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October 4, 2019

Distributed weekly in the Five Towns, Long Island, Queens & Brooklyn

Your Favorite Five Towns Family Newspaper

Neilah in a Bomb Shelter

See page 7

Around the

Community

Feeling Yom HaDin during the Yom Kippur War

48 All Hands On-Deck at JCCRP Rosh Hashana Food Drive

pg

86

Dance Your Way into the Book of Life 76 pg

46 Hundreds Applaud New State Funding at Teach NYS Gala

Preparing for the New Year around Town

54 PAGE 9


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OCTOBER 4, 2019 | The Jewish Home

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The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 4, 2019

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OCTOBER 4, 2019 | The Jewish Home


The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 4, 2019

The Heart, Mind & Soul of

Teshuva A special Arbesfeld Yom Rishon Morning of Learning

Dr. David Pelcovitz

The Gwendolyn and Joseph Straus Chair in Psychology and Jewish Education at the Azrieli Graduate School of Jewish Education and Administration

Thoughts on the psychology of change

Rabbi Moshe Tzvi Weinberg

Mashgiach Ruchani and Rebbe, Stone Beit Midrash Program

The Great Debate Between Hashem and His People: Who Should Initiate the Teshuva Process?

Professor Nechama Price

Director of YU's Graduate Program for Advanced Talmud Studies and Faculty, Stern College for Women

Reflecting on our year: Repairing Relationships

Sunday, October 6 • 9:30 am • For Men and Women Yeshiva University's Wilf Campus • Weissberg Commons (2495 Amsterdam Ave, New York, NY) Complimentary Parking and Refreshments Sponsored in memory of ‫ יונתן דוד בן אלכסנדר שמעון‬by his children and grandchildren Register at www. yu.edu/teshuva2019 For more information about our programs and sponsorship opportunities, please contact: kollelyomrishon@yu.edu or 646.592.4239

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OCTOBER 4, 2019 | The Jewish Home

Dear Readers,

D

flock, so too, each of us, during these days, passes under Hashem’s scrutiny as He counts and judges each member of His nation. On Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur, although we are all part of one People, we are seen individually – each one on his or her own merit. We tremble as we stand in the spotlight, where our misdeeds are highlighted. But we know that our Father is the One Who is judging us. When He sees us, He sees our goodness, our efforts, our desire to be pure and to be connected with the One Above. And He lovingly gazes upon us and urges us to return to Him. At the end of the Yomim Noraim, when we are all, iy”H, sealed in the Book of Life, we take with us a package of bracha for the year. Hashem, in His infinite wisdom, takes the bakashos that we poured out to Him and doles out goodness for us all. Each person, individually, is given what they need to journey through the year. A shidduch, a refuah, simchas ha’chaim, nachas, children, parnassah – everything is contained within. We know that everything we are given is good because it’s from Him. The challenge, as always, is to see the goodness throughout the year in everything He gives us. May we be zocheh to a year filled with bracha and success in every area in our lives, and may we always see the goodness in all that Hashem bestows upon us.

uring the Yomim Noraim people commonly ask each other where they’re davening over yom tov. Many people choose to daven with minyanim on Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur that differ from the regular minyanim they frequent over the year. Some people go back to shuls that they’ve been going to for decades, shuls of their youth where they remember the tunes of old. Other people are attracted to minyanim with hartzeige chazzanus. Some mispallelim prefer lively tunes with clapping and singing, while others are drawn to the chazzanim themselves, those who are known baalei mussar who tremble as they lead the congregation during the Days of Awe. When we daven on Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur – and throughout the year – we are all saying the same words. We chant the tefillos together, beseeching Hashem for a year filled with good. And yet, each one of our tefillos are different. As the tefillos soar to the Heavens, each one carries a different message and a different request. They’re the same words – but they’re oh, so different. On Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur, perhaps the most poignant of our tefillos is U’Nesaneh Tokef. In it, we recount the awesomeness of the day and the supremacy of our King. As the chazzan chants the words, you can see the malachim trembling as they announce the Day of Judgement; you can feel the fear emanating from all those around. Just as a shepherd individually counts his

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Friday, October 4 Parshas Vayelech Candle Lighting: 6:14 pm Shabbos Ends: 7:12 pm Rabbeinu Tam: 7:43 pm Yom Kippur Tuesday, October 8 Candle Lighting: 6:07 pm Yom Kippur Ends: 7:05 pm Rabbeinu Tam: 7:36 pm


The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 4, 2019

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OCTOBER 4, 2019 | The Jewish Home

Contents LETTERS TO THE EDITOR

8

COMMUNITY Readers’ Poll Community Happenings

8 44

NEWS

74

Global

12

National

30

Odd-but-True Stories

40

ISRAEL Israel News

24

World Builders

85

Neilah in a Bomb Shelter by Avraham Zuroff

86

JEWISH THOUGHT Rabbi Wein

72

There is Still Time by Rav Moshe Weinberger

74

Dance Your Way into the Book of Life by Yaakov Klein

76

Dreamers and Believers by Rabbi Yoni Levin

78

Parsha in Four

80

PEOPLE The Wandering Jew

82

The Air Battle of Ofira by Avi Heiligman

105

HEALTH & FITNESS Coaching Doesn’t Focus on Feelings by Dr. Deb Hirschhorn

94

Is Fasting a Plus? by Cindy Weinberger, MS RD CDN

96

FOOD & LEISURE The Aussie Gourmet: Roasted Cauliflower and Garlic Soup

97

Dear Editor, Firstly, I wholeheartedly and gratefully thank the Five Towns Jewish Home for embracing the enormous potential of our children – that each and every child is special and unique with individual greatness and strength and that each and every Jewish child deserves a school suited for them. As we approach Yom Kippur, it’s time to seriously contemplate  that only if we open our hearts and a listening ear to the cries and silent screams of Yiddishe kinder with nowhere to go or no one to talk to, will our tefillos be accepted on high. Sometimes our own children may be going through  a challenge and are “testing the waters” to ascertain if they can safely open up to us as parents or not. The Yom Tov shiurim that I saw in the White Shul from Rav Shmuel Kamenetsky and Rav Eytan Feiner [(641) 715-3800; 811504#] are all about listening  to each and every child and being alive and present in their  world, their space, their universe. I consulted with Rav Gissenger, zt”l, regularly in my practice as a therapist. The Rav frequently told me, “Every Yiddishe child is an olam maleh, an entire world” and needs to be cherished, understood, validated, cared for, and loved.

Let’s start over this new year by reconnecting with our loved ones, by opening new doors in our relationships, and may Hashem open the gates of Shomayim to our tefillos. Devorah Friedman LCSW, LCMFT Dear Editor, Two days before I wrote this letter, Speaker Pelosi announced the beginning of an impeachment inquiry into President Trump. This whole episode started with a whistleblower who said that they had concerns in a call between President Trump and newly elected Ukrainian President Zelensky. The Democrats claimed that Trump pressured President Zelensky to investigate Biden, despite the fact that Zelensky said a few days ago that no one has pressured him. Trump asked him to do this because Ukraine is known for the corruption in their government, but last year, a political outsider promised to get rid of corruption in Ukraine and was elected in a landslide. President Trump wanted to follow the Democrats Golden Rule that “No one is above the Law.” When Biden was vice president, he got a prosecutor who was looking into Continued on page 10

LIFESTYLES Dating Dialogue, Moderated by Jennifer Mann, LCSW

90

How to Give Feedback Like a Boss by Rabbi Dr. Naphtali Hoff

104

Your Money

110

HUMOR Centerfold 70 POLITICAL CROSSFIRE Notable Quotes

35 CLASSIFIEDS

98

The Democrats Got Ahead of the Evidence by Marc A. Thiessen 102 The Media is Bending over Backward to Absolve the Bidens of Wrongdoing by Marc A. Thiessen 103 106

Do you put up a fabric or panel sukkah?

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YES

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NO


The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 4, 2019

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OCTOBER 4, 2019 | The Jewish Home

Continued from page 8

Biden’s son’s company, who made a nice income, fired. Biden, as vice president, threatened to withhold $1 billion that the United Stated was supposed to give to Ukraine if this prosecutor wasn’t fired. In 2017, Biden, in a public interview, admitted that he was the reason that this prosecutor got fired. If you read the transcript of Trump and Zelensky’s call, it shows that Biden wasn’t the only conversation that they had; they also talked about energy independency, strengthening each other’s economies, etc. The Democrats want to impeach someone based on political biases. Their entire basis for impeachment is the whistleblower. However, not only was this whistleblower someone who didn’t even listen to Trump and Zelensky’s conversation directly; this whistleblower also has a political bias in favor of one of Trump’s opponents as an IG report confirms. This information is not secret. These are the facts that Democrats are refusing to look at. Pelosi announced impeachment before seeing the transcripts, and before hearing the head of the DNI speak about this. People say that this the end of Trump, but no, it actually is a guarantee of the re-election of Trump. President Trump’s White House has been very transparent in this entire episode. While Biden gaffes all day, he gets a free pass for putting our national security under risk. Ultimately, are you really surprised that the same person who said before the passing of ObamaCare, “We need to pass the bill, so you know what’s inside of it” to start an investigation before knowing the facts?! As a Republican, thank you to Speaker Pelosi for the over $5 mil-

lion raised in one day and for reenergizing the Trump base. Sincerely, Donny Simcha Guttman Dear Editor, I appreciated your article on Jeff Eisenberg and his drive to promote kiruv in our community. Unfortunately, I think that kiruv is not always on people’s minds in our community because we tend to feel like we live amongst those like us. But there are many people who live in our area, or who do business with us, or who work in the neighborhood, who are not frum and would appreciate an acknowledgement or a Shabbos invitation or even hamantashen on Purim. I, for one, know that my non-frum neighbor looks forward to my yearly honey cookies. It’s a small gesture telling her that she’s part of our wonderful nation and is appreciated for who she is right now. A smile, a nod, a greeting, an invite…these are small things that can go a long way in showing people that we care for all our sisters and brothers. A Reader Dear Editor, Dr. Deb’s article, “This is What Healthy Looks Like,” was perfect to read at the start of the new year. After working on our relationship with Hashem, we need to turn to our relationship with our family members. Respect, kindness, consideration, and happiness are so important is building a solid home with children who love and respect one another and themselves. Sincerely, Chana Herman Brooklyn, NY

Views expressed on the Letters to the Editor page do not necessarily reflect the views of The Jewish Home. Please send all correspondence to: editor@fivetownsjewishhome.com.


The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 4, 2019

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OCTOBER 4, 2019 | The Jewish Home

The Week In News

Boris Embroiled

If UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson isn’t feeling like he’s in the hot seat, he’s at least noticing that he’s teetering on the edge. With Brexit looming and with an unlikely plan set in place, the country and Europe remain on tenterhooks. Now, Johnson is facing another pressure. The former mayor of London has been given 14 days to provide details of his relationship with American businesswoman Jennifer Arcuri after a company run by the tech

entrepreneur received tens of thousands of pounds in public funding when Johnson was mayor. The Sunday Times alleges that Arcuri was given preferential treatment when it came to joining missions, despite her business “not meeting the eligibility criteria for any of the three Johnson trade missions she attended in the space of just a year.” The Oversight Committee of the Greater London Authority has asked Johnson to disclose details and a timeline of all contact with Arcuri during his 2008-16 mayoral term. They also want the PM to explain how that alleged personal relationship was disclosed at the time Arcuri was awarded the grants. In an interview with BBC, Johnson asserted that everything was done “entirely in the proper way.” Arcuri’s latest company, Hacker House, was awarded £100,000 ($123,000) funding earlier this year from the department. The company says it provides “practical ethical hacking skills” training online. The funding was part of a program aiming to increase the diversity and numbers of those working in the UK’s cyber security sector. Liberal Democrat MP Layla Mo-

ran alleged in Parliament that the funding was meant for businesses based in the UK and noted that Arcuri lives in the U.S. Moran also said the funding the company received was higher than what it was eligible for, saying the grant was set at maximum of 50% of a company’s income.

Amsterdam Tops Tourist Tax

Heading to Amsterdam? Get ready for sticker shock. The capital of The Netherlands has one of the highest tourist taxes in Europe – and it’s only getting higher. Next year, Amsterdam will be adding a levy of about $3 per person per night for travelers staying overnight in hotels. And that’s in addition

to the 7% of the room rate it currently charges. The move means that a night in a one-star hotel in Amsterdam will almost certainly incur a higher tax levy than the top five-star hotels in other major European capitals. Rome currently has the highest fixed price tax in Europe, at €7 per person per night in a five-star hotel. That means that even a room at the Hotel de Russie in Rome, which costs €815 on March 28, will incur a lower levy – €14 – than a one-star Amsterdam property. Even in January, the lowest season, a night at Booking.com’s top rated one-star hotel in Amsterdam, the Hotel International, will incur a higher tourist tax than staying in one of Paris’s 11 “palais” hotels – those judged so “exceptional” that they are beyond five stars. Children under 16 are exempt from the new Amsterdam levy, and campsites will charge just €1 per adult. If you’re staying in an Airbnb or rental property, don’t think you’ll be exempt – instead, the existing tax will be raised to 10% of your rental. Hey, it costs a lot to power all those windmills and bicycles you see around town.

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The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 4, 2019

Vaad Harabbanim’s donors will merit a good year R' Chaim Kanievsky shlita

Moreinu Hagaon Hagadol Harav

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Shlita

Will pray fervently for all of Vaad Harabbanim's donors

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OCTOBER 4, 2019 | The Jewish Home

Alcohol Consumption Down in Russia

According to the WHO’s 2018 global status report on alcohol and health, Russian adults  consume  11.7 liters of pure alcohol per capita. By comparison, Germans consume 13.4 liters, the French consume 12.6 liters, drinkers in the United Kingdom consume 11.4 liters, and Americans consume 9.8 liters.

Bridge Collapses in Taiwan According to a new report released by the World Health Organization, alcohol consumption per capita has decreased in Russia by 43 percent  since the early 2000s. The organization says the drop in alcohol consumption is largely responsible for  decreased mortality and an increased life expectancy in the country known globally for its love of booze. “Alcohol consumption has long been recognized as one of the main driving factors of mortality in the Russian Federation, especially among men of working age,” the study said. In 2018, life expectancy rose to  68 for Russian men and 78 for Russian women, the highest ever recorded in the country. In the early 1970s, Russian male life expectancy was just 57 years. The study showed a 43 percent  decrease in alcohol consumption throughout Russia between 2003 and 2016. Beginning in 2003, the country’s president, Vladimir Putin, enacted a series of alcohol-control measures, including a ban on shops selling alcohol after 11 p.m., increased taxes, harsher penalties for drunk driving, an increased minimum retail price  and advertising restrictions, as well as public health campaigns. A similar crackdown in the mid1980s, backed by Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, also led to a rise in Russian life expectancy, but the liberalization of alcohol production and sales after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 reversed that trend. The causes of death  linked by the WHO to  alcohol consumption include  cardiovascular diseases and diseases of the digestive system and  cancers, in addition to external causes such as injury, suicide or homicide.

On Tuesday, as an oil tanker truck was driving across the Nanfangao Bridge in Taiwan, the bridge collapsed, sending the truck into the waters below. The truck fell onto three fishing boats and then burst into flames. At least 10 people were injured in the crash, and six are still missing. Most of the missing and injured were migrant fishermen from the Philippines and Indonesia. The cause of the 20-year-old, 450-foot-long bridge’s sudden collapse remains unknown, but Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen promised that the government would thoroughly investigate and that all bridges in Taiwan will undergo inspection. Several local news outlets noted that a typhoon had battered the area in recent days,  with winds reaching 85 mph to 100 mph, although the weather was clear on Tuesday morning. A low-magnitude earthquake also struck the area on Monday morning,  the Taiwan News reported.  Meanwhile, consultants charged with maintaining the bridge said that in previous years they had found rusted suspension cables and connection points that had been damaged by vehicles. Nanfangao Bridge was considered a tourist attraction in Yilan County,  according to the Associated Press. It was built to replace a lower bridge so that fishing boats and other vessels could pass below. The bridge had the distinction of being the only


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The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 4, 2019

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OCTOBER 4, 2019 | The Jewish Home

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Sarkozy to Go on Trial

Adding to former French President Nicolas Sarkozy’s problems, a French court has ordered the former leader to stand trial for illicit campaign financing. Sarkozy, 64, lost his final appeal to France’s highest criminal court and risks a year in prison and a fine of 3,750 euros ($4,085) if found guilty. The ruling came the same day as another court ordered a trial for ex-

Prime Minister Edouard Balladur on charges of campaign finance violations in an unrelated case. Sarkozy is not the country’s first former president to be prosecuted. Jacques Chirac, who died last week, was given a two-year suspended sentence in 2011 for embezzlement and misuse of public funds during his time as mayor of Paris. Prosecutors say Sarkozy spent nearly 43 million euros ($40 million) on his failed 2012 re-election bid – almost double the legal limit of 22.5 million euros – using fake invoices. He has said he was unaware of the fraud by executives at the public relations firm Bygmalion, who are among 13 others being pursued in the case. Since losing the election to the Socialist Party’s Francois Hollande and leaving office, Sarkozy has fought a barrage of corruption and campaign financing charges, all of which he rejects. The former Republican party leader faces another trial on charges of corruption and influence peddling over his alleged attempts to try to get information from a judge about an investigation focused on him. He has also been charged over accusa-

tions he accepted millions of euros from the late Libyan dictator Mummar Gaddafi towards his first presidential campaign in 2007. Sarkozy will face a standard criminal court, while Balladur, 90, will be tried by the Court of Justice of the Republic, a tribunal set up to hear cases of ministerial misconduct. The court has no jurisdiction over heads of state, except in treason cases. Balladur and former Defense Minister Francois Leotard, 77, were charged in 2017 with “complicity in misuse of corporate assets” over the sale of submarines to Pakistan and frigates to Saudi Arabia when Balladur was prime minister, from 1993 to 1995. Balladur also has to answer to a charge that he concealed the crimes. The claims came to light during an investigation into a 2002 bombing in Karachi, Pakistan, which targeted a bus transporting French engineers. Fifteen people were killed, including 11 engineers working on the submarine contract. The Al-Qaeda terror network was initially suspected in the attack, but the focus later shifted to the

arms deal as investigators considered whether the bombing may have been revenge for the non-payment of promised bribes after Chirac beat Balladur in the vote and cancelled the payment of commissions.

Russia Shoots Down Almost 60 Drones in Syria

Russia announced this week that its military has shot down nearly 60 drones in Syria over this past year, with the majority of the drones targeting the Russian Hmeimim air force base. In a conversation with journalists last week, Russian Defense Ministry spokesman Maj. Gen. Igor Konashenkov said that the military shot down 58 drones and 27 rockets since January. With the Hmeimim airbase

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The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 4, 2019

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OCTOBER 4, 2019 | The Jewish Home

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adjoining rebel strongholds off the coast of Latakia, Konashenkov said the base has come under increasing fire by jihadist groups. The general warned that the rebels are continuously improving their drone and rocket capabilities over the past year in underground workshops located in the towns of Khan Sheikhoun and Latamneh. The locally manufactured drones can now hit targets up to 250 kilometers away and fly as high as 4 kilometers, making it harder for Russian troops to spot them. “The system may seem rudimentary, but it can drop shells from a height of two kilometers,” Konachenkov said. “It’s quite worrying that the terrorists have obtained the navigation and control technologies that only a few countries possess.” Drones have taken on increased importance in recent years as both states and terror groups have introduced them to the battlefield. Relatively easy and inexpensive to produce, terror groups have turned to them as a means of attacking opposing troops while anti-drone technology remains years away from providing a comprehensive solution.

Pakistan Warns India of “Bloodbath” over Kashmir

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Pakistan’s Prime Minister Imran Khan launched a scathing attack on neighboring India during his speech at the United Nations last week and warned that India’s actions in Kashmir are inviting a “bloodbath.” The disputed territory of Kashmir has been kept under lockdown by almost 1 million Indian troops since India’s President Narendra Modi in August revoked the special status it has enjoyed for the past seven decades. The decision to effectively annex Kashmir enraged Pakistan, which claims the territory as its own.

While Hindu India views Kashmir as an inseparable part of the country, Muslim-dominated Kashmir has long chafed at being ruled by New Delhi and often identifies with neighboring Muslim-majority Pakistan. During his speech at the United Nations General Assembly in New York, Khan threatened to start a nuclear war with New Delhi if it refused to back down over Kashmir, a war he vowed Pakistan would win. Both Pakistan and India possess nuclear weapons and have fought multiple wars since 1948. “If a conventional war starts between the two countries, anything could happen. But supposing a country seven times smaller than its neighbor is faced with the choice: either you surrender, or you fight for your freedom till death?” Khan said. “There are 900,000 troops there, they haven’t come to, as Narendra Modi says, for the prosperity of Kashmir... These 900,000 troops, what are they going to do? When they come out? There will be a bloodbath,” he vowed. Khan went on to say that India should brace for massive civil unrest when it decides to lift the month-long curfew it has imposed on Kashmir. “What’s he going to do when he lifts the curfew? Does he think the people of Kashmir are quietly going to accept the status quo?” queried Khan. “What will we do? I ask myself these questions. We will fight...and when a nuclear-armed country fights to the end, it will have consequences far beyond the borders.” In August, India’s government abolished Kashmir’s autonomous status, ending a constitutional provision that governed the territory differently than the rest of India over the last seven decades. Led by the right-wing Hindu Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the move divided Jammu and Kashmir into two states under Indian sovereignty.

Former French President Jacques Chirac Dies Jacques Chirac, the former president of France who strenuously opposed the U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003, passed away last week at the


The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 4, 2019

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OCTOBER 4, 2019 | The Jewish Home

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age of 87. A two-term president of France who served from 1995 until 2007, Chirac had a complicated relationship with France’s sizable Jewish community. Known for his pro-Arab views and harsh criticism of Israel, Chirac never missed an opportunity to further the Palestinian cause. Despite this, he was the first French leader to take responsibility for the atrocities committed by the Nazi-allied Vichy regime during World War II. Chirac also attended the funeral of Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin in Jerusalem after Rabin was killed in 1995 and visited Israel a year later.

gations that followed Chirac to the presidency and beyond. He was accused of creating fictitious jobs in the Paris mayor’s office and of funneling public funds to his political party, Rally for the Republic. The courts ruled that Chirac was immune from prosecution while president, allowing the whiff of corruption to linger during his 12 years in the Elysee Palace. In 2009, two years after he left office, Chirac was ordered to stand trial for embezzlement and breach of trust. In December 2011, a French court found him guilty of embezzlement and handed down a two-year suspended sentence, which his lawyers said he was too enfeebled to appeal. Chirac suffered from a neurological condition that impaired his memory.

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During Prime Minister Ariel Sharon’s first term, Chirac would consistently shepherd anti-Israel resolutions through the United Nations. Chirac also had a warm relationship with terrorist Yasser Arafat and welcomed him to France’s top hospital to receive treatment for the mystery illness that ultimately ended his life. After Arafat passed away in 2004, Chirac infuriated Israel by honoring the Palestinian Authority president with an official state ceremony in Paris. However, Chirac’s attitude towards Israel changed after the Gaza disengagement in 2005, and he invited Sharon on an official state visit shortly after. Chirac was born in Paris to a Christian-Catholic family in 1932. From an early age, Chirac showed an interest in politics and later admitted to holding communist views during his youth. While serving as a military officer, Chirac was wounded in the war between Algeria and France. In 1974, Chirac made history when he was appointed prime minister of France at the young age of 41. He resigned two years later in order to form a new political movement. In 1977, Chirac was elected as mayor of Paris, a position he held until 1995, when he was elected president. His long tenure as Paris mayor also gave rise to corruption alle-

A British-flagged oil tanker sailed out of Iranian waters on Saturday, around two months after it had been seized by Tehran. According to the Stena Impero’s owner, the vessel was permitted to leave the port where it was being held in Bandar Abbas. “The vessel has left the port of Bandar Abbas and is transiting to Dubai for the crew to disembark and receive medical checks and de-briefing,” confirmed Stena Bulk CEO Erik Hanell. “The families of crew members have been informed, and the company is currently making arrangements for the repatriation of its valued seafarers at the earliest possible opportunity.” United Kingdom Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab responded to the ship’s release by criticizing Iran’s “pattern of attempts to disrupt freedom of navigation.” Reiterating that Iran “unlawfully” commandeered the tanker, Raab said that “we are working with our international partners to protect shipping and uphold the international rule of law.” Iran had infuriated the UK after its Revolutionary Guards seized the ship in the Strait of Hormuz this past July. Claiming it had taken the ship


The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 4, 2019

into custody following a series of marine violations, it came only two weeks after Britain seized an Iranian tanker near Gibraltar. A video released by Tehran showed heavily armed Iranian commandos rappelling onto the ship from helicopters and tying up the captain and crew. England then dispatched a naval destroyer off the coast of Iran and said for the first time that it would join an international naval coalition dedicated to protecting the free passage of oil supplies in the Persian Gulf.

Zimbabwe Water Crisis Worsens

Officials in Zimbabwe are scrambling to find a solution after its capital city of Harare saw its main water

source shut down last week. The shutdown now leaves Harare’s 2 million residents without water, raising fears that the lack of potable water will worsen the country’s cholera crisis. The plant had struggled to meet demand amidst Zimbabwe’s devastating drought and a crumbling economy that left authorities unable to buy water treatment chemicals. Deputy Mayor Herbert Mupamaonde said that the city had only seven days of drinking water left after importing water treatment supplies from a nearby city. Harare is now working to raise the $2.7 million needed to bring the water plant back online. “The secured quantities will only last seven days during which period other quantities will be secured. We are currently engaging all stakeholders, including the government, to find a lasting solution to the water crisis,” Mupamaonde said. The shutdown comes as Zimbabwe battles a severe drought and weak food harvest that has left 2 million people in danger of starvation. The droughts, which depleted numerous sources of clean water throughout the country, took place from October to May. By July, the

country had declared the drought a national emergency. According to a UNICEF report in June, a third of Zimbabwe’s population, or 5.5 million people, will be in need of food assistance by 2020. In August, World Food Programme (WFP) country director Eddie Rowe warned that the country’s economic crisis was exacerbating the food shortage. “The food security situation in the country has been compounded by the economic situation. This year we have more hungry Zimbabweans than ever before,” said Rowe.

Jewish, Arab Astronauts Blast Off into Space A diverse space crew that included an American Jew, an Arab from the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and a Russian blasted off to the International Space Station last week. The three new astronauts – Oleg Skripochka from Russia, NASA’s Jessica Meir, and the UAE’s Hazzaa al-Mansoori – lifted off in a Russian Soyuz rocket at 6:57 from Baikonur

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Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. Entering orbit after 20 minutes, it docked at the international Space Station six hours later.

