Page 1

Space, Education, Culture A Leisure space for people

Kathiriya Jenil Ashokbhai ID: 2014 05 E 50232 Sem-9

Guide: Prof. Jaydeep Bhagat

Submitted to:

KIAD KALOL INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTURE & DESIGN

A thesis submitted for partial fulď€ llment of Bachelor of Architecture (B. Arch.) Degree


DECLARATION

This work contains no material which has been accepted for the awards of any other degree or diploma of any University or other institutions and does not contain any material previously published or written by another person except where due reference has been made in the text. I consent this copy of the thesis could be part of the library at Kalol Institute of Architecture & Design (KIAD), and could be available on the loan and not on photocopying.

Signature Student Name Date

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

: : Kathiriya Jenil Ashokbhai :


KIAD

KALOL INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTURE & DESIGN AHMEDABAD – MEHSANA HIGHWAY KALOL - 382721 AFFILIATED TO GUJARAT UNIVERSITY

APPROVAL

The present thesis is hereby approved as acceptable work on the subject chosen by the student and is presented in a manner satisfactory to warrant its acceptance as a prerequisite to the Degree of Bachelor of Architecture for which it has been submitted. The undersigned approval does not necessarily endorse or approve any statement made, opinion expressed or conclusion drawn within the thesis, but qualies the study only for the purpose for which it has been submitted as per the requirements laid down by academic studies. THESIS TOPIC: Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi STUDENT

: Kathiriya Jenil Ashokbhai

ID NUMBER : 2014 05 E 50232

Signature of the Guide: Date:

DIRECTOR: Prof. Jaydeep Bhagat Kalol Institute of Architecture & Design Date:


Sr. No.

Contents

1.

Introduction Premise Project Deď€ nition Design Statement & Objectives Design Elements

2.

1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2.1 2.2

3.

Contents

4.

3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 4.1 4.2

4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.9 4.10 4.11 4.11 4.13

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

Page No. 1 2 3 4

Case Study Primary Case Study 2.1.1 Study of Nesada : settlements in Gir 2.1.2. Dwelling Typology Study : Nesadi Secondary Case Study 2.2.1 Govardhan Eco-village 2.2.2 Water tower - IIM Ahmedabad New

12 15

Site Analysis Context Built open relationship Built vs Open Plan Landuse Plan Building Height Plan Contour/ Hydrology Plan Road Network Plan Pedestrian Traces Community Distribution Map Site Map Ground oor Plan Existing Site Activity Map Program Analysis

16 18 19 23 26 27 28 31 32 33 35 36 38

5 7

Design Notion of Place Area Statement 4.2.1 Recreational Activities 4.2.2 Business Activities 4.2.3 Social Activities 4.2.4 Services Conceptual stages Design Evolutions - Layouts Ground Floor Plan First Floor Plan Design Sections Elevations Enlarge Plan Partial Plan - Workshop Partial Plan - Services Partial Plan - Swimming spaces Circulation Elements Wall Section Visualization

41 42 43 44 45 48 50 51 52 55 56 57 59 60 61 62 63

Bibliography

64

39


Villagers sitting in the small gathering chowk.

Premise

This project seeks to understand the question of rural migration. Economical sustenance & Social dynamics are the reason for migration while village demographics clearly notes economical sustenance. By understanding the pull factors for people migrating for Socio-economical dynamics that city offers are addressed in the village which become the magnet for village sustenance. The project will be generated through two parts in the thesis. The first part of the thesis understands & analyze the dwellings and spaces for living & working to understand social life of village while second part study the rural fabric to regenerate the society which become a platform for people to Meet, learn & work together.

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

1


A public platform for people to socialize.

Project Definition

A social space for people - Hub for the social activities. A module that reflects the system of dwelling, a public platform for women to meet & work, a place for people to share ideas & to regenerate the revenue through Gruh Udhyog, a place for children to play, learn skills that city offers, the activities which seasonal river offer. The Idea is to create a center for the village to strengthen the idea of cultural production. It would provide a motive to enjoy recreational sports, a pool for children to play, to strengthen & promote recreation.

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

2


Configurations of a house organization sustaining the privacy of the dweller, while upper floor is for private communal gathering.above

Reversing the typology by opening the ground to welcome people while private activities can happen above. below

A Network that addresses issues related to social, recreational & business activities is designed as a two storey structure following the village dwelling Typology. A dwelling have ground floor living spaces and upper floor privacy & storage spaces, in the same manner, a complex which generates ground for leisure activities while upper floor houses places for working & learning.

Design Statement + Objectives

Th Project intent to provide a unified plinth act as a mediator between different kind of users, and spaces, blurring the lines between Public space, housing and work environment. A plinth which is extension of village chowk. To strengthen the small scale businesses like Gruh-udhyog, for women to make aachar-papad & weaving cloths. To create an art magnet by bringing the vernacular artists, blacksmiths, carpenters of Nesadi and engaging them in interaction with students to share their skills and ideas that would be beneficial for community.

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

3


Design Elements

A Sense of Family Steel frame roof It is the structural element evolved from the existing roofing system. The roofs are interconnected to each other. Wall The wall is interpreted from the existing street facade of two storey houses. Courtyards The activities open up in the courtyard & series of open spaces. They are connections and linkages between two spaces.

