THE JOINT MULTINATIONAL TRAINING COMMAND special edition
TRAINING IN EUROPE:
MATTERS BECAUSE OUR
RELATIONSHIPS CANNOT BE BUILT VIRTUALLY.”
LTG. DAVID G. PERKINS, COMMANDER, UNITED STATES COMBINED ARMS CENTER
JMTC IS BASED AMONG KEY U.S. ALLIES AND PARTNERS: A FULLY UNIFIED COMMAND
“ITʼS ABOUT ESTABLISHING
WITH OUR PARTNER ARMIES IN EUROPE. ITʼS OUTREACH TO THESE NEW PARTNERS, SPECIFICALLY THOSE IN THE OLD EAS TERN BLOC THAT ARE NOW WORKING VERY CLOSELY WITH US.
EVERYTHING IS ABOUT RELATIONSHIPS.” GEN. RAYMOND T. ODIERNO, CHIEF OF STAFF OF THE UNITED STATES ARMY
SHAPE ENVIRONMENT THE
THE U.S. ARMY IS THE FORCE OF CHOICE FOR TRAINING MULTINATIONAL FORCES IN EUROPE AND AFRICA.
UNIQUE TO THE U.S. ARMY: THE JOINT MULTINATIONAL TRAINING COMMAND
ADVANTAGE TECHNOLOGY, EXPERIENCE THE OF
SIMUL ATIONS, GAMING, LIVE-FIRE AND CONSTRUCTIVE TRAINING, JMTC PROVIDES REALISTIC TRAINING TO U.S. ARMY, JOINT SERVICE, NATO AND ALLIED PARTNER UNITS.
INFORMATION AND CYBER SECURITY CONTINUE TO BUILD ALLIANCES WITH EUROPEAN PARTNER FORCES
CONTINUED ASSISTANCE TO FORCES
IN KOSOVO AND IN AFGHANISTAN
MORE AGILE AND ADAPTABLE 2
THE 7 TH UNITED STATES ARMY Joint Multinational Training Command
JMTC Command Commanding General U.S. Army, Europe Lt. Gen. Donald M. Campbell Jr. U.S. Army, Europe Command Sgt. Maj. David S. Davenport Commander 7th U.S. Army JMTC Col. Bryan L. Rudacille 7th U.S. Army JMTC Command Sgt. Maj. Jeﬀrey R. Huggins
The Training Journal is a digital publication of the JMTC Public Aﬀairs Oﬃce. Editorial views expressed are opinions of the author and do not reﬂect the oﬃcial policy or the position of the 7th U.S. Army JMTC, the U.S. Army, the Department of Defense, or the U.S. Government. This publication is distributed online at: www.eur.army.mil/jmtc Readers are encouraged to send comments and correspondence to: HQ 7th Army JMTC Building 127, Room 107, APO AE 09114 ATTN: Public Aﬀairs or via Bundespost: HQ 7th Army JMTC Lager Grafenwoehr, Geb. 127, 92655 Grafenwoehr ATTN: Public Aﬀairs Telephone: DSN 475-7776 or local commercial: +49 (0) 9641-83-7776 From the U.S.: 011-49-9641-83-7776
THE JOINT MULTINATIONAL TRAINING COMMAND (JMTC) AND THE “PREVENT / SHAPE / WIN” CONCEPT
OVERVIEW: A FULLY UNIFIED COMMAND
THE JMTC TRAINING POPULATION AT A GLANCE
JMTC INTERNATIONAL SUPPORT TO COMBATANT COMMANDS (COCOMS)
OVERVIEW: THE JOINT MULTINATIONAL READINESS CENTER (JMRC) IN HOHENFELS
OVERVIEW: THE TRAINING SUPPORT ACTIVITY EUROPE (TSAE)
EXPORTABLE TRAINING ACROSS EUROPE AND AFRICA
TRAINING AIRPOWER: THE SKIES OVER JMTC
UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES - JMTC LEANS FORWARD 20 OVERVIEW: THE INTERNATIONAL SPECIAL FORCES TRAINING CENTRE IN PFULLENDORF
OVERVIEW: THE JMTC JOINT MULTINATIONAL SIMULATION CENTER
OVERVIEW: THE JMTC NONCOMISSIONED OFFICER ACADEMY IN GRAFENWOEHR
OVERVIEW: THE JMTC COMBINED ARMS TRAINING CENTER IN VILSECK
BY THE NUMBERS: THE 7TH UNITED STATES ARMY EUROPE (USAREUR)
U.S. EUROPEAN COMMAND POINTS THE WAY AHEAD 30
Introduction The Joint Multinational Training Command, also known as JMTC, headquartered in Grafenwoehr, Germany, is one of the most well-equipped and fully capable training centers serving the Army, Air Force and Marines in the U.S. military today. It possesses one of the best and most extensive gunnery complexes found anywhere in the world, has state-of-the-art virtual and constructive simulations facilities, as well as tailored landscapes and urban environments. One of the primary goals of the command is to prepare and strengthen a Soldier’s skills in preparation for deployment to battle, but that is not what makes JMTC truly singular among similar U.S. Army training commands. All share expert instructors, high tech facilities and committed leadership, but what sets it apart and makes JMTC truly unique is its array of facilities in combination with its geography. Surrounded by the highest concentration of U.S. allies and coalition partners found anywhere in the world, JMTC’s central European location allows it to be a force-multiplier and force-enabler shaping the international environment through joint training, creating strong relationships with multinational forces who have been willing and able to ﬁght alongside U.S. forces, as well as contribute to their own stability and security. Ninety percent of the non-U.S. forces ﬁghting in Afghanistan in the past decade are European-based allies, the greater part - more than 85 percent - have passed through the JMTC training areas at Grafenwoehr and Hohenfels. Fully integrated facilities and resources under one uniﬁed command has made the JMTC a focal point for not only its higher headquarters, the United States Army Europe, but for multinational and interagency partners and special operations units as well. Its extensive and successful program of quickly and cost-eﬀectively exporting training - to literally anywhere in the world - has made JMTC into a global training entity, supporting U.S. and multinational forces in Europe, Africa, the Middle East and projecting training power and expertise as far as the Korean peninsula on the Paciﬁc Rim. This edition of the Training Journal endeavors to showcase the numerous facets of JMTC training and the many unique capabilities and facilities consolidated under a single training command that have made the name of the Joint Multinational Training Command synonymous with U.S. and multinational partnership.
