Issuu on Google+

UNBUILT

Jia Weng B. Arch // Tsinghua university M.U.D. // University of Michigan


Many people think they are thinking when they are merely rearranging their prejudice. William James


4 Table of content


48-53

30-47 The Belts

The belly of a mountain Null The latent urban landscape 26-29 Transit as spine 68-75 Weaving the teleferico station

Table of content

10-19 Matrix Campus 20-21 Rio Campus 22-25 Urban design toolkit

76-79 Tianjin art gallery

54-59 4.7: a geographic stroll around horizon un-built

mountain urban void wetlands water territory

80-83 60-67 Offshore urbanization

Mosaic utopia 6-9 Resume 5


Jia Weng 1053 Island Dr. Ct. Ann Arbor, MI#48105 734-9454-171 jiaweng@umich.edu

Degree

Resume

/2012-2013/ The University of Michigan Ann arbor, Michigan, USA -Master of Urban Design -3.8 GPA Graduate High Honors -Research assisstant: E. Jazairy -2013 Student show /2007-2012/ Tsinghua University Beijing, China - Bechalor of architecture

Professional /2013 May/ Design earth(E.Jazairyand R.Ghosn) Ann arbor, MI, US -Rio de Janeiro city vision competition Contribution: Initial design, Renderings 6

Professional

Skill

/2013 Mar/ Morphosis, Intern New York, NY, US - FAB building of Cornell, New York Contribution: Renderings

Digital Modeling Rhinocero-SketchUp-Grasshopper

/2012 Feb. 2012 Jun./ Atelier FCZJ (Yungho-Chang), Intern -The modern art museum of Tianjin E-gu corporation, Tianjin, China Contribution: conceptional design, digital model, diagram,physical model - Tongzhou canal club, Beijing, China Contribution: detail design, physical and digital modeling, construction drawings

Digital Drawing and Cordinates AutoCAD-Photoshop-IllustratorInDesign-Acrobat-Ms Word-Ms Excel

/2011 May, 2011 Aug./ CADRI, Intern Beijing, China - Water Operation Centre in Ningxia Contribution: digital model, conceptional design, landscape design - Tianwei Weapon Headquarter Contribution: digital model, layout, conceptional design - The Northern Data Centre of China Agriculture Bank Contribution: layout, digital model, construction drawing, index analysis / 2010 May, 2010 Aug./ Beijing Institute of architectural design, Intern Beijing, China - Xi’an Wanxiang community Contribution: site research, layout, modeling, index analysis

Rendering VRay-Maxwell

Filming Premier Pro Making Laser cutting-Wood working-Painting (watercolor)-Line drawing Language Mandarin-English Data GIS

Publication /2013 Apr/ Student publication Campus Rio post Olympic city grounds, Editors in chief: J. Weng, C. A. Wu, J. Garrison /2013 June/ Student publication The latent urban landscape Vargens in transition, Editors in chief: J. Weng, C. A. Wu, D.Y. Liu, Y. S. Lin, S.Q. He


Recognition

+ Reference

/2013 Spring/ Paper presentation Offshore urbanization: Algeciras Maritime infrastructure

El Hadi Jazairy Assistant Professor University of Michigan Taubman College of Architecture and Planning 2000 Bonisteel Boulevard 607-262-9103

/2013 Winter/ “Spree” student exibit The belts /2012 Summer/ Merit scholarship /2011 Winter/ Seed Fund scholarship Mosaic Utopia

Resume

/2011 Winter/ Tsinghua University Architecture department Student exibit excellent work Urban design studio

María Arquero de Alarcón Assistant Professor University of Michigan Taubman College of Architecture and Planning 2000 Bonisteel Boulevard 617-821-1719

/2010 Fall/ Tsinghua University Architecture department Student exibit excellent work Construction studio project The Wall /2010 Fall/ Tsinghua University Architecture department Student exibit excellent work ‘Architecture department building’ design studio /2009 Fall/ Beijing Pourkor installation art exibit Misunderstanding, Misapplication

7


翁佳

職業經歷

北京西三環中路19号 51號樓三門五號

/2013 三月/ Morphosis, 實習生 紐約市,紐約州 - 康奈爾大學 FAB 大樓, 紐約 貢獻:效果圖

電腦建模 Rhinocero-SketchUp-Grasshopper

/2012 二月- 2012 六月/ 非常建築工作室, 實習生 -天津E股智造現代藝術館, 天津 貢獻: 概念設計,3D建模,分析圖 - 通州運河會所, 北京 貢獻: 建築設計詳圖,建築細部設 計,3D建模,手工模型

