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Prime movers for Goodbye Shoah memorial Reubens! West End loses last Five PMs back Westminster project See page 10

kosher restaurant P27


9 May 2019

1 Iyar 5779

Issue No.1105


See pages 4 & 5

With the future bleak for funding Jewish care homes for the elderly and no solution in sight, we ask...

Photo by JMarc Morris

SELFIE RESPECT! We honour young faith leaders at Lambeth Palace

Who’ll care for YOU? The head of the National Association of Jewish Homes this week warned it’s a “foregone conclusion” several Jewish care homes in the UK will fold in the next five years, as the community heads for a “car crash” scenario, writes Stephen Oryszczuk. The message from Mark Cunningham comes as the head of Britain’s second biggest Jewish care home provider said the community could initiate an insurance-style social care fund. Writing in Jewish News this week, Nightingale Hammerson’s Helen Simmons suggests a Jewish fund for care in later life, with regular payments made in a style similar to those made into burial funds through synagogues. Addressing the idea, Cunningham said the Jewish community was not alone in facing a social care funding crunch, but said Jewish homes “outside the M25” in places like Leeds,


Liverpool and Gateshead were under particular pressure. “The Jewish care homes that have survived with sufficient Jewish residents for last 10-20 years have struggled in last five,” he said. “Not all Jewish care homes will survive as Jewish homes in the next five years, that’s a given.” Estelle Rowe, director of Birmingham Jewish Community Care (BJCC), which manages the 59-bed Andrew Cohen House, said UK Jews were ahead of their time in the early 19th century by creating Jewish care homes 120 years before a welfare state, but now needed similar revolutionary thinking to provide for the future. “The Jewish community has been at the forefront of welfare initiatives,” she said. “BJCC origins go back to 1828. It’s again time

for us to take a lead with pioneering a new model.” In January the Jewish Leadership Council convened a meeting of Jewish care home providers to consider reports produced by consultants at McKinsey which attendees described as painting a picture of a “car-crash scenario” for the community. Following the meeting, there was acknowledgement that something ought to be done to protect the provision of quality, culture-specific care for British Jews, but a dearth of concrete suggestions as to what that could be. Simmons’s idea represents the first. Cunningham and Rowe welcomed Simmons’ suggestion of a Jewish community insurancestyle social care fund but questioned whether there would be sufficient appetite to pay into it.

It’s a ‘forgone conclusion’ that Jewish care homes will shut in the next five years, as the community heads for a social care crisis

Report & analysis, pages 8, 9, 16 & 21


Jewish News 9 May 2019

News / Gaza ceasefire / Iranian pressure

Shaky ceasefire after worst fighting in years An uneasy ceasefire over the Israel-Gaza border appeared to be holding this week, after the deadliest fighting since 2014. Four Israelis in Ashdod and Ashkelon were killed and 123 wounded after more than 700 rockets were fired in waves from Hamas and Islamic Jihad operatives, a new tactic designed to overwhelm missile defence systems. The Israeli response from jets and tanks targeted 350 sites, with 25 Palestinians killed, including Hamed Hamdan al-Khodari, a Hamas commander. The Israel Defence Forces (IDF) said a mother and her niece were killed by misfiring Palestinian rockets. US President Donald Trump sided with Israel on Twitter, telling Hamas “these terrorist acts will bring you nothing but more misery”. The latest flare-up began last Friday. Two Palestinian protesters were shot dead near the Gaza border and two Hamas fighters were killed in an air raid. Israel said it was responding to shots fired near the border, which left two IDF soldiers wounded. As part of the Egypt-brokered ceasefire deal, which took effect on Monday, Qatar

Residents in Ashkelon had to flee their homes as rockets were fired from Gaza

said it would give the Palestinian Authority £370 million for Gaza-based health, education and urgent humanitarian relief programmes, including those to provide electricity and temporary jobs. It will also give Gaza its monthly payment of £25m. The United Nations recently said living conditions in the 25-mile strip were so bad that it would be “uninhabitable” by 2020. Hamas leader Ismail Haniyeh called the

Qatari aid an “honourable decision”. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who is acting defence minister, said he would keep additional forces along the border. “Over the past two days, we struck Hamas and Islamic Jihad with great force,” he said. “We struck at terrorist leaders and operatives and we destroyed terrorist buildings. The campaign is not over and demands patience and sagacity.”

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IRANIANS DELIVER NUCLEAR WARNING Iran has put pressure on the UK, France and Germany and made a military confrontation with the US more likely after announcing it would suspend some of its commitments under the terms of the 2015 nuclear deal. President Hassan Rouhani said Iran would keep its enriched uranium rather than sell it abroad, and warned the country could resume production in 60 days. US President Donald Trump withdrew the US from the deal last year, but Russia, China and the three European powers chose to honour their commitments to Tehran, given that the latter had honoured its own commitments to disband its nuclear weapons programme. Trump has since imposed stinging sanctions, causing the Iranian economy to crash, and this week sent an aircraft carrier to waters off the Iranian coast, citing unspecified regional treats posed by the Iranian regime.

President Hassan Rouhani

Iran said it was reacting to Trump’s withdrawal and to “the failure of European countries to fulfil their obligations” in reference to promises to protect Iran’s oil and banking sectors from US sanctions. The 2015 deal allows Iran to take such action if one party withdraws from the agreement. Reacting to the news yesterday, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said: “We will not allow Iran to achieve nuclear weaponry. We will continue to fight those who would kill us.”

Hamas no longer sufficiently fearful of Israel’s response BY JAMES SORENE CHIEF EXECUTIVE, BICOM

Just last week I reflected on how quiet the Israel-Gaza border had been recently. It seemed Israel and Hamas were moving closer to a concrete understanding quietly agreed by Netanyahu during the election. Then, last Friday, a series of incidents took place. Palestinian protestors were shot, Israeli soldiers were shot by Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) snipers and Hamas fighters were killed in air strikes. Hamas and PIJ then launched a massive, indiscriminate missile attack. When a ceasefire came into effect on Monday, 690 missiles had been fired at Israel since Saturday morning. Four Israelis were killed and 123 wounded. Israeli air strikes hit more than 300 military targets in Gaza. Palestinian sources say 25 Palestinians were killed, but Israeli sources say a large number of these were Hamas and PIJ fighters manning military posts or firing missiles. The Israeli Army said a Palestinian mother and baby that Hamas said had died in an Israeli strike were actually killed by a Hamas missile. Israel also killed a senior Hamas leader responsible for collecting funds from Iran. Why did this happen? The simple answer is that Hamas felt it wasn’t getting what it expected from its deal with the Israeli leadership. With Remembrance Day, Independence Day this week and Eurovision next, Hamas calculated it could quickly inflict heavy damage and Israel would agree more concessions in

People watch the aftermath of a rocket from Gaza after it hit the Israeli city of Ashdod

a desperate bid to stop the conflict. The ceasefire has been criticised in Israel and politicians from all sides said Netanyahu’s response was weak. He is still defence minister as well as prime minister and the new coalition government has not yet been formed. The latest attacks have led to increased warnings from military analysts that Israel is losing its deterrent capability. In short, Hamas doesn’t appear to be sufficiently afraid of Israel’s response. On the contrary, it is getting bolder. With each new phase of fighting, the intensity and range of Gaza missiles is increasing. Nearly 700 missiles in two days is a new high. Kornet anti-tank missiles were fired at Israeli civilian vehicles and missile fire was concentrated on the cities of Ashkelon, Ashdod and Beersheva, overwhelming the Iron Dome. Hamas could alleviate the misery of the people of Gaza today if it wished. Gaza is in dire straits now, but could one day flourish. Shimon Peres once said it could be the Singapore of the Middle East. It’s still not impossible.

9 May 2019 Jewish News


Labour pains / News NEWS IN BRIEF

BALDRICK QUITS ‘S***’ LABOUR Actor and TV presenter Sir Tony Robinson has resigned from the Labour Party after 45 years over issues including antisemitism. Robinson, 72, famous for playing Baldrick in the TV series Blackadder, once sat on Labour’s National Executive Committee. In a tweet he wrote: “I’ve left the Labour Party after service at branch, constituency and NEC levels, partly because of its continued duplicity on Brexit, partly because of its antisemitism, but also because its leadership is complete s****”.

FARAGE ATTACKED OVER HATE THEORIES Brexit Party leader Nigel Farage has been chastised by UK Jewish leaders for discussing theories linked to antisemitism with US far-right talk-show host, Alex Jones. Farage faced the wrath of the Board of Deputies and the Community Security Trust, after a Guardian investigation looked into past comments he made on Jones’ show. Farage was said to have used “code words for antisemitic conspiracy theories”, said a CST spokesman.

‘15,000 screenshots of hate’ A group campaigning against antisemitism in Labour this week handed in a report containing 15,000 online screenshots showing examples of antisemitism, allegedly from party members. The dossier by Labour Against Antisemitism contains “15,000 screenshots taken from hundreds of Labour members ‘and officials’ promoting antisemitic views.” It was was submitted to the Equality and Human Rights

Commission and the group seeks a “fullscale antisemitism probe”. Labour Against Antisemitism spokesman Euan Philipps said in a statement that a team of volunteers over the last two years “has systematically collected and detailed evidence of Labour Party members promoting antisemitic views and tropes across a range of social media platforms. “This has all been reported to the party’s compliance team, in a format suggested by them and including a significant level of detail.” Philipps added that Labour had done little to deal with the problem. “Most distressing of all, reports containing the most appalling levels of racism have been given only the lightest reprimand,” he contended. “The message again and again has

been the same: we don’t care about this issue.” Nine MPs have quit the party over antisemitism in its ranks, including prominent Jewish politician Luciana Berger. In April, a Comres poll for Jewish News indicated that more than half of Britons believe Corbyn’s handling of antisemitism in Labour showed he was unfit to be prime minister. The poll suggested there was a major surge of voters saying the party had a major problem in its ranks. A staggering 55 percent of those polled agreed that the Labour leader’s “failure to tackle antisemitism within his own party” “The more w showed he was “unfit” to enter examples ofe dig, the more hist oric Corbyn w it h Downing Street. antisemite fraternising s we find!”

ANGER AT CORBYN’S SON Hobson a poor choice Jeremy Corbyn’s son Tommy has been criticised for sharing an image of a dead Palestinian infant, claiming she was killed in an Israeli attack. He tweeted: “14-month-old Seba Abu Arar and her pregnant mother were murdered last night by an Israeli air strike on Gaza.”

Jeremy Corbyn has described revela- Hobson story was written by a ConservYet Gaza sources said that the two tions about his endorsement of J A Hob- ative Party peer [Lord Finkelstein].” were killed by a misfired Hamas rocket. Van der Zyl responded that the comson’s Imperialism: A Study, which feaZionist Federation chairman Paul tures overtly antisemitic tropes as part munity deserved an apology, adding: Charney said: “For the son of the most of a series of “ill-founded accusations” “There is an impression that you either notorious anti-Zionist in the country – do not care whether your actions, inadover Jew-hate by political opponents. Jeremy Corbyn – to continue to peddle Corbyn wrote to Board of Deputies vertently or deliberately, signal support the lies, then it seems we are in for GAD_Conveyancing_1_JewishNews_128mm x 165mm_Layout 11/02/2019 Page 1 attitudes10:35 or behaviours.” president Marie van der Zyl that “the for1racist another generation of blatant racism.”

