Page 1

John William Wray IV Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate Harvard Graduate School of Design Selected Works 2013 - 2017


e ng

20

15

lle rict ha Dist , PA 5 C - ia 1 ia co lph 20 ph hia E ade Fall lp hil de P

14

l de ila Ph

20

i la Ph

20

11

La w U nd n, ni sc We ver ap st sit e Vi y Ar rg ch in ite ia ct ur e

er

14

U St nde ud rg W ie ra e s d M st Be ua B. org Vir g i te S. an gi n D In to nia

tt

Be

20

Sp

ity C n pus r io a at Cam at 14 uc le a, Q 20 Ed nab Doh ring ai st Su

e

VI

o

di

u St a

ni

i rg or C ark t Vi P s VU et We W Stre nt,, h o 5t irm 014 Fa ll 2 Fa

ar

in n m atio r Se y esto inia og r R irg ol ive t V Ec er R Wes t VU a n, W ng W tow lli an 5 Fa rg 01 o M ll 2 Fa

5

1 20

y

ity rs ve ni U

rg ne fE to en n tm lo ar th

ep ca inia e .D D irg a .S r t V ni U la es or So W alif am , C 3 Te ine 01 Irv ll 2 Fa

3 7 01 - 2 2 22 P.

Academic Timeline & Selected Works | John Wray IV Portfolio

02

eg re e


ity

rs

ai le la ct bl ed e by pr re oje qu ct es s t

n

he

rt

fo

a

in nt

e rg

r fo e ac Sp s: e li iv po ct o le tr ol e C dM of de

s el ten Six a od x an esi M e E irm on th Sud , Ind 6 e ta 01 Th kar g 2 Ja rin Sp

16 - 11 20 4

0 P.

In Pr clu oj de ec d U n t av se

tio

es gi te ra St rea an A

rb o A U tir itch s, Re o St Aire tir os 6 Re en 01 Bu ll 2 Fa a e du Univ ra G vard 17 ar 20 H ay M

P. 1

20 17

6 01 - 33

2 8 2 P. 2

-

21

16

20

ew

Yo rk

La Pr nd ot -s ot ca Li yp pe N fted in L Fa ew M g an ll Yo an th d 20 rk h a e -fo 16 C tt ity an C r it y m ,N

:

as t

e

rs Pi e Th Sp ttsb Pos rin ur t-I es g gh nd is 20 , P us t 17 en ri ns al P yl re va s ni en a t

Th

M

17

20

an -f or m

U rb

ng n 20 d, O 15 hi o

U C nde ap r st g r a Th on d C eF l e ua Sp eve lat te ri la s

15

20


The Sudirman Six Introduction: Since the 1950’s, the urbanization process in Jakarta, Indonesia has transformed a vast area of former agrarian settlements into the world’s third-largest megacity. A massive investment in transportation infrastructure during this time established motorized vehicles as the prevailing form of personal mobility within the city. But with Jakarta’s rapid population growth, this infrastructure investment has created a condition of near-continuous gridlock throughout the city. The Sudirman Corridor, Jakarta’s main thoroughfare, operates along the north-south axis of the city’s central spine, often to the detriment of the local-scale likes of mobility it transverses. Proposal: At the intersection of the Banjir Canal is Dukuh Atas, a rail station serving an east-west regional connection that will be combined with Jakarta’s new north-south Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) line. Here, architectural and urban scale pilot projects for future transit-oriented development create the opportunity for a novel confluence of collective and social space mediated by the rhythms of the city and the introduction of a more fluid means of mobility.

04

John Wray IV Portfolio

|

The Sudirman Six

Jakarta, Indonesia

Course: Jakarta: Models of Collective Space for the Extended Metropolis

Instructor: Felipe Correa, Director of the Master of Architecture in Urban Design Program

School: Harvard Graduate School of Design

Date: Fall 2016

Partner: Max Sell


O’

The Problem:

N’ M’

For either a pedestrian or vehicle to cross the Banjir Canal, which runs perpendicular to the Sudirman Corridor, one must traverse on a regional highway through one of Jakarta’s most busiest areas. The ability to move locally within the near 3 sq. km. district is nonexistent. An indepth look at the Canal’s right of way reveals areas that are most crossable.

