Page 1

Pearl River Resort

Silver Star Hotel & Casino’s

20th Anniversary! July 2014 Bigger and Better Fourth of July Fireworks Show

Live Entertainment including

Tim McGraw

Don’t miss the Grammy Award-winning artist, Tim McGraw, slated to kick off the celebration on Thursday, June 26th at 8pm. He will perform chart-topping hits like “Live Like You Were Dying,” “Highway Don’t Care,” “Real Good Man,” and current single” Meanwhile Back At Mama’s.”

Lady Antebellum

Lady Antebellum will take the stage on Sunday, June 29th at 8pm. The Grammy Award-winning trio is known for chart-topping hits including “Need You Now,” “I Run to You,” “Lookin’ for a Good Time,” and “American Honey.”

Josh Turner

Josh Turner will perform live in concert on Tuesday, July 1st at 8pm. Be sure to catch the country music heartthrob as he performs hits like “All Over Me,” “Your Man,” “Would You Go with Me” and “Time is Love.”

Marty Stuart

Country music legend and Philadelphia Native, Marty Stuart will perform on Thursday, July 3rd at 8pm. Don’t miss the five-time Grammy Award winner, perform hits like “The Whiskey Ain’t Workin’,” “Hillbilly Rock,”and “Western Girls.”


Legendary County Music Band, Alabama will take the stage on Saturday, July 5th at 8pm. Grammy, CMA and ACM Award Winners, celebrating their 40th Anniversary with 43 #1 hits are sure to rock the crowd with songs like “Old Flame,” “Southern Star,” “Take Me Down” and “Reckless.”

Restaurant Specials • Retail Discounts • And More!

June 18 - 24, 2014

Come celebrate with us!


Follow Us! Pearl River Resort • Choctaw, MS near Philadelphia • 1.866.44PEARL(1.866.447.3275) • A development of the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians




ven though she was born a generation after the murder that galvanized the Civil Rights Movement in 1955, Daphne R. Chamberlain considers herself a member of the Emmett Till Generation. Chamberlain was 9 when she saw the now-famous photograph of Till’s open casket in an issue of Jet magazine that commemorated the 35th anniversary of the 14-year-old’s killing. The photograph lit an activist flame in Chamberlain, like civil-rights workers who preceded her, many of whom were also spurred to action by Till’s grisly death in Money, Miss., at the hands of white men. But Chamberlain did not realize the magnitude of civil-rights veterans’ work until after she read John Dittmer’s book “Local People: The Struggle for Civil Rights in Mississippi” and transferred from Mississippi University for Women to Tougaloo College in her junior year. There, she met Lawrence Guyot—a Tougaloo alumnus and director the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party in 1964—and, eventually, a host of both veteran and younger activists. Chamberlain, 34, doesn’t consider herself part of that activist tradition; she prefers to be called “historian,” “mobilizer” or “scholar-activist.” She traces her devotion to scholarship to her mother, Jean Chamberlain, an educator, and her grandmother, Mattie Burks Kelly, who always told the children in Chamberlain’s family to always “get your lesson,” which was her way of encouraging lifelong learning.


Chamberlain completed her bachelor’s degree in history at Tougaloo in 2001 and went on to the University of Mississippi to complete her master’s and doctoral degrees in history. Her dissertation focused on the participation of children ages 7 to 18 in Jackson during the Civil Rights Movement. From 2010 to 2013, she worked at the COFO (Council of Federated Organizations) Civil Rights Education Center at Jackson State University, first as project manager then as director. Afterward, Chamberlain returned to Tougaloo, where she is an assistant history professor and coordinator for Civil Rights & Social Justice Initiatives. She also co-chairs the Mississippi Freedom Summer Youth Congress, which is part of the 50th anniversary of Freedom Summer (see page 10). The congress focuses on community organizing and building political power, which will include training on mounting, staffing and funding political campaigns, as well training young people to run for elected office. Chamberlain sees her job as helping students understand the social and political landscape of the civil-rights era and how systems of inequality remain in place today. “Young people are responding, whether it’s (about) education, how crucial it is to have access to the ballot, to change economic systems, to change what’s going on in labor across the country,” she says. “So they’re not silent. We just need to pay attention.” —R.L. Nave

Cover photo of activists in Oxford, Ohio, in 1964 courtesy Mississippi Museum of Art

8 #MississippiPrisonProbs Problems at East Mississippi prison get a national spotlight.

26 Nurse of the Year

Meet Universiy of Mississippi Medical Center’s winner of the 2014 Nursing Excellence Award.

34 Passing Hip-Hop’s Torch

“Where The Basement is more of a celebration of the culture of hip-hop, New Jacks is a showcase and developing ground for fresh new faces to the Jackson hip-hop scene.” —Stephen “5th Child” Brown, “Jackson Hip-Hop Passes the Torch”

4 ............................. EDITOR’S NOTE 6 ............................................ TALKS 12 ................................ EDITORIAL 13 .................................... OPINION 14 ............................ COVER STORY 25 ......................................... FOOD 26 ................................. WELLNESS 29 .............................. DIVERSIONS 30 .......................................... FILM 31 ....................................... 8 DAYS 32 ...................................... EVENTS 34 ....................................... MUSIC 37 ....................... MUSIC LISTINGS 38 ..................................... SPORTS 39 .................................... PUZZLES 41 ....................................... ASTRO


JUNE 18 - 24, 2014 | VOL. 12 NO. 41



by Donna Ladd, Editor-in-Chief

The Beautiful and the Damned


e all have a defining event in our lives, I believe. Mine happened when I was just 3, and I didn’t even know it happened until I was 14. The event itself and the fact that it was hidden from me for a decade has been the driving force in most of my life decisions. The good ones, anyway. It’s safe to say that most white people in my hometown in 1964 considered James Chaney, Andrew Goodman and Michael Schwerner the enemy. The three, barely adults, dared to get into a car and drive up from the COFO office in Meridian and “get themselves killed” trying to demand that all Americans be respected and treated the same. Or, at least that’s what I heard white people say repeatedly during my teen years after a TV movie “Attack on Terror” opened up the wound in 1975 and revealed my hometown’s dark past to a new generation, after a code of silence kept it from us once the FBI and national media cleared out. I was blind with anger and shame when I learned that men I knew were part of something so heinous that it made my skin crawl to think about it (it still does). There was Billy Wayne Posey, who pumped our gas and sold me Nabs at the West End filling station. There was Edgar Ray Killen who we’re supposed to be related to (I’m still not sure how) and ran with my Dad for awhile. I’d been to Olen Burrage’s house with my mother’s friends, and I sat next to kids in band who were children of the man who drove the tractor to bury the bodies under the dam-inprogress on Burrage’s “place.” And there was Cecil Price Jr., the deputy who arrested the men, taking them to the jail and their ultimate doom. By 1975, he had been fixing our watches and resetting my birthstone ring for years at City Jewelry. My teenage mind could not comprehend that these men would do such horrible

acts, and because of someone’s skin tone. It wasn’t logical, and it wasn’t Christian. If anything, it was evil. When local iconoclast Florence Mars’ book, “Witness in Philadelphia,” came out in 1977, I was a sophomore and washing hair in a beauty shop for my first job. Repeatedly I heard (white) women gossip about

I couldn’t bear staying and hearing another dam joke.

Ms. Mars, with more than one saying, “That woman ought to be shot.” At first, a deep shame set in. For me, it became as much about the need for change and redemption for the people I descended from as about justice for those men. Honestly, I see them as one and the same. But I didn’t hear a lot of regret then from white folk, although my mother did finally open up and tell me that “good” people disagreed, but felt powerless and afraid for their own families and livelihoods. She also told me about taking me to the court square when I was a toddler to watch Martin Luther King Jr. speak amid a violent crowd. I wish I could remember it. I did hear too many God-forsaken “dam jokes”—something white people liked to say to other whites, to the effect of knowing what to do with uppity (fill in the

blank), which involved “putting them under a dam.” One joke happened right here in northeast Jackson in the home of my thenboyfriend’s family. His uncle chuckled as he told the hackneyed joke; I got up and left. They all were mad at me, of course. I just couldn’t stomach the hate and ignorance. The day after I graduated from Mississippi State, I fled and stayed gone for the next 18 years, except in and out for holidays. I loved my family, but I couldn’t bear staying and hearing another dam joke. I needed freedom from racism, and I just knew it awaited elsewhere. My first stop was Washington, D.C. Long story short, I dropped out of law school there (a decision that still makes me happy, if not rich) and became a club deejay. It was the early ’80s, and rap music was starting to cross over. I played just enough to get more than one club owner walking up to me and saying stuff like, “Stop playing that n*gger music. The crowd is too dark.” Or something to that effect. Then there was that night in a D.C. bar when a white Yankee preppie looked at me squarely when I told him I was from Philadelphia, Miss. “That’s where people bury their problems under a dam,” he said, knowingly. I told him to go to hell, and left. OK, racism did exist everywhere— small comfort—but that didn’t quiet my Mississippi demons. It’s one thing to deal with a bigoted boss or bar fly; it’s another when the dominant society in your home state conspires to kill dissenters and then won’t bring justice for them. The best thing I did on my sojourn outside Mississippi was to study our real history and try to understand the conditions that created the 1964 crucible that exploded in my hometown. And that’s a journey I’m still on even now as I research my family history, finding the (unexpected) planters who ended up in Mississippi for the riches that

our land promised, even if later generations ended up dirt poor and uneducated. Of course, I’d been told all my life that most Mississippians were too poor to own slaves (wink-wink), but it turns out that I descend from folk who moved from the East Coast to Selma, Ala., to Leake County in the 1800s. And who knew that in the mid1800s, Leake had a population of 1,136 whites and 531 slaves? I sure didn’t. It is vital to understand just how wealthy our state was pre-Civil War, due to the rich soil toiled by the free labor many of our ancestors were willing to dehumanize—planter-businessmen whose greed brought them here from somewhere else to turn our state into the ground zero of our country’s infatuation with a slave economy. Make no mistake, most of the violence we deal with today started right then and there with the dehumanization and demonization of people, and break-up of families, in order to justify a greed economy—and continued in the form of Jim Crow laws and black codes after slavery officially ended. Put another way, rich white Mississippians weren’t willing to let go of their “way of life,” and sowed hatred to help keep it. By 1964, it was long past time for this violent caste society to end, and it took crazily brave young people, from here and beyond, to step up and end it for us. Some of them, like those three men on Rock Cut Road, died for my people’s sins. Their sacrifice has given us the opportunity to be a better people. They also gave ashamed young natives like me an eventual path back to the place I love the most in the world—and the inspiration and courage to help turn it into the beautiful place it can be for all its citizens. The courageous young activists of Freedom Summer 1964 bestowed on us the ultimate gift: They freed us from our past. It’s up to us now to build a very different future. Email

June 18 - 24, 2014



David Ray

Trip Burns

Carmen Cristo

Haley Ferretti

Jared Boyd

Maya Miller

Julie Skipper

David Rahaim

David Ray, an Ole Miss graduate from McComb, is writing a book about the civil-rights era in his hometown. His book is excerpted in this issue. Email him at davidray6282@ if you have McComb stories to tell.

Staff Photographer Trip Burns is a graduate of the University of Mississippi, where he studied English and sociology. He enjoys the films of Stanley Kubrick. He took many photos for the issue.

Feature Writer and Tishomingo County native Carmen Cristo studied journalism at Mississippi State University and wrote for the Starkville Free Press. She likes Food Network, ’90s music and her husband. She wrote a news feature.

City Reporter Haley Ferretti is a 2013 graduate of Delta State University. She enjoys traveling, listening to The Strokes and raiding refrigerators. Call her at 601-362-6121 ext. 22, or mail her city news to haley@ jacksonfreepress.

Editorial Intern Jared Boyd is a senior at Ole Miss who studies broadcast journalism. The Memphis native writes for The Daily Mississippian and hosts his own urban music mix show on Rebel Radio. He wrote a music story.

Editorial Intern Maya Miller is a senior psychology major at Jackson State University. She enjoys books by Stephen King and Netflix marathons. She wrote the film story for this issue.

Julie Skipper lives, works and plays downtown. Ask her about it if you want an earful. She hopes to learn to cook one day, but mostly thinks of the kitchen as additional closet space. She wrote a food story.

One day sales representative David Rahaim will finish his first novel. He promises. It may just be after he finishes his second. He manages many sales account for this issue.




5 JCV8261-7 Freedom JS Free Press 9.25x5.875.indd 1

5/30/14 10:33 AM




Thursday, June 12 The al-Qaida-inspired group that captured two key Sunni-dominated cities in Iraq vows to march on to Baghdad, raising fears about the Shiite-led government’s ability to slow the assault following the insurgents’ lightning gains. ‌ Brazil takes on Croatia in the first game of the FIFA World Cup in Sao Paulo. Friday, June 13 Army Sgt. Bowe Bergdahl returns to the United States after his release from five years in captivity in Afghanistan in a controversial prisoner swap with the Taliban. ‌ General Motors recalls another 512,000 cars due to faulty ignition switches that can cause engine stalls. Saturday, June 14 Ninety-two dancers from six continents gather in Jackson for the 2014 USA International Ballet Competition. The competition runs through June 29. Sunday, June 15 In the midst of the World Cup, Brazil celebrates the life and career of soccer legend Pele with the opening of the Pele Museum. The complex contains more than 2,500 items related to Pele’s career, including trophies, jerseys and images of him with world leaders and celebrities.

June 18 - 24, 2014

Monday, June 16 Russia cuts gas supplies to Ukraine as a payment deadline passes and negotiators fail to reach a deal on gas prices and unpaid bills amid continued fighting in eastern Ukraine. Analysts say the decision could disrupt the long-term energy supply to Europe if the issue is not resolved.


Tuesday, June 17 President Obama announces plans to create the largest ocean preserve in the world by banning drilling, fishing and other activities in a massive stretch of the Pacific Ocean. Breaking news:

State Changes to 1% Tax Vexes City by Haley Ferretti


ackson’s 1-percent sales tax went into effect March 1, and now the City of Jackson is scrambling to reverse legislation that quietly amended the rules of the tax back in April, which will drastically affect funding for city resources—even as much as 53 percent. When 90 percent of the voters approved the tax back in January, they understood that the estimated $15 million would go toward the city’s infrastructure, which has been a thorn in the Jackson’s side for years. The tax originally applied to all business in the state making sales, delivery, or installations of property or services within the city of Jackson. However, House Bill 787, which passed in April, removed this portion. The original sales taxes included some exemptions: food and beverages at restaurants, lodging from hotel and motel rooms, retail sales of food not purchased with food stamps, and subscription television and Internet services. However, the new amendments imposed changes would increase the number of goods and services exempt from the tax, including “the Special Infrastructure Tax for the wholesale sales of food and drink for human consumption sold to full-service vending machine operators and the wholesale sales of light wine, beer and alcoholic beverages.� This increase in exemptions could cut the estimated tax revenue down to $8 mil-


Wednesday, June 11 Russia offers to restore the discounted prices it granted Ukraine under the ousted pro-Russian president, but Ukraine demands an even better deal and calls for arbitration to settle the dispute. ‌ The House begins to consider legislation that will allow some schools to opt out of healthier meal standards—a proposal that has drawn a veto threat from the White House.

Councilman De’Keither Stamps says expected revenue from the 1 percent sales tax could be cut more than half if the City cannot find a way to reverse a surprise amendment the Legislature made in April.

lion or $9 million, Ward 4 Councilman De’Keither Stamps says. “It’s a voting issue,� Stamps said. “The citizens voted for something specific so we don’t believe it’s right for the state government to change the law after the citizens have voted on it, with little to no information given to the city or the constituents.� Stamps said that the Jackson City Council is requesting the opinion of Attorney General Jim Hood as well as the U.S. Department of Justice to see if the state can amend the tax after the fact. “The amendments that have been add-

ed were a surprise to us,� said Duane O’Neill, president of Greater Jackson Chamber Partnership. “We do hope that we can address it and make sure that our business community has a voice along with the citizens of Jackson in how that tax is going to be collected.� The city administration is now under pressure to adjust the spending plan for the tax revenue. Stamps said the original plans for the $15 million included major funding to storm water, city water, city sewage, streets and drainage. If revenue is chopped, the entire plan will have to be revamped and reprioritized.



his week, Clarion-Ledger publisher Leslie Hurst announced her retirement after three decades with the C-L’s parent company, Gannett, and four years at the Jackson daily. Hurst was the fifth C-L publisher in a 10-year span (one, Bill Hunsberger, died while serving as publisher). In that time, the Jackson Free Press has had—for better or worse, jokes Editor Donna Ladd—just one publisher, Todd Stauffer, William W. “Bill� Hunsberger, 1998-2004 J. Michael Craft, 2004-2005 John Newhouse, 2005-2006 Larry Whitaker, 2006-2010 Leslie Hurst, 2010-2014


“Those are interconnected plans,� Stamps said. The previous administration, under late Mayor Chokwe Lumumba, was poised to make its three nominations to the 10-person sales tax commission. The Greater Jackson Chamber Partnership nominated its four members back in February: Dr. Beverly Hogan, president of Tougaloo College and former Greater Jackson Chamber board member; Duane O’Neill, President and CEO of GJCP; Dr. Carolyn Meyers, president of Jackson State University and GJCP board member; and Godwin Dafe, a State Farm agent in Jackson. Gov. Phil Bryant, Lt. Gov. Tate Reeves and House Speaker Phillip Gunn will each make additional appointments to the commission.

