s fencing program. “I’d like to think [that our program has developed], and [our hosting] lets people know we have a solid program and the Athletics department believes enough in fencing and is willing to showcase the department, facility and everything,” he said. The selection of Waltham came as part of a new NCAA Championship bidding system, which created the largest host-site announcement ever. The NCAA announced 82 championships across a four-year cycle in December, a move designed to allow the host sites as much time as possible to plan the championship. “We really want to thank everyone who put in a bid,” said Mark Lewis, NCAA Executive Vice President of Championships and Alliances, in a press release on Dec. 11 that accompanied the announcements earlier that day. “The competitiveness of the bids made it extremely difficult for the

See FENCING, 13 ☛

MORGAN BRILL/the Justice

COLLISION COURSE: Center Youri Dascy ’14 (right) loses a critical jump ball in a 67-57 defeat to New York University this past Saturday.

Judges falter down the stretch in UAA opener ■ The men’s basketball

team, after two winter break victories, suffered a critical conference loss in New York. By JACOB MOSKOWITZ JUSTICE SENIOR WRITER

Despite a strong first half from guards Derek Retos ’14 and Ben Bartoldus ’14, the men’s basketball team suffered a 64-58 defeat to the New York University Violets in their first University Athletic Association matchup of the season. The Judges dropped to 8-4 (0-1 in UAA) on the season and lost in just their second road game of the 2013-14 campaign, this time in front of hundreds of Brandeis alumni and students at the Coles Sports Center. While most students were away on winter break, the Judges defeated Roger Williams University, 81-74, on Jan. 2 and Bates College, 83-78, on Jan. 7. Neither team was able to break out to an early lead, engaging in a backand-forth affair against NYU in the first half. Retos led the way for the Judges, connecting on five out of six shots from beyond the arc. His fourth and fifth three-pointers of the first half

came on consecutive possessions to end the half, leaving all three Violet coaches up in arms. The five connections from beyond the three-point arc move Retos into third place on the Judges all-time three-point list with 188. He needs just 22 more to break the school record, held by Steve Harrington ’92. Bartoldus reflected on the Judges’ success in the first half against the NYU defense. “To be honest, opportunities were falling for both Derek and I [early] and we took advantage of it,” he said. The second half was a completely different story for Brandeis. After a strong start to the half, they held a 52-44 lead over NYU with 11:56 remaining in the game. From that point, though, NYU outscored the Judges 20-6 to fuel their come-frombehind victory. Bartoldus was hesitant to credit either team’s play as the reason for the Judges’ late-game struggles, ultimately chalking it up to the unfortunate bounce of the ball. “I don’t want to say it was NYU’s defense, and I don’t want to say we executed poorly,” Bartoldus said. “[Things] just didn’t fall our way.” Despite the bad bounces, the Judges

had a chance to steal a win from NYU late in the game. After center Youri Dascy ’14 converted one of two free throws from the charity stripe, the Judges trailed 60-58 with 3:13 remaining. Guard Gabe Moton ’14 then came up with a steal and streaked to the other end before NYU sophomore guard Max Ralby regained control of the ball. On the ensuing possession, Brandeis got another stop. However, they were unable to execute, as Dascy missed a shot in the paint with just two minutes remaining. The Judges got one more crack at it. After NYU junior guard Iyoha Agho missed a three pointer, Retos found himself open from three to take the lead. The shot rimmed out and NYU finally took advantage, securing the eventual four-point victory. Retos led the way for Brandeis with 15 points, all of which came in the first half. Bartoldus contributed 14 while Moton tallied 10 points, three rebounds and five assists. Yet, the senior guard went just two of nine from the field. Sophomore forward Evan Kupferburg led the Violets with 18 points and eight rebounds.

See MBBALL, 13 ☛

JustArts Volume LXVI, Number 15

Your weekly guide to arts, movies, music and everything cultural at Brandeis and beyond

Tuesday, January 14, 2013

Waltham, Mass.

The rose art museum in 2014

Five upcoming exhibits range from sculpture to painting and video, P. 20 In this issue:

Interview Column

Student discusses curatorial experience, P. 18

Spring Fine Arts Courses

Pop Culture

Hollywood ends 2013 with a bang, P. 18

Staff Pick

JustArts’ favorite museum exhibits this year, P. 23

‘Inside Llewyn Davis’

The Coen brothers’ newest film impresses, P. 23

Preview the department’s hidden gems this semester, P. 19

Books on our radar

Fine Arts faculty release new titles this season, P. 21







What’s happening in Arts on and off campus this week

ON-CAMPUS EVENTS Beyond the Wall Poster Sale

Come browse through the selection of contemporary art and fun posters and purchase one to freshen up your room. It’s a great way to break the ice with your new roommates and to make your space feel more like home. Today from 9 to 5 p.m. in the atrium of the Carl and Ruth Shapiro Campus Center.

Apply to exhibit your artwork

What do the terms “pluralism,” “unity” and “social justice” mean to you? Exhibit new or existing artwork related to these themes at the ‘DEIS Impact “Pluralism, Unity, Social Justice, and the Arts” exhibition from Feb. 1 to 5 in the Shapiro Campus Center Art Gallery or perform at the Tuesday, Feb. 4 at 5:30 p.m. reception. Up to three cash awards of $200, $150, and $100 will be awarded at the reception for the most outstanding work embodying these themes. Examples of artwork include poetry, short film, painting, photography, spoken word and dance, but feel free to submit work in any art form. Find the application and more information through this link: http://www. All submissions should be sent by email to or in person to Bernstein-Marcus Administration center Rm. 73-12, no later than Friday, Jan. 17, 2014. Students, staff and faculty are welcome to submit work.

