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Vol : 06 Issue 04 June - July 2016

THE INDIAN LION IS TAKING A GIANT STEP FORWARD

Manufacturers of : Now Introduction in 75gsm

PVC PLASTISOL INK Dye Sublimation Heat Transfer Paper (100 gsm Paper)

Size available 24”, 32”, 36”, 44”, 54”, 63”, 64”, 72”

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C-9/26, 1St Floor, Sector 15, Rohini, Delhi 110 085, India. +91 98997 11889 (Rahul Aggarwal) / +91 95604 13034 (Pawan Goyal)

E Mail.: rahulagg9@yahoo.co.in


INKJET SOLUTIONS

The complete Sublimation Printing Solutions Dye Sublimation Printer

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DYE SUBLIMATION PRINTING SOLUTIONS

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DURATECH AUTOMATION PVT. LTD. Plot No. 74, VMC Industrial Estate, Umela Phata, Vasai (West), Maharashtra, India 401 210. Tel.: +91-250-6555034, 93215 27113, 93215 27131 e-mail: info@unitech-india.net or www.unitech-india.net


Natraj Industries Manufacturer & Distributor of

Sapphire International Paper Photokina Screen Chemicals Printo Offset Chemicals All Paper Items Printing Inks Plastic Printing Sheet Wedding Cards & General order supplier.

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Baralal Street, Behind By Lane Mewara Kunj, Behind By Lane Seva Sadan, Upper Bazar, Ranchi (Jharkhand) - 834001 E-mail : natrajindustriesrnc@gmail.com

Website : www.natrajin.com

Mr. Pawan Jhunjhunwala 9304020130 / 8676058090 / 0651-2201098

Mr. Raghav Jhunjhunwala 9431957882 / 9431957883

Member of

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1/2, Dhariwal Avenue, Plot No.343, Road No. 18, Jawahar Nagar, Goregaon (West), Mumbai - 400062. I N D I A Tel: + 91 22 28771440 / 9320781115 E-mail : info@andglobal.in / sales@andglobal.in


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Adeptec Tel No. : 91-22-25660389/25660504 Mobile : 09322259905 Email : support@adeptecindia.com


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Silky, soft, tactile finish Anti-reflective flat matt surface, hides tails and gives a uniform flat appearance to the switch Exceptional optical clarity of printed display windows - using Windotex Fully embossable to create highly tactile switches Scratch & abrasion resistant Solvent & chemical resistant


FORWARD

Vol : 06 • Issue : 04 June - July 2016

PUBLISHER / EDITOR IN CHIEF

Jignesh Lapasia +91 98679 78998 ASSOCIATE EDITOR

Efficacy of change

Sonal Shah CO-EDITOR

Madhvan A TECHNICAL EDITOR

Sachin Shardul LAYOUT DESIGNER

Pravin Gohil GRAPHIC DESIGNER

Visionary Designers WEB SUPPORT

Pratik Shah REPRESENTATIVES HYDERABAD

Arihant Sales Dinesh Chauhan +91 93469 51232 KANPUR

Sandeep Keshari +91 98391 23611 +91 93363 32742 DHANBAD

Roshan Agrwal +91 93340 49625 TIRUPUR

Ramki +91 95979 35554

There is an interesting adage, one who never changes, perishes. India is at the cusp of a transformational journey and it has started showing its trickledown effect on several industries. The net effect of the changes albeit will take some time. Print will gain is the vibe we got when we spoke to several key players of the industry. And that’s not just in India but in Bangladesh as well where textile printers recently met for ITME. Moving ahead, this issue has a keen focus on the reducing errors at shopfloor and building business with conviction. To begin with we have an inside scoop from Sandesh Tere of Duratech Automation which is entering the inkjet printing space after investing in the research and analysis in the technology. We also met with V. S. Logeshwaran of Devi Print Tex and T. R. Shrikanth of Premier Printing– two printers from Tirupur who are symbolic of the growth region’s textile printers are witnessing due to the efforts put in by veterans and energy of the new generation entrepreneurs. In the guest column section, we have article on discharge printing by CPS William Shorter and Liam Stubbings of Pyramid Textiles. Rob Fletcher in his article discusses why lamination, more than just protection, while Tricia Church talks about ‘print faults’ - making and fixing them. Laurel Brunner continues her thrust on why companies need to be eco-sensitive. She reports on how companies can assess the environmental impact of the fabrics they source. This issue is also special since ScreenTex’s new technical editor Sachin Shardul continues his tryst with printing industry again after a brief sojourn. Here are few lines on change that I believe will inspire at least some of you.

NAIROBI - KENYA

Darshit +254 722 737413 +254 733 621761 PRINTED AT

Om Sai Printer, Mumbai MEMBER OF

There are some days you may feel, As if things just aren’t going right. No amount of attempts to avoid, You step into the big mud puddle despite! When you are ready to take the next step, And show that you are ready to fight. Avoid what you can and it’s okay if you can’t, Cause know matter what, you’ll be all right.

All material printed in this publication is the sole property of SPRY MEDIA. Reproduction in any manner is prohibited. SCREENTEX is a bi-monthly printed and published by Jignesh Lapasia. All printed matters contained in the magazine are based on information from those featured in it. The views, ideas, comments and opinions expressed are solely of authors, SCREENTEX does not subscribe to the same.

SPRY MEDIA 702, Jugal Apartment, Liberty Garden, Road No 3, Malad (W), Mumbai 400 064, Maharashtra, India. Mobile : +91 98679 78998 E Mail : jignesh@screentex.in • Website : www.screentex.in

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CONTENT REPORT

24

ITME wows Bangladesh

MANTRA

26

How Leaders Are Like Leopards: They can’t change their colours!

WALK THE TALK

28

ìskeÌveesuee@peer

60 64

ef[efpeìue ìskeÌmeìeF&ue FbkeÀ kesÀ yeejs ceW efveefM®ele ©He mes DeeHekeÀes ke̳ee peevevee ®eeefnS 3 [er efÒebì F[mì^er kesÀ efueS je@ cewìsefj³eue ceW veJeervelece efJekeÀeme

36

The dark horse of screen printing

GUEST COLUMN

32 36

Lamination - more than just protection How to get started with discharge printing

LIMELIGHT

40

44

I was intrigued by screen printing

SPOTLIGHT

44

Automation is driving textile printing’s future

TECHNOLOGY

48 52

Decoding fountain solutions

52

Print Faults - Making and fixing them

CASE STUDY

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PROBLEM CAUSE AND SOLUTIONS June - July 2016 SCREENTEX |

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NEWS

Rise Interactive, Quad/Graphics in strategic partnership

Rise Interactive, an award-winning digital marketing agency, and Quad/Graphics, a leading global printing and marketing services company, have entered into a strategic partnership. As part of the agreement, Quad has made a minority investment in Rise that will enable both companies to accelerate growth through coinnovation that delivers more value to their collective clients. “Capabilities and culture played a huge role in our decision-making process,” said Jon Morris, founder and CEO of Rise Interactive. “We have enjoyed our partnership with Quad and have found that we share a common vision for using data to transform

marketing.” The partnership brings together a company that’s an expert at optimizing spend offline with a company that’s doing the same online, using robust analytics to deliver highly relevant, consistent messages at scale and across print and digital channels. Quad/Graphics President, Chairman and CEO Joel Quadracci shared, “Now more than ever, marketers are looking for partners to help them orchestrate and measure the effectiveness of their marketing initiatives across digital and traditional channels. Quad has been focused on this market need by investing in and strategically complementing the offering of our multichannel agency, BlueSoho. Now, by combining Rise’s digital expertise with BlueSoho’s existing

multichannel offerings, we will be able to offer campaigns that are more relevant, and better integrate online, offline and in-store programs to increase consumer response and revenue.” Added Eric Ashworth, President of BlueSoho and Executive Vice President of Product Solutions and Market Strategy for Quad, “We consider this an important step in the evolution of BlueSoho and Quad’s ability to produce comprehensive marketing solutions for our blue chip roster of clients.” Marketers’ ability to strategically coordinate multiple channels to reach the right individuals at the right time with the right message will help Quad’s and Rise’s clients invest marketing dollars more effectively and create seamless experiences for consumers.

Adeptech India enters printing; launches UV LEDs for curing and drying Adeptech India, a sister concern of Enertech, has ventured in to the UV LED solutions for the printing industry. The company has developed UV LED solution and customer-specific UV LED systems which can be customised to the curing process needs of a customer. UV LEDs are the future innovation for curing and drying processes. Globally, a lot of thrust is being made to make printing and curing more cost-efficient and energyoptimized. UV LED curing technology is one such solution to meet these two

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needs. Adeptech claims that all its UV LED systems are available with wavelengths from 365 nm to 405 nm and can be adjusted to different power classes and installation sizes depending on the requirements. Appropriate control systems and cooling are included in the delivery. Industrial printing and curing are complex processes requiring a lot of experience and application know-how. A reliable curing system aims at minimizing down time and delivering quality prints. Enertech was established in 1988. It is also one of the leading medical device manufacturer headquartered at Mumbai. The company has been engaged in the business of research, development,

designing, customization, OEM manufacturing and distributing top quality LED operation theater lights, electrosurgical generators and endoscopy equipment for several years now. Enertech in its press statement stated that Adeptec has combined its competences in the field of handling and production of specialty light sources. “We have accepted the challenges presented to us by our customers and developed a functional and multifaceted system, which is easy to handle and integrate. The new LED system is versatile applicable and fulfills many different curing process requirements, without sacrificing quality and performance,” said Rahul Shah, managing director, Enertech.


NEWS

EFI acquires Optitex EFI has moved to further strengthen its serving offering by acquiring 3D design software Optitex. Under the agreement, the financial terms of which were not disclosed, privately held Optitex will now be integrated into the EFI Productivity Software business unit, which already offers a host of solutions to the industry. Optitex, which has offices in the US, Italy, India, Hong Kong and Israel, will now see its team join up with EFI. The company’s chief executive, Asaf Landau will serve as EFI Optitex’s general manager. Gabriel Matsliach, senior vicepresident and general

manager of EFI Productivity Software, said: “We are thrilled to add the Optitex team and it’s fast growing base of industry leading customers to the EFI family. Optitex says that its 3D digital apparel simulation, combined with its 2D pattern making software, is suitable for use in the textile industry, by those who are involved with retail, brands and marketing. The company adds that it has the ability to transform how companies conduct business, as well as improve time to market, cost and efficiency, and allow for new capabilities in design, sales and marketing activities. The deal comes at an interesting time for EFI, which

has completed a number of other transactions in recent months. In March, EFI acquired Rialco, a European supplier of dye powders and colour products for the digital print and industrial manufacturing industries. Rialco is now operating as part of EFI’s industrial inkjet business, with EFI planning to utilise Rialco’s advanced ink component capabilities to improve its own inkjet portfolio. In addition, at the end of last year, EFI secured the acquisition of Shuttleworth Business Systems, a UK-based company that provides management information systems to the print industry. At the time, EFI said that the deal would “further extend” its position in the UK market.

