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Coordinating Conjunction   “A  coordinating  conjunction  is  a  word  which  joins  together  two  clauses  which  are  both  equally  important”.     1.  What  is  a  clause?   A  clause  is  a  unit  which  contains  a  subject  and  a  verb.  For  example,  “It  was  raining”  is  a  clause;  the  subject  is  “it”,   and  the  verb  is  “was  raining”.     Every  sentence  MUST  contain  at  least  one  clause,  but  it  may  contain  more  than  one.  For  example:     •

It was  raining,  so  I  took  my  umbrella.  

This  sentence  contains  two  clauses,  “It  was  raining”  and  “I  took  my  umbrella”.  They  are  independent  clauses  because   each  one  would  be  a  good  sentence  on  its  own  —  each  one  is  a  “complete  thought”.       2.  Joining  clauses  together  with  coordinating  conjunctions   A  coordinating  conjunction  usually  comes  in  the  middle  of  a  sentence,  and  it  usually  follows  a  comma  (unless  both   clauses  are  very  short).  These  are  the  most  important  coordinating  conjunctions:     CONJUNCTION   For   And   Nor   But   Or   Yet   So  

FUNCTION Reason  -­‐  meaning  “because”   Addition  -­‐  joins  two  similar  ideas  together   And  not  -­‐  joining  two  negative  alternatives   Contrast  -­‐  joins  two  contrasting  ideas   Option  -­‐  joins  two  alternative  ideas   Outcome  –  meaning  but   Result  -­‐  shows  that  the  second  idea  is  the  result  of  the  first  

ESPAÑOL Porque   Y   Ni  -­‐  Tampoco   Pero  -­‐  Sino   O   Pero   Así  que  -­‐  por  eso  

FAN   CLAUSE  1   FOR   He  couldn't  go  home.   AND   I  took  a  taxi.   NOR        He  didn't  want  help.   BUT   I  wanted  to  go  late.   OR           She  cooked  dinner.   YET     She  owned  a  car.   SO         She  had  to  go.  

CLAUSE 2   He  had  no  place  to  go.   She  drove  home.   He  didn't  ask  for  it   She  wanted  to  go  on  time.   He  took  her  out  to  a  restaurant.   She  didn't  know  how  to  drive  it.   She  called  a  friend  to  drive  her.  

COMPOUND SENTENCE  /COORDINATE  CLAUSES   He  couldn't  go  home  ,  for  he  had  no  place  to  go.   I  took  a  taxi  ,  and  she  drove  home.   He  didn't  want  help,  nor  did  he  ask  for  it.   I  wanted  to  go  late,  but  she  wanted  to  go  on  time.   She  cooked  dinner,  or  he  took  her  out  to  a  restaurant.   She  owned  a  car,  yet  she  didn't  know  how  to  drive  it.   She  had  to  go,  so  she  called  a  friend  to  drive  her.  

    3.  Using  coordinating  conjunctions   There  are  three  things  to  remember  when  using  coordinating  conjunctions:     A. Coordinating  conjunctions  join  independent  clauses.  Each  clause  must  be  a  “complete  thought”  which   could  be  a  sentence  on  its  own.   B.

With coordinating  conjunctions,  put  the  conjunction  in  the  middle.  You  may  see  some  sentences   starting  with  “but”  or  “and”,  but  this  is  usually  wrong,  so  it's  best  to  avoid  it.  


With coordinating  conjunctions,  use  a  comma  unless  both  clauses  are  very  short.  


Coordinating conjunctions

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