Stamps said the city originally wanted to nominate the mayor, city council president and the public works director as the standing positions for the commission. The councilman said there is now uncertainty about whether a council member may serve on the commission. However, Stamps wants to move forward with the nominations and deal with any problems later, saying that the current nominations are the best fit for the commission. “There are no three best people than the mayor, council president and the public works director to speak to the needs of this city,� Stamps said. “My position is, just nominate those three, and if someone has a problem with it, we’ll change it.� “I feel comfortable, and the council feels comfortable in those nominations.� Comment at

A Busy Week for UMMC Moves by Dustin Cardon



he saga to fill the long-dormant former main tenant. UMMC planned Landmark Center in downtown to replace the roof on the seven-floor Jackson took several dramatic structure and make other renovations. turns this week as one potential buyer Just when it looked like the Landdropped its bid and another suitor en- mark Center would remain empty, tered the picture. the Hertz Investment Group, told the The Mississippi MBJ that it was inBusiness Journal reterested—but only ported June 16 that if UMMC is out of UMMC broke off the picture. negotiations with the “We would do center’s owners. anything to help “The price was UMMC get to buy right. The price was the building. But if UMMC broke off negotiations with fantastic,� said Jack the Landmark Center’s owners due that can’t happen we Mazurak, a UMMC to the prohibitive cost of moving might step in and be a unmarked graves from land off spokesman. player ourselves,� Jim However, when Lakeland Drive that the hospital Ingram, Hertz exneeds for expansion. UMMC realized that ecutive vice-president it may have spend and chief investment millions of dollars to move unmarked officer, told MBJ. graves from land off Lakeland Drive Downtown boosters hoped the that the hospital needs for expansion, purchase would help make up for the the hospital shelved plans to raze of- loss of potential office space caused fices on the northwest edge of campus, when state officials snubbed the Landin Fondren, for a new hotel. The pres- mark Center as the new home of the ence of that “swing� office space meant state Department of Revenue in favor UMMC no longer needed the down- of Clinton’s South Pointe Business town office space, Mazurak explained. Center. An influx of approximately State offices signed off on the deal 300 or so new workers downtown, to purchase the Landmark Center, locat- and the likelihood of more to follow ed at 175 E. Capitol St., in November as space in the Landmark filled, could 2013 for between $6.1 million and $6.5 have represented a significant ecomillion. The building has been vacant nomic boon to downtown. since the departure of AT&T, the space’s Comment at


TALK | state

Report: Prison Still a ‘Cesspool’ by R.L. Nave


several other top-ranking MDOC officials, are named as defendants in what lawyers hope becomes a class-action suit that alleges “grossly inhumane conditions� at the prison that MDOC has known about for years but failed to address. The complaint alleges that prisoners’ health needs are often ignored. A Jacksonbased company, Health Assurance LLC, provides medical services to the prison. The com-

plaint states. Two weeks after the scathing critique, MDOC awarded Health Assurance the contract for EMCF. “The contract signed by Defendant Epps with Health Assurance dramatically reduced the amount of psychiatric care available to patients,� the complaint states. A previous contract between MDOC and Boca Raton-based private-prison operator GEO Group provided one full-time psychiatrist. HUBERT WORLEY

ew information about a troubled private prison raises questions about a Jackson company that has a contract to provide medical care and the possible role of a local judge. In May, mental-health professionals and attorneys from the American Civil Liberties Union and Southern Poverty Law Center—who sued East Mississippi Correctional Facility last summer on behalf of inmates—toured the Meridian prison and completed a report that found the prison to be “a cesspool.� “Although designated as a facility to care for prisoners with special needs and serious psychiatric disabilities, EMCF denies prisoners even the most rudimentary mental health care services. Many prisoners have attempted to commit suicide; some have succeeded. One prisoner is now legally blind after EMCF failed to provide his glaucoma medications and take him to a specialist, and another had part of his finger amputated after he was stabbed and developed gangrene,� ACLU observers wrote in a report. Experts conducted two rounds of tours in February and April, with each visit lasting three or four days. The walk-through came 11 months after attorneys sued on behalf of Jermaine Dockery, a Hinds County man, who was charged with armed robbery and rape, and other prisoners. Dockery, 34, has spent months in solitary confinement and, as a result, has nearconstant suicidal thoughts. He acted on those thoughts in late 2012, when he hanged himself until he blacked out; prison staff did not take him to a hospital emergency department. Attorneys say that Dockery also has had to endure physical abuse from prison staff, lights that never turn off, and a toilet that does not flush and attracts mice. Christopher Epps, commissioner of the Mississippi Department of Corrections, and

East Mississippi Correctional Facility, in Meridian, houses the state’s most severely mentally ill prisoners.

pany holds contracts worth $38 million to provide health care at EMCF, Walnut Grove Youth Correctional Facility, Wilkinson County Correctional Facility and Marshall County Correctional Facility in Holly Springs. Lawyers for Dockery and other plaintiffs note that in April 2012, a federal judge admonished MDOC and Health Assurance “for being deliberately indifferent to the needs of children and youth incarcerated� at Walnut Grove. This indifference contributed to “a picture of such horror as should be unrealized anywhere in the world,� the com-

In the new contract, MDOC required a psychiatrist site visits once per week. “Upon information and belief, Health Assurance has no prior experience operating a psychiatric prison or providing an inpatient level of care to seriously mentally ill prisoners. Defendants (with MDOC) were aware of this deficiency when they selected Health Assurance as the health services contractor for EMCF,� the complaint states. Physicians Carl Reddix and Michael Reddix own the company, state records show. Carl Reddix served on the Missis-

sippi Board of Health for a short time. On June 6, 2013, E. Charlene Stimley Priester replaced her husband, Melvin Priester Sr., a Hinds County judge, as the company’s registered agent on the Mississippi Secretary of State website. State records still show Melvin Priester as an officer of the company. Neither LaGrand Elliot, Health Assurance’s senior vice president, nor Judge Priester returned telephone messages for this story. Charlene Priester told the Jackson Free Press that Judge Priester “was the registered agent, but I don’t recall his ever being an officer� and that the information currently on the secretary of state’s website is inaccurate. Under the contract with EMCF, Health Assurance is to provide dental and optometric care, drug testing and pharmacy services as well as mental-health care. Health Assurance’s agreement with MDOC also includes a list of medical staff positions and the pay rate per employee. It calls for a total of seven mental-health professionals and lists hourly rates for each including a director ($22 per hour), three social workers ($15-$19 per hour) and three counselors ($12 per hour). In a June 7 New York Times story, Epps said MDOC is “committed to running a constitutionally sound prison and look forward to communicating that point in court.� Gabriel Eber, staff counsel at the ACLU National Prison Project, said the mental health-care services at EMCF are the worst he’s ever seen. “The care that Health Assurance is providing is absolutely abysmal,� Eber said, who added that MDOC bears ultimately responsibility for the problems. Eber said attorneys expect to ask a judge in August to allow the case to proceed as a class-action lawsuit before proceeding to trial. Comment at Email rlnave@

June 18 - 24, 2014








TALK | county

Feds Probing Hinds Jail by R.L Nave

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make it to the shower, it was his death) and again in March full of black mold so thick on 2014 when Markuieze Bennett the ceiling I could taste it and was killed in a riot, the second smell it.” in three years. The U.S. Justice DeHinds County Board partment is looking into the President Darrel McQuirter conditions of confinement said improvements are under for prisoners like Mungia way and that he welcomes and scores of other who have the investigation. filed lawsuits making simi“They have not asked for U.S. Justice Department recently opened an investigation of the lar claims against the Hinds The anything specific from (the downtown jail and Raymond Detention Center. County Board of Supervisors, board),” McQuirter told the which oversees maintenance Jackson Free Press. “We’re just and funding of the facility, Judge Tomie Green ordered an inspection of in sit-and-wait mode.” and the sheriff who runs its daily operations. the jail. Green’s order came after a string of Mallory Crawford, who said she could The DOJ announced June 2 that the security failures inside and outside the facil- not locate her 21-year-old son, Julius, for agency would open a “pattern or practice ity and describes the jail as “inadequately more than a week after the March riot, beinvestigation” of both the Raymond Deten- staffed” and in “deplorable” condition. lieves the DOJ probe is long overdue. tion Center and the Jackson Detention CenThe combination of the deteriorating “They need to hurry up with this,” ter downtown. A DOJ press release states building, understaffing and prisoners who Crawford told the Jackson Free Press. Since the investigation would focus “on whether often wait years before they can face trial of- the riot in which Crawford says Julius was Hinds County protects prisoners from harm ten breeds violence in jail. injured, Julius has had to attend therapy and at the hands of other prisoners and staff” and Twice in recent years that combina- often cannot sleep. “improper use of force.” tion has proven fatal for detainees—once in “Sometimes, I think he’s going to be The allegations of Mungia and others July 2013 when jailers found Larry David OK. Sometimes, I don’t think he’s going to undergird findings of a 16-page grand jury McLaurin swollen and unresponsive after be OK,” she said. report also released last fall after Circuit Court being beaten (his cellmate was charged in Comment at TRIP BURNS


veryone was on top of each other. The room, filled with approximately 15 men, reeked partly from the smell of urine and partly because they had not been granted showers for 10 days. An old blanket was wrapped around the base of the toilet to prevent it from leaking. “When I did get to shower, I was called wetback (as a joke). It’s bad enough that condition much less being racis(t),” Telse Mungia, an inmate at the Raymond Detention Center, wrote in a civil-rights complaint filed in federal court in September 2013. “I asked, ‘Why are you (staff) doing this to me?’ Response: You don’t like it write a grievance. So I did, no response.” Jailers rarely took the men outside for fresh air or to stretch their legs after being crammed in a cell all day. Mungia was transferred to a different part of the jail, where he thought the conditions would improve. It got worse, he said. “There are no lights in the cell I am in so all the writing and reading I do is in the dark like a dungeon as if I am a beast or a monster. My eyes hurt day and night from straining. I do to see what I am writing and reading. Also when I did


TALK | history

FROM 1964 TO 2014:

Creating a Space for Activism by Carmen Cristo


June 18 - 24, 2014


lbert Sykes, lead organizer of the Mississippi’s whole story, and there’s more Fighting Enemies of Equality Young People’s Project, sat at a to it than that. Youth advocate and Jackson Public conference table in a downstairs Part of Mississippi’s story took place Schools board member Jed Oppenheim room of Woodworth Chapel on at Jackson’s COFO center on Lynch agreed that it isn’t about teaching someTougaloo College campus and thing new. “I think a lot of told a story about an elderly young folks already have man he met at the Hinds what they need inside of County courthouse. them, so we are creating a “He kept saying, ‘I need space for that,” he said. “The my voter ID,’ and holding out older generation is passing his license. The woman was judgment on them without telling him that that was his doing our part.” voter ID,” he said, surrounded And the team says that by 12 nodding heads. is the true narrative, both “He remembered a time then and now. They believe when he had to pay a poll tax Mississippi has the human to vote, and now he was havresources it needs to proging those same fears.” ress, but that all of its citizens George Patterson, direcneed an environment to hartor of campus life and comness their creativity and leadmunity outreach at Tougaloo ership skills. College, shook his head. “You The Freedom Summer learn about mass voter regisYouth Congress conference tration 50 years ago, then hear will run from June 23-29 on about similar things happenthe Tougaloo College campus ing now,” he said. “I feel like and will include seminars on I have a role to play.” That’s voting, campaigning, educawhy he was there, along with tion, immigration, violence the other community leadand rights. Participants will ers—to play a role in comalso have the opportunity Hollis Watkins joined the NAACP and SNCC when he was a memorating the 50th annito travel to Meridian and teenager. He as the first Mississippi student to become involved in 1961 in the Mississippi Voting Rights Project of SNCC. Now versary of Freedom Summer. Philadelphia to see firsthand he is helping young people fight for their rights in 2014. The most recent U.S. where civil rights history was Census reported that approximade. And to put all they’ve mately 74 percent of Missislearned into practice, particisippi’s African American population is reg- Street, which is now an educational center pants will canvas to gather signatures for istered to vote, but a few decades ago, that and a stop on the Freedom Summer Youth important issues and even register Missisnumber was drastically smaller—dismal, Congress tour. Sykes, a Youth Congress sippians to vote. actually. In 1962, the percentage of black co-chair, calls himself and his colleagues Charles Taylor, an advocate for Better registered voters in Mississippi was 6.7. “direct beneficiaries” of what took place Schools, Better Jobs, paraphrased Charles there. “Modern-day COFO isn’t housed Cobb’s 1963 statement: “It is universally Tilting the Scale in 1964 in one building, but all over Jackson,” he known that education is grossly inadequate Freedom Summer, or the Mississippi said. “For us to be here in this room is a in Mississippi.” He hopes that 50 years Summer Project, was a nonviolent effort direct success from 50 years ago, but we from now, that’s a statement of the past. to change that. have to do the work and earn our place.” “If you look at the four issues of FreeMore than 1,000 young civil-rights The work they chose builds upon dom Summer—workers’ rights, voters’ activists from groups such as the Congress what the original Freedom Summer ac- rights, healthcare and education—those on Racial Equality, the Student Non-Vio- tivists did. In 1964, the goal was to get as are still at the forefront of issues in Miss.,” lent Coordinating Committee and the many African Americans registered to vote Taylor said. Southern Christian Leadership Confer- as possible. The Freedom Summer Youth Freedom Summer 50th Anniversary ence joined African American Missis- Congress takes that a step further, training Youth Congress Conference aims to emsippians under the Council of Federated and empowering young people to organize power young people to organize around Organizations to organize a voter-regis- programs that address issues in their com- these issues, creating a launching pad tration drive in hopes of tilting the scale munities and run for political offices. for political campaigns, fundraising and in the direction of equality in Mississippi “Young people gave life to Freedom community building that honors and during a pivotal time—or at least, that’s Summer,” said Daphne Chamberlain, a continues the work of the original Freethe typical narrative. professor at Tougaloo College and Youth dom Summer volunteers, who sacrificed Precious Vines, a graduate assistant Congress co-chair. “There is a national themselves for the progress of Mississippi at COFO, says that a primary reason narrative about today’s youth, but there and its people. for the creation of the Freedom Summer are young people here on the ground in The enemies of equality might look dif50th Anniversary Youth Congress is to tell Mississippi doing work.” ferent now than they did in 1964, but rights


and poll access still hang in the balance. Amber Thomas of Better Schools, Better Jobs says that Jim Crow still causes trouble; he’s just cleaned up his act a little bit. She believes natural response is to create an atmosphere for young adults to recreate a movement like Freedom Summer. “We want it to be true, meaningful, organic—something they created,” Thomas said. A Lineage of Activists The response has been better than the team imagined, with proposals still coming in after the deadline. An account was set up on that brought in $3,000 in donations from all over the country. The most current numbers predict approximately 700 participants will fill the Tougaloo College campus next week. Chamberlain calls her fellow planners her inspiration. “It becomes very personal to see how people are bringing change,” she says. The committee says that this event isn’t a one-time thing, and they are already discussing other efforts to support young leaders. Currently, the team is examining the possibility of creating a nonprofit organization for social welfare that could provide financial assistance and resources to support campaigns and programs that might come as a result of the conference. The committee hopes to establish a pool of candidates that will run for office in their communities over the next four years. Sykes said that people “(who) understand that regardless of what you do in your life, it doesn’t matter unless you pass it down” are important. The group would all be together any way, Natalie Collier, the southern regional youth organizer for the Children’s Defense Fund and youth congress planner, says. She said that it’s an added bonus that they get to hang out while serving their community and imitating mentors such as civil-rights veteran Hollis Watkins, who produced a “lineage of activists” they hope to continue. Collier said that she hopes the event will make a lasting impact on the young people they encounter. “What I hope people will walk away with is a silent memory that they can tap into of what freedom feels like, what it tastes like, smells like; that they can leave with the remembrance that it can be like this all the time,” she said. To volunteer, call 601-977-7914 or email Email Carmen Cristo at

TALK | politics

Oddly, GOP Makes Play for Jackson by R.L. Nave


The contest was a draw and forced a June 24 runoff. Earlier in the week, Hinds County supervisors reiterated concerns about an Election Day scandal that cast a pall over the June 3 Republican primary. District 1 Supervisor Robert Graham has asked the district attorney to launch an official investigation into why three Republican political operatives spent more than an hour in the Hinds County Courthouse before calling for help. Graham sought legal advice from the board attorney on whether the Board of Supervisors could take any action separately from county prosecutors. Graham said he has fielded calls from constituents wondering why no arrests were made and has heard statements that a public official, whom Graham declined to name, may have let the trio into the building. This week, Robert S. Smith, the county’s top prosecutor, confirmed to the Associated Press that a county employee had let the McDaniel campaign workers into the courthouse, but did not What Janis Lane (pictured), a Central Mississippi Tea Party official, along with Scott Brewster and name the individual. Rob Chambers were doing in the Hinds County “There are a lot of questions,” Courthouse on Election Night still vexes officials. Graham said this morning. “The public has a right to know, and will be roads. There will be policemen and are demanding to know, the truth.” firemen, despite what some of the media Early on the morning of June 4, a lowould report,” Sowell said. cal tea-party officer and two other people Picking up just a handful of voters who say they went to observe vote-counting and sat on the sidelines earlier this month could were trapped in an empty Hinds County be the clearest path to victory next week, Courthouse for more than an hour. which is evident in the strategy the veteran, Janis Lane, Scott Brewster and Rob Cochran, is using. Cochran’s resume looks Chambers—all McDaniel supporters—enmoderate compared to McDaniel, one of tered an unlocked door and, when they the leaders of the conservative caucus in couldn’t find their way out of the building, the state Senate, but is stoically conservative called Hinds County Republican Party all the same. Yet, the six-term Washington Chairman Pete Perry. power broker is going hard after votes in the District 5 Supervisor Kenneth Stokes capital-city area. said he was concerned that the courthouse, Apparently, the strategy is paying one of the busiest in the state, is dimly lit at off. Chism Strategies, a Democratic poll- night and does not have working 24-hour ing firm, has a new poll showing Cochran security cameras. “If you’re in a bank after with a 1-point lead over McDaniel, which is hours, it’s not trespassing—it’s attempted comfortably inside the margin-of-error. robbery,” Stokes said. “To be in a courthouse But represents a 4-point swing from an after hours is not an accident.” earlier Chism poll conducted just days after Pieter Teeuwissen, the Hinds County at the June 3 election that had Cochran trail- board attorney, said although the board has ing by three. superintending authority of county buildThe razor thinness of the race high- ings and some subpoena powers, he advised lights the importance of capital-city voters supervisors to confer with attorneys from and the potential for the majority-black and District Attorney Robert S. Smith’s office majority-Democratic county to determine before taking any official action, including the outcome of the election. On June 3, only drafting any new security policies. about 1,500 votes stood between McDaniel, Comment at Email R.L. a Laurel native, and an upset of Cochran. Nave at


n the final week before the GOP runoff for U.S. Senate, candidates Sen. Thad Cochran and state Sen. Chris McDaniel are making plays for Jackson voters even if they’re not saying so out loud. On June 17, Mississippi Tea Party leaders held a rally and press conference for McDaniel. Grant Sowell, a Tupelo tea party organizer stressed concern over a large number of missing McDaniel campaign signs. “When Chris McDaniel gets elected, people will still be able to go to school. They’ll still have jobs. There won’t be bridges to nowhere, but there will be bridges. There