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Jewish News 9 May 2019

News / 21 For 21 Interfaith Project

Jewish News celebrates religious leaders at groundbreaking awards Young Jewish, Christian and Muslim interfaith leaders were honoured at Lambeth Palace last week as part of a groundbreaking project between Jewish News, British Muslim TV and Church Times, in partnership with Coexist House, writes Adam Decker. The 21 for 21 project, the world’s first collaboration between media outlets from different faiths, identified inspiring young individuals aged under 40 who are increasing dialogue and breaking down barriers. Nearly 100 nominations were received when the three outlets put out a call for interfaith heroes last year, and an expert panel of judges selected seven Jews, seven Muslims, and seven Christians, along with three highly commended entrants, who were each invited to the home of the Archbishop of Canterbury to pick up their trophies. They included a hip-hop artist, radio presenter, community café owner and a Muslim Hebrew teacher. Host for the evening, ITN anchor Alastair Stewart, said: “My daily work is full of domestic and international conflicts between faiths. But

Photos by Marc Morris

Our unique 21 For 21 project, with Church Times and British Muslim TV, honours individuals who boost dialogue and break down faith barriers

we know these are conducted by a minority of people in the interests of a minority of people. “The way forward for a more peaceful and collaborative world is respecting each other’s faiths, and the recognition that there is so much good that can be done together. The challenge for our winners is to beat that drum louder than our generation did – we are relying

on you to do it.” Mayor of London Sadiq Khan sent a video message congratulating the three media outlets on the “historic” project. Communities Secretary James Brokenshire, who was unable to attend owing to the local elections, said: “21 for 21 is doing fantastic work in illustrating how faith leads

to positive social action. It’s wonderful to see young people from all faiths leading interfaith cooperation and working hard to promote understanding between our diverse communities.” Three of the winners, Georgia May, programme director of the Rose Castle Foundation, Philip Rosenberg, director of public affairs at the Board of Deputies and Arzoo Ahmed, director of the Centre for Islam and Medicine, also addressed the room. Georgia stated her belief that it was a “faithbased toolkit” that enabled all of the nominees to be “reconciling leaders within our communities”, while Arzoo spoke eloquently of the need for meaningful relationships that “build not just on our commonalities but our deep differences as well”. Rosenberg warned that the world was becoming increasingly polarised and divided, arguing that “isolationism means for a much more dangerous world while an inclusive world means a better world for all of us”. Speaking on behalf of the judges, Rev Micky


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21 For 21 Interfaith Project / News Youngson, president of The Methodist Conference and one of the judges, said: “Too often in my role I have to send letters of solidarity and support or attend vigils. “That’s why I’m delighted to be here tonight celebrating those who are building hope not hate, defeating hate with love and building a more cohesive and peaceful society.” Fellow judge Sheikh Ibrahim Mogra, assistant secretary general of the Muslim Council of Britain, told the gathering: “Our winners have been rolling their sleeves up and doing what really matters: action. We must send a clear message that we love each other much more than those fringe elements who seek to put out an image that we hate each other.” The event was also supported by The Faith & Belief Forum and philanthropist David Dangoor, who handed out the awards with Stewart. He pointed to the stunning archi-

Above: Asmaa Ali receives her award

tecture of Lambeth Palace to praise the “successful bridge building” by all those nominated. “Hopefully we are now moving into a world where we can put that all behind us, understanding the values of tolerance, coexistence

and the celebration of our differences,” he added. The project was developed to counter the narrative of faiths in constant conflict, taking that message to readers and viewers of the three outlets simultaneously, and to the wider country through national media coverage. The project has already been covered by The Times and BBC Radio, while the unique collaboration also brought it to the attention of Press Gazette. Plans are now being developed to bring the group together for collaborative projects. Justin Cohen, news editor of Jewish News, who conceived the 21 for 21 project, said: “Bringing this historic project to life has been a long road, but the reception wasn’t the end; we now look forward to bringing these young leaders together to develop projects to benefit faith communities and wider society. Consider

what each of our 21 has achieved individually and then imagine what they could do together. “Huge thanks to all our partners, especially Coexist House, the panel of judges diligently chaired by Andrew Gilbert and two true mensches that helped make the reception a success; David Dangoor and our MC, Alastair Stewart. The fact both agreed to support the event within minutes of being asked says all you need to know about them.” Gilbert said: “The reception was a great success. Many of our winners had never met before, despite so often working in projects with a similar focus. To have this reception at Lambeth Palace made the evening even more special.” Guests included the Archbishop of Canterbury’s adviser for reconciliation Canon Dr Sarah Snyder, who welcomed attendees to the palace.


Last week, at Lambeth Palace, there was a remarkable event – unique even – where 21 young faith leaders from the Abrahamic traditions were recognised for their work in improving understanding of religion and bringing closer together people of different faiths. They came from all over the country and their methods of interfaith work were as various as

they were creative, but one thing united them – a dissatisfaction with the ignorance, prejudice and misinformation that surrounds religion. Not only is this religious illiteracy out of step with the rich mosaic of religious expression that surrounds us, but it is also dangerous and at its worst leads to acts of terror and violence that we have seen all too often in recent times. If ever there was an antidote to the fear that the Sri Lankan and New Zealand massacres creates, it is to see young people determined to make their world a better place. Coexist House was proud to partner with the Jewish News,

British Muslim Television and the Church Times to support the 21 For 21 initiative – the first time three religiously based media organisations have come together in this way. The ambition and vision of 21 For 21 fits perfectly with Coexist House’s own plans to build a London centre to celebrate faith and improve religious literacy and to do all we can to make the world a place where all God’s children can come together and live in peace. We wish all the 21 young leaders well with their projects and look forward to engaging with them in the coming months.

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Jewish News 9 May 2019

News / Al Quds crackdown / News briefs

Police will act against terror flags The Metropolitan Police “fully intends” to enforce the law at the forthcoming Al Quds Day March on 2 June after the home secretary banned Hezbollah in its entirety. Senior officers said the sight of Hezbollah flags on the streets of London had been a feature of past marches because antiIsrael protesters were able to say they were supporting only its political wing, which until February was not banned. “In previous years we have seen support for the group Hezbollah, including flags, banners and chanting,” said Superintendent Nick Collins.

“The Metropolitan Police Service is aware of the significant impact that the support for a terrorist organisation can have on the communities of London. “It fully intends to intervene to enforce the law, where possible, should any offences be disclosed.” Stephen Silverman of Campaign Against Antisemitism said: “It was outrageous that Hezbollah supporters were allowed to march through the streets of our capital. We are pleased that the police have put in place robust plans to enforce the law.”

Support for Hezbollah now carries a maximum sentence of up to 10 years in prison after Home Secre-

tary Sajid Javid declared the political and military wings of Hezbollah to be “one and the same” earlier this year.

Jewish News has campaigned against the Hezbollah flag being waved in London and, above, a flag at the rally





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9 May 2019 Jewish News



Jewish News 9 May 2019

Special Report / Social Care Crisis

Our elderly care crisis Insurance plan among drastic solutions to plug funding shortfall


ewish care homes outside London are facing “an identity battle” amid calls for Christmas trees and full English breakfasts for non-Jewish residents, the head of the National Association of Jewish Homes has said. Speaking to Jewish News, Mark Cunningham described it as a symptom of the much wider elderly care time-bomb facing Jewish homes, as providers and advisers this week began to suggest options to bridge a massive predicted funding shortfall. Homes outside the M25, with small and shrinking Jewish populations, were now admitting ever more non-Jewish residents in order to survive, Cunningham said, and it was inevitable that some would close in the next five years. “To put it bluntly, in some places there aren’t enough Jewish residents to fill Jewish care home beds,” he said. “The specific value of Jewish care homes is what they offer – the yiddishkeit, kosher provision, cultural sensitivity. However, in places such as Southport, which has a lovely 25-bed Jewish care home with its own shul, there

Jewish Care volunteers opening their home to Chief Rabbi Ephraim Mirvis and pupils from Moriah School earlier this year

are simply not enough Jewish residents,” he added. He said homes were having to diversify and offer beds to residents from other communities. “It becomes a culture battle. They want to reflect the culture of all their residents, so you get calls for full English breakfasts and Christmas trees. Outside London, almost all

Jewish homes have a battle to sustain their culture and identity.” Cunningham is also chief executive of the Federation of Jewish Services (the Fed), a social care charity serving Manchester’s Jewish community that runs the newly-redeveloped Heathlands Village, which has won awards.

Located in Prestwich, it caters for elderly Jews with residential, nursing and dementia needs. Cunningham said “without the community’s support it wouldn’t be viable”. Jewish care homes in areas that once had a large Jewish population are at particular risk, in a landscape of shrinking local authority budgets, rising staff costs, older admission


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9 May 2019 Jewish News

Social Care Crisis / Special Report age and increased medical needs. A long-delayed Government Green Paper outlining a viable funding model for social care is still pending. “Our immediate problem is that we have more old people who need looking after,” Baroness Ros Altmann, a former pensions minister and director-general of Saga, a company focused on the over-50s, told JN. “We need a government incentive, perhaps focusing on pensions or ISAs. We also need to consider what we can do in the community.” Long-term solutions are needed, she said, but in the short-term those in their 50s and 60s have to set aside an element of their savings. “It’s about awareness. If people aren’t thinking about this, or think their care will be paid-for, they could just end up spending it on a cruise.” Estelle Rowe, director of Birmingham Jewish Community Care, said provincial communities “have the additional funding pressure of an ageing and declining population”. She said: “The generous donors of the past are either no longer with us or no longer live locally. We appreciate the generous support from the West Midlands Jewish community, but it does not come near to closing the funding gap.” In Glasgow, the city’s Jewish Representative Council provides elderly care through Newark Care, whose chief executive Jack Ryan said the situation in Scotland was “more acute as we don’t receive as much by way of charity donations as our colleagues south of the border”. Jewish Care’s chief executive Daniel Carmel-Brown acknowledges there is no magic fix when it comes to social care funding. He said: “Unlike the NHS social care isn’t, and will probably never be, free at the point of

access. There isn’t enough money in the public purse to meet social care costs now and there certainly won’t be in the future. It isn’t a vote winner, which is probably why this and successive governments haven’t come up with the solution.” He added: “As a society we need to wake up to this and accept that if we want high quality care services, we will need to pay for them. Not everyone will be able to afford to pay for their own care. We need to see social care funding as a partnership model between individuals, their families, the state and providers like Jewish Care.” Writing in JN this week, Nightingale Hammerson chief executive Helen Simmons said Government’s inability to tackle the problem meant the Jewish community should consider “finding solutions for itself”. The UK insurance industry has shied away from covering social care because costs are “unpredictable and high,” but Simmons said the Jewish community could create a fund whereby “whoever needs support when the time comes is able to draw against this”. She likened this to paying burial fees, which “are set aside in advance, and in manageable amounts. Some will pay more than others, but without the worry of future costs”. Ryan welcomed the idea, saying: “A dedicated fund to serve the needs of older Jewish community merits serious consideration, especially if the community wants to guarantee its older citizens access to care within a Jewish setting regardless of personal wealth.” He said burial fees were “a prime example of how the community has taken collective responsibility,” adding: “The Jewish community is well placed to provide the investment, leadership and commitment required to make such a proposal work.”  Editorial comment, page 16

WHY THE CRISIS? Jewish care homes are the community’s largest employers, with 75 percent of a home’s costs spent on staffing. Rising wage levels are one of several factors contributing to what Baroness Altmann calls “a perfect storm”. Since 2015, councils have substantially raised the medical needs threshold for care funding, while reducing the amount they pay to homes. Charities’ supporters have to bridge an ever-widening funding gap, but less and less is being left through legacies. In addition, we are all living longer. In 1985 life expectancy was 75. It is now 81, and one-insix people born today will live to 100. With care costs of up to £8,000 per month, there are big incentives to “cheat,” and reports of people divesting their house and assets to their children before claiming they cannot afford to pay for care. In one instance, cited anonymously, an authority-funded resident was reported to have given his £2.5 million house to his child, who visited him in a Bentley. Private funding typcially derives from property, but the disparity in property values between London and the rest of the UK is also an issue – whereas a typical three-bed

semi in Manchester may be worth £200,000, that home in London could be £1million. While many Jewish care providers say they admit residents based on need, not their ability to pay, some Jewish care homes, such as that in Glasgow, say they have to cap the number of places they offer to Jews who do not have the resources to meet their own care costs. Other homes are rumoured to charge private-paying residents more than the cost of care in order to cross-subsidise the reduced care fees paid by councils for others. All agree that the Government needs to unveil its Green Paper to explain how it plans to provide for social care in the future.


10 Jewish News

9 May 2019

News / Yom HaShoah

Hyde Park: 2,000 remember Addressing a crowd of almost 2,000 people during the annual Yom HaShoah ceremony in Hyde Park, Sadiq Khan expressed admiration for Holocaust survivors

Photos by John Rifkin

The Mayor of London warned against any “complacency” in tackling antisemitism at the community’s main Holocaust memorial event on Sunday, writes Adam Decker.