EPSON acquires 100% stake in Italian Textile Printing Firm Epson Italia, the Italian subsidiary of printing company Epson, is acquiring a 100 percent stake in the Italian textile printing business Fratelli Robustelli. Epson has worked with Fratelli Robustelli to provide digital inkjet technlogy since 2003. The company is anticipating the acquisition to drive synergies and provide added value at a time when the digital textile printing market is expected to grow by 25 percent annually, according to the company.

Based in Como, Italy, Robustelli develops, manufactures and sells digital inkjet textile printers, including the Monna Lisa series, which it began developing with Epson in 2003. Epson provides inkjet technology such as printheads and ink for Robustelli’s digital textile printers, including the Monna Lisa. The companies have been working together since that time “to promote digitalization by building the total solution support structure from development through manufacture, sales, and after-sales support,” the company said. As a result of the deal, Robustelli will join the Epson Group and tap into Epson’s manufacturing capability, expanding its offerings to more customers around the world. Together, Epson and Robustelli plan to focus on joint R&D efforts. Further, Robustelli products will

be sold by Epson’s worldwide sales and service network. “This is a very exciting development for the Epson Group,” said Sunao Murata, chief executive officer of Epson’s professional printing operations division, who has been named president of Robustelli. “As the market for high-quality digital textile printing expands, formalizing our partnership with Robustelli puts us in a great place to meet the needs of the growing numbers of customers seeking to leverage the advantages of advanced digital solutions that will help drive their businesses forward. We will work with Robustelli to take Monna Lisa to the next level and remain leaders in the field.” In picture: Epson global president Minoru Usui (pictured second from right) with (from left) Sandro, Valerio and Riccardo Robustelli

June - July 2016 SCREENTEX |

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NEWS

Screen’s Brian Filler hangs his boots Brian Filler, who joined the industry 50 years ago as an apprentice photolithographer at Barnet-based Stellar Press, joined Screen in 1981 in a sales position before being promoted to UK managing director in 2000, European vice president in 2010 and his current position in 2013. He claims that his is a planned exit and adds that his decision to retire post Drupa was discussed with the team. He has already spent nine Drupas with Screen. The announcement comes after Screen Europe vice-president of solutions and technology Tim Taylor’s sudden

departure to competitor Ricoh during Drupa this year. However, in his interview to a leading printing media house, Filler said the timings were purely coincidental. His sales career began with John Hadland Graphic Arts selling vertical cameras film processors and the ECRM Autokon scanner. In 1981 Brian joined Screen UK in sales becoming managing director in 2000. Subsequently, he was appointed the company’s senior vice-president in 2010 and president in 2013. He has played a significant part in Screen’s technology evolution from scanners through to computerto-film and computer-to-plate to, most recently, high-speed production digital inkjet presses for transactional, label and wide-

format applications. “The two most exciting things for me during my time have been have been the move to computerto-plate and then the transition from CTP to inkjet. During the move to CTP, businesses were growing and everyone was investing in CTP,” Filler told media. He added, that there were encouraging sights for printing and that the new inks for Screen’s high-speed inkjet and the quality of inkjet technology is now almost at par with lithography. Albeit he wishes that the changeover times should improve at a faster pace. Filler has also been heavily involved with industry associations as president of the APMI from 2006 to 2008 and chairman of Picon from 2009 to 2001.

MagnaColours launches Reflective screen inks Water-based ink manufacturer MagnaColours has launched its new Reflective range of toxin-free inks. Recently, the company had announced four new water-based inks which had been developed to address problems met by textile printers, manufacturers or brands. These included finding slowdrying water-based inks to suit high-detail printing and printing light colours on dark materials with a formaldehyde-free water-based ink. Thus, the four new inks addressed different industry concerns. MagnaPrint Aquaflex achieves the performance of PVC with

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a water-based ink; MagnaPrint ULF Discharge has been designed to avoid the use of formaldehyde when printing on darker materials; MagnaPrint HB is a slow-drying water-based ink, formulated for use when fine detail and high definition printing is required; and MagnaPrint ND Soft Bases is a ‘non-drying’ ink that can print onto white or pale garments as well as any PVC ink, but is more economical. Now the company has added more inks to its Reflective range of toxin-free inks. The range, which comprises MagnaPrint Reflective SB, Reflective Clear, Reflective Crystal Clear, Reflective 3R Black and Reflective 3R Silver, is mainly for use on fashion garments, sportswear and some textiles. It is compatible with all screen printers. The inks have a

12-month shelf-life. Managing director Tom Abbey said: “We’ve been working with big sports brands on lots of new developments and we’ve been trying to make as many special effects as we can. With these inks, you are actually taking a waterbased ink, a small glass bead that’s half coated with an aluminium coating and you’ve then got to stick that to the water, which is incredibly difficult. It’s the fact we can do that and go through full 360˚ multiple wash durability; which is quite unusual.” Abbey couldn’t reveal any buyers but he said one major retailer will soon be using Reflective inks on 60% of its garments. He also said Magna had been working closely with Nike and other big sports brands during the inks’ development phase.


DJET R


NEWS

FESPA to host digital textile conference in Milan, Italy FESPA will hold its next Digital Textile Conference on 30 September 2016 in Milan, Italy. Confirmed speakers and panellists so far include Enrico Barboglio (FESPA Italia); Duncan MacOwan (FESPA); Ron Gilboa (InfoTrends); Fulvio Alvisi (AIDT); Andrea Ferrero (Miroglio Textiles); Lorenzo Zottar (The Color Soup); Gianluca Brenna (Stamperia di Lipomo); Dario Garnero (Stamperia Serica Italiana) and Andrea Barbiani (MS Italy). The Conference is colocated with FESPA Italia

Day. The FESPA Print Census, results of which were published in May 2015, clearly indicated textile as the dominant growth application for the community, with 81% of printers at that time seeing growth in this segment, the highest of any growth application. Digital technology was identified as the key enabler, with over 50% of respondents expecting digitally produced garments to become an important alternative to traditional screen printing in the next two years. Textile printers featured prominently in investment plans, with 21% of respondents specifically focussing spend in this area, supported by 12% planning to acquire thermal

transfer equipment. Decorative and industrial textile applications also featured heavily, with 78% of those surveyed reporting growth in textiles for décor applications. Textile substrates were continuing to make inroads in the signage and graphics space, with 67% observing sustained growth in soft signage. FESPA CEO Neil Felton comments: “Today, digital accounts for only a small proportion of all textile printing, but this is forecast to grow substantially in the years ahead, with estimates suggesting that digital could account for 5% of textile printing by 2020, up from 2% today. Clearly that’s a significant diversification opportunity for printers already invested in digital output technology and supporting workflows.”

Nazdar collaborates with VFP Ink Technologies to bring digital inks Nazdar has collaborated with French screen ink manufacturer VFP Ink Technologies to supply a co-branded range of digital ink products to print businesses in France. As a subsidiary of Tripette & Renaud Group, established in 1836, VFP’s core business is manufacturing decorative and functional screen inks for industrial applications, such as bank cards, adhesive labels and printed electronics. In 2015, it reported turnover of around £20m and employed 160 people, covering the whole French market. In addition, VFP’s products for

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laminated plastic cards are sold in the USA by Nazdar, through an exclusive partnership agreed four years ago. A collaboration between the two companies in France therefore happened naturally, according to VFP Sales Director, Sébastien Petit. The co-branded products are manufactured by Nazdar and sold under the recognised VFP Ink Technologies name in order to reach customers in France. “The partnership was very important for us because the market in France is aware that VFP Ink Technologies does not produce digital inks, yet Nazdar is well known in that industry we could not start with a better digital inks partner than Nazdar,” Sébastien Petit says. He adds: “As many of our customers are equipped with

Mimaki and/or Roland printers, we decided to focus on providing Nazdar plug-and-play solutions specifically developed for those printers.” VFP supplies Nazdar alternatives to ECO MAX, ECO MAX2, SS2 and SS21 OEM inks in 440ml cartridges, which can be installed as the original containers run out without the need to recalibrate the machines. James MacDonald, Vice President of Marketing at Nazdar said, “VFP Ink Technologies has extensive expertise in the screen inks sector and is incredibly well connected across France. In return, our experience in developing advanced digital ink formulations will open up the market for VFP Ink Technologies.” The partnership was officially announced at C!Print in Lyon in January 2016.


NEWS

Xaar aims to double revenue with new acquisition Printhead company Xaar, is buying EPS, a US company that has specialised in printing on objects with both analogue and digital technology. Xaar chief executive Doug Edwards has told media that the company’s recent acquisition of North America product printing equipment provider Engineered Printing Solutions (EPS) will help the industrial inkjet technology firm to achieve a goal of doubling its revenue by the year 2020. Although terms of the agreement were undisclosed, Xaar said in a statement that the

deal will serve as the first part of the company’s strategic vision to generate £220m (€262m/$291.8m) in annual sales by the 2020 target. Reflecting on the deal, Edwards said it will act as a major point in Xaar’s ongoing growth strategy, with the firm planning to use EPS and its experience in various ways. “Our vision to more than double the revenue of the company to £220m by 2020 can be subdivided into four strategic pillars which will contribute roughly £50m each,” Edwards said. ‘Inorganic growth through acquisition and exploiting our independence in commercial partnerships is a key focus. EPS sells a mixture of standard machines, customised standard

machines and bespoke equipment and the acquisition opens up the opportunity for Xaar to explore niche or new applications where the case for serial production isn’t yet defined. With regards to future expansion at Xaar, Edwards said that the company is always on the lookout for new opportunities that could help to accelerate its strategic growth plans. “Xaar will continue to consider acquisitions which fit with our vision of leading the digital revolution and which are best aligned with our growth strategy,” he said. As part of the deal, Julian Joffe, who founded EPS in 1985, has been appointed as Xaar’s new president of Engineered Printing Solution.

Imagico India develops ImagiFlex low migration UV flexo dispersion Imagico India, the colourant and pigment dispersion manufacturer, has introduced ImagiFlex low migration range of dispersions that can be used by ink makers to produce narrow web UV flexo inks for secondary food packaging applications. The firm uses a simple and flexible let down system with self-curing resins to avoid migration. Deepak Gupta, managing director, Imagico India, says, “The self-curing resins effectively lock in the polymeric photoinitiation system, and can significantly reduce the amount of free photoinitiator in the formula, a known cause of chemical migration in secondary food packaging.” The curing can be designed by the formulator, to suit the application

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and the machine speed but will not require the high levels initiation normally required. The new product allows the change for the small to medium size ink producer to enter the challenging flexo ink market. According to Gupta, “This will enable small players to customise narrow web inks for their local or regional markets via the capability to meet local conditions by modifications of the key properties. ImagiFlex low migration dispersions are formulated and manufactured using materials which have been chosen for their low odour and low extractable properties and their compliance to the requirement of 1. EC no 1935/2004 (materials and articles intended to come into contact with food). 2) EC no. 2023/2006

(good manufacturing practice for materials and articles intended to come into contact with food). 3) Swiss FOPH Ordinance SR 817.023.21. 4). EuPIA guidelines – clause 5.1.1 Gupta says, “Legislation covering migration of the chemicals into pre-packed food stuff is becoming more strict and controlled in Europe by the various legislative bodies. Currently the Ordinance of the Swiss FDA on articles amnd materials often reffered to as ‘The Swiss List’ is under review and may be replaced at some stage by the German Ordinance List, which according to some experts, will be more stringent.” Imagico exhibited for the first time in Drupa, where it showcase its Imagisperse range of nano textile dye sublimation inkjet dispersions and inkjet UV LED master batches.


