Pipiwharauroa - November 2020

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Pipiwharauroa Whiringa-ā-rangi 2020

Pukapuka: Rua Tekau Ma Whitu

I a rātou i konei i whakaaetia rātou kia takahi i te ara nui, Gladstone o te taone, ara, te paopao i a rātou taramū me te mau pēneti ki ngā pū. Nō mai rā nō tēnei tikanga i waenga i ngā hēramana me Tūranganui a Kiwa. I reira hoki a Ray Mihaka rāua ko Tatai Kutia ngā koroua o taua kaipuke i ngā tau kua hipa noa atu. He hokinga whakaaro.

Panui: Tekau mā tahi

Te tangata mātanga, matatau Isaac Hughes

Te Pito o te Ao ko Tūranganui He tino hononga tō te kaipuke HMNZS Manawanui ki Tūranganui, nō reira i pōhiritia ki te whakanui i taua hononga.

Ehara i te tamaiti wāwahi tahā, Engari he tamaiti kua pakeke noa atu ngā whakaaro He tamaiti kei te hīkoi i te hīkoi tika E tōtika ai ōna iwi. E mihi kau ana ki a koe Te tangata mātanga, matatau. Nōu tō kaha. Kia kaha, kia māia ki ngā whakawhiu ā te tangata. Kia kore e piko, kia kore e tuohu me he maunga teitei. Tēna koe, te mema hou o Te Kaunihera. Kaua e āmaimai, mahia te mahi, kei a koe tēnei Kua whakauru mai he toto hou, he toto tamariki ki te kaunihera o Tūranganui. He tangata i tika mai i tōna tamarikitanga tae noa mai ki tēnei wā. Rua tekau ma whitu noa te pakeke engari nā tōna kaha ki te kuhu i a ia kua tū hei mema mo Te Kaunihera.

Ko te mihinui ki ōna mātua. Ko Isaac te mātāmua o te tokoono i whānau mai ki Tokomaru Bay. I kuraina a ia e tōna whāea i te kāinga. Ko te reo Māori tōna reo tuatahi ki te tau tuawhitu. He tamaiti tūai, kiritea, ā ka kataina e te hunga ka whakaeke ana ki te atamira ki ngā whakataetae Reo Māori o te motu engari ka hāmama ana te waha, kua noho puku. He wāhanga i eke panuku! Tekau ma waru tana pakeke ka hūnuku mai ki Tūranga mahi ai i Pak n Save. He mahi e whiwhi pūtea ai ia hei whakawhānui atu i ngā mahi e hiahiatia ana e ia.

Kei a ia anō ōna whakaaro, engari a te mutunga ka whakamana tonu i ngā tāngata Ko Isaac Hughes tēnei. I pakeke mai i Te i pooti i uru ai ia hei kaunihera. Rāwhiti, Ngāti Porou, a, i pakeke mai hoki ko te reo Māori te reo. Ahakoa tōna pakeke, kei Tino hari Te Mea a Mrs Stoltz ki te a ia anō ōna whakaaro engari ka taea tonu te tūhononga atu o Isaac ki Te Kaunihera. Ā te wherawhera. Ko te āhuatanga nui ki a ia, ko te Rāhina (Mane) ka whakataungia I te Whare whakarongo, āta whakarongo. Kaunihera.

Ko Tatai Kutia rāua Ko Ray Mihaka

Inside this month...

Pages 2 & 3

Kōrero o Te Wā

On parade in front of Te Whare o Te Kaunihera o Te Tairāwhiti

Pages 4-6

Taku Ao, Taku Ora

Page 7

Te Whare Taonga o te Tairāwhiti

Pages 11-13

Te Tairāwhiti Arts Festival 2020

Page 16

TŪranga Ararau


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Kōrero o Te Wā

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Pipiwharauroa Pipiwharauroa Page 2

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Founded October 1898 Pukapuka: Rua Te Kau Ma Whitu Pānui: Tekau mā tahi Te Marama: Whiringa-ā-rangi Te Tau: 2020 ISSN: 1176-4228 (Print) ISSN: 2357-187X (Online)

Pīpīwharauroa takes its name from ‘He Kupu Whakamārama Pīpīwharauroa’, which was printed in October, 1899 by Te Rau Print and edited by the late Reverend Reweti Kohere. Pīpīwharauroa was re-launched on 20 October, 1993. Produced and edited by: Te Rūnanga o Tūranganui-ā-Kiwa Tūranga Ararau Printed by: The Gisborne Herald Email: pipiwharauroa@ta.org.nz Phone: (06) 868 1081

http://www.facebook.com/pipi.wharauroa

Te Pito o te Ao ko Tūranganui

Our Gisborne and Wairoa Offices will close to the public for walk-ins and phone advice from Friday 18th December. Staff will be cleaning house after this so we are unavailable to assist with your legal matters. Both these offices will reopen on Monday 11th January 2021.

Tairāwhiti Community Law Centre

Twenty-Twenty, what a year! We got through it though with the help and support from our trustees, staff, volunteers, funders, whānau, community partners and the government. You people are awesome! Working during the Covid-19 pandemic lockdown and through the subsequent Covid-19 restrictions, we had to be open minded about how we could still deliver free legal services to our community.

Please note that no one from Tairāwhiti Community Law Centre will be available to assist over the three-week break so please do not leave phone messages or send us emails during that time. Most of the local law firms and social service agencies will also be closed over this period. If you need urgent assistance call 111. For non-urgent police matters call 105.

Should you need legal information, do visit the Community Law Manual (google www. communitylaw.org.nz). There are topics in the manual where you can access information and resources on a variety of topics such as employment, consumer protection, tenancy and family issues including care of children To protect our community, and ensure we and relationship breakdowns. were not taking the virus out to the more vulnerable sectors of our community, we For additional information you can visit cancelled our Ruatōria and Wairoa outreach government websites such as the Ministry services for a time. Several law-related of Justice (www.justice.govt.nz) for education sessions were also cancelled legal matters, Work and Income (www. as we were unable to provide this service workandincome.govt.nz) for benefits and while maintaining social distancing. Going financial assistance, the Ministry of Business forward, we are constantly thinking about Innovation and Employment (www.mbie. ways we can improve our service delivery govt.nz) for matters such as employment, holiday pay and tenancy and Consumer through these types of scenarios. Protection (www.consumerprotection.govt. We really enjoyed getting back out into nz) for issues including faulty goods and the community from Hicks Bay through refunds on goods. So we set our staff up to work from home, introduced flexible work arrangements to keep our staff and community safe and expanded our phone free legal advice service to run during opening hours from Monday to Friday.

Gisborne to Wairoa once the Covid-19 restrictions were lifted. It is great to see such resilient whānau and how well our community has pulled together when times get tough.

Keep safe and keep well. We look forward to working alongside you all once again in 2021. Mauri ora ki a tātou katoa

We are going to take a break over the Gillian Creach General Manager Christmas/New Year holidays. Tairāwhiti Community Law Centre

Manuhiri standing to reply to their warm welcome

Mayor Rehette Stoltz at the proceedings

Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern, her fiance Clarke Gayford, and Rear Admiral David Proctor


Pipiwharauroa Kōrero o Te Wā

Mere Pōhatu

More Borders Well, well, well who would have thought? In Tairāwhiti we got to be the rohe with the best health prospects. COVID Free and all fed and cared for. We got to up our personal hygiene standards, we ate pork, the pakeke got firewood for winter and Reweti got us all vaccinated against the Flu. The iwi swung into action and kept the collective eye on the entry and exit points. No virus was ever going to get into this rohe. And, if by chance it did, the isolation and quarantine strategies had all been thought through with precision and purpose.

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Tamararo 2020

Tata ki te toru mano ngā tāngata i takahi i te ātea tapu o Ngāti Oneone, arā te marae o Te Poho o Rāwiri ki te mātakitaki i ngā kapa haka o te rohe e whakatū waewae ana i ngā rā whakatā kua taha ake. E ai ki te Kaiwhakahaere ki a Maui Tangohau, arā ko te kaupapa nui ko te whakanui i tō tātou oranga tinana, hinengaro mai i ngā whakawhiu a Covid 19.

