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SPRING 2011 -

EV READINESS: Community Programs to Spur EV Adoption, Infrastructure Build-out, Critical Thinking, Abound in the SE



ROUSH Drag Team & Heritage Propane Idle-Free Tennessee & TN Team for NGVs New Biofuel Stations in AL, NC - E85, B100 Landfill Biomethane Opportunities - Virginia God Bless the USA, Inc. Getting Greener


ROUSH CleanTech Propane AutogasPure. Vehicles Offer a Zero Compromise Propane. Power. Alternative to Gasoline Discover the power of propane with ROUSH CleanTech Liquid Propane Injection fuel systems, and you’ll not only improve your company’s carbon footprint, you’ll significantly reduce your fleet’s:

By Joe Thompson, President, ROUSH CleanTech

• Operating Costs, reducing the price of fuel an average of 30% when compared to gasoline • Greenhouse Gas Emissions, by 60% when compared to gasoline engines • Dependency on Foreign Oil, with 97% of propane coming from North American production

With nearly 60 percent of the oil we consume in the United States being imported, 70 percent of that used for Applications for most every vocation transportation, and fuel prices on the rise, America desperately needs to reduce dependence on for foreign oil. We all ROUSH CleanTech offers Liquidits Propane Injection fuel systems the most relied-upon fleet vehicles: know this. Currently Available 2007.5—2008 Ford F-150 (5.4L V8) 2009—2010 Ford F-250 / F-350 (5.4L V8) 2009—Newer Ford E-150 / E-250 / E-350 (5.4L V8) 2009—Newer Ford E-450 Cutaway (6.8L V10)

Coming Soon Ford F-450 / F-550 (6.8L V10) 3V Ford F-650 (6.8L V10) Ford F-59 / F-53 Strip Chassis (6.8L V10) 3V Ford F-250 / F-350 (6.2L V8) Ford Transit Connect Ford F-150

Powering with Propane In 1910, Dr. Walter O. Snelling, a government chemist, discovered propane after investigating vapors coming from a gasoline tank of a newly purchased Ford Model T. A century later, propane autogas, the term used for on-road vehicles, is the most widely used alternative fuel in the U.S. More than 270,000 on-road propane autogas vehicles include light- and A reductiondelivery in fuel costs — but no reduction in power and performance medium-duty pickups, vans, shuttles, taxis, law enforcement vehicles, trucks and school buses. Every vehicle equipped with a ROUSH CleanTech Liquid Propane Injection fuel system offers the same horsepower, torque and towing capacity ratings as the gasoline powered equivalent. And, ROUSH CleanTech fuel systems won’t affect the vehicle’s factory warranty in any way.

All of us in the alternative fuels industry know that due to increasingly strict government and regulatory standards, a company’s commitment to reducing emissions and meeting sustainability goals are more challenging than ever. The propane industry has developed 10 new on-road vehicle platforms the lastof20 months,conversion including ROUSH CleanTech’s The in benefits propane are clean and clear. Don’t wait another day to learn more. Call or log on today! liquid propane autogas Ford F-250 and F-350 pickup trucks and Ford E-series cargo and passenger vans.

P u re. Pr o p a n e . P o w e r 800.59.ROUSH

What is Liquid Propane Autogas? Liquid propane autogas fuel systems, like those in ROUSH CleanTech’s vehicles, are fully integrated, dedicated engine systems designed in complete synchronization with traditional engine mechanics. The fuel system provides a highperformance alternative to gasoline and diesel engines, and helps fleets radically reduce carbon emissions.

Discover the power of propane with ROUSH CleanTech Liquid Propane Injection fuel systems, an you’llROUSH not only improve yourengineers, company’s carbon assembles footprint,and you’ll significantly your fleet’s: Currently, CleanTech designs, manufactures, installs systems for areduce line of Ford F-Series pickup trucks (F-150, F-250, F-350) and Ford E-series cargo vans and wagons, including the popular E-350 and E-450 vans used for boxreducing trucks and shuttles. • cutaway Operating Costs, the price of fuel an average of 30% when compared to gasoline

• Greenhouse Gas Emissions, by 60% when compared to gasoline engines • Competitive Lawnproduction Service, a c • ROUSH Clean• Dependency on Foreign Oil, with 97% of propane coming from North American

features both propane-fueled lawn Tech Ford E-350 transport them. cargo vans reduce Applications for most every vocation • The ROUSH CleanTech Ford Fgreenhouse gas ROUSH CleanTech offers Liquid Propane Injection fuel systems forhorsepower, the most relied-upon torque, and towing ca emissions by up fleet vehicles: same model. to 24 percent and • Each propane autogas truck is e create about 20 Coming Currently Available Soon grams of greenhouse gas emissio percent less ni2007.5—2008 Ford F-150 (5.4L V8) Ford F-450 / F-550 (6.8L V10) 3V trogen oxide than 2009—2010 Ford F-250 / F-350 (5.4L V8) Ford F-650 (6.8L V10) gasoline-powered 2009—Newer Ford E-150 / E-250 / E-350 (5.4L V8) Ford F-59 / F-53 Strip Chassis (6.8L V1 vehicles. • The 2009—Newer Ford E-450 Cutaway (6.8L V10)alterna- Ford F-250 / F-350 (6.2L V8) tive fuel fleet will Ford Transit Connect • Wright & Filippis, a home medical eliminate 931,200 Ford F-150 distributor, purchased 12 ROUSH Cleanpounds of carbon Tech propane autogas cargo (above) and each year. in power and performance A reduction in fuel costs — butdioxide no reduction cutaway vans through a grant with the Ann Arbor Clean Cities program. Every vehicle equipped with a ROUSH CleanTech Liquid Propane Injection fuel system offers the 2

same horsepower, torque and towing capacity ratings as the gasoline powered equivalent. And, fuel systems won’t affect the vehicle’s factory warranty in any way.

Spring 2011 ROUSH CleanTech

Pure . P r o p a n e . P o w er. Discover the power of propane with ROUSH CleanTech Liquid Propane Injection fuel systems, and you’ll not only improve your company’s carbon footprint, you’ll significantly reduce your fleet’s: Propane Autogas Benefits

Propane autogas offers a variety of advantages. “right here, right now” with a nationalto infrastructure • Operating Costs, reducing the priceIt is of available fuel an average of 30% when compared gasoline already in place. There are thousands of public propane refueling stations across the country, with stations in all 50 states. • Greenhouse Emissions, byor60% when to gasoline engines Propane autogas burns Gas cleaner than gasoline diesel, withcompared up to 20 percent less nitrogen oxide, up to 60 percent less • monoxide, Dependency onpercent Foreign Oil,greenhouse with 97% of coming from North American carbon up to 24 fewer gaspropane emissions and fewer particulate emissionsproduction when compared to gasoline.

Applications for most every vocation

ROUSH CleanTech’s propane autogas vehicles offer the same horsepower, torque and towing capacity rating as gasolineCleanTech offers greenhouse Liquid Propane fuel systems for They the most relied-upon fueledROUSH equivalents while reducing gasesInjection and particulate emissions. also offer the same Ford factory fleetcoverage. vehicles: warranty

Currently Available

Coming Soon

2009—Newer Ford E-150 / E-250 / E-350 (5.4L V8)

Ford F-59 / F-53 Strip Chassis (6.8L V10) 3V

In addition, propane autogas offers a reduction in maintenance costs and increases engine longevity. A savings calculator 2007.5—2008 Ford F-150 (5.4L V8) and allows the user Ford F-450 / F-550 (6.8L V10)usage 3V and see is available online at to input variables specific to their firsthand2009—2010 the savings that propane provide. Ford F-250autogas / F-350can (5.4L V8) Ford F-650 (6.8L V10) Satisfied Customers 2009—Newer Ford E-450 Cutaway (6.8L V10) Ford F-250 / F-350 (6.2L V8) With more and more companies looking to become eco-friendly, industry leaders such as Frito-Lay, Time Warner Cable, FordtoTransit Connect ThyssenKrupp Elevator and Qwest Communications have been switching propane autogas. Many other corporate giants have plans to evaluate and test-drive propane autogas vehiclesFord in theF-150 coming months. Municipalities, such as King County in Seattle, and school districts, such as LA Unified School District in Los Angeles, are choosing to convert their service and schoolinbuses propane autogas, it is a reliable, sustainable alternative that ultimately A fleets reduction fueltocosts — but recognizing no reduction in power and performance saves money.