TECHNOLOGIES

www.roqinternational.com


NEWS

India’s 3D printing market expected to reach $62 million by 2022 While Europe and North America have dominated the 3D printing industry in recent years, in India, as well, 3D printing is becoming more viable as local 3D printer start-ups begin to emerge and demand for the technology rises. In fact, and according to market intelligence solutions firm 6Wresearch, India’s 3D printing prototyping and materials market is expected to reach $62 million by the year 2022. 3D printing is offering a diverse range of Indian industries a more cost and time efficient manufacturing process. Industries and fields that could seek to gain from the innovative manufacturing technology include education, healthcare, arts, architecture, and industrial manufacturing. As the report finds, both the 3D printing prototyping service market and industrial manufacturing applications for the

HERMA to launch US subsidiary HERMA, a Germany-based provider of labeling machinery and selfadhesive labels & materials to the global packaging marketplace, has launched a U.S. subsidiary effective July 1. HERMA U.S. Inc. will be led by Peter Goff, the longtime Director of Sales for the company’s subsidiary in the United Kingdom. HERMA offers a complete range of labeling solutions based around the HERMA 400

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technology are on the rise. Rajat Kharbanda, senior consultant at 6Wresearch says, “Architectural, education, arts, automotive, fashion and consumer electronics are the leading applications for 3D printer prototyping market, wherein consumer electronics presently accounts for the major share. In addition to, automotive and industrial end users are increasingly opting for highend 3D printers.” Kharbanda added that companies like Stratasys and 3D Systems are the popular choices for professional prototyping 3D printers. In terms of materials, in India the highest demand was for Polyactic Acid, better known as PLA, and Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) - two of the most standard plastic 3D printing materials. In line with this, the most popular 3D printing technology used in India is Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM). 6Wresearch also identified India’s market leaders in the

3D printing prototyping industry, listing them as Altem Technologies, Imaginarium, and Novabeans Prototyping. In addition to these were Think3D, MyObjectify, Stanley 3D Tech, 3D Spectra Technologies, and LBD Makers Technology. The report, entitled “India 3D Printer Prototyping and Materials Market (2016-2022)”, argues, “Although, India 3D printer market is presently at nascent stage; however it holds tremendous potential for the manufacturers, local assemblers and distributors. In Indian market, 3D printer prototyping is an emerging concept, where in last three years several startups have emerged across the country. 3D printer prototyping service market is expected to gain grounds in applications pertaining to education, medical, arts and architectural. However, the trend is now rapidly shifting towards industrial & manufacturing application owing to growing awareness and declining prices for industrial 3D printers.”

Label Applicator. The HERMA 400 – over 15,000 units have been produced to date – features a high-speed servo drive capable of achieving speeds over 500 feet per minute. The machine also enjoys an exemplary reliability record. The HERMA range encompasses everything from compact machinery for low to medium speed applications to the M range of high speed fully automatic systems, including the HERMA 132M Automatic WrapAround Labeling System. Offering speeds up to 300 products per minute, this high speed turret-based wrap-around labeling system is widely used

in European pharmaceutical production lines, and features valuable product security features including the ability to remove reject labels without applying them to the product. Goff will report to Martin Kühl, Divisional Director of the HERMA’s worldwide Machine Division. Though HERMA U.S. Inc. will initially focus solely on its labeling machines business, HERMA also produces self-adhesive materials, as well as finished adhesive products for a broad set of industries, including healthcare and pharmaceuticals, automotive and electrical, chemicals, food, cosmetics and logistics.


QUICK BYTES Eff Jacobson to become CEO of Xerox Xerox recently announced that its board of directors has appointed Jeff Jacobson to be chief executive officer of Xerox Corporation following the completion of the company’s planned separation into two publicly traded companies. Jacobson currently serves as president of Xerox Technology and will continue in his current role until the separation is complete.On January 29, 2016, Xerox announced its plans to separate into two independent, publicly traded companies – Xerox, which will be comprised of the company’s Document Technology and Document Outsourcing businesses, and Conduent a business process services company. The company is on track to complete the separation by the end of 2016.

Kornit acquires SPSI’s DTG assets

Digital textile printer manufacturer Kornit Digital has acquired the direct-togarment printing assets of its North American distribution partner, SPSI. The two companies have partnered since 2004 to distribute Kornit’s products throughout the western US. According to a statement from Gabi Seligsohn, CEO of Kornit, the move “provides access to a large screen-printing customer base which is poised to switch to digital technology over the next several years.” Kornit also reports that its relationship with eastern US distributor Hirsch will not be affected.

than 150mm (micron). The smaller particle sizes increase the strength and color gamut allowing for bolder color and more hues, while maintaining particle size stability and ink filtration. Previously branded as SpectraRAY IJ dispersions, Sun Chemical will now market the product line under the Jetsperse UV brand name.

Memjet, HP Inc. settle patent dispute Memjet and HP Inc. have reached a global settlement that includes the dismissal of all current actions between the parties and a cross-license. The terms of the settlement are confidential. “We are pleased to have reached a settlement with HP,” said Len Lauer, CEO of Memjet. “We will continue to stay focused on creating innovative printing technology that enables our customers to realize optimal speeds, quality and costs.”

Sun focuses on energy curable inkjet inks

Flint inks deal to buy Siegwerk’s offset business

Sun Chemical Performance Pigments has expanded its portfolio of high chroma dispersions for energy curable inkjet inks to now include particle sizes that are smaller

Flint Group has purchased Siegwerk’s web offset business after receiving regulatory approval from the competition authorities for the acquisition. This agreement includes

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the transfer of all technical expertise and product portfolios relating to Siegwerk’s Heatset and Newsink product lines. “We are very excited by this transaction,” says Antoine Fady, CEO, Flint Group. “This investment confirms our long term commitment to customers in these key market segments and re-enforces our unique offering to the market of inks, press room chemicals and transfer media products. This commitment guarantees a long term supply position for our Heatset and News Ink customers and further enhances our strong focus on the Print Media and Packaging markets across the world.”

Antti Jääskeläinen appointed EVP for UPM Raflatac

Antti Jääskeläinen has been appointed Executive Vice President responsible for UPM

Raflatac as of 1 July 2016. He will become a member of UPM’s Group Executive Team as of the same date. He will be based in Helsinki and reports to Jussi Pesonen, President and CEO. Antti Jääskeläinen is currently responsible for UPM Raflatac’s EMEIA business (Europe, Middle-East, India and Africa) as Senior Vice President. He has been in his current role and UPM since 2014.

Heidelberg board chairman Dr. Gerold Linzbach not to renew his contract

The chairman of the Management Board of Heidelberg, Dr. Gerold Linzbach will not be seeking the extension of his contract and aims at pursuing new professional challenges. He will continue to serve the company until the scheduled end of his contractual term in August 2017 and, after Heidelberg’s successful restructuring, remains fully committed to promoting the Group’s


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QUICK BYTES Macart launches label printer with Memjet Printhead Macart Equipment has joined hands with Memjet USA to use its print-heads of resolution 1600x1600dpi at 1.1 pl drop size in its latest series of inkjet label printers. The Memjet printhead uses “waterfall” technology to jet ink on the page via 70,000+ ink nozzles, enabling vivid color printing as fast as 18 meters per minute. The print head will be utilized at Macart’s Label Inkjet Printer called as ‘Jetart Mini’ which would offer speed of 18meters/min.

strategic advancement together with his team. Following the successful repositioning, Dr. Linzbach will dedicate his time to other entrepreneurial targets and start a new career phase of his life.

Huhtamaki enters the foodservice packaging market in India

Huhtamaki has acquired 51% of Val Pack Solutions, a privately held paper cup manufacturer based in Mumbai. With the acquisition Huhtamaki enters the growing foodservice packaging market in India, where many of its key customers already are present. Valpack’s annualized net sales are approx. EUR 4 million and it employs approx. 100 people in its manufacturing unit in the Mumbai area. The debt-free purchase price was approx. EUR 2 million. The business will become part of Huhtamaki’s Foodservice Europe-Asia-Oceania business segment.

SPGPrints to debut Nebula Acid HD inks at FEBRATEX 2016 SPGPrints will launch its new range of Nebula Acid HD inks at Febratex 2016. The

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exhibition also marks the first showing in the Americas of the Javelin digital inkjet printer for companies printing up to two million metres of textiles annually. The inks, which can be used with any printer using Kyocera print heads, are a whole new formulation, developed and produced by SPGPrints, offering increased colour depth and improved run-ability. The new ink range is ideal for Polyamide (PA) Lycra swimwear, luxury silk items like fashion scarves and neck ties, and wools.

Fujifilm Dimatix launches new materials printer DMP-2850

SFujifilm Dimatix has launched the new Dimatix Material Printer DMP-2850, with innovative features and enhanced performance for technology development in printed electronics, displays,

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and beyond, which is an upgraded and enhanced version of the industry leading inkjet deposition research platform, the DMP-2831. It is a significant upgrade to better serve R&D customers with improved cameras, more intuitive application software, and provisions for automated data collection and analysis. The DMP-2850 includes an embedded 64-bit PC preconfigured with Microsoft Windows 8.1 and updated Drop Manager software. Two high-speed cameras with finer resolution optics provide superior images for dropwatching and print inspection functions. To accompany the hardware changes, the DMP-2850 will build on user accessibility and flexibility with an enhanced software platform. Remote access API and open architecture enable remote monitoring of cameras and printer status. More options for complex printing will be available with feature recognition, auto registration functions, and support for multi-layer printing. Jetting evaluation and drop watching operations will also benefit from automated analysis.

Telangana to frame new policy for textile industry The Telangana state govt. will frame a new policy aimed at

development of the textile industry in the state. While the state produces around 60 lakh bales of cotton annually, only about 10 lakh bales are consumed within the state. The new textile policy will aim to increase cotton consumption within the state. To signal that the state has already started working on the new policy, industry minister KT Rama Rao met representatives of the textile sector and other stakeholders. He assured them that inputs received from them would be considered before finalising the policy.

Raymond eyes Middle East for overseas push Close on the heels of opening an office in Dubai to cater to its markets in the Middle East, renowned fabric brand Raymond has announced plans to further strengthen its presence in the West and South Asian countries as part of its overseas push. “Our products get acceptance in 55 countries. Now we are aiming to make the brand Raymond even stronger in the Middle East and South Asia,” Sudhanshu Pokhriyal, president (Suiting) Raymond Limited said. The company is also supplying fabrics to leading garments manufacturers in the US, Europe and Japan, Pokhriyal said.


