FARM BUREAU News TENNESSEE
ISSN 1062-8983 • USPS 538960
WHAT’S INSIDE: PagE 2 Community garden program
Volume 90 Number 2 • March 2011
Annual Wear Green for National Supporting Agriculture Day
Page 5 Disaster areas named
Page 9 AFBF convention highlights
Show your unwavering support for the greenest industry in the world... AGRICULTURE!
Official newspaper of Tennessee Farm Bureau
Tennessee Farm Bureau News - March 2011
FarmBureauNews TDA partners with Ag in the Classroom TENNESSEE
ISSN 1062-8983 • USPS 538960
Pettus Read, Editor Lee Maddox, Assistant Editor Melissa Burniston, Feature Writer Stacey Warner, Graphic Designer Misty McNeese, Advertising P.O. Box 313, Columbia, TN 38402-0313 (931) 388-7872 Issued bi-monthly by the Tennessee Farm Bureau Federation located at 147 Bear Creek Pike, Columbia, Tennessee 38401. Nonprofit periodical postage paid at Columbia, TN and additional entry offices. Send address corrections to: Tennessee Farm Bureau News Offices, P.O. Box 313, Columbia, TN 38402-0313. Subscription rate for Farm Bureau members (included in dues) $1 per year. Advertising Policy: Advertising is subject to publisher’s approval. Advertisers must assume all liability for content of their advertising. Publisher maintains right to cancel advertising for non-payment or reader complaint about advertiser service or product. Publisher does not accept political, dating service or alcoholic beverage ads, nor does publisher pre-screen or guarantee advertiser service or products. Publisher assumes no liability for products or services advertised in the Tennessee Farm Bureau News. TENNESSEE FARM BUREAU FEDERATION
Board of Directors Lacy Upchurch Danny Rochelle President
Directors-at-Large Jeff Aiken Charles Hancock Catherine Via
District Directors Malcolm Burchfiel Dan Hancock James Haskew David Mitchell Eric Mayberry Jane May
Advisory Directors Jamie Weaver Buddy Mitchell Other Officers and Staff Joe Pearson Chief Administrative Officer
Executive Vice President
Commodities John Woolfolk
Communications Pettus Read
Organization Bobby Beets
Special Programs Charles Curtis Director
Public Affairs Rhedona Rose Director
Regional Field Service Directors Hugh Adams, Jim Bell Melissa Bryant, Eddie Clark, Ryan King Joe McKinnon
Service Companies Tennessee Farmers Insurance Cos. Matthew M. (Sonny) Scoggins, CEO Tennessee Rural Health Lonnie Roberts, CEO Farmers Service, Inc. Tim Dodd, Director Tennessee Livestock Producers, Inc. Darrell Ailshie, Manager
to support community gardens The Tennessee Department of Agriculture has partnered with Tennessee Ag in the Classroom to begin accepting applications for the Community and School Gardens Initiative. The goal of the program is to establish sustainable gardens throughout the state and is funded through the Tennessee Agricultural Enhancement Program. “Community gardens are a great way for neighbors to work together to improve their neighborhood while providing fresh produce for their families,” said state Agriculture Commissioner Julius Johnson. “This program will help communities and schools get started on creating local sustainable gardens.” Qualifying applicants include community groups, neighborhood associations, churches, public and private schools and farmers markets. Organizations must demonstrate in
their application that they are able to coordinate educational programs, outreach and volunteers, special events, public relations, maintenance and security, local business contributions, finances and consistent community involvement. “This is a wonderful opportunity for schools to use gardens as a learning laboratory that can offer numerous teachable moments for all involved,” said Lacy Upchurch, president of the Tennessee Farm Bureau. “Concepts from all disciplines, mathematics, science, social studies and health can be explored using the fertile soil of a growing mind.” A selection committee will review the applications and plans to determine grant eligibility. The maximum an organization can request is $2,500. The minimum request is $500. Deadline for submitting applications will be Sept. 1. TAEP is a state funded program
established in 2005 and supported by the General Assembly to increase farm income in Tennessee by helping farmers invest in better farming practices and by encouraging diversification and innovation. The program also supports agricultural community and educational projects for rural development. The Tennessee Foundation for Agriculture in the Classroom is a 501(c) (3) non-profit educational charity chartered for the advancement of education and agriculture literacy. It is supported and administered by the Tennessee Farm Bureau Federation and provides teachers with resources to help them educate their students about agriculture. For more information on the grants or to print an application, visit www.tnfarmbureau.org/communitygardens or contact Chris Fleming at firstname.lastname@example.org or by phone 931388-7872 ext. 2759. t
March 2011 - Tennessee Farm Bureau News
Tennessee schedules 40th Anniversary Junior Livestock Expo Future producers and program alumni are asked to mark their calendars now for the upcoming 40th Anniversary Junior Livestock Expo hosted by University of Tennessee Extension scheduled for July 5-8, 2011 in Murfreesboro and the Sheep Expo is set for July 11-14 in Cookeville. In the course of the last 40 years the program has documented participation from more than 30,000 Tennessee boys and girls, and according to organizers the Expo involves whole families – parents, grandparents and extended family – in activities that contribute favorably to youth development. Event chair Dr. Jim Neel, a UT Extension professor of animal science and beef specialist who has worked with the program for 39 years, says, “The Expo helps participants develop a sense of responsibility for their animal, a work ethic in regards to caring for that animal, and a sense of accomplishment when they achieve their goals of proper animal husbandry and best management practices.” “An investment in youth is an investment in the future,” Neel says. He adds that the slogan for the Expo says it all: “Tennessee youth: building character, gaining confidence and having fun for 40 years.” Beef is a perennial agricultural industry powerhouse in the state, with the most recent data indicating that farms in every county raised a combined total of more than $423 million in cattle. While not as widespread a commodity, some 32,000 sheep are raised across the state, bringing in annual farm receipts of nearly $2 million. Youth from more than 65 of Tennessee’s 95 counties participated in last year’s Expo, and Neel and other organizers hope the 40th Annual Junior Livestock Exposition will be even bigger this year. Divisions for participation include: Explorers, fourth grade; Junior Level 1, fifth and sixth graders, Junior Level II, seventh and eighth graders; Senior Level I, ninth and 10th graders; Senior Level II, 11th and 12th graders. The young people will compete in Showmanship, Skillathon (a knowledge-based competition) and Premier Exhibition. More information about competing in this year’s Expo is available from your local county UT Extension office or on the web at animalscience.ag.utk.edu/ Beef/4-HLivestockEntryProcedureEXPO.html. Neel and others hope Expo Alumni will turn out for the 40th Anniversary event. “This year many of our participants will be the second or third generation to exhibit. One or both of their parents, and in some cases a grandparent, participated in some of the early Expos,” Neel recounts. “We may even have a fourth generation participant,” he said. Tennessee 4-H state specialist and Expo alumna Amy Powell Williams (yes, she’s the daughter of Ben Powell, former state 4-H leader and one of the original organizers of the Expo)
invites Expo alumni to visit the Expo’s new Facebook page. “Post a photo or share a memory with your fellow Expo participants, she said. “The page allows us to live again an exciting time from our youth. It’s also an opportunity for long lost friends to reconnect,” she said. You can find their Facebook page by searching: 4-H Tennessee Junior Livestock Expo 40th Anniversary. Expo organizers also invite industry to participate is this year’s special event. Anyone interested in sponsorship or contributing in some way should contact Neel at 865-974-7294. t
Guess who just saved farmers a whole bunch of money? They did what?
Farm Credit Services just lowered rates on their customers’ existing loans, saving them $43 million over just the next one-year period!
And did what else?
For gosh sakes, why?
Oh my... and what else?
Hmm? Could I get that?
Gave their customers a chance to convert old-rate contracts in 2010 and take advantage of even more savings ($135 million worth).
Lowered rates on their new loans by .35% when they were already the lowest-priced lender to farmers and rural residents in the market.
Because they are a strongly capitalized cooperative with a low-cost philosophy focused on delivering value to farmers and rural residents.
You know, Farm Credit has farm loans, leases and crop insurance, and loans to live in the country. Maybe you should give them a call.
Loans, Leases and Crop Insurance 1-800-444-FARM • www.e-farmcredit.com Farm Credit Services of Mid-America is an equal opportunity provider.
Tennessee Farm Bureau News - March 2011
Read All About It By Pettus Read Editor
What’s an uber-conservative anyway? Over the last few weeks in Tennessee, winter has been the major discussion topic around every country store, restaurant and even church meetings. Just trying to get from your car to Wednesday night prayer meetings with the recent northern breezes whistling around every corner has given a totally new meaning to the term “putting pep in your step.” And, it hasn’t been any different out on Uncle Sid and Aunt Sadie’s farm either. The other day as I pulled in the long gravel driveway of their farm, the winter wind was blowing to beat the band and the yellow glow of light coming from the windows of their white frame house was a sure welcome sight on that dark cloudy day I made my visit. As usual, Aunt Sadie met me at the kitchen door wiping her hands on her apron and led me to the back portion of their house where the old couple spends most of their time. There, sitting at the round kitchen table, was Uncle Sid enjoying a cup of hot coffee and a few of Aunt Sadie’s teacakes. He seemed to be in some kind of trance reading the local paper when I walked in, but hearing my voice, the trance was broken and he waved me over to the table. After exchanging pleasantries and taking my seat at the table to also share with Uncle Sid some of Aunt Sadie’s teacakes, I asked Uncle the question we all seemed to be asking right now, “When is it going to warm up?” But, the weather was not on his mind that day. It seems there
had been discussion about one of my columns down at the store that was to be cause for Uncle Sid’s topic of discussion for today’s visit. “What’s an uber-conservative?” Uncle Sid asked. I knew exactly where he was coming from, having seen the blog debate in the local paper that morning. It seems someone had determined I was an uberconservative by a recent article I had written which I thought had nothing to do with conservatism, but it had caught Uncle Sid’s attention and someone who was an Internet user among the country store debate club down at the crossroads. “Oh, someone has gotten caught up in all of this conservative and non-conservative politics and they think everything relates to it,” I answered Uncle Sid. “In fact, I had to look up uber-conservative myself to find out what it means. It is someone even beyond ultra-conservative and that is no way a description of me. You know how I was raised Uncle Sid, we may have been called conservative today, but we were mainly conservatively without money.”