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Left: Board president Marie van der Zyl, London Mayor Sadiq Khan, Chief Rabbi Ephraim Mirvis, Lord Howard and US Ambassador Woody Johnson. Above: Mixed school choir led by Stephen Melzack at The Dell

“triumphing over darkest adversity”, but cautioned against the growing “politics of blame and hatred” in society. He said: “Sadly, we know antisemitism is on the rise once again. This cannot be dismissed as a passing trend and we cannot be complacent. “We know from our history where antisemitism can lead if left to fester. So in these testing times it is more important than ever that we remember the horrors of the Holocaust.” Organisers also confirmed that next year’s ceremony will

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be held in a major stadium to commemorate 75 years since the end of the Holocaust. Joining the London mayor was Chief Rabbi Ephraim Mirvis, who in a moving address mourned the lack of survivors to “record stories of heroism and outright faith”, which “highlighted the depth of the cruelty and the enormity of the crime of the Holocaust”. He added: “All of us within our society must be determined – for the sake of the victims whose names are known to us and those who are not –

to stamp out antisemitism once and for all.” Other attendees included Board of Deputies president Marie van der Zyl, leaders from all Jewish denominations, and Rabbi Barry Marcus who received an award for Shoah education. The ceremony, hosted by Henry Grunwald, included a performance by Shir of Oyfn Pripetchik, with extracts from the Association of Jewish Refugees’ My Story project narrated by Judge Robert Rinder and actress Laura Pradelska. Attendees heard from Holocaust survivor Hannah Lewis,

who recalled witnessing her mother’s execution in Poland, but expressed gratitude for the kindness she experienced after settling in England. “This year is 70 years since I arrived in Great Britain, which gave me a home. I found a country of tolerance and respect. It is my sincerest wish that society continues to remember the horrors of the Holocaust so that with respect and tolerance it can never happen again,” she concluded. Yom HaShoah UK chair Neil Martin asked people to save the date of the evening of 20 April 2020 for the 75th anniversary of the end of the Shoah.

FIVE PRIME MINISTERS BACK SHOAH MEMORIAL PLANS Communities Secretary James Brokenshire this week pledged an additional £25million in funding for the Holocaust Memorial and Learning Centre planned for Victoria Tower Gardens, on the day five prime ministers (pictured) backed the plans, writes Mathilde Frot. The extra money will be matched by Lord Andrew Feldman and Gerald Ronson’s newlyestablished independent charity, rounding up the total funding to £100m. “I’m delighted to announce a further commitment by the government of up to a further £25m to the project to ensure that our ambitions to provide that enduring legacy to those who lost their lives are fulfilled for generations to come,” Brokenshire said on Tuesday evening. The funding will go towards the costs of building a revised entrance pavilion, the memorial courtyard and surrounding landscaping. Brokenshire told Jewish News the decision to allocate extra funding to the project was not linked to objections raised during the planning application. Heritage groups, including Historic England, Royal Parks and an adviser to Unesco’s World Heritage Committee, raised concerns about the location of the site. “It’s actually how the project and the programme itself has evolved,” he said. “It’s about the investment into the work within the education centre, so how we ensure that it best and effectively displays and explains the story of

the Holocaust.” Brokenshire made the announcement at an event hosted by the Wiener Library on Tuesday, where the late Joan Stiebel MBE and Lady Rose L Henriques CBE received posthumous British Heroes of the Holocaust medals for their services to Britain. Holocaust Educational Trust chief executive Karen Pollock said: “I want to thank the Secretary of State in particular for his brilliant support for the national memorial and learning centre and for all the support he has given to Holocaust education and remembrance and for the welcome announcement he made today.” Theresa May was this week been joined by joined with four former prime ministers – David Cameron, Gordon Brown, Tony Blair and Sir John Major – in backing the project. In a video played at Tuesday’s Holocaust remembrance ceremony in London, May said: “In the face of Holocaust denial, this memorial will stand to preserve the truth forever.”

9 May 2019 Jewish News


Yom HaShoah / News

More than 10,000 Jews and non-Jews from 40 countries joined Holocaust survivors and politicians for the 31st annual March of the Living at Auschwitz in southern Poland. Thousands of participants carrying Israeli flags and ‘Say No To Antisemitism’ banners took part in the march, focusing on fighting antisemitism and hatred, while remembering the six million Jews who perished in the Shoah. Attendees joined survivors and politicians to march the 1.8 mile route between the two parts of the former Auschwitz-Birkenau Nazi death camp. The UK delegation was organised by March of the Living UK, which included 300 participants and nine buses, the largest there has ever been, along with eight survivors. At the former Birkenau site, where Jews from around Europe were brought by train and killed in gas chambers between 1942 and 1945, participants placed wooden signs on remaining train tracks with the names of relatives who died. The march, which began in 1988 as part of an education programme for young Jews, takes place every year on Israel’s Holocaust Remembrance Day, Yom HaShoah. Within the March of Living UK group, the Holocaust Educational Trust sent a delegation including regional ambassadors Georgia Adkins,

Above: Israeli soldier Shira Tessler holds the hand of her survivor grandmother Hanna Tessler at a memorial event in Israel. Right: Chelsea on the march Jaya Pathak, Jamie Dickinson, James Milton and Jack Nicholls, pictured below with survivor Mala Tribich., the Holocaust Educational Trust sent a delegation including regional ambassadors Georgia Adkins, Jaya Pathak, Jamie Dickinson, James Milton and Jack Nicholls. The Board of Deputies of British Jews was represented on the march by its treasurer Stuart MacDonald, while six US ambassadors, including ambassador to Israel David Friedman and Georgette Mosbacher, the ambassador to Poland, were among the international representatives who attended. Romanian Prime Minister Viorica Dăncilă and Jan Krzysztof Ardanowski, Poland’s agriculture

Photo by Chelsea FC


minister, also took part in the march. After launching its ‘Say No To Antisemitism’ campaign in 2018, Chelsea Football Club, and American football side New England Revolution, sent a delegation on the March Of The Living. Management and academy players from the Blues joined as part of the educational campaign against antisemitism, including chief executive Guy Laurence and director Eugene Tenenbaum, as well as former manager Avram Grant. Last week, Grant paid tribute to the club’s Jewish Russian owner Roman Abrahamovich for personally backing the campaign, while New England Revolution’s owner, Robert Kraft, has also lent support to the fight against racism.

March of the Living founder and co-chairman Dr Shmuel Rosenman told participants: “You are marching at a time when a growing wave of antisemitism is yet again sweeping the world. But in truth, antisemitism never really disappeared – it simply lay barely hidden under the surface waiting for the right time to strike again. “And strike it did – in deadly fashion – at the Eitz Chaim synagogue in Pittsburgh last year, and just a few days ago at the Chabad synagogue in Poway.... Today, we proclaim to our enemies: We shall not be defeated! “We will return here year after year to raise our voices against antisemitism and against all forms of racism and hatred.”

March of common purpose “Work Avenue’s support has really enabled me to grow my business”

BY REVEREND MARGARET CAVE TEAM RECTOR, EAST GREENWICH TEAM MINISTRY It sounds like the beginning of a bad joke, but it was one of the most powerful experiences of my life. Three Jews, four Christians, three Muslims, a Hindu and a gluten-free Sikh went on a bus. Bus H, which we took to mean the ‘holy’ bus, journeyed through Poland on March of the Living UK, culminating in the march from Auschwitz to Birkenau on Yom HaShoah. The days were filled with visiting sites of unimaginable horror, learning unbelievable facts, exploring difficult questions and asking how we could find faith in the face of great evil. Our inspirational educator, Richard Verber, invited us to include others in our journey, so we followed the path of 12-year-old Halina Birenbaum from the Warsaw Ghetto and Umshlagplatz to Majdanek and then on to Auschwitz. Standing in the places Halina stood, with one of us reading excerpts from her written accounts, took us deep into the lived experience. How could survivors such as Halina and Arek Hersch,

who travelled with us, find the strength and resilience to live after such unspeakable horrors? In the barracks at Birkenau as he told his story with quiet dignity. He spoke of sleeping 10 men to a wooden bunk as he walked over to point one out. His description of arriving at AuschwitzBirkenau as he rolled up his sleeve to reveal his tattoo was chilling and compelling. Arek told us not a single blade of grass was left amid the mud, the greyness of this place of great absence, suffering and death. I picked a blade of grass and was reminded of the contrasts we faced as we returned to hotel rooms with our stomachs full. Our journey reminded me of the importance of remembrance so ‘Never Again’ is a shared goal. It has powerfully called me to renew my commitment not to be a bystander in the face of prejudice of any kind. As people of faith, we must resist those who seek to hijack it for their own warped aims and stand together for our shared values of love, respect, compassion, justice and mercy.

‘THE BOYS’ REUNITED WITH PILOT Sixteen members of ‘The Boys’ have been reunited with the RAF serviceman who flew them to Britain in August 1945. Norman Shepherd was 20 when he received orders to collect 732 children from Prague and fly them to Crosby, near the Lake District. The Jewish group later formed the

’45 Aid Society to raise money for survivors and teach the lessons of the Holocaust. During an emotional reunion at the Hilton Hotel in Wembley, Shepherd recalled feeling “very pleased” at being able to take the children out of mainland Europe. “At first, they thought I was

going to beat them – for they’d never known kindness from a man in uniform. But once they saw I wasn’t going to hurt them, they flung their arms around me.” One of ‘The Boys’, Harry Spiro, said he felt “overwhelmed with gratitude” upon being reunited with the pilot.

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9 May 2019 Jewish News


MDA honour / News

Stormin’ Norman named humanitarian of the year

A pensioner who raised hundreds of thousands of pounds to purchase ambulances for Israel’s Magen David Adom (MDA) has been honoured by the emergency service, writes Mathilde Frot in Israel. Retired surgeon Norman Rosenbaum, 84, is the first to receive a Humanitarian Of the Year award from MDA. He has also received the Points of Light award from Theresa May and was honoured at Jewish News’ Night of Heroes awards. “It’s the people who matter. It’s not who gets the awards – that’s not important,” he told Jewish News. Over the years, Rosenbaum has helped to organise support for 12 life-saving vehicles in his Cockfosters and N. Southgate Synagogue community. He is now raising funds for another, which he described as his “barmitzvah ambulance”. Rosenbaum received the special award at a dedication ceremony for his 12th ambulance, which was held at MDA’s blood centre in Tel Hashomer. MDA received a contribution for the £65,000 ambulance from the late Ida Lee, who arranged to donate to the organisation as part

NEWS IN BRIEF POLICE PROBE SWASTIKAS DAUBED IN STANMORE PARK Police are investigating six swastikas reportedly discovered on posts on Stanmore Common Nature Trail. The Met Police confirmed investigations are ongoing but no arrests have been made. A police spokesperson said: “At around 8pm on 4 May, police were made aware of antisemitic graffiti in Stanmore Common.” The graffiti was reported by a dog walker.


of her legacy 20 years ago. Father-of-five, Simon Hamilton, 39, also helped to raise money in memory of his late sister, Jenny Hamilton-Morhaim, who died aged 27 from a brain aneurysm. Hamilton, who cut the ribbon with his son Raphael, eight, and daughter Henya, 10, paid tribute to Jenny and her “happiness that went beyond”, describing her habit of reciting psalms when ambulances drove past. “We are happy to dedicate this ambulance that will be saving lives in her memory,” he said.