Emily Zoller ’14 Senior leads hip-hop dance group KAOS Kids MORGAN BRILL/the Justice

This week, JustArts sat down with Emily Zoller ’14, the executive director of hip-hop dance performance group Kaos Kids. JustArts: Would you tell us about your involvement with Kaos Kids—how long have you been involved, and what is your role in the group? Emily Zoller: I joined Kaos my freshman year, and I’m a senior now. So I’ve been with the group almost four years. I’m now the executive director; I was the executive director last year too, in the fall, and in the spring I was abroad. Before that, I was the events coordinator, so I’ve always been involved with Kaos from the beginning of my Brandeis time.


JA: How would you describe Kaos Kids to someone who is unfamiliar with it? EZ: Kaos is crazy. Kaos is chaos—we know that about ourselves and we love that. First and foremost we are a family, and that’s something that we really promote and we really push. We’re really good about supporting one another, in the dance room and when we perform, but also in our lives in general. We are a very diverse group. We do hip-hop, but we have some breakers and some people who like to do flips and stuff like that, and we like to incorporate a lot of different styles. Sometimes we’ll bring in contemporary, and we pull on people’s strengths within the group. JA: I’m excited for Kaos Kids’ performance at the University’s celebration for Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. on MLK Day next Monday. How has the group prepared? EZ: It’s something that the artistic directors are working on—Stephanie Ramos ’14 and Mark Borreliz ’14—so they are putting together the choreography and song choice. It’s not going to be all of us because it’s a shorter time period to practice, but we’ll put it together, and you’ll see! JA: I’m curious about the personal stake that you guys have in this performance, as Kaos Kids has performed at MLK Day last year, is it a yearly thing for you? EZ: I didn’t perform in it last year, I was abroad, but it is an important thing to us. It’s important that we’re doing it again, and we’d like it to become something that’s regular for us. We’re a very diverse group and support everything that MLK stands for. It’s a different space for us to perform, and it’s something that’s meaningful. JA: Is social justice or activism with regard to diversity a common interest among the group’s members? EZ: It’s not something that we explicitly talk about—I think, as Brandeis students, we all sort of have social justice tendencies, but it’s not necessarily the mission of the group. We do like to give back to the Brandeis community and the community at large, and have worked with some of the oncampus groups that do after-school programs, and teaching kids, and we went to the YMCA last year to do a performance for some of the kids. JA: What has been your biggest challenge as you’ve worked with Kaos Kids over the years? EZ: That’s a good question. I think that the biggest challenge is that we want to do a lot, and we always have ideas and there’s always a lot of ambition and a lot of momentum to move forward and do big things. And it’s just a lot of energy to try to do the work and try to organize and make sure that we get done what we need to get done and make sure that we are perfecting the pieces we are performing, and not just running through them, not just trying to get to bigger venues or different places or try really crazy ideas. It’s just to follow through and make sure that we have a finished product as much as we are trying to grow and do new things. JA: What sort of direction do you see the group going in for the rest of this year? Are you guys planning out long term? EZ: We are just about to have our pre-semester meeting, so we will be talking more about that. We’ve been talking for years about trying to compete in things around Boston. We have performed at different universities and we really do love that, being part of a Greater Boston-area hip-hop community or dance community in general, so that’s something we’re thinking about. We’re planning our semester show, which we did for the first time last year. We’re trying to get more people to choreograph, really get involved with the group. —Rachel Hughes

Boston Loves Impressionism

Boston loves Impressionism and always has. The Museum of Fine Arts in Boston invites you to select the works that will hang in its new exhibition. Choose from a new group of paintings each week—from renownd artists like Claude Monet, August Renoir and their contemporaries—by casting a

vote online at, and enter to win free tickets to the exhibition. Vote from now through Sunday online to choose works for next week’s exhibition. The exhibition will change each week and be on view every day at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Admission ranges from $0 to $25, and is free with a Brandeis ID.

Third Thursdays: Midwinter Tropics

Visit the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston this Thursday and be transported to warmer climes with breezy conversations by the tropical “Courtyard,” a project with fancy plants in the studio, and Caribbean rhythms mixed with jazz improvisation in Calderwood Hall. Thursday at 5:30 p.m. in the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston. Tickets range from $5 to $15 and are available by phone or online. Call (617) 278-5156 or visit

‘The Color Purple’

Based on Alice Walker’s Pulitzer Prize-winning novel, this soul-stirring musical tells the unforgettable story of a woman who—through love—finds the strength to triumph over adversity and discover her own unique voice. This event is cosponsored by the Department of Student Activities and the Theater department. Saturday, Jan. 25 from 7 to 11 p.m. at the SpeakEasy Stage Company in Boston. Tickets are $10 for students and $15 for faculty. Transporation is provided from campus, and buses will leave from Theater Lot at 7 p.m. This event is sponsored by Student Events.

Mozart and Bruckner The Boston Symphony Orchestra presents German conductor and pianist Christoph Eschenbach, who returns to the stage as both soloist and conductor for Mozart’s Piano Concerto No. 12. On the other end of the sym-

phonic scale is Bruckner’s magisterial Symphony No. 9, a work left incomplete at the composer’s death in 1896. This cathedral-like symphony shows the continuing influence of Wagner in its harmonic language and scope, with the particular Austrian lyricism and gift for counterpoint for which Bruckner was known. Saturday at 8 p.m. at the Boston Symphony Hall. Tickets ae $100 each and include a dinner package, and can be purchased online at

Broadway in Boston: ‘ONCE’

