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2018 Emma Russello’s Portfolio

Ref lection #1 In my second and final semester of being an editor, I learned many new things and was able to improve upon a lot of skills that I had previously not been so good at. I feel like my actual production skills definitely improved this semester, but the deadlines ended up being the hardest for me. Teamwork did not come into play much this semester, but I probably could have helped other people out more. My journalism ethics and dedication did not vary much, and I still kept those traits the best I could. The reason that deadlines this semester were basically the death of me, is because during the second semester of senior year, it’s very hard to be motivated to do anything. I ended up getting everything done on time every time, but I definitely did not have to procrastinate as much. Also, my end product probably could have been better if I had not procrastinate as much and waited until the last minute before it was due. Different from last semester, my actual production skills have definitely improved. I think that I have gotten better and using InDesign and I did not need Adamson as much to change my whole page. I felt that I was able to see how my page should be laid out better, and I was able to make that vision happen. I got better at using all the tools in InDesign and I am honestly going to miss using it because it is such a cool and helpful program.

Teamwork is very important when working on a newspaper, or really anything in general. I think that for the most part this semester, everyone was able to have good teamwork skills but I probably could have helped other people out more. When I need help with something on my page, most of the time someone steps up and helps me out. It might be because I do not know much about InDesign and basically everything, but I feel like I could have offered to help other people out more. Even if it’s by getting an interview for someone or even writing and article, I feel that I did not step up as much as I could have.

My journalism ethics never wavered this semester, or any other semester. I feel like it is easy to keep those ethics because it’s the right thing to do, and I never would think to do something that would go against those ethics. Dedication is also a very important part of having a good newspaper. Dedicating yourself to your work is a big part in making the work look good. If you do not care about your work, then the product will not be a good as if you put dedication into it. For the most part, I take pride in all the work I do, it’s hard for me not to. So I believe that my work in newspaper ended up being good because I was dedicated to doing a good job. Newspaper has taught me a lot of things that I would have never learned anywhere else. Even though it was a lot of work and I was not the best at it, I still learned a lot. My greatest weakness was probably getting things turned in on time and doing it well. I stressed out harder then I should have because I waited until the last minute to do things. I have learned a lot of lessons in this class that I am able to take with me in college and then in my career and life, and I am thankful for the opportunity I was given.

Ref lection #2 My February travel spread was my favorite that I put together this semester. At first, I was not sure how I was going to put it together because I was still pretty unexperienced. However, Adamson helped me figure out an idea, and I really like how it turned out. It was pretty difficult to complete, but it did not take that long because there is basically just a huge picture on the page. I really like the picture that Zoie took of her mom in Sedona, and it worked really well with the page. The story was about all the spiritual stuff in Sedona, and the vortexes which I thought fit really well on the page. The other story on the page is about Route 66, which ended up being really interesting and different. I really like how the page turned out because we extended the sky in the picture to fit the story in the picture. I really like doing this because it makes the page look less boring. I did not do the headline for the Route 66 article, but I really like the way it turned out. Overall, I think this spread is the best looking out of all of my spreads this semester.

Tear Sheets: February



Climbing to Connect

ocals and visitors from all around the world hike in the hidden red rock trails of Sedona to unlock spiritual vibrations and healing vortexes. There are a total of four vortexes in Sedona. According to Sedona Red Rocks Tours, a site on all things Sedona, these vortexes are spots in Sedona that are aligned with the ley line. This line also runs through other spiritual places around the world. “The ley line that Sedona is on also goes through places like the Pyramids, Stonehenge, and Machu Picchu. These places are all considered to be sacred healing places,” said Donna Altman, an employee at Touchstone Gallery in Sedona. Visitors can also find juniper trees in the vortexes. These trees have a spiral trunk, which means that there is a presence of vortex energy. “Everything on the planet is in spiral, our DNA, tornadoes, so when you go to a vortex, it is typically a tree that is twisted, so it is coming from the earth and its bringing up this different vibration or energy,” said Altman. According to Visit Sedona, a website that discusses Sedona’s best sights, “Sedona vortexes are thought to be swirling centers of energy that are conducive to healing, meditation, and self-exploration. These are places where the earth seems especially alive with energy.” To feel the strongest vibrations, visitors meditate in the center of the vortex. When it comes to feeling vibrations, everyone has a different experience, and it is all dependent on personal energy and connection with the vortex. “People will take their healing stones to these vortexes to get a different vibration from the stones, which increases and enhances the vibrations you will feel,” said Altman. Experiencing these vibrations can only happen in Sedona and other places on the ley line. Therefore, those interested in meditation and self healing often take the time to visit. “Meditation is extremely peaceful, it helps me clear my mind, and to have a peace of mind,” said Sam Brechner, a senior. Walking around the town of Sedona, visitors will notice multiple crystal and healing stone shops. At these stores, hikers can learn more about crystals and the healing process. “The best way to describe the sensation after meditation would be to compare it to how you feel after you work out for a long time... it isn’t a cardio-like workout yet it had the same effects,” said Carmen Lopez, a junior. The quality of stones do not matter when meditating. It generally depends on the person and their connection with the crystals. Each type of stone has specific qualities that will generally release form the crystal during meditation.

“Sedona vortexes are thought to be swirling centers of energy that are conducive to healing, meditation, and self-exploration. These are places where the earth seems especially alive with energy.”