It’s A Mean Old World


cooby “Angry Black Man� Rastus: “At this point in my life, I have had many interesting and provoking thoughts. Recently, my inspiration came while listening to ‘The Message’ by Grand Master Flash and the Furious Five, on the ‘Aunt Tee Tee Hustle Affordable, Refurbished Ghetto Ringtone Smartphone.’ “I received an epiphany from a simple verse: ‘I think it’d be cheaper if I just got a job, learned to be a street sweeper.’ “Immediately, I had a flashback of when I was a young Scooby at Cootie Creek County High School. I had an interesting talk with a Mr. Solomon Davidson, a war veteran, visual artist, shade-tree auto mechanic and part-time custodian. I will always remember his random yet insightful words.� Mr. Solomon Davidson: “Little Scooby, It’s a mean old world. One day, you will realize that most folk will not care how they will treat you. Just do the best you can each day, help someone along the way. And, in time, your star will shine. As you get older, life becomes more complicated. So don’t get so caught up in the rat race. Also, remember to prioritize, simplify and eliminate.� Scooby “Angry Black Man� Rastus: “I followed wise Mr. Solomon Davidson’s random advice and took heed of the verse from the Message. Today, I live peacefully because listened to some good advice. “Now, as the new part-time custodian at Cootie Creek County High School, I’m obligated to inspire a new generation of little Scoobies.�


June 18 - 24, 2014



Why it Stinks: Women at the maximum-security prison in Wetumka, Ala., faced constant abuse for over a decade, according to a report from the Department of Justice that called the prison a “toxic, sexualized environment.� The sexual abuse of inmates took place partly under the management of Frank Albright, who became deputy warden at Tutwiler in 2001, until he retired in 2012. Prison psychologist Larry Wood told that Albright was rude and insensitive in his job as deputy. While Thomas can’t expect perfection from Albright, he should certainly expect civility.

Legislature’s Sales-Tax Change Unconscionable


hile the city of Jackson was mourning the death of a popular mayor and, afterward, in the throes of an election to pick his successor, the Mississippi Legislature usurped the citizens of Jackson. In January, more than 90 percent of Jackson residents approved a citywide referendum to levy a 1-percent sales tax on certain goods for infrastructure improvements within the city limits. Just getting the question on the ballot seemed like a victory. Early controversies over a 10-member oversight committee, which didn’t sit well with then-Mayor Harvey Johnson Jr., pushed implementation of the tax right up against its sunset date. Another mayor, Chokwe Lumumba, who also had misgivings about the commission, swallowed his pride and moved ahead with the vote. Acknowledging the inherent regressive nature of many taxes, the 1-percent sales tax would not apply to food, hotel and motel rooms or certain cable services. Items that could be taxed represented $15 million per year that the city could have used to fix Jackson’s streets. But, quietly, lawmakers extended the list of items that are off limits to 1-percent tax collectors. Now, city officials say that the $15 million they were hoping to collect could be slashed in half. Half the revenue, half the improvements— and the will of the state’s largest city—ignored. It’s unclear how the language got into the

legislation, House Bill 787, which Ways and Means Chairman Rep. Jeff Smith, R-Columbus, was the chief sponsor. Of course, giving Jackson the shaft in the waning days of the session has almost become sport at the Mississippi Capitol. Each year, legislators indulge Jackson’s lobbyists seeking funding for fire and police protection, payment-inlieu of taxes, road repairs, football arenas or, at the very least, moving far-flung state agencies into office buildings to downtown. And most years, Jackson leaves mostly empty-handed, maybe with a few million dollars for a bridge here and there. It’s a revolting game, but one Jackson is at least accustomed to. This business with the sales tax feels like something different, something more disturbing. On one hand, the changes to the sales-tax law will greatly reduce Jackson’s ability to address long-standing infrastructure woes, problems that are favorite fodder for jabs among the legislators themselves. Then, as Ward 4 Councilman De’Keither Stamps told the Jackson Free Press this week: “The citizens voted for something specific so we don’t believe it’s right for the state government to change the law after the citizens have voted on it, with little to no information given to the city or the constituents.� We encourage state officials to work with representatives of the city as well as the Greater Jackson Chamber Partnership to find common ground on this issue for the good of Jackson.

Email letters and opinion to, fax to 601-510-9019 or mail to 125 South Congress St., Suite 1324, Jackson, Mississippi 39201. Include daytime phone number. Letters may be edited for length and clarity, as well as factchecked.


White Privilege Is Real EDITORIAL News Editor R.L. Nave Assistant Editor Amber Helsel City Reporter Haley Ferretti Investigative Reporter Anna Wolfe Music Editor Briana Robinson Features Writer Carmen Cristo JFP Daily Editor Dustin Cardon Events Editor Latasha Willis Music Listings Editor Tommy Burton Assistant to the Editor Micah Smith Fashion Stylist Nicole Wyatt Writers Bryan Flynn, Genevieve Legacy, Larry Morrisey, Ronni Mott, Zack Orsborn, Eddie Outlaw, Greg Pigott, Brittany Sanford, Julie Skipper, Kelly Bryan Smith, Jordan Sudduth Editorial Interns Jared Boyd, Deja Harris, Savannah Hunter, Mary Kate McGowan, Emma McNeel, Maya Miller, Achaia Moore, Bria Paige, Demetrice Sherman, Adria Walker Consulting Editor JoAnne Prichard Morris ART AND PHOTOGRAPHY Art Director Kristin Brenemen Advertising Designer Zilpha Young Staff Photographer/Videographer Trip Burns Photographer Tate K. Nations ADVERTISING SALES Advertising Director Kimberly Griffin Account Managers Gina Haug, David Rahaim BUSINESS AND OPERATIONS Distribution Manager Richard Laswell Distribution Raymond Carmeans, John Cooper, Jordan Cooper, Clint Dear, Ruby Parks Bookkeeper Melanie Collins Operations Consultant David Joseph, Marketing Consultant Leslie La Cour ONLINE Web Editor Dustin Cardon Web Designer Montroe Headd Multimedia Editor Trip Burns CONTACT US: Letters Editorial Queries Listings Advertising Publisher News tips Fashion Jackson Free Press 125 South Congress Street, Suite 1324 Jackson, Mississippi 39201 Editorial (601) 362-6121 Sales (601) 362-6121 Fax (601) 510-9019 Daily updates at

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eople have it wrong. Racism isn’t something you do. It’s something you feel. The reason why we still face dissension on this topic is because we see it through eyes of separation. We must take a more inclusive look into this thing that won’t go away. Many white people are insulted and dismissive when described as having white privilege, while most black people find it to be as clear and real as iced tea on a hot southern day. The very idea that we can’t even agree that simply being white in America comes with privilege indicates that we have limited ability to relate as human beings. If we can’t do that simple thing, how can we ever begin to offer love and acceptance of each other? Without each other, racism will remain. I’d challenge you to ask a black person what their opinion is on whether white privilege is real or not. I believe denying the privilege is simply a way to denounce the shame that comes with knowing that people who share your blood, at one time, openly lived and breathed hate on an entire group of people simply because they chose to. It’s embarrassing, hopefully. But instead of acknowledging that part of white history, some would rather just wipe it all away and pretend that since it was so long ago, we shouldn’t talk about it. Since it didn’t happen to you or the black people you know now, it’s not real. The hell you say! Oh, it’s real. It’s your history, and it’s my history. As much as it may ease white guilt to not think about it and wipe it away, black folk can’t sacrifice our pain, our hurt, our anger, just so that it doesn’t shame you any longer. The mere idea that white people believe in separating their history from ours and moving on as if it doesn’t exist is white privilege at its worst. So if you believe that not talking about racism will make it go away, or black people using the race card is racist, consider yourself a card-carrying member of a white-privileged society. I am most certain that the only way for those who proudly proclaim white privilege is a farce to actually understand what it would be like to live as a black person. Since we know that won’t ever happen, our only hope is to accept it, heal from it and love through it. Once we are capable of that, we can begin to “feel” what others feel. Once we start “feeling” it, we can associate it with our lives, and

maybe the struggles of racism wouldn’t be so easily dismissed. If white people could “feel” what it’s like to see those images play over and over on television, this might be different. Would you be willing to sit at a bar in downtown Jackson and have black people throw eggs at you and get in your face and utter the most horrific words to you because you shouldn’t be there? Or, would you give up your white skin to live as the maids and caregivers as those seen in “The Help”? I recall all the conversations about that movie. I wonder how many white people were able to disassociate from the movie. My guess would be that many would lie to themselves and make that claim. Kudos to those who honestly could. I didn’t have the luxury of separating myself from any of the black women in the movie. Even in my disgust and anger, those women were as much a part of me as the woman who ate the sh*t pie is a part of white women. I am unable to disassociate myself from the marches, the sit-ins, the boycotts, the water hoses, the purse clinches, the overlooks, all simply because of my skin color. Contrary to what most may think, if you or your people never had to do endure any of that, your life is indeed privileged. Period. The late great Maya Angelou once said, “The plague of racism is insidious, entering into our minds as smoothly and quietly and invisibly as floating airborne microbes enter into our bodies to find lifelong purchase in our bloodstreams.” We’re doomed to continue misunderstanding racism because we refuse to accept that it’s all-inclusive. While it affects one race differently, it does indeed affect us all. We are all human beings. We must all welcome an inclusive love—of self and others. Denying white privilege and/ or continuing to embrace hate is simply counterproductive. Racism must be measured from a place of mutual respect and understanding. Until we all commit to feeling racism, it will continue to lurk among us, whether outright or hidden under the guise of ignorance and shame. Funmi “Queen” Franklin is a word lover, poet and advocate for sisterhood. She has a weakness for reality shows and her puppy, Shaka.

“The plague of racism is insidious…” — Maya Angelou

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Violent Summer When Klansmen and Tyranny Stalked Mississippi Part I: ‘I’ll Shoot You In Two” by David Ray

A Book Excerpt

In May 1964, United Klans of America Imperial Wizard Robert Shelton wooed hundreds of Pike County citizens into choosing his Klan organization over that of Sam Bowers of Laurel.The UKA terrorized the county, earning it the moniker “Bombing Capital of the World.”

“If you belong to the Ku Klux Klan Here’s my heart and here’s my hand, If you belong to the Ku Klux Klan We are marching for a home …” (from a Klan leaflet distributed in 1964)

June 18 - 24, 2014



here were no Klan robes in sight the night the violent Wolf Pack was born in southwest Mississippi. It was Sunday, May 17, 1964, when McComb Selectman Phillip Brady crawled up on the trailer bed at the Pike County fairgrounds on Wardlaw Road, roughly a mile south of McComb’s all-black Baertown district. Thousands were expected that night. The makeshift stage—a flatbed trailer delivered from Herbert Lamb’s lumber mill by my grandfather—held a podium draped with both American and Confederate flags. While Oscar Ray was no Klansman, he did as Mr. Lamb ordered. Selectman Brady was the second-incommand to Mayor Gordon Burt, the virulently racist East McComb businessman and head of the local Citizens Council, formed in the southern states after the U.S. Supreme Court demanded integration in its 1954 Brown v. Board of Education decision. Brady was there to incite the crowd

of nearly 1,000 white people gathered to oppose what their local newspaper editor Oliver Emmerich had called the “threat of invasion” of college-aged COFO workers. For weeks, whites across the county had been reading unrestrained newspaper articles describing how these civil-rights activists were preparing to descend on Mississippi within weeks to register African Americans to vote. Phillip Brady had served honorably with the Navy in the South Pacific. When Brady returned to McComb during the mid-1940s, Lit Alford, a local oilman and business owner, helped him establish the WAPF radio station within the downtown Pike Hotel on Front Street. Using his airwaves as an influential tool for the segregationist cause, and his control over the police force through his elected position, Brady would forge an infamous legacy for himself over the summer of 1964. Brady was already well-known throughout the white community as the head of the First Baptist Church’s “n*gger committee.” This assemblage of outspoken Christian gentlemen would wait in the church’s vestibule of the church to intercept and block African Americans who tried to enter. As Brady greeted the anxious crowd of white faces on that Sunday night in May, he made sure to mention how regrettable it was

that the mayor was out of town and unable to personally welcome such a distinguished guest as the leader of the Alabama Ku Klux Klan. He then introduced United Klans of America Imperial Wizard Robert Shelton, a Tuscaloosa, Ala., hate monger intent on usurping Klan territory in Mississippi. ‘Under the Heels of Tyranny’ Imperial Wizard Shelton was a cleancut, wiry man who had tried unsuccessfully to blow up Martin Luther King Jr.’s Birmingham hotel room roughly one year earlier. He was dressed in a dark suit, and spoke spiritedly from atop the trailer bed at one end of the horse-show arena, warning his enthralled audience about the threats

“The effect of no more than 800 Yankee young people upon 1,100,000 white Mississippians would have bewildered the 14th-century Saracens who stood manfully against the pitiable young children who sought to rescue the Holy Land and died.” — Hodding Carter Jr. on Mississippi Freedom Summer

that both Negroes and Communists posed to their community. “(The South) is once again under the heels of tyranny!” Shelton proclaimed. A charismatic orator, Shelton warned that the Communists were using the black people of Mississippi as pawns in their master plan of subversion. “If Negro leaders and white liberals are so interested in building up the Negro race, why can’t they use this money to bring the moral standards of the Negro up to our level where they might be better accepted?” Shelton asked. The Klan leader reminded the seething crowd of what northerners had done after winning the Civil War and ending slavery, a time before Jim Crow laws when blacks in Mississippi briefly held statewide office. “The Communists set out in 1925 to ruin the purity of the American race by concentrated use of the misinformed and misguided Negro race,” Shelton stated. “Another Reconstruction is taking place.” Shelton then turned his attention to Curtis Bryant, the black Illinois Central crane operator and NAACP leader who first invited Robert P. Moses to establish a voterregistration program in McComb and Pike County back in 1961. Moses had been a favorite target of area racists three years earlier, and was helping organize the upcom-


Return to Mount Zion by Kayleigh Skinner,

The Hechinger Report

P ing invasion, officially named “Mississippi Freedom Summer.� Klan night riders had bombed Bryant’s Baertown barbershop less than three weeks before the Klan rally. “Has anyone asked the postmaster if the Negro whose barbershop was bombed here recently has had a tremendous increase in mail? It is probable that the local Negro ‘bombing victim’ has received as much as $50,000 to $60,000 in money through the mails since the incident,� Shelton sneered. Joining Shelton and Brady on the stage to welcome the UKA’s newest battalion of Christian soldiers—a motley group that would infamously become known as the “Wolf Pack�—were retired local tailor Ernest Jackson, Rev. Winfred Lowery of the Johnston Station Baptist Church and Rev. J.C. Brown of Brookhaven’s Marinatha Baptist Church, the Enterprise-Journal reported. Seeing Red, Fearing Black It is fascinating to consider the profound psychological effect that the Communist threat had on Shelton’s audience. Most Mississippians did not know a single Red, and the days of the 1930s, when the American Communist Party had boasted a couple hundred thousand members, had long since passed. By this point, fewer than 10,000 remained nationwide, but to the emotional minds of these simple, woodland people, such statistics were of little consequence. Shelton’s incendiary words, thus, struck a chord with the men gathered at the fairgrounds that night. McComb oilman Emmett Thornhill, an illiterate millionaire who had fanned the segregationist flames for many years, gloated to the Associated Press the next day about the rally’s success. Drunk on his own propaganda, Thornhill claimed that the Klan currently had “a third of the votes in Mississippi,� bragging that current membership logs contained the names of over 96,000 individuals statewide and more than 3,000 Pike Countians. “Hell, we might even hold a statewide rally near Jackson this summer,� he added triumphantly. When questioned about the assembly on Wardlaw Road, Thornhill stated: “We left it open for the public. We don’t want folks to think we’re going out to beat up some poor

old Negroes. We’re not against the Negroes, we’re against the Communists.� Asked about law enforcement, Thornhill added: “They haven’t bothered us. Besides, a lot of them are members, anyway.� Indeed, the rally enjoyed an impressive turnout of state patrolmen, county deputies, and city police officers. Thornhill also defended the mass cross burnings at varying Pike County locales throughout the preceding months, including in front of the home of “moderate� Enterprise-Journal Editor Oliver Emmerich. They were intended “to lighten people up that’s in the dark,� he said. Thornhill, though, must have been disappointed in the turnout for Shelton. He had bought radio and newspaper advertisements to promote the event and had boldly predicted in Emmerich’s Enterprise-Journal that between 15,000 and 20,000 persons would come to hear Shelton speak. Still, with its 1,000 participants, it was the largest Klan rally in the county’s history. With Christian Reverence In U.S. history, the Ku Klux Klan— which W.J. Cash called “the sentimental cult of the Confederate soldier� in his 1941 classic “Mind of the South�— has reared its ugly head in dramatic fashion three times, including its creation after the Civil War to scare newly freed slaves away from the ballot box. The Klan’s level of prestige peaked in the 1920s, when 5 million Klansmen represented nearly 20 percent of the American voting population—especially after D.W. Griffith’s silent film “The Birth of a Nation� romanticized the Klan in 1915. New Klansmen used the film as a recruiting tool as they rebirthed the group in Stone Mountain, Ga., the same year. In the 1960s, thousands of men in Mississippi would rally once more for a final clash with the Yankees, one last battle against the American thesis. This glorious struggle would be their Thermopylae. Until Robert Shelton and the UKA came to Pike County that Sunday, a MisPRUH9,2/(176800(5VHHSDJH

“These three young men gave their lives, gave their blood. We have a moral obligation, a mission and a mandate to run to the polls and vote like we never voted before.’’ –U.S. Rep. John Lewis, D-Ga.


