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All are welcome! We look forward to meeting you. Sunday
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Steve’s Is “Outstanding food & service. The place was beautiful, food great, service two thumbs up. Yes, I would return to Steve’s to dine again very soon. Thank you!”

February 19 - 25, 2014

Mario M.




Stop by and tell us what Steve’s means to you for

a chance to win

lunch for two!




iyadh Burt attributes his interest in community involvement to his mother, who instilled in him a drive and desire to do better for himself and his family. He read “A Lesson Before Dying” by Ernest Gaines in high school, and one of the biggest lessons he took from the book was the impact someone can have on his or her community. Burt, 21, a junior political-science major at Jackson State University, has been accepted into the Public Policy and International Affairs Fellowship Program’s Junior Summer Institute at Princeton University. The seven-week program, which begins June 12, prepares students for graduate study and careers in public policy. Participants receive instruction in skills essential to domestic and international policy analysis including public speaking, critical thinking, statistics, policy writing and quantitative reasoning. Burt is the third student from Jackson State University to get into the prestigious program in recent years, following Keba Ambrose in 2011 and Donovan Mitchell in 2012. Kosciusko, Miss., native Burt has been in Jackson for three years. He says that the school’s award of a full academic scholarship was not the most important reason he chose JSU. Burt wanted to challenge the negative connotations he often heard associated with the university. “My high school was a predominately white high school,” he says. “Your entire high school career, the only two colleges you hear about are Mississippi State and Ole Miss. And


then when you mention JSU, there’s always this stigma.” He also wanted a chance to grow, personally and academically, among his own culture. “I came from a place where I was the only black guy in my AP classes, and so I was like, I want to go somewhere where I can fellowship with other black intellectuals,” he says. Burt’s postgraduate plans include obtaining a master’s degree and license in urban planning and a PhD in political science. He wants to improve African American and minority communities. He says that it’s his way to fight institutionalized racism. “I want to invoke life back into our communities. I want to be able to put life into public policy.” He also looks to expand his reach beyond his work as an urban planner, hoping to seek public office one day. “Whatever I do, it needs to be in respect to my community, my family, my friends,” he says. “I need to make this place better than it was when I came.” In addition to being a student ambassador and peer tutor, Burt is also president of the Political Science Club and a member of various other clubs and organizations, including the National Conference of Black Political Scientists, and honor societies Alpha Lambda Delta and Pi Sigma Alpha. Burt acknowledges the promotion opportunity that his acceptance to PPIA’s summer program presents to JSU. “If this can bring more exposure to Jackson State, then by all means,” he says. —Demetrice Sherman

Cover photo of African American students walking out of Burglund High School Oct. 12, 1961, courtesy AP

11 Fill ‘Er Up

Craft beer is making headlines all over, from specialty brews on the Coast to growler stations all over Jackson.

24 Exploration Station

Dive in to the pros and cons of indie gamemakers, specifically Valve’s recent Steam release, “Starbound.”

31 One Nation, Underwood

“While physically set in Washington with a plot in the realm of national politics, the show is character-driven; it revolves around the aura of our cunning husband and wife protagonists. Subplots involving supporting characters arise and drift away—some faster and more violently than others. The show’s progress, like Frank, is unapologetic. Prepare yourself, because even beloved characters are sent packing. Anything and anyone are fair game and there is nowhere to hide.” —Jordan Sudduth, “‘House of Cards’: The Butchery is Back”

4 ............................. EDITOR’S NOTE 6 ................................................ YOU 8 ............................................ TALKS 12 ................................ EDITORIAL 13 .................................... OPINION 14 ............................ COVER STORY 22 ......................................... FOOD 24 ................... GIRL ABOUT TOWN 24 .......................................... GEEK 26 .............................. DIVERSIONS 28 .......................................... ARTS 29 ....................................... 8 DAYS 30 .......................................... FILM 30 ...................................... EVENTS 32 ....................................... MUSIC 32 ....................... MUSIC LISTINGS 33 ..................................... SPORTS 35 .................................... PUZZLES 37 ....................................... ASTRO


FEBRUARY 19 - 25, 2014 | VOL. 12 NO. 24



by R.L. Nave, News Editor

The Joshua Generation


itting across from me in a booth at a TGI Friday’s in the fall of 1996, around the time of my 18th birthday, my mother and aunt were like giddy schoolchildren. “You tell him,” they went back and forth for a few nudges. Finally, they broke the big news: I was going to have a baby brother. Joshua was born the following June, just a couple days after I graduated from high school. I remember thinking then that by the time this baby graduates from high school, I would be an ancient 36 years old. That day has arrived. In a couple of months, Josh will graduate from high school—from my alma mater—and go off to college. He is a living, breathing reminder of my own mortality. Each of his birthdays is a reminder of how many years have passed since my final year in high school. Naturally, he is also the frame for much of my thinking about the killings of Trayvon Martin and Jordan Davis. At 17, Josh is the same age and shade of brown as those boys were when they were killed. Like those boys, Josh is babyfaced and slender. Like those boys, Josh has a mom and dad who have provided a safe home in a neighborhood that afforded him the opportunity to receive a good education. Like those boys, Josh is a black American teenager who listens to hip-hop music and sports hoodies. And, like those boys, my brother sometimes talks back to adults. In black culture, parents raise children never to challenge authority by talking back. The reasons are complicated. Part of it goes back to the days of slavery and Jim Crow, when questioning white authority figures could result in whippings or lynching for black transgressors. That mentality, beaten into black people over several generations, has remained a fixture of the African American psyche to this day. Many people say that’s for good

reason. Stepping outside the social order is what put Emmett Till’s body in the Tallahatchie River after all. Likewise, challenging white men who clearly believed their authority over black bodies to be unquestionable, is what also killed Trayvon Martin and Jordan Davis. In Martin’s case, he was on his way home from the store with snacks and talking to a friend on his cell phone when he

Failure to wholly submit to white supremacy is punishable by death. realized that neighborhood watchman George Zimmerman was in pursuit. Martin dared to question the then-28-yearold Zimmerman: “Why are you following me?” Minutes later, Martin was dead, killed in what Zimmerman claimed—and a Florida jury agreed—was self-defense. Later that same year, and in the same part of Florida, Jordan Davis also talked back to a middle-aged white man named Michael Dunn, who was annoyed at the volume of the so-called “thug music” blaring from the car where Davis was a passenger. Dunn demanded the boys turn the music down; Davis cursed at Dunn in defiance, and also lost his life for it. Zimmerman and Dunn each claimed

self-defense. But they were really defending the social order that says failure to wholly submit to white supremacy is punishable by death. Michael Dunn’s trial concluded this past weekend with his conviction on four of the five charges he faced for indiscriminately shooting at Davis and his friends. The judge declared a mistrial on the most serious charge of first-degree murder for killing Jordan Davis. Even though Dunn could receive a sentence of 60 years in prison for all his other convictions—an effective life sentence for the 47-year-old man—the response to the verdict was, understandably, a refrain of the anger and hurt that many people felt after the Zimmerman verdict. The writer and academic William Jelani Cobb put it best: In the present incarnation of the American criminal-justice system, prosecutors always “seem to have the wind at their backs” when the defendant is African American. Just look at incarceration rates for black males for evidence of how efficient prosecutors are when it comes to locking up black folks. However, Cobb said, when the accused is white, we hold our collective breath, unsure of which way the winds of justice will blow. Whether or not black boys deserve to live for failing to remember their place is a legitimate conversation, one that we keep having over and over without ever stopping to consider the absurdity of it. Reaction to the Michael Dunn verdict in my own peer group of 30-something-year old African American professionals was even more confounding to me. In more than one social-media thread, there were people arguing that had Jordan Davis’s parents done a better job of teaching him to hold his tongue and not talk back to people like Dunn, the boy might still be alive. (Similar

things were said about Till’s flirtation with a white woman, by the way). Someone brought up the story of Adrian Broadway, a 15-year-old black girl recently shot and killed by an Arkansas man after passengers of the car Broadway was riding in pelted the man’s house with eggs. “Well, they were in the wrong for vandalizing his property,” wrote a friend of a Facebook friend. In other words, the argument is that when a kid does the wrong thing, it’s understandable to kill them. Like everyone who has young people in their lives they love, it is terrifying to me that someone might gun down my baby brother for participating in a senior-year prank or for mouthing off to some cranky guy at a gas station. In times of tragedy, it’s more comforting to blame ourselves for not teaching our kids to do the right thing than to know we are powerless to control the actions of madmen like Dunn and Zimmerman. That is delusional. Since African Americans were first brought to this country, training black children to dare not stray from their positions of inferiority doesn’t seem to have done much good. The legacy of lynching in this country proves that. I refuse to go back to the days of teaching black children to step off the sidewalk for white people or to refrain from “eyeballing white women” because it might get them killed. Those days are over. I want Josh and his peers, whose generation, whether we like it or not, will one day be responsible for our republic, to revel in their youth, which means talking back and asking questions, challenge authority and to speak out against injustice and unfairness where he encounters it, even if it comes in the form of a madman like Michael Dunn. Our lives depend on it.

February 19 - 25, 2014



David Ray

Ronni Mott

Andrew Dunaway

Genevieve Legacy

Turry Flucker

Briana Robinson

Jordan Sudduth

Kimberly Griffin

David Ray, an Ole Miss graduate from McComb, is writing a book about the civil-rights era in his hometown. His book is excerpted in this issue. Email him at davidray6282@gmail. com if you have McComb stories to tell.

Ronni Mott has been a Mississippian since 1997. She’s an award-winning writer and a yoga teacher, just stumbling and fumbling toward bliss like everyone else. She wrote talk stories.

Andrew Dunaway knew his friends and family were tired of hearing him talk constantly about food, so he took to writing about it. He wrote a food piece.

Genevieve Legacy is an artist, writer and community development consultant. She works at Hope Enterprise Corporation and lives in Brandon with her husband and youngest son. She wrote a music story.

Turry M. Flucker, an independent curator and a cultural historian, has organized many contemporary art and African American history exhibits. He maintains an active schedule as a museum consultant. He wrote an arts story.

Music Editor Briana Robinson wants to become an expert on all things music. Her other passions include dance and photography. Send her the music scoop at briana@

Jordan Sudduth is a political consultant, golfer, fledgling actor and wannabe chef. He has been working on a novel since May 2010. Is 2014 the year he finally completes it? He sure hopes so. He wrote a film story.

Kimberly Griffin is a fitness buff and foodie who loves chocolate and her mama. She’s also Michelle Obama’s super secret BFF, which explains the Secret Service detail.



WILTON JACKSON, a Jackson native and University of Southern Mississippi student, earned a spot on the competitive USA

Today Collegiate Correspondent Team, providing him with a prestigious internship opportunity. Wilton is in exclusive company. He was one of only 20 students from around the nation selected for this program and the only student from Mississippi. As Wilton bursts through the doors of his future, this broadcast journalism major will be proof that golden opportunities can be

Take a closer look at Southern Miss. You’ll find we are more than meets the eye.


AA/EOE/ADAI UC 70249.5016 2.14

found close to home at Southern Miss.



[YOU & JFP] Name: Joshua Millsap Age: 20 Occupation: College Student (JSU Freshman). From: Canton, Miss. Favorite part of Jackson: Northpark Mall.

Write us: Tweet us: @JxnFreePress Facebook: Jackson Free Press

Favorite quote: “Dare to be different.� Secret to life: Work hard, stay happy.

YOUR TURN Feedback on WHAT’S YOUR FAVORITE THING ABOUT SPRINGTIME IN JACKSON? Jessica Myrick Singleton Dining outside! Mark Michalovic It starts a lot earlier than springtime in Philly! Liz Lancaster Anything outside! But especially musical performances and Screen on the Green at the Mississippi Museum of Art! The Art Garden at the Mississippi Museum of Art is one of my favorite places to be in the spring ... Pam Greer The ability to walk around Jackson taking random pictures in the beautiful flower gardens.

Comments on “Tigers of a Different Stripe,� Donna Ladd’s editor’s note about Michael Sam’s coming out and the civil rights legacy of James Meredith: Scott1962 “Christian� is derived from “Christ� and a claim to follow the teachings of Jesus Christ. ... I find it very amusing that nowhere in His teachings did He touch on the subject of homosexuality yet He made a noticeable effort to address adultery. Specifically His feelings on divorce and remarriage, which represents a large portion of the current Christian marriages. There are groups that hide behind the title of “Christians� using Old Testament laws against homosexuality which I find strange. Yet I’ve never seen a group, political or otherwise, that is based on divorce and remarriage. This is the reason it’s becoming harder and harder to defend oneself as being a Christian. Just too many folks running their mouths who haven’t read the Bible. ... I believe in equal rights for all, and I believe in separation of church and state,



so these so called â&#x20AC;&#x153;Christianâ&#x20AC;? groups need to back away. ... However, I cannot help but notice the constant comparisons made between this young man and Jackie Robinson and between the civil rights era and current day gay community. To say it is ridiculous is to sadly understate the situation. Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m pretty sure James Meredith had a little harder time than Michael Samâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s having. Sam is being called a hero and a role model and Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m pretty sure those werenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t the words being thrown at James Meredith back then. But itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s the LGBTQâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s insistence on this type of thing that hurts their cause. If there is a less tolerant and more hypocritical group than the ones who claim to speak for the entire gay community, Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;d like to know who it is. You donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t win support for your cause by telling people who do not agree with you 100 percent that they are a hater or a bigot. You donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t get in peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s face and attack all Christians because they donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t agree with you. And making a public spectacle of every celebrity that â&#x20AC;&#x153;comes outâ&#x20AC;? is something (not all people) want their children to find heroic. If you want tolerance then you have to be prepared to show some. If you want respect, youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;d better first be ready to show it and if you donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t want people to hate you then stop calling them haters. Michael Sam



is one hell of a defensive end and thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s pretty much all I need to know. His sexual choices shouldnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t be made into a circus. Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s counterproductive at best. donnaladd Engaged in hyperbole lately, Scott? The column right above says that Mr. Meredith had a harder time than Mr. Sam. Of course he did. That is actually the point if you read the whole thing. You can downplay all you want the bigotry against gay folks in our society. Right now in Kansas, theyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re trying to pass the equivalent of Jim Crow laws against them. They are ostracized, bashed and cannot legally marry the person they want in most states. Right in the NFL, gay players wonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t speak out about it because of the way people will react to them. Michael Sam is damned important, and he clearly knows it. He is stepping up and out to make the point that he should be able to live openly as who he is: a gay man. Mr. Meredith stepped up and out to say that he should be able to attend a public institution ... The fact that you do not want to see that both of these are civil-rights issues is simply irrelevant to the conversation that must happen about it. And itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s truly sad that you think that speaking out on behalf of people who are treated as second-class citizens is a â&#x20AC;&#x153;circus.â&#x20AC;? Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m sure many white folks thought back in Jim Crow times, too. How dare we all talk about something theyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;d rather not hear about? All the more reason to talk about it. Loudly.

February 19 - 25, 2014








Sunday, Feb. 16 Two men deface a statue of James Meredith on the University of Mississippi campus by draping a noose and an old Georgia state flag on it. The university offers a $25,000 reward for information leading to the culpritsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; arrest.

February 19 - 25, 2014

Monday, Feb. 17 An Oklahoma pharmacy agrees not to provide a drug for a scheduled execution next week in Missouri as part of a settlement with the death row inmateâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s attorneys. â&#x20AC;Ś Jimmy Fallon makes his debut as host of NBCâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s â&#x20AC;&#x153;Tonight Show,â&#x20AC;? as the TV institution returns to New York after four decades based on the West Coast.


Tuesday, Feb. 18 Indiaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Supreme Court commutes the death sentences to life in prison for three men convicted of playing minor roles in the 1991 assassination of former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, which also caused the deaths of 17 other people.

A LEGENDâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;S WORDS

by Trip Burns

Philip Seymour Hoffman left us many memorable performances with his unique delivery of lines and presence of character. Here are a few of his most memorable lines: Twister (1996, dir. Jan De Bont): â&#x20AC;&#x153;Jo, Bill, itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s coming! Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s headed right for us!â&#x20AC;? Before the Devil Knows Youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re Dead (2007, dir. Sidney Lumet): â&#x20AC;&#x153;Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve seen heaven, Gina. Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s a nice place to stay.â&#x20AC;? Magnolia (1999, dir. Paul Thomas Anderson): â&#x20AC;&#x153;I know this sounds silly and I know that I might sound ridiculous. Like this is the scene in the movie where the guyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s trying to get ahold of the long lost son, you know, but this is that scene. This is that scene. And I think that they have those scenes in movies because theyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re true, you know, because they really happen.â&#x20AC;?

The Talented Mr. Ripley (1999, dir. Anthony Mingella): â&#x20AC;&#x153;â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Is it on delle Croce, just off the Corso?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; Youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re a quick study, arenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t you? Last time you didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t know your ass from your elbow, now youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re giving me directions. Thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s not fair, you probably do know your ass from your elbow. Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll see you.â&#x20AC;? H

Saturday, Feb. 15 President Barack Obama signs separate measures into law to lift the federal debt limit and restore benefits that had been cut for younger military retirees.


usinesses across the state have emails made sales in Jackson. to handle its own business. Adding to the in their inboxes from the MississipThe collection piece, while major, isnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t insult, the law says that the chamberâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s four pi Department of Revenue about the only part of the tax puzzle to resolve. An members must own businesses in Jackson, accounting for the capital cityâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 1- independent oversight commission must be but do not have to live in the city, and that percent sales tax beginning March 1. in place, as well as a plan for spending the the commission will be responsible for the â&#x20AC;&#x153;We have a much wider audience than estimated $15 million the tax will produce. spending plan. Johnson believed those decijust Jackson,â&#x20AC;? MDOR spokessions belonged to the city. The woman Kathy Waterbury said. tax required approval from 60 The tax, which Jackson percent of the cityâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s voters, and voters approved by a 90 percent he refused to put it to a vote landslide in January, is unusual. during his tenure. Waterbury explained that itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s a Mayor Chokwe Luâ&#x20AC;&#x153;sourceâ&#x20AC;? tax. If a business sells mumba shares Johnsonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s point or ships goods or delivers serof view, and has made his disvices in Jackson, regardless of taste for the commission well where that business is located, known. But the cityâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s crumit will need to add the tax and bling infrastructure takes prepay it to the MDOR. In concedence, as do the wishes of trast, the department levies the cityâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s voters. most sales taxes without regard â&#x20AC;&#x153;I still adhere to the to the source of revenue. concept that the commission Duane Oâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Neill and the Greater Jackson Chamber Partnership have Examples of businesses shouldnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t be there,â&#x20AC;? Lumumba developed a list of potential appointees to Jacksonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s one-cent sales affected could be a furniture retold the Jackson Free Press durtax commission. Those appointees could be announced any day now. tailer in Flowood that delivers a ing a Feb. 5 interview, but heâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s sofa to a Jackson homeowner, working with what he has, sugor a Bolton electrician working at a business The commission has been a thorn in gesting appointees to all parties and asking in the city. Both of those businesses will be Jacksonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s side since a narrow, one-vote majority them to respect his submissions. Lumumba responsible for collecting the additional 1- in the state Legislature passed the law in 2011 said that the appointees will demonstrate percent tax. Grocery and restaurant food after rejecting it for several years. The city gets whether the state and chamber believe the sales, cable TV and Internet providers, and to name only three people to the commissionâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s city administration is capableâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;or not. hotels and motels are exempt, although utili- 10 seats. The Greater Jackson Chamber Partâ&#x20AC;&#x153;This is their opportunity to disregard ties are not. nership will have four members, and the gov- Jacksonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s right to self-determination, Jackâ&#x20AC;&#x153;Sourcing is going to be an issue,â&#x20AC;? Wa- ernor, lieutenant governor and the speaker of sonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s right to self-definition,â&#x20AC;? he said, charterbury said, which is why MDOR is reach- the Mississippi House of Representatives each acterizing himself as a â&#x20AC;&#x153;hardlinerâ&#x20AC;? on those ing out now to inform business owners. The will appoint one member. issues. â&#x20AC;&#x153;If theyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re not, thereâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s no reason to apdepartment will also send hard-copy letters Former Mayor Harvey Johnson Jr. con- point who Jackson is asking them to appoint. to businesses in the counties surrounding sidered the commission a slap in Jacksonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s If they have some kind of other motive, they Jackson. When businesses file their returns face, demonstrating the Legislatureâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s funda- might do some other kind of thing.â&#x20AC;? online, the website will ask if the business mental mistrust of the cityâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s administration The mayor announced in Sep-


Friday, Feb. 14 U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry wins a commitment from China to help bring a belligerent North Korea back to nuclear disarmament talks. â&#x20AC;Ś The Obama administration gives banks a road map for doing business with legal marijuana sellers without getting into trouble.

by Ronni Mott


Thursday, Feb. 13 Four gay married couples file a federal lawsuit challenging the Louisiana Constitutionâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s prohibition against recognizing same-sex marriages performed legally in other states. â&#x20AC;Ś Afghanistan releases 65 accused militants from a former U.S. prison, despite warnings that the men are dangerous Taliban fighters and bomb-makers likely to return to killing foreign forces and Afghans.

Getting Ready for the 1-Percent Sales Tax


Wednesday, Feb. 12 Congress votes to restore full costof-living pension increases for younger military retirees. â&#x20AC;Ś Comcast Corp. announces that it will buy Time Warner Cable Inc. for about $45.2 billion.


Along Came Polly (2004, dir. John Hamburg): â&#x20AC;&#x153;I tried to fart and a little sh*t came out. I just sharted. Now letâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s go.â&#x20AC;?


tember 2013 that he had reached a deal with the chamber to allow the city to name the chamberâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s appointees. Duane Oâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Neill, president of the GJCP, sees it differently. Oâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Neill said that the chamber is considering Lumumbaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s suggestions, but it would make its own decisions. At press time, neither the city nor the chamber has announced their nominees.

Lumumba said that the city is hard at work developing a spending master plan for the commissionâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s approval. The mayor hopes to have the plan completed within the next few weeks and said work should be underway by this fallâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;ideally much earlier. Among the city departments represented on the planning team are public works, finance, economic development and governmental affairs. The


city is also evaluating outside entities, including contractors and project managers. â&#x20AC;&#x153;One of the priorities will be to get to those water pipes. We really canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t do much on the streets without knowing about the water pipes,â&#x20AC;? Lumumba said. He added the city will be â&#x20AC;&#x153;beating down the capitol doorsâ&#x20AC;? for next yearâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s session to get the contentious commission repealed from the law. Other Mississippi

municipalities will be closely watching to see if their cities should advocate for an amendment to the law; currently, Jackson is the only city large enough to be eligible. But the mayor is optimistic about what the moneyâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;and the commissionâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;will provide for Jackson this year. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m expecting the best,â&#x20AC;? he said. Comment at

Colleges Recruited to Offer Teen-Pregnancy Solutions

Carol Penick, executive director of the Womenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Foundation, wants a holistic approach to fighting teen pregnancy.

â&#x20AC;&#x153;Those are women who should not be having children,â&#x20AC;? she said, adding that many teen mothers are unmarried and without the family and financial resources to provide stable homes, either for themselves or their

babies. Single motherhood is the top predictor of poverty, and daughters of single mothers often become single mothers themselves, feeding a generational cycle of poverty. The proposed law specifies that colleges provide information on how to avoid pregnancy in â&#x20AC;&#x153;success courses and orientations,â&#x20AC;? and incorporate facts about unplanned pregnancy in other academic classes. It also asks the colleges to set up mentoring programs between their students and younger teens, collaborate with community health centers, and offer solutions for child care, transportation and financial aid to single parents. The Jackson-based Womenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Foundation of Mississippi (formerly The Womenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Fund of Mississippi) advocated for this holistic approach, and foundation Project Manager Jamie Holcomb Bardwell is a member of the task force. The non-profit foundation has made reducing teen pregnancy a priority for the last several years, launching the Fact Not Fiction website ( in October 2012 to provide teens and their parents with medically accurate information about sexual health. The bills stop short of telling the schools what kind of information they should disseminate. Language such as

â&#x20AC;&#x153;medically accurateâ&#x20AC;? is not included in either piece of legislation. â&#x20AC;&#x153;That is not the purpose of the bill,â&#x20AC;? Doty said, though some of her colleagues wanted to add similar specific suggestions. Doty believes curriculum choices should be up to the schools. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We should not legislate that through Jackson.â&#x20AC;? Carol Penick, executive director of the Womenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Foundation, called the proposed law a â&#x20AC;&#x153;second-generationâ&#x20AC;? approach to preventing teen pregnancy. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s a new way of looking at it,â&#x20AC;? she said. Through their collaborative approach, the bills allow for programs that assist not only single mothers, but their children as well. Many colleges already offer day care to teachers, Penick said, and extending child care to students is a good fit, in that case. Bringing community health centers into the mix will provide additional resources for students and their children including access to health care. Such programs could help students stay in school and earn their degrees faster. â&#x20AC;&#x153;(Colleges) want to know what they can do better,â&#x20AC;? Penick said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t think anybody will lose with this.â&#x20AC;? Comment at


n his first State of the State address in January 2012, Gov. Phil Bryant put the onus of finding ways to reduce Mississippiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s teen pregnancy rate on the state departments of health and human services. The result of his directive is a 95-member Teen Pregnancy Prevention Task Force. Sen. Sally Doty, R- Brookhaven, is one of the task-force members. Dotyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s participation compelled her to sponsor a bill in this yearâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s legislative session to mandate the state Institutions of Higher Learning, public universities and community colleges to come up with their own plan of action to reduce teen pregnancy. Mississippi had the second-highest rate of teen births in the nation in 2011, at 50.2 percent, second only to Arkansasâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; 50.7 percent rate. It ranked highest in 2010, with 55 percent, reports the Centers for Disease Control. The state Department of Health reports that 5,644 Mississippi teens got pregnant in 2012, and 18- and 19-year-old women accounted for 3,913 of those pregnancies, or nearly 70 percent. Doty hopes to reach the older teens with her bill, SB 2563. The state House of Representatives has a nearly identical bill in its chamber, HB 972.


by Ronni Mott



A Million and One Questions by R.L. Nave



Tuesday, February 25 6:00 p.m. – 9:00 p.m.

MS Museum of Art V.I.P.Reception: 6:00($100) Bash: 7:00 - 9:00 ($50)     This event kicks-off our

annual “It’s About You Film Festival" and features a competition by area chefs. Join us for a night of great food, entertainment and the film festival line-up.

Chef Nick Wallace 2014 Coordinating Chef

Nate Coleman

Koinonia Grill & Coffee House

Kendrick Gordon

One Guy Steak & Chicken

Karl Gorline Bravo

Lina Lynn

Wasabi Sushi & Bar

Grant Nooe

Miso & Grant’s Kitchen

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s if Mississippi taxpayers haven’t “Mississippi voters have already rejected cocaine) substance not including marijuana. been burdened enough defend- the notion that politicians and the governNevertheless, Taylor brought seving lawsuits that appear eral more bills back a few days later, patently unconstitutional, before the deadline for floor action. the Mississippi House of RepreOne of them, which ultimately sentatives approved a proposal last proved unsuccessful and died on the week to ban abortions more than 20 calendar, would have required Epps weeks after conception. to appear before Taylor’s committee The bill, HB 1400, states “subbefore closing any of MDOC’s comstantial medical evidence recognizes munity work centers (CWCs). Epps that an unborn child is capable of has been flirting with the idea to experiencing pain by not later than shutter some of the centers and move twenty (20) weeks after conception,” their prisoners to local county jails. and that women have “adequate “This is simply a bill to take away time to decide whether to have an State Sen. McDaniel has missed several “conservative” authority from the Commissioner of abortion in the first twenty (20) votes while he has been out campaigning for the Corrections,” Epps wrote in a letter weeks after conception.” In addition U.S. Senate. His opponent, U.S. Sen.Thad Cochran, is circulated among House members. to banning most abortions after 20 attempting to use the missed votes to his advantage. “It ties the Commissioner’s hands.” weeks, or about five months, the bill Ultimately, that proposal, along prohibits abortions until a doctor with several others, failed and died determines the “probable post-conception ment should dictate deeply personal and on the calendar. age of the unborn child.” It makes no excep- difficult decisions around health care and tions for rape or incest. pregnancy. Women don’t ask politicians for Everybody Hates Chris Rep. Adrienne Wooten, a Democrat medical advice, and politicians shouldn’t try Given the fact that state Sen. Chris from Jackson, argued that the bill should to force their way into medical decisions,” McDaniel, R-Ellisville, is challenging one at least make exceptions to protect children said Felicia Brown-Williams, Planned Par- of the longest-serving members of the U.S. who are victims of incest and rape. Rep. enthood Southeast’s public policy director, Senate for his seat in the upper chamber of Andy Gipson, R-Braxton, who chairs the Ju- referring to the unsuccessful personhood Congress, one would expect that McDandiciary B Committee and sponsored the leg- campaign of 2011, in a statement. iel would hold frequent media availabilities islation, said the bill is designed to “protect House Bill 1400 now heads to the Sen- and deliver fiery speeches from the Senate the unborn who can’t speak for themselves.” ate, where its fate is unclear. Lt. Gov. Reeves, floor to soak up free publicity. A third of the Gipson cited statistics from state health who is also a pro-life conservative and pre- way into the session, McDaniel hasn’t done officials that show 2,176 abortions were per- sides over the Senate, hailed the passage of a lot of showboating—because he hasn’t formed in Mississippi in 2012. Two were HB 1390, which required Derzis’ clinic to been there. listed at 21 weeks or later, and 382 were obtain admitting privileges at a local hospiMcDaniel, one of the founding memlisted as unknown gestational age. tal, as a victory toward ending abortion in bers of the Senate’s conservative caucus, has Wooten questioned why the Legislature Mississippi. However, Reeves has killed other virtually been a ghost this year. No one can should involve itself in an issue that applies to bills that would restrict abortion access. really blame him, considering most of the only a few of the state’s 3 million residents. Republican leadership has already decided “If there was only one that we could Prison Beef to throw their support behind Cochran; as save with this bill, it would be worth the efA rift between the commissioner of the such, McDaniel is unlikely to get many bills fort,” Gipson said, drawing applause from state Department of Corrections and the through the Senate. Nonetheless, the Cofellow supporters of the bill. chairman of a key legislative committee is chran camp has pounced on the fact that McRep. Toby Barker, R-Hattiesburg, offered spilling out into the open. Daniel, a self-styled Tea Party flamethrower, an amendment to exclude rape and incest vicAs the newly appointed chairman of has missed a lot of votes on red-meat consertims, but that measure failed. Representatives the House Corrections Committee, state vative issues. Cochran supporters last week passed HB 1400 by a vote of 89-22. Rep. Tommy Taylor, R-Boyle, has shep- pointed to a bill senators passed that would Diane Derzis, who owns Mississippi’s herded several bills this year that lawmakers require colleges and universities to develop a only abortion clinic, told the Associated Press say are designed to chip away at the power plan to combat unintended pregnancies; the the proposed change wouldn’t affect the facil- of Mississippi Department of Corrections House passed a similar measure. Conservaity, which she says stops doing abortions after Commissioner Chris Epps. Before he ran for tives tried to prohibit abortion counseling 16 weeks. Derzis, owner of Jackson Women’s the Legislature, Taylor worked under Epps’ to be part of the plan, but that amendment Health Organization, is also fending off a supervision as warden of the Bolivar County failed on a razor-thin 22-23 margin. 2012 law—HB 1390—that imposed strict Regional Correctional Facility. Pro-choicers would not have won had regulations requiring abortion clinics to obOn Feb. 10, the House passed one of McDaniel and his campaign manager, Sen. tain admitting privileges at a local hospital, the session’s most watched pieces of legisla- Melanie Sojourner, been in the chamber, JWHO has been unable to meet. tion, House Bill 585, which proposes to Cochran’s camp said. They also point out After the vote, representatives of streamline the state prison and court. that McDaniel and Sojourner failed to cast Planned Parenthood said the bill “reflects an The vote wasn’t even close, with most votes when the Senate voted to add the extreme agenda to limit a woman’s ability of the questions revolving around a provision words “In God We Trust” to the state seal to make her own health-care decisions and in the bill to change the definition of a drug because they were in New York City appearshows that many elected officials are com- trafficking to involve 30 grams of a Sched- ing on Glenn Beck’s TV show “The Blaze.” pletely out of touch with their constituents ule I (e.g. heroin and LSD) or Schedule II Comment at Email R.L. on this issue.” (methamphetamine and powder and crack Nave at

TALK | business

Craft Beer, circa. Make Moves


uite a bit is afoot in Jackson’s craft beer scene, starting with the growler station available at the recently opened Whole Foods branch. The Whole Foods growler station consists of five taps, all of which contain local Mississippi craft beers that will rotate roughly every few weeks, and possibly weekly as sales pick up. Customers put down a $4 deposit on either a 32-ounce or 64-ounce bottle, which they can then fill with one of the five beer varieties available. Whole Foods returns the deposit on the bottle when the customer brings it back. The actual cost of the beer, which the deposit is added to, varies by brand. McDade’s Market is also working on installing its own growler station. The store’s Growlerville station will feature 12 craft beers in 32-ounce or 64-ounce bottles. Details on the selection at McDade’s are forthcoming. The five brands currently available at Whole Foods are Southern Prohibition Fire Ant Red, Lazy Magnolia Southern Hops’pitality, Lucky Town Pub Ale, Yalobusha Water Valley Copperhead and Crooked


by Dustin Cardon

The capital city’s craft-beer expansion continues to roar with the installation of growler-fill stations at McDade’s Market and Whole Foods.