O

L’ N

K’ M

J’ L

I’ K

H’ J

G’ I

F’ H E’ G

D’ F

Northwest Block:

Northeast Block:

720,000 m2

476,040 m2

C’ E

B’ D A’ C B A

Far East

Central East

L - L’ / K - K’

I - I’ / H - H’ m

8.5

1m

Souteast Block:

Southwest Block:

854,500 m2

426,200 m2

Jala

nR

.M

Jala

Ma

nR

rgo no

ral de

2m .M

Ma

rgo

no

n ma

dir

Su

en nJ

Jala

Central West

Far West

E - E’ / D - D’

B - B’ / A - A’

25m 2m

2m

Jala

Jala nR

.M

06

nR

Ma rgo

no

John Wray IV Portfolio

|

The Sudirman Six

.M

Ma rgo

no


The Sudirman Six Plan: Bridge 01

Bridge 02

Bridge 03

Bridge 04

Bridge 05

Bridge 06

Shared Road / Ped Two Lanes Vendor Plazas

Arterial Road Two Lanes

MRT Station Public Courtyards Plaza Spaces

Arterial Road Two Lanes

Shared Road / Ped Two Lanes Vendor Plazas

Arterial Road Two Lanes

Vehicle Exclusive

Pedestrian Exclusive

Pedestrian / Vehicle

06

03 05

00m

50m

100m

200m

300m

02 01

04

N

Through a series of six interventions, the ability to cross the Banjir Canal at the local scale has been restored for both pedestrians and vehicles ultimately relieving the grid lock tension of the three regional highways. Each of the six bridges provide a unique condition that responds to the existing and projected conditions directly adjacent to it.


Dukuh Atas MRT Station:

Ground Floor

First Floor

Second Floor

Third Floor

Inside the new MRT Station, public courtyards punctuate the levels of each bridge, providing a connective tissue that accommodates multiple scales and speeds of access for pedestrian and rail commuters to navigate one of Jakarta’s busiest intermodal hubs.

ard

y urt

Co

01

ard

y urt Co

02

ard

Co

y urt

03

ard

Co

y urt

04

t) righ the o t r nde (Re

Bridge over Banjir Canal

East / West Elevation

08

John Wray IV Portfolio

|

The Sudirman Six


Dukuh Atas MRT Station:

10

John Wray IV Portfolio

|

The Sudirman Six


Model and Exhibition: After the studio was completed in May 2016, the material was sent to Jakarta for a summer (May 2016-August 2016) public exhibition to provide a vision for how their city might look. The exhibition was also presented in Shanghai, China.

Social media posts about the exhibit from Jakartan citizens Photo Credit: Justin Knight, GSD


Retiro Stitch Introduction: Fondly calling themselves, “Portenos”, the inhabitants of Buenos Aires have long acknowledged the cultural importance of the connection to the Rio de la Plata. However, transformations in shipping and port logistics have moved the bank of the Rio de la Plata further from the city while reducing the need for Portenos in its operation. These transformations have had a similar impact on public space in the Retiro area as well. Along the perimeter of the city there is a series of connected public spaces, however, this chain is broken when it encounters the extents of the Retiro area. Proposal: This proposal seeks to reverse the effects of these transformations. Through a series of stitches extending from the formal city to the river, the project primarily tasks itself with creating new circulation networks. In restructuring circulation, the project allows for new block structures to emerge while creating opportunities for linkages out of the existing low income Villa 31 settlement. By leveraging existing neighborhoods, buildings and proximities, each stitch can inherit a distinct identity. Anticipating a gradual reduction in port activity, these stitches can be introduced as land becomes available. In doing so, the broken chain of public space that envelops the city will be closed, in turn providing new opportunities for the Portenos to engage with the Rio de la Plata.