Every vehicle equipped with a ROUSH CleanTech Liquid Propane Injection fuel system offers the horsepower, torque and autogas towing capacity as the gasoline powered “Our same customers are choosing propane — a clean,ratings green and powerful alternative fuel equivalent. that is safe, And, non-toxic and extremely reliable,” says Todd Mouw, vice president of sales and marketing at ROUSH CleanTech. “Propane autogas truly ROUSH CleanTech fuel systems won’t affect the vehicle’s factory warranty in any way. is the zero-compromise alternative fuel solution.”

For more information on ROUSH CleanTech products, visit For more information on the propaneThe industry, visit the Propane & Research Council’s websiteare at benefits ofEducation propane conversion clean and clear.

Don’t wait another day to learn more. Call or log on today!

(Joe Thompson, president of ROUSH CleanTech, serves on the Roush Enterprise Steering Committee and two energy boards. He is passionate about energy. Follow his blog 800.59.ROUSH

commercial lawn care company, n equipment as well as the fleet to

-series trucks have the equivalent apacity to the gas version of the

estimated to eliminate 1,340 kiloons per year.

• Frito-Lay is the first customer for ROUSH CleanTech’s propane autogas fuel system for the Ford E-350 dual rear wheel cutaway chassis. • This ROUSH CleanTech Ford E-350 cutaway is expected to displace almost 1,667 gallons of gasoline per year. • These trucks are estimated to provide significant reduction

in nitrogen oxide (50 percent) and particulate matter (25 percent) when compared to the emissions baseline of typical gasoline vehicles. Spring 2011


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May 2–5, 2011

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editor’s letter Alternative Fuel Advances – Let’s Keep the Momentum Although we are in uncertain times with the current economic situation and have an unclear path about moving into a more positive economic direction, somehow, the alternative fuels seem set for growth. •

Ethanol has risen mightily in the last decade to become 10 percent of our total lightduty vehicle fuel supply, and is poised for even higher entrance if we can get the ethanol haters to see that the positives outweigh the negatives in supporting ethanol and a transition to much greater cellulosic use. I am constantly amazed to see the hate that is thrown ethanol’s way while in almost every case, few alternatives are discussed. With something like 2,300 public E85 stations in the U.S., I know of 5 projects myself that are adding even more stations just in the southeast. Mr. Pickens seems to have led the challenge but a widening gap between petroleum and natural gas prices has really brought NG out into the limelight. Recent ARRA funding is placing a bunch of new NG stations throughout the U.S., and states like Utah just surge ahead, recently announcing the grand opening of their 33 public station in that state. An effort across the southeast began several months ago to bring the powers and interested parties together looking for ways to build-up the infrastructure in the southeast, and—to brag a bit—we have just kicked off the “Tennessee Team for NGVs” in Tennessee and are looking to pool our resources and devise some planning to push Tennessee forward in the same way. Electricity and electric vehicles were given a major shot in the arm a few years ago by the U.S. government, and that appropriately fed and turned the EV-loving minority into a larger group. Now local or regional EV programs have sprouted up all over the place and communities are bringing their teams together to think collectively and try to plot the best plan for how they can sustain a growing EV population through carefully thought-out location planning for the needed public infrastructure. Although most of the EV owners will be charging predominantly at home (hopefully at night), those public locations are important so that 1) the users can recharge successfully and relatively easily, and that 2) the equipment gets used, and doesn’t lie dormant with no use. The EV Project itself (which is operating in 6 states and Washington DC, including in Tennessee) has been dubbed a significant experiment, but it is the hope of all those involved that the careful planning that is going into it will yield use and good information about how to continue growing those new EV communities. Propane is seeing some great new vehicles and collaborations come about thanks to asserted efforts by many. Roush is putting out some great new vehicles, and I know that Heritage Propane and the Metro Lawn program have lawn mower programs that are succeeding thanks to partnerships with Clean Cities coalitions in multiple states. What’s more, have you seen the list of vehicles that are EPAcertified for conversion on the IRS Website? It is a tremendous number of vehicles! Check it out here if you can. Additionally, with programs like the Southeast Propane Autogas Development Program, propane is looking up. Biodiesel saw its better days before the tax credit was let go in 2010, but with the tax credit back, I believe biodiesel is making a slow comeback. The combination of RIN (Renewable Identification Numbers) values and the tax credit being back should make it price attractive for many fleets. Although the easiest alternative fuel to begin using, it also amazes me how few fleets begin using it eyes wide open – that mean’s be watching for any real biodiesel problems so that you can solve them quickly. It is a great, American, renewable fuel. I have personally driven on biodiesel blends between B20 and B100 for the last 5 years and my Dodge Ram 2500 and Jetta TDI both love it. You can take my biodiesel away when you pry it from my cold, dead hands!

Clean Cities coalitions are always working on education, and it is clear that our task has never been more important, because it appears we may be on the cusp of actually beginning to take an even larger bite out of foreign oil dependence. However, it takes you, the fuel-using American to want to be a part of that difference. Clean Cities coalitions are blessed to have many terrific working partners and fleet managers that are getting the job done, but the best blessing a Clean Cities coalition can have it to need more staff because you are overrun with requests for help in “making the switch.”

THE FIX EDITORS Jonathan G. Overly East Tennessee Clean Fuels Coalition Chelsea Jenkins Virginia Clean Cities THE FIX MASTER BUILDER Design & Mangement Guru Julie Weitzel The Southeastern Fuels Fix is published quarterly and produced by the DOE Clean Cities coalitions in the southeastern United States. Advertising information may be obtained by visiting the website. All advertising revenue goes to coalitions to help maintain activities focused on putting alternative fuel and efficient transportation technologies on the ground in the southeastern U.S.

Publication Date: April 20, 2011 Spring 2011



Fuels Fix Spring 2011

up front editors’ letter EV efforts in the SE

5 14

special features nat’l clean fuels partnership


flux report


“the others”


flex fuel vehicle list


pix pages


social media


national focus clean, renewable energy in tennessee genera energy on track with biomass


Spring 2011


There’s only one thing you need to worry about...

select the american, alternative fuel you want to use...

and use it. Natural gas - ethanol - electricity - propane - biodiesel

don’t waste anyone’s time by decrying another alternative - select your’s, use it, and join in local efforts to move that alternative forward. help america truly change!

Brought to you by the committee for a stronger america,


otherwise known as your local clean cities coalition.

Spring 2011

coalition news 10

grand opening of



saxapahaw station celebration & nissan leaf tours florida

16 launches on earth day 2010


landfill biomethane gasses: potential pilot projects


idle reduction for schools & TN gets serious about NG


God Bless the USA, Inc. continues to look for a cleaner fuel source


turning over a new LEAF in north florida


first E85 stations in southeast alabama


hydrogen fuel cell forklifts operational at aiken plant Spring 2011


kathy boyer triangle clean cities P.O. Box 12276 Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 - 919-558-9400

Grand Opening ofFuture Saxapahaw Station Charging into the On Friday, January 28th, Piedmont Biofuels officially On November 2010 Ford Motor in Company and Progress opened a new 3, B100 Trail location Saxapahaw, North Energy hosted the forum “Charging into the Future” Carolina, adding to the six other locations throughoutatthe the McKimmon Center in Raleigh, NC. Kathy Boyer, region. The ribbon cutting ceremony took place outside Lacey Jane Wolfe, and Carra Herring from Triangle the Saxahapahaw General Store where members ofClean the Cities attended the event support Ford and community, friends, family,tocoop members, andProgress elected Energy their efforts. The purpose of the event was to officialsinshowed up to mark the momentous occasion. bring local organizations and members of the community State Representative Alice Bordsen, and Alamance together to get their feedback on Ford’s introduction of their County Commissioners Tom Manning and Eddie Boswell new all electric vehicle. Representatives from Progress spoke to the crowd and helped cut the ribbon before the Energy, NC State and the City Raleigh crowd moved into University, The Eddy, Ford, Saxapahaw’s new of pub and presented at the forum. restaurant, for celebratory food and drink.