Bob Moses spoke at the Old Capitol Museum on June 2, 2014, warning that Jim Crow is still with the state and the nation in public education. He urged young people to fight for their rights.

hiladelphia, Miss.—David Goodman was a teenager in New York City when his brother Andrew and two young civil rights workers disappeared in this small town in Neshoba County. On Saturday, June 14, a day before attending a 50-year anniversary ceremony in their honor, Goodman drove the deserted country road, south of Philadelphia, where the trio died. The tour brought him back 50 years, to the evening when city police arrested Andrew Goodman, James Chaney and Michael Schwerner, held them in jail without phone calls and then ordered them to leave town after they drove up from Meridian to investigate the Klan burning of Mt. Zion Methodist Church, out in the county east of town. A group of Ku Klux Klan members, including law enforcement, kidnapped and then murdered them on Rock Cut Road, then took their bodies west of town and buried them beneath a dam that was under construction. Their bodies were not found for 44 days, after an informant tipped off the FBI to their location. “I was 17 when they were taken from us,� Goodman, 68, recalled on Sunday night, attending an emotional memorial service at the church filled with pleas to improve education in Mississippi and the nation. “I never understood that somebody could be killed because they wanted to vote.� Goodman has made it his personal mission to make sure painful lessons from the past and his brother’s sacrifice are never lost or forgotten. He now runs the Andrew Goodman Foundation, which helps young people get involved in social justice by placing them with organizations tailored to their personal interests. Andrew was only 20 when he came to Mississippi the day before he was killed in 1964. Schwerner, a New Yorker, was already working with Chaney, a black activist from Meridian, to run a Freedom School in Meridian, where black people could, among other things, study for the literacy test that whites were using to keep them from registering to vote. Goodman had trained in Oxford, Ohio, among other volunteers to take part in Mississippi Freedom Summer, a massive drive to set up Freedom Schools and register black people to vote, designed in no small part to bring national attention to what was happening to African Americans in Mississippi. The influx of young idealists from across the U.S did not sit well with most white Mississippians, many of whom supported efforts to reestablish the Klan in 1964 to deal with the summer “invasion.� On Sunday, family members of all three slain men joined fellow civil-rights leaders and members of the community inside the rebuilt church Mt. Zion for the commemorative service, organized by Pastor Peggy Gibson. They called for better education as a key to lifting Mississippi out of its dark past. Goodman expressed appreciation for the people of Philadelphia and their efforts to do the same. “I’ve been here quite a few times,� he said. “This is a little church in rural Mississippi, and it’s so sophisticated how they put it together (the ceremony). This is sacred ground. It’s an important memorial to people who were willing to do things.� Gibson has been at Mt. Zion for seven years and said she was humbled by the sacrifice Goodman, Chaney and Schwerner made, which the church commemorates every year on the anniversary of their murders. “My members say things are a whole lot better. The intimidation was terrible,� Gibson said. “For them they see that it has improved a lot, but for me it was going back in time.�



sissippi-based Klan organization run by Sam Bowers of Laurel, the White Knights, was dominating anti-black terrorism in south Mississippi. By February 1964, Sam Bowers—a 40-year-old career bachelor, World War II veteran and the owner of a vendingmachine company in Laurel—had wrested control of the White Knights away from founder Douglas Byrd. In Bowers’ opinion, the Klansmen of Mississippi were far too passive in early 1964 to properly battle the coming civil-rights invasion. Together with Grand Dragon Julius Harper, the Klan Bureau of Investigation Director Ernest Gilbert, and a sociopathic preacher from Neshoba County named Edgar Ray Killen, Bowers began opening scores of Klaverns throughout the Pine Belt. Bowers made it clear that the White Knights’ mission was not just to torment the northern agitators, but to assassinate COFO’s leaders. The imperial wizard accumulated more than 5,000 followers in only a few months for his “holy crusade,” telling recruits they would need “a solemn, determined Spirit of Christian Reverence.” If they were ordered to kill someone, “it should be done with no malice, in complete silence, and in the manner of a Christian act.” On Feb. 15, 1964, Bowers called a secret conclave near Brookhaven, a town 20 miles north of McComb, directing 200 of his new followers into the deepest woods of Lincoln County with the help of Coca-Cola cartons left along the route like breadcrumbs. Bowers made sure that security was hermetic that night. Men patrolled the perimeter, some on horseback, staying in constant communication on walkie-talkies. Along the margin where field met forest, more Klansmen were stationed with .45 automatics clearly visible on their hips. From time to time, some stepped casually to the tree line and enjoyed a swig of the winter-chilled moonshine hidden in the bushes. Anxiously awaiting Bowers, most of the Klansmen gathered in tightly like a sinister waddle of Emperor penguins around a flatbed trailer. After the Klan Kludd (spiritual adviser) delivered the benediction, the star of the show took center stage. “Fellow Klansmen, you know why we are here,” Bowers shouted. “We are here to discuss what we are going to do about COFO’s n*gger-communist invasion of Mississippi which will begin in a few months.” He told the naïve rednecks how a “pincer movement of agitation,” comprised of federal troops and Communist indoctrination, would soon threaten their southern traditions. In the frigid air, Bowers’ voice floated on clouds of steam: “If this martial law is imposed, our homes and our lives and our arms will pass under the complete control of the enemy, and he will have won his victory.” The group’s path toward infamy began that night, as Bowers announced the return of the night rides.

It was Stone Mountain all over again. Bowers’ tentacles soon spread into all facets of Klan activities in southwest Mississippi. After the meeting, Klaverns appeared all across the Pearl River region, and Klansmen from Meadville and Natchez committed several murders over the next several months as Freedom Summer unfolded, including the murders of Charles Moore and Henry Dee. Bowers’ Meridian chapter soon found itself carrying out the iconic Philadelphia murders on Father’s Day, 1964. The White Knights’ influence on Pike County would have been similar, but a few wealthy McComb patrons, including Emmett Thornhill and Phillip Brady, helped

Southern Bell. To his neighbors, Smith was a pleasant guy, and even served as a deacon at the East McComb Baptist Church. One of his brothers was the fire chief, and his brother “Goose” worked for the gas company. Ray was candid and passionate about his beliefs. After all, to be an Exalted Cyclops, and to lead the salivating members of the night brigade, one truly needed to be a scoundrel of the highest order. With large monetary contributions collected from Emmett Thornhill, Ed Wilkins, Gene Deer and C.C. Warner, the proud anarchists of Klavern #700 dug in, their broadswords gleaming, and prepared for the Communistinspired blitzkrieg. GEORGE BALLIS

June 18 - 24, 2014


In this scene inside COFO’s state headquarters in Jackson on Lynch Street, Mary King, assistant to SNCC’s communications director, Julian Bond, is on the phone, talking to the media. After years of neglect, the COFO Center is now restored as an educational facility.

Robert Shelton and the UKA easily win over the locals. Still, while the UKA dominated Pike County, neighboring counties remained loyal to Bowers and the White Knights. A Klavern BOOM In the days following Shelton’s speech, virtually every White Knight in the county abandoned Sam Bowers’ organization to join the UKA, and eight new Klaverns were formed. Local men, including Ray Smith, J.M. Foster, John Brumfield, H.H. Mathews and J.R. Morgan, assumed the roles of chapter presidents, or Exalted Cyclops. By far, the most militant of these Klaverns belonged to Ray Smith—an East McComb resident and a local executive for

Local Klansmen believed that to embrace integration, and the coming invasion of college activists, was to accept everything about Yankeedom that they found so revolting. If the spear of segregation needed a point, the guerillas of Pike County were more than willing to prove it. Unspeakable acts of brutality could happen in these woods—just as they had in the past—while remaining free from the national publicity provided by all those pesky news cameras. After all, there simply were not enough federal bayonets to guard every isolated church and family dwelling scattered across this immense forest. Since the winter months, Klan night riders had marched and burned through the

state at will. Dozens of cross-burnings had flared in the Pike County area alone in the first half of 1964, and within days of Shelton’s McComb rally, more than 60 of Mississippi’s 82 counties reported seeing these fiery displays. As the crosses proved ineffective against the more determined Burglund and Baertown activists, hooded bombers, members of the Wolf Pack, began to target black churches, homes and businesses. In the minds of the quasi-crusaders, as long as the outcome benefitted the white establishment, even the most disgusting means became acceptable and heroic. ‘In Treasure and Blood’ Across the state, the irresponsibility of the state’s newspaper editors was astounding in those pre-Freedom Summer days as they wrapped Mississippians in the purest demagoguery and stripped them naked in the face of terror. Voter registration would spell the doom of their cotton-patch Camelot. This new threat, this inevitable invasion, was, as W.J. Cash phrased it, “a challenge to (the southerner’s) universal illusion of being the chosen son of heaven, and so an intolerable affront to his ego, to be put down at any cost in treasure and blood.” Throughout May, unrestrained headlines, like “Mississippi Armed for Summer” and “Planned Invasion in Mississippi,” ran across the front pages of McComb’s Enterprise-Journal. The paper told readers that state officials had armed themselves with “new laws and techniques to combat an expected influx of civil rights workers,” but all the average McComb resident heard was “invasion.” The volatile personality of the southern frontiersman was ready to show its teeth. They didn’t need the state; local captains had the situation well in hand. During the last week of May, Emmerich and most every other editor in Mississippi officially dubbed the upcoming summer an “invasion.” In McComb, people were already panicked about a Communist takeover, so the Enterprise-Journal’s newest article only bolstered the unrest. Nervous frontiersmen stood at a defining moment for their AngloSaxon culture, and were ready to meet the small contingent of college students—akin to the medieval Children’s Crusade—with all the fervor they could muster. Emmerich’s front-page editorials outlined community preparations for the “invasion” while pleading with McComb citizens to act responsibly. He warned his readers on May 29: “Our conclusion is that we should all try to relax. May we, on September 1, look back on the summer of 1964 and be able to truthfully say, ‘We met a crisis with maturity. We did not panic. We exercised restraint. We upheld the dignity of the law. We met a challenge intelligently.” Such restraint was not to be. ‘I’ll Shoot You In Two’ June 1964 was quickly shaping up

to be a volatile month, both in Mississippi and with vitriolic civil-rights debate in the U.S. Congress. The U.S. Senate was nearing completion of 10 weeks of long-winded filibusters coming from the Dixiecrat contingent. It might have been the moment these demagogues, the supreme masters of the stump, had been groomed for all their lives. Republicans and non-Southern Democrats were tantalizingly close to getting the votes necessary to invoke cloture to halt the filibusters. With the magic number of senators growing nearer, the broadsword clansmen of Mississippi became even more desperate and impetuous. Their worst nightmare was coming true. Segregation would soon be outlawed. The passage of civil-rights legislation was guaranteed only a few days later when 71 senators collectively ended the filibuster. White people in Pike County were beyond hysterical. As June slowly drudged along, a 54year-old black railroad worker named Ivey Gutter arrived at his Burglund home around 4:30 in the afternoon. Gutter worked for the Illinois Central for almost 20 years, and due to this seniority, he made slightly more money than the younger white men who shared the railroad yard. A great many of his co-workers were young, impulsive Klansmen who, utterly dissatisfied with Gutter’s higher wages and membership in the NAACP, decided to remind him of his second-class position in McComb society. As Ivey walked up the path to his home on June 11, 1964, he met a pugnacious, hooded quartet armed with pistols and shotguns. In broad daylight, they beat him unconscious with metal clubs before abducting him. When Gutter came to, he found himself lying across the back seat of a Klansman’s

Architects of Freedom Summer, religious leaders and family members of the murdered men gathered at Mt. Zion in Philadelphia on June 14 to honor them.

mayor of Philadelphia, also spoke. “Welcome to a new day in Neshoba County. You don’t have to worry about somebody taking you off to jail.� The hundreds of other volunteers who devoted their lives to the civil-rights struggle and are not often recognized for their efforts were also mentioned during the service.

car with one man sitting on his legs and another astride his shoulders. The Klansmen drove him to a secluded spot outside of town, and then hounded the aging activist mercilessly about his NAACP affiliation. Occasionally, he was punched in the stomach or the face. The terrified black man tried to glance over his shoulder at one point, but was quickly warned, “Don’t you look back, or I’ll shoot you in two!� After extracting whatever information they could, the men told Gutter to start walking. The kidnappers drove away, leaving him stranded several miles from home. Luckily, a friend of Gutter’s lived not too far away, but when the bewildered railroad worker tried to call his wife, he found that his home’s phone line had been cut. That evening, Dr. Tom Mayer X-rayed Ivey at the local infirmary and gave him eight

“Don’t go into Mississippi with your eyes closed. You must understand that there are significant risks.� — Bob Moses to Freedom Summer volunteers training in Oxford, Ohio, in June 1964

stitches to the scalp. While at the doctor’s office, Sheriff Warren interviewed Gutter, who disclosed that the abductors’ car was a 1954 two-door Chevrolet with a black top and a white bottom. He also disclosed that other occupants of the vehicle had called the driver “Charles� several times, and it had been “Charles� who headed the inquisition. Despite those clues, Sheriff Warren never pursued an investigation into the matter.

Between hymns and tributes, Gibson presented “Drum Major for Justice� trophies to former Gov. William Winter and former Secretary of State Dick Molpus, a Philadelphia native who has long publicly apologized to the families on behalf of his hometown and the state. The award takes its name from a famous Martin Luther King Jr. quote. Throughout the service, speakers made the point that while Philadelphia may be in a better place today, there is still work to be done half a century later. “It was very hard for me to come back to this church the first time. I thought about James, Andrew and Michael, and I cried,� said U.S. Rep John Lewis, D-Ga., a civil-rights veteran. “These three young men gave their lives, gave their blood. We have a moral obligation, a mission, and a mandate to run to the polls and vote like we never voted before.� The Hechinger Report, a nonpartisan, nonprofit news service affiliated with Teachers College, Columbia University, produced this report.

‘I Couldn’t See Them’ One week after the attack of Ivey Gutter, and days before Freedom Summer kicked off, a black mechanic named Wilbert Lewis was at work on Pearl River Avenue when an unknown man came into Matthews’ Motor Company complaining of a leaking gas bowl. The fellow’s car was just “down the street,� he said, claiming to be in a real pinch. At about 4:45 p.m. on June 18, Lewis’ boss, Howard H. Matthews (a local Exalted Cyclops) told him “to get a pair of pliers and a screwdriver,� and to accompany the customer to where the car had allegedly broken down. The unknown man drove Lewis a mile or two out Berthadale Road, in south McComb, before they came to the vehicle parked with the hood propped open. As he approached the vehicle, another man was stooped over the engine, so Lewis asked him what the problem seemed to be. For a moment, there was no response. As Wilbert began to speak again, the stooped-over individual suddenly produced a pistol, and placed it forcefully to the side of Lewis’ head. The frightened mechanic stood motionless, staring at the ground, not able to see their faces. The gunman ordered Wilbert into the back of the car, onto the floorboard, and then two additional men came out of the nearby bushes, wearing black hoods. They placed a canvass bag over his head. The captors drove Wilbert around for almost half an hour until they reached an isolated, wooded area near the one-time county seat of Holmesville. They forcibly removed him from the car, assaulted him and forced him at gunpoint to disrobe. They then removed the sack from his head and bound him with chains to a tree. As one man held a pistol to his temple, the other kidnappers grilled Lewis about

numerous NAACP members and meeting places. The Klansmen wanted to know if rumors of an upcoming COFO civil-rights project in Pike County were true and where these reviled intruders would be housed. When they found an answer unacceptable, the terrorists took turns striking him with a three-foot leather strap converted into a “cat-o-nine-tails�—a multi-tailed whip used for severe punishment. The first lash caused the victim to scream in agony. “If you yell again, your brains will be left on the side of the tree,� one of the men responded. The “cat� struck Wilbert more than 50 times, with many lashes leaving severe whelps along his back and the backs of his legs. After the beating, the men placed a noose around his neck, and for several moments tossed about the notion of lynching him, but decided not to. “Can you run?� one man asked Lewis. “Yessir,� he responded. “Tell Reverend Dickey to be damn careful about being round Liberty and Amite County,� one of them warned. Dickey was a local minister and Lewis’ father-in-law. When Lewis reached down to pull up his pants, they struck him a few more times. He started running down a dirt trail, and after covering what he believed to be about a mile, found a creek where the path suddenly ended. Lewis left the worn thoroughfare, forded the river, and traversed through the forest until a proper road appeared. As he stumbled onto the gravel, a local black man spotted the bewildered mechanic and offered him a ride back to McComb. In an unusual move for a Mississippi newspaper then, the Enterprise-Journal rePRUH9,2/(176800(5VHHSDJH

After the choir opened the ceremony with “We’ve Come This Far By Faith,â€? a family member spoke for each of the victims. “Although these three lives were cut short, their lives were not in vain,â€? said Angela Lewis, daughter of James Chaney. “The only way that any of those lives will have been in vain will be if the work is not continued; if we do not take advantage of the sacrifices that were made for us.â€? Rita Schwerner-Bender, the widow of Michael Schwerner who was also a Freedom Summer volunteer in Meridian, spoke about the need to keep lessons from the past alive. She called for better funding of the state’s schools and noted: “Public education must be a constitutional right. We cannot go back to where we were ‌ in the 1950s and ’60s. Black Mississippians attempted to break the stranglehold, but there is a great deal of work yet to be done.â€? James Young, the first black




Thursday / June 19 / 5:30 – 7 PM Museum After Hours Thursday / June 19 / 7 – 9 PM Downtown Jazz Friday / June 20 / 10:30 AM Look and Learn with Hoot

June 18, 19, 23 ,24, 25 We’re extending our hours to celebrate the USA International Ballet Competition and the Freedom Summer 50th anniversary.

