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CONFIDENCE and CONNECTIONS Teacher Book

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Adult ESL The Intercambio Way

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Teacher’s Name____________________________________________________________ Phone & Email_____________________________________________________________

Student(s) Information

Important Contact Information ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________


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Confidence and Connections Adult ESL The Intercambio™ Way

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Teacher Book

Intercambio Uniting Communities Š 2019

Confidence and Connections is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provisions of relevant

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collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place without the written permission of Intercambio Uniting Communities.

First Edition 2019

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Teacher Book 3 LEFT


CREDITS Level 3 Left Writers Rachel Fuchs, Linda Hayes-Angiano and Elena Vasileva Editors Rachel Fuchs and Elena Vasileva

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Design and Layout David Olivares Design Interns Arik Burton

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Support Team Becky Campbell-Howe, Leanne Chacon, Rachel Gracie Freeman, Debbie Goldman, Sarah James, Ingrid Justin, Jennifer Kurtz, Rosie Piller, Lee Shainis and Marcie Smith

Thank you to the following organizations and agencies that support our work and made the development of Confidence and Connections possible. 3Metas Argosy Foundation Jacques M. Littlefield Foundation Red Empress Foundation Schocken Foundation Workforce Boulder County intercambio.org/teachers

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SCOPE AND SEQUENCE Grammar

2

She’s More Outgoing than Me

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What Happened?

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I Like Watching Soap Operas

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What Will We Do?

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How Can I Help You?

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I Used to Play Outside

• Review wh-questions in the present, past and future + going to tenses

Discuss things you did and are going to do in this and past classes

• Talk about things you like to do and make using the past, present and future tenses

• Comparatives and superlative review with object pronouns

Compare family members and friends with others

• Compare different people you know with yourself and others

• Past continuous with when

Share stories about safety in • Talk about safety items in your home your home or at work • Talk about emergency situations

• “Like” with gerunds • Comparing “too” and “very” with adjectives

Share about the kinds of things you like to watch, do and listen to in your free time.

• Share about movies, music and things you like to do • Compare types of movies and talk about dislikes and likes

• Future with “will” and “If” clauses • Imperative sentences

Talk about what You’re doing right now and if you can or can’t do something else

• Share ideas about how to stay safe if a weather event happens

• Comparing prepositions “for” and to

Talk about what you will do if there is a natural disaster

• Ask for help when looking for something

• Simple past with use to

Talk about things you used to and didn’t use to do

• Share about things in your past you used to do and now don’t do • Share about things you didn’t use to do and now do

Role-play discussion about objects and possessions

• Talk about things you and others own • Ask questions about items

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Review and Progress Check

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Field Trip

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I’m Going to Do My Best!

By End of Lesson, You Can:

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Conversation

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Title

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Whose Hammer is This?

• Comparing this/that and these/those • Possessive pronouns

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You Should Go to the Bank

• Giving advice using should or Giving advice about comshouldn’t mon things in life

• Talk about ways you spend and save money • Share advice about how to do things

• Comparing adjectives with -ed and -ing endings

Talk about how you and others are doing

• Tell someone how you are doing • Ask others about how they are and what makes them feel stressed

• Countable and uncountable nouns • Using quantifiers; a lot, a little, some, a few

Talk about how much you recycle

• Discuss how much you recycle, throw things out and reuse things

• Future tense with “will” for promises and offers

Make offers to help with planning and events

• Talk about things you have planned and will plan in the future • Make offers for situations and parties

• “Looking forward to” with gerunds • Review present continuous

Share about the things you are looking forward to doing in the future

• Ask and answer questions about the things you are looking forward to doing in the future

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It’s Relaxing

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Reduce, Reuse and Recycle

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Who’ll Bring Dessert?

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I’m Looking Forward to It!

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Review and Progress Check

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Welcome to Confidence and Connections! The unique emphasis of this series is on using conversation to facilitate meaningful connections. It is as important for you, the teacher, to share your own stories as it is to elicit stories from your students. When you ask students questions, be sure to have them ask you questions, too. In a group setting, use pair work to encourage students to learn about one another. In one-on-one, learn about your student’s family and share about your own.

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About your teacher book:

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Your teacher book is designed to be simple to use and make your classes as engaging and effective as possible. You’ll find a lead page at the beginning of each lesson. This page contains:

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• The learning objectives for the students (Students will be able to…) • Suggested materials to bring to class • Useful notes • Listening transcript

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In each lesson, you’ll see helpful callouts with activity notes as well as the answers for each activity. (NOTE: The answer key does not provide capitalization.) In the first two lessons, we included notes for most activities. After that, you’ll only find notes for activities that benefit from specific instructions. In the back of the book, you’ll find an in depth overview of teaching strategies for each section of the lessons, including additional engagement and expansion ideas that we encourage you to use. The back inside cover of your Teacher Book has the Color Vowel™ Chart. If you do not already know how to use this tool, please go to intercambio.org/webinars and sign up to attend a pronunciation workshop. This fun, interactive training will help you use this tool, as well as Pronunciation Fun with Pictures (Pro Fun) and learn easy techniques for teaching the many sounds and stress in English.

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In addition, we encourage all teachers and students to use Pronunciation Fun with Pictures and The Immigrant Guide as supplements to their teaching.

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Happy teaching!

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L1 I’M GOING TO DO MY BEST By the end of the lesson, students will be able to: • Talk about things they do or make • Talk about what others did or made • Talk about what they are going to do

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What to bring to class: • Table tents / paper to write student name or name tags • Prepared colored index cards for Activity D • To-Do list of your own • Hand mirror or use a phone in selfie mode to show mouth shapes in Pronunciation Activity

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What to expect? This is the first day so don’t be discouraged if students can’t answer questions or don’t say much. Praise whatever they are able to provide. Use the board, and have them use the board with you. Be careful in a group setting not to gauge your teaching level on one talkative student—especially for the first two lessons.

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Teacher notes: We’ve provided simple definitions for vocabulary words and phrases that may be challenging to define: • make progress - to get closer to a goal; to move forward

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Warm-up: Greet students. Have them write their first name on a name tag or table tent (don’t forget to make one for yourself). Do your best to pronounce students’ names the way they say them. It’s okay to ask them to clarify a few times. It is as important for you to know your students’ names as it is for students to know their classmates’ names. Try Conversation Rotation to learn names. Table tents are useful even in 1-1 environments as it can be hard to remember new names. In 1-1, learn the student names, children, even pets. Listening Track 01

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Malia: Hi Bernard, I’m in your class again this term. Bernard: Hi Malia! Are you ready to start the next English book? Malia: Yes, I am. I am going to do my best. Bernard: Good! You know, you are making a lot of progress. Malia: Thanks. I think I am making some progress, but I still make a lot of mistakes. Bernard: It is good to make mistakes—that’s how you learn! Just be sure to do your homework this time. Malia: Good idea. Last class I didn’t do a lot of homework, I am going to make sure to practice and do more. Bernard: That’s a good plan! But can you do me a favor? Malia: Sure—what’s that? Bernard: Make sure you speak only English in class, okay? Malia: Okay, I will!

Listening Track 02 (phone ringing) Jean: Hello? Rafael: Hi Jean. It’s Rafael. Are you at home? Jean: Yes, I am. Rafael: Okay, great. I’m at the grocery store. I left my list at home and I need to make cupcakes for the open house tomorrow. Can you read it to me so I can remember what’s on it? Jean: Oh okay, sure! Hold on (rummaging). Okay—it says we need milk, bread, eggs, and soap. Rafael: Okay, thanks! Jean: Your list also says you need to make a doctor’s appointment. Don’t forget! Rafael: Oh, thanks for reminding me! I’ll do that now. 2

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I’M GOING TO DO MY BEST! Pre Pre

Listening warm-up. Track 01: Is Malia a student or a teacher?

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Pre Explore the picture. What do you see? Read the Pre question, play track, elicit answer.

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES Repeat after your teacher. do the dishes

do a good job

do your best

make money

make a phone call

make progress

make a mistake

make a list

make sure to

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A. Have students repeat each phrase multiple times. Repeat as whole group, then individually. Explain the phrases. Use hand gestures or body language where possible to demonstrate activities. See VOCABULARY.

do (someone) a favor

PRONUNCIATION

Listen and repeat after your teacher. Practice the GRAY DAY sound. Write the words with the GRAY DAY sound in the box.

A

GRAY DAY sounds

make

mail

beach

favor

family

hair

mistake

party

healthy

4. __________________________

laundry

happy

parade

5. __________________________

breakfast

paper

account

make 1. __________________________

2. __________________________

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3. __________________________

6. __________________________

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7. __________________________ intercambio.org/students 1 Pronunciation Read instructions. Let students look in the mirror at the shape of their mouths. Say words and have students repeat multiple times. Ask students to underline words with the GRAY sound as they pronounce the words. Use Pro Fun for more practice on GRAY DAY words. See PRONUNCIATION.

Answer Key: Pronunciation: mail, favor, mistake, parade, paper

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VOCABULARY PRACTICE

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Write the words from the box in the correct column. make

do

homework

your best

sure to

a list

progress

a favor

mistakes

money

a good job

dishes

her a favor

dinner

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Homework

B. Read instructions. Students can refer back to vocabulary section for help. See ENGAGEMENT & EASY EXPANSIONS.

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Listen again to Track 01. Circle the things that Malia is going to do or make. do my best

do laundry do my homework

do the dishes make a list

LANGUAGE TOOLS

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do my brother a favor make sure to practice

make money

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make mistakes

Listen to your teacher and repeat. WH-QUESTIONS When

do

you

Past

When

did

you

Future

Where

are

you

Present

When

do

you

Past

When

did

you

Future

do

laundry?

going to do

Where

are

you

make

going to make

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ANSWERS

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Present

dinner?

C. Go over the activity so students know what they are going to listen for (circle what they hear). Play track once without stopping. Pause to check answers in pairs. Play track again as many times as GGStop if necessary. necessary. See LISTENING.

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LISTENING

I

do

I

did

on Sundays.

I’m

going to do

at the laundromat.

I

make

at 6:00 p.m.

I

made

I’m

going to make

laundry

dinner

last night.

last night. at home later.

D. FOCUS: Wh- questions in the simple present, past and future with “do/did” and “am/ are;” Write chart on board. Read and have students repeat the questions and answers several times. Point out in answer section how to decide present, past, future (e.g., For latter, use “going to”). Do several real examples with the students - e.g., When do you go shopping? What did you do last night? Use Colored Index Cards to practice. See GRAMMAR.

Answer Key: B. do: a good job, her a favor, your best, a favor, dishes; make: sure to, progress, mistakes, a list, money, dinner C. do my homework, make sure to practice

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GRAMMAR PRACTICE

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F. Read instructions and give students time to fill in the blanks. Go over answers, and then have students practice the dialog with a partner.

e When are you going to do your homework? 1. ____

a. Yes, she made a list.

2. ____ Did he make a mistake?

b. No, he didn’t make a mistake.

3. ____ When did you make the phone call to the doctor?

c. I made it yesterday.

4. ____ When do they do laundry?

d. Yes, he’s going to make more money.

5. ____ Did she make a list?

e. I’m going to do it tomorrow.

6. ____ Are we making progress?

f. They do it on weekends.

7. ____ Is he going to make more money at his new job?

g. Yes, we’re making progress.

Complete the conversation with do or make.

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E. Read the instructions. Instruct students to write the letter of the answer on the line. Do first example together.

Match the questions and the answers.

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make a list of what we need from the grocery store? Victor: Hey, Peppa. Did you (1)________

Peppa: Yes, I did! I’m going to the store right after I (2)________ my homework.

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Victor: Great. I’m going to (3) ________ the dishes and laundry while you go to the store. Peppa: Thank you! Can you (4)________ me a favor? Victor: Sure.

Peppa: Can you look at the list I made for the grocery store? I want to (5)________ sure I didn’t make a mistake.

Victor: Okay. You did (6)________ one mistake. We don’t need any milk – we have another

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carton in the back of the fridge.

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1. Can you do / did me a favor?

5. Are you do / doing him a favor?

2. Did he do / did the dishes last night?

6. We always make / making sure to do our homework.

3. She is making / makes progress.

4. Vera and Mateo made / making a lot of money last year.

7. They usually do / doing the laundry.

Write the questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Did you make a list? __________________________________ Yes, I made a list. __________________________________ No, he didn’t do the dishes. __________________________________ Rebecca and her brother do laundry on Sundays. __________________________________ Yes, she is making more money. __________________________________ Yes, I’m going to do my homework. __________________________________ No, I don’t make mistakes – just kidding! __________________________________ Sure, I can do you a favor!

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G. This activity has two parts. Read the instruction. Then give students time to circle the correct answer. Have students work on the second part, writing questions. Read answers together as a group or with students taking turns.

Circle the correct words.

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Answer Key:

E. 2. b 3. c 4. f 5. a 6. g 7. d

F. 2. do 3. do 4. do 5. make 6. make G. 2. do 3. making 4. made 5. doing 6. make 7. do 2. Did he do the dishes? 3. When do they do laundry? 4. Is she making more money? 5. Are you going to do your homework? 6. Do you make mistakes? 7. Can you do me a favor? intercambio.org/teachers

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REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE

HH

JJ

Look at Rafael’s list of things to do. Answer the questions.

H. EXPANSION: Show your own todo list. Have students ask you questions about it. Then have students make a short to-do list of their own, and share with a partner.

1. Did he do his homework? Yes, he did _________________________________________

2. Did he make dinner? _________________________________________ 3. What is he going to make?

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_________________________________________ 4. Did he do laundry?

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_________________________________________ 5. Did he make his appointment? _________________________________________

Listen to Track 02. Circle True or False. 1. Jean is at the grocery store.

TRUE

FALSE

2. Rafael left his to-do list at home.

TRUE

FALSE

3. He didn’t make a list of things to buy at the grocery store.

TRUE

FALSE

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4. He needs to make a doctor’s appointment.

TRUE

FALSE

5. He is going to call his best friend.

TRUE

FALSE

CULTURE TIP

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In the US, many people think that people learn from making mistakes. Do you agree? Can you give an example of a time you made a mistake and learned something?

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Answer Key: H. 2. No, he didn’t. 3. He’s going to make cupcakes. 4. Yes, he did. 5. No, he didn’t. I. 2. True 3. False 4. True 5. False

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I. Read the instructions. Have students read the statements. Play the listening track. Ask students to circle answers. Play the track as many times as necessary.

Culture Tip Ask what the #1 barrier to learning English is. Fear of making mistakes is #1! Let them know making mistakes is okay. Ask how they can create a safe place and how they can support each other. Prepare some examples of how making a mistake helped you to learn something. Share with students and then give them time to think of their own examples. Ask them to share examples, either with a partner or with the group.


JJ J. Read the instructions. Go over the chart with students. Review answers. EXPANSION: Ask Do you agree with these tips? What other tips do you have?

1 Read the chart.

DOs AND DON’Ts OF DOING LAUNDRY

DOs

DON’Ts

• Mix colors and whites • Mix heavy and lightweight clothing • Overload washer • Wash bright colors in hot water • Dry delicate items on high heat in dryer

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• Use hot water for whites • Check pockets • Dry sweaters flat • Remove items from dryer promptly • Clean washer with cleaner or vinegar regularly • Empty lint tray in dryer before each use

1. You want to wash a bright purple t-shirt. What is one important do or don’t?

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___________________________________________________________________________________ 2. You want to wash three white blankets. What is one important do or don’t?

___________________________________________________________________________________ 3. You want to wash six pairs of blue jeans, six pairs of white socks, and eight t-shirts of different colors.

Read the chart. Write three things you are going to do or not going to do this term to learn English.

DOs AND DON’Ts OF LEARNING ENGLISH

DOs

• Practice every day • Listen to the radio in English • Write down new words • Talk to one person in English every week • Ask questions if I don’t understand • Watch a TV show in English

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K. Read the instructions. Go over the chart. EXPANSION: Ask Do you agree with these tips? What other tips do you have?

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___________________________________________________________________________________

DON’Ts

• Be shy • Try to be perfect • Worry about my accent • Ask other people to speak English for me • Use the Internet to translate everything • Be scared to make mistakes

1. ___________________________________________________ 2. ___________________________________________________ 3. ___________________________________________________

CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION

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Conversation Ask students to find a partner and share 2-3 things they are going to do this term to learn English. They can use the sentences they wrote in Activity K. Have them ask their partner if they will do anything different from last term.

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Get to know a partner. Talk about: • what they’re going to do this term to improve their English • what they do to practice English that’s most helpful

WORD BANK What else?

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Answer Key:

J. 1. Don’t wash in hot water. 2. Don’t overload washer. 3. Don’t mix colors and whites. K. Answers will vary.

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HOMEWORK

Martha made some mistakes in her journal. Look at the crossed out words. Write the correct word on the line. do my best this year to learn English. Last year I didn’t did I am going to doing (1) ______

(2) ________ my homework. This year I can make (3) ________ my homework. Sometimes, I need to do the dishes or did (4)_______ the laundry, but I can still making (5) ________ a lot of progress. Yesterday, I make (6) ________ a list of all the things I need to do. It is a lot, but I can do it!

____________________________________________.

2. She / progress. / making / is / a lot of

____________________________________________.

3. okay / make / It’s / to / mistakes.

____________________________________________.

4. yesterday? / make / you / a phone call / Did

____________________________________________.

5. They’re/ the dishes / tonight. / doing

____________________________________________.

Write answers to the questions. Use the words in parentheses. 1. What did you do last night? 2. What is she going to do? 3. What are they doing? 4. What is Ben doing?

JOURNAL PROMPT

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1. need to / homework. / my / do / I

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Put the words in the correct order.

__________________________________________________________ I did the laundry. (laundry) __________________________________________________________ (a favor for her brother) __________________________________________________________ (make dinner) __________________________________________________________ (make a phone call)

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Walk through each homework Pre Preactivity. These are very similar to activities they did in class. Confirm that they understand each activity. Do examples. See HOMEWORK.

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Lesson 1 • I’m Going To Do My Best

What are some things you are going to do or make next week?

____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

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Journal If students need more space, encourage them to write on a separate piece of paper.

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____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

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____________________________________________________________________________

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Answer Key:

L. 2. do 3. do 4 do 5. make 6. made M. 1. I need to do my homework. 2. She is making a lot of progress. 3. It’s okay to make mistakes. 4. Did you make a phone call yesterday? 5. They’re doing the dishes tonight. N. 2. She’s going to do a favor for her brother. 3. They’re making dinner. 4. Ben/He’s making a phone call. 8

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L2 SHE’S MORE OUTGOING THAN ME By the end of the lesson, students will be able to: • Describe both personality and physical appearance • Compare differences between people

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What to bring to class: • Table tents / paper to write student name or name tags • Prepared colored index cards for Activity D • Prepared personality chart from Activity K • The Immigrant Guide to supplement the Culture Tip conversation • Pronunciation Fun to supplement the pronunciation activities

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What to expect? The grammar structure for comparison can be confusing. When comparing “as” can refer to an equality or an inequality (e.g., Jose is as brave as Bill. Joe isn’t as brave as Bill.) It can also be confusing to know when to use the comparative/superlative (e.g., braver/bravest) versus “more ___ than” or “the most.” When words end with a “y,” the “y” is changed to “i” for the comparative/superlative forms (e.g., happy/happier/happiest). Students will need a lot of practice and repetition to learn this structure.

