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IAMWHO 2019 DELEGATE POSITION GUIDES

Many people contributed to the development of this resource, generously taking time to research, share tips, compile and design. The IPSF APRO would like to thank the following people for their role in developing the IAMWHO Delegate Position Guides 2019. Written by: ● Ashley Soyeon Lee ● Stephanie Hunto ● Winona Susanti ● Polo Diep Designed by: ● Murtadha Mazwil

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Message from the Chairs

Dear Delegates, It is our pleasure to welcome you to the very first IPSF APRO Model WHO! We are happy to see your interest in this event and hope that this experience will be enriching for you. The next few days which we will be spending together will definitely be a time for everyone to further hone one’s communication and diplomacy skills, and we sincerely hope that this is something that you can use later on in your career. We would like to send our sincerest gratitude to the IPSF APRO for organizing this event, and all their sleepless nights to make this event possible. We also thank them for the initiative in organizing this event in the hopes of providing everyone with a unique experience. With APRO, we aim to make this event an experience to encourage future student leaders to engage in the areas of health advocacy and diplomacy by exposing you to firsthand experiences of a Model WHO. We are looking forward to meeting and working with all of you! We expect you to be well read on our topic, and are excited to see your enthusiasm and innovative solutions to the topic on hand. Get to work on those position papers, and see you all soon!

Best regards, Ms. April Dominique M. Ocampo Chair, IAMWHO 2019

Mr. William Joseph E. Buhayo Chair, IAMWHO 2019

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Table of Contents Table of Contents

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MEMBER STATES (MS) About the Position List of Member States Assignments Tips

4 4 4 6 7

NON-STATE ACTORS (NSAs) About the Position Works regarding Tobacco Assignments Tips Reference

9 9 9 12 12 14

PHARMACEUTICAL COMPANIES About the Position Works regarding Tobacco Assignments Tips Reference

15 15 15 17 17 17

INTERGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS About the Position Works Regarding Tobacco Assignments Tips Reference

20 20 20 21 20 23

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1. MEMBER STATES (MS) a. About the Position A Member State Representative is a diplomat of one of the countries listed as Member States of the WHO. The Representatives can draft resolutions and have full voting rights during the Model WHO with the goal to achieve their nation’s health standard in the assembly. They will work with other Member State Representatives to share information, discuss, create alliances, and draft resolutions. They are also expected to engage with the Non-State Actors (NSAs), Pharmaceutical Companies, and Intergovernmental Organizations (IGOs) to get support on the draft resolution, such as seals of approval and financial aid.

b. List of Member States1 Regional Office for South-East Asia (SEARO) SEARO Countries

1 2

Flag

SEARO Countries

Bangladesh

Indonesia

Bhutan

Maldives

Democratic People's Republic of Korea2

Myanmar

India

Nepal

Thailand

Sri Lanka

http://www.senojflags.com Common name: North Korea

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Flag


Timor Leste

Regional Office for Western Pacific (WPRO) WPRO Countries

Flag

WPRO Countries

Australia

Japan

Brunei Darussalam

Kiribati

Cambodia

Lao People’s Democratic Republic

China

Malaysia

Cook Islands

Marshall Islands

Fiji

Micronesia

Mongolia

Nauru

New Zealand

Niue

5

Flag


Palau

Papua New Guinea

Philippines

Republic of Korea3

Samoa

Singapore

Solomon Islands

Tonga

Tuvalu

Vanuatu

Vietnam

c. Assignments 1. Visit your Member State’s government website. 2. Understand and acquire details from the country you are representing. 3. Write a position paper that summarizes your country’s overall standpoint/attitude toward tobacco control. -

3

In your position paper, include each point below in relation to tobacco control:  International and regional conventions, treaties, declarations, resolutions, past and present projects which are relevant to the tobacco policy of your country;  History, goals, standpoints in tobacco matters;  Countries you have collaborated/are collaborating with;