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

4


A typical house in a settlement Layout of spaces Public - semi private - private Public

semi private

Public

private

Entrance of a house - tall fencing Protection from wild animals

Public

private

Cattle shade

Documentation Thesis - Nesada of Rabari community - Gir forest

Case Study

The forest of gir contains large area of grazing fields which provides appropriate living condition for the semi-sedentary and sedentary maldharis. Their settlement called ‘Ness’ form a typical house type which also houses the cattle with human habitat. House form and settlement pattern which is derived through the lifestyle within a forest gives a strong character to architecture. Living in harmony with nature adds to the character. Nidhi Kathiyara - cept R011473

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

5


Single storey houses with dense tree network protects houses from strong winds, soil erosion & heavy rain in vast Open land of Gir.

Private & Public Spaces

Open & close spaces

Semi-open Plinth spaces for daytime house activity

Niches - Paniyara - Potable Water

Spatial elements in Unit

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

Two houses with shared court space

Section aa’

6


Storage 1

entrance

Semi - open

pantry

room

Storage 2 / sleeping

water storage

0

hall

2

4m

Ground floor plan of a dwelling in a village

Light

Dwelling Typology Study

Structure

Light

Axis

Ground floor circulation

Built mass

Upper floor circulation

A Two storey house with a central courtyard as a pause point in the formation of dwelling spaces.

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

7


Structure

Axis

Illustration indication overall space composition terminating into central court along with the accesses. Above Built mass

Storage 2 Firewood Semi-open

Storage 3 Grass for animal Semi-open

Light

Storage 4 Wooden log store Semi-open

Storage 5 Granary Close

Ground floor plan of dwelling of a head of a village. Below

Ground floor circulation

Storage 1 close

Sleep

Sleep

First floor plan of dwelling of a head of a village. Right

Sleep

Upper floor circulation

Dwelling Typology Study 0

2

4m

Entering from southwest door, One of the large houses of village housing three families opening into one courtyard, sharing different activities together. Village Head’s house is on southern edge getting maximum north light into the house, housing secondary exit northwest direction. Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

8


0

Firewood use for kitchen is stored on top of it.

Communal gathering happened on upper floor separated from activities happening in house.

SECTION AA’

4m

Documentation of a farmer’s house. Typical house plan of a farmer in the village settlement is constructed with mud wall load bearing structure supported by wooden joist and brick wall construction. For utility area, bathrooms, water tanks mud with mixture of lime and cement is used as a binding material.

Farm goods are lifted on upper floor and stored here.

HOUSE

2

STREET

While the first floor houses storage space for tree branches used as fuel in secondary kitchen along with space used as community gathering space and granary [storage/ farming equipment] or sleeping space during night for joint family living.

Light

Dwelling Typology Study

Structure

Axis

Structure

Built mass

Ground floor circulation

Light

Entrance of the house is relative of bullock cart measures, opening into Central court which is the core of the house

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

9


Wooden truss- Baval Wooden Ceiling - storage

Mud Walls

Mud Floor Wood Railing Wooden beam

Wooden post

Wooden beam Baval tree

Wooden Staircase Bamboo straw ceiling

Kantan covering

Bamboo Reinforcement Mud Walls

Mud oor

Compressed sand stone

Materialistic approach taken towards making of existing dwelling

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

10


0

Dwelling Typology Study

2

4m

Houses from nearby village showing the spacial configurations of double storey housing & the served spaces in the drawings.

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

11


Private

Goshala Public pocket

Semi-Private Private

Service

Utility

Govardhan Eco Village - 100 km north of Mumbai, foothills of the Sahyadris.

Case Study

A thorough planning and zoning was done prior to construction as seen above. To reduce the overall carbon foot print, 90% of the materials were sourced from within 100 Kms radius of our facility. Simple, Natural Mud was the key constituent of the construction material

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

12


Low Build Footprint & Large Open spaces

A community classroom with steel truss roof system

a space for interaction & transition

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

13


Foundation PCC with stabilized mud stone masonry with stabilized mud mortar concrete short poles Bond stone Wall mud, Quarry dust, cement, lime Doors and windows recycled wood Pointing stabilized mud mortar Plaster toilet - cement plaster rest - mud plaster Roof arch panel with mud tile Steel Mangalore tile burnt clay tiles

Existing house typology

Private spaces in GEV Govardhan Eco Village Maharashtra biome

Various approaches to use of earth as construction material has been tried here and different techniques are employed depending upon the use ofthe space and the skill of the builder.

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

14


Architectural Character : A Strong sense of verticality Pathway termination in Water tank

Case Study

Water Tower - IIM AHMEDABAD - NEW CAMPUS 3600 x 3600 x 18000 mmÂł 250mm thick RCC Shear-wall structure. A place for social congregation

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

15


Chalala

Nesadi River Shell Savar Kundla

Amreli

Regional map showing the overall network of villages. Above Key-map showing Road network and connections to Amreli town. Left

Chalala Nesadi

Nearest state captiol : Gandhinagar 256 KM, Daman 196.3 KM Nearest Railway station : Chalala railway station 9.4 KM The native language : Gujarati Nearest school - School Of Charkha6.4 KM & other 6 school within 8 KM

Savarkundla

Context

Nesadi village is located on National highway 112 at distance of 8 km from both Savarkundala & Chalala district. River Shell is flowing through Amreli towards Nesadi village, although it's a seasonal river controlled by Vadi dam in Amreli. Narmada river pipeline water provision is available by the government of Gujarat. Youth of Nesadi village as well as nearby villages is also noticed to be involved in farming or agriculture related activities. Craftsmanship is one of their major activities during leisure time. On the other hand Savarkundla have colleges & institutions where students go for higher education. Nesadi falls between these villages due to which it can increase their potential for business activities if some insertion is provided. Nesadi village can provide a platform for people from nearby villages to come, learn & work.

