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ARTS Page 19

FORUM Acknowledge faults in protest 12 SPORTS Three games remain for men’s basketball 16


The Independent Student Newspaper



B r a n d e is U n i v e r sit y S i n c e 1 9 4 9


Volume LXX, Number 17

Tuesday, February 13, 2018



Students call on Hillel for action ■ Students petitioned Brandeis

Hillel to renounce its parent organization’s endorsement of Kenneth Marcus. By ABBY PATKIN JUSTICE EDITOR

A group of students is calling on the Brandeis Hillel chapter to denounce its parent organization’s endorsement of Kenneth Marcus, President Donald Trump’s nominee for assistant secretary for Civil Rights in the Department of Education. In a petition that began circulating among the Brandeis community on Friday, the students are urging Brandeis Hillel to speak out against Marcus’ nomination and Hillel International’s endorsement, citing Marcus’ outspoken views on Title IX, a statute that prevents sex- or gender-based discrimination at educational pro-

grams that receive federal funding. Hillel International, which is the largest Jewish campus organization in the world, works to engage students in religious and cultural programming. Marcus, who is pro-Israel, has long been a vocal opponent of the global Boycott, Divestment, Sanctions movement, which seeks to cut off international support for Israel. He is the founder and president of the Louis D. Brandeis Center for Human Rights Under Law. “In our experience, [Marcus] has been a supporter of Hillel’s pluralistic, inclusive values and a leader in fighting discrimination in an analytical and impartial manner,” Hillel International said in a statement to the Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Yet Marcus has also voiced his criticism of Obama-era Title IX guidelines that discourage colleges from allowing those accused of assault to directly cross-examine



Liebowitz publishes Board meeting report ■ President Ron Liebowitz

released a comprehensive report of the Board of Trustees’ January meeting . By MICHELLE DANG JUSTICE EDITOR

In their January meeting, the Board of Trustees passed General Education Requirements, discussed board transparency and trust and heard a presentation on fossil fuel divestment, according to a report published on Thursday by University President Ron Liebowitz. The Board also had a dinner discussion between trustees and 15 relatively new faculty members, in addition to meeting with students about student-life challenges, Liebowitz wrote in the summary. Much of Jan. 31 was devoted to

a two-hour discussion on the new General Education Requirements, wrote Liebowitz. Dean of Arts and Sciences Susan Birren presented to the Trustees on the 18-month process of working with faculty, staff, students and administrators to craft the requirements. She also discussed how their implementation would unfold. A major concern raised in the discussion was how the new “diversity, equity, and inclusion” requirement will meet its goal, including the approval process and categorization of courses to fulfill the requirement. Despite these concerns, the board voted unanimously to support the new curricular proposal. Birren and Provost Lisa Lynch will share these concerns with the faculty for further discussion and resolution. The Academy Committee also


Brandeis Feminist Majority Leadership Alliance held their annual Galentine’s Day to celebrate platonic love with waffles, chocolate and card writing on Monday evening.

Campus Operations shares details on active shooter drill ■ Campus Operations Director

Jim Gray further discussed the mission of the Active Shooter drill to occur on March 21. By ABBY PATKIN JUSTICE EDITOR

The active shooter drill scheduled for March 21 is not in response to a specific incident, but is instead intended to familiarize the community with crisis protocol and to work out any potential kinks in the University’s emergency operations, according to Vice President for Campus Operations Jim Gray. The drill, which will take place in the library, will include realistic gunshot sounds and simulated injuries. Some students and staff members will play mock victims, Gray explained in an interview with the Justice and the Brandeis Hoot. This type of drill is common practice on college campuses, Gray said, adding that it is standard best practice to familiarize the campus community with emergency procedure. “We can position ourselves to be better able to lessen the tragedy if we plan and think about this as a community and as law enforcement and coordinate with the local

authorities as well,” he said. “It’s not in response to any particular threat, it’s not because we think we are more at risk, … of having a shooter incident on campus. It’s just to do the sorts of things we need to do to keep our community as safe as we can, and to hopefully make sure people are thinking about what they need to do if a real incident plays out.” In a Feb. 5 email announcing the drill, Director of Public Safety Ed Callahan wrote that the exercise will involve Brandeis University Police, BEMCo, Waltham Police, the Waltham Fire Department, Bentley University Police and Cataldo Ambulance staff. The Office of Communications and senior administrators on the Incident Command Team will also play a role, according to Gray. Though University Police will be engaged in the drill, the Public Safety switchboard will still be manned, and Gray emphasized that the officers can be redirected quickly in the event of an actual emergency. In planning the exercise, the University engaged the help of a consultant from security consulting firm Margolis Healy, according to Gray. The University also received input from Waltham Police and the

Waltham Fire Department, both of which have experience in running similar drills. The library will be cordoned off during the drill, which is set to take place between 6 a.m. and noon. The drill itself will take approximately three hours, Gray said. He explained that the library was chosen because it is centrally located on campus and because few classes are held there, thereby minimizing disruption. In the lead-up to the drill, the University will use social media and send out emergency alerts via the Brandeis Emergency Notification System. There will also be an electronic sign at the entryway, as well as notices posted at entrances across campus. Gray added that he has also notified the surrounding neighborhoods. “The word ‘drill’ will be everywhere,” Gray said, adding, “We don’t want anybody hearing the mock gunshots and feeling like there’s a shooter, obviously. We’re very concerned that somebody might nonetheless fall through the cracks, so we’re trying to take every precaution to make sure we over-communicate and carefully communicate to the right audi-

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College Love

The Final Countdown

Ethics of Teaching

 Two Brandeis parents spoke about how they found love in college.

 The women’s basketball team hopes to make their last games count.

A panel questioned whether Teach for America is really for America or not.


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Let your voice be heard! Submit letters to the editor online at




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the justice



Senate reviews mindfulness and psychoanalysis clubs for probation

Medical Emergency

The Senate convened for its weekly meeting on Sunday, with two clubs presenting for probationary status. Jordan Brodie ’19 and Ethan Saal ’19 of the Mindfulness Club petitioned the Senate for probationary status. The club wishes to have “Mindfulness Mondays,” which would include an activity like yoga to get students on the right track for a mentally healthy week. Brodie stated, “Our goals are around … creating a positive impact in the community.” Saal emphasized that when it comes to mental health, the group works on the preventative aspect of self-care rather than the treatment provided by institutions like the Brandeis Counseling Center. Brodie stressed the need for an overarching mindfulness group on campus, as many students suffer from mental health issues. Senator-at-Large Shaquan McDowell ’18 asked how the club would be different from Zen Zone, a small mindfulness group run by the chaplaincy. Brodie and Saal replied that Zen Zone is extremely obscure and is a research project rather than a club, and thus does not have a set future. Brodie added that multiple chaplaincy members have put forth statements of support for the existence of the Mindfulness Club. McDowell and Class of 2020 Senator Tal Richtman expressed reservations about the statements of interest in the club, as most of them came from Facebook posts rather than actual testimonies. Rosenthal Quad Senator Elizabeth Dabanka ’20 added that her problem with the club was that it would not collaborate with Zen Zone and thus would ignore a similar, existing organization on campus and unnecessarily found a club. Multiple Senators expressed concern over the language of the club’s purpose, as it could be misinterpreted as being a treatment space or insensitive to psychological health. McDowell added that some of the group’s activities may violate duality of purpose. The Senate did not recognize the Mindfulness Club. Nathan Kline ’20 of the Psychological Amusement in Notable Interests Club petitioned the Senate for probationary status. Kline stated that the club’s purpose is to have a fun atmosphere for both psychology and nonpsychology students to discuss the field. The club has been watching movies and television shows and psychoanalyzing them. Kline stated that he wants funding to be able to do more activities. Kline outlined the difference between the club and the Psychology Undergraduate Department Representatives — the UDRs do academic and networking events, whereas the club would do more fun events. Richtman asked about the lessons that Kline has learned from the failure of the previous iteration of the Psychology Club. Kline replied that the old club was heavily dependent on the Psychology Department, whereas the new version would be self-reliant. Dabanka and McDowell expressed concerns about the club’s organizational structure, stating that the club seemed to revolve around Kline. Executive Senator Aaron Finkel ’20 and Class of 2021 Senator Noah Nguyen, who attended the club’s meetings, replied that the other officers are very passionate and involved. Class of 2019 Senator Benedikt Reynolds added that just because a club is disorganized one week does not mean that it cannot improve its organizational structure in the future. The Senate approved PANIC for probationary status. The Senate passed a Senate Money Resolution for an event for off-campus students.

Feb. 5—A party in the Epstein Building reported that they were experiencing tightness in the chest and lightheadedness with nausea. Waltham Fire Department and BEMCo responded, and the party was transported to Mount Auburn Hospital via Cataldo Ambulance. Feb. 7—University Police received a report of a party in Shapiro Hall who was experiencing flu-like symptoms. BEMCo staff treated the party, who was transported to Newton-Wellesley Hospital via Cataldo Ambulance. Feb. 7—A party in the Gosman Sports and Convocation Center dislocated their shoulder while playing sports. BEMCo staff treated the party, who was transported to NewtonWellesley Hospital via University Police cruiser. Feb. 8—BEMCo staff treated a party in East Quad who had

injured their ankle. Feb. 8—A party in Renfield Hall reported that they were experiencing chest pains. BEMCo staff treated the party, who was transported to Newton-Wellesley Hospital for further care. Feb. 9—A community advisor in Village Quad reported that there was an intoxicated party. BEMCo and Cataldo Ambulance staff were cleared with a signed refusal for further care. Feb. 9—University Police received a report of a party who slipped on the walkway near Usdan Student Center. BEMCo staff treated the party with a signed refusal for further care, and University Police transported the party back to their dorm. Feb. 10—BEMCo assistance was requested for an intoxicated party in Rosenthal Quad. The party, who was conscious and alert, was transported to Newton-Wellesley Hospital via

Cataldo Ambulance. The area coordinator on call was notified of the incident. Feb. 10—BEMCo assistance was requested for an intoxicated party in Reitman Hall. The party, who was conscious and alert, was transported to Newton-Wellesley Hospital via Cataldo Ambulance. The ACOC was notified. Feb. 10—University Police received a report of a party who had fallen on a staircase in Goldfarb Library and injured their ankle. BEMCo staff treated the party, who was transported to an urgent care facility via University Police cruiser. Feb. 10—A party walked into the Public Safety building with a burn on their left hand. BEMCo staff treated the party with a signed refusal for further care.


Feb. 8—University Police received a report of a loud group



Feb. 5—A party in Usdan Student Center reported unwelcome interactions from another party. University Police compiled a report on the incident, and the Department of Community Living spoke with the reporting party about filing a no contact order. Feb. 9—University Police compiled a report on an ongoing issue involving threatening emails and tweets sent to the Heller School for Social Policy and Management. —Compiled by Abby Patkin

BRIEF Missing Waltham man sparks police and K-9 unit search near Charles River Apartments

—Emily Blumenthal

The Justice will resume printing on March 6. CORRECTIONS AND CLARIFICATIONS

at the Charles River Apartments. The reporting party could not determine whether they were crying or laughing. All was quiet upon University Police arrival. Feb. 10—A party reported that there was loud banging coming from a suite in Ziv Quad. University Police checked the area and found it quiet upon arrival.

YVETTE SEI/the Justice

Brandeis Jazz Ensemble Director and bass player Bob Nieske and local jazz carinet player Billy Novick performed on Wednesday afternoon.

Officers and K-9 units searched the wooded area behind the Charles River Apartments on Sunday night and Monday morning as police looked into the disappearance of a Waltham man. Thomas Astore, a 57-year-old white male, went missing on Sunday. According to a tweet from the Waltham Police Department, his vehicle was found parked in the area of Sawyer Road, the road that leads down to the cemetery near the Charles River Apartments. Astore has gray hair and is 5 feet 8 inches tall and 180 lbs, per the alert. He was last seen wearing a gold sweater, brown jacket and blue jeans, according to the Waltham Police Department’s tweet. Waltham Police also advised residents to avoid approaching Astore if they see him. “Do not approach, call Waltham Dispatch at 911,” the tweet read. Director of Public Safety Ed Callahan confirmed in an email to the Justice that the police presence near the Charles River Apartments was related to the missing person. Amanda Drapcho, the area coordinator for the Charles River Apartments, emailed residents to notify them of the police presence on Charles River Road. “This has nothing to do with Brandeis University and there [is] no reason for concern,” she wrote. Waltham handled its most recent missing-persons incident a few weeks ago, when Keisha Cruz was found safe on Jan. 23 after going missing. The 22-year-old Cruz went missing from a group home on Jan. 21, and the Waltham Police reported at the time that she had limited vision and hearing and was possibly suicidal. —Abby Patkin

n The Justice has no corrections or clarifications to to report for this week.

ANNOUNCEMENTS The Justice welcomes submissions for errors that warrant correction or clarification. Email editor@



The Justice is the independent student newspaper of Brandeis University. The Justice is published every Tuesday of the academic year with the exception of examination and vacation periods. Editor News Forum Features Sports Arts Ads Photos Managing Copy Layout

The Justice Brandeis University Mailstop 214 P.O. Box 549110 Waltham, MA 02454-9110 Phone: (781) 736-3750 The Managing Editor holds office hours on Mondays from 7:30 to 8:30 p.m.

Open Session

Chief Diversity Officer and Vice President for Diversity, Equity, & Inclusion Mark Brimhall-Vargas and Amber Abernathy, Student Union diversity officer are holding open sessions about our campus’ progress in the area of diversity, equity and inclusion. They will be giving special attention to the agreements students and administrators made following Ford Hall 2015. The original agreements and other diversity-related statements can be found on the Diversity, Equity & Inclusion at Brandeis website. Today from noon to 1 p.m. in Levine Ross, Hassenfeld Conference Center.

Treat Yourself De-Stress Fair

Come celebrate Valentine’s Day and destress before February break! Make your own Valentine’s Day card, play with a stress ball of play dough, create your own bag of trail mix and share some helpful study tips and organization apps. There will be a raffle

for an Amazon gift card. Tomorrow from noon to 3 p.m. in the Atrium, Shapiro Campus Center.

Sad Valentine’s Day Open Mic

Get your pre-Valentine’s blues out of the way with this open mic! Come share your worst love poetry and stories, write an anonymous love letter to a stranger, and enjoy Valentine’s-themed snacks (i.e. lots of chocolate)! Today from 7:30 to 9:30 p.m. in Cholmondeley’s Coffee House.

Open Meeting on Brandeis’ Future

Near the end of last semester, President Ron Liebowitz hosted the first open meeting on the future direction of Brandeis. The robust discussion will continue throughout this year. Students, faculty and staff are invited to join the senior leadership team and Liebowitz at open meetings to continue the

important discussion about the University’s strategic priorities. Please visit the strategic thinking website, which includes information and resources about the process so far. In advance of this meeting, you may want to watch a video of Student Union President Jacob Edelman ’18 and Vice President Hannah Brown ’19, talking with Liebowitz about the strategic thinking process the university is using to chart its course. Wednesday from 2 to 3:30 p.m. in Room 101, Olin-Sang American Civilization Center.