Letter Ocean Springs Mystery Romp Porter. Speaking of Crooked Letter Brewing Co. (1805 Government St., Ocean Springs), the brewery recently announced plans to launch three new beers for Beau Rivage Casino Resort (875 Beach Blvd., Biloxi).

Crooked Letter will produce the Sheep Shank Ale, Anchor Bend Imperial Stout and Double Half Hitch Imperial. Beau Rivage Beverage Manager Bruce Cartwright said in a release that the resort wanted to hit all the demographics in the casino. Before Hurricane Katrina, the casino’s Coast Brewing Company made seven beers were brewed onsite. Cartwright said the casino wants to bring craft beers back. In other beer news, Lucky Town Brewery (1710 N. Mill St.) is continuing with its plans to expand into midtown later this year. Construction is under way after the company received approval from Midtown Partners and the city last year. The old roof of the building was removed and a new one is being installed. Chip Jones, co-founder of Lucky Town, said that the brewery’s brewhouse, fermentation vessels and canning line—all of which are made using U.S. materials—should be complete by May. Opening day for the new location is set for July. Lucky Town is currently taking applications for a Mississippi sales representative.

circa. Moves Around On Feb. 28, circa. Urban Artisan Living (2771 Old Canton Rd.) will be closing its current location in Fondren and moving one block over to Interiors Market (659 Duling Ave.) over the first two weeks of March. circa. owner Michele Escude said in a release that the move to Interiors Market is temporary, and that she will use the time the store is there to “re-imagine, re-create and redirect the future of circa.” C Spire to Provide Data Services for Southern Farm Bureau Jackson-based Southern Farm Bureau Life Insurance Company and C Spire are teaming up on data center services to support various systems. The C Spire data center will be one of only 52 in the U.S. with a Tier 3 or 4 rating, the highest in the industry based on data center certifications by the Uptime Institute. C Spire operates two other data centers in Mississippi—one in Ridgeland and the other in downtown Jackson. Email metro Jackson business news tips to

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Playing Politics with Abortion


olitics is a dirty business. When you involve yourself in activism and politics, it is easy to get discouraged because you learn early on that many of your elected officials donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t care about you or any of the people who elected them. They care about votes. In order to get those votes, they need to maintain their image. In our state, that generally means making sure you look and sound conservative. It doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t mean you have to believe it, and it doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t mean that the things one proposes have to actually be productive for the state. It just means you have to look like you are busy promoting conservative things that are supposed to mean something. This is why we keep seeing abortion bills every year. All our lawmakers donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t even believe in outlawing abortion. If you ask them in private, many on both sides of the aisle will say they wish the anti-abortion bills would just go away. Yet, they have images to uphold. They canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t appear to promote abortion. This year, we have a bill going through the Legislature to ban abortion at 20 weeks gestation. Sounds urgent, right? It seems that way if you know nothing about abortion nationally or in Mississippi. The lone clinic in the state doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t perform procedures past 16 weeks. The handful of abortions performed past 20 weeks in the state in 2013 were done in hospitals more than likely meeting the exemption standards in the bill. That means that pregnancy was a danger to the life of the pregnant woman. Mississippi has one of the lowest abortion rates in the country, according to the Guttmacher Institute, and abortion rates are at an all-time low nationwide. It leaves one to wonder why politicians treat abortion as the big issue in Mississippi. Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s not the greatest health issue for pregnant women in the state. Our state has some of the worst maternal-health and infant-mortality statistics in the country. In some parts of the state, our infant-mortality rates for black infants are on par with developing countries. By contrast, abortion in Mississippi has a complication rate of less than 5 percent, according to the Mississippi Department of Health. So maybe lawmakers should focus on making births safer. Expanding Medicaid could help. Otherwise, I can think of a mile-long list of issues for those pregnant in Mississippi, from lack of access to health care to hospital quality, and too much access to abortion isnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t one of them. Our lawmakers are choosing to focus on abortion because it is low-hanging fruit to get political points with their base. It is a wedge issue that causes emotional reactions in people. It is a way to look like they are working for families and children without doing anything real and substantial to help lives being lived in the here and now. Perhaps they should think about being â&#x20AC;&#x153;pro-lifeâ&#x20AC;? in all things since I have a news flash: Abortion is not the issue that is holding Mississippians back. Lawmakers pandering for cheap votes instead of working on behalf of the people are.

â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;saveâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; February 19 - 25, 2014




Why it stinks: Rep. Gipson, who is a lawyer and a minister, has a warped perception of salvation and the law. Although the legislation he was defending contains exceptions where the motherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s life is danger, it does not make an exception for rape or incest. Apparently, he doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t think much of saving women from the spiritual and emotional damage of delivering a baby that resulted from a sexual assault.

Yes, We NeedTo ContinueTalking About â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;


ost-racial America? Not quite. Although the JFP frequently encounters the attitude (in website comments and letters to the editor; plus the occasional sidewalk confrontation) that we should be â&#x20AC;&#x153;overâ&#x20AC;? or â&#x20AC;&#x153;pastâ&#x20AC;? or otherwise beyond the need for dialogue when it comes to issues of race and ethnicity in America, a host of events that are happening right here and nowâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;in Jackson, in Mississippi, in the second term of the Obama administrationâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;suggest we still have a ways to go. Just this week, someone with access to the campus of the University of Mississippi decided to place a noose around the neck of a statue of James Meredith, the first African American admitted to the university back in 1962. The purpose of this act could only have been to send a hateful message. This came on the heels of the trial of a white man in Florida who shot into a car full of black teens, killing one, because they were playing loud music and showing him disrespect. Locally, the JFP and readers are still struggling with the politics and policies that allowed a homeowner to avoid any scrutiny from police or the Hinds County district attorney after shooting an unarmed youth for breaking into his pickup truckâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;and what that incident says not only about â&#x20AC;&#x153;castle doctrineâ&#x20AC;? laws but about the complex dynamics of black-on-black crime in Jackson and elsewhere. A photo by JFP photographer Trip Burns (jfp. ms/museums) went viral a few months agoâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;one that showed Gov. Phil Bryant and Myrlie EversWilliams at the dedication ceremony of the Mis-

sissippi Civil Rights Museum juxtaposed with the Mississippi flag that still incorporates the Confederate battle cross in its design. The issues are complex, and theyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re emotional, and theyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re steeped in history and opinions and judgments and what our parents taught us, for better or worse. And thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s why itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s so important to keep talking about them. People who go through structured discussions that focus on race and culture in Americaâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;those offers by groups such as Jackson 2000 (jackson2000. org) or the William Winter Institute for Racial Reconciliation (â&#x20AC;&#x201D;frequently report that it can dramatically change their lives. They feel empowered to have important discussions and build friendships they thought theyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;d never have. The people who tend to benefit the most from such dialogue happen to be the people who think they already have it figured out. If youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re one of those peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;or anyone who would like to reflect more on what race and ethnicity mean in todayâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Americaâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;we suggest you consider Black History Month an opportunity to get more involved in the dialogue. How? Join Jackson 2000, engage on the JFP site, take part in Freedom Summer events this year. The Margaret Walker Alexander Center and the Smith Robertson Museum are great places to start. You can also read our GOOD Ideas issue on race dialogue at Leave the comfort of your easy chair and your opinions and explore someone elseâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s reality. It may change youâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;the first step in changing everything.

Email letters and opinion to, fax to 601-510-9019 or mail to 125 South Congress St., Suite 1324, Jackson, Mississippi 39201. Include daytime phone number. Letters may be edited for length and clarity, as well as factchecked.


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to black males: “This is our world and if you don’t behave the way we say you should, we will handle you any way we see fit. With impunity. Because you are not privileged like we are. “If you are talented and smart, you’re exceptional and worthy of our celebration. But if you get uppity or arrogant, we will try to take you down. Thug is our new word of choice to criminalize you. N*gger is so passé. “If you’re 2 years old and black and already cursing, you will turn out to be a 19year-old who will curse us out if we tell you to turn down your ‘thug’ music, and we can say that your cursing was so threatening that we could exterminate you—even if police can’t find the gun we claim you had. Because you are a ‘thug.’ You are not privileged. You are disposable.” Now if this were 1844 or even 1944, it wouldn’t be so surreal, and so damn disturbing. But this is 2014, and a man who doesn’t look like Michael Dunn is the most powerful leader in the world. Having a black president has made some white folk act just like they did after Reconstruction when blacks began to make unimaginable strides—including being elected to Congress. Whites burned their businesses and lynched mostly men and boys to “dehumanize” and terrorize them into their place. So white folk: Don’t try to play us. Don’t try to n*ggerize thug; it’s not a potent enough word. Have the ovaries to say n*gger when you mean n*gger. That word has a despicable racist history in this country that you conjure when you call black Americans n*gger. And black folk: Remember that n*gger is not only the most dangerous word in the American English language, it also is a constitutionally protected “fighting” word. So when you hear thug masquerading as n*gger, go on and do whatever the hell you need to do to respond. Carole Cannon is a southern woman who hopes someday to be a Vodou Priestess. In the meantime, she is a graduate of Columbia Graduate School of Journalism and a Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist who writes to fight – most regularly for her blog, MAMMY X. She also cooks up communication strategies and coaches writing.

‘ Thug is our new word of choice to criminalize you.’

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s thug the new n*gger? Did Michael Dunn kill Jordan Davis because he was playing “thug” music? Did this white 47year-old man believe his “privileged” place in American society gave him the right to tell a car full of black teens to turn off music he found offensive? And when Davis, a few days shy of his 19th birthday, cursed him out because he didn’t believe this white man could demand he turn off his music, Dunn killed him. Can you believe a predominately white jury in Florida couldn’t decide whether Dunn had committed firstdegree murder? Across the country, a police union in Omaha, Neb., was on the same page as Dunn. It reposted a video of a 2-year-old black boy cursing like a sailor and even flipping the bird at black people in the room who were provoking him and encouraging his bad behavior with the caption: “The Thug Cycle Continues.” The video went viral. Would the union have captioned a similar video starring white folk? Hell no. Would they have handled this differently if the little boy were white? I’m sure. The third “thug” case to capture national attention kicked off when Seattle Seahawks player Richard Sherman said in the adrenaline- and testosterone-fueled, passion-filled aftermath of his making a championship game-saving play that he was “the best corner in the game” and that San Francisco 49ers wide receiver Michael Crabtree was “mediocre.” All hell broke loose. Athletes trash talk all the time, but why did Sherman’s comments provoke such overt racism on social media? Why did sports journalists call a man who has no criminal record, is a summa cum laude graduate of Stanford and was playing great football like he was hired to do a “thug”? “The only reason (the word ‘thug’) bothers me,” Sherman said at the press conference after the uncalled-for mess, “is that it seems to be the accepted way of calling somebody the n-word now.” He’s right. Thug is not just being thrown around in a few instances, it is the new politically correct code word whites use to n*ggerize blacks, or put them in their place. It’s a way for whites to say, especially

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Is Thug the New N-Word?






Brave Times at Burglund High by David Ray

A Book Excerpt

Expelled Burglund High School students finally got their diplomas 50 years later in a ceremony on Oct. 8, 2011.

Setting the Scene Growing up in McComb, Miss., David Ray, now 31, learned nothing about the dramatic and violent events of the Civil Rights Movement in his hometown—once called the “bombing capital of the world”—until he overheard whispers about it at a relative’s funeral in 2010. He was compelled to learn the real history of the era, and is now completing a book about it, “McComb: How A Race War Created the Bombing Capital of the World.” This excerpt begins after the murder of Herbert Lee in

February 19 - 25, 2014

T 14

he aging, white-haired tyrant towered over the realm of academia in McComb, and looked every inch the stern disciplinarian. A former special agent with the FBI, Superintendent Robert S. Simpson’s suits were always immaculate, with the knot in his tie perfectly situated. Even the glare cast through those thick, black-framed glasses could make a troublesome adolescent’s blood run cold. It probably would have crushed Simpson’s inflated ego had he known that the bawdier white kids at McComb High School referred to him as “Rat Shit” Simpson, but within his sphere of influence, he was the judge, jury and executioner—and a

nearby Amite County for his civil-rights activity, which along with the recent appearance of the Freedom Riders helped inspire two students at the all-black Burglund High School to try to integrate the Greyhound bus station waiting room in downtown McComb. The story picks up at the point when the students seek to return to class after spending a month in Pike County Jail for the effort. At this point, the school district must decide how to deal with the young activists’ subversive behavior.

go-to hatchet man for the Citizens Council. As superintendent, Simpson had aggressively toed the line for the status quo, fighting to defy the seven-year-old dictums of Brown v. Topeka Board of Education. The Camellia City’s schools would not integrate on his watch, and black teens at the all-black Burglund High School would not get away with such behavior. Because of Simpson’s unyielding conservatism, the Duke University and Millsaps College-trained educator had risen to vice president of the Mississippi Association of School Superintendents. In accordance with the Subversive Activities Control Act of 1950, he had long required all his teachers to sign a loyalty oath vowing to refrain from “subversive” activity, and additionally

provided the Mississippi Sovereignty Commission with lists of faculty names. The actions of two incorrigible Burglund High students, who possessed the fortitude to try to integrate the Greyhound station, had the potential to spark major unrest in Pike County. Simpson was keenly aware of this threat. From City Hall, his masters sent word that he make an example of Brenda Travis, 16, and Isaac Lewis, 20, when they returned to school following a month of singing freedom songs while incarcerated at the Pike County Jail in nearby Magnolia. Simpson followed those orders to the letter. Back to School On Oct. 4, 1961, Brenda Travis met with black Principal Commodore Dewey

“C.D.” Higgins to learn her fate. Travis faced Higgins alone, she says—because her mother, Icie Travis, had to work. The mother of seven was a cook at the Fernwood Textile Company and could not afford time off. Higgins told Travis that she would not be allowed back in class and expelled her for the remainder of the school year. “Why?” Travis asked Higgins. He told her it was because Superintendent Simpson told him he had to expel her. “You mean to tell me you’re going to let that white man tell you what to do with a colored student?” she asked her elder. “I’m doing my job,” Higgins answered. It is doubtful that Mr. Higgins lost much sleep over the matter, though. Black principals in Mississippi were often all-powerful men within their communities, and things were no different in McComb. As Taylor Branch wrote in his book “Parting the Waters,” the principals at Mississippi’s all-black high schools controlled “scarce, precious commodities,” including diplomas and college recommendations. Limited teaching positions were filled based solely on Higgins’ decree. In essence, the school had become his personal economic fiefdom. As long as he suppressed racial volatility within the school, the school board allowed him to collect ticket receipts from sporting events and other school functions.