An international gathering of survivors, educators and experts will mark 75th anniversary of liberation from the Holocaust next year. Liberation75 was announced at a Holocaust remembrance ceremony in Toronto, as organisers plan for 7,000 to participate in a conference in 2020. More than 70 international Shoah education groups will participate, including the AJR in the UK. Norman Rosenbaum (left) and Simon, Henya and Raphael Hamilton

Daniel Burger, chief executive of MDA UK, said: “It’s always a privilege to be at an ambulance dedication because it’s an opportunity to see the culmination of the hard work. “Simon and his family have been wonderful. We have been working on this for a long time. We are very grateful to the Lee family for their contribution in their legacy. “Norman, you have done so much for MDA and you have

already been recognised.” MDA has revealed it has responded to more than 73,100 calls over the years, using ambulances donated by Rosenbaum and his community. Among them, 45 were terrorrelated, 2,677 were child medical emergencies, 965 were women in labour, 6750 were car accidents and 1,552 were victims of violence.  Editorial comment, page 16

MITZVAH DAY APPOINTS RABBI AS NEW INTERFAITH ADVISER Rabbi Jeff Berger has joined Mitzvah Day as interfaith adviser, as the charity seeks to build on its work in bringing faith groups together through social action.He will work with Lady Daniela Pears to deepen Mitzvah Day’s connection with people of all faiths and none. Founder Laura Marks said: “Rabbi Jeff has a wealth of experience and contacts in the interfaith world.” Berger said: “One of the best ways to counterbalance the attempts by a small handful to instil fear and to sow seeds of hatred is through active dialogue and engagement with one another.”

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9 May 2019 Jewish News


Immigrants exhibit / Children’s library / World News

Powerful pics reveal emotional reunions Powerful pictures showing Jewish families reunited in America after being separated in Europe during the Holocaust are on display at the Centre for Jewish History in New York, based on archives from the American Jewish Historical Society (AJHS), writes Jenni Frazer. Annie Polland, the society’s executive director, said the timing of the exhibition, titled When The Golden Door Closed, They Carried The Torch, was particularly relevant in light of recent reports that US President Donald Trump might return to his policy of separating families as parents or children are deported. The pictures feature in an AJHS show at the Centre for Jewish History, which ends on 31 May. It tracks the work of Jewish people and organisations that continued to help immigrants and refugees despite a punitive immigration quota law. The “Golden Door” refers to the 1883 poem by Emma Lazarus, The New Colossus, whose lines are fixed to the pedestal of the Statue of Liberty in New York Harbour. Its famous words, “Give

me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breathe free”, became the bedrock of the idea of melting-pot America. Polland said: “Jews founded many organisations to help immigrants, despite political rhetoric supporting immigration restriction.” Two years before Lazarus published her poem, Jews founded the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society (HIAS), which continues to help displaced people and refugees. Through the work of HIAS and the United Service for New Americans, Jews who had survived the Holocaust were gradually able to be reunited with their families in America. In one striking picture, taken in December 1951, at the Hudson River, Helene Friedman of Brooklyn and her brother Leib – together with his wife, Estera and their five-year-old daughter Mirla – meet each other for the first

time since they parted in their native Poland in 1934. A caption on the back of the picture says the family was among immigrants who arrived aboard the ship, the General Muir, which sailed from Bremerhaven under the auspices of the United Service for New Americans, an agency of the United Jewish Appeal. “The Friedmans are immigrating here from Belgium under a special provision of the Amended DP (Displaced Persons) Act which now permits the immigration of DPs who found temporary haven in countries other than Germany, Austria and Italy.” The pictures, from the HIAS collection, show family reunions and bewildered people who never believed they would see their loved ones again. Above and inset: Families were reunited in America after the war

HOW CHARITY OPENED UP A NEW CHAPTER IN RUSSIA A delegation from the US-based Harold Grinspoon Foundation (HGF) has visited Kiev, Moscow and St Petersburg. With support from leading Jewish philanthropists, the Grinspoon Foundation runs PJ Library, an international charity programme that provides children with Jewish books in English, Hebrew, Spanish, Russian and Ukrainian. Every month, more than 630,000 Jewish children in 21 countries receive books the whole family can read together. The visit marked PJ Library’s third anni-

versary in Russia and the programme’s launch in Ukraine. The delegation was headed by the programme’s founder, 89-year-old American philanthropist Harold Grinspoon, and the Foundation’s president, Winnie Sandler Grinspoon. It included the leadership of Genesis Philanthropy Group (GPG), Joint D i s t r i b u t i o n Committee board members and donors.

HGF President Winnie Sandler Grinspoon said: “PJ Library in Russian is the largest PJ Library programme outside North America and Israel. We look forward to welcoming thousands of Jewish families in Ukraine to the PJ Library family.” Ilia Salita, Genesis Philanthropy Group president, said: “We are glad the library’s books can go to readers in Jewish families in Russia,

and now also in Ukraine. It is important to us, because through family reading, children can experience Jewish culture and our common heritage, regardless of where they live.” The programme was launched in Russia in December 2015, with support from its international partner, GPG. It was also backed by the JDC, the Russian Jewish Congress and several private donors. The programme now sends books to 7,800 children in 60 regions. Eighty-six books with a total circulation of 170,000 copies have been published and given to families.

Museum explores MALAGASY JEWS Buried skeletons Jewish life in Italy AIM FOR CONVERTS cause Brest row In the converted remains of a former prison on the edge of the old Jewish ghetto, an extraordinary museum is making its mark and re-exploring 2,000 years of Jewish life in Italy. The Museum of Italian Judaism and the Shoah in Ferrara, northern Italy, which opened in December 2017, has just unveiled its second major exhibit, on Jews and the Renaissance, entitled The Renaissance speaks Hebrew. It follows its opening show, The First Thousand Years, which followed the long and complex relationship between

Jews and Christianity. Italian Jewry is one of the oldest communities in the western diaspora. Jews, even before the destruction of the Temple and their eventual transportation and imprisonment in Rome, had been working and trading in the city. Today’s museum sits on the premises of a former prison that was once used to hold Jews during the Second World War. A new exhibit monitoring the experience of Jews in Italy during the Holocaust is set to open in September.

Madagascar is home to the world’s newest Jewish community. The country was colonised by France, which introduced Christianity, now practised by more than 90 percent of its citizens. But, in recent years, a group of Malagasy people, led by Ashrey Dayves, believe Judaism was the original religion in Madagascar. They have converted to Judaism and hope to get many others to join them and find their true roots. Ashrey Dayves said: “First I was Catholic, I changed to Protestantism and I studied

the Bible more and more. I was thirsty for the truth and so I decided to change to another religion. I chose the form of Christianity that worships on Saturday, Shabbat. In the end, I decided it was not Judaism, true Judaism. It was like a cult because they used money on the Sabbath. So I left that group.” The Malagasy Jews believe Judaism will bring change to their society. Dayves said: “There is corruption everywhere, problems everywhere. We believe Judaism will bring peace and prosperity to this country.”

A major – and unexpected – row has broken out in the Belarus city of Brest after hundreds of skeletons were discovered in foundations being laid for a luxury housing development. Now the bones of 1,214 people – thought to be the remains of Jews slaughtered by the Nazis after Hitler invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941 – are to be reburied in a cemetery in the north of the city on 21 May. Belarus was part of the Soviet nation when the Nazis. invaded, but, unlike other Soviet satellites, did not col-

laborate with Hitler. The row has broken out because local authorities have been asked to put the housing development on hold – and challenged as to why it was approved in the first place. The World Jewish Congress described the project as “an affront to the memories of the Jewish residents of the city who were shot and murdered in cold blood at that very site.” City mayor Alexandr Rogachuk told journalists in April Brest had been built over the unmarked graves of countless unknown war victims.


Jewish News 9 May 2019

Editorial comment and letters ISSUE NO.




Elderly care crisis As we reveal this week, several Jewish care homes will close in the next few years and the Jewish character of those that survive will likely be diluted. It is a double wake-up call for our community and demands urgent attention. We are not alone – the UK faces a social-care funding crisis – but we may need to act before the rest of the country decides to. The NHS does not pay for residential, nursing or dementia care – it can barely afford to pay for our current medical care. Local authorities pay something but not enough to meet the culture-specific costs of a Jewish care home. And we can’t get insurance because insurers won’t touch social-care – it is too costly and unpredictable. Yet if we get dementia our care could cost us or our family £8,000 per month. Few of us have put money aside specifically for care, because we don’t know if we’ll need it. Governments have tried to tackle the problem, but with no palatable options and voter-sensitivity, all attempts fail. Think of the Conservatives’ 2017 “dementia tax” and Labour’s 2010 “death tax”. Germans pay 2.5 percent of their income from the age of 40, and that pays for everyone’s social care, but when a former minister recently proposed Brits paying one percent, he was laughed out of the room. In short, no solution is forthcoming or obvious. Jewish care providers met in January to consider a report by consultants that told them what they already knew – that the current model is not viable. Nothing has been heard or announced publicly since then, until now. This week, Nightingale Hammerson’s chief uses our newspaper to think outside the box, suggesting a Jewish community social-care insurance scheme. We all pay into a pot, for those who need it to access it. It is unlikely to fly, because it is a hard sell to persuade people to pay thousands of pounds into a pot they may not use, but ideas like this are needed. There are no easy answers, but two klaxon-loud realisations: that to maintain Jewish care homes, we will need to pay more for them, and to protect our children from paying catastrophically high care costs, we need to plan for the worst.

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SONGFEST IS ABOVE POLITICS It was heartening to read the just this one country. Baruch item ‘Kiss my bass, rock star Hashem, the winner will be tells boycotters’, and Adele the unifying force of music Summers’ letter, ‘Creative and one nation’s representaSupport for Eurovision’, in tive whatever their race, collast week’s edition (Jewish our, gender or background. News, 2 May). Eurovision is an annual These pieces featured the international singing spec100 signatures to a statement tacular. Politics, boycotts and of people drawn from across bigotry should have no place the international entertainin the tolerant, global city ment industry, opposing those that is Tel Aviv. I look forward who advocate a boycott of to kvelling as Israel hosts the this year’s contest because UK Eurovision legends Bucks Fizz thousands of people involved it will be held in Tel Aviv. Kol in Eurovision and tourists HaKavod to them all for taking such action. who will come to see next week’s final. Singling out Israel for criticism and boycotts will not be this year’s hit single, despite the J D Milaric efforts of many who never cease to demonise By email

Sketches & kvetches

Beyond the norm Jewish News was honoured to be in Israel to see Norman Rosenbaum – a community hero and true mensch – receive Magen David Adom’s first Humanitarian of the Year award. It was an emotional ceremony on the lawn outside MDA’s blood centre in Tel Hashomer. Norman is a doer and has brought together the community many times to purchase 12 much-needed ambulances for Israel’s emergency service. He’s attracted the limelight many times, not least with a Points of Light award from Theresa May and being honoured at our Night of Heroes gala dinner last year. Not that dear Norman cares a jot for accolades. As he told us at the ceremony: “People matter, not awards.”

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BOOK FOREWORD NO SURPRISE The news item of 2 May reported widespread anger at the recent unearthing of Jeremy Corbyn’s foreword to the 2011 reissue of JA Hobson’s Imperialism: A Study. In the foreword, Corbyn praises the “brilliant analysis” of “a great tome”, without referring to (let alone repudiating) Hobson’s blatant indulgence of antisemitic conspiracy theories. Such silence should come as no surprise! It precisely matches Corbyn’s acknowledgement of “our friends in Hamas”, which likewise lacked reference to (let alone repudiation of)

the Hamas Charter’s narrative of “Zionist scheming” as “laid out in the Protocols of the Elders of Zion”.

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9 May 2019 Jewish News


Editorial comment and letters

GIVE THE TERRORISTS RIGHT ROCKETING AS A RESPONSE A few years ago, when the rockets were even then raining down on Israeli cities, I wrote to your paper recommending a like-for-like mode of response from Israel to the offenders, instead of sending fighter jets to bombard the enemy. Clearly, fighter jets, although inflicting great damage, do nothing in the long run to remedy the deadly nuisance of these incoming rockets! This is clearly evident by the fact that the Palestinians keep firing rockets even though they are being bombarded. After you printed my letter, a shallow and cowardly response was written to your paper by someone predicting ‘an escalation in the hostilities’ if my suggestion was adopted by Israel, which you

printed. However, the letter-writer offered no alternative solution to the continuing endless bombardment of rockets! I’m convinced, beyond any doubt, that if my idea of Israel firing the same type of rockets into Gaza, or the territories from whence they came, was to be adopted by Israel immediately on a very similar, regular basis, and at random, without respite, I can almost guarantee that within a very short period of time, the Gaza rockets would cease. The tables will then be turned. Otherwise, the present status quo will endure.