Winner of eight 2012 Tony Awards including Best Musical, ONCE is a truly original Broadway experience. Featuring an impressive ensemble of actors and musicians who play their own instruments onstage, ONCE tells the enchanting tale of a Dublin street musician who’s about to give up on his dream when a beautiful young woman takes a sudden interest in his haunting love songs. As the chemistry between them grows, his music soars to powerful new heights, but their unlikely connection turns out to be deeper and more complex than your everyday romance. Showing through Sunday at the Boston Opera House at 539 Washington Street in Boston. Tickets range from $43 to $153 and are available online at

JAY-Z: Magna Carta Tour The infamous rapper and performer is coming to Boston as a stop on his latest tour, the Magna Carta Tour, to promote his newest album, Magna Carta. In addition to new hits, the artist will be performing some of his fans’ favorites throughout the years and his biggest chart-topping tracks. Saturday at 8 p.m. at TD Garden in Boston. Tickets range from $45 to $166 and are available online at


ww Welcome back, my fellow Brandeisians—and a special welcome to our new midyears! To kick off this semester’s first Pop Culture, here’s a taste of what you might have missed this week while you were caught up in your return to ’Deis. A rep. for Hilary Duff announced that the former Disney star has separated from former professional hockey player Mike Comrie. Confirming the news to People magazine, Duff’s rep. calls it an “amicable separation.” Duff, 26, and Comrie, 33, wed back in August 2010, and in March 2012, Duff gave birth to their son Luca Cruz. If you’re looking for some scandalous or dramatic reason for the split, you’re not going to find one. Sources close to the couple have expressed that the two simply have drifted apart. Duff has even gushed about Comrie’s parenting skills to the media in recent months, a true sign of respect between the two of them. Only time will tell if there really is such a thing as an amicable separation in the world of Hollywood. With news of this celebrity split came news of another Tinseltown marriage. Unlike Duff’s split, this marriage does bring a bit of drama along with it. On Friday, Bobbi Kristina Brown, daughter of the late Whitney Houston, confirmed to TMZ that she has married her fiancée Nick Gordon. The couple had announced their engagement in October 2012, and apparently wed in a small, secret ceremony back in November. So where does the scandal come in? Since the age of 12, Gordon grew up with Bobbi Kristina. Though Houston never officially adopted him, she raised him like one of her own children. It’s this bizarre scenario that has been raising eyebrows. Nonetheless, Brown, 20, and Gordon, 24, plan on having another, more elaborate, marriage ceremony this upcoming year. Adding to the drama quota this week, news outlets report that singer Ke$ha’s mother has joined her daughter in rehab. On Jan. 3, Ke$ha had entered rehab for an eating disorder. Reportedly, the 26-yearold “Timber” singer is being treated at

By Mara Sassoon


LOVE SPELL: American Horror Story: Coven stars Emma Roberts and Evan Peters are to wed. the Chicago-area Timberline Knolls facility, the same rehab center that treated singer Demi Lovato. Ke$ha’s mother, Pebe Sebert, 57, announced on Saturday that she has also checked herself into Timberline Knolls for post-traumatic stress disorder. Sebert has allegedly been so affected by her daughter’s struggles and actually entered treatment at the urging of her daughter. In recent weeks, Sebert has publicly blamed Ke$ha’s producer, Dr. Luke, for fueling the singer’s eating disorder with comments he has made. Last of all, if you caught the Golden Globes Sunday night, you likely saw Hollywood’s royalty out on the red carpet, dripping in lavish jewels. But, one ac-

tress’s bling caught the media’s attention in particular. Newly engaged American Horror Story: Coven actress Emma Roberts showed off a big, pink gold and diamond sparkler on her finger. Her beau, actor Evan Peters, popped the question over the holidays. Back in July, Roberts, 22, was arrested in Montreal for allegedly attacking Peters, 26, in a hotel room they shared. At the time, their reps called the disturbance a “misunderstanding.” If the ring is any proof, it sure looks like they have moved past that incident. That’s your pop-culture breakdown for this week, Brandeis. Have a great first week of classes (how is it already second semester?)!





Professors preview spring arts courses By EMILY WISHINGRAD JUSTICE EDITOR

College is really the only time that you can study something just for interest’s sake. Yes, there are major requirements to fulfill, but any college student should take at least one class because it just sounds interesting or even plain

bizarre. There are the typical courses: Biology, Calculus, Introduction to Psychology—but then there are also classes in subjects that you probably never would have thought could warrant a semester-long academic course. Here are some new artistic classes for this semester that stand out for their innovative curricula.


LITERARY JUSTICE: Prof. Susan Lanser (ENG) will look at Jane Austin through a social justice lens in her spring course.

“Jane Austen: Gender, Justice, and the Art of Fiction,” taught by Prof. Susan Lanser (ENG) will take a unique view of Jane Austen’s fiction through the lens of social justice. Lanser has been teaching Austen for years and, as head of the Division of Humanities, she has been instrumental in creating the JustBooks program, a program created in fall 2013 in which a variety of seminars look at images of social justice within a variety of contexts including literature and history. In this class, Lanser decided to combine the two projects. She said in an email to the Justice, “It’s an exciting experiment,

“Sex and Space” taught by Prof. Talinn Grigor (FA) is one of those classes whose title is just too intriguing to resist. The course syllabus gives a glimpse into the relationship between sex and architecture, the theme of the class, noting, “Architecture is permeated with sexual metaphors—the shaft, the high(rise), the closet—and sexual and gender identities and politics have been shaped by architectural formations— the bathhouse, the kitchen, the

one that I don’t think has been tried elsewhere.” Lanser noted that the class will “give particular attention to issues of gender, class, race, the enfranchisement of the ‘lower orders’ and the status of women.” Students will cover wide grounds in Austen’s fiction, reading Pride and Prejudice, Sense and Sensibility, Northanger Abbey and Emma. Students will also read Justice: What’s the Right Thing to Do? by Michael Sandel ’75. Although the class will not directly be discussing contemporary issues, Lanser hopes the class will “resonate with some of the current issues that Sandel addresses.”