Germany Wiesbaden Grafenwoehr Hohenfels Pfullendorf
The “Prevent - Shape - Win” Concept and JMTC
Gen. Raymond T. Odierno Chief of Staﬀ of the Army Speaking at the Joint Base Myer-Henderson Hall, Va., December 16, 2011
“There is much discussion in the halls of the Pentagon these days about the role of the Army, and I’d like to share with you my thoughts on the issue. Without question, ten years of war and today’s austere economic environment will have a profound impact on our Army. But to put it simply: in these uncertain times – perhaps especially in these uncertain times – the Army is central to our nation’s defense. Speciﬁcally, the Army has three roles to play. First, our Army must prevent conﬂict. Prevention requires a credible force with suﬃcient capacity, readiness and modernization. Our ability and will to win any ﬁght cannot be open to challenge. As part of a joint force, we must be clear that we can ﬁght and win across the full spectrum of conﬂict. That means realistic training, expert leaders, modern equipment, and quality Soldiers. Prevention is achieved by convincing your potential opponents that armed conﬂict with your force would be extremely unwise. Our land forces must continue to be a credible force around the globe. Second, our Army must help shape the international environment so our friends are enabled and our enemies contained. We do that by engaging with our partners, fostering mutual understanding through military-to-military
contacts, and helping partners build the capacity to defend themselves. This is an investment in the future, and an investment we cannot aﬀord to forego. It is cultivating friends before you need them, being a reliable, consistent and respectful partner. Finally, we must be ready to win decisively and dominantly. If we do not, we pay the price in American lives. When MacArthur said, ‘In war there is no substitute for victory,’ he was making a plain statement of fact. Nothing else can approach what is achieved by winning, and the consequences of losing at war are usually catastrophic. With so much at stake, the American people will expect what they have always expected of us: to never lightly enter into such a terrible endeavor, but once there to win and win decisively. This “prevent, shape, win” construct captures the Army’s unique role as part of the joint force, and rests upon the capabilities, depth, and vast experience resident within our Army. When combined with the capabilities of the Navy, the Air Force, and the Marines, the United States remains, and will remain, a force to be reckoned with. As we, the Army, continue to adapt to future strategic challenges, including resource constraints, we must ensure suﬃcient attention to each role.”
Prevent Conﬂict: The Joint Multinational Training Command (JMTC) contributes to the national security strategy by setting conditions through training that will ultimately prevent future conﬂicts. Prevention requires a force with credibility, which we provide through training for increased readiness and capability in our own formations as well as those of our multinational partners. Shape the International Environment: The Joint Multinational Training Command is a key enabler for the exercise programs of U.S. Army Europe and U.S. European Command. Through the use of training and exercises we enable access to strategic locations throughout the region. The training provided to our multinational partners increases their ability to operate in complex, dynamic and unpredictable environments as well as contribute to their own national security. This creates strong relationships and ensures interoperable allies and partners who are willing and able to ﬁght alongside us well into the future. Win our Nation’s Wars: Through building strong multinational relationships and by adapting to future strategic challenges, the Joint Multinational Training Command plays a key role in providing ready and capable troops to the combatant commander. The dynamic, evolving and relevant training provided at this central European location ensures that the U.S. Army, its sister services and multinational partners will continue to dominantly and decisively win our nation’s wars.
JMTC training capabilities: Always evolving, always synchron INDIVIDUAL AND COLLECTIVE TRAINING FROM SOLDIER TO 3-STAR COMMAND
A FULLY UNIFIE
nized, always serving the training needs of the war ﬁghter
COMBAT TRAINING CENTER Decisive Action Training Environment Mission Rehearsal Exercises Kosovo Force (KFOR) Georgia Defense Initiative NATO Police and Military Advisory Teams Air-Ground Integration Training
SIMULATION CENTER Cyber Training Mission Command Training Program Intelligence Training Functional/Multifunctional Brigade Command Post Exercises Gaming Mission Command Program JMTC’s Digital University Media Training
HOMESTATION TRAINING Qualiﬁcation Ranges Integrated Training Area Management (ITAM) Training Aids and Devices Photo Documentation Support, Graphic and Multimedia Support Services Tactical Engagement and Virtual Simulators
INSTITUTIONAL TRAINING Live-Fire Ranges Counter Improvised Explosive Device Training Noncommissioned Oﬃcer Academy Combined Arms Training Center Functional Training Professional Military Education
OTECTING AMERICA’S HOMEFRONT - FORWARD
Our Training Population: JOINT MULTINATIONAL TRAINING COMMAND SUPPORT IS GLOBAL
european-based joint service partners: navy, marine, air force and special operations forces commands. rotational forces from conus: regionally aligned forces in support of the nato kosovo mission.
