THAT’S ENGLISH! – MODULE 9 – UNIT 7 THE FUTURE LOOKS BRIGHT A) GRAMMAR -
Expressing Future Time
There are several ways of expressing future time in English: Use of will / shall Will / shall + the base form of the verb is used to make a predication of an event. You’ll be in the office by now. It will rain in the morning. Adverbials such as tomorrow, next week next month, next year can be used with will / shall Use of Be + going to One of the ways to expresses future time is to use is / am / are + going to + the first form of the verb. It is used to express the intention or plan that will be fulfilled in the immediate future. Ex. They are going to see a movie in the evening. Use of the present continuous tense and the simple present tense The present continuous tense can be used to express future with reference to a definite plan, arrangement or programmed. Ex. The company is holding a meeting on Sunday. The simple present tense is used for future reference when we are talking about time tables, schedules etc. Ex. The bus leaves Delhi at 6 pm. The class starts at 8.30 pm. Exercise Complete the sentences. Use going to + one of these verbs: Do , walk, wash, give, lie down, watch, wear, eat, stay. 1. My hands are dirty. I __________ them. 2. I don’t want to go home by car. I __________ 3. I am hungry. I __________ this toast. 4. What __________ Ravi __________ when he leaves school? 5. Monica says she is feeling very tired. She __________ __________ for an hour. 6. Pankaj is going to America next week. He __________ with some friends.