“I know what you mean boy,” Uncle Sid said as he folded his paper. “A lot of folks try to ‘classify’ you without really knowing you and many times that leads to the wrong determination of the facts.” Uncle Sid had a way at putting things down where they made sense and after being labeled something that I knew was pretty far off the target for me, I appreciated his understanding. I have to say I do have conservative tendencies, but they are due to being reared by depression era parents. “Making judgment calls without thinking reminds me of an old story I heard not long ago about two cousins named Robert and Collie who started up a feed store with only five hundred dollars back during the 20s,” Uncle Sid said as he started one of his stories. I took another teacake myself and settled back in my cane-bottomed chair to enjoy a little history. “The two of them built up a pretty good business with sales totaling thousands of dollars, which was outstanding in those days. They employed five workers and the two of them lived high on the hog,” he
said while breaking off a bite of teacake. At this point Aunt Sadie had also joined us and was also getting engrossed in Uncle Sid’s tale of Robert and Collie. He went on, “But you know, almost overnight, things changed. The depression hit, sales went nothing, customers disappeared, and their debts forced both of them into bankruptcy. They blamed each other for what went wrong, which really wasn’t either ones fault, and parted ways on some very bitter terms.” Where this was going I had no idea, but I was out of teacakes and so was Uncle Sid, so I knew the punch line was coming soon. Just as I thought, he stood up and looked at both Aunt Sadie and myself and said, “A couple years later, Robert stopped at a very old, run-down greasy spoon diner for a cup of coffee. While he was running a roach from the edge of the table, a waiter came up to take his order and it was his cousin Collie. Being somewhat embarrassed, he looked up at Collie and said, ‘Collie, I can’t believe you are working in a place like this.’ ” Picking up the newspaper and looking at the editorial page Uncle Sid went on to say, “Collie then told Robert, ‘Yeah, at least I don’t eat here.’ So Boy, everyone needs to be real careful on how they judge folks. You never know who you might meet when you stop to eat.” I told you he had a way with words. t
TWRA offers incentive for wide native grass buffers The Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency is offering a one-time incentive payment of $100 per acre for farmers to plant wide (50 feet or more average width) native grass buffers on crop fields under a 10-year contract in the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP). The practice, CP33-Habitat Buffers for Upland Birds, allows farmers to establish 30 to 120-foot wide buffers planted to native grasses on one or more sides of eligible crop fields or odd areas left behind by center pivots. Wider buffers and idled odd areas deliver more secure wildlife habitat. To be guaranteed the TWRA incentive, applications must be received by May 15, 2011 and the CP33 buffers must be planted by June 30, 2011. Eligible counties include Bledsoe,
Carroll, Chester, Coffee, Crockett, Dyer, Fayette, Franklin, Gibson, Giles, Greene, Hawkins, Hancock, Hardeman, Hardin, Haywood, Henderson, Henry, Jackson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lincoln, Madison, Maury, McMinn, McNairy, Meigs, Montgomery, Obion, Rhea, Robertson, Sequatchie, Tipton, Van Buren, Weakley and White. The TWRA incentives are capped at $5,000 per CP33 contract, which would equal 50 acres of native grass buffer. “It’s a smart move to enroll unproductive crop field edges that lose money year after year,” said NRCS biologist Mike Hansbrough. “The TWRA payment makes it even more profitable for the farmer, and provides habitat that bobwhites, rabbits and other wildlife utilize year-round”.
Under the CP33 contract, the U.S. Department of Agriculture pays the participant a standard CRP annual soil rental payment, up to 50 percent cost-share for cover establishment, an extra practice incentive payment amounting to 40 percent of the establishment cost, plus a one-time signing incentive payment of $100 per acre. The one-time TWRA incentive is in addition to and separate from the USDA payments. The practice also allows flexibility on buffer width in order to straighten out irregular field edges. Many farmers enroll the long edges of their row crop fields, parallel to their line of planting. In 2010, Tennessee reached a previous state limit on CP33 acres and was granted another 2,500 acres by USDA
to be offered for enrollment. While the CP33 practice is open to statewide enrollment, the TWRA incentive is only being offered in 36 counties considered high potential for bobwhite restoration, said Mark Gudlin, TWRA private lands liaison. “Wider CP33 buffers increase the chance quail will respond to the new nesting and brood-rearing cover. While we have several approved planting mixtures, the ‘shortgrass mix’ is the one we believe provides the best cover and also has the best options for weed control.” To find out if your land is eligible for this practice, contact the Farm Service Agency office in your local USDA Service Center. For detailed information visit at www.state.tn.us/twra/ pdfs/cp33jobsheet.pdf. t
March 2011 - Tennessee Farm Bureau News
Natural disaster declaration announced for 34 counties
The Ag Agenda By Bob Stallman American Farm Bureau President
The ethanol question Ethanol is under fire once again. The “food v. fuel” debate is heating up with an intensity not seen for several years. But, unfortunately, the critics don’t have it right. Instead of pointing fingers at ethanol for increased corn prices, we need to look at what’s really driving demand—energy prices, weatherrelated issues and a growing global middle class. The days of $2 bushel corn are over. It’s a whole new ballgame and we, as a planet, need to accept this new reality. In Retrospect Corn supplies are currently tight and in high demand. It’s understandable why naysayers would point to ethanol as the culprit. It’s an easy target. But, if we look back at 1996, the last time U.S. corn supplies were as low as is expected at the end of this year, the ethanol industry didn’t even have both feet on the ground. At the end of 1996, corn stocks dipped to 426 million bushels, or a stocks-to-use ratio of 5 percent. This year we again expect to see the stocksto-use ratio dip to 5 percent. Due to higher use of corn, however, that same 5 percent rate translates to ending stocks of 675 million bushels. The comparison of 1996 and our circumstances today tell an interesting story. Then, our total use of corn for ethanol was only 396 million bushels. This year we expect to use 4.95 billion bushels for ethanol, a near 4.5 billion bushel increase. But, in 1996, we planted 71.5 million acres of corn as opposed to the 88.2 million acres we planted this year. Further, because of the increase in acreage and improved yields, U.S. production is actually 5 billion bushels higher than it was 15 years ago. Feed use for corn, along with other food and industrial uses not associated with ethanol, have also increased by 425 million bushels from the 1996 levels. In short, we have expanded production in order to provide for not only
more feed and industrial use of corn, but for nearly 10 percent of our nation’s automobile fuel supplies, as well. Coming to Terms Many critics would tell you that current increased production would have occurred without ethanol demand, but without economic signals driven by ethanol why would we expect farmers to boost planting? One of the key elements we must all begin to come to terms with are the full implications of higher energy costs, particularly gasoline priced at $3 per gallon as opposed to the 75 cents per gallon that was the average in 1996. At $40 per barrel for oil, the energy value of corn is roughly $2.50 per bushel; at $100 per barrel that same bushel of corn is worth more than $6.50. And this is strictly the energy value of the corn as fuel in our fireplaces, not as a value added product that has been converted into valuable livestock feed and a fuel able to be mixed with gasoline and fully functional in our automobiles. This general rise in the price of grains has not been limited to corn. Soybean prices, too, have moved to new levels, certainly due in part to spillover effects from corn, but also due to exploding demand from China and other rapidly developing economies. In 1996 China imported 320,000 tons of soybeans. This year it is expected to import 57 million tons from world markets. As the global middle class increases, so does protein consumption. Weather-related issues around the world also are having an impact on corn supply and demand. In short, it’s never as black-andwhite as the critics would have us believe. Many factors are playing a role in increased corn prices and the “food v. fuel” cliché is growing tiresome. Ethanol is a good, clean, home-grown fuel that lessens U.S. reliance on foreign fuel while adding jobs to the American economy. t
SAVE THIS DATE!
American Farm Bureau Annual Meeting January 6-14, 2012 5 nights in Oahu ~ 3 nights in Maui MORE INFORMATION TO COME.