The trio will link up with the crew already manning the station, which includes three American astronauts, two Russians, and an Italian. Meir and Skripochka are slated to spend half a year in space, while Al-Mansoori will return to Earth next week. According to NASA, the three “entered the orbiting lab and joined six of their station crewmates for a joyful crew greeting ceremony today." The crew had drawn media attention for its diversity. A former fighter pilot, Al-Mansoori is the world’s first Arab astronaut to board the International Space Station. Prior to launch, Al-Mansoori tweeted that he was


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OCTOBER 4, 2019 | The Jewish Home

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OCTOBER 4, 2019 | The Jewish Home

“filled with this indescribable feeling of glory and awe.” “Today I carry the dreams and ambition of my country to a whole new dimension. May Allah grant me success in this mission,” he wrote. The lift-off was broadcast live in his native Dubai at the Mohammed Bin Rashid Space Centre, with many participants holding UAE flags and carrying Al-Mansoori’s picture. Meanwhile, Meir is a Jewish American; her father is Israeli. Meir is one of the candidates to be the first woman on the moon in 2024 and is expected to carry an Israeli flag with her.

Israel Remains Gridlocked More than a week after Israel went to the polls, the country remains stuck in political gridlock

with no candidate close to establishing a government. On Wednesday, Prime Minister Netanyahu returned his mandate to President Reuven Rivlin after realizing that he does not have enough votes to form a coalition. With the right-wing bloc at only 55 lawmakers and with Yisrael Beytenu head Avigdor Liberman refusing to join a government with religious parties, Netanyahu is ready to throw in the towel.

The mandate would then go to Benny Gantz, who is also not expected to succeed in solving the gridlock. Heading a center-left bloc of 55 lawmakers including the anti-Zionist Arab parties, Gantz needs the hardline Liberman to agree to join his government together with the Arab Joint List, a scenario the Yisrael Beytenu head has ruled out. By law, a governing party needs the support of at least 61 lawmakers

to establish a government. A party that nets the highest amount of support at the ballot box may not be able to translate those gains into political power should other parties refuse to join their coalition. Netanyahu had been tapped by Rivlin last week to go first in attempting to form a government, despite his Likud party getting one fewer Knesset seat than Benny Gantz’s Kahol Lavan. Kahol Lavan had reportedly wanted to go second, conjecturing that public pressure would be on their side if Netanyahu failed at obtaining the necessary 61 votes. Should they fail as well, then Israel would likely go to an unprecedented third straight election cycle. “What would we have gained by going first? After all, in actuality we have only 44 recommendations that are relevant for forming a government,” a senior Kahol Lavan MK told Haaretz. “We would have tried to set up meetings with Litzman, Dery, Shaked and Bennett,” he added, referring to the heads of the haredi and right-wing parties. “But they wouldn’t have bothered to come or else they would have showed up, sipped some coffee, and as they left told reporters that they are commit-

ted to [Netanyahu’s] bloc. “We would have been made fools of, become a joke. At the end of the 28 days, we would have remained exactly where we had started: Labor-Gesher and the Democratic Union. You would have slaughtered Benny Gantz. You’d be saying he’s a loser, that Bibi would have formed a government long ago. If we have a single drop more of a chance, theoretically, it’s in the second round.”

Terrorists who Killed Rina Shnerb, Hy”d, Arrested

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OCTOBER 4, 2019 | The Jewish Home

leaked that Arbid collapsed while in Shin Bet custody. Fearing that there were other attacks imminent, the Shin Bet received permission to use harsh physical pressure on him in order to get him to confess. This is known in Israel as a “Ticking Time Bomb” scenario, and interrogators need to first obtain permission from the Attorney General. During his interrogation, Arbid suffered a heart attack and was rushed to the hospital, where he remains in a vegetative state. The terrorist’s current medical situation caused an outcry in Israel, with leftwing lawmakers and journalists accusing the Shin Bet of acting like a third world intelligence service that regularly tortures suspects. In the attack, Lod native Rina Shnerb was killed and her father and brother were wounded after a hidden bomb exploded at a popular stream in the Binyamin region. The attack was highly complex and featured sophisticated guerilla tactics, leading defense officials to worry that Palestinian terrorists are improving their tactical acumen.

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it had nabbed the terror cell responsible for killing 17-year-old Rina Shnerb in a bomb blast last month at a popular water spring. The Shin Bet internal security agency said in a statement that the four terrorists were from the Ramallah area and belonged to the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP). Two of the terrorists were caught in the days following the attack while the other two

were nabbed in recent days. The terror cell had been headed by 44-year-old Samar Mina Salim Arbid. A veteran terrorist, he had been arrested several times in the past for terror activities and led the PFLP in Ramallah during the Second Intifada. According to authorities, Arbid acquired the explosives, prepared them in a special lab, and scouted out the area for weeks to locate the

Photo credit: joiseyshowaa

W E D N E S D AY , O C T O B E R 16, 2 0 19

optimal place to leave them. The cell had planned to commit similar attacks in other areas. Security forces found a large cache of explosives in weapons in Arbid’s house following his arrest. “Arbid led the cell, prepared the IED, and set it off the moment he saw the Shnerb family reach the spring,” said the Shin Bet. The arrest of the four-person cell became controversial after news

Polish President Andrzej Duda reportedly blamed the anti-Semitic incidents in his country on controversial comments made by Foreign Minister Yisrael Katz earlier this year. In his remarks last February, Katz had caused a major diplomatic incident with Poland after alleging that “Poles imbibe anti-Semitism with their mothers’ milk.” According to The Jewish Insider, Duda made his comments during a meet up with Jewish leaders at the United Nations. During the meeting, Duda called Katz’s remarks a “humiliation” to Poland and said that they lay behind the steadily-increasing attacks on Jews in his country.


The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 4, 2019

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OCTOBER 4, 2019 | The Jewish Home

Duda’s remarks caused a storm in Israel, and he was blasted by politicians across the political spectrum. “No, Mr. Duda, Israel is not responsible for the anti-Semitic incidents in Poland. Those responsible are anti-Semitic Poles,” tweeted senior Kahol Lavan MK Yair Lapid, “like those who helped the Jews in the Holocaust seventy years ago.” Amidst growing fallout, Duda denied making the remarks and accused The Jewish Insider of false reporting. “The quote is not only inaccurate, it is plainly not true. President Duda never said that ‘Israel is responsible for recent anti-Semitic attacks in Poland.’ All participants of the said meeting can corroborate this. The Jewish Insider made this up,” spokesman Blazej Spychalski said in a statement to the Times of Israel. Israel and Poland have witnessed their once-strong relations wither as a result of Warsaw’s efforts to whitewash its culpability in the Holocaust. The topic is sensitive for the eastern European nation that claims that only Germans killed Jews and not Polish nationals. As part of its efforts to clear Poland’s name during the Holocaust, the Polish government passed a controversial law last year criminalizing any mention of their culpability in the worst genocide of the 20th century. In February, Katz told Channel 13 that “the Poles imbibe anti-Semitism with their mothers’ milk. No one will tell us how to remember the fallen,” which set up a major crisis between the two countries. Poland immediately summoned the Israeli ambassador to Warsaw and canceled a joint summit scheduled to take place later that month. Polish Ambassador to Israel Marek Magierowski said at the time that “it is really astonishing that the newly appointed foreign minister of Israel quotes such a shameful and racist remark. Utterly unacceptable.”

Netanyahu’s Final Hearing Begins Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s final chance to avoid being tried on the multiple criminal probes he has been embroiled in came on Wednesday when his hearing began with Attorney General Avichai Mandelblit.

Mandelblit already decided to indict Netanyahu this past February in three separate bribery cases. However, Mandelblit must first hold a pre-trial hearing in which Netanyahu will present his defense to the jurist. Should the attorney general find no fault in the police investigation, Netanyahu’s cases will go to trial, potentially making him the first-ever Israeli prime minister to appear before a judge while serving as Israel’s highest elected official.

The first stage of the hearing began on October 2 and October 3 and dealt with the graft investigation known as “Case 4000.” Under an agreement Netanyahu’s lawyers reached with Mandelblit, the hearing will not go for two days as originally slated but will stretch out over the next two weeks. It is not clear which legal arguments Netanyahu will use to attempt to convince Mandelblit of his innocence. The prime minister fiercely denies the charges in all three cases and has said repeatedly that the investigations are an “undemocratic witch hunt” by the left whose aim is to remove him from office via non-democratic means. Netanyahu’s legal troubles began in 2016 and have dominated the headlines ever since. In the investigation known as “Case 1000,” police accuse Netanyahu of bribery and breach of trust for accepting expensive gifts from billionaires Arnon Milchan and James Packer. Authorities allege that the expensive champagne, jewelry, and cigars influenced Netanyahu to promote legislation favorable to their interests. The remaining criminal probes revolve around Netanyahu’s efforts to control the Israeli media. In “Case 2000,” police maintain that Netanyahu attempted to reach an illicit quid pro quo with the publisher of the popular Yediot Aharonot daily to shutter Yisrael Hayom in exchange for positive media coverage. Meanwhile, Netanyahu is accused in “Case 4000” of ramming through a regulatory move to grant a financial windfall for Bezeq telecommunications giant owner Saul Elovitch in exchange for positive coverage on Elovitch’s Walla! News website.


The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 4, 2019

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“There is no Mitzva greater than redeeming someone from captivity”

Israel Allows Gaza Workers In

(Rambam, Hilchot Matanot L’Aniyim 8.10)

Halachic ruling “... an embryo is included in the commandment not to stand by your friend’s blood... saving an embryo whose life is at risk, fulfills the mitzva of redeeming captives””

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Israel is quietly allowing thousands of Palestinians to enter from the Gaza Strip to conduct business and work menial jobs, apparently as part of understandings with the ruling Hamas terror group aimed at preventing a fourth war in the blockaded territory. Israel effectively revoked thousands of work permits when it joined Egypt in imposing a crippling blockade on Gaza after Hamas seized power from rival Palestinian forces in 2007. The blockade, along with three wars between Hamas and Israel, has devastated the economy in Gaza, where unemployment is over 50%. Israel says the blockade is vital to prevent Hamas, an Islamist terror group avowedly committed to destroying Israel, from importing weaponry for use against the Jewish state. Israel withdrew unilaterally from Gaza in 2005, dismantling some 20 Jewish settlements and evicting 7-8,000 Jewish residents. Hamas ousted the Fatah party of Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas from the Strip two years later in a violent coup and has retained an iron grip on Gaza ever since. In recent months, Israel has quietly provided some relief as part of an unofficial, Egyptian-brokered truce with Hamas, in exchange for reduced rocket fire from the territory and the scaling back of weekly protests along the border. It has allowed Qatar to deliver millions of dollars in cash to allow Hamas to pay its civil servants and has allowed the United Nations to step up aid efforts. Now it appears Israel has expanded a program in which it had long provided hundreds of permits to businessowners to travel to Israel and the West Bank for commerce. Palestinian officials say Israel is now providing some 5,000 so-called merchant permits and awarding them to Palestinians working as la-

borers in construction, agriculture, and manufacturing. Salih al-Ziq, the head of the Palestinian Authority’s liaison committee, which coordinates the entry and exit of Palestinians with Israel, said Israel increased its quota for trader permits from less than 1,000 in 2017 to 5,000 today. He said 4,000 have already been issued and that the committee stopped receiving new applications after 2,000 were submitted for the last 1,000 slots. The increased quota still represents a small fraction of the 26,000 Palestinians who crossed into Israel from Gaza for work prior to the outbreak of the second Palestinian intifada in 2000.

CA College Athletes Can Profit

College athletes in California will now be able to profit from their name, image, and likeness now that California Gov. Gavin Newsom passed Senate Bill 206, also known as the Fair Pay to Play Act, into law on Monday. The bill will go into effect in 2023, and if the bill survives the expected court challenges, it could reshape the NCAA’s business model. The formal signing of the bill was done on Uninterrupted’s show “The Shop,” which is hosted by NBA superstar LeBron James. “This is a game changer for student athletes and for equity in sports,” said James. “Athletes at every level deserve to be empowered and to be fairly compensated for their work, especially in a system where so many are profiting off of their talents.” “Collegiate student athletes put everything on the line – their physical health, future career prospects


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and years of their lives to compete,” said Gov. Newsom on “The Shop.” “Colleges reap billions from these student athletes’ sacrifices and success but, in the same breath, block them from earning a single dollar. That’s a bankrupt model – one that puts institutions ahead of the students they are supposed to serve. It needs to be disrupted.” The Fair Pay to Play Act allows college athletes in California to sign endorsement deals; earn compensation based on the usage of their name, image and likeness; and sign all types of licensing contracts that would allow them to earn money. These college athletes would also be able to hire an agent licensed by the state to represent them in any deals. As such, California schools will hold an advantage over schools in other states, as athletes recruited there will be able to profit from their name, image, and likeness. The NCAA does not allow college athletes to profit from their name, image, or likeness. The new law is at odds with NCAA policy, and member schools may have to choose between defying or leaving the organization.

It’s also possible that this will force the NCAA to change its rules. The debate over NCAA amateurism and the money that the NCAA and schools generate through college athletic programs has raged on for years. Current NCAA amateurism rules are put in place to distinguish college athletes from professional athletes.

Judge: No Asian Bias at Harvard

In a lawsuit filed in 2014, anti-affirmative action group Students for Fair Admissions (SFFA) alleged that Harvard discriminates against Asian American undergraduate ap-

plicants by factoring race in its admissions process. The SFFA argued the process holds Asian American students to a higher standard than others. Asians make up about 5.6% percent of the U.S. population and made up 22.2% of Harvard’s admitted undergraduate class in 2017. This week, a federal judge ruled in favor of Harvard. U.S. District Judge Allison Burroughs in Boston said in her ruling that “ensuring diversity at Harvard, relies, in part, on race-conscious admissions” and that while the school’s admissions process isn’t perfect, it passes “constitutional muster.” The Harvard lawsuit sparked a nationwide debate about affirmative action in colleges. In August 2018, the Justice Department said that Harvard failed to demonstrate that it does not discriminate on the basis of race in its admissions policy. With Harvard’s current admissions process, students will be able to “know and understand one another beyond race, as whole individuals with unique histories and experiences,” the judge ruled Tuesday. “It is this, at Harvard and else-

where that will move us, one day, to the point where we see that race is a fact, but not the defining fact and not the fact that tells us what is important, but we are not there yet,” Burroughs said. “Until we are, race-conscious admissions programs that survive strict scrutiny will have an important place in society and help ensure that colleges and universities can offer a diverse atmosphere that fosters learning, improves scholarship, and encourages mutual respect and understanding.” Conservative strategist and SFFA President Edward Blum said that SFFA will appeal the ruling, which could result in the case going up to the Supreme Court. The high court allows higher education institutions to consider race in admissions but says the decision must be made in a way to specifically promote diversity and should be implemented for a limited time. Blum was also behind an anti-affirmative action lawsuit against the University of Texas at Austin. The Supreme Court ruled in the university’s favor in the lawsuit in 2016.


The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 4, 2019

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Guilty Verdict in Amber Guyger Trial

A Dallas court found former policewoman Amber Guyger guilty of murder for killing her unarmed neighbor Botham Jean this week. Jean had been home at the time, eating ice cream, when Guyger mistook the apartment for her own. When she entered Jean’s apartment, she saw Jean on the couch and shot him. “We, the jury, unanimously find the defendant, Amber Guyger, guilty of murder as charged in the indictment,” Judge Tammy Kemp told the visibly stunned former police officer. With her conviction, Guyger faces a life sentence. The decision came after less than 24 hours of deliberations along with a request by the

jury to expound on the legal definition of manslaughter and the castle doctrine, which says that homeowners are allowed to use deadly force against intruders without any legal consequences. Jean’s killing had caused national outrage and inflamed racial tensions all across the United States. In September 2018, Guyger had returned home after working an overtime shift and entered Jean’s apartment after mistaking it for her own. She said that she parked on a different floor than usual and entered the apartment on the wrong floor of her building. After chancing upon the African-American Jean, Guyger, who is white, drew her pistol and fatally killed the 26-year-old Jean, an accountant at PricewaterhouseCoopers. During the subsequent investigation, Guyger told police that she had thought Jean was an intruder and acted accordingly. During the trial, Guyger repeatedly professed regret and told the court that she was horrified by her actions. “I ask G-d for forgiveness, and I hate myself every single day,” Guyger said last week. “I wish he [Jean] was

the one with the gun who had killed me. I never wanted to take an innocent person’s life.” Guyger was sentenced to ten years in prison on Wednesday.

Pompeo Slams House Impeachment Probe

U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo slammed the impeachment proceedings by the U.S. House of Representatives after Congress subpoenaed senior State Department officials. Congress has officially started impeachment proceedings into allegations that President Trump conditioned military aid to Ukraine during

a phone call with Ukrainian President Zelensky on the opening of a probe into corruption allegations involving Joe Biden’s son, Hunter. On Friday, the House informed Pompeo that it had scheduled the depositions of five State Department officials involved in the call between Trump and Zelensky to occur next week. The tight schedule infuriated Pompeo, who said in a letter to House Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Eliot Engel that the move was simply an attempt to “bully” and “intimidate” his subordinates. “I am concerned with aspects of your request, described more fully below, that can be understood only as an attempt to intimidate, bully, and treat improperly the distinguished professionals of the Department of State, including several career Foreign Service Officers,” Pompeo wrote. “Let me be clear,” continued Pompeo. “I will not tolerate such tactics, and I will use all means at my disposal to prevent and expose any attempts to intimidate the dedicated professionals whom I am proud to lead and serve alongside at the Department of State.” The five officials slated to be deposed are ex-U.S. Ambassador to


The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 4, 2019

Ukraine Marie Yovanovitch, former special envoy Kurt Volker, who had resigned his post last week, and current Deputy Assistant Secretary George Kent. State Department Counselor T. Ulrich Brechbuhl and U.S. Ambassador to the E.U. Gordon Sondland were also named in the subpoena. On Wednesday, Pompeo said that he was on the phone call between President Trump and President Zelensky and added that he is well-versed on U.S.-Ukraine relations in his position as secretary of state.

U.S. and Canada Lose Almost 3 Billion Birds

Almost 3 billion birds have vanished from the United States and Canada over the past 50 years, according to a new study, raising fears over the damage caused to the environment by humanity. In a study published last week in the journal Science, researchers found that 2.9 billion birds disappeared from North America since 1970. A total decline of 29%, scientists are calling the findings an “overlooked biodiversity crisis.” In the study, researchers looked at data stretching back 50 years, such as bird migration patterns recorded by weather instruments from 143 different stations and by other scientists. Other data utilized in the study came from the North American Breeding Bird Survey, the Canadian Wildlife Service, the Audubon Christmas Bird Count, and Manomet’s International Shorebird Survey. According to the findings, the majority of the staggering 2.9 billion birds that have vanished from the ecosystem are not rare species but common birds such as juncos, sparrows, and starlings. The data has alarmed experts, who warn that the massive disappearance of the birds is only the latest sign of humanity’s destructive effects on the environment. “Birds are in crisis,” said Peter

Marra. A co-author of the study and the head of Georgetown University’s Environment Initiative, Marra said that sweeping changes need to be implemented before it is it too late. “The take-home message is that our findings add to mounting evidence with other recent studies showing massive declines in insects, amphibians and other taxa, signaling a widespread ecological crisis,” Marra said. “Birds are the quintessential indicators of environmental health, the canaries in the coal mine, and they’re telling us it’s urgent to take action to ensure our planet can continue to sustain wildlife and people.”

Trump Sets Twitter Record

If you thought that the President of the United States likes to tweet, you’re putting it mildly. In September, President Trump tweeted or retweeted nearly 800 times – around 100 times more tweets than what he put out any other month in his presidency, according to a USA TODAY analysis. In fact, in September, he originated tweets 500 times – twice his average monthly frequency in 2018. There’s been a lot to tweet about. Foremost on his mind is Ukraine, Joe Biden, and impeachment proceedings by Democrats in the House. In more than 320 tweets and retweets since the story broke of a whistleblower report on Trump’s phone call in July with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky, Trump used or repeated the word “treason” five times and  the word “Ukraine” more than four dozen times.  In two dozen instances, Trump raised the name of Biden or his son Hunter, who had business interests in Ukraine. No administration official has

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used Twitter more than Trump. His opponents are hurt by the president’s mouthpiece on Twitter. Sen. Kamala Harris, D-Calif., one of the Democratic presidential candidates, said on Tuesday that Trump has abused social media to a dangerous degree and should be suspended from its use. “The words of a president matter,” Harris tweeted. “Trump has again shown he is irresponsible and endangering others with his tweets. He should lose the privilege to be on Twitter.” Judd Deere, a White House spokesman, said Trump’s use of technology “to communicate directly with the American people should be praised, not criticized.” Deere said that instead of “obsessing over how many times the president has tweeted,” the media should instead cover his agenda.

Americans are Eating Too Many Bad Carbs Americans are still eating too many carbohydrates, with 42% of their daily calorie intake coming from low quality carbs.

That was the conclusion of the latest National Health and Nutrition Examination survey. Known as the “diet report card,” the study looked at the eating habits of 43,996 adults to reach its conclusions on how America’s eating habits have changed from 1996 until 2016.

There is good news, though. According to the study, which was conducted by researchers at Tufts University and the Harvard School of Public Health, eating habits have seen an overall turn for the better. Total carb consumption has dropped 2% with a 3% drop in low-quality carb intake, something researchers chalked up to increased awareness among the public. “These positive trends are likely to reflect an increased public awareness of the health risks associated with high added sugar and low whole grain consumption,” said study co-author Fang Fang Zhang. However, Americans are still eating too many complex grains, such as

soft drinks, fast food, and pasta. At 12%, saturated fat also remains high, with the average American consuming above the recommended 10% daily allotment. In total, average fat consumption rose from 32% to about 33% while protein consumption went up from 15.5% to 16.4%. “The continued excessive intake of saturated fats, sugar, salt, and refined grains is of major concern,” wrote two experts. “Snacks, desserts, pizza, fast food sandwiches, and sugar-sweetened beverages are currently major contributors to the population energy intake and confer dubious contributions to diet quality.”

Rouhani Leaves Trump Hanging President Trump’s quest to hold a direct conversation with Iranian President Hassan Rouhani was scuttled after the latter refused to take a call from his U.S. counterpart. As detailed in The New York Times, French President Emanuel Macron had attempted to broker a phone call between Trump and Rouhani last week on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly. With both leaders in the same loca-

tion, the French leader promoted a phone conversation as the starting point for negotiations over Iran’s nuclear program.

In order to engineer the expected phone call, Macron arranged for technicians to install a special phone system in the Iranian president’s hotel room and set up a time for the conversation to take place. With all the details hammered out, all that was left was for Rouhani to pick up the phone. However, with Trump on the line, Rouhani suddenly refused to take the call. “President Trump waited on the other end,” recounted The New York Times. “All Rouhani had to do was come out of his hotel suite and walk into a secure room where Mr. Trump’s voice would be piped in via speaker. But he refused to do so, and therefore

Conviction in Tragic Fatal Car Crash

L

ast Pesach, our community was plunged into communal sadness upon hearing of the tragic passing of Elisheva Kaplan, a”h, and Yisroel Levin, a”h, who had been just recently engaged and were killed in a horrific car crash. At a time when their families should have been celebrating and preparing for their upcoming simcha, they instead were forced to sit on low chairs and tear their clothes in mourning. Last week, it was announced that Rahmel Watkins, 36, of Brooklyn, had been convicted by a jury of two counts of Criminally Negligent Homicide, four counts of Assault in the Second Degree, Reckless Endangerment in the Second Degree, and Reckless Driving in the tragic deaths of Elisheva and Yisroel. Watkins was

acquitted of two counts of Manslaughter in the Second Degree. Watkins is due back in court in November for sentencing; he faces up to life in prison. The trial, before Judge Fran Ricigliano, lasted approximately three weeks, and the jury deliberated for approximately three days. “A young couple was tragically killed because Rahmel Watkins chose to drive recklessly at speeds of 100 miles an hour,” Nassau County District Attorney Madeline Singas said. “While this defendant is going to spend many years behind bars, the Levin and Kaplan families will have to spend the rest of their lives without Yisroel and Elisheva. May their memories be a blessing.” DA Singas said that on April 4, 2018, at approximately 1:40

a.m., defendants Rahmel Watkins and Zakiyyah Steward were part of a group of cars traveling in the northbound lanes of the Nassau Expressway in Inwood from Far Rockaway to a Queens casino. Defendant Watkins was operating a 2010 BMW 550i GT recklessly and more than twice the speed limit when his vehicle crossed over the double yellow lines and struck head-on the 2017 Nissan Altima being driven by 21-year-old Yisroel Levin, with his 20-year-old fiancé, Elisheva Kaplan, in the passenger seat. The car Yisroel was driving burst into flames. Watkins then struck a silver Infiniti being driven by James Hamilton, which fractured the man’s spine and caused injuries to his hand, ankle, and knee.

Steward was driving a 2016 Hyundai Genesis, next to Watkins, at a high rate of speed and while intoxicated and impaired by marijuana. Steward’s vehicle also struck Yisroel’s Altima. Zakiyyah Steward pleaded guilty to the indictment in its entirety before Judge Fran Ricigliano on February 26. She is expected to be sentenced on October 7 to three to nine years in prison.


The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 4, 2019

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OCTOBER 4, 2019 | The Jewish Home

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Mr. Macron was left empty-handed and Mr. Trump was left hanging.” According to the report, Rouhani decided not to speak with Trump because he didn’t believe that the U.S. president would follow through with his offer to drop all sanctions if Iran returned to the negotiating table. In addition, Rouhani feared that Trump would exploit the call as a diplomatic triumph and sought to avoid granting him a media victory. The unsuccessful phone call was just the latest effort by Macron to broker new talks between Washington and Tehran. France has emerged as the leading intermediary between the U.S. and Iran in an effort to broker a new nuclear deal. After pulling out of the 2015 Iran nuclear deal last year, Trump has slapped Iran with choking sanctions in an effort to force the Islamic Republic to curb its nuclear ambitions. Trump’s efforts have so far failed to bear fruit. Tehran has refused to enter talks until all of the sanctions are first lifted, something Trump has refused to agree to until last week.

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“One morning her nails were really digging into my skin and I shouted, ‘Songbird, your nails are so long! They are the longest nails ever!’ And as I said it, something clicked. Longest nails ever,” he said. Ozare said he came up against several obstacles, including the discovery that the acrylic would break under its own weight when he tried to surpass the previous record of just over 3 feet. “So, I purchased a tremendous amount of acrylic powder and put on around 30 layers to finally achieve the extra length I needed to achieve the record,” he said. “At the end I sanded the nails down to be smooth and painted them with an airbrush. It took hundreds of hours to paint that much acrylic on the nails.” Sounds like he nailed this feat.

Thought your toddler’s nails were long? That’s nothing compared to Odilon Ozare’s talons. The Florida artist captured his second Guinness World Record when he created the world’s longest nail extensions, measuring a full 4 feet in length. Ozare, who set his first record in 2018  when his 15-foot, 9-inch tall hat was recognized as the world’s tallest, said his attempt to set the nail  extension record  was inspired by the talons on his pet bird, a cockatiel named Song Bird.