28 nato countries and 20 european partnership for peace countries
europeanbased title x forces combatant commands, interagency and intergovernmental agencies as well as global ngos
africanbased joint service partners and local ngos
european allies and eastern european partners
COMBAT TRAINING CENTER
Providing International Support to COCOMS INDIVIDUAL AND COLLECTIVE TRAINING FROM SOLDIER TO 3-STAR COMMAND
eucom northcom centcom
jmtc’s global support The Joint Multinational Training Command is the European Command’s (EUCOM) training arm across Europe. Its training capabilities, unique location and expertise are regularly called upon from outside its area of responsibility. For the non-military reader to begin to appreciate the scope of JMTC’s reach in support of its sister commands around the globe it’s essential to understand the fundamental concept of the Uniﬁed Combatant Command. In short, a Uniﬁed Combatant Command (UCC) is a United States Department of Defense command that is composed of forces from a minimum of two Military Departments and has a broad and continuing mission. These commands are established to provide eﬀective command of U.S. military forces globally, regardless of branch of service, in peace and war.
With the creation of AFRICOM in 2008, there are six Uniﬁed Combatant Commands with regional responsibilities, and three which have functional responsibilities. Each command is led by a four-star general or admiral. The chain of command decends from the President, then through the Secretary of Defense to the Combatant Commanders. Of these, JMTC regularly supports ﬁve: In Europe, Africa, the Middle East, the Paciﬁc (Asia), and North America. The cost eﬀective and exportable capabilities of JMTC training and its central, stable, European location make it a unique entity, closer to potential conﬂicts and the world’s trouble spots, and a manyfaceted tool in carrying out the ‘Prevent, Shape, Win’ concept that will deﬁne the U.S. Army through the next decade of realignment and transformation.
LOCATION MATTERS 9
The Joint Multinational Readiness Center in Hohenfels - the U.S. Army since 2008, more than 100,000 personnel have trained at jmrc, with more than one-third from nato and multinational partner countries. multifaceted
Using the Army’s Decisive Action Training Environment (DATE) or deployment-speciﬁc operational environments, combined with state-of-the-art simulations and instrumentation, JMRC is able to prepare units to face a wide range of threats on any battleﬁeld.
The Joint Multinational Readiness Center is the European-based Combat Training Center with a worldwide mobile training capability that trains U.S. and multinational-partner leaders, staﬀs and units up to Brigade Combat Teams to dominate Uniﬁed Land Operations anywhere in the world.
Founded by the German army in 1938, the Hohenfels Training Area has been home to U.S. Soldiers since 1951. The Hohenfels Training Area became home of the Combat Maneuver Training Center in 1988, providing realistic force-on-force training for U.S. Army Europe’s maneuver battalions. It was subsequently transformed and renamed the Joint Multinational Readiness Center in 2005. Unique to other combat training centers, JMRC provides U.S. units the opportunity to train alongside multinational partners regularly, enhancing interoperability, and creating and strengthening relationships among current and future coalition forces.
yâ€™s only Combat Training Center outside the continental United States jmrc online: www.eur. army.mil.jmrc
ideal for joint maneuvers
the joint multinational readiness center hohenfels training area 163 square kilometers 198 miles of road
1,345 buildings 1 airfield
multiple urban environments
10 towns, 4 cave complexes. 3 Forward Operating Bases. 6 Combat Outposts. 3 drop zones for airborne ops. Counter-IED training area. Short take-off/landing air strip.
More than 150 CCTV cameras to capture action throughout the training area. Tactical analyst cells used in capturing data, imagery and observations for use in AfterAction Reviews.
optimal for air operations
A 700 Soldier Opposing Force Battalion capable of replicating conventional, irregular and insurgent forces, as well as local mafia and criminal networks. More than 60 full-time Civilians on the Battlefield (COBs) with up to 800 contractors available as role-players when needed. More than160 functioning nontactical vehicles.
A fully outfitted Media Center ( TV, radio, newspaper, etc.) available to replicate hostile press/radio/television/social media environments. Full capability to replicate a complete joint, interagency, intergovernmental and patchwork multinational environments, mirroring real-world conflicts and scenarios.
The Joint Multinational Readiness Center in Hohenfels - the U.S MOUSE OVER FOR MORE INFORMATION ON SPECIFIC TRAINING FEATURES
Located in the geographic center of the highest concentration of U.S. allies in the world, the Joint Multinational Readiness Center in Hohenfels, Germany, is one of only three Combat Training Center in the U.S. Army and the only one located outside the U.S. GATE 4
MUD HUT VILLAGE
AAR 7 KITTENSEE
BASE CAMP WEST
AAR 6 GEROLDSEE SHOOTHOUSE
The combination of strong partner relationships and lethal combat power developed through training at JMRC contribute to national security now and in the future.
GATE 1 GATE 2
Growing Operational Adaptability
JMRC’s ability to replicate a complex threat environment with a full complement of joint, interagency, intergovernmental and multinational enablers trains units to shape conditions and respond eﬀectively in a competitive and unpredictable security environment.
Building Partner Capacity
Enhancing the capabilities of, and interoperability with, our multinational partners contributes to the lethality of current and future coalition forces to dominate and win on the battleﬁeld.
S. Army’s only Combat Training Center outside the United States jmrc online: www.eur.army.mil.jmrc
mud hut village
62 miles due north (1 hour by by military convoy or approx. 15 minutes helicopter).