Common name: South Korea

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Aspirations, proposed solutions, and/or future steps your country is willing to take to tackle current tobacco issues;  Reference. 4. Proofread and make sure your position paper meets the specifications. 5. Submit your paper by 30th June 2019 (Sunday) 23:59 (GMT+0).

d. Tips -

Where can I go to find information? -

-

-

Delegates can visit:  “CIA Library - The World Factbook” for the general background of countries.  “Tobacco Control Laws” to know more about tobacco in many countries.  WHO SEARO (Regional Office for South-East Asia) website and WHO WPRO (Regional Office for Western Pacific) website, as well as the countries’ official tobacco control websites, for additional information. Researching more information will help you build a stronger stand. However, please remember to avoid less reliable websites such as blogs and Wikipedia, social media posts, outdated materials, etc.

Position Paper - What information should I add and what should I keep out? 

  

-

How much information should I include?   

-

Include the most relevant information for understanding your country’s point of view and stick to the topic “Provide Solutions to Reducing Tobacco-related Mortality and Morbidity in Asia Pacific Countries”. Try to imagine yourself in your country’s position and be creative when proposing a viable solution based on your country’s viewpoint, rather than your own. Click here for the tips on model UN research preparation. Click here for a sample position paper by Japan from LonWHO - 2017. Click here for a sample position paper by Myanmar from AMWHO - 2017.

Keep the paper simple and concise (Maximum of two pages, if not less). Once you feel like you have completed communicating what you want to say, that’s a good place to stop. To avoid confusion and repetitive searches, it’s good to effectively organize your research materials from the moment you start.

How does preparing an effective Position Paper benefit me?

7


 

-

The purpose of the Position Paper is for representatives to become comfortable with the ideals of your country in order for you to best represent it during the IAMWHO. Your Position Paper will prevent you from going off topic and help others to understand your country’s policy and standpoint. ‘Best Position Paper’ and ‘Outstanding Position Paper’ will be determined by the IAMWHO Dais and awarded during Gala Night.

Any other tips? -

-

Delegates will benefit from considering the powers, viewpoints, and policies of other countries in its region– as well as the relationships among those countries. If time allows, read the Delegate Position Guides thoroughly to better understand the values of organization/company. This will save your time during the IAMWHO when you form alliances with those who have similar standpoints with you. Remember to use words and phrases indicated for WHO simulations and Model UN. Prepare and over-prepare to make the most of your experience at this very first IAMWHO. Have fun with the process and just do it!

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2. NON-STATE ACTORS (NSAs) a. About the Position Non-State actors (NSAs) are nongovernmental organizations, international business associations and philanthropic foundations that have had and continue to have a sustained and systematic engagement in the interest of the WHO. As non-voting delegates, each nonState actor will affect the decision-making process by giving out three seals of approval to various resolution clauses to support the clauses that align with the NSA’s aim. They may also offer specific resources that can be provided by the NSA, such as workforce, technology, financial aid, etc.

b. Works regarding Tobacco Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation4 The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) is a U.S. private foundation which aims to globally enhance healthcare. They have committed nearly US$210 million to strategic partners who are working to address the tobacco epidemic in more than 30 countries in Africa and Asia since 2008.  Policy Interventions: BMGF supports education and advocacy at the country level for implementation of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) provisions, particularly tobacco taxes that raise the price of cigarettes for the consumer, comprehensive bans on tobacco advertising, and indoor smoking bans.  Social Marketing: BMGF supports partners who are leading both campaigns to shift knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions about tobacco use, tobacco products, and the tobacco industry among current tobacco users and those at risk.  Building the Evidence Base: BMGF supports local and global research efforts to help policy implementation in low- and middle-income countries.