Zoie Lambesis Food Editor

MEDITATING deep in one of the Sedona vortexes, Heather Lambesis takes in the scenery and gets in touch with spiritual vibrations. Locals and spiritual enthusiasts say that one can feel the vortex in their body when meditating inside of one. 4 ZOIE LAMBESIS

Kicks on Travelers from all over have been getting their kicks on Route 66 for many decades. Known for its wild west roots, there are many stops along the way in Arizona’s portion. Coming to life on Nov. 11, 1926, Route 66 has been serving settlers and tourists of America for over 90 years, starting in Chicago, Illinois and ending in Los Angeles, California. “Route 66 seems like a window into how things used to be and people like it because it is nostalgic,” said Avalon McLeod, a senior. Along the way, there are many different historical hotels and shops that can be seen just along Route 66. “When I was in Flagstaff one time, I actually stayed in a hotel by Route 66 called Little America, it was really cool,” said Kaitlyn Walker, a senior. During the Great Depression, many families wanted to escape their lives back east and start a better one on the west coast. The major reason for this was because of the Dust Bowl. According to National 66, a website preserving the historic route, people began to see Route 66 as a “road of opportunity”. “This road gave people the opportunity to see the country and since the automobile was now able to function over long distances, families were able to go on vacations across the country,” said Geoff Johnson, a history teacher. In Arizona, Route 66 runs through the northern part of the state. It runs through major cities including Flagstaff, Kingman, Winslow, and Holbrook. “When I’m up in Flagstaff, I don’t like to take the highway around. I like to go through, because there are still some of those old motels that are still operating and it just gives the feeling of what things used to be like,” said Johnson In Winslow, one of the hotels that is found along Route 66 is the Wingwam Village Motel. This motel is a significant choice because you are sleeping in a concrete tepee. Another stop that can be made along the way in Arizona’s portion of Route 66 is the famous Meteor Crater. This crater is about a mile long, 550 feet deep, and around 50,000 years old. Stopping at the Meteor Crater, tourists a able to take a tour around the rim of the crater. Route 66 also goes right through the town of Flagstaff. Route 66 runs right through the heat of Flagstaff so this means there are plenty of stops to make along the way. One interesting restaurant is called the Galaxy Diner. This restaurant offers classic meal combinations including burgers, fries, and shakes and it gives their customers a 1950’wws diner experience. Tourists can also go to the Museum of Northern Arizona and The Arboretum at Flagstaff. As people travel along Route 66, they will find that it takes them back in time and gives them a feel of what that time was like.

Maddie Howard Creeker Editor

intrigue FEBRUARY 2018


food stuff


There are many ways to give regular ramen packets a makeover, and turn a regular noodle into a gourmet meal all from one’s own kitchen. Here are some diy ramen dishes that one can make out of a packet of ramen, just adding some more ingredients.

Chicken Ramen Soup


her ramen, Emma Russello cooks up a Vegetable Ramen Pad Thai. This ramen is full of a variety of vegetables with a spicy peanut butter sauce.

Ingredients: 2 tablespoons of extra virgin olive oil 1 chopped onion 2 large chopped carrots 2 chopped celery sticks 2 finely chopped garlic cloves ¾ teaspoon Kosher salt ½ teaspoon of freshly ground black pepper 4 cups of chicken stock or low-sodium broth 2 cups of shredded rotisserie 4 oz. of ramen noodles Directions: In a medium pot, heat the oil over medium high heat until hot. Stir in the

onion, carrots, celery, garlic, 3⁄4 teaspoon salt and 1⁄2 teaspoon pepper and cook, stirring occasionally, until the vegetables are browned, about 8 minutes. Stir in the stock and chicken and bring to a simmer. Simmer the soup 15 minutes, then stir in the ramen and continue to simmer until the noodles are tender, about 5 minutes. Season with salt and pepper to taste and serve Stir in the stock and chicken and bring to a simmer. Simmer the soup 15 minutes, then stir in the ramen and continue to simmer until the noodles are tender, about 5 minutes. Season with salt and pepper to taste and serve.


Vegetable Ramen Pad Thai (pictured):

Ingredients: 2 packages of Ramen noodles, chicken flavor 1 ½ tablespoons of vegetable oil 1 12oz. Bag of frozen vegetables ¼ cup of teriyaki or soy sauce 2 tablespoons of hot water 3 tablespoons of creamy peanut butter ¼ teaspoon of sriracha or any hot sauce Directions: Cook Ramen noodles in a medium

saucepan, not adding in the flavoring packets and draining the water when finished. In a large skillet cook the frozen vegetables adding in the vegetable oil and the saved flavoring packets. Whisk together the soy sauce or teriyaki, hot water, peanut butter and sriracha or hot sauce. Add the noodles and the whisked sauce to the skillet with the vegetables, and mix.

