Cinema Southwest 20Southw10
Southwest Film Series Seventy years of comedy, action, melodrama, and road trips across the greater Southwest
University of Arizona
Film and Television Studies Class of 2010
School of Media Arts
Senior Capstone Project
Films 1940: Go West 1956: A Kiss Before Dying 1957: 3:10 to Yuma 1960: Psycho 1969: Easy Rider 1971: The Last Picture Show 1974: Alice Doesn’t Live Here Anymore 1984: Blood Simple; Paris Texas 1983: Star Wars 1987: Raising Arizona 1987: Can’t Buy Me Love 1990: Tremors 1991: Thelma and Louise 1994: Terminal Velocity 1995: The Quick and the Dead 1996: Tin Cup 1997: LA Confidential 2006: Nacho Libre 2007: No Country for Old Men 1999-2009 War in the Desert: Three Kings,The Kingdom, Terminator Salvation
Go West “Jump into your boots and saddles… It’s round-up time in the wild and wooly west!” ? Directed by Edward Buzzell Comedy, Western, Musical Released December 6, 1940
Embezzler S. Quentin Quale (Groucho Marx) is heading west to make a fortune. In the train station he runs into two brothers Rusty and Joseph Panello (Harpo and Chico Marx) who are also heading west to mine for gold. Once the brothers arrive in the west they buy a deed to Dead Man’s Gulch off an old prospector. Little do they know that the villainous Red Baxter (Robert Barrat) and John Beecher (Walter Woolf King) intend to buy the deed to exploit the railroad company. When S. Quentin Quale tries to facilitate the purchase, Red and Beecher steal the deed. In order to save the old prospector’s family from poverty and their own self interests, the Marx brothers must steal back the deed and beat Red and Beecher to the Railroad company in order to sell the land and thwart Red and Beecher’s plan to extort the company.
Influences: • • •
Bob Steele Westerns Vaudeville Broadway James Beagle’s Tumbleweeds (1925)
Key Narrative Motifs: • • • • •
C. Cras et sem.
Visual Culture: The eastern (New Yorker) outlook of the west. (item # XXXX)
Railroad Cowboys & Indians Western Corruption Musical Theatrics The Sleazy Saloon
Go West contâ€™d... Sonora, California
Red Rock Canyon State Park - California
Trivia / Fun Facts: Groucho Marx’s character S. Quentin Quale caused controversy when the film was first released because of its association with the saying ‘San Quentin Quail,’ the modern day equivalent to ‘Jail Bait.’
The train chase climax was about to be cut before filming because MGM executives thought it would be too expensive.
Curated By: Sean C. Benjamin Cinema southwest Media Arts/ P.O. Box 210158 845 North Park Avenue Tucson, AZ85721-0158
A Kiss Before Dying (1956) Directed by Gerd Oswald
“Loving Him was easy, trusting him was deadly.”
Cast Robert Wagner
Bud Corliss Ellen Kingship
Dorothy (Dorie) Kingship Mrs. Corliss
Locations in Tucson, Arizona
(then and now)
Tucson Mountain Park
Crew Cinemotographer Screen Writer Producer
Lucien Ballard Laurence Roman Robert L. Jacks Robert Goldstein
Music by Editing by
Lionel Newman George A. Gittens
Released by United Artist on June 12, 1956 and filmed in CinemaScope and color by De Lux Based off of the novel A Kiss Before Dying by Ira Levin
Synopsis Bud Corliss is a young speech student at the University of Arizona when his girlfriend Dorie/Dorothy, the daughter of a rich man, gets pregnant. Bud decides to kill her. After failing to poison her, Bud throws her off of the Tucson National Bank Building, leaving a suicide note to mask his murder. Dorie’s sister, Ellen looks into her sister’s murder. Ellen and Bud meet, and Bud is immediately drawn to Ellen’s money. As Bud gets closer to Ellen, the threads of his lies start to unravel and Ellen starts to suspect him. The final sticking point is when Bud calls Dorothy ‘Dorie’, a name Ellen knew that only her murderer had ever used. In a struggle at a mining quarry between Ellen and Bud, Bud is hit by a truck and thrown to his death. Lobby Card above by Clare Kosinski
Visual Culture • • • •
Key Narrative More Movie Facts Motifs • •
The open desert and freedom The desert city and suffocating social structure Gold, as desire rooted in the desert Southwest style reflecting wealth
• Greed Love Blinding people from truth of • character Change of Social position through marriage • Oedipal domination over women/mothers
Remake of the same name made in 1991 starring Matt Dillon and Sean Young The title song “A Kiss Before Dying” written by Lionel Newman, lyrics by Carroll Coates, sung by Dolores Hawkins Reviews for the film were mixed and it took more than 40 years for it to go to VHS
University of Arizona Valley National Bank Building
Mountain Oyster Club
Addition Locations: Lodge on the Desert, Tucson AZ; Inspiration Consolidated Copper Company, Miami AZ; Los Angeles High School, Los Angeles CA
Trivia and Quotes A Kiss Before Dying is the directorial Jeffery Hunter was also in Fox’s Seven Angry Men and debut of Gerd Oswald. Ira Levin, the novelist, also wrote Seven Cities of Gold (both in Rosemary’s Baby 1955) Bud: “I’m a man with a shameful, According to Ronald sinister secret. You know what it is? Schwartz, A Kiss Before Dying I’ve never really been in love before.” was “really a 20th Century Fox Robert Wagner also starred in film with Fox casting and Fox’s Prince Valiant (1954) production values. Why it was released through United Artists is a mystery.”
Ira Levin, the novelist, won the 1954 Edgar Award for “Best First Novel” In one scene, Bud and Gordon Grant wear nearly identical outfits in opposing colors, pitting them against each other as character foils
Project Curated by Clare Kosinski , Further information found at: Schwartz, Ronald. Noir, Now and Then. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2001. P148-151 TCM - http://www.tcm.com/tcmdb/title.jsp?stid=18743 IMDB – http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0049414/
Wikipedia – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Kiss_Before_Dying_(1956_film) AFI – http://afi.chadwyck.com.ezproxy2.library.arizona.edu/film/full_rec? action=BYID&FILE=../session/1271351191_11838&ID=51893
Cast and Crew Glen Ford
3:10 to Yuma by Elmore Leonard in Dime Western
*Received second place ranking in the Golden Laurel Award for top action drama
Magazine (March 1953)
*Top male actor for Golden Laurel Award
*Nominated for a British Academy Award
Synopsis This film centers on a rancher, Dan Evans (Van Heflin) who watches Ben Wade (Glenn Ford), an outlaw, confiscate his sonâ€™s horses, defenseless, as he does not know how to react. In order for Wade to gain the respect of his sons and wife Alice (Leora Dana), he decides to capture Ben Wade once and for all. Evans and one of his men, Alex Porter (Henry Jones) catch Wade and escort him in secret to Original release and Contention city where they are ordered to put him format abroad the 3:10 to Yuma. Based on a short story by Distribution Company: Elmore Leonard, this film received critical reception Columbia Pictures Corp. in 1957 because of its unique plot that deals with Released: August 1957 masculinity and the bending of rules when it comes World Premiere in Denver to friendships. August 7th 1957 Format: Black and White, Widescreen/ration 1.85:1 Curated By: Tasnim Hindeyeh
Locations *Amerind Foundation-2100 N. Amerind Road, Dragoon, Arizona *Columbia/Warner Bors.Ranch-411 N. Hollywood Way Burbank, California *Old Tucson Studios-201 S. Kinney Road, Tucson, Arizona Sedona, Arizona
Old Tucson Studios
Old Tucson Studios
“It is a strong, taut drama which builds to a climax almost tense” -Paulpainfully V. Beckley, New York Herald Tribune, August 1957
Critical Reception and Reviews
“3: 10 to Yuma is a good western film, loaded with suspenseful situations and dusty atmosphere. -Bosley Crowther, New York Times, August 29, 1957
Visual culture 3:10 to Yuma had an evocative theme song that became a hit record (with slightly different lyrical than heard on the soundtrack) The “3:10 to Yuma” song was written by Ned Washington and
Genre and style
Modern sources have called 3:10 to According to the Pop Matters website 3:10 to Yuma one of the best Westerns of Yuma is considered a the 1950s. THE 1950S Western classic.
Remakes and Influences
George Dunning and sung by Frankie Laine.
