Â Â 'HFODUDWLRQRIWKH/DWLQ$PHULFDQDQG&DULEEHDQ:RPHQÂśV+HDOWK1HWZRUN/$&:+1WRWKHWK Session Â of Â the Â United Â Nations Â Commission Â on Â Population Â and Â Development Â (April Â 11Âą15, Â 2011) Â on Â the Â Topic Â of Â Fertility, Â Reproductive Â Health Â and Â Development. Â Women of the Third Millennium: Comprehensive Health and Full Sexual and Reproductive Rights
Ladies Â and Â Gentlemen. Â It Â is Â not Â enough Â for Â women Â to Â have Â reached Â the Â highest Â positions Â in Â politics, Â national Â representation Â and Â international Â organizations Â when Â in Â our Â daily Â lives Â we Â continue Â to Â experience Â violence, Â exclusion Â from Â decision Â making, Â discrimination Â in Â the Â workplace Â and Â social Â subordination. Â It Â is Â not Â enough Â to Â have Â women Â serving Â as Â Ministers Â and Â Presidents Â when Â most Â of Â us Â lack Â adequate Â food, Â quality Â education, Â dignified Â work, Â sufficient Â rest, Â access Â to Â health, Â freedom Â to Â make Â choices Â about Â our Â sexuality Â and Â motherhood, Â self-Âdetermination Â over Â our Â bodies Â and Â a Â life Â free Â from Â all Â kinds Â of Â abuse. Â It Â is Â not Â enough Â that Â women Â are Â present Â in Â education, Â the Â arts, Â sciences Â and Â technologies, Â when Â that Â culture, Â those Â arts, Â those Â sciences Â and Â technologies Â are Â not Â available Â to Â all Â of Â us. Â If Â it Â is Â not Â within Â HYHU\RQHÂśVreach, Â then Â it Â is Â not Â enough. Â Â The Â Latin Â American Â and Â CariEEHDQ:RPHQÂśV+HDOWK1HWZRUN/$&:+1DUHJLRQDOQHWZRUN Â of Â the Â ZRPHQÂśVKHDOWKPRYHPHQW Â with Â consultative Â status Â in Â ECOSOC, Â has Â been Â working Â for Â more Â than Â two Â decades Â to Â build Â a Â society Â with Â greater Â social, Â political Â and Â economic Â justice;Íž Â a Â society Â free Â from Â Â Â Â
Â discrimination Â based Â on Â class, Â age, Â race, Â ethnicity, Â gender Â and Â sexual Â identity;Íž Â a Â society Â that Â guarantees Â women Â and Â girls Â the Â full Â exercise Â of Â their Â human Â rights, Â especially Â their Â right Â to Â comprehensive Â health, Â sexual Â rights Â and Â reproductive Â rights. Â Â Â In Â 1994, Â women Â from Â different Â regions Â participated Â with Â optimism Â in Â the Â process Â of Â the Â International Â Conference Â on Â Population Â and Â Development Â convened Â by Â the Â United Â Nations Â in Â Cairo. Â We Â applaud Â the Â 20-Âyear Â Programme Â of Â Action Â that Â emerged Â from Â that Â conference Â and Â was Â ratified Â by Â nearly Â 180 Â countries. Â This Â document Â offered Â a Â new Â perspective Â on Â population Â and Â development Â and Â established Â an Â ethical Â paradigm Â with Â a Â universal Â value, Â making Â sexual Â and Â reproductive Â health Â and Â their Â related Â rights Â an Â intrinsic Â element Â of Â population Â policies Â founded Â upon Â human Â rights. Â With Â this Â new Â perspective, Â population Â policies Â stopped Â considering Â women Â as Â objects Â and Â began Â recognizing Â them Â as Â subjects Â able Â to Â make Â decisions Â with Â dignity Â on Â aspects Â related Â to Â our Â sexuality Â and Â reproduction, Â free Â from Â violence Â and Â coercion. Â Later Â follow-Âup Â actions Â have Â endorsed Â this Â paradigm. Â Today, Â more Â than Â ever, Â we Â need Â to Â revitalize Â the Â spirit Â and Â proposals Â of Â that Â Programme Â of Â Action Â and Â even Â advance Â beyond Â them Â to Â guarantee Â that Â all Â women, Â without Â discrimination Â of Â any Â kind, Â can Â enjoy Â the Â right Â to Â life, Â to Â health Â and Â to Â the Â freedom Â to Â make Â choices Â without Â being Â subject Â to Â coercion Â or Â violence, Â and Â the Â right Â to Â have Â those Â choices Â respected. Â Â Â We Â note Â with Â concern Â that Â as Â we Â approach Â the Â 20-Âyear Â deadline Â for Â the Â full Â implementation Â of Â the Â ICPD Â agreements, Â we Â may Â not Â be Â able Â to Â achieve Â them. Â In Â fact, Â in Â the Â global Â context Â of Â crisis, Â violence Â and Â destabilization, Â womenÂśVULJKWV Â are Â disproportionately Â affected, Â especially Â our Â right Â to Â life Â and Â to Â health Â and Â the Â exercise Â of Â our Â sexual Â and Â reproductive Â rights. Â Therefore, Â based Â on Â the Â political Â SULQFLSOHVXSRQZKLFKRXURUJDQL]DWLRQLVIRXQGHGDQGLQWHUSUHWLQJWKHYRLFHRIZRPHQÂśVQHWZRUNV Â
coordinating bodies and coalitions of the Latin American and Caribbean region represented at the Follow-up Meetings on the Cairo +15 Agenda held in Panama (August 2009) and in Antigua, Guatemala (October 2010), in which participants approved the Panama Declaration and the Antigua Declaration, LACWHN affirms: * Over the past 17 years, the States of Latin America and the Caribbean have ratified and reaffirmed their commitment to implementing the Cairo Programme of Action through successive international and regional agreements. To effectively achieve this Programme, they must define and implement comprehensive public policies on population and development with a human rights perspective. These policies must seek to strengthen gender equality within the State and ensure suitable, timely and adequate financial resources to make them sustainable. This will involve changing current national budget allocations to prioritize social policies and guarantee universal access to: comprehensive health, especially sexual and reproductive health, with special emphasis on HIV/AIDS and complications arising from unsafe abortions;; education, including education for comprehensive sexuality;; and social protection, as effective strategies to reduce poverty in our region, which is the most unequal on the globe. In Latin America and the Caribbean, many indicators²for maternal mortality, the consequences of unsafe abortion, unwanted pregnancy, pregnancy in adolescents and girls, the unsatisfied demand for contraceptives, the lack of access to quality health services with qualified healthcare providers, the feminization of HIV/AIDS, and sexual violence, among others² continue to be unacceptably high, especially among the most vulnerable groups: poor, indigenous, rural, Afro-descendant, migrant, adolescent and young women.