Central American Dinner Night

Brandeis Global Medical Brigades will be hosting a Central American Dinner Night that will involve food and music from Central American countries. This is a way for the members of Global Medical Brigades to share the culture of the countries in which Global Brigades’ volunteers provide service. Wednesday from 8 to 10 p.m. in Room 313, Shapiro Campus Center.

the justice




Teach for America?

obituary Community mourns loss of Lower Usdan Sodexo manager Rick Gobbi Rick Gobbi, who worked as a Sodexo food service manager in the Lower Usdan dining hall, passed away at his home in Billerica early in the morning on Feb. 4. Gobbi had recently been nationally recognized by Sodexo for his outstanding customer service, according to a Thursday night email sent to the Brandeis community by University President Ron Liebowitz. In his email, Liebowitz echoed a common theme expressed by others on social media since Gobbi’s passing: “Whether he was busing tables, or assisting students during lunch, Rick always had a way to make you smile.” Born in Waltham, Gobbi was a dedicated member of the community. He was also a devoted father, coaching Waltham Little League for his son and taking his daughter to ballet and horseback riding lessons, according to the obituary posted on the Brasco &

Son’s Memorial Funeral Home website. The funeral service was held Friday at the St. James Armenian Apostolic Church in Watertown. On campus, Brandeis Dining Services and Sodexo remembered Gobbi by serving some of his favorite foods in Lower Usdan on Thursday. Dining Services posted on its Facebook page, “We have always been incredibly proud to have him as part of our team, and will miss his warm presence dearly,” and its website links to Gobbi’s obituary with a banner reading, “We remember our friend Rick.” Liebowitz concluded his email by reminding community members that the campus has many support resources available to them, including the Brandeis Counseling Center and members of the Multifaith Chaplaincy. —Kirby Kochanowski


Everyone has a story. Help us find it.


mihir khanna/the Justice

teach for america: Educators discussed the successes and struggles of the Teach for America program on Thursday.

Panel evaluates Teach for America’s success ■ Speakers defended and

critiqued the organization, discussing its effect on public education in America. By Sam Stockbridge Justice Staff Writer


Contact Victor Feldman at

A leading Massachusetts educator met with a Brandeis faculty member on Thursday evening for an open discussion about the effectiveness of Teach For America, a teachers’ organization, on American schools. Josh Biber, the Massachusetts executive director of Teach For America, defended his employer from Brandeis Prof. Marya Levenson ’64 (ED), Harry S. Levitan Director of Teacher Education. The event was moderated by Renee Korgood ’20, in Schwartz Hall. Teach For America is an organization that places recent college graduates in a classroom for a two-year period. The organization’s goal is to improve American education by giving its members an understanding of how to effectively teach, so that, even if they don’t pursue a career in teaching, they can use their knowledge to change policy and understand the limitations of the American school system. Detractors argue that its members don’t teach significantly better than ordinary teachers, despite being generally better educated. The discussion began from a shared understanding that the two speakers reluctantly agreed on: Getting a successful education today

depends largely on where you live and on how much money you have. Biber said, “I think it’s something like 8 percent of the kids growing up in poverty graduate from college ... by age 24, in six years. Our kids are smart — they’re brilliant — but they don’t have the same opportunities.” The discussion then focused on the night’s topic: evaluating the success and failure of TFA. Biber, representing TFA, said he was initially skeptical when he was asked to join Teach For America as a senior at Brown University. Sharing common concerns about the program, he said he felt like two years wouldn’t be enough time to train new teachers and that the program felt like “social imperialism.” In 10 minutes, the recruiter convinced him to join. The discussion first centered on whether Teach For America has the right attitude about how best to address the growing crisis facing America’s education system. In the end, they both agreed that the central belief behind the program is a noble one: that the responsibility of education reform cannot fall solely on schools. They noted that education reform is often treated as an issue that can be exclusively solved by reallocating money for public schools and enacting specific laws incentivizing schools to perform better on standardized tests. However, according to the speakers, education is rarely so cut-and-dry, and creating an environment that is conducive to education often means building a stronger community and increasing parent involvement with the school — a daunting task. Another contentious issue was

whether the program was ultimately effective in achieving its goal. Biber believed it had been effective, but noted that caution should be exercised in evaluating the program. He explained that the success of Teach for America classrooms can vary wildly because different states have different laws about public school funding and standardized test benchmarks. While all U.S. public schools must use standardized tests to track progress, many states have lowered the testing standards to give the appearance of progress and improvement without increasing funding to schools. Moving beyond TFA in their discussion, the two discussed charter schools and their place in public education reform, with both expressing reservations about the trustworthiness of these types of schools. A charter school receives government funding but is independent of federal education standards. They noted that Massachusetts has had incredible success with charter schools, because it imposes performance requirements that the schools must satisfy in order to qualify for state funding. They contrasted this idea with Arizona’s policies, which have no requirements for what makes a charter school legitimate. Consequently, Arizona charter schools are some of the least successful charter schools in the country. Despite these ideological differences, both speakers respected their opponent’s ideas and expressed hope that the system would improve. Fittingly, the two teachers expressed their hope in a new generation of educators to change the world.

’DEIS Impact

Prosthesis Club invites students to create 3-D printed hands ■ Brandeis Prosthesis Club

encouraged students to build prosthetic hands from 3-D printed pieces to be donated. By Jocelyn Gould Justice Editorial assistant

Highlighting one social justice application of 3-D printing, Brandeis Prosthesis Club invited fellow University students to assemble 3-D printed prosthetic hands on Friday. The event, part of the University’s social justice festival ’DEIS Impact, gave students a chance to assemble older models of the prosthetic hands, which the club now donates to disabled children. Before helping the audience put together hands themselves, club co-President Alison Tassone ’18 and Vice President David Bressler ’20 introduced BPC and explained its mission.

“We 3-D print prosthetic hands and then give them to kids that don’t have them,” Bressler said. So far, the club has sent prosthetic hands to children in Ghana and the U.S. Tassone and Bressler told the story of the club creating an “Iron Man” hand for a little boy named Andrew. The hand was colored like the superhero, per the boy’s request, giving him a chance to be “the cool kid with the superhero arm,” Tassone said. In addition to entire hands, BPC has also created individual prosthetic fingers, called Knick fingers. In the coming semester, they want to make their first Hackberry hand, which responds to nerve signals. BPC’s creation and innovation is made possible by its partnership with e-Nable, an international organization that connects people willing to 3-D print and assemble hands with those who need them across the world. The organization grew out

of an unintentional invention, according to Tassone. In 2011, e-Nable founder Ivan Owen created a mechanical hand as a costume piece and posted it online. The hand caught the attention of a man in South Africa, who reached out asking if it could replace his lost fingers. Their resulting collaboration inspired a mother in South Africa to request a hand for her son. Owens then combined 3-D printing technology with a mechanical whalebone hand from the 19th century, posted the 3-D model online, and invited others to print and assemble hands for those who need them. The community grew, and within two years, e-Nable had “7,000 members, 2,000 devices and 45 countries involved,” Tassone said. “There are a bunch of strangers making hands for kids they never really get to meet,” Tassone said of the e-Nable community. 3-D printing prosthetics has mul-

tiple advantages. Bressler explained that prosthetics are usually extremely expensive, with functioning arms costing “upwards of $10,000; ... some even cost 30,000.” The hands that BPC creates cost about $23 in total, according to Bressler — $3 for the printing materials, and $20 for a kit that contains the other necessary equipment for each hand, like string and screws. Brandeis donates the hands to eNable for free. The significantly lower cost of 3-Dprinted hands is especially important for kids, Bressler explained. “Children will outgrow them quickly,” he said, “so we can make another one fairly easily and cost-efficiently.” Beyond the club’s partnership with e-Nable, the event gave the audience a glimpse into the world of 3-D printing, and how to get involved in it at Brandeis. The process of 3-D printing starts with a computer-generated model.

You then “put [the model] into a software which will put it into layers, and then you put it into the 3-D printer,” Bressler said. “Some printers … have renewable bioplastic spooled in the back of the device, almost like a string,” explained a 2014 Mashable video played at the event. “When the printer receives the data, it pulls the material through a tube, melts it, deposits it to the plate, where it instantly cools.” These layers build up to create the printed item in a process the video called “additive manufacturing.” At Brandeis, BPC recycles “all of the material that we print in. So if anything fails or if there is support material, we can turn that into new filament,” Bressler said. According to Bressler, the library has about 70 3-D printers, and all students, faculty and staff can print for free at the MakerLab. BPC meets Wednesday nights in the lab, from 8 to 9 p.m.

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’DEIS Impact

Professor holds talk about ethics of social justice ■ Prof. Bernard Yack (POL)

discussed different views of justice in relation to criticisms of social justice. By Will Hodgkinson Justice staff writer

Some 25 students gathered on Friday for an open session of Prof. Bernard Yack’s (POL) course, “Conservative Political Thought,” as a part of ’DEIS Impact. The topic under discussion: “Social Justice as a Mirage.” Yack opened his class by addressing the fact that “it’s a little strange” to discuss “the most influential 20th century argument about why social justice is something we should be ignoring” as part of the University’s social justice festival. He examined the belief that “social justice is a mirage, an illusion that ... actually undermines justice.” The class focused on the proponent of this provocative opinion: the Austrian economic and classical liberal theorist Friedrich Hayek. According to Yack, Hayek’s thoughts stem from a more fundamental philosophical disagreement than contemporary critiques of activism. Unlike contemporary ideological opponents arguing over “one vision of social justice over another,” Hayek denounced social justice altogether as a futile and, ultimately, harmful pursuit. “Even though rejecting social justice sounds like it’s attacking morality, motherhood, Brandeis, it, in fact, is drawing on something more than partisan right-wing rhetoric,” Yack said. “I’ve always tried to remind Brandeis leaders that they’re playing with fire with using social justice as a branding icon, as opposed to justice.” Yack explained that Hayek sees the aims of social justice as essentially unattainable — nothing more than a “superstition” — and believes the pursuit of them “is at present the gravest threat to the values of a free civilization.” To place this assertion in its historical context, Yack summarized Hayek’s work as an advocate of freemarket economic policies and his work alongside famed economist Milton Friedman and other “Chicago School” economists who advocated for limited government intervention in the private sphere. “The argument that [Hayek] makes here about the ‘mirage of social justice’ is part of a larger set of arguments he made in about the last thirty years of his life about … the conditions for a market society,” Yack explained. In this, according to Yack, Hayek took the standard

conservative line against economic planning one step further. “There’s a tradeoff,” Yack said, “between a just distribution and a more productive and equal distribution.” For Hayek, attaining “justice” is both pointless and dangerous. In contrast to other champions of capitalist economics, Hayek did not insist its outcomes were fair. “He’s saying that justice and injustice has nothing to do with social order … that we’re making a mistake when we apply the adjective ‘just’ to societies,” Yack said. Rather than societies, individuals determine “justice” and “injustice.” In the analogy of a coin-toss, losing qualifies as a “misfortune,” not an “injustice,” Yack said. When examining social actions, according to Yack, “we tend not to be as comfortable saying justice is irrelevant … it’s not just a coin-toss,” he said. Hayek disagreed on making such a distinction. For Hayek, “society is not an actor,” Yack said. To further explain, Yack told an anecdote about the Persian King Cyrus’ learning. In order to make him understand the principles of justice, Cyrus’ mentors asked him whether it was just or not for a “big boy with a little coat” to steal a “big coat from a little boy, yet give the little boy the little coat in exchange,” so that both boys have coats that fit. When Cyrus agreed that the theft is justified his counselors rebuked him. The tale’s moral, Yack said, lies in the fact that “justice” (as decreed by Cyrus’ teachers) must permit inequality. Yack pointed out that the larger boy’s act of force also amounts to the same basic unfairness. “Justice is a set of rules … that protect us from each other … the two conceptions of justice that come out of this story are in conflict,” he said. “For the sake of social justice, to set the order right, you’re going to override somebody’s consent.” To avoid this dilemma, Hayek wanted the rule of law to establish a “fair” society and avoid imposing authoritarian conceptions of how society “should” distribute resources. “What Hayek was trying really to do was put us in a situation where we didn’t have to make decisions … how to balance what amounts to two ways of thinking about justice: one that requires coordinating power … and the other which requires creating the power just to keep us from getting in each other’s way,” Yack said. In a short statement to the Justice, Yack said he hoped “bringing in the most important critique of social justice” would add a new depth “into discussion of social justice.”


TUESDAY, February 13, 2018


Social Justice On Your Plate

andrew baxter/the Justice

ethical food: Chef Cayla Mackey highlighted the environmental and health benefits of moving toward a plant-based diet.

Chef discusses health benefits from veganism

■ Chef Cayla Mackey looked

at negative consequences of a meat-based diet and demonstrated vegan cooking. By Emily Blumenthal Justice staff writer

Just a few decades ago, vegetarianism and veganism were fringe movements, and mainstream grocery stores rarely sold meat- and dairysubstitute products. Today, however, foods like almond milk, veggie burgers and “cheese” made from nuts can be found in the average supermarket. Even though these products are now widely available, most people shun plant-based diets for financial reasons or because they have not grown up with it. With its ’DEIS Impact event, “Social Justice On Your Plate,” Brandeis Veg Club sought to change the way Americans think about food and to show that plantbased diets can be tasty while being healthier for the environment and for humans. The club brought vegan chef Cayla Mackey to talk about problems in the manufacture of animal products and to cook various vegan foods for attendees to sample. Mackey first became involved with vegan food when she completed the American Humane Association’s “Humane Table” program, which, according to its website, encourages people to “celebrate food from animals that have been ethically raised according to standards that are based in science and best practices.” Since then, Mackey has run a vegan restaurant in Providence, Rhode Island, and recently became “REAL Food” certified, aiming to give customers sustainable, ethically-raised food. After introducing herself, Mackey gave a talk about human and animal rights violations in the meatpacking, seafood and leather industries, and also laid out the harms of eating a meat- and- dairy-heavy diet. Citing the

World Animal Foundation, Mackey began her presentation by stating that animal agriculture is the primary cause of species extinction. The side effects of farming, including deforestation and ocean dead zones created by fertilizer runoff, contribute respectively to habitat destruction and hypoxia, which are lethal to animals. Next, Mackey turned to the human cost of animal product manufacture. She showed attendees pictures of leather tanneries. These showed workers laboring with toxic chemicals and heavy metals, which are used in the production process. Mackey added that these chemicals run off into the water supply, tainting it with carcinogenic chemicals and posing a risk for dangerous diseases. In the meatpacking industry, Mackey said, conditions for workers are poor. These workers are often first-generation immigrants and are barred by their companies from speaking out about their working conditions. Similarly, according to “Hidden Chains: Forced Labor and Rights Abuses in Thailand’s Fishing Industry,” a January Human Rights Watch report which Mackey referenced, Thai fishing companies exploit migrant workers, often paying them indecent wages and keeping the crews out at sea for months at a time. A January NPR article summarizing the report details how until recently, migrant workers were not counted on crew lists; thus, human rights violations against them could not be investigated. Mackey then turned to the health problems associated with excessive meat and dairy consumption. The Standard American Diet ingrained in American culture, Mackey stated, is heavily dependent on meat, carbohydrates and dairy. To emphasize the extent to which Americans eat the SAD, she referenced the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s food pyramid’s role in childhood nutritional education. The food pyramid advocates for most of the diet to be comprised of grains, supplemented by a generous helping of meat or poultry and dairy. Though the SAD is calorically rich,

because of the excessive meat and dairy consumption it recommends, Mackey said those who eat it are at far greater risk for diabetes, heart disease, cancer and obesity. Humans are not supposed to eat like this, according to Mackey, and should instead consume larger portions of fruits and vegetables in lieu of meat and dairy. She added that people can get the same nutrients found in meat and dairy from fruits and vegetables. However, though it is healthier and more sustainable, a plant-based diet is not always financially feasible. The U.S. provides agricultural subsidies to farmers who grow crops such as corn and soy, which results in them flooding the market and being used in various forms in thousands of processed foods. These subsidies also extend to meat, which makes it relatively cheap compared to fruits and vegetables. In her presentation and in an interview with the Justice, Mackey downplayed the financial difficulties that the poor would face in consuming a plant-based diet, stating, “Eating a plant-based diet means eating more whole foods. … Ideally, everyone should be eating closer to the source, that means eating a plant-based diet. If someone on food stamps wanted to eat whole foods, generally speaking, you would save money on a vegan or vegetarian diet, not eating more processed foods.” After her talk, Mackey applied the lessons of her talk to the kitchen, demonstrating cooking with vegan substitutes. She gave attendees samples of these substitutes, including Nooch nutritional yeast, Smart Sausage and the butter substitute Earth Balance. Mackey combined these foods to create tofu scramble and veggie burgers with vegan cheese. To end the event, Mackey looked to the future of vegan food, mentioning companies which grow meat in petri dishes and take out the step of slaughtering the animal. Should vegan substitutes taste more like the real thing, Mackey said, more Americans may see the benefit of transitioning to a plant-based diet, and the environment will thank them.