David Finnegan, Vehicle and Marketing manager, Ford The new locationElectric is operational ready for new and Motor Company said, “there is an incredible excitement existing members to fill up their vehicles the next time for electric vehicles in the area. To support the rollout they make their way toRaleigh the charming town of Saxapahaw. and acceptance of these vehicles in Raleigh and across This tank was funded with support from the Carolina Blue the country, it is crucial to work with local utilities to make Skies Initiative, in partnership with Triangle J Council of sure the necessary electric is ready to help Governments, Clean Cities,infrastructure and the US Department of consumers understand the technology choices they will Energy. have available to meet their transportation needs.” About Piedmont Biofuels The electric car business has a long history. In the early 1900’s more than 27 were building cars Piedmont Biofuels is companies a small renewable energyelectric company and approximately a third of the cars on the road were that produces biodiesel in Central North Carolina. electric. In 1915 the Ward Motor Vehicle Company offered an electric Biofuel’s wagon for $875 on a one-year installment Piedmont mission is to lead the sustainability plan for the vehicle and a $10.50 month rental fee for the effort in North Carolina through the Edison Storage battery. These days, just about development and production of clean, renewableevery fuels. auto manufacturer has either released or plans to release hybrid-electric or all-electric vehicles. Their team is made up of three divisions that work towards this common goal each day. In theFuels US right now there are approximately 2,000 charging The Division, also known as CPD (Collection, stations with most of them deployed in California. Each Production, and Distribution) is responsible for collecting month around 300 new charging stations are being added local used cooking oil feedstocks, turning these feedstocks with up to 12,000 stations expected in the next 24 months. into clean burning biodiesel, and then distributing this fuel to their wholesale and retail customers, primarily their coop Julian Prosser, Assistant City Manager of Raleigh, membership. announced that Raleigh would be celebrating the opening of itsTechnologies first public electric vehicle on The Division, alsocharging known asstation Design-Build is November 23, 2010 at 285 W Hargett St. He also responsible for designing and building small-scalesaid biodiesel that theThey City of Raleigh plans to install a total of 30 public plants. are also well-versed in small-scale oilseed electric vehicle-charging stations by next September. This pressing. This team also produces skid-mounted Cavitator only adds to the excitement of having nearly 400 stations units, research-scale biodiesel production units, and the in North Carolina overequipment. the next two years. FAeSTER process At theResearch close of the forum, chance to The Division is attendees responsiblehad for athe research, participate in aand ride-n-drive. clean development, analyticalCarra tasks Herring, needed to helpcities the Fuels intern, gives this personal of a her first experience and Technologies divisionstestimony operate on day-to-day basis.


Spring 2011

driving an all-electric car: The Research division maintains two modern laboratory spaces on Piedmont’s campus. One space is designed I,toCarra Herring personally rode andcapabilities, drove in theand new Ford support the biodiesel production Escape Hybrid and discovered that you can barely the contains the necessary instrumentation to conduct hear quality car when you turn it on. You also push a start/stop button control on all batches of biofuel made at the facility. The to turn it laboratory on insteadisofprimary using alab key. The Escape offersand the second space for research same features as a petroleum car and provides a smooth development projects. ride. I also got to drive the new all-electric Ford Focus. This is also a great car that offers a smooth ride and has a start/ stop button to turn on the car. The car also accelerates just as fast as a normal car but without emitting harmful pollutants.

Forum participants were privileged to drive the new allelectric Ford Focus.


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Spring 2011


bill young florida - space coast 1679 clearlake road, cocoa fl 32922-5703 - 321-638-1443

Mercedes Celebration, Nissan Leaf Tours Florida and More! Mercedes Celebration Do you realize that Mercedes is celebrating there 125th anniversary this year. Mercedes is making this event a world activity by doing a “Round the World” tour with 3 of their hydrogen fuel cell e-class vehicles. They started in Germany last week and headed east; they will be air lifted from Europe to Miami on where they plan drive up the Florida coast to fuel with hydrogen at KSC NASA on Friday, February 25. There is a large crew to maintain the tour as seen here meeting with Florida Space Coast Coalition members and Florida Hydrogen Association at KSC . From there they well head a Mercedes facility on the West Side of Jacksonville on there 125 day tour to Seattle while crossing America. So far, they have crossed four countries traveling 2300 miles with a average consumption of 1.18 kilogram of hydrogen or equivalent of 4 liters of diesel fuel. Check them out on the green car website. Buffalo Wild Wings for EVs Showcase Progress Energy sponsored a Buffalo Wild Wings eat, meet, greet and drive an EV event at Grill with the same name. Fun was had by over two hundred people interested in EV and members of the Get Ready Central Florida EV program. We had a great time eating and driving 6 different EV’s, including Chevy Volt, Ford Escape PHEV, Nissan Leaf, Toyota Prius PHEV, Wheego Life and a Zero Motorcycle on February 3 in Kissimmee. The event celebrated the opening of the areas first restaurant EV charger . Nissan Leaf Tours Florida The Nissan Leaf start its tour of Florida in Miami, followed by Jacksonville, Orlando and ending in Tampa. About 2000 people visited the exhibits and drove the car at each city stop. They had four booths to explain the history of Nissan EVs, battery design, and charging capabilities. There were 8 cars available at all times for people to drive, after getting a picture of your self beside the cars which was downloaded to their web site for all to share. Bill Young, SC3 Coordinator drove a white LEAF to the University of Central Florida photovoltaic charging station for a quick charge what was installed last year on the main campus. A California Blessing On the first day of the Orlando-UCF Nissan Leaf tour, Shannon Monroe introduced himself to a OUC employee and coalition


Spring 2011

member, Natalia Paredes, and showed her his new Leaf. He drove it to the event to check out our chargers. He had been transferred from California Disneyland to Orlando Disneyworld and brought his new EV with him. The Nissan representatives at the event did not know of any Leaf’s in Florida. Thank you California for the EV, we will take them anyway we can. Helping Florida’s Graduates Space Coast Coalition, Banner Center for Clean Energy, and Florida Solar Energy Center sponsors a Leadership Conference for special student who are participating in the Jobs for Florida’s Graduates. The two day workshop/conference introduced high school student to science and energy technologies for promoting and leading them into related careers. The Florida Solar Energy Center conducts a training and job development program and teamed with Jobs for Florida Graduates. There were 80 atrisk middle and high school students participating. The coalition provided 12 AFV’s and a seminar on the technologies.

National Clean Fleets Partnership Announced! The following is from the White House press release from April 1, 2011.

In 2008, America imported 11 million barrels of oil a day. On Wednesday (3/30/11), the President announced a bold goal of cutting that amount by one-third by 2025. To achieve this goal we will harness a broad range of resources including domestic oil and gas production, while at the same time leveraging cleaner, alternative fuels and technologies that increase efficiency in the vehicles we drive. A key area of opportunity is the large commercial fleets that companies operate across our country every day, which with the proper incentives can offer significant potential reductions in fuel use. On Friday, April 1, the President highlighted the National Clean Fleets Partnership. This public-private partnership will help large companies reduce diesel and gasoline use in their fleets by incorporating electric vehicles, alternative fuels, and fuel-saving measures into their daily operations. Through the Partnership, the Department of Energy (DOE) will assist

companies in their efforts to reduce fuel use and achieve greater efficiency and cost-savings by offering specialized resources, technical expertise, and support. The partnership is part of the DOE Vehicle Technology Program’s “Clean Cities” initiative. The Partnership announced the commitments of five of its charter members: AT&T, FedEx, PepsiCo, UPS and Verizon. These charter members represent five of the nation’s 10 largest national fleets and collectively own and operate more than 275,000 vehicles. Their planned current and near-term petroleum reduction strategies will account for the deployment of over 20,000 advanced technology vehicles and annual petroleum displacement in excess of 7 million gallons. DOE is challenging other companies to join this important effort. To learn more about the Partnership, click on the top image to visit the Partnership’s Website, or access the 2-page pdf by clicking on the document link at right.

EV Efforts in the SE Preparing Cities for the Plug-in Electric Vehicle Palmetto State Clean Fuels Coalition

The Palmetto State Clean Fuels Coalition is working to develop the South Carolina Electric Vehicle Charging Network. This project is largely being supported by two groups, Plug In Carolina of Charleston, South Carolina and Thurso Power Systems of Greenville, South Carolina. Plug In Carolina received $480k from the Carolina Blue Skies and Green Jobs Award and the State Advanced Vehicle and Renewable Energy Grant Program to install 80 Level 2 charging stations in several South Carolina cities. Thurso Power Systems has developed a network of seven Level 2 charging stations deployed in the Greenville area with the support of private funds. Both groups are actively working to identify new customers who are planning for the highly anticipated electric vehicles soon to hit the market in South Carolina.

Centralina Clean Fuels Coalition

The Centralina Clean Fuels Coalition (CCFC) is doing its part to shape the greater Charlotte region’s plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) readiness capabilities. Since 2009, CCFC has taken an active role in electric transportation readiness by first forming the CCFC EV Subcommittee comprised of key CCFC stakeholders. Thus far, PEV planning has been rewarding and the coalition has experienced successes, such as the number of engaged attendees at the CCFC’s Greater Charlotte Region EV Charging Infrastructure and Permitting Event held in July 2010, and progress, highlighted by the installation and March 2011 unveiling of the City of Gastonia’s first PEV charging station at the Schiele Museum. This charging station (and four others to be installed at Gastonia’s Downtown Convention Center in fall 2011) was made possible by the CCFC through North Carolina Energy Office funding.