ROCKING OUT: In “Songwriting,” a new course this spring, taught by Prof. Seth Coluzzi (MUS), students will have a chance to create original work and perform their pieces, or have them performed, on campus as well as in public.

A new course in the Music department this semester, “Songwriting,” taught by Prof. Seth Coluzzi (MUS), is a one-ofa-kind opportunity that musicians and aspiring songwriters should not pass up. Coluzzi promises a course in which students will learn technical aspects of songs and the art of songwriting but will also have the opportunity to compose

their own pieces and to perform them or have them performed. Students will visit the Rose Art Museum in order to draw inspiration from the works on view for one of their major composition projects. Keeping in line with Brandeis’ focus on social justice, the course will explore social activism through song and students will explore, as

harem, the interior, the secret garden.” In the syllabus, Grigor also notes that the theme of sex has been excluded from academic discussion about architecture. This class promises to give the study of sex in architecture time to shine through lectures, discussions and presentations but also through more interactive and hands-on learning processes. Students will engage in building architectural models as well as take part in field trips into Boston.


SEXUAL STRUCTURES: This fall, Professor Talinn Grigor (FA) will teach “Sex and Space,” looking at sexual imagery in architecture.

Coluzzi puts it in his course proposal, the “communicative and communal aspects of song” through performances on campus as well as in public. Coluzzi suggests that students interested in taking this class have a general knowledge of music such as knowledge of chords, scales and musical notation as well as the ability to sing or play an instrument.




Rose plans for five new exhibitions


The above photo is a still from “Squeeze,” a video by Mika Rottenberg.


On Feb. 13, the Rose Art Museum will see five new exhibits featuring the works of Chris Burden, Mika Rottenberg, Wols and Charline Von Heyl, Mark Boulos, Josephine Meckseper, Mary Reid Kelley and Maria Lassnig. The museum will also be displaying some of Chris Burden’s models of bridges in addition to a highly anticipated outdoor installation that will be coming to the Rose at the beginning of the next school year, “Light of Reason.” The Burden exhibit will be held on the upper level of the Gerald S. and Sandra Fineberg Gallery. In an interview with the Justice, Henry and Lois Foster Director of the Rose Christopher Bedford said that he hopes that the exhibition in the Fineberg Gallery will give context to the outdoor installation. He noted one of the things he appreciates about Burden’s work is his impressive use of “materials that we’re all familiar with, whether those things are toys or refurbished antique lamps.” Meanwhile, downstairs, the Lois Foster Gallery will hold an exhibit with works by Mika Rottenberg, a multinational video artist who has lived in the United States as well as Israel and Argentina. “The way [Rottenberg] is able to intertwine sculpture and the moving image is unusually sophisticated and very new,” Bedford said. Rottenberg is interested in elements of the corporeal, especially the obese, intertwined nature. She has said that in her art she is interested in the idea of “labor as a process between a person and nature.” As Rottenberg is a relatively young artist and takes on very new ideas, Bedford sees her as a model for what a Brandeis student could become in a few years. Rose Video 02 and Rose Video 03, both to be viewed in the Mildred S. Lee Video Gallery, are part of a larger initiative at the Rose to expanding the museum’s video collections and tracing the development of the medium of videos from the 1960s, according to Bedford. Last semester the program premiered with Rose Video 01 by Omer Fast, “5000 Feet is the Best.” The first of the videos, Rose Video 02, shows successive four-week screenings; the first, by Mark Boulos (All that is Solid Melts into Air, 2009) has already been screened but the second by Josephine Meckseper (Mall of America, 2009) will be on view from Feb. 14 through March 16. Rose Video 03 will exhibit videos by Mary Reid Kelly and Maria Lassnig. Rose Video 02 will run through March 16, and Rose

Video 03 will begin screening on March 25. Bedford said that Prof. Lori Cole (FA) was instrumental in choosing the artists and pieces for Rose Video 02 and Rose Video 03. In an email to the Justice, Cole commented on the pairing of the Boulos and Meckseper videos. “Through diverging documentary strategies, Boulos and Meckseper reveal the disembodied nature of consumption, undermining our complacency and forcing us to gaze at the circulation of commodities. By pairing these artistic propositions, Rose Video [03] seeks to expand the conversation about power, inequality, and consumption that these works initiate,” she wrote. Regarding Rose Video 03, Cole said that she “was interested in drawing a historical link between Lassnig’s work [in the early 20th century] and that of contemporary artist Mary Reid Kelley, whose videos are also drawing-based, and centralize her body, as she performs pun-filled ballads evoking women’s experience of history. The pairing is intended to explore film’s and video’s relationship to other media—performance, drawing and poetry—and to reflect on the trajectory of feminist video art.” Another video installation, Rose Projects 01A: The Matter that Surrounds Us, features artists Wols and Charline Von Heyl, and will be viewed on the lower level of the Gerald S. and Sandra Fineberg Gallery. Wols, a German artist from the first part of the 20th century, is known for his paintings in which he dripped thick layers of paint on the canvas and then scratched into the paint. A New York Times article on her show at the Petzel Gallery in New York says that “Charline von Heyl is one of the more intriguing, and least predictable, abstract painters working right now” and notes that “she develops her paintings in shallow but high-contrast layers that evoke the printmaking studio and the computer screen.” The preview on the Rose’ s website notes that “at once visceral and visual, each one of these works of art is something we’ve never seen before.” Bedford told the Justice that the mission of the Rose is very much in line with the University’s dedication to social justice and these new exhibits will aim to strengthen this focus. Steering away from the extremely abstract works of Jack Whitten and Andy Warhol, the new exhibits at the Rose promise to present a very unique array of art in a diverse range of media. I, for one, am extremely excited to see these distinct exhibits come to fruition.