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

16


Village Kami

Nesadi

River Shell

River Shell Village Nesadi

Village Samadhiyala

Regional map showing the overall network of villages.

Context

Nesadi village is one of the major villages in the locality with 1000 houses & total population of 4600 people.Out of total population, 2160 were engaged in work activities. 85.28 % of workers describe their work as Farming, while 14.72 % were involved in Marginal activity providing livelihood for less than 6 months. Of 2160 workers engaged in Farming, 857 were cultivators (owner or co-owner) while 550 were Agricultural laborers. Ground Nut, Cotton and Sesame are agriculture commodities grow in this village. 8 hours agricultural power supply is available in this village. Total irrigated area in this village is 530.32 hectares from Boreholes/Tube wells. Drinking-Water and Sanitation Treated Tap Water Supply is available all round the year and Untreated. UnCovered Well and Tube Wells/Boreholes are other Drinking Water sources. Closed Drainage System Available in this Village. There is no system to Collect garbage on street. Drain water is discharged directly into water bodies. Communication Sub Post Office is available in this Village. Mobile Coverage is available. Internet Center available in this village. (1)https://www.census2011.co.in/

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

17


Gamtal Zone 2

1 Bridge

0

50 100 m

Map showing three major upper terrain zones in the village.

Bridge

Context

1 dilapidated Recharge well

2 village chowk water tank

Built - Open Relationship Gamtal was on a higher terrain housing the oldest village structures. A seasonal river flowing north-south provide water to village, while water is collected from public water tank from village square. A Well near bridge on riverbank is recharged yet its condition not pleasant to be used. Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

18


KA CH HOUSE PAKKA HOUSE

l

0

50 100 m

Map Showing Kutcha houses & Pucca houses in village Nesadi.

Context

Built vs Open Majority of houses in village are mud-walled hip roofed Kutcha houses that are made of stone plinths, Wooden trusses supported by wooden logs and Lime plastered mud walls, while rest are of composition of blocks made up of mud extended in concrete walled flat slab Pucca houses. The clusters on Northern edge carry majority of Kutcha houses & as it extends downside into composite houses. Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

19


4

1

1

2

3

2

1

3

1

4

Context

Built - Open Relationship Gamtal Zone clusters & their relationships of streets to open spaces which are private courtyards and public courtyards. Lime plastered surfaces are one of the important element which is an easy tool applied on majority of kutcha houses by the users. The blues and browns with greens completes an overall color pallette of the built fabric.

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

Zone 1 Gamtal area Nesadi 20


4

1 3

2 6 5

1

2

6

3

Zone 2 Gamtal area Nesadi Village

4 Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

5 21


2

1

4

3 6

3

5 1

2

3

4 5 Zone 3 Gamtal area Nesadi

6 Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

22


l

0

50 100 m

Map showing Main street of village with Institutional & Commercial zones on either sides.

Land Use

Context

A highway cutting through village is dividing village into two zones. Institutional buildings & commercial buildings including school, shops & temples are generating activities on both the edges. While secondary chowk are also housing small temples & shops. A village well is on the riverbank recharged through seasonal river. While a Lighthouse was being used to generate electricity for the first time in locality for house & water pump usage in farm when nearby villages were not occupied with electric connections.

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

23


Main village square

Main village square

Chowk water tank

Village bus stand & chhakda stand Village market

Ramapir temple - religious importance Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

School 24


Secondary village square

Secondary village square small scale commerce

Flour mill Ram temple

Grocery shops Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

Cabot - Patara Maker 25


l

0

50 100 m

Map showing Main street of village with Buildings with relative heights.

Context

Houses on the main road

Building Height Majority of houses are two storey houses where ground floors serves living spaces while upper floor is for storage of goods, gathering lobbies & sleeping spaces. Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

26


0

50 100 m

Map showing three major upper terrain zones in the village.

Contours / Hydrology

Context

Gamtal was on a higher terrain housing the oldest village structures. A seasonal river flowing north-south provide water to village, while water is collected from public water tank from village square. A Well near bridge on riverbank is recharged yet its condition not pleasant to be used.

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

27


Mango tree fields

Mango tree fields Mango tree fields

Gamtal Zone

Fuel pump NH 112

l

0

50 100 m

Map showing Major Vehicular roads & Public circulations.

Road Network

Context

Majority of roads and streets are laid in a manner of topographic conditions. Gamtal zone is on a high terrain making organic build - open spaces and network of streets. As the village grows, farm lands are transformed into Non agricultural lands, and streets are laid in a more formal manner sustaining village life on & around street spaces, creating an overall composition of road network of village as noticed from village built fabric evolution.