3:10 to Yuma was remade in 2007 by director James Mangold with Russell Crowe as Ben Wade and Christian Bale as Dan Evans
Themes and motifs A classic Western, which centers on cowboys, heroism and masculinity
Columbia bought the rights to Halsted Welles’s screenplay from the Associates and Aldrich Co. Also the LAT review states that Glenn Ford turned down the role of Dan Evans because he wanted to play the villain
Contributors http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0050086. http://www.tcm.com/thismonth/article/?cid=191494&rss=mrq http://www.tcm.com/thismonth/article/?cid=191494&rss=mrq Curated by Tasnim Hindeyeh http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0050086. http://www.tcm.com/tcmdb.title.jsp?stid=3718 www.imdb.com and Courtesy of Frances Causey film manager at Old Tucson Studios http://www.tcm.com/thismonth/article/?cid=191494&rss=mrqe 3:10 to Yuma. Director: Delmer Daves. Year: 1957. Production Company: Columbia Pictures Corp. Country: United States. Source: American Film Institute Catalog. < URL: http://gatemway.proquest.com/openurl?ctx_verz39.88
2003&xri:pqiol:res_ver=0.2&res_id=xri:afi&rtf>. 3:10 to Yuma. Director: Delmer Daves. Year: 1957. Production Company: Columbia Pictures Corp. Cou HYPERLINK "http://gatemway.proquest.com/openurl?ctx_verz39.882003&xri:pqiol:res_ver=0.2&res_id=xri:afi&rtf"http://gatemway.proquest.com/openurl? 2003&xri:pqiol:res_ver=0.2&res_id=xri:afi&rtf>. ctx_verz39.88 www.tcm.com:80/tcmdb/title.jsp?stid=3718&category=Articles 12/13. MacCurdy, Carol A. (2009) ‘Masculinity in 3:10 to Yuma’ Quarterly Review of Film and Video, 26:4, 280. 11
Psycho “A new and altogether different screen excitement.” Directed By: Alfred Hitchcock Released: 16th June 1960 Screenplay by: Joseph Stefano Production Budget: $806,947 Curated by: Emily Zervos
Cast Anthony Perkins- Norman Bates Janet Leigh- Marion Crane Vera Miles- Lila Crane John Gavin- Sam Loomis Patricia Hitchcock- Caroline Martin Balsam- Milton Arbogast
The story focuses on Marion Crane. She is a young woman who wants to find a way to be with her man, Sam Loomis. He is divorced and in serious debt trouble. In an attempt to help both herself and him, Marion steals $40, 000 from one of her boss’ clients. As she flees Phoenix the guilt starts to take over. She ends up at the Bates Motel, where she meets Norman Bates, a young man who lives with his mother and runs the hotel. The stay at the Bates Motel is cut short when the mother kills Marion. Norman covers up the murder and returns the motel room to normal. Marion’s sister, Lila, fearing for her sister’s safety goes looking for her along with Marion’s boyfriend Sam. They hire a private investigator, Milton Arbogast, who in the process of his investigation gets too close to the Bates’ secret and is murdered. When Lila and Sam finish the investigation they discover that Norman’s mother has been dead for a number of years, and that he has been keeping her body in the house. Norman’s double life is finally uncovered and the extent of his craziness is finally noticed.
Key Narrative Motifs
Phoenix, Arizona, USA- Opening establishing shot Jefferson Hotel, 109 S. Central, Phoenix, Arizona, USA- The first scene in hotel the hotel room was shot at this location. Back lot, Universal Studios - 100 Universal City Plaza, Universal City, California, USA- This location was used for the Bates Motel and house
Voyeurism Death Paranoia Split Personality Guilt Facades Abandonment Oedipal attachment
The picture to the right is the lobby card that was used upon the British release of Psycho. Different versions of this card were released internationally. Hitchcock was adamant that no one should be admitted to the theatre after the start of the film. People either saw the whole thing, or they did not see it at all.
Sequels and Remakes: In 1983 Richard Franklin directed Psycho 2. The film stars Anthony Perkins and Vera Miles from the original film and focused on Norman Bates attempting to return to a normal life after being released from a mental institution after twenty two years. Inevitably history starts to repeat itself. In 1986 Anthony Perkins directed Psycho 3. Bates is still running the motel and keeps the skeleton of his mother in the house. Bates starts a relationship with a young woman who stays at the hotel, and the murders start to occur all over again.
In 1990 a â€˜prequelâ€™ (Psycho 4) was made starring Anthony Perkins. This film was made for TV. This time around he is invited to share memories of his mother with a radio talk show host. However he fears that he may kill again as his girlfriend is pregnant with his child and Norman cannot let another psycho into the world. Gus Van Sant directed a shot for shot remake of Psycho in 1998. This film cost $60 million to make and only made $20 million at the box office. This version stars Vince Vaughn as Norman Bates and Anne Heche as Marion Crane.
Awards: Psycho was nominated for 4 academy awards: Best Actress in a Supporting Role, Best Art Direction, Best Cinematography, Best Director. It won the Edgar Allan Poe award in 1961 for Best motion picture. Janet Leigh won Best supporting actress at the Golden Globe awards in 1961.
The design of Norman Bates' house was based on the Edward Hopper painting "The house by the railroad" painted in 1924. Hitchcock described the Gothic architectural style of the house as "California Gingerbread." The house was built out of a number of stock units. The front of the house and the distinctive tower was the same as that used in the "Harvey" house on Colonial Street. The house was just a shell so the interior shots were filmed on stage 28 at Universal Studios.
Though Psycho is a Paramount Picture, it was filmed at Universal Studios. This is because Psycho was the last film Alfred Hitchcock made for Paramount. By the time principal photography started, Hitchcock had moved his offices to the Universal lot and that was where the film was shot.
Trivia and Fun Facts: The screenplay for Psycho was based on a novel by Robert Bloch. This novel was based on the true story of Plainfield Wisconsinâ€™s psychotic serial Killer Edward Gein. The main similarity to Gein that appears in Psycho is the disturbingly strong attachment to the cruel domineering mother. Janet Leigh spent three weeks on the set. A whole week was devoted to the infamous shower scene as it contains over ninety different shots. After the film's release Alfred Hitchcock received an angry letter from the father of a girl who refused to have a bath after seeing Les diaboliques (1955) and now refused to shower after seeing this film. Hitchcock sent a note back simply saying, "Send her to the dry cleaners."
Easy Rider Cinema Southwest
Dennis Hopper Produced by
Peter Fonda Dennis Hopper Terry Southern.
Peter Fonda Dennis Hopper Jack Nicholson
Cinematography Laszlo Kovacs
Original Release Date: July 14, 1969
Format: 35mm and 16mm Budget: $340,000
“A man went looking for America. And couldn’t find it anywhere..”
Genre/Style Road film Drama Adventure Action New Hollywood Crime
The story of two drug-smuggling, freedomseeking companions. Their motorcycle journey from Mexico to Mardi Gras. What it means to live truly free in America…After unloading their cocaine in Los Angeles, Wyatt and Billy stash their profit in the fuel tank of one of their choppers and take off for New Orleans. Their trip becomes a bad acid trip when their newly acquainted lawyer-friend is murdered by machetes, wielded by hillbilly locals. Undeterred by death, Wyatt and Billy rev their engines onward toward Mardi Gras. They arrive and befriend two hookers. They take their friends to a cemetery and do LSD. Drugs and prostitutes leave Wyatt and Billy feeling empty inside. They carry on toward Florida. They are intercepted by rednecks with a shotgun. A shot to the fuel tank of their chopper and the money is gone.
Peter Fonda, Jack Nicholson, and Dennis Hopper actually smoked marijuana while filming their drug scene. The original title for the film was The Loners. The first cut of the film was three hours, twice the length of the final version. It is one of the first films to make extensive use of previously released musical tracks, instead of inventing an original film score. Fonda and Hopper wrote much of the script as they went along filming. Crew members include friends of Fonda and Hopper, and were often stoned while filming. In an interview with Playboy, Nicholson confessed, “Each time I did a take or angle, it involved smoking almost an entire joint.” It was the first independent feature to be distributed by a major studio.
Wupatki National Monument (near Flagstaff, AZ); Tucson, AZ; Topock, AZ (south along US-60); Taos, NM; Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument (near Flagstaff, AZ); Santa FE, NM; St Louis No. 1 Cemetery, New Orleans, Louisiana; Prescott, AZ; W. route 66 Bellemont, AZ; Monument Valley, Utah, Madrid, NM, Los Angeles, CA; Flagstaff, AZ; Cottonwood, AZ.