The Rose will hold an exhibit by Chris Burden in the on the upper level of the Gerald S. and Sandra Fineberg Gallery. This piece is called “Tower of London Bridge.”


Rose Projects 01A: The Matter that Surrounds Us, an exhibit that pairs German artist Wols’ work with work a contemporary artist—Charline Von Heyl’s work.





Fine Arts faculty release three books By RACHEL HUGHES JUSTICE EDITOR

For three faculty members in the Fine Arts department, the end of 2013 also brought about a conclusion to some of their most recent works of scholarship. Profs. Gannit Ankori (FA), Peter Kalb (FA) and Jonathan Unglaub (FA) each finished a book on their particular area of art history expertise: Ankori published a biography on artist Frida Kahlo, Kalb published a textbook on contemporary art and Unglaub published a book on a work by painter Nicolas Poussin. All three volumes are now available for art history buffs and academics alike. From a biography to a Masterpiece Series contribution to a comprehensive textbook, these new publications will undoubtedly be showing up in course syllabi soon enough.

Remembering Frida Kahlo Midway through fall semester, Prof. Gannit Ankori published a 224-page volume that chronicles the life of an artist about whom she has taught many classes during her time at Brandeis. Her book, Frida Kahlo, published on Oct. 15 by Reaktion Books and distributed by the University of Chicago Press, is a thoughtful biography of the title artist. Ankori regularly teaches the Fine Arts course FA 178A: “Frida Kahlo: Art, Life and Legacy” in addition to a variety of courses that focus on Israeli and Palestinian art, women artists and contemporary art. Though Ankori could not be reached by press time, a passage about her work included on the University of Chicago Press’ website expresses the way her book conveys the characteristic passion that

propelled Kahlo into a lasting legacy of exceptional ability and innovative expression: “Cutting through ‘Fridamania,’ this book explores Kahlo’s life, art, and legacies, while also scrutinizing the myths, contradictions, and ambiguities that riddle her dramatic story. Gannit Ankori examines Kahlo’s early childhood, medical problems, volatile marriage, political affiliations, religious beliefs and, most important, her unparalleled and innovative art.” In her book, Ankori draws upon a well-researched pool of resources to share Kahlo’s story with readers in a way that cultivates a genuine interest in and passion for her art. She integrates not only the artist’s paintings, but also takes information from Kahlo’s personal records, including diary entries, photographs, letters, interviews and medical records.


Rethinking religious painting Hitting shelves just last month, Prof. Jonathan Unglaub’s (FA) latest book, Poussin’s Sacrament of Ordination: History, Faith, and the Sacred Landscape, was published by Kimbell Art Museum through Yale University Press on Dec. 11. The comparatively short, 108-page book addresses a work within Unglaub’s niche area of scholarship: French baroque painter Nicolas Poussin’s masterpiece painting “Ordination.” In an interview with the Justice, Unglaub explained that “Poussin’s Ordination was one of a series of paintings of the Seven Sacraments, which was painted for his foremost Roman patron, Cassiano dal Pozzo, and they were some of his greatest masterpieces in Rome.” Unglaub did not initially plan to write this book, but rather the project resulted from an opportunity that was presented to him as “Ordination” was recently privately acquired by Texas’ Kimbell Art Museum from its former home in Britain, along with the rest of the paintings in the Seven Sacraments series. “I was invited to give a lecture on this painting, on Poussin’s ‘Ordination’ at the Kimbell Museum. I believe


that was in January of 2012,” Unglaub told the Justice. He was invited to give the lecture at the Kimbell Museum just after the painting went on view there, and afterward, the museum’s curator encouraged him to publish the book, which ended up being produced as a part of Kimbell’s Masterpiece Series through Yale University Press. The series is comprised of texts that discuss paintings in Kimbell’s collection, all written by experts on their respective pieces. “This is the eighth, I believe, in the series. … I basically wrote the book this past year, in early 2013,” said Unglaub, adding that he had finished writing it in a month or two, and then began the back-and-forth editing process with Kimbell. Elaborating on how this publication fits into his personal scholarship, Unglaub said, “I’ve written one book on Poussin, I’m writing a more general book on his life and art currently, so this was kind of a detour from my research, but it was a good opportunity, so I was happy to work on this. It forced me to focus on … this painting, [and] really made me see it in a new light.”

Examining contemporary works Toward the beginning of last semester, Prof. Peter Kalb’s (FA) sizable textbook volume Art Since 1980: Charting the Contemporary was published by Pearson on Sept. 26. The 336-page work provides a comprehensive survey of works of contemporary art, social and historical institutions since the year 1980. In an email interview with the Justice, Kalb shared the origins of the project. “I originally proposed the book in 2000, before one third of the art that is in it was even produced. Research began then both in traditional ways—libraries, archives, interviewing artists and also in the classroom. … The text as it finally appeared was written and edited between 2005 [and] 2011 roughly.” During the year 2000, he was teaching his first contemporary art classes at Middlebury College in Vermont. The extended time that the process took from initial research to final publication, he explained, is due to changes in the way that books are produced over the last decade. “There were many hurdles that the publishers dealt with,” he wrote,”which created pauses in the process that lay outside the normal writing process.” The difficulty with approaching con-

temporary art from an art history perspective also accounts for the length of the process, he wrote. For example, some of the earliest works discussed in the book, from the 1980s to 1990s, are already entering into art historical discussions, while the post-millennial works have yet to. For the artists of these earlier works, he wrote, “The goal is to reflect on why we talk about them in the field and to include less-discussed artists whose work helps us better understand the period.”As for deciding which of the more recent body of contemporary works to discuss, he wrote: “I chose artists I thought made interesting work, artists whose work conveyed important moments in global contemporary art, and artists I knew from experience teaching resonated with students.” The amount of time that Kalb spent on this publication certainly seems to have facilitated a thoughtful and pleasantly calculated approach to his work. As for his hopes for the book, he wrote, “I hope this book invites students to claim art as part of their world and to integrate into their academic lives, and just as important into their personal lives. And I hope art students find it a useful tool for comprehending the world they are about to enter.”