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

28


Pukka road Semi pukka / Kutchaa road

Map showing pedestrian movement around the dwellings & streets connections

Road Network

Context

Dwelling

Street

Dwelling

streets are laid in a way drain water seeps out towards the river. Major roads are two bullock cart wide. Semi Pukka roads are minimum of a cart wide. Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

29


KHODIYAR TEMPLE

SAVAABAPA DERI KHADI KARYALAYA

KACHHADIYA VISTAR

PAREKH COMMUNITY FARM ZONE

AANGANWADI

RAIYANI COMMUNITY ZONE

PETHANI COMMUNITY FARM ZONE

AAMLI STREET BANK

PANCHAYAT OFFICE POST OFFICE CLINIC SWAMINARAYAN TEMPLE KOLI COMMUNITY SHIV TEMPLE

CHORAHA

AANGANWADI

PARAA ZONE CHOWK

AANGANWADI

AANGANWADI VANKAR COMMUNITY HANUMAN TEMPLE CHALALA

WATER WORKS PRIMARY SCHOOL TOWARDS SAVARKUNDLA

SHIV RAMAPIR TEMPLETEMPLE

TOWARDS VILLAGE OLIYA

AANGANWADI HANUMAN TEMPLE

HANUMAN TEMPLE

AANGANWADI

AMBEDKARNAGAR

VILLAGE CHIEF FARM ZONE

Aanganwadi - Pre-school Circuit house - High school

HATHSANI STREET

CIRCUIT HOUSE KHODIYAR TEMPLE

BHOOTNATH TEMPLE

Village map showing landmarks & street connections - Grampanchayat, nesadi Khodiyar temple near Checkdam on shell river is a complex housing community kitchen accommodation facilities & services for poojaris and sadhus. It is a large open space where main temple sits on a 2 m high plinth in the center with 28 dense trees shading major otla & sitting spaces. Community kitchen is often used by the visitors while sadhu nivas ( accommodation ) is provided, both on either sides of the site, makes it open in center for villagers & children as a leisure space. Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

30


chawks

chawks

dwelling dwelling dwelling

farms dwelling farms

farms

farms

dwelling

farms farms

farms

farms

dwelling dwelling

farms farms dwelling farms

dwelling farms farms

Public Nodes Semipublic Nodes

Pedestrian traces

Map showing pedestrian movement around the dwellings & streets connections

Context

Map showing pedestrian pathways & pockets of publicness Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

31


Patel Community Bhramin Community Suthar Community Harijan Community Lohar Community

l

0

50 100 m

Map showing Community distribution zones are

Community Distribution Secondary chowk

Context Primary chowk

Kathi-Rabari were nomadic tribe who used to travel from Gir towards Saurashtra for pastorals of land who settled in the village on Ness which means a elevated house & a society of ness was gathered giving the place identity of Nesadi. Majority of People are Kathidarbar ( Kathiawadi- community name) farmers surrounding the village. While on secondary chowk are formed by houses clustered by other communities who are field workers in farmlands of Villagers. Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

32


Site

0

50

100 m

Illustration Highlighting the overall site & open area in the zone along with the existing site topography and major trees on & around.

Site

The south zone in the village called Patelvas [ Patelwada ] have houses of Patel community. There is something which is lacking in this zone due to which a character is not getting generated, there are open lands partially owned by villagers. Barrel lands can counter interactive places which will help providing a link between village & Patelvas of village.

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

33


Site

0

50

100 m

Ground floor plan of the Patelvas.

Masterplan area : 27000 sq.m. Site Area : 5400 sq.m.

Site

This patch is housing majority of houses owned by farmers with single storey structures which are mud walled hip roofed houses. Approaches are through rcc roads which varies from 2 to 3 m sufficient for a cart to pass-by. Few houses have two storey structure made up of composite walls while rest are Kutcha houses. Majority of houses are in working condition. Few houses are not working [not being used] in the north part. Although majority of houses are occupying a private courtyard or a shared open court which is significant of the village.

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

34


c

d a’

b’

a

c’

b

d’

Existing site ground floor Plan

section aa’

section bb’

section cc’

section dd’

Site

Activity plan showing overall village fabric with characters of built and natural elements of rural architecture.

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

35


Morning Activity

Village life Farming activity

Chowk is major point of interaction as day starts early at 5 in the morning. Temple in the main village chowk is visited by the villagers before starting their respective works. Above

Evening Activity

Village evenings are active in major streets and private house courtyards where women do their house works as well as markets are organized on the street. Below

Site Activity Mapping

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

36


Noon Activity

Village life Farming activity

Farming activity is usually considered as a day time activity practiced by men & partially by women on field and at house. Farming activity is usually considered as a day time activity practiced by men & partially by women on field and at house. Above

Night Activity

If Electricity is provided to farmlands during night time, then farmers do work at night in the field at times. Below

Site Activity Mapping

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

37


Site

Occupational activity Recreational activity Cultural activity

Occupation : Farming pockets in effective area near site Female workmanship showcased in weaving works & food products Recreation : School and electricity house are two learning places during day, can be used as a platform for public performance after the working hours. Culture : Main Village square is a platform for cultural showcase. These situations are somehow make a breather and become a core for the public. Economical sustenance empowers better living conditions. While social life is evenly important in one’s life though it is scattered and not acting as one core, a new village chawk can be developed as an extension of the existing chawk which create leisure spaces. BUSINESS DWELLING 1 Weaving workshop MERCANTILE 1 Detached dwelling unit 2 Wood / Metal Art 1 Market 2 semi-detached dwelling unit 3 Training - Teaching Hall 2 Khadi Udhyog 3 Cottage Industry 4 Clinic 3 Gruh Udhyog INSTITUTIONAL RELIGIOUS Health Care EDUCATIONAL Temple SPORTS & LEISURE Pre-school Swimming Pool Primary-school HOSPITALITY Play field Public Library Guest House Camping ground PUBLIC UTILITY ASSEMBLY PARKS Bus station Community space Botanical Garden, Parking Banquet hall Green House, Play fields Fueling station Otla spaces Infrastructure for water supply ADMINISTRATION Purification plant TEMPORARY USE Post-office, Police Station Pumping station Fair Govt. Medical Facility Electricity sub station Circus Bank Drainage Exhibition Sanitation

Program Analysis

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

38


A system of interconnected pitched roofed semi-open spaces opening into court of public activities while the connections & pedestrian traces show the life that is getting generated by open & semi-open spaces which is laid in a manner as below.