REPORTS

ITME wows Bangladesh

Completing four decades of successful service to textile engineering Industry, India ITME Society lead a delegation to Bangladesh on 19 July despite the disturbances and security concerns in Dhaka. This was the first ever official delegation to Bangladesh by India ITME Society. The show saw 187 guests comprising prominent INDIA ITME 2016 participants, local representatives and businessmen partake in the networking program and presentation in Le Meridian, Dhaka. Chief guest Mirza Azam, MP, State Minister for Textile and Jute, Govt. of Bangladesh and Guest of Honor Dr. Adarsh Swaika, Deputy High Commissioner, High Commission of India launched the India ITME anthem at Dhaka to commemorate the successful growth of the organisation for four decades Dr. Adarsh Swaika, Deputy High Commissioner, High Commission of India graced

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the occasion as Guest of Honour and highlighted the opportunities for collaboration and cooperation between India and Bangladesh in the textile sector. Faruque Hassan, Sr. Vice President Bangladesh Garment Manufacturers & Exporters , (BGMEA) and Md. Fazlul Hoque, Vice President, Bangladesh Textile Mills Association(BTMA), Mohammad Hatem from Bangladesh knitwear Manufacturers and Exporters Association (BKMEA), Prof. Engr. Mashud Ahmed, Vice Chancellor, Bangladesh University of Textiles were the special guests at this historic occasion. Starting the discourse, Prof. Mashud Ahmed spoke about the various training

programs offered, selection and admission process followed by prestigious University of Textiles. He spoke about brilliant opportunities for students and faculty from both the neighbouring countries for joint study and research programs. This was followed with an interaction between the Indian delegation comprising members from media, of both the countries. Dhaka program also was first of its kind promotional activity organised by India ITME Society creating an unique platform for better customer interaction and direct access to local market at prominent and upcoming textile hubs. Five companies participated in this promotional program, displaying catalogue and making presentation to introduce their products to customers. This also increased the interest of business visitors in the 10th India International Textile Machinery Exhibition which is scheduled to take place in Mumbai from 3rd to 8th December 2016 at Bombay Convention and Exhibition Centre, Goregaon, Mumbai. From India, Sandesh Tere, Managing Director, Duratech Automation Pvt. Ltd, Mr. Updeep Singh, Managing Director, Itema Weaving (India) Pvt. Ltd, and ScreenTex were present at the


REPORTS show. Apart from the above, the presence of key exhibitors from India such as Lakshmi Machine Works Limited (LMW) and A.T.E. Enterprises Pvt. Ltd, Simta Machinery Pvt. Ltd., Saurer Textile Solutions Pvt. Ltd. added value and provided support to India ITME team. Later in the day, Avinash Mayekar of Suvin Advisors distributed a paper on the future opportunities in Bangladesh, high lighting the sectors which has not yet been fully explored in Bangladesh but has the potential for increased collaboration between the two countries in textile sector. The event also saw attendence from large section of key media from both Bangladesh and India. www. india-itme.com

SPRY Media expands its team with a new recruit Mumbai-based SPRY Media appoints Sachin Shardul as technical editor for its magazine ScreenTex and Labels Talk. He will shoulder the responsibilities along with the present team members. Jignesh Lapasia, editor-in-chief and publisher, says, “ScreenTex which primarily targets screen, digital and textile printing industry is now eyeing the offset, labels and packaging industry. This is where Sachin Shardul’s expertise would play a key role.” Lapasia added, “With his appointment, we are sure we will be successful in our venture in the offset, labels and packaging industry.” Sachin Shardul, who is a print engineer has an experience to back his work. His first stint was with ATE Enterprises now ATE Marketing, a sister company of Stovec Industry. Lapasia says, “He comes with a good experience and is familiar with the industry. He is technically sound and has maintained cordial relations with the fellow printers and industry as a whole. we appointed him as the technical editor.”

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MANTRA

How Leaders Are Like Leopards: They can’t change their colours! any personal responsibility, and lashes out, blaming others, and complaining? Just as when an athlete appears to be limping, when he falls behind, leaders, who are losers, make excuses and procrastinate! Observe a leader’s behaviour, in good times, as well as bad, and see if it’s consistent, focused, and true! Ordinarily; organized Unless one consistently, and ordinarily, is prepared, organized and ready, he will rarely be effective! A great leader must be in, and take control, of challenging situations, and lead by example.

Beware of a leader, who constantly appears to be changing his message! While one may, and should evolve, and often modify a position or view, I am referring to looking at the character of an individual. Only chameleons are able to change their colours, so, no matter how much someone tries to make voters believe he has changed for the better, one’s underlying persona, generally remains. Remember, a liar remains a liar, and a hater rarely transforms to a lover! Change; clear-cut; choices; calibre Why would you believe that someone who appears unprepared will automatically improve the calibre of his thinking and preparation, merely because he says he will? Do you know what the individual actually means and represents, and does he present a clear-cut, detailed plan, rather than empty rhetoric and promises?

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Does he evaluate choices and alternatives, or merely go with the one, which fits his agenda? Options; original In my four decades of identifying, qualifying, training, developing and consulting, to over a thousand actual and/or potential leaders, I have come to realize, few have original ideas, etc. Many have demonstrated, in fact, their next, great idea, is the last one, someone else shared with them! A true leader must consider options and alternatives, and proactively lead others, towards the best possible solution. Loser’s limp; learned (versus native) behaviour When challenges present themselves, as they invariably will, does the individual address them, or does he spend most of his time, focused on deferring

Relevant; reasonable; reality Does the leader face reality, in a prepared, reasonable, steady manner? Are his solutions relevant, or merely full of empty rhetoric and promises? Symptoms; strengths; sustainable system Laziness, and lack of preparation, as well as constantly blaming, complaining and whining, are symptoms of less-than-stellar leadership! Great leaders understand their strengths and weaknesses, and rather than denying them, use them to their best advantage! The goal must be developing, creating and implementing a quality, sustainable system! It is challenging to rehabilitate one’s basic character, even when given a substantial period of time. Be wary of any leader, who seeks to appear as a chameleon, because most rarely can change their true colours!


WALK THE TALK

The dark horse of screen printing

How a silent, customer-focused engineer has been working in the background to recreate his success in screen printing in his latest endeavour – inkjet printing Duratech Automation is celebrating its tenth anniversary this year. While many know the company was incepted in 2006, not many are aware that the actual ground work began long before. It was 20022003, when Sandesh Tere fiddled

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with the idea of manufacturing machines for screen printing industry. Between 2006 and 2009 his core focus was to refine the engineering of his machines. A lot of time was spent documenting most minute glitches the machine may face, and its possible solutions. In 2012, the company made its debut at FESPA UK. He realised that inkjet could not just

complement screen printing but also be a dominating technology. That realisation scripted a new path for Duratech. Its brand Unitech was soon going to see a slew of inkjet machines been inducted. Upon return from FESPA, Sandesh immediately started learning more about the technology. While, he knew how inkjet press worked, he wanted the machines from Unitech to be made considering Indian printing environment. The machine should be durable, technically perfect with a friendly interface, and cost efficient too. Asked why it took more than three to four years to finally bring the machine to market, he says, “We wanted to sharpen our axe. We utilised this time to build several prototypes, and tested them under different conditions and materials. There is a concept of making your internet search “smart” by feeding it with several relatable search keywords. It’s a way of training the machine to anticipate the expected outcome and work. We used our prototypes to make better prototypes and even better prototypes. We tested different heads, new configurations, ink viscosity etc. The result was we had explored, discovered and eliminated hundreds of issues that could have emerged and had almost 40 variants of the same machine. The next step was to eliminate those which would not have lasted the test of rigorous production environments.” Such was the stringency of testing that one of the model


WALK THE TALK which Sandesh thought would be the star product lost out the tag midway. The machine could not meet the tough love of its creator, and is still sitting in a corner of his R&D centre. Why was this important? These issues could have resulted in an irked customer and several rounds of troubleshooting. During this course of three to four years, Duratech ploughed back every penny of the profit it was making. “It was a conscious decision to invest the profit back in the future of the technology. Now we will invest our energy in sales and marketing of the product,” he says. “It was risky move,” he accepts. “But if I wouldn’t have done it, I would have penned the obituary of my business’ future,” he adds. This period saw Unitech test a slew of heads (which according to Sandesh was the biggest painpoint). In fact, he claims there were orders pouring in from last one year. However, Unitech didn’t accept the orders and rather asked the customers to be a little more patient as Sandesh claims his aim was not just to earn quick bucks but to earn a reputation. Interestingly, in one of the previous visits to Unitech’s office, ScreenTex witnessed a list of troubleshooting videos. Asked about it, he says, “Although we try out best to design machines that are easy to understand and can be understood even by a nonengineer shopfloor staff, there are times when the machine asks for troubleshooting. At such a scenario, we understand that even a 30 minutes halt in production can be a pinching experience for the business. Before our engineer can visit and check the machine, these videos can help the shopfloor managers to pinpoint the error, watch and see a relevant troubleshooting video and get

the machine up and running. We have listed even the smallest errors one may face, the reason of the same and the solution thereof.” It was another risk and quite a different approach from his fellow manufacturers. “Business that does not reinvent itself perishes.” Documentation has now become a habit of Unitech. The company claims that it has not only documented and recorded over 40 video troubleshoot for its machines but for even competing machines as well. “Currently, there isn’t a manufacturing company which provides digital, transfer, sublimation all under one roof. Only dealers are serving this need of the market. Unitech is different, and hence, we decided to break this monotony. Sublimation and inkjet will be two of the core focuses of our strategy in the coming years,” he adds, speaking on the shortterm strategic moves of the company. This means that the line of services will inflate, and so would the offerings. There are more launches in line, he reveals. Told that digital is a tough battle to fight for an Indian company, he disagrees and adds that ‘it is not invincible or impossible battle’. “China has moved a long way ahead in technology but decisively benchmarked itself against price. India needs to adopt both quality and price right from the start. Unless, we strive for creating a brand for Made in India, there is no point thrusting only on Making in India,” he says. “Price can only be controlled at the time of designing. And that is where several manufacturers fail. They consider the price market is

There isn’t a manufacturing company which provides digital, transfer, sublimation all under one roof. Only dealers are serving this need of the market. Unitech is different, and hence, we decided to break this monotony. Sublimation and inkjet will be two of the core focuses of our strategy in the coming years,” willing to pay only after they have designed the machine, and started work on it. This is counterintuitive, he adds. For instance, ink plays an important role in inkjet. Sandesh reveals that they have tied up with one Europe and one China based OEM ink manufacturers. Both are tested, are equally good and will offer the Indian customer an option on price band. The company is also moving into a new 7000 sqft facility to bring its R&D, marketing and sales office under one roof. The specialty of this facility is that the lighting will be through solar energy. It is a startling fact that over a large per cent of energy consumption by offices is done is for lighting purpose. Solar energy powered lighting solutions can help reduce this burden and also help companies to cut on the carbon dioxide emissions. “Ultimately, companies need to walk the talk. Be it in terms of providing quality solutions to Indian customers, investing in R&D to ease the burden off customers or utilising renewable sources (at least) to ease pressure off nature,” he concludes.

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Lamination - more than just protection By Rob Fletcher

Avery Dennison says its range of overlaminate solutions can be used for both decoration and protection

Laminating machines come in all shapes and sizes. But which one is the right choice for you? Rob Fletcher helps you find the best quality laminator and film for your needs. When referring to technologies in the production process, it is fair to say many of the headlines are dominated by talk of new print machines and their many wonderful features. However, there is so much more to the process then this part of production. Yes, it is critical that you select the right type of printing technology for the job that you are working on, but what about the process after this—finishing? This is where applications really come to life. Be it cutting signs into shape or adding that extra shine to a promotional poster, finishing processes can really help you gain an advantage over the competition when it comes to making sure your work stands out.