Dropping the meat Vegans, vegetarians, and pescetarians. While all of them have something in common, they are not the same. Makenna French explains the differences. Vegetarians do not eat meat. Some do it for religious or moral reasons, while others do it for different purposes. “I want to live the happiest, healthiest life possible, I believe all forms of life should too,” said Mackenzie Morgan, a junior. There are many types of vegetarianism, Ovo-Vegetarians eat eggs but no dairy, Lacto-

Ramen Stir Fry Ingredients: 3 packs of ramen noodles, chicken flavor 2 tablespoons of olive oil 1 1⁄2 cups of diced onion 2-3 cups of chopped fresh veggies 2 tablespoons of sesame oil 1 ⁄3 cup of hoisin sauce 1 tablespoon of granulated garlic 3 ⁄4 cup of cold water 1 ⁄3 cup of Mr. Yoshida sauce Directions:

Cook Ramen noodles as directed, saving the flavor packets and draining the water. In a large skillet, heat olive oil and add in the onions. Cook for 1-2 minutes then add in other veggies and stir fry for 2-3 minutes. Toss the cooked ramen in the skillet, adding in the flavoring packets and remaining wet ingredients. Stir until mixed.

Emma Russello travel editor

Many students choose to cut back or cut out meat and animal products in order to live a healthier life.

meat. Although many fear they will not get enough protein without meat, vegetarians can find their source of protein in things like nuts, seeds, milk, eggs, rice, and beans. The daily iron they need can be found in things like tofu and split peas. “It was hard to give up meat at first, but the only meat I really ate was chicken,” said Jordan Bean, a junior. On the other hand, Vegans avoid all animal foods and products such as meat (including fish, shellfish, and insects), dairy, eggs, honey, and gelatin. Basically anything that would exploit animals for any purpose.

products. Certain makeup brands will make all of their products cruelty free as well because they do not believe in animal testing. Jumping right into veganism is very hard because you are giving up a lot of things people eat in their everyday lives. Most Vegans go vegetarian before they try going fully vegan, while some are born into the lifestyle and grew up being vegan. Pescetarianism, also known as PescoVegetarianism, is probably the most uncommon and unknown type of diet. Pescetarians only eat fish, while cutting out all other red meats and chicken. Many people try this diet because

mal, but people define it in their own ways. “I don’t completely cut out some fish and dairy, I like the term Flexitarian because it gives me a little bit of leeway,” said Lori Larkin, English teacher. Not all people turn to these diets for animal reasons, some doctors recommend it because it can benefit your health. Others may turn to it because they are looking for something new to try. Consistency is also something that should be focused on, specific patterns can make it easier to try one of these diets out but rushing into it too soon may discourage you, it takes time and patience.

Tear Sheets: March



Atop a mountain in the middle of nowhere, the vertically oriented city of Jerome casts a dark shadow over the valley below. In 1876, when people began moving westward in search of gold, land, and pure curiosity, a group of Anglo-Saxon miners claimed the land of Jerome. Growing from a tent city to an established town with a constantly increasing population, the town hit its peak in 1930 with a population of about 5,000 people. However, this dropped severely in the following years after precious resources had run out. “Walking through the town is pretty weird, there’s a whole bunch of creepy buildings and shops wherever you go,” said Chris Hanbury, a senior. Stories involving the supernatural have always surrounded the cliffside town of Jerome, dating back to its founding years. In 1922, a woman by the name of Anna Hopkins suspected that her husband, the chief engineer for the local mining company, was involved in an affair with a teacher in town. Having become fed up with these rumors, Hopkins acted on her rage and reportedly threw carbolic acid in the face of the teacher. This can cause major corrosive injury, as proven by the teacher, who is reported to have died in the Connor Hotel. The teacher is said to haunt Room 1 and 2 and people are reporting seeing a strange figure on occasion and the radio being turned on, even when unplugged. “I really just think that Jerome is a huge tourist trap,” said Ethan Penington, a sophomore. Jerome, being a mining town in the late 19 and early 20 century, was almost devoid of female presence, apart from the prostitutes who worked in brothels and on the streets of the town. One popular spot for these scandalous acts was known as “Husband’s Alley” located just off of what was Main Street. Many women were reported to have been killed in that area and are still seen to this day by travellers. “Nothing has ever happened to me personally, but I know people who have had paranormal experiences, so I definitely believe in ghosts,” said Gina Mure, a Cave Creek local. According to visitors, the most haunted place in town is the Jerome Grand Hotel which was not always what it is today. Being built in 1926 under the name “United Verde Hospital,” this building saw a lot of gruesome injuries and deaths, seeing as it was a hospital in a mining settlement before medicine was extremely advanced.

XANDRA SQUIER looks around at the vintage buildings in Jerome. Jerome is known for its supernatural atmosphere and haunted

buildings, such as the one pictured. Many people explore Jerome’s surroundings looking too see paranormal things. 4SEAN GANNON

People that spend the night often report hearing someone trying to open their door or keys jingling, sounds that would regularly be heard in a hospital, and even say that they have seen items moving or figures throughout the hotel. Claude Harvey, the old hospital maintenance worker, fell to his death in the elevator shaft in 1935. The outline of his body remains on the floor below the elevator and some staff say that they have heard or seen Harvey still cleaning the floors of the once-hospital, now-hotel.

Jerome is not only popular to tourists but to ghost hunting shows as well. Hit programs like Ghost Adventures and Ghost Hunters have tried their luck at Jerome hotel.

Sean Gannon

tech editor


Figuring out where to go for spring break can be difficult for many, however, Arizona offers several cheap places to visit, so traveling will not put a damper on the bank account. “People should stay in Arizona for vacations because staycations are relatively cheap, and since we’re in high school, some of us may move away later in life and regret not exploring more of our state,” said Mackenzie Moller, a senior. Arizona offers many different opportunities to enjoy the outdoors and learn to appreciate the desert that many call home. Some activities that some people can do during a staycation include hiking, mountain biking, tubing, and fishing. A little closer to home in Cave Creek, people are able to have a lake day at Bartlett Lake or Lake Pleasant. Camping is also available at these lakes.