GATE 1 ENSLWANG AAR 4
BASE CAMP EAST
AAR 3 UEBUNGSDORF
AAR 2 GATE 8 AAR 1
D EALA ST NE
Training Support Activity Europe: Greater than the sum of its 28 local training areas f 54 small arms ranges The Training Support Activity Europe, better known by its acronym, TSAE, is an integral part and key enabler of JMTC’s training in Europe, and is increasingly being called upon to support U.S. and multinational training in Africa. Versatile, cost-eﬀective and forward-looking programs and training solutions are what JMTC looks to TSAE to provide, quickly and eﬀectively in an rapidly changing world where conﬂicts must be anticipated.
suppo sold Fire Support - CFFT
- AVCATTT - TBOS
- Land Navigation - Rough Terrain - Military Vehicle Driver’s Course - Obstacle Course
- Convoy Reaction - Drop Zones - MOUT Sites - Maneuver - FARP
THE TSAE MISSION: Our mission is to identify, acquire, manage and sustain the resources required to support training within the U.S. Army Europe area of responsibility. Our 13 Training Support Centers, divided among 5 European nations, give TSAE the unparalleled ability to support a wide variety of training in numerous diverse locations. We provide military units in Europe access to the most modern resources - whether it be virtual simulators or deployable instrumentation - while at the same time making sure that our ranges are managed and conserved to be both environmentally friendly and fully sustainable for future training.
Multiple Integrated Laser System (MILES)
Deployable Instrument System Europe (DISE)
force-on-force field packages
Ultimate Maneuver/ Close Combat Mission Kit
training aid production center (tapc)
Non-standard Training Aids
- Models and Replicas
s parts, JMTC’s engine for U.S. / multinational cooperation.
training aids and devices
ort to diers Crew-Served
Small Arms Aerial
- Claymore - Grenades - Inert Mines - Anti-tank weapons - Civilian and military clothing
- Mega Code Kelly - Simulated (SIM) Man - Wound replication - Ultimate Heart Man
Civilian Interaction Training
deployable range packages A Range in a Box
integrated training area management
- Deployable training simulations, devices, equipment and subjectmatter experts assembled in a mobile package, conﬁgured for shipment and quick installation anywhere in Europe or Africa
- Escalation of Force Kits - Translators - Traﬃc Control - Civil Disturbance Response
Counter-IED Training - CREW
Land Rehabilitation and Maintenance
- IEDES - UXO Kits
- Maintain long-term viability - Increase maneuver lands - Enhance realistic training
Sustainable Range Awareness - Educate all stakeholders to ensure continual training capability - Support to Theater Security Cooperation activities
Geographic Information System - State-of-the-art mapping - Digital spacial info products - Provide aerial and satellite imagery for training
Oﬃcial Military Audio-Visual Photos Equipment Loan
Graphics and Multimedia
Photo and Video Documentation
Training Support Activity Europe (TSAE): Exporting Tra SUSTAINING THE EXPEDITIONARY MINDSET
United Kingdom Poland
Czech Republic Slovakia Austria
Bosnia and Herzegovina
NOW BRANCHING OUT IN SUPPORT OF AFRICA - AS WELL AS TO OTHER THEATERS OUTSIDE EUROPE. Today TSAE is taking mobile expeditionary training expertise to new partners and allies in Africa as well as Europe.
Continents shown not to relative scale. African states visited in FY 2012: Botswana, Ghana,Kenya, Namibia, Swaziland, South Africa and Tanzania.
aining to Multinational Forces across Europe and Africa MULTINATIONALS REIMBURSE TSAE TO TRAIN THEIR FORCES
EXPEDITIONARY TRAINING: A FLEXIBLE AND COST EFFECTIVE OPTION for NATO FORCES
Because training U.S. and allied forces together in the United States is logistically cost prohibitive, TSAE developed an eﬀective low-cost alternative where U.S. and multinational Soldiers train and conduct exercises together prior to peace-keeping missions or combat deployment to Afghanistan and Kosovo. The initial Expeditionary Training Concept (ETC) has evolved over the years into one of JMTC’s most successful programs, providing innovation in an era of shrinking budgets by combining the ideas and training ingenuity of TSAE professionals, capitalizing on JMTC’s proximity to U.S. allies and partners. The Expeditionary Training Concept provides TSAE the ability to create a homestation-like training environment anywhere in the world. Experienced subject-matter experts deploy and establish a realistic training environment in the training unit’s own country. This method of providing training is being used by the U. S. Army, Air Force and Marine units in support of U.S. European and Africa Command’s goals. It improves coalition interoperability and enhance combat readiness with NATO partners. Through U.S. Army Africa regional and joint combined exercises to improve readiness, build partner capacity and strengthen relationships between U.S., European and African partner nations. Training Support Center Locations
IN THE BOX: - JMTC subject-matter experts and training professionals. + - Simulators. Self-contained, mobile virtual training environments programmed and equiped to virtually recreate a variety of realistic combat scenarios. The modules are designed to ﬁt and travel in a standard shipping container anywhere in the world. + - Models and Devices. Includes fabricated mock-vehicles, town facades and a variety of weapons facsimiles, props and targetry. + - A Military Operations HQ equipped to function as a fully operational deployed training support center. + - The Deployable Instrumentation System Europe, or DISE, a digital instrumented training enabler which provides instant, digital three-dimensional feedback to all training participants.
TSAE Expeditionary Support Locations
INSTANT, DIGITAL FEEDBACK The Deployable Instrumentation System, Europe, (DISE) provides real-time assessment of training to commanders in the ﬁeld.
DEPLOYABLE RANGE PACKAGES A Range in a Box. Deployable training simulations, devices and subject-matter experts assembled in a mobile package ready for shipment anywhere abroad.