Gov. Bill Haslam announced recently that U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack has designated 34 additional counties a natural disaster for agriculture as a result of drought and excessive heat during last year’s growing season. Haslam requested the Secretarial designation in February. Counties designated as primary natural disaster areas include Cheatham, Clay, Coffee, Crockett, Cumberland, Dickson, Fentress, Franklin, Gibson, Giles, Grundy, Haywood, Houston, Humphreys, Jackson, Johnson, Lake, Lawrence, Lincoln, Macon, Maury, Montgomery, Morgan, Obion, Robertson, Scott, Shelby, Smith, Stewart, Trousdale, Van Buren, Wayne, White and Wilson. “Agriculture is an important industry in this state and contributes significantly to our rural economy. I’m pleased that USDA has acted on my request so promptly,” said Haslam. “I hope this assistance will help eligible farmers better prepare for the upcoming growing season.” Today’s designation makes a total of 76 Tennessee counties that have been designated a primary natural disaster as a result of last year’s drought. The Secretarial disaster
designation makes farmers in primary and adjoining counties eligible to apply for low-interest loans, supplemental farm payments and other assistance through their local USDA Farm Service Agency. Adjoining counties where farmers are also eligible for assistance include Anderson, Bedford, Benton, Bledsoe, Campbell, Cannon, Carroll, Carter, Davidson, DeKalb, Decatur, Dyer, Fayette, Hardeman, Hardin, Henry, Hickman, Lauderdale, Lewis, Madison, Marion, Marshall, Moore, Overton, Perry, Pickett, Putnam, Rhea, Roane, Rutherford, Sequatchie, Sullivan, Sumner, Tipton, Warren, Weakley and Williamson. Farmers in affected counties reported crop losses generally ranging from 30 to 50 percent, and higher in some cases, for corn, soybeans, cotton, hay and specialty crops. Livestock producers also reported feeding winter stocks of hay earlier than normal last year. For the latest information on last year’s crop harvest, visit the USDANASS Tennessee Field Office website at www.nass.usda.gov/tn. A complete list of designated counties can be found at www.fema. gov/dhsusda/searchState.do. t
Agriculture is Life!
Many of America’s family farms have been handed down for generations. Our farmers work the land with respect and pride to provide safe, plentiful food for our families and others around the world. As you walk the aisles of your local grocery store, please remember their story, the AMAZING story of the American farmer.
There’s more at agday.org.
National Ag Day − March 15, 2011
Tennessee Farm Bureau News - March 2011
Innovative Agriculture By Melissa Burniston Assistant Director of Communications
Spring is the time to get out, get dirty and go green! Spring is in the air! Or at least it is in most of our minds, regardless of what the weather is actually like right now. As March comes rolling in with April right behind it, now is the time to start thinking of your landscaping and what you would like to see in your yard this year. “March and April are my busiest times of the year,” said Randall Walker, of Randall Walker Farms in McMinnville, Tenn. “The earlier people get their trees, shrubs or flowers planted and established in the spring, the better chance those plants have of survival because there is an established root system.” Randall Walker Farms has been in operation for 35 years, and they sell directly to the public, as well as work with homeowners on packages to get all their plants delivered to their home. They sell as far away as Long Island, New York, the Dallas/Houston area and all states in between. This is the busiest time of the year for most greenhouse and nursery operators, as people get spring fever and begin to dream of having the best yard in the neighborhood, or at least what to do to improve over last year’s yard look! It’s also the time to fertilize and use pre-emergent weed control on your yard and any landscaping you have, but Walker cautions homeowners to lay off heavy nitrates if you have newly planted material. He says you want to force the roots to grow, so fertilize with phosphorus and potassium, which work on root growth, instead of nitrogen. Landscaping is a growing trend in most areas of the country, and that is certainly true for Tennessee. “It enhances your quality of life,” said Harvey Burniston Jr. of Mountain View Nursery and Landscaping in
Butler, Tenn. “In these days of technological advances, it relieves stress to sit outside and enjoy a waterfall or water feature with some beautiful landscaping around it.” Burniston says because of the economy more people are spending time at home, and landscaping can add enjoyment to your outside activities and some built-in family time. “The number one piece of advice retirees give younger people is to be happy now, and landscaping can provide you with that,” Burniston says. “An example would be this businessman I read about the other day, who used to
your home’s worth. Burniston says the latest figures show every dollar you spend on your yard returns a $1.35 to your home’s value. Even people selling their houses are landscaping to add curb appeal. So how do you decide what to plant and where? Randall Walker says, “If done properly, plants can help with energy costs by providing shading or windbreaks, and you have something nice to look at while you’re at it. They also help clean the air around your neighborhood, taking the carbon dioxide and releasing oxygen.”
go home after work and shower, then watch television with his kids. He had a water garden and accompanying landscaping put in, and now instead of that same routine, he goes home, jumps in the pond with his children and they spend an hour or so playing. He gets an hour more time interacting with his children, enjoying life, than he had before.” Landscaping also adds more to
He says his best sellers are leyland cypress, arborvitaes and other evergreens; those are the ones providing those wind breaks and screens that are becoming more popular around homes and neighborhoods to provide privacy, but also help with energy costs. Burniston says for summer flowering bulbs like dahlias or daylilies, go ahead and plant now, but for plants
blooming in spring like daffodils or crocus, those should be planted in the fall. However, besides those rules of thumb, if you have irrigation in place, there isn’t really a time of year you can’t put something in the ground. “People who have an irrigation system or have access to water their landscaping can plant year round, not just in the fall or spring. If you aren’t able to water your plants, then fall is the best time because in most cases the roots of the plant are growing anytime the soil temperature is above 40 degrees. This gives you a more established root system and plant in the spring. This in turn helps the plant be stronger and more able to withstand the inevitable dryness of summer,” said Burniston. So whether you are a first-time homeowner gingerly getting your feet wet with a few trees and shrubs, or an expert landscaper with an established, beautiful yard, get out, get dirty and enjoy nature at its finest! You might be surprised to find out how much fun you actually have – going green! t
Farm Bureau Insurance is J.D. Power 2011 Customer Service Champion
Farm Bureau Insurance has joined such brand names as Mercedes Benz,
The Ritz-Carlton, Eddie Bauer and Southwest Airlines as a J.D. Power 2011 Customer Service Champion— one of only 40 companies to have earned this distinction. To qualify for inclusion on this elite list, companies must not only excel within their own industries, but also must stand out among leading brands in 20 major industries evaluated by J.D. Power. The five key customer “touch points” measured are: people, presentation, process, product, and price. Farm Bureau
Insurance of Tennessee excelled in the areas of people, process and price. “This is a tremendous honor for everyone in our companies,” said Sonny Scoggins, Farm Bureau Insurance chief executive officer. “We have believed for years that we are one of the best customer service companies in the insurance industry, and this external recognition demonstrates our focus on customer service excellence, not just in insurance but across the business spectrum.”
To identify the J.D. Power 2011 Customer Service Champions, J.D. Power evaluated more than 800 brands. Companies were identified based on customer feedback, opinions, and perceptions gathered primarily from J.D. Power’s syndicated research as well as additional supplemental research. The group of 40 represents the highest-performing companies that deliver service excellence to U.S. customers—both within their respective industries and across all industries measured. t
March 2011 - Tennessee Farm Bureau News
Construction cleared for West Tennessee Solar Farm Gov. Bill Haslam and Commissioner Bill Hagerty of the Tennessee Department of Economic and Community Development announced that the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has completed its environmental review for the West Tennessee Solar Farm in Haywood County and issued a Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI), which means the project complies with all applicable federal regulation for environmental protection. The review was conducted under guidelines specified in the National Environmental Policy Act and was part of the requirement for utilizing American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funding for the project. The finding allows site preparation and construction to begin on the five-megawatt solar array. “I’m pleased the U.S. Department of Energy has cleared the way for installation of the West Tennessee Solar Farm to begin,” said Governor Haslam. “Tennessee’s commitment to building a clean energy future for our state and our nation remains strong and the development of the Solar Farm will be the next step to become the center of solar energy in the U.S. It’s a tangible demonstration that jobs and investment in this fast-growing sector of our economy are welcome in Tennessee.” “We’ve seen billions of dollars in capital investment in the solar industry alone in Tennessee,” said Commissioner Hagerty. “Coupled with the investments we’re seeing in energy efficiency, sustainable transportation and other forms of clean energy, the clean energy sector has the potential to truly become a bright spot for Tennessee in terms of job growth.” When complete, the West Tennessee Solar Farm will sit on 200 acres of land adjacent to Interstate 40 in Haywood County and will be one of the largest solar installations in the Southeast. The design for the Solar Farm calls for the installation of more than 21,000 silicon-based photovoltaic modules producing more than 7,000,000 kilowatt hours of electricity annually. Development of the Solar Farm is being managed by
the University of Tennessee which has contracted with Chattanooga-based Signal Energy as the project’s design/ build firm. “We are excited about the role the University of Tennessee will play in taking the Solar Farm from concept to reality,” said University of Tennessee President Joe DiPietro. “Coupled with the innovative programs underway at the Tennessee Solar Institute, the university is well positioned to play a pivotal role in growing Tennessee’s reputation as a leader in clean energy technology. The West Tennessee Solar Farm provides a unique opportunity to produce more clean energy, support job creation and educate all citizens of Tennessee.” In addition to the solar arrays, the Solar Farm will also be home to a welcome center in which visitors will be able to view and learn more about the capabilities of solar power generation. Approximately 9 million vehicles pass the Solar Farm annually. The West Tennessee Solar Farm is part of the Volunteer State Solar Initiative, created to benefit the Tennessee economy by using federal ARRA dollars to create jobs and provide support to a growing solar industry. Under the VSSI, $31 million in ARRA funds will be used to install the Solar Farm and the Tennessee Solar Institute will use $23.5 million to issue grants from the Solar Opportunity Fund, a program designed to underwrite the installation of next generation energy efficiency systems by Tennessee businesses and to provide training, technology and technical assistance to companies in the solar industry value chain. When fully implemented, programs associated with VSSI will have made possible the installation of at least 12 megawatts of renewable energy generating capacity in Tennessee. In addition to broadening the adoption of new clean energy technologies, the VSSI is also designed to facilitate the training of Tennesseans in new skills and the sharing of “best business practices” across Tennessee’s burgeoning renewable energy industry. t
A mature tree provides enough oxygen for 10 people.