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Teacher notes: We’ve provided simple definitions for vocabulary words and phrases that may be challenging to define: • selfish - to think only about yourself • confident - to feel sure about your abilities • brave - not afraid of danger • outgoing - very friendly; likes to talk to people • stubborn - will not change an attitude or position on something Warm-up: Greet students. Practice the material from last class by asking a few questions using the grammar and vocabulary. Review homework from last lesson. Give students an opportunity to discuss and share their journal entries in pairs or for the class.

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Listening Track 03

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Greta: Hi Oliver. Is this your family in the photo? Oliver: Hey Greta. Yes, it is! Greta: Neat—what are they like? Oliver: Well, I have 2 brothers and one sister. My younger brother is really serious and hardworking. My older brother is funny and very smart. He is shorter than I am, but he is more athletic. He is the most confident person in our family. Greta: What is your sister like? Oliver: She is really nice and outgoing. She is definitely the funniest person in our family. Greta: Oh, wow. I’d love to meet her. Is she as nice as you are? Oliver: Well, I don’t know about that….

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2

SHE’S MORE OUTGOING THAN ME Pre Pre

NOTE: It’s also correct to say “more outgoing than I”, but “than me” is more common and also technically correct.

Listening warm-up. Track 03: How many brothers and sisters does Oliver have?

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Pre Explore the picture. What do you see? Read the Pre question, play track, elicit answer.

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES Repeat after your teacher. selfish

nice

brave

stubborn

smart

shy

confident

lazy

funny

serious

hardworking

patient

outgoing

PRONUNCIATION A

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AA

Listen and repeat after your teacher. Underline the stressed syllable. Write the words in the correct box: outgoing

serious

hardworking

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selfish

FIRST SYLLABLE STRESSED

patient

SECOND SYLLABLE STRESSED

1. __________________________

2. __________________________

2. __________________________

3. __________________________

3. __________________________

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selfish 1. __________________________

Answer Key: First syllable stressed: selfish, outgoing, serious, patient Second syllable stressed: hardworking, athletic

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athletic

Teacher Book 3 LEFT

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A. Have students repeat each word after you multiple times. Explain the meaning of the personality traits. Use facial expressions and body language where possible. EXPANSION: Bring in magazine photos of people demonstrating the personality traits.

Pronunciation Read instructions. Discuss the number of syllables in each word. Explain that stressed syllables have more emphasis. Say words aloud clapping on stressed syllable. 7


VOCABULARY PRACTICE

BB

B. Read instructions. Students can refer back to vocabulary section for help.

E

Circle the correct word. 1. She always thinks she can do things. She is very confident / funny. 2. They are very friendly and stubborn / outgoing. They aren’t shy. 3. My cat sleeps all day and doesn’t like to go outside. She is quite funny / lazy. 4. They have three jobs. They are very hardworking / serious. 5. He always makes us laugh. He is so brave / funny.

7. My sister always helps other people. She is so confident / nice.

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6. Sometimes I think about my needs more than I think about the needs of others. I can be serious / selfish.

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8. He never gets angry when he has to wait in line at the grocery store. He is so lazy / patient.

CC

Listen again to Track 03. Circle the words that describe Oliver’s family members. 1. Oliver’s younger brother: 2. Oliver’s older brother: 3. Oliver’s sister:

F

shy

hardworking

serious

lazy

tall

stubborn

confident

funny

serious

outgoing

funny

smart

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C. Go over the activity so students know what they are going to listen for (circle what they hear). Play track once without stopping. Pause to check answers in pairs. Play track again as many times as necessary. Stop if necessary.

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LISTENING

LANGUAGE TOOLS

DD

Listen to your teacher and repeat. QUESTIONS

is

your sister

Fo

What

are

She’s

like?

your neighbors

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ANSWERS braver than more easygoing than

me.

the funniest person in my family. The Smiths are

as quiet as

the Garcias.

The Smiths aren’t

as fun as

them.

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D. FOCUS: Comparative, superlative and equative forms of adjectives and is / isn’t; are /aren’t. The grammar structure uses four types of 8 Student Book 3 LEFT comparison structures with the adjectives: - comparative for comparing two things (uses the ending ”er” + than ) - superlative for comparing three or more things (uses the ending “est”). - more + adjective + than (two things compared) or the most + adjective (three or more things compared) - as + adjective + as (equal or the same as) EXPANSION: Use Colored Index Cards to practice.

Answer Key: B. 2. outgoing 3. lazy 4. hardworking 5. funny 6. selfish 7. nice 8. patient C. 2. funny 3. outgoing, funny. intercambio.org/teachers

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2

GRAMMAR PRACTICE

EE

Circle the correct word.

E. Read the instructions and the sentences. Instruct students to circle the answer, including the word “the” when appropriate. You can discuss how the number of people being compared in each sentence determines the answer: than is the clue. In the superlatives there is no than.

1. My sister is more / the most outgoing than me. 2. Her brother is as fun / most fun as her sister. 3. We are the shorter / shortest people in the class. 4. Ben is more / the most hardworking than his friends. 5. They are more / the most patient people I know.

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6. She is smarter / the smartest than me. 7. You are more / the most confident than them.

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8. He is funnier / the funniest teacher at the school. 9. He is as quieter / quiet as his brother.

Match the questions and the answers. f What does he look like? 1. ____

a. He is more outgoing than me.

2. ___ What is your brother like?

b. Yes, she is the most patient person in their family.

3. ___ What is Maryam like?

c. Yes, they are as funny as he is.

4. ___ Is their mother patient?

d. No, he isn’t.

5. ___ Are his friends funny? 6. ___ Is their teacher fun?

Write the questions.

e. She is quieter than you. f. He is shorter than I am.

1. What’s she like?

She’s quieter than her sister. (quiet/than her sister) _________________________________________.

2. What’s he like?

_________________________________________. (confident/person I know)

3. What are they like?

_________________________________________. (funny/ as their friends)

Fo

GG

F. Read instructions and give students time to match the questions to the answers. Have them check in pairs first. Then, go over answers together. EXPANSION: Practice asking and answering in pairs.

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FF

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10. Nina is as patient / more patient as her sister.

_________________________________________. (shy/person in my family)

5. What’s he like?

_________________________________________. (outgoing/ as his brother)

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4. What are you like?

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G. Explain instructions and give students time to write the answers. Point out how many people are being compared and key words such as than and as. Have students check in pairs first. Then, go over answers together. NOTE: In all English dictionaries, the comparative and superlative forms of shy can be: shyer or shier; shyest or shiest. You can also use more or most shy. Students only need to practice one way.

Answer Key:

E. 2. fun 3. shortest 4. more 5. the most 6. smarter 7. more 8. the funniest 9. quiet 10. as patient F. 2. a 3. e 4. b 5. c 6. d G. 2. He’s the most confident person I know. 3. They’re as funny as their friends. 4. I’m the shiest/shyest person in my family. 5. He’s as outgoing as his brother. 12

Teacher Book 3 LEFT


REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE 1= somewhat 2 = usually 3= always

Points 1

stubborn

2

confident

shy 4 TOTAL Eagle 1

RAUL

2 2

3 2

nice serious

outgoing patient

1

2

funny hardworking

1

smart 5 TOTAL Owl

2 brave 7 TOTAL Lion

2 friendly 5 TOTAL Elephant

2

outgoing 2 patient 1 brave 4 TOTAL Lion

2 2

Points 2 3 6 HANNAH

stubborn

confident shy TOTAL Eagle

What animal(s) is Raul like?

nice 1 serious 2 smart 5 TOTAL Owl

1

funny hardworking 1 friendly 5 TOTAL Elephant

n

1

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H. Read instructions. NOTE: The first three rows of adjectives show the results of the personality test for Raul and Hannah. The degree to which a person has a certain quality is indicated by the number next to the quality (for example, Raul and Hannah are both somewhat stubborn – they both answered that question with a 1). Point out that the “Total” number in each column determines the most dominant personality trait (the highest number is the most dominant trait).

Read the personality tests about Raul and Hannah. Answer the questions.

J

___________________________________________________________

What animal(s) is Hannah like? ___________________________________________________________ Who is more confident? Who is more hardworking? Who is more outgoing?

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________

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Who is funnier?

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HH

I

CULTURE TIP

In the US, it’s also common for people to tell funny jokes. However, jokes about race, gender, sexual orientation, disabilities or religion can make people upset. Is it common for people to tell jokes in your native country?

Fo

Culture Tip You can discuss with students the consequences of telling offensive jokes (often called dirty jokes). Ask your students if they know any clean jokes to share, or you share one if you know one! Use The Immigrant Guide (US Culture section) to spark more discussion.

Student Book 3 LEFT

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Answer Key: H. 1. Lion 2. Eagle 3. Raul is as confident as Hannah. 4. Raul is as hardworking as Hannah. 5. Raul 6. Hannah

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II

2 Fill out your own personality test. 1= I’m not like this 2= I’m sometimes like this

3= I’m mostly like this

____ stubborn

____ nice

____ outgoing

____ funny

____ confident

____ serious

____ patient

____ hardworking

____ shy

____ smart

____ brave

____ friendly

I. Read the instructions. Have students work in pairs to discuss their results.

____ TOTAL

Eagle

Owl

Lion

Elephant

____________________________________________________

Do you agree with the test results?

____________________________________________________

n

What animal(s) are you most like?

Fill in the chart about you and someone you know (a family member, friend, colleague or classmate). Write words that describe what you are like. ME

SOMEONE I KNOW

Name: __________________________________

1. ______________________________________

1. ______________________________________

2. ______________________________________

2. ______________________________________

3. ______________________________________

3. ______________________________________

I am not:

He / She is not:

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I am:

4. ______________________________________

4. ______________________________________

5. ______________________________________

5. ______________________________________

Fo

CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION

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Get to know a partner. Talk about: • what you are like • what someone you know is like • if you and the person you wrote about in activity J are similar or different • what your partner is like

Answer Key: I. Answers will vary. J. Answers will vary.

14

Teacher Book 3 LEFT

J. Read the instructions. Show students your previously prepared chart.

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JJ

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Compare your test with a partner’s test.

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Conversation Read instructions, including the suggested topics. EXPANSION: Have students share three traits of their partners with the class to practice speaking and listening skills.


HOMEWORK

KK Walk through each homework activity. These are very similar to activities they did in class. Confirm they understand each activity. Do examples.

Lesson 2 • She’s More Outgoing Than Me

Put the sentences in the correct order.

PrP

Look at the questions. Write the answer. 1. What’s Gino like?

He’s more patient than me. (patient/ than me) ______________________________________

2. What’s Tomasa like?

______________________________________ (confident / than her sister)

3. What’s she like?

______________________________________ (quiet / as he is)

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LL

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1. as lazy as / Tino / me. / is Tino is as lazy as me. ______________________________________________________________________________________ 2. more hardworking / him / is / Her classmate / than. ______________________________________________________________________________________ 3. the Wangs. / aren’t / as funny as / They ______________________________________________________________________________________ 4. My neighbors / the nicest people / in the / are / neighborhood. ______________________________________________________________________________________ 5. most outgoing / is the / in their family. / His grandson / person ______________________________________________________________________________________ 6. as patient as / I’m / my wife. ______________________________________________________________________________________

4. What are her friends like? ______________________________________ (serious / than she is) 5. What are they like?

Read about Carly and Omar. Answer the questions. Carly shy stubborn brave

He is more selfish than Carly (selfish / than Carly) 1. What’s Omar like? _________________________________.

Omar hardworking outgoing selfish

4. Who is more hardworking? _________________________________.

A

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MM

______________________________________ (hardworking / in the family)

2. Who is more shy? _________________________________. 3. What’s Carly like? ______________________________. (stubborn / than Omar)

5. Who is braver? ________________________________________.

JOURNAL PROMPT

Fo

Who in your family is the most outgoing? Stubborn? Funny? Hardworking? Why?

____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

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____________________________________________________________________________

12

Student Book 3 LEFT

Answer Key: K. 2. Her classmate is more hardworking than him. 3. They aren’t as funny as the Wangs. 4. My neighbors are the nicest people in the neighborhood. 5. His grandson is the most outgoing person in their family. 6. I’m as patient as my wife. L. 2. She is more confident than her sister. 3. She is as quiet as he is. 4. They are more serious than she is. 5. They are the most hardworking in the family. M. 2. Carly is more shy/shyer than Omar. 3. Carly is more stubborn than Omar. 4. Omar is more hardworking than Carly. 5. Carly is braver than Omar. intercambio.org/teachers

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L3 WHAT HAPPENED?

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What to bring to class: • Table tents / paper to write student name or name tags • Prepared activity chart for Activity K • Prepared BLACK CAT cards for Pronunciation (optional) • Sentence strips for Grammar Expansion Activity (optional) • Timeline for Grammar Expansion Activity (optional) • The Immigrant Guide to supplement the Culture Tip conversation • Pronunciation Fun to supplement the pronunciation activities

n

By the end of the lesson, students will be able to: • Talk about accidents and what they were doing when something happened • Discuss common safety features in the home

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Warm-up: Greet students. Practice the material from last class by asking a few questions using the grammar and vocabulary. Review homework from last lesson. Listening Track 04

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Steve: Hey, Jane. Did you hear the smoke alarm in our apartment building last night? Jane: Yes, I did! I was cooking dinner when it went off. Did you see the fire truck, Steve? Steve: Yes. I was working out in my living room when I heard the alarm. I looked out the window and saw the fire truck outside. Jane: I looked out the window too, and saw the smoke! Good thing the fire truck got here fast to put out the fire. Steve: Yes—and good thing the smoke alarm was working!

16

Teacher Book 3 LEFT


3

WHAT HAPPENED? Pre Pre

Listening warm-up. Track 04: What did they hear?

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Pre Explore the picture. What do you see? Read the Pre question, play track, elicit answer.

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES A. Have students repeat each word after you multiple times. Use facial expressions and body language where possible.

Repeat after your teacher.

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AA

police officer

fire extinguisher

ambulance

put out a fire

catch on fire

carry

arrive

fall down

fire fighter

smoke alarm

go off

Fo

PRONUNCIATION

A

Listen and repeat after your teacher. Practice the BLACK CAT SOUNDS. Circle the words with the BLACK CAT sound.

N ot

fall

catch

alarm

ambulance

police

class

sad

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Pronunciation Read instructions. Practice the BLACK CAT sound, and then have students circle the words. Tell students that the vowel sounds can appear at the beginning or in the middle of a word: cat, apple. EXPANSION: Use index cards. Prepare sound card for each student showing a “black cat” on it. Call out words that fit the sound and words that do not. Students should hold up the black cat card when they hear the sound.

Answer Key: Circle: ambulance, class, sad intercambio.org/teachers

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VOCABULARY

BB

Read the story below. Number the pictures in the correct order 1–6. Alana was making dinner last night when a fire started in the kitchen. The smoke was getting thicker when she called the fire department. The fire fighters arrived and put it out with a fire extinguisher. Her neighbors were looking out their windows when the ambulance arrived.

B. EE Before the activity, have students look at the pictures, put them in the correct story order. Then have them read the text to check their ideas and do the task.

FF

LISTENING

CC

Listen again to Track 04. Check the box of the person that did or was doing each action. ACTIONS was cooking dinner

o Jane P

2.

was working out

o Jane

3.

saw the fire truck

o Jane

4.

saw smoke

o Jane

5.

looked out the window

o Jane

o Steve

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1.

o Steve o Steve o Steve o Steve

LANGUAGE TOOLS Listen to your teacher and repeat.

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DD

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n

1

QUESTIONS

What

happened?

What were you doing What was he doing

the alarm went off?

when

he fell down?

ANSWERS

They

were working out

I

was cooking

He

was doing laundry

the fire truck arrived.

when

it went off.

he fell down.

I they

were working out.

he fell down,

he

was doing laundry.

Student Book 3 LEFT

Answer Key: B. 1, 5, 3, 4, 6, 2 C. 2. Steve 3. Steve 4. Jane 5. Jane and Steve 18

was cooking dinner.

the alarm went off,

the fire truck arrived,

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14

Fo

STATEMENTS

When

C. Go over the activity so students know what they are going to listen for (checking boxes). Play track once without stopping. Pause to check answers in pairs. Play track again as many times as necessary. Stop if necessary.

Teacher Book 3 LEFT

GG

D. FOCUS: Sentences with two clauses: one with the past continuous tense and one with the simple past tense. The past continuous tense describes an action or situation that was taking place when something else happened, and the simple past tense describes the action or event that happened. We use when before the simple past part of the sentence. Either part of the sentence (simple past or past continuous) can come first, but if the sentence begins with “When,” a comma is used between the two parts. EXPANSION 1: Write sentences with two clauses using “past continuous” and “simple past” on strips of paper. Cut the strips into pieces and have students put them together to form sentences. EXPANSION 2: Use a timeline to demonstrate when events may occur.


3

GRAMMAR PRACTICE

EE E. First, have students work individually and then compare their answers in pairs/groups. Finally, go through the answers together.

Match question to answer.

e What was she doing when she fell down? 1. _____

a. He was talking to his girlfriend.

2. _____ What were they doing when they heard the alarm?

b. I was cooking dinner.

3. _____ What were you doing when the fire started?

c. We were looking out the window.

4. _____ What were you and Don doing when the police arrived? d. They were working out.

FF

Circle the correct words. 1. I was doing / did the laundry when the alarm was going / went off.

tio

2. When she was hearing / heard the alarm, she was working / worked out.

3. They were calling /called the police when the fire truck was arriving / arrived. 4. Jordan was carrying / carried groceries when he was falling / fell down.

5. The carbon monoxide detector was going /went off when the fire fighters were arriving / arrived.

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F. Read the instructions. Go over answers together. NOTE: The simple past tense goes in the part of the sentence (clause) with the word “when” and the past continuous tense goes in the other part of the sentence (supporting clause).

e. She was carrying laundry.

n

5. _____ What was he doing when he saw smoke?

6. When the ambulance was arriving / arrived, the fire fighters were putting out / put out the fire. 7. I was cooking/cooked dinner when the police officer was arriving / arrived.

GG

Complete the conversations. Use the word in parentheses. Practice with a partner. 1. Q: What happened?

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Was carrying A: He _____________________ (carry) groceries when he fell down.

G. Explain instructions and give students time to write the answers. Point out how they can determine the correct tense—Where is the word “when” in the sentence? Go over answers together.

2. Q: What were they doing?

A: They _________________________ (watch) a movie when the alarm went off.

3. Q: What was she doing?

A: She _______________________ (make) dinner when the fire started.

4. Q: What happened?

A: We _____________________(do) laundry when we heard an ambulance.

Fo

5. Q: What were you and your family doing?

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A: We ________________________________(arrive) home when we saw the police at the front door.

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Answer Key:

E. 2. d 3. b 4. c 5. a E. 2. heard, was working 3. were calling, arrived 4. was carrying, fell down 5. was going, arrived 6.arrived, were putting out 7. was cooking, arrived G. 2. were watching 3. was making 4. were doing 5. were arriving intercambio.org/teachers

19


REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE

HH

H. Read instructions. Use body language to demonstrate how to pull, aim, squeeze, and sweep. Discuss why you should have a fire extinguisher in your J why it’s important house Jand to check the expiration date. EXPANSION: If your class is in a public place, see if there is a fire extinguisher so you can point out the parts.