Isaac Cohen By email


As a visitor from New York, it was always good to know there was a “local” place to find kosher food in London. Reubens will be missed.

Hatikvah hit the wrong note It’s intriguing that the British Jewish leadership sang Hatikvah at the end of the annual Yom HaShoah commemoration. Although Yom HaShoah was conceived in Israel, it marks the date of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising in AprilMay 1943, whose leaders – particularly Marek Edelman and Mordechai Anielewicz – were Bundists. As such, they were decidedly not Zionists. In fact, they thought the

whole Zionist idea was a European colonialist ploy to solve the “Jewish question” by other means. They believed that “wherever we live, that’s our homeland”, and that wasn’t Palestine. Perhaps in future commemorations, the leadership should sing The Internationale in Yiddish, as this would be far more appropriate.

Rosa Ben-Horin By email

Joe Blank New York


I was really saddened to hear the news of the closure of Reubens, the last remaining kosher, heimischer eatery in the West End. It is the end of an era and I hope some intrepid restaurateur will open a similar venture soon.

Why would anyone be naive enough to give Corbyn (pictured) the benefit of the doubt regarding the meanings in JA Hobson’s Imperialism: A Study, having already nailed his true colours to the mast when he previously championed a clearly antisemitic mural? Enough is enough, and we should tell it like it is: this Pied Piper

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has gathered around him many like-minded individuals. As far as Jews are concerned, this man should be persona non grata. It no longer behoves us to state it’s only raining when someone spits at us on a regular basis.

Stephen Vishnick Tel Aviv


Jewish News 9 May 2019


Yes, Jews can and do become homeless too ELLIOTT KARSTADT & DR MARGARET JACOBI


ne of the most worrying passages in Torah is this: ‘If you take your neighbour’s garment as a pledge, you shall deliver it to him by sundown; For that is his only covering, it is the garment for his skin; Where shall he sleep? And it shall come to pass, when he cries to Me, that I will hear; for I am compassionate.’ (Exodus 22:25-26). There are many other verses with threats of terrible punishment, but this passage rings true. How poor must someone be that the only thing they can give as a guarantee is their own garment? As a society, we are all responsible and – Torah reminds us – will be held accountable for keeping people in poverty. It is easy to accumulate wealth while others fall behind. As our prophetic tradition reminds us, those who ‘join house to house’ until no others remain will ultimately end up

being harshly judged (Isaiah 5:8). It can be easy to put homeless people into a box, and assume that only certain kinds of people face homelessness. There is an assumption that only those spending the night on the street are homeless, but this is just the tip of the iceberg. For example, people living in temporary accommodation, in a B&B or on a friend’s sofa are all homeless too. Finally, there is an assumption that there are no Jewish people among those who are homeless, or even that there are no Jewish people who face discrimination because they receive Housing Benefit. These assumptions are simply not true. At the Together in Barnet Night Shelter (for which a number of Masorti, Reform, and Liberal synagogues act as venues, working alongside local churches and mosques), we accommodate homeless people from all walks of life and all backgrounds in the London Borough of Barnet – including people from Jewish families. Our guests experience many

WE CANNOT SAY WITH COMPLETE CERTAINTY THAT OUR SAFE HOMES WILL LAST FOREVER problems, such as family breakdown, mental health crises or unemployment. But what unites them are the structural problems that have pushed them into homelessness: unaffordable, unstable private renting, housing benefit cuts and a lack of social housing. Many have also experienced housing benefit discrimination, which Tzelem and Shelter are campaigning against; us Jews are not immune to this. ‘No DSS’ practices (DSS being a shorthand for those receiving Housing Benefit) exclude

those who have state support to help pay the rent from applying to a home. They make their search for a home even harder. We cannot say with complete certainty that our safe and secure homes will last forever. There is no one type of person who will become homeless. If one person suffers, it is because our society somehow has failed them. Our Jewish tradition reminds us that our ability to feel secure is directly related to the way we treat each other. If you are a member of a synagogue or a Jewish community, then we call on you to help to reverse these structural problems by, for example, identifying a local housing charity such as Together in Barnet and finding out how the community can help to take action.  Elliott Karstadt is a student rabbi at Leo Baeck College and chair of Together in Barnet. Dr Margaret Jacobi is rabbi of Birmingham Progressive Synagogue



hen I read the final version of the much-anticipated new independent school guidelines, I was relieved. Many private Chasidic schools in our community are failing the children to which they cater. Not all of the schools are registered, but those that are are subject to inspection by Ofsted, which has tried to come to grips with exposing some of what goes on. Until now, the Department for Education (DfE) provided nothing but the poorly defined ‘broad and balanced curriculum’ criteria for Ofsted to use when considering how a school is faring. So Ofsted began using adherence to the British values curriculum and the 2010 Equality Act as the only way of showing that the education being provided in some schools was so narrow. This was highlighted by the children’s ignorance of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) issues, and it did the job to a certain extent. Many previously well-rated but poorly performing schools were downgraded, but it proved a blunt tool when community schools that were providing a reasonable secular education, but who adhered to Charedi concerns about LGBT issues, were downgraded to inadequate.

Additionally, if we consider the schools that do not adhere to any of the independent school standards being downgraded on the same point can be seen as a badge of honour. LGBT awareness is a red herring where children are being provided with so little education that their schools don’t even count as schools. To address this problem, new independent guidelines are to be introduced. They are well defined, with specific standards for literacy, numeracy, science, careers guidance, and tighter requirements on safeguarding. A public consultation was undertaken before the guidelines were finalised. It was curious that schools from across the Charedi spectrum united behind the very minor requirements that made reference to LGBT issues and there was less of a challenge to the stricter standards. This is a shame because it has lumped together all Charedi schools, even though most of them already meet most of the requirements of the independent schools curriculum. It is almost exclusively Chasidic boys’ schools that do not, with the exception of some sciences often being left out of high school curricula because of concerns about teaching evolution and reproduction. Concerns regarding LGBT teaching raised by Charedi lobbyists were taken on board by the DfE in the consultation. This will feel like a win for Charedi schools, both Chasidic and Litvish institutions.


You may wonder why I am relieved, when it may seem that I stand on the opposite side of the fence to those to whom the Department is conceding these points. With all the lobbying, rallies and prayer meetings focusing on the horror that some in our community might have to acknowledge that LGBTQ people exist, we have forgotten that all the children in these schools exist. They are children – and they face far more hardship than any “Protected Characteristics Assembly” is going to help them with. These are children who are routinely educated in unsafe buildings in unsanitary conditions. Children who receive little or no secular education and, despite being born in Britain, cannot speak English fluently when they graduate. These are schools where children are being hit and manhandled. They are children whose economic futures

are likely to include benefit fraud owing to a combination of early marriage, ignorance of and shunning of contraception and poor education. These are places that perpetuate extremist views that veer far from the path of traditional Torah values, let alone British values. The Torah commands us to teach our sons a trade. The sages say that one who does not teach his son a trade is teaching him to steal. The Torah also commands us not to put a stumbling block before a blind man. The ultimate stumbling block is being placed before these children, and they are being led towards them like blind men. I’d have liked to see the guidelines go further and include mandatory examinations, to ensure academic standards are easier to assess. But for now, I’m happy to see the standards are to be tightened, that proprietors and governors will be held to account and that the children have not been forgotten. But without addressing the root causes – the extremist views, authoritarianism, and contempt for the law and the rest of society – we condemn each new generation to sinking further into enforced ignorance and dependency. We only put off dealing with the problem for now, while allowing it to grow and fester. Denial is a tactic, not a long-term strategy. Brushing institutional failures under the carpet is likely to result in far worse consequences for everyone concerned.

9 May 2019 Jewish News


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Jewish News 9 May 2019


The sound of Madonna and the sound of missiles JENNI FRAZER


ere we are, in a parallel universe. It’s 2012 and the Olympics are being staged in London — an event that you might imagine attracts global media attention. All’s going swimmingly, until the Faroe Islanders, in a fit of pique, start aiming weaponry at Caithness and Shetland. Well, I say fit of pique, but there are historic reasons behind their attack. It’s not the first time, but the government is at a loss to know how to respond, not least because one of the Faroe rockets has killed the Muckle Flugga lighthouse keeper, who was minding his own business and had no personal quarrel with the Faroese. Eventually, of course, the government sends RAF Tornados up to the north of the country to sort things out. It does not go well. Several dozen Faroe Islanders die as a result. Demonstrations take place at the Olympic Stadium and countries that have not yet sent athletes

are debating whether or not to do so. There is much talk of boycotts. Leading cultural figures write denouncing editorials in The New York Times. Controversial cartoons are published and Whitehall goes mad, to no effect. The UN gets involved: much to Britain’s dismay, there is major condemnation of the UK’s “disproportionate” response. Well, you get the general picture. It’s not the Olympics and my fictional version of the otherwise blameless Faroese, but rather the real-life scenario of Eurovision, which begins in Tel Aviv next week, and the nasty, dirty, untidy little war being conducted on Israel’s doorstep by Hamas. In the Middle East, timing is everything, and there are a number of factors, including Eurovision, which may well lie behind Hamas’ decision to re-escalate the flickering conflict with Israel. Nearly 700 rockets in total were sent from Gaza to Israel, resulting in four Israeli civilian fatalities. In Gaza itself, a pregnant woman and a 14-month-old baby died, a tragedy immediately blamed on Israel by Hamas. But then

HOW CAN HALF OF ISRAEL STAGE AN INTERNATIONAL PARTY WHILE ITS CITIZENS RUN TO SHELTERS? something really odd appeared on social media from the Gaza News Agency, hardly a fan of Israel. Whoever runs that account wrote: “We cry for your children as you must cry for ours. Pregnant mother and baby were killed by Hamas rocket – not Zionist. The hate and bullets must end. “Do not be angry with Gazans, we are held hostage by Hamas and Iran We want our land in Palestine shared with Jew [sic] in peace”. This was followed by another message from

the same source: “We don’t need to lie in our war against Zionists. Fourteen-month-old Saba Abu Erar was killed by Hamas rocket – not Israeli F16. When you lie – you hurt our cause, you destroy our credibility. Talk of Israeli snipers killing our boys – but do not lie”. There was an immediate rush, naturally, to discredit the Gaza News Agency post, not least because the IDF itself insisted that the deaths had indeed been due to a Hamas rocket which had fallen short, but also because – not unnaturally – supporters of Israel very much want that to be true. Personally, I hope it is true, which doesn’t make the deaths any less terrible, on both sides. But I do also wonder, in all conscience, how half of Israel can stage an international music party in Tel Aviv, while its own citizens are running to air raid shelters in the south of the country. It’s not the death tolls we’re talking about here. It’s the difference between those under fire, and those not, between those listening in terror to the sirens, and those grooving to Madonna on stage. In my parallel universe, the Olympics are cancelled.