“My favorite lake is Bartlett Lake because it is close, it has some rocks and canyons, and you can get out of the wind down there. It’s also really beautiful,” said avid fisher and math teacher Russell DelGrosso. There are also different towns in Arizona that offer an out of town feel when people visit because of the different climates and terrain that are found there. Some of those towns include Prescott, Sedona, and Flagstaff. Prescott and Flagstaff both have a forest feel to them which can be great for someone wishing to escape the desert scene in Phoenix. Sedona has a different feel with the red rocks mixed with forest. Sedona is also a place where people can discover spiritual objects, including vortexes.

“Flagstaff is probably my favorite place to get away to because it is such a cute town and I love how it kind of makes you feel like you aren’t in Arizona, so it’s like you’re in a different state,” said Kaitlyn Walker, a senior. If one wants to feel like they are out of the state, there are many resorts that offer an escape from the desert with restaurants and pools. Some of these include the JW Marriott Desert Ridge, The Scottsdale Princess and The Westin at Kierland. Prices vary at different times of the year, but these resorts can offer a relaxing night away from home.

are many

Maddie Howard Creeker Editor

“People should stay in Arizona for vacations because staycations are relatively cheap and, since we’re in high school, some of us may move away later in life and regret not exploring more of our state.” Mackenzie Moller, a senior. intrigue MARCH 2018




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MARCH 9, 2018 ■ 5

Drama club ventures Into the Woods By g travel editor Drama students prepare to excite and entertain their audience with this year’s spring musical, Into the Woods. The storyline twists classic fairy tales with humor, romance, drama, and of course, song and dance. “The most fun part about a musical is seeing everything come together in the end. Once everyone is memorized and the dancing mixes with the singing it just looks really cool,” said Benjamin Gerst, a junior and performer in the show. Gerst prepares for his role as the Baker, one of the main characters of the play. The show focuses on classic storybook characters or archetypes such as the Baker, the Baker’s wife, Cinderella, and Jack of Jack and the beanstalk. As a classic tale of fantasy, the characters encounter many mystical beings on the way. Although the performance maintains a smooth and whimsical air, the script, songs, and dance numbers are anything but effortless. “It’s [the show] really hard, it has a lot of lyrics and a difficult script in the sense that the actors are sometimes challenged by it,” said Andrew Cupo, drama teacher and director of the musical. Among the drama world, Into the Woods is considered to be more sophisticated and complex in the way of script, choreography, and music. Because of this, the drama club rehearsed almost everyday leading up to the show. Auditions for the show began as early as December. For many actors and actresses in the production, this is the last official performance of their high school careers. One of these students, Allie


Olivia Palmer, both juniors rehearse for the upcoming musical. Palmer plays the voice of the giant, and Ozaki plays the mysterious man. “My favorite thing about the musical is the unique characters and their dynamics and relationships with each other,” said Palmer. 4 SEAN GANNON

Holt, finishes off the year as the Baker’s wife, another main character. “I’m most excited for people to see the dance numbers because we have practiced them so much and I think they will look really cool on stage,” said Holt. This performance follows in suit with spring musicals before it. Last year, the drama department put on Little Women. The musical opens on the weekend of March 8 until the following weekend at 7 p.m. in the Fine Arts Center. Tickets are available on the district website with student and child tickets being $8 and adult tickets $12.

Government faces DACA dilemma By FAITH HASHER g opinion editor

On Feb. 28, the Supreme Court rejected the Trump administration’s DACA appeal, leaving the order in place. This means that until the appeal makes its way through the lower courts, DACA remains in effect. DACA is an immigration policy which allows minors who entered the country illegally to receive a 2 year grace period for deferred work from deportation, giving them time to get a work permit in the US. The Trump administra-

has proven to be difficult, with the government shutting down in Jan. due to an inability to reach a compromise. Republicans and Democrats sat down to hash out the details for finding a solution for the dreamers and having more security at the border. While several bipartisan options were presented, none of them passed a senate vote. Austin Hagan, a senior, said the two sides

“Creating an alternative

from a broader variety of countries.” This program currently allows 50,000 Visa cards to be distributed every year to countries with low migration rates into America. There were sticking points on both sides, with many Republicans unwilling to vote for any program that included a path to legal citizenship for the Dreamers, and many Democrats unwilling to support the building of a border wall and increased restrictions on immigration. “I disagree with Trump’s wall because our