Read the directions for how to use a fire extinguisher. Answer the questions. Most fire extinguishers use the P.A.S.S. technique.

1

PULL...

Pull the pin. This will also break the tamper seal.

2

AIM...

Aim low, pointing the extinguisher nozzle (or its horn or hose) at the base of the fire.

3

SQUEEZE... Squeeze the handle to release the extinguishing agent.

4

SWEEP...

n

Sweep from side to side at the base of the fire until it appears to be out.

What do you pull?

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WHEN IN DOUBT, EVACUATE IMMEDIATELY.

__________________________________________________________________

Where do you point it? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________

Where do you sweep?

__________________________________________________________________

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What do you squeeze?

Do you have a fire extinguisher in your home? ________ Check the expiration date.

Read the online post and comments. Answer the questions.

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II

1. What happened when Jon was making dinner? ____________________________________________

2. What was Mary doing?

____________________________________________

I. KK Read the instructions. Explain what is meant by “online post.” NOTE: #3 could be yes or no. It doesn’t talk about whether he got hurt or not. It just says no broken bones.

3. Did anyone get hurt?

____________________________________________

4. What happened to Randy’s grandpa?

____________________________________________

Fo

5. Did he break any bones?

____________________________________________

Student Book 3 LEFT

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Answer Key: H. 1. the pin 2. the base of the fire 3. the handle 4. side to side at the base of the fire I. 1. He heard an ambulance. 2. She was working out. 3. Unknown 4. He fell down the stairs. 5. No, he didn’t. 20

Teacher Book 3 LEFT


3

Culture Tip Read the tip. You can discuss with students why smoke detectors are required by law. Have students answer the questions aloud. EXPANSION: Point out any smoke detectors or carbon monoxide detectors in your teaching environment. Use The Immigrant Guide housing section to spark more conversation.

CULTURE TIP All houses and apartments are required by law to have smoke detectors. Many states also require carbon monoxide detectors. It’s a good idea to check the detector regularly and replace the battery every year or when it beeps. What kinds of alarms do you have in your home now? What did you have in your home in your native country? Write a story. Use the words below. Share your story with a partner.

A

B

make dinner do laundry ride bike work out at gym

C

fall down see a fire hear an alarm smell smoke

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Example:

call 9-11 put out the fire fix it use fire extinguisher

n

JJ

smelled smoke. was making dinner when I _____________________ Last night, I (1) __________________________

J. Read the instructions. Point out the columns—A, B, C, and the letters under the blanks. Ask students to share their stories.

A

B

C

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put out the fire I __________________________ and it was okay! Last night, I (1) __________________________ A

when I (2) ______________________. I (3)______________________________ and it was okay! B

What were you doing? Write the activities you were doing at each of the times yesterday.

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KK

C

YESTERDAY, I WAS

eating breakfast

WHEN… At 8:00 a.m. At 12:00 p.m. At 5:00 p.m. At 10:00 p.m. At 12:00 a.m.

CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION

Fo

K. To prepare, write a chart on the board and add your info. Read the instructions. Show students your previously prepared chart. Give students time to fill in the chart and then ask them to share one sentence each.

Get to know a partner. Talk about: • what you and they were doing at different times yesterday • if their fire alarms or carbon monoxide detectors ever went off and what they were doing when they went off

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Conversation Read instructions and have them use activity K to talk about what they were doing at different times yesterday. EXPANSION: Have students share one item about their partner’s home (not their own) with the class to practice speaking and listening skills.

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Answer Key: J. Answers will vary. K. Answers will vary.

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21


HOMEWORK

LL

Lesson 3 • What Happened?

Circle the correct word. 1. When Nano carried / was carrying boxes, he heard / was hearing the fire alarm.

Pre Pre

2. Ynez was biking / biked when she fell down / was falling down. 3. When the fire alarm went off / was going off, I was seeing / saw smoke. 4. When the microwave caught / was catching on fire, he was cleaning/ cleaned the house. 5. I cooked / was cooking dinner when the ambulance was arriving / arrived.

Read about Jackie’s afternoon yesterday. Answer the questions.

n

MM

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Yesterday afternoon Yesterday afternoon, Jackie was watching TV when her furnace caught on fire. Her fire alarm went off at 3:15 p.m. Smoke was coming out of her window when her neighbor saw the smoke and called 9-1-1. Her neighbor was getting a fire extinguisher when the fire truck arrived at around 3:30 p.m.

lic a

Jackie’s furnace caught on fire. 1. What happened yesterday afternoon? ___________________________________________________

2. What was Jackie doing when her furnace caught on fire? ____________________________________ 3. When did her fire alarm go off? _________________________________________________________ 4. What did her neighbor do? ____________________________________________________________

AA

JOURNAL PROMPT

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5. When did the fire fighters arrive? _______________________________________________________

Write about a fire or accident that you saw on the news. What happened? What were people doing?

____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

Fo

____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ Student Book 3 LEFT

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18

Answer Key:

L. 2. was biking/fell down 3. went off/saw 4. caught/was cleaning 5. was cooking/arrived M. 2. Jackie was watching TV when her furnace caught on fire. 3. Her fire alarm went off at 3:15 p.m. 4. Her neighbor saw the smoke and called 9-1-1. 5. The fire fighters arrived around 3:30 p.m. 22

Teacher Book 3 LEFT


L4 I LIKE WATCHING SOAP OPERAS By the end of the lesson, students will be able to: • Talk about their likes and dislikes • Talk about kinds of TV shows they watch

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What to bring to class: • Table tents / paper to write student name or name tags • Prepared Activity Cards for Pronunciation (optional) • The Immigrant Guide to supplement the Culture Tip conversation • Pronunciation Fun to supplement the pronunciation activities

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Warm-up: Greet students. Practice the material from last class by asking a few questions using the grammar and vocabulary. Review homework from last lesson.

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Listening Track 05 Darren: Hey Nikki. What are you up to this weekend? Nikki: Not much. Mostly errands. Darren: My favorite crime show has a 2-hour special this Saturday. Do you wanna come over and watch with me? Nikki: No, thanks. I don’t like watching crime shows. They are too violent! Darren: What do you like to watch? Nikki: I like watching soap operas, sitcoms, and reality TV—especially shows that are funny. Darren: Oh, Reality TV, I’m not a fan. It’s too unrealistic for me. I prefer watching the news. Nikki: The news, ick, that’s way too depressing. How about sports? Do you like watching football? Darren: Oh yeah—I love watching football! Nikki: Me too! Wanna watch the game together on Sunday? Darren: Sounds good!

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4

I LIKE WATCHING SOAP OPERAS Listening warm-up. Track 05: What are they talking about?

Pre Explore the picture; ask What do you see in the pictures? Next, point out the warm-up question. Read aloud, write it on board. Play track once. Point to the question on board. Elicit answers.

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n

Pre Pre

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES Repeat after your teacher.

soap operas

sitcoms

the news

unrealistic

PRONUNCIATION

24

sports

game shows

reality TV

crime shows

silly

violent

educational

entertaining

Fo

Listen and repeat after your teacher. Listen to your teacher again. Raise 1 or 2 fingers for which line you hear the word. 1 watching

which

chew

cheese

cheap

2 washing

wish

shoe

she’s

sheep

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A

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AA

A. Have students repeat each word after you multiple times. Use facial expressions and body language where possible. Emphasize the stress using clapping or hand gestures for unrealistic, entertaining, and violent. Ask how many syllables violent is (2).

Teacher Book 3 LEFT

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Pronunciation Read all the ch words. Then read all the sh words. Read the instructions and then read random words while students raise their fingers. NOTE: The sh sound flows (is continuous). Ch sounds like t+sh. See Pro Fun for more sh/ch practice.


VOCABULARY PRACTICE

BB

E

Choose the correct word to complete the sentences. 1

2

3

4

6. We like watching __________________. game shows / reality TV

5

6

LISTENING

n

soap operas game shows / soap operas 1. She likes watching __________________.

B. Read instructions. Have students do the task individually first and then check in pairs/groups. Finally, check it as a whole class.

2. He likes watching __________________. the news / reality TV 3. They like watching __________________. sitcoms / sports 4. It is very __________________. funny / educational 5. It is too __________________. unrealistic / violent

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Listen again to Track 05. Check who likes each kind of TV.

C. Read instructions. Play the listening track again. Ask students to check the people that liked each kind of show. Repeat track as many times as needed.

crime shows

soap operas

P

o Darren o Nikki

the news

reality TV

o Darren o Nikki

o Darren o Nikki

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o Darren o Nikki

sitcoms

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CC

F

o Darren o Nikki

G

sports

o Darren o Nikki

LANGUAGE TOOLS

DD

Listen to your teacher and repeat. QUESTIONS

Do

watching TV? going to museums?

you they

Yes,

it’s

very

entertaining.

No,

it’s

too

boring.

Yes,

those shows are

very

funny.

too

unrealistic.

like

he she

Fo

D. FOCUS: -ing form of a verb after the verb like. Read chart aloud and have students repeat. Explain the meanings of too (excessive amount) and very (a lot). Very and a lot can be good or bad.

Does

I they we

think

No,

they’re he she

thinks

Student Book 3 LEFT

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20

reality TV? soap operas?

H

ANSWERS

Answer Key: B. 2. news 3. sitcoms 4. funny 5. violent 6. game shows C. Soap operas: Nikki; Sitcoms: Nikki; Reality TV: Nicky; The news: Darren; Sports: Nikki, Darren intercambio.org/teachers

25


4

GRAMMAR PRACTICE

EE

E. Read the instructions and the example. Instruct students to fill in the blank using the words in parentheses.

Complete the sentences. Write the correct form of the word in parentheses. Ask a partner. going 1. Do you like ________________ (go) to museums? 2. Do you like ___________________ (listen) to country music? 3. Does your family like _____________ (go) camping? 4. Does your best friend like _________________ (watch) sports? 5. Does your roommate like ______________(clean) the house?

a. Yes, they think they’re very interesting.

2. _____ Do they like watching crime shows?

b. Yes, we think they’re very funny.

3. _____ Does he like documentaries?

c. Yes, he thinks it’s relaxing.

4. _____ Do you like game shows?

d. No, I think they’re too silly.

5. _____ Do you and Bill like sitcoms?

e. No, she thinks they’re too unrealistic.

6. _____ Does he like watching TV at night?

f. Yes, he thinks they’re very educational.

Correct the mistakes in the questions and answers. 1. Q: Do you like watch TV on the weekends?

G. Read the instructions. Point out there are mistakes in both the questions and answers. Have students work individually first, and then check in pairs/groups. Finally, go over answers together.

2. A: Yes, it is too entertaining.

watching

very

3. Q: Do she like game shows?

4. A: No, she think they’re too boring.

5. Q: Does Lana and her sister like crime shows?

6. A: No, they think their too violent.

7. Q: Does Greg likes watching soap operas?

8. A: Yes, he thinks they’re too silly.

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HH

n

e Does she like reality TV shows? 1. _____

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GG

Match the questions and the answers.

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FF

Write the questions or the answers. Use the words in parentheses. 1. Q: A:

H. Read the instructions. Point out that a form of all the words in the parentheses will be used.

Does she like watching TV?

No, she thinks it’s too boring ________________________________________________. (no / think / boring /too)

2. Q: _____________________________________________________? (crime shows) No, I think they’re too violent.

Fo

A:

3. Q: Does he like sitcoms? A:

_____________________________________________________. (yes / entertaining / very)

4. Q: _____________________________________________________? (watch the news) Yes, she thinks it’s very important and educational.

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A:

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21

Answer Key:

E. 2. listening 3. going 4. watching 5. cleaning F. 2. a 3. f 4. d 5. b 6. c G. 3. Does 4. thinks 5. Do 6. they’re 7. like 8. very H. 2. Do you like watching crime shows? 3. Yes, he thinks they’re very entertaining. 4. Does she like watching the news? 26

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J

REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE

HI

Look at the chart. Circle True or False. Favorite TV Genres by Gender 90 ___________________________________________________________________________________

I. Read the instructions. Explain the chart. This type of chart may not be something students have seen before. Consider doing the activity together. EXPANSION: Have students correct the false statements.

84 80 ___________________________________________________________________________________ 80

79

77 74 70 ___________________________________________________________________________________ 75 73 69 60 ___________________________________________________________________________________ 60

62

50 ___________________________________________________________________________________ 40 ___________________________________________________________________________________

n

30 ___________________________________________________________________________________ 20 ___________________________________________________________________________________

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10 ___________________________________________________________________________________

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0 ____________________________________________________________________________________ Comedy/ Reality TV Action/ News Drama/ Sitcoms (including Crime Shows Soap Operas competitions and game shows) TRUE

FALSE

2. Women like watching the news more than men.

TRUE

FALSE

3. Men like watching action and crime shows more than women.

TRUE

FALSE

4. Women like watching drama and soap operas more than men.

TRUE

FALSE

5. Men like watching reality TV more than women.

TRUE

FALSE

K

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1. Women like watching comedy and sitcoms more than men.

IJ

Rank the kinds of TV shows you like to watch. 1= your most favorite, 5= your least favorite. Share with a partner: _____ news

_____ comedy/sitcoms

_____ drama / soap operas

_____ reality TV (including competitions and game shows) _____ action/crime shows

CULTURE TIP

Many people in the US like watching TV in their free time. Some people use a high-speed Internet streaming service to watch TV shows. Sometimes this is called “on-demand�. Streaming services are usually less expensive than television cable service, but cable usually offers more channels. Are streaming networks popular in your native country? What kinds of TV shows do people like watching?

Fo

Culture Tip Read the tip. You can discuss with students different ways to watch their favorite shows. Do your kids watch shows on TVs or on smart phones? Do you have cable? Do you stream TV shows?

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Answer Key: I. 2. False 3. True 4. True 5. False

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JK

4 Read the article. Answer the questions.

Can you really learn a language by watching TV?

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To get the most out of your TV and movie time, watch something that you think is interesting and entertaining. Sometimes, it can be helpful to turn on subtitles in English, too! DON’T worry if you don’t understand everything. FOCUS on what you DO understand and try to imagine what is happening even if you don’t understand all of the words.

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Many people like watching TV, streaming networks and movies in another language to help them learn more. But can watching TV really help you learn a new language? Studies suggest that it can! TV shows and movies have something of interest for just about everyone. Whether you like watching news, sitcoms, drama or reality TV, it can all help you learn more vocabulary and get more listening practice.

K. Before the activity, ask Can watching TV help you learn a language? Elicit answers. Then have students read the text to check their ideas and answer the questions.

1. Can watching TV help you learn a language?_______________________________________________ 2. What can be helpful while watching TV? __________________________________________________ 3. What can you do if you don’t understand everything? _______________________________________

L. This activity prepares students for Connect with Conversation.

What shows do you like watching during the week? Fill in the chart. NAME OF SHOW Win Big!

1. 2. 3.

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KL

KIND OF SHOW

game show

I LIKE IT BECAUSE IT’S … exciting

Fo

CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION

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Get to know a partner. Talk about: • the TV shows they like and don’t like watching and why • if they watch TV in English • if they use a streaming service and why/why not • if everyone in their home likes watching the same kinds of TV shows intercambio.org/students

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Answer Key: K. 1. Yes, it can. 2. Turning on the subtitles in English can be helpful. 3. Focus on what you do understand. L. Answers will vary. 28

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HOMEWORK

LM

Lesson 4 • I Like Watching TV

Complete the conversations. Circle the correct words. 1. Q: Do you like watch / watching TV?

Pre P

2. Q: Does she like / likes watching crime shows?

Walk through each homework activity. These are very similar to activities they did in class. Confirm they understand each activity. Do examples.

3. Q: Do / Does they like watching the news? 4. Q: Does Jane like watch / watching talent competitions? 5. Q: Does he like go / going to the gym?

MN

Complete the sentences with too or very.

tio

1. No, I don’t like watching the news, it’s ____________ boring.

n

6. Q: Do / Does you like study / studying English?

2. No, she doesn’t like crime shows. She thinks they are ____________ violent. 3. Yes, they like reality TV. They think it’s _____________ interesting.

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4. Yes, he loves watching sports. He thinks it’s _____________ entertaining.

JOURNAL PROMPT

What kinds of TV shows do you like watching and why?

A

____________________________________________________________________________

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____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

Fo

____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

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____________________________________________________________________________

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Answer Key: M. 2. like 3. Do 4. watching 5. going 6. Do/studying N. 1. too 2. too 3. very 4. very

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L5 WHAT WILL WE DO? By the end of the lesson, students will be able to: • Talk about different natural disasters • Make an emergency preparedness plan

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What to bring to class: • Table tents / paper to write student name or name tags • Prepared Disaster Cards for Grammar Activity F (optional) • Prepared Emergency Plan of your own • Hand mirror or use a phone in selfie mode to show mouth shapes in Pronunciation Activity • The Immigrant Guide to supplement the Culture Tip conversation • Pronunciation Fun to supplement the pronunciation activities

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Teacher notes: The same grammar focus in this lesson appears earlier in this book as well as in lesson 5 in 3R with a slightly different context to give students plenty of opportunity to practice. Warm-up: Greet students. Practice the material from last class by asking a few questions using the grammar and vocabulary. Review homework from last lesson. Listening Track 06

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Listening Track 07

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Jimmy: Hey Anika. How do you like living in California? Anika: It’s nice, but I am nervous about the earthquakes here. Jimmy: Yeah, we do have earthquakes sometimes. You need to make a plan, just in case. Anika: Okay, so what will I need to do if there’s an earthquake? Jimmy: If there’s an earthquake, you’ll need to get under a table while it’s going on. Anika: What else? Jimmy: When it’s over, you’ll need to evacuate your home in case there’s a fire. Anika: Anything else? Jimmy: You’ll need battery radio to listen to the news and get important information. Anika: Okay, so if there is an earthquake, I’ll get under a table. I won’t go outside until it’s over. I’ll buy a battery powered radio just in case. Jimmy: That sounds like a good plan. Anika: Thanks, Jimmy. I feel better now!

This is an update for the Clark Fire on September 7th at 4:00 p.m. The following areas are under an evacuation order: The Cathedral Oaks to Sunshine Canyon. If you live in these areas, you will need to evacuate immediately and head to the nearest shelter. Areas under evacuation warning: Glendale and Camino Viejo. The next update will be on September 8th at 8:00 a.m. To hear this alert again, press 1.

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5

WHAT WILL WE DO? Pre Pre

Listening warm-up. Track 06: Why is Anika nervous?

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Pre Explore the picture; ask What do you see in the pictures? Next, point out the warm-up question. Read aloud, write it on board. Play track once. Point to the question on board.

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES

AA

rD up

A. Have students repeat each word after you multiple times. Use facial expressions and body language where possible. Consider using a monolingual learners dictionary to supplement.

Repeat after your teacher.

hurricane

flood

earthquake

warning

wildfire

tsunami

tornado

evacuate

get under

blizzard

stay off the roads

PRONUNCIATION

Listen and repeat after your teacher. Practice the th sound. Touch the words you hear.

