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n 2007, Camille Snyder was fresh out of college and working for a tech firm in Washington, D.C., when a sudden close call with cancer diverted her into pursuing the family business: insurance. “I was making a good living in D.C. when I was diagnosed with stage 4 metastatic (tongue) cancer (in spring 2008) completely out of the blue,” Snyder says. “… My situation made me realize the importance of life insurance and other types of insurance to people. I know personally what the financial and emotional impact can be on a person or family from being too sick to work.” Snyder, who has now been cancer-free for five years, started studying to practice insurance in 2010 and got her license in Washington, D.C. She moved back to Jackson two years ago and joined the National Association of Insurance and Financial Advisers in Jackson. In June 2014, the organization elected Snyder as its newest and youngest president. NAIFA is to insurance workers what the Bar Association is for lawyers or the National Association of Realtors is for realtors. The organization offers industry-approved courses to keep insurance professionals up to date on the latest information and product developments for the industry. The organization also provides advocacy for the insurance industry and its clients, provides business and professional development for member organizations and promotes ethical conduct for insurance providers.


Snyder, 29, was born and raised in Fondren and is still living there today with her husband, Drew. She graduated from Jackson Academy and went to college at Washington & Lee University in Lexington, Va., where she majored in business and commerce. It was shortly after graduating and going into the tech business that she received her cancer diagnosis during a business trip to India. When Snyder returned to Jackson, she also joined her family’s own insurance firm, the Allen Financial Group as sales manager, in addition to her work with NAIFA Jackson. She is now the company’s managing director. Allen Financial is a general agency for Guardian Life Insurance Co. of America that Snyder’s father, David Allen, established in 1979. “A safe financial future is important for anyone,” she says. “… I didn’t have any risk factors and wasn’t expecting to get hit with a life-threatening illness at age 23. It was an eye-opening experience for me. If you can put plans in place to avoid the negative impact of such things, it helps so much.” Snyder’s experience also taught her about the power of people as well. “So many family members, friends and colleagues did so much for me while I was sick,” she says. “… It’s a humbling thing, and I get emotional thinking about the goodness of people and their love and support, and not just for me, but for my family as well.” —Dustin Cardon

Cover photo courtesy flickr/Emran Kassim

12 This Mess We’re In

As Sheriff Tyrone Lewis comes under fire for his management of the Raymond Detention Center, the political finger-pointing begins.

24 A Family Affair

“In early 2013, Mom met Joe Pennington. I met him one afternoon while on a run. He had come to pick her up for a date (A date? My mother on a date?), and I had stopped by the house for a quick visit. I don’t know who was more nervous: him or me.” —Tommy Burton, “New Beginnings”

29 Watercolor Wonderland

Recently, the Mississippi Museum of Art hung pieces for the Mississippi Watercolor Society’s 2014 Grand National Watercolor Exhibit.

October 8 - 14, 2014 •

4 ............................. EDITOR’S NOTE 6 ................................................ YOU 8 ............................................ TALKS 14 ................................ EDITORIAL 15 .................................... OPINION 17 ............................ COVER STORY 26 ......................................... FOOD 24 .................................... HITCHED 28 ................................. WELLNESS 29 .............................. DIVERSIONS 30 ....................................... 8 DAYS 31 ...................................... EVENTS 32 ....................................... MUSIC 33 ....................... MUSIC LISTINGS 34 ..................................... SPORTS 35 .................................... PUZZLES 37 ....................................... ASTRO


OCTOBER 8 - 14, 2014 | VOL. 13 NO. 5



by Donna Ladd, Editor-in-Chief

Why Do Children Stay?


y most memorable instance of corporal punishment involved my stepfather, whom I loved dearly. He was the sort of man who couldn’t handle one drop of alcohol—it completely changed him. On that day, he had started drinking, and it turned into yet another yelling match with my mother. He wasn’t someone you’d call a domestic abuser by nature, but he lost control easily when drinking. The pain he inflicted was usually emotional or the result of pushing. Pushes, of course, lead to falls, bruises and sprained ankles. At the least, his alcohol-induced rants always led to my mother or me cowering and crying in fear. That day, I decided to stand between them and try to get him to stop before the argument completely got out of hand. I tried to reason with him and told him to leave her alone. Then he did something he didn’t often do: He ripped his belt off and started moving toward me, swinging it. Before he could hit me with it, though, my mother jumped in front of me, and he hit her instead. It turned out that he was swinging it from the wrong direction, and the large belt buckle hit her hard on the leg, bursting a blood vessel. It would cause her pain for the rest of her life. This difficult memory is just one of the reasons I tend to think of domestic abuse as “family violence” and why I include so-called “corporal punishment” as part of the violence scourge that is too often hidden from view, behind closed doors. And it’s the child-beating part of family violence that society allows and justifies even more than violence against women. People too often ask “why does she stay?” of a woman after she’s punched, slapped or pushed, even as many of them believe it’s perfectly acceptable for parents to decide to “tear up” their children’s butts and even leave marks to prove they meant it. How exactly do adults end up with more rights here than helpless children?

It’s easy to come up with defensive excuses for hitting kids to get them to “behave” and to instill fear so maybe they won’t do a certain thing again. “I was spanked, and I turned out fine.” “The Bible says to do it.” “It’s the way I was disciplined.” “It’s the only thing that works sometimes.” “I have the right to discipline my kids anyway I want.” But it’s the rest of the story that gets messy and complicated, not to mention horribly dangerous for children.

Spanked children may well grow up and be attracted to abusive situations. First is the most basic problem. As Anna Wolfe reports in this week’s cover story (starts page 17), the research on corporal punishment does not support its use, and a growing body of neurological study shows that using the fear of physical violence—let’s be honest and call it what it is—on children can be devastating in many ways. Sure, it may well stop him or her from doing something again, but over time, inducing fight-or-flight fear hormones may damage the child’s brain and stunt its growth. This is huge. And in girls, it may have even worse effects. One of the results of physical punishment, as you’ll see in the story, is that spanked children may well grow up and be attracted to abusive situations. So, to break it down, when you ask why a woman stays in an abusive relationship, it could be because fear of physical discipline wired her

brain that way as a child. Let that sink in. I’m sure some reading this are snorting by now about how you weren’t stunted by spanking and that your parents did it, and their parents before them. And you’re fine. Here’s the logical wrinkle in that argument: If you’re continuing the physical-violence tradition, you are perpetuating a dangerous cycle because it was done to you. Even if you’re “fine,” you cannot know how your child is going to react to it as an adult, so it’s a huge risk to take with your own children. Not to mention, if you already have family-violence issues, including against a partner (and many prominent, “good” people do), you already might be in denial about the potential causes of your abusive nature. Take NFL star Adrian Peterson, who apparently beat his toddler son with a switch until red welts appeared (a practice I often saw done as a child). He even casually admitted to the child’s mother in a text that he had accidentally hit the boy in his testicles. His excuse for such brutality? That’s the way he was disciplined back home in Texas. It was done to him, so it must be OK, he believes. Anybody seeing the problem with this argument? He’s part of a dangerous cycle, and can’t even see it. And until this point, society has let him get away with it. Peterson (along with my stepdad above) also illustrates an even more dangerous component of corporal punishment. It’s not like adults can somehow be tested in advance to see if they are psychologically prepared to only take physical discipline so far and then stop—such as a swat on the butt with an open hand. That is, we discover child abuse after the fact and, in many cases, the adults think they are doing something within their rights. They just got angry and took it “too far,” they rationalize. Whoops. How is that OK to do with children?! That means we give adults the permission to take it as far as they can get away

with, and often that causes very real pain to children before anyone steps in, if they ever do. Is this really how we should approach violence against children, or should we follow the multitude of countries that have realized that whipping kids is no more acceptable than whipping adults? Family violence—against adults and children—happens in every community, among all ethnicities and in families of every socioeconomic status. Child abuse is one of most-underreported crimes, even as it’s an epidemic (even if you don’t include open-hand spanking or hitting with belts or switches as abuse). Abuse of women and children is magnified by the use of alcohol and other drugs, including over-the-counter painkillers. Know any adult spankers who use any of those mind-numbers? Of course you do. Experts on what is now often called interpersonal violence know that it is a cycle often passed on by abuse victims—which really does start to make sense when you consider the neurological effects of intentionally inducing fear of violence at an early age. It is time for all adults, with children or not, to reconsider traditions on corporal punishment and pay attention to both research on its harmfulness and expert advice on how to mete out smarter, non-physical discipline. No adult should turn her head on any kind of family violence, and we all must demand that all do everything possible to stop violent cycles for the safety of our society. Put another way: If a tipsy daddy can accidentally break a kid’s or a mama’s blood vessel with a belt buckle, or a star football player gets so distraught that he hits a toddler’s testicles, just how often is society enabling other vicious attacks due to antiquated ideas about discipline? Every day. And don’t forget: Children are usually more trapped in violent homes than their mamas. It’s time to stand up for kids, too.

October 8 - 14, 2014 •



Anna Wolfe

R.L. Nave

Dustin Cardon

Amber Helsel

Tommy Burton

Ronni Mott

Genevieve Legacy

Kimberly Griffin

Investigative Reporter Anna Wolfe, a Tacoma, Wash., native, studied at Mississippi State. In her spare time, she complains about not having enough spare time. Email her tips to anna@ She wrote the cover story.

R.L. Nave, native Missourian and news editor, roots for St. Louis (and the Mizzou Tigers)—and for Jackson. Send him news tips at rlnave@ or call him at 601-362-6121 ext. 12. He wrote news stories.

Web Editor Dustin Cardon is a graduate of the University of Southern Mississippi. He enjoys reading fantasy novels and wants to write them himself one day. He wrote the Jacksonian.

Assistant Editor Amber Helsel graduated from Ole Miss with a bachelor’s in journalism. She is short, always hungry and always thinking. She wrote food and arts stories.

Music Listings Editor Tommy Burton is keeping the dream alive, one record at a time. He can usually be seen with a pair of headphones on. He wrote a Hitched story and compiled the music listings. Send gig info to

Ronni Mott has been a Mississippian since 1997. She’s an award-winning writer and a yoga teacher, just stumbling and fumbling toward bliss like everyone else. She wrote a wellness story.

Genevieve Legacy is an artist-writer-community development consultant. She works at Hope Enterprise Corporation and lives in Brandon with her husband and youngest son. She wrote a music story.

Kimberly Griffin is a fitness buff and foodie who loves chocolate and her mama. She’s also Michelle Obama’s super secret BFF, which explains the Secret Service detail.

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October 8 - 14, 2014 •




[YOU & JFP] Name: Andres Escalante Age: 19 Location: Capitol Street Occupation: Construction Where are you from? “Born in Alabama actually, but lived in Costa Rica for 17 years.� Lived in Jackson: Two months Favorite part of Jackson: The Rez Favorite wisdom: “Live for present, hope for tomorrow.� Secret to Life: “Success�

Write us: Tweet us: @JxnFreePress Facebook: Jackson Free Press

YOUR TURN “Federal Jury: Jackson Must Pay $600K to Developer� by R.L. Nave JLucas Why is it that lately every time JRA’s name pops up, the City of Jackson has to cough up money? marymary I’ve asked that question before. According to another news report, the JRA settled before the trial. I guess you have to add that amount, whatever it might be, to the $600,000. If you add all of those costs, plus legal fees, plus the HUD suspension on the Farish Street project, you’re looking at millions of dollars that JRA, and the city has had to cough up just to cover “legal� mistakes. In the meantime, we’ve lost more development opportunities, lost more friends in the Jackson community and look like incompetent and mean-spirited fools. It’s just plain awful. This is what D.A. Robert Smith and State Auditor Stacey Pickering ought to be looking into—an abuse of power by the people who’ve been running and ruining the JRA. It’s time to get rid of the lawyers and the JRA board members and start over. There needs to be some accountability for this waste of public dollars. This is not funny.

“Westward Expansion� by R.L. Nave

October 8 - 14, 2014 •

NotLikeU West Jackson has potential, but it seems there are barriers that want to keep things the same. “If it ain’t broke, why fix it.� It has been like this broken for so long; it’s the norm,




and itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s accepted. If people in a neighborhood took an equal drive to clean up their neighborhood, it will be night and day. Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve seen spots where every house seems to be in decay, and people are living there, and then I go to another part of town with the same style of homes and age will a higher level of careâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;mowed lawns, no overgrown grass and weeds, no broken-down cars rusting out, kids outside playing, and even the abandon houses looked decent. There are some nice properties here and there in west Jackson, but if more streets get on the same page, wow ... West Jackson could be a great place of opportunity and entrepreneurship. Small businesses and services should be a new venture, and welcomed. Mixed-use properties would be great for young professionals who wants to contribute to the success of west Jackson. There just has to be to a balance in growth.

â&#x20AC;&#x153;Mississippi: Next Stage for Progressivism?â&#x20AC;? by Joe Atkins Duan @ js1976, and I quote you: â&#x20AC;&#x153;I have such a strong distaste for unions, because for so many years, they had a stranglehold on employees in so many large industrial states. Forcing workers to join and pay union dues without the ability to opt out.â&#x20AC;? Thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s a legit beef for being anti-unions. However, when there is no collective bargaining for increasing wages for employees, fringe benefits, time-off, etc., you will have a company that becomes one sided. No manager actually cares about giving an employee a pay raise out of the kindness of their own heart, regardless of how bad the economy is doing and how well the compa-



the country. Trade agreements and high wages (due to unions) have pushed manufacturers to look elsewhere, hence the reason for the recent increase in production in the south.

Hey, Men! Prevent, Protect, Empower


fter a decade of chick power, JFP is doing something to honor the men who fight against domestic violence. The JFP Chick Ballâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s new brother event, the JFP Chick Ball Masked Jam (nickname: Rooster Ball) is Nov. 1 at Hal & Malâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s. The event is $5, and the proceeds will go to the Mississippi Coalition Against Domestic Violence. The Chick Jam will have live music, karaoke, a costume contest, a sports pub and other fun things. To sponsor, write director@ To volunteer, email natalie@jackson To perform,emailarissking@ For more info, visit ny is profiting! I am a firm believer on that. Look at the salary inequities and disparities in todayâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s work force. The statistics are all over the place to prove that. Companies are stashing away hordes of money, threatening to leave the country, with whiffs of threats about tax increases or unions coming their way. All that is because unions are being targeted and shut down across this country. I know unions have their bad points, like anything else, but they have their strong points as well. js1976 @Duan I will agree with you that unions have their strong points, hence the reason I believe that decision should be left up to the employees. I do, however, disagree that companies outsourcing their manufacturing is a result of unions being targeted and shut down across

Duan @js1976 â&#x20AC;&#x153;Trade agreements and high wages (due to unions) have pushed manufacturers to look elsewhere.â&#x20AC;? Agreed with you on the trade agreements. NAFTA has its ripple effects, and they are definitely hurting our economy. On the flipside, it has raised the quality of life for numerous countries. As far as â&#x20AC;&#x153;highâ&#x20AC;? wages, thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s a twoway street because now, we are underpaying people and overpaying executives at poor performing companies. Go figure. js1976 @Duan I cannot argue that people are being underpaid in some of our manufacturing sectors. I canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t say that Nissan in Canton is one of those though. That factory brought living wages to a large number of people within the surrounding area, and continues to do so. However, if the employees want to unionize, so be it. They employees can decide that on their own, without the assistance of students, actors and journalists that have never spent a day in their life working in a facility such as this.

â&#x20AC;&#x153;JRA Power Shift Could Affect Farishâ&#x20AC;? by R.L. Nave Bill Harvey I enjoyed reading R.L. Naveâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s article â&#x20AC;&#x153;JRA Power Shift Could Affect Farishâ&#x20AC;? in your September 24-30 edition. It gives a pretty clear history of this continuing debacle. What would make an interesting follow-up article, although it would take some digging and courage, might be â&#x20AC;&#x153;What Happened to the $1.5 Million?â&#x20AC;? This would indeed make interesting reading. What would go a long way in correcting situations like Farish Street would be to get more people with integrity and experience involved. Given Jacksonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s voting demographics and its resulting representation over the years I would say this is next to impossible. Good luck.