Sunday / June 22 / 3 PM “Freedom in Mississippi Series” Lecture by Deborah Solomon, Norman Rockwell biographer and former art critic of The Wall Street Journal.

Monday / June 23 / 6:30 PM Movie Night in The Art Garden “The Red Shoes” (movie begins at dusk)

Thursday / June 26 / 8 – 11 PM Freedom Summer 1964: The Soundtrack Sunday / June 29 / 3 PM “Freedom in Mississippi Series”

follow @msmuseumart #TheArtGarden

Discussion about art responding to the Civil Rights Movement. Featuring Mary Lovelace O’Neal, Floyd Coleman and Akili Ron Anderson.


June 18 - 24, 2014




A R C H I T E C T S , P. A . W W W. D U VA L L D E C K E R .C O M . R O Y T. D E C K E R , A I A . A N N E M A R I E D E C K E R , A I A


9,2/(176800(5IURPSDJH speculated her home may have been dynamited by mistake.â€? In addition, local black activist C.C. Bryant’s home was bombed on June 22. ‘Off the Front Page’ As the Wolf Pack’s bombings, beatings and harassment continued and increased that June, white residents became steadily

Black citizens fill out voter registration forms at the Forrest County Courthouse in 1964. The sign on the wall illustrates the ordeal of public exposure applicants faced, a tactic used to discourage black registration. Applicants could lose jobs or have their houses firebombed after their names were published in the local newspaper.

continued in Pike County that didn’t attract nearly as much attention as the abduction of the three young men. Bombs Away Just one night removed from the disgraceful murders of the three civil rights activists in Neshoba County, a black schoolteacher from Baton Rouge, La., was sleeping in the front bedroom of activist Freddie Bates’ Summit Street home in McComb. She was awakened by the sound of a car braking and crept to the window after hearing two car doors shut. Peering through the blinds, the boarder was horrified to see two white men lighting the fuses on multiple sticks of dynamite. As the vigilantes prepared to make an example of Bates on June 22, the woman hastily retreated toward the back of the house, screaming wildly along the way. Bates and another boarder awoke just in time to hear a massive explosion, then crashing glass. The bomb blew off the front porch of the house, and boards fell from the ceiling. Two more explosions rocked homes in the black communities of Burglund and Baertown that night. Around 10 p.m., and only a few blocks away from the first explosion, Corine Andrews’ home was bombed. Andrews worked as a cook for local white drugstore tycoon Norman Gillis Sr., and according to Charles Gordon in the Enterprise-Journal, she “(had) no known connection with civil rights cases and several persons

more irritated with the constant stream of negative front-page news in the EnterpriseJournal. From their languid perspective, the violent campaign against Burglund residents was not affecting them directly, so why should they be forced to read about it? Many readers felt that the stories of bombings and barbarism—including an extensive, firsthand account of Wilbert Lewis’ abduction and beating—reflected poorly on the community, and they did. However, it was an accurate reflection. Managing Editor Charles Dunagin responded to these criticisms in the EnterpriseJournal on June 25: “It is the incidents themselves that cause the image and not the news reports so long as the reports are accurate and objective. Just because something goes unreported doesn’t mean it hasn’t happened.� Dunagin—who led the paper for 20 years after Emmerich’s death in 1978— boldly challenged accepted local customs by stating, “If some of the things which are reported don’t look so good to the community, then its citizens should think about correcting what is wrong rather than wishing that the news could be suppressed.� A bomb threat was called into the newspaper office the next day. On the night of the 27th, Klansmen hurled a bottle at Dunagin’s home on Westview Circle in McComb. They intended for the bottle to penetrate a front window, but it hit a screen before bouncing onto the lawn. A note, created by a stamping device, was found in an envelope tied to the

bottle of kerosene. It stated the following to the free-thinking, liberal reporter: “Dunagin Keep anti civil rights action off the front page or move. Work with us, or against us and take the hard way. Take heed. KKK� The editor’s reaction was not the one Klan leaders had anticipated. Though not born in Pike County, the Hattiesburg native shared their frontier zeal. He removed a loaded shotgun from the hall closet, and then let it be known throughout McComb that he was willing to use it. With communal anxiety escalating, Emmerich summoned the big man himself, Emmett Thornhill, to the newspaper office for a conference. Thornhill sauntered in off the street reeking of Kent cigarettes, his distended belly hanging over a gleaming silver belt buckle. The magnitude of the moment could clearly be seen on his stern, weather-beaten face. He removed his wide-brimmed hat, and asked to speak with Emmerich and Dunagin. Behind the closed doors of Emmerich’s office, Dunagin warned the Klan sugar daddy that if anything were to happen to his family, it would be Thornhill who would be looking over his shoulder. Such a move took courage, and though the Pike County bombing campaign continued terrorizing black residents and their white supporters through the summer—leading to McComb’s moniker as the “Bombing Capital of the World� for a time—the Dunagin house would not be targeted again. Opening the Closed Society On June 29, 1964, the Mississippi Municipal Association hurriedly adopted a resolution requiring incoming civil-rights activists to register with local police departments upon their arrivals in various towns. Allegedly, this was a protective measure to ensure that no harm would come to the young people, but the safety of a bunch of Yankee meddlers was the last thing on the mind of the white establishment. As June gave way to July, an EnterpriseJournal article announced—to the relief of white McComb—that members of COFO would not descend upon Pike County as early as expected. For the moment, Bob Moses and other Freedom Summer leadership had decided that the area was still too intransigent, and therefore refrained from sending any of COFO’s limited volunteers there. It had been three agonizing years since Moses had founded the state’s first voterregistration school in Burglund, and during that time, the Camellia City had safeguarded both the ballot box and the sacred institution of segregation. In order to finally open the closed society of Mississippi, its most closed community would have to be liberated. Accordingly, the postponement would only be a temporary measure, and the return of mass civil unrest was now firmly guaranteed. PRUH9,2/(176800(5VHHSDJH

‘There Are Significant Risks’ By mid-June 1964, as the Wolf Pack continued its terror campaign to crush out civil-rights activity, all speculation had ended about whether or not COFO’s “Freedom Summer� would actually materialize. Newspapers and conservative editors across Mississippi ominously warned of students gathering at a sycamore-shaded women’s college in Oxford, Ohio, to make preparations for “a summer in Mississippi.� Droves of activists were arriving there by Volkswagen, beat-up old Fords, motorcycles and Greyhound buses. Reality began to set in as emotional Pike Countians now knew the invasion would officially commence within a week or two. The young people in Ohio, predominantly Ivy League undergraduates from Cornell, Princeton, Harvard and Stanford universities, received a crash course in civil-rights activism, including how to engage in nonviolence when under attack. There, Freedom Summer organizer Bob Moses warned an auditorium filled with these trailblazers of racial tolerance: “Don’t go into Mississippi with your eyes closed. You must understand that there are significant risks.� Among the roughly 200 young men and women training in Ohio that June was a 20-year-old New York Jew named Andrew Goodman. When he had left the University of Wisconsin to travel to Ohio, this unassuming student had no idea that he would soon become a part of the Hospitality State’s most infamous civil-rights slaying on the first official day of Mississippi Freedom Summer. That day, June 21, 1964, Bowers’ White Knights abducted and executed Goodman, along with two other COFO workers, white New Yorker Michael Schwerner and black Mississippian James Cheney, on the lonely Rock Cut Road south of Philadelphia in Neshoba County. Their bodies, and thus proof of their murder, were not found until Aug. 4, and then thanks to a Klan informant. For the six weeks that the bodies of Chaney, Goodman and Schwerner lay under

a dam in Neshoba County, fellow COFO activists frantically searched for them, joined by national media and federal agents, even as white Mississippians—and the Neshoba Democrat newspaper—claimed that their disappearance was a “hoax� planned by civilrights organizers, while others justified that they “came down here looking for trouble.� Meanwhile, a wave of Klan violence MATT HERRON

ported Wilbert’s full account of the kidnapping and torture the next day on the front page. Within his report to the FBI, Lewis described the car that had picked him up at the motor company as a 1960 “blue-green� Chevrolet, and the car that was used to drive him to the woods of Holmesville as a 1950 “dirty green� Plymouth. Lewis was not sure, but he believed he could identify the man who came to Matthews’ Motor Company, telling agents that “the man was 28 to 30, weighed 175 to 180 and smoked Lucky Strike cigarettes.� This report was forwarded to the U.S. Justice Department, along with information about a beating of three visiting New York journalists a couple weeks earlier. In response, swarms of federal agents came to McComb to investigate. Tips were coming in already of other local blacks being beaten in similar fashion the same month.


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June 18 - 24, 2014



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During the Ku Klux Klan’s revival in the 1960s, the United Klans of America, headed then by Robert Shelton of Tuscaloosa, Ala., competed with other Klan groups in Mississippi and around the South. Here the UKA rallies near Edinburg in Leake County.

On July 2, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed into law the public accommodations phase of the Civil Rights Act. The new law banned major forms of discrimination against minorities, including “the unequal application of voter registration requirements and racial segregation in public schools, at the workplace and by facilities that serve the general public.” Among the state’s many segregationists, this sickening moment rivaled, if not exceeded, the tragedy of that blackest of Mondays in 1954. Gov. Paul Johnson—who had called the NAACP “n*ggers, alligators, apes, coons, and possums”— publicly prognosticated “some real trouble” when blacks attempted to desegregate Mississippi’s public facilities. State leaders advised restaurant and hotel owners to defy the new laws until they had been tested first in the courts. In response, McComb’s Norman Gillis Sr. turned his drugstore into a “private club,” and most other local merchants followed suit.

COFO invasion, the necessity for the organization had returned, and Arsene Dick, an electrical contractor in Summit, was elected chapter president. He claimed adamantly that APWR was “in no way associated with the Ku Klux Klan,” but basically, the two were mirror images. Dick had fought during World War II to preserve his vision of America, and had come to “deeper religious convictions” after his military service. To him, the Lord was essential to the work of this organization, and he bluntly stated during a newspaper interview, “They took God Almighty out of everything, and that’s our trouble today.” Of singular importance to the APWR was the need to “encourage” the funneling of money exclusively into the hands of white business owners. The manipulative power of the boycott was just as appealing to the APWR as it had been to the Citizens Council in years past. By the beginning of summer, there were already more than 30 chapters functioning from Liberty to Grenada. The white fundamentalists in Mc-

Comb—plagued endlessly by wild disinformation—were convinced that the Communist Party was exploiting black people for the benefit of its own agenda, and the apocalyptic threats of integration and amalgamation were just over the next hill. Never did a break in the editorial hogwash appear when the hysterical white citizens might have taken a deep breath and composed themselves. Furthermore, the potential of Klan terrorism was never fully divorced from moderate minds. It became painfully obvious to the prointegrationist minority living in Burglund and Baertown that changing a law on paper alone was not going to alter generations of deeply ingrained bigotry. Unrestrained Enterprise-Journal articles, mainly the handiwork of Charles Gordon, but nonetheless approved by Oliver Emmerich, were reckless as they hammered emotional absurdities into the undiscerning minds of men with dynamite and shotguns. Purely stated, this was a recipe for disaster, as antiquated views remained quite popular in the wooded river basin midway through the 1960s. Even the slightest inkling of public liberalism could still have dire consequences in Pike County. An unavoidable metamorphosis, still unborn, would be required to change the collective mind of the Camellia City, but until then, there would be a great deal of anger and sorrow felt over the coming months. As the most rabid segregationists manned the ramparts of the citadel, the starry-eyed COFO invaders would soon understand all too well that a long struggle for victory still lay ahead. With unfounded fears looming in every direction, the melodramatic townspeople urgently needed to let go of the past. However, escaping the ghosts of their Confederate ancestors was proving difficult. Emotional instability had reached a fever pitch, and McComb was now prepped for a lengthy series of explosive events. The eerie calm that had followed the passage of the Civil Rights Act was about to be replaced by another wave of violence, and the unimaginable terrorism that Bob Moses had foreshadowed a few years earlier was on the verge of fruition. The story of the violence of Freedom Summer continues in Part 2 in early July in the Jackson Free Press. This excerpt is from McComb native David Ray’s upcoming book on McComb’s intense role in the Civil Rights Movement, “Mississippi’s Masada: How A Race War Created the Bombing Capital of the World.” His eBook detailing the violent response to Freedom Summer, “Violent Summer: When Klansmen Tyranny Stalked Mississippi,” is available for purchase at Email him at You can comment on or view a source list for this excerpt at

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Dynamite and Shotguns With paranoia and discord already high among the unsettled white community, McComb finally received news in early July that the delayed arrival of COFO volunteers was over, and their unwanted guests would be there in days. In reaction to the announcement, many frontiersmen—some of whom were already members of one or more of the local Klaverns—found additional solace in the newly re-established Pike County branch of the Americans for the Preservation of the White Race, or APWR. Facing the amplified rhetoric of the


Within days of COFO’s announcement, Moses stood before Mississippi’s civil-rights advisory committee describing five racial killings recently committed in the southwest corner of the state and asserting that Natchez Klansmen were currently “funneling” firearms into the hands of their Pike County brothers. Moses also warned that members of local Klaverns were alleged to be “heavily armed with automatic weapons and hand grenades.” At the same time, impending civilrights legislation remained an ominous threat, and the already desperate white men of Pike County grew more defensive.


Trey McIntyre PROJECT

The art of Edward Gorey. The music of Queen. The brilliance of Trey McIntyre.

7:30 p.m. Thursday, June 19 Thalia Mara Hall Tickets $15 – Buy online at or call 601-973-9249*


Celebrated for its distinct American voice and hallmark musicality, Trey McIntyre Project presents one of its final performances as a fulltime touring company. McIntyre, lauded as “a bright light‌a brainy ballet choreographerâ€? by the Los Angeles Times, and Matthew Neenan, also celebrated for his award-winning choreography, are in Jackson to guide semifinalists performing their works in Round II, the all-contemporary round of the USA International Ballet Competition. Round II performances are at 7:30 p.m. Friday, Saturday and Sunday. *Processing/handling fees apply except on cash purchases at Box Office/Open 10 a.m.- Curtain on Performance Days / 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. on Non-performance Days

.S(SFHPSZ"%S+FOOJGFS4DIVMNFJFSt5FMMVT0QFSBUJOH(SPVQ 398 Hwy. 51 • Ridgeland, MS (601) 853-3299 •

This performance is funded in part by a grant from South Arts in partnership with the National Endowment for the Arts and the Mississippi Arts Commission and is sponsored in part by the Greater Jackson Arts Council. With support from the City of Jackson, funding in part by the Mississippi Development Authority, and a grant from the Jackson Convention & Visitors Bureau. IBC_2014_6.875x8.975.indd 1

June 18 - 24, 2014






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Hone your skills, gain valuable experience and college credit* by interning with the Jackson Free Press. You set your hours, and attend free training workshops. We currently have openings in the following areas: • Editorial/News • Photography • Cultural/Music Writing • Fashion/Style

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Interested? E-mail, telling us why you want to intern with us and what makes you the ideal candidate. *College credit available to currently enrolled college students in select disciplines.


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June 18 - 24, 2014

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Young Talent by Julie Skipper



hough a mere 25 years old, Chef John Michael Smith of Sombra Mexican Kitchen in Ridgeland is a seasoned veteran of restaurants. Smith’s first job in high school was as a dishwasher at Madison’s Pizza Inn (119 Colony Crossing Way, Suite 600, Madison, 601-605-2122). “So I could earn the money to buy a car,” he says. After paying his dues there, he moved on to Char (4500 Interstate 55 Frontage Road, Suite 142, 601-956-9562), where he advanced from dishwasher to line cook under Chef Patrick Harley. When Harley moved on to help open the Ridgeland location of Biaggi’s (970 Highland Colony Parkway, Ridgeland, 601-354-6600) in 2007, Smith followed him. While there, he initially kept his role as a line cook, but under Harley’s mentoring, he advanced to sous chef. After a little more than a year in that position, a new opportunity presented itself. Smith’s wife worked for JHS Holdings, the restaurant group that owns Amerigo and Char, and when the group decided to open Sombra in 2011, she encouraged her husband to interview at the restaurant. Things went well, and Smith joined the opening team. He says the process of opening Biaggi’s proved helpful. However, Sombra presented new challenges to him because, rather than a new location of an existing chain, the team was creating a whole new restaurant concept from the ground up, from design to drinks and menu. Assembling a new staff included recruiting some familiar faces; Smith has worked with several of the kitchen crew members during his Char and Biaggi’s days. He believes that shared history lends an important sense of camaraderie to the team, as well as valuable experience in knowing how each person works. In running the Sombra kitchen, the lessons learned during Smith’s time under Harley have come in handy. “He really helped me learn how to deal with people from a management perspective,” Smith says. He has found that working with others is an important part of his leadership role on the Sombra team. The Mexican-restaurant environment is new to Smith, and it keeps things casual and fun. He enjoys seeing a lot of families in the restaurant enjoying dinner together. One of his favorite items on the menu is his own creation: the quesadilla burger, which has pico de gallo, cheese and guacamole and is served between two crisped tortillas instead of on a bun. (Not surprisingly for a burger lover, he enjoys grilling out on his down time away from the restaurant, too.) Just in time for spring, the restaurant updated the menu to add some new items focusing on fresh fish—which Smith is eager for customers to try—while keeping popular favorites such as the fajitas. Sombra keeps Smith busy, but that’s what’s kept him in the restaurant industry over the years. “I like the always-on-the-go aspect of it,” he says. But he’s got his eye on the future, too. “I like my job a lot … but eventually I’d like to open my own place one day,” he says.