Key narrative motifs: Quick edits and sound effects are used to subjectively represent drug experimentation. Brief identical shots are sometimes shown in quick succession throughout the film. The characters sometimes jump forward in time following a cut. These style techniques help to illustrate disjointed and instable time and space. In the film, Wyatt and Billy blaze across America on drugs. Thanks to the visual techniques and editing, the viewer can experience a similar drug induced state of mind.
First Film Award at the 1969 Cannes Film Festival
Original Critical Reception: •
Academy Award Nomination for Best Actor in a Supporting Role for Jack Nicholson
Academy Award Nomination for Best Writing Based on Material Not Previously Published or Produced
The film was well received by critics for its breathtaking cinematography, the acting of Jack Nicholson, it’s shocking ending, and its ability to make viewers feel as though they are experiencing the film rather than merely watching it.
Influences and Offshoots: Dennis Hopper has stated that Easy Rider was partly inspired by the Italian road film, Il Sorpasso. Popular road films since the release of Easy Rider include Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas (1998), Thelma and Louise (1991), The Motorcycle Diaries (2004), and Sideways (2004).
Visual culture: Visual representations of drugs, hippies, and sexual freedom illustrate counterculture in the late sixties. Motorcycle culture is visually expressed by the choppers Billy and Wyatt drive, as well as the clothing they wear.
Curated by John Byerley
The Last Picture Show
Anarene, Texas, 1951. Nothing much has changed…
Sam the Lion
Directed by Peter Bogdanovich
Drama, Coming of Age Released October 22, 1971 Original Budget: $1,300,000
Peter Bogdanovich's second film, The Last Picture Show, follows the lives of best friends Sonny Crawford (Timothy Bottoms) and Duane Jackson (Jeff Bridges). It is a coming-of-age tale which captures a year of the bleak town of Anarene, Texas. Duane has been going steady with Jacy Farrow (Cybill Shepherd), a beautiful yet capricious young woman searching futilely for ideal romance. Sonny finds himself in an increasingly heated relationship with his coach's wife, Ruth Popper (Cloris Leachman). Set in 1951, the film's chilling black and white aesthetic contributes to its exploration of its thematic issues: love, sexuality, innocence, and friendship. The film utilizes desert imagery as a motif for the desolation and dissatisfaction which each character in this dusty Texas town experiences in their relationships. Emotionally heightened through excellent performances by Ben Jonson, Cloris Leachman, Jeff Bridges, and Ellen Burstyn, The Last Picture Show was extremely well-received by critics, being nominated for eight Academy Awards and winning two.
Best Actor in a Supporting Role (Ben Johnson)
Best Actress in a Supporting Role (Cloris Leachman)
Based on the novel “The Last Picture Show” Larry McMurtry Movie Trivia •
Best Director (Peter Bogdanovich) •
All the film’s camera angles are eye-level The film was originally banned in Phoenix, Arizona
Best Picture (Stephen J. Friedman)
The “last picture show” was Howard Hawks’ Red River
Best Actor in a Supporting Role (Jeff Bridges)
Best Actress in a Supporting Role (Ellen Burstyn)
The actual Royal Theater in Archer City, Texas had burned after a balcony fire in August 1965.
Archer City, TX
Locations B. Nulla quis sem. (item # XXXX)
Movie Trivia D. Vivamus eu turpis. Adaptation
Blood Simple. (1984) “Breaking up is hard to do.”
Technical: DuArt Color,
Independent Spirit Award-Best Director, Joel Coen; Best Male Lead, M. Emmett Walsh
35mm, Aspect ratio-1.85:1,
River Road Productions.
Fantasporto- Audience Jury Award
Dist: Circle Films.
Grand Jury Prize- 1985 Sundance Film Festival
Film Locations: Title: The Austin, title of the film comes from Dashiell Hammett’s novel Houston, Red Harvest —it is a way to describe how one can become “simple” by being exposed Huttoofand RoundorRock, to a bevy violence blood. Specifically, the narrator in the book, the Continental Op, tells the character Brand: "This damned burg's getting me. If I don't get USA. away soon I'll be going blood-simple like the natives." Texas,
Budget: $1,500, 000 (Est.) Domestic Total Gross: $2,150,000 Domestic Lifetime Gross: $3,851,855. (2000 re-release) Written and Edited by Joel and Ethan Coen. Produced by Ethan Coen and Mike Bacarella. Cinematography by Barry Sonnenfeld. Music by Carter Burwell. Production Designed by Jane Musky. Trivia/Fun Facts: (from imdb.com) • • • • • •
A teaser trailer for the film was shot long before the movie was in production. It featured Bruce Campbell (filling in for the role later played by Dan Hedaya) bloody and crawling down the road, just like the movie. Holly Hunter had auditioned for the role of Abby, but turned it down because she was performing a play in New York at the same time. So she encouraged her roommate Frances McDormand to go and audition for the role. Holly Hunter's voice is on Meurice's answering machine. Officially, the title is spelled with a period at the end - it appears this way on screen. Most television listings and video releases leave the period off. On the advice of Sam Raimi, the Coens went door-to-door showing potential investors a two minute 'trailer' of the film they planned to make. They ultimately raised $750,000 in a little over a year, enough to begin production of the movie. The finished film was brought to L.A. and shown to the major studios, and all passed on the movie. Later that year it was accepted into the 1984 New York Film Festival, and then shown at the Toronto Film Festival, where a deal was made with Circle Films to distribute the movie domestically. M. Emmet Walsh's part was written specifically for the actor. 22
Critical Reception: Overwhelmingly positive. Roger Ebert, Chicago Sun-Times: 4 out of 4 stars, Richard Corliss from TIME, Bruce Williamson of Playboy, Peter Travers (People magazine, now of Rolling Stone), Janet Maslin of The New York Times and David Ansen of Newsweek all gave rave reviews. Media: Trailer: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vI0ov8zzfQA (original) http://www.imdb.com/video/screenplay/vi112918809 (re-release) Interview with the Coen Brothers at time of release: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zlJZtw1n78Q
The Influences: Double Indemnity (1944), The Upturned Glass (1947), Strangers on a Train (1951), The Ladykillers (1955), Touch of Evil (1958), La ragazza che sapeva troppo (1963), Reflections of Murder (1974), The Texas Chain Saw Massacre (1974) Halloween (1978), The Evil Dead (1981). The Influenced: Many of the Coen Brothers own films, including Fargo (1996), The Man Who Wasnâ€™t There (2001) and No Country for Old Men (2007). Also: Kill Me Again (1989), Out Cold (1989), After Dark, My Sweet (1990), Red Rock West (1993), Best Laid Plans (1999), The First Gun (2010 remake)
Original Critical Reception “Mr. Stanton, … is a marvelous Shepard character. Every foolish endeavor in American history appears to be written in the deep lines and hollows of his face. There is a gentleness about him that at any moment may erupt in inexpicable violence.” – Vincent Canby New York Times October 14, 1984 “French critics have praised the film, which stars Harry Dean Stanton and Nastassja Kinski, for its emotional qualities; one of them called Mr. Wenders the successor to such ''moviemakers of emotion'' as John Ford, Allan Dwan, Yasujiro Ozu and Nicholas Ray. Le Monde's front-page headline about the film last month read ''Pour Wim Wenders, C'est La Gloire.'' One peculiarity about French filmgoers' response to ''Paris, Texas,'' though, is that most of them are seeing it in English. Only seven of the theaters are playing the version that is dubbed in French.” –Janet Maslin The New York Times October 19, 1984
Trivia & Fun Facts •
In the airport as Walt (Dean Stockwell) calls home the Public- Address system announces: “Message for Joy Stockwell, Joy Stockewell, Austin will arrive at any minute.” Joy Stockwell was Dean’s real-life wife and the PA is announcing the birth of their son Austin which happened during the production of the film.
In a 2008 interview L.M. Kit Carson remembered, “nobody was paid anything really.” The film had a budget of $750,000 and Carson was paid with a 1957 Chevrolet Bel Air, “with the fins.”
Wim Wenders’ book Written in the West, published in 1987, is a collection of photographs taken while location-scouting around Arizona, New Mexico and Texas for the film.
Winner of the 'Palme d'or' at the 1984 Cannes Film Festival.