YF&R REPORT Christy Rogers Brown 2011 YF&R Reporter Tennessee YF&R State Committee members and 2010 award winners have had a busy start to the new year with two major conferences held in the south offering opportunities for young farmers and leaders to network, compete and learn. Tennessee was very well represented at the American Farm Bureau Convention that was held at the beginning of January in Atlanta. Despite the blizzard that plagued the southern city there were many successes for the Tennessee YF&R representatives. Shawn and Vanessa Duren of Hardin County represented Tennessee in the national Excellence in Agriculture Contest and were runners-up in the national competition. Ben Moore of Weakley County represented Tennessee in the National Discussion Meet Contest. In the Outstanding Young Farmer/ Achievement Competition, Tennessee was represented by Brian Flowers of Giles County, who was also a runner-up in the national competition. As always, Tennessee was a top contender on the national level. We are very proud of our representation in all three of these highly competitive events. Tennessee was among one of the most recognized states at the National Young Leaders Conference with several very exciting successes during the conference in Orlando. Engage, Act, Win... was the theme of the conference. Ben Moore graduated from the very prestigious and demanding PAL program, Partners in Agricultural Leadership. The program was designed to encourage and enhance leadership skills built through participation in the AFBF Discussion Meet, the AFBF Achievement Award, and the AFBF Excellence in Agriculture Award, the AFBF YF&R Committee or chairing a state YF&R Committee. The intention of the program is to provide additional tools for PALs participants to be better equipped to engage themselves in media, speaking circuits or in legislative arenas. Program graduates are “advocates for agriculture,” and will have participated in hands-on experiences to promote all aspects of agricultural issues and help to portray a truthful image of the farm-to-consumer food chain. John and Mary Margaret Chester were named to the AFBF YF&R Committee and will serve a two year term. Matthew McClanahan, a student at Tennessee Tech University, and Chad Hardy, representing Middle Tennessee State University, were outstanding participants in this very competitive and intense
event. Both of Tennessee’s representatives in the Collegiate Discussion Meet advanced to the Sweet Sixteen. Participants at the National Young Leaders Conference participated in breakout sessions that provided resources to more effectively engage in issues that agriculture will be facing in the next two years while the 112th Congress is in session. An emphasis at this conference was to equip leaders with knowledge that would be beneficial to stopping, refining, or enhancing harmful legislation that would negatively impact the agriculture industry. YF&R members also listened to an outstanding slate of speakers including Jim Lovell. Lovell is the American astronaut who commanded Apollo 13, and can be quoted by most Americas. Lovell was the calm and collected voice behind the famous phrase, “Houston we have a problem.” Conference goers also had the opportunity to visit some of Central Florida’s outstanding agricultural businesses and farms. Several Tennessee YF&R members visited an orange grove where they were able to view bald eagles nesting and learn more about the citrus industry. Other young farmers visited cattle ranches, strawberry farms, an ornamental/herbaceous/ tropical nursery, and vineyards. The Young Leaders Conference will be held in Pigeon Forge and is scheduled for February 25-26, 2011. This year’s conference anticipates a huge crowd, because it will include entertainment on Friday evening at Dolly Parton’s Dixie Stampede! The event will also include breakout sessions, legislative talks, and speakers to inform young leaders on pressing topics that could potentially impact the industry. The headliner for the event is Dr. David Kohl, professor emeritus at Virginia Tech in Agricultural Economics. Dr. Kohl is a sought after keynote speaker and has traveled more than 7 million miles in his career and delivered more than 5,000 workshops pertaining to the agricultural industry and agriculture economics. Please join your fellow young farmers at this kick-off event for the 2011 year to learn and engage yourself by positively impacting the industry we love. Don’t forget to attend your district Farm Bureau meetings and your county’s “Bell Ringer” sessions. Contact your local agency for meeting dates, locations, and times. Remember Engage, Act, and Win... there are many opportunities to achieve all of these goals with the Tennessee YF&R! t
Tennessee Farm Bureau News - March 2011
Woolfolk elected American Hereford Association president John Woolfolk, Jackson, Tenn., is the new president for 2011of the American Hereford Association (AHA) announced during the recent Annual Membership Meeting in Kansas City, Mo. The AHA is the second largest breed registry association in the world. John is the third Tennessean to serve in this position since the AHA was founded in 1881. “I certainly consider it an honor to have been asked to serve in a leadership role as we approach another year in which we anticipate a continued growth in memberships, registrations, transfers and all other areas of business for the Association,” John says. This past year John served as AHA vice president, was chairman of the finance/audit committee, and served on the Certified Hereford Beef (CHB) LLC board. CHB is the second largest branded beef program in the country. “It is an exciting time for our breed with a renewed interest in the ‘new hereford’ that is driving demand higher than breeders have seen in recent years,” John says. “The AHA Board and staff are working hard to position the Hereford breed where it can effectively utilize proven and developing technologies such as EPD’s that are genomically enhanced in order to continually improve the status of the breed.” Woolfolk Farms was established in 1865 and added registered Herefords to the commercial cattle and row crop operation in 1950. The day to day management is handled by Scott, oldest son of John and Pat. The present herd consists of more than 150 Hereford brood cows and donor cows, some producing registered seed stock and
Woolfolk some producing baldies for commercial replacements. Woolfolk Farms was recognized at the 2008 AHA annual meeting for raising registered Herefords for more than 50 years. The entire Woolfolk family has been active for many years in Hereford activities including state and regional associations and junior programs (both state and national). Scott, Amy and Matt have all participated in National Junior Hereford Expos from Georgia to North Dakota. Both Amy and Matt have served as National Junior Directors and Amy served as National Queen in 1997. John is a graduate of UT Martin with a degree in Agricultural Science and holds a Masters degree from Kansas State University in Animal Science. He is currently associate director of Commodities for Tennessee Farm Bureau and works with the Tennessee Beef Alliance program, a division of Tennessee Livestock Producers. TLP received AHA’s National Innovator Award in 2010 for their creative marketing of Herefords. t
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23rd annual Tennessee Beef Agribition has new location! James E. Ward Agricultural Center • Lebanon, TN
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March 2011 - Tennessee Farm Bureau News
Ben Moore of Weakley County represented Tennessee well in the national competition of the Discussion Meet during the Young Farmer and Ranchers events in Atlanta. The Discussion Meet simulates a committee meeting in which active discussion and participation are expected. Participants are evaluated on their ability to exchange ideas and information on a predetermined topic.
Tennessee Farm Bureau President Lacy Upchurch accepts congratulations from American Farm Bureau President Bob Stallman for receiving the Navigator and President’s awards for outstanding programs and achievement combined with membership growth.
Brian Flowers of Giles County was a runner-up in the National YF&R Achievement contest and received his honor on stage with AFBF President Bob Stallman during the national convention. He received a Case IH Farmall Tractor, which has been delivered to his farm.
Shawn and Vanessa Duren of Hardin County were the runners-up in the National YF&R Excellence In Agriculture contest. They received a $5000 savings bond and a new Stihl chainsaw.
Tennessee voting delegates listen to the agricultural issues to be voted on during the business session of the American Farm Bureau’s 92nd Annual Meeting in Atlanta.
Tennessee Farm Bureau mourns loss of president After being elected the fourth president of the Tennessee Farm Bureau Federation, and speaking before his first annual district meeting in January of 1974, James S. Putman told the group, “If we ever accomplish anything to any great degree, it will be what we do as an organization, and what we do together, because there is not any one of us who can do this alone.” During his tenure as president of the state organization from 1974 - 1986, he followed the direction of those words, and also in other activities of his personal life. At the age of 94, retired dairy farmer and former president Putman died January 24, 2011 at his residence in Columbia. His funeral services were conducted January 26 at West Seventh Street Church of Christ with Ted Burleson and Jeremy Butt officiating. Graveside services were the following day at Sudberry Cemetery in his native hometown of Friendship, Tenn., with Jason Sadler officiating. Serving as active pallbearers were TFBF department heads employed by Mr. Putman as young men during his tenure as president: Pettus Read, Bobby Beets, Julius Johnson, Joe Pearson, John Woolfolk, Charles Curtis, Tim Dodd, Dan Wheeler, Hulet Chaney, Lonnie Roberts and Dennis Stephen. A native of the Friendship Community in Dyer County, he was the son of the late James Henderson Putman and Ninnie Bell Putman, also Dyer County natives, and attended Friendship High School. He was a fulltime farmer in Dyer County with his father for the first 40 years of his adult life on the farm where he spent his boyhood years. An active member of the Miller’s Chapel Church of Christ, he served as an elder, church treasurer and Sunday School teacher. He was active in Dyer County civic and community affairs, serving as president of the county and state 4-H Club Council, 12 years on the County Equalization Board, and was a member of the Bank of Friendship Board of Directors since 1964. He was elected president of the Dyer County Farm Bureau in 1956 and was elected to the Tennessee Farm Bureau Board of Directors at the 1967 state convention. He was elected vice president in 1972 and state president of the Tennessee Federation in 1973.