Campus speakers

Panel discusses workplace experience of professionals of color ■ Panelists discussed

personal experiences with racism and sexism in college and throughout their careers. By Maurice Windley Justice staff writer

In the prelude to their “Shades of Blackness” cultural show, an event that seeks to highlight the talents of people of color at the University and to continue their celebration of Black History Month, the Brandeis Black Student Organization hosted a career panel and discussion, which highlighted the experiences of Brandeis professionals of color, both in the workforce and during their college careers. Moderated by Montgomery Thomas, the Intercultural Center coordinator, the panel consisted of three professionals of color who each possess major accolades in their respective fields. Danielle Gaskin ’19, the president of BBSO,

was joined by the Heller School for Social Policy and Management’s Associate Dean for Diversity and Inclusion Dr. Maria Madison, Desiree MurphyBabaniyi ’10, J.D., and Ron Pascall, the president of Digital Brand Boosters, a company that helps other businesses improve brand awareness. Each panelist used their diverse experiences to shed light on the effective decisionmaking that occurs in choosing one’s career after college and beyond. Each panelist explained what drove them to become leaders in their distinctive fields. Madison explained that her initial desire to become a forerunner and educator stemmed from her family’s positive influence. Madison recalled that her parents were “staunch NAACP advocates and community organizers,” and she dedicated her current accolades and accomplishments to her family. Madison expressed that, after her work in the private sector, she sought to focus on “issues of inequality and making a difference in academia.”

Murphy-Babaniyi, an associate attorney at Morgan, Brown and Joy, LLP, expressed how adversity in her high school classroom prompted her desire to pursue her law degree and shaped her mindset as she approached future challenges. She explained that, upon expressing her desire to become a lawyer, an instructor who “only taught her a single course” attempted to persuade her to become a teacher instead. Murphy-Babaniyi’s passion for law was incited by his disbelief in her ability to succeed. Instead of discouraging her, the teacher’s repudiation encouraged her to “focus on what she set out for herself” to accomplish. Pascall also chimed in to talk about his inspirations and how they affected his desire to produce a strong business. Pascall explained further, expressing that his “desire to positively impact others’ lives” drove him to use business as a tool to help others. After the panelists expressed their reasons for choosing their respective careers, they each expanded upon the

impact that microaggressions can have in different fields. Murphy-Babaniyi explained that people of color can “internalize adversity not as a way that is negative” but rather as something actionable. Panelists further shared stories on how they personally faced racism and sexism in the workplace. Pascall explained that when he studied biology before venturing into business, he was one of the few people of color studying the subject. Pascall said he would often be “judged based on his dress,” though he stressed that the adversity he felt as others judged him “instead can be used as a strength.” Connecting this to his current business, he explained that it “is more important to turn around the negativity” and focus on oneself. Murphy-Babaniyi agreed, adding, “even though many jobs have the dynamic of an ‘old boy’s club,’” — referring to white, male-dominated occupations — people of color have to “use their skill set in a way that surprises people” rather than accept others’ ex-

pectations. Similar to overcoming microaggressions that people of color face in the workforce, Murphy-Babaniyi expressed that “the challenge of staying strong in adversity, especially in occupations that are different, makes you stronger and enables you to learn in different ways.” “Each environment you are in is what you make of it,” she added, “and it is the integrity of what is there that promotes your own self identity.” Moreover, Madison explained that when seeking careers outside of college, “connections with alumni and others in your college’s network can help you learn about new opportunities that come afterward.” While your experience at college is important, “it’s also who you know” that can ultimately lead you to a new position in the future, she explained. Murphy-Babaniyi concluded the panel by expressing that, both during and after college, “you have to be confident and stay true to yourself, and that in it itself shapes your future successes.”


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MEETING: Board of Trustees passes new Gen Ed requirements and faculty resolutions CONTINUED FROM 1 brought two additional resolutions to the Board that were both approved unanimously. The first resolution approved the promotion from Associate Professor with tenure to Full Professor for Profs. Aida Wong (FA), Janet McIntosh (ANTH) and Yu-Hui Chang (MUS). The second resolution changed the MA degrees in Computer Science and Computational Linguistics to MS degrees. The Coordination Committee hosted a session for faculty and staff to express unresolved tensions with the Board related to the suspension of employer-matched retirement benefits in 2009-10. “The presentation, along with the ensuing questions and discussion, was respectful and direct,” wrote Liebowitz. “The trustees appreciated hearing the range and depth of the feelings that have left a chasm between some faculty and staff members and the Board of Trustees.” Liebowitz wrote that he will assemble a small group of faculty, staff and administrators to discuss how to “redress the situation,” and that “the most important thing will be to find ways to build or rebuild trust between faculty and staff on the one hand, and administration and board on the other.” A plenary meeting was held with students and faculty on the divestment of fossil fuels from the University’s endowment. Liebowitz wrote that he will appoint an eight-person committee — which will include faculty, staff, students and trustees — to review “issues

and tradeoffs considered and acted upon by peer institutions,” and short-term and longer-term actions into a report for the April Board meeting. A student panel, including undergraduate and graduate students, spoke to the full Board about financial, housing, counseling, transportation and communications challenges that students face on campus. The “process to assess student life on campus” is one of the Board’s four major strategic priorities, for which the students’ accounts and suggestions will be taken into consideration, Liebowitz wrote. The Nominations and Governance Committee also forwarded two resolutions to the full Board, a change in the Bylaws converting the position of treasurer of the University from a Board position to a staff position and a Bylaw change that would allow the president of the University to delegate his signatory authority without prior Board approval. Both resolutions were passed unanimously by the Board. The last session of the meeting included an executive session with Liebowitz, who wrote that he and the Board discussed the planning for Brandeis’ future, the framing of upcoming “gaps analysis” in physical and human resource deficits, and the status of honorary degree invitations. Liebowitz concluded his report, “I want to thank the many administrators, staff, faculty and students who contributed in many ways to make the meeting a success.”

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A capella group Company B performed for “Lovapalooza,” a variety show hosted by VoiceMale, featuring guest performers from other Boston-area universities on Saturday.

PETITION: Students protest Hillel’s support of Kenneth Marcus CONTINUED FROM 1

their accuser and from pushing sexual assault survivors to resolution through face-to-face mediation. Education Secretary Betsy DeVos rescinded these guidelines in September 2017, citing concerns that they interfered with the accused’s right to due process. “We are outraged that Hillel International prioritizes opposing BDS over protecting survivors of sexual violence,” the petition reads. In an interview with the Justice, Sivan Ben-Hayun ’19, Alona Weimer ’18 and Leah Susman ’18, three of the students leading the petition, explained that they were angered after reading about Hillel International’s endorsement last week. Though the three are all involved in Brandeis Hillel in various capacities, they do not sit on the student board. They and others met on Thursday to discuss how to proceed, and the petition began circulation on Friday. “On the one hand, it’s pretty enraging to feel that an institution that has been really supportive — and we’re all part of Hillel, we’ve all found a place in Hillel — isn’t standing with survivors,” Ben-Hayun explained. “And on the other hand, … we really feel that this is something that Brandeis Hillel can and should do. We don’t feel that this is an ask beyond their capabilities.” The students are hoping that Brandeis Hillel will lead the charge in denouncing Hillel International’s endorsement, setting an example for other chapters. Weimer explained that they hope to see a

“ripple effect” span out onto other campuses. She added that Hillel’s relationship with Marcus and the Department of Education is important, given that the organization is present on hundreds of Title IX-affected college campuses across the country. The protest’s student leadership has not yet heard anything from the University’s chapter about the campaign, though they will deliver the petition to Brandeis Hillel later this week. However, the three students have not heard any negative feedback on the petition as of press time. “Most of the students that I’ve talked to are pretty alarmed by this and are really just as angry as I am … because we all know that sexual violence is something that can — and does — affect so many students at Brandeis,” Susman said. If the University’s Hillel chapter does not denounce Hillel International’s endorsement of Marcus, students’ relationships with Brandeis Hillel could suffer, she explained. “Brandeis students have already started to feel uncomfortable engaging with Hillel at Brandeis. I think it has already affected the relationship and sense of trust that students feel for Brandeis Hillel, and I really don’t think that students are going to be able to feel as comfortable as they once were going into Brandeis Hillel,” Susman said. “It’s a real disappointment, because I would hate for this to affect the relationship between Jewish students at Brandeis and Hillel, but I don’t know if Hillel can continue

to be the Jewish home that it wants to be for Brandeis students without taking a stance against the nomination of Marcus,” she added. The students declined to give the exact number of petition signatories as of press time, as they said the number will be higher when the petition is presented to Brandeis Hillel. However, the petition includes the option for signees to self-identify as sexual assault survivors, and Weimer said that approximately one-fourth of the signees had identified as survivors as of press time. The students also want to emphasize that the issue extends beyond the University’s Jewish community, Ben-Hayun explained. “One thing that we felt was very important was to highlight that this is not just a Jewish issue, and that any student is welcome to join these efforts, because Title IX affects every single student on every single college campus,” she said. Weimer added that the signatories extend beyond the immediate Brandeis community; the petition has garnered signatures from alumni in addition to students. Additionally, engagement with this issue can take on various shapes and forms, whether that be signing the petition, contacting Hillel directly, or choosing another avenue, Weimer said. The students want to make sure that the community “knows that there is something that they can do, that they have avenues of making their voices heard, both to Brandeis Hillel and to Hillel International, and that has many ways it can look,” she said.

DRILL: Gray explains the reason for simulation drill CONTINUED FROM 1

Contact Hannah Kressel

ences on this important event.” If an actual emergency occurs during the drill, the University will send out alerts that read “this is not a drill,” according to Callahan’s email. The upcoming drill is part of the University’s attempts to improve campus security and emergency preparedness, which included an active shooter training video that was emailed to the community in September 2017. Most community members have not watched the video — in fact, according to Gray,

only about 25 percent of the community has viewed the video as a result of the emails. However, he noted that this may be an underestimate, given that the video is now shown at orientations. Notably, the role-playing drill will help administrators identify potential weaknesses or areas in need of improvement in the University’s emergency protocol. “You walk through the drill to understand how these things play out in real time … and you do these things to learn things you hadn’t thought of before,” Gray said. “So it’s a certainty that in the heat of

the drill itself, several things will present themselves to us that we had not considered and that might allow us, we hope, to consider them, react to them, prepare for those sorts of things and be more ready in the event that an actual incident were ever to happen.” Administrators will debrief after the drill, though any resulting report will probably be confidential due to the sensitive safety information it may contain, Gray said. As for future years, Gray said that the University will likely run more active shooter drills, albeit not every year.


TUESDAY, february 13, 2018 | THE JUSTICE


features ROMANCE at B Classwork and Couples Two members of the Justice, Andrew Baxter ’21 from Photos and Eitan Mager Garfield ’20 from Features, have parents who met each other during their time as students at Brandeis. In an email correspondence with the

Justice, Garfield’s mother and Baxter’s father reflect in their own words on their days as undergraduates and the unlikely ways in which they found love as young adults. — Victor Feldman

Amy and Dan “My name is Amy Mager ’85. I met my husband, Dan Garfield ’84, my first day of class at Brandeis in Luis Yglesias’ class, “Imagining How We Are” which was a UHUM, University Study of Humanities, class. Dan had taken his first year at Brandeis, then gone to Israel for a year, and when he came back, the requirements to graduate had changed. It was a small class. Dan sat down next to me wearing a Yin/ Yang shirt and put his electric blue moped helmet on the table. My heartbeat changed rhythm, and I thought, “why is this happening — I’m totally in love with someone else.” It was the start of a deep and meaningful friendship. We were friends for many years. In January 1985, Dan was in a life-altering

accident, hit by a drunk driver going the wrong way on the highway. It was a very scary time, and we wrote many letters during his recovery. He came back to Brandeis for my graduation, and it was a blessing to see him alive and moving. Fast forward to 1990, when we ran into each other at the Grateful Dead New Year’s Show, each having gone to the concert with someone else. We started writing again and were each finishing our graduate degrees, him in Chiropractic and me in Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine. We talked about opening up a practice together. That spring, we went on our first date (a get-together with other Brandeisian alums to watch the Bill Moyer-Joseph Campbell conversations) and

said that we would give it six months to know if we wanted to get married or if we should bless each other and move on. Inside of a week, Dan decided to move out to California with me, and we decided to get married in the fall. Dan had been planning a return trip to Israel celebrating his graduation from Chiropractic school and attempting to fill a spiritual void. It worked out at the very last minute that I could go with him. His mother said, “Don’t get married in Jerusalem.” We didn’t. We did, however, have an incredible wedding in Tsfat, at Beis Chabad, married on Tu B’Av 5750. We have been married for 27 years and have six tremendous children whom we love with all our hearts, including Eitan, class of 2020.”

Photo Courtesy of MARCI BAXTER

A FORMAL INTRODUCTION: Pictured at the Foster Mods for a celebration of David’s senior formal, David and Marci were first introduced by David’s roommate. They married six years later.

Photo Courtesy of AMY MAGER

LOVE AT FIRST SIGHT: From the moment she saw him in class, Amy knew there was something special about Dan. They married 15 years after meeting and six months after their first date.