For more information about this film and its filmmakers, visit: The Criterion Collection http://www.criterion.com
Winner of the FIPRESCI Prize (the international federation of film critics) at the Cannes Film Festival Winner of the Prize of the Ecumenical Jury at the Cannes Film Festival
Film Index International http://fii.chadwyck.com Wim Wenders’ Official website http://www.wim-wenders.com
Return of the Jedi
Original Release date, budget: 25 May 1983, $32,500,000
Curated by Patrick Hayes
Genre/Style: Action, Adventure, Fantasy, Sci-Fi
Return To A Galaxy... Far, Far Away The Saga Continues
Key narrative motifs: Narrative motifs appear not just in Return of the Jedi but also the saga's predecessors. They include: Good vs. Evil (hence the all black attire of the Sith vs. the white cloths donned by Luke, the princess and Han).
Richard Marquand (Dir.) George Lucas (Prod.) Lawrence Kasdan (Screenplay) Mark Hamill Harrison Ford Carrie Fisher Billy Dee Williams Anthony Daniels Peter Mayhew Frank Oz
The idea that Luke is becoming like his father (darker clothes, part machine with his cyborg hand) The abandonment of the natural world when joining the dark side (the Death Star I and II).
Synopsis: Return of the Jedi is the third installment of the Star Wars saga and takes place one year after Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back. After being captured by Jabba the Hutt and frozen, Han Solo is rescued by Luke Skywalker and members of the Rebel Alliance. Meanwhile, the Galactic Empire's construction of a second Death Star look to foil the plans of the Rebel Alliance. While the Rebel Alliance readies an attack on the Sith's new space station Luke tackles Darth Vadar, his father, in a battle of good versus evil. After Emperor Palpatine fails to convert the Jedi Knight he orders Vadar to kill him. Before the damage is done the Sith Lord kills the dark Emperor while sacrificing himself. The Rebel Alliance with help from a freed Han Solo, Chewbacca and the Jedi Knight, Luke Skywalker overthrow the tyranny that was the Galactic Empire. Original Critical reception: Roger Ebert gave the film four stars out of four. James Kendrick of Q Network Film Desk described Return of the Jedi as "a magnificent experience." May 23, 1983 TIME magazine cover with the reviewer Gerald Clarke saying "better and more satisfying" than The Empire Strikes Back
Trivia/Fun Facts: The scenes involving Jabba the Hutt's sail barge were shot near Yuma, Arizona, right in the middle of a rally of 35,000 dune buggy enthusiasts. Although the shoots were protected by a chain-link fence perimeter and around-the-clock security, some dune-buggy junkies managed to sneak in and snap some photos. To make them sound more ominous and menacing, Darth Vader's footsteps were recorded in an underground tunnel near the Golden Gate Bridge. Upon being spoken in this movie, the line "I've got a bad feeling about this," was spoken in all three films of the series. It would later be spoken in all movies in the next trilogy. In 2004, George Lucas revealed why he had Yoda confirm that Darth Vader was Luke Skywalker's father. It was because of a consultation Lucas had with a child psychologist, who told Lucas that if a more honest and reliable source did not tell Luke, that children under 12 years of age would not believe it, because they would instantly assume that Darth Vader was lying, since children that age tend to believe that the bad guy never speaks the truth.
Return of the Jedi â€œTagline.â€?
Final Fun Fact: The original title for Episode VI was Revenge of the Jedi but Lucas changed the name in order to preserve the attributes of a Jedi Knight -- which does not include revenge. The title was changed and poster removed.
Visual culture: In April of 1982, the production moved to the desert outside of Yuma, Arizona for two weeks of shooting Tatooine exteriors. This was after filming on nine separate stages in England's Elstree Studios and before the crew's move to Crescent City in northern California for the filming of the Endor forest exteriors. The desert was ideal for the pirate ship-like scene in which Luke retrieves Han Solo, Chewbacca and his sister, Princess Leia. Location: Imperial Sand Dunes
Episode I: The Phantom Menace
Episode II: Attack of the Clones
Episode IV: A New Hope
Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back
Episode III: Revenge of the Sith
Episode VI: Return of the Jedi is part of the first released trilogy. After a prolonged absence, Star Wars returned to the big screen with a prequel trilogy which portrayed the fall of the Jedi and the rise of Darth Vadar.
FUN FACTS The film was rumored to have originally been called Raising Utah. H.I. can be seen wearing a uniform with the name "Hudsucker Industries" written on it. Nathan, Jr. doesn't cry at all throughout the entire movie. But all the other main characters do at some point.
Film Locations: 120 E. 5th Street, Tempe Arizona 6109 N. Apache Trail, Apache Junction, Arizona Camelback Mountain, Phoenix, Arizona
Crew Cinematographer Barry Sonnenfeld
DISTRIBUTION 20th Century Fox
Music Carter Burwell Editing
Run time 94 Minutes Curated by: Roman Gabriel Arriola, Jr.
$6,000,000 Gross Revenue $22,000,000
Can't Buy Me Love
Patrick Dempsey................Ronald Miller Amanda Peterson...............Cindy Mancini Seth Green..........................Chuckie Miller Courtney Gains...................Kenneth Wurman Darcey Demoss...................Patty Ami Dolenz.........................Fran Devin DeVasquez................Iris
"Money can buy popularity but it..........." Director: Steve Rash
Gene: Romance, Comedy
Peter Lyons Collister........Dir. of Photography Jerram Swartz..................Assistant Director Randal Feemster..............Camera Operator Anne McCaffrey...............Location Manager Caro Jones........................Casting Director Donald Light Harris.........Production Designer Christian W. Russhon.......Set Decorator
Released: August 14, 1987 94 minutes PG-13
Estimated between $2.7 - $2.9 Million Shot Entirely within Tucson, Arizona
Synopsis Eighties high school film "Can't Buy Me Love" (1987) is the classic tale of the geek winning the heart of the head cheerleader. Ronald Miller (Patrick Dempsey) is plagued by the self-realization that his geek status has alienated him from both popularity and the girl of his dreams. Head cheerleader, Cindy Mancini (Amanda Peterson), finds herself desperately needing one thousand dollars to bail herself out of trouble. Ronald negotiates to rent Cindy for one month. A pretend relationship that's suppose to elevate Ronald's high school status while getting to spend time with Cindy. The truth comes out and the backlash annihilates Ronald leaving him without any status in the world of high school. Ronald makes a heartfelt speech about friendship. Cindy gives in to her emotions to give Ronald a second chance. The two ride off together into the Arizona sunset for a happily ever after.
Patrick Dempsey Won for Best
Amanda Peterson Nominated for Best Young Actress in a Motion Picture - Comedy
Young Actor in a Motion Picture Comedy
Based on the Original Screenplay by
In 1986 during filming the Christmas scenes it actually snowed in Tucson. The producers didn't think anyone would believe snow on a cactus so the Art Department had to scrape off the snow everywhere.
The ending "into the sunset shot" was on the daily call sheet everyday for a couple of weeks till the perfect sunset was captured.
Tucson High School received $5,000 for letting the school be used as a movie set. Rash shot the film Non-Union. SAG Reps went to the school to discourage student participation.
Winterhaven neighborhood, Pima Air Museum (6000 E. Valencia Road) Scoops (2910 E. Speedway Boulevard), Hill Farm House, Tucson High School (400 N. 2nd. Avenue also Euclid & 6th Street), Tucson Mall (4500 N. Oracle Road), Speedway Blvd.