Training Airpower: The crowded skies over JMTC Grafenw PICTURED: JMTC GRAFENWOEHR
By special provision of the German government, JMTC’s Grafenwoehr and Hohenfels training areas enjoy a unique military-restricted airspace, making them ideal for training the full array of U.S. and multinational airpower yeararound and unlimited up to 60,00 feet. The two training areas maintain three airﬁelds capable of supporting aircraft up to the C-130 cargo plane. Under construction in JMTC’s south camp is a fully equipped Shadow UAV facility scheduled for completion in the summer of 2013.
a u.s. air force f-15e from ramstein enters jmtc airspace on a live-fire bombing run. soldiers board a c-130 prior to a parachute drop exercise over jmtc’s bunker drop zone.
the grafenwoehr army airfield is a fully equipped all-weather airfield with radar coverage up to 60,000 ft.
a u.s. A-10 tank-killer flying out of spangdahlem leaves jmtc airspace after a live-fire bombing run into impact area a.
a hunter uav drone flies circles during a training mission. jmtc is the only european-based uav/uas facility available to u.s. forces.
a german luftwaffe eurofighter typhoon flies into jmtc airspace. nato aircraft have access to jmtc ranges.
an ac-130 spectre fires thousands of rounds as it banks left and flies around a target in impact area b.
a group of ah-64 apaches prepare to fire guns and hellfire missles into impact area a.
woehr and JMRC Hohenfels
4 12,000 ft
2 200 ft
PREPARING FOR TOMORROW’S MISSIONS TODAY Unmanned Aerial Systems, commonly known to military personnel as UASs, or “drones” to civilians, have existed since at least 1916, but advances in technology in the last decade have made them the U.S. Army’s reliable, versatile, lethal tool of choice for sudden-strike, aerial reconnaissance and intelligence gathering. By special provision of the German government, the 7th Army Joint Multinational Training Command’s (JMTC’s) training areas at Grafenwoehr and Hohenfels enjoy a unique military-restricted airspace, making them ideal for the testing and training of unmanned aerial systems and their operators as well as the full array of U.S. and multinational airpower year-around and unlimited up to 60,000 feet. JMTC maintains three airﬁelds capable of supporting aircraft from the small Raven UAS (below) to the C-130 cargo plane. JMTC completed it’s fully equipped UAS facility, located at Rose Barracks, in October of 2013.
Unmanned Aerial Systems currently ﬂying at JMTC:
the raven Wingspan: 4 feet Top speed: 60 mph Range: 5.6 miles Altitude: 500 feet Air time: 90 minutes The Raven, which weighs only 5 pounds, is launched into the air by throwing like a javelin. It’s carried by ground units in the ﬁeld that need immediate awareness of their battleﬁeld surroundings.
Wingspan: 29 feet Top speed: 140 mph Range: 200 miles Altitude: 18,000 feet Air time: 21 hours
Wingspan: 13 feet Top speed: 126 mph Range: 77 miles Altitude: 16,000 feet Air time: 9 hours
The Hunter UAS started duty under EUCOM in 1999 in support of NATO operations in Kosovo as the Army’s short range UAS intelligence gathering system for division and corps commanders.
Sometimes called the little sister of the lethal Predator, the Shadow is launched by catapult and requires no runway for take oﬀ. The Shadow is the proven reliable reconnaissance/surveillance workhorse of choice of U.S. Army forces in Afghanistan.
Anticipating the training of the future: The total percentage of all Department of Defense aircraft has gone from 95% manned in 2005 to 57% manned in 2013.
Total number of DoD manned aircraft in 2013: 14,340
Total number of UAV unmanned aircraft in 2013: 7,940 (Nearly half of that number are shoulder-launched Ravens owned by the U.S. Army)
the kzo Wingspan: 4 feet Top speed: 62 mph Range: 108 miles Altitude: 3,500 feet Air time: 3.5 hours
SOURCE: DoD Annual Aviation Inventory and Funding Plan FY 2013-2024
the luna Wingspan: 12 feet Top speed: 45 mph Range: 60 miles Altitude: 11,500 feet Air time: 8 hours
unmanned- but not unpiloted.
Remotely piloted unmanned aerial system (UAS) vehicle ﬂights are continuously and closely monitored by trained, military professionals from the moment of take-oﬀ The KZO is the Bundeswehr’s German-made The Luna X 2000 is a state-of-the-art German until landing. Every UAS has a primary as intelligence and reconnaissance UAS designed close reconnaissance UAS designed to transmit well as a back-up operator on duty during to function exclusively as an observation drone still images and high resolution live-feed video. the duration of any UAS training or operawith no weapons-carrying capability. When properly outﬁtted, the Luna is capable of tional ﬂights at JMTC. jamming radio or radar signals.
jmtc has the only unmanned aerial vehicle facility available to u.s. forces in europe.
Overview: The International Special Forces Training Cent THE EXPANDING GLOBAL ROLE OF SPECIAL FORCES: JMTC TRAINS MO
Special Operations Forces play a crucial role in modern warfare. The International Special Training Centre (ISTC) in Pfullendorf, Germany, provides centralized training for U.S., NATO and multinational Special Forces units throughout Europe. The International Special Training Centre employs a uniquely experienced and dedicated group of multinational instructors to ensure ISTC students learn the skills they need to achieve mission success in the 21st century.
Soldiers from nine member nations - Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Turkey and the United States - make up the cadre of instructors and students at the ISTC. ISTC aims to reduce and share training costs through centralization of advanced training of Special Forces and similar units and enhance the knowledge of operations of those units/personnel through an intensive exchange of knowledge and experience.
tre in Pfullendorf, Germany RE THAN 1,000 SOLDIERS EVERY YEAR
2013 COURSE LIST • CONDUCT AFTER CAPTURE COURSE • MILITARY ASSISTANCE COURSE • SPECIAL OPERATIONS TACTICAL GROUP - OPERATIONS PLANNING • BASIC CLOSE QUARTER BATTLE • ADVANCED CLOSE QUARTER BATTLE COURSE • ADVANCED MEDICAL FIRST RESPONDERS COURSE • ADVANCED CASUALTY SUSTAINMENT COURSE • TACTICAL COMBAT CASUALTY CARE • BASIC SNIPER COURSE • HIGH ANGLE / URBAN SNIPER COURSE MOBILE TRAINING • • • •
Sniper Refresher Course Advanced Medical First Responder Advanced Casualty Sustainment Care Special Operations Tactical Group Operations Planning Course
All courses executed with ISTC MTTs can be tailored to meet each unit's needs.