Pai ana te mātaki i te hunga i whakaeke e nohonoho haere ana, e pārekareka, e tau ana i raro i te ātaahuatanga, te mahanatanga o te rā. Ka mātaki tonu, kāore e nuku mo te rā katoa.

Mai I ngā mokopuna, ki ngā pākeke me ngā kaumātua, noho tonu ki te mutunga, ahakoa rā he wāhanga anō i whakaritea mo ngā kaumātua. I mauria mai ā rātou Ki a ia, he rohe whakapīpīti tēnei rohe. He pouaka makariri, a, he wāhanga anō hei momo tēra kāre i kitea i tēnei tau. Ko te omaoma haere mo ngā tamariki. kaupapa nui o tēnei tau ko te whakakotahi, te whakangahau, me te rangona o te wairua E ai ki a Maui Tangohau, he tirohanga harikoa. Ahakoa kei te tarewa tonu a whakamua tēnei e tika tonu ai ngā Covid ki waenga i a tātou, e kore e tuohu āhuatanga hei whāinga mā tātou. Ko te te tangata i ngā whakataetae engari ka mea nui ko te whakanui i tō tātou oranga. menemene tonu. He huinga mīharo, whakahirahira He tuatahi tēnei, i ngā tau ono tekau ma tēnei, te whakakotahitanga o ngā iwi, waru tau e tū ana ngā whakataetae a hapū, whanaunga ki te whakanui, ki te Tamararo, ehara mo te whakatū waewae whakatau tikanga me te arohanui ki a whakataetae engari ko te tū noa ki te mahi rātou anō. i te mahi i runga i te ngākau hūmarie. Tū Kotahi Te Tairāwhiti.

We home schooled, we baked, we washed our hands, we walked and biked, we kept our eyes on our neighbours and our pakeke were never alone. Those with a job who could operate from home, did so. We joined the yellow app movement and checked in wherever we went. We kept in touch on the air waves. And flipping heck, the guys that own Zoom have made more money than the world can print. They are tourist operator told me they prefer Foreign More on that topic later. the new millionaires, actually Trillionaires. Tourists. Kiwi people are too mean and want everything on the cheap and discounted. There are lots more things happening. There is the meths market. That’s another The food suppliers kept their doors open We replenished the Government with a thing. In the meantime, and for the and kept the shelves stocked. We ate well and often. Together. Some people, foolish bigger and stronger foothold in Parliament. moment, the Borders are all but closed, a ones really, stocked up on toilet paper. We farewelled Papa Winston from the vaccine is on the way and our Beaches are They emptied the supermarket shelves. Beehive in that transaction. He and his ilk all open. I can’t get my head around that rush left a big fat regional growth fund for roads and businesses and training. It will take us a And from this moment on, keep an eye on actually. wee while to recover from that. our mokopuna. Keep them warm, eating well, safe and happy and definitely in We were all told to shop local and stay Two big things have happened for Tūranganui the ever important proactive learning in your hood. Pakeke stay home. The less people movement the less likely the virus ā-Kiwa Post Covid. Some of our kids in the pathways. can hitch a ride back to your house and home school bit did the home thing and not whānau. We were told to be kind – and we the school bit. We have lost the most kids listened. I think some of us have slipped from the school system than any other part away from that advice a little bit. Oh well I of Aotearoa. That’s a big, huge long-term hope we are still using the app and washing challenge. Kids with no qualifications and education go on to another generation with our hands. little education and together form collective Meantime, fast forward to November and ambitionless voids. This doesn’t necessarily there are no “other” residents coming in. create happy families either. The Border is all but closed. The pilots in the world-wide aviation industry have all flown home to roost. The Cruise Ships are parked up. Our Pacific relatives are on their islands and we are on ours. Our Australian residents but New Zealand kin are all over that part of the world. We are starting to miss them a bit actually.

The next big thing is the price of a house in Tūranganui ā Kiwa. E hika mā who is selling and who is buying. Well, between the two groups the prices they are selling and buying are making even the skimpiest house sell like it’s a guilt-edged golden palace. And I think they are all Kiwi folks.

And we are all flat out in our camper vans Actually, there is a third thing happening. whizzing around our own countryside Banks are lending us all too much cheap visiting our homeland tourist spots. One money – cheap for the moment.


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Pipiwharauroa

Taku Ao, Taku Ora

Taku Ao, Taku Ora

Paritu always applied fertiliser and had good pasture because of this. Jim always had time and would describe the campsites of the Norwegian bush fellers in Long and Middle (continued) beaches. These were dug into various spots to make a warm camp site. They were easy to find and one could admire the incredible Paritu construction. He pointed out the tribal boundary marker Paritu, a little island about I was Gordon Hair’s 50 metres off the coast, and spoke about the shearing contractor railway line work being stopped during the for around 20 years. Depression. After the first few years, Gordon asked At the Tikiwhata camp, people were left to me to help with fend for themselves. Jim and his brother mustering on his coast Frank one day came across men, women block boundaries and kids trying to catch some sheep in No 3 including Beach Loop. paddock. After the group left with what they I did this for 17 years – had caught, the brothers mustered what mustering for dipping and culling ewes. Any sheep they could off the coast, wired up the sheep with long or lame feet were culled – gate at No 3 and ceased farming that block one foot, they were pared; two feet, culled of land. Most of the people eventually left – and sent to the abattoirs. This resulted in and walked out on foot carrying what few few foot problems. The six-year ewes were possessions they could. sent to Patutahi to breed a lamb for the works. In the mid-1970s, Gordon got me to cut tauhinu on the coast. I set my gang up on the Paritu ran about 5500 Perendale ewes on Tikiwhata site. Brother John was the Maori average. They were full fleece and shearing boss, the gang were all my cousins, Geoff, was about 10 November. This shed started Robbie, Gary, Cannon and Pare. the main round and suited my shearing run as the dry round had just finished. Uncle Carl pressured me to give these boys The sheep were active but good shearing. some work as they were driving him crazy. I Gordon ran all the ewe hogget replacements got Uncle Magnus to put weights over the big at Patutahi – about 1600 were shorn after curved slash hooks as the tauhinu was mostly Labour Weekend at his four-stand Lavenham old man stuff. These hooks were ideal. There Road shed. Paritu was five-stand. Paritu’s were a lot of rocks but I had a good supply of Perendale flock was the second established handles. John and I slept in the back of my on the East Coast, after the Rip station at Bedford truck. I put a big canvas tarpaulin Ruatoria (since sold and planted in pine out and got the boys to cut some bracken trees). Prof G Peren from Massey came fern, spread it then put another canvas over to assist, establishing this new breed of that. All had sleeping bags, thankfully it Cheviot Romney cross named after him. never rained, and we also set up a kitchen They were well-suited to the steep country and had a good supply of water. The two 44 at Paritu. Pop came and helped muster for about 12 years. We brought our own horses to do the coast and No 3 paddocks. We also mustered for crutching, and I provided a crew for docking. The lamb shearing was always done in the New Year.