MOVIE TRIVIA • •
Michael Swerdlick Who wrote the Remake Screenplay for Love Don't Cost a Thing (2003)
Original working title was "Boy Rents Girl" A house in Winterhaven doubled settings: first as Kenneth's house and second as the interior set for the New Year's Eve Party. The road used for cruising is Speedway Blvd. LIFE magazine in 1972 called it the "Ugliest main street in America" 31
Interview with Location Manager Anne McCaffrey "The film's success as a summer blockbuster hit was a total surprise, making about 30 million in the first summer.....I love Tucson, It is a very special place and offers so much to filmmakers. There are so many "looks" to the city and surrounding areas, making it a very optimal place to shoot. I have worked on so many films there, and jump at the chance every time to return." Special Thanks to: Tucson, AZ
Anne McCaffrey Peter Catalanotte Dr. Jenkins Tucson Film Office University of Arizona Media Arts Department Metropolitan Tucson Convention & Visitors Bureau Pima Air and Space Museum Independent Film association of Southern Arizona (IFASA) Winterhaven Neighborhood Association Hill Farm Homeowners Association (HFHOA) Touchstone Pictures Tucson Mall Tucson High School The Film Index International Internet Movie Database
http://www.fast-rewind.com/ cbml.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Can %27t_Buy_Me_Love_(film) http://filmtucson.com http://www.us.imdb.com/title/tt009 2718/ http://www.tucsonweekly.com/tucso n/nerds-love-andcannonballs/Content?oid= 1075432 http://www.thepepper.com/tucson_fi lm_locations.html http://boxofficemojo.com/movies/? id=cantbuymelove.htm http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/ topics/Can't_Buy_Me_Love_(film) http://wapedia.mobi/en/Can't_Buy_ Me_Love_(film) http://www.movietome.com/movie/ 275343/cant-buy-me-love/index.html http://www.ths1960.com/ http://www.funtrivia.com/en/Movie s/Cant-Buy-Me-Love-8218.html
< August 2010 October > 1986
< The Loft Cinema on Speedway Boulevard. In 1987 the theater was called the Twin Theaters
F < KFC in 2010
F < Cindy Mancini's house. Hill Farm House Clubhouse to this suburb neighborhood on Ft.Lowell The community was brand new. The yard didn't have any grass. The Art Department had to lay out the entire lawn. The House remains the same.
Film format 35mm Original aspect ratio 1.37:1 Adjusted to 1.85:1 • • •
Patrick Dempsey currently appears on "Grey's Anatomy" as 'McDreamy' Dempsey has a men's fragrance called "Unscripted" sold through AVON. Dempsey auditioned for the role of Duckie in "Pretty in Pink" and for Dr. Gregory House on "House M.D." Dempsey opened the Center for Cancer Hope & Healing in
Cinematographic process used Spherical
Laboratory Deluxe •
Production Companies: Twisted Pictures/ Evolution Entertainment, Touchstone Pictures, Silver Screen Partners III
Amanda Peterson left acting in 1995 Peterson did over thirty-five commercials before the age of fourteen. Peterson lives in Colorado with her husband and children. Peterson attended Colorado State University and is known to be involved with their theater program.
Distributor: Buena Vista F
The helicopter for the final pretend date was on a real HH-43F Huskie [registration #59-1583]. The helicopter was donated by USAF to Tucson's Pima Air & Space Museum in 1977. After filming, the helicopter was converted into a civilian helicopter and sold [registration # N100PL]. Between 1991 and 1994 the helicopter was damaged four times and changed owners three times. On September 25, 1999, the helicopter crashed outside of Phoenix killing the pilot and crew. It was declared an "In flight break-up for reasons yet undetermined."
MOVIE REVIEWS "Has you laughing out loud!" "The obvious, to thine own self-be-true -San Francisco Chronicle (August 1987). moral is evident long before it's needlessly spelled out. At the heart of this film though is a desire to teach a "Has originality, wit and - most more subtle lesson about rising above important - style!" expectations. At that this move -San Antonio Express-News (1987). inspiringly succeeds in more ways than one." "Dempsey has a charm about him not -Cunneff, Tom. People Weekly. (September 1987) : 14. unlike John Cusack and even in certain moments, Woody Allen." "Sensitive, warm and funny... a super -Variety 328 (1987):13. film!" -KARE-TV, Minneapolis/St. Paul (1987).
Tucson Mall < 2010 Tucson Mall entrance 1980's 2010>
< 2010 1st floor, area is now a Cinnabon 1986>
The Tucson Mall's second floor, facing the JC Penny department store, is the mall's establishing shot. The film crew had permission to be inside to film Cindy's attempted dress exchange. However the mall stores did not give their consent. So, the Art Department placed plastic trees and plants to obscure store names. The camera crew pulled focus to keep only the foreground in focus.
Tucson High School
< 2010 Site of T.H.S.'s original athletic field 1986 >
The school has made dramatic changes over time; but behind the concrete assistive ramp is still the same perfectly preserved spot where Cindy and Ronald had an impromptu wardrobe adjustment before entering as the happy fake couple.
Curated By Reyna34Burruel April 2010
Kevin Bacon as Valentine McKee Fred Ward as Earl Bassett
“Dry land ain’t safe anymore.” Directed by RON UNDERWOOD
Finn Carter as Rhonda LeBeck Michael Gross as Burt Gummer
Dark Scifi Comedy Released: January 19, 1990 Original Budget: $11,000,000
Curated by: Adam Welby
Domestic Gross: $16,667,084
Valentine McKee (Kevin Bacon) and Earl Bassett (Fred Ward) are handymen about to finally leave the 14-citizen town of Paradise, Utah when strange happenings begin in the valley around them. After the strange deaths of two of the townsfolk, Valentine, Earl, and college student Rhonda LeBeck (Finn Carter) find a gigantic carnivorous underground creature like nothing of the known world. When they discover three more hunting around the valley, it’s up to them to keep the people of Paradise off of the ground, and out of the desert valley trapping them in with the creatures.
Saturn Award (Nominated) for Best Science Fiction Film, Best Special Effects (Tom Woodruff Jr. and Alec Gillis), and two Best Supporting Acresss nominations (Finn Carter and Reba McEntire) Young Artist Award (Nominated) Best Young Actress Supporting Role in a Motion Picture (Ariana Richards)
Offshoots: Tremors 2: Aftershocks Tremors 3: Back to Perfection Tremors 4: The Legend Begins Tremors: The Series Movie Trivia The full town of Paradise (the film’s set) was constructed in about two months The official scientific name of the film’s monsters, Graboids, is “Caederus Mexicana” Director Ron Underwood played Finn Carter’s double in a scene that was ultimately 35 cut
Locations Alabama Hills, Lone Pine, CA Olancha, CA
Original Critical Reception Upon its release, Tremors was generally welcomed by critics for its quirky characters, and its B-movie , fun time feel
Visual Culture Dust, Sand, and Desert Rocks
Key Narrative Motifs Desert, Giant Underground Snake Monsters
Thelma and Louise
Susan Sarandon - Louise Sawyer Geena Davis – Thelma
“Somebody said get a life... so they did.”
Harvey Keitel – Hal Michael Madsen – Jimmy
Directed by Ridley Scott
Christopher McDonald – Darryl
Genre: Outlaw Road Film
Stephen Tobolowsky – Max
Released: May 24, 1991
Brad Pitt – J.D.
Original Budget: $17,500,000
Highly controversial at the time of its release, Thelma and Louise is the story of two lower-class women who take a vacation to escape the entrapment of their every-day lives as typical a housewife and waitress in the Midwest. Along they way, they encounter a series of brutish men, who take advantage of them in some way, leading the women to rebel against them and the systems of authority that they represent. Together, Thelma and Louise turn a fishing trip into an outlaw journey of self-discovery and friendship while simultaneously exploring the consequences of violence both against, and created by, women. Curated by Jennifer Knop
Winner of 1992 Academy Award for Best Writing, Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen, and nominated for 5 others
Winner of Bodil Award for Best Non-European Film
Winner of Golden Globe for Best Motion Picture Screenplay
Winner of ALFS Award for Actress of the Year (Susan Sarandon), Director of the Year and Film of the Year
A total of five 1966 Thunderbird convertibles were used during filming.
â€œWell, we're not in the middle of nowhere, but we can see it from here.â€? -Thelma ON LOCATION with
Thelma and Louise The girls journey through Oklahoma, Arkansas, Colorado and Arizona, though the majority of Thelma and Louise was shot in Colorado and Utah, with California filling in for the flatland locations.