If marathons weren’t hard enough, let’s add trees to the mix. Last Sunday, 20 friends ran the Cape Town marathon in South Africa with trees strapped to their backs. They ran to promote the idea of planting native trees amid a nationwide push to replace those trees with others to tackle drought plaguing the country. Activist and tree-grower Siyabulela Sokomani, who ran carrying a wild olive tree, said the group of friends is raising cash to plant 2,000 trees in Khayelitsha, one of Cape Town’s biggest townships, where many of them come from. “There were no trees in the township where I grew up,” he said. He sports tattoos of his favorite trees across his shoulders. Let’s hope this group is tree-umphant as they run for the cause.


The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 4, 2019

‫בס׳׳ד‬

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where positivity reigns, and a happiness for Yiddishkeit prevails. At BYAM all our talmidos thrive, as each Bas Yisroel is guided to reach her full potential.

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OCTOBER 4, 2019 | The Jewish Home

Garlic Bread Taster

If you like garlic bread and have an ample supply of breath mints, this job may be good for you. The Australian wing of Domino’s Pizza recently posted a job opening for a position that might be worth the trip Down Under: Chief Garlic Bread Tester. The perfect candidate has a “minimum of 5 years’ experience in garlic bread consumption,” “has a detailed understanding of the pizza and garlic bread relationship,” “has working taste buds,” “has burned their fingers at least once not being able to wait for the garlic bread to cool down” and “has a history of reviewing other people’s food choices (solicited and/or unsolicited).”

Oh, and you get paid $20 an hour for doing all that. Applicants are being asked to submit 200-word essays or 30 second videos explaining why they would be the best candidate for the job. All candidates should keep a pack of Listerine Strips handy.

Wrong Turn, Right Place

in St. Cloud. Unfortunately, Lovell missed his turn – and end up finishing first in the 10k, coming out way ahead of many adults. The person closest to his age running the 10k was in their 20s. The average age of runners in the race was 38, and the second place finisher, a 40-year-old man, finished a full minute behind Lovell. Lovell realized that he missed his turn, but he also knew that it was too late to turn back. “At the end where you had to turn around there’s a 10k sign, I was like, ‘This is not a 5k.’ But I knew if I turned around, I was like, my mom is going to yell at me,” he said. Kade’s mom, Heather, wasn’t upset at him but she did get nervous when she didn’t see him at the 5k finish line.

“I was like, ‘OK, I should be seeing him by now, but I don’t,’” she said. “I have to run up to the finish line and I’m freaking out, I’m crying. ‘My son is nowhere to be found! We have to go find him!’” Passersby told her that they spotted Kade at the 10k course – and that he was doing really well. “I go from freaking out, to mad, to excited, to happy for him,” said Heather. “It was like an emotional roller coaster in a 10-minute span.” Lovell completed the entire 10k in a mere 48 minutes. He loves to run and trains three times a week. He completed his first 1k when he was just 18 months old. He plans on competing in the Junior Olympics in the winter. We think he may have a good shot at getting the gold.

A Jew always has a goal Kade Lovell doesn’t even know how much he loves to run. The nineyear-old boy from Minnesota attempted to run a 5k race last week

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OCTOBER 4, 2019 | The Jewish Home

Around the

Community YOSS ECC Tashlich at Grant Park

T

he kindergarten and pre-1A children at YOSS went on a trip to tashlich at Grant Park to “throw their aveiros away.” Each class enjoyed a story told by Rebbe Eli Herzberg and then they enjoyed running, jumping, and climbing in the park. The boys also learned about the mitzvos of v’nishmartem meod es nafshosechem, taking care of our bodies, and the importance of making a kiddush Hashem by behaving wherever they go.


The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 4, 2019

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OCTOBER 4, 2019 | The Jewish Home

Around the Community

Key State Legislators and Leaders Across the State Fete $60 Million in New State Funding at Teach NYS Gala

Teach Coalition Executive Director Maury Litwack presented an award to State Sen. Shelley Mayer

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each NYS, a project of the Orthodox Union (OU) and a leading advocate for equitable funding for New York State’s nonpublic schools, honored State Sen. Shelley Mayer and lay leaders Daniel Lowy from Manhattan and Elizabeth and Joe Braha from Brooklyn recently at its annual dinner at the

Daniel Lowy was presented his award from Raizi Chechik, Manhattan Day School’s head of school

Metropolitan West. Key New York State legislators joined with leaders from nonpublic schools across the state and celebrated securing an additional $60 million in government funding for nonpublic schools, including Gov. Andrew Cuomo and the legislature’s historic STEM bill.

Elizabeth and Joe Braha received their award from Yeshiva of Flatbush’s executive director, Rabbi Jeff Rothman

More than a dozen state legislators – including Sen. Monica Martinez, Assemblyman Daniel Rosenthal, Assemblywoman Alicia Hyndman, Assemblywoman Latrice Walker, Assemblywoman Nathalia Fernandez, Assemblywoman Carmen De La Rosa, Sen. Jemaal T. Bailey, Assemblyman Jonathan G. Jacobson, Assemblyman Simcha Eichenstein, and Councilman Chaim Deutsch – were also present at the dinner to show their support for the day school and yeshiva community and the work that Teach NYS is doing. The evening honored State Sen. Mayer, the chair of the Committee on Education in the New York State Senate. Mayer has been a champion of increased government funding for nonpublic schools. Prior to serving in State Senate, Mayer championed education issues while in the lower house, serving as chair of the Assembly Education Subcommittee. She resides in Yonkers with her husband. Lowy received the organization’s “Activist of the Year” award in recognition of his trailblazing efforts and dedication working with Teach NYS. He plays a vital role in building and growing the organization’s lay leadership base, opening doors to fellow community members and schools. Lowy is the founder and CEO of EMU Health. He currently resides in the Upper West Side of Manhattan with his wife, Elana, and their four children. The Brahas received the organization’s “Young Leadership Award” in recognition for their exemplary efforts in mobilizing young families to get involved in the organization’s efforts. They have left their mark in Albany,

developing relationships with countless elected officials, and opening their home to introduce representatives to their family and friends. The Brahas have served Teach NYS with their activism, ideas, and leadership and are at the forefront of fighting for equitable funding for Jewish day schools and yeshivas. Joe and Elizabeth currently reside in Brooklyn with their four children. The honorees received special gifts that represented of where STEM funding goes in Teach NYS schools. The gifts were custom-designed and 3-D printed in Westchester Day School’s “makerspace” by science teacher Becky Shapiro with design help from her sixth-grade students who are currently leaning how to use the 3-D software. Lowy and the Brahas were given engraved apples, and Mayer received a golden shofar symbolizing the upcoming Jewish High Holidays. Westchester Day School is a Jewish nonpublic school within Mayer’s district. “We are grateful to Senator Mayer for her leadership in Albany on behalf of each and every New York child. We thank Daniel Lowy and Elizabeth and Joe Braha, for their commitment and dedication to Teach NYS,” said Teach Coalition Executive Director Maury Litwack.  Teach NYS, a division of the Orthodox Union’s Teach Coalition, was founded in 2013 to advocate for equitable government funding for New York’s nonpublic schools to increase security, enhance education and defray the costs of state mandated services.  For more information, visit http://teachnys.org.      


The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 4, 2019

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OCTOBER 4, 2019 | The Jewish Home

Around the Community

All Hands On Deck for the JCCRP Rosh Hashana Food Drive

L

ast week, the Jewish Community Council of the Rockaway Peninsula’s (JCCRP) Kosher Client Choice Food Pantry ran its annual Rosh Hashana food distribution. The JCCRP arranged for extra items to be included in addition to the regular food pantry items for the Jewish community’s needs for yom tov. The week began with volunteers from various local yeshivas, including Mesivta Netzach HaTorah and Mesivta Ateres Yaakov. These young men were eager to do chessed for their neighbors in need. They bagged produce, unpacked shipments and organized the packages for pick up. “Our talmidim gained tremendously from this hands-on experience. For me it is the joy of teaching Torah in action,” commented one rebbi. Hundreds of clients came to the pantry on Wednesday and chose from a selection of food, many crucial to their Rosh Hashana menus. Additionally, over 275 Holocaust survivors were given food packages to help them have healthy food options for yom tov. The beauty of the JCCRP’s Client Choice Kosher Food Pantry is that it allows clients the dignity and respect they deserve by allowing them to select their own groceries, similar to a typical supermarket. With individualized attention, the clients are able to walk through the pantry, one or two at a time, and

the beauty of our community. Local yeshiva students, UJA members, and our local political officials all came together to volunteer and help those in need. Additionally, none of this would’ve been possible without the generosity of the NYC Council’s Jewish Caucus led by Councilman Chaim Deutsch (D- 48th District), Councilman Donovan Richards (D31st District), and Councilman Eric Ulrich (R- 32nd District) who are staunch supporters of the food pantry.”

select various items on their own. NYC Councilmember Donovan Richards (D-Far Rockaway) and State Senator Joseph P. Addabbo (D-15th Senate District) came out to lend a helping hand and assist with the food pantry distribution. The JCCRP and the Kosher Food Pantry are able to do this kind of distribution very much because of their ongoing support. Howard Pollack from City Speaker Johnson’s office, members of Senator James Sanders staff, Aron Cyperstein from Met Council, and other community members joined as well to volunteer for the distribution. Additionally, volunteers came from Met Council, a devoted partner to the JCCRP, rolled up their sleeves and got right to work – bagging produce, stocking shelves, assisting guests, and boxing orders all with a

friendly “Shana Tova” to the pantry guests. Moshe Brandsdorfer, executive director of the JCCRP, expressed his praise of this amazing collective effort: “This week we witnessed

The JCCRP is a proud affiliate of Met Council and a beneficiary agency of UJA Federation of NY. The JCCRP provides a range of services for any community members who need assistance. For more information, please visit jccrp.org.

Aron Cyperstein, Moshe Brandsdorfer, Councilman Richards, and Pesach Osina

Mesivta Ateres Yaakov talmidim with their rebbi, Rabbi Gelbfish

Netzach HaTorah talmidim with their rebbi, Rabbi Edelstein


The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 4, 2019

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Around the Community

CAHAL Opens a New Class at Shulamith

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AHAL is proud to announce the opening of its newest pre-1A and first grade girls’ class at Shulamith School for Girls. A huge hakaras hatov is extended to the administrators of Shulamith, including Mrs. Malka Fishman, Mrs. Esther Kirschbaum, Mrs. Joyce Yarmak, and Mrs. Geula Edinger, for their efforts and dedication to all the details required in launching this new class.   Morah Keren Englard and Morah Chavatzelet Graber have welcomed the students with many exciting projects and learning activities in the short time since school began.  The students are thrilled to be attending Shulamith.  They have had exciting and enjoyable activities with their buddy classes and are so appreciative of the inclusive atmo-

sphere that is demonstrated in the school. CAHAL, the local yeshiva-based and sponsored community program for children with learning challenges, is now in its 28th year, providing smaller, more individualized classes in the local yeshivas. All the students attend mainstream activities daily, including lunch, recess, specials, assemblies, trips and more. When ready, children attend academic classes as well, with support from CAHAL to ensure success. The experienced and caring CAHAL teachers make it all happen. For more information about the CAHAL program and to donate to this great community organization, contact CAHAL at cahal@cahal.org or call (516) 295-3666.

Darchei Torah bochurim enjoyed their last lunch at Avi’s Pizza last week. Avi’s Pizza closed last week after being an important part of the Far Rockaway community for many years. Avi and his wife are known for their generosity and kindness – and their delicious pizza. The iconic pizza store will be missed.

Tefillah: Actually Being There

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n Tuesday, Central junior and senior students were privileged to hear from Rabbanit Racheli Fraenkel, Dean of Students at Nishmat and mother of Naftali Fraenkel, z”l, who was killed by terrorists in Israel in 2014, along with Eyal Yifrach and Gilad Shaar, z”l. Mrs. Fraenkel spoke to the stu-

dents about tefillah – the variety of Jewish approaches to it, the importance of being present in tefillah, even for only a moment, and her own experience with tefillah in tragedy. Her words of Torah and personal story were an inspiring moment in the lead up to Rosh Hashana.


The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 4, 2019

n r u o j o S t o k k u S t e Swe MORNING IN HEVRON:

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Around the Community

Generations of Smiles

S

miles filled the room as a group of Shulamith eighth grade students joined Holocaust survivors and chayalim at the JCC last Thursday. The festive occasion was a

pre-Rosh Hashana celebration during which the students helped serve lunch to the seniors and took the opportunity to converse with them. It was also an opportunity to hear from

members of Brothers for Life, a group comprised of chayalim who have been wounded during their service in Tzahal. We were especially moved when one of the survivors stood before the

assembled chayalim and gave them a bracha for health and long life and prayed for peace for Israel. May all of the attendees from ages 13 to  90+ enjoy a sweet new year!

MAY’s “Phone Home” Program Expands

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his year, the ninth and tenth grades at MAY are cellphone-free thanks to a groundbreaking program started last year at MAY which radically changed the typical meaning of “phone home.” The “Phone Home” program was the brainchild of the Mashgiach Ruchani, Rabbi Yehuda Horowitz, together with the ninth grade rabbeim, Rabbi Tsvi Greenfield and Rabbi Avi Schulman. Asking boys to keep their cellphones at home is simple enough but very often is accompanied by resentment and fear of missing out. Creating a phonefree culture and offering positive

incentives to motivate students to do so seemed like a possible alternative. The universal participation was unprecedented. “We were confident we would draw some interest from the bochurim,” commented Rabbi Greenfield, “but we never expected that such a large group of boys would want to participate. I believe it is a testament to their families’ values and to their own understanding of the drawbacks of bringing a phone to Yeshiva.” The Mesivta has had a longstanding policy requiring all talmidim to deposit their phones and oth-

er electronic devices in designated cellphone lockers at the beginning of the day. However the “Phone Home” program took the notion of “out of sight, out of mind” to the next level. The current sophomore class, who wholeheartedly embraced the launch of “Phone Home” last year with a 100% participation rate, opted to stick with it again, thereby expanding the program to half the yeshiva’s talmidim. 96% of new freshmen have already joined the program as well. “It’s a completely voluntary program,” commented Rabbi Horowitz. “If a talmid wants to opt out, he may.

But, b’Siyata d’Shmaya, the program was an incredible success last year and the older grades asked if they could have the same opportunity!” The project has incredible builtin incentives to motivate talmidim, culminating in a 2-day, all expenses paid ski trip to Vermont. Rabbi Yaffe, the Rosh HaYeshiva, noted, “This is another example of how our rabbeim  regularly go above and beyond to mold their talmidim in a holistic way – not just in the confines of their shiurim.  I’m so proud of our talmidim who have embraced this idea in such a significant way.”


The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 4, 2019

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OCTOBER 4, 2019 | The Jewish Home

Around the Community

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How Sweet It Is

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he Ganger Early Childhood division of TAG had a honey expo in honor of Rosh Hashana. The girls learned that bees make honey from flower nectar and that different flowers produce honey with different shades and flavors. The girls got to taste six different kinds of honey. What a sweet experience for our lucky talmidos. 

Woodmere Fire Dept. to Host Fire Prevention Day

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he Woodmere Volunteer Fire Department will be hosting Fire Prevention Day on October 6, from 12 to 4 p.m. at the Woodmere Firehouse, located at 20 Irving Place. The event aims to raise awareness of the critical importance of fire safety, while providing a fun experience for children and adults alike. “Fire Prevention Day promises to be an enjoyable and educational experience for the entire community,” said Chief of Department Adiv Koenig. “From live demonstrations, to fire truck rides, to ambulance tours, the event will be a fun day for residents of all ages. I encourage everyone to come down on Fire Prevention Day and learn about the lifesaving work our firefighters and emergency medical technicians do on a daily basis to keep our community safe.” Fire Prevention Day will include exhibitions for the entire family, including fire truck rides, as well as ambulance and fire truck tours. Firefighters will perform live demonstrations of their heroic work, including a vehicle extrication using

the “jaws of life.” Children will have the opportunity to try on firefighter and paramedic gear, while learning how to put out a fire with an extinguisher. Kids will be taught what to do in the event of a fire inside an interactive smokehouse, and firefighters will give presentations on fire safety throughout the day. Prizes and free giveaways will be given out, and food will be available for purchase. Founded in 1889, the Woodmere Fire Department provides fire, rescue and advanced life support emergency medical care to the communities of Woodmere and Cedar Bay Park, as well as to the Villages of Woodsburgh and Hewlett Neck. In addition, the Department provides mutual aid to local fire departments. The Woodmere Fire Department is completely comprised of volunteers and is always looking for new members to join its ranks. For more information or to reach the department, visit woodmerefd. com, call (516) 821-3606 or email join@woodmerefd.com.

The Wandering Jew Page 82


The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 4, 2019

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INSPIRING JEWS ... ONE BOOK AT A TIME

FROM

New for the entire family. Bring the Parashah to LIFE! T

Who’s who

Hashem agreed , and Avraham’s hair turned gray! people got old, From then on they looked old. when Now people could between father tell the differe s and sons, mothe nce rs and daughters, old and young .

in the Torah

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34

The First Shiddu

ked the who wor a farmer ll grapeh. He was g the sma the eart vraham the yard, usin realized that a man of lous if ly, ted a vine things would have oach was ah. Miracu ul he plan at theTeiv turned out differe made Akeid ah, Yitzch to the then r the Mab ntly ak would have with him have grapes. Noach land. Afte been killed and no brought childre grew had he would n! Who would have they s he vine evines, Avraham realize carried on Avrah Eliezer hoped the d it was time am’s mission? thatgrap ted his . plan he for Yitzchak to e day would the sam Yitzchak was forty years get married. After same daydaughtergrap es marry old. Yitzcha the all, k. of Howev out er, Eliezer was This is the story winaeCanaan of the first Jewish ite. Avraham would shiddu ch. The “shadchan” not allow Yitzcha was Avraham’s k to marry trusted servan Avraham gave her, because the t and student, him careful instru children of Eliezer. AH ctions on how Canaan ASH for Yitzch had PAR to been cursed by go about finding ak, and he descri EKLY a wife bed the kind of Noach. Avraham THE WE for. girl Eliezer should and Yitzchak be looking were descendants of Shem, whom Noach had blessed. A match between someone cursed and someon e blessed vraham told would not work. Eliezer, “Swea r to Hashem by the holiness of the mitzvah of bris milah not to bring a Canaa nite girl to marry Yitzchak. Go to the country where I was born and bring back a girl for Yitzchak from my family .” “What happens if she doesn’t Which angel did want to Hashem come?” Eliezer asked. “Should send with Eliezer? I take Yitzchak there? “Absolutely not!” Avraham’s special Avraham answe angel — red. “Hashem send an angel will to go with you, Metatron. and you will bring back for my son. a wife

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Weekly Parashah An illustrated retelling of the Chumash with Midrash

SEFER BEREISHIS

‫ספר בראשית‬

By RABBI NACHMAN ZAKON Illustrated by TOVA KATZ

102 THE WEEK LY PARASHAH

In addition to telling over the parashah, The Weekly Parashah includes: Parashah Pointers

Questions Anyone?

A quick review of what’s in the parashah

Thought-provoking questions and satisfying answers

Fascinating Facts

Torah in Our Lives Connecting the Torah’s teachings to our children’s lives

Interesting information related to the parashah.

Who’s Who in the Parashah A fascinating look at some of the people in the Torah Section listing all the sources A fantastic resource for parents and educators

Unlock your culinary creativity Simple and Delicious Dishes. Two Ways.

Classic Fruit Flan

A Unique and Exciting New Cookbook by DANIELLA SILVER

DAIRY I GLUTEN-FREE OPTION I YIELDS 8-10 SERVINGS

INGREDIENTS

METHOD

DOUGH

1⁄₃ cup honey

1½ cups flour

½ cup fresh lemon juice

(or gluten-free flour)

¼ cup sugar

2 tsp pure vanilla extract

¾ cup vegetable oil

6 Tbsp vegetable oil or coconut oil

1½ Tbsp vinegar

FRUIT

LEMON FILLING

4 cups assorted fruit

5 large eggs 2 Tbsp lemon zest 260

1

halved, sliced, or cubed (e.g., strawberries, blueberries, kiwi, mango, etc.)

2

3

Preheat oven to 375°F. Lightly coat a 10-inch flan pan or pie plate with removable bottom with nonstick cooking spray. Dough: In a large bowl, combine flour, sugar, oil, and vinegar; mix to make a soft dough. Press dough evenly against bottom and sides of prepared pan. Bake, uncovered, for 35-40 minutes, until golden.

VARIATION 4

5

Meanwhile, combine all filling ingredients in a small pot. Heat mixture, stirring continuously (so as not to curdle the eggs), until the lemon mixture becomes thick. Let cool slightly. Using a mesh bag or strainer, strain filling until smooth. Let cool completely. Refrigerate until ready to serve

LEMON PARFAIT Prepare lemon filling as directed in Step 4. Spoon filling into parfait glasses; top with cubes of fresh fruit.

Shortly before serving, pour lemon filling into pie crust. Arrange fruit over filling. Serve immediately. Also by Daniella Silver:

The Silver Platter: Simple to Spectacular (with Norene Gilletz) The Silver Platter: Simple Elegance (with Norene Gilletz)

Variations I DESSERT

DESSERT I Variations

Available at your local Hebrew bookseller or at www.artscroll.com • 1-800-MESORAH (637-6724)

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NEW BOOKS Rav Avigdor Miller’s Yom Tov drashos!

FRO

M

Prepare for the Yamim Noraim

Enhance your Succos!

Already in its 2nd printng!

Rav Avigdor Miller had the gift of making profound Torah insights understandable and relatable. His Yom Tov derashos were particularly memorable, filled with anecdotes, personal memories, and witticisms, as well as incredible Torah wisdom. The author, Rav Miller’s devoted student, used to memorize those derashos, transcribe them after Shabbos and Yom Tov ended, and then get Rav Miller’s approval on their content. Now here they are, beautifully adapted and ready to enrich your Yom Tov — and your life.

Transcribed and edited by

Yitzchok Goldstein Published by Simchas Hachaim Publishing Distributed by ArtScroll

The grandeur and nobility of the Days of Awe and Joy

by Rabbi Daniel

Glatstein

Rabbi Daniel Glatstein, Mara D’asra of Kehillas Ahavas Yisroel in Cedarhurst, is one of the Jewish world’s most popular speakers and respected maggidei shiur. His shiurim have garnered literally millions of views and downloads. Now he shares with us the many opportunities available to us in “the season of majesty” — the days between Rosh Chodesh Elul and Shemini Atzeres. Rabbi Glatstein’s writing is incisive, stimulating, and original, bringing together a vast array of sources, many of them rare and almost unknown, and helping us make the most of this vital time.

THE SEVEN GUESTS IN THE SUCCAH Prayers, Commentary, and Insights

by Rabbi Shai Graucher Seven “guests” — the Ushpizin — visit us every year in our succah. Isn’t it time we understood who these Ushpizin are — and what we can gain from their presence? This fascinating and unusual book shows us the powerful impact the Ushpizin can have on our lives.

Also includes: 4Seder Ushpizin 4Bircas HaMazon 4Candle-lighting blessing and prayers 4Lulav blessing and prayers 4Prayers upon entering / exiting the succah

Available at your local Hebrew bookseller or at


The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 4, 2019

Inspiring Jews … one book at a time The best-selling sefer now available in English

A new collection of stories by Rabbi Pruzansky

A unique collection by a world-renowned speaker

Jaffa Family Edition

A guide to understanding ourselves and refining our character

by Rabbi Moshe Don

Kestenbaum

Sefer Olam HaMiddos has become a popular and much-read sefer throughout the Torah world — and for good reason. The author, an acclaimed educator, writer, and speaker, combines Torah sources, real-life stories, and deep insight into human nature to show us the nature of each middah and how improving our middos enables us to live full and happy lives. “… a person who works on fixing his middos merits to truly enjoy his life — a life that is filled with joy and devoid of envy, hatred, competition, anger, hassle, and worry.” — from Olam HaMiddos

Heartwarming stories and uplifting insights to enlighten your life

by Rabbi Binyomin

Pruzansky

In these daily readings, Rabbi Binyomin Pruzansky shares a brief Torah thought, followed by the engaging stories we’ve come to expect from him, as well as a brief takeaway that summarizes the inspirational idea. We will ponder the insights. Enjoy the stories. Quote the takeaways again and again. And we will be Inspired! The insights … are eye-opening. The stories … are memorable. The inspiration … is nonstop!

www.artscroll.com • 1-800-MESORAH (637-6724)

The wisdom and wit of Rabbi Dovid Orlofsky Rabbi Dovid Orlofsky is a one-of-a-kind phenomenon in the world of Jewish thought. A globe-trotting speaker and beloved teacher, he takes a blunt, honest, always wise, and often very funny look at our lives. He inspires us to reach higher than we ever believed we could, by doing a little bit more, becoming just a little bit better. If you’ve ever heard Rabbi Orlofsky speak, you’ll know how transformative — and entertaining — his shiurim are. And if you haven’t yet had the privilege of hearing him, prepare for an exhilarating experience that will show you how to live better, live higher, and be the best Jew you can be.

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MTA Hosts Yeshiva League Debate Meet

By Eli Canter

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n Monday, September 23, MTA hosted the first Yeshiva League Debate Meet of the year. The event attracted 40 students from five high schools who debated the topic of whether educational institutions should prohibit student usage of cellphones during

school hours. The topic was extremely controversial and passionately argued upon by both sides. The MTA Debate Team members skillfully presented their respective points, and performed well in their debates. Congratulations to team member Eli Canter (‘22), who took won the 3rd Place Overall Speaker award.

Active Achdut at Shulamith

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tudents of Shulamith Middle Division enjoyed their first achdut trip of the year to Active Kidz in Jericho, N.Y., last week. The girls had a wonderful time bouncing, playing laser tag, climbing the indoor

rock wall, and more. It was a great opportunity for students and teachers to spend some special time bonding with one another away from the rigors of the classroom.  

Cold Drinks for a Cause

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n a recent Sunday, 15 families from around the Five Towns sold lemonade to raise money for the Five Towns Eruv. The eruv services the entire community but often goes unrecognized in the sense that people don’t realize they have a significant bud-

get to cover each year. The event was really exciting for the kids who hosted the lemonade stands as well as the children and adults who look forward to buying the cool beverages each year. All of the lemonade stands were provided with eruv logo cups to sell as well.


The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 4, 2019

WE’RE HIRING! CARE MANAGERS

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TCC is fully committed to Equal Employment Opportunity and to attracting, retaining, developing and promoting the most qualified employees without regard to their race, gender, color, religion, sexual orientation, national origin, age, physical or mental disability, citizenship status, veteran status, or any other characteristic prohibited by state or local law.