Do you enjoy museums, music, theater or movies?

Write for Arts! Contact Rachel Hughes and Emily Wishingrad at




JustArts staff rounds up favorite exhibits Staff members share art attractions unique to their hometowns BOSTON FAN: The Museum of Fine Arts in Boston boasts an impressive collection. CREATIVE COMMONS


GOING MOBILE: Alexander Calder’s mobiles find a home in Los Angeles.


Over break, I visited one of the Los Angeles County Museum of Art’s newest exhibits—Calder and Abstraction: From Avant-Garde to Iconic—which opened in late November and is the first Alexander Calder exhibit to appear at LACMA. Calder, a 20th century American sculptor, is known for his geometric and colorful mobiles as well as his stables, the stationary works of art that he created in the later part of his career. The layout of the exhibit actually seemed to mimic the artwork and at the same time provided an excellent forum that allowed the artwork to stand out. The layout was geometrical and mazelike, filled with small, narrow crevices that held just a mobile or two. Bold, bright and spinning, the pieces popped out among the gray walls. Calder’s work is highly abstract and reminded me of the idea of a Rorschach inkblot test: each viewer sees something different in the piece and there may be no “right” answer. I imagined everything from plants to stick figures represented in the pieces. It seemed that Calder did have tangible inspiration for some of his works though. For instance, we know that much of Calder’s inspiration came from outer space, especially the pieces in his collection, “Constellations.” The titles of his pieces give us some insight into his inspiration. Some of the titles were descriptive of what the piece represented such as “Blue Feather” and “Little Parasite.” But a few titles paid homage to the materials used, such as “Little Pierced Disk,” names that did not give clue to any inspiration and left room for an inkblot test perspective.


GOOD STROKES: David Hockney’s digital art stands out in San Francisco.

—Emily Wishingrad

Last month, I attended the de Young Museum in San Francisco’s exhibition on David Hockney’s latest work. David Hockney: A Bigger Exhibition opened at the museum on Oct. 26 and will end on Jan. 20. Hockney is known as a major contributor to the pop art movement of the 1960s and for his experimentation in portraiture, photo collage and set design. I have never been an especially big fan of other Hockney exhibits I’ve been dragged to by my mother, and at first, I wasn’t sure if I would enjoy this one. As I walked through the first room, which was packed full of eager guests, I thought that most of the paintings looked an awful lot like something an elementary school student would do. The colors were garish and the brush strokes thick. I changed my mind when I learned that Hockney made all of the displayed works on his iPad or through the paintbrush tools on Adobe Photoshop. For an artist who used photography as his primary medium for many years, I found it fascinating that he switched to tools that many people use for photo editing. About halfway through, the exhibit displayed films of Hockney creating his work. You could watch how his iPad screen went from blank to filled with lines and colors that somehow all came together into a detailed self-portrait or landscape. I also enjoyed a room that showed a timeline of major works in the Western art canon from the 13th century on and allowed the viewer to see where Hockney got his inspiration. I still may not be a huge fan of Hockney’s more mainstream works, but I did thoroughly enjoy David Hockney: A Bigger Exhibition. It was so unlike anything I had ever seen before, and the combination of art and technology took the art to the next level. —Catherine Rosch

BLUE SKIES: The Blue Whole Gallery in Washington State focuses on nature works. My favorite art exhibition of the 2013 year coincided with my first Justice article on the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston exhibition, She Who Tells a Story. The exquisitely curated show, displaying photographs of female artists from the Middle East, exposed me to the subtle nuances of the Middle East that are frequently forgotten in the Western media lenses. Boushra Almutawakel’s series “Mother, Daughter and Doll” depicted the tension over women’s bodies in nine photographs. In the series, the smiling faces of a trio of female figures changes as their garb changes. The first image depicts three happy, colorfully dressed females and only the mother’s head is covered. But, as time progresses, more and more black fabric is added to the trio’s bodies resulting increasingly somber photographers. Finally, the three figures are draped in a black shroud. They no longer exist in the frame of the photograph and as such, cease to exist in society. Yet, my favorite series in the exhibition was Gohar Dashti’s “Today’s Life and War” that portrays a newly married couple in a war-ravaged dessert in an unknown location. In the series, the couple celebrates their anniversary. They take a road trip. They hang their laundry up to dry in the wind. These scenes of domesticities in the midst of a battlefield create an image of war as an everyday reality that is not worthy of excess attention. War and violence have become normalized. The scenes of this newly married couple in a warzone pulled at my heartstrings. In a dystonic landscape the couple’s commitment to each other, their perseverance, determination and commitment to normalcy, seemed oddly romantic and endearing. After a year of exhibitions, She Who Tells a Story is the one the show which I cannot help but to remember and reimagine. —Kiran Gill