MARCH 9, 2018 ■ 7



IN NOVEMBER 2016, THE STATE OF ARIZONA passed a law called Proposition 206, or the Fair Wages and Healthy Families Act. This new law proposed to raise the state minimum wage to $12 an hour by 2020 and require employers to pay their employees a certain amount of sick time. Supporters of this law say that it will reduce poverty and give people with low-income jobs a better and more livable wage. All in all that sounds like a good thing, right? Except that raising the minimum wage is just a band-aid solution that will not have those effects. One effect of the increase has already shown itself immensely in the fast food and restaurant business. Prices of goods have gone up at local restaurants and popular places like Dutch Bros. Many restaurants in Arizona, and in other states with high minimum wages are passing on the extra costs to the customers by raising menu prices or adding a 2 or 3 percent surcharge onto the bill. According to a Bonnie Riggs, a restaurant analyst, the average customer check at casual-dining restaurants, which does not include surcharges, rose to $14.70 last year, up nearly 11 percent from 2012. Raising the minimum wage is leading to inflation, and

everyone is going to have to pay more for normal things they get almost everyday. With 30 percent of Arizona’s workforce receiving a raise, the other 70 percent will have to pay more for goods without receiving that raise. Another consequence of the increase is that big and small businesses will hire less people, and cut the hours of those already working to try and reduce their payroll costs. The Vice President of fast food chain White Castle said that the company would be forced to close almost half its stores and let go thousands of workers if the federal minimum wage were raised to $15. Other fast food chains such as Wendy’s have also considered changing to selfserving kiosks to try to absorb the increases. With the cost of hiring low-skilled workers being so high, many businesses are going to look for alternative ways to cope. Teenagers and college students are also going to suffer from this increase in two different ways. One is that no one is going to hire a kid who has no

job experience because they have to pay them $12 an hour. Companies would rather look for more experienced people and it is going to drive students out of the workforce. On the other hand, there is going to be less of a want for teenagers to go to college and get an education. This will only raise a generation of kids who will have a small work ethic and will not have the incentive to leave those jobs to get a better, higher paying one. There are other ways that the states can reduce poverty and help those in need such increasing child tax credit, and other tax breaks.

“Teenagers and college students are also going to suffer from this increase.”


LIFE OR DEATH: A DRUG PSA Students Against Destructive Decisions (SADD) held an essay contest for National Drug and Alcohol Week challenging students to empower others to say no to drugs. OPINION

HALLE ATA-ABADI When my cousin was 19, he almost threw his life away. He had been the victim of peer pressure, mental illness, and a troubled childhood among other circumstances. He started drinking heavily when he was 14. This overwhelming need to fill a void in his life caused him to turn to drugs soon after. He kept this information separate and hidden from the rest of his family. This secrecy went on for years. He finally received the attention and help he needed after he almost died from a heroin overdose. Of course, this is not a story that holds true for most people. My cousin, since that experience, has gained so much information and help in his journey to getting better. As a child, he was always described as bright and intelligent. He was hardworking

ball player. When he became a freshman in high school, things changed. He was not the kid he once was, and he completely lost himself. He started to neglect school and focused his energy on finding any kind of substance that would take his mind off of his situation. This spiraled drastically and frighteningly quickly, and he started to become aggressive and bitter. Naturally, my cousin fell short in school and eventually dropped out of community college, deeming it to be unimportant. At this point of his life, his lifestyle had gotten so out of hand that he could not control what was going on around him anymore. He did not know when or how to stop, but was forced to when he was rushed to the hospital after injecting a deadly strain of heroin into

He was nineteen that day. It has been 8 years and he still deals with his addiction every day of his life. I remember the moment I heard that he was in the hospital fighting for his life. I remember my heart sinking and not fully understanding what was going on. As a result of the overdose, he now deals with a multitude of heart problems. I am not using my cousin’s story as a superficial scare tactic. I am using his story as an example of what can happen if you avoid the things you love in life and instead get caught up with dangerous people and dangerous habits.

maybe more. We have all been taught for years that caving into peer pressure and doing drugs or drinking alcohol is harmful to not only our physical health, but our mental health as well. Yet there are thousands of teenagers abusing substances every day. To other teens who are thinking about or are currently abusing substances such as alcohol and/or drugs, know that you are not in this world alone and that there are many people who care for you and your wellbeing. Many times, substance abuse comes about with an underlying problem in one’s life. Fight through and avoid resorting to substances, and most

“It’s been 8 years and he still deals with his addiction every day of his life.”

8 ■ MARCH 9, 2018


TWO PERSPECTIVES With immigration policies under scrutiny from both sides of the aisle, students examine the legality of...

‘Sanctuary Cities’

PRO- BROOK BOWMAN According to the dictionary, the word “sanctuary” means “safe haven.” In the United States, there are over 500 sanctuary cities, whose goals are to provide a safe place for people who need it. In one form or another, sanctuaries have been around since Ancient Greece, and were once even a part of the judicial system in England. Since the early 1980s, American cities have opened up their free land to refugees from El Salvador and Guatemala while their homeland faced civil wars that killed many innocent people daily. In 1985, San Francisco was the first to pass a city ordinance that banned city police from helping federal immigration officers. Today, sanctuary cities are synonymous with illegal immigrants, and are the cause of much controversy. In the United States, there are over 11 million undocumented immigrants, according to the Pew Research Center. President Trump has targeted sanctuary cities and released an executive order that would expand immigration enforcement and punish local governments who do not comply. Additionally, Trump promised to withhold federal dollars from such cities. The order was later denied by a federal judge, and has not gone into effect. Opponents of sanctuary cities often cite stories about horrible crimes committed by illegal immigrants. The most famous being the death of Kate Steinle, where Juan Francisco Lopez Sanchez, an illegal immigrant and convicted felon, murdered Steinle while walking down the streets of San Francisco. However disturbing these crimes may be, statistics do not support the often-repeated cry that illegal immigrants are murdering our citizens at a higher rate than your average American. For example, a recent report by John R. Lott Jr. of the Crime Prevention Research center stated thatre 163 percent more likely to commit a first degree murder. The statistics Lott used to reach this conclusion are controversial, and there are many studies that show that immigrants are less prone to criminality than the average U.S. citizen. Instead of attacking sanctuary cities, people should be paying attention to their message. Advocates of sanctuary cities know that, in most cases, deportation is the wrong punishment for illegal immigration, which is a breach of civil, not criminal, law. They understand, as do most judges and juries, that our laws are not perfect, and that they do not adequately protect the needs of strangers who, for the most part, have crossed the border to take work that is eagerly offered them. Allen summed it up clearly. “No legal system can perfectly implement justice in every circumstance. Sanctuary serves now as it has in the past as a corrective and a challenge to such imperfection. We should remember that it was once a part of the law, and it remains an effective way to reform and strengthen it.”