The First-Ever

Plan your Costume & Save the Date!

Saturday, November 1, 2014 At Hal & Mal’s 200 S. Commerce St., Downtown Jackson

$5 Cover • Ages 18+ Live Music • Southern Fried Karaoke • Rooster Sports Pub Proceeds from the JFP Chick Ball Masked Jam go to MCADV’s campaign to gather 1 million pledges from Mississippi men to be stand-up guys and not stand-by guys. Men (and women): Sponsor the JFP Chick Ball Masked Jam for as little as $50.

To sponsor, write: Sponsorships start at $50. Make checks payable to MCADV.

More Details Soon at Combatting Family Violence Since 2004 PREVENT • PROTECT • EMPOWER



Wednesday, Oct. 1 Hong Kongâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s pro-democracy protesters threaten to occupy key government buildings unless the territoryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s top official resigns by the end of the day Thursday. â&#x20AC;Ś Secret Service Director Julia Pierson resigns a day after bitingly critical questioning by Congress about a White House security breach.

Friday, Oct. 3 A mob of hundreds of men in Hong Kong try to forcefully break up barricades pro-democracy activists have set up in streets the protesters have been occupying. Saturday, Oct. 4 As part of a package of concessions in the wake of a 50-day war against Hamas, Israel allows hundreds of Palestinians from the Gaza Strip to pray at Jerusalemâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s most important mosque, the first time Israel has allowed such visits since 2007.


by Anna Wolfe


arriage equality is gaining mo- wishes,â&#x20AC;&#x2122; like a normal couple would, we get â&#x20AC;&#x153;It swings the door wide open,â&#x20AC;? Rikard mentum around the coun- bashed by the American Family Association told Fischer on his show Sept. 23. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Our state tryâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;bolstered by the U.S. Su- and my own cousin.â&#x20AC;? in general is very pro-traditional marriage, preme Courtâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s refusal Monday but this has taken place in our state. So, I to reconsider an appeal of a state dethink it needs to be challenged, and cision to allow same-sex marriage. I think we really need to push this But gay marriages arenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t the forward to get this challenged.â&#x20AC;? only unions stirring up some conFischer told his followers that the servative Mississippians. Nick and Fulghams committed fraud against Jessica Fulgham, who married Sept. the state in order to get married. 18, received a wave of public backâ&#x20AC;&#x153;This is a state where 86 percent lash when American Family Radio, of Mississippians said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;We only an anti-gay organization based in want marriages between a man and Tupelo, broadcast news of their a woman to be recognized,â&#x20AC;&#x2122; and they marriage after it happened. found a way to get around that. To Nick, Jessicaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s husband, is me, thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s biological fraud,â&#x20AC;? Fischer transgenderâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;meaning that his told his audience. gender identity, gender expression Biological fraud is not a real or behavior does not conform to thing, however. that typically associated with the sex Nick Fulgham, who is currently to which (he was) assigned at birth, in transition and receiving hormone as defined by the American Psychotherapy, has completed the neceslogical Association. sary stepsâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;including getting a The couple filed for a marriage doctorâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s note, a court order and aplicense in DeSoto County, where plying for a new driverâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s licenseâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;in they live, and married in Madison order to be recognized as a male by County last month. the state. Nick and Jessica Fulgham received public backlash â&#x20AC;&#x153;We were not the first trans- after their marriage was called fraudulent on After appearing on AFR, Rikard gender couple to legally get married American Family Radio. posted a Facebook status alerting in Mississippi,â&#x20AC;? Jessica Fulgham said his following that a same-sex couin an interview. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We were the first ple got married in Mississippi and transgender couple to legally get married in â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Nick Is a Manâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; urging them to call state officials to express Mississippi that got publicly outed. But we Jessica Fulghamâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s cousin, Robby Rikard, outrage. â&#x20AC;&#x153;This is a battle that has come to were not the first, and we wonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t be the last told the American Family Association about us, and we cannot afford to lose traditional by no means because marriage equality will her wedding and appeared on the radio pro- marriage in MS, and as it stands WE ARE,â&#x20AC;? happen in the state of Mississippi.â&#x20AC;? gram â&#x20AC;&#x153;Focal Point with Bryan Fischerâ&#x20AC;? after Rikard wrote. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Instead of getting greeted with, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Con- Fulgham posted her newly obtained marRikardâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Facebook post was shared at gratulations. Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m so happy for yâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;all. Best riage license on Facebook. least 52 times.


Monday, Oct. 6 The Supreme Court turns away appeals seeking to prohibit same-sex marriages from Indiana, Oklahoma, Utah, Virginia and Wisconsin. â&#x20AC;Ś A husbandand-wife research team win the Nobel Prize in medicine for discovering the brainâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s navigation system.

he rides at the Mississippi State fair are old news by now (most have been there for years and years), but the events surrounding it are still pretty cool. From the Charlie Daniels Band Oct. 8 to the Mississippi State Fair Talent Show, thereâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s all kinds of entertainment, for better or worse. But why not add some new events to the line-up? Here are some suggestions:

Tuesday, October 7 Kurdish protesters clash with police in Turkey and force their way into the European Parliament in Brussels as part of Europe-wide demonstrations against the Islamic State groupâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s advance on a town on the Syrian-Turkish border.

A city-council and state-government official impression contest (must be scowling)

A napkin-quote crafting booth run by Mayor Tony Yarber (subtweets allowed)

A passion play on the McDaniel-Cochran election debacle

A guess-the-reason so many Ward 1 councilmen resign contest

A dunking booth with a gleeful Delbert Hosemann

A special exhibit of documents related to Farish Street, Retro Metro and all related projects.


October 8 - 14, 2014 â&#x20AC;˘

Sunday, Oct. 5 After a four-month hiatus, the hunt for Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 resumes in a stretch of the Indian Ocean, with searchers using new equipment.

A Legal Marriage Under Attack COURTESY JESSICA FULGHAM

Thursday, Oct. 2 Russian President Vladimir Putin says the state will offer support to sectors of the economy that have been hit by international sanctions, but says the country in general is unconcerned about the sanctionsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; consequences. â&#x20AC;Ś Turkeyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s parliament approves a motion that gives the government new powers to launch military incursions into Syria and Iraq and to allow foreign forces to use its territory for possible operations against the Islamic State group.



But a â&#x20AC;&#x153;gay marriageâ&#x20AC;? did not take place in Mississippi on Sept. 18. As constitutional law expert and professor at Mississippi College Matt Steffey points out, the â&#x20AC;&#x153;Tâ&#x20AC;?â&#x20AC;&#x201D;transgenderâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;in LGBT is different from the â&#x20AC;&#x153;LGBâ&#x20AC;?â&#x20AC;&#x201D;lesbian, gay, bisexual. Lesbian, gay and bisexual are sexual orientations, whereas transgender is a personâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s gender identity. If a transgender man, like Nick, prefers women, his sexual orientation is straight. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Gender identity and sexual orientation are not the same. Sexual orientation refers to an individualâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s enduring physical, romantic, and/or emotional attraction to an-

â&#x20AC;&#x153;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s not within my right to ask them if theyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re a man or a womanâ&#x20AC;? other person, whereas gender identity refers to oneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s internal sense of being male, female, or something else,â&#x20AC;? according to the American Psychological Association. But the AFA ignores this distinction. Fischer repeatedly called the couple â&#x20AC;&#x153;lesbiansâ&#x20AC;? over and over again. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Not everyone understands the â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Tâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; in LGBT. The â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Tâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; is like twenty years behind,â&#x20AC;? the wife told the JFP. Fischer exemplifies this lag. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Transgender is a biological fiction,â&#x20AC;? Fischer told the JFP Tuesday. â&#x20AC;&#x153;They are sexually confused.â&#x20AC;? Being called a lesbian didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t bother Fulgham. It was that lesbian was used in a derogatoryâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;and inaccurateâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;way. â&#x20AC;&#x153;That just so happens to be not what I am, because Nick is a man,â&#x20AC;? Fulgham said. â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Business As Usualâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; â&#x20AC;Ś For Now Still, AFA followers made calls to the state attorney generalâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s office, the governor and the lieutenant governor regarding the Fulghamsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; marriage, worried that it puts traditional marriage in the state at risk. While the U.S. Supreme Court decision means â&#x20AC;&#x153;business as usualâ&#x20AC;? in Mississippiâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;allowing our ban on same-sex marriage to standâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;it also reaffirms several federal court decisions to strike down same-sex marriage bans, Steffey said. States in the jurisdictions in which federal courtsâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;courts that hear cases regarding the federal constitutionâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;have already ruled on the constitutionality of same-sex marriage bans will be required to follow those

decisionsâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;bringing the number of states in which same-sex marriage is now legal to 30. Mississippiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s definition of marriage as only between a man and a woman, written into the state constitution in 2004, has not yet been challenged, nor has the 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, which has jurisdiction over Mississippi, heard a same-sex marriage case. For now, that decision will be left up to federal courts with jurisdiction over Mississippiâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;but not for long, Steffey said. The U.S. Supreme Courtâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s involvement in marriage equality is â&#x20AC;&#x153;not a matter of â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;ifâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; but â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;when,â&#x20AC;&#x2122;â&#x20AC;? said Steffey, who believes the court will rule on same-sex marriage bans eventually, if not this year. The AFAâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Fischer hopes same-sex marriages remain unrecognized in the stateâ&#x20AC;&#x201D; and apparently sees the Fulghamsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; marriage as a tricky way to marry a person of the same gender in the state. On his show, Fischer implied that Nick and Jessica Fulgham conned the state, using a legal loophole to receive a marriage license. Fischer said he conducted some research and found that to change the gender on legal documents in Mississippi, a person must see a doctor for hormone therapy and get a court order from a judge saying they are in transition. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Off you go to the driverâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s license bureau and presto change-o, now you can marry somebody of the same sex,â&#x20AC;? Fischer said. Fischerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s rational seems to be that Nick Fulgham is only â&#x20AC;&#x153;posingâ&#x20AC;? as a man so he would be able to marry Fulgham, which Rikard said as well. This is because both men reject the idea of transgender identities. Fulgham, however, said her husband was in transition when they met. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve always looked at Nick as a man ever since I met him,â&#x20AC;? Fulgham said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t fall in love with Nick because he was a man. It wouldnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t have mattered what gender Nick was. I fell in love with Nick because he was Nick.â&#x20AC;? Threatening Phone Calls Desoto County Circuit Clerk Dale Thompson said she simply adhered to her duties as circuit clerk when she granted a marriage license to Jessica and Nick, whose driverâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s license identified him as a male. â&#x20AC;&#x153;This couple came in, applied for a marriage license just as any other couple would have. They presented a valid ID, and we issued the license. Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s not within my right to ask them if theyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re a man or a woman,â&#x20AC;? Thompson told the Jackson Free Press. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The license was valid and everything. We donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t PRUH0$55,$*(VHHSDJH


%QOOQPYGCNVJQH8KTIKPKC 4KEJOQPF,WXGPKNGCPF&QOGUVKE 4GNCVKQPU&KUVTKEV%QWTV %QOOQPYGCNVJQH8KTIKPKC KPTG6CJCLC9JKVG The object of this suit is to: Terminate the Residual Parental Rights (â&#x20AC;&#x153;RPRâ&#x20AC;?) Wayne MacDonald (Father) and Unknown Father (Father) of Tahaja White, child, DOB 2/03/1998.

â&#x20AC;&#x153;RPRâ&#x20AC;? means all rights and responsibilities remaining with parent after transfer of legal custody or guardianship of the person, including but not limited to rights of: visitation; adoption consent; determination of religious affiliation; and responsibility for support. It is ORDERED that the defendant Wayne MacDonald and Unknown father appear at the above-named Court to protect his/her interest on or before November 5, 2014 at 9:30 a.m.



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October 8 - 14, 2014 â&#x20AC;˘



TALK | city bride had planned. After deciding against a big celebration due to fear that some of their family and friends would not accept it, the couple married at a courthouse in Madison County. Despite the private ceremony, the Fulghams were still met with tension as a result of their union’s publicity. “I thought, like most people, when you get married it would be the best thing ever. You would be so happy. I did not ever realize that on top of regular everyday stress you

would have stress worrying about discrimination, stress worrying about your safety and your family’s safety, and stress worrying about upcoming court battles that may happen because of this,” Fulgham said. Jessica Fulgham said that she and her husband have received support from the LGBT community. The Mississippi Gulf Coast Rainbow Center has offered to host a wedding reception for the couple, which, “is beyond awesome,” Fulgham said.

tate Sen. Chris McDaniel’s elec- which I’m not sure that it does,” Hasen in question. Since then, election procedure tion challenge has been going on said. “To hold another election or to delay and policy have changed, calling for the law for nearly four months, but the the election—all of these things seem like to be amended and altered over the years. hopeful politician hasn’t gotten quite drastic remedies that I think a court The Legislature modified the code and sepahis way so far. would be very reluctant to impose.” rated the law regarding election challenges The Mississippi Supreme Court “Which is one of the many reasons I for countywide and statewide elections into heard his and U.S. Sen. Thad Cochran’s don’t think a judge would ever order an- two statutes. arguments Oct. 2 regardThe only deadline ining the challenge filing cluded in the language is deadline, which Judge under the statute regarding Hollis McGehee ruled countywide elections, which that McDaniel missed by says that a candidate has 20 21 days. McDaniel has days to file a challenge. met numerous setbacks on Tyner used this lanhis journey to claim vicguage—or, rather, the misstory of the June Republiing language—to claim that can primary and compete there is no deadline to file a in the general election as challenge in statewide electhe Republican nominee. tions, such as the latest Senate His claims were rejected race. The statute regarding by lower courts and even challenges to statewide elecby his own political party’s tions can be used on its face executive committee. as its own law, Tyner said. Let’s say that McDanHowever, in the 1959 iel’s luck picks up. The high Mississippi Supreme Court court rules in his favor. He case Kellum v. Johnson, the returns to special judge court ruled that the 20-day McGehee, tries to finally deadline applied to statewide make his case and wins. elections as well because the What happens then? statute, which did not specify “We’d have another Mitch Tyner argued on behalf of Mississippi Sen. Chris McDaniel a deadline, was meant to be runoff,” said Matt Steffey, in the hearing regarding McDaniel’s election challenge against read in conjunction with the U.S. Sen. Thad Cochran. a constitutional expert at previous statute that included Mississippi College School a deadline. of Law. “The law says the “It is inconceivable that winner of the general electhe Legislature intended to tion doesn’t take office. It means the gen- other runoff,” Steffey said. “This could go limit the time in which contests could be eral election is void, and we’d have to have on for another six months.” filed where a county or beat office was inanother one of those.” But that likely won’t happen. The volved, and yet fix no time limit whatever for McDaniel offered to his supporters Mississippi Supreme Court is currently that purpose in regard to all other offices,” the phrase “justice has no time table.” But deciding whether or not McDaniel’s chal- reads the 1959 majority opinion. Rick Hasen, University of California Irvine lenge—which he filed 41 days after the In countering, Tyner argued that MisChancellor’s Professor of Law and Political election—was even filed in time. The court sissippi’s election law was substantially rewritScience, said the amount of time McDaniel has not been asked to determine whether ten in 1986—after the Kellum decision. has drawn out his challenge thus far makes or not a deadline is fair but whether or not Cochran attorney Phil Abernethy his success less likely. a deadline exists in the law. countered that the law was “brought up to “Now we’re getting so close to the The Legislature passed and act in date” to reflect changes in election policy general election it’s becoming impractical 1908 in which the deadline for filing a and time frames but that the Legislature to consider replacing Cochran on the bal- challenge to an election was understood did not change the meaning of the law in lot even if McDaniel’s claim had any merit, to be 20 days after the date of the election the process.