Shearing

gallon drums, bought from Jack Oxbrow and washed out with detergent, were only used for washing. The gang refused to drink this water, claiming if they farted and someone was smoking they could be killed by the explosion. To this day they still remind me of this, ungrateful buggers. The coast was very steep. We started at the bottom, spread out and worked our way up. Being late summer it was hot in the mornings as it faced the east. We all agreed to start at 5am, work until 10am, climb back to the camp, have lunch and work again from 4pm to 7pm. Most were OK but a couple of the cousins took a bottle of cold tea and a sandwich and slept on the job till we came back. One evening coming back, we noted a lot of big logs by Beach Loop. We stopped and counted about 60. We thought these may have been logs from a boat, then hika, a spout came followed by others… we realized it was a big pod of whales. The water off Beach Loop is very deep and over the years the railway gangs were always sighting pods of whales. The next morning, I went up to the Paritu homestead to ring 2ZG as to what we had seen. A plane was sent but they had disappeared by then. We eventually cut the block out. On the last day, my cousins said no more cutting scrub for them they were going to Wellington to try their luck and find easier jobs. Cannon took off his boots, cut both toes and hung them by the laces on a big ngaio tree. Every year while mustering the coast, I would ride past and check that they were still there. I took on another scrub job on Peter Chrisp’s block, the old Bowen homestead property. It had a nice triangle flat down by the coastline and we were asked to cut the tauhinu. My gang, John and all our cousins camped in the old homestead, rode

I was possibly the fittest I have ever been during these years. Mustering on foot for most of the property was tough but good for the heart and health, which I still enjoy. In the early days at Paritu, Gordon’s father Jim (who was a real gentleman) would come up in the New Year to oversee the Indian scrubcutters. They came out from Fiji every year and would chip away at the manuka that was growing on good grazeable country. Jim would gather up and heap the drying manuka in piles and burn it. He always took the old packhorse out with a couple of bags of grass seed and would hand sow the burned areas. Many hands make light work at docking time


Pipiwharauroa Taku Ao, Taku Ora time as they became too awkward. Then Maori Affairs offered me Paroa Station at Mohaka and Tauwharetoi at Te Reinga where my relative George Niania was manager. John Clark offered me his Opou and Papatu sheds, both six-stands shearing about 20,000 sheep, on the condition his old school friend Letty became his wool classer.

The Opou quarters were the same as when Pop and Mum shore with Jimmy Taylor in Stan keeping a watchful eye on proceedings the late 1940s and 1950s with no lining, and straw and horse-hair mattresses. The kitchen had at least gained down to the job and had turnabout riding an electric stove. the two horses back up the steep track to the house.

The Wahine storm broke with devastation over most of the North Island. Molly had just delivered Justine. Trees were down everywhere and I could not get up to the hospital to see my new daughter and wife for several days. As for my gang, the Paritu Road was blocked and the council had this as low priority to clear. There was no way I could contact them. My cousins sat it out for a few days, killed and ate all the mutton, then ran out of food. They decided to walk out. I was able to meet them at the main road where they told me in no uncertain terms what I could do with my contract and they were taking off to the big smoke again. Later, I collected their gear. Thankfully, Peter paid me for what had been done and we called it quits.

Mum took advantage of her new position as wool classer on our first day’s shearing. She and the sheepo went and dragged out all the mattresses and set fire to them. When John Clark arrived, they had a huddled conversation. Off he went in his truck, arriving back with 12 new foam mattresses and a fridge for the kitchen. Obviously, it was important who you knew and school friendships were important to some people.

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John, Blacky and Peter shore for me as did cousins Geoff, Robbie, Gary and Willie. At one time there were six Pardoes shearing in my gangs. I employed top shearers from the South Island for the main round. Many of them came from my good friend from the NZ Contractors Association, Albert de Koning. He operated out of Ohai in Southland and was at that time the biggest shearing contractor in New Zealand. These top shearers arrived on 10 November and left by 22 December. They could do 300 to 400 every day. Some would come back for the second shear. Most asked me to send their wages to Albert. It was a great system and gave me good cash flow. I reciprocated by sending shearers south after the main shear. A lot of shed hands wanting an overseas (Cook Strait) experience also went. It was an interesting time in my life. I made a lot of money, bought properties, built a big house and sent all four of my children to boarding schools. I have no regrets. I met and worked with some amazing people, many of whom were the salt of the earth. I learned the skill of quickly reading people at first sight or first meeting. To some, it may seem arrogant but I never ever made a wrong call. I had more than any man’s share of characters, which the shearing industry was notorious for producing. Sadly, most of the people who worked for me have passed on. I have lost count of the many tangi attended to mihi them at poroporoaki.

Papatu was a new six-stand shed with a kitchen built on to it. There were no showers so we rigged one up with flood gates for grating, a four-gallon tin with holes punched in and a hose into it. When John’s wife Dorothy brought her daughters up to see the shearing, they were shocked to see six men having a shower like this. The next time we Gangs and contractors came, a new shower had been installed – the A couple of years later, Hugh Bridge offered power of women, I remarked to the gang. From the 1960s to the late 1970s, most me a scrub contract at the back of Kohekohe. shearing gangs in this eastern region were It was a block of big manuka with some Opou also included the Land and Survey family groups, and 95 percent Maori. The small areas of scattered scrub. He had a blocks at Manutuke and Awapuni, a three- gangs provided a lot of work for whanau bach by his back yards, which we used as stand, shearing about 10,000 sheep. I was but undercurrents were in place that would our camp, and I took five hacks so we could able to fit in Bruce Richardson’s three-stand eventually see the demise of many family ride out to the job. Hugh carted all our shed as he had good shearing Perendale. He gangs in the 1980s. camping gear and stores out on his small sold out to the Stovells who had Puhatikotiko bulldozer. This job needed a new approach Station up the Ngakaroa Road, which was The basis of these gangs typically comprised so I purchased two Solo chainsaws. These added to the run. They were breaking it in a person with a strong personality with a machines had no exhaust and were very by spraying tall manuka, oversowing and big extended whanau, and contacts in the noisy. Earmuffs were not yet invented. fertilising. The sheep were tough. They farming sector built over many years, with Rangi Brown, Rangi Akroyd and I operated also tried the Boroola rams but this was a goodwill and trust. The contractor, in most the chainsaws and slept in the bach. My disaster and I had no problem dropping this instances, was a leading personality in cousins Geoff, Gary and Pare used the slash lot. Then followed several good Hangaroa rural communities. Many had big gardens hooks to cut the scattered scrub and slept sheds – J Harris, Taimoti; P Barns-Graham, to grow their own potatoes, kumara, outside under a big canvas tarpaulin by the Dungoyne; G Candy, Strathblane; G Ellmers, pumpkin, onions, kamokamo etc for their pine shelter belt. It was a tough job and River Rock; Fitzgerald Family, Mangamoteo; whanau and the gang. the last scrub contract I took. Every night, M Egan, Wyangalla; Williams Trust, Pukerata; the roar of the chainsaws kept ringing in Brownlie Est, Bushy Knoll. At all functions, the contractor had a our ears. Many years later when I was going ready labour force whatever the occasion, deaf, these chainsaws were identified as During the 1980s, I operated a four-stand could arrange credit to purchase stores, and one six-stand gang, shearing over the major culprit for my condition. had access to mutton from farmer clients, 200,000 sheep a year. This resulted in being I dropped many of the smaller sheds over access to wood for hangi, people to kill able to employ at least 10 people for 10 months of the year. My brothers Ivan, Butch,


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Pipiwharauroa Taku Ao, Taku Ora shearers’ combs and cutters. The grinder was always in the engine room beside the motor and big belt. It was a dangerous place and many accidents occurred in this restricted space. The expert changed the emery paper every day. The convenient trough you washed over had many uses on a farm.

Payments to staff who were your whanau was a fraught process. Advances in cash, clothing, shearing gear, and garage and store accounts were confusing to many. At Christmas, the gang was supposedly paid out less advances etc already paid. Unless requested, a proper pay sheet was not provided. Shearers only Pop and his moko, all with a lamb. Soon after, the lambs’ tails had a rough idea of how many were docked, cooked and eaten sheep they had shorn. Rousies were the same with their hours of work. All were quickly reminded and process beef, pork and mutton, where the best puha was, divers to get kaimoana of the advances at pubs, the beer they drank, and refreshments for the cooks and other who paid for their clothes, kids’ birthdays, helpers. He had a leading role in getting their outstanding store accounts, and who his payment from koha given for services paid the garage when their cars broke down. provided. His mana in our communities was Most nodded their heads in resignation, always strong. Many a person was called reluctantly accepting the payment offered, from a job on a farm to come back home to small as it was, even though it was still help at the marae. Most Maori communities confusing. At least they had some money for had a person of this calibre. In the late Christmas, which the contractor put on and 1940s and 1950s, Manutuke had Jimmy everyone attended. And so the cycle began Taylor, Tukawhena Maynard and Piki Smith. again.