â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The Shuffle of Feetâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; Organizers Bob Moses and Chuck McDew were hosting a regional SNCC conference on voter-registration techniques when the throng of singing teenagers approached the Burglund Supermarket, a hotbed of organizing on the black side of the tracks. Initially, the pair of northern activists aimed to curb the studentsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; youthful exuberance when they saw what was unfolding. However, SNCC members Marion Barry and Charles Sherrod feverishly urged the children to march to the Pike County Jail in Magnolia, where Travis and Lewis had been held, and they even hatched a dangerous scheme that would have required walking through miles of hostile countryside. Neither Barry or Sherrod joined the childrenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s march, however. The wheels of fate began to churn. Moses advised against walking all the way to Magnolia because he knew the inherent risk of violence. Additionally, he feared that the

he wrote, â&#x20AC;&#x153;things began to get quieter until you could hear only the shuffle of feet on dusty gravel. Even the weather, it seemed, began to change as we crossed from â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;n*gger townâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; to the sidewalks of white McComb. The sky seemed darker, and the footfalls were quieter â&#x20AC;Śâ&#x20AC;? Students carried cardboard signs stating, â&#x20AC;&#x153;(Herbert) Lee could be me,â&#x20AC;? and â&#x20AC;&#x153;Will you be an Uncle Tom, or will you be a man?â&#x20AC;? The signs didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t have poles, however, so they couldnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t be accused of carrying weapons. A violent backlash lay just ahead. A Tsunami of Rebel Yells Forging ahead, the flustered activists ventured southward down Front Street, past a couple of gambling joints. Puzzled white people stared in disbelief, and some began to spread the word of what was happening. The MYRA OTTEWELL

A Courageous Act After Travis left the principalâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s office, she ran into a fellow schoolmate who asked her, â&#x20AC;&#x153;What happened?â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;I was expelled.â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;Come on, follow me to the gym,â&#x20AC;? he told her. She didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t know then that it was assembly timeâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;and that other students were ready to make a statement on her behalf. Word spread quickly in the assembly that Higgins was expelling Travis and Isaac. Voices in the bleachers suddenly began to murmur with discontent from students who were ready to respond if this happened, with help of their SNCC advisers. No one could dispute that Lewis and Travis had contributed more to the local fight for civil equality than any Burglund faculty member or pious administrator, and scores of students believed that the pairâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s valiant gesture deserved recognition, not punishment, and this was the last straw for many of the young people in the room. Senior Class President Jerome Byrd demanded an explanation, but the stoic Principal Higgins refused to respond. Several upperclassmen followed Byrdâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s lead, and commandeered the assembly. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Hey yâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;all! Letâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s walk out of here!â&#x20AC;? Byrd shouted to fellow students. With a gripping background of freedom songs in the air, 114 Burglund High School students of various ages rose from the wooden benches, walked through the front door and set off on an exodus from the campus, as their principal lightly wept. Travis was near the front of the march. Their future was now anything but certain. From the school grounds, the children of Jubilee marched under glorious sunshine toward the Masonic Temple on Warren Street. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Woke up this morning with my mind stayed on freedomâ&#x20AC;Ś,â&#x20AC;? they sang.

unprecedented protestâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;the first of its kind in the state since Reconstructionâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;would alienate older blacks, but as organizer Curtis Hayes recounted later, â&#x20AC;&#x153;the overriding factor was that the students wanted to march.â&#x20AC;? The blossoming revolutionaries paraded south down Summit Street in a joyous holiday mood, bantering with neighbors and waving at the stunned faces looking out from Eddie J.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Paradise, the Sixth Century Billiard Hall and the DeSoto Hotel. Many older black residents knew this unrestrained wave of enthusiasm might get out of hand. Earl Mosesâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;a renowned cobbler who repaired my dadâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s and uncleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s shoesâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;stepped out of his shop to observe this inconceivable demonstration. Across the street, Alyene Quin stood befuddled in the doorway of her South of the Border restaurant/tavern, where she fed and

Brenda Travis now lives in California and runs the Brenda Travis Foundation.

encouraged civil-rights workers. (Her home would later be bombed to the ground.) For an instant, she and Earl Moses shared a worried look. Something enormous was afoot, and white people of McComb were psychologically unprepared for what was coming. Turning west on Georgia Avenue, the march continued beneath the infamous Illinois Central Railroad viaduct that separated black and white McComb and that students had been warned about crossing their entire lives. Suddenly, the freshly initiated activists found themselves in uncharted waters. Never before had such a large group of Negroes, as they were called then, walked together in the streets of West McComb. Activist Bob Zellner later painted the indelible scene in his book, â&#x20AC;&#x153;The Wrong Side of Murder Creek.â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;As we approached the railroad tracks,â&#x20AC;?

marching students then snaked back north on South Broadway and slowly moved to the east side of City Hall. An angry, white crowd had already gathered at â&#x20AC;&#x153;the five-points,â&#x20AC;? where Main Street, North and South Broadway, 3rd Street and Delaware Avenue meet. Violent scenes from Herbert Asburyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s book, â&#x20AC;&#x153;The Gangs of New York,â&#x20AC;? come to mind when I imagine the friends and business associates of my grandparents reacting with such hostility to a crowd of children. Things only got worse near Main Street. One overly zealous frontiersman tried to run his antique truck into the crowd, almost hitting SNCCâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Chuck McDew, at the front of the marchers. The man then sprang from the cab with a â&#x20AC;&#x153;pipe wrench,â&#x20AC;? wildly swinging it like a club at McDew, calling him a â&#x20AC;&#x153;black, nappy-headed son of a bitch.â&#x20AC;? That powerful scene remains vividly

imprinted in the minds of protesters like Travis and Jerome Byrdâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s little sister, Jackie Martin (then Jackie Byrd). After the pipe-wrench incident, the group decided to follow Mosesâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; advice and stop at City Hall rather than go all the way to Magnolia, and in the dark. Irritated troublemakers from the 3rd Street Barber Shop and Cokerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s CafĂŠ quickly joined the vicious, seething mob of white adults in the street, by then numbering several hundred. Chains and lead pipes seemed to appear out of thin air. A handful of newspaper photographers were present, and numerous FBI agents stood around Ray Deerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Texaco station half a block south in sweatstained shirts taking notes. One white man had decided to march with the children and activists. Bob Zellner, the son of a one-time Alabama Klansman, was the only white field secretary working for SNCC in Mississippi. On this fall day, the bloodthirsty townspeople immediately detected his presence. Zellner became the primary focus of the mobâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s hostility, for he represented a traitor, a scalawag, a modern-day Benedict Arnold to these backward Pike Countians. In the eyes of most McComb residents, a man like Zellner was a total disgrace, but more importantly, he was a real threat to Anglo-Saxon superiority. They knew that without the sympathy and assistance of white southerners, the push for civil equality for blacks would struggle to gain momentum. The traitor should have known what awaited him. After all, he had been smuggled into town under blankets and the cover of darkness. The young activist had contemplated remaining at the Burglund Supermarket while the march unfolded, but a sudden epiphany struck him. â&#x20AC;&#x153;What the hell am I talking about?â&#x20AC;? Zellner thought, as he later recounted in his book. â&#x20AC;&#x153;What about these kids â&#x20AC;Ś whatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s going to happen to them â&#x20AC;Ś this is Mississippi for Christâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s sake â&#x20AC;Ś in 1961 â&#x20AC;Ś these kids are going to be massacred.â&#x20AC;? When the demonstrators reached the steps of City Hall, the furious mob encircled them. Hundreds of yelling voices merged into a single depraved wail. To show his peaceful intentions, local activist Hollis Watkins, then 18, raised his left hand to the heavens and fell to his knees. Then Isaac Lewis followed suit. More students joined them, and others began reciting the Pater Noster. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Our Father, who art in heaven â&#x20AC;Śâ&#x20AC;? Enough was enough. The piercing shriek of police whistles immediately filled the downtown area. A police officer promptly arrested Watkins, and the livid spectators unleashed their bottled frustrations as police arrested more protesters. An unidentified, virulent gentleman decked Isaac Lewis, but most locals turned their calamitous attention to Zellner. With each shove or punch, the members of the mob would wait for a reassuring gesture from one of the city officers. Each wink, each PRUH%85*/81'VHHSDJH

Some day, Burglund High might even be renamed after himâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;perhaps to C.D. Higgins Middle School (as itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s called now).


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Into the Dungeon Spies, on assignment for the Mississippi Sovereignty Commission, found Pike County NAACP President Curtis Bryant’s notebook later that day. It listed one of the thugs

as J. Gordon Roach—a prominent attorney and future circuit-court judge in Pike County. His office was situated right next door to City Hall. “We managed to get (Moses and Zellner) to jail before any real trouble started,” Sheriff Clyde Simmons told a StateTimes reporter. This was not entirely accurate. As sweating FBI agents did nothing to intervene, police removed COURTESY THE YOUNG PEOPLE’S PROJECT

nod clearly stated that the 22-year-old white SNCC activist was fair game. Some lawmen even participated. Zellner clung to a Bible that had been given to him in Burglund. One angry frontiersman went for his throat, and another slugged him in the face. McDew and Moses threw themselves across Zellner’s body to shield him from the onslaught. For their compassion, a policeman began to strike them both on the head with his nightstick. The pair was dragged—gashed and bloodied—inside City Hall. Only one marcher now remained to face the armed horde. While Zellner latched onto the iron railing of the steps, a few assailants feverishly struck at his hands with pipes, baseball bats or whatever was lying around. The Bible fell to the pavement. An enraged individual grabbed him by the ears and tried to gouge out his eyes. A tsunami of approving Rebel yells covered the landscape. “I watched in great fascination as the larger mob armed itself,” Zellner wrote. “They already had pipes and bats and wrenches, and now they were methodically tearing down a brick wall in order to fill their hands with missiles. I heard their screams now as the large mob was pleading with the small mob around me, about 12 or 15 men, to drag me out into the middle of the street.” Their high-pitched shouts began to resemble a dark chorus of banshees, wild with grief and hate. “Bring him here,” the murderous frontiersmen demanded. “We’ll kill him! Bring him here!” After releasing the railing to protect his eyes, Zellner was instantly struck to the ground. Enraged townspeople continued to swarm the interloper, and kicked him in the head until he lost consciousness. Only then did the police intervene, pulling Zellner’s seemingly lifeless body into the building.




Bob Moses, above and left, helped organized civil-rights activities in Pike County in the early cities.The white community despised him.

protesters from the sidewalk and herded them, single file, down the steep, narrow stairs into the bowels of City Hall. For decades, this notorious 21-by-18foot bunker had provided the perfect location for keeping abused prisoners tucked away from view. Hollis Watkins later said that he remembers butane gas seeping into the dungeon as more than 100 protesters pressed together in the tiny cells like sardines. While the officials working on the ground floor of City Hall feigned interest in maintaining positive race relations, the hatchet men conducting affairs in the dungeon were only interested in maintaining the established social order.

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Once and for All Moments after the initial pandemonium, a half dozen squad cars dispersed from City Hall to Burglund and Baertown. Never had there been such a brazen show of defiance in the piney woods of southwest Mississippi. Taylor Branch described in “Parting the Waters” how the mayor and his selectmen acted forcefully to quell the recent string of uprisings once and for all. Police raided Curtis Bryant’s home and arrested him for a second time in less than a month. In Burglund, police swept through both floors of the supermarket, rounding up newcomer Donald Lloyd Gadson and several other SNCC members. Gadson was a black preacher from Detroit who Sovereign-

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From the Dungeon After police arrested the protesters, they separated them by gender and â&#x20AC;&#x153;crammed (us) like sardinesâ&#x20AC;? into the tiny cells, as Travis recalls. In the subterranean cells under City Hall, with floor-to-ceiling bars, the protesters could hear a few muffled threats from the sidewalks and street where a racist crowd stewed. Soon police officers started taking the children up one or two at a timeâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;as their parents came to pick them up. None of the remaining prisoners, however, knew what was happening on the ground floor, but the students did not return after they were removed. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Nobody knew whether they were taking those kids out and lynching them,â&#x20AC;? Travis said in a recent interview. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We knew nothing.â&#x20AC;?

Word spread through the white community about the mass arrests. Smiling hecklers stood outside City Hall for hours waving nooses, and one excitable frontiersman shouted, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Yeah! We are going to kill some n*ggers tonight!â&#x20AC;? Joe Lewis, a senior at Burglund High at the time and a leader of the walkout, recalled that another hoodlum added, â&#x20AC;&#x153;N*gger, you will never get out alive!â&#x20AC;? By now, most everyone in town knew the polarizing names of Bob Moses and Bob Zellner, and the gossip mills churned with persistent innuendo that they might be murdered. To the Anglo-Saxons, these instigators constituted a novelty, a sideshow attraction and a group of fiendish, meddling outsiders who desired to ruin McCombâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s white utopia. A local Baptist preacher informed Moses: â&#x20AC;&#x153;You donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t believe in Jesus Christ, do you, you son of a bitch? Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m going to personally see to it that youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re in Hell real soon.â&#x20AC;? As authorities took each Burglund demonstrator upstairs, he or she had to walk down the ground-floor hallway lined on both sides with frenzied townspeople, who didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t hesitate to slap and punch the teens on the long transit to the courtroom to meet their mothers and fathersâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;most of whom came in groups to City Hall because they feared coming alone. The judge issued lenient sentences of probation against the minors and released most to their parents. Several upset mothers demonstratively whipped their children on the steps of City Hallâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;a punishment that pleased the white establishment. Lynched â&#x20AC;Ś Almost Back inside City Hall, a bleeding Bob Zellner woke around this time to find Police Chief George Guyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s face just inches above his own, as he later described in his book.

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ty Commission documents claimed to have participated in the march but somehow had avoided arrest at the scene. Police arrested Charles Sherrod while he walking around the 600 block of Summit Street. On his person, officers found a printed copy of â&#x20AC;&#x153;Voice of the Jackson Movement,â&#x20AC;? a newssheet entitled â&#x20AC;&#x153;Now Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Up to You,â&#x20AC;? and the phone number to the United States Justice Department. Only Charles Jones, who had just recently been released from jail following a Tennessee sit-in, avoided detection by disguising himself in a bloodstained butcherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s apron and hiding in a corner of the supermarket during the sting. After officers vacated the premises, Jones urgently alerted news outlets of â&#x20AC;&#x153;the first civil rights mass arrest in the history of Mississippi,â&#x20AC;? as Taylor Branch recounted in â&#x20AC;&#x153;Parting the Waters.â&#x20AC;? Aware of the concern that vigilantes might drag the activists from their cells at any moment, Jones also called African American singer Harry Belafonte to request bond money. Belafonte then contacted the FBIâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s John Doar in Washington to ask for federal assistance.