Regardless, a representative from Conservative Action Fund, Tom McKnight, spoke on behalf of McDaniel and said that the court acted unconstitutionally when it ruled in Kellum. Instead of applying the law as it stood, he said, the court tried to interpret what the Legislature actually wanted the law to do. This, McKnight argued, violates the election clause in the U.S. Constitution. The six justices posed the question: What business does the court have in trying to determine what the Legislature meant? How does the court make sure its responsibility to interpret and apply the law does not result in rewriting, amending or adding to the law? Hasen said this is question goes beyond a case like this McDaniel’s challenge. Courts often have to fill in gaps or ambiguities in the law. Some courts try to look at the intent of the Legislature, and some rely heavily on strict interpretation of the text to determine the application of certain statutes. “It really depends on how the state supreme court usually does things,” Hasen said. However, if the court “got it wrong” in 1959 and the Legislature did not actually want a deadline to file challenges in statewide elections, Abernethy argued, they have had over 50 years to change or clarify the law. If the court rules in favor of Cochran, the McDaniel camp could conceivably appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court based on the constitutionality of the court’s decision under federal law, but that, Steffey said, is not a sound argument. “(The court in Kellum) concluded that the Legislature wrote a law that had a 20-day deadline that carried throughout. People could disagree about that, but it’s certainly not unconstitutional for the court to conclude it. If the court upholds that decision, there would be no basis for the U.S. Supreme Court to reverse,” Steffey said. Either way, if McDaniel’s legal game continues through November, “we’d have a general election with this challenge looming over it,” Steffey said.

0$55,$*( IURPSDJH

question anybody else’s license or their proof of identification when they come in so we would not have done theirs either.” This time, Thompson’s practice prompted an angry response. “I got some threatening phone calls telling me that I

would not even be re-elected if I did not void that marriage license,” Thompson said. Forrest County Circuit Clerk Lou Ellen Adams said she also granted a marriage license to a transgender couple in Hattiesburg, but she followed the law according to the couple’s legal documents. “As far as my issuing the license, I don’t feel like I did anything wrong,” Thompson said. “It’s still a legitimate driver’s license.” The Fulghams’ wedding didn’t go as the

Too Little Too Late? by Anna Wolfe


October 8 - 14, 2014 •




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Waiting for ‘One Lake’ by R.L. Nave


draft of a plan to curb flooding and promote tourism in Jackson that is now in the hands of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Mayo Flynt, the president of AT&T of Mississippi and the chairman of the lake-development committee of the Greater Jackson Chamber Partnership’s Vision 2022 initiative, says developing a waterfront in downtown Jackson will transform” the region. “It’s time for people in this region to believe, after 30 years, that this lake will be developed,” Flynt recently told a gathering of Vision2022 supporters at the Jackson Convention Center. Drawings unveiled in the Vision 2022 presentation show plans for 15 miles of mixed-use trails, 70 acres of parks and recreation area, natural islands formed by flooding the Pearl River and new wildlife viewing areas near a proposed 1,500-acre lake. Chamber officials compared the project to 843-acre New York City’s Central Park as potential tourist destination. Flood control has worried locals since two floods, in spring 1979 and again in 1983. Ever since, groups have floated a procession of flood plans. The Two Lakes plan is a recent example. John McGowan and his company McGowan Working Partners, several of whom owned land in the proposed project footprint, originally advocated building two lakes on the Pearl River that would have inundated Mayes Lake, located in LeFleur’s Bluff State Park in Jackson, and a portion of its surrounding land. Opponents to the Two Lakes plan said that, even if the engineering would work, it would cost too much and disrupt the Pearl’s fragile ecology. Infighting among members of the Rankin-Hinds Pearl River Flood and Drainage Control District, or the Levee

Board, and the Jackson Free Press’ reporting of potential conflicts of interest among developers helped sink that proposal. Subsequently, McGowan put land he owns in the development’s footprint into a trust, promising to donate it to the Levee Board should the plan come to fruition. McGowan scaled the plan back in 2011 and formed a nonprofit called the Pearl River Vision Foundation to promote a revised lake project. The development of what is being called One Lake has been less controversial so far, but has not been without criticism. Downstream communities along the Pearl, particularly in Louisiana, have expressed concern over how much water their communities would receive as a result and how that flow would affect their ecologies. Lake-development officials estimated the plan to cost $1.75 million, $1 million of which came from the Mississippi Development Authority; the Greater Chamber Partnership provided $200,000. So far, $350,000 of the earmarked funds have been expended, information from the chamber shows. The biggest price tag would be for construction. Congress authorized $133 million to help fund lake construction in 2007 as part of the U.S. Defense Department budget, but earmark-leery Washington lawmakers have not appropriated the funds. Dallas Quinn, a project manager and spokesman for PRVF, said after the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers completes its review by the end of the year, the draft environmental impact study will be available for public comments, which will include a town-hall-style forum with Levee Board officials. Email at R.L. Nave at Comment

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October 8 - 14, 2014 •

One Lake plans call for 15 miles of mixed-use trails, 70 acres of parks and recreation area, natural islands formed by flooding the Pearl River and new wildlife viewing areas near a proposed 1,500-acre, six-mile-long lake from Lakeland Drive south to the town of Richland.


TALK | county

Stalemate at the Jail by R.L. Nave


How We Got Here

frequent target of District 5 Supervisor Kenneth Stokes, who this week offered a surprise motion to follow the grand juryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s advice and remove the jail from the sheriff â&#x20AC;&#x2122;s purview. Stokesâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; motion only drew support from District 1 Supervisor Robert Graham; the remaining three supervisors voted to keep Lewis in place for the time being. Judge Green empanelled a grand jury last year, she said, because a thorough inspection of the jail had not taken place since 2008. It found â&#x20AC;&#x153;a great deal of ongoing conflict in this â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;arranged marriageâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; between the county and the sheriff.â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;The sheriff claims that the county has failed to adequately maintain the basic maintenance needs of the facility. When they need a repair, a work order is submitted, but the County is slow to make the needed repair. The result is a facility that is in disarray in its basic electric, plumbing, smoke alarm, control boards, ventilation and security systems,â&#x20AC;? they wrote. In the most recent report, grand jurors also inspected the Hinds County Courthouse and found that â&#x20AC;&#x153;it is in good and safe condition,â&#x20AC;? except for its outdated cameras and poorly functioning elevators, which have been a frequent source of conversation among county supervisors. Grand jurors also observed several areas of water damage, including â&#x20AC;&#x153;a constant drip from the ceiling that is damaging the clerkâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s office.â&#x20AC;? The JFP uncovered similar problems at the courthouse causing damage to thousands of files. Hinds County Circuit Clerk Barbara Dunn denies that any documents are at risk. Supervisors also held an emergency meeting last week and, after an hour-long secret executive session, only to be used to discuss legal strategy and personnel issues, took no action. After that meeting, Board President Darrel McQuirter told reporters last week that taking any action on the grand jury report would be premature. Mayor Tony Yarber of Jackson, which has the largest percentage of citizens incarcerated in the Raymond jail, urged officials to have a meeting of the minds to find solutions to problems that he said are bigger than the jail. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Our criminal justice system in Jackson is not the responsibility of one person,â&#x20AC;? Yarber told reporters in his office Monday. Read the grand jury report at sheriff. Comment at Email R.L. Nave at TRIP BURNS

October 8 - 14, 2014 â&#x20AC;˘


n the spring of 2013, David Barncy Jr. report did not indicate whether the binding served â&#x20AC;&#x153;the immediate after effects of arsonâ&#x20AC;? became a pretrial detainee, housed in occurred pre- or post-mortem, if there had as well as a prisoner who exposed himself Raymond Detention Centerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Pod C. been an altercation and, if so, what sparked and another prisoner who possessed a cell He says he spent six days sleeping on a it. Earlier this year, an outbreak of violence phone, which they pointed out is a felony. In steel bed frame with no mat and no lights in on March 31 led to the death of 21-year-old addition, the jail lacked an adequate number his cell; his body ached. In addition, his cell doors often malfunctioned and, once, maintenance workers had to pry the door open because he was trapped inside. Each time, Barncy said he alerted jailers about the condition of his cell. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Often times, when a situation occurred and I made a complaint I was told â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;We are understaffedâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; or â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Use what you can to protect yourself,â&#x20AC;&#x2122;â&#x20AC;? Barncy wrote in a federal civilrights complaint he filed in Sept. 2013 against the Hinds County Board of Supervisors, which maintains the physical building, and Sheriff Tyrone Lewis, who runs it. Complaints such as the ones Barncy outlined in his lawsuit are not commonplace for currently and formerly incarcerated people at the county jail. Even the officials who are responsible for the jail agree that Hinds County Sheriff Tyrone Lewis has been mired in several public disturbances at the Raymond Detention Center, which he oversees. Now, a grand jury wants to remove its staffing is adequate and that the operating the jail from Lewisâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; control. aging building that shoddily built to begin with makes it hard to maintain order inside. What those officials cannot seem to Markuieze Bennett, who had been incarcer- of jailers, and the guards on duty were frightagree on is how to address it, either in the ated for two years with no trial. ened of the inmates. near term over the long haul. The inability to Lewis maintains that a logjam in the â&#x20AC;&#x153;The inmates seemed to be in control come to a consensus over fixing the jail was courts are the real culprit. â&#x20AC;&#x153;A detention of the jail as a result of the shortage,â&#x20AC;? grand again thrust into the spotlight recently fol- center is a place where detainees are held jurors wrote. lowing a scathing report of a Hinds County for a short period of time,â&#x20AC;? Lewis said durThe grand jury also noted other health grand jury that called Sheriff Tyrone Lewis ing a Oct. 10 press conference. and safety concerns, including mildewed incompetent to supervise the jail, of Missisâ&#x20AC;&#x153;I can tell you that this is not happen- tiles in the prisonerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s shower area, cell doors sippiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s largest. ing in Hinds County because of the court stuffed with toilet paper to prevent them Robert Smith, the countyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s top prosecu- system. Let me repeat: The court system is from locking, several cracked glass windows tor called a grand jury together in 2013 after not functioning properly.â&#x20AC;? and areas where lights do not work properly. an uprising that left a housing pod unusable, The four-page grand jury report fol- The control and booking room requires new the subsequent death of a prisoner named lowed inspections of the jail as well as the cameras and monitors and has several areas Larry David McLaurin and other incidents Hinds County Courthouse and concluded that are moldy, jurors observed. of unrestâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;empanelled the grand jury that that â&#x20AC;&#x153;after hearing from (Lewis) and his team, The U.S. Department of Justice andelivered its findings on Oct. 3. Jail staff we are of the opinion that Sheriff Lewis is in- nounced June 2 that the agency would found McLaurin, his face swollen and his competent to oversee the jail or keep pretrial open a â&#x20AC;&#x153;pattern or practice investigationâ&#x20AC;? of head lying in a small pool of blood. McLau- detainees or state inmates safe in a manner or both the Raymond Detention Center and rinâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s wrists and ankles were bound with an to keep the public safe from inmates.â&#x20AC;? the Jackson Detention Center downtown. â&#x20AC;&#x153;unknown type of rope material,â&#x20AC;? one jailer In their findings, grand jurors note that A DOJ press release stated the investigation wrote on the incident report, although the during an inspection of the facility, they ob- would focus â&#x20AC;&#x153;on whether Hinds County protects prisoners from harm at the hands of other prisoners and staffâ&#x20AC;? and â&#x20AC;&#x153;improper use of force.â&#x20AC;? Hinds County Circuit Judge +LQGV&RXQW\RIÂżFLDOVKDYHORQJFRPSODLQHGDERXWMDLOÂśVVWUXFWXUDOĂ&#x20AC;DZWKDWKDYHH[LVWHG Green said the probe is ongoing. VLQFHWKHGD\LWRSHQHGLQ,QWKHODWHV+LQGV&RXQW\ZHQWLQWRPHGLDWLRQZLWK Lewis has long complained that 'XQQ&RQVWUXFWLRQZKLFKEXLOWWKHEXLOGLQJDQGWKHMDLOÂśVDUFKLWHFW$OOHQ +RVKDOO/WG his difficulty maintaining the building RYHUDVHULHVRISUREOHPVLQFOXGLQJIUHTXHQWHOHFWULFDOVXUJHVDQGDIDXOW\IRXQGDWLRQ stems from the Board of Supervisors and WKDWNHSWFHOOGRRUVIURPORFNLQJSURSHUO\7KHFRXQW\SRXUHGDERXWLQWRÂż[HV County Administrator Carmen Davis DQGHYHQWXDOO\EURXJKWLQDQRXWRIVWDWHFRQVXOWDQWWRSHUIRUPDFRPSOHWHGLDJQRVLV holding the purse strings to the jail and 7KHDUFKLWHFWVHYHQWXDOO\VHWWOHGWKHLUSDUWRIWKHODZVXLWIRU must approve all repairs. Lewis is also a

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Music Writing



Stop Blaming the Victims


n the past few weeks, I have watched countless victim blamers come out to ask why Ray Riceâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s wife, Janay, stayed rather than focused on his violence. The truth is, victims stay for many reasons. I know I did. When I was 14, I met a shy, kind of nerdy boy in high school, and we became friends. The following year we were dating. It wasnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t long before all the sweet extra attention led to controlling behavior about what I wore, who I saw and where I went. It wasnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t long after that when we had our first fight where he was physically violent with me. I spent a lot of time trying to rationalize our fights in my mind. If only I was a better girlfriend. If only I hadnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t worn that dress or smiled at that stranger. Nothing made it better. Yet when I found out I was pregnant at age 16, I still married him like the good Christian girl I was taught to be. I felt I had no choiceâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;that God didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t allow good Christian women to walk away from families they made. I didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t want my baby (turned out to be twin girls) to be raised without a father. So I shut my mouth and stuffed my fears. Then I walked down the isle knowing he didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t mean it the last time when he said, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll never do it again.â&#x20AC;? I just hoped maybe things would get better if I was a great wife and mother. He would see why he didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t need to hit me. That day never came. However, the day did come that he fractured my sinus bone. We were arguing, and I knew violence was on the horizon. Our newborn twins were in the room. I thought, â&#x20AC;&#x153;If Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m holding a baby, he wonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t hit me.â&#x20AC;? So I picked up my daughter, and he swung his fist into the left side of my face knocking me into the wall. He then took my daughter out of my arms and beat me some more. That was the day I knew I would leave. It still took another year. Why? I had to have a plan. It had to be a safe time, and I ended up pregnant again. So when people ask â&#x20AC;&#x153;why did she stay?â&#x20AC;?, I think of all the reasons I stayed. None of them were because I was stupid, lazy or greedy. It was because I was in love, scared and conditioned to stay. We need to start having a different conversation about domestic violence, especially against black women. Black women arenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t â&#x20AC;&#x153;too strongâ&#x20AC;? to be victims. We arenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t â&#x20AC;&#x153;so hard to deal withâ&#x20AC;? that sometimes we â&#x20AC;&#x153;deserve what we get.â&#x20AC;? Violence is a choice. Abusers choose to hit. As a survivor, I understand that it is not my job to carry the guilt and shame for the actions of others. Nor is it the job of Janay Rice and other victims of violence.

â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;amnestyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; October 8 - 14, 2014 â&#x20AC;˘




Why it stinks: The statement he makes about â&#x20AC;&#x153;illegal immigrants and guest workersâ&#x20AC;? taking jobs away from â&#x20AC;&#x153;unemployed Mississippiansâ&#x20AC;? reflects an old, tired trope that has been disproved time and time again. Immigrants do jobs that Americans simply wonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t do. And, many economists agree that the presence of immigrants, who buy just as much stuff as citizens, is a net benefit to the economy. For a state like Mississippi that has one of the nationâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s fastest growing immigrant populations, Childersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; actions could prove politically fatal.