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Lamination is one method that not only offers signmakers and print companies the opportunity to do just this, but also help them protect the projects they have worked so hard on. After all, would you really want to install a billboard or poster without laminating it to protect it from the elements? With this in mind, what options are on offer to those in the sign-making and print sectors to allow them their protect work and help them ensure that it stands out in what is a very competitive market? Vital investment for print and sign businesses One company that stocks a host of solutions for this part of the process is Vivid Laminating Technologies, whose marketing communications, manager, David Smith says that the finish on any print or sign is the first thing that a customer will see, and is

therefore critical to get right. “The old adage ‘first impressions count’ has never been more true,” Smith said. “If you’re running a landscaping business and arrive at a potential customer in a van that has a fantastic vehicle wrap showing your work, that customer will remember you more than the company that turn up in a plain white van.” “Investing in a quality wideformat laminating machine is vital, because your customers won’t get that first impression chance with their customers again.” “If you’ve spent a large percentage of your budget on a new high quality wide-format printer, why would you then opt for a cheap laminator? You might be able to print an incredible graphic, but if the finish is poor because of your laminator, you’ve wasted ink, vinyl, electricity and time. “The quality will be bad, your customer won’t accept a badly finished job, you won’t get any repeat business or recommendations from the customer and you’ll make a name for yourself as producing secondrate jobs.” With this in mind, Smith highlights some of the options on offer from Vivid, such as the Easymount range, which has picked up a number of industry awards. The pressure sensitive cold range starts at 650mm wide, and goes up to 2,100mm hot and heat assist systems. One product in particular, the Easymount Air, which recently won Wide-format & Signage magazine’s ‘Reader’s Choice Top Product Award’, is a 1600mm-wide system that runs at speeds of up


GUEST COLUMN to 10m a minute and can mount up to 30mm, and also features an optional take-up reel for roll-toroll lamination. “The system uses one of the most advanced concepts ever seen in a wide format laminator,” Smith said. “Pneumatic air pressure controls the laminating rollers, allowing the user to mount and laminate with incredible accuracy. This allows the rollers to adjust to the exact thickness and pressure required, giving faster production times. The top roller ‘floats’ down, ensuring Foamex and fluted boards aren’t crushed. When the rollers achieve the correct substrate thickness, they can be locked in place to keep the required gap, making board feeding faster and more accurate.” How to make your print ‘pop’ While the actual technology used to laminate applications is one consideration, the type of material you use in the process is another matter altogether. This is where companies such as Antalis can help out by supplying materials suitable for the job that you are working on. Mark Browne, sign and digital support manager at Antalis, picks up on the point regarding the ability for laminates to protect work and improve its appearance,

adding that the company has a host of option on offer to help. Browne said: “Wideformat printers should invest in quality laminates for several reasons; most importantly, to obtain optimum clarity, high performance and longevity. High performance face materials, combined with clear, high UV absorbing adhesives, offer superior ink protection whilst making the print ‘pop’ for a vibrant image. “Poorly manufactured laminate films will typically suffer from shrinkage due to how the face film is produced. Cheapness has to come from somewhere and normally it’s the ingredients of the material that account for the saving. “Adhesive coating is important to have a clean atmosphere environment to give good results. Many lower quality films have been produced in factories where clean environmental procedures are not present. You may find foreign matter in the adhesives reflecting through the face film once laminated, such as debris.” Browne moves on to highlight some of the options on offer from Antalis, namely the solutions from Drytac Europe, a UK-based manufacturer that is known in the industry for its

supply of photographic quality and high UV stability films of the past. He added: “These qualities have been developed in order to now produce high performance printable vinyl’s with high UV laminates for the wide-format market as part of Drytac’s evaluation with print technologies.” Sign-making and wide-format options available from Drytac include high quality Anti-Graffiti UV films, developed for UV print output, as well as high coat weight adhesives with additives that offer bond and endurance for UV ink protection. In addition, Drytac offers a host of protection films, ranging from environmentally friendly films, through to high performance Weathershield films. Browne added: “Drytac offers a matched component warranty on its printable vinyls. This gives customers peace of mind because, when vinyl and laminate are combined with a manufacturer’s original inks, they will provide performance that is expected.” Motoring ahead with ‘overlaminates’ Of course, lamination is also used in other areas of the industry away from the more traditional signmaking and wide-format work. Avery Dennison is one company that can testify for this, supplying its overlaminate products to those in the vehicle wrapping market. One of the firm’s most popular product ranges is the Conform Chrome Series, which can be seen on vehicles of all shapes and sizes around the world. Avery Dennison recently moved expand this portfolio further with the addition of three special ‘Transparent Coloured Overlaminates’. Available in orange, green and purple, the latest overlaminates are designed to combine with the five existing Conform Chrome colours

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to help users create new colour possibilities. Oliver Guenther, marketing director, for Avery Dennison Graphics Solutions Europe, said: “We are the first to market a coloured cast overlaminate film designed specifically for vehicle wraps and excited to see the installers’ creative colour

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combinations. With the trend of chrome finishes gaining in popularity, the new product allows installers to offer even more creative solutions.” When used together with Conform Chrome, the transparent films not only allow for the creation of new colours, but also add a layer of protection that prevents the film underneath from being scratched. ModiForce in Leusden, the Netherlands, is one company that has already put the new films to use, using them in a number of recent vehicle wrap projects. Eddy Speelman from the Dutch firm said: “The Transparent Coloured Overlaminates are a jaw dropper and definite conversation piece. I am getting such a positive response to

the colours made possible by these transparent green, orange and purple overlaminates. I’m constantly finding myself in conversation about how amazing the colour looks.” While many see lamination as a method or protecting work from being damaged, it is clear that this technology goes much deeper than this and can allow the user to add an extra layer to their work. Be it giant billboards, film posters or even a wrap of a racing car, lamination can go a long way in helping an application stand out.

For more print insight and inspiration visit www.fespa. com. This article is published by courtesy of FESPA, who retain the copyright for the content.


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How to get started with discharge printing By CPS William Shorter and Liam Stubbings of Pyramid Textiles edged trough, noting that too thin a stencil may break down and pinhole during printing. However, make sure that thicker coatings are dried and exposed fully in order to get the best print life. For an emulsion with a solids content of less than 40% you will need to coat at 1+2, 2+2 or greater. For emulsions with solids content greater than 40% you will need to coat at 1+1 or 1+2 and always coat slowly to reduce air bubbles which could cause pinholes.

When printing discharge inks, temperature and the length of time the print is in the dryer is of paramount importance.

With the forecast for high-end textiles set to grow, the demand for soft-finish prints on dark garments continues to increase creating the need for more discharge screen printing. This printing process can be quite daunting due to its complexities and special demands on the durability of the stencil systems during long print runs. Here are tips and tricks that might be handy for you: Choose the correct emulsion Discharge screen printing inks are one of the most aggressive ink systems for textile screen printing. They have a tendency to cause both mechanical (caused by discharge additives and wear of the squeegee) and chemical breakdown of direct emulsion stencils. Not only should the stencil have robust water resistance, it should also be specifically designated as resistant to discharge inks. Typically the stencil system

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will either be a dual cure diazo emulsion, water resistant photopolymer emulsion or a water resistant photopolymer emulsion with the addition of diazo. Choose the correct mesh count Mesh count directly affects your ink deposit so, we advise 35 to 48 threads per cm for clear base and base whites and 48 to 90 threads per cm for halftones and fine detail. Recommended mesh tension Minimum mesh tension should be >20 newtons. Preferably all meshes should have the same mesh tension for accurate registration. Invest in a tension meter, as it might save you time in the process and reduce the risks of poor registration. Emulsion coating guidelines Coat the emulsion with a round

Dry the emulsion thoroughly All drying cabinets for direct stencil systems should have a maximum temperature of 40°C with ideal conditions being 30-35°C with a low relative humidity. If the screen is not dried thoroughly it will break down quickly on the press. This is why in the summer months when the humidity increases, screen printers often experience more screens breaking down. Mixing wet screens in a dryer, which have been exposed and washed out, along with freshly coated screens, is another common reason for poor drying and stencil breakdown. Top tip: installing a dehumidifier can help with managing humidity levels in the dryer. Don’t under expose Under exposure of the emulsion is one of the most common mistakes and will compromise stencil durability. It is really important to check the exposure time of your emulsion periodically to see signs


GUEST COLUMN in reduction of UV lamp output. Ideally, this should be done every month using an exposure calculator. Where possible, and specifically when wanting to print fine detail, the use of yellow or orange mesh should be your preference as white mesh can cause undercutting due to reflection of the light during exposure. Increased use of CTS (Computer to Screen) equipment means that stencils are exposed with different forms of laser or LED light sources. Particular care needs to be taken to ensure correct exposure and ‘through cure’ of the stencil. Top tip: If the emulsion feels slimy on the squeegee side during washing out, you haven’t achieved full exposure and print durability will be compromised. Chemically harden or post expose? If you’ve completed step 6 correctly you shouldn’t need to post expose. Post exposing a dual cure emulsion will have very minimal effect on the durability of the stencil system, whereas Photopolymer emulsions can significantly benefit from post exposure. Chemical hardening can help improve the durability of stencil systems for discharge printing, especially for long print runs. However a drawback to

chemical hardening is that stencil decoating will be compromised and you may have to resort to using a knife to cut out the mesh rather than using a stencil remover! What ink should I choose? Not all discharge inks are the same. Some are designed to give an ultra-low hand (feel) and other inks are formulated to give a slightly harsher feel but with a brighter look. The most important consideration is to understand what visual and tactile result your customer is looking to achieve in the final printed garment. An assured way for both you and your customer to understand and agree on this is to provide swatch samples that demonstrate the range of final effects that are achieved through the use of different inks. Going Green? If you’re looking to provide printed garments that are produced using greener sustainable products then you could consider an ink system that is approved by trade associations such as GOTS, bluesign and OekoTec. Next let’s look at a couple of process tips for the printing stage: Use the correct amount of squeegee pressure In order to obtain a nice bright, soft print, it is important use the correct amount of squeegee pressure. Too low and you will only get a partial print, too

high and you may crush the fabric and smear the image. Top tip: After curing turn the garment inside out and check to see if you can see the image on the inside. If you can this means you have achieved a full level of ink penetration. Get the dryer temperature correct When printing discharge inks, not only the temperature of the dryer but also the length of time the print is in the dryer is of paramount importance. The ink needs to be in the dryer for a minimum of 90 seconds at 160°C. Always double check the temperature that the garment reaches using temperature strips periodically. Never rely solely on the reading of your dryer being accurate especially if it hasn’t been calibrated or serviced recently. This now leaves you with the question – have I got it right? Firstly, are the colours vibrant and as expected by the customer? Is the ‘feel’ right and does it meet customer expectations and how durable will the printed image be? The only viable method to ensure that your garment has been successfully printed and cured is to test it yourself. To do this take one of your printed garments and wash it at the recommended temperature and check that your image is as you expected it to be. If you have been able to achieve all of the above, getting it right first time and using safer consumables with low environmental impact, you can give yourself a pat on the back!

For more print insight and inspiration visit www.fespa.com. This article is published by courtesy of FESPA, who retain the copyright for the content.