Notion of Place a space that reflects the facades & territorial relationships of village settlements

Library Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

workshop 39


a module that reflects the overall composition of various public gatherings & learning in all under a same roof in spars behavior. public activities direct access from streets

Notion of Place

Public gathering act as a core of the system

Gruh udhyog connectivity children - community - selling

Programmatic compositions are a part of design decision highlighting concerns -Women Workspace is having watch on kids playing nearby -Kitchen is a core with service accessibility. -Public space are adaptive to the program & activity taken place. -Pool is a private space with vision & accessibility as a major concern so do its layout in overall system.

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

40


Program Recreational Activities

Pool bath house Screens / Theatre Music / Yoga / Dancespace Elder’s street

Business Activities

Gruh Udhyog Shops & Temporary stalls

Social Activities

Services

Central Chowk Meeting Plinths Exhibition spaces

Admin Head Office Community Kitchen Toilets Drinking water spot Parking – Driver dormitory Security , Electric room

Recreational Activities Program Elder’s street Seating Otla & Plinths Shaded spaces Walkway

Screen / Theatre

User group Men

No. of People 100

Area SQ.MT. 1000

Women

100

1000

Public

100

240

Performance space

100

Note Mainly Park / garden space with open tree shaded seating & walkways combined with children play place. A Place where they can sit / walk / exercise / play with children. Women gathers at neighborhood spaces but a provision of women gathering can generate a new opportunities & talents, help community to improvise. One of the urban element which can provide village a platform to share ideas & get in back from the world the same. New Technologies like UFO while live stream shows or plays or Educational media to viewers. A stage for people & children to show / entertain with folk dance/singing/live performances/night shows ect. Balances the performance space. A place for group of people with common interest to practice & develop their talents. Drinking water spot is noticed to be one of the important places for people to relax and spend their leisure time. A toilet with shower area is provided so that people visiting from nearby places can cleanse them selves and proceed. Common Toilet with wash area.

Practice Zone

Children

20

30

Drinking water

Men Water spot

10 50

50 20

Handicapped Toilet

1

4

Toilet

1

5

Children

20

100

Bathrooms

5

40

Toilets

2

30

Services

Changing room

6

15

Storage / Lockers Play space for children

50 50

90

Toilet

1

5

Space for changing with hanger clip & mirrors. Attached to changing room 30x30x40cm3 A play for children to play small games, sit, read, sleep, relax and engage to outside environment. Services

Toilet

Pool Bath house Swimming Pool

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

A swimming pool for practice and usage for students while used water can be taken into work for farming. Long raw of Bathroom for cleansing oneself before entering into swimming pool.

41


Bussiness Activities Program Women working Zone

User group Women – 12-50 years

No. of People 30

Area 70

Working area

60

Discussion area

10

Services-Kitchen

20

Bathroom – toilets

10 Old houses being transformed into cottages

Women’s sanitation service with female maintainer staff. Old houses not in livable condition, being renovated. Houses for visitors to stay while visiting village with proper kitchen , water & services.

Private Houses

Visitors

Workshops Weaving Workshop

Women

100 60

120

Men

40

60

Maintainers

1

10

Grocery products

30

100 sq.mt.

A mart carrying grocery, everyday use products &clothing.

1

4 sq.mt.

A toilet facility for shopkeeper.

Metal Art & Wood Art Equipments store Consumer Hub Shopping Store Service- Toilet

20 families / Equivalent Individuals

Note Women zone where they gather for creating crafts, weaving & making khakhra-papad (Gruh-udhyog) A classroom with floor seating & work desks for group working on a single object. A table chair place for sharing ideas, discussions, planning. Kitchen space for food product making

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

Women sit on floor in leisure time doing weaving of different textiles for coverings / clothes. A semi-open space with weaving Khatla / low height desks & seating. A small workspace for metal tanks-making & storage of raw material A storage with a maintainer’s desk.

42


Social Activities Program Community spaces Gathering space Meeting plinths Central Plinth Exhibition space

Library Newspaper stand

Reading space ( Inside ) Study Table

Discussion table Floor tables Book rack

No. of People

Area SQ.MT.

500

700

2

10

13

13

Note

Central open space can house recreational activities major community gatherings, festive & ritual activity requirements – Meeting, Announcements, Performances, Marriages, Exhibitions, Educational Programs 60 60 Small otla – bench spaces 100 150 Central otla space for screening of films, teaching platform & presentation platforms for outsiders to showcase & explain their works.

14 24 5 no.

A 900mm high long teakwood table with front wall ribbon window at 1500mm height for welcoming North light into the library. 18 Secondary reading space 30 Floor sitting book rack Steel frame, Teak wood plate houses books and As division of book types are of major concern, variation in module can be done accordingly.

