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The Grammar 1 Handbook
A Handbook for Teaching Grammar, Spelling and Punctuation
Sara Wernham and Sue Lloyd
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Contents PART 1
Introduction Teaching Ideas for Grammar Teaching Ideas for Spelling
1 3 14
Photocopy Section 1 – Grammar and Spelling Lesson Sheets Week 1 2 3 4 5 6
7 8 9 10 11 12
13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24
‹sh› ‹ch› ‹th› ‹ng› ‹qu› ‹ar›
Rainbow Capitals Sentence Sticking Sentences Capital Letters Proper Nouns Common Nouns
26 30 34 38 42 46
Vowels ‹a_e› ‹i_e› ‹o_e› ‹u_e› ‹wh› for /w/
Alphabetical Order (2) Verbs Conjugating Verbs Past Tense Doubling Rule The Future
74 78 82 86 90 94
Short Vowels ‹ff› ‹ll› ‹ss› and ‹zz› ‹ck› ‹-y› for /ee/
‹ay› ‹ea› ‹igh› ‹y› ‹ow› ‹ew›
Alphabetical Order (1) ‘A’ or ‘An’ Plurals Pronouns Initial Blends Wheel Initial Blends
Alphabetical Order (3) Nouns Adjectives (1) Adjectives (2) Final Blends Compound Words
50 54 58 62 66 70
98 102 106 110 114 118
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Week 25 26 27 28 29 30
31 32 33 34 35 36
‹ou› ‹ow› ‹oi› ‹oy› ‹or› ‹al›
‹nk› ‹er› ‹ir› ‹ur› ‹au› ‹aw›
Alphabetical Order (4) Finding Verbs Adverbs (1) Adverbs (2) ‹-es› Plurals Antonyms
Alphabetical Order (5) Speech Marks Word Webs Questions (1) Questions (2) Revision
Photocopy Section 2 – Master Sheets Photocopy Section 3 – Flash Card Sheets Photocopy Section 4 – Spelling and Tricky Word Sheets Extension Activity Sheets
Photocopy Photocopy Photocopy Photocopy Photocopy Photocopy
Section 5 Section 6 Section 7 Section 8 Section 9 Section 10
– – – – – –
Alphabet Sentence Sticking Pull-Out Plurals Verb Bees Adjective Snake Compound Birds
122 126 130 134 138 142
146 150 154 158 162 166
170 174 186
201 205 209 211 213 217
The Grammar 1 Handbook is designed to follow The Phonics Handbook. It is intended to: • • • • • •
introduce the basic elements of grammar, teach spelling systematically, improve vocabulary and comprehension, develop dictionary skills, reinforce the teaching in The Phonics Handbook, and extend the children’s phonic knowledge.
The teaching is multisensory, active and progresses at a challenging pace. It is especially suitable for young children: each part of speech, for example, is taught with its own action and colour. The actions enliven the teaching and make the learning easier. The colours, which are useful for identifying parts of speech in sentences, match those used by Montessori Schools. Like The Phonics Handbook, The Grammar 1 Handbook provides all the essential teaching ideas. It can be used alone or with the valuable support of the Grammar 1 Big Book.
The most dramatic improvements to result from using the Grammar Handbooks will be found in the children’s writing. The children will spell and punctuate more accurately, use a wider vocabulary, and have a clearer understanding of how language works. In their first year at school, The Phonics Handbook teaches children to write independently by listening for the sounds in words and choosing letters to represent the sounds. This enables the children to write pages of news and stories. It is a joy to read their work and to see the great pride and confidence they derive from their newly acquired skill. However, it is important to build on this foundation in the following years. The Grammar Handbooks provide teaching ideas for developing writing skills. The children become more aware that they are writing for a purpose: that their words are intended to be read and understood. They learn that writing is easier to understand if it is grammatically correct, accurately spelt, well punctuated and neatly written – and that if the words used are interesting too, their writing can give real pleasure. Even in the early stages, it is valuable for children to have a simple understanding of this long-term goal.
Spelling 2 – ‹ch›
Revision: Revise some basic sounds. Revise tricky words ‘I’ and ‘the’.
Flash ca rds: • basic s ounds • tricky w ords Spelling Sheet 2 Spelling List 2 Chest sh ape
Main point: Revise the ‹ch› spelling of the /ch/ sound. With the children, make a list of words which use it. Then ask them to make up sentences using some of the words. The words could also be written onto a big chest shape, which can then be used as a word bank for display. Spelling Sheet 2: The children write inside the outlined ch, using the correct letter formation. Then in each chest they write a ‹ch› word and draw a picture for that word. Afterwards they colour the sheet. Colouring develops pencil control. Encourage the children to colour and write neatly.
Dictation: Read the words and sentences for the children to write down. The Dictation Master on page 171 may be photocopied onto the back of the spelling sheets for the children to write on.
Spelling list: Read the spelling words with the children. As a class, call out the sounds in the regular words, and say the letter names for the tricky words ‘he’ and ‘she’. When teaching ‘he’ and ‘she’, remind the children that the ‹h› and ‹sh› are regular, but the /ee/ sound at the end of both words is spelt ‹e›. The longer word ‘chicken’ has two syllables and can be remembered as ‘chick’ and ‘en’ for spelling. It helps the children remember the spelling if they emphasise the /e/ sound in the second syllable, so it rhymes with ‘pen’.
Dictation 1. chin 2. much 3. chop
Spelling List 2 4. bench 5. such 6. lunch
1. I am rich. 2. She sat on the bench. 3. He had chips for lunch.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.
if hot blot chips lunch chest much he she chicken
Write a â€šchâ€ş word and draw a picture in each chest.
ch Action: Move your arms at your sides as if you are a train, saying ch, ch, ch.
Spelling Sheet 2
Grammar 3 â€“ Sentences
Aim: Develop the childrenâ€™s understanding of sentences.
Alphabe t poster (Gramm ar 1 Big Book Write up ) example s Gramma r Sheet 3 (Alphabe t writing card, p2 04)
Introduction: Help the children practise saying the alphabet. Use an alphabet poster, or the alphabet in the Grammar 1 Big Book. Once they know it really well they will not need to look. Point to, or hold up, letters (both capital and lower-case) and ask for their names and/or sounds. Ask which letter comes after the one being shown. The children find it easier to name this letter than the one which comes before. This is a good activity for any spare moments.
Main point: Explain that simply having a capital letter at the beginning of a line of writing, and a full stop at the end, does not make a sentence. The words in between must make sense too. (This is a very simple working definition of a sentence that young children can understand. As they gain in understanding it can be added to and refined.) Look at some incorrect sentences with the children. Examples:
the frog is green The cat ran up the.
Ask why each line of writing is not a proper sentence. Correct them with the class.
Grammar Sheet 3: The children read each line of text and decide whether it is a proper sentence. If they think it is correct, they copy the sentence underneath. If not they write the sentence correctly underneath.
Extension activity: The children practise writing the alphabet using the Alphabet Writing Card on page 204. Rounding off: Go over the sheet, with the class deciding if the sentences are correct. If they are not, ask the children why not and do the corrections with them.
Are these sentences correct? Write out each sentence correctly underneath.
the dog is spotty.
The duck swims on the.
I sleep in a bunk bed.
i like fish and. chips
He is playing football.
Grammar Sheet 3