Fo A

boat

tree

eight

Bert

both

three

eighth

birth

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Pronunciation Read all the t words. Then read all the th words. Show students how the tongue positions are different for each sound. Have students use a mirror or cell phone to see the movement of the tongue. Read the instructions and then read random words. Have students touch the words they hear. See Pro Fun for more practice.

true through

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31


VOCABULARY PRACTICE

BB

EE

Look at the pictures. Write a sentence about the event using there’s. wildfire

tornado

blizzard

hurricane

flood

B. Read instructions and talk about the pictures. Go over answers.

There’s a wildfire.

n

FF

LISTENING

Listen again to Track 06. Circle what Anika will do if there is an earthquake. get under a table

stay off the roads

listen to the news

buy groceries

call the police

stay inside her house

LANGUAGE TOOLS

DD

get a flashlight

evacuate your home

rD up

CC

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tsunami

TIP:

Listen to your teacher and repeat.

QUESTIONS

there’s an earthquake? there’s a wildfire?

I’ll = I will what’ll = what will won’t = will not

ANSWERS

If there’s an earthquake,

I’ll get the family photos

Fo

What’ll you do if

evacuate the house.

I’ll

get a flashlight.

if there’s a wildfire.

Yes, I will.

Will you stay in your house?

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26

C. Read instructions. Play the listening track all the way through. Ask students to circle what Anika will do. Track can GG multiple times. be repeated

No, I won’t.

D. FOCUS: “If” conditional clauses. This type of conditional sentences have 2 parts: if + simple present + will verb. Either part of the sentence can come first. In short answers, we just use the will/won’t. Use a comma after the first part of the sentence when “if” comes first. Read chart aloud and have students repeat. Read the Tip Box. Point out to students that you need a comma after an “if” phrase.

Answer Key:

B. There’s a tornado. There’s a blizzard. There’s a tsunami. There’s a hurricane. There’s a flood. C. listen to the news, evacuate after it’s over

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5

GRAMMAR PRACTICE

EE

E. First, have students work individually and then compare their answers in pairs/groups. Finally, go through the answers together.

Complete the conversation with will or won’t. will we do if a hurricane comes to our town? Mary: I’m scared of hurricanes. What _________

John: If a hurricane comes to our town, we _______ listen to the news and we _______ evacuate our house if we need to. It’s dangerous to stand near the windows, so we _______ do that. Mary: Okay. ________ we have electricity? John: No, we ________ have electricity if the hurricane is strong. We ________ need some flashlights.

Answer the questions using I’ll, you’ll, he’ll, she’ll, we’ll, they’ll, will or won’t. 1. Q: What will she do if there’s a drought?

2. Q: Will you stay in your house?

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FF

n

Mary: Okay, I ________ buy some flashlights tomorrow in case we need them!

she’ll A: If there’s a drought, ___________save water.

3. Q: Will you stay in your house?

A: No, I ___________.

4. Q: What will they do if there’s a blizzard?

5. Q: Will he buy a flashlight? A: No, he ___________.

7. Q: What will they do if there’s a hurricane warning?

A: If there’s a blizzard, ___________ stay home.

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A: No, ____________ evacuate.

6. Q: What will she do if there’s a tornado? A: __________ go to a safe room.

8. Q: Will they stay off the roads? A: Yes, they ____________.

A: _________ watch the news.

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F. Read the instructions. Instruct students to fill in the blank with the correct word. Review what each contraction means. EXPANSION: Use Activity Cards. Write a natural disaster on index cards (one for each student). Hand out the cards. Ask each of them to find a partner and tell their partner one thing they would do if the disaster happens. Then trade cards and find a new partner and do the same. For 1 to 1, shuffle the cards and have them randomly pick a card.

9. Q: What will we do if there’s no electricity?

A: If there’s no electricity, _________ use a

10. Q: What will you do if there’s an earthquake?

flashlight.

GG

A: _______ get under a table.

Write the sentences using if, and the words in parentheses. _________________________________________________ If there’s a wildfire, she’ll evacuate _________________________________________________(wildfire/she/evacuate) or She’ll evacuate if there’s a wildfire. _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________(earthquake/ I / get under a table _________________________________________________

Fo

G. Read the instructions. Point out there are two ways to write the sentences. Go over answers together.

_________________________________________________(blizzard / they/ not drive) _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________(tornado / he / go inside his closet) _________________________________________________

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_________________________________________________(hurricane/ we / not stand near windows) intercambio.org/students

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Answer Key:

E. 2. will 3. will 4. won’t 5. will 6. won’t 7. will 8. will F. 2. won’t 3. I’ll 4. they’ll 5. won’t 6. She’ll 7. They’ll 8. will 9. we’ll 10. I’ll G. 2. If there’s an earthquake, I’ll get under the table / I’ll get under the table if there’s an earthquake. 3. If there’s a blizzard, they won’t drive / They won’t drive if there’s a blizzard. 4. If there’s a tornado, he’ll go inside his closet / He’ll go inside his closet if there’s a tornado. 5. If there’s a hurricane, we won’t stand near windows / We won’t stand near windows if there’s a hurricane. intercambio.org/teachers

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JJ

REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE Look at the text message. Answer the questions. 1. What kind of text message is this? An emergency alert. _______________________________________

2. Who is the text from? _______________________________________ 3. What kind of emergency is it? _______________________________________ 4. How long is the warning for? _______________________________________

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5. What do people need to do?

H. Read instructions and explain the text message. Explain “NWS” is the “National Weather Service.” Ask Has anyone ever seen an Emergency Alert on their phone? On their TV? For what emergency? Do you read them?

n

HH

_______________________________________

Listening Track 07. Circle the correct answer. 1. What kind of emergency is it?

a. a blizzard b. a wildfire

2. What area is under an evacuation order?

a. Cathedral Oaks b. Beachside

3. What should people do in those areas?

a. stay home

I. Read instructions. Play the listening track all the way through before checking answers or playing it again.

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II

KK

4. When will the next update be?

rD up

b. go to the nearest shelter

a. September 8th at 4:00 p.m. b. September 8th at 8:00 a.m.

[Need image of a person looking at a

CULTURE TIP

website with emergency plan info]

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Fo

You can check out this free government website, ready.gov/make-a-plan, to learn how to make a disaster plan for your family. This other webpage, ready.gov/be-informed, has information about many types of emergencies. Do you have an emergency plan? If so, what is it?

Culture Tip Read the tip. Ask students to share if they have plans already. Do they need a plan for every natural disaster where they live? What natural disasters happen in your native country?

Answer Key:

H. 2. NWS, National Weather Service 3. Flash Flood Warning 4. Until 3:00 a.m. 5. Avoid flood areas I. 2. a. Cathedral Oaks 3. b. go to the nearest shelter 4. b. September 8th at 8:00 a.m.

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JJ J. First, have students work in pairs to brainstorm what they should do before, during, and after tornado. Then have them read the chart to check their ideas and write about Harry’s plan.

5

Read Harry’s emergency plan. Answer the questions. Type of emergency: Tornadoes BEFORE:

DURING:

AFTER: o go outside and see if others need help

o download a weather app for my phone

o go to the safe room with cell phone

o wear long clothing if I need to clean up

o have a bag with a flashlight, dry food and blanket

o wait until the tornado o use my phone only to stops let my kids know I’m okay

1. Write one thing Harry will do before a tornado.

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o make a safe room in the house with no windows

n

o sign up for o grab pillows and emergency text alerts mattress to protect me

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He’ll sign up for emergency text alerts ____________________________________________________________________________________.

2. Write one thing he’ll do during a tornado.

____________________________________________________________________________________. 3. Write one thing he’ll do after the tornado.

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____________________________________________________________________________________.

KK

K. Read instructions. Show students an emergency plan you have prepared for yourself. Have them guess what type of emergency it is for.

Write your own emergency plan.

Type of emergency: _____________________________________ BEFORE:

DURING:

AFTER:

o

o

o

o

o

o

o

o

o

Fo

CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION

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Conversation Read instructions, including the suggested topics. Students can use their charts from the last activity.

Get to know a partner. Compare emergency plans. Talk about: • if they had an emergency plan before today • if they ever experienced an emergency, what kind and how they felt intercambio.org/students

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Answer Key: J. Answers will vary. K. Answers will vary. intercambio.org/teachers

35


HOMEWORK

LL

Lesson 5 • What Will We Do If There’s An Earthquake?

Complete the sentences.

Pre Pre

we’ll evacuate. (we) 1. If there’s a fire, _________

Walk through each homework activity. These are very similar to activities they did in class. Confirm that they understand each activity. Do examples.

2. __________ go under a table and stay inside if there’s an earthquake. (she) 3. __________ listen to the news if there’s a tsunami warning. (I) 4. If there’s a tornado, _________ go into the bathroom. (he) 5. If there’s a hurricane, _________ evacuate. (Peter and Rebecca)

MM

n

6. ____________ stand near the windows because it’s dangerous. (we/ not)

Look at Wendy’s emergency plan. Answer the questions.

BEFORE:

DURING:

o sign up for emergency P

o stay home

o have extra blankets P

o have a fire in my fireplace

AFTER: o check on neighbors

and food ready

1. What did Wendy do to prepare for a blizzard?

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alert texts

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My Plan: Blizzard

She signed up for emergency alerts and got blankets and food ____________________________________________________________________________________.

2. What will she do during a blizzard?

rD up

____________________________________________________________________________________. 3. What will she do after a blizzard?

____________________________________________________________________________________.

JOURNAL PROMPT

Which do you think is the worst: a tornado, earthquake or fire? Why?

____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

Fo

____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

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Answer Key: L. 2. She’ll 3. I’ll 4. he’ll 5. they’ll 6. We won’t M. 2. She will stay home and have a fire in her fireplace. 3. She will check on neighbors. 36

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AA


L6 HOW CAN I HELP YOU? By the end of the lesson, students will be able to: • Talk about things they need, things they are looking for, or things they want to do at the pharmacy

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What to bring to class: • Table tents / paper to write student name or name tags • Hand mirror or use a phone in selfie mode to show mouth shapes in Pronunciation Activity • Deck of playing cards for partnering (optional) • Prepared sentence strips or index cards for Activity F • Medicine bottles to discuss instructions, dosage, etc. for Culture Tip (optional) • The Immigrant Guide to supplement the Culture Tip conversation • Pronunciation Fun to supplement the pronunciation activities

Teacher notes: The same grammar focus in this lesson appears earlier in this book as well as in lesson 7 in 3R with a slightly different context to give students plenty of opportunity to practice.

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Use the following suggested definitions for the vocabulary that may be challenging to explain for 3L students: • antacids - medicine to reduce acid level in stomach

Listening Track 08

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Warm-up: Greet students. Practice the material from last class by asking a few questions using the grammar and vocabulary. Review homework from last lesson. Conversation starter: What do you do when you feel sick? Do you go to the doctor? What if he/she says you need medication?

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Fo

Pharmacy Tech: Good morning. How can I help you? Oliver: Hi. I’d like to buy some antacids and I’d like something for itching. Pharmacy Tech: Okay, sure. We have these pills for antacids and this ointment for itching. Oliver: Thank you very much. Pharmacy Tech: Of course. Is there anything else you need? Oliver: Yes, I’d also like to pick up a prescription and get a flu shot. Pharmacy Tech: Okay, no problem. We can help you with that right over here. You’ll need to wait a few minutes for us to fill your prescription, but you can take your blood pressure while you wait. Oliver: Okay, great. I’m going to do that. Thank you!

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6

HOW CAN I HELP YOU? Pre Pre

Listening warm-up. Track 08: Where are they?

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Pre Explore the picture; ask What do you see in the pictures? Next, point out the warm-up question. Read aloud, write it on board. Play track once. Point to the question on board. Elicit answers.

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES

AA

Repeat after your teacher.

ointment pain medication cough syrup

a toothache

pills

itching

indigestion

antacids

buy some medicine

pick up a prescription

get a flu shot

ointment

boy

toilet

toothache

noise

doing

outgoing

cough

Answer Key: Pronunciation: boy, toilet, noise

38

allergies

Practice the TURQUOISE TOY sound. Listen and repeat after your teacher. Underline the words with the TURQUOISE TOY sound.

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A

pharmacy

Fo

PRONUNCIATION

A. Have students repeat each word after you multiple times. If they struggle with the SILVER PIN sound, practice itch/each, pick/peek, pill/ peel.

rD up

take your blood pressure

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Pronunciation Read all the words. Show students how the mouth is shaped when making the sound. Let them look in the mirror at their mouths. Read the instructions and then read random words while students underline words with the TOY sound.


VOCABULARY PRACTICE

BB

E

Write the words from the word box in the correct column.

B. Read instructions and explain the columns. Go over answers.

pain medication, itching, pills, get a flu shot, allergies, cough syrup, indigestion, a toothache, antacids, pick up a prescription, take your blood pressure, buy some medicine, ointment THINGS YOU CAN BUY

THINGS YOU CAN DO 1. _______________________

1. _______________________

2. _______________________

2. _______________________

2. _______________________

3. _______________________

3. _______________________

3. _______________________

4. _______________________

4. _______________________

4. _______________________

1. Oliver would like to buy some pain medicine.

TRUE

FALSE

TRUE

FALSE

3. He’d like to pick up a prescription.

TRUE

FALSE

4. He needs to wait to pick up his prescription.

TRUE

FALSE

5. He’s not going to take his blood pressure.

TRUE

FALSE

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2. They have some pills for itching.

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LANGUAGE TOOLS

DD

F

G

Listen to your teacher and repeat. QUESTIONS

I’m

How

can

I

help

looking for

for

pain medication. cough syrup. allergies. indigestion.

H

to buy some cough syrup. to pick up a prescription. to get a flu shot.

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ANSWERS

something

you?

I’d like

Fo

D. FOCUS: Prepositions “to” and “for.” Read chart aloud and have students repeat. Review the two contractions (I’m = I am, I’d = I would)

tio

C. Read instructions. Play the listening track again. Track can be repeated multiple times. EXPANSION: Have students correct the false statements.

Listen again to Track 08. Circle the correct answer.

n

pain medication 1. _______________________

LISTENING

CC

HEALTH PROBLEMS

Answer Key:

B. Things You Can Buy: pills, cough syrup, antacids, ointment / Things You Can Do: get a flu shot, pick up a prescription, take your blood pressure, buy some medicine / Health Problems: itching, allergies, indigestion, a toothache C. 2. true 3. true 4. true 5. false

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6

GRAMMAR PRACTICE

EE

Complete the sentences with to or for.

E. Read the instructions and the example. First, have students work individually and then compare their answers in pairs/groups. Finally, go through the answers together.

to 1. He’d like _________ buy some cough syrup. 2. She’d like something _________ itching. 3. We’d like _________ pick up a prescription. 4. Ana would like something _________ allergies. 5. They’d like _________ buy some antacids. 6. I’d like _________ get a flu shot.

n

7. He’d like _________ take his blood pressure. 8. We’d like _________ buy some ointment. 10. Leo would like _________ buy pain medicine for a toothache.

HH

1. ____ d She’s looking

a. pick up our prescriptions.

2. ____ He’d like something for

b. to get flu shot.

3. ____ They need

c. for indigestion.

4. ____ We’d like to

d. for pain medicine.

5. ____ I need something

e. allergies.

Complete the conversation with to or for.

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GG

Put the words in the correct order.

TIP:

tech = technician

Pharmacy tech:

Hello. How can I help you?

Customer:

for cough syrup. Good morning. I’m looking (1) _________

Pharmacy tech:

Sure. We have some right here. Do you need (2) _________ buy anything else?

Customer:

I’d like something (3) _________ allergies and I’d also like (4) _________ get a flu shot.

Pharmacy tech:

Okay. Would you like (5) _________ take your blood pressure, too?

Customer:

Yes, please. Oh – and I need something (6) _________ indigestion.

Pharmacy tech:

No problem. This medicine is good for that.

rD up

FF

F. Read the instructions. Instruct students to write the correct letter on the line. EXPANSION: Write sentences strips of paper or index cards. Cut the strips into pieces and have students put them together to form sentences. Cut “to” and “for” into separate pieces. They can work as a group—or individually if you have enough cards.

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9. Brenda and Lilia would like something _________ indigestion.

Write complete sentences. Use the words in parentheses.

Fo

They’re looking for pain medication. 1. _____________________________________________________ (they / looking / pain medication). 2. _____________________________________________________ (she / need something / itching). 3. _____________________________________________________ (we / take blood pressure).

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4. _____________________________________________________ (he / looking / cough syrup.

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33

H. Read instructions. Point out they might need to use a contraction at the beginning. Remind students to use capital letters at the beginning and periods at the end of each sentence. EXPANSION: Do this as a sentence scramble on colored index cards.

Answer Key:

E. 2. for 3. to 4. for 5. to 6. to 7. to 8. to 9. for 10. to F. 2. e 3. b 4. a 5. c G. 2. to 3. for 4. to 5. to 6. for H. 2. She needs something for itching. 3. We’d like to take our blood pressure. 4. He’s looking for cough syrup. 40

Teacher Book 3 LEFT


REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE

II I. Read instructions and the page from the website aloud. EXPANSION: Have students predict the right answers without reading the text. Then have them read the text to check themselves. After they read it, have them summarize the information. Ask What did you read about? or What did you learn?

J

Read the website information. Circle the correct answers to the questions.

Getting a prescription filled

n

The most common place to fill a prescription is at a local pharmacy. Some pharmacies are located inside of a grocery or large “chain” store. It is also possible to fill a prescription by mail.

tio

It is best to fill all of your prescriptions with the same pharmacy. That way, the pharmacy has a record of all the medicines you are taking. This helps prevent bad drug interactions. Your health insurance may require you to use certain pharmacies. They may not pay for your prescription if you do not use one of these pharmacies. In the US, pharmacies may have different prices for the same medication. To find a pharmacy that takes your health insurance:

Call the phone number on the back of your insurance card.

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• •

Call the pharmacy you want to use to see if they have a contract with your insurance company.

b. at a local pharmacy.

2. “Fill a prescription” is the same as a. pick up a prescription.

b. return a prescription.

3. Pharmacies can be located inside a grocery store. a. true

b. false

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1. The most common place to fill a prescription is a. at a doctor’s office.

K

4. It is best to pick up your prescriptions at the same pharmacy because a. they have a record of your medicines. b. they have the cheapest prices.

b. know the number on your insurance card.

CULTURE TIP

All medicine comes with directions on the label. It’s important to read the directions carefully. They will tell you how often to take the medicine, how much to take, what kind of side effects it can cause, and what to do if the medicine doesn’t work. You can only get prescriptions at a pharmacy after talking to your doctor. Is this the same in your native country? Where do you buy medicine in the US?

Fo

Culture Tip Read the tip. Ask students to share if they have recently been to a pharmacy. Where was it? Did they have to show an insurance card? Optional: Bring in medicine bottles to discuss instructions, dosage, etc. Use The Immigrant Guide health and medical section to spark more conversation.

5. You can call the pharmacy to ask if they a. have a contract with your insurance company.

Student Book 3 LEFT

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Answer Key: I. 2. a 3. a 4. a 5. a

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6

Name: Luisa Problem: allergies Wants: • allergy pills • take blood pressure

Name: Fiona Problem: toothache Wants: • pain medication • pick up a prescription

____________________________________________________________.

2. I need something for

____________________________________________________________.

3. I’m looking for

____________________________________________________________.

4. I’d like to

____________________________________________________________.

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1. My name is

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Name: Fazlollah Problem: indigestion Wants: • antacids • get a flu shot

K. Read instructions. You can use Activity G to demonstrate what their interactions should sound like.

ROLE-PLAY! Imagine you are one of the people above. Your partner works at the pharmacy. Take turns asking for things you need, are looking for or want to do.