Space Coast Clean Cities Coallition

Since 1976, Electric cars are not something new to Florida, when over 2000 EVs were manufactured in Sebring at that time. More then that, our terrain is flat and level with most cities less then 40 miles apart allowing round trips to neighboring towns with 100 mile range EVs. Presently, there are over 50 EV conversions from gasoline to electric drive running all over Florida, including 3 chapters of the National Electric Auto association clubs. Orlando and Orange county is part of the DOE Solar Cities program and is partnering with Clean Cities for solar charging stations. The latest push is the Rocky Mountain Institute Get Ready EV program centered in Orlando Florida. The group is growing daily working with local building code officials setting up 300 charging station funded through a grant from DOE as we move forward to the delivery of over 1000 EV in the next year.

Clean Cities Atlanta

In March 2010, under the leadership of Clean CitiesAtlanta Plug-in Electric Vehicle Readiness Task Force to solicitations by leading automotive manufacturers the new generation of electric passenger vehicles to consumer markets in 2011. The Task Force congovernment entities, commercial EV interests, the Clean Cities-Atlanta coalition representgroup executed an MOU with Nissan the City of Atlanta in coordination and remove barriers to owners would


Spring 2011

Atlanta, the Metro was created in response seeking markets to launch commercial fleet and retail sisted of local and state local utility companies, and ing local fleet interests. The Motor Corporation that committed with Clean Cities Atlanta began to identify adoption that potential electric vehicle face in Atlanta.

Virginia Clean Cities

Virginia Clean Cities has facilitated a extensive and successful electric vehicle readiness collaboration with state and stakeholders. Following initial guidance from the Rocky Mountain Institute’s Project Get Ready, and leveraging nearby efforts in Raleigh NC, a Virginia task group set out to identify initial concerns and advance constructive solutions. More than 100 individuals contributed from state and local agencies, utilities, nonprofits, and business. In October of 2010, Virginia Clean Cities and the Commonwealth of Virginia released an initial electric vehicle plan. This document illustrated potential barriers, standards, educational suggestions, placement and installation considerations, and vehicle incentives.

Land of Sky Clean Vehicles Coalition

The Land of Sky Clean Vehicles Coalition formed an Asheville Area EV Committee in March 2010 to develop a strategy to promote EVs and install a network of charging stations across the five county metro area. Advanced Energy and Progress Energy have provided technical guidance and conducted three training workshops for us over the past year. City and county governments and private businesses are involved and proposing sites for public access charging stations. We partnered with Advanced Energy to secure a grant from the State Energy Office that will cost share the installation of 25 Level II charging stations in the region. Site selection is underway and systems should be in place by this fall.

Triangle Clean Cities Coalition

Project Get Ready is preparing the Research Triangle Region for electric vehicles. The initiative is comprised of a number of stakeholders, from the City of Raleigh to the experts at Advanced Energy to Progress Energy, which supplies Raleigh with electricity. These stakeholders are combining efforts to make electric transportation a safe, accessible, and cost-effective way to get around. Raleigh celebrated the unveiling of its first electric charging station on November 23, 2010. Since then, the City has continued its efforts to open thirty stations within the year. Durham, Chapel Hill, and the Town of Cary are also moving forward in their efforts to prepare for electric vehicles. Also, in partnership with Project Get Ready, Triangle Clean Cities Coalition will fund eighty electric vehicle charging stations throughout North Carolina and South Carolina.

East Tennessee Clean Fuels Coalition

The EV Project is going full bore in Tennessee right now siting up to 500 EVSE just in the eastern cities of Knoxville and Chattanooga, but ETCleanFuels is working to bring together a group that will pick up the effort after The EV Project is over in Knoxville. Major players will include many that are already working on that project (City of Knoxville, Knoxville Utilities Board, TVA, EPRI, others) but the new visioning will need to assess “where do we go after such a significant, research-type initial push?” Review of implementation and sales pitch hits and misses will be a starting point, but continuing to develop the EV market and recharging will be front and center.

Alabama Clean Fuels Coalition

In order to respond to the influx of EVs as they roll out of factories and into showrooms and driveways across Alabama, the state must have a plan of action in place. That’s what today is all about: laying the groundwork for a plan of action that will ensure that Alabama is ready when the flood of EVs comes to our state. The two most important ways that we can address that influx is to lay out a plan that will increase access to public EV chargers, and create a mechanism that will streamline the inspection and permit processes for EV owners who wish to install advanced EV chargers in their homes or businesses.” Spring 2011


melissa howell kentucky po box 5174, lexington ky 40255 - 502-452-9152 Launches on Earth Day 2010 launched on Earth Day 2010! An internet based television station and resource for all things green and sustainable across Kentucky. and Kentucky Clean FUels Coalition came together as a result of the Leadership Louisville program. Melissa Howell, Ex Dir, KCFC met the producers, a friendship was made and now KCFC members are being featured as part of this new social media. Members joining at the Platinum level and above are having video features of their companies shot, produced and aired by KCFC will also feature the videos on the site. In September 2010, Griffin Industries, a long time KCFC member and Biodiesel producer was featured for their partnership with the World Equestrian Games held in Lexington over a 17 day period. Griffin provided Biodiesel to power lights, generators and ancillary equipment. Upcoming videos include: sustainable initiatives at UPS Worldport in Louisville, Eaton Corporation at the Mid America Truck Show in Louisville and a feature on the hybrid school buses across Kentucky. The programming is original, positive and uses the concept of ‘TV Everywhere’. Kentucky is the model and can help other states move forward by promoting people, communities, the environment and a multifaceted economy. kyGREEN. tv has programming that talks about it all.

NOVEMBER 1-3, 2011

Hyatt Regency Atlanta | Atlanta, Georgia nce.

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Don’t miss this once-a-year opportunity to reach hundreds of people in the biomass industry in search of solutions. There is simply no other means of meeting with this many biomass-related decision makers, influencers and stakeholders in the Southeast. Exhibiting at the Southeast Biomass Conference & Trade Show will deliver real eal value toward your bottom line. Contact an account representative today for more information, or to learn about exhibit space and sponsorship opportunities. 866-746-8385

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Landfill Biomethane Gasses: Potential Pilot Projects Hundreds of landfills throughout the southeast are successfully demonstrating better ways to repurpose renewable energy through gasses generated on site. If unused, these biomethane gases created from the breakdown of organic material within the landfill represent a significant environmental concern, as the methane component of the gas is around eighty times greater greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide. Waste facilities are increasingly interested in using this renewable natural gas (RNG) for motor vehicle petroleum replacement, creating environmental, economic, and transportation opportunities. In December, 2010, Clean Cities coordinators gathered in Columbus, Ohio to learn about RNG vehicle applications and tour several landfill gas projects. One such project, at the Solid Waste Authority of Central Ohio, pumped their gas to an RNG fueled turbine for electricity, and used renewable natural gas in refueling pumps for a small fleet of refuse haulers and service vehicles. More than 525 landfills, 125 dairies, and 115 wastewater treatment plants, as well as dozens of other facilities nationwide recover the gas for energy. In Virginia, landfill gas is used in more than 26 projects to heat buildings or provide power, and vehicle projects are beginning to emerge. With small modifications, the biogas methane can be cleaned and used in natural gas systems, eventually in projects such as Richmond Virginia’s new refuse hauler fleet, or other light and heavy-duty natural gas vehicle fleets. Landfill gas is typically composed of 55% methane and 45% carbon dioxide, and other impurities. A process of biogas upgrading can remove most of the impurities, leaving primarily methane as biomethane also called RNG. The transportation benefits of biomethane are similar to natural gas, representing a form of the domestic fuel compatible with natural gas vehicle conversions. As the fuel can be created quickly through the breakdown of organic mater, the biogas is also renewable. RNG use reduces pollutant emissions, and cuts greenhouse gas emissions by as much as 7590% over petroleum. Biomethane can also be used in fuel cells for electricity. Capturing and processing the natural gas from the landfill does have some cost considerations, and


Spring 2011

vehicle projects may not be right for every facility. Current barriers include threshold fuel demand, technological challenges of purification, and other technical systems that may favor heat or power over vehicle use. Clean Cities coalitions have an opportunity to introduce municipalities to new revenue streams and future project development incentives for vehicles. Key constituencies for RNG biomethane projects include local utilities and fleets, waste management companies, landfill and compost facility owners, municipalities, taxis, urban delivery trucks, and transit buses. The Department of Energy is interested in potential pilot projects that can build an appropriate revenue and incentive base. Working in concert with Clean Cities coordinators can help build the business case and begin to advance additional projects. As information is updated, it will be posted online, please visit www. for more information or to contact your local coordinator.