Noise, dust and wages The noise and dust from thousands of sheep in the yards and wool sheds, especially in the summer, was incredible. Some sheds had daggy sheep. Rousies were expected to clip the wool from the dags during their smoko and lunch breaks. This was demeaning work for which they were paid no extra. Mum was one of the strong opponents, refusing this work. This had a ripple effect and the practice was dropped. Pop, as usual, supported her and urged farmers to have shearers crutch the daggy ones first. Possibly because he was one of the few Pakeha shearers at that time, from a farming family and a No 1 shearer, they heeded his advice.

we shore. Most accepted the rationale as it was fully costed to shear 100 sheep – wages, provisions, travel, accounts and insurance fully detailed. As a result, many left the old family gangs and went to work for these new contractors paying regular wages. Before and during this time, gangs “camped out” in the shearers’ quarters for the main shear, October to January; second shear, March to May; and crutching, June to August. Many quarters were basic with two big rooms, one for shearers, one for shed hands. Some had a separate one for the cook. Alongside was a big kitchen dining room, dominated by a table seating 12 to 16 people. Wooden benches, basic cupboards, a meat safe. Many had no power, candles and Tilly lamps being provided. Big wood stoves but some still had open fireplaces. Beds were basic – mattresses of horse-hair or straw, none with springs. Most rooms were unlined and bloody cold in the winter. A copper had to be lit in the afternoon for the showers – basic galvanised roofing iron sides, some had no roofs, a rough concrete floor if no grating and a couple of nails to hang your towel on.

Continued next month

The Boss looked down on the younger ones who complained and asked for a proper wage sheet. These smart alecs were reported to parents or grandparents who reprimanded them for being ungrateful for the job their whanaunga had given them. “E hika, look he even bought us a quarter mutton when he came, koretake, haere ki waho.” Most cooks were contractors’ wives. The attitude was “she always cooked at home and, accordingly, did not need to be paid”. Because of their relationship with the farmers, the contractors got fencing, scrubcutting and other farm jobs for their families. Some of the contractors collected these wages and paid out their members! Those farmers who paid directly were respected by the people and always did a top job.

Most sheds were six-stand with a long shaft Changes to shearing driven by a petrol motor with a 44-gallon drum of water attached to cool the motor, conditions and bolted to the floor in an engine room. A big belt ran from the motor to drive the I was the youngest of a new group of shaft. This came with a high-pitched sound contractors to come on the scene in the – the reason so many people in the shearing mid-1960s and soon took a leading role in industry suffered hearing loss. the changes. We paid all our gang members – even the cook – every two weeks. We became An expert was employed at most sheds to organised, calculated contract rates for four maintain and keep everything in the shed and six-stand sheds, and issued these to the going. Some of the better ones sharpened owners and managers of the sheds for which

If you enjoyed reading this extract from Stan's book, TAKU AO, TAKU ORA - MY WORLD, MY LIFE you can purchase a copy with many more interesting stories and photos by contacting Molly on 027 3652926. A great read and good idea for a Christmas present.


Pipiwharauroa

TAIRĀWHITI MUSEUM MEDIA RELEASE Tū te Whaihanga exhibition extension 10 November 2020

Te Whare Taonga o te Tairāwhiti

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Image 1: Paepae hamuti (detail) University of Cambridge Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, D1914.75; Kaitaka (detail)remain Pitt Rivers Museum University Oxford 1886.21.20 here in Tairāwhiti.” – EloiseofWallace, a whole. Tū Te Whaihanga, and our very Tairāwhiti Museum Director

Tairāwhiti Museum has had strong visitation from domestic tourists over winter and spring with a 135% increase from June – September compared to 2019 and a smaller increase in visitors from Tairāwhiti over the same period.

own Tairāwhiti Museum, has opened doors to places of immeasurable potential” Nick Tupara, Hei Kanohi governance group member. The New Zealand government has agreed to extend their support to the exhibition through the government indemnity scheme, which helps reduce the cost of insurance for international exhibitions visiting New Zealand, based on the principle of accessibility. This project was a notable first for the scheme as the first occasion it supported New Zealanders’ access to indigenous taonga returning home, rather than to overseas cultural material.

“We are so pleased to have the taonga stay here at the museum longer, particularly as Covid-19 restrictions have had an impact on our ability to host school groups, and hold tours and events over much of the year. Now we are at Level 1, and hopefully will remain so over the summer, it gives people visiting our region this summer a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to see taonga at home in New Image 2: Te hokinga mai o Hinematioro ki tōna iwi – The return of Hinematioro to her people Zealand, that you’d normally only be able to The project has been supported by Trust see in Europe.” – Eloise Wallace, Tairāwhiti Tairāwhiti, Te Puna Tahua Lottery Grants Museum Director. Museum Board and Air New Zealand. Images 3,4: Taonga Wānanga at Tairāwhiti

Te Whare Taonga o te Tairāwhiti | Tairāwhiti Museum

Tū te Whaihanga: a recognition of creative genius includes 37 taonga which The exhibition Tū te Whaihanga: a until their return last year, recognition of creative genius, at Tairāwhiti had resided in Europe for 250 Museum has been extended until May 2021. years. In Te Tairāwhiti, the arts flourished… "Ka tipu te whaihanga ki Te Tairāwhiti…"

“The mauri of these taonga have been revitalised and reinvigorated as the multitude of descendants have bestowed upon these precious taonga their own “Tūranganui ā-Kiwa and Te Aitanga ā-Hauiti ihi, wehi, mauri and aroha.” iwi are elated that our taonga will remain Hei Kanohi Ora Chairperson, with their people, on their whenua for a Huia Pihema little longer yet. Tū Te Whaihanga has and will continue to acknowledge, honour and The Endeavour sailed the coast of of Tū Tairāwhiti for a month on its first 5,6,7: Exhibition te Whaihanga: commemorate theImages creative genius of our views to New Zealand, and during that tipuna of 250 years ago and longer.” Hei voyage a recognition of creative genius at Tairāwhiti Museum time there were numerous encounters with Kanohi Ora Chairperson, Huia Pihema. tangata whenua of Tūranganui ā-Kiwa and Te “Tairāwhiti Museum staff have been in close Aitanga ā-Hauiti on land and at sea. Taonga contact with lending museums in the UK in the exhibition include eight painted hoe and Germany throughout the year as the paddles, traded at sea off Whareongaonga impacts of Covid-19 have been felt here (south of Tūranganui ā-Kiwa) on October 12, 1769, and Te Poupou o Hinematioro from her in Newexhibition Zealand and in Europe. Because2020 haihanga extension 10 November of the restrictions on international travel whare on Te Pourewa Island on October 28, and the ongoing impactand of Anthropology, the pandemic 1769. Other taonga include rākau (weapons), dge Museum of Archaeology on museum operations, everyone felt that kākahu (cloaks), tātua (belts), whakairo sity of Oxford 1886.21.20 it was safest and best for the taonga to (carvings) and adornments. The exhibition, which opened on 7 October 2019, the 250th anniversary of first onshore contact between Europeans and tangata whenua in Tūranganui-a-Kiwa, was initially planned to run for one year.

The development of Tū te Whaihanga was led by Hei Kanohi Ora Governance Group which comprises of Tūranganui ā-Kiwa mana whenua and Te Aitanga ā-Hauiti working in partnership with Tairāwhiti Museum.

o ki tōna iwi – The of Hinematioro herreturn peopleof Te hokinga mai oreturn Hinematioro ki tona iwito - the Hinematioro to her people

“The return of our taonga has in no small way allowed our whāriki of tipuna kōrero to grow and enhance the way that we care and share in the betterment of our tamariki and mokopuna, and our community as

The taonga in the exhibition are on loan from The British Museum; Pitt Rivers Museum University of Oxford; University of Cambridge Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology; Great North Museum: Hancock and Tübingen University Museum, Germany. Entry to Tairāwhiti Museum is free for Tairāwhiti residents, Friends of the Museum and Children 12 and under, and $5 for adults. For more information or to arrange an interview please contact: Eloise Wallace, Director, Tairāwhiti Museum eloisewallace@tairawhitimuseum.org.nz, 06 867 3832


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Pipiwharauroa Mātai

What is Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)?