A two-hour drive away from both Seattle and the state’s Twilight capital, Forks, my tiny hometown of Sequim is situated in the northwestern-most corner of the state of Washington. With approximately 7,000 residents today, Sequim has a similar heritage to countless small towns across the Pacific Northwest, which have risen from the roots of family-owned farms and prairie settlements in the last century. Naturally, the artwork that comes out of places like Sequim comprises a very niche genre that is inspired by fixtures of everyday life in the Pacific Northwest—small towns, family operations and a close relationship with the area’s splendorous nature and wildlife. Situated in the center of Sequim, the Blue Whole Gallery provides a home for a constantly changing collection of artwork created by locals, many of whom have spent most of their lives in the area. The Blue Whole Gallery was opened in 1997 and is now home to more than 35 artists from the Northwest. Functioning as a cooperative gallery, each of its members contributes through both monthly membership dues and commissions on works sold in the gallery. The selection of works on view ranges in medium from oil on canvas to watercolor, photography to ceramics, sculpture to carvings to tactile mixed media. One can always count on nature as a common theme throughout the gallery. Some of my favorite pieces on view now are watercolor paintings of the Olympic mountain range, brightly painted wooden carvings of wild birds and oil paintings of the nearby Strait of Juan de Fuca. The Blue Whole Gallery celebrates the spirit of small town communities and the beautiful land and life around us. If you are ever in the area, skip the vampire-themed tour of Forks and pay a visit to the local art scene. —Rachel Hughes


Film chronicles singer’s journey By ADAM RABINOWITZ JUSTICE EDITOR


WANDERING STRAY: Llewyn Davis, the film’s protagonist, seeks to make a name for himself in the 1960s Greenwich Village folk music scene.

Joel and Ethan Coen issue a poignant yet chilling homage to the early 1960s folk music scene in their latest box-office fare Inside Llewyn Davis, a film that had actually been screened at Brandeis last month by the program in Film, Television and Interactive Media Joel, particularly, in an interview with Time Magazine, had this to say about the inspiration behind their newest title character, a loosely-based adaptation of folk singer Dave Van Ronk: “What’s interesting to us are the people you know that are very good at what they do but aren’t necessarily successful.” The Coens introduced their latest antihero to moviegoers this December in the form of Llewyn Davis, a gifted folk singer who fails to catch a musical break outside the confines of the Gaslight Café in Lower Manhattan. Llewyn, impressively embodied by actor and singer Oscar Isaac, mesmerizes the Gaslight Café crowd in the opening scene of the film with a soulful rendition of “Hang Me, Oh Hang Me,” a tune that is met with a stirring, raucous round of applause. Yet, the Coen brothers then show us the other half of Davis’ story, lending insight into the fact that “while [he] may be very good at what [he does, he is] not necessarily successful.” After his song, Davis is assaulted by an unnamed assailant in the back alley, who then departs with the

words: “You can have this cesspool.” The plot of the film stems from this challenge: can Davis’ get out of the “cesspool?” He is a homeless, penniless wanderer, resigned to bumming off of a dwindling network of friends, hoping against all odds that he can finally catch the musical break that thrusts him out of Greenwich Village. As with every antihero, it seems the fate of Davis’ quest is sealed from the start. He wears on the good will of his friends and fellow folk singers—Jean (Carey Mulligan) and Jim (Justin Timberlake)—and unwittingly signs away the royalties to a Columbia Records musical gig that could have changed everything. With no options left, he hitches a ride to Chicago to pursue the approval of Bud Grossman (F. Murray Abraham), a mythic club owner who holds the keys to Davis’ salvation. The ensuing road trip from New York to Chicago unfolds like a chillingly perverse Kerouac tale, populated by several of the Coens’ favorite sinister actors—including the Neal Cassady look-alike at the wheel (Garrett Hedlund) and the grandiose, wheezing jazzman (John Goodman) on his deathbed in the back. It is also no coincidence that his orange tabby cat, fittingly named Ulysses, rests at his side, a testament in my mind to James Joyce’s own nomadic, troubled protagonist—Stephen Dedalus. Yet, the structure of the plot, a haphazardly constructed narrative bereft of any chronology and any form also reflects the lost, confused nature of Davis’ road trip.

The Coens propose this illusory end goal of musical fame in Chicago, an element that detracts from a well-crafted film. In the end, it’s not about your typical cinematic plot, it’s about the rise and fall of Llewyn Davis. Inside Llewyn Davis is reminiscent of the Coen Brothers’ older works: the central quest of the enigmatic, morally ambiguous antihero, the beautifully surrealist landscapes and the gratifyingly clever literary subtext. However, this time, they have done something just a bit different. This type of film is something that I have not yet seen in their expansive, 30-year body of work: this folk tale has a bit of reality to it. Unlike the biblical deserts of No Country for Old Men or the Western fantasy of True Grit, Inside Llewyn Davis is layered in an authentic folk scene in Greenwich Village, populated by the soft-spoken singers like Jean, Jim and Davis himself who defined a bygone era in New York City. The score, following “Hang Me, Oh Hang Me,” is breathtaking, a thoroughly researched product of the pre-Bob Dylan folk tradition. The film, in a sense, has a documentary feel to it, a niche that the Coens have not yet explored in a craft mostly inspired by fantasy and imagination. For me, that makes Inside Llewyn Davis a one-of-a-kind film in the Coen canon and also indicates something else: the Coen brothers are unlike their cast of antiheroes. They are really good at what they do—but are also successful at it.


TUESDAY, January 14, 2014 | THE JUSTICE

TOPof the


Brandeis TALKS

CHARTS Top 10s for the week ending January 12

Quote of the week “The resolution is noxious, deeply harming the principle of academic freedom and dangerously scapegoating Israel.”


1. Lone Survivor 2. Frozen (2013) 3. The Wolf of Wall Street (2013) 4. The Legend of Hercules 3D 5. American Hustle 6. The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug 3D 7. Saving Mr. Banks 8. Paranormal Activity: The Marked Ones 9. Her 10. Anchorman 2: The Legend Continues

—Prof. Joyce Antler (AMST) on the American Studies Association. (News, p. 1)

How was your last, first day at Brandeis?