Framework Convention Alliance on Tobacco Control (FCA)5 The Framework Convention Alliance on Tobacco Control (FCA) advocates for global tobacco control to become an international health and development priority. The FCA works together with the WHO to develop and implement the WHO FCTC. The FCA’s mission is to help develop and implement the FCTC as the basis for effective global tobacco control. It fights the illicit tobacco trade and encourages governments to increase tobacco taxes.  Positively influencing sessions of the FCTC Conference of the Parties (COP)6, resulting in the adoption of guidelines on a comprehensive ban on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship. 4

"Gates Foundation." https://www.gatesfoundation.org/. "Framework Convention Alliance: Home." https://www.fctc.org/. 6 180 Parties to the WHO FCTC meet biennially to implement the treaty and come to an agreement. 5

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 

Usage of large, pictorial tobacco warnings, and on protection from secondhand smoke. Advocating for the COP to create a process to examine barriers to FCTC implementation and potential ways to overcome them.

International Network of Women Against Tobacco (INWAT)7 The International Network of Women Against Tobacco (INWAT) was founded in 1990 by women tobacco control leaders to address the complex issues of tobacco use among women and young girls. INWAT shares strategies to counter tobacco advertising and promotion.  Promotion: INWAT represents and emphasizes women’s issues in tobacco control through all forms of media including website, newsletters, directories, press conferences, and worldwide presentations.  Encourage women’s leadership in tobacco control: INWAT promotes women spokespersons for tobacco control and encourages conferences to have women leaders serve as keynote speakers and participate in conference panels.

International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP)8 The International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP) aims to improve global health by supporting the advancement of pharmaceutical practice, sciences, and education.  The Global Network of Pharmacists Against Tobacco: FIP established a global forum for pharmacists, pharmaceutical students, professional organizations and other individuals or organizations interested in tobacco cessation and tobacco control activities. The Network promotes the role of pharmacists and exchanges their experiences of smoking cessation work in different practice settings.  Policy statement: In the knowledge that pharmacists are committed to taking relevant action to eliminate tobacco use in the communities they serve, FIP provided a policy statement towards the role of pharmacists in promoting a tobacco free future.  Guidance: FIP published a guide to help pharmacists reduce tobacco use in their communities.

7 8

"International Network of Women Against Tobacco" https://inwat.org/. "International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP)." https://www.fip.org/.

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International Pharmaceutical Student Federation (IPSF)9 The International Pharmaceutical Students’ Federation (IPSF) represents around 350,000 pharmacy students and recent graduates in 90 countries worldwide. IPSF promotes improved public health through the provision of information, education, and networking opportunities as well as a range of publications and professional activities.  Campaigns: IPSF Headquarters and the Regional Offices hold anti-tobacco campaigns, such as tobacco awareness campaigns and tobacco alert campaigns on social media. Various member organizations and regional symposia hold on-site campaigns to raise awareness.  Newsletter: In 2011, IPSF published related articles in the newsletter.  Statement: In 2019, IPSF delivered a joint statement on tobacco control with the International Pharmaceutical Federation Young Pharmacists Group (FIP YPG).

International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (The Union)10 The Union is an influential network of members, including over 850 staff based in 10 offices, and 25,000 rural health care providers, 15,000 community volunteers and thousands of partner organizations worldwide. The Union’s mission is to promote national autonomy within the framework of the priorities of each country by developing, implementing and assessing anti-tuberculosis, lung health and noncommunicable disease programmes as well as other public health issues. The Union supports tobacco control in 61 countries and is part of an international network of organizations working to implement tobacco control interventions.  Tobacco industry interference: The Union has developed publications and training on preventing tobacco industry interference, especially in regards to public health policy. The Union occasionally supports in-country partners to tackle challenges from, or bring legal proceedings against, the tobacco industry.  Smoking cessation: The Union advocates smoking cessation, expanding it widely through tobacco-free health services and working with communities in order to reach more people.  Tobacco control legislation: The Union works with NGOs in over 35 countries to strengthen their tobacco control programmes and facilitate the establishment of civil society coalitions for tobacco control.