Mātai Medical Research Institute

Since opening just over a month ago, Mātai has had a great response from volunteers across the community, especially Māori, to help us on our journey of discovery into health issues that impact our whānau.

MRI allows us to see inside the human body, by creating pictures using a big magnet.

MRI is incredibly complex technology that is unsurpassed in its capabilities to transform our understanding of health. It is safe, non-invasive, and can reduce the need for unnecessary invasive surgeries. Advances in medical imaging, which include scan clarity and shortening scan time, have the potential to redefine the way we identify disease and disorders, enable earlier interventions and treatments, and new ways of managing health disorders.

An MRI machine can create images based on the hydrogen in our bodies (i.e. from the hydrogen in water and fat).

Hydrogen atom The hydrogen atom is made up of one proton and one electron. MRI technology mostly focuses on the proton.

+ − There are billions of hydrogen atoms in the human body.

P P

P P

P P

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The proton has a north and south pole, just like a bar magnet, and it spins around its pole. In the body, billions of protons are oriented in random directions, spinning around their poles.

“Nōku te whiwhi, i mātaitia au e Mātai hei aromatawai i taku roro mō te tūpono kei kitea ētahi āhuatanga whakararu pea i a au, heoi kāore i pērā. Engari mō te wāhanga ki te mīhini mīharo rawa atu nei, waimarie katoa au i te tākuta nei, i a Paul Condron he mātanga ka mutu nānā ahau i whakaāio kia kore ai au e hopo, e wehi rānei.

1) Person outside big magnet Randomly orientated The protons in the body are normally oriented in a random direction.

2) Person inside big magnet Mostly aligned, some parallel and some anti-parallel When a person is placed inside the MRI machine, just like how iron sand filings align themselves to a magnetic field, protons align with the direction of the MRI machine’s magnetic field. Some align parallel, and some anti-parallel. This is a bit like turning the person inside into a mini magnet. The protons start to spin around the direction of the MRI’s magnetic field. This can be likened to the wobbling of a spinning top.

He māmā noa iho tēnei whakamātautau e hika mā, tōna whā tekau mā rima mēneti te roa, nā reira hoatu koutou, haria ō koutou pīnati, ō koutou manawa rānei kia tirohia e Mātai mā hei oranga mōhou!"

3) Radio wave pulse Some parallel protons flip to anti-parallel Radio waves are then used to disturb the protons so that some parallel protons flip to the anti-parallel direction, and all protons become synchronised and now wobble around ‘in phase’ with each other.

4) Protons relax

Last month, Mātai Smith from Tūranga FM was one of first volunteers on the machine.

Faint radio wave signal

Release radio wave signal When the radio waves are turned off, the protons flip back to their original position along the magnetic field. The protons also begin to get out of sync with each other (i.e. become ‘out of phase’). As they do so, a faint radio wave signal is produced, which is picked up in a nearby radio receiver (or antenna). Protons in different tissues take more time to get back to their original position, and some take less time: this is why we can get different types of ‘contrast’ on an image.

The signal from the faint radio wave is translated into images on the computer using imaging software, giving a picture of the anatomy of the brain and other tissue. (A full understanding of MRI technology requires the mastery of quantum physics.)

To the left is a brief snap shot into how the Mātai GE 3-T MRI technology works.


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Pipiwharauroa Te Rea

Te Rea “E tipu e rea, e rea ai te tipu”

He kaupapa whakarauora whenua e whakahaeretia ana ki Te Tairāwhiti. Ko Te Rea, he kaupapa hei akiaki, hei poipoi i ngā roopu mana whenua kia whakawhanake i ō rātou ake whenua. I ahu mai te ingoa i te whakapapa o te orokohanga o te ao, ka hono atu hoki ki tera whakatauāki rongonui o Tā Apirana Ngata “E tipu e rea” Te Rea – Tairāwhiti Argoecology Recovery Programme te ingoa matua o te kaupapa, ko tōna whāinga hei hāpai i ngā wawata, i ngā moemoea o ngā whānau me ngā hapū o Te Tairāwhiti kia whakaharatau i tō rātou ake Mana Māori Motuhake, i ō rātou ake Mātauranga Māori kia toitū ai te whenua. He kaupapa mahi tahi tēnei nā ētahi roopu mana whenua, arā, Te Papa Atawhai, Te Manatū mo te Taiao me Te Puna Taiao o Te Tairāwhiti. E tautoko ana hoki ētahi tari kāwanatanga pēnei i Te Manatū Whakahiato, e whakapau kaha nei ki te kaupapa catchment restoration ki Te Tairāwhiti, arā te whakarauora i ngā wāhi Taiao kia Taiao tonu te hanga. Hei tā Ranell Nikora te kaiwhakahaere o Te Rea, ko te tino arotahi o te kaupapa kia whakamanatia nga whānau kia taea ai e rātou te whakaringaringa o rātou ake whakaaro mo tēnei mea te kaitiakitanga. “Ko tētahi aronga kei mua ko te tautoko i ngā roopu mana whenua hei whakarauora i te mauri o te whenua, te ako mātauranga taiao, me te whakatinana i tēra taonga ā tatou arā ko te Kaitiakitanga.” “Kua roa nei e patua ana, e taamiaana te mauri o te whenua me te tangata hoki” te kōrero ā Panapa Ehau, te Kaitohu o Rua Bioscience, te kaitoko o Te Rea. “E whakapono ana mātou kia whakahokia te mana whakahaere ki te tangata whenua, kia hoki ano ki te Mātauranga Māori e noho ana ki ngā kaitiaki o te whenua, kei reira te ara anga mua mo matou, a, mo te whenua hoki.”

Hei tāna anō “Mā tēnei ka taea te rangahau a mātou ake kaupapa whakaniko rerenga rauropi, a, e tika ana mā ngā whānau me ngā hapū tēnei kaupapa e ārahi, me noho ngā roopu kāwana hei kaitautoko.”

restoration in rural/agricultural areas. Ko Charles Barrie te kaiwhakawhanake āheitanga matua mo Te Papa Atawhai, a koia hoki tētahi e whakapau kaha ana kia hua mai ko te kaupapa nei. Hei tana “Nō matou te maringanui kia mahitahi me ngā aka whānau hei kōkiri ake te kaupapa nei. Ki ta matou nei tirohanga ma Te Rea e karawhiu tēnei kaupapa whakarauora i Te Tairāwhiti whānui.”

Tokowhitu ngā aka kua whakatuwherahia, kei te raki, ko Te Wairoa ki Horoera, ko Ruatorea, ko Taniwha Connections ki Uawa, hoki mai ki Tūranga ko Whāia Titirangi, ko Te Ao Tipu kei Tārere, kei tuawhenua ko Mangatū, kei ngā paripari o Waipāoa ko Maungārongo ki Matawhero. Akuni ka kuhu Mo ētahi kōrero tāpiringa, tūhono atu ki mai hoki a Rongomaiwahine. Neke atu i te 60 te whārangi pukamata mo Te Rea: @terea. ngā kaimahi. tairawhiti Aubrey Ria Ka tu ngā aka o te Kaupapa nei ki ngā whenua Māori o te rohe, a, ko tōna tuapapa ko te whakarauora i te Taiao whenua me ngā Taiao ara wai Māori ki ngā wāhi kua roa nei e whakamahia ana hei pamu, hei ngahere paina, hei wahi tapu rānei, kua roa e noho ngaherehere ana. E ai ki a Mere Tamanui te kaiaka, kaiārahi i Te Taniwha Connections “Ko Te Rea he rite ki te kūmara ki a mātou o Uawa. Nō mātou te whiwhi kia hua ai mātou ki roto i ō matou kaupapa whenua, kia tipu kia rea ai ō mātou mātauranga Māori hei kaitiaki whenua. Me ō mātou wawata hoki kia hono ai ngā whānau o te rohe ki te whenua, kia whakapiki ake i te rerenga rauropi ki ō mātou whenua.” The current projects are being carried out on landblocks and water bodies that are in private or joint-maori ownership, and all centre around riparian/catchment


Pipiwharauroa Te Tairāwhiti Arts Festival 2020

A Day in the Diary of a Te Tairāwhiti Arts Festival Goer 2020

Ngā mihi nui Ataahua mo to tautoko ki te kaupapa nei! Safe to say, breakfast at Zest was delicious. A couple of tea pots, a friand and much conversation and laughter, later we returned to the festival HQ to continue enjoying the acts, one after another.