OLIVE POBIEL/the Justice

SUN SALUTATIONS: While taking a study break, editor Olivia Pobiel ’15 and a friend explored Brandeis in the fog. The woods near the International Business School provided the backdrop to this photo.

Danny Reisner ’14 “Full of last firsts. Feeling nostalgic. Especially my last first time at Sherman. I’m not sure if that’s such a bad thing though.”

Elisha Katz ’14 “I’m taking two art classes. Now all I’m doing is what I want to be doing and I don’t need to stress about the future. Now I can live in the moment.”

Estie Martin ’14 “I had one class. It was long so I’m tired.”

Eva Chill ’14 “It was very strange. Now the real world is going to come.”

the justice wants to see your original artwork! Submit your photography or a photo of your original drawings, sculptures, paintings or works in other mediums to to be featured in the next issue!

CROSSWORD ACROSS 1 Worked a wedding, perhaps 5 Film on water 9 Worker with a whip 14 Jackknifed, say 15 What you may do when you snooze? 16 Like Silas Marner before finding Eppie 17 Flow slowly 18 Conversant with 19 Cap’ns’ underlings 20 *Polite words showing little interest 23 Ready to sire 25 Forbid 26 Overly 27 Be a bad omen 31 RB’s units 32 *Words often heard after “Welcome” 35 Chamber opening? 36 Humorous Margaret 37 Landed 41 *Verbal gamesmanship 46 Old flier 49 Enlarge, as a blueprint 50 Égotiste’s pronoun 51 Ready for 53 City on the Somme 55 *Metaphorical boundary 59 With 62-Down, certain ... and where to find the ends of the answers to starred clues 60 Scull crew 61 Names 64 Mule and whitetail 65 Balanchine bend 66 Canon ending? 67 Peacock’s gait 68 Law firm letterhead abbreviations 69 Lines from the heart? DOWN 1 Smile specialist’s deg. 2 Morning pickme- up 3 Smooths 4 Where to get a ticket to ride 5 “__ Millionaire”: 2008 Best Picture 6 Column filler 7 Biennial games org. 8 List 9 Bulgur salad 10 Up in the rigging 11 To a large degree 12 Ball team, e.g. 13 Corrects in wood shop 21 __ top 22 Old-time actress Negri 23 “Back __!”: “Same here!” 24 Bugs, for one 28 Places to tie up

Nonfiction 1. Things that Matter—Charles Krauthammer 2. David and Goliath—Malcolm Gladwell 3. Killing Jesus—Bill O’Reilly and Martin Dugard 4. George Washington’s Secret Six—Brian Kilmeade and Don Yaeger 5. I Am Malala— Malala Yousafzai and Christina Lamb


1. Katy Perry—“Dark Horse (feat. Juicy J” 2. Aloe Bacc—“The Man” 3. Pitbull—”Timber (feat. Ke$ha)” 4. A Great Big World and Christina Aguilera—“Say Something” 5. One Republic—“Counting Stars”


1. Soundtrack—Frozen 2. Beyonce— Beyonce 3. Eminem— The Marshall Mathers LP 2 4. Katy Perry— PRISM 5. Lorde—Pure Heroine 6. One Direction—Midnight Memories 7. Luke Bryan—Crash My Party 8. OneRepublic—Native 9. Various Artists—Now 48 10. Night Visions—Imagine Dragons

29 Set of moral principles 30 “__ roll!” 33 Hardly a rookie 34 “Knots Landing” actress __ Park Lincoln 38 Certain November also-ran 39 Will occur as planned 40 The one here 42 Most pretentious 43 Trotsky of Russia 44 Ones resting on a bridge 45 Vivaldi motif 46 Infants don’t eat them 47 Parlor instrument 48 Backpacker, often 52 ’60s rockers’ jacket style 54 Many a lowbudget film 56 Engage in frequent elbowbending 57 Dutch artist Frans 58 La Salle of “ER” 62 See 59-Across 63 Mercedes roadsters

Top of the Charts information provided by Fandango, the New York Times, Billboard. com and

STAFF’S Top Five

Solution to last issue’s crossword Crossword Copyright 2012 MCT Campus, Inc.

SUDOKU INSTRUCTIONS: Place a number in the empty boxes in such a way that each row across, each column down and each small 9-box square contains all of the numbers from one to nine.

Nate Shammay ’14 “I’m taking fewer classes so I can go to the gym now. It’s packed!”

—Compiled by Lilah Zohar and Josh Horowitz/the Justice

Fiction 1. The Goldfinch—Donna Tartt 2. Sycamore Row—John Grisham 3. Hazardous Duty— W.E.B Griffin and William E. Butterworth IV 4. First Phone Call From Heaven— Mitch Albom 5. Command Authority—Tom Clancy and Mark Greaney

Solution to last issue’s sudoku

Sudoku Copyright 2012 MCT Campus, Inc.

‘Parks and Rec’ By MELANIE CYTRON justice COPY STAFF

Last week was “lit’rally” the best week ever for NBC’s hit comedy Parks and Recreation. The show aired its 100th episode and its star, Amy Poehler, won the Golden Globe for best actress in a comedic television series. In celebration of the show’s success, here are my top-five favorite moments from the series. 1. When everyone was wasted on “snake juice” 2. April and Andy’s dinner party and surprise wedding 3. “Ann, you beautiful tropical fish” and every other compliment Leslie has given to Ann 4. “Stop. Pooping.” and the rest of Chris’ flu-induced breakdown 5. When Ron tried to eat a banana

The Justice, January 14, 2014 issue  

The independent student newspaper of Brandeis University since 1949.