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TECHNOLOGY

August - September 2013 | SCREENTEX |

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TEXTILE PRINTING CHEMICALS TRUSTED NAME IN PRINTING TECHNOLOGIES WORLDWIDE

M

E C I

R OU TO T O

Y

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MANUFACTURER OF

• WATER BASED WHITE / CLEAR PASTE • BINDER / THICKENER • DISCHARGE • ADHESIVES • PLASTISOL ( Solvent / Waterbase ) • PIGMENT ( Regular / AZO Free ) www.crownintco.com INDIAN SUBCONTINENT MANUFACTURER (JOINT VENTURE)


LIMELIGHT

I was intrigued by screen printing comfortable with the machine before making an investment. During this course, I learnt a lot about the machine, the technology and the technique of doing screen printing using automated machines. Once I was comfortable with the technology I invested in the machine. I was only 22 when I made the investment. It was a big move for me. The printing facility has several machine and employs over 35 people. The printing facility is manned by a staff of eight.

With the forecast for high-end textiles set to grow, the demand for soft-finish prints on dark garments continues to increase creating the need for more discharge screen printing. This printing process can be quite daunting due to its complexities and special demands on the durability of the stencil systems during long print runs. Here are tips and tricks that might be handy for you: How did you begin your journey as a printer? I always wanted to be an entrepreneur. After my graduation,

The challenge was to manage rising costs with falling prices. The market is price conscious and employees are always rooting for a better salary. This is where the company reputation comes into play. Unless you build good relation with your customers. 40

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I was waiting for an opportunity to embark on my entrepreneurial journey. My father was running a screen printing facility which utilised printing table technique. I was quite intrigued by the way screen printing works, and I decided I will start my business in screen printing only. How did you move to automated machines since your first interaction was with table-top machines? In 2013, I set up a unit and extensively did marketing for the company for six months. This was when I realised that customers were looking at automation and machine printed materials. At one such instance, I was introduced to Spoorthy Technologies. Ramesh Ganduri was the one who introduced me to automated machines. He explained the benefits and also showed me SRoque machines. Instead of just selling the machine, he insisted that I visit different customers, test the machine, and see if I am

What are the challenges you faced The tussle is no different for us than anyone in any other industry. The challenge was to manage rising costs with falling prices. The market is price conscious and employees are always rooting for a better salary. This is where the company reputation comes into play. Unless you build good relation with your customers through exemplary works, there is no way they would support you for better prices. What is the USP of your company? Design is the USP in printing. If your creative juices aren’t flowing, you may disappear among the vanilla printers. Digital is slowly gaining traction. Considering you took less than a year to experiment with automation, are you also looking at digital textile printing? Digital is still not very cost effective. For printers who are looking at export as the key business drivers, digital will prove to be an inefficient investment. Unless the cost of digital print becomes viable, we will not be considering opting for it.


CHERAN’S JUMBO MODEL MC TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION Model

CF 2638

CF 3844

CF 3242

CHERAN’S SWIFT ROLL SUBLIMATION MC TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

CF 3848

CF 4252

Model

CFR 1250

CFR 1750

CFR 1950

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44”

65”

72”

Actual Size

51”

72”

79”

Heater Power

6KW

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12KW

Temperature

220 C

220 C

220 C

Speed

0 to 99 Sec

0 to 99 Sec

0 to 99 Sec

AMPS

10 Amps

18 Amps

18 Amps

Platen Size (MM) 650x950mm 800x1050mm 950x1100mm 950x1200mm 1050x1300mm Working Area

24”x36”

30”x40”

36”x42”

36”x46”

36”x46”

Power

440V, 50HZ

440V, 50HZ

440V, 50HZ

440V, 50HZ

440V, 50HZ

Heater

6.5KW

12KW

12KW

14.5KW

18KW

Temprature Timer

O

O

O

O

O

220 C

220 C

220 C

220 C

220 C

0 to 99 Sec

0 to 99 Sec

0 to 99 Sec

0 to 99 Sec

0 to 99 Sec

Air Pressure

0 - 8 Bar

0 - 8 Bar

0 - 8 Bar

0 - 8 Bar

0 - 8 Bar

AMPS

10 Amps

18 Amps

18 Amps

22 Amps

27 Amps

Micro Controller based digital temperature and timer control Specially designed for Sublimation transfer Manualy tray movement enables easier and faster operation Aluminium plate with Teflon coating is used in heater bed for quick distribution Suitable for sublimation polyester clothes

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O

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SPOTLIGHT

Automation is driving textile printing’s future

In conversation with ScreenTex, TR Shrikanth of Premier Printing – Tirupur discuss the past, present and future of printing in Tirupur Situated in the hub of textile printing in India, Premier Printing has been at the core of the transformational journey of the region. “The company was started

Many of these units never showcased the units, machines and almost never spoke about the configuration of machines on the shopfloor. But we were different. We wanted not just us but the whole industry to benefit from automation 44

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in 1990 with small table printing. Gradually we kept on adding more tables to the shopfloor. In 1994 we installed over 10 tables to improve our production capabilities. It was in 1996 that we started adding manual machines. In this period, screen printing too was evolving. We initially used to use pigments, dyes and binders at the shopfloor. But eventually the market started seeing an influx of PVC inks,” says TR Shrikanth, the owner of the company. The change in consumables and technology also brought in drastic change in the quality of screen printing in the country. In fact, it was the market forces which drove screen printers to adopt PVC inks. Exports are the bread and butter for Tirupur printers, and when printers were apprised of the increasing global

demand for prints using PVC inks, it was a no brainer that they too had to imbibe the trend. Later the trend of plastisol inks took over the market. “It was mid-90s when plastisol inks entered the market. So we tried to experiment with it,” he says. “We learnt from our mistakes in the initial days. For instance, we used to flash cure the whole printing area, and since we were not trained how to cure plastisol prints, we followed the same method; only to realise that the textile was getting burnt. Then, we called expert trainers from US to train us on the machines. The result was phenomenal,” he adds. The company then started phasing out manual machines and moved towards automatic machines. Today, the more than 20,000 sqft facility houses glass tables, six chest printing M.H.M computerized fully automatic machine from Austria, KORNIT digital printing machine from Israel, EPSON SC-7070 sublimation machine from Japan, Hebbecker Multicolor flocking machine from Germany, TAS machine from Australia, Monti roll to roll fusing machine from Italy, eight-colour rotary printing machine from StoreMac RD-IV, and Lakshmi 12-colours open machine with print width of 72-inch. “Our workers who helped us in automation of the units,” he says. “Our workers were deft in their skills and technique and automation would have only helped us do better. Hence, we started implementing more automated machines at our unit.” “In those days, automated machines could only be spotted at


SPOTLIGHT export units,” he claims. “Many of these units never showcased the units, machines and almost never spoke about the configuration of machines on the shopfloor. But we were different. We wanted the whole industry to benefit from automation. We opened our facility to anyone who was keen to understand how these machines functioned,” he adds with a tint of pride in his voice. In 2004, TEKPA was organised and since then over 1000 automated machines have made their way to Tirupur. “The biggest achievement for Tirupur was when small business owners embraced automation,” he says. Later, he also initiated TEKPA dies and chemicals for the benefit of Tirupur printers. Through the show they could get the right dies and

chemicals at the right price. According to his estimates the automation drive in Tirupur in last one decade would have seen investment of around Rs. 800- 1000 crores. “From 2010, the world started seeing the expertise of Tirupur printers on global award platforms such as FESPA Awards. Not only did the industry win awards it created a brand for Tirupur in the global sphere,” he added. We also realised that experimentation offered us great insights and courage to learn from our experiences. Recounting one such experience, he said, “In 2005, we got a big order for foil printing. Foil printing was new for Indian market. We set up samples and the exported ordered for 2.5

lakh pieces. But that meant that we need 1500 rolls to do the foil printing. We reached out to a Mumbai based supplier, and paid in advance. However, he didn’t supply the material properly. I had to personally visit Mumbai, wait for the dealer and then get the material. But this taught us that being prepared is always important. If we would have not acted on time, we could have lost the order.” Today, Tirupur being known as textile hub has helped every printer in the region to source best quality materials. The domestic market now is equally quality conscious and to meet the criteria we need to source right materials. Till the time the industry would print right, using right materials, processes and with zero-error acceptance, the growth will always be short of expectation.

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SUN SHINE GRAPHICS • Poly Carbonate Films • PVC Rigid Sheets • D/S Tapes Tissue / Polyester / Foam • Surface Protection Film (Low Track) • Application Tapes Film & Paper • Metalised Polyester Films • Self Adhesive PVC Vinyls • Ultra Destructive Film / Void Films • Polyester Films • Reflective Films

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TECHNOLOGY

Decoding fountain solutions

Since successful ink transfer requires compatible chemistry, matching ink and fountain solutions is critical. The fountain solutions must keep the printing plate clean while allowing the ink to transfer efficiently. These properties can be provided by use of a fountain solution concentrate.

Examples of pH value

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In view of the huge variety of printing substrates, inks, printing circumstances and types of dampening units, differentiation in fountain solution concentrates is an absolute necessity. Today, manufacturers of fountain solution concentrates offer many different

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types of concentrate for the different types of presses. Ongoing changes in application conditions (new press types, new plate types, IPA-free printing, etc) will require new recipe concepts and, as a result, new and more specialised fountain solution concentrates will continue to be developed. Composition of fountain solution concentrates Fountain solution concentrates are aqueous mixtures of different components • Buffer systems to adjust pH value • Film forming hydrophilic and wetting substances • Biocides, fungicides, for anti-microbial equipment • Complexing agents to bind scaling components • Anti-piling agents • Co-solvents to keep the system homogeneous • Anti-foam agents • Corrosion inhibitors • Release agents (alcohol free and alcohol reduced). Fountain solution components are very proprietary and often customised to a specific plant. Measurements help determine

their effectiveness both before and during printing. Here are the key measurements. pH pH is the unit of measurement for acidity or alkalinity. The letters pH stand for pondus hydrogenii (potential hydrogen). A neutral solution such as pure water has a pH value of 7. Solutions with a lower pH are called acidic, and solutions with a higher pH are called alkaline. The pH scale ranges from 0 to 14. The figures of the scale are the mathematical (negative logarithmic) expression of the hydrogen ion concentration in a water-based solution. For example, pH 4 represents a 104 concentration of hydrogen ions (i.e. 1 part in 10,000 parts), and pH 7 means 107 (1 part in 10 million parts). Low pH (acidic) conditions cause water to be corrosive. Acids will cause pitting of concrete, dissolve metals, wrinkle vinyl, and irritate skin and eyes. High pH (alkaline) conditions cause scaling: minerals (calcium, copper, iron etc) precipitate out of the water and those minerals will block filters and pipes.