“By enforcing this law, Governor Jerry Brown is putting the people in his state in danger.”

“Many studies that show that immigrants are less prone to criminality than the average U.S. citizen.”

A sanctuary city is a city that puts policies in place that prohibit the local police's involvement with federal immigration agencies. This is a dangerous practice that should not be allowed. In January, a law that officially named California a sanctuary state went into effect. This law prohibits police in California from asking people about their immigration status, or from participating in some federal immigration enforcement activities, according to an article on Fox News. By enforcing this law, Governor Jerry Brown is putting the people in his state in danger. One of the more famous cases about illegal immigrants happened in California in 2015 when, in San Francisco, a 32 year old woman named Kate Steinle was brutally shot while walking down a well-known pier with her father. The man who fatally shot her was an illegal immigrant with a criminal record who had slipped into the United States five times before. He should have been deported for the sixth time, but, since San Francisco was a sanctuary city, they did not contact any immigration agencies when he was picked up for other charges. The illegal immigrant was acquitted of all crimes in November, 2017, except for being a felon in possession of a firearm. This raised much debate, and the illegal man that killed an innocent women, was sent back to Mexico, only to most likely re-enter the country illegally again, according to an article on CNN. Time and time again, one hears on the news about an illegal immigrant involved in a criminal activity, who had been protected by sanctuary cities. One of which includes, in Portland, an illegal immigrant who brutally raped a 65 year old woman to the point of almost killing her in her own home. Prior to that, he was released into the community instead of being deported by the Portland police. Supporters of sanctuary cities believe that federal immigration deportation policies are unjust because they cause police to arrest anyone who looks like an immigrant, and causes people to live in constant fear of deportation. For many people here illegally, being sent back home is cause for fear for their lives. However, in a study of Arizona done by John R. Lott Jr. in early 2018, the president of the Crime Prevention Research center, he found that, based on data from 1985 to 2017, undocumented immigrants are at least 146 percent more likely to be convicted of crime than other Arizonans, and 163 percent more likely to commit a first degree murder. Violent crimes committed by illegal immigrants do not only occur in sanctuary cities, but it should be a wake up call to those cities that are. Supporters of sanctuary cities are putting their fellow citizens at risk by allowing criminals to remain in the country illegally. It is one thing to provide a safe haven for people who are escaping bad situations. It is another thing to allow known criminals to be here. Leaders of these sanctuary cities should focus on making our country safer for everyone.


HOW DO YOU FEEL ABOUT ‘SANCTUARY CITIES’? CONNOR SCHMID, FRESHMAN “I think sanctuary cities should be allowed as long as they are allowing people in from countries that have a lot of bad stuff going on, and if they are not doing bad stuff in

HARTMAN LARSON, SENIOR “I don’t support sanctuary cities, I feel that if they are going to come here, they need to do it legally.”

CARMEN LOPEZ, JUNIOR “I feel like sanctuary cities should be allowed because everyone should have the equal right to live and work here.”

Tear Sheets: April

travel Camping in Arizona allows almost endless ways to enjoy a...

Natural state

SIERRA FLUEGEL, embraces her surroundings while sitting in a tent at an Arizona campground. Exploring ones surroundings, fishing and hiking are just some activities one can participate in while camping. 4 ANNALEE BARNETT

The vast wilderness of Arizona holds towering mountains, hidden valleys, and treacherous canyons, all of which are an ideal spot for anyone looking to camp. “I love camping, there’s just something about getting out there and enjoying the peace and quiet that Arizona has to offer,” said Casey Douglas, a senior. Douglas has camped in many places throughout Arizona as well as other states, his favorite spot being in Payson. Due to Arizona’s high geographic diversity, the options for camping are plentiful. North lies the red rocks of Sedona, the forests of Flagstaff, and the seventh wonder of the world, the Grand Canyon. South holds the mountainous wilderness of Tucson and the Superstition Mountains. “My favorite thing about camping has to be the opportunity to be out in nature and enjoy being outside” said Lauren Finley, a senior. Finley has camped in several locations, including the Havasupai Reservation, which is home to a multi-

tude of different waterfalls. Obtaining a permit to camp in the Havasu canyon is considered a very difficult task due to the fact that permits sell out in the first two weeks it opens. Havasu draws visitors from all around the world, all of whom are looking for a permit. There are several places in Arizona where a permit is required to camp such as Fossil Creek and select areas of the Grand Canyon. However, obtaining a permit is not an impossible task. While packing for a camping trip, it is most important to pack with location in mind. “When we go camping, we bring our huge camper, so we pretty much bring the entire kitchen,” said Brittney Dodd, an English teacher. Depending on the place and intensity of the trip, different supplies are needed.