World Medical Association (WMA)11 The World Medical Association (WMA) is an organization representing physicians worldwide. One of WMA’s areas of service is promoting public health policy and projects such as tobacco control.  Information provision and education: WMA offers a self-study course and reading material on the Health Effects of Tobacco Secondhand Smoke focusing on children. They also allow free study materials to download on their website. 9

“International Pharmaceutical Student Federation.” https://ipsf.org/ "The Union." https://www.theunion.org/. 11 “World Medical Association.” https://www.wma.net/ 10

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Policy statement: WMA made a statement on health hazards of tobacco products and tobacco-derived products. The WMA urges the national medical associations and all physicians to take the following actions to help reduce the health hazards related to tobacco use. Implementing WHO FCTC: WMA recognizes the importance of the WHO FCTC and acknowledges the essential role of health professionals in tobacco control and urges national medical associations to work hard to get their governments to implement the measures set out in the FCTC.

c. Assignments 1. Visit your NSA’s website. 2. Understand and acquire details from your NSA. 3. Write a position paper that summarizes your NSA’s overall standpoint/attitude toward tobacco. -

In your position paper, include each point below in relation to tobacco control:  Any current missions;  History, goals, past & current areas of involvement;  Countries you are allied with;  Aspirations, proposed solutions and/or future steps your NSA is willing to take to tackle current issues;  Impacts your NSA hopes to bring;  Reference. 4. Proofread and make sure your position paper meets the specifications. 5. Submit your paper by 30th June 2019 (Sunday) 23:59 (GMT+0).

d. Tips -

Where can I go to find information? -

The best source is the official website of the organization represented at the simulation. Using this source will allow you to gain information from the perspective of the organization, rather than the general public.

-

When the resource is scarce in the official website, the Annual Reports of your NSA is a great source to get detailed information on the projects they are working on.

-

Researching more information will help you build a stronger stand. However, please remember to avoid less reliable websites such as blogs and Wikipedia, social media posts, outdated materials, etc.

12


-

Position Paper - What information should I add and what should I keep out? 

-

How much information should I include?    

-

Keep the paper simple and concise (Maximum of two pages, if not less). Once you feel like you have completed communicating what you want to say, that’s a good place to stop. To avoid confusion and repetitive searches, it’s good to effectively organize your research materials from the moment you start. Click here for the tips on model UN research preparation. (Tailor the tips by changing the word ‘country’ to ‘NSA’!)

How does preparing an effective Position Paper benefit me? 

 

-

Include the most relevant information for understanding your NSA and stick to the topic “Provide Solutions to Reducing Tobacco-related Mortality and Morbidity in Asia Pacific Countries”. Try to imagine yourself in your NSA’s position and be creative when proposing a viable solution based on your NSA’s viewpoint, rather than your own. Click here for a sample position paper by Medicins Sans Frontieres in 2012.

The purpose of this task is for representatives to become comfortable with the ideals of your NSA in order for you to best represent it during the IAMWHO. Your Position Paper will prevent you from going off topic and help others to understand your NSA’s values and standpoint. ‘Best Position Paper’ and ‘Outstanding Position Paper’ will be determined by the IAMWHO Dais and awarded during Gala Night.

Any other tips? -

Remember the NSA’s three main goals:  Sharing their research and expertise with the WHO in the policy-making process;  Working directly with WHO Departments and Programs to assist in the implementation of solutions;  Using their networks and local contacts to amplify the work of the WHO through disseminating information and bringing global access to remote or unknown areas.

-

If time allows, read the Delegate Position Guides thoroughly to better understand the stances of each country/organization/company. This will save your time during

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the IAMWHO when you form alliances with those who have similar standpoints with you. -

Remember to use words and phrases indicated for WHO simulations and Model UN.

-

Prepare and over-prepare to make the most of your experience at this very first IAMWHO.