TECHNOLOGY Depending on the pH value, calcium carbonate contained in the paper will react or not react with the fountain solution. At high pH values, calcium carbonate will be stable, but at low values, there can be an interaction between paper and water. The pH value also determines whether metals are vulnerable to the fountain solution or not. At low pH values, metals will corrode. Conductivity Conductivity is a liquid’s capacity to conduct electrically charged particles. All dissolved electrolytes in the liquid result in certain numbers of positive and negative charges. Therefore, conductivity is related to the amount and type of dissolved materials. This property is used to determine the dosage of fountain solution, or assess the quality of the tap water. The diagram below shows that conductivity versus dosage normally is a linear correlation and starts with the value of the pure solvent (tap water, reverse osmosis water). The curve depends on the type of fountain solution. An absolute conductivity value is not very significant for its quality. What is decisive is the slope of the curve. The influence of paper on conductivity, depending on paper type, is often expressed as an increase of conductivity (5–10%) of the fountain solution caused by paper components extracted out of the top layer. However, in practice such values are always influenced by natural processes of production and consumption of the fountain solution, which means that the interaction cannot be easily expressed by way of a simple graphic. A high conductivity does not necessarily cause problems. Fountain additives with IPA replacement often have a high

conductivity to start with. Increasing conductivity on press points to contaminated fountain solution, which can lead to problems due to a disturbed ink / water balance: ink piling, poor ink drying, too high dot gain, poor print quality. All of this means that different types of additives can result in different conductivity values at the same dosage level, without any relation to quality. Conductivity decreases when the IPA percentage is raised. Buffers To keep the pH on a stable level, the fountain solution must be buffered. The pH can be influenced by an interaction between fountain solution, paper and ink. For this reason, fount systems are always buffered to avoid pH fluctuations. To design pH levels and to make a stable fountain solution, a salt combination is necessary. Correct combinations of acid in the buffer are needed for thorough plate wetting without any deposition. In order to achieve the necessary thorough plate wetting without, on the other hand, causing deposition, the buffer must contain the correct combinations of acid. Viscosity and its relation to fount transfer Viscosity is the degree of internal bonding of a liquid as a result of the attraction of molecules. In the same way, transfer of a liquid over a pair of rollers will be influenced strongly by internal molecular bonding. When viscosity increases, mass transfer increases as well (up to a given maximum). Therefore, in fountain solutions, there are two important parameters which influence the amount of

transferred liquid: 1. Temperature 2. IPA dosage Viscosity and temperature Temperature is a measure for the amount of molecule motion. Higher temperatures are the result of more intensive internal motion of the material and increasing intermolecular space. This in turn implies decreasing attraction of the molecules, and thus a lower viscosity. Higher viscosity at lower temperatures produces a thicker fluid film on rollers, which leads to better transfer over a wide range of roller speeds. Influence of IPA dosage One of the most remarkable effects of the use of IPA is a change in viscosity. This is caused by the formation of three-dimensional network structures in the liquid, which results in an increase of viscosity at certain dosage ranges. This means that IPA dosage also has a significant influence on the transfer behaviour of fountain solutions. Printers notice that transfer is reduced when the IPApercentage is lowered. Depending on the quality of the fountain solution, this has to be compensated for by increasing pan roller speed. Some fount specialists recommend the use of special rollers, sometimes combined with temperature reduction to imitate the viscosity effects of IPA. Corrosion Corrosion inhibitors in the fountain solution prevent corrosion on plate, blanket and (in sheetfed) impression cylinders. Quality fountain solutions are certified for corrosion. For many press manufacturers, this certification is a pre-condition for inclusion of corrosion damaged press parts in their warranty regulations.

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TECHNOLOGY Anti-piling additives Anti-piling additives in the fountain solution counteract build-up on blankets. Due to this reduced buildup, the wash intervals decrease considerably. Also, the life cycle of plates, especially plates that have not been cured, can be significantly extended when there is no piling. Surface tension of fountain solutions Conventional fountain solutions based on a fountain concentrate plus IPA have a surface tension of about 40 mN/m, when the percentage of IPA is 8% or higher. The surface tension is nearly identical under static and dynamic circumstances, and adding more IPA does not lower the surface tension significantly. When fountain solutions based on a fountain concentrate without IPA are used, the

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surfactants in the concentrate have to take over the role of IPA. Combined laboratory and field tests have shown that appropriate IPA-free fountain solutions have to meet the following parameters: • In a 3% solution the surface tension must be lower than 45 mN/m at 10 Hz tested in a BP2 bubble tension meter (simulates the dynamic surface tension on high-speed presses). • The slope of the tension curve between 1 Hz and 10 Hz must be as flat as possible to avoid printing problems due to differences in press speed. • The BP2 curves of the 3% and 5% solutions have to be closely aligned. If not, there is a danger of overdose sensitivity. • The BP2 test should always

be combined with an interfacial tension test. This is done by checking the contact angle of a 3% solution on an ink surface. Here as well, the fountain solution has to meet a certain value. BP2 tests, therefore, can be indicative of the wetting of the plates. The tests reveal whether the fountain solution is able to wet the plate fast enough in thin layers at high speeds. Measuring the interfacial tension will give an indication as to the sensitivity to emulsification. These two parameters must always be tested together, because it is possible for certain fountain solutions to reach their ideal BP2 curve (lower than 45 mN/m at 10 Hz) with a 4% solution, but at this concentration, they may have insufficient contact angle.


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August - September 2013 | SCREENTEX |

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TECHNOLOGY

Print Faults - Making and fixing them By Tricia Church recommended. They include tape marks on the positive, a thumb print in the drying filler, filler breakdown, coating lines in the emulsion from using a (deliberately) bad trough, flooding, filling in, etc. etc. Some of the details of the print settings have been removed from this photograph to ensure that the makers of the ink, press, mesh etc. don’t get blamed for our deliberate mistakes. The wrong stencil Flooding and filling in came mostly because we deliberately used an emulsion with a high Rz (10µm). With a strong squeegee pressure the ink gave massive dot gain. When we re-printed with a lowRz capillary film using the same press settings, the flooding/ filling disappeared.

A very bad print

Like everyone, I get faults in my prints. To fix them I need to know the root cause. My favourite resource for finding the root cause is a set of bad prints I made some years ago. These are very special bad prints because, under the wise tuition of

A print with many deliberate faults – one of 28 fault-based prints we made

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Bill Appleton, I had set things up deliberately badly in order to see what happened when things were wrong. I find that it is very easy to spot the deliberate mistake in my set of bad prints and then reset my printing in order to correct for that fault. I can’t give you a copy of my bad prints, but I can give you the next best thing which is pictures of many of those bad prints along with the explanation of what I deliberately did wrong. Hopefully you will find this a useful practical guide for your own problem solving. It’s important to include a range of challenging features in any test printing. The image from the Serilor Log test suite is particularly challenging and insightful and is highly

The wrong mesh Slur from a slack mesh, or too large a squeegee drag. These two samples show different slurs in different prints but the cause is the same. The squeegee is coming from right to left and because the mesh is too slack and/or the pressure/drag is too large, the squeegee slides the mesh along giving the slur directly connected to the main image. In bad cases shown on the left, the squeegee actually judders up and down, taking the stencil with it and printing a light ghost of the main image when it next judders back into (distorted) contact. All these lines should look like the line along the bottom of the image. But we used a mesh that was too small for the ink


TECHNOLOGY particles and we have classic “sieving” where the particles block the mesh holes. You can get something like this if the ink dries in, but this ink was resistant to drying in and we did not get the effect with a coarser mesh. Note that the particles aren’t extremely large, but if a hole is <3x the width of the particles then it gets blocked very quickly. In this case there were only 2-3 mesh holes/line width so you can judge that the particles were near the critical 3x limit. We deliberately waited for some time after the flood stroke before printing – and used an ink with no added retarder. Naturally the ink had dried in, blocking some of the holes, giving the classic drying in pattern. We could also achieve drying in only at the image at the start of the print stroke. This is because the ink remaining in the mesh after the print had had longer to dry in before it was re-flooded. We used a very viscous (nonreduced) ink. As the squeegee went along, the drag on the mesh from the ink was too large and the mesh was slow to release. Towards the end of the print, the mesh came out of the ink in a sudden rush. The 1-2-3 shows that there is a “liquid bridge” underneath the mesh. If this breaks in a gentle manner, the drop of

How teardrops fall onto your print

ink formed by the break simply goes down onto the print. With a violent release the drop can fly off in all directions. These ink particles were a few mm away from the edge of a solid printed block. It’s easy to imagine that a viscoelastic (“stringy”, “tacky”) ink would give not individual drops like these but “cobweb” strings. Teardrops Although these were very easy to see on the print, it was impossible to get a good photo of them. You’ve probably seen them yourself –blobs of ink (a few mm diameter) often in a straight line, randomly over the print. We made them appear by using a tacky ink and a weak squeegee. The combination meant that during the squeegee stroke, ink built up on the wrong side of the squeegee – partly through hydroplaning, partly because viscoelastic inks naturally “climb” under shear. After a while, there is enough ink built up on the squeegee that it can drop off and fall through the mesh onto the print – giving the characteristic teardrop shape: This screen was deliberately badly cleaned. When we printed it there was a clear ghost image

visible. Under the microscope, the ghost is made of patches of unprinted ink. With this mesh and ink, mesh-marking is especially strong and the ghost image seems to magnify the effect. We threw some dust onto the press during printing and, not surprisingly, got these “hickies” which would not be appreciated by a customer! Orange peel This is hard to image but easy to spot. There are many causes of orange peel, all coming down to the fact that the ink is generally unhappy when it’s drying. So printing an incompatible ink on top of another gives one type of orange peel (that’s what we did to ensure we saw it). Having the wrong solvent blend, or too much thinner is another way. The cause of this sort of orange peel is interesting and is sometimes called the Marangoni effect. As the

in both these prints we had a slack mesh and excessive squeegee pressure

The remains of a ghost. This should be a uniform blue, but the white areas have less ink and are associated with a previous image that had not been properly cleaned

Not clean enough Ghost image

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TECHNOLOGY Dust

Dust can have a devastating effect on a print

more- volatile solvent evaporates it leaves behind a solvent mix with a different surface tension. Ink flows from high to low surface tension so you start to get instabilities. These instabilities work in 3 dimensions and you start to get regular cells where solvent is

SK

M

rising in one point and sinking in another. Under the right (or wrong!) conditions these cells can form perfect hexagons, the classic mark of the extreme Marangoni effect. The cure is either more gentle drying, more compatible solvents (less difference in volatility, less difference in surface tension) or a more effective surface active agent which swamps differences in surface energy. Belt marks Again this is a problem thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s easily visible on the print but hard to show in a photograph. You see a broad regular pattern on the print that coincides with the pattern of the belt that conveys your prints through the oven. We got the

pattern to appear when the oven was too hot. We donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t need to show you the images because you know what they look like, but it was a useful exercise deliberately to dry or to humidify a print before printing the same image on top of it. The dried print shrank by 2mm over a 400mm print (0.5%) and the humidified print expanded by 1mm (0.25%). Such gross misregistrations are easy to spot, but doing this test was a reminder that for precision printing, exact equilibration of the substrate between prints is of great importance. For paper, the effect of water is well-known. But the effects on plastic substrates are less wellknown.

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SPARKLE Foil n Films

Textile Foils

67/671, MHB ColonyOpp. Parijat Society, Poisar Gymkhana Road, Mahavir Nagar, SPARKLE Kandivali (West), Mumbai 400067, INDIA. Tel : +91 22 2869 4684 • Mobile : +91 98331 16688 Foil n Films E Mail : sparklefoil@yahoo.com • www.sparklefoil.com


CASE STUDY

Adhesion PROBLEM

Ink flakes off substrate, comes off when crinkled, or is removed easily in tape test.