Sombra Mexican Kitchen Chef John Michael Smith may be young, but he’s a restaurant veteran.


LIFE&STYLE | wellness

Honor in Nursing by ShaWanda Jacome


children. I just love working with them,” the nurse says. Kesha Prystupa, her coworker and friend, nominated Adams for the award and refers to her as “Super Nurse.” Prystupa, who has known Adams for 12 years, met her when Prystupa started working in the Pediatric Emergency Department at UMMC as a student nursing assistant. Prystupa says that the nomination packet for Adams was over 60 pages long. Prystupa had this to say about Adams in her introductory letter to the committee: “Denise’s passion for nursing is evident through the caring and compassion she shows her patients, their families, and her co-workers. Upon graduation, I was fortunate to have Denise begin mentoring me as my preceptor. The knowledge and skills she has acquired in her 32 years of nursing is amazing, but what is more amazing Peggy “Denise” Adams, an emergency-room nurse is her ability to teach these skills at Blair E. Batson Hospital for Children, received and empower others to strive University of Mississippi Medical Center’s 2014 Nursing for excellence. To this day, evExcellence Award in May. ery shift I work with her she never ceases to amaze me with ams, whom University of Mississippi Medi- the excellent care she provides to patients cal Center recently named Nurse of the Year. and families and the patience she shows, not The hospital presented her with the 2014 only to patients and their families, but to her Excellence in Nursing award May 7 at the co-workers.” Norman C. Nelson Student Union. Michelle Burns, nursing workforce spe“I was shocked; it was a great honor,” cialist for the Office of Nursing Excellence she says. “They give you a packet that in- staff at UMMC, says that peers, co-workers cludes everything that was submitted, and I or physicians can submit nominations for was so touched by everything everyone said. the Nurse of the Year. The nominators subIt’s a lot of work that goes into it.” mit a portfolio with narrative and supportive Adams, 54, is an emergency-room documents about the nominee. “The Excelnurse in the Blair E. Batson Hospital for lence in Nursing awards are considered our Children who has been in the profession for ‘Grammy Awards’ for nursing,” Burns says. 32 years. A gentle and soft-spoken woman, “There are many things that have Adams exudes kind-heartedness. In short, stayed with me,” she says. “But what impacts nursing is more than just a job to her, it’s me the most through nursing and through- who she is. out my career is that after I’ve taken care of “I do it because that’s what I love dosomeone, the child (looks) at me and (tells) ing, but knowing that it’s made an impact me ‘thank you’ with a smile on their face. Or on others, it’s just touched me greatly,” she a parent, they hug your neck, and tell you says. “There are plenty of things that can ‘thank you I really appreciate the care you’ve negatively impact, but you just have to think given my child.’” of the positive because that’s what keeps you Adams, a Magee native, attended the going. The negative can bring you down real School of Nursing at UMMC and gradu- fast, but just the smiling faces and someone ated in 1982. She immediately went to work telling you thank you, that’s enough to spur at the hospital in the pediatric intensive care you on for the next time.” unit. After four years at UMMC, she reloAdams is married and has one adult cated to Louisiana with her husband, Tom, son, Thomas. She and her husband have where she worked in the PICU at Lafayette traveled throughout the United States and General Hospital for 10 years. have been on several cruises. They have an She returned to Jackson in 1995 and upcoming trip to Barbados planned. When has been at Batson ever since. she’s not working, you can generally find her “I’ve just always felt like my calling his reading a book.

June 18 - 24, 2014


he dictionary defines a nurse as a person who is trained to care for sick or injured people and usually works in a hospital, doctor’s office or a clinic. However, for anyone who has spent any time in the hospital, you know that a nurse is so much more. Your hospital stay is dramatically affected by the disposition of the nurse you have—one that is patient, kind, knowledgeable and compassionate makes all the difference. One such nurse is Peggy “Denise” Ad-



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The Path to Freedom

A piece included in Mississippi Museum of Art’s “Icons of Freedom” exhibit features images of James Chaney, Andrew Goodman and Michael Schwerner.

by Brittany Sanford

until Aug. 4 of that year, buried under a dam. Photographer Milly Moorhead West took a photo in 1984 of the “missing person” posters of the three men, which hung behind some batteries and saltine crackers in civil-rights activist Aaron Henry’s drugstore in Clarksdale. “That shows that these three civil rights workers have not been forgotten. They are a part of Mississippi history, American history, and the struggle for freedom and voting rights,” Batton says. Another feature on display is an unfinished quilt by Gwendolyn Magee about the Freedom Riders titled “By Bus, By Plane, By Train, They Came.” Magee’s husband, D.E. Magee Jr., loaned the quilt to the museum in honor of this exhibit. Names Freedom Riders are typed on white cloth and lay against the “quilt,” which is merely a wide, thin black cloth with ragged ends. The name-tagged white cloth outlines a map of the southern states, showing where the Freedom Riders traveled through on their quest to integrate public accommodations in the South. “She tracked down the names of all the people (443 foot soldiers) and printed them on pieces of fabric on the quilt,” Batton says. “It was in an exhibit in Montgomery (Ala.). She died before she could finish it.”

Other featured artworks are photographs of Martin Luther King Jr. by Ernest C. Withers; an etching of King by John Wilson; a gelatin silver print photo of a plantation worker in the field titled “While There Is Still Time” by Roland Freeman; an oil canvas portrait of Medgar Evers; and another of Myrlie Evers-Williams by Jason Bouldin. “Pieces like these make (this exhibit) unique,” Batton says. “And also the grouping of them is unique. We don’t normally just show these pieces in one gallery. Here, they will be all together in one space.” Batton says the artwork is beautiful, unique and educational. It is a part of history that has helped shape how far America has come and what America is today. “People should come view the exhibit not just because it is important, but it celebrates and commemorates the victories that the unnamed and named civil-rights workers have achieved for our country,” Batton says. “There is still a lot of work to be done, but this is a chance to reflect and celebrate.” Freedom Summer veterans will visit Mississippi Museum of Art (380 S. Lamar St.) June 26 for a reception and tour by civil rights-era photographers. The exhibit runs May 24 through Aug. 3. Admission is $10 for adults, $8 for seniors and $5 for students. For more information, visit 29


cons of Freedom” at the Mississippi Museum of Art highlights the arduous trek to the polls and the strenuous battle for equality during Freedom Summer in 1964. The exhibit covers civil-rights milestones beginning in the 1950s, from the 1955 murder of Emmett Till to the 1968 Poor People’s Campaign—a time when Martin Luther King Jr., and other civil-rights leaders fought alongside the destitute for jobs, housing and health care. “It recognizes not just the ‘big names’ like MLK (and) Medgar Evers, but also (includes) artworks that depict the unknown foot soldiers and unrecognized volunteers who were a huge part of the movement,” says Beth Batton, Mississippi Museum of Art’s curator of the collection. Ben Shahn’s black-and-white lithograph, which David Goodman of the Andrew Goodman Foundation loaned to the museum, depicts three civil-rights workers murdered in Neshoba County on June 21, 1964. The deputy sheriff, Cecil Price, who was a member of the Ku Klux Klan, arrested James Chaney, a 21-year-old African American from Meridian, along with Andrew Goodman, 20, and Michael Schwerner, 24, for traffic charges near Philadelphia, Miss. That night, members of the KKK abducted and killed the men. Their bodies weren’t found


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A Modern Romance for Old Souls

Shailene Woodley and Ansel Elgort star in the film adaptation of John Greenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s New York Times best-selling novel, â&#x20AC;&#x153;The Fault in Our Stars.â&#x20AC;?


ndianapolis, Ind., native John Green rewrites the script for the stereotypical young adult romance in his latest work, â&#x20AC;&#x153;The Fault in Our Stars.â&#x20AC;? The movie adaptation of the 2012 novel of the same name premiered June 6. Starring Shailene Woodley as Hazel Grace Lancaster and Ansel Elgort as Augustus Waters, â&#x20AC;&#x153;The Fault in Our Starsâ&#x20AC;? follows two terminally ill teenagers who meet in a cancer support group. In an effort to destroy tropes about what romance should be, Green presents a story with raw potential and tragic realism. Hazel and Augustus are both aware of their impending oblivion. Although it is targeted mainly at a younger audience, adults also enjoy the story, regarding it as witty, charming and fresh. Woodleyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s performance is moving, unapologetically evoking tears from audiences. Elgortâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s interpretation of Augustus is spot on, although the filmâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s development is paced too quickly for audiences to garner any true emotional ties to his character. The story itself is a bit farfetchedâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;the two main characters find themselves on a plane to Amsterdam to meet Hazelâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s favorite author within a month of meeting each other. Even so, Greenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s diehard fans see his innovative approach to the traditional love story as revolutionary. Hazel and Augustus give a voice to the harsh realities of life and terminal illness. They are only children, which comes with its advantages and downsides, none of which detract from the battles they face every second. Hazel must carry an oxygen tank with her, and mere seconds without its aid strains her lungs greatly. Augustus lives as an amputee, having lost his leg and hopes of being a basketball star. Together, they enter the world of adult love with trepidation, as they both know they may not make it to adulthood. Having been diagnosed at the peak of his teenage years, Augustusâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; desire for the

world to remember him shapes his view on living. He seeks greatness and purpose, but most of all, he wants to know what the point of life is. Augustus refuses to accept his fate and ponders the true meaning of his life as a â&#x20AC;&#x153;failed experiment of evolution.â&#x20AC;? Hazel, however, struggles to prove to him that he hasnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t lived in vain. Hazel is selfless and refers to herself as a grenade. In an attempt to minimize the damage she will leave behind once she is gone, she conceals her true feelings for Augustus until she realizes that time is not on their side. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I fell in love the way you fall asleep, slowly then all at once,â&#x20AC;? she says. Green has faced a bit of backlash from cancer patients and activists on his Tumblr blog due to the content of â&#x20AC;&#x153;The Fault in Our Stars.â&#x20AC;? The Daily Mail described the plot as â&#x20AC;&#x153;mawkish at best, exploitative at worst.â&#x20AC;? Some bloggers oppose the charactersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; dialogue, saying that teenagers donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t actually speak in drawn-out soliloquies and discuss philosophies in normal conversation. Green, 36, however, refuses to give in to stereotypes about young people. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m tired of adults telling teenagers that they arenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t smart, that they canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t read critically, that they arenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t thoughtful,â&#x20AC;? Green said in an interview with The Guardian. In addition to the popular Vlogbrothers channel he runs with his brother Hank, John Green manages multiple YouTube channels that promote charities and education. In 2012, the brothers used a grant from Google to start an educational series called Crash Course. Weekly updates include videos for advanced placement students, with topics ranging from world history to literature. They also created several organizations that support charities and humanitarian efforts, such as The Foundation to Decrease World Suck and the Project for Awesome. Together, the brothers advocate for freedom of expression and the pursuit of intellectual conquests, rejecting the idea of being ordinary.




David Sedaris reads from his book at Building.

An Enchanted Evening with DeAnna Tisdale is at Belhaven University.

Summer Solstice Yoga Practice is at Tara Yoga Studio.

BEST BETS JUNE 18 - 25, 2014



The Whigs perform at 8 p.m. at Duling Hall (622 Duling Ave.). Young Buffalo also performs. $10 in advance, $12 at the door; … “Let’s Explore Diabetes with Owls” is at 6 p.m. at Building (4506 Office Park Drive). Humorist David Sedaris reads from his book, “Let’s Explore Diabetes with Owls.” A signing follows. $17 book; call 601-366-7619;


Jackson 2000 Summer Breeze Social is from 5:30-7:30 p.m. at Smith Robertson Museum and Cultural Center (528 Bloom St.). The meet-and-greet includes light appetizers, wine and music from Jazz Beautiful featuring Pam Confer. Free; … Magnolia Roller Vixens Roller Derby is at 7 p.m. at Jackson Convention Complex (105 E. Pascagoula St.). $12 in advance, $15 at the door; … An Enchanted Evening with DeAnna

Magnolia Roller Vixens compete in an inter-league roller derby game at 7 p.m. June 19 at Jackson Convention Complex. Doors open at 6 p.m.



Kim Richey performs at 8 p.m. at Duling Hall (622 Duling Ave.). Kevin Gordon also performs. $12 in advance, $15 at the door; … The Basement is at 10 p.m. at The Corner (303 N. Farish St.). Hear music from rappers Mr. Franklin, Skipp Coon, and Dolla Black; DJs Young Venom, Sean Mac, and Ron; and producers Donche, Gutta Boy of CME, and Loki Antiphony. Breakdancers and graffiti artists welcome. $10; find The Basement Volume 3 on Facebook.


Gospel Artist Showcase is at The Church Triumphant GlobBY BRIANA ROBINSON al (731 S. Pear Orchard Road, Suite 43, Ridgeland). Artists JACKSONFREEPRESS.COM compete at 9 a.m. for a chance to perform at the Mississippi Gospel FAX: 601-510-9019 Music Awards. The concert is at 5 DAILY UPDATES AT p.m. Free concert; call 601-927JFPEVENTS.COM 7625; nighthawkproductionsllc. com. … Southern Popular Culture Convention (SOPOCU Con) is from 10 a.m.-7 p.m. at Mississippi Trade Mart (1200 Mississippi St.). The convention highlights genres such as sci-fi, horror, anime, gaming, super heroes and fantasy. $10;

720-2337; … Summer Céilí is at 2 p.m. at Fenian’s Pub (901 E. Fortification St.). Jackson Irish Dancers teach traditional dances. Free;


“And The Children Shall Lead Them” Exhibit opens. View from 9 a.m.-5 p.m. at Smith Robertson Museum (528 Bloom St.). See large-size cutouts and photographs of children who stood against racism in the south during the 1960s. $4.50; call 601-960-1457. …J. Lee Productions’ “Karma”: The Reveal is at 7 p.m. at The Penguin Restaurant & Bar (1100 John R. Lynch St.). Meet the cast and see the film trailer. Free; email


June 18 - 24, 2014

Robert Earl Keen, the Texas-based country singersongwriter known for songs such as “Feeling Good Again” and “I Gotta Go,” performs June 19 at Duling Hall. Doors open at 6:30 p.m.

Tisdale is at 7:30 p.m. at Belhaven University Center for the Arts (835 Riverside Drive). The classical soprano graduated from APAC, Tougaloo College and USM, and is pursuing a professional degree from the Boston Conservatory. $25; call 601-948-4122; … Robert Earl Keen performs at 7:30 p.m. at Duling Hall (622 Duling Ave.). 31 $35 in advance, $40 at the door;


Summer Solstice Yoga Practice is at 2 p.m. at Tara Yoga Studio (200 Park Circle, Suite 4, Flowood). Bring food or monetary donations for Animal Rescue Fund. Free; call 601-

Freedom in Mississippi Series Lecture is at 6 p.m. at Mississippi Museum of Art (380 S. Lamar St.). Mary Lovelace O’Neal talks about her painting, “Angel of the Hood,” and shares her views on social injustice. Free; … Brian Jones performs at 6:30 p.m. at Underground 119 (119 S. President St.). Free;


“Power, Protest, Peace: In Remembrance of Freedom Summer 1964” is at 6 p.m. at Gallery1 (1100 John R. Lynch St., Suite 4). The Montage Dance Company performs. Free; call 601-960-9250. … Mississippi Freedom Summer 50th Anniversary Conference starts today at Jackson Convention Complex (105 E. Pascagoula St.) and Tougaloo College (500 W. County Line Road). Visit

*&0 30/.3/2%$%6%.43 Jackson 2000 Summer Breeze Social June 19, 5:30 p.m.-7:30 p.m., at Smith Robertson Museum and Cultural Center (528 Bloom St.). The meet-and-greet includes light appetizers, wine and music from Jazz Beautiful featuring Pam Confer. For ages 21 and up. Free; Magnolia Roller Vixens Roller Derby July 19, 7 p.m., at Jackson Convention Complex (105 E. Pascagoula St.). Team members compete in an inter-league game. $12 in advance, $15 at the door, $5 children;

(/,)$!9 Free Day at the Zoo for Dads and Kids June 21, 9 a.m.-noon, at Jackson Zoo (2918 W. Capitol St.). The Mississippi Department of Human Services and the Mississippi Community Education Center host the event to help father develop positive relationships with their children. RSVP required by June 20 at 4 p.m. Free (limited tickets); call 601-359-4875.