Electric Vehicles Edition, 2011

The Flux Report



a catalyst for change in the greentech sector

If you've noticed an overabundance of information about green

assistance, program management and education services related

technologies lately, you are not alone. If you're like most people, you

to alternative fuel and advanced technology vehicle deployment.

don't have time to sift through all of it to get to the one kernel of

Birch Studio, a design and branding firm specializing in

wisdom hiding among the multitude of emails and blog posts.

the greentech sector, finds visual ways to clarify insightful industry data.

For this reason, Virginia Clean Cities and Birch Studio are

Our goal for the Report is simple: to provide useful

partnering to produce The Flux Report, an easy to read one-pager that presents data. Just data, without editorial fluff and speculation.

information to decision makers so that they can adjust

The report is largely a visual representation of key data in a handful

their marketing, manufacturing and sales strategies and

of greentech industries.

be more competitive, more successful, and ultimately

The industry experts at Virginia Clean Cities provide technical

help us live lighter on Earth.

Consumer Motivations for Purchasing an Electric Vehicle from the perspective of:


Industry Executives

Extended range or reach of the vehicles


Availability of charging infrastructure



Convenience of usage



Innovative pricing models or lower price overall




Traffic congestion

Difference in Opinion

Top 5 Consumer Concerns about Purchasing Electric Vehicles



Cost of home charging/retrofitting


Premium price


Range anxiety


Battery life


Cost of ownership Source: IBM Institute for Business Value, Wikipedia

Interest in Electric Vehicle vs. BioDiesel

11% Jan 2010

Relative search volume over one year

Green image or sustainability concerns


Significantly higher oil prices





Government incentives or regulation

Source: Google


Top Related Search Terms For “Electric Vehicle”

Source: IBM Institute for Business Value, Jan 2011

© 2011 Birch Studio |

Dec 2010

Special thanks to Jeff Taylor, Openi4

Size of terms indicates the relative search volume

Source: Google

Spring 2011


jonathan overly east tennessee 311 conference center bldg, knoxville tn 37996 - 865-974-3625

>> Idle Reduction Effort Begins for Knox County Schools Thanks to the hard work of ETCleanFuels Project Facilitator Emily DeVillers, East Tennessee now has its first schoolfocused idle reduction plan going into service. Beginning early in the 2010-2011 scholastic year, DeVillers began meeting with a TPO-based team that was focused on safe routes to schools to discuss adding an anti-idling program. The feedback from the group was positive and she began putting several pieces of the plan into action. The plan is to implement this first stage at 11 elementary schools in the Knox County School System. Each school will have 3 signs installed (similar to the one shown below). While no funding was clearly available, DeVillers was able to meet with the staff of an office at East Tennessee Children’s Hospital and convince them to cover the costs for signage: about $1,600! Each school will also receive 1-pagers that can be handed out to teachers, at school events, and through the PTO so that students, teachers and parents know what is coming at the school. Last but not least, a Webpage on the ETCleanFuels. org Website will detail specifics to the program and provide facts about idling lightduty and heavy-duty vehicles. The hope with the program is to get both school bus drivers and parents aware of the benefits of turning off their vehicle when idling is not necessary.




Currently, there are no anti-idling laws in IDLING FOR MORE THAN 10 effect in the county SECONDS COSTS MORE THAN that impact school RESTARTING YOUR ENGINE zones or the general public (only ones that effect city or county vehicles), so this is a voluntary program. DeVillers and a county schools administrator are still determining what exactly will be included on the signs, but once that decision is made, the signs will be generated and erected. Discussion of the sign locations at each school will take place with the appropriate school contact. Once this phase of the Knox County program is installed and setup, the hope is


Spring 2011

to move to setting up similar programs at other Knox County schools and in other East Tennessee school districts. This programs falls within our “Idle Free Tennessee” Program, with a hope to one day ensure that every school in the state becomes an Idle-Free School Zone. The program will unite leaders from the school, PTA, county school bus association and local hospitals to improve Tennessee’s air quality, decrease American oil dependence, and improve the health of Tennessee’s children. >> Tennessee Gets Serious About Natural Gas (Reprinted with permission from the Tennessee Clean Fuels Advisor.) Thanks to support from the Tennessee Gas Association, ETCleanFuels has developed a new natural gas resource for Tennessee: the Tennessee Team for NGVs. This group will collaborate to help push the establishment of public and private compressed natural gas (CNG) refueling facilities and greater use of natural gas vehicles (NGVs) across the entire state. CNG and its more energy dense brother, liquefied natural gas (LNG), are transportation fuels that are viable options in the U.S. and elsewhere today. In 2010, on the order of 110,000 NGVs were operating in the U.S. (; over 11 million were in use internationally, with Pakistan and Argentina leading the way in the most-NGVs-per-country list. In the U.S., there are currently about 850 public and private CNG refueling facilities, but many more are required to create the accessibility that is needed for fleets and the motoring public. This Team will focus on three key tasks during our first year. The first and likely most important action item will be holding monthly conference calls. These calls will be open to anyone within Tennessee or without that wants to join in the conversation about advancing this fuel here. Agenda items that will be discussed each month include a review of current projects, potential funding opportunities, and any up-andcoming CNG-related meetings, events, or conference calls. The second task is related to each of the Clean Cities coalitions helping work on projects in their respective areas. The third task is planning and managing a CNG conference and expo for 2011 that will take place in Tennessee.

If you or a loved one have suffered from


your local

Clean Cities Coalition “Clean Transportation for Energy Independence.”

Click here to visit the Clean Cities Website and find... national program information

video success stories from fleets

your local coalition’s Website

Clean Cities coalitions in the southeast and all over the United States do what they do because they want to help America reduce its dependence on oil, improve air quality and put American money back into American’s pockets. Think about that.

Biofuels Focus

Clean, Renewable Energy in Tennessee Genera Energy on track with biomass industry development

More than any other state, Tennessee is poised to launch a commercial scale cellulosic biofuels industry and Genera Energy is leading the way by growing and harvesting switchgrass – a dedicated energy crop. Now three and half years into a five-year state funded program – The University of Tennessee Biofuels Initiative - Tennessee has made tremendous progress. Genera Energy, the company formed as the vehicle to commercialize the biofuels industry by fully leveraging the State’s investment, partnered with DuPont Danisco Cellulosic Ethanol to construct and operate the world’s first demonstration-scale biorefinery, converting both agricultural residues (corn cobs and stover) and dedicated energy crops (switchgrass) into ethanol. Genera has also established the country’s largest acreage of a purposegrown energy crop with more than 5,100 acres of switchgrass under contract with more than 61 farmers within 50 miles of the biorefinery in Vonore, Tennessee. In addition, Genera is constructing a 22-acre Biomass Innovation Park near the biorefinery. The Biomass Innovation Park is a world-class, large scale research and demonstration campus spanning the biomass logistics, storage, and pre-processing required between the farm gate and the biorefinery gate.

Switchgrass bales at the Biomass Innovation Park site behind the demonstration-scale biorefinery in Vonore, Tennessee. Phase I of the Biomass Innovation Park is completed and the site is now receiving and storing switchgrass.

From the construction and operation of a demonstration-scale biorefinery and the creation of a biomass processing campus to the growing and harvesting of thousands of acres of feedstock (switchgrass) – Genera Energy is putting the pieces together to jump start a commercial scale cellulosic biofuels industry for Tennessee. A commercial biofuels project will offer Tennessee’s rural communities and agriculture-base unprecedented opportunities for technology and job growth and give Tennessee a head start in making the state attractive for large-scale private investment in the emerging biofuels industry. Genera’s biorefinery partner, DuPont Dansico Cellulosic Ethanol, plans to build a commercial 22