電腦製圖及後期處理 AutoCAD-Photoshop-Illustrator-InDesign-Acrobat-Ms Word-Ms Excel

13810485308 jiaweng@umich.edu

簡歷

學歷 /2012-2013/ 密歇根大學 安娜堡, 密歇根 -城市設計碩士 -3.8 GPA 高分榮譽 -研究助理: E. Jazairy -2013 建築學生展覽 /2007-2012/ 清華大學 北京 - 建築學學士

職業經歷 /2013 五月/ 設計地球工作室 (E. Jazairy and R. Ghosn) 安娜堡,密歇根州 -裡約熱 盧城市願景競賽 貢獻: 初步設計,效果圖 8

/2011 五月, 2011 八月/ 中國建築設計研究院(曹曉昕工作 室), 實習生 北京 - 寧夏水利控制中心 貢獻: 3D建模, 概念設計,景觀 設計 - 天威兵器總部 貢獻: 3D建模,概念設計 - 中國農業銀行北方數據中心 貢獻: 3D建模,建築施工圖,數據 統計 / 2011 一月/ 清華規劃院, 實習生 北京 - 河北涿鹿縣總體規劃 貢獻:場地調研,數據統計,分析圖, 彙報文本 / 2010 五月, 2010 八月/ 北京建築設計研究院, 實習生 北京 - 西安萬向住區設計 貢獻: 場地調研,數據統計,3D 建模

技能

渲染 VRay-Maxwell

短片製作 Premier Pro 動手能力 激光切割-木工-水彩-白描 語言 普通話-英語 數據處理 GIS

出版發表 /2013 四月/ 裡約校園 后奧林匹克城市用地 主編: 翁佳, 吳濟安, 賈斯丁 /2013 六月/ 潛在城市景觀 Vargens轉型, 主編: 翁佳, 吳濟安,劉東燁,何舒 淇,林鈺翔


榮譽 /2013 春/ 論文展示 海上城市化: Algeciras航海基礎設施 /2013 冬/ “Spree” 學生展覽 The belts /2012 夏/ Merit scholarship /2011 冬/ 種子基金獎學金 臨界空間:馬賽克烏托邦

+ 參考人 El Hadi Jazairy 助理教授 密歇根大學 建築與規劃學院 2000 Bonisteel Boulevard 607-262-9103 María Arquero de Alarcón 助理教授 密歇根大學 建築與規劃學院 2000 Bonisteel Boulevard 617-821-1719

/2011 冬/ 清華優留學生作業 城市設計:城市縫合 簡歷

/2010 秋/ 清華學生作業展 構造:墻 /2010 秋/ 清華優留學生作業 建築系館設計 /2009 秋/ 北京跑酷裝置藝術展 錯用

9


campus matrix

CAMPUS MATRIX

2012 Winter Individual work

10

urban void


section name

1

Condominium

2

Dormintory

3

Affordable housing

4

Shopping mall

5

College

6

Auditorium

7

Research lab

8

Community center

9

Incubator

11


Campus Matrix: a practice of event tranformation trough reparcelization

campus matrix

Deodoro is located in northwest Rio, occupying a segment of one of the three significant voids that establish the city’s image. There are four main elements found within the region’s borders: urban fabric, military camp, Olympic facility and the void. As a result of the military camp’s presence, the site is fragmented, and characterized by a series of isolated enclaves. The project positions the void as an opportunity to articulate the four elements, thus weaving together urbanization and ecosystems into a single cohesive unit. In deference to the existing topography found on the site, four view corridors have been identified and utilized as a method for organizing the site. These corridors not only articulate different enclaves but also can increase accessibility to the negative space and connect existing and new neighborhoods.

[1] Manuel of declonialization, Sandi Hilal, Alessandro Petti and Eyal Weizman, Sallotobuono studio, Italy

12

In order to reinforce the notion of “event tranformation“, the method “reparcelization“1 is used to enable the ground of the campus to be public. The ground of Deodoro with its militarized memory will be covered by a new carpet. The block and the built will be reorganized by the new logic of campus. The logic is no longer determinde by the built, but by the urban void, the unbuilt. In this way, the void is no longer negative, it serves as a glue, stiching together different segments in Deodoro.

1 Connected voids: the ecosystem is broken by the bridge of urbanization. The stretegy is to connect the negative space recreate a whole eco-system.

2 Viewing corridor: The value of the view and the voids is generated by the viewing corridors identified by the Olympic facilities.