12

John Wray IV Portfolio

|

Retiro Stitch

Buenos Aires, Argentina

Course: Urban Strategies for the Retiro Area, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Instructors: Daniel Becker, Flavio Janches

School: Harvard Graduate School of Design Master’s Degree

Date: Fall 2016

Partners: Tim Clark, Yun Shi


Rugby Club Universitario de Buenos Aires & Private Pier

The Problem:

Reserva Ecologica Cosanera Nort

The Autonomous City of Buenos Aires is bound by a continuous open space system that breaks in one location - at the Port of Buenos Aires. The port activity and infrastructure present throughout the site has limited the ability to close this open space gap around the city.

Parque de la Memoria Puerto Norte Sa Parque Sainz Tropes & Public Pier

Av. Costanera Rafael Obligado Parque Hidroavion Buenos Aires

Area de Descanso “Punta Carrasco� Complejo Costa Salguero

Po Air rt o es f B (R ue et no iro s )

Po r

to

Open Space Perimeter Public Open Space

John Wray IV Portfolio

|

Retiro Stitch

ue n

os

The Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, Argentina

14

fB

Semi-Private Space

Air es

(R

et

iro

)


Design Concept:

This diagram examines the network of existing public spaces and the proposed spaces that would create a public network in the Retiro area and close the gap explained in the previous diagram.

Through a series of six abstract extensions of the formal city boundary into the Retiro port site, the network of proposed and existing public spaces is realized.


The Solution: The six stitches, originating in various areas throughout the formal city, collect the fragmented open spaces and amenities while they extend through the port site until they terminate at the piers.

16

John Wray IV Portfolio

|

Retiro Stitch


A - A’ B - B’

G - G’ H - H’

C - C’ D - D’

I - I’ J - J’

K - K’ L - L’

K - K’ L - L’

I - I’ J - J’ G - G’ H - H’

E - E’ F - F’

E - E’ F - F’

C - C’ D - D’

A - A’ B - B’


The Problem: The Autonomous City of Buenos Aires is bound by a continuous open space system that breaks in one location - at the Port of Buenos Aires. The port activity and infrastructure present throughout the site has limited the ability to close this open space gap around the city.

C’

C

A’

B

A

D’

D

18

John Wray IV Portfolio

|

Retiro Stitch

B’


+100 M

Section Key Found on page 18 +38 M +40 M

A

A’

C

B

B’

C’ 0

20

40

+50 M

+40 M

+00 M

D

D’ 0

15

30


08

Fe

et

Final Review Model:

04

20

Fee

John Wray IV Portfolio

t

|

Retiro Stitch


Solar Decathlon Morgantown, WV Irvine, California, U.S.

Introduction: The U.S. Department of Energy Bi-annual Solar Decathlon competition challenges twenty collegiate teams to design, build, and operate solarpowered houses that are cost-effective, energy efficient, and attractive. The winner of the competition is the team that best blends affordability, consumer appeal and design excellence with optimal energy production and maximum efficiency. The competition required the house to be built and tested in the team’s home state, then broken down and reassembled in Irvine, CA in just nine days. Proposal:

Course:

The 2013 Solar Decathlon proposal from Team West Virginia University was titled: Preserving Energy with Appalachian Knowledge... or P.E.A.K. Following Henry David Thoreau’s philosophy about “the best living occurring somewhere between nature and civilization,” Team WVU created a home styled after an Appalachian log cabin that combines the “Wild and Wonderful” Spirit of West Virginia with modern amenities to meet the innovative standards of the international competition. In addition to being completely netzero, the modular home integrated a passive heating/cooling system, 1,500 sq. ft. greenroof, and carport with electric car charger powered by the photovoltaics. The home was awarded for being the home that best blended technology with nature. This was a first place award out of twenty teams from around the world.

22

John Wray IV Portfolio

|

2013 Solar Decathlon

Extracurricular Design Competition

Advisor: Dimitris Korakakis

School: West Virginia University Bachelors Degree

Date: Spring 2012 - Spring 2014


Structure and SigniďŹ cance: Traditional Appalachian log cabins were constructed using three programatic building blocks: Day, Night, and Gathering Areas. The same concept is translated into P.E.A.K. allowing for smarter water management and energy efficiency.