Visit us online at:
Overview: The Joint Multinational Simulation Center (JMSC)
LEVERAGING THE POWER OF SIMULATIONS TO TRAIN IN A RESOURCE CON
Simulations at the Joint Multinational Simulations Center are much more than just computer games. JMSC simulations replicate reality and oﬀer the instant feedback Soldiers require to hone their decision-making skills. JMSC provides a variety of training that replicates a variety of situations that allow Soldiers to experience realistic scenarios without endangering either life or equipment, and at proven cost savings to the U.S. Army. COMMAND POST EXERCISES
JMSC literally creates realistic, challenging training environments and scenarios for commanders and their staﬀs using sophisticated, life-like constructive simulations in preparation for peace-keeping of combat.
JMSC is a constantly evolving learning organization that adapts to a continuously changing environment while incorporating technical innovations to provide service, joint, interagency and multinational capabilities across the European Command area of responsibility and around the globe. Whether it's teaching tactics at the Digital University or complex strategy through the Battle Command Training Program, JMSC has the resources to leverage the power of technology to train Soldiers for war and peace.
MISSION COMMAND TRAINING
JMSC teaches the art and science of mission success by the practical application of leadership, communication trust and highlighting aspects of situational awareness to dispel the “fog or war”.
JMSC has seamless connectivity to other services simulations, for example, the Air Forces’ virtual air support trainer, to create a truly full spectrum training environment.
SMALL UNIT TRAINING
SOLDIER ACCUSED BY VILLAGERS JMTC SIM CENTER NETWORK
15:38 GMT - Grafenwoehria, Barkatopia
JMSC provides media training from Senior Oﬃcer to JMSC is adept at creating a variety of simulation models JMSC provides units simulation tools which focus on Soldier level by creating contemporary scenarios from that replicate the diﬃculties and missions that military tactics and techniques for key training events prior to real-life events drawn from today’s lead stories. intelligence professionals confront everyday. live training, signiﬁcantly reducing training costs.
THE NEXT BATTLEFIELD: TRAINING TO DEFEAT STATE AND NON-STATE SPONSORED CYBER ATTACKS A cyber-attack is not a speciﬁc weapon but can be thought of as a strategy, and is capable of performing any number of functions, from directly hacking information and dispersing false information, to destroying data and even computer hardware, industrial machinery and even causing the blackout of an entire regional or city grid. The former of these two ranges is commonly referred to as cyber-espionage while the latter is called a cyber attack. The Joint Multinational Simulation Center provides the latest up-to-theminute training which is designed to detect, counter and destroy both espionage attempts and attack on military and military support systems.
number of cyber attacks, in 2012 by location: china
JMSC updates and develops training that smoothly integrates joint, multinational and coalition leaders at all levels through gaming, then synthesizing, a diverse family of networks and operations into exercises.
EXPORTABLE TRAINING PACKAGES
LIFE-LIKE FORCE PROTECTION AND
Exportable training and subject-matter expertise that ANTI-TERRORISM EXERCISES is tailored and delivered quickly and cost eﬀectively to Recreating speciﬁc conditions and scenarios with striking any location to meet a unit’s requirements. Today JMSC ﬁdelity to train local law enforcment and community packs and ships training on a continental scale. leaders in the latest force-protection techniques.
see above video
VIRTUAL BATTLESPACE 2
SAVINGS TO THE U.S. TAXPAYER
Via digital training conducted during pre-deployment The latest technology is used and updated to prepare Soldiers beneﬁt directly from training with simulations units do not spend time in-theater accomplishing tasks and help units coordinate and anticipate the battle- but they also cut costs in a myriad of ways such as prethat JMSC accurately replicates for them in garrison. ﬁeld environment prior to deployment. venting injuries, vehicle damages and lower fuel costs.
INTERCONTINENTAL EXERCISES: JMSC IS A CENTRAL PLAYER
JMSC is the European hub that regularly The Hague, facilitates intercontinental exercises Netherlands Bydgoszcz, Poland such a Uniﬁed Endeavor, a multi-tiered Fort Campbell, Ky. Suﬀolk, Va. mission command post exercise with more than 1,800 participants across Grafenwoehr, Germany North America and Europe. Exercises Vincenza, Italy such as Uniﬁed Endeavor are where Camp Lejeune, N.C. allied forces commanders train together prior to deployment to Afganistan. Hurlbut Field, Fla. Fort Hood, Texas
Leaders Training Leaders: The 7th Army JMTC Noncomm NAL TRAIN TIO I NG NA
A ND MM CO
WHERE U.S. AND MULTINATIONAL SOLDIERS and JUNIOR LEADERS FORGE L
R I T E D S TAT E S A
JMTC NC OA EST.
Enhancing U.S. and multinational partnerships. total graduates in
f y 2012
NONCOMMISSIONED OFFICER’S ACADEMY MISSION The 7th Army Noncommissioned Officer’s Academy trains future leaders who are disciplined and embody the Army Values required to successfully lead at the team and squad levels. The Academy inspires Soldiers to be creative thinkers, adaptive, physically fit, mentally tough and resilient. The Academy trains U.S. and multinational Soldiers to the Sergeants Major Academy curriculum and fosters a conducive learning environment where leaders are held accountable for their actions both on and off duty.
u.s. army graduates
Building training capacity for U.S. and coalition forces.
Shaping the NCO Corps for current and future operations.