Annalee Barnett sports editor

IB goes international Every year, students who are participating in the IB program take a trip abroad to see different cultures and gain a better understanding of the world. Brook Bowman staff writer

Each year before graduation, IB seniors await the moment they have been anticipating since they joined: their senior trip. In the past, seniors have traveled to Costa Rica, Berlin, and many other places. This year, for 10 days, Rachel Curnutt and 11 of her peers traveled to Madrid, Barcelona, Florence, Venice, and Rome. “I am looking forward to seeing significant historical monuments and learning about a culture other than my own. I am also excited to eat authentic Spanish and Italian food because it is some of my favorite. There, I am going to see important buildings and monuments and

immerse myself in the country's culture by eating the food, learning some of the language, and shopping,” said Curnutt, a senior and this year’s valedictorian. International Baccalaureate organization, also known as IB, is a high school honors program different from the typical AP courses. Instead, it is a two-year structured program with many requirements in order to be awarded a diploma alongside a high school diploma. “IB has helped me to build a strong work ethic and has shown colleges that I am academically dedicated so that I have a higher chance of being admitted. It has also made me more

globally aware and cognizant of the implications of world events,” said Curnutt. What made the trip so special for students is that they got to experience the world alongside the teachers that helped them through their IB journey. Andrew Cupo, the IB theater teacher, has been chaperoning the trip for years. “The trip absolutely helps them. We come home and their understanding of the world becomes so different,” said Cupo. Throughout the trip, seniors visited museums, historical places, and learned about the culture around them. This trip serves a purpose of exposing students to the world around them

and fully preparing them for their lives after graduation. “One of my favorite parts of the trip was getting to be in a different country with some of my best friends. And, I learned how to be more comfortable using my Spanish in another country,” said Megan Rose, senior and salutatorian. With one two more months until graduation, the trip gives IB students an opportunity to celebrate all of their accomplishments and hard work from the past four years.

Brook Bowman staff writer



APRIL 2018 intrigue

10 years later, many people are wearing offthe-shoulder tops, shoes like Old Skool Vans and Adidas Superstars, and jean skirts. According to Elle Magazine, the X-girl sunglasses, fanny packs, and the color red are going to be the hottest fashion trends of 2018.

Brook Bowman staff writer

A NEW VISION Television shows influence a big part of culture, and the shows that kids, teens and young adults watch now are very different to ones kids used to watch around 10 or more years ago. For example, a new show that a lot of teenagers and adults are raving about is This is Us. This show represents the modern culture that a lot of young adults are used to seeing, as well as shows modern plot lines that a lot of people can relate to. A parallel to This is Us could be Grey’s Anatomy. Although this show is still on today, it was around in 2008, making the older shows a lot different then the newer ones. In the older episodes, smartphones were not around, and the culture they talk about is very different. Another example of television shows is regarding Disney channel, K.C. Undercover is a popular choice among kids today. The clothes and way the actors in the show talk are similar to the modern times. Suite Life of Zack and Cody started, and in the next couple years the show was a really big hit for kids. There were no iPhones in the show, and the way the actors dressed fully represented the era.

Emma Russello travel editor


Tear Sheets: May


coachella forever

CAMPING IN THE DESERT at the Coachella music festival, Zoie Lambesis, Kiera Riley and Rachel Hommel are doing their best to beat the heat. Many people choose to camp at Coachella, making it cheaper and easier to attend the popular event.


Road trippin’

Festival goers packed their bags and headed to Indio, California to take part in one of the biggest music festivals in the U.S.: Coachella. For both weekends, I had a really fun, but exhausting time at the festival, and enjoyed listening to all my favorite artists. Over 100 artists perform at Coachella each year, and since there is such a high demand for attending the festival, the creators have split the festival into two weekends, the first from April 13 to 15 and the second from April 20 to 22. Tickets for the 3 day festival started at $429 for general admission. With that being said, just attending the festival is expensive, therefore cutting the cost on housing and traveling fees is a must. Instead of spending money on a pricey hotel room, I personally choose to camp at the festival itself. This not only will save money, but will also save time getting there. There are two options when it comes to camping. Car camping and tent camping, both are reasonably priced at $113. With car camping, you get a 30 foot by 10 foot

grass space, where you can easily fit your vehicle and a 5 person tent. Tent camping is a little different, as the goer will only be offered a 15 ft by 10 ft grass space, and their car is not allowed on the campsite. With my experience, car camping was the best option, because not only did we avoid ridiculous hotel fees, but we also got to use the car as shade, and could use the outlets and USB ports in the car to charge our phones and portable chargers. Also, since we were camping on the festival grounds, we were able to walk into the festival each day. This prevented us from purchasing Uber rides, and paying the parking expense. A bonus to camping is the ability to leave the festival and go back to your campsite to get food and drinks. Having a cooler full of cold drinks and snacks is beneficial because then we did not have to spend money on overpriced food. We had stocked our cooler with oranges, apples, waters, vitamin waters and most importantly, peanut butter and jelly sandwiches. Overall, camping at Coachella was a great experience. The only downfall is that since it can get hot during the day, cooling your body down is difficult. And, staying hydrated is extremely important for camping.