-

Have fun with the process and just do it!

e. Reference 1. List of NSAs in official relations with WHO (Feb 2019) https://www.who.int/about/collaborations/non-state-actors/non-state-actorslist.pdf 2. Works regarding tobacco - BMG Foundation https://www.gatesfoundation.org/What-We-Do/Global-Policy/Tobacco-Control - FIP https://www.fip.org/pharmacistsagainsttobacco/ - The Union https://www.theunion.org/what-we-do/technical-assistance/tobacco-control - WMA https://www.wma.net/policies-post/wma-resolution-on-implementation-of-thewho-framework-convention-on-tobacco-control/ https://www.wma.net/policies-post/wma-statement-on-health-hazards-oftobacco-products-and-tobacco-derived-products/ 3. Assignment and Tips - 2018 AMWHO-NGO Representatives Guide https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1zI997oyqa2OH23Xto58ABAU6vMg_6g cy - Model United Nations NGO Guide https://bestdelegate.com/ngoguide/

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3. PHARMACEUTICAL COMPANIES a. About the Position Pharmaceutical Companies are licensed to research, develop, market and/or distribute drugs, most commonly with the aim to maximize profit. At the same time, they serve as a major source of funding for innovation. Although the Pharmaceutical Representatives do not have voting rights, each one has 10 million dollars to distribute to various resolution clauses as a way of showing their company’s support on the very clauses. In this way, the pharmaceutical companies will influence the development of health policy.

b. Works regarding Tobacco GSK12 GSK is a British pharmaceutical company. In 2015, GSK was one of the world’s 6 largest pharmaceutical companies. One of their well-known products is Nicorette, a nicotine replacement therapy. GSK has continued to develop a variety of health campaigns to promote smoking cessation. ● Mobile campaign: GSK created the MyQuit mobile campaign in 2015 to help smokers during the process of quitting. MyQuit is a behavior modification program on a mobile application that provides personalized support, including motivation video from ex-smokers and a real-time tracking system. ● Nicorette gum campaign: GSK partnered with the American Legacy Foundation to provide 125,000 free Nicorette gum starter packs to participants in the smoking cessation program. GSK also actively encouraged greater use of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), including asking the FDA to update NRT indications to allow for a longer duration of use.

Novartis 13 Novartis International AG is one of the largest pharmaceutical companies based in Switzerland. Since 1996, Novartis has continued to make substantial investments in research and development and to concentrate on exploring new therapeutic pathways that help improve and extend people’s lives. ● Product development: Novartis is one of the three major pharmaceutical partners with WHO in the WHO Global Tobacco Control program. Novartis developed a smoking cessation medication and has released their nicotine replacement products since 2007 to help smokers quit smoking. Their nicotine replacement gum has been approved by the U.S. FDA and is available over-the-counter (OTC) to help smokers double their chances of kicking the habit. 12 13

"GSK: Home." https://www.gsk.com/. "Novartis." https://www.novartis.com/.

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● Research: Novartis provides financial support for tobacco-associated research projects. ● Health campaign: Novartis launched several campaigns to promote smoking cessation such as their campaign in 2016, ‘It Might Be Your Lung. Let's Talk’ aimed at breaking down common misconception that people have to be a smoker in order to be diagnosed with lung cancer.14

Pfizer15 Pfizer is an American pharmaceutical company. It is considered to be one of the most famous and largest pharmaceutical companies in the world. Pfizer has supported research, quality improvement, and education to improve patient outcomes that are aligned with Pfizer’s medical and scientific strategies. ● GRAND program: Global Research Awards for Nicotine Dependence (GRAND) aims to advance the pharmacological treatment of tobacco and nicotine dependence. Pfizer had funded and assessed applications for the annual research awards from 2007 to 2017. ● Pfizer Foundation grant program: One of Pfizer Foundation’s grant programs supported smoking prevention and cessation efforts that specifically target women. Through the program, Pfizer trained health care providers to provide education on tobacco-related health issues, as well as smoking prevention and cessation information to their female patients16. ● Collaborations: Pfizer collaborated with six YouTube film makers on a 2 months smoking cessation campaign. The company donates money every time a video is 'liked' or someone clicks its Quit with Help disease awareness.