Images: (clockwise from top left): Dead Horse Point State Park, Utah; Arches National Park, Utah; confrontation outside of the Silver Bullet (now Cowboy Country), Long Beach, California; Unaweep Canyon, Grand Junction, Colorado; Bedrock General Store, Bedrock, Colorado
Screenplay – Callie Khouri Director of Photography – Adrian Biddle Editor – Thom Noble Production Design – Norris Spencer Music – Hans Zimmer Shot in Anamorphic [Panavision] Color by DeLuxe Distributed by Pathe Entertainment Running Time: 129 minutes
• J.D. was Brad Pitt’s first major role - although George Clooney auditioned for it 5 times! • Cher, Meryl Streep and Jodie Foster were all considered for the role of Thelma • Goldie Hawn, Diane Keaton, Sigourney Weaver, Sissy Spacek, and Angelica Houston were considered for Louise • Due to the amount of controversy and debate the film stirred up, TIME Magazine put the two leading ladies on its June 24, 1991 cover with the headline: “Why Thelma & Louise Strikes a Nerve” • The film’s final scene and overall display of guerilla feminism have been parodied many times, including Wayne’s World 2 and The Simpsons episode: Marge on the Lam • Ridley Scott debated on whether to show the Thunderbird plummeting into the canyon, or leave it frozen in mid-air. Both endings were shot. • Hurried along by failing light, the final scene of the movie was shot in only 45 minutes and included 24 cop cars and 3 helicopters. •
Jennifer Knop April 29, 2010 M AR498C
Sources for SW Cinema Film Series Image Sources for Various Screenshots: http://www.insidesocal.com/ http://www.bfi.org.uk/ Simpsons: http://simpsonsviewertop8.blogspot.com/ Brad Pitt: http://titirangistoryteller.files.wordpress.com/2009/01/brad-pitt.jpg Image Sources for locations: Dead Horse: http://pixdaus.com/ Bedrock General Store: http://abbybarron.net/ Arches National Park: http://www.treehugger.com/ Unaweep Canyon: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unaweep_Canyon
Information Sources: • Imdb.com page • Wikipedia page • http://www.movie-locations.com/movies/t/thelma.html • Fournier, Gina. Thelma and Louise and Women in Hollywood. Jefferson: McFarland &, 2006. Print. • Sturken, Marita. Thelma and Louise. London: BFI, 2000. Print. BFI Modern Classics.
Terminal Velocity “It’s not the fall that kills you.” Richard Charlie Brodie ……. SHEEN Directed by Deran SARAFIAN
Chris Nastassja Marrow…… KINSKI
Ben James Pinkwater… GANDOLFINI
Released September 23, 1994 Budget: $50,000,000
Kerr Curated by: Kristin Andersen
A risk-loving skydiving instructor Richard “Ditch” Brodie (Charlie Sheen) gets wrongfully accused of murder when a student (Nastassja Kinski) fails to open her chute. In trying to prove his innocence, he discovers the woman is a former KGB agent (Russian spy) and faked her own death to shake off former KGB cohorts who are planning to launder a plane full of stolen Russian gold and kill anyone who stands in their way. She blackmails Ditch into assisting her in thwarting their plans (using some risky skydiving) and although he initially resists, he eventually returns to her aid (using more risky skydiving) after she is kidnapped by her former cohorts. Her rescue (and poverty-stricken Russia’s rescue) takes place in mid-air as the car she is locked into is ejected from the damaged plane.
CREW David Twohy (Producer/Screenwriter) Pitch Black, Chronicles of Riddick
Visual Culture Early 90s era – Sonoran Desert, Middle of Nowhere, Arizona
Joel McNeely (Composer) Soldier, Virus, Ghosts of the Abyss Oliver Wood (Cinematographer) The Borne Identity Trilogy Frank J. Urioste (Editor) RoboCop, Die Hard, Total Recall
Format 35mm, Panavision (anamorphic) 2.35:1
Terminal Velocity, ctd.
The news anchor in the film is Martha Vazquez. She was working for KVOA News - Channel 4 at the time of the film; and still works there today.
CS: What can you tell us about your role in Terminal Velocity? MV: I was working here [the KVOA studio in Tucson]. It was back when this [the set behind her] was open to the newsroom and I got a call from this guy. He said, “Hey, I'm doing a movie in Tucson and I need a reporter, would you be interested?” And, at first, I thought – this is a joke – but then I said “Sure!” So, we met for lunch and he told me what it was about and that'd I'd have a speaking role... They arranged everything with KVOA. They came to the studio for a couple hours and put it in the [tele]prompter. I just read it like any other newscast. I had to join SAG (the Screen Actors Guild) and I still get royalty check in the mail! But it’s only about $2.50 a month. I went to the Premiere in LA (they invited me) and I took my daughter. She likes to tell everyone her mom was in a movie with Charlie Sheen, but I never actually met any of the other cast. members.
Martha Vazquez – kvoa.com
Sarafian used a reverse zoom to make the car (hanging from a helicopter) appear to be ‘falling’ away from the camera. 23 Cadillac Allantes were used in the film, nine were destroyed completely.
Terminal Velocity, ctd.
Phoenix The Phoenix Towers in downtown Phoenix chosen as apartments for Chris Marrow and her roommate.
Tempe The Ocotillo Power Plant near Arizona State University serves as the location of a micro chip.
Douglas The Saddle & Spur Tavern located in the historic Gadsden Hotel acts as a quick rest stop for the pair.
Photo taken by: Richard Douglas
Terminal Velocity, ctd.
Douglas The camera follows the pair down G Avenue as they approach the Gadsden Hotel.
Google Maps: 1046 G Ave Douglas, AZ 85607
Tucson Now closed to the public (military use only), the Marana Skydiving Center provided the setting for the film’s desert skydiving facility.
Photo taken by: Kristin Andersen
Tucson Tucson’s Pinal Air Park provides the answer to the question: Where’s the best place to hide a Boeing 747, filled with stolen Russian gold, where no one will notice it?
The Quick and the Dead “Think you’re quick enough?” Directed by Sam Raimi Written by Simon Moore Cinematography by Dante Spinotti Original Music by Alan Silvestri Edited by Pietro Scalia Production Design by Patrizia Von Brandenstein Art Direction by Steve Saklad
“In this town, you’re either one or the other” Executive with Producer: ell) is reunited his Tony Jaffe brother Travis (Harry Dean Stanton) who is suffering Producers: from memory loss after Allen Shapiro, Josh Donen, Patrick wandering the Texas Desert.
B. Nulla Co-Producers: quis sem.
Old Tucson Studios Tucson, Arizona
Based on the story “Motel
Donec sem.Stone, DonecChuck tempor.Binder Sed Sharon sem. Vestibulum ante ipsum primis in faucibus orci luctus et ultrices Western, Action, posuere cubilia Curae.Adventure
Released: February 10, 1995 (item # XXXX) $000.00 Budget: $32 Million
C. Cras et sem.
Format: 35mm (1.85 : 1) D. Vivamus eu turpis.
“You can’t ignore her. You can’t beat her. You can’t resist her. You can’t win.” 44
B. Lorem ipsu
• Russell Crowe’s first American film. • Woody Strode’s final film. • All the props and set pieces for the film (item # XXXX) $000.00 came from Abbas Acre of Antiques in Tempe Arizona, which is now acongue. train E. Suspendisse Vivamus Tristique depot. Integer quis est quis diam cursus mattis. Donec viverra nisl elementum elit. Fusce libe
Offshoots: The Quick and the Dead Novelization by Jack Curtis (September 1995)
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Italian director Sergio Leone’s “Dollars Trilogy” and Once Upon a Time in the West Nullam Integer quis est quis diam cursus mattis. Donec viverra nisl elementum elit. Fusce libero eros, interdum sed, porta et, ultrices et, purus.
Fun Facts: (item(item # XXXX) $000.00 # XXXX) $000.00
(item # XXXX) $000.00
• A sex scene between Ellen and Cort was shot, but cut from the American release of the film. It is included in international versions. • The scene in the film where Gene Hackman lightly slaps Sharon Stone was unscripted. • The film’s title is a phrase from the bible. The town’s name, Redemption, and the character, Herod, are also biblical.
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(item # XXXX) $000.00
(item # XXXX) $000.00
Movie Trivia “ by Ligula
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(item # XXXX) $000.00 Condimentum
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1996 Saturn Award Best Actress Nominee: Sharon Stone (item # XXXX) $000.00 45
(item # XXXX) $000.00
Synopsis: In the late nineteenth century western town of Redemption, “The Lady” rides in to enter a quick draw contest. The event is being put on by the town’s strikingly evil mayor, Herod, whose fifty percent tax on local business gives him complete control over the town. “The Lady” has her sights set on Herod, seeking revenge for a past injustice, but in order to get a shot at him, she must stay alive in a tournament filled with various unsavory characters. With the help of bandit-turned-preacher, Cort, and fast-talking youngster, “The Kid,” “The Lady” fights her way through the contest hoping to finally have justice. The Quick and the Dead is a film built around paying homage to the traditions of the “Spaghetti Western.” It depicts a variety of easily recognizable Southwestern icons and archetypes that both honor and mock the history of the genre. The film reverses gender roles, allowing a woman to be the nameless, heroic stranger who rides into town to save the day. Though the film is often marginalized for its over the top and spooflike qualities, it helped to launch several successful film careers and remains one of the more entertaining Westerns made in the Southwest.