CAUSE

SOLUTION

1. Viscosity too high

1. Reduce viscosity consistent with acceptable printability

2. Viscosity too low

2. Add virgin ink to fountain

3. Ink surface tension too high

3. Consult your technical sales representative

4. Incorrect ink system for substrate

4. Ensure that the correct ink for the substrate is being used

5. Poor film treatment

5. Check surface of film for adequate treatment; if possible treat in line

6. Ink drying too slow

6. Check driers for heat and airflow; consult your ink manufacturer or reduce with faster solvent blends

7. Substrate surface contamination

7. Apply primer before printing, use in-line treater

8. Insufficient web temperature

8. Increase temperature settings of driers, check drier balance

Bleeding or Smearing PROBLEM

Color spreads into subsequently applied coating or adhesive.

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CAUSE

SOLUTION

1. Improper Pigment Use

1. Reformulate ink, consult with ink supplier

2. Coating or adhesive may be rewetting ink

2. Reformulate ink, consult with ink supplier

3. Ink viscosity too high

3. Reduce viscosity or film thickness

4. Incorrect solvent formulation

4. Use faster or slower drying solvents

| SCREENTEX | June - July 2016


CASE STUDY

Blushing (Hazing, Fogging) PROBLEM

Milky, foggy or matte appearance in an ink or coating.

CAUSE

1. High humidity causing excessive 2. Condensation on surface of moisture in ink drying ink

SOLUTION

1. Check solvent blend for ink and plant conditions 2. Ensure solvent blend is appropriate for existing conditions

Solvent blend should be appropriate for existing conditions.

Color Too Strong PROBLEM

Actual printed color does not match

CAUSE

SOLUTION

1. Viscosity too high (Solvent-based inks)

1. Reduce viscosity consistent with acceptable printability

2. pH too high (Water-based inks)

2. Check & adjust pH, reduce viscosity to acceptable level

3. Ink pigmentation too high

3. Reduce colorant strength with extender

4. Anilox roll cell volume too great or cell count too low for application

4. Replace with higher line count or lower volume anilox roller

5. Pressure roller setting inadequate

5. Adjust impression to improve print

6. Plate or ink metering roll durometer (hardness) too low for job

6. Consult your plate or roll manufacturer

7. Inadequate doctor blade impression

7. Adjust doctor blade to recommended pressure 7

pH adjustment can sometimes fix overly strong colors.

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| SCREENTEX | June - July 2016

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| SCREENTEX | June - July 2016

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Duratech Automation Pvt. Ltd.


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| SCREENTEX | June - July 2016

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EVENTS CALENDAR

NATIONAL AUGUST 2016 04-06 August 2016 IN STORE ASIA 2016 Largest Event for Retail Experience, Design & Shopper Marketing.

21-23 September 2016 ELECTRONICA INDIA 2016 India’s Leading Trade Fair for Electronics Industry. At: Bangalore International Exhibition Centre, KArnataka. www.electronica-india.com

At: Pragati Maidan, New Delhi. www.instoreasia.org 07-09 August 2016 KNIT SHOW 2016 Leading Exhibition on Textile & Garment Industry.

29 Sept - 01 October 2016 MEDIA EXPO 2016 ( NEW DELHI ) International Exhibition on Indoor & Outdoor Advertising. At: Pragati Maidan, New Delhi. www.themediaexpo.com

At: Velan Hotel Fair Ground, Tirupur, Tamilnadu. www.knitshow.in

NOVEMBER 2016

12-14 August 2016 PRINT EXPO 2016

11-13 November 2016 PAPEREX SOUTH INDIA 2016

Leading Exhibition on Printing & Converting Industry.

South India’s Leading Show on Paper industry.

At: Hall 1 & 2, Chennai Trade Centre, Tamilnadu.

At: Chennai Trade Centre, Chennai, Tasmilnadu

www.printexpo.in

www.paperex-southindia.in

26-28 August 2016 GTE BANGALORE 2016

17-20 November 2016 LABELEXPO INDIA 2016

International Echibition on Garment & Apparel Technology.

Exhibition on Labele Printing Industry.

At: Dr. Prabhu Kore Convention Centre, Bangalore, Karnataka.

At: India Expo Centre, Grater Noida.

www.garmenttechnologyexpo.com

www.labeleexpo-india.com

27-29 August 2016 GARTEX 2016 Complete Garment Manufacturing Solutions Show.

18-20 November 2016 MEDIA EXPO 2016 (CHENNAI ) International Exhibition on Indoor & Outdoor Advertising.

At: Pragati Maidan, New Delhi.

At: Chennai Trade Centre, Chennai, Tasmilnadu

www.gartexindia.com

www.themediaexpo.com

SEPTEMBER 2016 01-04 September 2016 EASTERN PRINT PACK 2016 Eastern India’s Leading Exhibition on Printing & Packaging Industry. At: Milan Mela Ground, Kolkata. www.easternprintpack.com 08-10 September 2016 INDIA FOLDING CARTOON SHOW 2016 Leading Exhibition on Corrugation Industry. At: Bombay Exhibition Centre, Goregaon (E), Mumbai. www.indiafoldingcarton.com

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| SCREENTEX | June - July 2016

18-20 November 2016 INTERPRINT EXPO INDIA 2016 Leading Exhibition on Digital, Printing & Packaging Industry. At: Chandigarh. www.interprintexpoindia.com 18-21 November 2016 INTER PRINT EXPO 2016 Exhibition on Printing & Packaging Industry. At: Chandigarh, India. www.interprintexpoindia.com


EVENTS CALENDAR

INTERNATIONAL AUGUST 2016 18-20 August 2016 THE NBM SHOW BALTIMORE 2016 Exhibition Garment Decoration Industry. At: Baltimore Convention Center, Baltimore, MD, USA. www.thenbmshow.com 31 August - 03 September 2016 TEXTECH BANGLADESH 2016 Leading International Exhibition on Textile & Garment Industry. At: Bangabandhu International Conferance Centre, Dhaka, Bangladesh. www.cems-textech.com

SEPTEMBER 2016 07-09 September 2016 FESPA AFRICA 2016 Africa’s Leading Show on Screen & Digital Printing Industry. At: Gallagher Convention Centre, Johanesburg, South AFrica. www.fespa.com 13-15 September 2016 LANELEXPO AMERICAS 2016 Indonasia’s Leading Exhibition on Label Industry. At: Donald E Stephens Convention Center, Rosemount, IL, USA. www.labelexpo-americas.com 14-16 September 2016 SGIA 2016 Leading International Exhibition on Screen & Graphic Imaging Industry.. At: Las Vegas, NV, USA. www.sgia.org 20-23 September 2016 GLASSTEC 2016 International Exhibition on Glass Industry.. At: Dusseldorf, Germany. www.glasstec-online.com 25-28 September 2016 GRAPH EXPO 2016 Africa’s Leading Show on Graphic Communication Industry.. At: Orange County Convention Centre, Orlando, FL, USA. www.gasc.org

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| SCREENTEX | June - July 2016

Arrow PHOTOS O NName in One i INDIA for f Stock Images, Templates, Software & Tutorials We manufactures high resolution, ready to use stock images and templates. We also provides stock images, which are used for Advertisement, Fonts, Logos, Clip-Arts, Brouchers, Visiting Cards, Wedding Cards, ID Cards, DTP Purpose, etc. For more details Contact :

Arrow Multimedia

3, Mount Road, Shop No. 10, City Center Plaza, Chennai 600 002. E Mail : arrowmultimedia@yahoo.com

Mahedra M h d SSethia h - 92824 37480


MARKET PLACE COLUMN

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| SCREENTEX | June - July 2016


MANUFACTURER OF PRINTING INKS. SPECIALIST IN: PVC PRIMA INKS, PVC REDIMIX SILVER, PVC DELUX INKS, VYNOSHINE INKS, PAPER GLOSS INKS, EVA GLOSS INKS, EVA INKS, PVC PEARL INKS, PVC FLOROCENT INKS, ALUMINIUM FOIL PRINTING INKS, FLEXO PRINTING INK

SPECIAL INKS: SCRATCH SILVER, SCRATCH BLACK, SCRATCH REDUCER, NYLON INKS, PV INKS, ZARI BINDERS, DRIER, RETARDAR, DISCO DEEP GOLD, OP. MEDIUM, SILVER PAIST, PAD INKS, TWO PACK INKS, TWO PACK PU INKS

Suntex Enterprises H. Office: S 121, Harsha Compound, Site 2 Industrial Area, Mohan Nagar, Sahibabad, Ghaziabad-201007, U.P. India. Tel.: +91-9312262087, 9811028144 Email: info@suntexprintingink.com Website: www.suntexprintingink.com Kanpur Office: +91-9335589233, 9454897984 Email: riteshagarwal635@gmail.com


AD INDEX Adepatech India Advance Syntex (P) Ltd. Aeon Commercial India (P) Ltd. And Global Sales Corporation Arrow Multimedia Balaji Chemicals Beauty Flex Bharat Fushing

05 21 76 04 68 47 51 72

Bharti Creation

13

Blue Coat India Pvt. Ltd.

27

Chaiyaboon Inknovation 23 Cheran Machines I Pvt. Ltd. 41 Domex 45 Duratech Automation (P) Ltd. 03, 63 Epta Inks India Pvt. Ltd. 15

Macart Equipment Pvt Ltd Mac Dermid Autotype Ltd. Meetesha Enterprises

06 07 46

Natraj Industries NBC Japan

04 02

Omkar Engineering

06

Paper N Films International Photokina Chemical Pvt. Ltd. Ratan Industrial Engineering Sefar Switzerland Santi Arts

74 19 04 75 50

Shriram Enterprises

34

S M Associates

58

Smilax International India

65

Extris Italy Febchem Pvt. Ltd Fespa 2017

31 70 67

Sneha Enterprises

73

Green Ways

43

Sparkel Foil & Films Spoorthi Technologies

55 17

India ITME 2016 J N Arora & Co. (P) Ltd. Kumar Textile Industries Kunal Enterprise Label Expo 2016 Litel Infrared Systems

42 59 39 30 69 38

Suntex Enterprises Sri Krishna Marketing Sri Sai Chemicals

71 54 25

SunShine Graphics

46

Varsha Transprint Vee Jain Dyes and Chemicals

35 62

This AD INDEX is provied as a free service to our advertisers. We regret that we can not be held responsible for any errors/omissions.

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| SCREENTEX | June - July 2016


Introducing whole sale Sublimation Products Like : Mugs / Ceramics / Glass / Crystals / Acrylic, MDF Wood & Many More... Cotton Textile Transfer Paper (Laser / Inkjet) for LIGHT & DARK GARMENT

Sublimation Papers & Inks Water & Oil Resistance Eco friendly Paper for packaging Industries. Water Based Waterproof and Heat Sealable Coating for Paper & Board Self Adhesive Sticker Papers n Films, Peelable Adhesive sheets, Digital Gumming sheets

+91 9833 99 7772 +91 9833 99 7776

pb7772@gmail.com Tel.: 07506 676969 MUMBAI, INDIA

www.texprints.com


Screen Tex June - July 2016  
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