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%85*/81'IURPSDJH manâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s noose from the cab of a flatbed truck. Oh, how they wanted to hang Bob Zellner. Nothing would have made them happier, but due to the growing crowd of witnesses parked on the nearby ridge, the executioners were suddenly struck once more with cold feet. At the last possible moment, it was decided to deliver Zellner to the Liberty jail intact. His colored friends from Burglund would be there soon, they decided. Indeed, white mobsters had loaded Moses and the other young black men into several unmarked cars as Zellner had been, and drove them along similar country roads on the way to Amite County. Occasionally, the drivers pulled over in an attempt to in-

Police Chief George H. Guy poses beside the â&#x20AC;&#x153;White waiting roomâ&#x20AC;? sign posted outside the Greyhound bus terminal in McComb, on Nov. 2, 1961. McComb police erected the sign on public property Oct. 31, one day before a federal ruling that

SNCC activist snapped back: â&#x20AC;&#x153;Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m from East Brewton, Alabama! Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m from further south than you are!â&#x20AC;? All at once, his captors were enraged and confused. They began arguing with one another. The red-faced men in the front worried someone might identify them to the FBI. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Well, we canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t just string him up,â&#x20AC;? one said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Everybody saw us leave with him. Is anything going to happen to us? They have us hanging him, and I ainâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t gonna do it. Letâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s turn him over to those boys down in Amite County. None of them were in McComb.â&#x20AC;? On a desolate road, the lead car came to an abrupt stop. Zellner saw nothing but a barbed-wire fence and a pasture. The two younger Klansmen quickly jumped from the backseat, and moved a crosstie that was blocking a cattle gap entrance. Proceeding to the far tree line, the vehicle stopped under a sturdy field pine. Other vehicles followed, and one fellow Kluxer jovially pulled a hang-

timidate the SNCC activists, and took a few of them into the woods and threatened to kill them. On the ride, Moses asked a deputy why they were not taking them to Magnolia. The irritated lawman looked back at him, paused for a few seconds, and venomously retorted, â&#x20AC;&#x153;This is a better place for yâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;all to think about what happened to Herbert Lee.â&#x20AC;? Upon arrival at the Liberty holding facility, the officers threw the 15 black men into the drunk-tankâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;a concrete room with no seating. Spirits remained hopeful despite the bitterly cold conditions, and around the clock, freedom songs and jokes could be heard coming from the dismal cell. SNCC Under Siege SNCC policy was that volunteers did not seek bail money. They were prepared to stay in jail indefinitely. However, white men across Southwest Mississippi were mobiliz-

ing against Bob Zellner, so NAACP lawyers rushed to Liberty in order to secure his freedom. By early the following morning, his brief, harrowing adventure in Pike County was over, and he quietly left McComb with civil rights activist Diane Nash en route for Tougaloo College in Jackson. SNCC was again defeated. The white establishmentâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;highly organized and equally motivatedâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;now understood that the novice invaders could not coordinate the fragile black community from within a concrete box. Before travelling to the Magnolia State, Bob Moses had wanted to see the worst of Jim Crowâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s domain, but the red hills of Pike and Amite counties had proved more

than he could handle. The civil rights activists, and a handful of ambitious locals, had fought the good fight against a superior foe. In the process, however, a majority of these people were thoroughly chewed up before being spit out. After three long days, Moses and his compatriots were released, so the freedom fighters hurriedly returned to Burglund ready again to challenge the established apartheid. They knew they were on borrowed time. A court date was already assigned, assuring the white community of the muchanticipated public atonement of Bob Moses, southwest Mississippiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Nat Turner. Back to School As racial tension continued to seethe in the wake of the walkoutâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;all that anyone in the white sections of town could talk about

county. Near Magnolia, roughly 10 miles out, the kidnapped out-of-towner, for the first time, sensed hesitation. His abductors could not figure exactly what to do next, and one member of the quartet apprehensively remarked, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Everybody saw us leave town with him.â&#x20AC;? The older fellow in the front-passenger seat responded: â&#x20AC;&#x153;Thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s true, but we can get some of the boys from Amite County to take him off our hands. Weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll say we put up a fight, but they got him away from us anyway.â&#x20AC;? When Zellner tried to speak, the driver called him â&#x20AC;&#x153;a n*gger-loving motherf*cking Jew Communist queer Goddamn Yankee from New York City.â&#x20AC;? The frightened


Guy instantly began bellowing: â&#x20AC;&#x153;I should have let them kill you! I should have let them take you!â&#x20AC;? Still disoriented, Zellner calmly muttered, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;d like to make a phone call.â&#x20AC;? Guyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s office filled with evil, thunderous laughter until a lone voice of reason chimed in: â&#x20AC;&#x153;For goodness sake, George, let the man make a telephone call. Nobody even knows where heâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s at.â&#x20AC;? Zellner began to notice that the same howling townspeople who had tormented him in the street were now packed in the doorway to the police chiefâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s office and the first-floor corridors outside. Rough miscreants were all about, and several still held various blunt objects in their hands. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Both sides of the door were lined, it seemed, from top to bottom with squeezed red faces peering at me,â&#x20AC;? Zellner later wrote. â&#x20AC;&#x153;One great joker kept hollering, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;You think I can hit him between the eyes from here with this here wrench?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; Then heâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;d shake his Stillson wrench at me and grin like he was a great friend of mine.â&#x20AC;? Again, Zellner requested a phone call, but this time more forcefully. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Why? Youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re not under arrest. Youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re free to go,â&#x20AC;? the police chief stated as a devilish smile swept across his visage. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Go on, and get out of here.â&#x20AC;? As Chief Guy pointed toward the door, Zellner saw dozens of white people ready to kill him. The terror was about to explode again, and Zellner exclaimed, â&#x20AC;&#x153;I do not choose to leave, and I insist on making a phone call!â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;You insist, do you?â&#x20AC;? the chief growled as he snatched the troublemaker up by the surviving pieces of his shirt and handed him over to the lynch mob. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Get out of my office you dirty n*ggerloving son-of-a-bitch. I only brought you in here cause you looked like a good n*gger loverâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;a God-damned dead n*gger lover.â&#x20AC;? The coterie of sweating men seized Zellner and passed him down the hall from man to man. The mob ushered him out the front door of City Hall, and onto Broadway Boulevard before throwing him into a junker car. Four McComb men joined him for the ride. The two in the front were â&#x20AC;&#x153;pretty old and beefy with big pot bellies,â&#x20AC;? and the other twoâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;who sandwiched Zellner between themâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;were â&#x20AC;&#x153;younger guys who were supposed to be in fighting trim,â&#x20AC;? he described in his book. â&#x20AC;&#x153;To me,â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;they seemed like hardcore Klan guys.â&#x20AC;? Zellner believed a textbook lynching was taking place, and was shocked that apathetic FBI agents did little more than write down that the kidnapping had occurred. They made no effort to save him as the men stuffed him into the carâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;even though the men were brandishing a noose. With a convoy of fanatical white supremacists in tow, the clunker rolled out of the city limits, and into the densely wooded




was the Burglund High walkout—the Burglund High students attempted to return to school, but under increasing manipulation by Superintendent Simpson, Principal Higgins insisted that pledge slips be signed before anyone would be readmitted. There would be no more civil-rights demonstrations conducted by Burglund High students. In addition, the children faced a 10 percent reduction in their grades. On Oct. 12, 1961, Simpson and Higgins distributed the pledge slips, expecting an abrupt conclusion to the recent unrest. Instead, more than half the teenagers refused to sign. Simpson’s ultimatum had accidentally sparked a second walkout. From the high school office, the teens boldly made their way past a contingent of policemen standing around a waiting paddy wagon. The establishment had predicted trouble. Ten or so officers then shadowed the children as they marched for a second time to the Burglund Supermarket and watched along with several newsmen as Chuck McDew ushered them inside. NAACP Field Secretary Medgar Evers came down from Jackson to speak at the Masonic temple that night, one of many trips he had made to McComb since the initial walkout. That night, before a packed house, he pledged the NAACP’s support for

The McComb historic marker in front of City Hall does not mention the bloody battles on the building’s steps and inside the building.

the expelled students. For several days, the principal presented the slips, and each time, the students declined to submit. Something had to give. To get the point across more dramatically, school officials demanded that Burglund parents begin attending the daily ritual with their children. While each family sat in Higgins’ office, austere faces of a dozen local white professionals and businessmen surrounded them. As in most segregated towns, the white community provided the jobs for many black people, including hundreds of maids, and the Citizens Council had already com-

piled a detailed list of the troublesome young blacks whose parents were employed by Anglo-Saxon households. If the students could not be made to cooperate through pledge slips, perhaps their parents could be effectively influenced through economic means. Still, most students refused to compromise, and a group of them even drafted a petition calling on the mayor to rescue their community from future hostility. SNCC outsiders were impressed to see such passion already burning within the future leaders of the Pike County movement. Ultimatum By Monday, Oct. 16, 1961, Principal Higgins finally put his foot down. The students had until 3 p.m. to comply with Simpson’s demands, or suffer permanent expulsion. Astoundingly, 64 children did not buckle, choosing instead to leave Burglund High School forever. Additionally, the problematic rabble-rousers would be barred from attending any other public school in Mississippi. Though a handful of the students’ parents publicly called the pledge slips “a form of coercion,” it was of little consequence to the white community. However, Bob Moses rallied Burglund residents around the children. To assist the exiled teenagers, SNCC set up “Nonviolent

High School” above the Burglund Supermarket, and when the mayor used fire regulations to shut down the overcrowded classes, Moses shifted half of the students over to St. Paul’s Methodist Church. A former high school math instructor in New York, Moses, along with Chuck McDew and Dion Diamond, served as the teaching staff. Diamond had recently arrived from Howard University in Washington, D.C., and specialized in physics and chemistry. McDew delivered passionate history lessons, while Moses instructed the students in mathematics and English. The teenagers possessed a hunger for learning, and the education they received at the makeshift high schools was more enriching by far than the state-controlled Burglund High curriculum. McDew taught them about Harriet Tubman and Frederick Douglass. He was shocked at the level of brainwashing that was taking place in the McComb school system, and the way it altered the students’ minds. In fact, Mississippi had censored the entire period between 1860 and 1875 from textbooks by this point. While most of the banished students found suitable arrangements for their academic futures, 16-year-old Brenda Travis was deemed a delinquent, and was shipped off to the Oakley Training School—a juve-

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nile detention center for black children—in Raymond. This touched off further demonstrations, controversy and racial unrest. In Jackson, Medgar Evers and the NAACP announced that they would protest Travis’ sentencing to the Justice Department. Travis says now that the physical conditions of Oakley were decent—but that the so-called “reform” school offered the detainees no real education options. The girls had to clean their dormitories each day, and the boys had to work a large farm on the grounds of the facility. However, her house mother, Mary “Mama” Turner, was a “godsend” for Travis. She would come wake her after lights out and say, “Come to the office.” There, Turner’s husband had brought real food from home so that Travis could have a good meal. The black community was deeply concerned for Travis’ well-being, so Moses organized approximately 50 of her classmates for a trip to see her. Freddie Bates generously allowed the use of one of his buses, and even agreed to drive it. Bates had been somewhat active with the NAACP for years. Fairly affluent by Burglund terms, he owned a bus and taxi service

that operated out of his gas station. Within the next few weeks, he would transport many of the expelled teenagers to Jackson’s Campbell College, near the Jackson State University campus, on this small fleet of buses. There they would complete their preparatory schooling free of pledge slips and subordination. The trip to see Travis would not go as smoothly, however. As Bates, Moses and the children and Travis’ mother neared the Oakley facility, a sizeable convoy of patrolmen began to trail them. Clearly, someone had blown the whistle. Conditions only worsened as armed guards and snarling dogs then greeted them. “Get the hell out of here!” one of the guards commanded. Travis was outside with other detainees when the bus was turned away. “I was wondering what was happening up there. I even saw the bus when it was turned around. It was after they had turned them around that I was told that there was a group of students from McComb and my mother on that bus. I almost lost it,” she recalled. “My classmates and I were so upset. …,” she continued. “It had been so long

An Isolated Teen Completely isolated from the outside world, Brenda Travis was interred at Oakley from October until April before Gov. Ross Barnett paroled her to the custody of Herman Einsman—a white German teacher who worked at an Alabama Negro college. It was a conditional parole that Einsman take her out of the state of Mississippi within 24 hours because the governor could not guarantee her safety. She joined his family in Talladega, Ala. Within a month of leaving Oakley, Travis was presented with the “Louis M. Weintraub Civil Rights Award” at an NAACP ceremony in New York. The award carried a $500 prize, along with a citation for her heroic involvement in McComb’s racial strife. Travis had been vindicated, but the redemption would not last long. A few months later, SNCC co-founder Ella Baker took over the care of Travis. She traveled with her to New York and Atlanta, and then helped her enroll in a private black college in Sedalia, N.C. called Palmer Memorial Institute. A living martyr, Brenda Travis had curdled the blood of McComb’s white establishment. In the blink of an eye, she had become a sort of “colored Joan of Arc,” as The Clarion-Ledger called her, and the symbol of the McComb movement. As a result, articles in the McComb Enterprise-Journal, as well as other papers across the state, readily sought to vilify her. Tom Etheridge, a notorious segregationist who wrote a weekly, Confederateflag-waving column for The Clarion-Ledger, the state’s largest newspaper, lambasted her, falsely accusing her of promiscuity, and saying that she had come from a broken home. Travis was not from a broken home, however. Her hard-working parents, L.C. and Icie, never separated and had weathered much hardship and discrimination, she emphasizes now. In fact, her parents were proud of her courage and not the least big angry over her activism. “Absolutely not,” Travis said. “They admired and adored and supported what I did and wished they’ve have done it sooner, so I wouldn’t have had to.” See a source list for this book excerpt at jfp. ms/Burglund where you can also comment on the story. If you have additional information you can share about the Civil Rights Movement in Pike County in the 1960s, please call author David Ray at 601-248-0324 or email him at

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McComb police packed children into this dungeon in the basement of City Hall in 1961. It’s no longer used.

since I’d seen my mother. I had to calm myself down and reset. All I could do was cry and pray and Mama Turner, the great lady that she was, took me aside and said, ‘Child, don’t worry, one day you are going to be out of here, and you’ll see your mother again.” I didn’t know if I’d ever see her again.”

21 Paid advertising section. Call 601-362-6121 x11 to list your restaurant

AMERICAN/SOUTHERN CUISINE Primos Cafe (2323 Lakeland 601-936-3398/ 515 Lake Harbour 601-898-3400) A Jackson institution for breakfast, blue-plates, catfish, burgers, prime rib, oysters, po-boys & wraps. Famous bakery! Two Sisters Kitchen (707 N. Congress St. 601-353-1180) Lunch. Mon-Fri, Sun. Koinonia (136 Adams St. 601-960-3008) Coffeehouse plus lunch & more! Broad Street Bakery (4465 Interstate 55 N. 601-362-2900)Hot breakfast, coffee drinks, fresh breads & pastries, gourmet deli sandwiches.

PIZZA 904 Basil’s (904 E. Fortification, 601-352-2002) Creative pizzas, Italian food, burgers & much more. Casual dining in the heart of Belhaven. Sal & Mookie’s (565 Taylor St. 601-368-1919) Pizzas of all kinds plus pasta, eggplant Parmesan, fried ravioli & ice cream for the kids! Mellow Mushroom (275 Dogwood Blvd, Flowood, 601-992-7499) More than just great pizza and beer. Open Monday - Friday 11-10 and Saturday 11-11.

LIFE&STYLE | food Inside the Dish:

A Side of Noodles with Your Burger? by Andrew Dunaway

ITALIAN BRAVO! (4500 Interstate 55 N., Jackson, 601-982-8111) Award-winning wine list, Jackson’s see-and-be-seen casual/upscale dining. Cerami’s (5417 Lakeland Drive, Flowood, 601-919-28298) Southern-style Italian cuisine features their signature Shrimp Cerami.

Asian aioli


Ramen noodle “bun”

Eslava’s Grille (2481 Lakeland Drive, 601-932-4070) Latin-influenced dishes like ceviche in addition to pastas, steaks, salads and other signature seafood dishes. Huntington Grille (1001 East County Line Road, Jackson Hilton, 601-957-2800) Mississippi fine dining features seafood, crayfish, steaks, fried green tomatoes, shrimp & grits, pizzas and more. The Islander Seafood and Oyster House (1220 E Northside Drive, Suite 100, 601-366-5441) Oyster bar, seafood, gumbo, po’boys, crawfish and plenty of Gulf Coast delights in a laid-back Buffet-style atmosphere. Que Sera Sera (2801 N State Street 601-981-2520) Authentic cajun cuisine, excellent seafood and award winning gumbo; come enjoy it all this summer on the patio. The Penguin (1100 John R Lynch Street, 769.251.5222) Fine dining at its best. Rocky’s (1046 Warrington Road, Vicksburg 601-634-0100) Enjoy choice steaks, fresh seafood, great salads, hearty sandwiches. Sal and Phil’s Seafood (6600 Old Canton Rd, Ridgeland (601) 957-1188) Great Seafood, Poboys, Lunch Specials, Boiled Seafood, Full Bar, Happy Hour Specials Shea’s on Lake Harbour (810 Lake Harbour Drive, Ridgeland, MS 39157 (601) 427-5837) Seafood, Steaks and Southern Cuisine! Great Brunch, Full Bar Outdoor and Seating

MEDITERRANEAN/GREEK Aladdin Mediterranean Grill (730 Lakeland Drive 601-366-6033) Delicious authentic dishes including lamb dishes, hummus, falafel, kababs, shwarma. Vasilios Greek Cusine (828 Hwy 51, Madison 601-853-0028) Authentic greek cuisine since 1994, specializing in gyros, greek salads, baklava cheesecake & fresh daily seafood.