"Stone's presence nicely underscores the genrebending tactics of Raimi, the cult filmmaker now doing his best to reinvent the B movie in a spirit of selfreferential glee."
"The Quick and the Dead plays like a crazed compilation of highlights from famous westerns. Raimi finds the right look but misses the heartbeat. You leave the film dazed instead of dazzled, as if an expert marksman had drawn his gun only to shoot himself in the foot."
Janet Maslin, The New York Times
Peter Travers, Rolling Stone
Further Information: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0114214/ http://www.thequickandthedead.net/ http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/1059629-quick_and_the_dead/
Curated by: Colt K Brechtel
Tin Cup Directed by Ron Shelton Romantic Comedy Released August 16th, 1996
"Golf Pro, Love Amateur"
An aging golf pro named Roy decides to take on two very different, and very difficult challenges. First he plans on playing on the PGA Tour and winning the Tour Championship, while simultaneously winning the heart of the woman who is dating his worst enemy. The southwest landscape is used to represent the lax attitudes of the golf crew by placing their driving range in the middle of nowhere. Roy's old school ways reflect his love for the game, yet where he succeeds at golf, he fails at love. Roy can explain a golf swing perfectly, yet can never seem to say what is on his mind to get the woman of his dreams. Roy is faced with a choice to either go for it, or play it safe, and Roy has never played it safe.
Cast • • • • • •
Kevin Costner as Roy (Tin Cup) McAvoy Rene Russo as Molly Griswald Don Johnson as David Simms Cheech Marin as Romeo Posar Mickey Jones as Turk Gary McCord as Himself
University of Arizona
School of Media Arts 47
Gary McCord (Left) had an incident where he got a 15 on a hole while playing in a tournament. Roy makes a 12 on the last hole, and this is based on McCord's mishap.
Kevin Costner nominated for Golden Globe
Cheech Marin Nominated for NCLR Bravo Award
Tin Cup was well received by critics as a delightful romantic comedy. 48
San Francisco, California
Tucson, Arizona (Left, Below)
Key Narrative Motifs
Gary McCord trained Kevin Costner to play golf for the film. They were planning on using a double for Costner's golf shot, but he proved to be a good golfer. Many of the shots made by Roy in the film were done by Kevin Costner.
• Going for it vs. settling for par • Rugged boyish charm vs. Professional charm • The troubles of the road vs. the comfort of a Southwest home
Curated by Beau Welsh
L.A. Confidential Off the record, on the QT, and very hush-hush… Released September 19,
Studio: Regency Enterprises Distributor: Warner Bros. Pictures Format: 2.35:1 aspect ratio, Technicolor Budget: $35 million Domestic Gross: $64.6 million Worldwide Gross: $126.2 million
Curtis Hanson Starring… Guy Pearce as E d E x l e y Russell Crowe as B u d W h i t e Kevin Spacey as J a c k V i n c e n n e s James Cromwell as D u d l e y Kim BasingerS as m i tLhy n n B r a c k e n Based on the novel by
In 1950’s Los Angeles ,
Danny DeVito as S i d H u d g e n s
a world where
underworld grime and Hollywood sleaze go hand in hand, three cops on the beat try to keep the streets clean. Ed
The original novel of the
Exley (Guy Pearce) is trying to get ahead the honest way
same name is the third in his
in a police force rampant with corruption. Bud White
“L.A. Quartet” of novels set in Los Angeles of the 1940’s
(Russell Crowe) is a hotheaded bull unafraid to crack
and 1950’s. The film was
some skulls to get things done, while Jack Vincennes
adapted for the screen by
(Kevin Spacey) sells his crime-busting fame for cheap
Curtis Hanson and Brian
money to trashy tabloid peddler Sid Hudgens (Danny
Inside the Movie 1
Director Curtis Hanson drew on the visual style of a number of classic noirs as a reference for this neo-noir movie’s setting in 1950’s Hollywood, including The Bad and the Beautiful, In A
Lonely Place,for andinspiration. Kiss Me Deadly. In BFI’s Sight and Sound, The Killing Confidential L.A. Russell Crowe emphasizes noted that he specifically studied Sterling 2 light and colors over the natural Hayden’s character in Stanley Kubrick’s contrast black and white of high traditional noir movies, but other age-old noir tropes including crooked 1. Los Angeles City Hall stands in for the plentiful, are cops, a corrupt and gritty urban world, and plenty of film’s L.A police headquarters. streets at night. 2. The Lovell Health House, designed city Aside from its climactic final by Richard Neutra in 1929 for Philip scene at the Victory Motel, the entire film was shot on location in and around its namesake city in order to capture the flavor Lovell (and named for Lovell’s healthAlthough packed actors, at the time it was being of Los Angeles thatwith wasA-list so prevalent in Ellroy’s novel. obsessed reputation), serves as the filmed few people in America were familiar with either Russell palatial estate of pimp Pierce Patchett Crowe or Guy Pearce. Director Curtis Hanson knew Crowe, a (David Strathairn). New Zealander, from the Australian film Romper Stomper. 3. Crossroads of the World on Sunset Pearce, an Englishman, auditioned for the part of Ed Exley, Boulevard, originally a 30’s shopping mall, and while he’d been in the Australian film The Adventures of is the site of Hush-Hush, the tabloid paper Priscilla, Queen of the Desert, Curtis went out of his way not to of Sid Hudgens. watch it so that Pearce’s role as a drag queen wouldn’t affect his casting decision.
Awards and Critical Reception
L.A. Confidential was
nominated for nine Academy Awards, winning two—Kim Basinger for Best Supporting Actress and Brian Helgeland and Curtis Hanson for Best Adapted Screenplay. In the other seven categories it was nominated for—Best Art Direction, Best Cinematography, Best Sound, Best Original Score, Best Film 51
Nacho Libre “He’s Nacho Average Hero!” Curated by: Curated by: Sarah SarahSchulz Schulz
Directed by Jared Hess Comedy and Family Released 2006 Original Budget: $35 Million
Nacho (Jack Black) is a young man who was raised in a orphanage in Mexico and now works there as a priest. Fueled by his passion for lucha libre wrestling, he dons a mask and cape and picks up a partner to compete in a local Lucha Libre tournament to try for the 200-peso prize so he can buy better food for the kids and achieve respect. When a new nun, Sister Encarnación (Ana de la Reguera), arrives at the monastery, he tries to win her adoration as well, all while attempting to prove that being a Luchador isn't a sin and win the grand prize at a battleroyale tournament so he can buy a bus for the kids.
Nominated for Empire Award: Best Comedy in 2007.
Nominated for Golden Trailer Award: Best Comedy in 2006 Nominated for Blimp Award: Favorite Male Movie Star Jack Black in 2007.
“ I was wondering if you would like to join me in my quarters this night…for some toast.” –Nacho Key Motifs: The honor it is to be a Luchador in the Mexican culture.
Visual Culture: All Hispanic culture with bright colors, clothing, scenery, and lucha libre
“Chancho. When you are a man, sometimes you wear stretchy pants in your room. Just for fun.” -Nacho
Original Review: According to Roger Ebert, “It takes some doing to make a Jack Black comedy that doesn’t work, but Nacho Libre does it.” Michael Medved gave the film two and half stars (out of four) calling it, “Amusing, but resitable.” But adding, “Director Jared Hess (employs) the same off-beat humor that made his Napoleon Dynamite a cult hit.”
To prepare for the role, Jack Black trained in New Japan Pro Wrestlingâ€™s Los Angeles dojo with real luchadores prior to filming.