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9 May 2019 Jewish News



Who’ll pay for rising costs of Jewish care? HELEN SIMMONS CHIEF EXECUTIVE, NIGHTINGALE HAMMERSON


t times it feels as though we are collectively putting our heads in the sand when we could be insuring our future. We all know, or know of, someone who has developed dementia and needed social care, and prefer not to contemplate it happening to us. Yet we have a responsibility to our families and to the wider community to think about it and take action early. Just as we moan about the NHS, we assume it will always be there, including when we get dementia, but residential care does not fall under the NHS and it is not cheap. The Dilnot Review of adult social care showed that roughly half of all over-60s will die without ever needing any social care, but one in 10 will need care costing over £100,000. In other words, the risk of needing social care is highly skewed, but it is difficult to predict in advance who will actually have the highest

costs. High quality dementia and nursing care can easily cost £2,000 per week. For those who cannot afford this when their savings fall to a set level, the local authority offers some funding, but nowhere near enough to keep Jewish homes sustainable. At Nightingale Hammerson, we welcome people based on care need, not on ability to pay. About 60 percent of our residents move in with sufficient funds to pay our fees, 40 percent with local authority funding. We fundraise to cover the gap between what the average local authority pays and the true cost. The community is phenomenal and the gap is covered year after year, but it is getting harder and Jewish residential care homes are looking for more ways to survive. Is it time to protect the community service provision as a whole by setting funds aside during our lifetime for social care? Burial fees are set aside well in advance, and in manageable amounts, and some will pay more than others. Should we have an equivalent scheme for social care costs? The German social care scheme collects 2.5

A COMMUNAL SCHEME COULD NOT COVER TOTAL COSTS, BUT WOULD HELP TO LIFT FAMILIES’ WORRIES percent of income from everyone over the age of 40. Those who need support in later life can draw against this. Could we create a similar collective social insurance scheme for the Jewish community, and if we did, who would be best placed to administer it? The UK insurance market has not shown interest in providing an insurance product for social care costs as they are so unpredictable and costly. A Jewish community scheme could not guarantee to cover total costs, but could alleviate some of the cost and worry for fami-

We want to shine a light on Lizzi’s many accomplishments. Every week, she attends Langdon Brady Club where she enjoys seeing her friends, and taking part in activities ranging from baking to social action. Lizzi deserves to see her name in lights. Langdon helps hundreds of adults and young people with learning disabilities across the UK to live independent lives through supported living, education, employment support and social activities. To find out more about our services or to give your support, visit or call 020 8951 3942. Registered Charity no. 1142742

lies. It could take the pressure off our amazing not-for-profit care homes and their amazing philanthropic, but ageing, supporters. The National Association of Jewish Homes acknowledges that we need to change the way the community plans for its future social care needs. Care homes are facing pressures from all directions, including nurse recruitment, local authority fees reducing, and a fall in legacies given to charity. The association’s members are at risk of needing to either close homes or change their services to focus on making money instead of focusing on care needs. At a recent conference in Birmingham, members discussed possible solutions. Most agreed that a reliance on fundraising was a risky way to plan ahead. The idea of an insurance-style scheme was raised and there were many views on the subject. We still await a Government Green Paper that may or may not hold the answers. Even if it does, is likely to be too late to help this generation? It feels increasingly likely the Jewish community will be finding solutions for itself.


Jewish News 9 May 2019

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9 May 2019 Jewish News


Community / Scene & Be Seen


Pupils in Years 4 to 6 from Wohl Ilford Jewish Primary School (pictured) joined other primary schools to perform at the Yom HaShoah ceremony at Hyde Park’s Holocaust Memorial. In the presence of Chief Rabbi Ephraim Mirvis, London Mayor Sadiq Khan and Holocaust survivors, the choir sang Never Again, composed in memory of those who perished in the Shoah, and Oseh Shalom.


And be seen!


To mark Yom HaShoah six survivors, pictured, originally from Poland, led a procession into Pinner Synagogue and lit memorial candles to remember the six million Jews murdered in the Holocaust. More than 350 people filed into the synagogue for its annual commemoration, with guests including the deputy mayor of Harrow, Councillor Nitin Parekh, and senior diplomats from Germany, Hungary, Lithuania and the Netherlands. Event organiser Gaby Glassman said: “Our social, economic and political circumstances now resemble those of 80 years ago. One group is pitted against another and the danger now, like then, is that the racism that started with the Jews will soon infect the fabric of society as a whole. Events like this aim to stop us sleepwalking into that horror.”

Community marks Yom HaShoah at events across the capital Email us at


Wohl Ilford Jewish Primary School commemorated Yom HaShoah with a special assembly. Pupils watched a short film about the Holocaust called The Terrible Things. Year 6 house captains spoke about what they learned from the film, the importance of standing up for what is right and how young people must never forget those who died in the Holocaust. Thirteen yellow candles were lit in memory of young children who perished in the Shoah and the memorial prayer was recited by Rabbi Yaakov Singer. Pictured is Year 6 pupil Jack Wershof lighting a candle.


A Kindertransport refugee and a Hatch End High School pupil who visited AuschwitzBirkenau with her school were among guest speakers to help Belmont United Synagogue mark Yom HaShoah. Survivor Hana Kleiner told of how she left Prague for London in July 1939 on the last train to leave the city with the Kindertransport before the outbreak of the war. Pupil Emily Man, whose school participated in an educational programme run by the Holocaust Educational Trust, spoke about visiting Auschwitz-Birkenau and the lessons she learned.




Photos by Paul Stephen Gee



Jewish News 9 May 2019

Scene & Be Seen / Community





Top maths teachers Tom Jones and Sam Biggerstaff from Haberdashers’ Aske’s Boys’ School, which has a high number of Jewish pupils, were shortlisted for a TES Schools Award 2019. “It is wonderful to see such great ideas and excellent practice emerging from our schools and teachers,” said TES editor Ann Mroz. Headmaster Gus Lock said: “We pride ourselves on excellent teaching and learning, both inside and beyond the classroom.”



Credit: Hy Money



Chief Rabbi Ephraim Mirvis affixed the mezuzah, pictured, to officially open Jewish Blind and Disabled’s new £6.7million development, the Dyna and Fala Weinstock Wing, which will provide 19 apartments to enable independent living for people living with physical disabilities or vision impairment. It was named after sisters Dyna and Fala, who fled the Nazis in Berlin. Their nephew, Israel, said: “In the words of my aunts, this charity is really making a difference where it matters.”


Senior legal counsel at The Sun Adam Cannon and his son Jude, who has recovered from meningitis and is coming up to his barmitzvah, are set to climb Wales’ Mount Snowdon to raise money for Meningitis Now. “Meningitis is a very dangerous illness, which can kill you,” said Jude, who suffered from the non-lethal strain of the illness. To sponsor the pair, visit

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Kinloss Synagogue screened No Asylum – The Untold Chapter of Anne Frank’s Story to mark the 74th anniversary of the liberation of Bergen Belsen by the British Army. Anne’s stepsister and Auschwitz survivor Eva Schloss, who appears in the film, relayed her story and answered questions. John Wood, son of Belsen liberator Leonard Berney, who appears in the film and was a British Army major when the camp was liberated, was present, as were survivors Freddie Knoller, Mala Tribich and Eve Kugler, and Yad Vashem UK Foundation chair Simon Bentley. Pictured are Rabbi Jeremy Lawrence, Schloss, Bentley and Wood.


Marketing agency Headlines MK has donated a new Suzuki Celerio to charity GIFT for a raffle to raise funds for volunteer projects, education and support hundreds of families with food parcels. GIFT volunteer and Headlines MK director Robert Schneiderman said: “We are impressed with GIFT’s range of services in the community and the tireless efforts of its staff and volunteers.” The raffle will be drawn at the GIFT dinner on 2 June.


Students from Immanuel College, Hasmonean High School and JFS waded through mud on the 7km Nuts Challenge – a military assault course with more than 60 obstacles at Henfold Lakes with community organisation Chazak.


The Sheffield JSoc celebrated Purim with great costumes.

Leeds JSoc hosted a Purim party, which had almost 100 attendees and a bouncy castle.

The Union of Jewish Students (UJS) hosted its annual student awards at the Jewish Museum to celebrate the achievements of its members.

UJS hosted a networking event with Work Avenue to connect students to various industries and companies.

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9 May 2019 Jewish News




Shabbat Kedoshim 11 May 2019 On this Shabbat we will read the words: ‘You shall not place a stumbling block before a blind person’ and ‘You shall love your neighbour as yourself ’ While not necessarily meant to be taken literally, these words provide a much needed wake-up call making us think about those in our communities who struggle to cope due to their sight being impaired or to some other physical disability that affects their mobility or dexterity. One in five people in the UK has been diagnosed with a disability at some point in their lives, often quite out of the blue, and someone goes blind every hour. The Jewish community is no more immune to this incidence of disability than is the rest of

society and most of us know someone who has been affected in this way. But how good are we at making sure that they are fully involved in communal life? Of course, legal requirements will be met, but true accessibility is about much more than a ramp or a Shabbat lift. It is about a welcoming hand when needed. It is about aids such as large-print books, stable chairs with armrests and space for wheelchairs. And it is about finding ways to call up those who may not be able to climb the

stairs to a raised bimah. And even when our buildings are suitable, we should ask ourselves Accessing the right support is vital to ensuring that neither physical disability nor how we can truly show love for our impaired vision become barriers to living independently with dignity and choice. neighbour who may be isolated as a Jewish Blind & Disabled has 50 years’ experience in providing this support both result of their disability? through their state-of-the-art developments of mobility apartments and their An offer to help them to get to the new Independent Living Advisory Service which takes their unparalleled expersynagogue in the first place, whether for tise into the wider community for the very first time. a service or an event, would be a positive One way you could support Jewish Blind & Disabled is by giving a Dinner start. Donate Card instead of buying flowers, wine or chocolates next time you are As would a phone call or maybe even invited our for a meal. a visit if you have time. And an For more information, to make a donation or to purchase our dinner donate cards invitation to join you for a Shabbat or please go to or call 020 8371 6611. Yom Tov meal in our own home could make a massive impact on their lives.

Above: Jewish Blind & Disabled’s latest development Left: 24/7 on site support from resident house managers Disability can affect anyone of any age or from any sector of the community and we are delighted that this initiative has cross-communal support:


Jewish News 9 May 2019

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9 May 2019 Jewish News


Food / Lifestyle


IN THIS SECTION: Travel 29 Competition 37

Kniedl horror!

The end of an era


heir latkes were “beyond belief”, their chips “to die for” and their chicken soup “outstanding”. Special commendation was also reserved for the salt beef, which according to the late Michael Winner, Sunday Times food critic, was “even better than at Selfridges” when he visited in 2007. Praise indeed. But this week, the usual tantalising aroma of heimische food emanating from Reubens restaurant in Baker Street ceased for good, as the historic establishment closed its doors after 46 years in business. Taking to social media, the family, which has run the restaurant for more than 37 years, said it was “unexpectedly” closing owing to a family bereavement and signed off simply: “Thank you for your custom and good memories we have all shared!” Scores of saddened customers soon expressed their condolences and lamented the closure of Reubens – the last kosher restaurant operating in the West End. One called it “a real institution”, while another simply lamented: “Where are we going to get a decent salt beef sandwich now?” First opening in 1973, Reubens quickly earned a place in the hearts of the koshereating public by serving up mouth-watering

dishes infused with tradition. The menu included all kinds of fayre, from succulent, slow-steamed salt beef sandwiches on rye, dressed with authentic pickles and mustard, to perfect mounds of chopped chicken and calves’ liver, fried and boiled gefilte fish, glistening golden chicken soup and comforting lockshen pudding. But East End favourites aside, patrons of this London eaterie will also fondly remember the succulent chicken schwarma and schnitzel, sizzling rib-eye steaks or beef Wellingtons oozing with mushrooms and gravy. Carole Chesterman has particularly fond memories of Reubens – the restaurant was the brainchild of her late husband, John, and was originally sited a stone’s throw away from its current position in George Street. “We thought a kosher restaurant in the West End was needed and, from the beginning, it was very popular,” reflects Carole. “I went there very often myself – the chicken soup and salt beef were amazing and the portions were always good. It was just a lovely place to go.” Winner called the food “close to historic” in his review. Now we can also add “fondly remembered” as the last of the ‘old school’ restaurants enjoyed by generations bids farewell.