3 Voids as glue: As an opportunity, voids can be considered as the glue, which will be used to articulate the existing and the coming neighborhoods.


campus matrix

13


Olympic facility

campus matrix

Delimitation

Existing neighborhood

Ungrounding

Axis

14

Reparcelization


Rio Parcel inventory

100 * 100

Single-family housing Deodoro

Samba school Nilopolis

Training field Villa Militar

College UFRJ

College UERJ

Single-family housing Deodoro

Headquater Villa Militar

College UFRJ

College UFRJ

Camp Villa Millitar

campus matrix

Headquater Villa Millitar

PUC Leblon

Social housing Deodoro

College UFRJ

Shooting range Deodoro

College UFRJ

Maracana Maracana

15


Office

Research lab Research lab

Sharing structure

$

campus matrix

$

Research annex

Connection

16

Bridging beyond boundary


campus matrix

17


Studio publication

Campus Rio publication

Campus Rio: Post Olympic city ground

20


Ann arbor 2013 8X10 in 180 pages

Campus Rio publication 21


Projections: Collective urban design toolkit for post Olympic city grounds

projections for post Olympic city ground

Team: Jia Weng, Justin Garrison, Sneha Lohoteker

The issue of property boundary caused the discontinues ground condition of Deodoro. Due to the heavily militarized atmosphere in Deodoro, in the past, the urban fabric, the military camp and the void barely exchange anything with each other. They are internally digest everything. They are using their own human, natural and space resources without sharing them, even if they are so close to each other. However, all of the conditions described above is about to change under the pressures of the global mega- event. Because of the public nature of campus’ ground, the studio as a whole decided to use campus as a catalyst to trigger the transformation. Collectively, eleven different design approaches are experimented on different part of the site. The project “urban design toolkit“ serves as projections for those similar issues in global cities. Formally, the projects are divided into six tools, they are our patent1 towards post mega-event city grounds. The tools are landscape, reparcelization, mat, axial, mediation and mega-structure. The six tools provide different attitude to the ground (keep original, reorganize..)

[1] Content: Patent office for universal modernization. Rem Koolhaas, Netherland.

22


projections for post Olympic city grounds

23


REPARCELIZATION

MAT

projections for post Olympic city ground

LANDSCAPE

abstract Through geographic, ecological, and infrastructural system the landscape plays a formative role in the development of the site. This organization generates enclaves with various programs which are connected by the ground, linking the site together. 24

abstract The surface of the site is marked by undgrounding the site,. It suggests a transformation of the first fifteen centimeters of the ground. through reparcelization it allows for a new meaning and understanding the site and its uses

abstract The mat proposes its distinct identity through loose scaffolding based on an organizational system superimposed upon existing conditions with an interplay of movement, waiting, repetition and variation through built form. This strategy generates a hard edge while also allowing the city to flow through the network of various program


AXIAL

MEDIATION

MEGASTRUCTURE

projections for post Olympic city grounds

abstract Axial development generates a distinct linear form of centrality which equally qualifies built and unbuilt spaces with activities and uses. This type of organization solidifies a sense of flow, direction, and orientation that magnifies existing and proposed conditions.

abstract This strategy attempts to blur the boundaries between distinct hard edges which resulted in disconnected enclaves generated from infrastructural lines. Through expanding and dissolving built and unbuilt programs the approach begins to mediate movement and development joining the separated grounds.

abstract This approach uses a singular structural framework that allows multiple and distinct programs to coincide while mitigating the conflict between infrastructural intersections through sectional separation. Through architectonic means and a hybrid of programs, the strategy generates imageabliity and an urban destination

25


section name

TRANSIT AS SPINE

2012 Fall Group work

26

urban void


ssection sec se ec ectio tio on name name am me

27


transit as spine

Transit As Spine mapping rio brt

28

With 708 kilometers of bus rapid Transit [brt] corridors in 30 cities with nearly 10 million daily passengers, brazil is and historically has been Latin america’s leader in public transit. rio de Janeiro - a city rooted in innovative transportation initiatives - is carrying the country’

transportation momentum forward with the implementation of an expansive BRT network connecting much of the city’s densest areas as well as sites projected for future growth. The system, which is already running in barra da Tijuca, is slated to be fully operational in time for the city’s hosting of the 2016 Olympic Games. composed of three intersecting routes Transcarioca, TransOeste and

TransOlimpica- the completed network will stretch 120 kilometers and feature 133 stations and be integrated to the region’s bus, rail and metro systems. Much of the system’s alignment is strategically located to promote Transit Oriented development along designated future growth areas, ushering in a new era of mobility in the rapidly growing metropolis.