David and Marci “David Baxter ’86 met Marci Silverman Baxter ’87 in October of 1983. We both lived in East Quad at the time. We were introduced by David’s roommate Brian Berman ’86. We dated throughout our Brandeis days and beyond. Marci went to law school at Boston College and David went to graduate business school at Boston University. We moved to Connecticut in 1990, and were married in 1991. We had triplets in 1998

(Dana, Andrew, Aaron). It has been a crazy ride, but we are absolutely blessed to have gone to Brandeis, to meet and fall in love at Brandeis and to have three amazing children. Our son Andrew Baxter ’21 is a freshman at Brandeis this year. We are so proud of him and are so happy to be able to visit Brandeis often. While there have been many changes on campus since the mid 80’s (many new buildings!), so much of what

is great about Brandeis is still the same as when we were undergraduates there. A sense of community, service and a relentless pursuit of knowledge and truth even unto its innermost parts. Andrew is having a great time at Brandeis. He is on The Justice staff (David wrote for The Justice too!). He is also working hard as a Biology major. Who knows, maybe Andrew will meet the love of his life at Brandeis, just like his parents.”

THE JUSTICE | TUESDAY, february 13, 2018


BRANDEIS Romantic Getaways What makes a college campus romantic? With Valentine’s Day approaching, the Justice’s Features staff pondered the question of whether Brandeis has a “romantic campus.” Searching for answers, Justice writers Sophie Fulara ’20 and Hannah Shumel ’20 took to the

streets and asked students about the places on campus they find to be romantic. Some students couldn’t name a place at Brandeis that they felt fit the description, so they recommended places in Waltham. While inconclusive and sprinkled with sarcasm and humor, their answers may

give you an idea of where to go on Feb. 14. — Victor Feldman Editor’s note: Sara Fulton ’20 is a staff member for the Justice’s copy section and Lucy Frenkel ’21 is a Justice photographer.

Sara Fulton ’20 — “The most romantic place in Waltham is definitely the river walk on Moody Street. In the summer, the light glistens on the water just right at sunset, and when you walk with your partner, it’s almost like you’re walking into the sunset. There’s plenty of places to stop and stare and great opportunities for great photos. It’s pretty much what I feel like is a clip from a romantic film in real life.”

Goldie Davoudgoleh ’20 — “For those couples who like being outdoors, hiking or nature walks, the Beavor Brook North Reservation in north Waltham is a really nice place to go when it’s not too cold. The reservation, with easily accessible trails and plenty of pretty nature scenes is a great place to visit with your significant other this Valentine’s Day.” Emily Arkin ’20 — “I really like the tapas bar on Main

Street. It’s a little expensive, but the food is great, and the lighting is super romantic.” Olivia Perozo ’20 — “I really like Global Thrift, just walking around that place with someone who also enjoys thrift shops is a great experience.” Talia Gerard ’20 — “Anywhere along the Charles River is a nice place to relax and enjoy the natural world and all its beauty.”

Photo Courtesy of CREATIVE COMMONS

THE SHAPE OF WATER: Looking for a quiet and serene place to spend time with friends, loved ones, or by yourself, Chapels pond comes highly recomended.

Rebecca Albuquerque ’20 — “Outside the castle, outside of Chum’s to be precise, you can see the Boston skyline, which is especially romantic at night. It’s beautiful there.” Caroline Greaney ’21 — “I don’t think there are many romantic spots on campus, but there are a couple places in the Waltham area where you can look out at the water that have some romantic potential.” Jason Lin ’21 — “A fine dining restaurant in Waltham like Flank, be-

cause they have amazing steak. I’ve always wanted to go.” Sophia Warszawski ’21 — “I’m not sure. I haven’t been looking at campus through a romantic lens, but, I guess, Massel Pond.” Ivy Gao ’21 — “The bench around Massell pond, because I always see couples sitting there together.” Pallavi Goe ’21 — “On campus, maybe the center of North Quad. It’s not private, but it’s a really nice place to hang out when it’s

green and nice outside. As for Waltham, I’m not sure. Soleas tapas is a really nice restaurant for date night, and it has a really romantic atmosphere.” Lucy Frenkel ’21 — “At the top of the castle, because you can see the whole campus, which is really cute.” Jamie Huang ’21 — “Massell pond, because there’s a willow tree and a bench under the willow tree where couples sit and look out over the pond. In autumn, different colored leaves from the tree fall, which is pretty romantic.”

Photo Courtesy of CREATIVE COMMONS

A DAY IN THE PARK: Most of the students we asked believed some of the most romantic places in Waltham are not in the city, but in the surrounding nature.

Photo Courtesy of CREATIVE COMMONS

THE RIGHT MOOD: Sometimes just a strolling down Moody Street in Waltham can be romantic.

Jacob Margolis ’21 — “I haven’t really been to Waltham, and I guess it’s not really “on campus,” but the Sakura Woods behind the park, which is also near the business school is romantic.” Angeliki Mougiou ’21 — “I can’t think of many places on campus or in Waltham, but I think that a romantic place on campus is the area around the pond near Bethlehem Chapel.” Katherine Sadowsky ’21 — “The secret garden, when it’s nice out.”

Elizabeth Li ’21 — “Massell pond is pretty romantic. Also, on the second floor of the library, there are study spots for two, which is kind of cute.” Linda Xie ’21 — “The bench at Massell pond, because I saw some people’s names there, and one couple met at that bench.” Anke Larsen Yskamp ’21 — “On campus, that bench on the rock next to the math building. Good for stargazing or a picnic. I don’t know about Waltham but I’ll say that the Cafe on the Common

is a good date spot.” Nathan Strauss ’21 — “Most romantic activities include casually brushing hands when in long lines at the Stein, sharing a candlelit dinner in Lower Usdan, enjoying a cozy night in the luxury of freshman housing.” Audrey Zhu ’21 — “The picnic table area between the Science Complex and Gerstenzang. Also, the heartshaped pond near the chapels where if you walk three times with someone around it, you have to kiss or else you get to push them into the pond.”

MIHIR KHANNA/the Justice

TOWER VIEWS: Despite construction, some students continue to enjoy the view of Usen Castle.

10 TUESDAY, February 13, 2018 ● forum ● THE JUSTICE


Justice Established 1949

Abby Patkin, Editor in Chief Amber Miles, Managing Editor Carmi Rothberg, Senior Editor Kirby Kochanowski, Avraham Penso and Sabrina Sung,

Brandeis University

Deputy Editors

Michelle Banayan, Abby Grinberg, Lizzie Grossman, Noah Hessdorf, Ben Katcher, Mihir Khanna and Natalia Wiater, Associate Editors Michelle Dang, News Editor, Victor Feldman, Features Editor Nia Lyn, Forum Editor, Zach Kaufman, Acting Sports Editor Hannah Kressel, Arts Editor Yvette Sei, Photography Editor and Andrew Baxter, Acting Photography Editor Morgan Mayback, Layout Editor, Pamela Klahr and Robbie Lurie, Ads Editors Eliana Padwa and Lily Swartz, Acting Copy Editors Jen Geller, Online Editor


Encourage students to support Cupid Express fundraiser

As Valentine’s Day approaches, people express their love and affection for significant others, family and friends, often by buying flowers, chocolate or other gifts. This year, Graduate Student Affairs is holding a campus-wide fundraising initiative, Cupid Express, to benefit the Boston Area Rape Crisis Center. This board encourages the Brandeis community to participate in this worthy initiative by using Cupid Express as the one-stop-shop for buying roses and chocolate. For every dollar spent at Cupid Express, 100 percent of the proceeds go toward BARCC programs that “help survivors of sexual violence heal from their past and help raise awareness about consent and healthy relationships,” according to a Feb. 9 email from Dean of Students Jamele Adams. Founded in 1973, BARCC’s mission is to “end sexual violence through healing and social change” and “empower survivors to heal and seek justice in ways that are meaningful to them,” per the website. The organization offers a variety of resources, including support groups, self-care workshops, legal advocates and trainings for topics such as the bystander effect or consent. By purchasing roses and chocolate through Cupid Express, members of the Brandeis community can directly help BARCC’s noble cause, as well as promote a culture that prioritizes consent and supports survivors of sexual assault. This board urges the community to make use of Cupid Express’ services instead of purchasing roses and chocolate at

Support consent culture different stores such as CVS or Walgreens. Purchasing goods through this service is giving to a good cause, one that is important to pay attention to on a daily basis. A survey conducted by the University in 2015 found that 22 percent of female respondents on campus had “been sexually assaulted, including inappropriate sexual touching, fondling, grabbing and groping.” Sexual assault and misconduct are issues that many people deal with, and providing resources and help to the people affected should be a priority for the University as well as the Brandeis community. Donating all proceeds from the Cupid Express fundraiser is an admirable effort to support an organization that aims to help sexual assault survivors heal, and this board commends the Graduate Student Association for spearheading this effort. In the spirit of Valentine’s Day, a time for the spread of love and affection, members of the Brandeis community should consider giving to the cause, spreading awareness and fostering a culture of consent that improves the safety of the community. Cupid Express will be active from noon to 2 p.m. this Wednesday in the Heller School of Social Policy and Management’s Zinner Forum, Brandeis International Business School’s Student Life office, the Graduate Student Center in Kutz Hall, the information desk in Goldfarb Library, the Shapiro Science Center atrium and in the Gender & Sexuality Center in Usdan Student Center.

PERI MEYERS/the Justice

Views the News on

President Donald Trump has ordered the Pentagon to start preparing for a military parade to be held on Veteran’s Day, which would be the United States’ first since the end of the Gulf War in 1991, according to a Feb. 6 Washington Post article. While the president and his advisors claim a parade would inspire pride in the armed forces and display the military’s might, detractors suggest that a parade would call to mind totalitarian regimes like North Korea and the Soviet Union. Do you think a military parade in 2018 is a worthwhile endeavor?

Mara Khayter ’19 I don’t think the funding dedicated to this kind of program is necessary in the slightest. However, within the context of America’s history and our unending militarism, it’s not entirely uncalled for, especially in the rest of the world’s eyes. I don’t think it matters whether it’s worthwhile, because it’s not within my power to understand the reasoning behind the actions of the President and his advisors. However, I’m able to make the assumption that the concept itself came from the continuation of the brand of patriotism President Trump espoused during his campaigns. It’s, perhaps, his way of stepping up to a nonexistent plate for which North Korea has been waiting, and his way of establishing “continuity” in his presidency that critics tend to paint him as disrupting. I think the action itself describes the reactionary nature of the U.S. government, usually based on publicized criticisms. Mara Khayter ’19 is a cartoonist for the Justice.

Miriam Krugman ’20 Flaunting military capability is quite unnecessary, especially in the case of the United States. Over $600 billion of our budget goes toward military expenses, and therefore there is no need to show off our tanks and soldiers when the entire world knows the atrocities we are capable of incurring. The fact that our government spends this much money on the military is very unsettling to me. I have always been an anti-war advocate in the cases where war is preventable, which includes many wars we have been involved in. Holding a military parade, as Trump has ordered, is not only un-American, but it is also a possibly dangerous move as it may spark conflict with countries we are currently at odds with. I see Trump’s desire to hold a military parade as a manifestation of his toxic masculinity, as well as his immaturity and insecurity as a leader.

Commend the University for involvement in Smart Fifty

On Friday, Brandeis International Business School had the honor of hosting one of the early stages of Smart Fifty, an entrepreneurial competition designed to find innovative startups with the ability to tackle some of India’s greatest socioeconomic challenges. Led by IIM Calcutta Innovation Park, India’s Department of Science and Technology and TiE Boston, Smart Fifty focuses on improving learning, agriculture, sustainability, health and other areas of life in India, according to the program’s page on IBS’ website. Hosting the Smart Fifty Boston Finals Round and Demo Day was positive for the University in many ways; it brought recognition to Brandeis, improved the University’s public image and enabled the Brandeis community to partake in a worthy, enlightening experience. This board recognizes the efforts and accomplishments of the members of the Brandeis community who helped make the competition, which launched last November, possible. Smart Fifty seeks to provide funding and additional assistance to 50 startups. Of the 16 companies that presented at IBS on Friday, five received funding, business support and an opportunity to advance to the next level and pitch for $1.5 million during the final rounds of the competition in March. The business support reward received by the winners includes office space, $6,000 prototype grants and business mentoring workshops in India, according to the IBS webpage. Friday’s winning startups were PlenOptika, NonSpec, Girls Health Champions, Village Industrial Power and Sukriti. These companies have

Miriam Krugman ’20 is vice president of Brandeis Democrats.

Acknowledge entrepreneurs worthy missions which include providing prosthetics to amputees, training girls as peer health educators in their communities and pursuing sustainable engineering initiatives, according to a Feb. 1 IBS press release. Other startups present on Demo Day included Khethworks, which aims to supply small-plot farmers with valuable technology, and Voatz, which seeks to enable citizens to participate in elections through their smartphones. The 16 companies that participated on Friday originated from India and all over the U.S., and the five judges of the Boston round included Brandeis’ own Prof. Daniel Bergstresser (ECON). One of the judges, The Boston Group’s CEO and Chairman Subu Kota, called Smart Fifty a “great vehicle to solve the problems of India and contribute,” according to a Feb. 11 India New England News article. This board wholeheartedly agrees with Kota’s assessment. Smart Fifty embodies a spirit of innovative social justice that is central to Brandeis, and this board commends the University for the notable honor of hosting Smart Fifty Boston. We also congratulate the winners on their success and encourage the University to pursue involvement in similar opportunities in the future. —Editor’s note: Natalia Wiater ’20, an associate editor for the Justice, is a marketing and communications intern for IBS. Wiater recused herself and did not participate in the writing or editing of this editorial.

Lilly Hecht ’18 Under the bombast of this transparently propagandistic, wool-overAmerica’s-eyes military parade idea lies at best negligible merit. What have we, truly, to gain via decadent displays of our militaristic pride? Have we suddenly money to spare on peacocking our power, or do we still face the same socio-economic predicaments the Trump administration so deftly criticizes while exacerbating? How will international relations benefit from displaying our bullying prowess when we’re already perceived worldwide as a threatening menace? What does our hostile domestic socio-political climate stand to gain from the inherent antagonism of military bolstering, when we could just as easily foster benevolence and trust? What kind of message does our president send by disparaging our veterans (remember his attitude toward the Khans, John McCain, the Johnsons, and his own draft evasion) while parading their achievements on our behalf? The potential harm of this parade far outweighs the maximum benefit that this doublethink, self-indulging exhibition could afford our country. Lilly Hecht ’18 is a Legal Studies Undergraduate Departmental Representative and an associate justice on the Student Union Judiciary.

Lizzie Grossman ’18 While I do believe that those who fight for our country are very dedicated to our country and do deserve to be honored, I am not sure that a military parade is the best way to go about celebrating them. Having armed forces marching with weapons seems to send the wrong message — it seems almost like they are trying to threaten other countries or telling them to back off, rather than simply celebrating the work they do for America. If a parade were going to be held, I do not think that armed forces should be marching in their uniforms and with weapons. It would make more sense to have a parade in which they march as everyday Americans, reminding our country of the work they do while also reminding the country that they are Americans with everyday lives. Marching with weapons just seems to be a way of asking for more conflict and sending threats to those who may be opposed to the U.S. military. Lizzie Grossman ’18 is an associate editor for the Justice.