Hickory Pit Barbeque (1491 Canton Mart Rd. 601-956-7079) The “Best Butts in Town” features BBQ chicken, beef and pork along with burgers and po’boys. Haute Pig (1856 Main Street, 601-853-8538) A “very high class pig stand,” Haute Pig offers Madison diners BBQ plates, sandwiches, po-boys, salads.

COFFEE HOUSES Cups Espresso Café (Multiple Locations, Jackson’s local group of coffeehouses offer a wide variety of espresso drinks. Wi-fi.


Burgers and Blues (1060 E. County Line Road, Ridgeland 601-899-0038) Best Burger of 2013, plus live music and entertainment! Capitol Grill (5050 I-55 North, Deville Plaza 601-899-8845) Best happy hour & sports bar, kitchen open late, pub food with soul and live entertainment. Cherokee Inn (960 Briarfield Rd. 601-362-6388) Jackson’s “Best Hole in the Wall,” has a great jukebox, great bar and a great burger. City Grille( 1029 Hwy 51, Madison (601) 607-7885) Southern with Blue Plate Specials; Seafood and Steaks, Happy Hour, Kid Friendly Cool Al’s (4654 McWillie, 601-713-3020) Cool Al’s signature stacked, messy, decadent, creative burgers defy adjectives. Don’t forget the fries! Fenian’s Pub (901 E. Fortification St. 601-948-0055) Classic Irish pub featuring a menu of traditional food, pub sandwiches & Irish beers on tap. Hal and Mal’s (200 S. Commerce St. 601-948-0888) Pub favorites meet Gulf Coast and Cajun specialties like red beans and rice, the Oyster Platter or daily specials. Martin’s Restaurant and Lounge (214 South State Street 601-354-9712) Lunch specials, pub appetizers or order from the full menu of po-boys and entrees. Full bar, beer selection. Mc B’s (815 Lake Harbour Dr. Ridgeland (601) 956-8362) Blue plates, amazing burgers, live music, cold beer, reservoir area Mississippi Legends (5352 Lakeland Dr. Flowood (601) 919-1165) American, Burgers, Pub Food, Happy Hour, Kid Friendly, Late Night, Sports Bar, Outdoor Dining Ole Tavern on George Street (416 George St. 601-960-2700) Pub food with a southern flair: beer-battered onion rings, chicken & sausage gumbo, salads, sandwiches. Underground 119 (119 South President St. 601-352-2322) Pan-seared crabcakes, shrimp and grits, filet mignon, vegetarian sliders. Live music. Opens 4 p.m., Wed-Sat Wing Stop (952 North State Street, 601-969-6400) Saucing and tossing in a choice of nine flavors, Wing Stop wings are made with care and served up piping hot.

February 19 - 25, 2014



Crazy Ninja (2560 Lakeland Dr., Flowood 601-420-4058) Rock-n-roll sushi and cook-in-front-of-you hibachi. Lunch specials, bento boxes, fabulous cocktails. Fusion Japanese and Thai Cuisine (1002 Treetop Blvd, Flowood 601-664-7588) Specializing in fresh Japanese and Thai cuisine, an extensive menu features everything from curries to fresh sushi Nagoya Japanese Sushi Bar & Hibachi Grill (6351 I-55 North, Ste. 131, Jackson 601-977-8881) Fresh sushi, delicious noodles, sizzling hibach & refreshing cocktails from one of jackson’s most well-known japanese restaurants. Ruchi India (862 Avery Blvd @ County Line Rd. 601-991-3110) Classic Indian cuisine from multiple regions. Lamb, vegetarian, chicken, shrimp and more.

VEGETARIAN High Noon Café (2807 Old Canton Road in Rainbow Plaza 601-366-1513) Fresh, gourmet, tasty and healthy defines the lunch options at Jackson’s own strict vegetarian (and very-vegan-friendly) restaurant adjacent to Rainbow Whole Foods.

Deep-fried kimchi


he hamburger, a venerable American institution, has been pleasing billions since its inception between the flame broilers of Louis’ Lunch in New Haven, Conn., in 1900. However, as the hamburger’s first century drew to a close, things seemed to be growing a little stagnant—that is until Daniel Boulud introduced the Bistro Burger to the menu of his db Bistro Moderne. With a base of ground sirloin and chuck, Boulud threw moderation out the window with the addition of braised short ribs, preserved black truffles and foie gras. Boulud put his Bistro Burger on the market in 2001. He and other chefs countrywide have turned the idea of a burger inside out and upside down, opening the floodgates for any shape and form of burger the public is willing to devour. So how does this New York study of excess relate to Jackson? It all comes down to Lauren Davis, the man behind Jackson’s Mystery Machine-style food truck, LurnyD’s Grille. Like any good businessman, Davis is constantly searching for the next thing that will have patrons lining up at his Smith Park location. Taking a cue from the nationally acclaimed hit and phenomenon begun by Keizo Shimamoto of Smorgasburg in Williamsburg, N.Y., Davis is now serving Jackson’s first ramen burger. You may be wondering just what a ramen burger is. To construct one, Davis takes two packs of beef-flavored Top

Lurny D’s serves Jackson’s weirdest—in a good way—burger. Ramen, cooks the noodles with the flavor pack, adds an egg for binding, shapes the noodles into a bun-shaped circle and refrigerates them overnight. The following day, Davis takes the molded noodles and cooks them on the grill until just crispy, forming the “buns” for his ramen burger. Davis tops the burger with an Asian aioli composed of mayonnaise, Sriracha, ponzu, and soy sauce. One more thing sets his Asian burger apart from its inspiration: “(Shimamoto is) putting arugula on it—I’m doing deep-fried kimchi,” Davis says. “That’s my spin on it.” With the ramen burger constructed, the final task is figuring out just how to eat it. Based on my time with the noodlebound patty, I recommend that diners attack with a knife and fork. While the best method for consumption is still open to debate, this special new menu item brings many possibilities to LurnyD’s. For one, ramen comes in myriad flavors beyond beef. Perhaps a shrimp ramen burger will be on the menu? “We’re always trying different stuff out here. We’re trying to keep it fresh, keep it interesting,” he says. “I’ve got five hamburgers that are pretty much menu staples, but you’ve got to keep something fresh.” This is the first installment of the JFP’s new series, which dives into some of the capital city’s favorite local dishes. Want your favorite covered? Email kathleen@


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Wide Open Space

A Review of ‘Starbound’ by Nick Judin Starbound Platforms: PC



f you’re familiar with the newer features of entertainment technology and software company Valve’s digital gaming distribution system Steam, you probably know that it’s a pretty good time to be an independent developer. Never mind the struggles of the big three game makers, desperate for the broadest audience (or in Nintendo’s case, an audience at all)—indie gaming lets developers focus on features. A good example is the 2D “Minecraft”-inspired “Terraria,” a building and exploration title that traded the depth of three dimensions for a much more active and inspired combat system. Well, part of that team has moved on, and the result is “Starbound,” much more closely linked to “Terraria” than “Terraria” was to “Minecraft,” but its own game in many ways. The concept here is that rather than generating a single enormous world to play with, “Starbound” offers a universe of randomly generated planets, features and settlements to explore. Instead of having an endless world that becomes impossible to navigate, or an ultimately walled garden with endpoints on either side, “Starbound” offers a middle ground. It allows contained control over an entire planet while still offering a cosmos filled with new land to conquer. “Starbound” also boasts a far more populated world

than either of its spiritual predecessors. Towns and cities, castles and dungeons—you’re as likely as not to find that unexplored forest planet teeming with fellow Apex or Glitch, or Humans or any of the many races you’re allowed to choose from for yourself. And when it comes to building, this diversity pays off richly. Each race has a time and a place that inspires it: The Avians have their feathered, gilded, Mayan temples; the Glitch their robotic high medieval castles. Everything being destructible and collectible means that rather than

“Starbound” offers lots of room to explore but ultimately needs further development to really shine.

scrounging for blocks to build something pretty, players will easily collect the materials they need for gorgeous, densely packed bases and constructions, including that lovely clutter that gives everything a much more realistic sense of place. Oddly enough, almost every item in the game comes with a different narrative description for each race you can play—a strange, but not unappealing feature. This is where “Starbound” stands in its early open beta, which for indie games these days is typically the time of release. The omission you might be noticing is any and all other content. These games are regularly updated, so anything can happen in the next year or two of development but, as it stands now, both the feeling and implementation of combat and gear progression is that of, well, placeholders. This is not merely due to lack of content. Combat in “Starbound” is frustrating and finicky, as the developers fret over balance issues and progression, and the end result for the player is a lack of any real reason to see the endgame—or lack thereof. Planets, too, have the big question of “so what?” hanging over them. Other than providing interesting settlements to deconstruct, there’s not much reason to explore. In that sense, even for a paid beta, “Starbound” may have been released too soon. There’s a difference between a game that seems sparse on features and a game that seems almost totally bereft of them. But “Starbound” does have a spark of real creative value, and how that spark is cultivated will determine the game’s future.

LIFE&STYLE | girl about town by Julie Skipper

Quick, Cultural Getaways


Most recently, two gal pals and I hit the highway to an event at the Dior counter featuring the brand’s spring color collection. A road trip provides a great chance for some quality conversation time, so we covered many a topic on the way down. After getting our faces done and feeling very glam, we FLICKR/CLAIRE H

February 19 - 25, 2014


ne year, a friend of mine made it her New Year’s resolution to go out of town once a month, even just for a day, “even if it’s just to Yazoo City.” While I love Jackson and find no shortage of things to do here, sometimes it’s just good to get away, even if it’s just a short jaunt, so I try to emulate that goal a bit myself. Luckily, Jackson being the Crossroads of the South, plenty of fun places to visit are within short driving distance. New Orleans is a favorite destination for Jacksonians itching to get out of town. It’s a grand place to eat, drink and be merry. However, I’ve discovered another reason to venture down for the day that’s perfect for a girls’ road trip. The Saks Fifth Avenue (located in the Shops at Canal Place: 301 Canal St., New Orleans, La., 504-524-2200) has a makeup department that often includes events with national makeup artists, and let me tell you, having your makeup done while sipping on Champagne is not a shabby way to spend a Saturday afternoon. So, naturally, whenever I hear about one of these events, I grab a friend or two and make an appointment.

With Memphis just a few hours north of Jackson, it’s an easy getaway to see a play or musical at the Orpheum Theatre.

decided to have drinks at Bellocq, the bar at the Hotel Modern (936 St. Charles Avenue, New Orleans, La., 504-962-0900). Unfortunately, it was closed for a private event, but

Tivoli & Lee, the restaurant at the property, provided just as well. Craft cocktails and a dinner later, we headed home with some new beauty treats and feeling fine. Virtually equidistant to New Orleans, but in the other direction, is Memphis. Despite its proximity, it’s not somewhere I go even semi-regularly and, until recently, I had never been to the Orpheum Theatre (203 S. Main St., Memphis, Tenn., 901-525-7800) there. But I love a good show tune, so when I heard that the touring company of Broadway favorite “Wicked” was on the slate this year, I jumped to get tickets. Heading up the afternoon of the show, my companion and I arrived in time to get gussied up and have a pre-show cocktail and nibble in the hotel bar before heading to the performance. The Orpheum is a beautiful venue, and theater-going provides excellent entertainment not only in terms of the production itself, but also in people-watching. As for the play itself, having read the book on which “Wicked” is based gave me an idea of what to expect, and it more than delivered. The performers were great, the production outstanding, and the music left

me singing the songs long after it ended. We enjoyed the experience so much that, during intermission, my plus-one and I checked out the rest of the season schedule to see what we might return to see next. Even if you don’t make it all the way to Memphis or New Orleans, just a 90-mile drive can provide a quick trip for some entertainment outside of Jackson. The MSU Riley Center (2200 5th St., Meridian, Miss., 601-696-2200), in my hometown of Meridian, sits in the beautiful and historic Grand Opera House and Marks Rothenberg department store buildings in downtown. Now a performing-arts complex, it offers a seasonal lineup of offerings ranging from musical performances to theater. Last year, I got to see Wilson Phillips (who doesn’t love to relive some ’90s harmonies?) and Don McLean there. This year’s lineup includes Roseanne Cash and Tony Bennett, among others, and I’ll definitely make the drive over for a couple of evenings of entertainment. So while there’s no place like home, it’s nice to know that when we want to get away, there’s always something fun just down the road.


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JJ Grey and Mofro perform at Duling Hall Sunday, Feb. 23.

River Soul and Swamp Philosophy by Genevieve Legacy

February 19 - 25, 2014



outhern rock emerged as a genre in the early 1970s with the Allman Brothers Band owning the country-tinged sound, and Lynyrd Skynyrd celebrating heritage through its lyrics. Over the years, variations have evolved, readily mixing with the blues, soul, bluegrass and the funky tang of the ubiquitous swamp. These days, descriptions of bands and music from the South tend to be long, hyphenated and increasingly vague. JJ Grey and Mofro, which The New York Times described as “riff-based southern rock” and “cold-blooded swamp funk,” is subject to the same hyphen-laced vagaries. That is, until you hear the music or read Grey’s lyrics. Born and raised on St. John River near Jacksonville, Fla., Grey is the genuine article, all that and a bit of a philosopher to boot. Talking by telephone from Athens, Ga., back on the road after a two-month hiatus, JJ Grey—who fronts the band that now shares his name—has a long view on life that peppers his comments and conversation. “When I went on vacation, I realized that my whole life is a vacation, even when I’m changing the oil on the truck, it’s still vacation,” Grey says, casually. “You can make it hard, or you can make it easy. Maybe you can’t always pull it off, but you give your best shot anyways.”