#/--5.)49 Events at Jackson Marriott (200 E. Amite St.) Advance tickets only. $20; 601-355-9853; • Lunch with the USA IBC June 20, 11:30 a.m. The topic is “Dance for Parkinson’s: The Transforming Power of Dance.” • Lunch with the USA IBC June 23, 11:30 a.m. The topic is “The Life and Legacy of George Balanchine.” Events at Mississippi Center for Nonprofits (201 W. Capitol St., Suite 700). Call 601-968-0061; • Lunch and Learn Series: E-Newsletters June 25, noon-1 p.m. $15, free for members. • Developing a High-impact Board June 18, 9 a.m.-noon. Learn principles of good board governance, including understanding board member roles and responsibilities. Registration required. $109, $69 members. Events at Mississippi Museum of Art (380 S. Lamar St.). Free; call 601-960-1515;

Juneteenth Day Celebration June 19, 11 a.m., at Charles Tisdale Library (807 E. Northside Drive). The event includes music, interpretive dance, soul food and children’s activities. Free; call 601-3660021; email

Crafty Canton


hip Matthews, owner of Mama Mia’s Pizza on the Square (103 W. Peace St., Canton, 601-407-1666), says several businesses are looking to relocate to Canton, and he plans to give them a taste of local culture on June 21. TRIP BURNS

10th Annual JFP Chick Ball July 19, 6-11 p.m., at Arts Center of Mississippi (201 E. Pascagoula St.). Includes food, door prizes, silent auction, poetry and live music. Benefits Center for Violence Prevention. For ages 18+. Seeking sponsors, auction donations and volunteers now. $5 cover; call 601-362-6121, ext. 23;

• Freedom in Mississippi Series Lecture June 22, 3 p.m. In Trustmark Grand Hall. The speaker is Deborah Solomon, author of “American Mirror: The Life and Art of Norman Rockwell.” • Freedom in Mississippi Series Lecture June 24, 6 p.m.-7 p.m. In Trustmark Grand Hall. Artist Mary Lovelace O’Neal talks about her painting, “Angel of the Hood,” and shares her views on social injustice. Cash bar at 5:30 p.m.

Mississippi Main Street Association Awards Luncheon June 19, 11 a.m., at Old Capitol Inn (226 N. State St.). MMSA members receive awards for their contributions to their communities. Reserved tables of eight available. Includes the Delta GetAway Raffle Drawing. $40 per person, $10 raffle tickets; call 601-944-0113; email denisehalbach@; Best of Canton Party June 19, 5:30 p.m.-7:30 p.m., at Canton Multipurpose Complex (501 Soldier Colony Road, Canton). The Canton Chamber of Commerce awards local businesses in categories such as best new business, best health services and best event venue. Includes tastings, product demonstrations and information booths. $15 in advance, $20 at the door; call 601-8594830; Precinct 3 COPS Meeting June 19, 6 p.m., at Jackson Police Department, Precinct 3 (3925 W. Northside Drive). The forum is designed to resolve community issues. Free; call 601-960-0003. Virginia College Fun in the Sun June 19, 6 p.m.8 p.m., at Virginia College (5841 Ridgewood Road). The event includes refreshments, music, outdoor activities and information on educational opportunities. Free; call 601-977-0960. Friends of Fallen Riders Memorial Ride and Biker Reunion June 21, 9 a.m., at Nissan Parkway (720 Nissan Drive, Gluckstadt). Includes a cookout at noon, music from DJ Hitter, a bell-ringing ceremony and more. Grills, tens and four-wheelers welcome. $5 entrance fee; call 769798-7653 or 601-896-7997. Southern Popular Culture Convention (SOPOCU Con) June 21, 10 a.m.-7 p.m., at Mississippi Trade Mart (1200 Mississippi St.). The convention highlights genres such as sci-fi, horror, anime, gaming, super heroes and fantasy. Includes celebrity guests, artists and vendors with southern ties, exhibits, a costume contest and more. $10, children 10 and under free with paid admission; Metro Jackson’s Juneteenth Celebration June 21,

Need to feed 4 or 400? We’ve got you covered.

Craft beers, such as Abita and Lucky Town, will be available to participants at the Canton Craft Beer Festival June 21.

Matthews says that from 4-10 p.m., that day, “the square will be alive” for the first Canton Craft Beer Festival, which he helped organize. Local businesses will serve craft beer, and vacant buildings will become pop-up bars and restaurants. Jackson food trucks LurnyD’s Grille and Tito’s Tacos, crawfish and gourmet hotdog vendors, as well as the five restaurants already on the square will have food available. Lo-

11 a.m.-5 p.m., at Battlefield Park (953 Porter St.). The theme is “Stop the Violence, Increase the Peace.” The festival is a commemoration of when the Union Army informed slaves in Galveston, Texas, in 1865 of their freedom. Includes a health fair, speakers and music. Free; call 601-397-1671 or 601-940-0456; email or w_sabree@excite .com; find Juneteenth Celebration Steering Committee on Facebook. Mississippi Freedom Summer 50th Anniversary Conference June 25-29, at Jackson Convention Complex (105 E. Pascagoula St.) and Tougaloo College (500 W. County Line Road). The Veterans of the Mississippi Civil Rights Movement and the Mississippi State Conference NAACP host the conference is to recognize civil rights workers who fought for equality in 1964, and to recognize the

cal artisans and artists will sell art and handmade goods. Festival-goers will be able to walk to various businesses, sampling about 114 beers, including some from Mississippi breweries like Lucky Town and Lazy Magnolia. A home-brewing competition will give locals a chance to see how their homemade beers stack up against others’. The Mulligan Brothers, Waylon Halen and Miles Flatt will provide live music. At press time, the festival had already sold more than 400 tickets, and Matthews is certain it will sell more. “Being right here in Canton on the square, I think locals will come out and participate,” he says. “We have 100 percent support out of the community.” The Canton Craft Beer Festival is from 4-10 p.m. June 21. Admission is $25 and includes a commemorative mug, and access to vendors, entertainment, and unlimited craft-beer samples. Admission is $10 for those who are not participating in the beer tasting. Buy tickets at Mama Mia’s, Hops and Habanas (123 Grandview Blvd., Madison, 601-853-7449), or Visit or find the event on Facebook for more information —Carmen Cristo

need to continue the effort. $100, $75 students, $25 one day only; Legacy Banquet: $100, $50 students; call 601-977-7914 or 601-918-7809; email;

+)$3 Events at Madison Public Library (994 Madison Ave.). Must pre-resiter. Free; 601-856-2749. • Lava Lamps (Grades 1-5) June 19, 10 a.m.11 a.m. Make lava lamps from household items. • Magician Tommy Terrific June 20, 10 a.m.11 a.m. The magic show is for ages 3 and up. • Candy Lab (Grades 1-5) June 23, 10 a.m.11 a.m. Conduct science experiments with soda and candy.

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%0/Âľ5426*4)"7"-0/ Events at Mississippi Museum of Art (380 S. Lamar St.). Call 601-960-1515; â&#x20AC;˘ Look and Learn with Hoot June 20, 10:30 a.m. Kids ages 5 and under and their parents participate in a hands-on art activity and story time. Please dress for mess. Free. â&#x20AC;˘ Young Artists June 23-27. The art camp is for children ages 8-10. Includes creating art and exploration. Registration required. $240. Events at Mississippi Museum of Natural Science (2148 Riverside Drive). Call 601-576-6000; â&#x20AC;˘ Fun Fridays June 20, 10 a.m.-noon. Includes interactive, hands-on programs to learn about insects, reptiles and more. Adults must accompany children. Included with admission. â&#x20AC;˘ Camp WILD Sessions are June 16-19 for grades 2-3 and June 23-26 for grades 4-5. Participate in indoor and outdoor activities focused on Mississippi ecosystems. $140, $115 members. Email

Canton Craft Beer Festival June 21, 4 p.m., at Historic Canton Square (Courthouse Square, Canton). Includes more than 30 craft beer samples and a home brew contest. $25 in advance; call 800-745-3000;

30/2437%,,.%33 Our Fight to End Obesity June 21, 10 a.m.-2 p.m., at Metrocenter Mall (1395 Metrocenter Drive). Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity hosts the event to promote health education, exercise and proper nutrition. Includes massages, march aerobics, Zumba, line dancing and more. Free; call 601918-4350; Summer Solstice Yoga Practice June 22, 2 p.m., at Tara Yoga Studio (200 Park Circle, Suite 4, Flowood). Bring food or monetary donations for the Animal Rescue Fund (ARF). Free; call 601-7202337; email;


3D Studio Art Camp June 23-26, at ArtWorks Studios (158 W. Government St., Brandon). Create with different types of clay, plaster and other sculpting materials. Registration required. $150; call 601-499-5278 or 601-988-3115; email;

USA International Ballet Competition June 1429, at Thalia Mara Hall (255 E. Pascagoula St.). The event includes performances, a dance school, a teacher-training program, an art exhibition featuring works from Andrew Bucci and an awards gala. $7 and up for performances, ticket packages available; call 601-973-9249;

Clinton Community Nature Center Day Camp: Session II June 23-27, at Clinton Community Nature Center (617 Dunton Road, Clinton). The hands-on discovery camp is for youth entering grades 5-7. $100, $75 members; call 601-9261104; email

â&#x20AC;&#x153;Deliveredâ&#x20AC;? Dinner Theater June 23, 6 p.m.-9 p.m., at Sombra Mexican Kitchen (140 Township Ave, Suite 100, Ridgeland). The Detectives present the four-act interactive comedy. Includes a three-course meal. Reservations required. $39; call 601-937-1752;

Childrenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Art Camp June 23, 9 a.m.-noon, at Allisonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Wells School of Arts and Crafts (141 N. Union St., Canton). Children who have completed grades 2 and up participate in drawing, painting and crafts. Registration required. Materials included. $75; call 601-859-0347 or 800-844-3369.

Movie Night in the Art Garden: â&#x20AC;&#x153;The Red Shoesâ&#x20AC;? June 23, 6:30 p.m., at Mississippi Museum of Art (380 S. Lamar St.). The film screening is in conjunction with the International Ballet Competition. Free; call 601-960-1515;

Art Camp for Kids June 23-26, at Jackson Academy (4908 Ridgewood Road). In the elementary art room. The camp is for children in grades 2-6. Registration required. Request a brochure for additional summer camp options. $150; call 601-364-5763; ArtBots (Grades 6-12) June 20, 2 p.m.-3 p.m., at Ridgeland Public Library (397 Highway 51, Ridgeland). Build a robot that draws pictures. Pre-registration required. Free; call 601-8564536. Teen Talent Summer Camp Tuesdays, 9 a.m.2 p.m. through Aug. 3, at Duling Hall (622 Duling Ave.). Topics include modeling, acting, singing, styling, etiquette, interviews and more. Register by June 24. $240; call 769-218-8862; email or

&//$$2).+ Events at BRAVO! Italian Restaurant & Bar (4500 Interstate 55 N.). RSVP. $50; call 601-982-8111; â&#x20AC;˘ Rum Tasting June 21, 3 p.m.-4 p.m. Nathan McHardy from Briarwood Wine & Spirits is the host. Includes sampling six different types of rum. $20; email â&#x20AC;˘ R2 Cellars Wine Tasting June 22, 4 p.m. Meet R2 Cellars owner Roger Roessler, and enjoy six wines including Que Sera Sera Sparkling, R2 Carignan and 1331 Cabernet Sauvignon. $50; email

â&#x20AC;&#x153;Power, Protest, Peace: In Remembrance of Freedom Summer 1964â&#x20AC;? June 25, 6 p.m.-8 p.m., at Gallery1 (1100 John R. Lynch St., Suite 4). The Montage Dance Company performs. A reception follows. Free; call 601-960-9250; find Gallery1 at Jackson State University on Facebook.

#/.#%243&%34)6!,3 Events at Duling Hall (622 Duling Ave.). $3 surcharge for patrons under 21; call 601-292-7999; email; â&#x20AC;˘ The Whigs June 18, 8 p.m. The garage rock band from Athens, Ga., performs to promote its latest album, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Modern Creation.â&#x20AC;? Young Buffalo also performs. Cocktails at 7 p.m. $10 in advance, $12 at the door. â&#x20AC;˘ Robert Earl Keen June 19, 7:30 p.m. The country singer-songwriter from Texas is known for songs such as â&#x20AC;&#x153;Feeling Good Againâ&#x20AC;? and â&#x20AC;&#x153;I Gotta Go.â&#x20AC;? Doors open at 6:30 p.m. $35 in advance, $40 at the door. â&#x20AC;˘ Kim Richey June 20, 8 p.m. The country singer-songwriter is a two-time Grammy nominee. Kevin Gordon also performs. Doors open at 7 p.m. $12 in advance, $15 at the door. â&#x20AC;˘ Billy Joe Shaver June 22, 8 p.m. The country singer-songwriter is a Texas native. Doors open at 7 p.m. $20 in advance, $25 at the door. Bentonia Blues Festival June 19-21, at Blue Front CafĂŠ (107 E. Railroad Ave., Bentonia). The 42nd annual festival includes food, crafts, and blues performers including festival founder Jimmy â&#x20AC;&#x153;Duckâ&#x20AC;? Holmes. Free; call 662-528-1900;

Gospel Artist Showcase June 21, 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., at The Church Triumphant Global (731 S. Pear Orchard Road, Suite 43, Ridgeland). Local artists compete for a chance to win prizes and perform at the Mississippi Gospel Music Awards July 27. Performers compete at 9 a.m. The musical featuring artists such as Signature and Collage is at 5 p.m. $40-$125 for performers; free concert; call 601-927-7625; email; Open Mic on the Rez June 21, 6 p.m.-10 p.m., at Ross Barnett Reservoir (Madison Landing Circle, Ridgeland). The party takes place on the Friendship Boat. Enjoy music from the 601 Live Band, Meika Shante and DJ Spre. Free food and drinks while supplies last. For ages 21 and up. $40 per person; call 651-318-2226 (texts welcome); email

,)4%2!293)'.).'3 â&#x20AC;&#x153;A Long Time Goneâ&#x20AC;? June 19, 5 p.m., at Lemuria Books (4465 Interstate 55 N., Suite 202). Karen White signs books. Reading at 5:30 p.m. $25.95 book; call 601-366-7619; Patricia Crocker Moss Book Signing June 21, 1 p.m.-3 p.m., at Bay Window Books (5905 Old Brandon Road, Pearl). The Laurel native signs copies of her book, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Dillieâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Summer with Aunt Juliette.â&#x20AC;? $8.99 book; call 601-936-0089; Meredith Etc. Book Reading and Signing June 21, 1:30 p.m.-4:45 p.m., at Richard Wright Library (515 W. McDowell Road). Join authors William Trest Jr., Meredith Coleman McGee and Starkishia for a joint book reading and signing. Free, books for sale ($7.34-$44); call 372-1621;

%8()")4/0%.).'3 Museum After Hours June 19, 5 p.m., at Mississippi Museum of Art (380 S. Lamar St.). Enjoy a cash bar at 5 p.m. and exhibition tours at 6 p.m. or 6:30 p.m. Intended for young professionals, but all ages welcome. Admission varies per exhibit; call 601-960-1515; â&#x20AC;&#x153;And The Children Shall Lead Themâ&#x20AC;? Exhibit Opening June 23, 9 a.m.-5 p.m., at Smith Robertson Museum and Cultural Center (528 Bloom St.). The civil rights exhibit is associated with the 50th anniversary of Freedom Summer. See largesize cutouts and photographs of children who stood up against racism in the South during the 1960s. $4.50, $3 seniors (ages 62 and up), $1.50 children under 18; call 601-960-1457.

"%4(%#(!.'% Donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t Gamble With Your Life HIV Gala June 27, 7 p.m., at Metrocenter Mallâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Event Center (3645 Highway 80 W.). The event is in observance of National HIV Testing Day. $30 in advance, $35 at the door; call 601-922-0100. Phase II Balloon and Gifts Red Carpet Charity Event June 28, 7 p.m.-11 p.m., at Regency Hotel (420 Greymont Ave.). The formal event includes runway pictures, refreshments, a cash bar and music from Keke Wyatt. Proceeds benefit the American Cancer Society. For ages 21 and up. $50; call 800-745-3000. Check for updates and more listings, or to add your own events online. You can also email event details to to be added to the calendar. The deadline is noon the Wednesday prior to the week of publication.


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Visit for a full menu and concert schedule

 200 S. Commerce St. Downtown Jackson, Mississippi

â&#x20AC;˘ DIY Root Beer and Ice Cream (Grades 612) June 25, 2 p.m.-3 p.m. Learn how to make your own root beer and ice cream.