The Jail Needs a Sense of Urgency


rime is a hard thing to solve. It is the tragic confluence of poverty and generations of miseducation, not to mention institutional racism, patriarchy, childhood abuse and other structural biases. So itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s no wonder that jail and prisons are among the nationâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s most difficult institutions to manage. Mississippi seems to be the poster child for this difficultyâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;in large part because Mississippi has long been the poster child for poverty, poor education, family violence, and oppression of minorities and women. Weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve seen these tensions play out time and again right here in Hinds County, which serves the stateâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s largest city and, thus, has one of the stateâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s highest inmate populations. A new round of scrutiny on the jail and, specifically, its management recently came to light in the form of a grand jury probe that dinged Sheriff Tyrone Lewis as â&#x20AC;&#x153;incompetentâ&#x20AC;? to run day-to-day jail operations, one of his elected officeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s main functions. In turn, this touched off a new round of finger-pointing between Lewis and the Hinds County Board of Supervisors, which must sign off any time the sheriff needs to fix a cell door that doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t lock. All this comes on the back of a U.S. Justice Department investigation of the conditions at the Hinds County jail and a holding facility in downtown Jackson, which follows two decades of handwringing and kicking the can down the road for future sheriffs, supervisors and, indeed, citizens to deal with. We have reached the end of that road; itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s time

to stop kicking the can and face the problem. Not only must the political beefs must be set aside, officials have to sit down together to find near-term solutions for the violence and corruption that seem so commonplace inside the walls of the jail but also to start a real conversation about longer-term planning. Ideally, Lewis and each Hinds County supervisor as well as the mayors and police chiefs of all the municipalities within the county need to go into a room as soon as possible to work out a plan. This is not an impossible task. When a different grand jury inspected the jail last year and recommended that Lewis reassign deputies to shifts at the jail, he did just that and said he saw some success. County taxpayers may have to spend more for overtime or hiring additional officers, but that cost likely pales in comparison to the loss of prisonersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; lives and the health-care costs associated with treating inmates injured in riots (there have been two in recent years), not to mention the legal liability of continued inaction. And they should regularly communicate and engage with citizens to carefully explain each step as they take it rather than avoid media questions. Interestingly, elected officials in Jackson and Hinds County frequently beat their chests about working with neighboring communities in Madison and Rankin counties when it comes to economic development and law enforcement. Because of the problems at the jail, itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s time for that same spirit of cooperation to turn into a sense of urgency right here in Hinds County.

Email letters and opinion to, fax to 601-510-9019 or mail to 125 South Congress St., Suite 1324, Jackson, Mississippi 39201. Include daytime phone number. Letters may be edited for length and clarity, as well as factchecked.


Bulldog by Blood

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uring a family Thanksgiving at my fatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s parentsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; house in Yazoo City when I was in elementary school, my grandmother wanted everyone around the table to say what they were thankful for. My grandfather was the first one up. Deaf and going blind, the man who was probably wearing a maroon shirt looked up and said, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m thankful itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s no longer football season.â&#x20AC;? Everyone nodded in agreement, and we came to a consensus to be thankful for the same thing. I donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t remember the year, but evidently it had been a bad season for the Dawgs. I was born a Mississippi State fan. I didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t really have a choice. Growing up, my family used to take the Natchez Trace when we traveled to Starkville from Madison. During football season in the fall, we would watch the trees, which were turning yellow and eventually shedding their leaves as the season progressed, zip ping by through the minivanâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s windows. We would take a potty break in Kosciusko, which was mandatory for everyone in car. Then we continued to make our way to Godâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Countryâ&#x20AC;&#x201D; Starkville, which I thought was â&#x20AC;&#x153;Starvilleâ&#x20AC;? until I was about 8. We would see the leaves grow back during the basketball and baseball seasons. Once we veered off the Trace to get on Highway 12 near Ackerman, I always knew we were close. We would pass through Sturgis and eventually cross under the Highway 25 bridge into the promised land. My family would tailgate for football games in the Cotton Mills parking lot. Nothing extravagant but just a few sandwiches and treats, and when we would walk to Davis Wade Stadium from the Cotton Mills, I thought I was going on a hike. It seemed like such a large distance full of maroon and white. But in all my years, I never wore a Mississippi State cheerleader outfit. I opted for a football jerseyâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;specifically a No. 16 Kevin Fant jersey. My parents say it was because I didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t like the feel of the cheer outfit. Growing up a Mississippi State fan was great until I realized just how hard it was. Even though we won the SEC West title in 1998 (when I was 4) and went to the Cotton Bowl, we were not always victorious from my perspective as a young, idealistic MSU fan. And some of the Ole Miss kids at school were mean about it. But no matter what, I constantly

wore MSU clothing. My parents probably helped support a lot of stores in Starkville and around Jackson with my clothing style of choice. Now, as a senior at MSU, not much has changed. I still walk through the sea of maroon and white in the Junction, and I tailgate with my family, but at a different location. I still wear my grandfatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s sweatshirt from the 1998 â&#x20AC;&#x153;Duel at the Dome,â&#x20AC;? the SEC title game against Tennessee. I have a â&#x20AC;&#x153;vintageâ&#x20AC;? MSU baseball sweatshirt from the 1980s, and I wear a sweatshirt (you see a pattern here?) from MSUâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 1990 trip to Syracuse, N.Y., for basketball so much that my friends deemed it my â&#x20AC;&#x153;dirty sweatshirt.â&#x20AC;? I was raised to bleed maroon and white. I take personal offense, even when I shouldnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t, when someone rips on MSU. McGowans are MSU fans; itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s as simple as that. Because of my Bulldog lineage, I am overwhelmed with the surge of positivity and coverage from programs like â&#x20AC;&#x153;SEC Nationâ&#x20AC;? and ESPNâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s â&#x20AC;&#x153;College GameDay.â&#x20AC;? I never thought, but often hoped, that Mississippi State would be one of the best college football teams in the nation. But it looks like we have a chance this season. Every Bulldog victory increases the pride I have in my school and in my blood. I cannot help but yell and yelp during the games. I have been to games where we were demolished, but I was also raised on stories of great Bulldog victories. But I had never been to one of those legendary games. Now, it seems like I have a chance. This Saturdayâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s game means something to me. To me, itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s my chance to further experience MSU athletic greatness and support the school my family raised me to love. The game is also another way to show the country that no one should count Mississippi out of anything. Yes, we have loads of problems. But we are still here, and we are still able to contribute positive things into our society. So hereâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s to Saturday. May â&#x20AC;&#x153;College GameDayâ&#x20AC;? bring good times and good memories, but only to MSU fans. And hereâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s to hoping that we are no longer thankful that a MSU football season is over again. Hail State! Mary Kate McGowan is a senior communication and English major at Mississippi State University. She was raised in Madison before its platinum-SUV era. She writes and edits for the Starkville Free Press (

It had been a bad season for the Dawgs.

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October8 - 14, 2014 â&#x20AC;˘

Editor-in-Chief Donna Ladd Publisher Todd Stauffer



October 8 - 14, 2014 •

physical punishment in the South, however, appear more stagnant. Many southerners believe as Leo doesâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;that spanking has not been harmful to her, her parents, her husband or her child, who were all spanked and who she calls â&#x20AC;&#x153;happy, well adjustedâ&#x20AC;? people. It is from her personal experiences that she has developed her positive opinion on corporal punishment. Likewise, most who approve of physi-

can be extremely detrimental to a childâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s development. While corporal punishment, including open-handed spanking, is illegal in 38 countries, the evidence has not yet convinced Americans.

Suddenly, A National Debate The man who recently prompted the spanking national conversation, NFL runJOE BIELAWA

elli Leo grew up in the South. Diane Braman did not. Both are therapists with the Solomon Counseling Center of Catholic Charities in Jackson, but only one condones corporal punishment. One Easter Sunday when Leo was a child, she kicked her father in the shin. As a response, he spanked her. Over the course of her childhood, Leo was spanked occasionally for misbehaving. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I think I turned out more than fine. I think it helped me determine right from wrong. I think I grew up with a respect toward authority and adults,â&#x20AC;? Leo said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s hard to explain. Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s just that, for me, corporal punishment helped me develop a moral compass.â&#x20AC;? Braman, on the other hand, is against corporate punishment, including on her 12-year-old son. â&#x20AC;&#x153;When I think about the word â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;discipline,â&#x20AC;&#x2122; it comes from the word discipleâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;to teachâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s very different than punishment,â&#x20AC;? Braman said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;So the question I think I need to ask myself, and that I ask parents, is: â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;What are you trying to teach with that behavior?â&#x20AC;&#x2122;â&#x20AC;? Leo does spank her child, but only in circumstances of â&#x20AC;&#x153;blatant disrespectâ&#x20AC;? and only on his bottom with her open hand. She has what she calls a â&#x20AC;&#x153;vague understandingâ&#x20AC;? of scientific evidence that suggests spanking can be damaging, but said: â&#x20AC;&#x153;I donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t know research regarding spanking. Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m not concerned with that. I donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t spank often enough for it to make a difference.â&#x20AC;? The great spanking debate has evolved, especially over the last 20 years, due to evidenced-based research that suggests spanking is harmful and because of shifting attitudes toward child rearing. Ideas about

Minnesota Vikings running back Adrian Peterson brought the spanking debate into the spotlight when he was charged with child abuse for using a â&#x20AC;&#x153;switchâ&#x20AC;? on his 4-year-old and leaving welts. He also admitted hitting him in the testicles.

cal discipline call upon their childhood experiencesâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;their memories of being spanked or â&#x20AC;&#x153;whoopedâ&#x20AC;? and the love they had for their parentâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;to determine what kind of punishment they will rely on for their own children. But scientific evidence suggests spanking doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t really work. Not only that; it

ning back Adrian Peterson, released a statement amid child-abuse charges that said, â&#x20AC;&#x153;I am not a perfect parent, but I am, without a doubt, not a child abuser.â&#x20AC;? He also said he was disciplining his child the same way he had been disciplined. The Minnesota Vikings deactivated Peterson, and the NFL has forbidden him

to participate in team activities since news surfaced that the running back hit his child with a â&#x20AC;&#x153;switch.â&#x20AC;? Using a switchâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;a thin part of a tree branchâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;like a whip to discipline children is a tradition in southern communities. Often, a child is told to â&#x20AC;&#x153;pick their switchâ&#x20AC;? from a tree as part of the punishment. No one is a perfect parent, but pictures gathered into evidence show Petersonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 4year-old son with reddish welts that appear to be the result of a whipping. Peterson also texted the boyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s mother admitting that he had hit the toddler in his testicles. Still, Peterson doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t consider â&#x20AC;&#x153;whoopingâ&#x20AC;? his son to be abuse. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I never imagined being in a position where the world is judging my parenting skills or calling me a child abuser because of the discipline I administered to my son,â&#x20AC;? Peterson said in the statement. The Mississippi State Department of Health defines child abuse as â&#x20AC;&#x153;anything said or done that is hurtful or threatening to a child, such as name calling, belittling a child or making threats of harm,â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;any type of contact that results in bodily harm or bruising or physically restraining a child improperly,â&#x20AC;? and â&#x20AC;&#x153;not meeting the basic needs of a child, including not giving essential medicines or food, leaving a child unsupervised, providing inadequate protection from the weather.â&#x20AC;? The Mississippi Department of Human Services defines physical abuse as contact that results in â&#x20AC;&#x153;bruising, abrasions, broken bones, internal injuries, burning, missing teeth and skeletal injuries.â&#x20AC;? Also included is â&#x20AC;&#x153;yanking a child by the arm.â&#x20AC;? PRUH63$1.,1*VHHSDJH

October 8 - 14, 2014 â&#x20AC;˘

by Anna Wolfe



Regardless of how the 220-pound football player characterizes the punishment he inflicted upon his toddler, a grand jury in Texas believed it was abuse and indicted Peterson on the felony charge. Montgomery County (Texas) Assistant District Attorney Phil Grant said a person faced with child-abuse charges often argues that his or her action was a form of “reasonable discipline,” CNN reported. “Obviously, parents are entitled to discipline their children as they see fit, except for when that discipline exceeds what the community would say is reasonable,” Grant said. Apparently, Peterson’s Texas community did not think the extent of the punishment was reasonable. But what if it did? It is the sentiment of many that physical discipline—similar to the whooping Peterson’s son received—is the community standard in the South. Beating your children to behave, however harsh, is the responsible thing to do. Is it?

October 8 - 14, 2014 •

‘It’s About Love’


Bonita Jackson, Peterson’s mother, stood up for her son, saying that whipping children is beneficial for them, shows them love and shows them how to behave, even when it goes a little too far. “I don’t care what anybody says; most of us disciplined our kids a little more than we meant to sometimes,” Jackson told The Houston Chronicle. “But we were only trying to prepare them for the real world. When you whip those you love, it’s not about abuse. It’s about love. You want to make them understand that they did wrong.” Jackson may be showing a little denial and blinded a bit by loyalty to her son. But she is not the only one unwilling to view the spanking as abuse. Other sports personalities, including 11-time NBA All-Star Charles Barkley, defended Peterson. NFL running back Reggie Bush, conservative talking head Sean Hannity and countless fans did, too. Even Leo of Catholic Charities, a trained family therapist, declined to definitively address what constitutes “crossing the line” from spanking to child abuse. Although she believes a parent has gone too far when he or she uses a hard object or leaves a mark on a child, she is adamant in saying that definition is for “just me, personally.” “When you bust out objects, like extension cords or shoes … to me, that’s being abusive,” Leo said. “I am just personally not fond of that.” She acknowledges that parents have

different opinions on the matter, but, as she said, “If I think it’s OK to rob a store, it’s not OK to rob a store.” This is what makes defining a “line”— and leaving the determination of what is “appropriate” corporal punishment up to each individual parent—so difficult and dangerous for children.

The Ten Negative Effects Many believe a parent’s form of discipline is their own business. The fact that the therapists of Solomon Counseling Center can’t, as Leo said, “tell a parent not to spank their child,” demonstrates the attitude that no one has any business telling a parent how to rear their child. Many child advocates, however, say that the negative effects associated with corporal punishment elevate spanking from one parent’s business to a public-safety issue, especially in circumstances where the punishment has escalated to abuse. A 2002 study by Elizabeth Gershoff, a developmental psychologist with the National Center for Children in Poverty at Columbia University, found that spanking creates 11 outcomes—only one of which could be considered beneficial. The 10 negative effects strongly associated with being spanked as a child include: poor internal moralization, strained relationship with parent, risk of enduring abuse from parents, mental-health problems, increased aggression, criminal or anti-social behavior and risk of becoming an abusive parent later. The one desirable benefit of spanking may be obvious: immediate compliance. Laboratory research has shown that physical punishment will likely change a child’s short-term behavior. But, as Gershoff found, that benefit doesn’t last. When it comes to parenting, “promoting the development of children’s internal controls is more important to long-term socialization than immediate compliance,” Gershoff wrote. Although Leo said that her spanking helped her develop a moral code, Gershoff found instead that spanking promotes external attributions for behavior—rather, it teaches children that appropriate behavior is motivated by external consequences and not an understanding of right and wrong. “Corporal punishment may not facilitate moral internalization because it does not teach children the reasons for behaving correctly, does not involve communication of the effects of children’s behaviors on others, and may teach children the desirability of not getting caught,” Gershoff wrote. Researchers also find that corporate punishment of all kinds is likely to increase

The Great Spanking Debate

Stunting Brain Development Diane Braman, Solomon Counseling Center therapist, is mindful about her temper when developing parenting techniques with her 12-year-old son, whom she does not physically discipline.

a childâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s aggression. Because, as Braman said, to discipline means to teachâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;spanking teaches children that physical violence is the way to deal with frustration. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Early experiences with corporal punishment may model and legitimize many types of violence throughout an individualâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s life, particularly violence in romantic rela-

tionships,â&#x20AC;? Gershoff writes in her report. This aggression may carry into adulthood, increasing the likelihood that the spanked child will use physical aggression toward his or her family members or others, thus perpetuating a â&#x20AC;&#x153;cycle of abuse,â&#x20AC;? warns Thomas Meyers, associate executive director for child abuse prevention at The

The science of spanking goes beyond behavioral studies, finding more harmful results. Evidence has shown that physical punishment can do neurological damage, altering the architecture of a developing childâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s brainâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;especially in girls. These findings can explain why a person who was physically disciplined may be at risk of not only physically abusing his or her family, but entering into unhealthy relationships. Child advocate Stacey Patton, who holds a doctoral degree in African American history from Rutgers University, cites research that explains how constant holler-

ing, threatening and physical punishment â&#x20AC;&#x153;sets off biochemical responses to stressâ&#x20AC;? that can lead to unhealthy sexual patterns, in addition to the negative effects outlined in Gershoffâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s study. Leslie Seltzer, an anthropologist at the University of Wisconsinâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Child Emotion Lab, found that spanking of all kinds triggers the release of cortisol, a hormone the body uses in response to danger to prepare for a fight or flight. Since children have no option to fight back or flee from the situation, they are forced to submit to pain when their parents use physical discipline. This release of cortisol, if repeated, can make a child â&#x20AC;&#x153;sensitized to fear, making it easier for them to experience danger and pain and normalize abnormal behavior.â&#x20AC;? The chemical reaction can damage a young brain. In one study, Seltzer tested saliva from girls in a stressful situation and found that instead of cortisol, girls who had a history of harsh physical discipline had a spike in oxytocin, a hormone that causes people to bond. Normally, this â&#x20AC;&#x153;fuzzy-feelingâ&#x20AC;? hormone would not be associated with physiPRUH63$1.,1*VHHSDJH

October 8 - 14, 2014 â&#x20AC;˘


Child Center of New York. â&#x20AC;&#x153;If parental corporal punishment leads individuals to view aggression or violence as legitimate, make external attributions for their behavior, and attribute hostile intent to the behaviors of others, they may be more likely to resort to aggression and violence during conflicts with their children and spouses,â&#x20AC;? Gershoff found in her study, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Corporal Punishment by Parents and Associated Child Behaviors and Experiences.â&#x20AC;?