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Mr. Yaakov Schmukler blowing shofar for the students in Gesher

Shevach HS Welcomes “Wired For Success” Initiative

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n Wednesday evening, September 18, the student body of Shevach High Sshool launched a Technology Awareness Initiative spearheaded by its principal, Rebbitzen Rochelle Hirtz. After the school day was over, the girls were transported to the YI of Hillcrest, where they were treated to a catered

dinner. Following the meal, Rebbetzin Hirtz introduced the program with a dvar Torah from the Chovas HaTalmidim by the Piacezna Rav. The rav likened the process of chinuch to an unripe fruit, as when one takes a bite out of the fruit and the taste is not sweet and not fully developed. One’s natural response to that bite is:

“This is what I worked so hard for?” To which the Piacezna Rav explains that the planting process requires a lot of patience. In a similar fashion, Rebbetzin Hirtz said: “This evening, we are planting the seeds – the beginning of a process. We must be patient and not become disheartened. When we carry it through, the result will be a beautiful fruit both inside and out. Technology awareness is a process, and when we implement certain changes, we will produce stronger, healthier relationships which will be beneficial to our growth.” The program continued with a trigger film called “Disconnect and Enjoy” depicting numerous scenes of people using their phones in the company of others, rendering them invisible. This was followed by round table discussions facilitated by the Shevach faculty. The students offered their opinions on three thought-provoking questions which generated animated discussions around the tables. The highlight of the evening was Mrs. Aliza Feder, mechaneches at Machon Ora in Passaic and author of the popular book, TechTalk, who addressed the girls on various situations of technology. She began her presentation with a brief personal history of how she got involved in raising the awareness of technology and offered countless examples relating to technology that the girls could relate to. Several key points that resonated with the students were “Technology should not own you, rather you should own your technology” and “Do not let the phone become an extension of your hand!”

Mrs. Feder then offered practical strategies that the girls could implement to begin to “cleanse” themselves of technology. The first one was to “push off” owning a smartphone for as long as you can. She likened this step to one who gets a driver’s license. Just as there is an age requirement for one to begin driving and being younger than that age would present a real danger if that person were on the road, similarly there should be an age requirement for one to own a smartphone. Another tip was “app cleanse” – delete any apps on the phone that are unnecessary. The girls were riveted to their seats for the 45 minutes of her speech. They afterwards commented that she was relatable, practical, and understanding of their place in society as teenagers. Yet her message was abundantly clear – technology is a useful tool, but one must be vigilant with its usage. The evening concluded with the student heads of the technology committee, seniors Ettie Langer and Esti Goldman, encouraging the girls to take on a kabbalah of powering off their cellphones for one hour every evening from that night through Isru Chag Sukkos. The feeling in the room was electric with the girls prepared to take ownership of their technology and begin to enrich and strengthen relationships which would otherwise be reduced to abbreviated messages on an electronic device. The evening sent powerful messages to the girls which would have impactful lessons enabling them “to be wired for success.”


The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 4, 2019

This is [experiential learning] at YOSS. When it comes to education, hands-on is hands-down the best way to

learn. That’s why our students don’t just learn advanced STEM subjects, they absorb them via interactive experiences and challenges so their skills take them far outside four classroom walls.

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SKA’s Day of Chessed

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Eleventh graders cleaning a cemetery

ach grade of the Stella K. Abraham High School for Girls had the opportunity on Wednesday, September 18, to partake in acts of chessed and community before the Yomim Noraim. Seniors were able to choose from three options – baking challah for hachnasat kallah, refurbishing bicycles for a bike gemach, or organizing a clothing gemach. The juniors spent the day at the Hebrew Free Burial Association cemetery in Staten Island where they cleared branches and leaves in an effort to clean the area. SKA tenth graders went to IVDU, a school in Brooklyn for students with special needs, and made projects and played games with the girls. They also participated in a sensitivity training workshop run by Yachad

advisors, which made their day of chessed so much more meaningful. The freshmen were divided into three groups. Several ninth graders went to the soup kitchen Masbia, where they prepared and organized food in crates, while another group went to Bobbie’s Place where they sorted and tagged clothing. The last group went to Otzar Dayhab, a day center for the disabled, where they did an art project with the adults. Everyone came back to school feeling so accomplished! This was an amazing start to the chessed activities of SKA this year and a real encouragement to the pursuit of gemilat chassadim. Our thanks go to Mrs. Leanne Taylor and her committee heads for all their work planning these events.

Ninth graders preparing food at Masbia

Sense-sational Gym at YOSS

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ome may have heard of the book, All I Really Need to Know I Learned in Kindergarten, but at the YOSS Hollander Early Childhood Center, the book can be called, All I Really Need toKknow, I Learned from Maaseh Bereishis. With this theme in mind, Mrs. Elana Fertig, ECC Director, created a brand new multi-sensory room that is not “out of this world,” but rather about this world! The room is decorated with giant murals, each representing each day of creation. A light table, a chalkboard wall, a water table, and a giant rock-climbing wall all add to the design and functionality of the multi-sensory room, while playing into the theme of Maaseh Bereishis. The children will

be able to climb the “Rock-Wall of Fame” to reach the sun, moon, and stars, all painted on the ceiling. The room also features a “Plant-it-Tarium” where they can plant various plants related to themes throughout the year. “We have an amazing sensory gym for children who are getting PT or OT services,” explained Mrs. Fertig, “Why shouldn’t everyone be able to benefit from a sensory room?” The room is also stocked with various other sensory activities, including a tunnel, musical instruments, and beanbag chairs. This room will be used as another indoor play area, where children can explore, problem solve, develop their STEM skills, and, most importantly, have fun!


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Around the Community

Central’s Great Challah Bake

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entral’s annual Great Round Challah Bake took place last week. Students kneaded flour, honey, water, and eggs together, according to Mrs. Miriam

White’s special recipe, to produce delicious smelling doughs in honor of Rosh Hashana. The students were also able to make the bracha on hafrashat challah and use the oppor-

Senator Felder Sponsors Bill to Combat Robocalls

tunity to pray for those in need. It was a wonderful way to head into the holiday and hopefully a sweet New Year!

HANC HS Club Fair

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cent of robocalls are scams that generate more than $350 million in annual losses. Through April 2019, the NYPD had received over 200 complaints of losses totaling more than $2 million, up from only three similar complaints in 2018. The Robocall Prevention Act aims to curb unwanted robocalls in New York by enacting stringent new restrictions, requirements and penalties that include: • Requiring telephone compa“The average person who nies make free call blocking techcomes home at the end of a busy nology available to customers workday, or mothers and caretak• Prohibiting fraudulent ers who are home all day with chil- “spoofing” using disguised numdren and family, are bombarded bers and literally harassed by nonstop • Granting the State Attorney robocalls,” said Senator Simcha General new enforcement powers Felder. “Moreover, what began to go after scammers with harsh as an all-to-common annoyance penalties for violators who would has devolved into a public hazard. face fines as high as $2,000 per People are being conned and vic- illegal robocall timized to the tune of millions of • Giving New Yorkers the right dollars. With a new scam every to sue illegal robocallers few weeks, preying on seniors “Taken all together, this bill is and vulnerable New Yorkers now the toughest action taken by any is the time to take serious action.”  state in the nation to deal with Nationwide, robocalls topped robocalls. New Yorkers deserve over 47 billion in 2018. Consum- nothing less,” concluded Senator er Reports estimates that 40 per- Felder. enator Felder is co-sponsoring legislation to combat the rampant problem of robocalls. It prohibits any person or entity from generating robocalls to any telephone number owned by a New Yorker without prior consent and requires telephone companies to provide New York consumers with free call blocking technology. During the last session, the Robocall Prevention Act (S3297) was passed in the State Senate, but was not taken up in the Assembly. 

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t HANC, students are offered extracurricular opportunities through a wide array of clubs, committees, and teams. On Wednesday, September 18, the Student Life Department hosted our annual Student Activities Fair. Students were invited to participate in an elaborate exhibition to learn more about the incredible extracurricular activities in which they can participate. Faculty advisors and committee chairpersons spoke with students about their respective clubs. Some new clubs for the 2019-2020 school year include the Business Club

and a 3-D Printing Club. The excitement and energy at the fair were palpable. Students described the fair as fun, informative, and a fresh way to visit familiar clubs and learn about new opportunities. Each student then signed up on an iPad station for the committee of their choice. Thank you to Rabbi Daniel Mezei, Director of Student Life, Mrs. Nomi Zanjirian, Ms. Maddie Hamada, and Rabbi Yakov Grun for coordinating the event. Kudos to faculty advisors and to all the chairpeople who made this fantastic event a huge success.


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Rabbi Yaakov Bender addressed the talmidim of Netzach HaTorah this week

The yeladim in Morah Shoshanna and Morah Yael’s class at HANC ECC acted out the story of Yonah. The yeladim took turns playing the roles of Yonah, the people of Nineveh, the captain of the ship, and the people on the ship.

Yeshiva Darchei Torah fourth graders engaged in a STEM challenge to create the tallest freestanding tower – using marshmallows and toothpicks. The winning tower was eight inches tall

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Yachad Long Island Events are off to a great start! Over 40 participants, including Yachad members and high school students joined the fun at Yachad’s Pizza & Parsha recently. Divrei Torah, parsha games, and, of course, lots of amazing pizza was enjoyed by all. For more information and to participate, email sametm@ou.org.


The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 4, 2019

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Sifrei Yesod The Guide to Classic Jewish Texts By Ben Horodenker

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orah scholars, book collectors, and all bibliophiles will welcome a new tool with which to enrich the Torah bookshelf: Sifrei Yesod, (The Guide to Hebrew Classics), compiled by brothers Reb Chaim and Reb Betzalel Stefansky, with the assistance of Rav Isamar Metzger. Sifrei Yesod is a list of the most fundamental, influential sefarim in the Jewish library: Tanach, Mishnah, Gemara and commentaries, halacha and rulings, kabbalah, chassidus, medrash, mussar, hashkafa, as well as siddurim, machzorim, and haggados. By definition, this is not a comprehensive list of all books ever printed in the above areas of Torah; rather, it includes those works that have withstood the test of time, proven to have had the greatest impact on world Jewry to this day.

Sifrei Yesod is a must for collectors and anyone interested in determining which sefarim are considered all-time Jewish classics, when they were first published, and, most importantly, which edition is the most complete and accurate.

One of the most challenging aspects in creating Sifrei Yesod was not in collecting the titles but in choosing which to include and which to leave out. To this end, the Stefansky brothers spared no effort and pored over numerous lists and consulted with talmidei chachamim and academics with the goal of arriving at the most correct decision. A question that comes up often is how to classify a sefer that most people don’t know about today, but which, in previous generations, was studied universally. A prime example is Bechinas Olam, a sefer on mussar and Emunah by the Rishon Yedaya Hapenini, printed at the dawn of Jewish printing. Its overwhelming popularity is underscored by the fact that the greatest gedolei Torah, such as the Tosafos Yom Tov, wrote commentaries on it and that it was reprinted over one hundred times. Moreover, it had a major impact on many later mussar sefarim; and yet today, only a handful of scholars are familiar with it. By contrast, many fundamental Rishonim, such as the Ritva and the Meiri, the “bread and butter” in almost every yeshiva, were not available to most Acharonim! Other questions involve works that were widely influential in one part of the world, but not in others, such as the works of the Maharal – accepted in Ashkenazic communities across Europe but virtually unknown in the Sephardic world — or alternately, sefarim by Rav Chaim Abulafia and Rav Chaim Falaji, basic texts among Sephardim but with

which Ashkenazim had minimal familiarity. The Stefanskys stress that there was no intention whatsoever to belittle any sefer, chas veshalom; rather, the aim was to be judicious and include only those sefarim recognized by the majority of Jewish communities worldwide as having the greatest relevance to the Torah library. That said, they are the first to admit the possibility of having erred in their judgment and open the discussion to the public. Sifrei Yesod is organized according to subject, with each title numbered and easily found in the clearly annotated index at the front. Entries include the name of the sefer, the author, the date and venue of publication, and the general contents as well as a photo of the first-edition title page. Those who lack experience with book collecting may not realize that procuring these photos was the most time-consuming, challenging part of compiling Sifrei Yesod. “We traveled all over the world, to private collectors and libraries,” says Reb Chaim Stefansky. The significance of being able to see the title page cannot be overestimated, as they facilitate identification of the book in question, especially when there are multiple editions or different works with the same title. Much thought was devoted to the order of the listings, and which almost always appear in the order of their writing as opposed to order of printing. The order of the chapters was likewise established with the intent to enable the reader to progress from chapter to chapter in a logical, sequential manner. Sifrei Yesod is the culmination of hundreds of hours of painstaking research and fact-checking via private sefarim collections in various points across the globe, university libraries, as well as bibliographies and catalogues. Available at all leading sefarim stores in the U.S. and Canada, Sifrei Yesod is sure to serve as an effective, reliable tool for anyone seeking definitive information on classic Jewish texts.


The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 4, 2019

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Around the Community

MSH Prepares for Yom Kippur

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ast Wednesday, during club hour, the MSH ballroom turned into a beit midrash. Our own in house mechanech, Rabbi Matt Schneeweiss prepared an indepth  yom  iyun  as a pre-Rosh Hashana primer. Very relevant to this time of year,  Rabbi Schneeweiss focused on viduy and more specifically, the  al chait  phrases we say dealing with our lips and certain types of speech. First, Rabbi Schneeweiss reviewed ways to go about making sincere and positive changes. Discussion between Rabbi Schneeweiss and students led to a list of the aspects required for lasting change including accountability, a time limit, a specific definition of what they want to change, and the exact steps one must take to change it. Once the students grasped how

to make a sincere change, using an interactive PowerPoint presentation, Rabbi Schneeweiss explained the eight phrases in viduy, clarifying the difference between  lashon hara  and  rechilut, what exactly  latzon  (mockery) is, and how it differs from chatter or  seach sifatainu. At the conclusion of the program,

a form was distributed for the students to fill out. It will serve as a record to help them track their success or understand what hinders their success in the areas of improvement they have chosen to take on. The form will be handed in, sealed in an envelope, and returned to be opened later this year, so the MSH students

can determine if their changes have lasted and the impact their viduy has made.   Following the same theme for their Aseret Yemei Teshuva, on Tzom Gedalia, MSH convened their own Beit Din to do Hatarat Nedarim for the girls. 

Jerusalem College of Technology’s NYC Gala to Highlight School’s 50 Years of Inclusion From Haredim to Ethiopians to everyone in between, JCT has proven since 1969 that Israel can be the land of opportunity for students from any background

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riends of Jerusalem College of Technology, which rallies support for an academic institution that is at the forefront of empowering underserved populations in Israeli society, will celebrate the school’s 50 year anniversary at its New York City gala dinner on November 3, 2019 at the Lincoln Square Synagogue. Jonathan Medved, founder and CEO of the highly successful OurCrowd, will be a guest speaker at the event, which will also honor Jerusalem College of Technology’s Vice President Stuart Hershkowitz and Moriah and Yoni Belzberg, both currently students at JCT who personify the values of the college. JCT has a vast history of successfully empowering underserved Israeli populations, which include: • The college’s Haredi graduates attaining an 89 percent employment rate, far exceeding the roughly 50 percent employment rate for Haredi

men in Israel as a whole; • 53 percent of JCT’s computer science students are women, who account for 20 percent of female computer science students in all of Israel; • Over 180 Ethiopian students have graduated from the Reuven Surkis Program for Students from the Ethiopian Community, 97 percent of which have gained employment after graduating In addition, JCT also provides international students from around the globe the opportunity to obtain a prestigious academic degree while immersing themselves in Torah study. The international program, run completely in English, is available for both men and women for a very affordable cost when compared to higher education tuition in the United States. For more information, please visit:  https://www.jct. ac .i l/en/t he -i nter n at ion a l-pr o gram-in-english.

“Sadly, many demographic sectors in Israel are pushed to the margins of society and lag behind in the workforce. At JCT, we provide these underserved communities with the tools they need to ensure they will have a seat at the table, not only for themselves, but for generations to come, which will also have a profound impact on the Israeli economy,” said Stuart Hershkowitz. “Additionally, our international program in English is continuing to gain popularity due primarily to the high-quality academics, while offering a religious environment on campus.” The college has also produced alumni who have become leaders in Israel’s defense industry and are involved in top-tier defense projects like the Iron Dome and Arrow anti-missile systems, as well as the country’s space program and satellite development efforts. The school has produced a great number of Is-

rael Prize Winners over the years. The gala will be held November 3, beginning at 6:00pm at Lincoln Square Synagogue, 180 Amsterdam Avenue, NYC. Established in 1969, the Jerusalem College of Technology (JCT) is one of Israel’s most prestigious and unique academic institutions of higher learning with a focus on science and technology. JCT supplies highly skilled, professional graduates to Israel’s and the world’s high- tech industry. In addition, the college is the only university committed to providing the highest quality academic education to diverse segments of Israeli society who would not otherwise have had the opportunity to enter these fields. JCT offers exclusive programs developed specifically for Haredi (ultra-Orthodox) men and women and other demographic groups.


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Councilman Deutsch Leads Support for Yeshiva Independence In New York City Council

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his week, thirty New York City councilmembers – a majority of the total 51 members – sent a letter in support of yeshivas and nonpublic schools to Board of Regents Chancellor Betty Rosa and NYS Education Department Acting Commissioner Beth Berlin. The letter states in part: “We continue to believe that it is integral that the State respects parents’ legal right to choose their children’s schools. New York City nonpublic schools have had immeasurable successes in educating their students and preparing them for life. Nonpublic school graduates have been accepted into and

attended Ivy League schools for college and post-graduate educations, they’ve gone on to create multi-billion-dollar businesses, and even hold high-profile elected and appointed positions in local and United States governmental bodies. These accomplishments speak volumes about the educational standard in nonpublic schools here in New York City.” Spearheaded by Councilman Chaim Deutsch, Chairman of the City Council’s Jewish Caucus, along with Councilman Kalman Yeger, who represents the largest concentration of nonpublic schools in New York City, this letter sends a strong message to the State. In Decem-

THE COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK

Chaim M . Deutsc Councilm ember, 48 th h District

Kalman Ye ger Councilm ember, 44 th District

Laurie Cu mbo City Coun cil Major ity Le Councilm ember, 35 th ader District

Honorable Betty Rosa Chancellor, NYS Board of Regents Honorable Beth Berlin of Education Acting Commissioner, NYS Department

ber, a group of 28 councilmembers sent a similar letter of support for yeshivas to then-Commissioner MaryEllen Elia, who, in response, dropped her proposal of updated substantial equivalency requirements. The increase in signers on this week’s letter demonstrates the City Council’s growing support for nonpublic schools, and is a clear and robust rebuke of the State’s attempt to encroach upon yeshivas independence. Deutsch said, “This letter sends a powerful message that the City Council will not sit idly and allow the State to overturn the substantial equivalency guidelines that have

Joseph Bo relli Councilm embe 2019 25, st r, 51 September District

llor Rosa and Commissioner Berlin,

Dear Chance

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Francisco Moya Councilm ember, 21 st District Page | 2

District

Steven M atteo City Coun cil Councilm Minority Leader ember, 50 th District

Rafael Es pinal Councilm ember, 37 th District

ts, we have blic school studen Ben Ka llos enting hundreds of thousands of nonpu Councilminteres These As New York City Councilmembers repres ember, t. tions with great 5 th Distric proposed substantial equivalency regula about ions s, thet discuss Robert Ho school recent ed ntary observ all private eleme in taught lden be to s course Councilm dozen a ting all private ember, 30 th suggested regulations include manda ng local school districts to evaluate requiri District and , grades l severa in length of time they must be taught school faculty. Fernando brer nes theCaguideli with Counns our concer cilm ember, 14 th a letter to then-Commissioner Elia noting DistoutOn December 17, 2018, we sent a rict Ruben Di yc-council-members-raise-concerns-ab -york-n 20/new 18/12/ az, Sr. om/20 neias.c Councilm the State Education released then. (https://vosiz ember, 18 th now to reiterate our displeasure with write We s/) eshiva District s-for-y deline blic schools that has state-education-gui nonpu and State the en betwe upend the relationship Department’s continued desire to Rory Lanc existed since 1894. man Councilm embetheirth children’s respects parents’ legal right to choose r, 24 District State the that l Andy King integra is it that We continue to believe in educating their students and Councilm ember, 12 th s have had immeasurable successes District schools. New York City nonpublic school and attended Ivy League schools into ed accept been have tes gradua even preparing them for life. Nonpublic school multi-billion dollar businesses, and create to on gone e they’v ions, These . bodies l menta for college and post-graduate educat M govern ar States k Gjonaj ted positions in local and United Council inr,Newth York City. membe hold high-profile elected and appoin s here school 13 Distric the educational standard in nonpublic t Paul Vallo accomplishments speak volumes about ne Councilm ember, 19 th nonpublic schools of rters educators and suppo i, alumn District s, parent 0 140,00 than d include ses respon It is our understanding that more These al. propos ment of Education to protest this il for American Private submitted letters to the NYS Depart Counc the ation, Associ Ju Boards stin Bran York State School entatives of n repres Coun statements of opposition from the New Schools, andna ry Council for Religious and Independent cilmember, 43 rd Dist Education, the Commissioner’s Adviso rict Farah Loui s. school ndent s Councilm Jewish, Catholic, Muslim, and Indepe ember, 45 th District school districts 700 than more of behalf on ation, which speaks Associ Boards of School cs State specifi York t form…The The New curren their in tions regula ed propos the support Peter Ko d ounder the statewide, stated in part, “We cannot recommende go beyond what has been historically Councilmember,n is thheightened by the the proposed regulatory provisions lency reviews. That concer 20 District equiva ntial Stephen Le substa ing regard nes guideli vin Department's existing Councilm to the enforcement mechanism of ember, 33 rd the proposed regulations' reference embedded threat contained within District from districts that are found to aid state ld withho to r issione izes the comm Education Law §3234, which author ments.” Robert Co be noncompliant with regulatory require rnegy Councilm em you review the points made in ed guidelines, and additionally ask that ber, 36 th Dis. Adrienne t look forward We We urge you to reconsider these propos stance stric circum s today’ Adams under true ring still Councilm 17, 2018, which ember, 28 th the attached letter dated December District ns. concer to your expeditious response to these Sincerely,

Mark Levin e Councilm ember, 7 th

Ydanis Ro driguez Councilm ember, 10 th District

Eric Ulrich Councilm ember, 32 nd

Alan Maise l Councilm ember, 46 th

District

District

Alicka Am Councilm pry-Samuel ember, 41 st District

Karen Ko slowitz Councilm ember, 29 th District

Mathieu Eugene Councilm ember, 49 th District

Donovan Richards Councilm ember, 31 st District

Diana Ayal a Councilm ember, 8 th

District

existed for over 100 years. Numbers don’t lie, and the numbers show that yeshivas and nonpublic schools have test scores and graduation rates that rival some of the highest performing public schools in New York City. I am grateful to my colleagues for signing onto this letter, including members of the City Council’s Education Committee; the entire Republican Caucus; the Chairs and some members of the Progressive Caucus; members of the Black, Latino, and Asian Caucus; and the majority of the Jewish Caucus. In addition to the City Council’s letter, a public comment period that ended in early September drew over 140,000  objections from students, teachers, alumni, and supporters of nonpublic schools. Objectors included the Commissioner’s Advisory Council for Religious and Independent Schools, the Council for American Private Education, the New York State School Boards Association, the New York State Association of Independent Schools, and representatives of the Catholic, Muslim, Jewish, and independent school community. The full letter reads: Dear Chancellor Rosa and Commissioner Berlin, As New York City Councilmembers representing hundreds of thousands of nonpublic school students, we have observed recent discussions about proposed substantial equivalency regulations with great interest. These suggested regulations include mandating a dozen courses to be taught in all private elementary schools, the length of time they must be taught in several grades, and requiring local school districts to evaluate all private school faculty. On December 17, 2018, we sent a letter to then-Commissioner Elia noting our concerns with the guidelines released then. (https:// vosizneias.com/2018/12/20/newyork-nyc-council-members-raiseconcerns-about-state-education-


The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 4, 2019

Around the Community

guidelines-for-yeshivas/) We write now to reiterate our displeasure with the State Education Department’s continued desire to upend the relationship between the State and nonpublic schools that has existed since 1894. We continue to believe that it is integral that the State respects parents’ legal right to choose their children’s schools. New York City nonpublic schools have had immeasurable successes in educating their students and preparing them for life. Nonpublic school graduates have been accepted into and attended Ivy League schools for college and post-graduate educations, they’ve gone on to create multi-billion-dollar businesses and even hold high-profile elected and appointed positions in local and United States governmental bodies. These accomplishments speak volumes about the educational standard in nonpublic schools here in New York City.

It is our understanding that more than 140,000 parents, alumni, educators and supporters of nonpublic schools submitted letters to the NYS Department of Education to protest this proposal. These responses included statements of opposition from the New York State School Boards Association, the Council for American Private Education, the Commissioner’s Advisory Council for Religious and Independent Schools, and representatives of Jewish, Catholic, Muslim, and Independent schools. The New York State School Boards Association, which speaks on behalf of more than 700 school districts statewide, stated in part, “We cannot support the proposed regulations in their current form… The specifics of the proposed regulatory provisions go beyond what has been historically recommended under the Department’s existing guidelines regarding substantial

equivalency reviews. That concern is heightened by the embedded threat contained within the proposed regulations’ reference to the enforcement mechanism of Education Law §3234, which authorizes the commissioner to withhold state aid from districts that are found to be noncompliant with regulatory requirements.” We urge you to reconsider these proposed guidelines, and additionally ask that you review the points made in the attached letter dated December 17, 2018, which still ring true under today’s circumstances. We look forward to your expeditious response to these concerns. Sincerely, Chaim Deutsch Kalman Yeger Mark Levine Laurie Cumbo (Council Majority Leader) Steven Matteo (Council Minority Leader)

Joseph Borelli Rafael Espinal Ydanis Rodriguez Ben Kallos Robert Holden Eric Ulrich Fernando Cabrera Ruben Diaz, Sr. Alan Maisel Rory Lancman Andy King Alicka Ampry-Samuel Mark Gjonaj Paul Vallone Karen Koslowitz Justin Brannan Farah Louis Mathieu Eugene Peter Koo Stephen Levin Donovan Richards Robert Cornegy Adrienne Adams Diana Ayala Francisco Moya

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Centerfold

Riddle me this?

You gotta be kidding I found myself pretty depressed lately and thought maybe if I made a few new friends that might help.

A king has a treasure in a safe. He says to one of his advisors, “If you figure out which key unlocks the safe in five minutes or less, you can have the treasure.” The king then lays five colored keys in a row. One of them is the key to the safe. Using the clues, can you determine the order of the keys on the table and which is the right key?

In considering how to do that I thought I would use the Facebook approach.

Red: This key is somewhere to the left of the key to the safe. Blue: This key is not at one of the ends.

So now, every day, I go down on the street and tell the passersby what I have eaten, how I feel, what I have done, where we had dinner the night before, and what I will be doing today. I give them pictures of my family, my dog, videos of me staring at my computer screen or napping and, of course, a picture of me on my bike at the finish line.