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CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION

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Get to know a partner. Talk about: • which pharmacy they like to go to and why • what they do when they start to feel sick • if they like using prescription medicine or natural products • what kinds of things people do in their native country when they’re sick

Answer Key: J. Answers will vary. K. Answers will vary. 42

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Imagine you are one of the people below. Write what you need and want to do at the pharmacy.

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JJ

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Conversation Read instructions, including the suggested topics. EXPANSION: Use Activity Cards. If you have several students, you can use colored index cards or a deck of playing cards to partner students. (Give two students Kings, two students Queens, two students Jacks, etc. Then tell your students to find someone with the matching card.)


HOMEWORK

LL

Lesson 6 • How Can I Help You?

Complete the sentences with to or for. 1. She’s looking ________ for antacids.

Pre P

2. They’d like ________ take their blood pressure. 3. We’d like ________ pick up a prescription. 4. He needs something ________ indigestion. 5. Mary would like ________ get a flu shot. 6. Nico and Vera are looking ________ pain medication.

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7. We need something ________ allergies.

9. He’d like ________ buy some medicine.

MM

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8. She’s looking ________ an ointment.

Write complete sentences. Use the words in parentheses.

She’s looking for pain medication. 1. _________________________________________________________________________________

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(she / looking / pain medication).

2. _________________________________________________________________________________ (we / need something / indigestion).

3. _________________________________________________________________________________

A

(we / like / take blood pressure).

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4. _________________________________________________________________________________ (he / looking / cough syrup).

5. _________________________________________________________________________________ (she / need something / itching).

JOURNAL PROMPT

How is medicine or the price of medicine different in your native country?

____________________________________________________________________________

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____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

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____________________________________________________________________________

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Answer Key:

L. 2. to 3. to 4. for 5. to 6. for 7. for 8. for 9. to M. 2. We need something for indigestion. 3. We’d like to take our blood pressure. 4. He’s looking for cough syrup. 5. She needs something for itching. intercambio.org/teachers

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L7 I USED TO PLAY OUTSIDE

What to bring to class: • Table tents / paper to write student name or name tags • Hand mirror to show mouth shapes • The Immigrant Guide to supplement the Culture Tip conversation • Pronunciation Fun to supplement the pronunciation activities

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By the end of the lesson, students will be able to: • Talk about things they used to do throughout their childhood • Have simple personal interviews with others • Know the difference between small talk and other conversations

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Teacher notes: Read ahead for Lesson 8—Review and Progress Check. Prepare how you will lead the Review and give the Progress Check. Consider assigning the self-reflection in the Student Book as homework in addition to the regularly assigned homework at the end of lesson 7.

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Prepare for Field Trip Lesson 9: • Where will you go? How will you prepare them? Words, phrases, logistics. • If you are not going out, consider arranging the classroom as a place and have them role play. • Consider a guest speaker or a former student to share stories about how they learned English.

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Warm-up: Greet students. Practice the material from last class by asking a few questions using the grammar and vocabulary. Review homework from last lesson. Warm up question: Do you remember your favorite thing you did growing up?

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Listening Track 09 Grandma: Lila – are you watching TV again?? Lila: Yeah! Didn’t you watch a lot of TV when you were a child, Grandma? Grandma: Oh no, Lila, I didn’t. I used to play outside. Lila: What did you do outside? Grandma: Oh I used to do all kinds of things like play with the neighbors, climbs trees, ride my bike. It was a lot of fun! Lila: How about my dad? What did he do when he was younger? Grandma: When he was a child, he played a lot outside too. He used to get into trouble sometimes. Lila: What kind of trouble? Grandma: Well, he used to argue with his siblings, but now they almost never fight. Lila: How about when he was a teenager? Grandma: When he was a teenager, he used to eat a lot of junk food, but now he eats very healthy! Lila: Did he stay out late? Grandma: No, he didn’t. He used to have a curfew! Lila: What’s that? Grandma: He used to have to be home by 10PM. Lila: Wow – that’s late!

Listening Track 10 Paula: Before I came here, I lived in El Salvador. I worked as a cook in my family’s restaurant. I used to wash the dishes and help with the cooking. I didn’t use to speak English but now I can. After I came here, I used to spend a lot of time alone. But then I went to English classes. My teacher was very nice and helped me. I made a lot of friends. Now I own my own restaurant and can talk to people. I used to feel scared, but now I feel proud. 44

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7

I USED TO PLAY OUTSIDE Pre Pre

Listening warm-up. Track 09: I used to play outside.

A. Have students repeat each phrase after you multiple times.

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Pre Explore the picture: Ask What do you see in the pictures? Next, point out the warm-up question. Read aloud, write it on board. Play track once. Point to the question on board. Elicit answers.

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES Repeat after your teacher.

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AA

smoke cigarettes

get in trouble

collect something

stay out late

argue with my siblings

have a curfew

eat junk food

child

play outside

teenager

sleep in

young adult

PRONUNCIATION

Fo

Listen and repeat after your teacher. Practice the y and j sounds.

A

Y SOUND

1. 2. 3. 4.

yesterday ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________

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Pronunciation Read all the words. Show students how the mouth is shaped when making the sounds. Let them look in the mirror at their mouths. TIP: It can be helpful to position the mirror so students can see their mouth and your mouth in it at the same time. Read the instructions and then give students time to fill in the chart. Point out that the words don’t necessarily begin with a y or j. Go over answers.

J SOUND 1. 2. 3. 4.

___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________

yesterday junk food January generous

young you generic used to

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Answer Key: Y sound: young, you, used to J sound: junk food, January, generous, generic intercambio.org/teachers

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VOCABULARY PRACTICE

BB

EE

Check the columns to show how old you were when you did these things. Share with a partner. ACTIVITY

CHILD

TEENAGER

ADULT

NEVER DID THIS

collect things (dolls, stamps, books, coins) eat junk food watch TV play outside

B. Read instructions and explain the columns. Point out that the directions are not asking for a specific age. Go over answers.

smoke cigarettes

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stay out late argue with my siblings

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have a curfew get into trouble sleep in

LISTENING

Listen again to Track 09. Circle the activities that Lila’s dad used to do. get into trouble

watch TV

play outside

eat junk food

eat healthy

stay out late

LANGUAGE TOOLS

DD

have a curfew

Listen to your teacher and repeat. QUESTIONS

ANSWERS

What did you use to do when you were younger?

Where did you live when you were a child?

Did you use to watch TV when you were a kid?

I

I don’t.

but now

I live in the US.

live in Mexico,

didn’t use to

Yes, I did. No, I didn’t.

Student Book 3 LEFT

Answer Key: C. argue with his siblings, eat junk food, have a curfew

Teacher Book 3 LEFT

stay out late,

used to

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used to

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Where did you use to live?

46

argue with his siblings

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CC

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FF

I do.

C. Read instructions. Play the listening track all the way through. Instruct students to circle the activities Lila’s dad used to do. Track can be repeated multiple times. D. GG FOCUS: Questions with “use to + verb” and statements with “used to + verb.” Used to is a regular verb. It indicates a change from the past to the present. Since it always refers to the past, “-d” is added to the base form of the word use. When the statement is positive, used to is the correct form (I used to dance a lot). When the statement is negative, use to is the correct form (I didn’t use to dance a lot). NOTE: In spoken English, “used to” and “use to” can be very hard to differenciate. Tell students they might not hear the difference - to pay attention to whether or not “didn’t” comes before “use”.


E. Read the instructions. Ask students to circle the correct answer. NOTE: The base form of the verb is used after “to”.

7

GRAMMAR PRACTICE

EE

Look at the questions. Circle the correct word. 1. Q: What did you use to do when you were a child? A: I used to play / playing a lot outside, but now I don’t have time. 2. Q: What did she do when she was a teenager? A: She used to ate / eat junk food, but now she doesn’t. 3. Q: Did they use to sleep in when they were teenagers? A: Yes, they used to sleep / slept in late every morning, but now they can’t.

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F. 4. Q: What did he collect when he was a child? Read the instructions. A: He used to collecting / collect comic books, but now he doesn’t. Instruct students to write the correct words on the line. NOTE: If the action is not positive, the used to in the first part of the sentence will be paired F F Complete the sentences with used to or didn’t use to. with the negative in the didn’t use to 1. He ___________________________ play outside, but now he does. second part of the sentence and vice versa. EXPANSION: 2. They ___________________________ sleep in, but now they don’t. Write sentences strips of 3. She ___________________________ smoke cigarettes, but now she doesn’t. paper or index cards. Cut 4. Benji ___________________________ have a curfew, but now he does. the strips into pieces and have students put them together to form sentences. Cut “used to” “didn’t” and “use to” into separate pieces. They can work as a group—or individually if GG Write complete sentences about what the people used to do. Rewrite the sentences. Use “used to” or “didn’t use to”. you have enough cards. 1. I lived in El Salvador when I was a child, but now I don’t. I used to live in El Salvador. ________________________________________________________

2. They ate a lot of junk food when they were young, but now they don’t. ________________________________________________________

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G. Read the instructions. Go over answers together. EXPANSION: Have students re-write the sentences again but in opposite form (I didn’t use to live in El Salvador).

3. Brad collected coins when he was a teenager, but now he doesn’t. ________________________________________________________

4. Jenny didn’t ride her bike to work last year, but now she does.

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Answer Key:

E. 1. play 2. eat 3. sleep 4. collect F. 2. used to 3. used to 4. didn’t use to G. 2. They used to eat a lot of junk food when they were young. 3. Brad used to collect coins when he was a teenager. 4. Jenny didn’t use to ride her bike to work. intercambio.org/teachers

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REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE

HH

II

Read about Liz Claiborne. Answer the questions.

H. Read instructions. Instruct students to circle true or false. EXPANSION: Have students correct the false statements.

A Road to Success Name: Liz Claiborne Where did she live when she was a child? She used to live in Brussels, Belgium with her family. She moved to the US when she

What did she do when she was a teenager? As a teenager, she didn’t go to school, because her father

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thought she didn’t need to. She used to travel to Europe to study art and painting.

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was a child.

What did she do when she was a young adult? When she was a young adult, she moved to Manhattan where she drew and designed clothing for work.

not a lot of clothing options for businesswomen.

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How did she use to feel growing up? She used to feel frustrated as a young adult, because there were

What is something she did as an adult? She worked very hard and started her own clothing company. What is her biggest accomplishment? She was the first female chief executive officer (CEO) of a “Fortune 500” company. Today her clothes are very popular.

TRUE

FALSE

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1. Liz Claiborne used to live in the US when she was a child. 2. Her father used to take her to school.

TRUE

FALSE

3. She didn’t used to draw and design clothing for work.

TRUE

FALSE

4. There used to be a lot of clothing options for businesswomen.

TRUE

FALSE

5. Her clothes are very popular.

TRUE

FALSE

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CULTURE TIP

In the US, when people want to get to know others, they often talk about things like sports, movies, shopping and the weather. This is called “small talk.” To get to know someone better, and have a deeper conversation, you can ask them questions about their family, their past experiences and their opinions. What kinds of things do you ask to get to know someone? Student Book 3 LEFT

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Answer Key: H. 2. False 3. False 4. False 5. True 48

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Culture Tip Read the tip. Ask students to share examples of questions they might ask for “small talk” versus questions for a deeper conversation.


Listen to Track 10. Circle the words or phrases you hear.

Paula’s story BEFORE 1. She used to live in

a. El Salvador.

b. the US.

2. She used to work as a

a. nail technician.

b. cook.

3. She used to work in her

a. family’s salon.

b. family’s restaurant.

4. She didn’t use to

a. wash dishes.

b. speak English.

5. She used to

a. be friendly.

b. be alone.

6. Her teacher was

a. very nice and helped her.

a. restaurant.

b. nail salon.

8. She feels

a. proud.

b. scared.

Think about things that are different in your life now. Fill out the chart with your information. BEFORE

NOW

I used to live ____________________________.

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J. Read instructions and give students time to fill in the blanks so they can use this activity in their conversations in the next section.

7. She owns her own

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JJ

b. very smart and friendly.

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NOW

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I. Read instructions. Play the listening track. Track can be repeated multiple times.

II

7

I used to work (or study) at ________________. I used to _____________ when I was a child.

I used to ____________ when I was a teenager. I used to be ____________________________. I used to feel ___________________________.

I used to like ____________________________.

CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION

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Conversation Have students talk to theirs partner first. Then, have students share the information about their partner. If students need additional vocabulary for this activity, generate a list on the board.

Get to know a partner. Talk about: • how their life is different now than before • how they felt when they moved here and how they feel now • something they are proud of in their life intercambio.org/students

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Answer Key: I. 2. b 3. b 4. b 5. b 6. a 7. a 8. a J. Answers will vary. intercambio.org/teachers

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HOMEWORK

KK

Lesson 7 • I Used To Play Outside

Circle the correct words to complete the sentences.

Don’t forget to assign Progress Check checklist on p.43 for homework.

1. We used to go / going to the beach every summer, but now we don’t. 2. They didn’t use to eat / ate healthy, but now they do. 3. He didn’t use to drive / drove a car, but now he has a driver’s license. 4. We used to watch / watching TV, but now we do. 5. She never use to do / did her homework, but now she does. 6. I used to smoke / smokes cigarettes, but I quit last year.

Look at the questions. Write answers with “used to” and the words in parentheses.

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LL

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7. You used to be / being late, but now you arrive early.

I used to watch cartoons (cartoons) 1. What did you watch when you were a child? _____________________________________.

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2. Where did he use to live?_________________________________________________________. (Syria)

3. What did she use to do? ______________________________________________. (argue with siblings)

4. Where did they use to go?____________________________________________________. (to the lake)

JOURNAL PROMPT

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5. How did we use to feel?_________________________________________________________. (scared)

What are some things you use to do when you were younger? Do you do them now? Why or why not? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

Fo

____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

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Answer Key: K. 1. go 2. eat 3. drive 4. watch 5. used to do 6. smoke 7. be L. 2. He used to live in Syria. 3. She used to argue with siblings. 4. They used to go to the lake. 5. She used to feel scared. 50

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L8 REVIEW & PROGRESS CHECK What to bring to class: • Dice (or use an app on your phone) - one per pair Timing Note: • The Review and Progress Check can take as long as two hours (about one hour each). Be sure to allow for enough time for your students to work uninterrupted on the progress check. • Adapt lesson 8 to fit the needs of your particular teaching situation. For example, if the schedule allows, consider doing the review in one class and the progress check in another.

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Giving the Progress Check: • First, let the students know the schedule for the class. Tell them they can do it! Go over the whole test with students, letting them know that you’ll be pulling them out individually for the oral section. • Let students know they can ask you questions and that this is a time to see what they have learned.

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A: Listening Track • Do the listening together (Activity A). Once complete, students will work on the rest of the progress check at their own pace. You’ll pull students out for the oral section individually. • Explain to the students that you will play the listening only 3 times (no exceptions). If in a group, you will all listen together for 3 times. For 1-1 classes, only play the track 3 times, even if your student doesn’t complete the full activity. • Read the instructions together as you would in a normal lesson.

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Listening: Track 11 Woman: Excuse me, can you help me? Grocery store worker (GSW): Sure. How can I help you? Woman: I’m looking for a few things before tomorrow’s big blizzard but can’t find them. GSW: I understand. It’s good to stock up on supplies. What are you looking for? Woman: I need to get 2 gallons of water, some bread, a pack of batteries, and pain medication. GSW: No problem. The water and batteries are on aisle 4. The bread is just over here. The pain medication is on aisle 10 next to the pharmacy. Woman: Great. Thank you! GSW: No problem. Can I help you with anything else? Woman: I’m wondering if I need extra flashlights in case the blizzard knocks out the power. GSW: The flashlights are on aisle 4 too.

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G: Speaking Repeat the question one time if needed. Do not give prompts to the student. Score explanation: 2 = Understood question, answered question in a complete sentence AND used correct grammar (from any lesson) 1 = Understood question BUT answered with incorrect grammar and/or an incomplete sentence 0 = Did not understand question, did not give answer OR answer did not make sense for question GRADING & SCORING After grading, write the correct number out of 100 at the top of the progress check in the Student Book. Be sure to review any incorrect responses together before moving on to lesson 10. NOTE: As long as an answer is grammatically correct (whether it uses the structure taught in this level or not), students should be given full credit. SCORING

26 Total pts 1st pg.

Note: When grading, do not count examples as correct. Skip them.

24 Total pts 2nd pg

At bottom of each progress check page is a point scale. Write the number of correct answers (e.g. 24 / 26 points)

x2

Multiply number of correct answers by 2 for final score out of 100

100 Total points possible intercambio.org/teachers

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8

REVIEW & PROGRESS CHECK

This should have been completed as homework. If it wasn’t, give students time to work on it. Pair students to share their responses.

Check the items you can do. Review the items you can’t. I can… o talk about things I like to do in different tenses (past, present and future) (lesson 1) o compare different people I know in my life (lesson 2) o talk about safety items in my home (lesson 3)

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o talk about emergency situations (lesson 3) o compare types of movies and talk about likes and dislikes (lesson 4)

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o share about movies, music and things I like to do (lesson 4) o share ideas about what to do and how to stay safe if a weather event happens (lesson 5) o ask for help when looking for something (lesson 6)

Answer the questions.

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o share things that I used to do in the past and don’t do now (lesson 7)

1. What is one thing you can do now?

_____________________________________________________________________________________ 2. Write five words you know now.

Generate a list of words on the board. Students can explain the words to each other.

_____________________________________

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_____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________

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_____________________________________

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E

REVIEW & PRACTICE

AA

Look at the chart. Write as many words as you know in each column. Compare with a partner.

A. After students share in pairs, generate a list for each category of everyone’s words on the board.

DESCRIPTIONS OF PEOPLE

TV SHOWS

WEATHER STORMS AND EVENTS

ITEMS IN A PHARMACY

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nice

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BB

Circle the correct word.

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1. I was too/ very full. I couldn’t eat another bite. 2. His son is too / very smart.

F

3. They like watching sports. It’s too / very entertaining.

4. She doesn’t watch soap operas because she thinks they are too / very silly. 5. I used to eat too / very much junk food. Now I eat healthy food.

Check things you used to do in the past but don’t do now. Circle the things you do now. Compare with a partner.

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CC

DD

o eat junk food

o play games

o have a curfew

o get into trouble

o drink coffee

o sleep in

o collect o play outside ____________________ o work o stay out late

o go on vacation

o cook

o watch TV

o smoke

o speak another language

o live with my family

Write the correct verb in the blank.

was working 1. When she heard the alarm, she _______________________. (work)

Fo

2. I _______________________ (cook) dinner when the alarm went off. 3. They were watching TV when they _______________________ (hear) sirens. 4. We _______________________ (drive) to the airport when we got in an accident. 5. When Mark was carrying his groceries, he _______________________ (fall down). Student Book 3 LEFT

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Answer Key:

A. Answers will vary.

B. 2. very 3. very 4. too 5. too C. Answers will vary. D. 2. was cooking 3. heard 4. were driving 5. fell down intercambio.org/teachers

53


_____________________________________________ (evacuate the house)

2. What’ll he do if there’s a tornado?

_____________________________________________ (go inside his closet)

3. What’ll they do if there’s a tsunami?

_____________________________________________ (evacuate)

4. What’ll she do if there’s a blizzard?

_______________________________________________ (buy supplies and stay home)

5. What’ll you do if there’s a flood?

_______________________________________________ (stay off the roads)

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1. What’ll you do if there’s an earthquake?