Photos: Miriam Krugman; the Justice

THE JUSTICE ● fORUM ● TUESDAY, february 13, 2018


Caution against the dangers of cryptocurrency bubble Judah

weinerman chatterbox

Those who are not glued to every single sliver of tech and business news may have missed the meteoric rise and subsequent fall of bitcoin, the crown prince of the burgeoning cryptocurrency trend. Despite the amount of attention investors and market analysts have paid them in recent months, few members of the public actually understand what cryptocurrencies are or how they work. Put simply, cryptocurrencies are decentralized and anonymous currencies that rely on a complex system of algorithms to generate new units. Instead of a central authority like the Federal Reserve being in charge of the release of new currency units into the market, new cryptocurrencies are released by private individuals in a process called “mining.” Furthermore, production of cryptocurrencies decreases as their total amount increases, meaning that, over time, a hard cap will be created on how much can exist in the market, according to a Dec. 7, 2017 Economic Times article. Accordingly, the value of each individual unit is intended to skyrocket in value as investors and users become attracted to the currency. At the start of January 2017, each bitcoin was worth about $1,000; in one year, rampant speculation had driven up the value of each bitcoin to about $19,000, per bitcoin’s own internal price tracker. Proponents of cryptocurrencies constantly state that they are the economic means of the future, destined to overtake government issued fiat notes and become the foundation of the global economy. For those firmly opposed to government intervention in the economy, cryptocurrencies like bitcoin and Ethereum are a dream come true, as they represent the first legitimate chance at wholly private commerce. As John McAfee, former CEO of McAfee Antivirus and former Libertarian Party presidential candidate, stated in a Dec. 7, 2017 tweet, “Those of you in the old school who believe this is a bubble simply have not understood the new mathematics of the

Blockchain, or you did not care enough to try. Bubbles are mathematically impossible in this new paradigm.” McAfee may be a complex soul in many regards, but an economist he is not. More grounded but still woefully deluded are the Wall Street and Silicon Valley set of cryptocurrency backers. Enthusiastic investors and technology boosters will tell you cryptocurrencies are the new hot investment on the block, overachieving bets sure to pay back hugely within days of buying. The Winklevoss twins, better known for their extensive legal battles with Mark Zuckerberg, recently became billionaires thanks to the massive amounts of bitcoin they bought before its value increase. In a Dec. 19, 2017 interview with the New York Times, Tyler Winklevoss proclaimed that, “We are very comfortable in very high-risk environments with absolutely no guarantee of success. I don’t mean existing in that environment for days, weeks or months. I mean year after year.” Like many others, the Winklevoss twins have bought into the hype and flash that cryptocurrencies provide, and for a short while profited quite handsomely for their troubles. However, merely having value does not make bitcoin or Ethereum or Ripple or any of the countless other cryptocurrencies floating around cyberspace an actual currency. How are we to be sure that bitcoin and its ilk aren’t in fact a digital tulip craze, destined to burst at any moment? Unfortunately, it looks like the future of cryptocurrencies and bitcoin is not going to be the post-currency wonderland its proponents promise. Earlier this month, bitcoin and Ethereum began a seemingly inexorable slump, losing over half of their respective values in just a few short days, as reported by NBC News on Feb. 2. Given the completely anonymous nature of cryptocurrency transactions and the tremendous computing power required to process even the smallest transfer, they have an inherent volatility compared to traditional commodities. Volatility is the exact opposite of what traders want, since no market can operate long-term without some guarantee of stability. Why would a business willingly take payment in bitcoin if they don’t actually know what its value will be the very next day? Right now, the only goods most consumers will have experience purchasing with bitcoin are illegal items that take advantage of

MARA KHAYTER/the Justice

its anonymizing properties. No long-term substitute for government-issued currency gets its start as a vehicle for buying hitmen and Russian Xanax substitutes, as evidenced in a Dec. 7, 2015 Fortune article. Compounding this is the energy-guzzling nature inherent to cryptocurrencies, which demand both huge quantities of electricity to produce and transfer. If every single transaction requires an average transaction fee of $28, as reported by a Dec. 19, 2017 CNBC article, just to cover for the electricity use it incurs, what appeal is there to the average person trying to make ends meet? Even more troubling is the complete lack of oversight or insurance cryptocurrencies provide. If somehow the exchange you trusted to turn your virtual currency into tangible goods goes belly-up, or

hackers manage to pilfer your digital wallet, you have no recourse whatsoever. Thousands and thousands of dollars are lost forever, fallen into the digital abyss from which they spawned. Ultimately, cryptocurrencies currently amount to nothing more than a technological sideshow that could have dire consequences for their investors and backers in a very short time. While bitcoin and Ethereum have rallied from their historic tumble to some degree, this recent crash is far from the first, and it will certainly not be the last. Until any sort of meaningful attempt to take cryptocurrencies out of the speculative realm of Beanie Babies and and into the world of reliable commerce emerges, invest in them at your own risk.

Analyze effects of globalization on Egyptian market structures By Filippo Mavrothalassitis Special To The Justice

The name of the game for many countries trying to grow their economy is globalization. An open, competitive market that gives the opportunity for increased efficiency, exports and investment has been the goal of many of these countries. But globalization potentially has an additional benefit to these growing nations: the shrinking of the informal sector, as can be seen in the globalization of the Egyptian economy. The informal market is the part of the economy that is not taxed or monitored by the government, which means that it is very easy to enter, as there are no legal restrictions. But it is also unstable, as it lacks any legal security. According to a 2010 study published in the International Economics Journal, informality has posed a major barrier to growth in most developing countries, where it accounts for 32 percent of the economy, on average. Although informality can be beneficial in an economy where people lack social support and are unable to enter the formal economy, in most cases, it represents an untaxed and unregulated market with low wages and poor working conditions that harms the formal economy by siphoning its human and capital resources. Globalization has managed to reduce this informality, at least in Egypt, where, according to Mohammad Farzanegan’s paper, “The Impact of Economic Globalization on the Shadow Economy in Egypt,” the shadow economy was shown to have a statistically significant shrinking in the first three years after a set of economic reforms in 2004 which caused a globalization shock. At the time, Egypt had a growing

industrial economy of mostly cotton-related manufacturing, following years of the government protection of local industries. As mentioned in the paper, 2004 saw a massive set of reforms, which included the slashing of personal and corporate income taxes, the privatization of government assets, customs reforms and the introduction of a properly functioning foreign exchange market, among other things.

In many cases, foreign firms invest in developing countries because of their abundance of cheap labor. There are two key causes for the shrinking of the informal sector following globalization shocks. First, globalization gives formal firms an advantage over informal ones. Formal firms can freely export and import goods across larger markets thanks to trade agreements. One such agreement in Egypt is the Greater Arab Free Trade Area Agreement, which allows formal Egyptian businesses to specialize and enter foreign markets. With access to these global markets came increased imports, exports and investments. In order to gain easy access to these increased opportunities, firms had to join the formal sector. Second, globalization reduces the informal economy through the policies used to

promote business. In an effort to globalize, Egyptian policymakers shaped policy to improve ease of business by lowering entry standards, abolishing fees and simplifying tax systems, according Farzanegan. These policies made working in the formal economy less burdensome, stimulating the entry of firms from foreign economies, but also from the local informal economy as the costs of formality shrunk and the benefits grew. In essence, globalization has shrunk the informal market because it created a less burdensome formal market with more potential benefits. If the benefits are significant enough to make the formal economy more profitable than the informal one, workers and firms are pulled out of the informal market and into the formal one and we see a shrinking of the informal sector. It is important to note that, along with economic reforms, changes in Egyptian legislation were a key factor in making the 2004 transition successful. In many cases, foreign firms invest in developing countries because of their abundance of cheap labor. Without the proper legislation in place, they can use their economic power to promote the informal economy by hiring on an informal basis in order to keep production costs low. In Egypt’s case, this was prevented by the introduction of new labor laws, such as Labor Code No. 12 in 2003, which required foreign firms to hire and invest in local population to work in their facilities. This had the effect of preventing the abuse of local labor while simultaneously creating job security. Job security is another problem that Egypt needed to face in order to avoid increases in the informal sector. With globalization comes increased competition, and as smaller firms lose their niches, they are unable to compete

with large international firms. In order to cut costs, they began replacing formal fulltime employees with temporary, informal workers. By forcing foreign companies to hire local workers, Egypt ensured that the newly unemployed workers would be attracted to the formal economy rather than the informal one, thus avoiding the growth of the informal economy and ensuring the improvement of its human capital at the same time. Although it is important to reduce the shadow economy, the mitigation of corruption and crime does not have a particularly strong correlation to globalization, so it is not considered among the benefits of globalization in shrinking the informal sector. Economic growth, on the other hand, is associated with globalization. Its relation to the shadow economy has been thoroughly studied and shown to be negative. This makes the growth associated with globalization another important aspect of its reduction of the informal sector. Like in the case of Egypt, globalization has the possibility to be an important factor in reducing the size of the informal economy in the short and medium terms. An important part of that success, however, was its ability to protect the local workforce in the formal economy while easing regulations to allow for increased competition. If a host country does not implement legal protection while globalizing, it may face a growth in its informal sector that could work to counteract the benefits gained by globalization and deprive the economy of the growth it needs. Therefore, in order to globalize successfully, it must take legislative measures to help keep and integrate local workers into the newly globalized formal economy.

The opinions expressed on this page are those of each article’s respective author and do not reflect the viewpoint of the Justice.

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TUESDAY, February 13, 2018 ● forum ● THE JUSTICE


Acknowledge the faults in some modern forms of protest By ARNAV GHOSH justice CONTRIBUTING writer

I’m from Winchester, Massachusetts, where marches are an ornament of history. Marches, to me, have always been a thing of the past. It was just one of those quaint, old things that were done a long time ago — akin to sitting for paintings. However, over the course of the last year, that attitude has shifted. My hometown became more diverse and began to experience growing pains. Our town was a red dot in Massachusetts’ blue sea: When my family first moved there, we were one of maybe 10 Indian families in a town of over 15,000. Now, Indian and Chinese families have flocked to our small, less multicultural replica of Lexington, drawn by the top-tier schools’ rankings, and one out of 10 Winchester citizens are Asian, according to demographic data from Neighborhood Scout. Given these demographic changes, Winchester — which was whiter than A4 paper — had some issues, to put it lightly. The “Winchester, MA Residents” page on Facebook — once a haven for fellow townspeople to post funny pictures of local turkeys and ask for recommendations for people to call for various housework jobs — descended into a hellscape of political spitefulness, bitter tirades and snide jokes. As the town became younger and more diverse, some of our older, whiter residents felt the need to reclaim their place on top of the hill. This would manifest as anything from vaguely Islamophobic emails, to jokes in poor taste about a local Japanese restaurant serving dog meat, to blatantly racist sentiment against the career and academically-driven Asian culture growing in town. The Winchester, MA Residents Facebook page itself became toxic indirectly: The younger and/or more ethnic families tended to be fairly liberal, as opposed to the older, white majority in Winchester, which has anchored it as the only red dot in the blue sea of Massachusetts. The same few agitators would bait the rest with their offensively inane opinions, almost always falling back to such high-class arguments like “Trump got more fat women to walk than Michelle Obama did in eight years,” or the ever-endearing idea that Black Lives Matter supporters are terrorists and anyone who doesn’t say, “All Lives Matter” is racist. Then, without fail, a counterpart band of liberal keyboard warriors would rush in like white knights to do battle. After the dust settled, there would be nothing left: No meaningful dialogue, no good intentions and no hope. Perhaps that, in and of itself, was a win for the right-wing agitators. Despite the sour overall mood, many of my fellow students, as well as the younger adults, experienced the galvanization of spirit that the 2016 election and the time since has bestowed upon millions across America and overseas. Scores of my female classmates attended the Women’s March, and more and more, my friends and family began to actively seek out and contribute to conversations about race and gender. In my life, there has been one glaring exception: my mother doesn’t march. From

a statistical point of view, this would be extremely odd, as my mother is an Indian immigrant woman who has had to struggle and best her male colleagues to achieve her status today. She is liberal by any metric and is quick to make her voice heard and point known in any family argument or difficult conversation we may have. Nevertheless, my mother most probably will not march. Her reasoning is superficially similar to those antagonizers from before. My mother has always stated that talking is easy but doing anything is much harder. She sees the marches as nothing more than cute displays of solidarity, to be quickly forgotten. For her, marching is easy; going in to operate and standing for thirteen hours at a time, slowly piecing together another person’s internal organs, is real work. My mother, like all of the Indian family friends that I’ve come to know as my various “aunties” and “meshos,” has the classic, almost Hollywood-stereotype origin story. She came from a different country, was an academic powerhouse, studied medicine in London and came to the United States with next to nothing. She’d work harder and longer than anyone else in order to get the same recognition as her white, male, older colleagues. She has grinded her whole life not only to get ahead but also to be the best version of herself. My mother always gives her all as a professor at the Harvard School of Medicine and as a surgeon at Cambridge Hospital, not out of some need to prove herself, but rather out of a need to be the best citizen she can be. As she puts it, “The best thing you can do in life is [to] be helpful to others. But to do that, you have to work hard for yourself and go up, because the higher you are, the more use you can be to others.” When I asked why my mother doesn’t march, she drew upon that mantra. She said that she agreed with the marchers but that they’re not helping anybody the way she is — that making a sign and yelling is easier than buckling down and getting something done. I pressed further, somewhat skeptical of her line of thought. She continued by saying that marchers have causes she agrees with but aren’t working to further those causes. Indeed, even if the causes were just, the marches were protests and may come from a place of anger. Righteous or not, the marchers were doing less. Furthermore, if marchers would rather march than work, they have forfeited their credibility. For Ma, marching can show solidarity, which is appealing — but to put it before work is to put rhetoric over action. That conversation stuck with me ever since. In all honesty, it was quite troubling — after all, wasn’t my mother echoing those trolls who said that marchers are just unemployed brats whining for no reason, and thus the marches themselves had no intrinsic value? Was my own mother denouncing the Women’s March, all the change it was capable of bringing and the solidarity that it represented? After some time, I finally reached a conclusion. Today’s marches are fundamentally different from the marches of the past. The Women’s Marches, BLM protests and various other movements have undeniably shed light on America’s most persistent problems, and created a mirror so


that our nation can uncomfortably ponder its past, present and future. The time may have come, however, for the marches to cease. BLM, in particular, has generated tremendous movements — but seems more and more each day to be overdue for a metamorphosis. The BLM groups and activists may have to change their approach — after all, many months of marching, vocal protests and revolutionary rhetoric culminated in a face-to-face with Barack Obama. In a telling sign, the demand for higher and higher officials’ attention, and the attention of the country, in everincreasing amounts, culminated in one almost whiny statement — the activists felt they weren’t being heard. To this, then-President Obama simply said, “You are sitting in the Oval Office, talking to the president of the United States,” as stated in an April 23, 2016 New York Times article. While the Women’s Marches have not yet reached this exhausted, transitional phase, it is fast approaching — the uncomfortable crossover time period where everyone’s attention has been successfully

taken hostage — but movement seems to care less about working hard for concrete, if less exciting results, and more about taking up more of the national spotlight. There are realities to the problems of racism and sexism that need action, not attention. While the marches’ focused attention has helped to bring these problems into the public consciousness, attention cannot solve our nation’s ills alone. For my mother, committing to her career over public protests and marches was her equivalent of participating in the marches — always working at superhuman levels in a field that would have less-qualified, lessdriven and less-upstanding men advance ahead of her. She believes that marching is fine, and she’d gladly participate, but never at the expense of work. For her, marching lends focus, but working and succeeding must be prioritized before it actually enacts progress. While it may not be the adage by which everyone will live their lives, for her, the best revenge is a life welllived.