Reading space ( Outside ) Private reading Court

24

40

Otla space

10

5

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

Standing space with daily newspaper cased into framers for people to stand & read with sitting stools with wall as a backrest as a flexible module for people.

Library space spills out into a private court open to sky space for occupant to get out into a space separate from public access hence a leisure space which also helps in balancing the inside – outside relationship of spaces. Outside Kota-stone bench with windows in the backwall which opens outside into Approach square.

43


Services Program

Admin Waiting zone Head Office Storage space Community Kitchen Kitchen Platforms Storage of Granary & goods Vessels & Decoration storage Dinning zone Servant’s courter Washroom Drinking water & toilet Health Care Bio Pool Dumping zone Processing plant Servant’s courter Washrooms

No. of People 10 4 1 1

Area SQ.MT. 25 6 15 4

10

130 20 9

1 2 2 1 2 10 Future planning in southern backyard space 5 2

100 20 5 30 40

40 8

Kitchen 1 8 Workspace & Restrooms ( Existing houses - New application as a platform for making & exploration of products) Dwellings 4 House 1 100 400 3 large rooms , 2 small storage spaces & 2 service space on either-side for easy approach from anywhere in the house. House 2 ( storage room ) 20 150 A small house with 2 storage rooms & a service space laid in a long working plinth as a service block for working ladies of village. Working Plinth 300 400 A long Otla space covered with dense tree barriers & a storage block on either sides. House 3 ( Weaving shop ) 2 60 A shop opening into the working plinth. House 4 ( Rest rooms ) 10 200 2 large rooms for visitors to come, live & work & a service space attached to each room with detached kitchen space as a typical activity layout of village house. Parking 50 2000 2 wheelers 50 90 4 wheelers 20 260 Driver Dormitory 5 20 Security Cabin 1 8 Electric Room – Staircase One 30 sq.mt x 4mt high tank 5 Watertank – Staircase With ground level cabin for 80sq.mt x 1000ltr = 80,000 liters of electric motors & electric room water storage capacity for easy access & maintenance.

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

44


Accessibility a place to approach from possible pathways a court linking workspace and exis ng fabrics

service sets back looking into the court in front an arrival chowk - facing pedestrian traces

Arrival chowk spaces for stalls of temporary nature spaces spills out of central court into dense tree forest like shaded spaces

Community Kitchen Children’s Pool Dwelling Public Court

Private Court

Workshop

Arrival chowk

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

Conceptual stages

45


Secondary access leading towards community chowk

Secondary access towards the community chowk

street alongside the community chowk

Work Plinth

Dwelling

Dwelling Dwelling

Work Plinth Dwelling

Leisure spaces

Work Plinth

Dwelling

Dwelling

Dwelling

stalls

approach chowk Services

Dwelling

Dwelling

No on of Place - Masterplan Dwelling

No on of Place - Plan

No on of Place - Sec on

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

Conceptual stages

46


Admin

Staircase as a approach pavilion

Teaching Pla orm

no on of place - character of spaces of various ac vi es

A HOUSE SITS ON THE GROUND, WHILE A WORKSPACE IS ELEVATED ABOVE WITH VARIOUS ACTIVITIES THAT CARRY POTENTIAL TO BE WORKED UNDER A ROOF. A VARIATION IN ROOF GENERATES A PROFILE WHICH SOMEHOW MERGES INTO THE SKYLINE OPENING THE GROUND FREE TO PASS-GATHER-LEARNSOCIALIZE OR SPEND SOME LEISURE TIME.

community kitchen

standing pavilion

work-spaces

BANYAN TREE - GROUND - THE SKY - SUN - SPACES OPENING OUT FROM NORTH INTO THE COURT - ADDS INTO WHAT A VILLAGE LIFE WAS & A NOTION OF SPACE FOR AN INTERVENTION INTO PLACE WILL BE.

VISUALIZATION Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

Conceptual stages

47


MasterPlan

First Floor Plan Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

Design Evolution - Layouts

48


SOUTH ZONE

AERIAL VIEW SHOWING OVERALL SYSTEM Evolu on of spaces PRIVATE

SEMI PUBLIC

COURT YARD

COURT

OPENING

A ROAD RELATES

ROOF

INTO

SITE - PEOPLE

RE-

SOUTH ZONE

CONNECTIONS

FINEMENTS

PUBLIC ACTIVITIES

GROUND

GROUND+1

0

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

GROUND+1

GROUND+1

GROUND+1

Roof Plan

10M

Design Evolution - Layouts

49


F

G

0

D

E

B

B’

A’

A

H'

H

C'

C

10M

G’

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

F’

D’

E’

Ground Floor Plan

50


F

G

0

D

E

B

B’

A’

A

H'

H

C'

C

10M

Space, Education, Culture - Village Nesadi.