The Great Spanking Debate cal pain, but when a girl is subjected to and learns to accept physical punishment regularly, her brain essentially rewires. This can lead to unhealthy sexual development and cause a girl to choose poor partners. â&#x20AC;&#x153;All children need discipline, but not the kind that rewires their physical and mental hard drives for at-risk behaviors or damages their ability to function in healthy ways,â&#x20AC;? Patton said. A study conducted by Tulane University School of Public Health found that even minor forms of corporal punishment increase the risk of aggressive behavior in children. â&#x20AC;&#x153;There are ways to discipline children effectively that do not involve hitting them and that can actually lower the risk for being more

cipline them. The researchers concluded that children who are physically punished are more likely to â&#x20AC;&#x153;use violence to resolve conflicts of their own.â&#x20AC;?

Does It Even Work? Gershoff has received criticism from those who say that her study did not accurately characterize what they deem appropriate corporal punishmentâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;infrequent spankings that are not considered traumatic. Researcher Diana Baumrind and her team at the University of California Berkeley, found that because Gershoffâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s study â&#x20AC;&#x153;included episodes of extreme and excessive

Spare the Rod, Spoil the Child?

October 8 - 14, 2014 â&#x20AC;˘

Many people point to the Bible as justification for corporate punishment, but what does it really say on the topic? The popular phrase spanking advocates like to repeat was not actually written in the Bibleâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;Samuel Butler wrote it in a poem in 1664. But while â&#x20AC;&#x153;spare the rod, spoil the childâ&#x20AC;? does not appear in the Bible, it is paraphrased from Proverbs 13:24, which reads: â&#x20AC;&#x153;Whoever spares the rod hates his son, but he who loves him is diligent to discipline him. Others verses encourage parents to discipline their children, including other Proverbs and Hebrew 12:6-7, which reads: â&#x20AC;&#x153;... the Lord disciplines those he loves, and he punishes everyone he accepts as a son. Endure hardship as discipline; God is treating you as sons. For what son is not disciplined by his father?â&#x20AC;? But thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s not all the Bible says on the matter. In fact, it specifically commands parents not to â&#x20AC;&#x153;discourageâ&#x20AC;? and â&#x20AC;&#x153;embitterâ&#x20AC;? their childrenâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;which the science of today shows that spanking does. Colossians 3:21 warns, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Fathers, do not embitter your children, or they will become discouraged.â&#x20AC;? Ephesians 6:4 has a similar message: â&#x20AC;&#x153;Fathers, do not provoke your children to anger, but bring them up in the discipline and instruction of the Lord.â&#x20AC;? These experiences of bitterness and anger are found in studies about spanking. Like Elizabeth Gershoff and many corporal-punishment researchers have concluded, spanking does not actually help children learn right from wrong. Not only that, it puts a strain on a parent-child relationship, creating distrust and feelings of resentment. The Bible clearly preaches against that.


aggressive,â&#x20AC;? Tulane community health researcher Catherine Taylor said. Bramanâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s simple explanationâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;that discipline is a way parents teach their children how to behave, thus spanking teaches that hitting is a solutionâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;has been scientifically proven. A study cited by the American Psychological Association found that children who were more likely to fight or bully their peers reported that their parents used corporal punishment to dis-

physical punishment,â&#x20AC;? she exaggerated the evidence to suggest that spanking can have long-term negative effects. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The fact that some parents punish excessively and unwisely is not an argument, however, for counseling all parents not to punish at all,â&#x20AC;? Baumrind and her team conclude. Leo believes her use of spankingâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;which is extremely infrequentâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;is effective. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Just in my personal experience, it works, as long as you are respecting the line

between spanking and abuse,â&#x20AC;? Leo said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;If you have respect for spanking and do it correctly, it works.â&#x20AC;? But to program director McClellan there is no correct way to spank, because while spanking may have immediate effects, it does not help change behavior long-term, and it can cause emotional, if not physical, damage. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We teach parents that spanking doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t work, because it doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t. Research shows that,â&#x20AC;? McClellan said. Instead, therapists at Solomon Counseling Center teach parents the â&#x20AC;&#x153;1, 2, 3 Magicâ&#x20AC;? strategy. Parents count to three when they want a child to stop their behavior. If the parent reaches three and the child has yet to change his or her behavior, the parent enforces a predetermined punishment. This could be taking away a toy or putting the child in time-out. This, paired with other tactics such as praise parenting, in which a parent praises a childâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s good behavior, and emotional coaching, in which a parent helps the child communicate his or her feelings, can help a childâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s healthy development. McClellan said she cannot ethically advocate for spanking in any way, considering what the research shows. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Spanking may work immediately. You may see an immediate change of behavior because the child is fearful,â&#x20AC;? McClellan said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;It does not work long-term, or we wouldnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t have to continue to spank our children to get them to do what we think they need to do.â&#x20AC;?

Respect or â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;A Godly Fearâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;? There is one thing that makes spanking effective, at least in the short term: fear. The damage that physical punishment causes to a parent-child relationship is, Gershoff said, thought to be one of the strongest arguments against its use. This is because spanking causes a child to fear his or her parent and creates an atmosphere of distrust. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The painful nature of corporal punishment can evoke feelings of fear, anxiety and anger in children. If these emotions are generalized to the parent, they can interfere with a positive parent-child relationship by inciting children to be fearful of and to avoid the parent,â&#x20AC;? Gershoff wrote. Leo, and many who adhere to literal biblical standards of not sparing the rod, disagree. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Spanking done correctly does not make you afraid of adults. It gives you a godly fear. And what I mean by godly fear is it gives you a healthy fear and makes you think about your decisions: Is this going to be a decision thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s good, thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s going to benefit me, or is this going to be a decision that might lead me


to corporal punishment?â&#x20AC;? Leo said. The feelings of a parent when using physical punishment matters, too. When a spanking is calculated and calm, it seems a parent is less likely to let their emotions take over, therefore less likely to turn the punishment into what most people could consider abuse, such as in Petersonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s case. When spanking her child, Leo said, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m regretful. â&#x20AC;Ś I donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t want to have to do it.â&#x20AC;?

Defending the Rod Baumrind, a psychologist who does not advocate spanking, and her research team argues that studies do not prove that a swat, in good child-rearing circumstances, causes any damage. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The scientific case against the use of normative physical punishment is a leaky dike, not a solid edifice,â&#x20AC;? Dr. Baumrind said to The New York Times. Gershoff and other researchers, Baumrind suggests, do not distinguish between spanking and abuse when determining the effects on children. Baumrind also cites flaws in studies in which other factors are not taken into account, such as the fact that aggressive children may be more likely to be spanked in the first place. The 2010 Tulane University study, however, accounted for other influencing factors and found the same correlation between spanking and aggressive behavior. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We found this to be true even after taking into account other factors that might have explained this association such as the parentsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; level of stress, depression, use of drugs or alcohol and the presence of other aggression within the family,â&#x20AC;? Taylor, the Tulane researcher, said. The suspicions of Baumrind and her colleagues are consistent with attitudes of people like Leo, who reject the idea that mild to moderate spanking is detrimental. However, Leoâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s belief that spanking helps children develop morally has not been proven in any scientific capacity and seems more of an anecdotal belief passed down through the generations. Others, like Marjorie Gunnoe, professor of psychology at Calvin College, said anti-corporal punishment studies lacked sufficient evidence to force parents not to use physical discipline on their children. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I think of spanking as a dangerous tool, but there are times when there is a job big enough for a dangerous tool. You just donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t use it for all your jobs,â&#x20AC;? Gunnoe told FOX News in 2010. The only argument in favor of corporal punishment in these cases, Gershoff points out, is that the evidence that spanking has PRUH63$1.,1*VHHSDJH

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The Great Spanking Debate damaging effects is not strong enough to convince people to refrain from doing it. But that is not good enough for her. To spank is to risk exposure of children to the 10 negative childhood experiences—that can become serious adult problems—found in Gershoff’s study—and for a parenting method with no evidence that it works beyond the immediate moment. This is why psychologists can’t recommend spanking: The risk of adverse effects outweighs the known benefits.

An unusual solution came out of Wisconsin when Dane County District Attorney Ismael Ozanne launched a program to give “deferred prosecution agreements” to parents charged with child abuse if the parent was raised in a community—like Peterson’s—where corporal punishment is used to discipline. This was in response to the disproportionate percentage of minorities accused of child abuse in Dane County. “Recognizing corporal punishment as a culturally acceptable form of discipline and attempt to influence change utilizing

he was using the same discipline practices used on him as a child as an excuse to switch his toddler. Cris Carter, the former Minnesota Vikings wide receiver, decries “whooping” and applauds the NFL for taking Peterson off the field. Carter’s mom physical disciplined him, but “it’s the 21st century,” Carter said on ESPN in September, and there is no excuse for continuing the violence based on the way he was raised. “My mom did the best job she could do … but there are thousands of things that I have learned since then that my mom was

October 8 - 14, 2014 •


Whether or not a parent thinks spanking promotes positive child development may not be as important as the traditions that keep the practice of physical punishment alive—and the response to the Peterson case seems to indicate rifts in beliefs between many blacks and whites. “I’m from the South. Whooping—we do that all the time. Every black parent in the South is going to be in jail under those circumstances,” Charles Barkley said on television after Peterson was charged. The basketball great’s caution against criminalizing the common practice of whooping in black communities criminal is understandable. Blacks are, after all, disproportionately charged with child abuse in comparison with their white counterparts. McClellan is familiar with this trend in Hinds County. She is a member of a multidisciplinary team that meets each week to review all child-abuse cases in the area. The group is comprised of DHS representatives, mental health professionals, doctors and other community stakeholders. From the cases she reviews, McClellan said there does “appear that there’s a much higher percentage of African American families that use physical punishment and end up with abuse cases against them.” Blacks are not only more likely to be charged with child abuse, they are also more likely to use physical punishment, research shows. While the majority of parents in all U.S. ethnic groups have spanked their children—more than 70 percent in each group—black parents have the highest percentage with 89 percent of them saying they have spanked their child, according to a 2002 Gershoff study of 20,000 kindergartener parents. Dr. Alvin Poussaint, a black Harvard Medical School psychiatrist, studies mentalhealth issues and parenting in black communities. Spanking, he told CNN, is “culturally embedded” in African American communities as an acceptable form of discipline. “We have such damage in the black community,” Poussaint said. “When you add to that parents beating their kids, it’s sending the message that violence is an OK way to solve problems.”


Spanking While Black


Community standards can vary not only among racial groups but between regional areas. Leo, who is white, believes spanking is more socially acceptable in the South because of the South’s strong religious ties. “The South tends to have deeper roots in biblical teaching—spare the rod, spoil the child,” she said. McClellan thinks the popular attitude that values tradition over scientific evidence is just an example of a stagnant culture. To show that there are, in fact, regional differences when it comes to spanking, McClellan referred to school districts in Mississippi that still allow corporal punishment. Thirty-one states have banned corporal punishment in public schools. The remaining 19 that allow physical discipline include all of the southern states. “I think the South is slower to progress, because people do tend to stick to the ‘tried and true,’” McClellan said.

Where Is ‘The Line’?

Vallerie McClellan, Solomon Counseling Center program director, believes scientific research proves that spanking is not an effective form of discipline.

culturally sensitive interventions” is the goal of the program, Ozanne wrote. He has dealt with abuse cases where a parent took literally the biblical passages about physically punishing children, and his program is for parents who abused their children as a result of traditional corporal punishment, who have no criminal background and who show remorse. Other Wisconsin officials—including a bordering county’s district attorney and a state representative—rejected the idea, saying that those who punish their children to the extent of abuse should be held accountable. Each state has guidelines for what constitutes abuse in their laws.

‘My Mom Was Wrong’ Corporal-punishment critics say that to suggest that a crime is more acceptable because the crime is common among the perpetrator’s community, as Barkley did, only perpetuates the cycle of violence, all the while proving that a child who is spanked is at risk of becoming an abusive adult. Peterson, after all, used the fact that

wrong,” Carter said. “I promise my kids that I won’t teach that mess to them.” Patton, whose doctorate is in African American studies, has studied the history of abuse that black Americans have endured and how that history has influenced black parents’ decision to use corporal punishment. But, Patton said, few parents “view spanking through this lens.” Instead of using spanking as a way to ensure black children obey to protect them from being abused elsewhere, black parents today spank as “a badge of cultural superiority and morality in black communities,” Patton argues. Many black parents identify the refusal to spank—or the use of methods like “1, 2, 3 Magic”—as “white,” and view “white parents as too permissive and not in proper control of their children,” Patton said. Even though African Americans are subjected to institutionalized abuse in their everyday lives, Patton calls for every parent to denounce violence as a means to discipline and punish. “You can’t fight oppression with more oppression,” Patton told MSNBC.