His election to the state presidency required that he leave his family farm and move to Columbia, leaving his son Jimmy to continue management of the farm. He served in this position for 13 years, and was a member of the American Farm Bureau Federation Board of Directors for 8 years. Mr. Putman was very active in many community and civic activities in Maury County. They included Maury County Chamber of Commerce Board of Directors, Maury County Mental Health Board of Directors, Columbia Academy Board of Directors for 15 years, First Farmers and Merchants National Bank Board of Directors since 1974 and membership in the Columbia Rotary Club. He served as a member of the Freed-Hardeman University Board of Directors for 18 years. He was a very involved member of the West Seventh Street Church of Christ since making his home in Columbia, and served as a deacon and Sunday School teacher. Survivors include his wife, Connie Casteel Putman of Columbia; two sisters, Pauline Mount and Charlotte Sweatt, both of Dyer County; two grandsons, Jim (Aimee) Putman and Johnny Putman, both of Dyer County; daughter-in-law, Janie Putman of Dyer County; three great grandchildren, James Putman, Sarah Putman, Jonathan Putman all of Dyer County; two stepchildren, Scott (Jamie) Casteel, Jessica S. (Paul) Fann both of Columbia; and four step grandchildren, Ally Casteel, Rachel Fann, Cole Casteel and Preston Casteel. He was first married in 1933 to Sarah Pirtle Putman who died July 8, 1978. His second wife, Myrtle Nickell Putman, died January 8, 1999. He also was preceded in death by his son James Lewis Putman. Memorials may be made to the West Seventh Street Church of Christ, 405 West Seventh Street, Columbia, TN 38401 or to Columbia Academy, 1101 West Seventh Street, Columbia, TN 38401. t
Tennessee Farm Bureau News - March 2011
Homefront to Heartland Conference set for April 29
Beef Cattle Outlook By Emmit L. Rawls UT Professor Agricultural Economics
State’s cattle herd dips lower Tennessee’s cattle herd fell 2 percent at 1,990,000 head in the recent cattle count as reported by the Tennessee Field Office of the National Agricultural Statistics Service. The herd had rebounded during 2009 following two years of declining numbers after the drought of 2007. High fertilizer and other costs in 2008 also caused some producers to leave the business or reduce herds. Last year the beef cow herd fell to 990,000 head, a 1 percent drop. Very dry weather in some counties was a factor, plus we had very high cull cow prices in 2010, averaging $116 per head higher than 2009 for a 1,000 pound utility cow. This combination coupled with the need of some families for cash flow contributed to the reduction in the cow herd. Further confirming the need for cash was the 12 percent reduction in beef replacement heifers, the 5 percent reduction in steers over 500 pounds and the 4 percent reduction in calves under 500 pounds. Prices for most weights of stocker calves and feeder cattle were up 25 to 30 percent over 2009, so it was natural for folks to cash in on those higher prices. Many fall calves were sold in the spring of 2010 when prices rose sharply. The feeder price rally has continued into 2011 with a 10 percent increase in January. Tennessee still ranks 9th in the U.S. in beef cow numbers. Most all of the states south of Tennessee had fewer cows than a year ago. Kentucky had a 4 percent reduction. Tennessee milk cow numbers totaled 50,000 head in the report down 3,000 or 6 percent. Milk replacement heifers were unchanged at 35,000 head. There are several producers engaged in development of
milk replacement heifers who do not run a dairy, thus the stable number is not surprising. One inventory estimate which was a little surprising was the 10,000 head of cattle on feed for slaughter up from 5,000 head in the January 2010 report. We know there is increased interest in production of cattle for freezer beef in the state. In addition, there are several cattle being finished for slaughter out of state, but the 5,000 head increase was not expected. The other category showing an increase was beef heifers over 500 pounds not designated as replacements. These totaled 80,000 head, a 14 percent increase from 2010. These cattle probably are being backgrounded and some could become replacement heifers. In the U.S., total cattle numbers were down 1 percent, with beef cows down 2 percent and beef replacements down 5 percent. Again, the combination of drought in some areas and need for cash flow by beef producers were likely the main reasons for the lower numbers. With an increase in exports, a reduction in imports and smaller cattle herd, prices are expected to continue to exceed those of 2010. With rising grain prices, costs are expected to go up as well. For margin operations like stocker/backgrounders, price risk management for both feed and cattle will be important. Supplies are tight enough that market prices are very volatile and reactive to bullish and bearish news of most any kind. This can produce both opportunities and risks which managers need to try to control. There are no current signs of rebuilding the cow herd, so prices are expected be strong for the next two to three years. t
19th Annual Show of the Wilson County Antique Power Association in Lebanon Wilson County Antique Power Association is hosting their 20th annual show which will feature antique engines, tractors and trucks on Saturday, May 21 at the Ward Agriculture Center in Lebanon. Gates will open at 8:00 a.m. Members of the American Trucks Historical Society will be displaying their antique trucks along with the antique
tractors and gas engines being displayed by members of the Wilson County Antique Power Association. Admission to the show is free, however donations will be accepted. For more information on the show contact Johnny or Debbie Mitchell at 615-444-6944 or for the trucks contact Mark Wright 615-330-0475. t
When you say the word ‘farmer’ the image of a man comes to mind. But agriculture is not just a male world anymore. Women are a growing demographic in agriculture and small business, and they need the tools and resources to be successful and effective in their efforts to make a living. The role of women in agriculture will be the focus of a special conference coming this spring in middle Tennessee - put together by University of Tennessee Extension and several other partners in agriculture. The “Homefront to Heartland: Empowering Women in Agriculture and Small Business” Conference is set for Friday, April 29, 2011 in Nashville. The site of the meeting is the Scarritt – Bennett Center and participants can register online at www.homefronttoheartland.com. Alice Rhea is a woman who makes her living in agriculture as an area farm management specialist with UT Extension in East Tennessee. Rhea is one of the coordinators of the Homefront to Heartland Conference. The conference seeks to empower women to return to their farm, business, community and family with new confidence, ideas and techniques to help them better manage finances, communication, time and stress. Discussion topics include marketing, financial management, media and computer skills, government relations and nutrition, health and wellness. The conference will also include a panel discussion of business women from across the state, as well as a number of motivational speakers. Sherry Lay helps her husband operate their 15-hundred acre Monroe County farm and their Madisonville Feed Store. She attended the previous Homefront to Heartland Conference
and says the conference gave her the expanded knowledge base to juggle several important responsibilities. The conference will also include discussion about the current state of agriculture in Tennessee, and how women can become more involved at the local, state and federal level to encourage positive outcomes for the industry. The speaker on this topic will be Rhedona Rose, executive vice president of the Tennessee Farm Bureau Federation. Rose says, “This conference is designed specifically for women to inform and motivate you to engage and discover your influence in your family, career and community.” Peggy Howell, speech pathologist and wife of East Tennessee dairy farmer Bill Howell, says, “It is many times the woman who takes on the role of educating the public about agriculture, helping to debunk the many myths about animal agriculture”. Howell also notes that it is not just the women on the farm that make a difference in Tennessee Agriculture, “there are many “farmers’ daughters” who have found a place in agriculture, perhaps not on the farm, but in positions in which they strive to help the industry every day. It is the love for agriculture that brings us all together, whether we are on the farm or in an office somewhere helping farmers.” She says the conference, “will help strengthen Tennessee agriculture by strengthening the women who work so tirelessly day in and day out to support the future of Tennessee agriculture”. Other partners to UT Extension in the Homefront to Heartland Conference include the Tennessee Farm Bureau, the Tennessee Department of Agriculture and the Tennessee Beef Industry Council. t
Date set for WCCA 2nd annual Spring Sale The Washington County Cattlemen’s Association (WCCA) will be having their 2nd Annual Spring Heifer and Bull Sale on April 8, 2011 at the Kingsport Stockyards in Kingsport, Tenn. The sale will begin at 6:00 p.m. Producers are encouraged to come early to view the cattle and register for a buyer number. The Association is offering 90 heifers that are either bred or have a calf by side. Also, the Association will be offering 10 registered bulls that all meet TDA cost share guidelines. The bulls include Angus, Polled Herefords, Limousin and Lim-Flexs. The cattle have been screened and are excellent cattle for anyone who is interested in improving their herd. Information
pertaining to vaccinations of the cattle will be provided on sale day. The heifers will be pregnancy checked the day of the sale by a licensed veterinarian. The bulls have passed a breeding soundness exam and will be 2 years old or younger. All cattle will need to be paid for and loaded out on the same day of the sale. The WCCA Spring Heifer Sale will also have concessions by local FFA chapters as a fundraiser. All proceeds benefit scholarships that are given annually to two outstanding youth who are interested or involved with agriculture. For more information contact the Washington County Extension Office at (423) 753-1680. t
March 2011 - Tennessee Farm Bureau News
FFA State Land Judging CDE winners: Volunteer FFA - From left Advisor Steve Hutson, Alex Ray, Taylor Patterson, Craig Winiger and TFIC Regional Manager Josh Webber.
Clay County’s Kristen Clements has Grand Champion - This year’s State Junior Market Hog grand champion was from the heavyweight division and exhibited by Kristen Clements from Clay County, daughter of Jeff and Lisa Clements. Reserve Champion Market Hog was exhibited by Heath Kimes also from Clay County.
FFA State Land Judging CDE runners-up: East Robertson - From left Coach
Darwin Newton, Advisor Tommy Green, Aaron Martin (High Individual winner), Stephanie Collins, Taylor Sneed, Kaleb Stephens and TFIC Regional Manager Josh Webber.