G’

F’

D’

First Floor Plan

E’ 51


NORTH ZONE ACCESS TO SITE

WEAVING WORKSHOP

SITTING

LIBRARY

SITTING PLINTH

CENTRAL OTLA

SITTING

LIBRARY SOUTH ZONE ACCESS TO SITE

SITTING

SERVICES STAIRCASE IN THE BACK

RAMP

SECTION AA’ A’

GRUH UDHYOG

SECTION BB’

STREET B’

Space, Educa on, Culture : Nesadi Village Leisure space for People Kathiriya Jenil Ashokbhai

DESIGN SECTIONS

Kathiriya Jenil Ashokbhai

SEM : 9

KIAD KALOL

YEAR : 5

2014 05 E 50232

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Page : 52


SERVICES SOUTH ZONE ACCESS TO SITE

SOUTH ZONE ACCESS TO SITE WATER TOWER

RAMP

STAIRCASE IN THE BACK WORKSPACES

SITTING

CENTRAL OTLA SPACE

SERVICES

ADMIN

SITTING

CENTRAL OTLA SPACE

RAMP PLATFORM IN THE BACK

STANDING PAVILLION SITTING PLINTH

STREET

CHILDREN’S PLAY AREA

WEAVING WORKSPACE CENTRAL PAVILLION

WORKSPACES

STREET OTLA

SECTION DD’

BATHROOMS-SWIMMING POOL

KHATLA SITTINGS

SECTION CC’

COMMUNITY KITCHEN EXPLORATORY ELEVATION HIGHLIGHTING WORKING OF PEOPLE, WALKING ON THE RAMP PLATFORM, PAVILION KHATLA FOR PEOPLE TO TALK, COOKING AND MANY MORE HAPPENING BEHIND THE WALL

Space, Educa on, Culture : Nesadi Village Leisure space for People Kathiriya Jenil Ashokbhai

DESIGN SECTIONS

Kathiriya Jenil Ashokbhai

SEM : 9

KIAD KALOL

YEAR : 5

2014 05 E 50232

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Page : 53


WORKSHOP WEST ZONE ACCESS TO SITE

PLINTH EXTENSION

WORKSPACE

STANDING PAVILLION

SITTING

COMMUNITY KITCHEN

COMMUNITY KITCHEN

STANDING PAVILION

WORKSPACE

WEST ZONE ACCESS TO SITE

SWIMMING POOL

CHILDREN’S PLAY AREA CHANGING ROOMS

NORTH ZONE ACCESS

Space, Educa on, Culture : Nesadi Village Kathiriya Jenil Ashokbhai

PLINTH EXTENSION

GRUH UDHYOG

CENTRAL OPEN COURT

OPEN SPACES WEST ZONE ACCESS

WOMEN WORKSHOP

Leisure space for People

SECTION EE’

SERVICES CENTRAL OTLA SPACE

PATLA SITTING

DESIGN SECTIONS

WATER TOWER

SECTION FF’

STAIRCASE

SERVICES

WATER TOWER

CENTRAL OPEN COURT

LIBRARY SITTING

STREET

SECTION GG’

STAIRCASE

ARRIVAL CHOWK

STALLS

SECTION HH’

RAMP

Kathiriya Jenil Ashokbhai

SEM : 9

KIAD KALOL

YEAR : 5

2014 05 E 50232

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VERTICAL FINS OPENING INTO CENTRAL COURT

0

4M

FRONT ELEVATION - NORTH WEST SIDE

Space, Educa on, Culture : Nesadi Village Leisure space for People Kathiriya Jenil Ashokbhai

DESIGN ELEVATIONS

Kathiriya Jenil Ashokbhai

SEM : 9

KIAD KALOL

YEAR : 5

2014 05 E 50232

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Page : 55


COMMUNITY KITCHEN

STANDING PAVILION

WORKSHOP

WATER TOWER

0

8M

RIGHT SIDE ELEVATION - NORTH EAST SIDE

WORKSHOP

STANDING PAVILION

COMMUNITY KITCHEN

LEFT SIDE ELEVATION - SOUTH WEST SIDE

RAMP

WORKSHOP

CHILDREN’S PLAY AREA

COMMUNITY KITCHEN

0

8M

BACK ELEVATION - SOUTH EAST SIDE

Space, Educa on, Culture : Nesadi Village Leisure space for People Kathiriya Jenil Ashokbhai

DESIGN ELEVATIONS

Kathiriya Jenil Ashokbhai

SEM : 9

KIAD KALOL

YEAR : 5

2014 05 E 50232

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Page : 56


Water Pavilion

North East Eleva on Bullock Carts

Stairway Pavilion Isometric View First floor Plan Gruh Udhyog

Admin

Weavers workspace

South West Eleva on

Library

Faliya

Weaving Workspace

South East Eleva on Space, Educa on, Culture : Nesadi Village Leisure space for People

Workshop Explora ons

Kathiriya Jenil Ashokbhai

SEM : 9

KIAD KALOL

YEAR : 5

2014 05 E 50232

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Page : 57


A sloped roof with double layer of Mangalore les

Lime Plaster CSEB Wall

Private Workspace accessible

Compressed stabilized earth block

through three doors & can be

Combina on of Mud Stone-dust Lime

used as a close space for storage of things

Private workspace A 14 m high Water tower

Weaving workspace

Bamboo Blinds for shade

A stairway Pavilion Library space with private open

Open side - Ver cal Fins suppor ng a water-tank of 3,00,000 ltrs storage capacity Other side -

Services

Admin

court opening on the street

Library

A ribbon window that allow the reader to look outside

A 1200mm high

steel box sec on railing 1000 mm c-t-c

a ver cal opening that prevent

Gruh Udhyog

the outsider to have a direct vision inside, maintaining privacy of Library space.