Photos by @reubens_restaurant

As Reubens closes its doors after almost half a century, Francine Wolfisz looks back at the popular Baker Street eatery and its ‘world famous’ salt beef

The legendary salt beef sandwich on rye. Below: Chopped liver, chicken avocado salad and beef Wellington





28 Jewish News

9 May 2019

Special Report / Memorial man

Photo by Jitka Hejtman Studio

Brit restores Shoah stones

A British expat in Prague has taken to cleaning hundreds of Holocaust memorial stones dotted around the city because dirt and grime meant the people they commemorate “were disappearing for a second time”. Trevor Sage, 59, a retired engineer born in Finchley, emigrated in 2006 after his wife died, and first happened across the Stolpersteine, or “stumbling stones”, by German artist Gunter Demnig while on a tour of his adopted city. Here, he recalls how he got involved and why he does it...


y knowledge of the Holocaust was limited to watching films and documentaries, but grew when I took a tour of Theresienstadt with a guide (Pavel Stránský), who survived Terezin and Auschwitz. Years later, I was in Prague with a Czech friend who pointed out hand-made memorial plaques set into the pavement, explaining they’re called Stolpersteine. Czechs call them the “stones of the disappeared”. They commemorate the Nazis’ victims, including Jews, LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people), Roma, Sinti, resistance fighters, political prisoners and the disabled. The first Stolperstein was installed in Berlin in 1996. Today, there are more than 70,000 in 2,000 towns and cities across 24 European countries, with Sweden and Denmark to be added later this year. It is the world’s largest decentralised memorial

Left: Trevor Sage cleans one of the Stolpersteine in Prague that were designed by artist Gunter Demnig, below

and most are installed by the German artist Gunter Demnig – who came up with the idea – usually at the entrance to the person’s house. The first Stolperstein in Prague was

Stolpersteine for architect Herman Abeles, his wife Zdenka, and their daughter Eva

installed in 2008, dedicated to Max Eckstein. As I walked around, I saw that many were difficult to read as they were dirty and tarnished. I was saddened to think the names were disappearing for a second time, under the grime of the pavements. I wanted to revive them but, not being Czech, I wasn’t sure it was my place to interfere. In July last year, I saw a Facebook post about a man named Gerhard Geier from Salzburg, who had cleaned all 388 Stolpersteine in his city and it inspired me to do the same in Prague. Like Gerhard, I am not Jewish, nor do I have any family connection to the Holocaust, but I felt compelled to help preserve the memory of the victims. Being retired, I have plenty of time, so I set about trying to find the whereabouts of every stone. I trawled the internet, but couldn’t find the original plotted map of Prague’s Stolpersteine, so I decided to make my own, using websites such as Wikipedia. I located 284 Stolpersteine, plotted the location of each one on a Google map and set about cleaning them. I had cleaned around 70 stones when a lady named Jitka Hejtmanova stopped to talk to me and ask what I was doing. I explained. She took a photo and posted it on Facebook. Soon it had more than 1,000 ‘likes’ and 800 shares, including by the British Embassy. Strangers wrote, expressing their gratitude. Others wanted more information. Even those living in Prague had no idea the Stolpersteine existed. I set up a Facebook page, posting pictures of the stones before and after cleaning. I also started collecting photos of the individuals.

Some were sent to me by relatives. Today, there are faces for 195 of the 311 Stolpersteine. I am touched by every stone I clean. It is especially emotional when it is dedicated to a child. I can’t help but imagine what may have become of them had their life not been so cruelly taken. There are 30 stones to victims aged 16 or younger. The youngest – Jindra Pfeffova – was two when she was murdered in Auschwitz. The eldest – Berta Krumpelesova – was 83 when she was murdered in Terezin. Every month, I post a list of all the people who have a Stolperstein in Prague and a birthday in that month. I’ll visit a number of the stones to clean them and lay a flower or light a candle. For some victims, we know little about their lives; for others, we are able to piece a lot together from online archives. I research what I can and post their story on my page, usually on their birthday. Today, there are 311 Stolpersteine around Prague. Another 41 will be installed in September and a further 40 next year. I have plotted each one and linked it to that person’s record and photos of them. I feel I am paying tribute to them in a small way, as well as making a personal connection and giving something back to the city I love. Czech children help me clean the stones and learn about the people. Last month, I asked for help to clean all 311 stones in time for Yom HaShoah and had 50 volunteers in six days, including the Israeli ambassador. I feel that by cleaning the Stolpersteine, they will be more visible, people will notice them and hopefully take a moment to lower their head and read the inscription. After all, as the Talmud says: “A person is forgotten only when one no longer remembers their name.”

9 May 2019 Jewish News


Travel / News

A tale of two cities Lucy Daltroff discovers the wonders of technology and tradition on a visit to Tel Aviv and Jerusalem


srael has a fascinating combination of both tradition and innovation – all of which adds an extra layer of interest for tourists. Certainly on my recent visit, there was a palpable sense of pride around the Beresheet space shuttle, which despite narrowly failing to reach the moon this time around, still represents an amazing achievement for such a small country. While in Tel Aviv, there was also a call-out for hundreds of volunteers for the Eurovision Song Contest, which will be hosted by the city next weekend. As Ron Huldai, mayor of Tel Aviv, said: “The contest is a once-in-a-generation opportunity to show the beautiful face of Israel to the world – as in surveys, it emerges that one of our main assets is that we are nice, welcoming and warm.”

That may be one of the reasons Israel reported an all-time high in tourist numbers last October of 485,000. The infrastructure is working hard to keep pace. An underground in Tel Aviv, which at the moment looks like a disorderly collection of building sites, will eventually transform the city. Add to that the fast train that now runs from Ben Gurion airport to Jerusalem and the more national network of trains that will connect many out-of-town urbanisations. However the main enthusiasm was reserved for the new Ilan and Assaf Ramon International airport in the Timna Valley in southern Israel, which has just opened. Currently, in common with other busy cities, trying to find a parking space in Tel Aviv is a bit of a nightmare, so it was impressive

Above: The Jerusalem skyline. Top: A bedroom in the city’s Waldorf Astoria and, below, its grand lobby

witnessing technology in action when visiting my friend‘s modern flat. When she needs her car, she simply presses a bell in the lobby and can see it on a television screen being selected from the basement parking lot onto a revolving ramp and brought up to ground level outside the front door. I’m not sure many residences have this level of sophistication, but it presents a fascinating solution to the problem of parking cars on the street. Away from the technology and innovation, I came across the small but important Hagana Museum in Rothschild Boulevard, which tells the story of the development of the central defence during the British Mandate and the establishment of the state. Visitors can fully appreciate the tremendous amount of blood, sweat, courage – and even chutzpah – that was necessary. It was difficult to procure planes for the newly-formed air force because of the US Neutrality Act of 1939 forbidding American aircraft being sent to Israel. Britain also imposed its own embargo. So although Emanuel Zur managed to acquire four war-surplus aircraft, he was blocked from taking them out of the UK. His creative solution was to set up a bogus motion picture company to make a film about the Second World War. While the cameras rolled, the planes took off, but instead of flying over the movie set, they disappeared from view. It was not until the next day that the British discovered they had arrived in Israel! On to Jerusalem, where the light railway system, opened in 2011, has completely transformed the centre. Its presence along the main road in itself has eliminated many cars and makes reaching the Old City much easier. We took it to the very last stop, Mount Hertzl, and then travelled on a short bus ride to Ein Kerem, in the west of the city.

We were enchanted by the beautiful natural groves and the tree-lined landscape of the Jerusalem Hills. With its charming town centre, filled with cafes, restaurants and hotels, Ein Kerem is an ideal place to visit to escape the bustle of town. Later in the day, we returned to the elegant Waldorf Astoria, which provides the perfect base from which to explore Jerusalem. It was previously The Palace Hotel, which closed its doors in 1935 and later became the government offices of Israel’s Ministry of Industry and Trade. Although the building has undergone an extensive revamp, it retains elements of its previous architectural heritage. On one evening a week, the spectacular, modern lobby is transformed into Shidduch heaven, for the Waldorf is deemed a safe place for young Charedi men and women to meet up, often for the first time – and some with chaperones positioned a safe distance away. Observing this sight, I couldn’t help but be struck by this very traditional method of dating. As the milkman Tevye continues to tell us, this “tradition” is still very much a part of Israel’s society – however modern it is in so many other ways.

LUCY’S TRAVEL TIPS Lucy stayed at Dan Hotel’s new Link Hotel, Tel Aviv,, and at the Waldorf Astoria, Jerusalem, She travelled to Stansted Airport with National Express coaches, Thousands of visitors flock to Tel Aviv for its golden beaches, eclectic food and nightlife


Jewish News 9 May 2019

Lifestyle / Nosh


Date and cauliflower salad

Serves 4


1 Preheat the oven to 200°C/gas mark 6 2 Mix the saffron with the boiling water in a large bowl. Toss with the cauliflower, 1 tbsp of the olive oil, the smoked paprika and a generous amount of salt and pepper. Add the onion and mix again.

5 When the cauliflower is cooked add the barley, lemon juice, parsley, dates and olives

25–30 minutes, turning occasionally, until golden and slightly crispy around

to the roasting tray and mix well to combine. Drizzle over the remaining olive oil and

the edges.

mix well.

6 To serve, divide the barley salad between bowls and garnish with the extra chopped

20 minutes or until soft. When ready, drain and set aside.

1 cauliflower, broken into 1 inch pieces 2 tablespoons of boiling water 1 pinch of saffron 1 teaspoon smoked paprika 1 red onion, thinly sliced 150g pearl barley 300ml vegetable stock 1/2 lemon, juice only 3 tablespoons of flat-leaf parsley, finely chopped, plus extra to garnish 4 Medjool dates, stoned and finely chopped 70g green olives – pitted preferably with herbs and garlic 3 tablespoons of olive oil Salt Black pepper

parsley. Serve immediately, or chill and eat cold – ideal for Shabbat lunch too.


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4 Meanwhile cook the pearl barley in simmering vegetable stock for around

Denise Phillips


The cauliflower cooked with saffron gives the most amazing aromatic flavour and colour. If you are not a great fan of barley, substitute with cous cous, quinoa, pasta or freekeh. Straightforward to make, this tasty salad has all the flavours of Israel to celebrate Yom Ha’atzma’ut.

3 Spread the cauliflower and onion out on a large baking tray and roast for


9 May 2019 Jewish News


Orthodox Judaism

SEDRA Kedoshim BY RABBI ARIEL ABEL Kedoshim as a standalone reading is the most concentrated line-up of mitzvot in the Torah. The first word announces “holiness”, synonymous in Hebrew with “separation” from transgressing God’s Torah. In that context we are warned against swearing falsely, ignoring the weekly Day of Rest, cursing and remembering the poor as we harvest crops. Seeking justice is the next premise for commands which include not perverting the course of justice, avoiding gossip, grudge-bearing and revenge. Respect for nature is the next stage for mitzvot, such as abstaining from fruit produced in the first three years of the life of a tree and sanctifying the fourthyear fruit; opposing witchcraft, tattooing and prostitution. Truthfulness encapsulates the next topic: love for converts and honesty in business. Injunctions against idolatry, sexual offences in that context and laws of kashrut round off the set of 51 commandments, 1/12th of the Torah’s total. Chief Rabbi Ephraim Mirvis recently highlighted the theme of Kedoshim as setting a moral example in spiritual leadership. Leviticus, which contains this collection of statements of holiness, reminds us that justice, respect for other and our environment, honesty, loyalty and discipline are the core values of the Torah. The significance of these topics listed under this heading is that the Levites who taught the people and ministered to them had to embody these positive behaviours. If not, they could not stand as emblems of public morality.  Rabbi Ariel Abel serves Liverpool Old Hebrew

Congregation and is padre to HM Armed Forces

Torah For Today What does the Torah say about… banning children from online porn? BY RABBI ZVI SOLOMONS This Torah for Today starts off with a short bit of history. I got married because of the internet. I met my wife Shira through and would never have found her any other way. My children are here because of the internet. This was a novelty in 1998 when we met. Today it is commonplace. The Charedi world is not so keen on the internet. The problem is, like everything, it can be used in a positive or negative manner. The negative side of the internet can be the abusive trolling, the excessive exposure of people’s lives, and above all, the rise of online pornography. The last is perhaps the most serious from a Jewish perspective. Nobody should treat any human being as an object and indeed there are many opinions which say

that even a married couple should not view each other in this light, as it is inappropriate for human beings who are made in the image of God. What then do we say of the UK government’s plans to stop children and teenagers


viewing pornography online? Of course, the basic fact is no one should really be watching this stuff. It shows mechanical acts, exposes the most intimate parts of a person, and is crude, rather than showing the elevated nature of human beings in their full spirituality. Blocking those who are underage is therefore very appropriate – we cannot hope to educate our children to respect the opposite gender, let alone others who do not fall into male or female types, unless we protect them from such material. How can we hope to teach our children about a loving marriage and strong relationship, if the prime model is borne from visual titillation? It is therefore wise to protect those who are vulnerable and give them the chance to develop a healthier approach to what we should all be doing in our marital relationships behind closed doors.  Zvi Solomons is rabbi of, the Living Jewish Community in Reading


Jewish News 9 May 2019

Progressive Judaism

The Bible Says What? ‘A prophet causes a bear to kill 42 youths’ BY RABBI SYLVIA ROTHSCHILD A tale rarely found in books of Bible stories for children is that of Elisha and the bears. Elisha, companion and successor to Elijah, was a miracle worker par excellence. The Book of Kings records him splitting the Jordan in order to pass through and cleansing the polluted and toxic waters of the city of Jericho. He enables a poor woman to have an endless supply of oil in order to pay her debts, helps a Shunammite woman who had shown him hospitality to have a son, and then resurrected the boy who died suddenly. He turned poisonous soup into nourishing broth for starving people and later fed 10 hungry people with 20 loaves of bread... and there was still food left over. He cures Na’aman of leprosy and causes a borrowed axe that has fallen into the water to rise and be found. Casually, rarely calling on the name of God, Elisha performs marvels, apparently just because he can. There seems to be no great prophetic

agenda in his actions, though many appear to be related to healing of either individuals or communities. But the strangest story happens when, on the way to BeitEl from Jericho, some youths come from the town and jeer, mocking his baldness. He turns around, looks at them, and curses them in the name of God. At that moment two female bears come out of the forest and maul the lads, killing 42 of them. The text laconically reports that Elisha goes on his way to Mt Carmel and Samaria. What is the lesson? Midrash tells us he is punished, but the Bible simply records the events. The rabbis try to explain the story in various ways – all unconvincingly – as a morality tale. But perhaps the moral is simple: don’t mock people’s appearance – you never know what it might spark!