Green: This key is three spaces away from the key to the safe (two between).

I also listen to their conversations, and I tell them how much I like them.

Yellow: This key is next to the key to the safe.

It’s really working out. I already have five people following me: three police officers and two psychiatrists.

Orange: This key is in the middle. See answer below

Seen On... Pizza shop: “Buy my pizza. I knead the dough.”

Funeral home: “Drive carefully. I’ll wait.”

Plumber’s truck: “I repair what your husband fixed.”

Towing company: “We don’t charge an arm and a leg; we want toes.”

Restaurant window: “Don’t stand there and be hungry. Come on in and get fed up.” Optometrist’s office: “If you don’t see what you’re looking for, you’ve come to the right place.”

Septic tank truck: “Yesterday’s Meals on Wheels.” Podiatrist’s office: “Time wounds all heels.”

Answer to Riddle Me This: The order of the keys (from left to right) is Green, Red, Orange, Blue, Yellow. The blue key is the key to the safe.

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October Crossword Puzzle 2 3 4 5

6

8

10

Down 2. Churchill 3. Thomas Edison 4. Christopher Columbus 7. Dodgers 8. Sadat 9. World Series 11. Picasso 12. Joe Namath

9

7

Across 1. Groucho Marx 5. Great Chicago Fire 6. United Nations 10. Acquit 13. Arnold Schwarzenegger 14. Mount Rushmore 15. Babe Ruth

1

11 12

13

14

Answers: 15

Clues: Down

Across

2.

1.

This hero became prime minister of England for a second time 3. This inventor figures out how to keep an electric incandescent lamp lit for over 13 hours 4. Couldn’t pick a better month to discover the Bahamas 7. Brooklyn loses its pride and joy 8. Egyptian president assassinated 9. Fall classic 11. Born in Malaga, Spain, on October 25, 1881, he became a world renowned artist 12. A legendary NY Jets plays his last game in the NFL as QB

5. 6. 10. 13. 14. 15.

Chico and Harpo’s brother celebrated his birthday in this month The cow kicked over Ms. O’Leary’s lantern causing this fire in October Founded after WWII as a replacement for the League of Nations “If it don’t fit, you must ” The Terminator elected governor of California (good luck spelling his name) Presidential rocks This baseball great makes his final pitching appearance and, true to his name, also hits a home run in the game

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Torah Thought

Parshas Vayeilech By Rabbi Berel Wein

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goal. Though he initially attempts to escape from the burden of leading the Jewish people and even tells G-d, so to speak, to find someone else for the mission, once he actually accepts his role and embarks on his destiny, he is constantly focused on enhancing his own personal spiritual and mental acumen. He is focused

he Torah reading of this week describes our great teacher and leader Moshe as “going,” though the Torah does not indicate to what destination. This is an indication of the personality and life achievements of Moshe – a person who is constantly growing. He aspires to greatness and pursues this

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on raising the Jewish people to the heights of becoming a special and holy nation. As such, we constantly view Moshe as someone who never rests, who makes a point of often reminding the Jewish people that when he was present in heaven in order to receive the Torah, he did not eat, drink, or rest during that period of time. The Jewish viewpoint of life is that time is very precious and wasting time is to be avoided at almost all costs. We often hear the phrase

a good lesson for life generally. Our goals and achievements, the arrows that we hope will reach their target successfully, are always still around us and must be pursued and refined. There are all sorts of artificial and external influences and advice that are meant to give us extended and renewed energy. However, I believe that we are all aware that the true source and driving force of energy in our lifetime lies within our own selves. Ultimately, we are the ones that decide what we will ac-

There is always a goal that can yet be achieved.

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that “enough is enough”’ but truly, enough is never enough and there is always a goal that can yet be achieved, a good deed that can still be accomplished, and an inspirational thought that can be absorbed into our personalities. When King David created the signal with Jonathan as to what their future course would be, when it became apparent that King Saul in his paranoid illness intended to persecute David, Jonathan chose as the message to warn David of the impending danger that “the arrows are still ahead of you.” That is also

complish and what goals that could have been achieved will somehow be neglected and even forgotten. The greatness of our teacher Moshe lies in the fact that until the last day of his life he was actively pursuing his goals. The Torah records for us that Moshe’s vision was not dimmed. He was never tempted to say that “enough is enough.” He prayed for Heaven to allow him to deal with the new challenge of entering the Land of Israel. He remains the inspiration for Jewish life till our very day. Shabbat shalom.


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From the Fire

From the Fire

ur Yom Kippur Neila

Time There is Still Time

er

By Rav Moshe Weinberger min Wolf Adapted for publication by Binyomin Wolf

and was davening very hard for him ling the Yom Kippur candles. of self-importance. of said self-importance. kindling the Yom Kippurtocandles. e find ourselves at the cul-days improve. He that because of A few before Yom Kippur Sar Shalom continued, “The A continued few days before The Sar Shalom continued, “The mination of forty days of that encounter, he learn- Yom Kippur one year, the Alter sent another boy les are already lit and look what one year, the Alter candles are already lit and look what closeness with Hashem. he another boy te we are in!” He was quiet for over to him to ask him something. ing in the yeshiva. How could sent over to him to ask him a state we are in!” He was quiet for According to the Shela Hakadosh, leave a rebbe who cared so much something. oment and then he concluded, He replied sharply to the other boy, Hehereplied sharply to the other boy, a moment and then he concluded, the purpose of the year is to reach about him that spent six months “I don’t need anyone to send a mesit does not mean ‘the candle “I don’t need anyone “But it does not mean ‘the candle the ten days of teshuva between davening, crying, and fasting forto send a mesready lit.’ It means ‘light the sage to the Alter. I can speak to him is already lit.’ It means ‘light the sage to the Alter. I can speak to him Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur. And him? myself.” The boy was taken aback. les!’ Therefore it is not too late! myself.” The boy candles!’ Therefore it is not too late! many the purpose of those ten days is to Perhaps of you feel as was I do taken aback. The young Yitzchak Hutner walked h and every one of us still has The young Yitzchak Hutner walked Each and every one of us still has reach Yom Kippur. And the ultimate that after a year in which we have to light the candle, which re- over to the east wall of the Beis Meover to the east wall of time to light the candle, which repurpose of Yom Kippur is to reach not been as good as we hoped to the Beis Meto (Mishlei 20:27) ‘ner Hashem drash to speak to the Alter but as drash speak to the Alter but as fers to (Mishlei 20:27) ‘ner this time of Neila, this last hour of beHashem last year on YomtoKippur, “How mas adam, the soul of man is he approached, the Alter yelled to he approached, the Alter yelled to nishmas adam, the soul of man is the day. could Hashem want me near him him, “Don’t come within my daled s candle.’” him, “Don’t come within my daled G-d’s candle.’” One year on Yom Kippur, the Sar after how I’ve wasted this past year, heard a story from a friend over amos!” The Alter was known for his amos!” The Alter was known for his I heard a story from a friend over Shalom of Belz quoted the Mishna in or worse?” Perhaps we also feel we summer about Rav Yitzchak sweetness, so this was a particularly sweetness, so this was a particularly the summer about Rav Yitzchak Shabbos (34a), “A person must say have experienced a slap from the hard slap in the face. Young Yitzchak ner, zt”l, that can help us learn hard slapyear. in the face. Young Yitzchak Hutner, zt”l, that with can help us Above learn this three erev Shabboswalked as it gets One past We may away and did not speak to reignite thethings candle inside walked away and did how to reignite the candle inside dark, ‘Have you tithed? ‘Have you feel that the great “Alter” in heavennot speak with the Alter about it. He said that he hese last few minutes of Yom the “Don’t Alter about He said that he for these last few minutes of Yom prepared the eruvim?’ and ‘Light be saying, come it. near thought about it throughout Yom must ur. Rav Hutner spent the last thought about it throughout Yom Kippur. Rav Hutner spent the last the candle!’” He explained that beme!” But then, we knock on the door years of his life in Yerushaly- Kippur, but only from the perspecKippur, but only from the perspecfew years of his life in Yerushalycause Yom Kippur is called the ultiof our loving mother, the Shechina, During that time, his Rebbetz- tive of his own ego. By the end of tive of his im.decided During that that if time, RebbetzmateTwo Shabbos this he Divine Presence, andown Sheego. asksBy the end of Yom Kippur, the histhe assed away. of the(Vayikra great 16:31), Yom Kippur, he decided that if the in passed away. Two of the great Mishna also alludes to our feelings our name. We answer with our sar masters of that time, Rav Mashgiach spoke to him that way, he Mashgiach spoke to him that way, he Mussar masters of that time, Rav as we enter into Yom Kippur. “Asarnames and then she says, “Oh you? mo Volbe, zt”l, and Rav Meir should find somewhere else to learn. should find somewhere else to learn. Shlomo Volbe, zt”l, and Rav Meir tem” means “Have you tithed,” but On motzei Yom Kippur, he went The Holy One has been crying and dosh, zt”l, paid him a shiva call. On motzei Yom Kippur, he went Chodosh, zt”l, paid him a shiva call. because the root word is eser, meanhoping for you to return to Him for Hutner told them the following to the Alter’s home to say goodbye to the Alter’s home to say goodbye Rav Hutner told them the following ing ten, it alludes to the ten days of years! You mean so much to Him!” and ask for a blessing before he dey during that visit: a blessing story during teshuva, ask, “Haveparted. you used It is neverand too ask late.for Even in this before he deHe knocked on the that doorvisit: and He told them that as asifatoyeshiva parted. He knocked on the door and He told them that as a yeshiva the ten days of teshuva properly?” last hour of Yom Kippur, we can the Rebbetzin answered. He asked in Slabodka, he was a talmid the Rebbetzin answered. He asked boy in Slabodka, he was a talmid Indeed, the ten days of teshuva have make the decision to be better and he famous Alter of Slabodka. for the Alter and she asked who he for the Alter and she asked who he of the famous Alter of Slabodka. passed and what did we accomseek forgiveness. It is well-known was. He answered, “Hutner,” and aid that in those days, he (Rav was. He answered, “Hutner,” and He said that in those days, he (Rav plish?! “Aravtem” means “have you that the Amshinover Rebbe of she responded, “So you’re Hutner!” ner) was known as having a very she responded, “So you’re Hutner!” Hutner) was known as having a very prepared the eruvim?” like the eruv Yerushalyim, shlita, lives in his own Expecting to get an earful, he waitp mind for studying Torah, but Expecting getof anthe earful, he waitsharp studying butapart techumim and the eruv time zone from thetorest ed to hear what shemind wouldfor say. She Torah, for his sharp tongue, which he chatzeiros. ed to hear what she would say. She also for his sharp tongue, which he But erev also means “eve,” as if to told him, “For the last six months, world. But with respect to Shabbos rtunately sometimes used to told him, “For the last unfortunately sometimes used to ask, “Have you used the eve of Yom my husband has been crying, daven- and yom tov, he certainly observes six months, e other yeshiva boys feel bad. my husband make otherHeyeshiva feel bad. Kippur properly to prepare? Erev at the regular times.has been crying, davening, and fasting for you.” realizedboysthose aid that he was known as a laming, and fasting you.” He realized He said that he was known as a lamYom Kippur has passed and how did There is a story that onefor year, that the Alter saw great potential in a talented Torah scholar, but that the Alter saw great dan, a talented Torah scholar, but we use it?! him and was very worried about him erev Yom Kippur, he was eating potential in as tzaddik because of his sense him and was very worried about him And the last question relates to not as tzaddik because of his sense

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and was davening very hard for him to improve. He said that because of that encounter, he continued learning in the yeshiva. How could he leave a rebbe who cared so much about him that he spent six months davening, crying, and fasting for him? Perhaps many of you feel as I do that after a year in which we have not been as good as we hoped to be last year on Yom Kippur, “How could Hashem want me near him after how I’ve wasted this past year, or worse?” Perhaps we also feel we have experienced a slap from the One Above this past year. We may feel that the great “Alter” in heaven must be saying, “Don’t come near me!” But then, we knock on the door of our loving mother, the Shechina, the Divine Presence, and She asks our name. We answer with our names and then she says, “Oh you? The Holy One has been crying and hoping for you to return to Him for years! You mean so much to Him!” It is never too late. Even in this last hour of Yom Kippur, we can make the decision to be better and seek forgiveness. It is well-known that the Amshinover Rebbe of Yerushalyim, shlita, lives in his own time zone apart from the rest of the world. But with respect to Shabbos and yom tov, he certainly observes those at the regular times. There is a story that one year, erev Yom Kippur, he was eating


with the chassidim and it was getting closer and closer to Kol Nidrei. The chassidim began getting very nervous but the rebbe was teaching Torah and eating as if he was in no rush at all. The chassidim asked one of the older men among them to say something to the rebbe. So the chassid held up a watch and called out, “Rebbe, the watch!” The rebbe responded, “Ah, yes, the watch. I’m aware of the time. But I have two watches. One watch says, ‘It’s getting late!’ and the other watch says ‘There’s still time.’” It is not too late for us either. We have no idea of the tikkunim, rectifications, we can accomplish just by saying the words of Neila and trying to move our bodies and raise our voices just a little bit in the songs. It is very difficult in our generation to awaken our emotions and to have kavana, concentration, in davening. But we can say the words and try to sing them with a little force. This accomplishes great things.

If we do two things during Neila, we can certainly have a great year filled with forgiveness and atonement. First, we must make an absolute decision to improve at least one

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thing is that we must take the loftier perspective with which we are blessed on Yom Kippur and realize that any grudge that we have been holding against our friends, spous-

“But I have two watches. One watch says, ‘It’s getting late!’ and the other watch says, ‘There’s still time.’”

thing in our service of Hashem this year. It does not have to be “big,” but it must be a true commitment. This is the major ticket to success on Yom Kippur. With Hashem’s help, we can build on that one thing, and we will be very big one day. The second

es, children, family, or any other Jew is silly and ultimately meaningless. It does not matter whether the people who we feel have wronged us are here or not. We must make up in our minds right now to forgive all of the people who we feel have

wronged us. In this merit, Hashem will also forgive each of us for our sins against Him. The Ben Ish Chai notes a beautiful, ancient custom from Baghdad, possibly going back to the times of the second Beis Hamikdash. Before Kol Nidrei, someone would call out, “Gentlemen, forgive one another!” And then the entire congregation would call out, “We forgive!” In the merit of the improvements we take upon ourselves for the coming year and our forgiveness of one another right now, may Hashem forgive us right now and bless us with everything good for the coming year and the ultimate good with the coming of Moshiach and our return to Yerushalyim, may it come soon in our days. Rav Moshe Weinberger, shlita, is the founding Morah d’Asrah of Congregation Aish Kodesh in Woodmere, NY, and serves as leader of the new mechina Emek HaMelech.

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Dance Your Way into the Book of Life

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hroughout his groundbreaking sefer, Oros HaTeshuvah, Rabbi Avraham Yitzchak HaKohen Kook, zt”l, stresses the need for the return to a life of religious commitment and closeness with Hashem to be founded upon courage, confidence, and joyous certainty in our ability to successfully correct our past. Quoting Chazal’s statement, “Ashrei mi she’oseh teshuva k’shehu ish, Fortunate is the one who does teshuva when he is yet a man (in his younger years)” (Avodah Zara 19a), Rav Kook makes a slight edit: “Ashrei mi shehu ish k’shehu oseh teshuva, Fortunate is the one who is a man when he does teshuva” – a Jew whose teshuva is saturated with strength and confidence in the power of this miraculous process. We are quite familiar with the many reasons to tremble in fright when we consider the prospect of standing before Hashem in judgement. Well aware of our faults and shortcomings, of the shame and guilt we feel each year when the brilliant spotlight of Yom Kippur cuts through the obscurity of the olam hasheker to reveal our startling inadequacy, we hardly need to work on that aspect of the experience. However, because

By Yaakov Klein it is so important that we do teshuva with confidence and joy, I would like to outline two ideas from the seforim hakedoshim which may serve as pillars of strength and hope, thoughts which may enable us to balance the fear and trembling of the Yom HaDin with the strength and courage so central to the process.

He's in Our Place

In his magnum opus of unparalleled novelty, Likutei Moharan, (Tinyana 1) Rebbe Nachman of Breslov, zy”a, asks the following question. The Midrash (Shemos Rabba 30:9) teaches that, on some level, Hashem keeps His Torah and performs the mitzvos. This being so, the premise for Yom Kippur, an entire day devoted to judging the world, seems to be unfounded! Doesn’t the Mishna clearly state, “Al tadin es chaveircha,” one mustn’t judge another? How then, can Hashem judge our nation on Yom Kippur? Before exploring Rebbe Nachman’s solution to this query, we must first resolve an apparent contradiction between this and another teaching in Pirkei Avos. The Mishna in Avos (1:6) states, “Hevei dan es kol adam l’kaf zechus, Judge each per-

son favorably.” However, the fourth Mishna in the second chapter states, “Al tadin es chaveircha ad shetagiya l’mekomo, Don’t judge your fellow until you are standing in his place.” At first glance, these teachings seem to be incongruous. What is the final verdict? Should I judge others, or shouldn’t I? After some reflection, it becomes clear that these Mishnayos are indeed communicating complimentary points. Both teachings concur: “Hevei dan es kol adaim l’kaf zechus” – one must judge his fellow favorably. It is only when one seeks to judge his fellow in an unfavorable manner, that “Al tadin,” it is better to reserve judgement entirely until one experiences what it is like to face that person’s unique circumstances and challenges. Were this person to step inside his friend’s shoes and see life from the other’s perspective, he would surely be able to discern the redeeming factor in his actions and find ample reason to judge him favorably. Privy to the experiences, circumstances, struggles, and challenges of the other, he would see his decisions in a whole new light, approaching them with empathy and understanding instead of disgust and

castigation. To review, the statement of “Al tadin” is not absolute, for one is indeed allowed to judge, provided he does so in a favorable manner. Rather, the statement of “Al tadin” refers to a person who seeks to judge another with an unfavorable inclination and is thus marked with a condition – “ad shetagiya l’mekomo.” If this condition were theoretically able to be fulfilled, and one were able to experience the consciousness, memories, thought process, inclination, and circumstances of the other, then he would indeed be able to judge because, founded upon a deep level of insight into the other person’s perspective, we are certain he would judge him favorably. After pointing out that the statement of “Al tadin” is contingent upon a condition which, if fulfilled, would indeed allow one to judge, Rebbe Nachman explains that this condition is, in fact, met by the Master of the world. On two radically different occasions, seder night and in a house of mourning, we refer to Hashem as “HaMakom, The Place.” The Midrash (Bereishis Rabbah 68:9) explains that Hashem is the “Mekomo Shel


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Olam,” the Space within which the universe exists; the grand Premise for all being. Hashem, as HaMakom, intimately experiences all levels of consciousness within His creation. This means that He is quite literally “in our shoes,” more familiar with even the tiniest details of our life story than we ourselves could ever be. As such, Rebbe Nachman teaches that Hashem, HaMakom, is the only Being for Whom it is possible to perfectly fulfill the condition of “Ad shetagiya l’mekomo, Don’t judge your friend until you stand in his place.” Since, as the Mekomo Shel Olam, Hashem does indeed stand in our place, He alone is able to judge us on Yom Kippur. Understanding us better than anyone on the planet, He is certain to judge us in the most favorable manner, in a way of empathy and endless Mercy. This idea is a tremendous chizuk. Personally, I know that were I to be judged based on my actions alone, with only external appearances taken into account, I would have no hope. Fortunately, however, this is not at all the case. Here, Rebbe Nachman is teaching our generation that Hashem understands us in the deepest possible way. He has been with us from the very beginning and, as we shall see in the following point, recalls the exact circumstances that drove us to sin – not out of rebellion, but out of desperation. Intimately familiar with the myriad difficulties hardwired into the human condition, Hashem responds to our plea, “Zachor ki afar anachnu, Remember that we are dust,” with empathy and understanding. Standing in our place and feeling our brokenness and pain, when Hashem judges us, He judges us favorably.

The First Sin

Throughout the yomim nora’im davening, we proclaim that Hashem is “ma’avir rishon, rishon,” One Who removes the “first sin.” Rav Levi Yitzchak of Berditchev (Kedushas Levi, D’rush L’Rosh Hashana, “Oh yevuar ma’amar,” see also Sichos HaRan 89) explains this middah with the following, fascinating idea. The Mishnah in Avos (4:2) states that one sin leads to another. Echoing this sentiment, the Gemara teaches, “Once one has sinned repeatedly, he

begins to consider it as if this action is permitted” (Arachin 30b). In the same way that Adam and Chava’s eating from the Eitz HaDa’as set a precedent for global sin and the Cheit Ha’Egel set a precedent for national sin, there is a moment in each of our lives which paved the way for deviance from the path of innocence, holiness, and embodiment of the Torah’s ideals. According to the rule of “aveirah goreres aveirah,” all subsequent sins can be traced back to this initial wrong turn, the “first sin.” As we have seen in the previous section, Hashem shares in all of our

rishon rishon.” Hashem needn’t examine each and every individual sin to evaluate whether or not to forgive us for it. Rather, “ma’avir rishon rishon,” He simply removes the first link in the chain and the rest of our sins fall like a house of cards. Revealed as having been the outgrowth of innocence or natural human compulsion – the element of earth within which so strongly influences our decisions – those sins are seen in a completely different light. They are not what we truly want. They were never what we truly wanted. We are able to shake off the dust and express our true yearn-

All of the other sins of the succeeding years, now seen as mere outgrowths of that initial misstep, fade away on their own. life experiences, having been present “in our place” at every age and stage. As such, He knows the true nature of that initial sin, well aware that rebellion and wickedness played no role in a motive which was instead composed of curiosity in some cases and anxiety in others – natural feelings in the suffocating confusion of the adolescent years. With His perspective of infinite breadth and depth, Hashem is able to track all of our negative behaviors to the very first sin which, having been performed in a state of youthful exploration, is really not much of a sin at all. As such, it is easy for Hashem to judge us favorably and remove the initial sin. When He does, all of the other sins of the succeeding years, now seen as mere outgrowths of that initial misstep, fade away on their own. They are left without a foundation, without any base upon which to stand. This, explains the holy Berditchover, is the explanation of “ma’avir

ing for renewal, for a life that I truly called “life” – a life full of meaning, passion, fulfillment, and the relationship with Hashem wherein all of these things may be found.

Dancing into the Book of Life

I would like to close with the following story, a favorite of R’ Shlomo Carlebach, z”l. In the time of the Chozeh M’Lublin, there was a Jew in the city who was vocally opposed to the chassidic path of avodas Hashem. One Yom Kippur, due to unavoidable circumstances, this person was unable to make it to the shul in which he was accustomed to davening and was forced to spend the Yom Hadin among the chassidim in the court of the great Seer of Lublin. Needles to say, the man suffered through what he perceived to be a strange and newfangled davening. Still, frustrated as he was by the spir-

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ited singing and strange shouts from the crowd, the man tried to contain his feelings for the sake of peace. He rolled his eyes and shook his head, but he kept his complaints to himself. Toward the end of the davening, the chassidim began to dance with tremendous joy. Whirling round and around in circles, the chassidim stomped to a jubilant beat with ecstatic gesticulations, eyes ablaze. Although he had remained silent until this point, this was already too much for the visitor. “Dancing on Yom Kippur?!” he thought. “Who ever heard of such blasphemy?” Angrily, he stomped over to the Chozeh and shouted at him above the din. “What is going on here? How can you stand by as your chassidim profane the holiness of Yom Kippur and the awe and dread we ought to feel by dancing with joy?” Looking intently into his eyes, the Chozeh took this Jew by the arm and walked him to a quiet corner. Swiftly, and without uttering a word, the Chozeh covered the man’s eyes with his hand. When he took his hand away, it was wet with tears. “What did you see?” asked the Chozeh in a whisper. “I saw that it is yet undecided whether I will be written in the Book of Life or the Book of Death.” “And those who are dancing?” “Those who are dancing have already been written down in the book of life.” I want to take this opportunity to wish all of am Yisrael a kesiva v’chasima tova and ah gut gebentsht yor. May we merit to enter the yomim nora’im with the proper balance between awe and confident joy and dance our way into the book of life, health, parnassah tovah, nachas, shidduchim, meaning, fulfillment, and all kinds of success b’ruchniyus uv’gashmiyus. Yaakov Klein is a lecturer, musician, and the author of Sparks from Berditchov and Sunlight of Redemption on the first lesson in Likutei Moharan (Feldheim). He lives in Yerushalayim with his wife Shira and their son Shmuel Shmelke, where he spends his time spreading the inner light of Torah through his writing, shiurim, and music.


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YOM KIPPUR Dreamers and Believers

By Rabbi Yoni Levin

W

ith a captivated audience engulfed in urgency and sincerity, the Chazan begins Kol Nidrei echoing the words, Ohr zarua l’tzaddik v’l’yishrei lev simcha. This pasuk sets the tone for Yom Kippur sending shivers down our spine as we contemplate: can we truly be written in the Book of Life, the Book of Tzaddikim? There are scores of pesukim that contain the word tzaddik. Why is this pasuk chosen to be recited on the night of Yom Kippur? What connection is there between Yom Kippur and ohr zarua l’tzaddik?

Like Dreamers The mindset of many this evening is to dream, fantasize, and envision what we can accomplish during the upcoming year. Often, we get lost in those dreams as is evident from this past year’s unfulfilled dreams and promises. The importance of thinking big is critical, but it need be balanced with reality. There is a certain sechok, or giddiness, that comes with daydreaming. And, there is a certain sechok that comes with fulfilling the daydreams. The great R’ Akiva knew this quite well. R’ avikA’s contribution to Pirkei Avos describes the dangers of sechok. He says, “Sechok v’kalus rosh margilin l’ervah, laughter and frivolity lead to immorality.” This is the sechok that

comes about when people get lost in their dreams. When people don’t execute or actualize their dreams. It’s a person who is lost in thought and fantasy. Such sechok leads to misconduct. R’ Akiva was also aware of the sechok of kedusha, the laughter of accomplishment and success. The famous Gemara at the end of Maseches Makos, which describes the fulfillment of the prophesies of the foxes crawling over the Churban Beis Mikdash, depicts R’ Akiva laughing. (Although the word used is tzechok instead of sechok, the two words are very similar in the Hebrew language, both in meaning and in writing). This is precisely what is described in Tehillim, “Shir Hamalos b’shuv Hashem es shivas Tzion hayinu k’cholmim az y’maleh sechok finu.” The pasuk is telling us that when we see the dream fulfilled of returning to Eretz Yisroel we are filled with sechok, happiness. That was the sechok or tzechok that R’ Akiva experienced when observing the foxes.