Complete the sentence with the item. Circle to or for.

1.He’s looking to / for

2. They need to / for buy

Fo

ointment

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FF

Write the correct verb in the blank.

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8

5. I’d like something to / for

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4. They’d like something to / for

3. She’d like to / for pick up her

6. Shelia would like to / for get a

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45

Answer Key:

E. 1. If there’s an earthquake, I’ll evacuate the house. 2. If there’s a tornado, he’ll go inside his closet. 3. If there’s a tsunami, they’ll evacuate. 4. If there’s a blizzard, she’ll buy supplies and stay home. 5. If there’s a flood, I’ll stay off the roads. F. 2. to/cough syrup (medicine) 3. to/prescription (medicine, pills) 4. for/indigestion 5. for/allergies 6. to/flu shot 54

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Review Game. Play with a partner or in a small group. Put a marker on START. Roll the dice. Move your marker the correct number of spaces. Answer the question.

START

G. To provide for as much student talk time as possible, pairing students is preferable to having them work in small groups.

A

When do you do laundry?

When do you make dinner?

What are you like?

What kinds of TV shows do you not like?

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Tell me about what someone in your family is like.

What kinds of TV shows What kinds of TV shows does your partner like? do you like to watch?

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What’ll you do if you can’t go to class?

What’ll you do if there’s a tornado?

What’ll you do if there’s a blizzard?

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What’ll you do if you get a headache?

B

Where did you use to live?

What did your partner use to do when they were a teenager?

What did you use to do when you were younger?

What did your partner use to do when they were younger?

What did you use to do when you were a teenager?

C

Fo

END

Tell me about something that happened in the news.

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GG

Student Book 3 LEFT

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8

PROGRESS CHECK Total: 50 x 2 = 100

a. the hurricane

b. the blizzard

2. She needs

a. 2 gallons of water

b. 4 gallons of water

3. She needs

a. 1 pack of batteries

b. 3 packs of batteries

4. The pain medication is on

a. aisle 4

b. aisle 10

5. The flashlights are on

a. aisle 4

b. aisle 10

Write the words in the correct box. (1 point each) DO

MAKE

do the dishes 1. _____________________________

1. _____________________________

2. _____________________________

2. _____________________________

3. _____________________________

3. _____________________________

mistake good job homework list laundry dinner your best someone a favor sure to

CC

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dishes money

Answer Key: 2. gallons of water 3. 1 pack of batteries 4. aisle 10 5. aisle 4

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1. She is getting things before

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BB

Listen to Track 11. Listen to the conversation. Circle the correct answer. (2 points each)

4. _____________________________

A. Say, I will play the track 3 times. Read the instructions aloud. Play track 3 times without pausing.

B. Say, Now you will work alone.

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AA

My score________/ 100

4. _____________________________

5. _____________________________

Answer Key: Do: 2. do a good job 3. do homework 4. do the laundry 5. do your best 6. do someone a favor Make: 1. make a mistake 2. make a list 3. make dinner 4. make sure to

Circle the correct words. (2 points each)

1. I was doing / did the dishes when the alarm went off.

C. Answer Key: 2. evacuated 3. fell 4. saw 5. was going 6. was driving

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2. When Marco was evacuating/evacuated, the fire was burning four blocks away. 3. They were carrying laundry when they were falling/fell down. 4. Gina was talking when we were seeing/saw a tsunami.

5. When the fire fighters arrived, the carbon monoxide detector was going /went off. 6. She was driving/drove to the store when she heard the tornado siren.

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Review Your Answers: Lesson 1: B.1-11, E.3 Lesson 2: D.3, E.2, E.6, F.3,5 Lesson 3: C.1-6 Lesson 4: D.1-6, F.2 Lesson 5: A.1, C.2,4,6, E.1,E.5 Lesson 6: A.2-5, E.4, F.4 Lesson 7: D.2,6, E.7, F.1 56

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D. Answer Key: 2. too 3. very 4. very 5. very 6. too.

DD

Complete the sentences with too or very. (2 points each) too 1. He doesn’t like educational shows, he thinks they are __________ boring.

2. I used to sleep __________ much. I missed class at least once a week. 3. His sister is __________ smart. She gets very good grades. 4. He was __________ full, but he still could eat cake.

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Correct the mistakes in the sentences below. (1 point each) 1. If it’s raining tomorrow, she’s bring an umbrella.

3. When do you do dinner?

_________________

_________________

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2. He is the patientest teacher at school.

she’ll _________________

4. They’d like something to indigestion.

_________________

5. What you do if there’s an earthquake?

_________________

6. The Smiths isn’t as fun as the Garcias.

_________________

7. What does she go last night?

_________________

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E. Answer Key: 2. most patient 3. make 4. for 5. what’ll 6. aren’t 7. did she do

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5. We think crime shows are __________ entertaining.

FF

STOP. Wait for your teacher. (2 points each) Score

A. 0

1

2

B.

0

1

2

C. 0

1

2

D. 0

1

2

E. 0

1

2

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F. Say Activity F is about speaking English. I will ask you a question. You will answer. For example, How are you? (Elicit response.) Follow with questions 1-5 in box below.

48

Teacher Notes Lesson 7: Lesson 4: Lesson 2: Lesson 6: Lesson 2:

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Next, ask questions 1-3. You can repeat the question one time. Do not give prompts to the student. 1. What did you use to do when you were younger? 2. Do you like watching the news? [pause wait for answer] Why? 3. What are your neighbors like? Then, say Now you will ask me questions. For example: ‘Ask me what my name is.’ See if students respond and say ‘What’s your name?’ If they don’t, help them before asking the next two questions. 4. Ask me if I need help. [CORRECT ANSWER: How can I help you?/Do you need help?] 5. Ask me about my family. [CORRECT ANSWER: What is your family like?/Do you have a big family? etc.] intercambio.org/teachers

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L9 FIELD TRIP Lesson 9 in every Confidence and Connections book is a field trip. The goal for the field trip is to provide your students with the opportunity to engage in the community in English and, in some instances, connect to resources of which they may not be aware. Take your students to a location that will be helpful for them in the long run.

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Tips for a successful field trip: Visit the location ahead of time. Anticipate any challenges that may come up. Speak with the appropriate person at the site to let them know what is going on (if appropriate). If someone will be talking with your students, give them information about the students’ levels and tips for effectively communicating with English language learners. • Make sure students are aware of where and when class will meet on field trip day. Bring a map to class on lesson 7 or 8. Emphasize that the field trip is a part of the class, not an extra activity. • We suggest you meet your student at the field trip location, or take public transportation together. • Once everyone has arrived, give an overview of the visit. It is up to you how you want to structure it and what other activities - games, conversation, etc. - you want to include. • Check to see that your students have their books and pens. • Spend time before the field trip (in class or as homework), or at the beginning of the day, filling out the first portion of the field trip lesson in the student book (Important Words and Phrases I Want to Use, Questions I Plan to Ask). • Make sure your students are prepared to interact in English. You may want to create a list of questions, or practice through role play beforehand. • Before you have students work with the book, briefly review the activities. As students work, make yourself available for questions. You may want to pair / group students. • Although the purpose of the field trip is largely to allow students to experience English in a real-world setting and recording “correct” answers is not the focus, you may want to complete the activities yourself so that you can check their answers later. At the end of the visit, discuss the experience. Use the second half of the field trip lesson in the student book (Things I Saw or Found, People I Talked To, Notes) for this reflection. Have students discuss their findings in pairs or small groups before having a class discussion.

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After the discussion, assign homework. Remind students of the day and time of the next class. It is also a good idea to review the field trip at the start of the next lesson. If leaving the classroom is not possible, create a virtual field trip in the room or bring in a guest speaker to share information about a local resource. Prep the speaker with information about your class and any tips they need to communicate effectively with English language learners.

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There are a few suggested places to visit listed at the top of Field Trip page in the student book. Or, consider somewhere else: a grocery store (practice vocabulary, apply for a store card, scavenger hunt), library (get a tour, apply for a library card), department or hardware store, rec center, urgent care center, bus station, restaurant, neighborhood or city walk (follow a map, scavenger hunt), museum, post office, drugstore, apartment for rent, city council meeting, public event (such as a farmer’s market, or outdoor festival).

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9 Pick a location or an activity: Pharmacy / Weather Center / Watch a TV show together My Idea: _______________________________________ Address: _________________________________________________ Date and time to meet: _____________________ _______a.m. / p.m. IMPORTANT WORDS AND PHRASES I WANT TO USE _________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

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QUESTIONS I PLAN TO ASK

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Things I’m going to look for or find:

_____________________________________________________________________________________

DURING THE FIELD TRIP People I talked to

Notes

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Things I saw or found

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HOMEWORK: FIELD TRIP REPORT Something that I learned on the field trip: ______________________________________________________________________________________

Pre Pre

______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________

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______________________________________________________________________________________

Something that was difficult:

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______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________

Field Trip Feedback o a lot

2. I learned:

o a lot

3. I thought it was:

o a little

o not at all

o a little

o not a lot

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1. I talked in English:

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______________________________________________________________________________________

o good

o okay

o not good

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Why?________________________________________________________________________________

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AA


L10 WHOSE HAMMER IS THIS?

What to bring to class: • Table tents / paper to write student name or name tags • Bring in real objects for vocabulary section (various small tools) • Prepared sentence strips or index cards for Grammar section (optional) • The Immigrant Guide to supplement the Culture Tip conversation • Pronunciation Fun to supplement the pronunciation activities

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By the end of the lesson, students will be able to: • Use possessive pronouns and adjectives • Talk about tools and fixing things

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Teacher notes: The same grammar focus in this level appears earlier in this book as well as in lesson 12 in 3R with a slightly different context to give students plenty of opportunity to practice.

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Warm-up: Greet students. Practice the material from last class by asking a few questions using the grammar and vocabulary. Review homework from last lesson. Listening Track 12

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Katya: Hey Bihn. Thanks for helping me fix my sink. How’s it going? Binh: Just a few more minutes and I’ll be done. Katya: Wow – there’s a lot of stuff here. Are all these tools yours? Binh: Some are mine and some I found under the sink. Katya: Oh, they must be my roommate’s. Let me put them away. Whose hammer is this, is it yours? Binh: Nope. Katya: Oh, my roommate probably left it here. Is that her screwdriver too? Binh: No, that’s mine. Katya: How about these nails and tape measure. Are they yours? Bihn: Yep, those are mine. Katya: Okay – I think we got it all sorted out. Thanks again!

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10

WHOSE HAMMER IS THIS? Pre Pre

Listening warm-up. Track 12: Who likes fixing things?

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES

AA

Repeat after your teacher.

saw

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Tools

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Pre Explore the picture; ask What do you see in the pictures? Next, point out the warm-up question. Read aloud, write it on board. Play track once. Point to the question on board.

tape measure wrench

screws

hammer

screwdriver

ladder

plunger

Listen and repeat after your teacher. Circle the words that have the z sound.

nails

Z sound

ice

eyes

nails

saw

whose

hers

his

this

those

is

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A

toolbox

S sound

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PRONUNCIATION

electric drill

A. Have students repeat each word after you multiple times. Have them label the tools in the picture above.

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Pronunciation Read all the words. Point out the differences in the two examples. The “s” and “z” sounds use the same mouth position. The “s” sound is unvoiced—the vocal cords do not vibrate, and only air passes through the teeth. The “z” sound is voiced, meaning the vocal cords vibrate. By placing a hand on your throat when making a sound, you can tell if the sound is voiced (you’ll feel vibration) or not (no vibration). We use the “z” sound when the word ends in a vowel or other voiced sound like the m, n, ng, l, b, d, g, v, voiced th, or r sound. Go over answers.

Answer Key: Pronunciation: whose, hers, his, those, is

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VOCABULARY PRACTICE

BB B. Read instructions and give time for students to draw.

LISTENING

CC

F

Listen again to Track 12. Check the things that belong to each person. Katya

Binh

o sink P

o sink o hammer

o hammer o screwdriver o tape measure o nails

Katya’s roomate

o sink o hammer

o screwdriver o tape measure o nails

LANGUAGE TOOLS

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DD

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hammer nails screws wrench saw tape measure electric drill

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C. Read instructions. Play the listening track all the way through. Track can be repeated multiple times.

E

Choose four tools from the word box and draw them in the toolbox. Compare with a partner and guess what they are!

o screwdriver o tape measure o nails

Listen to your teacher and repeat. QUESTIONS

hammer

is

nails

are

this? that?

It’s This is That’s

mine. my hammer.

these? those?

They’re These are Those are

theirs. their nails.

Whose

It’s my hammer.

It’s mine.

It’s your hammer.

It’s yours.

It’s our hammer.

It’s ours.

It’s his hammer.

It’s his.

It’s her hammer.

It’s hers.

It’s their hammer.

It’s theirs.

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D. FOCUS: Possessive adjectives (first column) & possessive pronouns (second column). Possessive pronouns are used instead of nouns: “That dog is mine” instead of “That is my dog.” Possessive adjectives are used to describe nouns and always come before the nouns they modify: “My dog is big” instead of “The big dog is mine.” Students 52 Student Book 3 LEFT don’t need to know the grammar terminology. They just need to know how to use the structure and what it means. NOTE: These and those are the plural forms of this and that. This/these refer to objects close to the speaker; that/those refers to objects that are farther away. Read chart aloud and have students repeat. Point out the top chart.

G

ANSWERS

Answer Key: C. Katya’s sink. Binh’s screwdriver, tape measure, nails. Katya’s roommate’s hammer.

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10

GRAMMAR PRACTICE a. That’s theirs.

2. _____ Those are his hammers.

b. Those are his.

3. _____ That’s not her ladder.

c. This isn’t his.

4. _____ These are her wrenches.

d. These are hers.

5. _____ This isn’t his plunger.

e. That’s not hers.

6. _____ These are not our nails.

f. These are mine.

7. _____ That’s their sink.

g. These aren’t ours.

Circle the correct words. 1. Q: Whose hammer is (that / those)?

2. Q: Whose screws are (this / these)? A: They’re (her / hers).

A: It’s (my / mine). 3. Q: Whose nails are (this / those)?

4. Q: Whose plunger is (that / those)? A: It’s (our / ours).

A: (Their / They’re) mine. 5. Q: Whose saws are (these / this)?

6. Q: Whose ladder is (these / that)? A: It’s (theirs / their).

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A: (Their / They’re) mine.

Look at the answers. Write the questions.

1. __________________________________________________? Whose hammer is that

That’s mine. (that hammer)

2. __________________________________________________?

Those are his. (those nails)

3. __________________________________________________?

It’s Brenda’s. (this electric drill)

4. __________________________________________________?

They’re theirs. (these screws)

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GG

E. First, have students work individually and then compare their answers in pairs/groups. Finally, go through the answers together.

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f These are my screwdrivers. 1. _____

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Match the sentences with the same meanings.

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5. __________________________________________________?

Yes, it’s mine. (that ladder)

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Answer Key: E. 2. b 3. e 4. d 5. c 6. g 7. a F. 2. these, hers 3. those, They’re 4. that, ours 5. these, They’re 6. that, theirs G. 2. Whose nails are those? 3. Whose electric drill is this? 4. Whose screws are these? 5. Whose ladder is that? 64

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REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE

H. Read instructions. Point out examples around the room of both singular and plural objects. Have students share some of their sentences.

Let’s move! Stand up. Walk around the room. Find five things and write sentences about whose they are. Use mine, yours, his, hers, theirs and ours.

Examples:

The TV is ours.

The pencil is hers.

1. _________________________________________________________________________________ 2. _________________________________________________________________________________ 3. _________________________________________________________________________________ 4. _________________________________________________________________________________

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HH

J

Look at each person’s toolbox. Check TRUE or FALSE. If the sentence is false, write the true sentence on the line.

I. Read instructions and the chart. Go over answers. NOTE: The “toolbox” is the box below the person’s image.

You tools: nails, hammer, saw

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II

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5. _________________________________________________________________________________

Karina

Sang & Pram

Miguel

tools: plunger, wrench

tools: electric drill, screws, tape measure

tools: ladder, nails

o TRUE

o FALSE P

It’s not hers. It’s theirs. _______________________________________

2. The ladder is his.

o TRUE

oFALSE

_______________________________________

3. The nails are Miguel’s.

o TRUE

o FALSE

_______________________________________

4. The plunger is his.

o TRUE

o FALSE

_______________________________________

5. The saw is theirs.

o TRUE

o FALSE

_______________________________________

6. The tape measure is hers.

o TRUE

o FALSE

_______________________________________

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1. The electric drill is hers.

CULTURE TIP

In the US, it is common for friendly neighbors to allow each other to borrow tools or other things you might not have. For example, if you don’t have the tools you need to fix or build something and you don’t want to buy them, you can ask a neighbor or friend if you can use theirs. Another option is to go to a rental center or hardware store to rent what you need. You can also call a handyman to help you.

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Culture Tip Read the tip. Ask What would you do if you needed a tool you didn’t have? Do you share your things with people here? Who? Did you share stuff with your neighbors in your native country?

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Student Book 3 LEFT

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Answer Key: H. Answers will vary. I. 2. True. 3. True. 4. False. It’s not his. It’s hers. 5. True. 6. False. It’s not hers. It’s theirs.

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10

JJ

Oh no! A tornado mixed up everyone’s tools! Help everyone find their tools. Write answers to the questions. Sang and Pram’s tools are orange.

Miguel’s tools are blue.

It’s Miguel’s ladder. It’s his. _________________________________________.

2. Whose hammer and nails are in the bedroom?

_________________________________________.

3. Is that Miguel’s plunger in the bathroom?

_________________________________________.

4. Whose electric drill is in the kitchen?

_________________________________________.

5. Is that Karina’s wrench in the bathroom?

_________________________________________.

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1. Whose ladder is that in the dining room?

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KK

Karina’s tools are red.

Look at the things below. Complete the sentences. Waleska’s:

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Your tools are yellow.

J. Read instructions and point out the different colors of tools for each person. Read the example and point out the two parts to the answer (It’ Miguel’s ladder./It’s his).

John’s:

Complete the sentences with his or hers. 1. The cat is ___________________.

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2. The dog is _________________.

3. The apartment is __________________. 4. The red car is _________________. 5. The house is _________________. 6. The truck is _________________. Write whose things you like more.

I like ____________________ home more. I like____________________ pet more.

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I like_____________________ vehicle more.

CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION

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Get to know a partner. Talk about: • whose things you like more from activity K and why • if you let friends or neighbors use your things • if you like fixing things

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Conversation What are some things that need to be fixed in your community here or where you grew up? e.g., the roads, parks, etc.