Zoie Lambesis Food Editor

With summer right around the corner, many people go on road trips with their friends and family. Morgan Reimer discusses the best places to drive to for a vacation, and what to bring to have the best experience. When summer arrives, it is time to commence with the kicking off of shoes, gobs of sunscreen, and starting the next adventure of the long break ahead. Among families, road trips are a popular and amusing way to enjoy time together and get out of the heat. “I just went to my grandparent’s house, it’s like three states away. Make sure you know where you’re going, and bring snacks and water in case there’s traffic,” said Rochelle Ring, a junior. With the Arizona heat, the hottest parts of summer dwell over the civilians for the longest of times, and those who stay home during the summer take the initiative in what they plan to do. Families can listen to music, play car games, or watch movies to pass the long hours. Whether one is staying in a hotel, or a quick and easy Airbnb, road trips can lead to 4

places one has not dreamed of yet. “We went to California to see my Aunt, and I was driving, and it was on this winding road. Bring coffee and energy drinks, especially if you’re driving,” said Lauren Hemesath, a junior. According to the Huffington Post, Tracy Staedter and Randy Olson created an algorithm of the perfect road trip route to travel through 48 states, in which they only drove to nationally recognized landmarks in the country. Simply find the quickest path to start the number one route, (found on Google Maps) and anyone can be on their way. “My favorite road trip was one we took about five years ago, and we went to Redondo Beach, California, and we drove to Yosemite National Park, and came back down through Vegas and Death Valley. We

did a big loop around the states,” said Lori Larkin, an English teacher. For those who would prefer a day-road trip, Arizona features beautiful and hidden spots for people to explore. Families could hike the hieroglyphic trail at the Superstition Mountains, (Gold Canyon) look at the stalagmites in Kartchner Caverns, (Benson) or even go to the Grand Canyon to enjoy the endless canyon, go hiking, or ride the trail down on horses. It depends on the type of activity families would enjoy most. “Another favorite day trip is going to National Bridge in the Tonto National forest up by Payson, and when I first moved here, you could still swim in the water. It was just wonderful,” said Larkin. The most important items to bring are a map, phone, a small travel bag with snacks, sunscreen, tons of water, and a camera.


is really good and I like that it is local,” said Michelle Satran, a freshman. Since Wagon Wheel has been open, it has served as a popular breakfast place for many people. This is also a popular spot for locals and even students around Cave Creek. “The Wagon Wheel used to be the hangout for Cactus Shadows students. They had a back room and it would be filled every morning before school,” said Elissa Ericson, dance teacher.

terms of food. The restaurant is best known for its biscuits and gravy, as well as its omelets. They also offer specialty pancakes and french toast that are large in portions. “Their menu never changes, so that way I can always order my favorite breakfast every time I go there,” said Satran. If one wants a quiet peaceful breakfast or brunch, as it is secluded from the heart of downtown Cave Creek, and there is no live music.

Avianna Hoppes staff writer


nis rs

Local businesses slow down over the summer.

was so excited,” said James nior who will receive $1,500 ch semester for two years. rships vary in longevity and me being a one-time offer and g through semesters. Each reviewed by the Kiwanis Club o awarded the scholarships to

est job in Kiwanis: giving out the money,” said Steve Morse, a member of the Kiwanis funds committee. Several students applied, and students of all kinds were granted the scholarships, from artists to mathmaticians. Among the applicants was Rachel Curnutt, valedictorian, who received a scholarship. “The application process was pretty easy and I’m really glad I got the scholarship. I felt pretty accomyear overall, and it was a good year,” said Curnutt. ents received their scholarship n May 16.

Katelyn Reinhart spotlight editor

When school gets out and the weather heats Larry Grimes, manager at The Creek Patio Grill. up, more and more people leave Cave Creek. Since businesses in Arizona, and especially This means that small businesses have to find in Cave Creek, seem to thrive in the winter ways to cope with the slower times. months, most of them have to find some way Lorna Cooper, a senior who works at Big to cope throughout the summer when business Earl's, said that they get very slow when all the slows. winter visitors leave. “We have to deal with the slow of the sum“So many peomer by not having as high of ple leave because payroll and trying to spend less of how hot it is, money. We have to cut hours and at Big Earl's it and we go with less workers is 90 percent outeveryday so we can still make side seating,” said a profit,” said Grimes. Cooper. People who are employed Snowbird seaby small businesses in Cave son in Arizona Creek also seem to make less is typically Oct. money over the summer. This or Nov. through can happen by their hours getLarry Grimes, a manager at The Creek Patio Grill. April or May. ting cut so the company can According to an spend less on payroll or they ASU study, there can make less tips because of are approximately the limited amount of people. 300,000-400,000 people who travel and live “In the summertime, tips are about half in Arizona through the winter months. This as much and I spend most of my time sitting accounts for a large about of revenue in restauaround at work waiting for customers, while rants, grocery stores, and sporting events. in the wintertime, I'm always running around “I think that we do get slower over the sumdoing stuff,” said Nicole Vian, a senior who mer, mostly during the week with the weekworks at The Village Coffee and Creperie. ends still being pretty busy. To my understandBig companies and corporations do not hurt ing, there are a lot of people who live in the as much as the small businesses in the summer, area in the wintertime and then go somewhere being the small places take a much bigger hit. else for the summer because it is so hot,” said Emma Russello

“...there are a lot of people who live in the area in the wintertime and then go somewhere else for the summer because it is so hot.”

travel editor


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