“Pork Producers, We care” - That
was this year’s theme for the Tennessee Pork Producers poster contest held during the State Junior Market Hog show. This theme is one used nationally to share the message with consumers that farmers take care of the environment, the animals and the food that is produced. This year’s winner is Aaron Lay from Monroe County with his winning poster and TPPA executive committee member Dolly Barnes from Selmer, Tenn.
Taste of Elegance top entry - Here is the winning entry Chef Emily Sharp from 5 Senses in Murfreesboro received first place honors for in this year’s Taste of Elegance contest sponsored by the Tennessee Pork Producers. She beat out other top chefs from around the state in this highly competitive contest.
4-H State Land Judging winners: Hawkins County - From left Coach Kim Ball,
Tosha Edens (High Individual winner), Elizabeth Tunnell, Charity Winegar, Ryan Eaton and TFIC Regional Manager Josh Webber.
4-H State Land Judging runners-up: McNairy County - From left Coach Rod Barnes, Lane Brewer, Sydney Henry, James Nold, Charlie Rankin and TFIC Regional Manager Josh Webber.
American FFA team presents Hickman with national honor - While visiting the state headquarters of the Tennessee Farm Bureau recently, the American FFA officer team presented Columbia banker Waymon L. Hickman with the Honorary American Farmer Degree during a special presentation. This is one of the highest honors the FFA can present to a supporter of the FFA organization. National FFA President Riley Paget presents Hickman with his award.
Tennessee Farm Bureau News - March 2011
Classified Ads Animals Cattle
Agricultural Websites - let the agricultural specialists build your farm website. Starting at $8 per month. www.bryangroup.net 865-230-8993 03-21 Black Limousin Bull purebreed, 18 mo. $1200.00 Round Baler J. D. 375 kept inside $5,000.00 Woodbury 1-615-653-2551 For Sale: Angus Chiangus Limousin Bulls. HALL FARMS, Stan Hall, 615-633-6037 Win Vue Angus Dispersion April 30th. Selling 19 Angus cows all A.I. Sired with fall calves at site and rebred. Win Vue Farm 423-235-2525; 423-921-2494
Angus (Black) Angus bulls for sale - eight months to 24 months. 931-668-3131, cell 931-808-0474 Angus Herd for sale. www.chaneyfarms.com Grassy Valley Angus Auction: April 02, 2011. 60 Performance tested Bulls, 50 female lots. Greeneville, TN Daytime 423-638-3950 Night 423-234-0506 e-mail: email@example.com FOR SALE: Registered Black Angus Bulls - 13 months. 865-740-7303
For Sale: Registered Black Angus Bull 3 year old, gentle, excellent EPDs and registered replacement Heifers. Mulberry, TN 931-993-7401 FOR SALE: Angus bulls - 20 months old and ready for service. Low birth weights and milk in their genetics. Good selection to choose from. Norman Amonett, 99 Amonett Lane, Byrdstown, TN 38549. 931-864-6481 FOR SALE: Registered Black Angus bulls and 10 open heifers. Mathis Angus Farms. 931-729-3864 FOR SALE: Registered Black Angus bulls and heifers, excellent bloodlines. Rock Haven Angus, Lewisburg, TN. Day Time 931-703-9894; 931-3643670 after 6PM Registered Angus bulls - Centerville, TN Ship’s Bend Angus Farms 931-729-0017 Registered Black Angus bulls, Heifers, Cows - easy calving, high milk. Ronnie Taylor, Hohenwald TN, 931-628-6946
Angus (Red) Bulls & heifers - weaned or breeding age, popular AI sires. Located near Watts Bar Lake, Hwy. 58. Mercer Farm, Ten Mile, TN. 423-334-3649 or 334-5433 Red Angus, Simmental & SimAngus Bull and Female Sale, March 19, 2011, meet TAEP reaquirements. Bart & Sarah Jones, Layfayette, TN 615666-3098; www.redhillfarms.net
Next issue is MaY. Ad deadline is April 10. Name _________________________________________________________________ Address________________________________________________________________ City_________________________________ State _______ Zip__________________
Reg. Red Angus - Service age bulls and bred heifers available. Low birth weight, gentle, lots of milk. Shady Bottom Ranch, Crossville, TN 931-200-0036
Polled Bulls/heifers. I guaranteed for 30 years: If after the sale of his first calf crop you are not satisfied, return any bull purchased from us for full refund. HUDSON BEEFMASTER, 3140 Buffalo Road, Lawrenceburg, TN 38464. 931-829-2637; 931-629-9246 cell Good, gentle BBU bulls & heifers for sale. Visitors welcome. James & Carolyn Vaughn, 9512 Bates Trail, Lyles, TN 37098. 931-670-4605
Chiangus bulls and heifers. 865-856-3947
Charolais Bulls. Woodbury, 615-684-3833
Gelbvieh FOR SALE: Gelbvieh & Balancer Bulls, Heifers - black, polled, excellent bloodlines, gentle disposition, TAEP qualified. 931-433-6132; cell 931-625-7219
UT BULL TEST STATION SALE
Thur., March 10, 2011 • 12 Noon CST Middle Tennessee Research & Education Center Spring Hill, TN Selling Approx. 60 BullS - AnguS & SimAnguS Tele-Video site at Greeneville 4-H Camp & Knoxville Livestock Center FOR CATALOGS CONTACT: Dr. F. David Kirkpatrick 2640 Morgan Circle, B012 McCord Hall • Knoxville, TN 37996-4588 865-974-7294 Catalog & Video: http://animalscience.ag.utk.edu/beef/junior.htm
Phone (_________)_______________________________________________________ County of Farm Bureau Membership________________________________________ Place Ad Under Which Heading?____________________________________________ Place in Which Issue(s)?: ❏ Jan. ❏ Mar. ❏ May ❏ July ❏ Sept. ❏ Nov.
Please print the copy for your ad in the spaces provided. Clip this form and mail with correct payment to: Tennessee Farm Bureau News • P.O. Box 313 • Columbia, TN 38402-0313
AUCTION MARKET SERVICES
Tennessee Livestock Producers Hwy. 64e, Fayetteville Sale Every Tuesday
Somerville Livestock Market Hwy. 59, Somerville Sale Every Tuesday
bobby eslick, manager 931-433-5256/931-433-4962
Don Terry, manager 901-465-9679/731-695-0353
Columbia Livestock Center 1231 industrial Park rd. Cattle Sale Every Thurs. Sheep/Goat 2nd & 4th. Fri. Frank Poling, manager 931-223-8323/931-212-9962
VIDEO CATTLE SALES
Management provided for Lower Middle Tennessee Cattle Assoc. Consignment information contact: 2011 Sale Dates - 9 AM Central Frank Poling 931-212-9962 mar. 4; apr. 1; may 6; June 3 richard brown 931-239-9785 aug. 5; Sept. 2; oct. 7; Nov. 4; Dec. 2
SHEEP & GOAT SALES
Number of words in ad ____________
Columbia - Every 2nd & 4th Friday march 11, 25; april 8, 22 may 13, 27; June 10, 24
X 50¢ or $1.00 = ____________ X Number of issues ____________ = TOTAL COST OF AD____________
: Amount enclosed with ad
There are two types of classified ads: 1. FARM BUREAU MEMBERS - selling items that they make, produce, or raise themselves; or surplus equipment. Each member ad costs 50¢ per word. 2. NON-MEMBERS or COMMERCIAL MEMBER ADS - in which the member is acting as an agent or dealer (real estate, health products, mail order business, etc.). Each ad costs $1.00 per word.
Price, phone number, e-mail address and website count as one word each. Ads not accompanied BY payment will be returned to sender. Ads received in our office after deadline will be held for next issue.