...in loving memory of my Aunty Ani Waaka Taiapa. E te kōka Haere ki Hawaiki nui, Hawaiki roa, Hawaiki Pāmamao. Nui taku aroha mohou e! I te taha o taku kuia a Tauatoru Mairia (Ngaira) Poi Ko Maungahaumi te maunga Ko Mangamaia te awa Ko Mangatu te marae Ko Ngai Whakauaki te hapū Ko Maora Tatae toku Tīpuna Wahine Ko Katrina Reedy ahau.

Friday 9 October, 2020 Collecting Pounamu This story, about a day that ends with Witi's Wahine, begins the day before at a writing workshop with Witi as guest. Also with us are three of Witi's sisters, Caroline Haapu, Viki Carr and, of course, Polly Crawford of Tairāwhiti Technology Hub who encouraged Witi to come along. An intimate audience with Witi. Magic. Each writer present able to take away his freely offered wisdom. I share with you now what I got from the workshop. Begin with an end in mind. Have genre, book title and section titles written before beginning; Know your stars; Bring your writing to the water, launch it and let it swim. Your book is a marae welcoming the reader in; polish your pounamu but not so much that its personality is polished off. I take these interpretations into the future with me. In return for his generosity that day I have duly purchased Black Marks on a White Page on kindle and, from Muirs Bookshop, Witi's new book Navigating by the stars, in store just this month. Check them out whānau.

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Poetry on a Plush Red Carpet - A Sensory Feast Saturday 10.00am, Kelvin Park. Perched on a plush red carpet two women are busily writing poetry. Kira, writing how she feels about the Tairāwhiti Arts Festival and I, writing about what I sense in the environment. Our poems from that day are included herewith, separate to this essay. 11.00am finds Kira and I meandering over to the Tairāwhiti Festival Hub stage to deliver our freshly penned poetics to festival goers who are relaxing and equally enjoying the sunshine and shade of the festival hub environment. I can only hope our contributions added a refreshing interlude between the acts that had come to entertain and we thank Jordan Walker for looking after us.

Lunch with sisters - a lovely surprise Just after Kira and I finished presenting, along came Caroline, Viki and Polly who were hoping to have caught the poetry and were just going to lunch. Kira had to go to another kaupapa so I happily went to lunch with Witi's sisters. Away we went to the nearby Zest Cafe which I highly recommend by the way. On the way to the Zest, on the Peel Street Bridge, we crossed paths with Auckland Festival Organiser Extraordinaire Ataahua Papa, an unexpected meeting which drew a huge hug from me, not at all recommended in this tentative time of Covid 19, but hey, seeing her in our city supporting Tama Waipara and his team was a big deal that needed a seriously big hug. Photos courtesy of TTAF, Credit: Keepa Digital/ Phil Yeo

Upon our return Ora Taukamo had just arrived on stage. We settled into a nice spot to wait for the theatre to open up for the main event for the day to start which was Nancy Brunning's play Witi's Wahine.

Ora Taukamo Performs Our city is full of talented people and Ora Taukamo is one of them. When Ora Taukamo sings in her signature soulful, gravelly tones, the international world has been known to turn its head and take notice. As she sings before us today, she is giving her all to her hometown. I look around on this bright afternoon, to see her ihi, wehi and wana has captured this crowd. Cliches tumble down into my notebook for the way Ora is making us feel...'the hairs on the back of our necks stand up'...'goosebumps form up and down our arms'...'sorrowful aching' invading our hearts for the fire that burns in the belly of the artist as Ora gifts us with her own rendition of 'Ribbon in the sky', 'Georgia' and more. With every cover, in-between chatter turns to quiet appreciation, shoulders move to sway and toes cannot help but tap. It is easy to wax lyrical on the value of such a mesmerising local singer. A woman near me, who has never heard her sing before, likens her to the "powerful presence of the great Mahalia Jackson." I whole-heartedly agree. The humility, the beaming smile, the demure and classy way she is dressed and the spiritual power of Ora had us


all singing along to the words of "What a wonderful world."

Pretty much an accurate summary of our corner of the world that early afternoon as we willingly allowed this singer to take us back to a time when soulful tunes reigned and lyrics really meant something. What a treat to be entertained by such a local great. Thank you Ora, for your sweet sounds, here, near the banks of the Taruheru River where 'ooh sweet nothing' really was ooo... sweet something beautiful. Tēnā rawa atu koe Ora Taukamo!

Waiting for Aunty Kath

The time has arrived for us all to go to see the 2pm showing of Witi's Wahine. His sisters and I part ways as they have plans to meet their whānau and I also have someone to meet. Last year, though I wanted to, I could not attend this festival and so I missed out on Nancy Brunnings play Witi's Wahine. This year I was not going to miss it. As soon as the box office opened online, following the awesome online festival launch, I dived straight in and bought tickets for the 2pm show, Saturday 10 October. One ticket for Granny Spice, my aunty Sue Taitoko, and one for myself. Turns out in the end she couldn't come, so I asked Aunty Kath Porou at our writers workshop the day before and here I am standing outside the theatre waiting for her to arrive.

Tautai Pasifika Village Performance 120

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One problem, my phone is almost out of battery, in the excitement of the morning I forgot to charge it fully. Problem is the tickets I purchased were digital and on a phone with waning energy, this is not ideal. I begin to have visions of having the doors close on Aunty Kath and me as we dejectly trudge back to our cars. Then out she pops, my niece Jasmine Taare. "Kia ora Aunty!" she calls. I explain my situation and she allows me to scan my tickets there and then. Aunty Kath arrived not long after. Hooray! Excitedly, we enter in anticipation of greatness. By the time we got to our seats my phone was dead. Perfect.

E whai ake i a Ora Taukamo ko Ngā Rangatahi no Tautua Kainga. E kanikani ana rātou i ngā kanikani Pasifika no ngā moutere motuhake o roto Te Moananui a Kiwa. Ko to ratou kanikani no te moutere ātaahua o Savai'i. He pūrakau te whakaaturanga e pā ana ki ngā tamariki a Tangaloa i hapai ai i a Tāne me tona whawhai i etahi tupua! Tau ke rangatahi mā! A muri i tēnā ko te hula me te sasa. Te Ataahua hoki o ngā tae o ngā Witi's Wahine kakahu, ngā lei, ngā putiputi i ngā makawe me ngā kanikani kātoa. Tēnā ano koutou Not to review, but to remember, that is the rangatahi mā! purpose here. To recall what it felt like to be there, an audience member at another sold out showing of Witi's Wahine, here this day, Saturday 10 October, 2020. There needs to be some mystery for the future audiences for this play. The highlighting of the excerpts described here just some of what there is to see. Here at the play I feel a strong sense that Nancy Brunning is here with her producers, directors, actors and author... E te wahine toa kua wheturangitia, hoki wairua mai ra, piataata mai ra, i te rangi... titiro ki ou mahi nei!