Create harsher restrictions for law enforcement officials By SABRINA SUNG justice EDITOR

Just yesterday, Snopes cleared up one of the internet’s biggest controversies of the week: It is not true that police can legally rape people in 35 different states. However, it is still too early to breathe a sigh of relief. The truth of the matter is that these 35 states do not have laws that make it illegal for police officers or sheriff deputies to have sex with people in their custody. Although this is almost certainly an oversight rather than a loophole crafted for nefarious purposes, it is a dangerous one, and it reflects a broader issue in the current state of United States laws. The initial rumor that police can engage detainees in nonconsensual sex without legal consequence originates from, what Snopes refers to as, “poor readings” of a Buzzfeed article posted on Feb. 7. In it, an 18-year-old girl — referred to solely by her internet screen name, Anna Chambers — gives an account of sexual assault at the hands of two New York Police Department narcotics detectives, who have since resigned from the force and are presently being charged with rape. There is no question that intercourse did take place, and DNA evidence confirms these two detectives were the alleged rapists. The trial now hinges upon the question of whether or not the intercourse was consensual and, consequently, much of the investigative focus has been on the alleged victim’s sexual history and social media presentation. Given the details of this account, it is easy

to see how such a rumor came to be. The rapid spreading of horrified social media-responses inevitably leads to some misunderstandings. However, both Chambers’ account and the ensuing controversy only serve to highlight the inadequacy of existing laws. The U.S. Department of Justice’s page on law enforcement misconduct states, under their section on sexual misconduct, “Law enforcement officers who engage in nonconsensual sexual contact with persons in their custody deprive those persons of liberty without due process of law.” This seems to be an unnecessary distinction to make, as there are no conditions under which it would be appropriate for a law enforcement officer to engage in even consensual sexual contact with persons in their custody. If it is the case that a police officer and detainee develop a romantic and or sexual attraction that they mutually decide to pursue, it becomes a personal relationship with the detainee. This would compromise any ensuing investigations or resulting charges due to conflict of interest. If the individual in custody offers sexual favors in exchange for leniency and a police officer agrees, there are issues of bribery and police corruption. Should the police later claim that they had no intentions of carrying through with their side of the bargain, the issue again becomes about consent. This is, of course, assuming that a person in custody possesses the capacity to consent in the first place. One of the questions the Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network uses to

determine an individual’s capacity to consent is the relationship between the two parties. Their official website asks, “Was the alleged perpetrator in a position of authority, such as a teacher or a correctional officer?” It goes without saying that a police officer — and in fact, any law enforcement official — holds a position of authority over an individual in custody. According to RAINN, consent should be freely given “without being induced by fraud, coercion, violence, or threat of violence.” The U.S. Department of Justice also states that in cases involving “either force or coercion to overcome the victim’s will,” the force or coercion are sufficient to establish a lack of consent. However, the page goes on to state, “Coercion may exist if a victim is told that an officer will bring false charges or cause the victim to suffer unjust punishment,” failing to acknowledge that such a threat exists whether it is verbalized or not. There is an inherent power dynamic between a law enforcement official and persons in their custody. Police officers, probation officers and attorneys are all in positions of authority over persons in legal custody, and possess a great deal of influence over such persons’ futures. As such, any propositions from law enforcement to persons in custody are inherently coercive, as there will always be the threat of displeasing an official with significant influence over their permanent criminal record. On the other hand, any propositions from persons in custody toward law enforcement either engenders corruption or, again, is a result

The opinions expressed on this page are those of each article’s respective author and do not reflect the viewpoint of the Justice.

of situational duress. A Nov. 1, 2015 article from the Associated Press details a year-long investigation which found that about 1,000 officers had their licenses revoked for various kinds of sexual misconduct in a six-year period. The article elaborates that this number is “unquestionably an undercount,” as not all states take action against all forms of sexual misconduct, and others do not use a statewide system to decertify officers and, as a result, have no records to offer. The Associated Press also noted that some states reported that they had no officers removed for sexual misconduct despite news stories and court record evidence to the contrary. This number, additionally, does not count any instances of sexual conduct found to be consensual. It is indeed a relief that there is no region in the United States that legally allows for sexual contact with unconsenting individuals. However, the existing loophole found in 35 states’ laws, including Massachusetts’, which allows for police to have consensual sexual contact with persons in their custody is unacceptable. Law enforcement agencies in each of these states — and it seems even the U.S. Department of Justice — need to re-evaluate their laws, policies and codes of ethics and either improve upon or amend what is written so as to prevent situations such as Chambers’ account from being a legally murky ground. There is no circumstance in which it is appropriate for police, or any law enforcement official to engage in any sort of sexual contact with persons in custody.


10 THE JUSTICE ● Sports ● Tuesday, February 13, 2018

MBBALL: Team still motivated to conquer its UAA rivals CONTINUED FROM 16 nine points in the first and Sawyer recorded 11 in the second. Forward Chandler Jones ’21 also led the charge in the second half, scoring 11 of his 13 points in the period. Jones was able to score in bunches as he played a career-high 38 minutes. Coming off the bench, guard Nate Meehan ’18 scored 10 points on the backs of three threepointers. With his solid perimeter shooting on the day, Meehan recorded his 118th three-pointer, which put him in the top-10 all-time in program history. On the glass, Jones and center

continues and records fall at BU and MIT

completed the run with a time of 2:00.75. Last, Josh Lombardo ‘21 ran a notable personal best in the 1000 meter with a time of 2:35.40. Over at MIT, Jack Allan ’20 set a personal best in the 60-meter hurdles. Incredibly, Allan won the event with a time of 8.66 seconds. Additionally, Scott Grote ’19 threw a personal best in the weight throw. He threw a 35-pound weight 14.72m. The indoor season is winding down. Over the next few weeks, the tone of the meets will change.


Akim Sanni ’21 each had six rebounds for the game. Overall the team was outrebounded by WashU 31-30. WashU also passed the ball better than the Judges, committing only nine turnovers, as opposed to Brandeis’ 16. Guard Lawrence Sabir ’21 led the squad with six assists. Next up for the Judges is a weekend road trip this coming week. On Friday, they will travel to square off against the University of Rochester, and on Sunday they will be on the road at Emory University. The team will finish off its season on Feb. 24 at home against New York University.

TRACK: Momentum



It’s championship season, and the runners have been ready since the first meet. Each race will hold new importance as athletes try to cement their name in Brandeis track history. With the record-breaking ways of the past weeks, the team definitely has the momentum to make Brandeis known around the region, conference, and country. Both the men’s and women’s teams look ahead to the New England Division III Championships at Middlebury College next weekend on Friday, Feb. 16 and Saturday, Feb. 17.


HART DRIVE: Guard Eva Hart ’18 splits the Chicago defenders on her way to the basket during the game on Feb. 11.

WBBALL: Judges still have

reason to be proud of season CONTINUED FROM 16 offense to be defeated in this one. The Maroons improved their record to a remarkable 20-2 mark, including a perfect 11-0 in conference play. The Judges dropped to 12-9 on the season overall and 4-7 in the conference. Judges 54, WashU 90 The Judges opened their week with a blowout defeat at the hands of Washington University in St. Louis. The loss came as a surprise after the Judges came out on top in their first matchup of the season against the Bears. Casanueva, Hart and Nicholson were outstanding once again for the

Judges despite the loss. Casanueva had 12 points, nine rebounds, five assists and a steal. Hart had nine points, five rebounds, two assists and two steals. Nicholson also had nine points and brought down four boards for the game. The Bears were simply unstoppable on offense in this one. WashU shot 53.7 percent from the floor, compared to Brandeis’ 23.7 percent clip. Furthermore, while the Judges shot 4-27 from behind the arc, the Bears shot an incredible 16-30 from threepoint range. In addition, the Bears’ bench dominated with 42 points, compared to the Judges’ 18 bench points. The Bears’ shooters found their shots and did not lose sight of

them the entire length of the game. In another contest the Judges can definitely match up with the Bears, but they’ll have that opportunity next season. However, with just three games left in the season and a 12-9 record, the Judges officially cannot finish with a sub-.500 record for the year. This is a huge accomplishment and all of Brandeis women’s basketball and their fans should be incredibly proud of this hardworking squad. The team will play on Friday at the University of Rochester and on Sunday at Emory University. The squad will then conclude its season at home for Senior Day against New York University on Saturday, Feb. 24.


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● Sports ●

Tuesday, February 13, 2018




TEAM STATS Points Per Game

UAA Conference W L WashU 11 0 Emory 9 2 Case 6 5 Chicago 6 5 Rochester 5 6 NYU 3 8 JUDGES 2 9 Carnegie 2 9

W 20 18 12 10 14 10 6 6

Overall L Pct. 2 .909 4 .818 10 .545 12 .455 8 .636 11 .476 16 .273 16 .273

EDITOR’S NOTE: Friday at University of Rochester Sunday at Emory University Feb. 24 vs. New York University

Lawrence Sabir ’21 leads the team with 10.4 points per game. Player PPG Lawrence Sabir 10.4 Latye Workman 10.2 Colin Sawyer 9.7 Eric D’Aguanno 9.5

Rebounds Per Game Latye Workman ’18 leads the team with 7.9 rebounds per game. Player RPG Latye Workman 7.9 Chandler Jones 4.8 Lawrence Sabir 4.0 Eric D’Aguanno 3.4

WOMen’s basketball UAA STANDINGS

TEAM STATS Points Per Game

UAA Conference W L W Chicago 11 0 20 Rochester 8 3 18 WashU 7 3 16 Emory 6 5 12 NYU 5 5 12 JUDGES 4 7 12 Carnegie 1 10 9 Case 1 10 4

Overall L Pct. 2 .909 4 .818 5 .762 10 .545 9 .571 9 .571 13 .409 17 .190

EDITOR’S NOTE: Friday at University of Rochester Sunday at Emory University Feb. 24 vs. New York University

Hannah Nicholson ’20 leads the team with 10.5 points per game. Player PPG Hannah Nicholson 10.5 Camila Casanueva 10.6 Katie Goncalo 9.8 Sarah Jaromin 7.6

Rebounds Per Game Hannah Nicholson ’20 leads with 9.6 rebounds per game. Player RPG Hannah Nicholson 9.6 Joelle MarkAnthony 5.5 Camila Casanueva 4.5 Katie Goncalo 4.3

SWIMMING AND DIVING Meet against Clark University on Feb. 3.



1000-yard Freestyle

SWIMMER TIME Tyr Hondorf 11:01.93 Sam Scudere-Weiss 11:35.63 Andrew Baker 12:27.22

200-yard Freestyle

SWIMMER TIME Rachel Goldblatt 2:06.63 Audrey Kim 2:07.93 Uajda Musaku 2:11.27


SPARDI GRAS: A Brandeis fencer stares down his opponent during a bout in the Eric Sollee Invitational on Feb. 3.

Judges hold their own against stiff competition ■ The men’s and women’s fencing teams faced top national talent and represented Brandeis well. By Zach Kaufman Justice Editor

EDITOR’S NOTE: Feb. 14-17 at UAA Championships (at Emory) Feb. 23-25 at ECAC Championships (at Rutgers) March 21-24 at NCAA Championships (at IUPUI)

Track and Field Results from TMIT Godron Kelly Invitational on Feb. 10.



60-Meter Dash

400-Meter Dash

RUNNER TIME Matt Kimmelstiel 7.48 Michael Kroker 7.56 Michael Leung 7.58

RUNNER TIME Lydia Harris 1:03.17 Kayla Fahey 1:03.83 Maya Bliss 1:04.74

EDITOR’S NOTE: Friday at New England Division III Championships (at Springfield College) Feb 24-25 at UAA Championships (at Case Western) March 3 at Tufts Last Chance Meet

Riding the momentum of their dominance at the Northeast Fencing Conference Meet in late January, the Brandeis men’s and women’s fencing teams entered the month of February ready to continue their winning ways. However, the Judges have faced stiff, sometimes nationally ranked competition through their first two meets of the month. The teams persevered nonetheless and posted respectable records despite their formidable opponents. The men’s team went a combined 4-5 while the women went 3-6. Duke Invitational For both teams, this was a test of how they would fare among some of the top competition in the nation. On Saturday, The men’s team faced fifth ranked Penn State, ninth ranked Duke University, the University of North Carolina, and Johns Hopkins University. While Brandeis definitely doesn’t have the athletic prestige of their opponents in this meet, they still

held their own amongst the fray, even as one of only two division III schools invited. The Judges opened the day against UNC, an opponent they had beat earlier in the season. However, the Tar Heels were victorious in this match, overcoming a 13-11 deficit to win 14-13. The team then faced Duke who gave them their worst beatdown on the day. The Blue Devils swept all three weapons en route to a 22-5 dominant win. Only Curtis Wilson ’18 posted a winning record, going 2-0 as a saber. The men then faced Johns Hopkins University, and posted their only win of the day, 17-11. The foil and saber squads performed especially well in this match, going 8-1 and 7-2 respectively. The men’s team ended their day with their toughest challenge yet, Penn State. The foil team continued to impress, winning 5-4, but the Nittany Lions dominated the other two weapons, winning 21-6 overall. The Women’s team didn’t have it any easier. On Sunday, they were tasked with facing UNC, no. 10 Duke, no. 3 Penn State and no. 7 Temple University. While the judges battled hard, they couldn’t string together wins at the right times, dropping all four matches. The Judges opened against Penn State, losing all three weapons and dropping the match 22-5. The team then battled Temple. While the epee squad gave the

Judges a 6-3 advantage, one of its two squad wins on the day, the other two weapons didn’t find the same success. The Owls were victorious overall, winning 19-8. In the third round of the day, the team was dominated 24-3 by host and 10th ranked Duke. The team then faced UNC for their final match of the day. The foil squad won 6-3, but the Tar Heels won the other two weapons 7-2 in each, winning 17-10. Eric Sollee Invitational Both the men’s and women’s teams posted identical 3-2 records for their annual local meet. Both teams started off the day with quick wins over Hunter College (Men, 18-9; Women, 234). They then quickly followed that up with a pair of wins against Haverford College (Men, 19-8; Women, 16-11). The teams then faced the Stevens Institute of Technology in their third round of the day. The men won the match 19-8 while the women suffered their first defeat of the day, losing 17-11. The fencers then faced fellow University Athletic Association rival New York University. The violets were the only team to sweep both the men and the women, doing so with relative ease. The men were defeated 19-8 while the women lost 18-9. The team has four meets left on the season. Tomorrow, the team will travel to MIT for the Beanpot Invitational meet.