Sanofi17 Sanofi-Aventis is a leading global pharmaceutical company headquartered in Paris. They are exploring new ways to support people affected by smoking problems. ● Product development: Sanofi researched and developed smoking cessation medication such as Dianicline, a partial agonist at neutral nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. They continue to engage in research to offer new solutions for smoking control. ● Promote smoking cessation for employees: Sanofi set an occupational health policy and implemented many initiatives regionally. They established programs to discourage tobacco use and to help their employees lead a healthier lifestyle.

14https://www.medgadget.com/2018/11/smoking-cessation-market-by-companies-johnson-johnson-limited-

glaxosmithkline-plc-novartis-international-ag-pfizer-inc-cipla-ltd-takeda-pharmaceuticals-co-ltd.html 15 "Pfizer." https://www.pfizer.com/. 16https://www.pfizer.com/news/featured_stories/featured_stories_detail/pfizer_foundation_program_targets_female _smokers 17 "Sanofi, a global leader in healthcare - Sanofi." 5 Apr. 2019, https://www.sanofi.com/.

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c. Assignments 1. Visit your Pharmaceutical Company’s website. 2. Understand and acquire details from your company. 3. Write a position paper that summarizes your standpoint/attitude toward tobacco.

company’s

overall

-

In your position paper, include each point below in relation to tobacco control:  Any current involvement in global health aid /research projects;  History, goals, current & past involvement in global health;  Countries/organizations you have collaborated/are collaborating with;  Aspirations, proposed solutions and/or future steps your company is willing to take to tackle current issues;  Impacts your company hopes to bring;  Reference. 4. Proofread and make sure your position paper meets the specifications. 5. Submit your paper by 30th June 2019 (Sunday) 23:59 (GMT+0).

d. Tips -

-

Where can I go to find information? -

The best source is the official website of the company you are representing. Using this source will allow you to gain information from the perspective of the company, rather than the general public.

-

When the resource is scarce in the official website, the Annual Reports of your company is a great source to get detailed information on the projects they are working on.

-

Researching more information will help you build a stronger stand. However, please remember to avoid less reliable websites such as blogs and Wikipedia, social media posts, outdated materials, etc.

Position Paper - What information should I add and what should I keep out?  Include the most relevant information for understanding your pharmaceutical company and stick to the topic “Providing Solutions to Reducing Tobacco-related Mortality and Morbidity in Asia Pacific Countries”. 17


-

How much information should I include?    

-

Keep the paper simple and concise (Maximum of two pages, if not less). Once you feel like you have completed communicating what you want to say, that’s a good place to stop. To avoid confusion and repetitive searches, it’s good to effectively organize your research materials from the moment you start. Click here for the tips on model UN research preparation. (Tailor the tips by changing the word ‘country’ to ‘company’!)

How does preparing an effective Position Paper benefit me?  The purpose of this task is for representatives to become comfortable with

 

-

Try to imagine yourself in your company’s position and be creative when proposing a viable solution based on your company’s viewpoint, rather than your own. Click here for an example by AstraZeneca from LonWHO - 2017.

the ideals of your company in order for you to best represent it during the IAMWHO. Your Position Paper will prevent you from going off topic and help others to understand your company’s values and standpoint. ‘Best Position Paper’ and ‘Outstanding Position Paper’ will be determined by the IAMWHO Dais and awarded during Gala Night.

Any other tips? -

If time allows, read the Delegate Position Guides thoroughly to better understand the stances of each country/organization. This will save your time during the IAMWHO when you form alliances with those who have similar standpoints with you.

-

Remember to use words and phrases indicated for WHO simulations and Model UN.