Somerville - Every 2nd Friday march 11, april 8, may 13, June 10
ORDER BUyING H.m. eslick Frank Poling bobby eslick David alexander
931-433-5256 931-212-9962 931-433-5256 615-300-3012
Graded Sales every Tuesday in Fayetteville Weaned Sale, Columbia - 1st & 3rd Thursdays Fayetteville Cow Sale - March 19; April 16 SEE wEbSitE For currEnt liSt
PRODUCER GENETICS Alliance Development, Herd Sire Purchasing, Cattle Breeding & Marketing Consultation
richard brown John Woolfolk
Darrell Ailshie, General Manager P.O. Box 313 • Columbia, TN 38402 • 931-388-7872 tennesseelivestockproducers.com
www.tnfarmbureau.org 14 Tennessee Farm Bureau News - May 2010
March 2011 - Tennessee Farm www.tnfarmbureau.org Bureau News
Classified Ads Hereford Middle Tennessee Hereford Association Annual Spring Sale - April 23, 11:30 AM, KY-TN Livestock Market, Cross Plains, TN. Selling Polled, Horned and Hereford influenced cattle. For more information call Dale Stith, 918-760-1550; Billy Jackson, Assoc. Secretary, 615-672-4483 or 615-478-4483 03-28
Hereford (Polled) 66th Tennessee Polled Hereford Association Agribition Sale. Selling 41 Lots - 11 Bulls, 30 Females March 12, 2011, 11AM Contact/Info: Sale Manager Glenda Rickman, 731-687-3483; firstname.lastname@example.org; www.tpha-06.org For Sale: Registered Polled Hereford bulls. 15-24 months old. Excellent pedigrees - low birth weights - high weaning and yearling weights - strong maternal influence. Good selection. $2,000 - $2,500 pick and choice. Woolfolk Farms Jackson, TN 731-423-2583 or 731-571-7399 FOR SALE: 12 Polled Hereford and Angus bulls15 Polled Hereford- Angus- Black Baldy heifers. Bred for beef- milk- disposition. Can deliver, call today. JG Walker Jr., 901-465-3392
More Than a Bull VI
Bull & Female Sale
Saturday, March 19, 2011 At the Farm — 1 PM CST
Bart and Sarah Jones · Lafayette, TN (615) 666‐3098 · email@example.com Gordon & Susan Jones (270) 991‐2663
Registered Polled Hereford bulls - herd certified and accredited, priced reasonably. Stan Webster, Chestnut Mound, 615-897-2333 FOR SALE: Registered Polled Hereford bulls and heifers. Good selection. Practical cattle for practical cattlemen. Earl Moore, 3594 Craig Bridge Road, Williamsport, TN 38487. 931-583-2353 Registered Polled Hereford bulls. Quality Sires, great EDP’s, Herd improving genetics. KBee Herefords, Shelbyville, TN 931-684-6582; kbartley@ bellsouth.net WTPHA Sale UT Martin: March 19, 2011. Bulls Open and Bred Heifers Cow/Calf pairs show calves. Gene Carter Dyersburg, TN 731-286-1296
Limousin FOR SALE: Registered Limousin and Lim-Flex bulls and heifers, black and homozygous black. Calls and visits welcome. Prichard Limousin Farm, Brush Creek, TN, 615-683-8310; CEPB@ DTCcom.net; www.prichardlimousinfarm.com FOR SALE: Limousin bulls and heifers - black, red, polled and homozygous black. Riverside Valley Farm, Hohenwald, TN, 931-796-1638; 931-628-6730 Good selection of bulls, heifers, breds. Black and red. 615-948-3533 Limousin Bulls: Registered, black, polled purebreds and commercial. Proven pedigrees, balanced EPD’s. Dreamtime Limousin Farm Mosheim, TN 423-422-6099; firstname.lastname@example.org Win Vue Limousin Lim-Flex Dispersion April 30th. Selling 34 cows, bred heifers. Many Sept./Oct. show heifers and Herd Bull Prospect. Rebred & tested. Win Vue Farm 423-235-2525; 423-921-2494
Santa Gertrudis DOUBLE-POLLED gentle Santa Gertrudis, registered bulls and heifers. email@example.com; 256-566-7878
Santa Gertrudis - Myers Farms - Poll bulls & heifers for sale. 144 Sub-Station Road, Unionville, TN 37180. 931-294-5653
Shorthorn Registered Shorthorn bulls and heifers for sale top international blood lines, EPDS available. Charles Curtis, Rickman, TN. Home 931-498-2847; office 931-388-7872, ext. 2215
FOR SALE: 102 horses - all sizes, ages, colors. Responsible owners only needed. $25 to $300. 615-654-2180
Mules & Donkeys 4 coming 2 year old Mammoth Jacks, 3 Sorrels and l black, other Mammoth donkeys for sale. evenings 931-670-4098 For Sale: Seedstock Mammoth Jacks and Jennets, Weanling Colts, also Draft Mule Weanling Colts. Richard Choate, 931-879-6853
Goats & Sheep
For Sale Purebred Kiko goats, bucks and does available. 931-987-2826 Culleoka, TN Gilliam Boer Goat Farms. Quality fullblood registered bloodlines including CODI/PCI. Bucks and does for sale. Walland TN, 865-982-2129. www. gilliamboergoats.com GOAT/SHEEP SALE: 2nd & 4th Friday each month. Tennessee Livestock Producers, Columbia, TN. 931-388-7872 x 2235
10/12/10 3:46:54 PM www.tnfarmbureau.org
Barger Stock Feist pups available - from proven crosses of squirrel dogs, NKC registered, $300 each. Bill Barger 865-882-5425; wwwbargerdogs.com Border Collies - registered, trained and started dogs. Individual training available. Imported blood lines. Call for prices. Call Mike 615-3250495. View at stockdogexchange.com. FOR SALE: Border Collie pups ABCA excellent stock dogs and pets, $250.00 Dan Vickers, 931939-2426; 931-607-2426 Ladybug Kennel Big Sandy TN. Border Collie and Dachshund puppies Registered W&S, $200 each. 731-593-3807 For pictures e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Registered English Shepherd Pups, $200.00 Parnell Farm, Pikeville 423-447-2046 rparnell@ bledsoe.net Lab puppies - almost white, AKC registered, good pedigree, $450 each. For availability call James Adams, Copperhill 423-496-7154 Australian Cattle Dogs AKC/CKC Bred to work Pedigreed to show Pets to show Quality. 423-626-7519; email@example.com; www.lindseysrockytopkennel.com
For Sale Sericea Lespedeza Seed. 931-934-2745
POULTRY HOLLOW HATCHERY, located 45 miles east of Nashville, can fill all your poultry needs starting with over 57 breeds of chickens, bantams, turkeys, guineas, ducks, geese, rare breeds. Day-old-sexed-pullets start at $2.25 NPIP CERTIFIED! Visit our website at www.poultryhollow.org or call 615-318-9036 or 615-477-7936
Panama Canal Cruise & Tour. Vacation Packages $995-$1295. Call 1.800.CARAVAN. Visit Caravan.com.
Black & mute Swans, Oriental Pheasants. Woodbury 615-684-3833 White Carneaux Pigeons. Palmetto Strain. $25 not sexed. You pay shipping/handling. 423-552-5339; firstname.lastname@example.org
FOR SALE: Purebred Duroc, Yorkshire and Landrace boars and gilts. Bart Jones, Lafayette, TN, 615-666-3098
Escorted Tours Since 1952
Exotic & Other Birds
Bermuda Vaughn’s #1 Bermuda clippings for planting June-July. Francis Horne, 330 Shanks Gap Road, Rogersville, TN 37857. 423-345-2929
Hay & Straw
Hay for sale - 4x5 rolls, $40; square bales, #3. Strawberry Plains 865-932-2269
Tennessee Farm Bureau News - March 2011
Classified Ads Top Quality Horse and Alpaca Hay. Square bales, barn kept Bermuda, Tiffany Teff, mixed grass. Located in the Lebanon/Carthage/ Hartsville area. Contact Jim 615-390-2787; 615-374-4029 Wheat Straw - clean, $3.00 a bale. 931-668-8227
Vegetables & Fruits
ANTIQUE APPLE TREES - Summer, Rambo, Virginia Beauty. Yellow Transparent. Catalog $3.00. Write: Urban Homestead, 818-G Cumberland Street, Bristol, VA 24201. www. OldVaApples.com. 03-13 FREE SWEET POTATO PLANT catalog for 2011. Shippping 26 years. Online ordering for 2011 or call with three major credit cards. 731-587-9477; email@example.com; www.tatorman.com Tomato Plants - 65 varieties including Heirlooms. Also pepper and vegetable plants, garden seed, flowers and herbs. Sweetlips Greenhouses, 3705 Sweetlips Rd, Henderson, TN 38340. 731-9897046 sweetlipsgreenhouse.com
Lawn & Garden
Tomato Plants - 65 varieties including Heirlooms. Also pepper and vegetable plants, garden seed, flowers and herbs. Sweetlips Greenhouses, 3705 Sweetlips Rd, Henderson, TN 38340. 731-9897046 sweetlipsgreenhouse.com Morton’s Horticultural Products, Inc. Free Catalog - Greenhouses & Growers Supplies. Drip Tape, Irrigation Supplies. We Manufacture our Greenhouses. Online Catalog - www.mortonproducts.com 800-473-7753; mortonprod@ blomand.net 03-07
Panther Creek Forestry: Forestry, Timber, Wildlife Managers. Receive top timber prices. Hunting leases available - Cumberland Plateau & Land Between the Lakes. 931-668-7280; benmyers@ panthercreekforestry.net 03-17
10 Row Great Plains Planter bean corn meters on yetter cart planter is excellent, 15 inch spacing, would trade. Call 931-629-3261 Gehl 170 Grinder Mixer. Electric raise and swing auger. Auger extension $8,000.00 Ten foot self feeders $1,000.00 615-714-3894 John Deere 444 Corn Head 4 row wide, very good condition $1,750.00; John Deere 216 Flex Head Dial-A-Matic Header Control, stainless steel bottom, fair condition $1,400.00; 41 ft x 6 in Hutchinson Transport Auger, new top barings and shaft, very good condition $1,100.00 931-397-6790; 931-863-4791
Tractors & Implements
7’ Disc Mower Bush Hog Brand. Used one season $3,850.00 423-253-7820, leave message IH 484 2100hrs. professional paint job. IH 210 Rotary Cutter new paint. 150 gal. aluminum fuel tank with pump $8,000 931-729-6038, Tom Covington
Trucks & Trailers
Big Valley 18’ gooseneck horse trailer - paneled, sleeping area, tack storage, very good condition, $4000 firm. 731-587-4046