The Achiever R’ Akiva was the epitome of a dreamer and achiever. Some people think big but lack execution. Others have strong executions skills, but lack vision. R’ Akiva had the unique combination of thinking big and achieving big. This is the principle driving the

following medrash in Parshas Ki Sisa. R’ Akiva’s talmidim were falling asleep during shiur. In an attempt to wake them up, R’ Akiva explained that the reason why Esther HaMalka ruled over 127 medinos was because her great-grandmother Sara Imeinu lived 127 years. There are many interpretations of this medrash. I would like to offer my own. What was happening was that the talmidim were daydreaming. They were falling asleep and getting lost in fantasy. Sara Imeinu represents the dream. Esther HaMalka represents the execution. There comes a point in life where you must stop dreaming and carry out your dreams. R’ Akiva inherited this trait from his namesake. His full name is Akiva ben Yosef. The Arizal explains that the name Akiva is a derivative of Yaakov Avinu, and ben Yosef means he also came from the shoresh of Yosef. Among the many parallels between Yaakov and Yosef are that they both had dreams and they also both fulfilled those dreams. There was a Rishon the name of Rav Yitzchok ben Moshe from Vienna who lived during the 13th century. He had written a sefer entitled Ohr Zarua. He explains in the hakdama why he named the sefer as such. Typically, the author would include his name in the title either explicitly or implicitly. But the name Ohr Zarua has nothing to do

with the author’s name Yitzchok. So why was it entitled Ohr Zarua? Rav Yitzchok was not sure how to properly write the name Akiva – does it end in a hey or an aleph? It is of critical importance for the writings of a get and a kesuba. He describes a dream or vision that he once had. And in this dream he was shown the pasuk of ohr zarua l’tzaddik u’l’yishrei lev simcha, and he realized that the sofei teivos are Akiva – with a hey at the end. As a result, he paskened to spell the name with a hey. Since this dream, this vision was so dear to him, he decided to name his sefer Ohr Zarua. The first word of the pasuk, ohr, ends with a reish. The pasuk is really a reference to the Akiva, that is to say R’ Akiva. It is no coincidence that Yom Kippur is the yahrtzeit of R’ Akiva! (Some say his yahrtzeit is erev Yom Kippur.) When we recite this pasuk this coming Yom Kippur we should have in mind R’ Akiva and use it as a source of strength and motivation to dream big and achieve big! We should be zoche to the final redemption – es shivas Tzion hayinu k’cholmim az y’maleh sechok finu! Rabbi Levin is the assistant rabbi at Congregation Aish Kodesh as well as the Rosh Kollel of Emek Hamelech, both of which are under the leadership of Rav Moshe Weinberger.


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Parsha

in 4

Parshas Vayeilech By Eytan Kobre

Weekly Aggada And Hashem said to Moshe, “Behold, your days approach that you must die; call Yehoshua and stand in the Tent of Meeting, and I will command him.” And Moshe and Yehoshua went, and they stood in the Tent of Meeting (Devarim 31:14) Why was it decreed that Moshe Rabbeinu pass away with the phrase

“behold”? It is comparable to a subject who offered his king the gift of a sharp sword. When the king decrees that the subject is to be executed with that very sword, the subject protested, “My master, the king! With what I honored you, will you lop off my head?” So, too, Moshe Rabbeinu said to G-d: “I praised You with the phrase ‘Behold’ – ‘Behold to Hashem your G-d are the heavens and the heavens

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of the heavens...’ (Devarim 10:14). And yet with the phrase ‘Behold’ You decree my death?” G-d replied: “A deficient neighbor sees only his neighbor’s income and not his expenses. Moshe remembers only praising G-d with the phrase ‘Behold,’ but he does not remember challenging G-d’s with the phrase ‘Behold.’ Do you not remember that when I sent you to redeem the Jewish people from Egypt, you said to me, ‘Behold! They will not believe me’ (Shemos 4:1)? “Therefore, it is only fitting that, ‘Behold, your days approach...’”

Weekly Mussar And now, write for yourselves this song, and teach it the Jewish people – place it into their mouths, so that this song may be a witness for Me against the Jewish people (Devarim 31:19) G-d’s directive to place the words of the Torah “into their mouths” is striking. Shouldn’t the words of Torah be placed into the ears or minds or hearts of the Jewish people? The mouth is not an organ – physical or spiritual – that receives information or knowledge or wisdom. Why, then, “place it into their mouths”? When it comes to all other commandments of the Torah, explained R’ Moshe Soloveitchik, we are obligated to ensure that our fellow Jews are also fulfilling their obligations – not as part of our fulfillment of the commandment itself but because of the principle that “all Jews are guarantors (i.e., responsible) for one another” (Shavuos 39a).

Not so with Torah study. When it comes to Torah study, there is an obligation to ensure not only that one himself learns but also that one is teaching Torah to others. And that obligation to others – unlike with all other commandments – is an integral part of one’s own obligation of Torah study. That is the reason that in our blessing over Torah study, we ask that the Torah be grasped not only by “us and our descendants” but also by “the descendants of Your people, the House of Israel.” Because part of our obligation to study Torah is to ensure that other people are studying Torah too. And that is the reason that the Torah here instructs us to “place it into their mouths.” It is not enough to place the Torah into the ears or minds or hearts of the Jewish people; the Torah must be placed into the mouths of the Jewish people so that they may transmit it to others.

Weekly Anecdote And now, write for yourselves this song, and teach it the Jewish people – place it into their mouths, so that this song may be a witness for Me against the Jewish people (Devarim 31:19) The father of a student in R’ Moshe Feinstein’s yeshiva, Mesivta Tifereth Jerusalem, was once discussing his son’s future with R’ Moshe. The boy already had been in the yeshiva for several years, and now the father wanted him to leave the yeshiva and attend college. “After all,” contended the father, “what is


The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 29, 2015 The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 4, 2019

really the purpose of him staying in the yeshiva for yet another year?” R’ Moshe, on the other hand, made the case for the boy to remain in yeshiva. They went back and forth for a while – R’ Moshe insisting that the boy stay on another year; the father answering that R’ Moshe tells him that every year – but the father could not get R’ Moshe to budge; he was adamant that the boy remain in yeshiva. Seeing that he could not move R’ Moshe, the father upped the ante. “If my son stays another year in the yeshiva,” the father threatened, “I will not send his brother, my younger son, to the yeshiva at all.” R’ Moshe’s face paled as he struggled to come to terms with the father’s threat. “What? You won’t send your younger son to the yeshiva? Let me tell you something– ” But then R’ Moshe stopped himself. “Actually, no. I will not tell you.” R’ Moshe appeared faint, so his students escorted him to an adjoin-

ing room. There, he opened a Gemara and proceeded to learn for two hours uninterrupted. The father did not know why R’ Moshe had disappeared into the adjoining room or what he was doing there for two hours. “Where is the Rosh Yeshiva?” he finally asked one of R’ Moshe’s students. The student explained that R’ Moshe was not feeling well on account of their earlier conversation. This shook the father to his core. He pressed himself into the adjoining room and begged R’ Moshe’s forgiveness for having distressed him. “And seeing how much anguish I caused the Rosh Yeshiva,” he continued, “I will indeed send my younger son to the yeshiva too.” R’ Moshe flashed a wide grin.

Weekly Halacha And now, write for yourselves this song, and teach it the Jewish people

– place it into their mouths, so that this song may be a witness for Me against the Jewish people (Devarim 31:19) We derive from here that it is a mitzvah to write (and continue to own) a Sefer Torah (Nedarim 38a; Shulchan Aruch, Yoreh Dei’ah 270:1). Just as the inhabitants of a city can compel one another to build a bais medrash so that they have a place to study Torah, so too they may compel one another to purchase holy books from which to study Torah (see e.g. Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chaim 150:1). Indeed, “Wealth and riches are in his house, and his merit endures forever” (Tehillim 112:7) – this refers to one who writes (holy) books and lends them to others (Kesubos 50a). One who lends his holy books to others will merit pious children (Bamidbar Rabba 14:2; Sefer Chasidim No. 874; Pele Yoetz, “Sefer”),

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and, when necessary to facilitate Torah study, it is an absolute obligation to lend one’s holy books to others (Rama, Choshen Mishpat 292:20 [Responsa of Rosh]). In light of the praise bestowed upon one who writes a Sefer Torah and lends it to others – and considering the obligation to write and continue to own a Sefer Torah – some authorities maintain that, rather than donating a Sefer Torah to a shul or bais medrash, it is preferable to lend it (even “permanently”) (Pischei Teshuva, Yoreh Dei’ah 270:3). The Weekly Halacha is not meant for practical purposes and is for discussion purposes only. Please consult your own rav for guidance.

Eytan Kobre is a writer, speaker, and attorney living in Kew Gardens Hills. Questions? Comments? Suggestions? E-mail eakobre@outlook.com.


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OCTOBER 4, 2019 | The Jewish Home OCTOBER 4, 2019 | The Jewish Home

The Wandering

Jew

L’hachniso B’Briso Shel Avrohom Avinu By Hershel Lieber

Seweryn (center) after his bris in 1989 with his father behind him Seweryn after his bris with me and Rabbi Chaskel and Zev Targielski and Michael, who had his bris at the same time Besser, z”l

M

azel tov! Mazel tov! It’s a boy! Baruch Hashem, we are blessed to hear this announcement many hundreds and even thousands of time during our lifetime. The next step, naturally, as frum Jews, is to plan for a bris – to find a mohel, reserve a venue, order a caterer, plan the honors, etc. A bris is so common in our communities that we somewhat take this great mitzvah for granted. I would like to take you back to the late ‘80s and early ‘90s in Poland. Pesi and I had been travelling there to teach in the summer camp run by the Ronald Lauder Foundation. We were privileged to meet the remnants of the greatest pre-World War II Jewish community in the world. We connected with them, their children, and grandchildren. We helped them find the beauty and spiritual fulfillment that Torah and mitzvos provide. Whether they were ready to make a full leap into Yiddishkeit or not, they gained much knowledge and appreciation of our traditions. Under the guidance of Rabbi Chaskel Besser, z”l, and with the assistance of Rabbi

Michael Schudrich, the present chief rabbi of Poland, we were able to bring some children out of Poland to study in Jewish schools in the United States. At the same time, we brought a num-

Seweryn with me at the Lauder Summer Camp in 2017

as Jews in a country with a strong tradition of anti-Semitism. Chazal tell us that when a person faces heavenly judgement after they die, there will be angels who will

It wasn’t until we finished and gave him the name Shlomo that he finally calmed down and was able to smile.

ber of boys to New York for a short span so they can undergo a bris. It was practically impossible to bring in a mohel into post-communist Poland. We would not be able to use a clinic or hospital with a mohel, and to do a surgical procedure in a shul or at home was illegal. There was no other way but to fly the boys into the U.S. to initiate them in becoming bnei bris. For the boys it was truly an act of mesiras nefesh! They will be forever different from their peers and be recognizable

advocate on his behalf. Our rabbis further state that when the Day of Judgement comes, Avraham Avinu will intercede on behalf of anyone who had a bris, especially when it was undergone with mesiras nefesh. Seweryn In June of 1989, I took part in two brissim which were performed by the renowned mohel Rabbi Romi Cohen. A young man Michael and a thirteenyear-old boy from Katowice whose

name was Seweryn were entering into the covenant of Avrohom Avinu. Seweryn, who was there with his father, was quite nervous when we walked into the operating room at Interfaith Hospital in the Bedford-Stuyvesant section of Brooklyn. It wasn’t until we finished and gave him the name Shlomo that he finally calmed down and was able to smile. When we came home, we made a seudah in their honor to celebrate this special occasion. Shavuos was a few days later, and all three guests joined us for yom tov. Rabbi Cohen came on erev yom tov to check out the patients and give them additional instructions. On the second day of Shavuos, late in the afternoon, I took my guests to the Bobover Rebbe’s neilas ha’chag tisch. I thought they would be inspired by the Rebbe, his chassidim, the spirited singing, and the joyous dancing. It was quite crowded, and at one point I realized that I had lost them in the mass of people. Before I could even start looking for them, I heard my name being called by a young man who motioned to me that I should follow him. He led me to the


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The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 4, 2019 The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 4, 2019

Learning with Andrzej at the Lauder Summer Camp in 1989

bathroom and asked me to enter. There I found all three guests together with Rabbi Aaron Miller, the famed Bobover mohel. Rabbi Miller showed me how he had bandaged up Seweryn, who began to bleed profusely from his wound. Evidently, when he began bleeding, they informed someone at the tisch who got Rabbi Miller to assist. We left the Bobover shul and, somehow, walking very slowly with many stops, made our way to the

Andrzej and two friends from Poland. Andrzej’s sister is on the left

house of Rabbi Cohn who was baruch Hashem at home. Rabbi Cohn questioned Seweryn’s father who bashfully admitted giving Seweryn a bath that morning contrary to the given instructions. Rabbi Cohn stitched up the wound, and we were soon on our way. The next morning, I took all of them – joined by Rabbi Besser – to the Bobover Rebbe where Shlomo was assisted by the Rebbe in putting on tefillin.

Andrzej playing chess after his bris in 1990

Andrzej When I went to Poland in 1988 to help launch the Lauder Summer Camp, I met Andrzej. He was about fifteen years old and lived in Sochaczew. His Jewish mother, who was a doctor, and his sister joined us at the camp. I took a special liking to Andrzej and we spent a lot of time studying and talking. The next two summers we continued our relationship at the camp, and by September 1990 he was ready to come to the

United States to have a bris. When Andrzej arrived in New York, he went overnight to Greenpoint where his father, Wlodek, was living. Wlodek came to the United States as a laborer like thousands of other Poles to make some money. The next morning, I picked him up and we went to Interfaith Hospital for the bris. Andrzej was already on the surgical table when a problem developed. Being that he was still a minor and I was not his legal guard-

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Piotr practicing the brachos for his bar mitzvah aliyah with Chief Rabbi Michael Schudrich

ian, he needed permission from a parent to undergo the procedure. They said that it would be okay to get the permission by phone and that they have a Polish-speaking person on the staff. The problem was that his father, Wlodek, was at a work site and was not reachable, as this was in pre-cellphone days. Instantly, I thought of a plan. I called my father-in-law who spoke Polish and asked him to fill in as Andrzej’s father. I gave him the relevant information about Andrzej and had the staff member call my father-in-law. This ruse, baruch Hashem, worked and within a short time I was able to take Andrzej – who was now Avrohom – back home. Avrohom stayed by us for the next few days until after Shabbos. I was relegated to be his nurse as he experienced some pain and discomfort. In reality, I was honored to do that. Another member of the tribe returns! Piotr I met Etel Szyc in the summer of 1990 at the Lauder Summer Camp, and we have been friends ever since. Etel was an actress in the Warsaw State Yiddish Theatre and was very involved for many years with various Jewish activities in Poland. Her family hailed from Lublin where her father remained shomer Shabbos even during the harsh years of communism. I reconnected every year with Etel when I came to teach at the camp and during Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur when I came to be the baal tefilah in Warsaw. The year was 1994 and the month

Etel and her mother with Pesi after Yom Kippur 2018 in the Nozyk shul

was January when I was again in Poland for the Winter Camp. Etel was not there, as she was expecting a child. On Sunday night, as I was getting ready to go to bed, a call came in from Etel who had just given birth to a baby boy named Piotr. After the initial excitement, we realized that we had a unique opportunity to have a bris for an eight-day-old boy, which may have been the first in Poland in twenty or thirty years. We told Etel that we would fly in a mohel, and we would do it in the hospital under a surgeon’s supervision. At first, Etel agreed but after a few days she retracted and said, “The baby is too young to do it just now. Maybe when he grows up in a few years.” We were quite disappointed but had no choice. In the ensuing years, whenever we met either at the camp or in shul, Etel always told me, “Rabbi Lieber, I know that you would like me to do the bris, and I will, just not right now.” There were times that I reminded her, but other times I would not mention it at all since I didn’t want to put pressure on her. Once, she confided in me that her mother was the main obstacle in getting a bris for Piotr. She explained that her mother went through the Nazi nightmare and understood that a boy who was circumcised was in great danger of being exposed as a Jew. Etel added that Piotr, who was already in school, would be exposed during gymnastic and swimming sessions when all boys use the shower and locker rooms together. In short, both she and her mother were afraid. I stopped asking her about a bris for Piotr but deep down I was still hoping that it will happen.

After Piotr’s bar mitzvah on Shabbos with his parents Etel and Jarek, Etel’s mother, and Rabbi Michael Schudrich

I was in Warsaw to daven during the yomim noraim of 2006 when Etel approached me. She said that in six months Piotr would have his bar mitzvah and added that he was studying his haftorah with someone. She urged me to accept her invitation to come to the bar mitzvah. I responded with a conditional acceptance. “If Piotr will have his bris I will come and lead the tefillos and participate in the entire celebration,” I told her. Etel smiled, but I was not sure she appreciated the proposal I had offered. I returned after Yom Kippur with little hope that Piotr would ever have a bris. I don’t remember exactly how many months later it was when the kitchen phone rang and Pesi answered it. On the line was Rabbi Besser from Manhattan and Etel Szyc calling from the Nozyk Shul in Warsaw where Piotr just went through his bris kodesh performed by the famous mohel Rabbi Yitzchok Aron Fisher. Piotr, who was officially named Pinchas after Etel’s father, would at last join Klal Yisroel in this special mitzvah. Needless to say, I kept my word and participated in Pinchas’s bar mitzvah Shabbos. On Friday night I davened kabbalas Shabbos and spoke at the seudah. Early Shabbos morning I reviewed the haftorah with Piotr, and he did an excellent job reading it. A kiddush followed the davening – it was very special occasion. Shlomo, Avrohom, and Pinchas still need a lot to nurture and advance their Yiddishkeit, but I know that Avrohom Avinu has nachas from them and will vouch for them in the World to Come.

The Nozyk shul Hershel Lieber has been involved in kiruv activities for over 30 years. As a founding member of the Vaad L’Hatzolas Nidchei Yisroel he has traveled with his wife, Pesi, to the Soviet Union during the harsh years of the Communist regimes to advance Yiddishkeit. He has spearheaded a yeshiva in the city of Kishinev that had 12 successful years with many students making Torah their way of life. In Poland, he lectured in the summers at the Ronald S. Lauder Foundation camp for nearly 30 years. He still travels to Warsaw every year – since 1979 – to be the chazzan for Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur for the Jews there. Together with Pesi, he organized and led trips to Europe on behalf of Gateways and Aish Hatorah for college students finding their paths to Jewish identity. His passion for travel has taken them to many interesting places and afforded them unique experiences. Their open home gave them opportunities to meet and develop relationships with a variety of people. Hershel’s column will appear in The Jewish Home on a bi-weekly basis.


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World

Builders

The Emergency Rescue That Took 4 Days By Raphael Poch

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n a recent Wednesday, an Israeli hiker began a popular three-day trek in India in the Himalayan Mountains known as the Brighu Lake Trek. The trek is located close to the village of Manali where Chabad Rabbi and United Hatzalah volunteer EMT Menachem Bakush lives with his family. Towards the top of the mountain, at an altitude of 5,200 meters, the young Israeli hiker fainted. According to locals in the area, she was unable to move at all. Bakush is known throughout the region as being a first response EMT and received a call from some of the local residents alerting him to the medical emergency. “I got a call on Wednesday about the girl who was hiking and fainted,” Rabbi Bakush said. “The locals in the area told me that she was unable to move or walk and that she needed medical assistance urgently. I grabbed my gear and headed over to the mountain trek. I was met by a local guide who carried my bag as we ran up the hill.” Bakush and his guide did a trek that normally takes a full day in a number of hours. He relayed the story of the first part of the dramatic rescue.

“When I arrived at the location where the woman had fainted, I saw that she was still unable to move. I suspected she might have altitude sickness and she was showing signs of having a High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE or Cerebral Edema (HACE), both of which can be fatal conditions. I gave her oxygen and glu-

Bakush then returned home to Manali and his family. On Friday night, he got a call from the clinic alerting him that the woman he brought in was not doing well and that she needed to be flown to a hospital immediately for further treatment. Bakush said goodbye to his family and rushed to the clinic and

“At first, we carried her on a makeshift stretcher but then we found a horse and placed her on it.”

cogel to help alleviate the effects of the altitude and then, together with the guide, we were able to bring her down the mountain. At first, we carried her on a makeshift stretcher but then we found a horse and placed her on it. When we got to the bottom of the mountain, we took her in a car to the nearest medical center for checkups.”

began making preparations. He organized a flight for the next morning and accompanied the woman to a hospital in New Delhi. Over the course of the flight, he had the woman hooked up to a health monitor so that he could monitor her vital signs continuously. “The flight was tense,” he recalled.

“It was a small plane, and we had to rush so that she could get the treatment she needed. When we arrived in New Delhi, I made sure that she was checked into the hospital and that she was being treated. I also made sure that the embassy was in contact with her family back in Israel. Then I got on a bus and took the 12-hour ride back home to Manali. I arrived well after Shabbat ended. “The whole ordeal from start to finish took four days and showed me once again how important it is to have proper health insurance while traveling. Without help from her insurance company, the entire situation would have ended differently.” In addition to being a Chabad shaliach, Rabbi Bakush responds to medical emergencies all over the region. Over the past two months, he saved an Israeli hiker who fell down a mountain and a local Indian man who drowned in a pool. Even though helping others comes at great cost to Bakush in terms of time and effort, he is happy to do it. “Emergencies happen here all the time. I am glad that I can provide assistance to those in the area who need it,” he says.


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NEILAH IN A BOMB SHELTER

By Avraham Zuroff

The Yom Kippur War, which began on Yom Kippur on Shabbos day, October 6, 1973 and ended 19 days later, broke the euphoria and sense of invincibility that most Israelis had felt after the miraculously positive outcome of the Six Day War in 1967. Recently, we spoke to several American immigrants who experienced for the first time the shock of going to the bomb shelter on that fateful Day of Atonement. “Who shall live and who shall die” became all too real on that day.

Blinded by “The Concept” Israel’s citizens and military brass had an overconfidence that existed from the euphoria of the Six Day War of 1967. Israel’s Bar-Lev line, a chain of sand dunes and cement fortifications along the eastern bank of the Suez Canal, gave the Israel Defense Force a false sense of security. In addition, Israeli generals felt that Egypt would never launch a war without air superiority and coordination with Syria. The konseptzia, or “concept,” of Israel’s defense mechanisms was firmly planted in the minds of Israelis. Thus, the attack by Egypt and Syria on Yom Kippur wasn’t expected. During the Yom Kippur War, Jordan didn’t join in the attack because they were afraid. But they didn’t know that we had nothing to fight with. “It was truly miraculous,” Batya Medad says. Batya and Yisrael Medad made aliyah from New York in 1970 with their two very young children. They lived in Jerusalem’s Bayit Vegan neighborhood when the Yom Kippur War broke out. Doug and Trudy Greener emigrated from New York in 1971 and were living at the time in Bat Yam,

The Yom Kippur War Revisited

a seaside community south of Tel Aviv. The Greeners were a young couple without children at the time. The euphoria of Israel’s miraculous victory in 1967 was part of the reason for their making aliyah. Trudy’s parents were visiting at the time the war broke out –the first time since their children made aliyah. “The war caught all of us by surprise,” Trudy says. The top brass in the government were aware of Egyptian mobilizations along the Sinai border, and Prime Minister Golda Meir even considered a pre-emptive strike but was concerned that the United States wouldn’t come to Israel’s aid should Israel attack first. Indeed, Secretary of State Henry Kissinger said if Israel were to attack first, they “wouldn’t get even a nail” of American assistance. The Israeli government kept a poker face of not revealing the tension along its borders. Thus, the average citizen knew nothing about the serious security situation Israel was in before that fateful Yom Kippur. The first signs of war were before the air raid siren’s blast. On the way back from shul Yom Kippur afternoon, the Greeners saw a

fighter plane flying overhead, cars traveling the streets of Bat Yam, and people walking with their transistor radios in the streets listening to broadcasts – definitely something unusual for Yom Kippur in Israel. Even the majority of Jews who describe themselves as secular Israelis refrain from driving on the Day of Atonement; public transportation and Israel’s airports grind to a halt; and no radio or television broadcast on that holy day except in an emergency situation. Thus, the street scene that the Greeners witnessed was extremely unusual activity for Yom Kippur. The Greeners asked people on the street what was happening, and they were told that war was on the horizon. The Greeners were hesitant to go back to shul. But neighbors mentioned that an ad-hoc Neilah service would take place in an apartment lobby near their home and one flight down to the bomb shelter – just in case. “We were just waiting for something to happen,” Trudy recalls. But “something” did happen before Neilah. At 2 p.m., the siren sounded. Trudy’s Ukrainian-born parents, who still remembered po-


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groms there, quickly ran down the flight of stairs to the apartment’s bomb shelter. Even so, Doug says, “I don’t remember a panic when the siren sounded. It was very orderly. But completely unexpected,” Doug recalls, “We took it very stoically, but surprised.” Another Russian couple, who had survived World War II bombings, schlepped a suitcase laden with a week’s worth of provisions to the bomb shelter. “Oh no, we know what this could mean. We’re experienced about this,” they told the Greeners. To this day, Doug is unsure how they packed their suitcase so quickly. “Maybe their suitcase was packed in advance, just in case,” Doug suggests. The Medad family’s synagogue faced Herzl Boulevard. Even before the air raid siren, troops were mobilizing. People living near Herzl Boulevard could hear buses. Not so many people had cars, so buses were being used to mobilize reserve troops. “It was 2 p.m. – right before we were planning to go back to shul for the Mincha prayers – when the sirens went off,” Batya remembers, “Neighbors started shouting that everyone should quickly get into our building’s bomb shelter. The siren was a signal to turn on the radio and descend to the air raid shelter.” Israeli men listened to the radio to determine whether a call-up code of their army unit would be announced. In those years of the State, not everyone had a phone line – they were few and often took several years to receive a coveted phone line

based on a priority system. Therefore, the best way of communication was by radio. Once called up, the reservists walked to various pickup points, including the parking lot by Har Herzl. “We had an elderly American neighbor who was reluctant to descend to the bomb shelter. So I was tasked with trying to convince her to join us downstairs in the shelter. I told her, ‘There’s no danger. But you should come and join us in the shelter,’” Batya recalls, “She thought I was crazy. Nevertheless, the elderly neighbor eventually joined us in the shelter.” The Medad children were then 2 ½ years old and 6 months old. Due to their young ages, she doesn’t think that they thought anything about the war. “My older daughter wasn’t asking questions. But in truth, the rest of us didn’t know what was going on, so we didn’t really have answers for her anyway,” Batya says. Daniella (nee Weiss) Ashkenazy made aliyah in 1968 from Washington, D.C., when she was 22. In early July 1973, Daniella Ashkenazy and her Israeli-born husband, Rafi, had moved to Moshav Kfar Warburg, a veteran farming community east of Ashdod. They had gone to Kol Nidrei services the night before at the small synagogue at the center of the village. A synagogue was a rare sight at a non-religious moshav, but the small Orthodox synagogue was filled to the brim, with overflow outside and kids running about on the grass –a combined social gathering and prayer assembly. One of the ar-

dently non-observant veterans, late coming back from spraying his fields had stopped his tractor in front of the synagogue just after Kol Nidrei to wish his neighbors a “chatima tovah” and “tzom kal” (have an easy fast), but other than the tractor driver, there was no traffic in the village. “The next day, my husband was planning to go to Neilah, as well,” Daniella recalls. Although her husband was raised in a secular HaShomer HaTza’ir kibbutz, Rafi chose to study the rudiments of Jewish practices in Ramat Gan with the rabbi who had officiated at their wedding. “Of course, like everywhere in Israel, Yom Kippur was very quiet at 2 p.m.—dead quiet, no cars or no tractor traffic on the road, and stifling hot – when we suddenly heard the roar of afterburners from the nearby Hazor Airbase of planes taking off.... Although it was Yom Kippur. It was clear something was very amiss,” Daniella remembers. “At first we thought it was an emergency scramble of two planes. But the roar of planes continued and not one plane appeared in the landing pattern which we could see from our house. Cars began speeding through the village with call-up notices, as the radio began announcing codes for units being mobilized. Thus, we learned Israel was at war,” Daniella says.