Spring 2011

corn-based biorefinery in the Midwest first and is in the process of evaluating sites in Iowa. DDCE plans to follow that with a switchgrass-fed plant in Tennessee. The Midwest biorefinery is being built based upon data acquired at the Vonore facility. Likewise, a switchgrass-based facility will be built from similar Vonore data. Putting the Pieces Together for Commercial Scale Development Demonstration-Scale Biorefinery Owned by Genera Energy Operated by DuPont Danisco Cellulosic Ethanol Niles Ferry Industrial Park, Vonore, Tennessee Opened: December 2009 Produced cellulosic ethanol from corn cobs and stover in 2010. Slated to produce cellulosic ethanol from East Tennessee grown switchgrass in late 2011. Facility is capable of producing up to 250,000 gallons of cellulosic ethanol per year. The demonstration-scale biorefinery is a research facility, designed to test and demonstrate the technology necessary to produce cellulosic ethanol on a commercial scale. The facility includes a Process Development Unit (PDU), which is designed for research and use by the University of Tennessee and other partners. Switchgrass Acreage More than 5,100 acres of switchgrass have been grown and harvested on farms within 50 miles of the demonstration-scale biorefinery. Counties include: Rhea, Meigs, Roane, McMinn, Loudon, Monroe, Polk, Bradley, and Blount. The participating farms were selected based on a number of criteria to represent a wide crosssection of factors including: location, soil type, previous cropping history, weed pressure, size, equipment available, soil productivity, and farmer experience. The canvas of switchgrass farms has been an important research opportunity for a wide range of agronomic and economic research. Switchgrass is yielding an average of 8 tons per acre in the third year of production. Typical yields: 1-2 in the first year; 4-5 in the second year and 7-8 in the third year. Harvested switchgrass is currently being stored on farms, at Genera Energy’s Biomass Innovation Park, near the biorefinery, and at other central locations. Biomass Innovation Park Genera Energy broke ground in late July 2010 on a 22-acre site next to the demonstration-scale biorefinery in Vonore. The Biomass Innovation Park is where handling, storage, pre-processing, production and conversion of biomass (switchgrass) will occur. The Biomass Innovation Park will be able to handle additional feedstocks besides switchgrass. The Park is slated to be fully operational in 2011. Currently, the campus is receiving and storing switchgrass bales harvested from farms in East Tennessee. For more information about Genera Energy, visit For more information about DuPont Dansico Cellulosic Ethanol, visit Spring 2011


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Position Yourself as a Leader in the Biorefining Industry September 14-16, 2011 Hilton Americas - Houston Houston, Texas

Sponsorships and Booth Space Now Available Attendees of the 2011 International Biorefining Conference & Trade Show seek solutions to the everyday challenges they face. As a sponsor or exhibitor, you're not just buying real estate in the exhibit hall, you're becoming part of the most comprehensive and dynamic event available in this dynamic industry. In addition to booth space, all sponsors and exhibitors receive complimentary marketing through promotional e-mails and brochures, onsite program guide, conference website and online exhibitor list. Be a part of the event defining the industry for years to come. Contact your BBI International account representative today!

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emily parker/jason wager north carolina - centralina 525 North Tryon Street, 12th Floor Charlotte, NC 28202 - 704-348-2707

God Bless the USA, Inc. Continues to Look for a Cleaner Fuel Source God Bless the USA, Inc. began operations in December 2005 and has brought new developments to the waste management industry. The company provides residential waste management services in the Union County (NC) and Lancaster County (SC) areas and in 2010, became the first company in the southeastern United States (and one of the few in the world!) to obtain a hydraulic hybrid refuse truck. This unique, advanced technology truck was purchased using stimulus funding through the bi-state Carolina Blues Skies and Green Jobs Initiative (CBS), coordinated in part by the Centralina Clean Fuels Coalition. This truck captures energy in a hydraulic tank system from the constant braking on its routes. This captured energy is recycled for use and is reused as the principal energy source to re-launch the truck between its many daily stops. This truck has achieved a 25% increase in fuel economy for the company. God Bless the USA, Inc. continues to look for a cleaner fuel source through the acquisition of two compressed natural gas (CNG) refuse trucks (also through CBS funding) and the addition of a CNG refueling station at its base of operations. These trucks will reduce nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions by 97% --- this is not an insignificant detail given the Centralina region’s non-attainment status for ground level ozone. An added benefit of the refueling station will be making the CNG fuel source available to the general public for use in other CNG vehicles. God Bless the USA, Inc. is also the recent recipient of this year’s Centralina Clean Fuels Coalition Clean Cities Award.

Top: Erik Blowers (left), owner of GBUSA, Inc. and Dave Navey, CCFC Chairman. Bottom: A shot of the hydraulic hybrid. Spring 2011


DON’T BE Utah Clean Cities Coalition (Salt Lake City, UT) A Tale of Two Cities leading the entire state in Clean Fuel, Clean Technology, and Smart Driving Habits In 1994, a Clean Cities Coalition was born in Salt Lake City, UT, originally serving only the Salt Lake City Metropolitan Area. After years of success, including providing clean vehicles for the athletes and visitors of the 2002 Winter Olympics, the Coalition expanded its scope to encompass the entire state in 2005. In 2010, a second office was created in St George, Utah, and a second full-time coordinator was hired. The Utah Clean Cities Coalition(UCCC) had arrived as a statewide force for reducing dependence on foreign oil, developing statewide economic opportunities, and improving air quality. Governor Herbert and U.S. Senator Hatch cutting the ribbon for the opening of Utah’s 1st LCNG Station.

UCCC has been enjoying this opportunity to work with the entire state on many different programs. Idle Free Utah, a program teaching parents and bus drivers of elementary school students not to idle, has reached every bus driver in the state. This past year, over 300 schools participated in Idle Free Awareness month. New alternative fuel stations throughout the state have been one of the biggest benefits of this expansion. In 2009, UCCC was awarded a $14.9million American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. To date, this has helped over 300 alternative fuel and advanced technology vehicles hit the road in Utah. In the past year, six new public CNG stations have opened across the state, selling CNG at $1.27/gge. Another six new public CNG stations, a new public biodiesel station, and the deployment of an additional 150 CNG vehicles are all scheduled to be completed by the end of 2011.

UCCC works with Patti White’s students from Morningside Elementary, to teach them the importance of clean air, and to have them teach that to our politicians!


Spring 2011

One of the largest (literally) milestones to date was the grand opening of Utah’s first LCNG Station in March 2011. This station, the 2nd largest in the Country, is part of a developing LNG corridor to link Utah to Nevada and then on to the Ports of Los Angeles. UCCC is working to put an initial 50 LNG Kenworth trucks on the road this year, while opening two more LCNG stations by the end of the year. As Utah Clean Cities celebrates their expansion, they invite other coalitions to work with them on developing regional corridors and programs. To find out more about the coalition and the programs it operates, please visit UCCC’s new website at



East Bay Clean Cities Coalition (EBCC) (Oakland, CA) The East Bay Clean Cities Coalition (EBCCC) started 2010 with the goal of expanding the Coalition’s web presence and creating a “one stop shopping center” for clean air vehicle grant funding on a webpage. The Coalition’s website is still fairly young, having been designed and built entirely by East Bay volunteers in late 2009. The web presence expansion and grant funding focus was augmented by a coordinated campaign to prepare and present grant funding presentations at local, state, and national fleet industry events as well as by scheduling a series of grant funding workshops throughout the region. This strategy was a huge success as the Coalition’s website traffic more than tripled in this twelve month period and now averages well over 1500 visitors each month. East Bay has also made numerous grant funding presentations, webinars, and published articles and newsletter alerts on the same subject. In addition to the grant funding and website expansion campaigns, the Coalition has specifically targeted area fleets for greater involvement with the Coalition. With this goal in mind, East Bay has added additional fleet focused events to our calendar such as the recent EV Showcase held in Napa, CA in February which drew 200 attendees. The Coalition has also created an annual Fleet Education Seminar series featuring topics of general interest fleets in order to draw them in. These seminars feature a lineup of fleet industry subject matter experts and are on fleet topics that may not be direct subject areas that Clean Cities focuses on, but the seminars do offer specific segments on Clean Cities and related clean air vehicle subjects. Past seminars have included topics such as Fleet Efficiency and Preparing for a Managed Fleet Competition. The Fleet Education Seminars have been well attended with an average of 60 attendees and the agendas are of enough interest to draw out of state participation. The Fleet Education Seminar series has been so successful in increasing fleet participation that East Bay experienced a jump in fleets responding to the annual survey Left:Attendees and vehicles at the 2011 EV Showcase in Napa, CA. Right: Attendees at the East Bay’s Fleet Efficiency Workshop.

from 32 fleets reporting in 2009 to 43 fleets reporting in 2010a respectable 34% increase! The Coalition also focused on improving survey data in the annual survey this year. In order to increase participation in the annual Clean Cities survey and enhance the quality of data reported, the Coalition created a special condensed annual survey form and also rolled out a raffle for all survey respondents. The raffle at first featured only cash prizes, but this year due to vendor support and participation the survey raffle features cash prizes and free registrations to local clean air vehicle events. With a modest investment of $750 in prizes the first year, East Bay was able to increase the petroleum displacement reported while migrating to a more precise survey reporting tool. For the latest survey, East Bay increased the raffle prize pool to $850 and was able to also offer about $4000 in free registration passes to the Government Fleet Expo 2011 and the California Green Summit 2011. The full spectrum of East Bay’s activities this year has been directed at providing enhanced value to our stakeholders and increasing fleet participation, but we haven’t ignored our existing stakeholders. The Coalition leveraged staff knowledge and experience on grant funding by partnering with stakeholders on grant proposals for almost $11 million in funding in 2010. The Coalition and our partners were fortunate enough to be successful on almost $8 million of them. East Bay was blessed to be able to take some large strides forward this year. We were able to do so only with the support and assistance of our stakeholders and DOE, but especially so from the other Coalitions. We received expert advice and guidance from too many other Coalitions throughout the year to acknowledge them all here, but without the support of our fellow Coalitions our successes would not have been possible.