Jackson Hip-Hop Passes the Torch by Jared Boyd



n a music landscape where hip-hop purists don’t often have a place to go, Stephen Brown aka 5th Child has found a way to give fans what they want. The Jackson native, rap artist, producer, and promoter is the organizer of hip-hop events The Basement and New Jacks. Together, the upcoming installments of the ongoing projects will create an entire weekend of exploration for Jackson’s past, present and future in hip-hop. “Where The Basement is more of a celebration of the culture of hip-hop, New Jacks is a showcase and developing ground for fresh new faces to the Jackson hiphop scene,” Brown says. The Basement Vol. 3 and its celebrations will take place in the vacant building directly next door to F. Jones Corner on Farish Street. The space facilitates a gritty, primitive feel reminiscent of New York block parties during the genesis of hip-hop culture. The showcase focuses on a separation of hip-hop’s core elements, including spoken word, rap, break-dancing, disk-jockeying and beat production. The building’s owner, Daniel Dillon, has even welcomed any graffiti artists in attendance to spray paint the walls throughout the night. The lineup for The Basement Vol. 3 features recognizable Jackson artists. Each emcee, Skipp Coon, Brad With the New Jacks concert series, Stephen “5th Child” Brown brings together a collection of young, fresh talent to “Kamikaze” Franklin and Dolla Black, represents a dif- perform. Renee Lee is one of five artists who will take the stage June 21 during New Jacks Vol. 2. ferent side of local rap’s colorful spectrum. Dolla Black’s recently released maxi-single offers a boisterous set of tunes, all fit for radio play nationwide. Songs like “iHustle” and “Take it Off” showcase the rhyme His 2010 release, “Sophomore Slump, Vol. 1: In- of people who are talking about the trials and tribulations star’s gruff approach to describing life in Jackson. Even when laying party rhymes onto the hectic synth of the lat- dependents Day,” which he recorded alongside pro- of the everyday guy that has a wife and has kids and isn’t ter song, Black is able to accentuate the end of each line. ducer Mr. Nick, garnered positive reviews. “I’m giving in the club every night.” Seamlessly flowing each line what you need, and they selling Those in attendance can expect to hear new and old to the next on his latest single what you want,” Skipp boasts on tunes from the hometown legend as he gears up for the “Ain’t F*ckin’ With Me,” he defithe album’s standout track, “It Is release of “My Strange Addiction.” The EP will be the first antly proclaims, “I don’t owe no What It Is.” collection of new music from the rapper in four years. one a damn thang.” “He (Skipp Coon) tirelessly As a community leader, journalist and mentor, Mr. Despite the single’s manitoils over the beat, hammering Franklin is able to relay his experiences and expertise festo, Black says he and his crew away at each bar with the force within the music business to aspiring Jackson artists, such have a lot to prove at The Baseof a chain gang,” David Dennis as those who will be cutting their teeth at New Jacks on ment. “I really look at us as the of The Smoking Section says in the night following The Basement. underdogs,” Dolla Black, CEO a review of Skipp Coon and Mr. “(Your work ethic is) what is going to be the hallof Black Dollar Entertainment, Nick’s “Women Revolution Ten- mark of your reputation,” Franklin says. says. “When I’m called, I try to nis Shoes” EP. New Jacks Vol. 2 will spotlight five Jackson area artfind ways to import them into my Even longtime fans of Skipp’s ists who have less experience in the local music scene. performances, as well.” music have a revamped experience Each of the performers—J da Groova, 17-year-old The Black Dollar Entertainin store with his upcoming set at “femcee” Tira D, Renee Lee, D.O.L.O. and T$G—are unment roster features local artists The Basement. “I don’t use a DJ der the tutelage of 5th Child, who assists them in recording such as Mojo Kezz and Jo’De anymore. I essentially do a one- songs, organizing photo shoots, promoting releases, bookBoy and Collins, Miss., rapper Ty man show,” he says. ing performances and marketing merchandise. Lindsey, each of whom will help The third rapper featured “He’s taught me a lot of lessons when it comes to beDolla Black rock the crowd at at The Basement Vol. 3, Kami- ing business savvy and just appreciating music for what it The Basement. kaze aka Mr. Franklin, has been a is,” 16-year-old Talib Gramby aka T$G says. For those who don’t relate to pioneer of the Jackson rap moveJacksonians who are in the mood for southernThe Basement Vol. 3 brings together the street spirituals and party jams ment. He made waves nationally style melodic rhymes and high-energy rap activism, or a several aspects of hip-hop culture— including DJs, rappers, graffiti artists of the BDE clan, Skipp Coon may with recording artist David Ban- glimpse of what sounds are next to come will find what and break dancers—to give Jackson the serve as a welcome alternative. “I ner as a part of the duo, Crooked they’re looking for in The Basement and New Jacks. showcase it needs. don’t think you’re going to go into Lettaz, in the late 1990s. The Basement Vol. 3 is at 10 p.m. June 20 at The the vaults of Skipp Coon and find Mr. Franklin hopes to use his Corner (303 N. Farish St.). Admission is $10 at the door, too many strip-club anthems,” time at The Basement to establish and the event is for those over 21 years old. New Jacks Skipp says. “The improvement of the conditions of a new, more distinguished version of hip-hop music. “I Vol. 2 is at 7 p.m. June 21 at TurnUp Studios (155 Wesley black people has been and always will be of the utmost have to talk about things that relate to people who live Ave.). The event is free. Find the events on Facebook for importance to me.” the kind of life that I live,” he says. “We don’t have a lot more information.

June 18 - 24, 2014




TV Talk Show Doctor's Shocking Revelation If you suffer bouts of acid reflux, heartburn, diarrhea, constipation, bloating, gas or IBS; Chief Medical Officer, Dr. Liza Leal says beware of digestion remedies like Prilosec®, Prevacid® and Nexium®... They Can Cripple You!


“I’d give anything to make it stop!”

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At first, the thought of drinking aloe vera might make some people back away. But in fact, this delicious “digestion cocktail” is doing amazing things for people who suffer with stomach problems --- even if they’ve had them for years. Here’s how it works…

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Your stomach naturally produces acid so strong, it can dissolve an aluminum spoon in just 30 minutes! And when excess acid escapes into your esophagus, throat and stomach lining, it unleashes the scorching pain of Acid-Reflux, heartburn, ulcers and more misery. Add the problems of stress, and “all heck breaks loose.” Dr. Liza Leal, a well known expert on chronic pain management explains... “The AloeCure® can work genuine miracles. It buffers high acid levels with amazing speed. So your stomach feels completely at ease just moments after drinking it.” In fact, it could wipe out stomach pain, discomfort, and frantic runs to the bathroom.

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10 P.M.








with Wesley

10 - close $1 PBR & Highlife $2 Margaritas 10pm - 12am

Monday JUNE 23


PubQuiz with Casey & John 8PM Tuesday JUNE 24 2 for 1 Highlife & PBR

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601-960-2700 Tavern

6/27: Archnemesis 6/28: The Cardinal Sons 7/5: Sweet Crude 7/12: New Madrid 7/18: JGBCB (Jerry Garcia Band Cover Band) 7/25: Rooster Blues 7/26: Natural Child w/ Pujol SEE OUR NEW MENU

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214 S. STATE ST. 601.354.9712 DOWNTOWN JACKSON

By Damian Wexler, Freelance Health Reporter ecently, alternative medicine expert Bryce Wylde, a frequent guest on the Dr. Oz show, revealed a simple secret that amazed millions who suffer with digestion nightmares. And people haven’t stopped talking about it since.




The Future Is Unknown by Tommy Burton

U SUN 6/22 Enjoy the Deck!


12) SAT 6/21

Mimosa’s MON

 6/23 Service Industry Night: 2
Life TUES 6/24

of Domestic Beer ALL DAY



2 for 1

Jonathan Alexander (5
8) Shades of Grey

$10 Buckets



BURGERS M-F Lunch starts at 11am and happy hour runs 3 - 7pm $2.50 domestics, $3.50 well drinks and $1.50 off all call and top shelf liquors

WED 6/18

SAT 6/21

Trivia (7-9) Karaoke (9-1)

Lucky Hand

THURS 6/19

SUN 6/22


Blues Band (9:30-1:30)


FRI 6/20

Ladies’ Night June 18 - 24, 2014




Sunday Funday

MON 6/23 (9-2)

Comedy Night (7-9)

TUES 6/24 $ 2 .00 Tuesdays $2 Fireball shots and $2 domestics all day.

642 Tombigbee Street (601) 944-0203 Fa c e b o o k . c o m / o n e b l o c k e a s t


THURS 6/19

nknown Hinson is the king of country-and-western troubadours. In his own words, “No womerns (sic) can resist my charms” with his chart-topping hair, chart-topping teeth and chart-topping sideburns. He plays rock music just to prove that “anybody can make that racket.” Authentic country music wasn’t enough for Hinson; he also voices Early Cuyler on Adult Swim’s “Squidbillies.” Unknown Hinson is the alter ego of musician Stuart Daniel Baker, 60. He created the character for a public-access show in his home state of North Carolina. As the character developed, Baker found himself recording and touring as Unknown Hinson. He has built a large following playing live. Fans are always curious to see Hinson/ Early Cuyler in the flesh. His shows feature a mix of ’50s-style country music, fresh rock ‘n’ roll and loads of fun.

we all take some time off every now and then. We’ve got homes we have to look after, so we have see to that. It’s what we do. It’s the only life I’ve ever known. This band I’ve got now is my original band. They’re the first band I ever had, so we’re having a good time on the road. Tell me about your work as Early on “Squidbillies.”

The creators of the show, Dave Willis and Jim Fortier, contacted my management. They had gotten hold of a CD of mine and evidently thought my voice would fit the character of Early Cuyler. I did not create the series, and I don’t write the series. I was very happy about it, being a cartoon fan myself. We’re going into the ninth year right now, and it’ll premiere real soon on “Adult Swim.” There are certain parallels in Unknown Hinson’s and Early Cuyler’s lives. They give me a lot of room to improvise my lines. Things like “party likker” and “womerns” are things Unknown would say, and they like for me to add that to the character. They’re really great people to work with. Did people come to Unknown Hinson through Squidbillies?

It went both ways. People that have never heard of me will come to the shows because of “Squidbillies.” Unknown Hinson returns to Martin’s Restaurant and Bar June 20. They discover that I have a body of musical work. Then again, I have people that have been fans of mine How does it feel to be the king of that check out “Squidbillies.” They work country-and-western troubadours? well together. It’s my job. It’s what I do. Been doin’ it all my life. I never clocked in anywhere with You’ve also worked with Billy Bob what you call a real job—nine to five, what- Thorton and his band The Boxmasters ever it is. Just play guitar, write songs and in the past. sing is all I’ve ever done. That was Billy’s creation. He wrote all the material. He and I had met back You always take time to meet every in 2001 and have been friends ever since. fan after each show. He just called me out of the blue one day The way I look at it is any artist that and asked me if I’d be interested in playing doesn’t put their fans first is making a mis- a tour with him and Willie Nelson. I did take. The reason I stay for the last person three tours with him. It was a lot of fun. in line is to meet me, get an autograph or Great band. Believe or not, Billy is a very a picture is because without them I would talented musician and songwriter. He’s got not have a job. Any artist that doesn’t a lot of substance as a writer. know that is messin’ up, because if the fans don’t come, you ain’t got no work. With- We are looking forward to you rolling out them, I’m nothing. I’m never too tired into town. to stay and give them what they want. I’m I want to thank the good folks of Jackglad they get something out of it, but I get son, and we look forward to seeing y’all at something out it, too. the show. We hope to have a big ol’ time. You’ve been touring a while. Do you see yourself retiring from it?

I never really stay in one place for more than one night. I get to the United States from the window of my bus. But

Unknown Hinson performs June 20 at Martin’s Restaurant and Bar (214 State St.). Bear With Me opens the show at 10 p.m. Advance tickets are on Visit and


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Wednesday, June 18th


THREE 6:30, No Cover

Thursday, June 19th

MOOD INDIGO 7:00, No Cover

Friday, June 20th


DADDYS 9:00, $10 Cover

Saturday, June 21st


& THE ACCUSED 9:00, $10 Cover

Tuesday, June 24th

BRIAN JONES 6:30, No Cover

Happy Hour!

2-for-1 EVERYTHING* Tuesday-Friday from 4:00-6:00 (*excludes food and specialty drinks)

119 S. President Street 601.352.2322

$5 Martini Monday 2 for Tuesday 2 for 1 Well Drinks

Wine Down Wednesday

2 for 1 House Wines

Thursday: LADIESâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; NIGHT Ladies Drink FREE Wells, Draft and House Wine

Patio Brunch Sat/Sun. 25 Patio Tables and Flat Screens outside!

Best Bloody Mary in town!

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This Weekâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Line Up Thurs. 6/19



Sat. 6/21


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810 Lake Harbour Drive, Ridgeland Across from McBâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s

MUSIC | live

601-427-5853 Like Us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter 37

DIVERSIONS | jfp sports the best in sports over the next seven days


Best Fried Chicken in Town & Best Fried Chicken in the Country

by Bryan Flynn

-Best of Jackson 2003-2013-

FRIDAY, JUNE 20 Soccer (11a.m.-7p.m., ESPN) Italy and Costa Rica start the day off with a battle for the top of Group D, and Switzerland and France battle for the top spot in Group E. The day ends with a must-win game between Ecuador and Honduras.

-Food & Wine Magazine-

Spring Has Sprung! Join Us On Our Patio 707 N Congress St., Jackson | 601-353-1180 Mon thru Fri: 11am-2pm • Sun: 11am - 3pm



The True Taste of Greece Takes Time in Greece -since 1994-

Dine with us in June before our Annual July Trip to Greece Starting JUNE 29TH M ON -FRI 11A-2P,5-10 P S AT 5-10 P Dine with us JULY 31ST when we’ve returned for the Authentic Taste You’ve Come to Expect.

SATURDAY, JUNE 21 Soccer (11a.m.-7p.m., ESPN) Argentina looks to lock up their group with a win over Iran. Germany against Ghana follows, and the day ends with Nigeria against Bosnia-Herzegovina. SUNDAY, JUNE 22 Soccer (11a.m.-4p.m., ABC) Belgium faces Russia to start the day, followed by South Korea against Algeria. … Soccer (5-7p.m., ESPN) USA tournament hopes could depend on this game against Portugal. MONDAY, JUNE 23 Soccer (11a.m.-5p.m., ESPN/ESPN2)

The World Cup takes over The Slate this week since the NBA and NHL both finished their seasons. If you haven’t been watching you are missing some great games. The final games of Group A starts at the same time on ESPN and ESPN2 to kick the day off, and the final games of Group B follow using the same format. TUESDAY, JUNE 24 Soccer (11a.m.-5p.m., ESPN/ESPN2) the final games of Group C and Group D highlight this day of World Cup action, as all group games start at the same time on ESPN and ESPN2. WEDNESDAY, JUNE 25 Soccer (11 a.m.-5p.m., ESPN/ESPN2) Group E and Group F reach their dramatic conclusion as the final games of group play show simultaneously on ESPN and ESPN2. If you’re ready for American football to return, you still have a little longer to wait. The first NFL preseason game won’t be played until August 3 at the Hall of Fame. Follow Bryan Flynn at, @jfpsports and at

828 HWY 51, M ADISON • 601.853.0028

bryan’s rant

SEC’s ‘Dead Weight’

A 5050 I-55 North, Suite F • Jackson • 601.899.8845 Weekdays 2pm - 2am | Saturday - Sunday 11am - 2am

W E ’ R E




We’ll be open for ALL THE GAMES and have drink specials every game!


Scavenger Hunt EVERY Wednesday at 9:00pm.

The Big Band Funk Band ..................................7pm


June 18 - 24, 2014

Kenny Davis ..........9pm


FRIDAY, JUNE 20: Stace & Cassie ............9pm


Matt Otis ................. 9pm


Open Mic Night ......9pm Top Performer will win a $50 gift card!


Tacos & Trivia 7:30pm-9:30pm Free Live Trivia, prizes and Chef Lance’s handmade Tacos!

HEveryday A PPY HOUR • 3 - 7pm

Late Night: Sun - Thur, 10pm - Midnight

$1 off draft & bottle beer 1/2 PRICED Shots, Wells & Calls Kitchen open til 1am everyday.

couple of weeks ago, Orlando Sentinel sports writer Mike Bianchi wrote that the SEC should replace dead weight like Mississippi State and Ole Miss with teams such as South and Central Florida universities. Bianchi’s argument is that MSU and Ole Miss bring nothing to the SEC, and the USF and UCF would be great additions because they are in Florida and in or near major TV markets. He also wonders why USF and UCF are condemned for not being in the right place at the right time like Ole Miss and MSU were 100 years ago. Speaking just about TV markets and the ability to add more money to television contracts, Bianchi has a point. But speaking of playing in the toughest conference in America, USF and UCF would be even bigger dead weight. UCF did win a BCS game as part of the newly formed but weak American Athletic Conference in the wake of the break-up of the Big East. In recent history, UCF beat the Georgia Bulldogs 10-6 in the Liberty Bowl in 2010, but the team lost 3-10 to MSU in 2007’s Liberty Bowl.

As a member of AAC, UCF was a solid team and did beat Louisville, who will join the ACC next season. Over the last three seasons, South Florida football has been a dumpster fire. The Bulls couldn’t even win a championship in the weak Big East with their best finish being tied for third in 2005 and 2007. Last season, USF finished 2-10 in the last place of the AAC and would have no chance of even competing on the field in the SEC. USF has gone 10-26 in weaker conferences the last three seasons, while MSU went 22-17 and Ole Miss went 17-21 over the same period. It’s unknown if USF or UCF could do the same in the basketball-weak SEC. UCF never even won a tournament game and USF never made it past the round of 32. UCF didn’t make the tournament after leaving the Atlantic Sun and joining Conference USA. Adding UCF and USF would give the SEC more attention from major television markets and a bigger foothold in recruiting hotbed of Florida, but the Knights and Bulls would be as big or bigger dead weight on the field of play.

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Mangie Bene Catering, Walkers Drive-In & Local 463 Mississippi Hospitality and Restaurant Association Capital City Beverages, Chef Nick Wallace Musician James Martin, and many more

ALL HAVE IN COMMON? They use the

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June 18 - 24, 2014

To learn more, visit, call 601-362-6121 x17 or write to learn how you can get started NOW on a customer-focused, affordable, revenue-generating, easy-to-update Web and Mobile website!


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• Full Service • Financing on Major Repairs Available • Windshield Repair • $30 Oil Change for New Customers




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3139 N State St, Jackson, MS 39216 WWW.PIGANDPINT.COM

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Mon, Fri & Sat: 10am - 5pm Sun: 1 - 5pm

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201 E. Main Street • Raymond, Ms

601.362.6940 A Pivot Point Member School All Services Performed by Students in Training. Supervised by Instructors

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For more information about our graduation rates, the median debt of students who completed the program, gainful employment statistics and other important information, visit our website at Photo Courtesy of Pivot Point International Inc.

Come and Find Your Unique Pieces Resale and New Items All under 19.99! Summer Dresses, Jewelry, Shoes.



The Good Folks at

would like to invite you to have a REAL book experience. Next timeyou’re you’re in Next time inthe thestore, store, a moment and around. taketake a moment andlook look around. Chat Chat with Lemuria’s Lemuria’s knowledgeable Happen knowledgeable crew. crew. Happen upon something memorable. Enjoy your your REAL REAL life. Enjoy life.


Text or Call 601-316-5697


Manicure ............................ $7 Pedicure ........................... $15

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v12n41 - Marching Toward Violence in Klan Nation  

Lawmakers Shaft Jackson? pp 6-7 50 Years of Freedom p 29 Passing the Hip-Hop Torch p 34

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