Answer Key:

J. 2. They’re mine. They’re his. 3. The plunger is Katrina’s. It’s hers. 4. It’s Sang’s and Pram’s. It’s theirs. 5. Yes, it’s Karina’s. It’s hers. K. 1. his 2. hers 3. hers 4. hers 5. his 6. his 66

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HOMEWORK

LL

Lesson 10 • Whose Hammer Is This?

Circle the correct words. 1. Q: Whose tape measure is (that / those)? A: It’s (his/ my).

A: (It’s / They’re) mine.

3. Q: Whose ladder is (this / those)?

4. Q: Whose screws are (this/ these)?

A: It’s (they / theirs).

A: They’re (our / ours) screws.

5. Q: Whose hammers are (these / this)?

6. Q: Whose saw is (these / that)?

A: They’re (hers / her) hammers.

n

A: It’s (my / mine).

Put the conversation in order. Write the number next to each line.

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MM

P

2. Q: Whose plunger is (this / these)?

1. ________ Felix: Those are mine. Whose saw is this? 2. ________ Felix: Yes, those are mine!

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3. ________ Felix: Oh no! Someone put our tools in the same toolbox! Is this tape measure yours? 1 4. ________Veronica: No, it isn’t mine. I think it’s Sally’s. The wrench is hers, too. Whose nails are these?

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5. ________Veronica: That’s my saw. Are these screwdrivers yours?

JOURNAL PROMPT

Write about a time you had to fix or make something. What tools/items did you use? Did you like fixing/making it?

____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

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____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

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____________________________________________________________________________

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Answer Key:

L. 2. this/It’s 3. this/theirs 4. these/our 5. these/her 6. that/mine M. 3, 4, 1, 5, 2

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L11 YOU SHOULD GO TO THE BANK By the end of the lesson, students will be able to: • Give advice using should and shouldn’t • Talk about financial topics

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What to bring to class: • Table tents / paper to write student name or name tags • Real objects for vocabulary section (such as a checkbook, deposit slips, blank money order form or sample budget) • Hand mirror to show mouth shapes • Photo copies of blank money order forms for Real Life/Your Life activity (optional) • Prepared chart for Activity J example • The Immigrant Guide to supplement the Culture Tip conversation • Pronunciation Fun to supplement the pronunciation activities

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Teacher notes: Use the following suggested definitions for the vocabulary that may be challenging to explain for 3L students: • interest rates - the percent of money you make on an investment • loan - money (or other thing) that you borrow • money order - a paper that you can use to send money • cashier’s check - a check signed by a bank, not a person

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Warm-up: Greet students. Practice the material from last class by asking a few questions using the grammar and vocabulary. Review homework from last lesson.

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Listening Track 13 Cathy: Hey Orlando. How are you doing? Orlando: Hi Cathy. I’m okay, but I’m a little overwhelmed. Cathy: Why? What’s going on? Orlando: I’m trying to buy a house. It’s my first time, so I’m learning what I need to do. It’s stressful! Cathy: Wow – yeah that is stressful, but also exciting! I remember when I bought my first house. Orlando: How was it for you? Cathy: I was excited and also nervous. Did you apply for a loan yet? Orlando: Not yet. What should I do to apply for a loan? Cathy: Well, first you should make a budget so you know how much you want to apply for. Orlando: Okay. Then what? Cathy: Then you should go to a bank and talk to a representative there about mortgage loans. Orlando: Should I withdraw all the money from my savings account so I can pay for the deposit on the new house? Cathy: No, you shouldn’t do that. You’ll need to have money in your account to apply for the loan. Orlando: Oh really? Thank you for giving me this advice! I feel more relaxed now.

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11

YOU SHOULD GO TO THE BANK Pre Pre

Listening warm-up. Track 13: What does Orlando want to do?

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Pre Explore the picture; ask What do you see in the pictures? Next, point out the warm-up question. Read aloud, write it on board. Play track once. Point to question on board. Elicit answers.

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES

open a savings account

give (someone) advice

make a deposit

get a money order

get a cashier’s check

transfer money

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A. A A Repeat after your teacher. Have students repeat each phrase after you multiple times. NOTE: If compare open a interest rates checking account you brought in real objects, you can hold it up as you say the word. withdraw money

apply for a loan

make a budget

spend money

save money

check mortgage rates

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PRONUNCIATION

Listen and repeat after your teacher. Circle the words with the WOODEN HOOK sound.

A

would

should

account

food

floor

look

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Pronunciation Read all the words. The WOODEN HOOK sound is made without moving your lips, keeping them in a neutral position. Other “oo” sounds (such as “food”) are made by forming a circle with your mouth.

good

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Answer Key: Pronunciation: should, good, look

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Put the verbs from the box in the correct columns. Some verbs can go in more than one column. VERBS spend save buy apply for make withdraw deposit compare get open

apply for

a loan

money

a checking account

a money order

a budget

a house

interest rates

LISTEN 1. Orlando wants to buy his

a. first house.

b. second house.

2. He is

a. excited.

b. overwhelmed.

3. He should

a. go to a bank.

b. open a savings account.

4. He shouldn’t

a. withdraw money.

b. apply for a loan.

5. He thanks Cathy for

a. her loan.

b. her advice.

LANGUAGE TOOLS

DD

Listen to your teacher and repeat. QUESTIONS What

When

should

Should

do?

go?

I

go

now?

compare

interest rates.

go

to the bank.

You We He She They

should

Yes,

you

should.

No,

you

shouldn’t.

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ANSWERS

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Where

I you we he she they

C. Read instructions. Play the listening track all the way through. Track can be repeated multiple times.

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Listen again to Track 13. Circle the correct answers to complete the sentences.

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CC

B. EE Read instructions and verb chart. NOTE: Students may question which verbs can be used more than once and why. You may need to explain the meanings of some of the verbs and how they may change. NOTE: To simplify this activity, depending on your students, only choose FF the most common verb uses from the answer key.

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BB

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VOCABULARY PRACTICE

D. G advice FOCUS: GGiving using should and shouldn’t. Read chart aloud and have students repeat. We use should and shouldn’t when we give advice. Should means the speaker thinks it is a good idea to do something. Shouldn’t means the speaker thinks it is a bad idea. After should we use the base form of the verb (e.g., should go).

Answer Key:

B. loan: get, make, compare; money: spend, save, make, withdraw, deposit, get; checking account: apply for, open; money order: buy, deposit, get; budget: make; house: buy; interest rates: compare C. 2. overwhelmed 3. go to a bank 4. withdraw money 5. her advice 70

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11

GRAMMAR PRACTICE Circle the correct word to complete the questions and answers.

A: He should got / get one at the bank. 3. Q: When should we apply / applying for the loan? A: You should applies / apply tomorrow. 5. Q: What should I do / doing? A: You should make / makes a budget.

FF

4. Q: Should he make / made a deposit? A: No, he should / shouldn’t do that yet. 6. Q: Should she open / opened a savings account? A: Yes, she should / shouldn’t.

A: He should go on Tuesday.

3. Q: ____________ should she apply for a loan? A: She should apply at a bank.

5. Q: ____________ we open a savings account? A: Yes, you should.

2. Q: ____________ should they do? A: They should get a money order.

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When 1. Q: ____________should he go?

7. Q: ____________ we make a budget?

A: Yes, we should make a budget tomorrow.

GG

A: Yes, they should / shouldn’t.

Complete the conversations with what, where, when, who or should.

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F. Read the instructions. Have students work individually first. Then, have them compare their answers in pairs. Finally, go over answers together.

2. Q: Should they compare / compared interest rates?

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1. Q: Where should he get / getting a money order?

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EE

4. Q: ____________ we buy a house? A: No, you shouldn’t.

6. Q: ____________ should I speak to? A: You should speak to a representative.

8. Q: ____________ should give her advice? A: The bank representative should give her advice.

Look at the questions. Write the answers. Use the words in parentheses.

Yes, you should 1. Should we apply for a loan? ______________________________________________________. (yes)

2. When should they make a budget? _____________________________________________. (tonight)

Fo

3. Who should she speak to? ____________________________________________. (the representative) 4. Where should they go to make a deposit? _______________________________________. (the bank) 5. Should they withdraw money? _____________________________________________________. (no) 6. Should I open a savings account? __________________________________________________. (yes)

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7. What should he do? _____________________________________________. (compare interest rates) intercambio.org/students

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Answer Key:

E. 2. compare, should 3. apply, apply 4. make, shouldn’t 5. do, make 6. open, should F. 2. What 3. Where 4. Should 5. Should 6. Who 7. Should 8. Who G. 2. They should make a budget tonight. 3. She should speak to the representative. 4. They should go to the bank. 5. No, they shouldn’t. 6. Yes, you should. 7. He should compare interest rates. intercambio.org/teachers

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II

REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE

H. Read instructions. Give students time to read individually first. Go over answers. EXPANSION: Bring in photo copies of blank money order forms for students to practice filling out.

Read the steps for getting a money order. Answer the questions.

How to Get a Money Order at a Bank Step 1:

You should write the name of the person you are sending money to. You should make sure it is correct and spelled accurately.

Step 2:

You should enter your address in the money order form where it says “Purchaser’s Address.” You should write any other important information on the money order form where it says “Memo.” For example: “deposit to pay bills”

Step 4:

You should sign the front of the money order. You should not sign the back of the

Step 5:

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money order – that is for the person who receives it.

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Step 3:

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HH

You should make sure to keep the receipt of the money order and put it in a safe

place. If the money order gets lost or someone else tries to cash it, you can use the receipt to get a refund.

1. Should you check the information of the person you are

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Yes, you should. sending money to? _____________________________________________________________.

2. Where should you go to get a money order? _________________________________________. 3. What should you write in the “Memo” section of the form? ______________________________. 4. Should you sign the back of the money order? ________________________________________. 5. What should you do if the money order gets lost? _____________________________________.

CULTURE TIP

Student Book 3 LEFT

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60

Fo

There are many options for saving money in the US. You can open checking or savings accounts with a bank or credit union. These are safe places to keep your money. Many banks pay you interest so that your money grows every year. ATMs and debit cards can be free if they are from your bank. Where do people keep their money in your native country? Is it safe?

Culture Tip Ask Are you saving for anything? What is it? What services do you use often at your bank or credit union? Notaries, loans, etc? Do they know what a Notary is? If they don’t, use The Immigrant Guide to discuss it. Use The Immigrant Guide finance section to spark more conversation.

Answer Key:

H. 2. You should go to a bank. 3. You should write important information in the memo section. 4. No, you shouldn’t. 5. You should use the receipt to get a refund.

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Teacher Book 3 LEFT


II I. Read instructions. Point to the boxes about Vincente and Amalia. Say Read about Vincente and Amalia. Give students time to read silently. Then have a student read aloud. Point out words in parentheses in chart.

11 Give Vincente and Amalia advice about what they should or shouldn’t do. Vincente

• •

Amalia

Wants to buy a house Wants to get to know his

neighbors Advice for Vicente: To buy a house:

Wants to save more money

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Advice for Amalia: To send money to her family in Mexico: 5. She _____________ send cash in the mail.

2. He __________________ interest rates and loans. (compare)

6. She _____________ send a money order or transfer money.

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1. He __________________ money. (save) should save

To get to know his neighbors:

To save more money:

3. He _____________ and introduce himself. (smile)

7. She ___________ make a budget and follow it.

4. He ______________ inside his house every day. (stay)

8. She ___________ spend a lot of money shopping and eating out.

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JJ

Needs to send money to her family in Mexico

Think about something you want or need to do this year. Then think about what you should or shouldn’t do to get it. I want/need to:

take a vacation

I should:

save money

get sick I shouldn’t: • ________________________________________ ________________________________________ • ________________________________________ ________________________________________

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1.

• ________________________________________ ________________________________________ • ________________________________________ ________________________________________

3.

• ________________________________________ ________________________________________ • ________________________________________ ________________________________________

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2.

CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION

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Get to know your partner. Talk about: • what they want or need to do this year • if they like to give advice to friends and family members • if they like to receive advice intercambio.org/students

61

Answer Key:

I. Advice for Vicente: 1. should save 2. should compare 3. should smile 4. shouldn’t stay Advice for Amalia: 1. shouldn’t 2. should 3. should 4. shouldn’t J. Answers will vary. intercambio.org/teachers

73


HOMEWORK

Pre Pre

d 1. ______What should they do to open an account?

a. No, you should go today.

2. ______Where should I go to get a money order?

b. You should speak to the representative.

3. ______ Who should I talk to?

c. He should compare interest rates.

4. ______ Should I go tomorrow?

d. They should bring ID and money to the bank.

5. ______ What should he do first?

e. She shouldn’t spend a lot of money shopping.

6. ______ What should she do to save money?

f. You should go to a grocery store or bank.

Complete the conversations with what, where, when, who or should. 1. Q: _______________ should she do? A: She should save money.

2. Q: _______________ should they open an account?

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ML

Match the answers and the questions.

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Lesson 11 • You Should Go To The Bank

A: They should open an account at a bank. 3. Q: _______________ should he go to the bank?

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4. Q: _______________ we make a budget?

A: He should go on Monday.

A: Yes, we should make a budget tonight. 5. Q: _______________ should I speak to? A: You should speak to a teller.

6. Q: _______________ should he do first? A: First, he should make a deposit.

7. Q: _______________ should give them advice?

8. Q: _______________ I withdraw money for the loan?

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A: The loan officer should give them advice.

A: No, you shouldn’t withdraw money yet.

JOURNAL PROMPT

Do you like saving money, spending money or both? Do you make a budget? How do you feel about money? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

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____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

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____________________________________________________________________________ 62

Student Book 3 LEFT

Answer Key:

K. 2. f 3. b 4. a 5. c 6. e L. 1. What 2. Where 3. When 4. Should 5. Who 6. What 7. Who 8. Should

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Teacher Book 3 LEFT

AA


L12 IT’S RELAXING By the end of the lesson, students will be able to: • Talk about feelings and emotions around different topics • Learn different ways of handling stress

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What to bring to class: • Table tents / paper to write student name or name tags • Bring a list of crisis hotline phone numbers and/or a list of where one can go for help • The Immigrant Guide to supplement the Culture Tip conversation • Pronunciation Fun to supplement the pronunciation activities

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Teacher notes: Use the following suggested definitions for the vocabulary that may be challenging to explain for 3L students: • meditate - to quiet your brain to relax; to breathe deeply and slowly

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Warm-up: Greet students. Practice the material from last class by asking a few questions using the grammar and vocabulary. Review homework from last lesson. Listening Track 14

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Toni: Hey Bob, I know you are working hard this week. How are you doing? Bob: I’m okay, but I’m a little stressed. Toni: Is everything okay at home? Bob: Yeah, I just have too much to do. It’s overwhelming. Toni: I’m sorry to hear that. Is there anything that helps you when you are feeling stressed? Bob: Sometimes I take a walk or meditate. Toni: Those sound like good ideas. I try to take deep breaths when I’m overwhelmed. It’s relaxing. Bob: Yeah, that’s a good idea too. Thanks for listening. Toni: Sure - anytime. Let me know if there is anything I can do to help.

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12

IT’S RELAXING Pre Pre

Listening warm-up. Track 14: How is Bob doing?

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Pre Explore the picture; ask What do you see in the pictures? Next, point out the warm-up question. Read aloud, write it on board. Play track once. Point to question on board. Elicit answers.

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A. Have students repeat each phrase after you multiple times.

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES

AA

Repeat after your teacher.

Activities

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Problems

marriage problems

financial problems

take a nap

take deep breaths

an illness

an injury

talk to a counselor

meditate

put on relaxing music

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take a walk

PRONUNCIATION

Listen and repeat after your teacher. Cross out the silent letter in each word. A

overwhelming

relaxed

talk

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stressed

Answer Key:

Pronunciation: overwhelming, relaxed, talk, marriage, take

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Teacher Book 3 LEFT

marriage

take

intercambio.org/students

Pronunciation Read instructions. Repeat the words several times so students can listen to the words and notice the silent letters. 63


LANGUAGE TOOLS

BB

E

Write the words in the correct box. Add any other words you know. financial problems

B. Read instructions and words in box. Encourage students to add words of their own to the chart.

take deep breaths overwhelmed

take a nap

meditate

too much to do

take a walk

an injury

an illness

SITUATIONs

marriage problems

stressed

relaxed

talk to a counselor

FEELINGSs

THINGS YOU CAN DOs

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financial problems

CC

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Listen again to Track 14. Check the words you hear. o stressed

P

o stressful

o relaxing

o take a walk

o overwhelmed

o overwhelming

o relaxed

o meditate

o take deep

o take a nap

breaths

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LANGUAGE TOOLS

DD

G

Listen to your teacher and repeat.

I’M stressed overwhelmed relaxed

QUESTIONS

How are you/they doing?

How is he/she doing?

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D. FOCUS: Adjectives describing feelings (stressed) vs. qualities (stressful). Read chart aloud and have students repeat. Adjectives ending in -ed = how you feel. Adjectives ending in -ing = describe the situation or activity.

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LISTENING C. Read instructions. Play the listening track again. Track can be repeated multiple times.

F

What’s wrong? What do you do when you’re stressed?

ANSWERS

I’m/They’re stressed. overwhelmed. He’s/She’s relaxed. I/They

have

financial trouble.

He/She

has

too much to do.

It’s

stressful. overwhelming.

I meditate.

Student Book 3 LEFT

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IT’S stressful overwhelming relaxing

Answer Key:

B. Situations: marriage problems, an injury, an illness, too much to do Feelings: overwhelmed, stressed, relaxed Activities: take deep breaths, meditate, take a nap, take a walk, talk to a counselor C. overwhelming, relaxing, take a walk, meditate, take deep breaths intercambio.org/teachers

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12

GRAMMAR PRACTICE

EE

Circle the correct word. 1. I have too much to do. I’m stressed / stressful. 2. She meditates when she’s overwhelmed / overwhelming. 3. He takes a walk when he’s overwhelmed. It’s relaxed / relaxing. 4. They have financial problems. It’s stressed / stressful. 5. He has family problems. He’s stressed / stressful.

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6. We have too much to do. It’s overwhelmed / overwhelming. 7. I have an injury. It’s stressed / stressful.

1. How are you doing?

a I’m relaxed.

b I’m relaxing.

2. How was your vacation?

a It was relaxed.

b It was relaxing.

3. What’s his job like?

a It’s stressed.

4. What’s wrong?

a I’m overwhelming.

5. How does Ivana feel at her new job?

a She’s stressed.

Look at the pictures. Answer the questions. 1. Q: What do they do when they’re overwhelmed?

They meditate A: ______________________

b It’s stressful.

b I’m overwhelmed. b She’s stressful.

G. EXPANSION: Practice questions & answers in pairs.

3. Q: What do they do when they want to relax?

A: ______________________

A: ______________________

5. What does he do when he’s tired?

6. What does Cara do when she is overwhelmed?

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4. Q: What does she do when she is stressed?

2. Q: What does Mario do when he’s stressed?

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GG

Fill in the bubble with the correct answer.

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FF

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8. Jon has an illness. He’s overwhelmed / overwhelming.