Neilah in a Bomb Shelter Batsheva Beth (nee Hashkes) Pomerantz, whose family had immigrated from Far Rockaway four years prior to the war’s outbreak, was then 12. She davened in a makeshift shul in a hall of a clubhouse

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for new olim in Jerusalem’s Talbieh neighborhood. “I recall returning to shul for Neilah with my mother, and praying with more kavanah, especially during Avinu Malkenu.” Batsheva remembers reciting with greater intent the words “hafer eitzas oyveinu, Thwart the counsel of our enemies; Kaleh kol tzar umastin m’aleinu, exterminate every foe and adversary from upon us; Kra ro’eh gzar dineinu, tear up the evil degree from our verdict.” The words, at the time, took on greater significance when literally facing doom. As Batsheva prayed, she looked around at the elderly women and wondered what was in store for everyone. “Every year since 1973, as the clock nears 2 p.m. on Yom Kippur (during our break from davening), I recall the siren piercing the serenity of Yom Kippur, as well as the fear,” Batsheva remembers. Batsheva has been in Israel through several wars during her living in Israel for 50 years. “The Gulf War came closest to the same fear,” she explains. In truth, not everyone in the Tel Aviv area descended to the bomb shelters, as they felt that Tel Aviv wouldn’t be attacked. “During Israel’s War of Independence, Tel Avivians were criticized for going to cafes and eating their apple strudel while Jerusalem was being attacked,” Doug says. In contrast, numerous citizens like Daniella’s husband, Rafi, felt duty-bound to physically assist the Jewish People in our dark hour. Rafi, who had an operations specialty in reserves within a fighter


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squadron (i.e. not a pilot), had recently requested a transfer to the Hazor Airbase for reserves from his former reserve duty base in the Jezreel Valley but the war caught him “between posts.” Despite not hearing the call-up code of his unit, at 3 p.m. he decided to go to Hazor “unannounced.” It would turn out his skills were sorely needed in the chaos. His fellow soldiers had let him into the base via a small “back gate” to the base, although he had no credentials except his ID card as an IDF reservist, and he spent the next month on active reserve duty with a fighter squadron. “After dropping him off, I had to drive home with the car...on a near-empty gas tank (who thought we would need gasoline on Yom Kippur?). I stopped at the Castina Junction gas station 2 km (1.2 miles) from home, weaving our red Volkswagen bug between mammoth tank carriers also filling up with petrol (there was a tank carrier base nearby). Thus, I managed to fill the tank before going home,” Daniella recalls, “It may be 46 years later, but we still faithfully fill up the gas tank in the car before every Yom Kippur.”

Under Control? Later that evening, Prime Minister Golda Meir addressed the nation. “From her words, it became clear that things were a lot more serious than expected.” Doug recalls his initial naivety to believe the positive Israeli reports of the war prog-

ress, “We believed that due to the outcome of the Six Day War that the Israeli broadcasts were telling the truth and that the Arab broadcasts were lying. There was no suspicion of propaganda.” At the time, Doug was editor of the English monthly Israel Magazine. Although he didn’t intend to cover the war for his magazine, Doug nevertheless attended a press conference given a few days into the war by David “Dudo” Elazar, Israel’s chief of staff. “We were told that the situation is ‘under control.’ However, veteran journalists were saying that something was very different,” Doug remembers becoming more suspicious about the credibility of the Israeli war assessments. Later in the night, the Medads put fabric on all their windows and painted the headlights of cars to minimize lighting and thus make it harder for enemy aircraft to bomb the civilian population. The street lights were not turned on, so most people didn’t go out at night. Nevertheless, the full moon provided some outdoor illumination. Some citizens, afraid of water supplies being hit by enemy aircraft, filled their bathtubs with water. However, it created a hygiene problem as they were no longer able to take baths. Due to the blackout, there was a severe shortage of eggs, as chickens lay eggs when there is light. The available fresh eggs were saved for burn victims, as the eggs’ healing properties are beneficial for burns; the rest of the population settled for powdered eggs. Batya

learned how to improvise by making omelets with powdered eggs. Israeli civilians didn’t stay in the bomb shelters for long. Indeed, the next day, many Israelis continued their routine. For example, Yisrael Medad, who wasn’t yet serving in the IDF, went the next day to his job at Jerusalem’s Shaarei Tzedek Hospital. During peacetime, he worked there in Public Relations. During the war, he assumed the role of manning the hospital switchboard. On the yom tov of Sukkot during the war, Doug was walking to shul with his arba minim. Suddenly, an army jeep stopped in its tracks. A soldier jumped out of the jeep and asked Doug if he could use his lulav and etrog. Doug handed over his arba minim, the soldier made a bracha on them, and then handed them back to Doug before driving to his military mission.

Eggs at a Shiva Call The stirring lyrics of songwriter Yehoram Gaon’s song, The Last War, reflected the awakening of Israeli society from its euphoric stupor of invincibility: “I promise you, my little girl, this will be our last war.” “People talked about not celebrating Yom HaAtzmaut (Israel’s Independence Day) the following year as so many Israeli soldiers died. On the other hand, others said we must celebrate as we miraculously survived,” Batya recalls, explaining that many Israelis began having a religious awakening. Although Israel gained territory

in the war to be used as bargaining chips in future negotiations with Egypt, the losses were enormous: tiny Israel lost over 2,500 Israeli soldiers. A month after the war had officially ended, a friend of the Medad family was killed while patrolling the Sinai Peninsula. Eggs were still a commodity. So the widow, who lived on a moshav, gave eggs as a gift to visitors making a shiva call. “Two of our friends were killed. We became ‘part of the country’ – meaning that we’ve become real Israelis,” Batya reflects, adding that, over the years, the Medads have become more “part of the country” due to them unfortunately being aware of additional casualties. For Israelis experiencing the Yom Kippur War, the day of Yom Kippur would never be the same. “I cannot experience Yom Kippur without thinking about that specific day in ‘73,” Doug recollects. Prior to the Yom Kippur War, Israelis like Doug felt that Israel was invincible. According to Doug, the country’s euphoria was only reignited with Israel’s daring and miraculous rescue of hostages held in Entebbe Airport in Uganda on Sunday, July 4, 1976. Doug’s friend, cartoonist Yaakov Kirschen, captured the sentiments of many Israelis with his caption of his Dry Bones cartoon appearing two days after the IDF’s successful raid on Entebbe: “Our enemies can threaten. But Sunday morning at the Entebbe airport, the Yom Kippur War came to an end.”


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Dating Dialogue

What Would You Do If… Moderated by Jennifer Mann, LCSW of The Navidaters

Dear Navidaters, My question is a simple one. I got married a year ago and am so burnt out from trying to set up my friends. Whenever I finally have a guy interested in a girl, it seems that friends of the family nix the idea for her. This has happened countless times. It has come to the point where I have spent hours advocating for my friends and get guys to agree, only to have the girls respond with a simple, “My friend knows his family and said it’s not shayach” or “My brother knew him back in high-school, so no” or “He went out with my friend, and it didn’t work for her so it won’t work for me.” I always look out for my single friends but it barely ever leads to a date. What can I do differently? Any advice would be much appreciated. I’m almost ready to quit altogether.

Disclaimer: This column is not intended to diagnose or otherwise conclude resolutions to any questions.

Our intention is not to offer any definitive

conclusions to any particular question, rather offer areas of exploration for the author and reader. Due to the nature of the column receiving only a short snapshot of an issue, without the benefit of an actual discussion, the panel’s role is to offer a range of possibilities. We hope to open up meaningful dialogue and individual exploration.


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The Panel The Rebbetzin Rebbetzin Faigie Horowitz, M.S. ou are to be commended for being a good friend and trying to set your friends up. It takes so much effort, thought, and time to get people to go out with one another. My observation for the past few years is that getting a couple to agree to a first date is like making a shidduch. It’s a much longer process than years earlier, I find. It is highly appropriate for young marrieds to set people up from their various social, school, communal, and work circles. Nonetheless, being a friend is more important than being a matchmaker. Listening to one’s friends, whether it is their work, dating, or other concerns of the moment or big picture matters, is key. Being supportive is vital to a relationship, not the number of people you fix them up with. Learn not only what they are looking for in terms of interests, goals, values, hashkafos, and middos, but also what they feel they have to offer. The second is not only important; it reminds the person of their own value and that it’s not about picking from the menu. It’s about who can appreciate what I have to offer and value me. So talk to your friends about where they are, where they want to be, their hopes, dreams, and goals. Your role is to be a friend first, not a shadchan. Tell your friends from time to time that you’re thinking about possible dating partners for them. “Just because I am not bombarding you with suggestions doesn’t mean that I am not thinking about you. I don’t want to just throw names at you,” you can say. It’s not our role as concerned friends to pry why suggestions are rejected, in my experience. The better listeners we are, the more on target we become. Conversations need to be held from time to time; people change and their priorities shift. Yes, it’s annoying when people give you stock answers or responses that don’t make sense to you. Right now, you are feeling burned out. So I would focus more on the two

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of you as a new couple and being a good friend to your friends, not necessarily on getting first dates.

The Mother Sarah Schwartz Schreiber, P.A. ot for me.” “I’ll have to think about it.” “Heard the name a million times.” “I’m not that desperate.” “Call me in two months. Finals.” “Don’t call me.” What does it take to be an effective shadchan? Determination. Diplomacy. Humility. Persistence. Like any creative endeavor, matchmaking is 1% inspiration and 99% perspiration. You get this genius idea, but you gotta do the grunt work, endure the runaround (abuse, even), put in the hours and make those phone calls. What does it take to be a successful shadchan? It depends how you gauge success. Set smaller goals: setting up a first date; getting two people to meet for coffee; introducing two people who hit it off and have a very nice time; persuading your friend to date a guy who is “not what she’s looking for.” Lower the bar on your expectations for success, and you’re less likely to become frustrated and burned out. Finally, what does it take to get two people under the chuppah? A snowstorm in the Sahara; moving mountains; splitting oceans. In short, an Act of G-d. So whatever you do, don’t give up! My greatest admiration to you and the many uncelebrated heroes out there who lay their egos aside and redt shidduchim. Even if your calls go to voicemail or SPAM heaven, know that you are dabbling in the Divine, serving as Hashem’s messenger. Your efforts may not always be acknowledged or yield fruit; still, every moment involved in shidduchim is counted as chessed bein adam l’chaveiro. And who doesn’t need more dividends upstairs?

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The Shadchan Michelle Mond our letter unequivocally resonated with how I found myself when I, eleven years ago, as a newlywed, started redting shidduchim. Years have passed and many shidduchim have been made, but I have learned a lot along the way. If I had given up after the first few one-and-done’s as a neophyte shadchan I would not be in a position to help others like I am today. As a single, young woman from Baltimore I could not understand why it was so hard to get a date. Driving up to New York every weekend and staying at my lovely grandparents’, the Langer family in Queens, were my weekend plans if I had wanted a date. Even after going up to New York the first round,

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Like any creative endeavor, matchmaking is 1% inspiration and 99% perspiration.

I was to come back the second round just in case the suitor in question was even the least bit hesitant so he would not have to travel. That’s when my aunt/uncle/cousins stepped in, the awesome Abramovitz family, always offering to put me up for a beautiful


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Shabbos. Although those trips created very fond memories, I couldn’t help but feel it was an unfair girl’s world. I put up with this, however, because, as it was, a date with a normal guy was considerably hard to come by. I had to put my all into every opportunity that arose because that is what we must do for shidduchim. But when I had observed a nice guy {my now husband} at a friend’s wedding and appealed to a shadchan about being set up with him, it dawned on me. How was it that I had not ever gotten this boy’s name/ information before? How was it never suggested? He was in Yeshivas Ner Yisroel at the time and lived on the same street as my own family (albeit three blocks down). In my epiphany at that moment I had decided that no matter what it takes, I would try to set people up once I myself got married. Yes, baruch Hashem, I did marry the boy down the block, but I did not know about him before because nobody thought to set it up. Here’s my point. The more people,

like you, try to set people up, the more people will go out on dates, the more happy marriages there will be, iy”H. Do not be deterred by the difficulty of it, although this is much harder said than done. Really try and get to know the intricacies of what your friends are looking for, what are their “make-itor-break-its”? Try to align your ideas properly, not just throwing a dress with a suit and hope they end up at the chuppah. There is so much more to it than that. And to you, my dear readers, I would love to take this opportunity to advise you to be good references to good people. Have you ever heard a friend mention that her daughter is considering a boy and you do not think they’d be a personality match? Perhaps you knew this boy when he was younger and more shy? Perhaps the girl was a student in your class who has changed tremendously since middle school? I appeal to you today and ask that you keep quiet and leave the decision up to the couple to see for

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themselves, and to G-d. Off the top of my head I can think of 10 stories of happily married couples who had been suggested to each other years earlier but never made it to a first date because of someone’s two-second, four-word comment: “I don’t see it.” As long as the two are good, emotionally healthy people with similar hashkafos and goals, ask yourself: Who am I to mix in? It is just as easy to say, “They’re both awesome people. I hope it goes with hatzlacha!” Continue your holy work as a shadchan, and may Hashem help you to be matzliach in all your endeavors.

The Single Tova Wein hear your frustration. Putting together a shidduch is far from easy. If it was easy, everyone would be doing it all the time, and there probably

I

Anything is life that is really worthwhile takes effort.

would be a lot less single people hanging around. But it requires tremendous effort, follow-up, phone calls back and forth, and then, after all that work, often one party decides that it’s not a worthwhile idea. And all the hard work is for naught. My suggestion to you is to hang tough! Anything in life that is really worthwhile takes effort. Imagine how you will feel when your efforts finally pay off and two people get together and it leads to marriage. Wouldn’t that be one of the best feelings imaginable? But it takes a lot of tries until you hit a home run. Don’t expect it to


The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 29, 2015 The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 4, 2019

be easy or even to necessarily be appreciated all the time. But continue your efforts because you know it is a tremendous act of kindness and we all need kindness from others. One thought, however. Think about whether or not you are doing enough due diligence between setting two people up. I’m not saying this is the case with you, but some people see two single individuals and just set them up without thinking too deeply about whether it is, in fact, a good idea. This may not be the case with you...but just in case....

Reader’s Response M.F. o the Aspiring Shadchan, I hear your pain and struggles. Shidduchim (as a shadchan myself) is a rollercoaster of emotions, often more painful and heart aching than not. Many (if not most) of us have wanted to quit at some point or another. I wonder why this keeps happening for you. There are two concerns that come to mind – and I’ll ask you to for-

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Pulling It All Together

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give my straightforwardness. 1) Perhaps this is Hashem’s way of saying this is not the right avodah for you. Or, Hashem is saying this isn’t the right avodah for you, yet. You have been married such a short time; build your home for a few years before you enter the chaos of shidduchim. 2) What are you doing before you redt a shidduch? I wonder why the girls keep nixing the boys? Are you making sure that the suggestion is appropriate? Are there hashkafic differences that are glaringly “off” about the match? One thing that concerns me with aspiring shadchanim is this question: Is it always a good idea to try your hand as a shadchan and redt a shidduch? I have 3 primary concerns with bad suggestions: 1. Bitt ul

Torah, not to mention time and money as well. 2. Agmas nefesh, every bad resume and date creates more pain and more hopelessness. 3. Every resume you throw into a boy’s inbox these days allows him to become pickier and pickier. You’re probably one of 20 other people who are sending him ideas. We have way too many people sending suggestions left and right. If you have an idea, start with really getting to know those you are setting up. Follow up by asking the young man if he is currently busy, and do not send your idea unless he is currently available. Run the idea by his/her mentors, who will probably be helpful and help you with the accuracy of your suggestions. Wishing you hatzlacha and clarity as you discover whether this is right for you!

shadchan about your concerns, someone who does the same thing as you, with years of experience under her belt. Should you decide to continue with your efforts as a shadchan, you will have to figure out a way to separate yourself from the stresses of this work. Should you continue, my hunch is that after you make your first shidduch, all of this turmoil and agony may feel well worth it and, dare I say, glorious. It must be why shadchanim keep doing what they are doing. All the best, Jennifer

Jennifer Mann, LCSW is a licensed psychotherapist and dating and relationship coach working with individuals, couples and families in private practice in Hewlett, NY. She is looking forward to teaching a psychology course at Touro College in the fall. To set up a consultation or to ask questions, please call 516.224.7779. Press 2 for Jennifer. Visit www.thenavidaters.com for more information. If you would like to submit a dating or relationship question to the panel anonymously, please email thenavidaters@gmail.com. You can follow The Navidaters on FB and Instagram for dating and relationship advice.

The Navidaters Dating and Relationship Coaches and Therapists

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hank you for writing in! I am feeling very much like a fish out of water because I am not a shadchan. I simply don’t know what I don’t know. My clients and our readers have shared with me their frustrations in shidduchim, but never have I had an intimate conversation with a shadchan about her trials and tribulations. I commend you for the hard work you are doing and can only begin to imagine the time, effort, and emotional labor it entails. I can’t advise you what to do differently, only offer you some food for thought. A question to ask yourself: am I cut out to be a shadchan? Do I have insight into people’s personalities, their needs and desires? Am I truly listening? Am I able to put aside my agenda or belief system or what I believe is best for this person? Oftentimes, clients will share with me that their shadchan is not listening. This may be the client’s experience and perspective and not the case at all, but I am putting it out there in case there is something that you can indeed be doing differently. There is also so much nonsense that goes on in the world of shidduchim; the ridic-

ulous rejections based on smoke and mirrors...can you stomach it? It is an unfortunate reality in the world of shidduchim, and I don’t see it going away any time soon. One thing I learned from my supervisors and teachers in my field is that as a therapist I can’t work harder than my client. If someone is unwilling to do “the work,” all of my efforts will be for naught. Perhaps the same is true in your field (though check with a shadchan). You cannot be more mob tivated than your clients. Begging, pleading, and hours on the phone seems excessive to me. And if you are going to keep on doing your special, holy work, I would imagine you may need to engage in some self-care and boundaries so that you have the energy to continue. Something else I am wondering about is whether or not all your efforts are affecting your brand-new marriage. Perhaps not, and in that case, please disregard. My final thought is that you may want to speak to a seasoned

Hi Readers! Receiving your enthusiastic emails wanting to participate in the Reader’s Respond section has been wonderful! Just a reminder about how Reader Response works. Email thenavidaters@gmail. com with the subject line “Reader Response.” We will then ask you, in the order we receive your email, if you would like to respond to the coming week’s email. If you would like to respond to an already printed Navidaters Panel, please submit your answer to the editor at editor@fivetownsjewishhome.com. You can also join us on our FB page @thenavidaters on Sunday evenings to post your response to the week’s column. Interacting with you has been a pleasure! Thank you for all of your feedback. Jennifer


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Dr. Deb

Right. Coaching Doesn’t Focus on Feelings By Deb Hirschhorn, Ph.D.

C

oaching isn’t about feelings, right? That’s what I used to

think. That is, until I put together my own coaching program. Which clearly focuses on feelings. How could it not?

Feelings run the world! Politics is all about feelings. Love and marriage – of course – is certainly all about feelings. In fact, research shows that every rational and logical decision we make is based on our feelings. Whether we are aware of them or

not. Whether we “approve” of them or not. Whether we know where they came from or not. Not knowing doesn’t change anything because, basically, our feelings totally control us. It gives the impression we do not have a chance! “I’m in love. I fell out of love. What do I do? I don’t want to hurt her. I’m so confused.” So mixed up, right? You don’t know if you’re coming or going with all these feelings rocking your world. And you don’t necessarily want to have them but for some reason, you do. You seem stuck with them and do not know which way to turn. Like George. He and Sorah were just the most hard-working people on the planet. Goal-directed and responsible. Except they hardly ever saw each other. And when they did, they hardly had anything to say. So....they drifted apart. And he’s miserable. He can’t go forward, but he does not want to go back to the emptiness of the old way, either. Or Amy. Amy scrambles to make ends meet because her husband is AWOL. Where is he? She does not know. She feels helpless and confused. Or Sandra and Jeremy who are busy fighting. All day, every day. They are locked in an endless battle, and every time they see each other their blood pressure goes up. They’ve both put on a few pounds and they’re exhausted most of the time. At work, it’s difficult concentrating as they go

over the latest indignity they suffered at each other’s hands. What’s going on? Why can’t they get off the treadmill? It’s all so confusing. What if I told you that all that can change 180 degrees? What if I told you that you can take control of how you feel, what you feel, why you feel, and you would know exactly where the feelings came from? You would be able to act in a way that was consistent with your feelings, and your feelings would make sense, they’d be consistent with your values? What if I told you that all that is possible through the fine art of coaching? Coaching from a marriage therapist who does this every day for a living. See, here’s the thing. Although feelings do rule us, we can learn their secrets. We can tap into their source, and we can learn to actually change them. We can make them what we want them to be. And if we could do that, we can be happy, right? Then happiness would be a choice, right? Even happiness together. So, yes, the interesting thing is that some coaches do understand the secrets of feelings. And by the way, this is vastly different from therapy. Because therapy seems to be magnetically attracted to examining your bad feelings. Who needs that? If bad feelings feel bad, why stay stuck with them? That is the fallacy of therapy. It is not necessary to have those feelings


rule you. Or your therapist. She, too, needs to be freed from pain! Obviously, there are behaviors that need to change, too. This is not hocus pocus. Rather, it’s a global approach to who the two of you are – and can be. It’s Elul. Almost Yom Kippur. Time for new beginnings, new resolutions, courageous new pathways. Isn’t it about time that you considered the happiness level of your life and made a change? Get off the victim train; stop ruminating about how bad things are. Hashem wants only the best for us. Then, why, you ask, would He give us so much pain? As a person who’s suffered myself, and as a therapist and coach, I can tell you that it is not a cliché that we grow through pain. That’s because if we use our painful experiences as an opportunity to figure a way out, then we learn, then we grow. That word, “grow” needs some clarification, right? You’re probably

thinking, “Forget the growth; I just want to be happy.” It doesn’t work that way. I once was working with an adolescent whose parents provided everything for him. He should have had no worries. But he was failing school – and he didn’t care. He watched TV

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be short, but once “there,” joy is next. It’s part of the picture. So if you and your supposed-tobe Best Friend aren’t, then maybe it’s time to roll up your sleeves and do the work of getting there under the guidance of someone who has hacked away at the brambles to clear a path.

What gives us joy is precisely the act of overcoming obstacles, being a winner.

all afternoon and didn’t enjoy it. The reality is that we humans were meant to accomplish. What gives us joy is precisely the act of overcoming obstacles, being a winner. That’s what I mean by the word “growth.” It’s the short step to joy. Well, the work to get there may not

The path has all the tools you need, but you’ll have to do some brambles clearing, yourself. That is what Elul is about, after all. Complaining about your misery does not acknowledge G-d’s goodness. It does not show appreciation for the possibilities He has given us. It

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doesn’t recognize that sometimes yissurim shel ahava are meant to wake us up to take action. Only doing the hard work and seeing our accomplishments coronate Him as King. That’s because if we believe that He is good and does good for us, then our misery must be there for a reason. To accept that reason – and then do something constructive with it – shows that we understand that it all was given with love to begin with and our job is to bend ourselves to His Will. This concept is what gets me up every morning because I am serving Him by helping you. Allow me to help you turn your marriage misery into the marriage you really want. I wish you all kesiva v’chasima tova.

Dr. Deb Hirschhorn is a Marriage and Family Therapist. If you want help with your marriage, begin by signing up to watch her Masterclass at https://drdeb. com/myw-masterclass.

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Health & F tness

Is Fasting a Plus? By Cindy Weinberger MS, RD, CDN

Y

om Kippur is a holiday that should be loved by all. It is a chance to be forgiven for all sins and given a clean slate. However, it is not uncommon to dread Yom Kippur. Who actually wants to spend the whole day fasting?! It is entirely natural to dread a fast day. Our mind and body need food on a constant basis, and when food and drinks are withheld, the balance of the body is set off. Even so, strangely enough, some people look forward to a fast, with the anticipation of weight loss. The question then arises: does fasting actually promote weight loss? Fasting can be a tempting choice for weight loss because you see instant results on the scale. However, don’t be fooled. The initial weight loss is because your stomach empties and you lose water. But fasting can’t last for too long, and soon you will revert to your normal diet. The weight comes back, and all that starvation will be for naught. More importantly, you still won’t have learned the healthy eating habits necessary for permanent weight control. Fasting can also offset your me-

tabolism, causing more harm than good. Fasting does not speed up your metabolism; on the contrary, it has the opposite effect. When your body is deprived of the calories it needs, it goes into “starvation mode.” This is an automatic response technique to conserve the energy it has. This

will become harder to concentrate. Fasting for long periods of time (such those who suffer from anorexia nervosa) may also cause more serious health concerns such as reduced blood pressure, emotional turbulence, and heart problems. As you can see, long-term fasting

Fasting can also offset your metabolism, causing more harm than good.

means your metabolism will be working at a slower rate and your body may also burn protein from muscle since it cannot find the proper fuel it needs. Aside from slowing down your metabolism, fasting causes discomfort. Fasting causes headaches, muscle aches, and stomach discomfort. You’ll also find that you have little energy for physical activity, and it

is not an effective weight loss method. In fact, fasting will more likely result in overall weight gain once you go back to your normal routine. It is uncomfortable for the short-term and dangerous for the long-term. Despite the dangers of prolonged fasting, fasting a few times a year will not cause any long-term complications to your body. Although not recommended for weight loss pur-

poses, fasting as part of a religious belief is perfectly OK health-wise and will have no effect on your body or metabolism. You may have a headache, or feel fatigued, or nauseous on Yom Kippur, but that is completely normal. Once the fast is over, after a small meal and a good night’s sleep, these symptoms should disappear. Drink plenty of water before the fast begins. Don’t overeat in anticipation of being hungry, and eat carbohydrate-rich foods before the fast. This will leave you satiated and hydrated for longer. I wish you all and easy and meaningful fast. We should be zocheh to see the coming of Mashiach speedily in our days!