Mexico & Oaxaca, Mexico
Before the release of the movie, World Wrestling Entertainment added Nacho Libre
Eddie Guerreo and Rey Mysterio
Lucha Libre: (Spanish for "free wrestling" or "free fighting") is a term used in Mexico, and other Spanishspeaking countries referring to a form of professional wrestling involving varied techniques and moves. Mexican wrestling is characterized by rapid sequences of holds and moves, as well as "high-flying moves", some of which have been adopted in the United States, and colorful masks. Lucha libre has also transcended the language barrier to some extent as evidenced by works such as ÂĄMucha Lucha! and Nacho Libre. Lucha libre performers are known as luchadores (singular luchador) ("fighter(s)"). Masks: (mascaras) have been used dating back to the beginnings of lucha libre in the early part of the 20th century and have a historical significance to Mexico in general dating to the days of the Aztecs. Early masks were very simple with basic colors to distinguish the wrestler. In modern lucha libre, masks are colorfully designed to evoke the images of animals, gods, ancient heroes, and other archetypes, whose identity the luchador takes on during a performance. Virtually all wrestlers in Mexico will start their careers wearing masks, but over the span of their careers a large number of them will be unmasked. Sometimes, a wrestler slated for retirement will be unmasked in his final bout or at the beginning of a final tour, signifying loss of identity as that character. Sometimes, losing the mask signifies the end of a gimmick with the wrestler moving on to a new gimmick and mask. The mask is considered "sacred" to a degree, so much so that fully removing an opponent's mask during a match is grounds for disqualification. 53
Photo References: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/file:Rey-eddie.jpg www.herogames.com/forums/showthread.php/42048-Lucha-Libre-HERO-already-gettinginterest-from-non-HERO-gamers www.affirmation.org/zionscamp/nacho_libre.shtml www.travelblog.org/wallpaper/oaxaca_mexico_2.html http://hotairballoon.ning.com/profiles/profile/show?id=NachoLibre
NoParis, Country Texas for Old “A place for dreams. Men A place for heartbreak. A place to pick up (2007) the pieces.” “There are no clean getaways.”
Cast: • Javier Bardem as Anton Chigurh • Tommy Lee Jones as Officer Ed Tom Bell • Josh Brolin as Llewelyn Moss
Directed Directed by by Ethan and Joel Coen Wim WENDERS
Director of Photography • Roger Deakins
Genre: Drama, Drama, Thriller, Western Western
Written and Edited by • Ethan and Joel Coen
Released: 200719, 1984 Released September Original Budget: $25,000,000
Synopsis Wim Wenders uses the sparse desert landscape in Paris, Llewelyn struggles tothe make ends and meet.journey When fate him to Texas to Moss demonstrate desire of leads a man the site of a drug deal, he finds two million dollars and takes it. The alone. Henderson (Dean Stockwell) is reunited quiet andWalt ruthless Anton Chigurh begins to hunt down Llewelyn with in his brother Travis (Harry Dean Stanton) who is suffering attempt to find it. Anton Chigurh kills mercilessly in his attempt to track those loss who have him”. Llewelyn leads them fromdown memory after“inconvienced wandering the Texas Desert. across the desert landscape and even into Mexico in their deadly game Travis pieces together his past as he is reunited with his of cat-and-mouse. Officer Ed Tom Bell tries to uncover the young son Hunter (Hunter Henderson). Old photographs motiviations of Chirgurh’s ruthless nature while trying to help and homeThe movies compel Travis for of histhe Llewelyn. southwest imagery servestoassearch a reflection estrangedcharacters wife (Nastassja Onleave the you road Travis not dangerous in the film.Kinski). thriller will breathless; only in the the portrayal of psychotic killer,he but also thefamily film’s depictions unravels mystery as to why left his and howof the desert landscape are some of the best to date. The Coen brothers his son and wife perceive him after so much time away. created a masterpiece that will leave audiences thinking when they leave the theater.
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AWARDS Oscars ••
Winner of the 'Palmeind'or' at Best Achievement the 1984 DirectingCannes Film Festival.
Best Motion Picture of the Year
Winner of the FIPRESCI Prize Best Performance by an of (the international federation Actor in a Supporting film critics) at the CannesRole Film (Javier Bardem) Festival
Best Writing, Screenplay Based Winneron of Material the Prize of the Previously Ecumenical Produced Jury at the or Cannes Published Film Festival
Based on the storynovel “Motel Based on the Chronicles; Transfixion” “No Country for Old Men”byby Sam Shepard Cormac McCarthy Adapted by(2005) L.M. Kit Carson Movie Trivia TheCras CoenetBrothers C. sem. used a photo of a
brothel patron taken in 1879 as a In hac for habitasse dictumst. model Antonplatea Chigurh’s hair style. Donec nisl odio, vulputate vel,getting Looking at its weirdness after venenatis in,Javier fermentum et, said, purus. the hair cut, Bardem “Oh Mauris dolor, eleifend et, next no, nowsapien I won’t get laid for the feugiat sed, fringilla eu, lectus. two months.” The Coens responded Aliquam byblandit. happily high-fiving. (item # XXXX)
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Big Bend National Park, Texas, USA (item # XXXX) $000.00
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No Country for Old Men, ctd.
Visual Culture Border towns Desert landscapes
Original Critical Reception •
The film was well-received and immediately generated Oscar buzz for which the film eventually won four awards. Roger Ebert gave the film 4 stars claiming “This movie is a masterful evocation of time, place, character, moral choice, immoral certainties, human nature and fate.”
Further Information IMDB: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0477348/
Key Narrative Motifs Pursuit Hesit Murder
Curated by: Ryan Bloom
War in the Desert: Using the American Southwest to Mimic Other Desert Locales 20Southw10
“Trust No One.”
“In a world without heroes, they are kings.”
Directed by Peter Berg Starring Jamie Foxx, Chris Cooper, Jennifer Garner, and Jason Bateman
Directed by David O. Russell Starring George Clooney, Ice Cube, Mark Wahlberg 57
“The End Begins.”
Directed by McG Starring Christian Bale, Sam Worthington, Anton Yelchin, and Bruce Dallas Howard
Curated by: David A. Flores
Film Synopsis Three Kings The Kingdom After a terrorist attack upon an American housing compound in Saudi Arabia, an assembled FBI team is sent on a secret 5-day mission to Saudi Arabia to locate the individual responsible for the terrorist attack.
Following the Gulf War, a small group of American soldiers come across a secret Iraqi map, revealing a bunker spot in which Iraq is storing stolen gold from forces in Kuwait. After seeking out the treasure, the soldiers ultimately have to decide whether to take the gold and run or help the persecuted Iraqi citizens escape their borders into Iran.
Terminator Salvation The fourth film in the famed Terminator franchise. Set in postapocalyptic 2018, it is the early stages of the humansâ€™ fight against SkyNet and its army of machines. As SkyNet prepares to deliver its final onslaught against the human resistance, the allied team of John Connor and Marcus Wright embark on a journey that will take them straight to the heart of SkyNetâ€™s operations.
Trivia/Fun Facts: The Kingdom:
The Kingdom: 2 Nominations Three Kings: 13 Nominations, 6 Award Wins Terminator Salvation: 9 Nominations
The Kingdom: General reception was mixed, praising several of the action sequences. Many felt the film ultimately becomes too muddled with political undertones and falls into formulaic action genres.
Arnold Schwarzenegger declined to cameo in the film directly. The filmmakers instead opted to use CGI effects and a body double for his cameo scene.
Directed by Genre: Released: Original Budget:
Original Sources/ Influences: The Kingdom: Original screenplay by Matthew Michael Carnahan Influenced from the War in Iraq in the early 2000’s
Three Kings: Original Story by John Ridley Influenced from the Gulf War
Terminator Salvation: Written by John D. Brancato and Michael Ferris Influenced from the Terminator franchise created by James Cameron
The film was banned in Iraq upon initial release.
Three Kings: Critical reception was positive, praising the film for its mix of comedic aspects as well as dramatic situations, all unfolding through a war story. Terminator Salvation: General reception was negative, despite a large amount of hype surrounding the film. The muddled storylines between John Connor and Marcus Wright were criticized as well as Christian Bale’s portrayal of Connor.
The production had originally wanted to film on-location in Saudi Arabia but political and logistical issues made it far too difficult.
University of Arizona School of Media Arts Film and Television Studies Class of 2010
Kristin Andersen Roman Arriola Sean Benjamin Ryan Bloom Colt Brechtel Reyna Burruel John Byerley David Flores Patrick Hayes Tasnim Hindeyeh Brandon Hodge Jennifer Knop Clare Kosinski Stefan Koski Zac Messer MartĂn Rivera Sarah Schulz Matt Wavrin Adam Welby Beau Welsh Emily Zervos
Cinema southwest Media Arts/ P.O. Box 210158 845 North Park Avenue Tucson, AZ85721-0158
Photo Credits: p.1, Ryan Bloom; p.2, Kristin Andersen, Beau Welsh; David Flores, Adam Welby, Stefan Koski, Roman Arriola. Final page: Roman Arriola; MartĂn Rivera; Clare Kosinski; John Byerley.
Curated by the University of Arizona School of Media Arts Film and Television Studies Class of 2010