A full-time performer and singer-songwriter since 1998, Grey, 44, has learned his share of life lessons. From his juke-joint beginnings and the rigors of playing more than 200 shows in one year, to releasing eight albums and performing at renowned music festivals, Grey has earned his stance and success. JJ Grey and Mofro—formerly called just Mofro—has played Lollapolooza, Austin City Limits Festival, Montreal Jazz Festival and Fuji Rock in Japan. The group has shared stages with acts including B.B. King, the Allman Brothers Band, the Black Crowes and Los Lobos. Since the band’s formation, Mofro members have come and gone. The current incarnation of the band is drummer Anthony Cole, saxophonist Art Edmaiston, keyboardist Anthony Farell, trumpeter Dennis Marion, bassist Todd Smallie and guitarist Andrew Trube. Mofro jams like an all-purpose dance and party band with the versatility to swing from rock to soul to funk to folk ballad. As a songwriter, Grey sticks to themes that are closest to his heart—the people he loves, his life experience and the river home he returns to as often as possible. When he writes a song, he records a demo on which he plays every instrument. “It doesn’t necessarily mean that it all sounds good,” Grey says, laughing. “I’ve got a little studio at home with a

full drum kit. Everything is mic’d up, so I can jump from thing to thing quickly and either make something up, or just flounder around.” JJ Grey and Mofro’s 2013 release, “This River,” is a collection of songs with styles and themes intact. The album has a number of full-out funk tunes, a tribute ballad, and a track that Trube and Farrell penned. The title track—a strippeddown, slow-building, memory-inspired anthem—closes it. “I was sitting by the St. John River many years ago. The river is so wide,” Grey says, setting the scene. “It’s three miles wide at the spot where I was, like a lake—so still. It had a calming effect on an young, angry mind.” “Sitting in front of the river brought me back to reality,” Grey says. “Reality isn’t what I have rolling around in my head; it’s what’s in front of me. The stuff rolling around in my head was affecting my view of everything.” Grey’s evocative vocal on “This River” is moving, as unhurried and deep as the river where he’s able to empty his busy mind. JJ Grey and Mofro performs at 8 p.m. Feb. 23 at Duling Hall (622 Duling Ave.) with Shannon McNally. Doors open at 7 p.m. Tickets are $25 in advance and $30 the day of the show. For tickets, visit or call 601-292-7999. Also visit

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Bucci’s Lifetime of Art by Turry Flucker



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t 91, Mississippi-born artist Andrew Bucci still does what he loves. Bucci received the Mississippi Arts Commission’s 2009 Lifetime Achievement Governors Award for Excellence in the Arts and designed the last 5-cent United States Postal Service stamp in 1967, which marked Mississippi’s 150 years of statehood. This year, the United States International Ballet Competition, chose his piece “Figure In Green” to feature as the signature image for the organization’s 2014 poster and commemorative program. USA IBC will celebrate its 35th season next year. Since 1990, the competition board has chosen a Mississippi artist to feature on the commemorative poster. When looking to choose an artist, Sue Lobrano, executive director for the competition, saw Bucci’s work at Brown’s Fine Art Gallery in Jackson. “His work had wonderful colors and movement. It was very celebratory,” she said. Jackson artist Marie Hull is one of Bucci’s biggest influences. “She was no nonsense and took art very seriously,” Bucci said by phone from his Fort Washington, Md., home. “She was a serious teacher.” Bucci was born Jan. 12, 1922, in Vicksburg and graduated from St. Aloysius High School there in 1938. He earned a bachelor’s degree in architectural engineering from Louisiana State University. The air force sent Bucci to meteorology school at New York University, and then he served as a meteorologist in World War II. After the war, he was stationed in London for two years, then went to southern France to serve at Orly Air Base for three to four months. While there, he attended open-sketch classes at the Académie Julian in Paris. Upon his return to U.S. soil, Bucci enrolled at the Art Institute of Chicago, where he received a bachelor’s degree in 1951 and a master’s degree in 1954. Bucci worked as a meteorologist in Greenville, Miss., for a year before going to the National Meteorological Center in Suitland, Maryland. During his days as a meteorologist, Bucci continued to paint and often received critiques from Marie Hull in Jackson. “Marie Hull, who had been a dynamic art force in Mississippi for 30 years by World War II, maintained her curiosity and excitement about the changing face of art,” says art historian and author Patti Carr Black of Hull in her book “Art in Mississippi, 1720-1980.” Black further talks about Hull’s willingness to mentor artists like Bucci: “Hull wrote a letter on behalf of Andrew Bucci to Nell Davis at the Lauren Rodgers Museum (in Laurel, Miss.) decrying the prevailing desire for art ‘that looked like something.’ She continued, ‘I’m pleased you will show

Andrew Bucci is still going strong as an artist at 91 years old. Bucci’s work was chosen recently to for the USA International Ballet Competition’s 2014 poster.

Andrew’s things next spring—despite being very far out! I think that at intervals the museum going public should be exposed to such—even tho they do not understand. Without ‘advanced’ work being shown, the poor befuddled public would be even more un-knowing than it is now! ...” Bucci said that Hull “made you paint very wet watercolors right away, and many people did not like that because it is difficult. But, that is how she started you out. I used to make lots of figures and she got to put the backgrounds around them and try to relate them.” Hull wasn’t all no-nonsense, though. “(She) loved chocolate and would keep a dish of M&M’s on the table. When I asked who was that for, she said that it was for the mouse,” Bucci said. “She was fun, but very serious about art and the art-making process.” He remained in contact with Hull until her death in 1980 at age 90. Humbly, Bucci thinks it is a “fine thing” that his piece was chosen for the cover of the poster and commemorative program for the 2014 USA IBC, but, he says, “I think the graphic artist deserves some credit, She did a fine job.” Graphic designer Vidal Blankenstein was responsible for the overall design of the commemorative poster and booklet. Bucci’s comment about Blankenstein is a fitting tribute from a man who clearly understands the power of highlighting the work of aspiring artists, just as Marie Hull did for him. “The secret of success is to keep doing it, even if nobody likes it. If you keep doing it, people will say, ‘well, there must be something to it, he spends all this time doing it,” he said. Read more about the USA IBC in the Spring Arts Preview issue.




Californian Wine Tasting is at BRAVO! Italian Restaurant & Bar.

A screening of and discussion about “Dancing in Jaffa” is at Millsaps College.

Richard Boada reads original poetry from “The Error of Nostalgia” at Lemuria.

BEST BETS FEB. 19 - 26, 2014



Swine and Wine Dinner is at 6 p.m. at Char (4500 Interstate 55 N., Suite 142). $35; call 601-956-9562; … JSU Reading Community Discussion is at 6 p.m. at COFO Civil Rights Education Complex (1013 John R. Lynch St.). Bruce Watson talks about his book about Freedom Summer. Free; call 601979-1562;


Top Shelf Comedy Tour, featuring Bruce Bruce, is at 8 p.m. Feb. 22 at the Mississippi Coliseum. Doors open at 7 p.m.

at Warehouse Theatre (1000 Monroe St.). $7; call 818645-4404;


Gem, Mineral, Fossil and Jewelry Show is from 9 a.m.-6 p.m. BY BRIANA ROBINSON at Mississippi Trade Mart (1200 Mississippi St.). $5, $3 students; call 601-863-6535; JACKSONFREEPRESS.COM … Black History African Market FAX: 601-510-9019 Expo is from 10 a.m.-4 p.m. at DAILY UPDATES AT Farish Street Baptist Church (619 JFPEVENTS.COM N. Farish St.). Shop for art and gift items, watch a short film about Farish Street, and more. Free; call 601-355-0636. … Top Shelf Comedy Tour is at 8 p.m. at Mississippi Coliseum (1207 Mississippi St.). $36.50-$46.50; call 800-745-3000. … Matt Owen and The Eclectic Tuba performs “space tuba funk” at 9 p.m. at Martin’s (214 S. State St.). $7; call 601-354-9712;


Imani Winds, a Grammynominated chamber music ensemble, will be at Jackson State University Feb. 23.The group will give a master class at 10 a.m. and perform at 4 p.m.


“Curtains: A Musical” is at 7:30 p.m. at Belhaven University Center for the Arts (835 Riverside Drive). $10, $5 seniors and students; call 601-965-7026; … Misfit Monkeys’ Mardi Gras Improv Show is at 8 p.m.


Imani Winds performs at 4 p.m. at Jackson State University (1400 John R. Lynch St.) in McCoy Auditorium. $15; call 601-979-7036. … Californian Wine Tasting is at 4 p.m. at BRAVO! Italian Restaurant & Bar (4500 Interstate 55 N.). Wine expert Jeff Palmer speaks. $30; call 601-982-8111; email; bravobuzz. com. … JJ Grey & Mofro performs at 8 p.m. at Duling Hall (622 Duling Ave.). Shannon McNally also performs. $30, $25 in advance. Call 601-292-7999;


“10 Ways to Say I Love You” Dinner Theater is at 6 p.m. at Anjou Restaurant (361 Township Ave., Ridgeland). Includes three-course meal. $49; call 601-9371752; … Open Mic is at Martin’s (214 S. State St.). Free; call 601-354-9712;


Brews and Bacon is from 5:30-7:30 p.m. at Fondren Public (2765 Old Canton Road). $10; call 601-540-2995; email; … NMHS Unlimited Film Productions’ Filmmaker’s Bash is at 7 p.m. at Mississippi Museum of Art (380 S. Lamar St.). $50, $100 VIP; … Film Forward: Advancing Cultural Dialogue presents “Dancing in Jaffa” at 7 p.m. at Millsaps College (1701 N. State St.) in Murrah Hall, Room 200. In the film, ballroom dancer Pierre Dulaine takes his belief that dance can overcome political and cultural differences, and applies it to 11-year-old Jewish and Palestinian Israelis. Free; schedule at


It’s About You Film Festival starts today at Municipal Art Gallery (839 N. State St.). The festival displays works that positively express the experience of people of African descent and provides networking opportunities. Free; … Richard Boada signs copies of “The Error of Nostalgia” at 5 p.m. at Lemuria (4465 Interstate 55 N., Suite 202). Reading at 5:30 p.m. $10.95 book. Call 601-3667619; email;


Downtown Blood Drive is from 9 a.m.-2 p.m. at Jackson Convention Complex (105 E. Pascagoula St.). Visit … Black History Makers Forum is from 10 a.m.-4 p.m. at Jackson State University (1400 John R. Lynch St.) in the Dollye M.E. Robinson building. AllAfrica. com correspondent Charles E. Cobb Jr. speaks. Free; call 601-979-1562; email; jsums. edu/hamerinstitute/blackhistory2014. … Mardi Gras Madness Beer Tasting is at 6 p.m. at Duling Hall (622 Duling Ave.). $65; call 601-497-7908;



‘House of Cards’: The Butchery is Back by Jordan W. Sudduth


*&0 30/.3/2%$%6%.43 “Musical of Musicals” March 14-15, 7:30 p.m., and March 16, 2 p.m., at Warehouse Theatre (1000 Monroe St). The musical about musicals is a comedic satire of musical theater. The performance is part of New Stage Theatre’s Unframed Series. For mature audiences. $10 (cash or check); call 601-948-3533, ext. 222.

February 19 - 25, 2014



Events at Old Capitol Museum (100 S. State St.). Free. • History Is Lunch Feb. 19, noon. MDAH historian Jim Woodrick talks about the Civil War Battle of Okolona. Free; call 601-576-6998; • The Black Codes to Brown v. Board of Education Feb. 20, 6-7:30 p.m. Jere Nash and Dr. Michael Williams discuss topics related to black history, specifically the period between the Civil War and the modern civil rights movement. Free; call 601-576-6920; email; • History Is Lunch Feb. 26, noon. Meredith Magee talks about her book, “James Meredith, Warrior, and the America that Created Him.” Free; call 601-576-6998; Recruiting, Retaining and Managing Volunteers Feb. 20, 9 a.m., at Mississippi Center for Nonprofits (201 W. Capitol St., Suite 700). Learn creative ways to recruit, engage, manage and retain quality volunteers for your organization. $109, $69 members; call 601-968-0061;

show is character-driven; it revolves around the aura of our cunning husband and wife protagonists. Subplots involving supporting characters arise and drift away—some faster and more violently than others. The show’s progress, like Frank, is unapologetic. Prepare yourself, because even beloved characters are sent packing. Anything and anyone are fair game and there is nowhere to hide.

Throughout the series, Frank breaks the proverbial fourth wall by turning and speaking directly to the camera—and us, the audience. Fan are already endlessly requoting his haunting direct quotes. Beau Willimon—the show’s creator and main writer—has a refreshing and creative way with maniacal wording, to say the least. For example, after getting off the phone with Raymond Tusk (Gerald McRaney), who is a dear friend and close advisor to President Garrett Walker (Michael Gill), Frank says of his ally-turned-enemy, “Any pugilist worth his salt knows when someone’s on the rope, that’s when you throw a combination to the gut and a left hook to the jaw.” “House of Cards” is leading a revolution in TV for a variety of reasons. It has legitimatized Netflix as an originator of programming and as a go-to platform for entertainment. Also, the series puts continuous emphasis on U.S. politics—and not in the greatest light. The show gives audiences across the world a fictionalized (but maybe not far from reality) version of American politics, including bribes, manipulation, and backdoor deals, all in the name of getting votes. All things sinful, including murder, are on full display here.

What impresses me about “House of Cards” is … well, everything. The acting is superb: Spacey and Wright give career-defining performances that will surely garner them further award nominations. As I said earlier, the writing is amazing. Willimon, who also scripted George Clooney’s well-received political thriller, “The Ides of March,” certainly has a passion for and grasp on today’s D.C. politics. And mastermind David Fincher’s involvement in the project is obvious. He has executive produced the entire series and has directed several episodes (not coincidentally, the best ones, in my opinion). “House of Cards” is, in some ways, difficult to review, as I am determined to avoid plot and character specifics. Anything else would be disrespectful to a future viewer. This show is as good as it gets. It is wild, gritty and controversial. It plays upon perspective, but as someone who has once lived and spent extensive time in D.C. and in politics, I promise you it isn’t far from the truth (sadly). I haven’t read about Netflix’s plans, but I have a gut feeling season three will finish it off. Frank will rise. Frank will fall. And all good things must come to an end. As the narcissistic Frank wickedly states, “… Democracy is so overrated.”

Global Executive Speaker Series (Part 1) Feb. 20, 11:30 a.m., at Capital Club (125 S. Congress St., Suite 19). The speaker is Jonathan Daniels, executive director and CEO of the Mississippi State Port Authority. Lunch included. Registration required. $20-$35; email;

Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault Education Session Feb. 22, 9:30 a.m.-noon, at Community Student Learning Center of Lexington (333 Yazoo St., Lexington). Topics are “How to Safely Leave an Abusive Relationship” and “Not Going Back: Self-Empowerment.” Free; call 800-898-3234.

Precinct 3 COPS Meeting Feb. 20, 6 p.m., at Jackson Police Department, Precinct 3 (3925 W. Northside Drive). These monthly forums are designed to help resolve community issues, from crime to potholes. Free; call 601-960-0003.

Behind the Scenes Tour: Cats Feb. 22, 5-6 p.m., at Jackson Zoo (2918 W. Capitol St.). Go behind closed doors and get up close to some of the zoo’s wildest felines. For ages 16 and up. $65, $50 members; call 601-352-2580;

Dance for Parkinson’s Mondays, 6-7 p.m. through March 3, at Millsaps College (1701 N. State St.), at the Hall Activity Center. Participants are empowered to explore movement and music in ways that are refreshing, enjoyable, stimulating and creative. For ages 18 and up. Free; call 601974-1755; email

Back in the Day Black History Celebration Feb. 20, 6 p.m., at New Hope Baptist Church (5202 Watkins Drive). The annual event includes poetry, singing, films, book signings, voter registration and a reception. The guest speaker is U.S. Justice Carlton Reeves. Free; call 601-981-8696.

Tutoring Registration at Genesis and Light Center (4914 N. State St.). The center is accepting applications for its after-school program for ages 6-18 in math reading, and language arts. Applications accepted on weekdays from 10 a.m.-5 p.m. Call for details on cost at 601-362-6736; email;


rguably the most popular and critically acclaimed drama currently on TV, Netflix’s original series “House of Cards” is back with a second season—and a vengeance. Netflix released the entire 13-episode season of the political thriller on Valentines Day, which allowed fans and new viewers the opportunity to binge-watch the near-13 hours of footage during the long weekend (which included, appropriately enough, Presidents Day). And according to reports, many people did just that. If anything, this review is primarily here to eagerly persuade you to urgently watch “House of Cards.” You should drop what you are doing right now, sign up for Netflix streaming, and watch both seasons. In all sincerity, it’s that good. Season two opens where season one ends: Congressman Francis “Frank” Underwood and his wife, Claire, are on a late-night run. Frank has just clawed and manipulated his way to a new level of political power, and the duo are determined to keep rising. Kevin Spacey and Robin Wright brilliantly play the Washington power couple. While physically set in Washington with a plot in the realm of national politics, the

Kevin Spacey masterfully portrays D.C. politico Frank Underwood in the recently released second season of “House of Cards.”

Jackson Young Lawyers Association Community Outreach Grant Call for Applications through Feb. 21. JYL will award approximately $3,000 in grant funds to tax-exempt charitable organizations in the Jackson metro area that assist people without financial means or with special needs. Free; call 601-576-4208; email; ACT-SO Competition Call for Applicants through Feb. 21, at Mississippi State Conference NAACP (1072 W. Lynch St., Suite 10). High school students showcase their talents March 1 at Jackson State in competitions in categories including performing and visual arts, math, sciences and humanities. Winners move on to the national competition in Las Vegas. $10 application fee; call 601-353-6906;

7%,,.%33 Affordable Healthcare Enrollment Day Feb. 20, 8 a.m.-10 a.m., at Tougaloo College (500 W. County Line Road) at the Owens Health and Wellness Center. U.S. Congressman Bennie Thompson hosts. Health insurance navigators help visitors sign up for an insurance plan. Free; call 601-987-9463, 601-977-7797 or 601-977-6179. Diabetes Super Conference Feb. 22, 9 a.m., at Jackson Marriott (200 E. Amite St.). The interactive program includes presentations and resources. Registration required. $25, $40 for two, $10 ages 12 and under; call 601-957-7878 or 877-DFM-CURE;

Zumba Fitness Classes through June 1, at Lindsey Claire Dance Company (4149 S. Siwell Road, Byram). Licensed instructor Paula Eure leads the Latin dance-inspired aerobics classes. Adult classes are Mondays at 7 p.m. and Tuesdays at 6 p.m. Zumba Kids (ages 4-12) is held Tuesdays at 5 p.m. Limited space; reservation recommended. $5; call 601-209-7566; email;

34!'%!.$3#2%%. Events at Russell C. Davis Planetarium (201 E. Pascagoula St.) through Feb. 28. $5.50, $4.50 seniors, $3 children; call 601-960-1552; • “The Planets” Monday-Friday, noon, and Saturdays, 4 p.m. Actress Kate Mulgrew narrates the movie about the solar system. • “The Case of the Disappearing Planet” Saturdays, 1 p.m. Explore the solar system with Skye Watcher and discover what happened to the ex-planet, Pluto, as she tracks down clues that stretch back hundreds of years. • “Space Storm” Saturdays, 3 p.m. The film is an investigation of what happens in space as the sun hurls matter and energy towards Earth that produce effects from aurora to power blackouts.