-

Prepare and over-prepare to make the most of your experience at this very first IAMWHO.

-

Have fun with the process and just do it!

e. Reference 1. Works regarding tobacco - Novartis https://www.novartis.com/

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-

-

GSK https://www.mmaglobal.com/case-study-hub/case_studies/view/46369 Pfizer https://www.pfizer.com/news/featured_stories/featured_stories_detail/pfizer_fo undation_program_targets_female_smokers Sanofi https://www.sanofi.com/-/media/Project/One-SanofiWeb/Websites/Global/SanofiCOM/Home/en/publications/33109_CSR_reporting_2011.pdf

2. Assignment and Tips - 2018 AMWHO - Pharmaceutical and Technology Representatives Guide https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1zI997oyqa2OH23Xto58ABAU6vM g_6gcy

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4. INTERGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS a. About the Position Intergovernmental Organizations are composed of the UN Agencies and the World Bank. They are specialized agencies that have a relationship with United Nation through negotiated agreements. They are experts in their particular programmes and can add weight to the decision-making procedure with their experience, even though they do not have voting rights. Similar to that of non-State actors, each IGO representative will offer three seals of approval to various resolution clauses to support the clauses that align with the IGO’s aim and affect the decision-making process.

b. Works Regarding Tobacco Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)18 The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) is a UN agency that works with 194 Member States trying to defeat hunger across the world and achieving food security for all. They have taken several actions to fight against tobacco, including publishing an E-book entitled, ‘Projections of tobacco production, consumption and trade’ in 2010. The contents include analyses of tobacco consumption, production, and trade from 1970 to 2000, and estimates projections into 2010 using a standard commodity model approach. They have also published a trade policy research on ‘Trends in Foreign Direct Investment in Food, Beverages, and Tobacco’.

International Labour Organization (ILO)19 The International Labour Organization (ILO) was established in 1919 as the only tripartite UN agency that gathers governments, employers and workers from 187 member states to settle labour standards, develop regulations and implement programmes promoting decent work for human beings. Their works include creating a safe and healthy Tobacco Free Workplace and ending contracts with tobacco companies, which means they no longer receive funding from tobacco companies and affiliated organisations. ILO has decided to adapt new integrated strategy, which addresses proper labour deficits in tobacco sector.

18 19

“Food and Agriculture Organization.” http://www.fao.org/home/en/ “International Labour Organization.” https://www.ilo.org/global/lang--en/index.htm

20


United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)20 United Nation Development Programme (UNDP) works with 170 countries trying to eradicate poverty, and the minimize inequalities and exclusion. They support countries to develop regulations, leadership skills, corporate abilities, institutional capabilities and build resilience in order to support development results. In order to fight tobacco use, UNDP suggests that an excise tax on tobacco at 75% of the retail price can raise fiscal revenues, improve health and well-being, and address market failures.

UNICEF21 United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) works with 190 countries to save children’s lives, protect their rights and help them to achieve their full potential from childhood to adolescence. However, from 2003 to 2016, tobacco companies successfully engaged with UNICEF on children’s rights issues, during which time UNICEF stopped promoting children’s rights as a justification for tobacco control. This engagement followed UNICEF weakening its corporate engagement guidelines, including the Eliminating Child Labour in Tobacco Growing Foundation which created opportunities for tobacco companies to partner with UNICEF.

World Bank22 The World Bank Group is a global partnership with 189 member countries, with offices in over 130 locations working towards sustainable solutions to eradicate poverty and build shared prosperity in developing countries. In fighting tobacco use, World Bank assist countries in designing tobacco tax policy reforms and increasing tobacco tax rates measure. They also made a global report “Tobacco Tax Reform : At The Crossroads of Health and Development” which supports knowledge exchange and peer to peer advises on the selected countries that succeeded in tobacco economic control

c. Assignments 1. Visit your IGO’s website. 2. Understand and acquire details from your IGO. 3. Write a position paper that summarizes your IGO’s overall standpoint/attitude toward tobacco. -