One of the difficulties of determining the difference between acceptable physical discipline and abuse is that experts remain stuck when trying to determine where “the line” should be drawn. This crucial question in the corporal-punishment debate—what distinguishes spanking from abuse—thus goes unanswered. While Gershoff adversaries said that studies do not show that infrequent and non-traumatic spankings increase the risk of abuse, no studies prove that spanking is beneficial. “Until researchers, clinicians and parents can definitively demonstrate the presence of positive effects of corporal punishment, including effectiveness in halting future misbehavior, not just the absence of negative effects, we as psychologists cannot responsibly recommend its use,” Gershoff wrote. For some, the cultural and biblical tradition of physical discipline supersedes evidence-based research. Child advocates like McClellan wants to remind those individuals that “we’re all human.” That means we can take mild physical discipline too far and it become abuse. “We all get angry and get too angry before we know what’s going on. If you’re going to spank your child, there’s always the chance that you get too angry,” McClellan said. “Of course, you don’t leave marks on your child on purpose, but it’s going to happen. And even if it does not happen, we still have the same negative effects. … You can liken it to exposing your child to a toxin any time they get a spanking.” Comment at Email Anna Wolfe at

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October 8 - 14, 2014 •


I don’t know who was more nervous: he or I. ing attention to herself. I informed her that she could do Soon, more of these dates were happening, and two whatever she liked, but I was going to be present. Joe was things occurred to me: Mom was happy, more diplomatic. He wanted to have a and Joe was absolutely nuts about her. wedding ceremony, so they could invite As I got to know Joe, I also realized that all the friends and family they wanted. my mom dating again wasn’t as hard I Needless to say, Joe won out. thought it might be because he was a Joe and Mom got married April fantastic man. 5, 2014, at Quest Community Church Joe lost his wife, Mary, in 2012. in Florence. Pastor Ed Hauser officiated She had been sick with cancer for quite the ceremony. Joe and Mom insisted on a while. He was taking care of her, and the event being a family affair from top they probably spoke about what should to bottom. I was asked to perform muhappen after she passed. Joe was also the sic before the ceremony, and my sister head of a large blended family with five stood as maid of honor. Joe’s brother, children of his own along with raising Anthony, was best man, and Joe’s son, three others. Chris, took photos. More than 200 By Thanksgiving of 2013, Joe had people attended. asked Mom to marry him. My sister The most special moment of the and I were happy to give our blessings ceremony came during the traditional along with members of my father’s famlighting of the unity candle. Most of Robin Burton and Joe Pennington’s wedding ily. Everyone who had been around Joe the time, the parents of the bride and was a family affair. and Mom knew they made each other groom light the candle and then bring very happy. I was relieved that Mom had the flames together to signify the union found someone to share her life with. of the two families. Joe and Mom lit Mom wanted a low-key affair with just her, Joe and their candles in memory of Dad and Mary. It was a sweet a justice of the peace. She has never been one for draw- gesture honoring their memories. Joe has told me that he could never be what my dad was to me, and I don’t expect him to be. I am thankful that our families can freely talk about those who have Robin Burton and passed. I am also thankful that I have gained brothers Joe Pennington, whose and sisters this late in my life. previous spouses Weddings are supposed to be happy and joyous occapassed away, married later in life. sions. For Joe and Robin Pennington, I’m sure that Hardy and Mary were happiest of all. BETH BIEDENHARN


y father, Hardy Burton, died March 28, 2011, one day before his 60th birthday. He didn’t have a prolonged illness or extended stay at the hospital. He simply pulled his fishing boat out of the water and fell over. In a flash, he was gone. I have only one sibling: my sister, Lindsay, so family was just us two, along our mother, Robin, and Dad. When Dad died, I knew that my role in the family had changed as quickly as he passed. Being “man of the house” includes a lot of responsibility, and I knew that I had to be available to help Mom out when she needed it. Even though I moved closer, there was one thing I couldn’t fix: She was lonely. Her routine had revolved around my father. Without him, she almost didn’t know what to do. The following fall, she finally retired from the day care at St. Dominic Hospital, and her days were filled with simply finding something to do. A year after losing Dad, she started talking about dating. I wasn’t so sure. I didn’t really fear some stranger trying to take the place of my father. I think it was just the idea of Mom being with anyone else. It scared me. I also wasn’t sure that she was ready, either. In early 2013, Mom met Joe Pennington. I met him one afternoon while on a run. I had stopped by the house for a quick visit. He had come to pick her up for a date (A date? My mother on a date?).

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October 8 - 14, 2014 •




Jackson’s Cutthroat Chef by Amber Helsel


What was the process like to get on “Cutthroat Kitchen”?

It was something that started with this Anthony Bourdain show that I was supposed to do last year called “The Taste.” … I just didn’t get some of the things that Anthony Bourdain needed in time, so I missed my call. … Apparently, you know, production crews and companies and all, they actually talk to each other so they actually sent out my information (to see) if they could get me somewhere, and that’s how I landed on “Cutthroat Kitchen,” by them just reaching out to me.

October 8 - 14, 2014 •

Were you nervous?


What was it like going through the different challenges?

Interesting, to say the least. I didn’t know if I was going to be able to get through something like the grocery cart, but they’ll tell you: “Hey, we’re not giving you something that’s completely brand new. We’re giv-

I think you can do this.” That right there encourages you before you even get your sabotage, because they tell you all that. Was it less intense than you thought it would be?


f you watched Food Network a few of Sundays ago, you might have seen a familiar, local face on “Cutthroat Kitchen”: Jackson chef Nick Wallace. “Cutthroat Kitchen” is a high-energy game show where chefs go through different recipe challenges to compete for $25,000. Throughout the show, host Alton Brown throws twists and turns at them with his crazy auctions, constantly bringing their starting money down while allowing them to hamper other competitors. The chef who is able to defend or adapt himself the best wins whatever is left of the $25,000. The episode with Wallace featured chili-cheese dogs, fettuccine Alfredo and crêpe suzette. In the first round, he had to build a kitchen with items from a toolbox and a shopping cart, and in the second, he used pasta as utensils. Sadly, Wallace went home after the second round. We caught up with him to see what it was like to be on such a crazy show.

No. The high level of intensity was there, pretty the much the whole time, because you never knew what to expect. They kept the chefs hidden, and everything was always quiet. We couldn’t hear anything. Everything was about a surprise … and Alton Brown was the biggest jokester in the world. He likes to play jokes and that kind of thing, so he’s pretty funny. You never knew what to expect. It was really intense, and when you get done for maybe one set, you have to go back to your quiet room, and sometimes you have to put earphones on because Alton was creating some kind of surprise for the chefs because he just felt amused at that time. You never know what the next 30 minutes is going to be. You have no clue. If you could’ve done anything different, what would it have been?

I probably would’ve made sure I betted up enough so I wouldn’t have (gotten) pasta for utensils. I think that probably would’ve helped me, my edge, a little bit more. My pasta was very flavorful. I don’t take anything back, no added ingredients or anything because it was fantastic. I would have probably been able to uniform my dish a lot better if I didn’t have pasta and pasta sheets to cut with and stir with and all that. That was a big hassle. … My pasta was cooked on one side. It was raw on the other because I couldn’t stir it up and things stuck together, and it was funny.

I wasn’t necessarily nervous. I actually do well by standing in my place. I don’t do well in transforming into something else, so that was probably about the only nervous thing I had. Going to Hollywood, sometimes, you know, you don’t really see Though chef Nick Wallace went home after the second round of Food the truth in people because they’re Wallace may have lost “Cutthroat Network’s “Cutthroat Kitchen,” he’s still going strong in Jackson. acting. I wasn’t sure how I was going Kitchen,” but he’s still going strong to be able to transform, maybe into in Jackson. Soon, he will give a new something they wanted me to be. concept to Palette Café in the MisI didn’t know if my personality sissippi Museum of Art (380 S. Lawas going to be as bright as they needed me to be. I ing you something that we have tested out and tested mar St., 601-960-1515), renaming it Preserve. The think what I did, and what my mom and family taught out and tested out.” restaurant will focus more on bringing the garden to me to be, was be very humble, (and) I think it worked So I felt good about that part. … It can work. You the table. Many of the dishes will use produce grown at for me regardless. That’s where I was in my place. just have to get very creative and make it work. I felt a the museum. Wallace also has plans to open a French That 30-minute show took all day. Before we even lot more confident that someone has already tried this restaurant in the old Eastland courthouse on Capitol got to round two, it was after lunchtime, and we were before, and they just aren’t pulling something out of Street. For more information and to see more of his there since 7 o’clock in the morning. their heads, just by sitting at a computer saying, “Hey, future ventures, visit Paid advertising section. Call 601-362-6121 x11 to list your restaurant

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AMERICAN/SOUTHERN CUISINE Basil’s (2906 N State St #104, Jackson, 601-982-2100) Paninis pizza, pasta, soups and salads. They’ve got it all on the menu. Broad Street Bakery (4465 Interstate 55 N. 601-362-2900) Hot breakfast, coffee drinks, fresh breads & pastries, gourmet deli sandwiches. Primos Cafe (2323 Lakeland 601-936-3398/ 515 Lake Harbour 601-898-3400) A Jackson institution for breakfast, blue-plates, catfish, burgers, prime rib, oysters, po-boys & wraps. Famous bakery! Rooster’s (2906 N State St, Jackson, 601-982-2001) You haven’t had a burger until you’ve had a Rooster’s burger. Pair it with their seasoned fries and you’re in heaven. Two Sisters Kitchen (707 N. Congress St. 601-353-1180) Lunch. Mon-Fri, Sun. PIZZA Sal & Mookie’s (565 Taylor St. 601-368-1919) Pizzas of all kinds plus pasta, eggplant Parmesan, fried ravioli & ice cream for the kids! Mellow Mushroom (275 Dogwood Blvd, Flowood, 601-992-7499) More than just great pizza and beer. Open Monday - Friday 11-10 and Saturday 11-11. ITALIAN La Finestra (120 N Congress St #3, Jackson, 601-345-8735) The brainchild of award-winning Chef Tom Ramsey, this downtown Jackson hot-spot offers authentic Italian cuisine in cozy, inviting environment. BRAVO! (4500 Interstate 55 N., Jackson, 601-982-8111) Award-winning wine list, Jackson’s see-and-be-seen casual/upscale dining. Cerami’s (5417 Lakeland Drive, Flowood, 601-919-28298) Southern-style Italian cuisine features their signature Shrimp Cerami. STEAK, SEAFOOD & FINE DINING The Islander Seafood and Oyster House (1220 E Northside Drive, Suite 100, 601-366-5441) Oyster bar, seafood, gumbo, po’boys, crawfish and plenty of Gulf Coast delights in a laid-back Buffet-style atmosphere. The Penguin (1100 John R Lynch Street, 769.251.5222) Fine dining at its best. Rocky’s (1046 Warrington Road, Vicksburg 601-634-0100) Enjoy choice steaks, fresh seafood, great salads, hearty sandwiches. Sal and Phil’s Seafood (6600 Old Canton Rd, Ridgeland (601) 957-1188) Great Seafood, Poboys, Lunch Specials, Boiled Seafood, Full Bar, Happy Hour Specials Shea’s on Lake Harbour (810 Lake Harbour Drive, Ridgeland, MS 39157 (601) 427-5837) Seafood, Steaks and Southern Cuisine! Great Brunch, Full Bar Outdoor and Seating MEDITERRANEAN/GREEK Aladdin Mediterranean Grill (730 Lakeland Drive 601-366-6033) Delicious authentic dishes including lamb dishes, hummus, falafel, kababs, shwarma. Vasilios Greek Cusine (828 Hwy 51, Madison 601-853-0028) Authentic greek cuisine since 1994, specializing in gyros, greek salads, baklava cheesecake & fresh daily seafood. BARBEQUE Pig and Pint (3139 N State St, Jackson, 601-326-6070) Serving up competition style barbecue along with one of the of best beer selections in metro. Hickory Pit Barbeque (1491 Canton Mart Rd. 601-956-7079) The “Best Butts in Town” features BBQ chicken, beef and pork along with burgers and po’boys. COFFEE HOUSES Cups Espresso Café (Multiple Locations, Jackson’s local group of coffeehouses offer a wide variety of espresso drinks. Wi-fi. BARS, PUBS & BURGERS Capitol Grill (5050 I-55 North, Deville Plaza 601-899-8845) Best Happy Hour and Sports Bar in Town. Kitchen Open Late pub food and live entertainment. Cherokee Inn (960 Briarfield Rd. 601-362-6388) Jackson’s “Best Hole in the Wall,” has a great jukebox, great bar and a great burger. Fenian’s Pub (901 E. Fortification St. 601-948-0055) Classic Irish pub featuring a menu of traditional food, pub sandwiches & Irish beers on tap. Hal and Mal’s (200 S. Commerce St. 601-948-0888) Pub favorites meet Gulf Coast and Cajun specialties like red beans and rice, the Oyster Platter or daily specials. Martin’s Restaurant and Lounge (214 South State Street 601-354-9712) Lunch specials, pub appetizers or order from the full menu of po-boys and entrees. Full bar, beer selection. Ole Tavern on George Street (416 George St. 601-960-2700) Pub food with a southern flair: beer-battered onion rings, chicken & sausage gumbo, salads, sandwiches. Time Out (6270 Old Canton Road, 601-978-1839) Your neighborhood fun spot! Terrific lunch special and amazing Happy Hour! Underground 119 (119 South President St. 601-352-2322) Pan-seared crabcakes, shrimp and grits, filet mignon, vegetarian sliders. Live music. Opens 4 p.m., Wed-Sat Wing Stop (952 North State Street, 601-969-6400) Saucing and tossing in a choice of nine flavors, Wing Stop wings are made with care and served up piping hot. ASIAN AND INDIAN Crazy Ninja (2560 Lakeland Dr., Flowood 601-420-4058) Rock-n-roll sushi and cook-in-front-of-you hibachi. Lunch specials, bento boxes, fabulous cocktails. Fusion Japanese and Thai Cuisine (1002 Treetop Blvd, Flowood 601-664-7588) Specializing in fresh Japanese and Thai cuisine, an extensive menu features everything from curries to fresh sushi Nagoya Japanese Sushi Bar & Hibachi Grill (6351 I-55 North, Ste. 131, Jackson 601-977-8881) Fresh sushi, delicious noodles & sizzling hibachi from one of jackson’s most well-known japanese restaurants. VEGETARIAN High Noon Café (2807 Old Canton Road in Rainbow Plaza 601-366-1513) Fresh, gourmet, tasty and healthy defines the lunch options at Jackson’s own strict vegetarian (and very-vegan-friendly) restaurant adjacent to Rainbow Whole Foods.



Stop Dieting, Be Healthy by Ronni Mott


iet is a four-letter word. For people who struggle with weight, the word conjures images of hardship and long lists of what we shouldn’t be eating and doing. The basic equation is simple: To lose weight, expend more calories than you consume; do the opposite to gain. Maintaining healthy weight means changing your habits. “To lose weight on a permanent basis, people have to realize it’s going to take time and effort,” says Donna Speed, a dietician and the nutritional services director with the Mississippi Department of Health. “… We just don’t realize what we have to do.” Fad diets, crash diets and “miracle”


fashion-model gauntness. Conversely, if you’re fine-boned and have to work to gain weight, Rubinesque probably isn’t in your future. That’s OK. Genetics, age, hormones, ability—everything factors in. Be realistic: Sudden, big adjustments can lead to disappointment. When you’re overweight or obese, losing one or two pounds a week might seem achingly slow, but it works. “With that kind of weight loss, you’re going to keep it off,” Speed says. Losing just 2 percent to 10 percent of your current weight will make a big difference. Set a few small goals instead of attempting wholesale changes. Drink more water: Sugary sodas and fruit juices add empty calories, and even artificially sweetened drinks will leave you craving more sweetness. Instead, eat whole fruits, which are filling, have fiber and essential nutrients, and drink water, Speed says. Watch portions: Your stomach is about the size of your fist, and you don’t need more food to be full. It can take your brain up to 20 minutes to send the “full” signal, though, so slow down and savor your food. If you’re used to big meals, bring the size down gradually. Learn to read Getting healthy and fit doesn’t have to mean deprivation. Sometimes it just takes labels to accurately judge portions. determination and a few handy tips. Substitute: Your eyes play a part, too. Use a smaller plate and diets aren’t realistic, Speed says. Most leave increase healthier foods a little at a time, you feeling deprived because they eliminate decreasing high-fat and starchy foods while entire food groups. While some may de- keeping your plate full. Cut down on proliver spectacular short-term results, they are cessed, packaged foods (most of which conoften nutritionally deficient, which can be tain high levels of salt, sugar and fat), and dangerous, and they don’t instill what you eat more fresh foods and even canned or need: balanced, healthy, life-long habits. frozen veggies. “You don’t have to eat meat So what does work? at every meal,” Speed says. Dried beans or Reset your focus: Your brain has a big peas with brown rice are just as nutritious, role in success. If your lens is negative (I look provide fiber for good digestion and are terrible; I can’t eat that), your results will re- much cheaper. flect that negativity, leaving you defeated Love your sweat: Sweating is a sign even if you make progress. A positive focus your body is working. Even if you’re very (I do what works for my body) retrains your heavy or completely out of shape, you can brain to see wins instead of faults. probably manage chair-based exercise or a Commitment: Being healthy is a way daily five-minute walk, so start there. Your of life. Bad habits didn’t happen overnight, long-term goal is 30 minutes of moderately and they won’t magically disappear in 24 intense exercise five days a week, but that hours. Allow time for new, healthy habits to may take a while. Anything that gets you take root, and try not to beat yourself up for moving is better than nothing. every little setback. Balanced commercial diets such as Start where you are: Take an honest Weight Watchers can be highly effective, inventory. For a week or two, log the types Speed says, as can medically supervised and amounts of food you eat, and all of your programs that combine education with physical activities. It will provide a baseline prescribed meals. And gyms and classes are and heighten your awareness to prepare you great. But you don’t need to spend money. for lasting changes. The Mississippi Department of Health proWhat’s healthy for you? Every body vides a wealth of information, tools and easy is different. If you’re naturally curvy with a recipes at no charge. Visit to slow metabolism, you’re unlikely to achieve get started today.