Weaving workspace for women to work & look into the court through bamboo blind covered fins. Si ng - Admin Plinth Extension For People to sit and look into the central Large Pla orm Admin Plinth Extension - Shaded space space for Common use for Gruh udhyog / Weaving Workshop Khatla spaces for women to sit / work outside / Khakhra-papad Making - Drying Gruh Udhyog Plinth for women to meet talk work Polished kota stone flooring Structural Grid Suppor ng Upper storey RCC Beam - Column - slab structure

A ramp supported by central shear wall that lead visitor to the upper level. It houses the carts which are used for transporta on of goods by villagers

Central open to sky Large Pla orm for Teaching & Learning

Kota stone Finish Brick Plinth Polished

Rough Kota stone floor - Otla spaces

Space, Educa on, Culture : Nesadi Village Leisure space for People Kathiriya Jenil Ashokbhai

Workshop Explora ons

Kathiriya Jenil Ashokbhai

SEM : 9

KIAD KALOL

YEAR : 5

2014 05 E 50232

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Outside

Inside

Street

Courtyard Section aa'

a

a’ Mangalore le Roof Covering

Roof Structure Steel truss

Sea ng Pavilion

RCC B-C

Storage Court Facing

Structure

Sea ng Plinth Street facing otla spaces Staircase

Roof Structure Steel truss Sec on bb’ Front Eleva on b Mangalore le Roof Covering

Storage & Appliances

Exit b’ Concrete Clm Kitchen

Sea ng Passage

Front Eleva on

Space, Educa on, Culture : Nesadi Village Leisure space for People

storage

Explora ons

Kathiriya Jenil Ashokbhai

SEM : 9

KIAD KALOL

YEAR : 5

2014 05 E 50232

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Page : 59


Mangalore le Roof Covering

Mangalore tile

Section

Roof Covering Plan

Play zone

Roof Structure

Services

Steel truss

Swimming pool

Changing room

Bath zone Stair

Top View

Space, Educa on, Culture : Nesadi Village Leisure space for People

Explora ons

Kathiriya Jenil Ashokbhai

SEM : 9

KIAD KALOL

YEAR : 5

2014 05 E 50232

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Page : 60


bullock cart shade

Isometric View

Plan @ 4.5 m lvl

up

Plan @ 3.0 m lvl bullock cart shade

up

Plan @ 0.0 m lvl

Space, Educa on, Culture : Nesadi Village Leisure space for People

Circula on Elements

Kathiriya Jenil Ashokbhai

SEM : 9

KIAD KALOL

YEAR : 5

2014 05 E 50232

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WORKSPACE

LEISURE SPACE

VISUALIZATION

SECTION AA’

CENTRAL COURT - MUTKA SLAB - EXPLORATION

SECTION AA’

SECTION BB’

Space, Educa on, Culture : Nesadi Village Leisure space for People

SECTION BB’

Explora ons

Kathiriya Jenil Ashokbhai

SEM : 9

KIAD KALOL

YEAR : 5

2014 05 E 50232

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APPROACH RAMP

CENTRAL COURT PATHWAY LEADING TOWARDS WORKSHOP PLINTHS

LOOKING TOWARDS WORKSHOP

LIBRARY SPACES - GROUND SITTING & CHAIR SITTINGS ARRIVAL CHOWK - PEOPLE & PLACE

GRUH UDHYOG - KHATLA SPACES PATLA SITTING SPACE OUTSIDE WORKSHOP

WATER TOWER STAIRCASE CHILDREN’S PLAY AREA LOOKING TOWARDS BATHING SPACES

LOOKING TOWARDS LIBRARY Space, Educa on, Culture : Nesadi Village Leisure space for People Kathiriya Jenil Ashokbhai

VISUALIZATIONS

Kathiriya Jenil Ashokbhai

SEM : 9

KIAD KALOL

YEAR : 5

2014 05 E 50232

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Page : 63


Bibliography: Books:  Amos Repoport, House form & Culture N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1969  Minakshi Jain, K. Jain & others, Typology and mapping of housing zones :

coastal region of Gujarat, cept library, 728.095475 JAI  Shri Jhaverchand Meghani, Saurashtra ni Rasdhar

Thesis:  Nidhi Kathiyara, Study of Nesada: Settlements in Gir, A-TH 1110KAT  Prashant Kulkarni, Coastal villages of Saurashtra, A TH-0530 KUL

Artical:  Fahim Aamir, Donkey Urbanism from writtings of Ingraham, Catherine

(1998): Architecture and the Burdens of Linearity. Yale University Press & Le corbusier, The City of Tomorrow 1925

Published Works & Others:  Govardhan Eco Village, ecovillage.org.in  Nesadi Village Data, Census 2011,

http://www.census2011.co.in/data/village/515778-nesdi-gujarat.html

64

Profile for JENIL KATHIRIYA

RURAL ARCHITECTURE THESIS _ SPACE EDUCATION CULTURE  

A VILLAGE IN SAURASHTRA GUJARAT IS A CASE STUDY THAT IS KNOW FOR ITS DISTINCTIVE TWO STOREY HOUSES THAT IS DESCRIBED IN THE GROUND STUDIES I...

RURAL ARCHITECTURE THESIS _ SPACE EDUCATION CULTURE  

A VILLAGE IN SAURASHTRA GUJARAT IS A CASE STUDY THAT IS KNOW FOR ITS DISTINCTIVE TWO STOREY HOUSES THAT IS DESCRIBED IN THE GROUND STUDIES I...

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