Happiness is sitting in the second row seats waiting with great anticipation for a dynamic multifaceted performance. I have read several of Witi's stories but not all. So I anticipate recognition and delightful surprise as I encounter the familiar and the refreshingly new to me. Just before the lights dim, in walks Witi's four sisters, three with whom I enjoyed breakfast this morning. They file on up the midsteps of the Lawson Field theatre to their seats, melting into a murmuring crowd about to fall silent. Eyes transfix upon the stage below as the four actresses at play transport us back, back, back, into a strangely familiar past. I recognise many faces in the crowd as is expected in a city the size of ours. The woman to my right recognises the kuia in front of us. They acknowledge each other across the way. Aunty and I also greet the two beautiful wahine directly in front of us whom we know really well. Karanga mai Mere Boyton, Roimata Fox, Olivia Violet Robinson me Ani Piki Tuari, karanga mai, karanga mai ra! The play begins with a whakatau and a waiata powhiri. Captivating as and I have


Pipiwharauroa Te Tairāwhiti Arts Festival 2020

the image in my head forever of the beautiful Roimata Fox during the waiatahandsome, immaculately ā-ringa Karangatia ra! Just stunning as she Strikingly dressed the figure of Riripeti, the was the whole way during this play. Matriarch fills the stage. Aue te mataku I recall the striking pose of our four e! Priestess, she appears, floating above kaiwhakaari wahine toa dominant in the ground, the goddess walking among the full page spread in the Tairāwhiti ordinary lives. Majestic, intolerant Arts Festival programme. Four forces in of fools she tells it straight. The truth balance, an image promising the delivery speaker, Riripeti's disdain for the of a fierce, vital and vibrant performance oppression upon her, though she was from actresses made for these roles. Today, born to rule, yet she is suffering the at work upon the stage the actresses in the injustice of colonial spread and rising flesh, dare us, their audience to lean in, external oppression. With anger in her come closer and, with every sense, see... being she speaks her mind to her kinsmen Aue te hā, te koi, te mana i enei kaiwhakaari rangatira, ensuring they hear her words, that mana wahine is paramount. The wahine toa! scene in which she exhorts to her kinsmen Those important wahine who have passed her mana, and just where each of them came on are surely looking upon these four as from...from woman...is cleverly done.

they work the stage, pulling the past into Flashing Scenes follow... the present and sharing with us their interpretations of kōhine, wāhine, kuia The Dream Swimmer and the whānau that frame them. Ka tangi te ngakau mo te wāhine whakakau moemoea! Into the prologue we head. A magnificent Roimata Fox transformed. A face of punchy start. The synchronicity of ages captivating... incantation rising. The voices in rhythm, Ani Piki Tuari's deftness with taiaha during four pou, weaving a dynamic lineage. the battle scene that comes back to me An invocation in unison, a telling and a now as I write only in a haka of desperation showing, drawing us theatre-goers deftly and death. through the introductory narrows leading Death here in our region from 1865 to to a bay full of stories. The wero is laid, 1869 the spear is finally cast...and if you have So much death...so much...lost to not read it yet nor watched the movie you colonial amnesia. have now been invited to seek out the story Brought back to vivid memory here on of young Paikea Apirana in the famous book stage. known as 'The Whale Rider.' We can not, must not look away. Nā te waiata aroha a whānau ka hoki E kore rātou e kaumātuatia. Pēnei i a tātou matou, mai i te pō ki te ao marama, ara kua mahue nei... ka hoki tatou ki te kainga o Waituhi! Oh the agony, the inability to find peace when you are a tuahine who holds a deep love for her brother. How to settle when he was taken by war far away from home, never to return. The restless and aching heart must visit, must carry her love herself across the sea to karakia and to tangi over the grave. The happiness of heart of the traveller with purpose, the glee from Aroha having read the signs and found the grave, the familiarity in the laying of tohu, of taonga.

From my place in the audience I feel the physical lifting of her heaviness, the peace now found having visited and communed with her beloved Rangiora. I just marvelled at the gentle, understanding way of Aroha's husband as he cloaked her with love on the journey she needed to make to her brother. How the waltzing made my heart joyful and ache painfully at the same time. Even now as I write these words, rework and edit, the tears well up. Thank you actors all, for the tears.

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Roimata Fox in the role as nanny's gentle, loving and understanding mokopuna. This excerpt struck a deep chord having cared for someone with dementia myself and witnessing the love of his mokopuna for their papa. As the pages of Witi's books flew open here today many continua intersected. The past, to the present to future; Tipua to tipuna to tangata, Matriarch, to tamahine and mokopuna, Flights there, fleeing from home to flying around the hockey fields; War there to war here to peacetime. And every way you look at it there is purpose, there is work done, there is the love for and of Wāhine Māori, tough love, kind love, real love. Go see the play one day if you haven't. Witness the synchronicity of wahine māori playing roles tailor made for them.

At the end of the play four women descend from their seats, Witi's real women, his sisters. They take their places in a row, each behind one of the four actresses and so begins the end scene of the play, the performing of Tommy Taurima's waiata In the pages of the fiction laid out here and in Mā Kaokao by two generations, and for a fact, Waituhi and hockey prowess go together moment, time stands completely still. like watercress and porkbones! This for me was the quippiest of the excerpts from Witi's Mā Kaokao stories come to life on stage and even though He wāhine akamai Ani Piki Tuari shone consistently in the play o Hawai'i throughout, she absolutely shone like the Puapua Pepeha sun in this role as the merciless coach of her Wāhine U'i girls hockey team. The callous put-downs about players ability, are hilarious in their delivery as are the mind games played. Hard to forget a line like 'wild, get them wild...' and getting them wild the players do not back off, or cower, they rise to their best! This excerpt allowing us to blame the tears on laughter. What a fabulous actress Olivia Violet Robinson is, energetic and expressive for the duration of the play, she like the rest of the cast made me cry again, in her portrayal of Nanny Putiputi alongside the brilliance of

Local MP Kiri Allan sharing thoughts with Trust Tairāwhiti CE Gavin Murphy


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Pipiwha'rauroa Page 14

Among the Reid and Ruins

strong. But it's a mellow crowd so an inA Tairāwhiti Arts Festival 2020 Reflection seat toe-tapping shoulder sway is more the go here. Visually Ruins is youthful. by Katrina Reedy Neutrally made up, the quintessential War Memorial Theatre. Tūranganui ā Kiwa. young kiwi woman, with a long bob, casual attire in sweater and trousers, a Friday 9 October, 2020. look that belies years of experience and I park my car nearby and take the short confidence on stage. walk, loosely gripping a blank slate of expectation. It's been a while since I've With the lyrics of "One million flowers" been to the theatre. I enter the foyer and filling the theatre my mind does a 'dash am immediately greeted by the visual for the natural light.' Here is a fabulous karanga of the multi-talented artist, song with a youthful vibe. I say, give me Erana Koopu's latest exhibition, Ngā Mata vineyard, outdoor stage, a camp table o te Ariki Tāwhirimātea which needs no and fold out chair, a champagne bowl review nor reflection, it simply is ataahua, poured and a toast in the evening to the stunning, moving through the artworks lyric poetry, sweet and sultry solo sound raised in suspended animation a surreal of Ruins singing this song. Q magazine, as quoted in the festival guide, was bang experience. on, 'this singer demands attention'. Her Down the back of the foyer, I collect my soft tones mesmerising. tickets off Penny Walsh. To the right, I visit Aaron Compton working the bar and order a refreshing ginger beer. With cup of sweet ale in hand I wander toward the merch' to say hi to festival volunteer Nona, 'Kia ora Nona! Kia ora Miss!' she replies 'You remember me!'... Here among the tabled Reid and Ruins lay vinyl records, CDs, tshirts and decorative teatowels and a mismatching 'unpair' of socks!

I decide to leave any purchases till after, when I hope to feel more drawn to an item or two after having listened to the music, heard the stories, felt the beating hearts of these two performers. After a while I leave my empty cup on the table provided, scan my ticket, and climb the steps to theatre within which every seat is a good one. And so into the lower area to a row halfway down I go. I, like all here, sit back and fully appreciate. Of the crowd, I sense a deep valuing of Aotearoa New Zealand talent and a willingness to venture out to support that talent when they head out east. Ruins begins her solo set. I am an easily won fan and, at the first mix of pick and strum from Ruins, aka Tiny Ruins, aka Hollie Fullbrooke, I am won over. The urge to get up and hip-sway along in the aisles is

Erena Koopu and Maisey Rika

Maisey Rika

They lithely flick between, retune if needed, and slide breezily between chords.