Right:East Bay also hosted a stop on the 2010 Zero Race. Spring 2011


wanda forrest north florida 1022 prudential drive jacksonville, fl 32207 - 904-306-7500

Turning Over a New LEAF in North Florida North Florida Clean Cities is a coalition in development encompassing Baker, Clay, Duval, Nassau, Putnam and St. Johns counties in Florida. Over the past year we’ve been busy reaching out to stakeholders, investigating alternative fuel use and demand, and promoting alternative fuels and technologies across our region. In 2011 we will complete our initial formation and documentation to seek official Clean Cities designation. The Coalition met eight times in 2010 to discuss alternative fuel topics including biodiesel, ethanol, propane, compressed natural gas, electricity and tax incentives. We’re encouraged to learn that our region has made some positive steps in transitioning to alternative fuels. Here are a few highlights:

• Two of our local governments, the City of Jacksonville and St. Johns County, have biodiesel production facilities to support their fleets.

• JEA, our electric, water and sewer utility, uses biodiesel and other alternative fuels.

• The Jacksonville Sheriff’s Office has flex fuel patrol vehicles supported by the City of Jacksonville’s E-85 fueling facility. • Naval Air Station Jacksonville has a solar electric car that has been off the grid for over 18 months! With an average of 10,000-20,000 visitors, our Riverside Arts Market on the St. Johns River was the perfect place to promote Clean Cities last fall. We had displays including natural gas and propane vehicles, a solar electric car, biofuels, and propane lawn maintenance equipment.

This January we participated in the Nissan LEAF test drive event with a personal tour by Nissan EV Regional Manager Nancy Mansfield. Finally, we’d like to thank Kentucky Clean Fuels Executive Director Melissa Howell for visiting us and sharing her insights with our budding coalition. We are thrilled to help spread the message of alternative fuels and look forward to being part of the Clean Cities family.


Spring 2011

mark bentley alabama 2131 data office drive, suite 240 birmingham, al 35244 - 205-402-2755

First E85 Fuel Stations in Southeast Alabama Area residents and commuters turned out today to attend grand opening events at Inland Food Stores in Dothan and Enterprise to celebrate the first two public fuel stations in Southeast Alabama to carry E85 ethanol fuel. The grand openings were hosted by Inland Food Stores and Alabama Clean Fuels Coalition (ACFC). The Coalition is the principal coordinating point for clean, alternative and advanced fuel vehicle initiatives in Alabama. The first event kicked off at 9 a.m. at the Inland Food Store located at 2747 Ross Clark Circle in Dothan and was followed by the second grand opening at 11 a.m. at the Inland Food Store located at 1202 Boll Weevil Circle in Enterprise. Following each of the grand opening ceremonies, the stations offered E85 ethanol for 85 minutes to flex fuel vehicle owners at a $0.85 cent discount from the price of regular gasoline. The Enterprise event was attended by a number of elected officials and government representatives, including U.S. District 2 Rep. Martha Roby. Roby was joined in Enterprise by Mayor Kenneth Boswell and representatives from the Alabama Department of Economic & Community Affairs Energy Division, the Alabama Department of Agriculture and Industries, and the Alabama Center for Alternative Fuels.

“Today marks a very important day for the people of Alabama’s Second Congressional District, the communities of Dothan and Enterprise, and the state of Alabama as a whole,” Rep. Roby said. “I commend Inland Food Stores for facilitating the openings of these E85 stations, helping to position the Second District as a leader in our state and nation’s efforts to lessen dependence on foreign oil and the focus on the development and utilization of alternative fuels.”

Choose ethanol signage at Dothan Inland station.

Inland Food Stores replaced all fuel dispensers at both locations with new blender dispensers to offer E85, a mixture of 85 percent ethanol and 15 percent gasoline to consumers and private fleets in Southeastern Alabama who own and operate Flex Fuel Vehicles. The pumps also dispense traditional Regular, Midgrade, and Premium gasoline products. Aaron Goodman, Chief Operating Officer of Inland Food Stores, expressed his excitement about the opportunity to offer E85 ethanol to the areas flex fuel vehicle customers. The Dothan and Enterprise stations are the first in Alabama, and two of only a limited number of fuel stations in the U.S., to offer E85 from all station fuel dispensers, giving Flex Fuel Vehicle drivers the ability to fuel with E85 from any dispenser. Ethanol used at both stations will be produced in part by corn grown by Alabama and Georgia farmers and refined by First United Ethanol just across the Alabama-Georgia border in Camilla, Ga.

AGI Commissionor Glen Zorn, 2nd Dist. Rep. Martha Roby, Kathy Hornsby ADECA, Mark Bentley ACFC, Enterprise Mayor Kenneth Boswell Spring 2011


andrew epting palmetto state 408 wade hampton building, columbia, SC 29201 - 803-737-4082

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Forklifts Operational at Aiken Plant Twenty five Toyota hydrogen powered forklifts are now buzzing around the plant floor of Kimberly Clark/GENCO ATC’s Aiken County Distribution Center. This announcement is the result of a new partnership between Kimberly Clark, GENCO ATC, Aiken-Edgefield Development Corporation, Plug Power Inc. and Air Products that utilized $1.1 million in American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funds from the U.S. Department of Energy to continue the development of the hydrogen economy in South Carolina. The Sage Mill Hydrogen Station, installed in 2009, supplies hydrogen directly to Kimberly-Clark’s 450,000-squarefoot distribution facility. They also supply other large manufacturing plants in the Sage Mill Park such as tire manufacturer Bridgestone Firestone, who has used hydrogen powered forklifts for several years. “Kimberly-Clark is constantly looking for innovative ways to minimize the impact of our operations on the environment,” said Rick Sather, vice president of customer supply chain at Kimberly-Clark. “We are pleased to partner with GENCO

ATC, Plug Power and Air Products to help expand hydrogen fuel cell technology to our entire forklift fleet. This energy technology can reduce our carbon emissions by hundreds of metric tons per year, lower costs and drive efficiencies to power our operations.”

A Power Plug foklift.

On April 26, 2010, South Carolina was ranked by Fuel Cell 2000 as one of the top five fuel cell states in the United States. The award was given as a result of South Carolina’s collaborative approach to addressing challenges to hydrogen technology, an aggressive economic development program and activism in forklift demonstrations.

Susan Roush-McClenaghan’s She Devil Racing Propane Mustang! - Videos

During the 2010 & 2011 NMCA and NMRA seasons, Susan Roush McClenaghan’s She-Devil Motorsports—part of the Roush Drag Team—iran and is running a ‘10 Mustang powered by a naturally aspirated Four-Valve modular fueled by liquid propane! Yes, that’s Jim Coker with Susan!!


Click me to read the April 5, 2011 announcement - “Roush Drag Team Announces Partnership Spring 2011 Heritage Propane”

Click me to see any of the many videos on YouTube of Susan racing her propane-powered liquid-propane Mustang!







• Eliminating over 4,000 tons of greenhouse gas emissions annually


• Converting over 1,000 vehicles from gasoline to propane autogas



• Implementing more than 25 propane autogas fueling stations



and has a projected savings of over $100,000 on fuel costs each year. Overall, this four-year project is:



Program, Greenville County is converting 100 law enforcement vehicles from gasoline to propane autogas


Greenville County is a partner of the Southeast Propane Autogas Development Program. Under the







• Displacing nearly 4 million gallons of gasoline annually • Creating dozens of American jobs

The Southeast Propane Autogas Development Program is supported by funding from the American Recovery & Reinvestment Act ( and the U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Cities Program ( The program is managed and administered by the Virginia Department of Mines, Minerals and Energy ( and Virginia Clean Cities ( at James Madison University (

Is your car E85 friendly? Below is a complete listing of recent Flexible Fuel Vehicles (FFVs). Used FFVs can be purchased dating back to the late ‘90s.