Pro Sports brief The Cleveland Cavaliers may have rewritten their season after a series of bold trades at the deadline This past week, the Cleveland Cavaliers threw caution to the wind and made a series of surprising roster moves that have at once reshaped their team and the National Basketball Association as a whole. Months after acquiring star point guard Isaiah Thomas from the Boston Celtics, it had become clear that Cleveland’s revamp project was faltering in irresolvable ways. Many are wondering if Cleveland’s moves — sending out guards Iman Shumpert, Isaiah Thomas, Derrick Rose and Dwyane Wade, along with forwards Jae Crowder and Channing Frye, and bringing back a young group of long and athletic players made up of forward Larry Nance Jr. and guards George Hill, Rodney Hood and Jordan Clarkson — will be enough to get them out of the East and over the hump

against the Golden State Warriors, who most believe will have an easy path to a fourth consecutive Finals appearance. Though it is impossible to predict how the rest of Cleveland’s season will unfold with any degree of certainty, one does not need to dig deep to conclude that this move has made the Cavaliers younger, more defensively adept and overall, significantly better. George Hill, a savvy veteran point guard with two Eastern Conference Finals appearances under his belt, brings the Cavaliers the experience and hard-nosed defense that Isaiah Thomas simply could not provide. Thomas, as offensively creative as he may be, has always been knocked for his shoddy defensive abilities, his 5 foot 9 inch frame precluding him from matching up with the athleticism of

the likes of Russell Westbrook and Stephen Curry. Hill, on the other hand, stands at 6 foot 2 inches and has the bulk one needs to keep up with increasingly strong and athletic point guards. Moreover, there will be no misimpression as to what Hill’s role will be on this new-look Cavaliers team: run the offense and serve as a low-liability conductor when LeBron is not bringing the ball up the floor. Some are unsure whether Hill can learn Cleveland’s offensive schemes in time for a deep postseason run, but his substantial NBA experience should bode well for his integration process. Perhaps the most valuable return on deadline day was the unique combination of three-point specialists Jordan Clarkson and Rodney Hood. Though Clarkson is expected to do little more than provide a powerful

scoring punch off Cleveland’s bench — something Jae Crowder could not manage to provide throughout his tenure in Cleveland — Hood will need to rediscover the defensive tendencies that once made him a perfect fit for the modern NBA, in which teams are desperate for athletic, defensively proficient wings. In the midst of a relatively down year for the Jazz, Cleveland fans and coaches are hoping a change of scenery will rejuvenate Hood, who has shown the potential to serve as an important role player on a contending team. It would be a mistake to overlook the value Larry Nance Jr. brings to the table for the Cavaliers. The 6 foot 8 inch Nance has proven himself a freakish athlete with adequate defensive instincts, and the young forward will have plenty of time to

play himself into the rotation with starting forward Kevin Love out until the end of the season with a broken hand. Nance has been criticized for his hesitation to shoot jumpers, but the Cavaliers will not need any more scoring than they already have. The issue that has plagued the Cavaliers’ season has been a defensive ineptitude due in large part to the old age and diminishing athleticism of the collective Cleveland traded away at the deadline. In Nance, Cleveland’s front court got younger, bouncier and more inspired. Ultimately, though it is impossible to predict how things will unfold for the Cavaliers, it appears today that the team came out of deadline day a winner. —Gabriel Goldstein



Page 16

FENCING FACES D1 COMPETITION The Brandeis men’s and women’s fencing teams held their own in last weekend’s meet, p. 15.

Tuesday, February 13, 2018



Pair of losses may be insurmountable ■ The Judges were dealt

a pair of blowout losses by UAA opponents in a huge blow to their playoff hopes. By Ben Katcher Justice Editor

The women’s basketball team struggled mightily this past week with a pair of losses to University Athletic Association conference opponents. The squad lost by 36 points on Friday at home against Washington University in St. Louis and by 25 on Sunday at home against the University of Chicago. Judges 56, Chicago 81 Brandeis lost its second game of the week against the University of Chicago by a score of 81-56. This was the second time the two teams have matched up this season, and the Maroons topped the Judges in both games. Guard Katherine Puda ’21 led the way for the Judges offensively with 11 points off the bench. She shot an impressive 2-3 from behind the arc as well as a solid 5-6 from the line. Guards Katie Goncalo ’20 and

Waltham, Mass.

Camila Casanueva ’21 and forward Hannah Nicholson ’20 all made key contributions on offense; the three also combined for a total of 29 points. Nicholson was a monster down low with eight boards for the game, while Goncalo and Casanueva brought down four and two rebounds, respectively. Casanueva also recorded five assists on the day, contributing to the unselfish play of the team. Guard Eva Hart ’18 filled up the stat sheet on defense for the Judges. The versatile guard easily led the game with an astonishing six steals, consistently helping to get the ball back in the Judges’ possession. Hart also hauled down five rebounds and had a pair of assists. This game really came down to shooting and capitalizing on turnovers. The Maroons outshot the Judges 48.4 percent to 31.5 percent from the field and made twice as many three-pointers (eight versus four). Furthermore, while both teams committed 20 turnovers, the Maroons scored seven more points off turnovers than the Judges (19 versus 12 points). Brandeis has the talent and capabilities to beat Chicago, but the Maroons were too dominant on

See WBBALL, 13 ☛


Team gears up for final meets of indoor season ■ The Brandeis track and

field team continues to set records, putting Brandeis track on the map. By Jen geller JUSTICE EDITOR

The Brandeis men’s and women’s track teams had an impressive weekend. Both competed at two meets over the course of the weekend, and both meets were marked by dominant individual performances in both groups. These meets continue what have already been impressive seasons for both the men and the women. The women began their weekend on Friday, Feb. 9, at the Boston University David Hemery Valentines Classic. The most impressive performance of the meet came from junior Emily Bryson ’19. Already the national leader for the mile among division III women with a time of 4:52.36, she improved this impressive record to 4:36.63. This is the sixth-best time in Division III history. Looking ahead, this makes Bryson a very strong competitor for the NCAA championship for the mile on March 9 in Birmingham, Alamaba. Jordin Carter ’18 began the season with a personal best weight throw of 15.00m. Carter has progressively improved over the course of this season, breaking and rebreaking new personal records. Her best throw of this meet was nine centimeters further than her previous record. Additionally, Kyra Shreeve ’18 and Doyin Ogundiran ’19 had impressive performances in the 800-meter run. Shreeve set a personal record, placing 3rd in her heat with a time of 2:21.68. Ogundiran finished 8th with a time of 2:24.42. In the women’s 60-meter dash,

Kanya Brown ’19 ran a time that turned out to be her secondbest of the season, 8.25 seconds, good enough to win her section. Jordan Brill-Cass ’21 won her section with a time of 8.64 seconds. Additionally, Meaghan Barry ’19 made an impressive collegiate debut in the 1000-meter run with a time of 3:05.70, a performance that would qualify her for the Division III New England Championships. On Feb. 10, the Judges competed at the Gordon Kelly Invitational hosted by MIT. In Another impressive meet, Madeline Hayman ’20 set a personal best, winning the 800 meter with a time of 2:23.92, an improvement from her previous time of 2:26.72. Additionally, following Friday’s record-setting performance, Jordin Carter ‘18 proved her dominance yet again with a 20-pound weight throw of 15.81m. In fact, this record put Carter at 25th on the national list. This is the fourth time Carter has set a school record. The men’s team also had an incredible weekend at both meets. The highlight of the meets for the men came from graduate student Irie Gourde ’17 at BU. Gourde set a personal best for the 400m with a time of 47.81. This placed him 2nd in his heat and an impressive 1st among Division III athletes. Even more impressive is the fact that Gourde placed 12th in a field that included professionals and Division I, II and III athletes. Later, Gourde competed again to run in the 200m with Regan Charie ’19. Both runners set season-best times, Gourde running a time of 21.84 and Charie running a time of 22.66. Additionally, Jacob Judd ’20 and Erez Needleman ’20 ran personal best times in the 800 meter. Judd completed the 800 meter in 1:58.66 and Needleman

See TRACK, 13 ☛


DRAWING FOULS: Guard Eric D’Aguanno ’20 draws a blocking foul during the game against the University of Chicago on Feb. 11.

Judges hoping to play spoiler as season ends ■ While the team may be out of the running for the playoffs, they have not given up on winning. By NOAH HESSDORF JUSTICE Editor

The men’s basketball team split its University Athletic Association home stand this past weekend. On Sunday afternoon, the team defeated the University of Chicago 70-66, and on Friday it fell to Washington University in St. Louis 87-75. Judges 70, Chicago 66 On Sunday, the Judges came through victorious in a close game by a mere four points. The victory was due to an impressive individual performance by guard Corey Sherman ’19. Sherman dominated on the day with 24 points for the squad. He shot an efficient 10-17 from the field, including 4-6 from behind the three-point arc. For Sherman, the 24 points was his most in a game this season, which is his first for the Judges. For the contest as a whole, both

teams performed similarly, each shooting 44.8 percent from the field. Three-point and free throw shooting was the distinct difference for the Judges. The squad outshot the Maroons 42.9 percent to 30 percent from behind the arc, and 90 percent to 55.6 percent from the charity stripe. It was able to escape with the victory even though it was outrebounded by Chicago, 35-29. Judges 75, WashU 87 On Friday night the squad fell in a conference clash against WashU. A poor defensive effort by the team allowed the Bears to score at will. WashU converted on over half of its attempts from the field, along with a selfless style of play that led to 24 assists on the evening. The Judges would not be deterred on their own offensive end, though, setting a season high in threepointers with 13. The high-octane perimeter shooting allowed the squad to come back from a 16-point deficit as the game tightened up in the second half. Forward Eric D’Aguanno ’20 was the key to the shooting success. D’Aguanno hit upon three threepointers as the first half came to an

end with the Judges battling back in the contest. The second half started off well for the squad as it jumped out to a quick 10-2 run, cutting the deficit to only two points. Sherman was the reason as he scored on a three with 17 minutes left in the game. Sherman had 11 points for the game as a whole. The game came undone when WashU went on a dominant 14-2 streak late in the second half. The lead would go all the way to 19 at one point, as the Judges had no answer for the Bears’ hot shooting and slick passing. The 13 three-pointers were the most for Brandeis since the team’s home matchup with WashU a year ago, in which they recorded 17 threes. Overall, the team shot over 61 percent from behind the arc on Friday night. For the Judges, Sherman and four other players scored in the double digits, on what was an impressive offensive performance. Guard Collin Sawyer ’20 and D’Aguanno were both lethal on the day, each recording 14 points off of four three-pointers. They alternated strong halves, as D’Aguanno had

See MBBALL, 13 ☛

Vol. LXX #17

February 13, 2018

Vol. LXX #2

September 12, 2017





Waltham, Mass.

Artwork: Consuelo Pereira-Lazo, Carmen Lopez-Landacerde. Images: Andrew Baxter/the Justice. Design: Andrew Baxter/the Justice.


TUESDAY, THE JUSTICE February | Arts 13, |2018 TUESDAY, i Arts January i THE JUSTICE 31, 2017

a cappella Review

VoiceMale gets in the V-Day groove By EMILY BLUMENTHAL justice Staff writer

As Valentine’s Day comes around every February, we all look for songs to get us into a romantic mood. Often the songs are classical tunes — wordless, sometimes corny melodies replete with string sections. Very rarely, though, are Valentine’s Day songs lacking instruments. Brandeis’ allmale a cappella group VoiceMale sought to change that with its annual variety show “Lovapalooza,” which took place this past Saturday. “Lovapalooza,” however, delivered performances as diverse as the selection of discount candy after the holiday. Company B kicked off the show, performing three songs, with two spotlighting soloists. The first was The Supremes’ “You Can’t Hurry Love,” with Isabella Stahler Stork ’18 soloing. Company B succeeded in its performance of Ray Charles’ “Georgia On My Mind.” Company B’s strength is clearly performing as a group, and the mixture of beautiful harmonies and harsh dissonance in “Georgia” refreshed the group’s set. Its last song was a version of Van Morrison’s “Moondance,” with Gabi Nail ’18 soloing. Up The Octave, one of the University’s all-female groups, performed next. The group started with an arrangement of Gnarls Barkley’s “Crazy,” with Emily Arkin ’20 soloing. The group’s next song was Rihanna’s “California King Bed,” choosing dissonance to accompany soloist Lily Bickerstaff Richard ’20. “Lovepalooza” also featured several guest groups, the first of which was Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s Chorallaries. This group showed Brandeis that the school can do more than engineering. The group started with Elvis’ “Blue Suede Shoes.” The so-


SOULFUL SWEETHEARTS : Lily Bickerstaff Richard ’20 solos Rihanna’s “California King Bed” with Up The Octave.

loist carried his performance with sass, perfectly matching the song’s attitude — he often encouraged the audience to clap along. The rest of the Chorallaries seemed to be genuinely having fun, which made for an especially engaging show. The group’s last song was Evanescence’s “Bring Me To Life,” a surprising choice for a Valentine’s Day-themed event. The dissonant chords gave this arrangement an eerie feel which the original lacked. Brandeis’ folk a cappella group, Too Cheap For Instruments performed after MIT. The group’s first two numbers, Joseph’s “Planets” and The Lumineers’ “Oph-

elia,” featured solos from Sophie Welch ’20 and Katie Stenhouse ’19 respectively. TCFI’s last number was a premiere performance of Fleet Foxes’ “White Winter Hymnal.” Like Company B, the group’s strength is clearly when they perform together. Rather Be Giraffes started with an Ed Sheeran medley, which was faithful to Sheeran’s originals in that it was hard to tell the difference between songs as they transitioned. RBG then performed a rendition of Ariana Grande’s “Greedy,” with a solo performance from Denise Nalibotsky ’20, supplemented by some sassy choreography.

The next guest group was Northeastern University’s Pitch Please, performing Yebba Smith’s “My Mind,” Jon Bellion’s “Waves of Loneliness” and Emeli Sandé’s “Hurt.” Pitch Please’s versions were incredibly bare, allowing the audience to clearly hear the vocals. Starving Artists delivered the follow-up to Pitch Please, with performances of Sam Smith’s “Nirvana” and Amber Run’s “I Found.” On “Nirvana,” Isidora Filipovic ’18 and Brian Rauch ’19 dueted, with complementing harmonies from the rest of the group, often to create a wall of sound. The last guest group, the Sim-

mons College Sirens, performed its set next. The Sirens sang Jordin Sparks’ “Battlefield,” Milck’s “Quiet” and Jess Glynne’s “Take Me Home.” “Lovapalooza’s” host group, VoiceMale, performed a medley of The Beatles’ “Dear Prudence” and “Hey Jude” and Panic! At the Disco’s “Death of a Bachelor.” Soloists Marek Haar ’20 and Ben Astrachan ’19 sang notes from the depths which rose to soaring falsettos. “Lovapalooza’s” assorted performances were a great way to get into the Valentine’s Day spirit and gave Brandeis a new twist on the holiday’s classic songs.