“Freckleface Strawberry: The Musical” Feb. 20-22, 7:30 p.m., and Feb. 23, 2 p.m., at Actor’s Playhouse (121 Paul Truitt Lane, Pearl). The play is based on Julianne Moore’s book about a girl who wants to get rid of her freckles. $15, $10 seniors, students and military; call 601-664-0930 or 800-838-3006 (tickets); “Old Ship to Zion” Feb. 23, 2-3 p.m., at Greater Mt. Bethel Church of Christ (4125 Robinson Road). The Jackson City NAACP Branch is a partner in the production. The musical is about the eternal fate of people from various walks of life. Free; call 601-353-8452. Senior Dance Concerts Feb. 26-28, 7 p.m., and March 1, 1 p.m., at Belhaven University, Bitsy Irby Visual Arts and Dance Center (1500 Peachtree St.), in the Studio Theatre. $8, $5 seniors and students. Call 601-965-1400;

-53)# Jazz and Java Feb. 20, 6-8 p.m., at Eudora Welty Library (300 N. State St.). Enjoy live jazz music, and author Joedda Gore reads from her book, “Sugarman.” Free; call 601-968-5807. Otis Lotus Feb. 21, 9 p.m., at Duling Hall (622 Duling Ave.) $8 in advance, $10 at the door. Call 601-292-7999;

• Fabric Surface Design: Dyeing Your Own Art Cloth (Part II) Feb. 22, 2-5 p.m. Turn plain, white cotton into art fabric covers or pages that can be incorporated into a paper book. Cooking Class Feb. 22, 11 a.m.-1 p.m., at Raindrop Turkish House (900 E. County Line Road, Suite 201A, Ridgeland). Learn to make Turkish appetizers, entrees and desserts. RSVP. $15; call 769-251-0074; email; Shut Up and Create! March 29, 10 a.m.-2 p.m., at JFP Classroom (125 S. Congress St., Suite 1324). Donna Ladd’s workshop is designed to help you tease out your creative side, whether you want to write, create art or be more creative on the job or with your family. Light lunch included. Registration required. $60; call 601-362-6121, ext. 15; email

%8()")43!.$/0%.).'3 PechaKucha Night Jackson, Volume 2 Feb. 20, 6-9 p.m., at Mississippi Museum of Art (380 S. Lamar St.). AIA Mississippi is the host and is looking for creative professionals to present topics in art, architecture and design. Includes refreshments. Free; email; Twenty-five of Mississippi’s Best through Feb. 22, at Marie Hull Gallery (Hinds Community College, 501 E. Main St., Raymond). See works of art from 25 well-known Mississippi artists. Free; call 800-HINDS-CC;

“Bravo IV: Mozart’s Clarinet Concerto” Feb. 22, 7:30 p.m., at Christ United Methodist Church (6000 Old Canton Road). MSO principal clarinet player Ken Graves performs the concerto between the Mississippi Symphony Orchestra’s presentations of Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov’s “Capriccio Espagnol” and Serge Prokofiev’s “Symphony No. 5.” $20-$58; call 601-960-1565;

Mississippi Collegiate Art Exhibit through Feb. 23, at Arts Center of Mississippi (201 E. Pascagoula St.). See works from students throughout Mississippi in the main galleries. Free; call 601-960-1557, ext. 224.

Open-mic Jam Sessions with Cody Smith Thursdays, 9 p.m.-2 a.m. through Feb. 27, at Kemistry Sports Bar and Hookah Lounge (3716 Interstate 55 N., Unit 2). All musicians and singer-songwriters welcome. Free; call 601-713-1500.

Student Graphic Design Show through Feb. 28, at Jackson State University (1400 John R. Lynch St.). Students display their work in the Liberal Arts Gallery. Free; call 601-979-7036;

,)4%2!29!.$3)'.).'3 Events at Lemuria Books (4465 Interstate 55 N., Suite 202). Call 601-366-7619; email info@; • “The Amazing Jimmi Mayes: Sideman to the Stars” Feb. 19, 5 p.m. Chicago drummer Jimmi Mayes signs books. $30 book. • “Double Vision” Feb. 21, 5 p.m. F.T. Bradley signs books. $6.99 book. • “The Error of Nostalgia” Feb. 26, 5 p.m. Richard Boada signs books. Reading at 5:30 p.m. $10.95 book. Jill McCorkle Book Reading Feb. 19, 4 p.m., at Millsaps College, Ford Academic Complex (1701 N. State St.), in room 215. The fiction writer reads from her novel, “Life After Life.” Free; call 601-974-1089;

#2%!4)6%#,!33%3 Events at Purple Word Center for Book and Paper Arts (140 Wesley Ave.). For ages 18 and up. $50, $35 members; • Batik: Fabric Surface Design (Part 1) Feb. 22, 10 a.m.-1 p.m. Explore the ancient art of using hot wax as a resist with dyes to create beautiful patterns and designs on cloth.

“Cycling for Health” Exhibit through Feb. 28, at High Noon Cafe (2807 Old Canton Road). See artwork from Richard McKey and Randy Everett. Free; call 601-981-9222;

"%4(%#(!.'% Restoration Day Expungement Clinic Feb. 22, 10 a.m.-2 p.m., at Fountain of Life Church (7546 S. Siwell Road, Byram) and Word and Worship Church (6286 Hanging Moss Road). The Magnolia Bar Association hosts the event to assist citizens who have been denied employment or housing because of a misdemeanor or felony conviction. Bring record and filing fees. Free; call 662-334-1666. Savor the Flavor Feb. 20, 6-10 p.m., at Hal & Mal’s (200 Commerce St.). The fundraiser for Catholic Charities’ Migrant Support Center includes food from local restaurants, a cash bar and live music. $25; call 601-326-3725, ext. 725; email; Sickle Cell Awareness Gospel Benefit Concert Feb. 23, 4-6 p.m., at College Hill M.B. Church (1600 Florence Ave.). Proceeds benefit the Mississippi Sickle Cell Foundation. Free, donations welcome; call 601-366-5874; email mssicklecellfnd@; Check for updates and more listings. To add an event, email all details (phone number, start and end date, time, street address, cost, URL, etc.) to or fax to 601-510-9019. The deadline is noon the Thursday prior to the week of publication. Or add the event online yourself; check out for instructions.

Wednesday, February 19th

HOWARD JONES QUARTET 6:30, No Cover Thursday, February 20th


Friday, February 21st


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MUSIC | live


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February 19 - 25, 2014

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by Micah Smith

â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Mind Over Matterâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; Offers More Variety


he 10-song custom on a record is Guitarists Jacob Tilley and Eric Cannaa sort of persisting, self-imposed ta provide the always-transitioning riffs limit in music. Back when the and reverb-riddled playground that aloption was vinyl or nothing, it low Gadhiaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s voice to work with hauntmade sense. One dual-sided, groove- ingly pure efficacy throughout â&#x20AC;&#x153;Mind covered disc could comfortably fit 10 Over Matter.â&#x20AC;? songs of fairly sizeable length. With In terms of genre, Young the Githe clear, and unquestionably old news, ant might be the first band that I would shift toward digital format, youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;d expect rather leave at â&#x20AC;&#x153;indie rock.â&#x20AC;? Otherwise, every artist to make the best use of an I might give myself a headache. Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s not extended playtime. Instead, weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re stuck on the same, outdated model and, whatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s worse, often receive albums with more misses than hits and songs that are B-sides at best finding prominent placement on a record. Then, of course, there are the exceptions. And, my, how exceptional they can be. Thank goodness for Young the Giantâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s â&#x20AC;&#x153;Mind Over Matter.â&#x20AC;? Released in the dry spell of January, it sated my appetite for new music brilliantly with 13 tracks that are satisfying Young the Giantâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s â&#x20AC;&#x153;Mind Over Matterâ&#x20AC;? combines disparate musical influences into an album a wide and full without additional variety of music lovers will enjoy. filler. No, numerically, 13 doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t sound vastly more impressive than 10 (Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s three moreâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;I went to college), but itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s impossible to draw a line to the infludefinitely an audible difference. Every- ences behind each song, drumming up thing from the recordâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s swelling synth comparisons, but youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll find that some of introduction, the accurately named them are strangely contrasting with othâ&#x20AC;&#x153;Slow Dive,â&#x20AC;? to the had-to-have-one ers. The title track â&#x20AC;&#x153;Mind Over Matterâ&#x20AC;? single-guitar track â&#x20AC;&#x153;Firelightâ&#x20AC;? feels in- has some of the Bee Gees slow-dancing tentional and necessary. â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;70s vibe, complete with light orchestral I should have caught onto how spe- accompaniment; the driving first single cial â&#x20AC;&#x153;Mind Over Matterâ&#x20AC;? would be when â&#x20AC;&#x153;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s About Timeâ&#x20AC;? is a deftly written progthe California quintet behind it was so rocker in the vein of Queens of the Stone keen on pushing singles and full-record Age; and the ethereal â&#x20AC;&#x153;Cameraâ&#x20AC;? calls an streams and, generally, advertising out association with alternative greats like the wazoo, but as a new listener to Young Grizzly Bear. the Giant, I had no context for those The obvious issue with comparing elated releases. So, Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll give you some of Young the Giant with other, unrelated the context I was missing. Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s a simple artists is that, if any of these influences concept, at least in theory, that the band donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t fall in your preferential wheelhouse, is on a path toward mastering: to craft you might be turned away from â&#x20AC;&#x153;Mind each song unto itself without adhering Over Matter.â&#x20AC;? But, rest assuredâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;this to an explicit style. Yet, through creative odd melding of styles yields music that is and deliberate songwriting, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Mind Over altogether fun, imaginative, and wholly Matterâ&#x20AC;? is made all the more cohesive unique, a rare adjective in modern music for its variety. and one that I donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t use lightly. With the Though vocalist Sameer Gadhia sheer amount of diversity that this now has a decidedly â&#x20AC;&#x153;pop voice,â&#x20AC;? he uses it decade-old band displays with its newest to deliver wide-ranging melodies with release, Young the Giantâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s â&#x20AC;&#x153;Mind Over the lighthearted eccentricity charac- Matterâ&#x20AC;? might have something for every teristic of many great rock performers. music lover.






music in theory

DIVERSIONS | jfp sports the best in sports over the next seven days

by Bryan Flynn

THURSDAY, FEB. 20 Olympics (11 a.m.-2 p.m., NBC): Barring a major upset, the women’s gold medal hockey game should feature the U.S. against Canada. … College basketball (8-10 p.m., ESPN): One of the best rivalries in college basketball is on display as Duke hosts archrival North Carolina. FRIDAY, FEB. 21 Olympics (4-7 p.m., CNBC): It won’t be the U.S., but someone will win a gold medal in Men’s Curling, and then Americans will forget curling exists for another four years. SATURDAY, FEB. 22 College basketball (11 a.m.-1 p.m., CBS): Ole Miss hosts Florida. The Rebels now need big wins and a deep run into the SEC Tournament to get to the Big Dance. … College basketball (5-7 p.m., CBSSN): Southern Miss hosts UTEP, but USM might have ruined its at-large chances with two straight losses. SUNDAY, FEB. 23 Olympics (6-9 a.m., NBC): Watch the men’s hockey gold medal game live—it

should feature the U.S. against Canada. NASCAR (12-4 p.m., Fox): The Great American Race, the Daytona 500, features defending champion Jimmie Johnson and Jeff Gordon, who begins his final cup season. MONDAY, FEB. 24 College basketball (6-8 p.m., ESPN): Maryland hopes to shock the college basketball world and take down number-one ranked and undefeated Syracuse. TUESDAY, FEB. 25 College basketball (8-10 p.m., ESPN 2): Wichita State looks to stay undefeated against Bradley to keep making its case for a number-one seed in the Big Dance. WEDNESDAY, FEB. 26 College basketball (8-10 p.m., ESPN 2): Catch another potential one seed in the NCAA Tournament, as second ranked Arizona hosts California. The shootout in hockey is like penalty kicks in soccer. It isn’t the best way to finish a game, but it does create high drama. Follow Bryan Flynn at, @jfpsports and at

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hand on the ground, or does he need to move positions? Does Sam have the ability to shed blockers to make tackles in the running game, and does he have the hip rotation to explode out of a stance? If he has to play linebacker, does Sam have loose enough hips to turn and run in pass coverage? I want to know if Sam can play at the next level. Being Defensive Player of the Year in the SEC doesn’t necessarily mean NFL success. I’m not trying to downplay the impact of Sam coming out will have on sports. He could be the first openly gay player in America’s biggest sport, and that’s significant (and kudos to the Missouri football coaches, players and administration—Sam told his teammates he was gay and it was a non-story as Missouri played in the SEC Championship Game). But his sexuality shouldn’t be the only story. Every team wants to be where the Seattle Seahawks are right now, Super Bowl champs. If Sam can help you get to that spot, the rest doesn’t matter. Winning championships matter.

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nless you live under a rock or in a cave, you have heard by now about Missouri Tigers defensive star Michael Sam. Last Sunday, Sam told the world he is gay. All eyes will be on Sam at the NFL Combine (Feb. 22-25) in Indianapolis, Ind., and folks will be asking Sam every question you could imagine. But only one question really matters. Can he play? When scouts watch tape, does Sam jump out of the screen at you? Does he look like a dynamic player who can make plays on his own, or does he need to be surrounded with help? Can Sam fit the defensive scheme of the teams looking to recruit him? It would be a disservice to Sam and his NFL dreams if a team just drafted him to prove they would draft a gay player. If Sam doesn’t fit in a certain defensive scheme, he won’t last past training camp. Can Sam play with his hand in the dirt, or does he have to become a standup linebacker? Is Sam strong enough to take on elite offensive tackles with his




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One of the most exciting moments of the Olympics so far has been the United States’ shootout win over Russia in men’s ice hockey. It didn’t have the impact of the 1980 Miracle on Ice, but it was a great game.



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Driving the Conversation “Across the Street and Around the Globe” February 19, 4 p.m.

Book Reading: Award-Winning Fiction Writer Jill McCorkle

Gertrude C. Ford Academic Complex, Room 215 Admission: Free

February 21, 12:30 p.m.

Millsaps Forum: Dr. Tonya Moore—Socio-Economic Patterning of Obesity among African American Women in the Jackson Heart Study

Gertrude C. Ford Academic Complex, Room 215 Admission: Free

February 22, 2 p.m.

Film Forward Movie Series: Valentine Road

February 25, 7 p.m.

Film Forward Movie Series: Dancing in Jaffa Murrah Hall, Room 200 Admission: Free

February 26-March 2

Theatre Department presents “The Last Five Years” Gertrude C. Ford Academic Complex, Room 215 Admission: $10 general admission, $5 students and alumni

February 28, 12:30 p.m.

Millsaps Forum: Dr. Louwanda Evans—Cabin Pressure

Gertrude C. Ford Academic Complex, Room 215 Admission: Free

February 19 - 25, 2014

Discussion on tolerance led by director Marta Cunningham at 10 a.m. Murrah Hall, Room 200 Admission: Free


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