In your position paper, include each point below in relation to tobacco control:  Any current missions;

“United Nations Development Programme.” https://www.undp.org/ “Unicef.” https://www.unicef.org/ 22 “World Bank.” https://www.worldbank.org/ 20 21

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  

History, goals, past & current areas of involvement; Countries you are allied with; Aspirations, proposed solutions and/or future steps your NGO is willing to take to tackle current issues;  Impacts your IGO hopes to bring;  Reference. 4. Proofread and make sure your position paper meets the specifications. 5. Submit your paper by 30th June 2019 (Sunday) 23:59 (GMT+0).

d. Tips -

Where can I go to find information? ●

-

The best source is the official website of the organization represented at the simulation. Using this source will allow you to gain information from the perspective of the organization, rather than the general public. When the resource is scarce in the official website, the Annual Reports of your NSA is a great source to get detailed information on the projects they are working on. Intergovernmental organizations usually have several regional offices. Find the regional office website (especially Asia Pacific region) and discover what actions are taken specifically on tobacco control. Researching more information will help you build a stronger stand. However, please remember to avoid less reliable websites such as blogs and Wikipedia, social media posts, outdated materials, etc.

Position Paper - What information should I add and what should I keep out? 

-

Include the most relevant information for understanding your IGO and stick to the topic “Providing Solutions to Reducing Tobacco-related Mortality and Morbidity in Asia Pacific Countries”. Try to imagine yourself in your organization’s position and be creative when proposing a viable solution based on your organization’s viewpoint, rather than your own. Click here for the tips on model UN research preparation. (Tailor the tips by changing the word ‘country’ to ‘IGO’!)

How much information should I include?  

Keep the paper simple and concise (Maximum of two pages, if not less). Once you feel like you have completed communicating what you want to say, that’s a good place to stop.

22


-

How does preparing an effective Position Paper benefit me?  The purpose of this task is for representatives to become comfortable with

 

-

To avoid confusion and repetitive searches, it’s good to effectively organize your research materials from the moment you start.

the ideals of your organization in order for you to best represent it during the IAMWHO. Your Position Paper will prevent you from going off topic and help others to understand your organization’s values and standpoint. ‘Best Position Paper’ and ‘Outstanding Position Paper’ will be determined by the IAMWHO Dais and awarded during Gala Night.

Any other tips? -

If time allows, read the Delegate Position Guides thoroughly to better understand the stances of each country/organization/company. This will save your time during the IAMWHO when you form alliances with those who have similar standpoints with you.

-

Remember to use words and phrases indicated for WHO simulations and Model UN.

-

Prepare and over-prepare to make the most of your experience at this very first IAMWHO.

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Have fun with the process and just do it!

e. Reference -

Works regarding tobacco i. UNDP http://www.sdfinance.undp.org/content/sdfinance/en/home/solutions/taxes-ontobacco.html#mst-0 ii. FAO http://www.fao.org/3/a-y4956e.pdf iii. UNICEF https://tobacco.ucsf.edu/unicef-%E2%80%9Cmuted%E2%80%9D-tobaccocontrol-children-after-partnerships-tobacco-industry-organizations iv. World Bank https://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/tobacco#6 v. ILO https://www.ilo.org/safework/areasofwork/workplace-health-promotion-andwell-being/WCMS_117691/lang--en/index.htm https://www.fctc.org/ilo-ends-contracts-with-tobacco-companies-will-it-beforever/ 23


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IAMWHO Delegate Position Guide 2019  

This booklet serves as a study guide for all participants of the IPSF APRO Model WHO (a Model United Nations) 2019 at the IPSF Asia Pacific...

IAMWHO Delegate Position Guide 2019  

This booklet serves as a study guide for all participants of the IPSF APRO Model WHO (a Model United Nations) 2019 at the IPSF Asia Pacific...

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