Film Review


In early February of each year, Brandeis holds a week long festival called ’DEIS Impact, which is dedicated to social justice. During this week, the University hosts a plethora of social-justice-related events from several different academic and artistic disciplines. This year, one of the events was titled “This is Only the Beginning. Not the End,” a discussion with avant-garde director and LGBTQ activist Zi’en Cui about LGBTQ activism in China. The event also included a screening of his film, “Queer China, ‘Comrade’ China” and was hosted on Friday night in the Shapiro Campus Center theater by the Queer People of Color Coalition and the Brandeis Asian American Task Force (BAATF). After a generous buffet of dumplings greeted film-goers outside the theater, people began to trickle in. The evening began with an opening talk by Yiyi Wu ’19, president of the Queer People of Color Coalition and Prof. Elanah Uretsky (ANTH), who then introduced Cui and began to play his film. “Queer China, ‘Comrade’ China” is a two-hour-long independent documentary made in 2008 and records the changes in LGBTQ culture that have taken place over the past 80 years. The time constraints of the event only allowed the audience to watch the first half of the film, but the limited time did not prevent the film from conveying its underlying message to the the audience. The film is in Mandarin Chinese but includes English subtitles for the audience to follow along. It

is arranged into several different chapters, each representing a different aspect of the LGBTQ+ movement in China; for example,

China portrays the LGBTQ community. Watching the film made it clear that views of the LGBTQ com-

interviewed in the film described their fear of coming out to their family and friends in China, citing the country’s conservative YVETTE SEI/the Justice

LANGUAGE BARRIER: Independent filmmaker and activist Zi’en Cui answers questions assisted by a translator.

one chapter focused on Chinese attitudes toward LGBTQ people; another focused on how media in

munity in China are much more controversial than those in the U.S. Many of the figures who were

attitudes toward the LGBTQ movement. Later parts of the film showed slight increase of accep-

tance in the country’s views. For example, one interviewee said that he believed that, in general, they support people loving whoever they want to love, but if his own child was gay, he would “absolutely not” support it. The film also focuses on the meaning of one of the titular words: “comrade.” The word in Mandarin is “tongzhi,” which was appropriated by the Chinese community as an overarching term for LGBTQ people — similar to the term “queer” in the U.S. In addition, the film explors how Western attitudes affected the attitudes toward the “comrade” community in China. The film cites one of the reasons that dialogue on the topic of homosexuality is becoming more prevalent in China as being due to the increasing definitions of “homosexuality.” Homosexuality began to include explanations of sexual identity in the 1990s as opposed to simply sexual and romantic attraction, which was a change that was heavily influenced by Western culture. After the film ended, the event concluded with a question and answer session from Cui, who only spoke in Mandarin, but understood both English and Mandarin questions from the audience and had a translator to convey his answers. It was enlightening to hear questions from several audience members, many of whom expressed that they themselves were Chinese and/or identified as queer, and described how thankful they were to see a film delving into what used to be seen as a taboo topic in their country. It was eye-opening to see a documentary discussing attitudes on LGBTQ topics outside the U.S.


THE JUSTICE i arts i TUESDAY, January 31, 2017 THE JUSTICE i arts i Tuesday, February 13, 2018


BBSO celebrates Black culture and art


LIT LITTLES: Afro Diamond, an African dance group composed of elementary school students, performed at “Shades of Blackness.”

By Brianna cummings justice contributing writer

The Levin Ballroom got lit on Saturday, Feb. 10, as the Brandeis Black Student Organization held its first ever “Shades of Blackness” event. February is Black History Month, which celebrates the history of people involved with the African Diaspora. Prior to “Shades of Blackness,” BBSO held multiple events geared toward Black culture, including a screening of the movie “School Daze.” The festivities will not end anytime soon. BBSO plans to hold a screening of the Academy Award winning film, “Moonlight,” and will partner with Brandeis’ Latinx Student Organization to hold a meeting for Black and Latinx students. “Shades of Blackness” kicked off at 6 p.m. with a monologue from Shaquan McDowell ’18. McDowell told the audience that many people questioned his decision to major in history because of the lack of Black narratives in most history courses. However, McDowell explained, there are a plethora of stories involving African-Americans — starting in 1619, when the first slave from Africa was brought to America, and continuing through the present in which Black people are continuing to work hard and achieve great success despite living in a country that often treats them with hostility. After McDowell’s performance, hosts Cyril Ojilere ’21 and Curtis Beatty ’21 introduced themselves

to the audience and explained that the purpose of the event was to celebrate Black excellence. Then, Brandeis’ Platinum step team took the stage and stepped to Kendrick Lamar’s “Humble” while declaring that they “came to slay.” The next act to take the stage was an original poetry reading by Her-

scholarship, proving Trump’s comments invalid. Voices of Soul, an a cappella group that sings rhythm and blues music, took the stage and performed “No Other Love” by John Legend and Estelle and “No Scrub” by TLC. After them, the Women of Color Alliance, a group at Brandeis that

mond, an African dance group composed of elementary school students led by University of Massachusetts Dartmouth student Bridget Kamanzi, performed and left the whole room speechless. Unlike most shows, where some performances are a hit and others are dull, every act and performer


SYNCHRONIZED SKIRTS: LatinXtreme, a Latinx dance group, performed “Baile De Palos” clad in white paint and flowing skirts.

lyne Das ’18, a Haitian-American student. Das wrote her poem in response to President Donald Trump’s comment last month, degrading the country of Haiti. She highlighted the strength of Haitian people and mentioned multiple students of Haitian descent at Brandeis who are triple majors and are on full merit

unites women from different ethnic backgrounds, rocked the stage with a fashion show in which students modeled the styles of famous Black people like Lauryn Hill, Yara Shahidi and Serena Williams as popular songs by Black female artists played in the background . After an intermission, Afro Dia-

in “Shades of Blackness” kept the audience captivated and received thunderous applause. Kwesi Jones ’21 was no exception to this: everyone was awestruck when he recited the 1936 Langston Hughes poem “Let America be America again.” Jones read this poem in response to the popular

phrase coined by Trump, “Make America Great Again.” After Jones, LatinXtreme, a Latinx dance group, performed “Baile De Palos.” In addition to being talented, the dancers also looked stylish. The men were shirtless, wearing only black pants and body paint, while the women were draped in billowing white dresses. The next performance was a monologue from Ntozake Shange’s play “For Colored Girls Who Have Considered Suicide / When the Rainbow is Enuf” delivered by LaShawn Simmons ’18. The monologue was about a young girl living in the 1950s who tries to run away to Haiti so she can be with legendary revolutionary Toussaint Louverture. Simmons did a great job portraying each character, and there There were several moments during which the audience erupted with laughter. The final act of the evening was a performance by the dance team TOXIC. The ladies looked fierce as they danced to Beyoncé in matching glittery silver unitards. They were definitely in formation! At the end, BBSO’s e-board thanked everyone for coming and invited the audience to stay for the reception, where they provided food and refreshments. Overall, the event was a hit, and both the performers and the audience had an amazing time. —Editor’s note: Andrew Baxter ’21, a Justice editor, performed in “Shades of Blackness.”

dance review

‘HOT Off the Press!’ has us hooked on tap

By Maya Zanger-nadis justice editorial assistant

Parents, alumni and undergraduate students gathered in the Shapiro Campus Center theater on Sunday afternoon to see the Hooked on Tap (HOT) semester show: “HOT Off the Press!” HOT is an all-inclusive tap group that is completely studentrun and all their pieces are studentdirected and choreographed. The show opened with an energetic piece, featuring the entire HOT ensemble, titled “Let ‘Em Talk,” choreographed by Hannah Suib ’19. The performance was followed by “Castle on the Hill,” choreographed by Siobhan McKenna ’20. McKenna, Siena de Benditis ’21, Julie Joseph ’18 and Rebecca Weiss ’21 then performed an untitled a cappella piece that Ilana Blumen ’21 had choreographed with the assistance of Rachel Lese ’21. Groups performed 15 pieces in total during the show; all entertaining, though the later ones drew more applause as the crowd warmed up. Renee Korgood ’20, for example, composed a crazy-genius routine, “Tightrope of Weird,” featuring seven well-synchronized dancers sporting brightly patterned knee-high socks and tapping along to “Crazy = Genius” by Panic! At the Disco. Other high-energy hits included

spite the last-minute nature of their preparation, and they made it look easy in matching tie-dye T-shirts. “HOT Off the Press!” also featured guest groups from neighboring universities. On Tap, Boston College’s all-tap dance team, and a new group only in its third year, absolutely blew away the crowd in their matching red lacy costumes and heaps of attitude in “You Don’t Know Me.” The Harvard TAPS showcased their school’s talent with a lively piece set to the popular hit “New Rules” by Dua Lipa. Boston University, however, might have had the most impressive of the guest groups. Their group, BU on Tap, combined two routines, “You’re the Best” and “Sleepwalker.” The result was simply elegant and a delight to watch. Overall, “HOT Off the Press!” was an impressive display of students’ talent in the performing arts. Aside from the actual tap dancing, the song choices (particularly the Panic! At the Disco track) were also quite good, and the lighting design was superb. Nearly every routine appeared well-rehearsed, and the costumes were simple but striking. Most importantly, however, the audience was able to share in the dancers’ excitement and joy as they performed.


TAP THAT!: Members of Hooked On Tap ensemble showed off their skills in their semester show.

“Valerie” and “Feel it Still,” choreographed by duo Alexa Diehl ’19 and Sara Terrazano ’19 and by Rachel

Moore ’19, respectively. The alumnae even joined in on the fun! They performed an upbeat

routine, choreographed by Hannah Brooks ’16 and rehearsed only once. Somehow, they did a brilliant job de-

—Editor’s note: Rachel Moore ’20, a Justice copy editor, performed .


TUESDAY, february 13, 2018 | Arts | THE JUSTIce


Brandeis TALKS


Which food item should never be heart-shaped?

Emma Hanselman ’18 ANDREW BAXTER/the Justice

Rebecca Nachkann ’20 “I feel like meat, of any kind.”

This week, justArts spoke with Emma Hanselman ’18, who helped coordinate Hooked On Tap’s semester show, “Hot off the Press!” justArts: What is your role in Hooked On Tap? What was your role in organizing this event?

JEN GELLER/the Justice

Alexandra Aldridge ’20 “I don’t know like pasta or something, something that would be ridiculous!”

Pramoda Bapatla ’20 “I’m thinking like, burritos or something.”

Maytal Babajanian ’19 “Maybe a steak; that would be weird to put into the shape of a heart.” — Compiled by Jen Geller/the Justice Photographed by Yvette Sei/the Justice.


YVETTE SEI/the Justice

Top 10 Worst Places for PDA On Campus By Nia Lyn

justice EDITOR

I have strong feelings on a lot of things, one of which is on-campus couples. Am I salty? Maybe, but that isn’t the point. Here are the top 10 worst places to be mushy with your significant other on campus.

1. Rabb Steps (I’m trying to walk!) 2. Shapiro Campus Center 3. In class 4. Shapiro Science Center 5. Gosman Gym 6. Upper Usdan 7. Lower Usdan 8. In the hallway of your residence hall 9. Inside of a BranVan 10. Anywhere on campus

CROSSWORD ACROSS 1 Don Quixote, the Man of La ______ 7 Measurement of tempo, for short 10 Walk with a cane, perhaps 14 Ovid’s love poetry 15 Fair-hiring inits. 16 Length times width, for a rectangle 17 Mushroom often mistaken for a truffle* 20 Oodles 21 Martin who nailed his Ninety-five Theses to the church door 22 Fake 25 Lightbulb units 29 Hot chicks 31 MIT or UVA, e.g. 34 Prefix with byte meaning a trillion 35 Lays out neatly 36 Guitarist Atkins 38 Animation frame 39 Response when a friend has bad news* 42 Letters on a wanted poster 43 Driver of “Star Wars” 44 Doctors make them in a hospital wing 45 Fix 47 From ____ Z 48 Bulls, in a bullfight 49 Start of a Freshman course title 51 “Monday Night Football” airer 52 Enter gradually, as a parking space 56 Actress Watson 60 Book Trump said was his second-favorite, after the Bible* 65 Muslim prayer leader 66 Naval rank: Abbr. 67 Moon-landing program 68 New Jersey Senator Booker 69 General for whom a type of chicken is named 70 Travel to, as an airport DOWN 1 Place for a crow’s nest 2 “Guns & _____” 3 Time for a duel, in many a Western 4 What an NFL kicker aims above 5 Agitated, with “up” 6 Residue from a fireplace 7 Hot dude 8 Saucy 9 Bug that’s attracted to light 10 Test subject for medicinal research 11 NPR host Glass 12 “Silent Movie” director Brooks 13 Chum

Emma Hanselman: I am currently Hooked on Tap’s class coordinator, but the past two years I was treasurer. As class coordinator, my main role is to help choreographers schedule their rehearsals leading up to the show. JA: How long has HOT been preparing for the semester show? EH: We always have our show towards the beginning of spring semester, so we start rehearsing in early October, usually. It’s always odd to start so early in the year as the performance feels so far away, but it’s great to have all of that time to practice and clean the dances! JA: What is HOT’s relationship like with the schools that visited? EH: We know that dancers are always looking for opportunities to perform, so we really like reaching out to other schools and inviting them to participate in our show. Dance communities are pretty small, so it’s really nice to build relationships and work together.


18 “A Nightmare on ____ Street” 19 Take an axe to 23 2003 OutKast hit 24 No. 2 man for preparing the state’s legal case 26 Electronic music genre 27 Tire designs 28 Preserves, as meat 29 With 33-Down, some sad Valentine’s Day results...or what the starred clues have 30 Absolute 31 Regular Joe 32 Revolutionary Guevara 33 See 29-Down 35 “Same here”, formally 37 Group of Girl Scouts 40 Morsel for a horse 41 Aroused 46 Sexy, like a teen idol 50 Viking boat propeller 51 Tree-like Tolkein creature 53 Editor’s “let it stand” 54 Long stretch of time 55 “Assuming you’re correct...” 57 Vulcan mind ____ 58 ____ fide (in bad faith) 59 Oodles 60 Nervous movement 61 Affordable Care Act option, for short 62 Unit of corn 63 “2001: A Space Odyssey” computer 64 Clean Air Act org.

JA: The alumni had one rehearsal? Tell me more! EH: The alumni this year were so excited to put together a dance, so the day before the the show, they spent several hours together learning and rehearsing and it really paid off! Their dance was amazing and looked like they were having so much fun, we were so happy to have them back. JA: What were your worries and expectations going into the show?


EH: It’s always scary to see if everything is going to come together at the last minute for a show like this! We spend so much time rehearsing just to go on stage for three minutes to perform, so it can be a lot of pressure. I think the show was super successful, though. Everyone had a good time, and the dances looked great. JA: Have you been dancing long? Are most of the HOT members experienced tappers or are some brand new?

SUDOKU INSTRUCTIONS: Place a number in the empty boxes in such a way that each row across, each column down and each small 9-box square contains all of the numbers from one to nine.

EH: I first started tap dancing when I was in second grade, so about 15 years ago. I grew up dancing and in lots of different styles, but tap has continued to be one of my favorites. Most HOT members have also been tapping since they were in at least in high school. JA: Anything else you’d like to add? EH: A big shoutout to our dancers and the other board members for all of their work, co presidents Alexa Diehl ’19 and Sarah Terrazano ’19, our publicity coordinator Lily Feinson ’19, performance coordinator Siobhan McKenna ’20, TE coordinator Julie Joseph ’18 and our treasurer Haley Director ’20.

—Maya Zanger-Nadis

Solution to last issue’s sudoku

Puzzle courtesy of

The Justice, February 13, 2018  

The independent student newspaper of Brandeis University since 1949.

The Justice, February 13, 2018  

The independent student newspaper of Brandeis University since 1949.