The modular design ďŹ t into four Semi-Trucks

Night Area: Master Bedroom Full Bathroom Guest Bedroom 1/2 Bathroom

South Elevation

West Elevation

Day Area: 3 Step Kitchen Dining Room Living Room Living Wall Green House

Gathering Area: Laundry Room Utilites Deck Access Solar Panel Control

North Elevation East Elevation

24

John Wray IV Portfolio

|

2013 Solar Decathlon


Image Credit: U.S. Department of Energy


Life After the Competition: After the competition in Irvine, California, the house was disassembled and sent back to West Virginia where it was reassembled and now serves as the West Virginia State Botanical Gardens Welcome Center.

26

John Wray IV Portfolio

|

2013 Solar Decathlon


Lifted Manhattan New York City, NY

Introduction: Landscape offers a distinct starting point for the project of citymaking. On the one hand, landscape has the ability to address and integrate the multiple environmental, infrastructural, and social systems and scales that are in play—and can uniquely absorb and hybridize these multiple functions and initiatives in ways that architecture or planning alone cannot. On the other hand, landscape offers operational frameworks and modes of working that emphasize dynamics, change, and improvisation/adaptation—mechanisms that are as much in play in ecosystems as they are in cities.

Course: Landscape Architecture III: Third Semester Core Studio

Instructor:

Proposal: This studio will use landscape both as medium and as mechanism as a starting point for testing and prototyping ideas about urban form and city-making. It will emphasize the connections and hybridizations of urban and environmental systems and dynamics, rather than understanding them as oppositions. And it will utilize working methodologies that privilege experimentation and iterative modeling—of playful and critical prototyping—that could suggest pathways toward new landscape-based approaches to urban form.

Chris Reed, Professor in Practice of Landscape Architecture

School: Harvard Graduate School of Design

Date: Fall 2016

Partner: Yun Shi

Selected text from Harvard GSD Course - DES 01211: Landscape Architecture III: Third Semester Core Studio - Chris Reed.

28

John Wray IV Portfolio

|

Lifted Manhattan


Dec 22

Sept 23

Jun 22

Mar 21

10:00 12:00 14:00


meridian

Design Process:

60°

tg ee str rid

The design process started with the creation of a building massing informed by the local morpologies that was then manipulated for solar performance. To decrease footprint coverage, the buildings were then lifted to allow for more program to unfold beneath the structures.

Regional Park System

Local Park System

3

Initial 1 ORIGINAL BUILDING

Proposal

Street Grid vs. N/S Meridians

Proposed Block Public Space

ELEVATED FOR Elevated for GROUND LVEL ACTIVITY SPACE, ground level CONSIDERING activity space AVALIABLE TIME OF SUNLIGHT FOR OPEN SPCAE

FAR 11 1 0% COV 90 90%

0

FAR 7.98 COV 75%

FAR 10 COV 90%

12

0

4

Lower footprint 2 LOWERING COV% coverage to 30%

12

FAR 7 COV 75%

ADDING STREETAdding FRONT BUILDING street-front FACADE building facade

FAR 7.85 COV 70%

0 0

30

FAR 7.2 COV 70%

12 12

John Wray IV Portfolio

|

Lifted Manhattan

FAR 7.5 COV 75%

0

12

FAR 7 COV 75%


Plan and Accessibility Sections:

k

AB

B’

This grading plan shows the pedogenic condition of the two Manhattan blocks. The topography enables various levels of entry for the proposed buildings. Entrances are labeled accordingly.

A’

East 23rd

Sun Exposure

Raised Building Access C’

B’

D’

C’

B

A

B’

C’

E’

D’

F’

C

E

E’

Ground Building Access es

D

F

East 22nd

East 21st Street

CD

A’

05

East 22nd Street

BC

B’

East 21st Street

DE

EF

E’

D’

A

04 Meter Floor Height

C

B

D

East 21st

F’

E’

00m 0

25m 25

50m 50

N 100

Building Access Contour Interval Minor Contour 150

E


FAR +/- 0

Block Program Iterations: The project tested a variety of densities and coverages. With each iteration, the organization of the built program changed accordingly.