ESTACAO AVENDA BRASIL figure ground

streets

unbuilt area

32.1%

19.8%

48.2%

figure ground

streets

unbuilt area

23.2%

33.2%

43.6%

figure ground

streets

unbuilt area

39.9%

11.7%

48.4%

aerial photo

Madureira aerial photo

aerial photo

transit as spine

Captitao Menezes

Term. Alvoroda figure ground

streets

unbuilt area

25.2%

17.2%

66.1%

aerial photo

29


THE BELTS

2012 Fall Group work

wetlands


mountain

plain

geographic condition

Vargens 1900

basin plain

+0

sea

The belts

Vargens 2010

The belts urbanization model experiment for wetlands preservation Team: Chi-an Wu , Jia Weng, Yu-haang Lin, Dong ye Liu

32

[1] Stop city, ‘“ Dogma, 11 projects�, Pier Vittorio Aureli, Martino Tattara

Vargens is located at Barra de Tijuca, 40 kilometers far from downtown Rio de Janeiro. It occupies an area of 51.4 square kilometres, almost the same size as Manhattan. Vargens has 10.9 square kilometres of wetland, but it has become the next developing centre because of the 2016 Olympic Games. Vargens is facing two issues that conflict with each other, one is the coming urbanism, and

the other is the wetland preservation. Currently there are two highway routes able to approach Barra de Tijuca and there is one BRT line now operating. Before 2016, another two BRT lines will operate to service the Olympic as well.

Scheme Because of the fragile water condition of the site, urbanization is limited outside the canal system and leaves the centre wetland undeveloped. Facing this challenge between the geographical conditions and marketing needs, this proposal is attempt to balance the conflict. The BELTS tries to provide a multi-layer


Sector B Sector A

70m 25m

80m

main loop

35m

north-south transit green+river corridor

The belts

Belt to limit the further development for the sake of wetland preservation. Rather than having a green belt, the BELTS brings high density urban development, two kinds of recreational belts, transit line, bike route and the canal together to provide a vibrate area for Vargens. Other than the BELTS, there is a vertical corridor system. Transportation corridor will connect the upper and lower side, and green corridor connect the mountains with the ocean. The BELTS will encounter four different issues, which are urbanized transportation corridor, undeveloped transportation corridor, green

corridor and ecological reservation area. For each condition, our team chooses a typical area, provides a tactic approach which can be applied to the rest of our site. Vargens is the next developing centre of Rio, the geographic condition (the beach and the mountain) remind the residents of downtown, plus with the coming 2016 Olympic games, Vargens is now under spot light. The PEU development regulation encourages the whole vargens area to be developed. However the fragile land in Vargens need to be preserved. In order to resolve the conflict, the multi-layer belts is proposed. By define a border1 that separates the built

from the un-built, the Belts is providing a buffer zone of urbanization between the two. Rather than limit the urban growth by proposing a property line or simply a wall, the Belts is proposing series of space that contain different percentages of program, different zone codes to enable urban activities. The layers are canal, recreational belt, residential belt, institutional belt, mixused belt and finally the preserved green heart .

33


7

The belts

5

2 1

34

6 4

3


The belts

1

green heart

5

institutional belt

2

creational belt

6

loop

3

green corridor

7

mix-used belt

4

residential belt

35


Regulation along transit line 10%

100%

35%

15%

15% 52%

50%

The belts

15%

23%

23%

15% 55%

38% 46

15%

15%

25%

48%

20%

32%

60%

Canal Buildable area:35% Green:50% Infrastructure:15%

Residential belt Buildable area:35% Green:55% Infrastructure:10%

Mixed-use belt Buildable area:40% Green:50% Infrastructure:10%

Institutional belt Buildable area:70% Green:20% Infrastructure:10%

Recreational Buildable are Green:50% Infrastructure

Regulation along green corridor 100%

20%

10%

70%

Canal Buildable area:35% Green:50% Infrastructure:15%

36

10%

10% 35% 55%

Mixed-use belt Buildable area:52% Green:23% Infrastructure:15%

15%

38%

23%

20% 10%

70%

Institutional belt Buildable area:60% Green:25% Infrastructure:15%

10% 40% 50%

Residential Buildable area:60% Green:25% Infrastructure:15%


6%

100%

15%

23%

38%

46%

100%

7% Recreational 10% Retail

15% Green 15% Cmmersial 18% Industrial

35% Residential

20%

5%

15%

15% 35%

55%

95%

65%

100%

46%

5%

23%

15%

20% 10%

Green heart Green:90% Infrastructure:10%

70%

Office belt Buildable area:55% Green:20% Infrastructure:15%

38%

10%

50%

46%

100%

10% 25%

30%

40%

95%

Canal Buildable area:35% Green:50% Infrastructure:15%

Loop Buildable area:60% Green:30% Infrastructure:10%

Green heart Green:90% Infrastructure:10%

e:15%

50%

60%

Loop Buildable area:55% Green:20% Infrastructure:15%

The belts

belt a:35%

15%

20%

10%

65%

Canal Buildable area:35% Green:50% Infrastructure:15%

37


program

Sports

Bio-Tech

IT

Energy

Campus

The belts

0

0.5

0

1 0.5

2 1

4 km 2 mile

landuse distribution

7% Recreational 10% Retail 15% Green infrastructure 15% Institutional 18% Commercial 0 0