Decades of influence is obvious within the tunes from both Reid and Ruins. Both could have leapt out from the 'folk' or perhaps 'indie pop' and definitely the 'acoustic soft rock' pages. A visit to Reid and Ruins own Spotify playlists revealing many familiar influences old and new, including Bob Dylan, Wilson Pickett, Nina Simone, Joan Armatrading and the "Prince of Cool" Chet Baker. And yet a modern Kiwi influence is undeniably here.

Reid is soloing now with an artistic style strongly reminiscent of Joni Mitchell already noted by Stuff Entertainment's Grant Smithies (2020). Here she commands the stage in a demure matching green velvet slacks and top, with long straight hair, she is tall in stature and with super slick guitarplaying prowess. From the unqualified glance of this NZ suburbanite her songs "Get the Devil Out" and "Best Thing" are keepers. I listen again to these now and, as I write Somehow, I am reminded of Sharon O'Neill, this reflection, the songs take me back to Anika Moa and Bic Runga. These sensibilities that night. match strong poetry, with lyrical left turns that every now and then raise a smile, lyrics I didn't know Reid and Ruins before Te like 'Morning slacker...' and '...saved by a Tairāwhiti Arts Festival 2020 but this Darth Vader novelty helmet' from Ruins and Aotearoa New Zealand duo is one I am now '...the paint is peeling on my heart' from proud to know. On the way out I buy two CDs Reid. Whether speaking simply of longing, for driving along to, the first is 'Preservation' loathing, relating, leaving or returning, Reid by Nadia Reid and the second is 'Olympic and Ruins lyrics speak strongly of their place Girls Solo' by Hollie Fullbrooke. With both within our place Aotearoa New Zealand. albums obviously available on Spotify as is Nadia Reid's new album released in 2020 I grew up singing and strumming the same 'Out Of My Province.' But it is my most prized three chords so I appreciate the live purchase, Reid's little pink book of lyrics experience of guitarists who can play the from her three albums that I am looking guitar properly. These women, seriously, forward to reading on a beach chair under can play. My meagre party strum having the shade of a pōhutukawa overlooking absolutely nothing on this pair and their slick the Bay that is Tūranganui-ā-Kiwa. Here's selection of guitars lined up waiting to be hoping Reid and Ruins return in 2021. chosen.

War Memorial Theatre


Pipiwharauroa Tūranga Health

Page 15

NOVEMBER 2020

FAREWELL DWAYNE ‘TAMA’ TAMATEA AFTER 20 YEARS A

FTER two decades with Tūranga Health, service delivery manager Dwayne ‘Tama’ Tamatea is returning home to Taranaki to take on a key primary care service development job for Pinnacle Midlands Health Network. The culmination of everything he’s achieved at Tūranga Health has prepared him for this senior leadership role and he’s excited about sharing his experiences and learnings with his own iwi, Taranaki. We caught up with Tama while he was chopping wood at Te Kuri a Tuatai Marae and had a chance to look back on his 20-year contribution to Tūranga Health and the rohe. In basketball a good point guard is like a conductor in an orchestra, organising and marshalling his team's playing strategy, while encouraging and inspiring his teammates. That's what Opunake-raised Dwayne “Tama” Tamatea brought to Gisborne when, in 1995, the then-24-year-old relocated to play point guard for the Gisborne Rising Suns. And that's also what he brings to his role as service delivery manager for Tūranga Health, where he is this year one of four staff members to mark two decades at the Māori primary health provider. Though formerly experienced in working with youth as programme coordinator at New Plymouth YMCA, Tama admits his work life got off to a slow start in Gisborne. “They told me that, when I got here, I'd have a home and a job but, as it turns out, I had neither,” he laughs. “I ended up living with the whānau of team manager Ricky and Annie Gear – where I stayed for a few years – and doing a bit of relief teaching at Gisborne Boys' High School.” While he loved working with the students the hours were a bit patchy so when he spotted Tūranga Health chief executive and Rising Suns fan Reweti Ropiha on a rugby sideline, he hit him up. “There he was wearing shorts and a singlet in the middle of winter, and I just went up and told him I was looking for a job. He said to call in and see him on the Monday and I stayed 20 years!” Starting as an asthma educator Tama took to the job straight away, loving the people, the work, and the focus on helping others. He quickly moved up the ladder, working in the population health team before taking on the role of population health co-ordinator and, for the past decade, his current role of service delivery manager. “As well as working with others to help define our targets, we have to make sure we deliver by supporting staff in meeting our goals, so it is a big responsibility,” he says. “But that's what we're here for and there is always more challenges to meet demand and relationships to build in making sure the work gets done.” Though no longer living under the

shadow of his own maunga, Taranaki, Tama says connections through whānau, basketball and community have helped him see Tūranga as home. And it doesn't hurt that in his first year of working for Tūranga Health he met his now wife, Lisa Tamatea, and his first two sons from a previous relationship were soon joined by two sporty siblings. Between work, whānau, studying towards a degree in business and multiple roles in basketball coaching and administration, life has been busy for Tama but he says that, like many, the Covid-19 lockdown gave him time to take stock. “Obviously we worked right through and it was pretty full-on but without all the basketball roles, there seemed to be many more hours in the day.” For Tama, having the business nous to help achieve good health outcomes has been key and he says a Pinnacle Midlands Health Network working trip to the USA was a huge eye-opener and it was a privilege and an honour to represent Tūranga Health. “They took us to the Boeing factory to see a 777 being assembled, which showed how lean management can make for an amazing result,” he says. “There were thousands of workers but everyone knew what they were doing, everything was spotlessly clean, and every tiny piece of equipment was in its place. “A trip to Microsoft to see new technology was also amazing and, overall, attending an international population health conference was truly a great experience.” Closer to home, highlights have included the success of the whānau days Tū Marae duathlon event; running a rheumatic fever testing programme that revealed startling results; promoting home insulation, physical activity in kura, and heritage trails; and bringing the Breakers basketball team to town to inspire rangatahi. “What is unique about Tūranga Health is that we have the freedom to try things. Of course, we drill down, do the research to make sure we are on the right track.

But sometimes you just don't know how effective a strategy will be until you give it a go.” Tama is also enormously grateful to his work colleagues. “They have put a lot of trust in me and played an important part in achieving all that we have.” Tama says having the trust of his employer and freedom in decision-making have been the strongest drivers of his team’s success. “Like in a coach/assistant coach situation, Reweti and I work well together and are always clear on our roles and responsibilities. He’ll be one of the people I will miss the most when I return to Taranaki and I can’t thank him enough for the support and space he has afforded me to develop my career.” Reweti says Tama is a loss to the district. His rapport with people has seen him grow into more senior roles taking on large health projects that make a difference to hundreds. “This has never been a Monday to Friday job for Tama and I think that came to the fore during the Covid lockdowns when he played a strong leadership and logistics role.”

Reweti says Tama’s work ethic has always been driven by doing what is right for the community. Thousands of children will have benefitted from his stewardship, mentoring and coaching over the years, particularly in basketball. “There are three words that sum up Tama, and that’s passionate, committed, and loyal. Just this weekend for example he wasn’t supposed to be working but there he was helping cut up and deliver wood for whānau.” “We often say that if you are an “I”, “me”, “mine” sort of person, then Tūranga Health is not the place for you. The language we want to hear is “we”, “us”, “ours” because, if we're not working as a team, then we are not going to get very far. Tama epitomises that in every way.” “On behalf of Tūranga Health we thank him for his work and wish him all the best in Taranaki.” After 20 years with Tūranga Health Dwayne ‘Tama’ Tamatea has been appointed to a senior primary health leadership position in Taranaki where he’s originally from. Tūranga Health chief executive Reweti Ropiha says Tama is a loss to the district. “His rapport with people has seen him grow into more senior roles taking on large health projects that make a difference to hundreds.” Image: Brennan Thomas, Strike Photography.

www.turangahealth.co.nz REDPATH COMMUNICATIONS LTD


Pipiwharauroa Tūranga Ararau

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