Residential Retail Office Elevated open space (public)

COV 30% 4,061 m2

Institutional Educational Parking Elevated private/semi-public space N

0 25

100

200

R FA 9

R FA 8

FAR -2

FAR -1

COV 60%

8,122 m2

R FA 9

8

7

R FA

R FA

R FA 8

7

6

R FA

R FA

COV 90% 12,184 m2

R FA

R FA

Lifted Manhattan

9

8

7

|

R FA

John Wray IV Portfolio

R FA

R FA

R FA

32

8

7

6


FAR +3 FAR +2 FAR +1

R FA

R FA

R FA

12

11

10

R FA

R FA

R FA

11

10

9

R FA

12

11

10

R FA

R FA

R FA

9

R FA

R FA

11

10

R FA

R FA

R FA

12

11

10

R FA

R FA

R FA

11

10

9


Section Perspectives: Two section perspectives show the relationship between the buildings and the exterior spaces and how one flows into and out of the other. Mounds create new levels of building access and depressions introduce a new method of stormwater management which is in high demand in NYC.

A A’ B’

B

B’

C D C’ D’ D’

D

34

John Wray IV Portfolio

|

Lifted Manhattan


Sun / Shade Sections: 40.0 2 28 28.0

24.0 2 40

20.0 20

16.0

12.0

E 64.9

6.8

68.2

4 4.0

8 8.4

4 4 4.9 4.4 4

12:00

E’ 9.6

53.4

17.1

10:00

14:00

2 24.0 16.0

28. 8.0 20.0 20 0

March/Sept 21th, Boston, MA, USA

D’

D 6 64.9

6.7

7 7.3

26.6

6.8

24.5

7.0

8 8.4

8 8.2

47.8

17.1

10:00 12:00 14:00 32.0 24.0 16.0 16

12.0 0

C 64.9

6.5 5

8.0

7.4

11.5

31.3

22.0

C’ 8.4

15.3

9.2

12.6

14.8

20.3

17.4

E D

32.0 2.0 24.0 16.0

20.0

2 0 24.0 80 8. 8.0

B 6 .8 64.8

6.5 5

6.6

25.8

2.9 2 9 7.0 0

7.0

6.7 7

8.4 4

4.0 0

B’ 13.6

23.1

25.8

5.7

4.0 0

17.5

32.0 2.0 24 24.0 16.0 16. .0

20.0

24.0 16.0 16 60

16.0 1 16

A’

A 64.9

6.3

7.0

26.4

32.6

6.2

8.4

7.0

18.4

32.0

7.8

7.3

17.3

65.0

C B A

azimuth 141.72° 204.76° 223.24°

elevation 41.05° 47.92° 39.03°


Sketchbook:

01

04

02

05

03

06

01. Trees & Shrubs / West Virginia / 2014

02. Concept Sketch / Buenos Aires / 2016

03. Retiro Area / Buenos Aires / 2016

04. Viaduct Sketch / Buenos Aires / 2016

05. Viaduct Sketch 2 / Buenos Aires / 2016 06 - 07. Concept Sketches / Jakarta, Indonesia / 2016 08. Temple Bridge / Beijing, China / 2017 09 - 15. Thesis Concept Sketches / Boston / 2017

36

John Wray IV Portfolio

|

Sketchbook


07

10

13

08

11

14

09

12

15


John William Wray IV Master of Landscape Architecture Candidate Harvard Graduate School of Design Email: johnwwrayiv@gmail.com Phone: 724-809-8761

John Wray IV Harvard GSD MLA Portfolio 2015-2017  

Selected works completed as a Master of Landscape Architecture II candidate at Harvard's Graduate School of Design.

John Wray IV Harvard GSD MLA Portfolio 2015-2017  

Selected works completed as a Master of Landscape Architecture II candidate at Harvard's Graduate School of Design.

Advertisement