38

0.5

1 0.5

2 1

4 km 2 mile

35% Residential


Transportation

0

0.5

1 0.5

2 1

4 km 2 mile

Existing bus routes Proposed main roads Main loop[ propsed bus route] Secondary roads Inner roads

The belts

0

Brt stations Current brt stations Proposed bus stops Main transit station Existing main roads

water system and city service

0 0

0.5

1 0.5

2 1

4 km

civic emergency health education retail

2 mile

39


The Green Corridor

section name

individual work on focus area

40


section name

41


Plant species

Green structure Green corridor Loop Institutional belt Water connection

The belts

Transportation Loop Secondary street Inner circulation Walkway Path Bike path Bus stop p

Parking structure location

Vision Live/work life style Water retain Accessibility Walkability Open space utilization Carbon reduction Ecological preservation

42

Social integration


Residential- Balcony 1-3m Linear window

Parking space Each block need to have one parking structure with a parking ratio of 67%

Ground floor retail Ground floor retail are encouraged to setback 1.5-3m on main street

The belts

Wooden deck

Sidewalk, 3-5m Ecological wet land

The Green Corridor: focus area

[fig.1] facing page exploded axonometric for the green corridor [fig.2] exploded axonometric for block regulation

This proposal is located along one of the green corridors connecting the mountains with the Green Heart, the conservation area, and it places water infrastructure as the backbone of the strategy for urbanization. The proposal addresses the need to reserve space for the existing streams to

perform a regulatory function in the storm water management strategy as a central element in the prevention of flooding. While responding to the pressures of growth and additional housing units, this area offers lower densities than surrounding districts. As a counterpoint, the proposal introduces a multi-scalar system of storm water management techniques from the scale of the whole corridor to the one of the block.

43


The belts

Residential belt Elementry school Kindergarden Loop Residential belt

Institutional belt

Mixed-use Residential Institutional belt Green corridor Elementry school

44


Affordable housing

+ Social housing Market rate housing

Block area: 12,180 sqm Buildable area: 59.2 sqm Coverage: 48.5% FAR: 2.8

4%

1 to 19 31% 33%

20 to 24 25 to 39 40 to 59

6%

60 and upper 26%

26%

1 bed room

The belts

17%

Housing units: 392.5

2 bed room 3 bed room 57%

1 bed room 45sqm

2 bed room 65sqm

Parking ratio: 67%

3 bed room 85sqm

Parking area:3944.6

45


46 The belts


The belts

47


the belly of a mountain

THE BELLY OF A MOUNTAIN

2013 Spring Group work

48

mountain


section name

49


The Belly Of A Mountain

the belly of a mountain

Team: El Hadi Jazairy, Jia Weng, Yuhsiang Lin, Dongye Liu. Text written by E. Jazairy

50

[fig.1] section of the mountain Corcovado

The mountains Sugarloaf, Corcovado and a profile of hills around Guanabara Bay mark the Carioca landscapes from tourist postcards to the imaginaries of artists and urbanists. “I am attracted to free-flowing, sensual curves,” noted Oscar Niemeyer, “the curves that I find in the mountains of my country, in the sinuousness of its rivers, in the waves of the ocean, and on the body of the beloved woman.” While the figure of the city has developed in relation to its geographical contours, the rapid urbanization of Rio de Janeiro has butted against its mountain ranges often revealing the “other” side of the Urban Condition. Along with the expansive informal housing situation, the city faces the challenges of growth and provision of support infrastructure such as energy facilities, transport/logistic zones, landfills as well as steel and petrochemical processing industries. These urban programs not only consume valuable real estate, but also generate environmental externalities of heat, gas, smoke, waste and ash. Such constructions perpetuate a representational duality between the urban condition and an idealized nature. The Belly of A Mountain proposes a vision that ties the topography of Rio and the expansions of its urban infrastructures by organizing the city around a series of excavated mountain bellies. Rather than sacrificing the mountain to urbanization or preserving nature in the city, the project considers the mountain system as a potential internal volume that can


the belly of a mountain

51


the belly of a mountain

accommodate the infrastructure and civic cores of the city. The green slops make available open-air park and reboots the lungs of the city and its ecological lives. The belly of the mountain operates as a green machine in the carioca garden. The hollow mountain’s infrastructural core takes in the city’s objects absorbing existing cemeteries, water purification plants and other industrial facilities. Through a metabolic process, airborne pollutants, municipal waste, grey water, and dead human bodies produce clean energy, purified air, and fertilizers to the city. Beyond its functionalist urban operations, the mountain crates function as a sanctuary that celebrates the lives and memories of its citizens. Through a series of crematorium grottos, Cariocas retreat from the everyday life of the city into the belly of the urban machine. At sunset, they overview from its peaks a silhouette of mountain ranges, green slopes, chimney smoke mists, and large settlements, all chanting the love of their city as recently baptized a World Heritage status in the urban cultural landscape category.