A Day Of Dialogue On Race

Wednesday, November 12th • 8:30am-4:00pm MS e–Center @ JSU 1230 Raymond Rd Jackson, MS 39204 P 1.601.979.1246 Cost: $30

October 8 - 14, 2014 •

Includes breakfast pastries, box lunch and materials (Limited student discounts & other scholarships are available)


• Making Connections • Our Unequal Society •Next Steps Toward Community P. O. Box 3397 Jackson, MS 39207

8 DAYS p 30 | MUSIC p 32 | SPORTS p 34


With his “Chapel in the Woods” piece, David Waldrip, who serves on the Mississippi Watercolor Society’s board, is one of three Mississippi artists who received honorable mention in this year’s Grand National Watercolor Exhibition.

Watercolor in the City by Amber Helsel

skilled artist, and this year, one of his pieces, “Chapel in the Woods,” a painting of an old church outside of Natchez, received honorable mention in the 29th annual watercolor exhibition. He was one of only 10 Mississippi artists featured in the exhibit and one of three to receive awards. Wellington and Jackson painter Vicki Armstrong also won honorable mention. “It’s a little bit harder for the local artists to actually make the exhibition now because we are getting quite a few nationally recognized artists that enter,” Waldrip says, though he doesn’t see that as a bad thing. “We actually encourage that. You like to see greater talent. It makes it more interesting and more worthwhile. It makes you try harder.” The exhibition lines the hall outside of “The Mississippi Story” exhibit in the Gertrude C. Ford Galleries for the Permanent Collection at the Mississippi Museum of Art. Pieces depict a wide array of subjects, including animals, people and glass bottles. Wellington’s realistic painting depicts cranes on wooden posts, the negative space a body of water, which gives the viewer a sense of Mississippi. Wellington and artist Vicki Armstrong also won honorable mentions. The Grand National is one of two Mississippi Water-

color Society events, the second of which is its annual membership show, beginning Nov. 6. Each artist can enter two images or paintings for the Grand National, but only one can be selected. Waldrip says that the Mississippi Museum of Art, which has housed the exhibition since 2009, dictates how many paintings it will display, which determines the number of spots. The 2014 exhibition has 50 pieces. This year, the organization transferred judging to an online platform,, which Waldrip says made the process easier. Artists submitted applications and digital images of the paintings to the website, which then collected money and fees. The judge—watercolor artist Judi Betts, known for her transparent paintings—chose the entries from the list, including those who won honorable mention. Last year, Cathy Hegman of Holly Bluff won the 2013 Arts in Mississippi Award with her painting, “The Leapers,” a muted abstract watercolor featuring a fox leaping over a woman in a large hat and hoop skirt, with a deep red and bright blue scattered throughout the piece. The Mississippi Watercolor Society Grand National Exhibition will hang in the Mississippi Museum of Art (380 S. Lamar St., 601-960-1515) from Oct. 4 through Nov. 16. For 29 more information, visit

October 8 - 14, 2014 •


lose your eyes and imagine an artist dragging the bristles of his brush across a page, adding pressure for heavier strokes and keeping the paintbrush just barely on the page for lighter lines. For many, watercolor is a beautiful yet challenging medium, but David Waldrip of the Gaddis Group Gallery in Fondren doesn’t buy that. “It’s not difficult; it’s just knowing how,” Waldrip says. “It’s a very spontaneous medium, as opposed to oils, which take a long, long time. … Watercolors are just fun.” Waldrip, a member of the Mississippi Watercolor Society board and a watercolor artist himself, has been with the organization for four years. He helped organize the 2014 Grand National Watercolor Exhibition while the society’s executive director, Susan Wellington, was out of the country. “I’ve always had a childhood interest in (art),” he says. When he was at Whitten Middle School, he started taking lessons from artist Kenneth Quinn, who became a celebrated art professor at Mississippi College before retiring in 2006. Waldrip’s interest in watercolor painting began when he took a class from the University of Mississippi offered in Jackson. Over the years, Waldrip has established himself as a


FRIDAY 10/10


Pumpkin Adventure is at the Mississippi Agriculture and Forestry Museum.

Singer-songwriter Samuel Barker performs at Cups in Fondren.

June Davidson signs “Country Stores of Mississippi” at Lemuria Books.

BEST BETS OCT. 8 - 15, 2014

History Is Lunch is at noon at the Old Capitol Museum (100 S. State St.). Civil rights Movement leader Rev. Edwin King talks about his new book, “Mississippi: Behind the Scenes of Freedom Summer.” Book sales and signing to follow. Free; call 601-576-6920.



British jazz sextet The Filthy Six, led by Mumford & Sons’ Nick Etwell, performs at Martins Oct. 11.



Live at Lunch is from 11:30 a.m.-1:30 p.m. at the Mississippi Museum of Art (380 S. Lamar St.). Patrick Harkins performs. Bring lunch or purchase from the Palette Cafe by Viking. Free; call 601-960-1515; … Mac Powell performs at 8 p.m. at Hal & Mal’s (200 S. Commerce St.). The former frontman for the Christian rock band Third Day performs to debut his self-titled country album. Doors open at 7 p.m. $10 in advance, $15 at the door; call 601292-7999; email;

Delano performs at 8 p.m. at Duling Hall (622 Duling Ave.). $25, $50 VIP; call 601-292-7999; email; … 2 Chainz performs from 8 p.m.-2 a.m. at the Jackson Convention Complex (105 E. Pascagoula St.). Comedian Robert Powell III also performs. For ages 18 and up. $29-$59; call 800-745-3000.


The Blueprint III: JSU Homecoming Alumni AfterParty is from 9 p.m.-2 a.m. at Union Station (300 W. Capitol St.). The event includes music from DJ Freeze, DJ IE and DJ Unpredictable. Wear upscale attire. $20 (price subject to change); email; … BY MICAH SMITH The Chad Perry Band performs at 10 p.m. at One Block East JACKSONFREEPRESS.COM (642 Tombigbee St.). Free; call 601-540-6722; FAX: 601-510-9019 chadperrymusic. … The Filthy DAILY UPDATES AT Six perform at 10 p.m. at MarJFPEVENTS.COM tin’s Restaurant & Bar (214 S. State St.). The British jazz band features Nick Etwell of Mumford & Sons on trumpet Email;

October 8 - 14, 2014 •



Singer and alto saxophonist Andre Delano of Maxwell and Lionel Richie fame returns to Jackson to perform at Duling Hall Oct. 10.

FRIDAY 10/10

Jackson House Music Reunion is from noon-8 p.m. at Smith Park (302 E. Amite St.). Deejays include Gene Hunt, DJ Scrap Dirty, DJ Vance Vader, The Nasty Sho and more. Free, donations welcome; call 917-512-1379; email … Singer-saxophonist Andre

SUNDAY 10/12

Acoustic Crossroads is at 3:30 p.m. at Shucker’s Oyster Bar (116 Conestoga Road, Ridgeland). Free; call 601853-0105; ... Rick Moreira performs at Pelican Cove Grill (3999 Harborwalk Drive, Suite A, Ridgeland). Free; call 601-605-1865;

MONDAY 10/13

Singers Maribeth Crawford and Rebecca Freshwater perform from 8 p.m.-9 p.m. at Mississippi College (200 S. Capitol St., Clinton), in the Aven Fine Arts Building. Free; call 601-925-3440; … Mississippi Opera’s Cabaret is from 6 p.m.-9 p.m. at Duling Hall (622 Duling Ave.). Soprano Kristen Johnson presents “A Musical Fondue: Broadway, Musical Theatre and Opera.” Doors open at 6 p.m. For ages 18 and up. $20; call 601-960-2300; email;


TrippNOutTuesday is at 8 p.m. at One Block East (642 Tombigbee St.). DJ Fiyaman hosts this comedy show. $5 admission, $2 beers; call 944-0203; email … Jesse “Guitar” Smith performs at 5:30 p.m. at Burgers & Blues (1060 E. County Line Road, Suite 22). Free; call 601-899-0038; burgersblues. com. ... New Open Mic Night is at 7:30 p.m. at Bonny Blair’s Irish Pub (1149 Old Fannin Road, Brandon). Jacquelynn Pilcher of Tightrope Escapade hosts the new showcase for local artists. Free; call 769-251-0692.


Hunter Gibson performs at 8 p.m. at Fitzgerald’s at the Hilton Jackson (1001 E. County Line Road). Free; call 601-957-2800; ... Larry Brewer and Doug Hurd perform at 6:30 p.m. at Kathryn’s Steakhouse (6800 Old Canton Road, Suite 108, Ridgeland). Free; call 601-956-2803;

Jackson 2000 October Luncheon Oct. 8, 11:45 a.m.-1 p.m., at Arts Center of Mississippi (201 E. Pascagoula St.). Jackson Public Schools Superintendent Dr. Cedrick Gray talks about successes in the JPS system, continuing programs and new ideas for improving student outcomes. RSVP. Attire is casual or business casual. $12, $10 members; call 960-1500; email todd@jacksonfreepress. com; JFP Chick Ball Masked Jam Nov. 1, 7 p.m.midnight, Hal & Mal’s (200 S. Commerce St.). Attend the first masquerade and costume event to raise awareness about interpersonal violence and domestic abuse. Proceeds benefit the Engaging Men program of the Mississippi Coalition Against Domestic Violence. Enjoy live music, Southern Fried Karaoke and a Rooster Sports Brew Pub. $5 cover. See for details.

Free program, $7 lunch; call 601-353-9691; email The Blueprint III: JSU Homecoming Alumni After-Party Oct. 11, 9 p.m.-2 a.m., at Union Station (300 W. Capitol St.). Includes music from DJ Freeze, DJ IE and DJ Unpredictable. Wear upscale attire. VIP packages available. $20 (price subject to change on day of event); email info@; Our Fondren Neighborhood Organization Annual Membership Meeting Oct. 14, 5:30 p.m., at St. James Episcopal Church (3921 Oakridge Drive). In Fowler Hall. Includes a social hour, board elections and guest speakers, including Ward 7 Councilwoman Margaret Barrett-Simon. Free; call 982-4880; History Is Lunch Oct. 15, noon, at William F. Winter Archives and History Building (200 North St.). Archaeologist John O’Hear talks about the Mississippi Mound Trail for Archaeology Month. Free; call 601-576-6920.

Divorce Recovery Group Tuesdays, 6 p.m.-8 p.m. through Dec. 9, at mindCARES (751 Avignon Drive, Suite C, Ridgeland). Participants share their experiences on grief and separation, and support each other in order to be able to develop new relationships. Call for details on cost (insurance and self pay accepted); call 601-707-7355.

34!'%3#2%%. TrippNOutTuesday Oct. 14, at One Block East (642 Tombigbee St.). DJ Fiyaman hosts this live comedy event featuring several performers. $5 admission, $2 beers; call 944-0203; email

#/.#%243&%34)6!,3 Events at Duling Hall (622 Duling Ave.) • Jamestown Revival with the Black Cadillacs Oct. 8, 8 p.m. Seated, all-ages show. Adults must accompany children. $10 in

#/--5.)49 Pumpkin Adventure Oct. 8, 9 a.m.-noon, Oct. 9, 9 a.m.-noon, Oct. 10, 9 a.m.-noon, Oct. 15, 9 a.m.-noon, at Mississippi Agriculture and Forestry Museum (1150 Lakeland Drive). Enjoy a hayride tour of the grounds, a visit to the Heritage Center Gallery, milk and cookies, and picking a small pie pumpkin to take home. $7, children under 2 free; call 601-432-4500; History Is Lunch Oct. 8, noon, at Old Capitol Museum (100 S. State St.). Civil rights movement leader Rev. Edwin King talks about his new book, “Mississippi: Behind the Scenes of Freedom Summer.” Book sales and signing to follow. Free; call 601-576-6920. Mississippi Immigrants Rights Alliance Advocacy Meeting Oct. 8, noon, at Mississippi Immigrants Rights Alliance (612 N. State St., Suite B). MIRA discusses current issues and upcoming campaigns at the meeting held on second Mondays. Open to the public. Light dinner included. Free; call 601-968-5182; Events at Millsaps College, Ford Academic Complex (1701 N. State St.) • Rich Harwood Lecture Oct. 8, 6:30 p.m. The expert on transforming communities speaks as a part of his cross-country Reclaiming Main Street campaign. Free; call 601-968-0061. • Millsaps Fall Forum Oct. 14, 1:30 p.m.-2:45 p.m. In room AC 215. Author and Millsaps alumna Polly Dement join panelists to discuss the topic “Social Entrepreneurship in Mississippi.” Free; call 601-974-1000;

"%4(%#(!.'% Pink Tie Gala Oct. 9, 5:30 p.m., at Jackson Convention Complex (105 E. Pascagoula St.). The Central Mississippi Steel Magnolias Affiliate of Susan G. Komen for the Cure hosts the black-tie fundraiser that includes a silent suction, a three-course dinner, the Pink Tie Guys presentation and honoring survivors. $50 per person, $400 table, VIP: $100 per person, $800 table; call 601-932-3999; Take It to the Streets Oct. 12, 9 a.m., at North Ridge Church in Fondren (3232 N. State St.) and Madison (inside St. Joseph High School).

+)$3 Events at Ridgeland Public Library (397 Highway 51, Ridgeland) • Ridgeland Readers (Ages 3-7) Tuesdays, 4 a.m.-5 a.m. through Oct. 28 Includes stories, music, movement, crafts and more. Free; call 601-856-4536. • Baby Bookends Story Time (Ages 02) Wednesdays, 10:30 a.m.-11 a.m. through Oct. 29 Includes stories, music, movement and more. Free; call 601-856-4536.


Events at Jackson State University (1400 John R. Lynch St.) • JSU Homecoming One Up Block Party Oct. 10, 10 a.m.-4 p.m. On John R. Lynch and Dalton streets. Includes a fashion show, food and vendor booths, eating contests, music, a football toss challenge and children’s activities. Free; call 979-2121; • Jackson State University Homecoming Parade Oct. 11, 9 a.m. The parade route begins on Pearl and Prentiss streets, and ends on Dalton and John R. Lynch streets. Enjoy floats, special guests and marching bands including the Sonic Boom of the South. Free; call 979-2121;

Olde Towne Market Oct. 11, 9 a.m.-1 p.m., at Olde Towne Clinton (Jefferson Street and West Leake Street, Clinton). Shop at the open-air market in Olde Towne Clinton. The theme is “Fall for Clinton.” Free; call 601-924-5472; email;

Rev. Eddie Charles Spencer Lecture Oct. 9, 11:30 a.m., at Galloway Memorial United Methodist Church (305 N. Congress St.). The pastor and motivational speaker is the author of “Inmate 46857” and “Put Out the Fire: Controlling Your Anger Before It Destroys Your Life.” Lunch is at 11:30 a.m. (RSVP) and the program is at noon.


Rainbow Co-op Annual Meeting and Potluck Oct. 12, 1 p.m.-4:30 p.m., at The Cedars Historic Home (4145 Old Canton Road). Includes a presentation on “Killing Cancer Naturally” by Bilal Qizilbash and a showing of “Food for Change.” Bring a vegetarian dish to share and a utensil. Free; call 981-9606; find info on Facebook.