0-0 Frick Sawmill - 54” Simon Saw blade, edger, Plainter diesel engine. 865-740-7303 For Sale: Corn Chaffer for M2 Gleaner Combine $50.00, clover Screen M2 $50.00, 4020 John Deere exhaust manifold $50.00 Good, original 256 New Holland Hay Rake $1,750. 8’ Leon front Blade with cylinder $1,000. 18’ Burch Hyd Fold Disk, needs some work $1,250. Good Hay Tedder-Rake $1,000. 175 Bushel Gravity Wagon $800. 510 International Grain Drill $1,000. Massey Ferguson Corn Picker $500. New Holland Hay Conditioner $3,500. 18.4x38 axle mounted Duals for Ford $750. 731-422-5282; 437-0196 Parting out - F-2 Gleaner combine & 855 New Holland baler, good air bags, good tires & hydraulic cylinders. 731-614-1033 Used portable sawmills! Buy/Sell. Call Sawmill Exchange 800-459-2148; US & Canada; www. sawmillexchange.com 03-01
Property Real Estate
Contact Stephen Carr Realty & Auction, LLC today for all your Real Estate and Auction needs in Middle Tennessee. Stephen has over 20 years experience in Real Estate and he is ready to go to work for you. Office: (615)746-0800; Direct: (615)642-1545; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org and website: www.stephencarrproperties.com Firm #5637 03-24 Easttennesseefarmsforsale.com View online listings for farms, homes, mountain land in North East Tennessee. East Tennessee Realty Services, Greeneville TN 423-639-6395 03-22
296 acres between Nashville and Clarksville with a 1,550 square foot home, 2 bedroom mobile home, three dark barns, stock barn, two ponds and over 10,000 feet of road frontage for $1,300,000. Stephen Carr Realty & Auction, LLC (615)746-0800/ email@example.com/ www. stephencarrproperties.com 03-25
BEACH VACATION: 2 Town Homes- 2BR/1.5BA Fully furnished, pool, laundry, covered parking. Rent for week, month(s), or weekends in off season. Owner 615-289-8475 03-26 Beautiful Smoky Mountain log cabins - near Gatlinburg, Pigeon Forge. Jacuzzi, hot-tubs, porches and rockers, on trout stream, stone fireplaces, cable TV, fully furnished, hiking, $85 nightly and up. www.moorecabins.com; 423487-5615 03-11
CABINS ON COSBY CREEK - Gatlinburg, Smokies area. Hot tub, Jacuzzi, fireplace, kitchen, porches, CATV. Comfy! Cozy! Clean! 423-487-2646; www. cosbycabins.com 03-08 Cozy country cabin or rustic farm house - located in the Smoky Mountains, stone fireplaces, hot tubs, fully equipped kitchens. rent from the owners, no fees. www.backintimerentals.com 865740-6707 03-18 Farm House - near Rock Island Park - furnished, daily-weekly rates. 931-668-4554; 931-235-8054; www.vrbo.com/89925 03-12 GULF SHORES CONDO- 2BR, pool/beach access. Spring $600/week, Summer $800/week, Fall $500/week. 931-296-4626 03-19 PIGEON FORGE cabins, chalets, cottages, units sleeping 1 to 36 people. Near Dollywood. Middle Creek Rentals, 1-800-362-1897; www. mcrr93.com 03-14
www.tnfarmbureau.org 14 Tennessee Farm Bureau News - May 2010
March 2011 - Tennessee Farm www.tnfarmbureau.org Bureau News
Classified Ads Pigeon Forge: Smoky Shadows, Family Inns of America, Grand Hotel and Convention, 1-800251-4444. www.grandresorthotel.com Farmer owned. Nicky Darrell Chaney, President www. chaneyfarms.com 03-27 SMOKY MOUNTAIN vacation chalets and cabins in Pigeon Forge near Dollywood, spacious, fireplace, views, $75/$85 nightly. 1-800-382-4393; www.pantherknob.com 03-10
Hunting Lease Wanted: 2 experienced, middle aged hunters need to lease farmland or timberland for deer and turkey hunting. Prefer Middle TN area. 865-659-8816 Responsible hunter would like to lease land for deer and turkey hunting. 423-479-4149; 423-715-8936
Leave it to the kids, not the tax man.
You’re not the first generation to farm the place. You don’t want to be the last. You need a plan to make sure your family can continue the tradition. Farm Bureau Insurance has affordable life insurance plans to make sure your farm will live on after you. Talk to your Farm Bureau Insurance agent today.
Home Improvement Construction ATTENTION MOBILE HOME OWNERS: Take a punch at inflation with our super insulated roof over system by Roof King. No more leaks, never roof coat again, save $$ on heating and cooling costs, maintenance free, 100% watertight guaranteed. Call 1-800-276-0176, Roof King. 03-06
Business Insurance Stock
Buying TN Farmers Life and Assurance stock. 731-285-1424 Wanted to buy TN Farmers Life and Assurance Stock. 931-381-3580
CASH! Holding a mortgage on property you sold? Sell it for CASH! 615-898-1400 Murfreesboro; 1-800-862-2744 nationwide 03-05 Earn $60,000/yr part-time in the livestock or equipment appraisal business. Agricultural background required. Classroom or home study courses available. 800-488-7570 www.amagappraisers.com 03-04
2008 Braun Entervan (wheelchair) Chevy Uplander - silver, 35,000 miles, XM radio, On-Star, keyless entry, $29,900. 931-363-1610; 931-638-3681 cell 25,000 mile oil change: www.lubedealer.com/rust 03-20 Bamboo Firewood 865-933-3136 BUYING old comics and old toy collections. 615897-2573 Chairs, Tables, Steeples, Baptistries. CISCO, 615-351-3120; nationalpublicseating.net; steeplesandbaptistries.com; elibraryshelving. com 03-16 CURRENTLY FARMING WITH A DISABILITY? The Tennessee AgrAbility Project is a state-wide non-profit service that provides assistance to agricultural workers with disabilities. For further information, please call West TN 866-248-1747; East TN 423-452-0130; Middle TN 931-477-0133. For Sale: 1800’s Wooden Boards misc. sizes; Homemade Doors; Wood Windows; Bush Hog; Rusty Sorghum Pan. e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org 731-584-8923 LEAKING OIL??? Positively STOP any rubber oil seal leak in engines, transmissions, power steering or hyd. system with SealLube Seal Expander. Guaranteed! Works in hours - lasts for years! An 8 oz. bottle treats up to 10qt. of oil. $14.95 + $5.25 S&H. Call now... 800-434-9192; www.seallube. com. VISA/MC/Amx/Check. NEW TECH INTL., Box 26198, Fraser, MI 48026 03-09 “LEARN CHORD PLAYING”. Amazing, new book. Piano, organ, keyboard, $12.50. Davidsons, 6727 HTT Metcalf, Shawnee Mission, KS 66204 03-03 Storage and Road Trailers: For Sale or Rent. Delivery Available. 615-714-3894 WANTED: Old millstones, cash paid, will pick up. 423-727-6486
Tennessee Turns To Us ®
Get a free life insurance quote any time at fbitn.com
2_1_4x2StutterFdtnKingGeorge:PSA 12/30/10 7:4
“PLAY GOSPEL SONGS by ear!” Add chords. 10 easy lessons $12.95. “LEARN GOSPEL MUSIC”. Chording, runs, fills - $12.95. Both $24. Davidsons, 6727 HT Metcalf, Shawnee Mission, KS 66204 03-02 SAWMILLS- Band/Chainsaw - Cut lumber any dimension, anytime. Build anything from furniture to homes. IN STOCK ready to ship. From $4,090.00 www.NorwoodSawmills.com/651 Free Information: 1-800-661-7747 Ext: 651 03-15
WANTED: I collect World War I and II military relics - American, German, Japanese. Helmets, metals, knives, bayonets, guns, swords, daggers, etc. 423-842-6020 WANTED: Old Tennessee license plates. Motorcycle (1915-1965); car, taxi, dealer, national guard, THP (1915-1956). Special plates: yellow on black, state shaped, name of city, county or event (no date) big bucks paid. 931-455-3368
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Stuttering Gets the Royal Treatment King George VI, whose live broadcasts of hope and inspiration kept the spirits of the British people alive during the dark days of World War II, met the challenge of stuttering with courage. For more information on how you can meet your challenge, contact us. THE
Tennessee Farm Bureau News - March 2011
2011 Ford Fiesta
2011 Ford F-150
2011 Lincoln MKX
EXCLUSIVE $500 SAVINGS FOR FARM BUREAU MEMBERS Ford Motor Company is pleased to offer Tennessee Farm Bureau members: $500 Bonus Cash* savings off vehicle MSRP toward the purchase or lease of any eligible 2010/2011/2012 Ford or Lincoln vehicle. With this valuable offer, you can enjoy savings on the vehicle of your choice from our exciting new lineup of hard-working and technologically-advanced cars and trucks â€” including the Ford F-150 with its impressive power, fuel efficiency** and best-in-class trailer towing capacity.***
Take advantage of this special $500 offer today by visiting www.fordspecialoffer.com/farmbureau/tn
* Program #33466: $500 Bonus Cash offer exclusively for active Michigan, Missouri, Kentucky and Tennessee Farm Bureau members who are residents of the United States. Offer is valid from 1/4/2011 through 1/3/2012 for the purchase or lease of a new eligible 2010/2011/2012 model year Ford or Lincoln vehicle excluding Mustang Shelby GT/GT500, Edge SE AWD, F-150 Raptor and Taurus SE. This offer may not be used in conjunction with other Ford Motor Company private incentives or AXZD-Plans. Some customer and purchase eligibility restrictions apply. You must be an eligible Farm Bureau member for at least 60 consecutive days and must show proof of membership. Limit one $500 Bonus Cash offer per vehicle purchase or lease. Limit of five new eligible vehicle purchases or leases per Association member during program period. See your Ford or Lincoln Dealer for complete details and qualifications. ** EPA estimated 16 city/23 highway/19 combined MPG 3.7L V6 4x2. *** Class is full size pickups under 8,500 lbs. GVWR, non-hybrid.
1/3/11 4:58 PM
Published on Mar 9, 2011