52

[fig.2] program and process


the belly of a mountain

53


4.7

4.7: A GEOGRAPHIC STROLL AROUND THE HORIZON

2013 Spring Group work

54

water territory


section name

55


fig2. Estadio do Maracana

fig3. Aterro do Flamengo

fig5. Aqueduto da Carioca

fig6. Favela Bairro

4.7

fig1. Catedral Metropolitana de Sao Sebatiao

fig4. Morro do Corcovado

fig9. Pao de Acucar

56

fig7. Sambadrome Matques do Sapucai

fig8.Praia de Copacabana


4.7: A Geographic Stroll Around The Horizon

skyline. The sea forms a continuous surface for the collective, upon which silhouettes of floating city icons appear along the journey. Around sunset, at the moment when the neon-pink sun slips below the horizon, everyone stops, stands and claps: a nightly salute to city, sea and sky. Such Aristotelians celebrate that philosophy begins in wonder, and that to wonder beyond the horizon –the urge to know beyond the conceivable– is itself the engine of the polis and its civic life.

4.7

A Geographic Stroll Around the Horizon expands the spatial and cognitive imaginary of the city of Rio de Janeiro to its ocean-hinterland. Countering the abstraction of the sea into a logistical zone of capitalist fantasies, the project draws on the horizon as a geographic aesthetic that renders legible g the offshore territorial prroject. Set at a distance of 4.7 kilometers foor an observer standing on the Earth’s suurface, the distance to the visible horizon at sea has been historically important ass it represented the maximum raange of communication, vision, and knowledge.. Thhe horizon, a geeography of our innfinite longinng, reclaims thhe politicaal

consciousness of the urban and the spatial condition of the ocean by projecting a constellation of urban objects between Rio’s coast and the oil offshore. In a synecdochal strategy, ten of Rio’s most iconic sites are projected into a linear archipelago on the continuous surface of the ocean. Calculated in relation to the optics of vision, the respective distances between urban islands extend the limit of the perceivable in an unobstructed metric space. The archipelago constructs as such a new scale of inhabitation against a figured

57


ARCHIPELAGO: NEXT FRONTIERS

2013Summer Group work

water territory


SHIPPING HIGHWAY

ANIMAL HABITAT

WATER RESERVOIR

INCINERATOR

achipelago

ALGAE ENERGY STATION

Archipelago: The next frontier Team: Jia Weng, Dongye Liu, Shuqi He

62

fig1. facing page, schematic plan

Archipelago frontier targets on the metabolism of Manhattan triggered by the sea level rising. On one hand, sea level rising coursed the loss of programs and space within Manhattan; on the other hand, the archipelago reproduced the land on the water territory. Despite all the damage caused by the catastrophe, the sea level rising will be the catalyst of the exchanging of programs between water and land. On the land side, the project strategically intervenes

at the building scale of decaying structure threatened with collapse. Tidal Park, infrastructure underground, water containers will be put into the lower levels of the buildings. On the water side, the lost programs on the land will be relocated. A series of archipelago will be placed around the shoreline of Manhattan, mainly located on the NY-NJ upper bay and Hudson River. On the territorial scale, two water zones will be defined by the presents of the archipelago frontier. The inner zone will be preserved for people and animal, however, the outer zone will be leave for logistic shipping high ways.


ferry route land influenced water territory column cluster phase I cluster phase II ship, boat, ferry land infrastructure natural territory preserved water territory transportation line