Supercaper Fun Run Oct. 8, 6 p.m., at Fleet Feet Sports (Trace Station, 500 Highway 51 N., Suite Z, Ridgeland). Wear a super hero costume for a chance to win a prize. Free; call 601-899-9696;

Participants meet to serve the community through activities such as feeding the homeless, repairing homes for the disabled or another designated task. Call for details. Free; call 769218-5140; Fund Match Tennis Tournament Oct. 14, 3:30 p.m., at River Hills Club (3600 Ridgewood Road). Includes ladies’ and mixed doubles matches, a reception and a silent auction. Proceeds benefit Baptist for Women’s fund for the girls. $50 per player, $10 per guest; call 987-4450;

advance, $15 at the door, $3 surcharge for patrons under 21; call 601-292-7999; email; • Rocco Deluca Oct. 9, 7:30 p.m. Crash from Edward Sharpe and the Magnetic Zeros also perform. All-ages show. Adults must accompany children. $10 in advance, $15 at the door, $3 surcharge for patrons under 21; call 601-292-7999; email arden@; • Mississippi Opera's Cabaret at Duling Hall Oct. 13, 6 p.m.-9 p.m. Soprano Kristen Johnson presents “A Musical Fondue: Broadway, Musical Theatre and Opera.” For ages 18 and up. $20; call 601-960-2300; email arden@; • Lettuce Oct. 14, 7:30 p.m. Late Night Radio also performs. Standing room only. For ages 18 and up. $20 in advance, $25 at the door; call 601-292-7999; email arden@; Live at Lunch Oct. 9, 11:30 a.m.-1:30 p.m., at Mississippi Museum of Art (380 S. Lamar St.). Patrick Harkins performs. Bring lunch or purchase from the Palette Cafe by Viking. Free; call 601-960-1515; Mac Powell Oct. 9, 8 p.m., at Hal & Mal’s (200 S. Commerce St.). The former frontman for the Christian rock band Third Day performs songs from his self-titled country album. Doors open at 7 p.m. $10 in advance, $15 at the door; call 601-292-7999; email; Samuel Barker Oct. 10, 7 p.m.-9 p.m., at Cups: An Espresso Café (2757 Old Canton Road). The singer-songwriter from Houston performs. Free; call 362-7422; email; Guest Artist Guitar Concert Oct. 11, 7:30 p.m.,

at Belhaven University Center for the Arts (835 Riverside Drive). In the concert hall. Kevin Manderville performs works from Fernando Sor, David Kellner and more. Doors open at 7 p.m. Free; call 601-974-6494;

,)4%2!293)'.).'3 Events at Lemuria Books (Banner Hall, 4465 Interstate 55 N., Suite 202) • "Country Stores of Mississippi" Oct. 11, 5 p.m. June Davidson signs. $19.99 book; call 601-366-7619; email; • "Embattled Rebel: Jefferson Davis as Commander in Chief" Oct. 14, 5 p.m. James M. McPherson signs. $32.95 book; call 601-366-7619; email; • "We Are the Music Makers!" Oct. 15, 5 p.m. Timothy and Denise Duffy sign books. $38 book; call 601-366-7619; email;

#2%!4)6%#,!33%3 Relief Printmaking for T-Shirts Oct. 11, noon4 p.m., at Purple Word Center for Book and Paper Arts (140 Wesley Ave.). Learn to carve reliefs on linoleum blocks and use them to print T-shirts in an etching press. Registration required. For ages 18 and up. $55, $40 members; Events at Mississippi Craft Center (950 Rice Road, Ridgeland) • Discover Class Series Oct. 14, 6 p.m.-8:30 p.m. Options include pottery with Bianca Love and chain maille bracelet making with Martha Scarbrough. Registration required. $35; call 601-856-7546; • Discover Class Series Oct. 14, 6 p.m.-8:30 p.m. Options include pottery, memory necklaces and Japanese weave jewelry. Registration required. $35; call 601-856-7546;

%8()")4/0%.).'3 Museum After Hours Pop-Up Exhibition Oct. 9, 5:30 p.m.-7:30 p.m., at Mississippi Museum of Art (380 S. Lamar St.). Enjoy a cash bar and a pop-up exhibition featuring works from A Plus Signs and Creative. Free; call 601-960-1515; Craftsmen’s Guild of Mississippi New Member Reception Oct. 12, 4 p.m.-5:30 p.m., at Mississippi Craft Center (950 Rice Road, Ridgeland). Meet the 17 newest members of the guild such as Stacy McInnis Blalock, Josh Gilmer and Roger Sturdivant. Free; call 601-856-7546;

,'"4 Family and Friends of LGBTQI Persons Support Group Oct. 13. Call or email for location and time. The group offers a safe place to share feelings and experiences. Professional counselors lead the sessions. Free; call 601-842-7599; email

Check for updates and more listings, or to add your own events online. You can also email event details to to be added to the calendar. The deadline is noon the Wednesday prior to the week of publication.

October 8 - 14, 2014 •

*&0 30/.3/2%$%6%.43



Soul in the Machine by Genevieve Legacy



ouse” has become a catchall it’s a spiritual thing. House is soulful music “True Soul Café,” which airs Sundays from moniker for every manner that has a gospel influence.” noon to 3 p.m. on WRBJ 97.7, Nichols of electronic dance music, or While most of his house-music com- promotes underground dance and house EDM, but it didn’t start that rades eventually moved from Jackson, music events, including his recent success way. Named after the legendstory, The Blast Midtown, a ary Chicago dance club, The monthly collaborative conWarehouse, DJ-producer cert series that encourages Frankie Knuckles spawned growth in the house-music the movement in the early community. 1980s, using samples, drum “You see all different machines and synthesizers to walks of life,” he says. “Media create extended dance tracks. people come to our events; Persistent synthesized highwe have bankers who don’t hat cymbals, throbbing bass want to go to a bar. We say, lines and 4/4 drumbeats typ‘Jackson, give us your cool ify generic strains of house. and diverse.’” If you go to a dance club on His newest event, the a Friday night, you’ll likely Jackson House Music Reto hear a distant cousin of union, is a spinoff of The original House, minus a key Blast, slated for Friday, Oct. ingredient: soul. 10, from noon to 8 p.m. House-music veteran Rob “DJ Scrap Dirty” Nichols unites EDM Schooled on the west artists to raise awareness for breast cancer. downtown in Smith Park side of Chicago, DJ Rob (250 N. West St). Nichols “Scrap Dirty” Nichols was chose to suspend The Blast one of a few college-aged DJs who brought Nichols, now 41, stuck around and made as he organized the event, which is one of house music to Jackson in the early ’90s. He a name for himself as both a radio DJ and the largest house shows held in Mississippi. continued to create house music while he at- a music promoter. Performers for the evening include tended Jackson State University for a market“There were a lot of house-music DJs DJ Vance, DJ Tony Hustle, Sketch the DJ, ing degree. When Nichols talks about house, who played many events, but they gradu- The Nasty Sho and the concert’s headliner, he makes sure to clarify what that means. ated and left. I’m still here,” Nichols says. celebrated Chicago house DJ Gene Hunt, “Peoples’ idea of house music is con- “’I’ve been playing house on the radio for Nichols’ mentor from high school. fused,” Nichols says. “Most people think over 10 years.” “Gene is a legend in the house-music that EDM is house. They don’t understand In addition to his long-running show, community. He used to open for Ron Har-

dy back in the day. He’s spun under Frankie Knuckles,” Nichols says with the enthusiasm of a friend and fan. “Gene and me are from the same neighborhood. I grew up watching him. I used to carry his records.” Nichols says the event has been simmering on the back-burner for a while. It took a few years of thinking and a deep, personal experience to bring it to fruition. Recently, he learned that his close friend, Antoine Young, had been diagnosed with breast cancer. “When I found out, it made me evaluate life as a whole. That’s why I started this venture,” Nichols says. “My main interest is in raising awareness about breast cancer in men. I want to get the word out.” When Nichols began planning the Jackson House Music Reunion, he immediately knew which venue to use. “Being a promoter and a DJ, I thrive off energy. I was drawn to Smith Park. I felt the energy of the space,” he says. “I’ve been walking around that park for five years, planning this event mentally. At one point, I decided we’re not going to have another Blast event until we can have one in Smith Park.” The Jackson House Music Reunion is from noon-8 p.m. at Smith Park. Entrance is free, but donations are welcome. For more information, search for the event, “Jxn House Music Reunion aka The BlastDowntown (Breast Cancer Awareness Event),” on Facebook.

Finding Answers in the Head and the Heart by Bryson Hatfield

October 8 - 14, 2014 •


crowds at some of the nation’s largest concert venues when he began his successful career. “I remember the first time I heard a room full of people, COURTESY THE HEAD AND THE HEART


he relationship between the thoughts of a brain and the feelings of a heart, logic versus emotion, is a complicated struggle that most of us learn to cope with. But some creative people thrive on that discord, and a few even make a career around it. Josiah Johnson, vocalist of indie-folk band The Head and The Heart, falls decidedly in the latter category. Johnson, 30, who is originally from southern California, formed the band in Seattle in 2009. For him, The Head and the Heart is about seeking inspiration in the perplexity of life choices and the aftermath of every decision, good or bad. Lead guitarist and vocalist Jonathan Russell, 29, violinist and vocalist Charity Rose Thielen, 28, bassist Chris Zasche, 31, pianist Kenny Hensley, 25, and drummer Tyler Williams, 27, join Johnson to create the band’s signature sound. The Head and the Heart’s three lead singers, Johnson, Russell and Thielen, alternate between melody and harmony, and also act as the primary songwriters. The Head and the Heart released its second album, “Let’s Be Still,” Oct. 15, 2013, on Sub Pop Records. It debuted at No. 1 on the Billboard Independent Albums chart and No. 10 on the Billboard 200. Johnson says he couldn’t predict that he would be singing for full-capacity

Seattle’s The Head and the Heart bring its blend of indie-rock and folk to Hal & Mal’s Friday, Oct. 10.

300 or so fans, singing my lyrics along with me,” Johnson says. “I was blown away when that happened. If it had never happened again after that, I would still die happy.” It’s been several years since that first sold-out show, and

The Head and the Heart have grown in popularity. Not only has the band acquired a massive following, but it’s also shared the stage with major acts, including the Dave Matthews Band, Vampire Weekend and Death Cab For Cutie. Hit TV shows, such as “How I Met Your Mother,” “Sons of Anarchy” and “Chuck,” have featured The Head and the Heart’s songs in pivotal episodes. Johnson’s goal in creating music isn’t to pack venues or perform for every late-night host from Jay Leno to Jimmy Kimmel, though. He wants to gain a better understanding of his difficulties in life, and hopefully, to help others along the way. “If I could be known for only one thing, I would want it to be for helping people. As a songwriter, I’m most inspired when I’m having a hard time—when what I know is right isn’t the same as what feel is right, or vice versa,” he says. “The process is usually, I find what’s confusing me, and I work it out through music. If I can write songs that help people find the answer they’re looking for, that’s what I want to do.” The Head and the Heart perform with Rayland Baxter at Hal & Mal’s (200 S. Commerce St.; 601-948-0888) 8 p.m., Friday, Oct. 10. Tickets are $30 through For more information, visit


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Wednesday, October 8th

ADIBâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;S J A Z Z 6.30 No Cover Thursday, October 9th

CHALMERS & BABY JAN 6.30 No Cover Friday, October 10th


DAVIS 9:00 Saturday, October 11th



Tuesday, October 14th

J O E Y P L U N K E T 6.30 No Cover



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10/24: Dave Jordan & The NIA 10/31: Halloween Bash w/ TAUK 11/1: Lord T & Eloise 11/6 : SunSquabi w/ Modern Measure 11/2 6 : Martins Thanksgiving Bash featuring Cardinal Sons w/ Friends 12 /27: Robby Peoples & Friends w/ Rooster Blues SEE OUR NEW MENU

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by Bryan Flynn

ESPNâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s â&#x20AC;&#x153;College GameDayâ&#x20AC;? started going to campuses in 1993. The show never stepped foot in Mississippi until last weekend, and now it will be here for backto-back weeks.

THURSDAY, OCT 9 NFL (7:25-11 p.m., CBS/ NFLN): Andrew Luck and the Indianapolis Colts take on Arian Foster and the Houston Texans in a AFC South showdown. FRIDAY, OCT 10 College football (8-11 p.m., ESPN): Washington State looks to upset Stanford on the road, since the wild Pac-12 was filled with upsets last weekend. SATURDAY, OCT 11 College football (2:30-6 p.m., CBS): Mississippi State looks to continue beating top 10 teams with a victory over Auburn at home. â&#x20AC;Ś College football (8-11 p.m., ESPN): Ole Miss hits the road to face a dangerous and angry Texas A&M team. SUNDAY, OCT 12 NFL (7;30-11 p.m., NBC): The New York Giants visit NFC East rival the Philadelphia Eagles. MONDAY, OCT 13 NFL (7:30-11 p.m., ESPN): Former Southern Miss star Austin Davis looks to pull a huge upset as the quarterback of the St. Louis Rams against the San Francisco 49ers. TUESDAY, OCT 14 College football (7-10 p.m., ESPN): Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s not midweek MACtion, but it is football on a Tuesday as Louisiana-Lafayette hits the road to face Texas State. WEDNESDAY, OCT 15 Documentary (8-9 p.m., ESPN 2): ESPNâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s â&#x20AC;&#x153;30 for 30â&#x20AC;? documentary â&#x20AC;&#x153;The Day The Series Stoppedâ&#x20AC;? looks at the 1989 World Series that was postponed for five days following an earthquake. A Mississippi SEC team will also occupy the coveted afternoon game on CBS for back-to-back weeks. It is a great time to be a Mississippian this football season.

bryanâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s rant -ISSISSIPPI-ANIA))


felt anxious as Mississippi prepared to be front and center in the college-football world. Fans of any team in this state can tell you how many times they have had their hearts ripped out as expectations rose. That wasnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t the case this time. Both Mississippi State and University of Mississippi beat Top-10 teams on the same day for the first time in history. Now, high expectations have become hushed whispers of a potentially epic Egg Bowl in late November. Each week brings a bigger test as the rest of the country prepares to end Mississippiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s streak. This week, the biggest test is Mississippi State hosting Auburn. If the Bulldogs can get past the Tigers, all that stands in their way are November dates with Alabama and the Rebels. MSU should get past improved Kentucky and Arkansas teams and have no problem against The University of Tennessee at Martin and Vanderbilt. Last season, Auburn only lost to LSU in Tiger Stadiumâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;the same place MSU won earlier this yearâ&#x20AC;&#x201D; and in the National Championship Game to Florida State. Thereâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s nothing about Auburn that the Bulldogs should fear in this game. Of course the Tigers are a good football team, but the last time they

were on the road, they barely escaped â&#x20AC;&#x153;The Little Appleâ&#x20AC;? of Manhattan, Kan., against Kansas State. If Mississippi State can control the line of scrimmage and contain Auburn quarterback Nick Marshall, they can beat the Tigers. This game could also have a huge effect on the Heisman race. With a win, MSU quarterback Dak Prescott could take a wide lead for the award. Heâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s already in the top five, but a win here with good numbers would clinch his ticket to New York City. Prescott could pile up big numbers as he waits for late November to put on a show in the teamâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s final two games, locking up the win. That is, if the rest of the field doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t lay an egg and hand the award to him before he gets to the Tide and Rebels. I doubt anyone will get out of the SEC West with no losses, but the Rebels and Bulldogs could slide by with only one or two. Who would have thought LSU would lose two SEC West games at this point? Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m just going to ride this unexpected, wild wave of Mississippi football for as long as it lasts. It could end at any moment, so Mississippi fans, enjoy being the kings of college football this week. Weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll see if our luck continues in Saturdayâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s games.

Follow Bryan Flynn at, @jfpsports and at

JFP College FootballTop 25 Poll: Week Six





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Thursday, Friday, & Saturday nights


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Children enrolled in United Wayâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Imagination Library program receive a free book each month, delivered directly to your home. Go to to enroll your child or dial 2-1-1 to reach a call specialist. Children (birth-age 4) who reside in Hinds, Madison, or Rankin County are eligible for this program. Made possible in part with funding from Nissan.

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October 8 - 14, 2014 •

for Breast Cancer

For every bra collected, in the hotel lobby October 1-22, $1 will be donated to the American Cancer Society.


advertise here starting at $75 a week

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YOU HAVE NEVER SEEN ANYTHING THIS BIG! We’ve DOUBLED IN SIZE. Now you get twice the nice and double the naughty. More gadgets. More lingerie. More supplements. HUGE FUN! And now you can have GOOD TIME smoke accessories such as hookahs and glassware! For a night of a lifetime come see why BIGGER IS BETTER! 175 Hwy 80 East in Pearl * 601.932.2811 M­Th: 10­10p F­Sa 10­Mid Su: 1­10p *

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