Continuous incorporation of downrange lessons-learned.
missioned Oﬃcer’s Academy in Grafenwoehr
LASTING FRIENDSHIPS PRIOR TO DEPLOYMENTS
HOW WE SHOW WHAT RIGHT LOOKS LIKE: the joint multinational training command
WARRIOR LEADER COURSE
22 days instruction 3 modules 165 academic hours 10 courses per year 290-324
students per course
Risk Management After-Action Review Training Management Conduct Individual Training Health and Fitness Drill and Ceremonies Supply Procedures
The Warrior Leader Course is a 22-day branch course, taught at a Regional NCO Academy in a live-in environment, using classroom instruction put in to practice, followed by handson performance training that will culminate in a 36-hour extensive Situational Training Exercise (STX). Small Group Leaders and Senior Small Group Leaders assess leadership potential and evaluate student capability to apply lessons-learned throughout the course while leading Soldiers in garrison or tactical environments.
REGULARLY ATTEND THE
Commandant’s Orientation Army Physical Fitness Test Introduction to Warrior Leader Course Army Leadership Developmental Counseling WAR FIGHTING MODULE: Army Correspondence History of the Army and the NCO Small Unit Combat Operations According to The Law of War NCO Evaluation Report Combat Orders Sexual Harrassment Prevention Training Team / Squad Movement Techniques Personnel Recovery Tactical Operations of Culture Tactical Reports and Requests Resilience Casualty Evacuation Military Justice and Discipline War Fighting Exam Suicide Prevention for Junior Leaders Situational Training Exercise (STX) Leadership Exam Map Reading Ethical Problem Solving Land Navigation NCO Initiatives
JMTC NCO ACADEMY
The JMTC Combined Arms Training Center (CATC) serving the u.s. european command (eucom) and u.s. africa command (africom). more than 5,500 multinational soldiers have received specialized functional training at the catc since 2003 .
CATC Graduates by Nation: NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY (NATO) COUNTRIES 5,019 TOTAL
czech rep 255
INTERNATIONAL PARTNERSHIP FOR PEACE COUNTRIES 233 TOTAL
JOINT INTERSERVICE DEPARTMENTS 457 TOTAL
air force: 407
JMTC’s Combined Arms Training Center is the 7th U.S. Army’s proponent for the Army Training Requirements and Resources System (ATRRS) and the Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) Distributed Learning Program.
The methodolgy of instruction ranges from classroom learning, to weapons familiarization on nearby JMTC ranges, to teaching battleﬁeld medical lifesaving skills in simulated combat scenarios. Flexible mobile training teams and distance learning programs supplement on-site classes at JMTC’s Rose Barracks in Vilseck. The center regularly tailors courses to meet Soldiers needs and provides individual institutional training for USAREUR Soldiers, DA civilians and a rapidly growing number of multinational students through resident and online training, and deployment of mobile training teams.
The Combined Arms Training Center is JMTC's schoolhouse for advanced Soldier training. The center oﬀers more than 70 resident, non-resident and online courses in areas that cover weapons, maintenance, administration and professional development. Keeping Soldiers' professional skills sharp is a key priority for the U.S. Army in Europe. The 7th Army Combined Arms Training Center, known by its acronym, CATC, oﬀers a diverse and contemporary curriculum of courses to meet the needs of the U.S., NATO and allied forces deployed across the globe.
By the numbers: The 7 th U.S. Army Europe (USAREUR) AT THE CENTER OF THE HIGHEST CONCENTRATION OF U.S. ALLIES AND PARTNERS
A COMMAND IN TRANSFORMATION The 7th United States Army Europe (USAREUR) has changed dramatically since the end of the Cold War and so has its mission. Reduced by 80 percent since 1990, USAREUR today trains, deploys, and supports U.S. objectives across the U.S. European Command (EUCOM) 51-country area of responsibility, which reaches from Italy to Russia, Denmark to Azerbaijan, as well as Israel. By virtue of its unique global placement, the command today provides growing support to AFRICOM and CENTCOM. CAPABLE, COMMITTED PARTNERS Because USAREUR is centrally placed and surrounded by the highest concentration of U.S. allies on earth, it is both cost eﬀective and practical that America and its European allies are trained and capable of operating side by side in an array of operations that ensure common goals and security. Along with EUCOM and its Air, Naval and Marine components, USAREUR’s presence reaﬃrms European allies and emerging nation partners of U.S. commitment to mutual security. This same commitment is reciprocated and reﬂected in the vast numbers of nonU.S. troops serving in Afghanistan, the overwhelming majority of whom are from European NATO countries and our non-NATO European-nation multinational partners. TRAINING TOGETHER IS THE KEY Annually there are 25 multinational training events at the Joint Multinational Training Command (JMTC) in Grafenwoehr and Hohenfels, Germany, and JMTC personnel regularly participate in more than 1,000 theater security cooperation events in 42 countries.
NUMBER OF NATIONS PARTICIPATING IN USAREUR-LED EXERCISES IN 2012.
AS OF 2013, THE ENTIRE U.S. MILITARY POPULATION STATIONED IN EUROPE (80,718 OF ALL FORCES) COULD NOT TO FILL UP A LARGE U.S. FOOTBALL STADIUM. THE ENTIRE JMTC COMMUNITY OF 10,325 SOLDIERS, ET AL., WOULD STILL NOT FILL THE UPPER BALCONY OF THE PENN STATE STADIUM.
600 75,000 DEPLOYED
NUMBER OF LIVES LOST BY EUROPEAN PARTNER NATIONS IN SUPPORT OF U.S. FORCES IN IRAQ AND AFGHANISTAN SINCE 2001.
3 4 OUT OF
NUMBER OF NON US VETOWIELDING MEMBERS OF THE U.N. SECURITY COUNCIL FROM THE USAREUR AREA OF RESPONSIBILITY.
NUMBER OF USAREUR SOLDIERS TO COMBAT ZONES SINCE 2003.