Hundson river

+ The east waterresidential havest

pier commersial

habitat

++ + + +

aquaculture

Manhattan

recreational pier

water reservior

landfill public space

fishing pool

pier

++

bio-energy station

recreational

water havest water havest energy pier

Hundson river

section name

residential

shoreline

+ ++ + +

river

NY upper bay

Page title

63


Recreation Resedential 0kwh

3600kwh 5

30kwh

90kwh

50kwh

40%

20%

90%

0kwh

achipelago

50

90

Institution

Aquaculture 72kwh

Salt water plant

50

10

50kwh

5kwh

5

25%

100%

1500kwh

10kwh

5%

Institution

10kwh

Habitat

Commercial 0kwh

10kwh

50

60

10

60kwh

50kwh

5kwh

25%

30%

90%

Residential 10kwh 70 70kwh

64

0kwh

Energy plant

30%

Pier

Resedential 0kwh

0kwh

60

100

40kwh

100kwh

25%

20%


1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Incinerator

archipelago

2

Recreation

Infrastructure

65


offshore urbanization

OFFSHORE URBANIZATION: ALGECIRAS MARITIME INFRASTRUCTURES

2012 Winter Individual work

66

water territory

Ca shi


Passenger

Passenger

Maritime service

Cargo Bunkering shipping

Safe water

Passenger

Maritime service Cargo Bunkering shipping

section name

argo pping

Safe water

Cargo Bunkering shipping

Bunkering

Passenger Maritime service Safe water

Bunkering

Cargo Passenger shipping

67


fig.2 OUTER ISLA VERDE

fig.3 CAMPAMENTO

offshore urbanization

fig.1 JUAN CARLOS I

Offshore urbanization: Algeciras maritime infrastructure

[1] Gibraltar port authority

68

[2] Algeciras port authority

Algeciras is a port city located in the south of Spain, and is one of the largest city on the Bay of Gibraltar. Being the only natural mouth between Atlantic ocean and Mediterranean, ports near Gibraltar strait are the most important intermediator hubs in the region. The port of Algeciras, along with The port of Gibraltar, Tangier Med and Ceuta, serves the passing ships in four categories:

container, cargo, tranship and bunkering. The ports each have their own strength and focus, competing with each other but at the same time working collectively to support the movement of the ships.

Sovereignty disputes “The two parties and people from Gibraltar are tied to a concept of sovereignty that belongs to the past“ Sr. Matutes, Span’s Foreign Minister The water territory near Gibraltar strait is disputed by three countries: Algeciras, Gibraltar and Morocco. The regional sovereignty disputes is the legacy of the strait’s historical geopolitical


Flow and density

Refinery

Flow and density

Flow and density

Storage terminal

Barge

Cruise line

Cargo Barge

Merchant marine

Fleet operation Tanker

offshore urbanization

Container ship

Merchant marine

organization. The ships’ movement are limited by the sovereignty lines, especially for those fishing related ships. The water territory of Britain, the port of Gibraltar hwave been frequently invaded by spain fishing vessel in recent years. Recorded by the Ministry of Defence in Gibraltar, there were 197 incursions between Jan. 1 and Nov. 30, 2012 that compared to 67 “unlawful incursions“ in 2010 and 23 in 2011.1\

Algeciras maritime infrastructure Algeciras along with the other ports

near Gibraltar serves as an intermediator hub at the Mediterranean region. There are cooperation and competition that ports face within the logistic chain. The port facilities in Algeciras are the results of the competitions. The port of Algeciras is Spain’s number one port located in an exceptional geostrategical point. On the crossroads of the world’s main cargo shipping lane. As an intermediator hub, the port of Algeciras is an important platform in the west Mediterranean for container transhipment. In order to compete with other ports, Algeciras has a magnificent shelter and drought natural conditions. The port also started to improve the connection

between the port and its natural primary and secondary hinterlands Bunk sell is another major service near Gibraltar strait. Three main ports are competing on that field. The major oil refinery terminal is located near San Roque, but it is not until recent year Algeciras starts to develop its own oil refinery terminal in order to cover the services as much as possible. The bunk sell also has its own regulated selling area in Algeciras, where as in Gibraltar it is mor randomly served.

69


to Malaga

to Marbella

to Marbella

section name

Gibraltar strait

Access

Port activity

Oil refinery

Energy plant

Stainless steel industry

Paper mills industry to Ceuta

70

Port facility to Tangier


Anchore perhibit area Anchore area

section name 71


offshore urbanization

Greetings from Algeciras

[fig. 1] Section drawing of Algeciras new port facilities

72

[fig. 2] Facing page, Algeciras new scenario.

Due to the geographic importance of the Gibraltar strait, as the choke point, it is not only the most important hub for ships and migrants, but also the only path for birds migrants. The strait is also a main habitat for whales and dolphins, they travel across the strait to breed. These movements are disguised by the water territory disputes. The ports are wasting human and nature resources to compete with each other. It is time for us to imagine a scenario of collaboration beyond the sovereignty line. In the scenario the strait will be populated

with floating maritime infrastructures. Those infrastructures are located in the conjunction of the way for different species and activities, such as tourists, ships, wild birds and whales. And the infrastructures are designed in a way to serve all the parties of users. It will have cranes for cargos, oil reservoir for tankers, green infrastructure to clean all the pollution and generate food and oxygen for the birds and whales. Each one of the infrastructure will be treated as a selfsufficient island. They are connected with each other by shipping routes.


section name

73


weaving the teleferico station

WEAVING THE TELEFERICO STATION

2012 Summer Individual work

74

mountain


section sec ecctio ion name io name ame am

75 75


section name

Weaving the Teleferico station

76

The mountain Alemour is located near Rio de Janeiro’s downtown. It is occupied by several favelas used to be one of the most dangerous area in Rio. Due to the coming Olympic games, the government start to stabilizing and legalizing the favelas. Alemour is the first favela where the cable car system is implemented. The system makes the travel up and down through the mountain surface much easier and also start to hint that there will be chances for responsible tourism. The friction caused by the teleferico station can become a place where people exchange good or even culture with each other. The location of the teleferico station makes it isolated from the city, and the design indicates little exchange possibility between favela and the formal city. The project intends to give the facade of the cable car station more meanings. In the future, the facade will be accommodating community center, growing house, supermarket, gym and samba school. There will be constantly exchange between the exterior and the interior which indicates the exchange between the formal and informal, the responsible tourism. The cable car station is the anchor of the project. First the cable car station is upgraded and brings people to the station, then the dwellers see the benefit, they start their own business around the station. With time passing by, the retail in favela will be stimulated.