 Sylvia Rothschild has been a community rabbi in south London for 30 years

Progressively Speaking How do we react to news of yet another fatal shul attack? BY RABBI SANDRA KVIAT The news of yet another attack on a synagogue, this time in San Diego, reached us at the end of last month. Another attack, another death, another family and community devastated. It is easy to react with fear and anger and to rightfully demand more security and greater police protection. But we risk ending up being Fortress Judaism if we’re not careful, impenetrable but also inaccessible. We risk letting others who wishes us harm to decide how we should live our lives. My hometown of Copenhagen was attacked four years ago. Dan Uzan, a gentle basketball loving giant whom I knew from school, was brutally torn from the community he so loved, and the Jewish communities in Copenhagen were left in tatters. The first reaction was a massive police and army presence at any

Jewish occasion, armed in a way that has never been seen before in Denmark. At first we felt a strange kind of cold comfort, but as the years went by members began to question the presence, and the efficacy of this protection. For though we are of course very grateful for the protection, it doesn’t change the situation. And so a different response came from the Jewish community, with the support of the Council of

Copenhagen and the European Jewish Fund, to create a website with trustworthy information about Judaism in all its complexity and colour, showcasing all the different strands of Judaism. The Jewish Information Center ( reaches out to all Danes, explaining and engaging people in a positive and informative conversation about what it means to be Jewish today, debunking myths and prejudices. And that will in the end have a much longer reach. Protection is important, but that is just one piece of how we must react. As it says on the memorial plaque for Dan at the synagogue: “Evil can be vanquished through human kindness alone. Kindness takes courage.”  Sandra Kviat is rabbi at Crouch End Chavurah


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9 May 2019 Jewish News


Professional advice from our panel / Ask Our Experts

Ask our Our trusty team of advisers answer your questions about everything from law and finance to dating and dentistry. This week: How to pick a wedding snapper, making a statutory will and maintaining job-hunting motivation...


EDIT6 Dear Harrison I’m looking for photographers for my daughter’s wedding and am confused by all the packages offered. I hope you can help me choose. Hannah Dear Hannah It might help to know what packages in particular are confusing you, along with your budget. In any case, I suggest taking a step back from the packages for a minute, and talk to your daughter and see what she wants from her wedding photographer(s). Once that is established, maybe see which package fits closest to what your daughter


KKL EXECUTOR AND TRUSTEE COMPANY Dear Carolyn My unmarried cousin has dementia and has no children or surviving parents. He hasn’t made a will, but has a substantial estate. Can anything be done? Barbara Dear Barbara I am very sorry to hear

about your cousin’s health. Without a will, the intestacy rules dictate who inherits his estate. Any siblings will share the estate, otherwise any nephews and nieces down to nearest surviving relatives, such as any cousins who are related to the same degree, would share equally. That could entail a lot of time and expense tracing relatives. It sounds too late for your cousin to make a will. You can apply to the Court of Protection to make a statutory will for him through a court-approved solicitor. Court and solicitor’s fees apply and you will be asked for details of any relatives who may be entitled to a share in the estate. As with

wants and is still within budget. I know that I like to see how I can help my clients, so they can get the most out of us photographers. I’d like to think you would be happy to phone me, and talk to me about a package you are interested in to see if it is right for you, or how it can be tailored more to your requirements. Every client is unique. It would probably be more cost-effective for you to go with a package, as they generally contain items such as free albums or engagement shoot (couple shoot), along with a certain proportion of the wedding day (eight to 12 hours worth) being photographed. Booking a photographer using their hourly rate plus the extras, such as albums, would come out more expensive, as a package is meant to be a deal to help you get the most out of your photographer. I hope this helps and send my congratulations to your daughter.

an intestacy, some of your cousin’s estate may end up in the hands of people he is not close to or even does not know at all. A statutory will may still be the lesser of two evils. Your cousin’s story shows how important it is for all of us to put our affairs in order and make a will while we can, with professional help from experts such as KKL. • KKL deals with all matters relating to will drafting. For further advice, please call 0800 358 3587 or email When working with the correct agent and lawyer, the process runs smoothly, and without problems.


RESOURCE Dear Lesley I’ve been job hunting for ages and it’s getting me down. I’m not exactly depressed – just struggling to keep up the motivation. Helen Dear Helen Job hunting is a full-time job – and it can be draining. But there are ways to stay positive.

Firstly, try to have structure in your week, including regular activities that you enjoy. A weekly check-in with a job-hunting buddy or an old friend could make you feel better. Put aside your most productive time of day for job search activities, including phone calls and coffees with networking contacts. And then take some “time off ” so that you’re not job-hunting online 24/7, as that will get you down. You may also find that offering to help someone else can cheer you up and make you feel useful again. Looking after your physical health will also help motivate you. The

best way to do this is a combination of relaxation and exercise. Find ways to calm your mind, such as meditation or mindfulness, and do whatever exercise you can enjoy without spending a lot of money. It’s tempting to eat comfort food or drink too much, but you’ll probably feel better if you can stick to a healthy diet. Try to ‘count your blessings’ and keep your sense of humour. Laughter releases tension and makes us feel good. Finally, don’t be afraid to ask for help. At Resource, we have a whole range of free services to speed up your journey back to work!


Jewish News 9 May 2019

Ask Our Experts / Professional advice from our panel

Our Experts Got a question for a member of our team? Email: PRIVATE HEALTHCARE SPECIALIST TREVOR GEE Qualifications: •Managing director, consultants in affordable family and corporate health insurance. • Specialise in maximising cover, lowering premiums and pre-existing conditions. • Excellent knowledge of health insurers, cover levels and hospital lists. • Board member UK International Health Management Ass • LLB, solicitor finals, FCA Regulated 773729.

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• •

9 May 2019 Jewish News


Professional advice from our panel / Ask Our Experts

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• • • • •

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Jewish News 9 May 2019

Menorah High School for Girls

14th June 2016

Menorah High School for Girls is a successful girls’ 11-18 voluntary aided school in north-west London, with a strong reputation for all-round excellence.

We are pleased to welcome Prospective Reception, Nursery & Pre-Nursery Parents to an

Our students are motivated and achieve results well above the national average.

Open Morning

We are looking to fill the following positions:

on Tuesday 8th November 2016 from 9.30 – 11.00 am.

There will be a presentation by the Headteacher at 9.30 am and followed by a tour of the school.

Required for September 2019

Science Teacher

For security, please contact us with the names of attendees.

FULL-TIME TEACHER OF LIMMUDEI KODESH _________________________________________________________________

from September 2019 Full/Part-Time Good subject knowledge required, to teach up to at least KS4 (incl. Physics to GCSE) Possible management responsibilities

Applications for entry in September 2017 to Pre Nursery & Nursery must be received by

Friday 2nd December 2016.

Hasmonean Primary is a friendly, successful Orthodox Jewish Applications for Reception September 2017 in must be received by the School AND Barnet Primary School in Hendon judged recently by OFSTED to be a on Sunday 15th January 2017. “high attaining school in which pupils enjoy their learning.” Our Admissions Policy and Application Forms are available from the School or our website We are looking to recruit enthusiastic, inspiring LK teacher to join our friendly and supportive team. Our curriculum . in yeshivah/seminary. requires a teacher with a background


English Teacher

from September 2019 Part-Time Good subject knowledge required, to teach classes across the school Possible management responsibilities

Please apply by submitting a CV to

The successful candidate will need to be:   

8 – 10 Shirehall Lane, London NW4 2PD Tel: 020 8202 7704 Fax: 020 8202 1605 Email: Web: Head Teacher: Dr Alan Shaw, BA (Hons), MA, EdD.


Headteacher: Mrs E Pearlman Menahel: Rabbi Y Levenson

An enthusiastic teacher Experienced in teaching challenging lessons Knowledgeable and passionate about their subject

We provide excellent support for all staff

Closing date for applications – 23/5/19.

To apply in the first instance, please complete an application form and email to

Interviews will be held during the week commencing 27/5/19.

OFSTED-registered crèche on-site

Menorah High School for Girls is committed to safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children, young people and vulnerable adults and expects all staff and volunteers to share this commitment. An enhanced DBS check is required for successful applicants.

This post is subject to safer recruitment procedures.

Gesher is a unique outstanding Jewish Independent SEN Primary School.

Gesher is a unique outstanding Jewish Independent SEN Primary School.

An exciting opportunity has arisen for an experienced Occupational Therapist who feels that they would fit into Gesher’s ethos and philosophy to join our team. We are a therapy based school that believes readiness to learn is necessary to support children’s full progress and potential. Gesher believes in a team approach and expects therapists to work based on a child’s needs, including class based, individual and small group sessions as necessary.

We are seeking a suitable candidate to join our administrative team to undertake this multi-faceted pivotal role in Reception and Administration within our Ofsted ‘outstanding’ school as an Office Manager. Enthusiasm for working in an SEN school environment, excellent interpersonal and communication skills, a pro-active approach, excellent IT and organisational skills and the ability to prioritise and juggle multiple issues while remaining calm are all essential skills required for this position.

The team currently consists of a Speech and Language Therapist, Occupational Therapist, Dramatherapist, and Educational Psychologist working alongside the teaching staff. We work towards tailoring individual programmes while also expecting therapists to support families and staff to ensure consistency and multi-professional involvement.

The primary focus of the role will be to present a professional and welcoming persona to all visitors and the school community. We are looking for an exceptional candidate who has:    

We are looking to employ an experienced therapist to work term time. Although the applicant does not need to be Jewish, it would be expected that they respect the ethos and values of the school.

We offer the opportunity to be part of one of the first therapy based schools of its kind, with input from recognised professionals in the field of SEN, such as Professor Simon Baron Cohen. You will be part of a welcoming and supportive team with access to Gesher’s staff wellbeing package. But most importantly, to help develop a model to support children with Special Educational Needs to succeed!

  

excellent interpersonal skills and telephone manner the initiative to complete tasks in a timely manner skills in office procedures and general administration the ability to work as part of a team and manage the school’s Admin Assistant the ability to work happily in a busy environment under pressure of deadlines and multiple tasks excellent command of the English language, including spelling, punctuation and grammar the ability to be discreet, diplomatic and show sound judgement and reliability at all times confidence and calm in dealing with queries from parents, staff and pupils

Please visit the ‘Join us’ section at to see the full job description and application form. Please note we do not accept CV’s.

Please visit the ‘Join us’ section at to see the full job description and application form.

Completed applications should be sent to

Please note we do not accept CV’s. Completed applications should be sent to


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9 May 2019

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