Chrysler/Dodge/Jeep FFVs Chrysler  300 Chrysler  Aspen Chrysler  Sebring  (and  Concer=ble) Chrysler  Sebring  Conver=ble Chrysler  Sebring  Sedan Crysler  Town  &  Country Crysler  Town  &  Country Dodge  Avenger Dodge  Avenger Dodge  Charger Dodge  Caravan Dodge  Caravan  Cargo Dodge  Dakota Dodge  Durango Dodge  Durango Dodge  Grand  Caravan Dodge  Grand  Caravan Dodge  Journey Dodge  Ram  1500   Jeef  Grand  Cheokee Jeep  Grand  Cherokee Jeep  Commander Ford/Lincoln/Mercury  FFVs Ford  Crown  Victoria  (excluding  taxi/police  units) Ford  E-­‐Series  Commercial  Van/  Wagon/Cutaway Ford  E-­‐Series  Commercial  Van/  Wagon/Cutaway Ford  Escape Ford  Expedi=on/Expedi=on  EL Ford  F-­‐150 Ford  F-­‐150 Ford  F-­‐150 Ford  Fusion Lincoln  Navigator/  Navigator  L Lincoln  Town  Car Mercury  Grand  Marquis Mercury  Mariner Mercury  Milan 34

Spring 2011

Engine 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 3.6L 4.7L 3.6L 2.7L 2.7L 3.6L 3.3L 2.7L 3.6L 3.6L 3.3L 3.3L 4.7L 4.7L 3.6L 3.3L 3.6L 3.6L 4.7L 4.7L 3.6L 4.7L



x x x x

x x x x

x x

x x

x x





x x



x x

x x

x x x x






x x

x x

x x




x x x x

Engine 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 4.6L x x x x x 4.6L x x x 5.4L x x x 3.0L x x 5.4L x x x 5.4L x x x x 3.75L x 5.0L x 3.0L x x 5.4L x x x 4.6L x x x x 4.6L x x x x x 3.0L x x 3.0L x x

General Motors  FFVs Cadillac  Escalade,  Escalade  ESV&EXT Buick  Lucerne Chevrolet  Avalance Chevrolet  Express Chevrolet  HHR Chevrolet  HHR Chevrolet  Impala Chevrolet  Impala   Chevrolet  Impala  (Police  package) Chevrolet  Silverado  half-­‐ton  pickup  2WD  &  4WD Chevrolet  Silverado  half-­‐ton  pickup  2WD  &  4WD Chevrolet  Suburban Chevrolet  Tahoe Chevrolet  Tahoe Chevrolet  Tahoe  (Police  package) GMC  Savana GMC  Sierra  half-­‐ton  pickup  2WD  &  4WD GMC  Sierra  Denali  2WD GMC  Yukon GMC  Yukon  Denali GMC  Yukon  XL GMC  Yukon  XL  Denali Hummer  H2

Engine 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 6.2L x x x 3.9L x x x 5.3L x x x x x 5.3L x x x x x 2.2L x x x 2.4L x x x 3.5L x x x x x 3.9L x x x x 3.5L x x x 5.3L x x x x x 6.2L x x x 5.3L x x x x x 6.2L x x 5.3L x x x x x 5.3L x x x x 6.0L x x x x x 5.3L x x x x x 6.2L x 5.3L x x x x x 6.2L x x x 5.3L x x x x x 6.2L x 6.2L x

Mercedes FFVs C300  Luxury  &  Sport

Engine 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 3.0L x x x x

Nissan FFVs Armada Titan

Engine 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 5.6L x x x x x 5.6L x x x x x

Toyota FFVs Sequoia  SR5 Sequoia  Limited Sequoia  PlaYnum Tundra  Regular  Cab  Tundra  Grade Tundra  Regular  Cab  Tundra  Grade  Long  Bed   Tundra  CrewMax  Limited   Tundra  CrewMax  SR5   Tundra  CrewMax  Limited   Tundra  Double  Cab  Limited   Tundra  Double  Cab  Tundra  Grade  Long  Bed   Tundra  Double  Cab  SR5  Long  Bed  

Engine 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 5.7L x x x 5.7L x x x 5.7L x x x 5.7L x x x 5.7L x x x 5.7L x x x 5.7L x x 5.7L x x 5.7L x x 5.7L x x 5.7L x x Spring 2011


Pix Pages






1 Grand Opening of a stations in Alabama offering E85 for $2.079! 1-4 Nashville Nissans Leaf tour stop 1 LEAF Charging System 2 Leaf Battery Pack 3 Tailpipe tree 4 Leaf lineup 1 Transesterifying vegetable oil separates the biodiesel from the glycerin



Spring 2011

4 1

1 2



1 Charging on Sunsine - An Eaton level 2 charger 2 Bill Eaker of Land of Sky’s Clean Vehicle Coalition behind the whell of a Chevy Volt 3 Level 3 charging stations are serious business. The Japanese call this Tea and Charge cause that’s about how long it would take. 4 Giving the Chevy Volt a charge at Eaton’s newly installed EV charging station. 1-2 F-CELL World Drive embarked on the first leg in the USA from Fort Lauderdale to New Orleans. Circling the globe on hydrogen power sounds like a bit of a challenge, what with the lack H2 pumps and all, but Mercedes-Benz set off to show that it could do just that -- with the help of a mobile filling station.

Spring 2011


Coalitions Get On-board A listing of social media for the southeastern Clean Cities coalitions.

Coalition Website - “Visit” East Florida Gold Florida Space Middle Palmetto


Spring 2011

YouTube - “Subscribe” East

Twitter - “Follow” East

Facebook - “Like” Atlanta.....................Click here or search “Clean Cities Atlanta” East Kentucky...................Click here or search “Kentucky Clean Fuels Coalition” Middle Georgia.........Click here or search “Middle Georgia Clean Cities Coalition” Palmetto State.........Click here or search “Palmetto State Clean Fuels Coalition”

Spring 2011



Spring 2011

No incremental cost

Diamler Chrysler minvans, Ford Explorer, Taurus, Ranger, GM Suburban, Tahoe, Yukon, Chevy S10 Ford F150 pickup, Chevy Express & GMC Savanna vans

Many LD vehicles available as flex-fuel (FFV) capable of runnin gon either E-85 or gasonline

LD passengermedium duty delivery trucks

Fed tax .05 < than gasoline

Often less than gasoline

E10/E-85 have .053 excise tax reduction

10-20% > than pretax 93 octane gas

40% 15% 10% 20%

CO 30-35% HC 20-40% NOx 15-99% PM 80-95%


Potential zero emissions for EVs if solar charged, HEVs offer significant emission reductions over conventional

33% less No Fed & State tax

Fed tax .11< per GGE


90-97% 50-75% 35-60% 90-97%

B20 B100 CO 12.6% 3.2% HC 11% 6.3% NOx +/-2% 10% PM 15% 70%

Emission Reductions

10-25% < than pre-tax wholesale gasoline

Compared to pretax wholesale diesel costs

B20 +.-3-.40 B100 +.50-1.00

Approximate Fuel Cost*

$10-$12,000 costs often parid for by fuel provider

Use existing infrastructure w/ modifications-e.g. rubber hoses and nozzles to prevent corrosion

NEVs are charged in 110 outlets. For transit applicaton fast charge 220 volt available.

For home and small-med fleets: $1,000-$90,000 Large fleet refueling: $250,000+

Easily blended in existing diesel pumps and tanks

Refueling Infrastructure


Range from $6,500 for GEM to $450,000 for Transteq 116 passenger CNG/ hybrid electric bus

General Moters, â&#x20AC;&#x153;GEMâ&#x20AC;?, Ebus, TransTeq, Orion, Advanced Cehicle Systems

Neighborhood EVs (NEVs) for campus & planned communites, alt fuel HEV & Electric transit & shuttle

From +$3,600 for Honda Civic to +$60,000 for 40 ft CNG/LNG transit bus

No incremental cost

All major OEMs of LD & HD vehicles offer bi-fuel & dedicated CNG models, engine retrofits common

All diesel engine manufactures

LD fleet vehicles, buses, mid-HD truck, LNG appropriate for HD longs distance vehicles

Light duty (LD) and heavy duty (HD) diesel vehicles.

Applications Manufacturers Vehicle Costs

*Fuel prices are subject to fluctuation. These numbers are estimations.

Propane (LPG)

Ethanol (E-85)

Electric- (EV) & Hybrid Electic (HEV)

Compressed/ Liquefied Natural Gas (CNG/LNG)


Fuel Type

Alternative Fuel Comparison Factsheet

Alternative Fuel Comparison Factsheet

Need the basics? Here it is. Print me...dude.

Thanks to the Triangle Clean Cities Coaltion who created a similar version years ago. Good job!

SE Fuels Fix - Spring 2011  

Quarterly Ezine that blows up the action that is taking place in the SE'ern U.S. to bring the hammer down on foreign oil dependence.

SE Fuels Fix - Spring 2011  

Quarterly Ezine that blows up the action that is taking place in the SE'ern U.S. to bring the hammer down on foreign oil dependence.