section name

77


78 section name


section name

79


80 section name


section name

81


Tianjin art gallery

TIANJIN ART GALLERY

2011 Winter Professional work

82

urban void


section name

83


Court yard

Structure

Tianjin art gallery

Rooms as facade

Structure

Structure

Rooms as facade

Rooms as facade Structure

Infrastructure

84


Tianjin gallery

fig.1 The space used as office

Tianjin art gallery: or structuralism

fig.2 Facing page, exploded axonometric drawing for the construction machinism

tanggu used to be the industrial district of Tianjin. The project sits in a vast empty ground surrounded by the memory of industrial structures. The gallery is trying to be an iconic landmark for the district and at the same time remains the ground’s memory and identity. The gallery is a nostalgia to the “future“, the future of the recent past. The building itself equals to a pure structure., which represents fundamental architecture elements, the structure, the wall, the water, electricity and heat supply system. All of

these elements are able to be integrated into one singular system, which is the mushroom structure system. Deriving from Wright’s beamless structure system, by scaling up his column, the system starts to do more. The four columns are not only the structure but also accommodates all the infrastructure system of the building. And all the smaller rooms such as offices, bath rooms are all integrated with the wall. In other words, the gallery has a facade mad of rooms.

85


mosaic utopia

MOSAIC UTOPIA

2010 Winter Group work

86

urban void


ssection sec se e tion n name nam aame m mee

87 87


88 mosaic utopia


mosaic utopia

fig.1 Model of mosaic utopia

Mosaic utopia team: Jia Weng, Zhengyi Wang

fig.2 Facing page, living units fig.3 Facing page, construction machnism

HOUSING-The sufficient housing supply of Beijing cause the unaffordable price of renting and purchasing. The newly graduates from colleges are pushed into urban villages, where the price is lower than the market rate, but in return the living condition is worse, not to mention the extraterritory makes the those neighborhoods isolated from the city. INFRASTRUCTURE- The newly built No.13 light rail is the only train operating on ground in Beijing. The land around the train is either abandoned or occupied by informal settlements. The experience of

riding the train is completely irrelevant to the city. POSITION- The two issue have a relationship to support each other. The fresh graduates community can take advantage of the abandoned land and transportation convenience. Mosaice utopia using its own plastic scale system, covers the whole region along the light rail(41km). Starting from the most efficient living unit, Mosaic utopia eventually will create a scenario where the light rail train itself is the showcase of young graduates life. The train tells the story of their dreams and efforts, and the story of the city Beijing herself.. 89


acknowledgments

Minoru Nomata Heraclitus No.8


Campus Matrix is developed during the winter urban design studio under the instruction of El Hadi Jazairy. The publication was developed during the semester. Editors in chief: J. Weng, C.A. Wu, J. Garrison.

The belly of a mountain was developed as an entry of Rio city vision competition. Team: E. Jazairy, J. Weng, Y.H. Lin, D.Y. Liu

Transit as spine was developed for the mapping exercise called mapping rio BRT. María Arquero de Alarcón was the instructor. Team: C.A. Wu, S. Lohoteker, S.Q. He, J. Weng

Offshore urbanization was developed as an graphic essay for the seminar Scales of the earth. The seminar was given by E. Jazairy,

Archipelago: Next frontier was developed as an entry of the competetion D3 natural system. The instructor was María Arquero de Alarcón. Team: J. Weng, S.Q.He, D.Y.Liu

acknowledgments

Tianjin art musuem is developed with the office Atelier FCJZ. Team: Z. Ling, X. Shu, L.X.Qi, J. Weng

The Belts was developed for the urban design fall studio under the instruction of María Arquero de Alarcón. Team: J. Weng, C.A.Wu, Y.H. Lin, D.Y.Liu

Weaving the teleferico station was developed for the summer urban design studio under the instruction of Kit Mcllough

4.7: a geographic stroll around the horizon was developed as an entry for Rio city vision competition. Team: R. Ghosn, C. Landa, D. Baul, J. Weng

Mosaic Utopia was developed for the studio critical space. The instructor was Rong Zhou. Team: J. Weng, Z.Y. Wang


9 PROJECTS

4 cities 1,825 days


Jia Weng Architecture and Urban design portfolio