14 BILLION AMOUNT EXCEEDED, IN DOLLARS, IN 2013
SPENT BY EUROPEAN NATIONS IN COMBAT EXPENDITURES IN AFGHANISTAN SINCE 2001.
NUMBER OF BASE AND SITE CLOSURES IN EUROPE SINCE 1990.
COALITION FORCES IN AFGHANISTAN
THAT COME FROM
TOTAL PERCENTAGE OF THOSE TROOPS WHO WERE TRAINED AT JMTC.
PERCENTAGE OF THOSE TROOPS WHO WERE TRAINED AT JMTC IN 2011.
THE LAST WORD:
General Phillip M. Breedlove: Supreme Allied Commander Europe and commander, U.S. European Command “Forward-deployed forces are absolutely critical. There is no substitute for them -- you don’t get the responsiveness you need from Stateside forces. Our forward-stationed forces establish those relationships -- those relationships equal the access we need so we can do the things we need to do in Europe, the eastern Mediterranean and northern Africa. Without that access, without that trust, we can’t accomplish the mission.” “The NATO Alliance has evolved from a Cold War construct to one with ambitious aspirations and capabilities after integrating former Warsaw Pact and Eastern European Soviet Republics and building an out of area expeditionary capability. As EUCOM Commander, my challenge is to work diligently to support the broader U.S. effort to ensure that the Alliance makes the right choices to maintain its capability, capacity, and credibility.” “EUCOM is committed to continue building on and maintaining critical gains in interoperability achieved with European allies over the past 12 years of war. “We cannot rebalance or re-pivot towards Asia without Europe.” “We intend to keep pressure on our ability to train together and keep this standard of excellence high so we can continue to remain interchangeable.”
photo credits / acknowledgments cover
SPC Wayne Becton
SSG Pablo Piedra
SPC Stephen Soloman
SPC Michael Pfaff
inside front cover
SPC Tristan Bolden
Mr. Markus Rauchenberger
SPC Christopher Hubert
Capt. Marie Noelle Blanchet (CAF)
SSG Pablo Piedra
SPC Tristan Bolden
Mr. Richard Bumgardner
SSG Adam Mancini page 1
SPC Michael Pfaff
Mr. Michael Beaton
VBS2 screenshot courtesy of JMSC
SPC Michael Pfaff page 2 Mr. Christian Marquardt Mr. Marcus Rauchenberger Ms. Gertrud Zach page 3 SSG Andy M. Kin SPC Kalie Jones Mr. Christian Marquardt
page 13 GySgt. Alexis Mulero Mr. Michael Beaton JMRC ITACSS VIPERS SPC Kalie Jones SFC Tyrone Walker SGT Michael Reinsch SSG Adam Mancini JMRC ITACSS VIPERS
page 26 and 27 Photos courtesy of NCOA SSgt. Jason T. Bailey page 28 Graphic page 29
Ms. Gertrud Zach
pages 14 and 15
Mr. Marcus Rauchenberger
Photos courtesy of TSAE, JMRC ITACSS VIPERS
SSG Lyttleton Yates SSG Adam Mancini
JMTC PAO, USAREUR PAO
page 17 Mr. Tom Budzyna
Mr. Robert McIlvane pages 6 and 7 Graphic, No photos page 8 Mr. Gary L. Kiefer SPC Michael Pfaff Mr. Christian Marquardt Ms. Gertrud Zach
pages 18 and 19 Video: courtesy of AFN Bavaria
Ms. Gertrud Zach SFC Michael Guillory UAV model photos courtesy of U.S. Department of Defense Imagery, used with permission page 21 UAV model and photo courtesy of the German Bundeswehr, used with permission
Mr. Markus Rauchenberger JMRC ITACSS VIPERS Ms. Gertrud Zach
pages 22 and 23 Splash photo: SSG Tyler Placie
SPC Joshua Leonard SSG Gina Vaile-Nelson JMRC ITACSS VIPERS Mr. Gary L. Kiefer SPC Christopher Hubert Mr. Gary L. Kiefer Mr. Michael Beaton SPC Eric Garland
back cover Ms. Gertrud Zach Mr. Markus Rauchenberger SSG Pablo Piedra Mr. Michael Beaton Mr. Richard Bumgartner SPC Joshua Leonard SSG Joel Salgado JMRC ITACSS VIPERS
page 9 Graphic
MR. Davor Kirin, NATO
page 22 and 23 Mr. Michael Beaton PFC Ethan Anderson Ms. Paula Guzman All other photos courtesy of International Special Forces Training Centre, Pfullendorf
The JMTC Training Journal would like to thank the following individuals for their assistance compiling this special edition : CPT Aleksander Faberov MAJ Aaron Culp Mr. Steve Shaw Mr. Garld Graves Mr. Jason Bowman Mr. Jeremy Buddemeir CPL Cameron Kingsbury LTC John Koch LTC James Snyder Mr. Anthony Young MAJ Will Griffen Ms. Angela Wellein Mr. Robert Claflin
MATTERS "WE WILL CONTINUE TO SHAPE THE ENVIRONMENT, IN AFRICOM AND IN EUCOM, AS WELL AS CENTCOM. UNITS IN USAREUR CAN HELP US DO THIS; THAT始S WHAT BUILDING PARTNER CAPACITY IS ABOUT. IT'S ABOUT THE COMBINATION OF EXERCISES AT ALL LEVELS. . . BUILDING MILITARY-TO-MILITARY, ARMY-TO-ARMY RELATIONSHIPS WITH MANY NATIONS."
GEN. RAYMOND T. ODIERNO CHIEF OF STAFF OF THE UNITED STATES ARMY
THE 7TH UNITED STATES ARMY JOINT MULTINATIONAL TRAINING COMMAND