Â In Â summary, Â there Â is Â an Â urgent Â need Â for Â StatesÂ˛that Â up Â to Â now Â have Â failed Â to Â achieve Â the Â minimum Â reductions Â in Â maternal Â mortality Â established Â in Â the Â Millennium Â Development Â Goals, Â that Â have Â violated Â the Â separation Â of Â Church Â and Â State Â by Â QHJRWLDWLQJZRPHQÂśVULJKWVZLWKUHOLJLRXVKLHUDUFKLHVWKDWKDYH been Â negligent Â in Â failing Â to Â bridge Â the Â legal Â and Â programmatic Â gaps Â that Â hinder Â the Â achievement Â of Â gender Â equalityÂ˛to Â demonstrate Â without Â delay Â their Â true Â political Â will Â by Â investing Â in Â the Â health Â and Â wellbeing Â of Â women Â and Â girls Â rather Â than Â in Â weapons, Â in Â order Â to Â guarantee Â peace Â among Â peoples Â and Â thereby Â revert Â militarization Â and Â race Â for Â arms Â that Â particularly Â and Â directly Â affect Â our Â daily Â lives. Â Â Â The Â agreements Â made Â by Â States Â in Â the Â ICPD Â Programme Â of Â Action, Â and Â reaffirmed Â in Â 1999 Â (ICPD+5), Â 2004 Â (ICPD+10) Â and Â 2009 Â (ICPD+15), Â in Â the Â Millennium Â Development Â Goals Â (MDGs) Â and Â reaffirmed Â at Â the Â Regional Â Conferences Â on Â Women Â in Â Latin Â America Â and Â the Â Caribbean Â (Quito, Â 2007 Â Brasilia, Â 2010) Â provide Â an Â existing Â framework Â for Â action Â that Â is Â adequate Â for Â achieving Â societies Â that Â are Â more Â just, Â equal Â and Â equitable Â and Â for Â effectively Â recognizing Â ZRPHQÂśVIXOOFLWL]HQVKLS:HWKHUHIRUHXUJH States Â to Â assume Â their Â responsibility Â to Â fulfill Â the Â aforementioned Â agreements Â without Â delay. Â Failure Â to Â do Â so Â will Â negatively Â impact Â the Â development Â of Â WKH UHJLRQÂśV countries Â and Â will Â result Â in Â greater Â suffering Â and Â more Â violations Â of Â basic Â human Â rights Â such Â as Â the Â right Â to Â life, Â comprehensive Â health, Â and Â sexual Â and Â reproductive Â health, Â to Â education, Â to Â dignified Â work Â and Â a Â life Â free Â from Â violence Â for Â millions Â of Â women Â of Â all Â ages, Â classes Â and Â identities. Â Â * Â We Â welcome Â the Â creation Â of Â UN Â Women Â and Â hope Â that Â its Â actions Â contribute Â effectively Â to Â DGGUHVVLQJWKHXUJHQWSULRULWLHVRIWKHDJHQGDRIWKHUHJLRQÂśVZRPHQÂśVDQGIeminist Â movements. Â We Â further Â hope Â that Â synergies Â will Â be Â strengthened Â between Â this Â entity Â and Â those Â of Â us Â working Â XQFHDVLQJO\WRSURPRWHDQGGHIHQGZRPHQÂśVFRPSUHKHnsive Â health, Â sexual Â and Â reproductive Â health, Â Â
and sexual and reproductive rights and for equality between women and men. We also call upon other agencies of the United Nations system, particularly the UNFPA, which has spearheaded actions on the ICPD agenda, to work concertedly to achieve all of the goals mentioned above, and we likewise call on the community of international cooperation donors in view of the gradual and increasing withdrawal from our region, which we have observed in recent years. * Finally, we reaffirm our unwavering commitment to continue working for comprehensive health and for sexual rights and reproductive rights as human rights for accessible sexual and reproductive health services with good quality of care for all women;; for sustainable development with equality, equity and social justice and without poverty for peace and disarmament for the protection of the environment for societies free from all forms of violence and discrimination for secular, sovereign and democratic States and for societies with the capacity to choose, defend and exercise their rights.
New York, April 2011
Women of the Third Millennium: Comprehensive Health and Full Sexual and Reproductive Rights