Cindy Weinberger MS, RD, CDN, is a Master’s level Registered Dietitian and Certified Dietitian-Nutritionist. She graduated CUNY Brooklyn College receiving a Bachelor’s in Science and Master’s degree in Nutrition and Food Sciences. She is currently a dietitian at Boro Park Center and a private nutrition consultant located in Brooklyn and the Five Towns. She can be reached at CindyWeinberger1@gmail.com.


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OCTOBER 29, 2015 | The Jewish Home

In The K

tchen

Roasted Cauliflower and Garlic Soup Pareve • Yields 4-6 servings • Freezer friendly By Naomi Nachman

As soon as the fast ends, I put this soup up to the boil so I can serve it quickly as the other food continues to warm in the oven. I always double this soup and throw the extras in the freezer for Sukkot. Ingredients Roasted Garlic 1 small head garlic 1 tsp olive oil ½ tsp kosher salt pinch black pepper

Roasted Cauliflower 1 (32-ounce) bag frozen cauliflower 2 TBS olive oil 1 tsp kosher salt

Soup 1 TBS olive oil 1 medium onion, peeled and diced 2 medium Yukon Gold potatoes, peeled and cut into chunks 3 medium zucchinis, with peel, cut into chunks 1 tsp salt ¼ tsp black pepper

Preparation Prepare the roasted garlic and cauliflower: Preheat oven to 400°F. Line a baking sheet with parchment paper. Cut off the top of the head of garlic; place garlic head on a piece of foil. Sprinkle with oil, salt, and pepper. Wrap foil around garlic to seal. Place on prepared baking sheet. Add cauliflower, oil, salt, and pepper to sheet pan. Toss to combine. Roast for one hour, until cauliflower starts to brown. Set aside. Prepare the soup: Heat oil in a medium pot over medium heat. Add onion; cook, stirring occasionally, for about ten minutes, until soft. Add roasted cauliflower, potatoes, zucchini, salt, and pepper. Unwrap the garlic; squeeze the roasted cloves into the pot. Add water just to cover the vegetables. Bring to a boil; then simmer for 45-60 minutes, until the vegetables are soft. Use an immersion blender to puree the soup until smooth. Add water (about a cup and a half) if necessary, until the soup is as thick as you prefer. Cook’s Tip: Double the roasted garlic; squeeze some into mashed potatoes for incredible flavor. You can also spread the roasted garlic on challah or matzah. Naomi Nachman, the owner of The Aussie Gourmet, caters weekly and Shabbat/ Yom Tov meals for families and individuals within The Five Towns and neighboring communities, with a specialty in Pesach catering. Naomi is a contributing editor to this paper and also produces and hosts her own weekly radio show on the Nachum Segal Network stream called “A Table for Two with Naomi Nachman.” Naomi gives cooking presentations for organizations and private groups throughout the New York/New Jersey Metropolitan area. In addition, Naomi has been a guest host on the QVC TV network and has been featured in cookbooks, magazines as well as other media covering topics related to cuisine preparation and personal chefs. To obtain additional recipes, join The Aussie Gourmet on Facebook or visit Naomi’s blog. Naomi can be reached through her website, www.theaussiegourmet.com or at (516) 295-9669.


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OCTOBER 29, 2015| The | TheJewish JewishHome Home 4, 2019

Notable Quotes “Say What?!”

The difference is that liberals protect people, and P.C. people protect feelings. They don’t do anything. They’re pointing at other people who are somehow falling short of their standards, which could have changed three weeks ago. They’re constantly moving the goalposts so they can go, “Gotcha!” For example, when I was growing up, the most liberal thing you could do is not see color. Well, that’s wrong now. You see color, always, so you can register your white privilege. But I grew up in the Martin Luther King era: Judge by the content of their character, not the color of their skin. – HBO’s Bill Maher

I’m calling on the GOP to stop Trump’s filthy talk of whistleblowers being spies & using mob language implying they should be killed. Impeachment is not good enough for Trump. He needs to be imprisoned & placed in solitary confinement. But for now, impeachment is the imperative. - Tweet by Rep. Maxine Waters (D-CA)

My personal daily practice is to avoid single-use plastic items 100% of the time. I never drink from plastic water bottles. I always carry my own reusable coffee cup. I carry my own bamboo utensils. I walk the talk every day. - Elizabeth May, leader of Canada’s Green Party, after a Canadian newspaper noticed that the party scrambled to alter a photo of her in which she’s holding a disposable cup; they replaced the disposable cup with a reusable one with a metal straw in the photo

You want to know why I’m here? It’s this right here. The contest between the pitcher and the batter. You watch it enough, you can kind of guess along with it. That’s what I do. If the guy has a good changeup, or slider, “OK, throw it now.” –Sam Mellinger, a 93-year-old World War II veteran, talking to the Kansas City Star about why he still goes to Kansas City Royal games all of these years after being one of their first 200 season ticket holders and having known his section’s beer and nuts vendor for forty years already

I have four children, I am 5-foot-0, 100 pounds, I cannot really defend myself with a fist.... I want to know how you’re going to legislate that, because a criminal breaks the law, so all you’re going to do is restrict law-abiding citizens, like myself. - Lauren Boebert to Robert Francis “Beto” O’Rourke during a town hall event in Aurora, Colorado, arguing against his proposal to confiscate certain types of guns

As a law-abiding citizen, my firearms are as safe as my cellphone, in my opinion. It’s an inanimate object. - Matt Boggs, owner of Alpha Dog Firearms in Arizona, on Fox News after he held a “Beto Special” and sold out of AR-15s and rifles

We have a lot of wisdom that we can draw on from you. That was amazing. -Professor Lien-Hang T. Nguyen, of Columbia University, at the end of moderating a forum featuring Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad during which Mohamad defended his vile Jew-hatred by saying, “When you say ‘you cannot be anti-Semitic,’ there is no free speech.”

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It reads like a classic organized crime shakedown. Shorn of its rambling character and in not so many words, this is the essence of what the president communicates. We’ve been very good to your country, very good. No other country has done as much as we have. But you know what? I don’t see much reciprocity here. I hear what you want. I have a favor I want from you, though. And I’m going to say this only seven times so you better listen good. I want you to make up dirt on my political opponent, understand? Lots of it. On this and on that. I’m going to put you in touch with people, not just any people, I am going to put you in touch with the attorney general of the United States, my Attorney General Bill Barr. He’s got the whole weight of the American law enforcement behind him. And I’m going to put you in touch with Rudy. You’re going to love him. Trust me. You know what I’m asking. And so I’m only going to say this a few more times. In a few more ways. And by the way, don’t call me again. I’ll call you when you’ve done what I asked. This is in sum and character what the president was trying to communicate with the president of Ukraine. It would be funny if it wasn’t such a graphic betrayal of the president’s oath of office. But as it does represent a real betrayal, there’s nothing the president says here that is in America’s interest after all. - Rep. Adam Schiff, the chairman of the House Intelligence Committee, starting the impeachment inquiry into Pres. Trump by making up what the president said in the phone call with Ukrainian President Zelensky, only to cover himself by saying later on that his narrative was “ just a parody”

The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 29, 2015

Every family may have one bad person but they are a very respectable family. I have not done business with them in the past but I will be very happy to do business with them. The bin Laden family is not a disgraced name or something that I should hide. When I see the bin Laden family as a dirty name, I get really offended. – Saudi Prince Abdullah bin Mosaad, who just took full ownership of one of England’s top soccer teams, when asked about his many business dealings with terrorist mastermind Osama bin Laden’s family

Even e-cigarettes were like “Trump is having a bad week.” — Jimmy Fallon

It’s sad but he was using the president’s own words. - House Speaker Nancy Pelosi on NBC, when asked about Rep. Schiff’s parody

I’ve been going to Israel since I was a teenager… Israel was a storybook place for us. We felt a connection to it through our father, through our beliefs. I’ve been going back ever since. We don’t play in Israel for political reasons; we play for the people [to] spread our message of justice, love and peace for all people. - Reggae musician Ziggy Marley, at a pro-Israel event in Los Angeles, last week

I think his whole life has been a scam. - Chelsea Clinton talking about President Trump on “The View”

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It may be viewed as derogatory in 2019, but these gestures...were not intended to offend. - A Belgian government-recognized organization caring for people with hearing impairments defending the inclusion in its sign language dictionary of a hooked nose gesture for the word “Jew”

Ninety-nine percent of the people who walk in – more than 99 percent – don’t seem to have an issue with it. The menu’s not designed to insult people or hurt people, but it’s just meant to keep the conversation going as to what’s happening around us. - Hanif Mohamed, the owner of Urban Taqueria, located in Albuquerque, which is the talk of the town after some customers complained about the names of its burritos and tacos, including “The Wall,” “The Immigrant” and “Lock Her Up,” on its menu

He’s probably a little ahead of them as a freshman. - Archie Manning, former New Orleans Saints quarterback and father of multiple-Super Bowl winning quarterbacks Peyton and Elie Manning, talking to the Indianapolis Star about his grandson, Arch Manning, who is a high school freshman quarterback

I’ll tell you in a secret – yes, we’ll definitely intervene. It’s a secret so that everybody can laugh and so we’ll go big. But don’t tell anyone, please. - Russian President Vladimir Putin to NBC’s Keir Simmons when asked about former special counsel Robert Mueller’s belief that Russia will continue trying to meddle in upcoming elections

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OCTOBER 29, 4, 2019 OCTOBER 2015| The | TheJewish JewishHome Home

Political Crossfire

The Democrats Got Ahead of the Evidence By Marc A. Thiessen

R

emember when Democrats insisted that President Trump was “working on behalf of the Russians,” only to have special counsel Robert Mueller declare he “did not establish that members of the Trump Campaign conspired or coordinated with the Russian government in its election interference activities”? Well, we now have the rough transcript for Trump’s call with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky and it’s clear that, once again, Democrats got ahead of the evidence. Keep in mind, when this story broke, The Washington Post reported that “two former U.S. officials” said “Trump’s interaction with the foreign leader included a ‘promise’ that was regarded as so troubling that it prompted an official in the U.S. intelligence community to file a formal whistleblower complaint” (emphasis added). Well, it turns out Trump makes no “promise” anywhere in the transcript. He makes no threats, either. Indeed, it was Zelensky who raised the issue of investigating corruption, not Trump. “We wanted to drain the swamp here in our country ... You are a great teacher for us and in that,” he told the president. NBC’s Katy Tur claimed that the transcript shows Trump said, “Will you do me a favor and investigate Vice President Biden’s son?” No, he didn’t. When Trump asked Zelensky to “do us a favor,” it had nothing to do with Biden. According to the transcript, he was asking Zelensky to cooperate with an official Justice Department

investigation into the origins of the Mueller probe that is being led by U.S. Attorney John Durham, a career prosecutor. A Justice Department spokesman says Durham is “exploring the extent to which a number of countries, including Ukraine, played a role in the counterintelligence investigation directed at the Trump campaign during the 2016 election.” In his complaint, the whistleblower (who admits “I was not a direct witness to most of the events described”) describes Trump asking Zelensky to

ing enough. During the call, Trump tells Zelensky the United States is doing “much more than the European countries are doing and they should be helping you more than they are.” Zelensky responds: “Yes, you are absolutely right. Not only 100%, but actually 1000%.” He tells Trump that German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Emmanuel Macron “are not working as much as they should work for Ukraine,” and says that “the European Union should be our biggest partner but technical-

No president in modern times has seen more of his private conversations with foreign leaders leaked than Trump.

cooperate with this investigation as an effort “to advance his personal interests.” That is ridiculous. Since when is it inappropriate for the president of the United States to ask a foreign leader to cooperate with an official Justice Department investigation? The transcript also backs up Trump’s claim that he put a temporary hold on some U.S. military aid to Ukraine because he was concerned that the European allies were not do-

ly the United States is a much bigger partner than the European Union.” The whistleblower offers no evidence that Trump had any other motivation. What about Biden? Multiple news reports suggested Trump “repeatedly pressured the president of Ukraine to investigate Joe Biden’s son.” Turns out Trump only mentions Biden by name toward the end of the call. He tells Zelensky, “The other thing, there’s a lot of talk about Biden’s son, that Biden stopped the prosecution and a

lot of people want to find out about that so whatever you can do with the Attorney General would be great. Biden went around bragging that he stopped the prosecution so if you can look into it. ... It sounds horrible to me.” Should Trump have done this? Absolutely not. But the reality of this call is a far cry from overheated charges that Trump used U.S. aid to repeatedly pressure Zelensky to investigate Hunter Biden. At a news conference with Trump at the United Nations, Zelensky said the call was “normal” and “nobody pushed me.” In the complaint, the whistleblower alleges that efforts by White House officials to “lock down” the transcript are evidence of presidential wrongdoing. Or maybe they are evidence officials did not want yet another presidential conversation to leak. No president in modern times has seen more of his conversations with foreign leaders leak than Trump, including calls with Australian thenPrime Minister Malcolm Turnbull, Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte, British then-Prime Minister Theresa May, and Russian President Vladimir Putin. Little wonder the administration takes measures to restrict access to transcripts of those conversations. The irony is, thanks to the Democrats’ impeachment push, the president is going to get his investigation of Joe Biden’s son – except it won’t be carried out by Ukraine but by the U.S. Congress. (c) 2019, Washington Post Writers Group


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Political Crossfire

The Media is Bending over Backwards to Absolve the Bidens of Wrongdoing By Marc A. Thiessen

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et’s be clear: President Trump’s call with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky was not “beautiful” or “perfect.” Far from it. Trump should not have asked Zelensky to investigate Hunter Biden or to cooperate with his private attorney Rudolph Giuliani’s investigation of the former vice president’s son. Since Trump made no promises or threats in the call, it is a stretch to claim his conduct rises to the level of “high crimes and misdemeanors.” But it was highly inappropriate. However, it does not follow that Trump’s malfeasance absolves Joe Biden and his son of their malfeasance. Two things can be true at the same time: that Trump did something wrong and that Joe and Hunter Biden did something wrong as well. This seems to be lost on many in the media, who are bending over backward to absolve the Bidens of wrongdoing. For example, many in the media state as fact that Biden’s actions in encouraging the firing of Ukrainian prosecutor Viktor Shokin had nothing to do with his investigation of the natural gas company, Burisma, which employed Hunter Biden as a board member. His firing was justified, they say, because the U.S. government,

the International Monetary Fund and other U.S. allies were demanding he be fired as well. Furthermore, as CNN’s Jake Tapper insisted this weekend, “according to the Ukrainians that investigation [into Burisma] was dormant at the time.” First, the phrase “dormant” means, by definition, that an investigation into Burisma existed and was not closed. Second, we don’t know for certain that the Burisma investigation was, in fact, “dormant.” Shokin has sworn in an affidavit it was not. His successor says it was. Who is lying? Nobody knows for sure. Journalists don’t get to choose which version they prefer and report it as fact. But here is what is incontestably true: Joe Biden had a conflict of interest. His son took a position with a Ukrainian natural gas company, despite having no experience in Ukraine or natural gas, the very same month the elder Biden visited Kiev and urged Ukraine to increase its natural gas production. As Yoshiko Herrera, an expert in Russia and Eurasia policy at the University of Wisconsin at Madison, put it, “conflict-of-interest rules should have applied.” The latest spin is that there is nothing to see here because, as Re-

uters reports, the investigation of Burisma “focused solely on activity that took place before Hunter Biden, son of former U.S. Vice President Joe Biden, was hired to sit on its board.” Did it occur to anyone that maybe that is precisely why Burisma hired the American vice president’s son? According to The New York Times, Biden’s hiring “allowed Burisma to create the perception that it was backed by powerful Americans.” As Robert Weissman, president of the progressive watchdog Public Citizen, has said, “It’s hard to avoid the conclusion that Hunter’s foreign employers and partners were seeking to leverage Hunter’s relationship with Joe, either by seeking improper influence or to project access to him.” The revelation that Hunter Biden accepted a job with a Ukrainian company that was under investigation while his father was taking the lead in fighting corruption in Ukraine is damning, not exculpatory. Biden knew about his son’s involvement with Burisma, because the New Yorker has reported that in December 2015 Obama energy czar Amos Hochstein “raised the matter with Biden.” We also know, via The New York Times, that “some State

Department officials had expressed concern that Hunter Biden’s work in Ukraine could complicate his father’s diplomacy there.” No doubt, there is a paper trail at the State Department to that effect. The Code of Federal Regulations (§2635.502) clearly states that when a federal official takes action he knows will affect “a relative with whom the employee has a close personal relationship” and “the circumstances would cause a reasonable person with knowledge of the relevant facts to question his impartiality in the matter, the employee should not participate in the matter.” In other words, Joe Biden should not have taken the lead on Ukraine policy while Hunter Biden was working for Burisma. And even if Shokin deserved to be fired, Biden had no business being the one to deliver the ultimatum. Hunter Biden’s business dealings, in Ukraine and elsewhere, are crying out for investigation. That does not mean it was appropriate for Trump to raise them with the Ukrainian president. But the fact that Trump did so does not give the media carte blanche to make excuses for the Biden family. (c) 2019, Washington Post Writers Group


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A Fulfilled L fe

How to Give Feedback Like a Boss Part II By Rabbi Dr. Naphtali Hoff

I

n a previous article, we discussed how leaders can use the “EARN approach” to give effective feedback to team members. Here are some other tips to help you deliver more effective feedback to your coworkers. 1. Be positive – If your intention is genuine, and you can convey this to the employee, there’s a good chance your feedback will be effective. 2. Be immediate – Give the feedback while the individual can act on it. Waiting until the end of the week, or worst yet, the annual performance review doesn’t help the person make mid-course corrections. 3. Be honest – Say what needs to be said, rather than dance around the issue. Avoid the “sandwich technique,” which aims to couch criticism in praise. 4. Be specific – To reiterate, identify the specifics of what went wrong or could be improved and discuss your expectations for how his/ her behavior should change. 5. Be suggestive – Where possible, stay in suggestive mode by using words like “maybe” and “you could” instead of demanding terms such as “you must,” “from now on, always…” If you are giving positive

feedback, simply saying “good job” is not enough. Be specific about the behaviors you observed. 6. Be empathic – Maybe the employee is running into obstacles, or maybe the employee doesn’t have the right tools or systems to do the work. Once you understand the rea-

his/her goals. If insufficient progress is being made, use the conversation to figure out why and what can be done to help get things on track. 8. Be reasonable – Even if there are many correctable items that you’d like to discuss, avoid overloading. Too much information

People most appreciate feedback that helps them solve problems and improve.

sons behind the performance issue, you can work to minimize or remove the obstacles. This approach will go a long way towards building the relationship and building a culture of feedback. 7. Be growth oriented – The primary purpose of feedback should not be assessment. Rather, it should be on coaching employees to grow and set new goals. Once goals are set, use them as a baseline for future conversations with a focus on how the employee is progressing towards

will only dilute the conversation and reduce its effectiveness. Choose the 2-3 most important elements that require attention and leave all others alone. Less is more. 9. Be objective – Put personal feelings aside and seek to describe the behavior, not the personality. When you see a behavior or series of behaviors that you don’t like, focus your comments there rather than on the actor’s character. For example, conversation with someone who is habitually late should focus on the

person’s tardiness (“I’ve noticed that arrived late to the office six times over the past two weeks”), rather than be used as a referendum on their character (“it seems that you struggle with time management.”) As we’ve previously discussed, adding a piece about the result (“when you are late, the rest of us need to pick up the slack while also attending to your own duties”) can help clarify the problem and motivate change. 10. Offer the tool as well as the observation – When you see a problem or have identified a way to improve performance, be sure to suggest a tool or useful strategy as well. People most appreciate feedback that helps them solve problems and improve. Offering a tool says that you truly care and want to empower them to do their very best.

Rabbi Naphtali Hoff, PsyD, is an executive and business coach and president of Impactful Coaching & Consulting. For a free, no obligation consultation, please call 212-470-6139 or email info@ impactfulcoaching.com. Check out his new leadership book, “Becoming the New Boss,” on Amazon. Download his free eBook for understaffed leaders at ImpactfulCoaching.com/EPIC.


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Forgotten Her es

The Air Battle of Ofira By Avi Heiligman

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he Arab attacks on Israel at the beginning of the Yom Kippur War were a surprise to the entire country especially to the intelligence units that had failed to pick up on the impending attack. The early battles of the war did not go so well for the IDF as many of their bases were overrun or destroyed. However, not all of the Arab attacks were successful on the first day of battle. The Air Battle of Ofira had a 14-to-1 odds in favor of the Arabs, and yet the Israeli jets triumphed in spectacular fashion. On October 6, 1973, an Arab coalition led by Egypt and Syria attacked on two fronts. Many IDF soldiers, airmen, and sailors were in shul for Yom Kippur, and the military bases were undermanned. A call for all servicemembers and reservists to return to base went out but it took three days to fully mobilize and start counter-attacking. The first three days of the war were crucial for the troops at the frontlines. Several IAF planes had been shot down by surface-to-air missiles and couldn’t always reach the frontlines to provide desperately needed air support. The airbase at Ofira Airport was in

the Sinai Peninsula and was the home to fighter jets, air transport, and the regional control unit. The airport is part of the city of Sharm el-Sheikh and in 1976 was the location of the planes that took off for the rescue operation in Entebbe, Uganda. At Ofira, the new base commander, Yaakov Nevo, arrived in the morning and warned the pilots that a war may break out the next day. The war started abruptly at 2p.m. on Yom Kippur – the day before Nevo predicted the war would start. Amir Nachumi and his backseater, Yossi Yavin, were sitting in their F-4 Phantom fighter jets when radar detected Egyptian aircraft approaching. The squadron was young and relatively inexperienced. Two planes were ordered to be on five-minute standby. They were more prepared than at other bases, and the results of the war’s first aerial dogfight showed that Nevo was right in putting the pilots on standby. Sixteen enemy MiG fighters were detected on radar 55 miles from the base. Even though they were told to stay on the ground, Nachumi realized that there was no choice and left with another F-4, piloted by Daniel Shaki

and navigated by David Regev. They were barely airborne when the enemy bombed the runway. It was at this point that the two Phantom pilots realized that war had broken out. There were at least 28 MiG-17 and MiG-21 Russian-built fighters that attacked the base at Ofira, and Nachumi and Shaki went after them. Nachumi destroyed two aircraft with Sidewinder missiles and damaged two with his cannon before having engine trouble. After quickly resolving that issue, he went after the remaining MiGs and killed two more with Sidewinder missiles. Nachumi and Shaki, who shot down three enemy aircraft, both landed safely on the damaged runway at Ofira. All four airmen received Israel’s third highest decoration, the Medal of Distinguished Service, for their actions that day. The entire battle took six minutes, and both planes landed with barely any fuel left in their tanks. Israeli Mirage fighters were dispatched to the scene but arrived after the battle was over. The Mirage commander exclaimed, “Where are all those MiGs that everyone is talking about?!” In total, seven of the MiGs were

downed. One of the Egyptian pilots killed was Captain Atif Sadat, Egyptian President Sadat’s half-brother. One Israeli soldier was killed on the ground by bombs that were dropped by the MiG-17s. The war had just begun, and the Israelis lost over 100 aircraft by the time the war ended on October 25. Nachumi downed three other aircraft during the war, and in one adrenaline–pumping battle on October 14, he caused a MiG-21 to crash in the Mediterranean. In another aerial dogfight, Nachumi shot down another MiG-21 that was close to shooting at his wingman. His seven kills were the highest total for Israeli Phantom pilots during the war. The Yom Kippur War was different than other wars in Israeli history because of the intelligence failure. However, heroes like these four pilots were able to keep the Arabs in check long enough and finally turned the tide of war to ensure an Israeli victory. Avi Heiligman is a weekly contributor to The Jewish Home. He welcomes your comments and suggestions for future columns and can be reached at aviheiligman@gmail.com.


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Your

15

Money

Ornithology By Allan Rolnick, CPA

E

very fall, in one of nature’s enduring miracles, birds fly south for the winter. The Sterna Paradisaea, or Arctic tern, flies as far as three times the distance between the Earth and the moon in a lifetime. The Branta Canadensis, or Canadian goose, flies 3,000 feet high at 40 miles per hour and covers over 1,000 miles per day if the weather is right. The tiny archilocus colubris, or ruby-throated hummingbird, crosses the entire Gulf of Mexico in a single 18 to 22-hour marathon trip. Birds aren’t the only brightly-plumed creatures to fly south for winter. Many species of Homo Affluentus leave their homes in the northeast United States for winter nesting grounds ranging from the Carolinas through Florida. Homo Billionairus flies even farther, wintering in Palm Beach, Hobe Sound, and similarly pr icey beaches dotted with palm trees and construction cranes. Now those migratory patterns, which have remained stable for generations, are shifting. Global climate change is driving birds to migrate earlier in the season. And changes in the tax climate mean many of the wealthiest millionaires and billionaires aren’t returning north for the spring.

Scientists are still debating the precise activities responsible for today’s shifting climate. But we know exactly who to blame for the tax climate: Congress, which passed the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 almost two years ago. That law brought us a 21% flat corporate tax, lower individual rates, higher standard deductions, and a surprise $10,000/year limit on deduc-

home are known for some of the stiffest taxes in the country. Highearning Manhattanites can pay 40.8% to Uncle Sam, 8.82% to the Empire State, and 3.876% to the Big Apple. Who wouldn’t want to duck rates like that? The bills were easier to swallow when the state and local levies were fully deductible. But now they’ve become an albatross – the 2017 act raised total taxes for some,

There are only 38 homes on his gate-guarded street, with an average value of over $20 million each, making it the most expensive street in America.

tions for state and local income and property taxes. Tax code changes are hardly black swan events – but this one is creating chaos for our migrating species. The nor theast states where Homo Affluentus and Homo Billionairus make their year-round

despite the lower rates. More and more of those Masters of the Universe are flocking permanently to tax-free Florida. In fact, former Sunshine state Governor Rick Scott started poaching Wall Street bigwigs before the new law had even passed. Now

Carl Icahn, who perches at #47 on the Bloomberg Billionaires index with a net worth of $20 billion, is the latest to announce he’s moving to Florida. It’s clearly more than just a lark – he’s told employees that they’re coming too, or losing their jobs. Icahn’s new permanent nest is on Indian Creek Island, up the road from trendy South Beach. There are only 38 homes on his gate-guarded street, with an average value of over $20 million each, making it the most expensive street in America. Icahn’s neighbors include singer Julio Iglesias, supermodels Elle McPherson and Adriana Lima, and Miami Dolphins coach Don Shula, along with a Russian oligarch or two, and the hedge-fund guy who ran Sears into bankruptcy. We understand that there’s more that goes into deciding where to live than taxes. But we’re happy to help you fly the coop, if that’s the right move for your lifestyle. Call us before the weather turns, and we’ll give you something to sing about this winter! Allan J Rolnick is a CPA who has been in practice for over 30 years in Queens, NY. He welcomes your comments and can be reached at 718-896-8715 or at allanjrcpa@aol.com.


The Jewish Home | OCTOBER 4, 2019

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OCTOBER 4, 2019 | The Jewish Home

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1

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10

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1

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Five Towns Jewish Home - 10-3-19  

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