A: ______________________

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A: ______________________

A: ______________________ intercambio.org/students

65

Answer Key:

E. 2. overwhelmed 3. relaxing 4. stressful 5. stressed 6. overwhelming 7. stressful 8. overwhelmed F. 2. b 3. b 4. b 5. a G. 2. He talks to a counselor when he’s stressed. 3. They take a walk. 4. She listens to (relaxing) music. 5. He takes a nap when he’s tired. 6. She takes deep breaths. 78

Teacher Book 3 LEFT


HH

Look at the chart. Answer the questions. Causes of Stress

1. What is the biggest cause of stress? _____________________________________________________ 2. What is the 2nd biggest cause of stress? _____________________________________________________ 3. What causes more stress, financial trouble or work problems? _____________________________________________________

Personal / Work Problems (10%)

4. What causes less stress, family trouble or injury? _____________________________________________________

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Too Much Work (35%)

Marriage / Family Trouble (20%) Injury / Illness (10%)

5. What is a bigger cause of stress, too much work or personal problems?

_____________________________________________________

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Other (5%)

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Financial Trouble / Bills (20%)

Rank the items that cause you the most stress (1 = most stressful, 6= least stressful). Compare with a partner. ________ too much work

________ personal or work problems ________ financial trouble/bills

________ marriage/family problems ________ injury or illness

________ other: _____________________________________

CULTURE TIP

In the US, it is common for people to talk to a counselor, social worker or therapist when they feel stressed, overwhelmed or depressed. If you or someone you know feels this way for a long time, it might be a mental health issue. Most communities in the US have counseling centers or mental health help programs. Many cities have a free phone number you can call for help. How do people get help for mental health issues in your native country?

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I. Read instructions and ask students to share their answers with a partner. EXPANSION: Make a tally chart on the board with columns labeled 1 - 6. Assign a letter to each cause of stress. Have students write a letter in each column based on their answers in this activity. Tally up the letters to discover most stressful causes for your class. For 1-1, compare your answers with your student.

REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE

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H. Read instructions. Explain the pie chart (point out the percentages in parentheses). You may want to discuss what “other� might include. Some students might need support interpreting the chart. Say The size of the piece of the circle shows how much.

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Culture Tip 66 Student Book 3 LEFT Read the tip. Do people talk about depression in your native country? Why or why not? Show students a list of hotline phone numbers or resources if available. NOTE: You might want to discuss what might stop someone from using the resources. Talk about privacy issues. Use The Immigrant Guide health and medical section to spark more conversation.

Answer Key:

H. 1. too much work 2. other 3. financial troubles 4. injury/illness 5. too much work I. Answers will vary.

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79


Look at the mental health form. Answer the questions.

Maple Counseling Center We are very happy you are going to talk to one of our counselors. We are here to help you! Please fill out the information below before your appointment. Marina Cortez DOB: 04/21/1951 Name: ___________________ ____________

How are you doing today? Use the following scale: (1= not at all, 5 = very) 4 stressed ____

1. What is this form for? To talk to a counselor. ___________________________________

J. Read instructions. Give 2. What makes Marina feel stressed/ students time to read the overwhelmed? form individually. Discuss ___________________________________ it. Check answers. 3. What makes her feel relaxed?

2 relaxed ____

1 happy ____

___________________________________

I have financial trouble. My sister ___________________________________________ and I don’t talk. I feel sad. ___________________________________________

What makes you feel relaxed? When I can go shopping and spend ___________________________________________ time with my family at home. ___________________________________________

Tell us more about why you are here today. I feel overwhelmed, tired and ___________________________________________

4. How overwhelmed is she?

___________________________________ 5. How happy is she?

___________________________________

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What makes you feel stressed/overwhelmed?

6. Why does Marina want to see a counselor?

___________________________________

stressed. I want to be happy ___________________________________________

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and feel more relaxed. ___________________________________________

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4 sad ____ 5 overwhelmed ____ 2 excited ____

Look at the situations below. Write a word that describes the situation and how it makes you feel. SITUATIONS talking to a counselor going to the doctor shopping speaking in English taking a walk

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12

A WORD THAT DESCRIBES THE ACTIVITY

A WORD THAT DESCRIBES YOUR FEELING

scary

scared

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CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION

Conversation Students can use their responses from Activity K.

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Get to know your partner. Talk about: • situations or things that make them feel stressed and overwhelmed or relaxed and happy • what they think they should do when they’re stressed or overwhelmed • how learning English makes them feel intercambio.org/students

K. Read the instructions. Discuss the example. Make a chart on the board to add your own descriptions. EXPANSION: Add all of the words people chose to describe each situation on the chart you drew on the board.

67

Answer Key:

J. 2. financial problems and family problems 3. shopping and family time at home 4. very overwhelmed 5. not at all happy 6. She’s overwhelmed, tired, and stressed. K. Answers will vary. 80

Teacher Book 3 LEFT


HOMEWORK

MM

Match the questions and answers. e 1. ______ What does she do when she’s stressed?

a. We have too much to do.

2. ______ How are you doing?

b. He’s feeling better.

3. ______ What do they do when they’re stressed?

c. They meditate.

4. ______ How is he doing?

d. I’m relaxed today.

5. ______ What’s wrong?

e. She talks with a counselor.

Read the mental health form. Answer the questions.

Community Vista Mental & Physical Health

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1. Who does Colin want to see?

Welcome to our center. We are looking forward to helping you.

A counselor. ___________________________________ 2. How overwhelmed is he?

Colin Huang Name: ___________________ DOB: 01/15/1972 ____________

___________________________________ 4. When can he go to the center?

Who do you want to see today?

P

o doctor o counselor o gym/fitness instructor

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___________________________________ 3. How relaxed is he?

Pre P

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LL

Lesson 12 • It’s Relaxing

___________________________________ 5. Why does he want to see a counselor?

(1= not at all, 5 = very)

4 stressed ___ 3 sad 1 relaxed ___ 2 happy ___ ___ 3 excited ___ 3 healthy ___ 5 overwhelmed ___ 1 sick ___

A

If you wrote “5”, how long have you felt this way? 3 months ___________________________________________

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___________________________________

How are you doing today? Use the following scale:

6. How long has he felt this way?

___________________________________

Tell us more about why you are here. I feel overwhelmed, tired and ___________________________________________ stressed. I want to be relaxed ___________________________________________ and have a happier life. ___________________________________________

How often can you come to our center? Tuesday and Thursday evenings. ___________________________________________

JOURNAL PROMPT

Fo

Write about a time when you were very stressed or very relaxed. What happened? Why did you feel that way? What changed?

____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

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____________________________________________________________________________

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Student Book 3 LEFT

Answer Key:

L. 2. d 3. c 4. b 5. a M. 2. He’s very overwhelmed. 3. not at all 4. Tuesday and Thursday evenings 5. He feels overwhelmed, tired and stressed. He wants to be relaxed and have a happier life. 6. 3 months intercambio.org/teachers

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L13 REDUCE, REUSE AND RECYCLE By the end of the lesson, students will be able to: • Learn basics about recycling in the U.S. • Talk about how much they reduce, reuse, and recycle items

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What to bring to class: • Table tents / paper to write student name or name tags • Bring examples of items that can and cannot be recycled • Hand mirror to show mouth shape for Pronunciation section • Prepared chart for Activity K • Charts or posters from local recycle centers, including if possible centers for hard to recycle items, medicines, etc. (optional) • The Immigrant Guide to supplement the Culture Tip conversation • Pronunciation Fun to supplement the pronunciation activities

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Teacher notes: Recycling centers in your area may offer tours. This would be a meaningful field trip for this lesson.

Use the following suggested definitions for the vocabulary that may be challenging to explain for 3L students: • hazardous materials - dangerous chemicals and objects

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Warm-up: Greet students. Practice the material from last class by asking a few questions using the grammar and vocabulary. Review homework from last lesson. Listening Track 15

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A: Hi – welcome to the Recycling Center. How can I help you? B: Good morning! I have some things to recycle. A: Okay – what do you have? B: I have a lot of cardboard, a little paper, a lot of cans and glass bottles and a few plastic bags – oh, and a little Styrofoam. A: Hmm – we can’t recycle Styrofoam, so you’ll need to throw out it, but we can take everything else. How many bottles and cans do you have? B: Let’s see (counting)…I have 20 glass bottles, 25 cans and 5 plastic bags. A: Okay, great - you can turn them in over there. Thank you for doing your part to reduce, reuse and recycle!

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Teacher Book 3 LEFT


13

REDUCE, REUSE AND RECYCLE

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Pre Pre Pre Listening warm-up. Track 15: Where are the people talking? Explore the picture; ask What do you see in the pictures? Next, point out the warm-up question. Read aloud, write it on board. Play track once. Point to question on board. Elicit answers.

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES

AA

rD up

A. Have students repeat each word after you multiple times. NOTE: If you brought in real objects, you can hold them up as you say the words.

Repeat after your teacher. cardboard

glass bottles recycle

throw out

newspapers

Styrofoam

trash

hazardous materials

donate

plastic bags

separate

magazines

reuse

reduce

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PRONUNCIATION

A

Practice the CUP OF MUSTARD sound. Listen and repeat after your teacher. Underline the words with the CUP OF MUSTARD sound.

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Pronunciation Read instructions. Read each of the paired words and give students time to underline the correct word.

some

match

up

sun

when

same

much

app

soon

one intercambio.org/students

69

Answer Key:

Pronunciation: some, much, up, sun, one

intercambio.org/teachers

83


VOCABULARY PRACTICE Look at the sign. Write the words from the box in the blank spaces.

REDUCE, REUSE, RECYCLE (1)

Separate Donate Recycle

Don’t (2) __________________ your trash, recycle it!

throw out

(3) ____________________ your trash into two bins before

cardboard

you take it to a recycling center.

Reduce

Put cans,(4) _____________ and glass bottles together. Put paper,

reuse

(5) _____________________ , newspapers and magazines in the

plastic

other bin. (6)________________ clothes, furniture or other things

Hazardous materials

C. Read instructions. Play the listening track all the way through. G Gbe repeated Track can multiple times.

(7)___________________ the number of plastic bags you use - buy

Listen again to Track 15. Check how much or how many he has of each thing. cardboard

P

DD

paper

o a lot

o a lot

o a little

o a little

LANGUAGE TOOLS

cans

glass bottles

plastic bags

Styrofoam

o a lot

o a lot

o a lot

o a lot

o a few

o a few

o a few

o a little

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CC

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bags that you can (8)___________________.

LISTENING

FF

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in your home that you don’t want or need.

__________________________ can also be recycled.

EE B. EXPANSION: Take turns reading the tip aloud. Ask Did you learn anything new?

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BB

Listen to your teacher and repeat. QUESTIONS cardboard

How many

bottles

Do

you

have

Student Book 3 LEFT

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70

do does

you he

have? want to recycle?

Fo

How much

ANSWERS

I He

have has

a lot. a little.

I He

have has

a lot. a few.

magazines?

Yes, I have a few. No, I don’t have any.

trash?

Yes, I have a little. No, I don’t have any.

any

D. FOCUS: How much, How many, a lot/ a little/ a few. Read chart aloud and have students repeat. How much is used for items that can’t be counted (noncountable nouns). HH is used for items How many that can (countable nouns). We use any in questions and negative statements. A little is used for items that cannot be counted. A few is used for items that are countable. A lot is used for both uncountable and countable items. NOTE: “A lot” is often misspelled as “alot” (one word). Consider writing a chart on the board to clearly spell this out.

Answer Key:

B. 2. throw out 3. Separate 4. plastic 5. cardboard 6. Donate 7. Reduce 8. reuse 9. Hazardous materials C. cardboard - a lot, paper - a little, cans - a lot, glass bottles - a lot, plastic bags - a few, Styrofoam - a little

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Teacher Book 3 LEFT


13

GRAMMAR PRACTICE Complete the conversations. Write the correct words. Practice with a partner. 1. Q: How much trash do you have to throw out?

2. Q: How many bottles does she want to recycle?

A: I have ___________. a lot / a few a lot 3. Q: How much cardboard do they have to recycle?

A: She has ___________. a few / a little 4. Q: Do they have any newspapers to recycle?

A: They have ___________. a little / a few

GG

Complete the questions with How much or How many. Practice answering with a partner.

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How many 1. ___________________ plastic bottles do they have?

2. ___________________ glass do they have to recycle? 3. ___________________ Styrofoam does he have to throw out? 4. ___________________ magazines do we have to recycle? 5. ___________________ newspapers do they have? 6. ___________________ cans does she have to recycle?

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FF

F. First, have students work individually and then compare their answers in pairs/groups. Finally, go through the answers together, and then practice in pairs.

A: Yes, they have ___________. a little / a few

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EE

E. NOTE: We often use “a couple” the same as we use “a few”.

7. ___________________ trash do you have to throw out?

Read the conversation. Circle the correct words. Jesse: Hey Rolando. Where are you going?

Rolando: I’m going to the recycling center. I have a (1) few /many glass bottles to recycle.

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G. EXPANSION: Practice as a dialog/ role-play.

Jesse: Can I go with you? I have (2) many / a lot of magazines and plastic to recycle and (3) a little/ many cardboard.

Rolando: Okay – sure! (4) How many/ How much magazines do you have? Jesse: About 10.

Rolando: Okay and (5) how much/ how many cans do you want to recycle? Jesse: Just (6) a little/ a lot – and only three cardboard boxes.

HH

Read the questions. Write the answers. Use the words in parentheses.

Fo

1. How many newspapers do they have?

They have a few ________________________________. (a few)

________________________________. (a little)

3. How much Styrofoam do we have?

________________________________. (any)

4. How many plastic bottles does he have to recycle?

________________________________. (a lot)

5. How many shirts do they have to donate?

________________________________. (a few)

6. How much cardboard to you have to recycle?

________________________________. (any)

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2. How much trash does she have to throw out?

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Answer Key:

E. 2. a few 3. a little 4. a few

F. 2. How much 3. How much 4. How many 5. How many 6. How many 7. How much G. 1. few 2. a lot 3. a little 4. how many 5. how many 6. a little H. 2. She has a little. 3. We don’t have any. 4. He has a lot. 5. They have a few. 6. I don’t have any. intercambio.org/teachers

85


REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE

II

Look at the brochure for Clean Cycle Center. Help Andrew separate his recycling in the chart below.

Clean Cycle Center

I. Read instructions. J Point toJthe reading. Explain the chart. Instruct students to answer the questions after filling it in. If pairing students, give them time to read silently first before they work in pairs.

How to Recycle Household Items

• Plastic Appliances: electric and battery appliances can be recycled. There is a fee of $5.00 to bring them to the center (no vacuum bags, glass coffee pots, glass blenders). • Other Appliances: microwaves, pans, refrigerators, air conditioners cost $15 to recycle.

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• Electronics: computers, printers, tablets can be recycled for free. Audio equipment, TVs, mobile phones or other items with batteries cost $2.00 to recycle. • Bikes and bike parts: can be recycled for free.

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• Clothing, books and shoes (in good condition and are clean): can be recycled for free. • Sinks and toilets: all non-porcelain ones can be recycled. Toilets cost $12.75 and sinks $3.50 to recycle.

• Hazardous materials: paint, household cleaners and medicines can be recycled for free. Cooking and automotive oils cannot be recycled.

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• Plastics and foam: all plastic bags can be recycled for free. Make sure they don’t have food or liquids in them. No Styrofoam or “to-go” boxes from restaurants.

Andrew’s items to recycle: old sinks (2), shoes (3 pairs), plastic bags (30), TV (1), microwave (1), Styrofoam (5 pieces) Free to recycle

Items that can’t be recycled:

LK

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COSTS TO RECYCLE ITEMS Less than $5.00

More than $5.00

2 old sinks ($6.50)

No, he doesn’t. ________________________________________.

2. How many pairs of shoes does he have to recycle?

________________________________________.

3. How much cardboard does he have?

________________________________________.

Fo

1. Does Andrew have any glass to recycle?

4. What’s the cheapest item(s) he has to recycle?

________________________________________.

5. What’s the most expensive item he has to recycle?

________________________________________.

6. What item can’t he recycle?

________________________________________.

7. Does he have any sinks to recycle?

________________________________________.

Student Book 3 LEFT

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Answer Key:

I. Free to Recycle: shoes, plastic bags Less than $5.00: TV More than $5.00: microwave Can’t be Recycled: Styrofoam 1. He has 3 pairs 2. He doesn’t have any. 3. Shoes and plastic bags are free. 4. It’s the microwave. 5. Styrofoam can’t be recycled. 6. He has 2 sinks to recycle. 86

Teacher Book 3 LEFT


Culture Tip Read the tip. Show students posters from a local recycle center if available.

Do you want to recycle items but don’t know where to go in your community? Visit earth911.com and type in your zip code to find recycling centers near you that take everything from common recyclable material to medications, hazardous materials and electronics. Here is Susan’s separated recycling. Check if each item is a few, a lot, a little or many. A LOT

P

3 weeks Soda cans

kitchen basket full

Plastic water bottles

24

Glass jars

4

6-8

A LITTLE

MANY

Look again at the information in activity I. Think of five items you have at home right now that you could recycle or donate. Write them below. Determine how much you have by checking a few, a lot, a little, or many.

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L. Read the instructions. Show prepared example.

A FEW

Mail

Baby clothes size 2T

LK

HOW MUCH

n

ITEM

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J. Read instructions and discuss table. Discuss what might be considered a few, a lot, a little, many.

CULTURE TIP

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JJ

13

ITEM

A FEW

A LOT

A LITTLE

MANY

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CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION

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Get to know a partner. Talk about: • if people in their hometown reduce, reuse and/or recycle • if they know where a recycling center is in their area • if they donate things when they don’t want or need them • if there are things that they like to reuse and how intercambio.org/students

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Answer Key:

J. soda cans – a lot or many plastic water bottles - a lot or many glass jars- a few baby clothes - a few L. Answers will vary.

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HOMEWORK

ML

Lesson 13 • Reduce, Reuse, Recycle

Complete the questions with How much or How many. How many 1. _______________________ bottles does she have to recycle?

Pre Pre

2. _______________________ Styrofoam do they have to throw out? 3. _______________________ cardboard do you have to recycle? 4. _______________________ cans does he have to recycle? 5. _______________________ newspapers do we have?

n

6. _______________________ trash do you have to throw out?

NN

Look at the questions. Write the answers. Use the words in parentheses. 1. How many do they have?

They have a few ________________________________. (a few)

2. How much trash does she have to throw out?

________________________________. (a lot)

3. How much Styrofoam do we have?

________________________________. (a little)

4. How many plastic bottles does he have?

________________________________. (a lot)

Look at the questions. Write the answers. Use the words in bold.

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NM

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7. _______________________ glass do they have to recycle?

1. Q: How much cardboard does she have to recycle? 2. Q: Do you have any glass to recycle? a little A: She has ______________. a little / a few

4. Q: Do they have any newspapers to recycle?

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3. Q: How many cans do they have to recycle?

A: Yes, I have______________. a few / a lot

A: They have ______________. a little / a few

A: I have ______________. a little / a few

JOURNAL PROMPT

Write about something that you reuse or recycle in your home.

____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

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____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

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____________________________________________________________________________ 74

Student Book 3 LEFT

Answer Key:

M. 2. How much 3. How much 4. How many 5. How many 6. How much 7. How much N. 2. She has a lot 3. We have a little 4. He has a lot N. 2. a lot 3. a few 4. a few 88

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AA


L14 WHO’LL BRING DESSERT?

What to bring to class: • Table tents / paper to write student name or name tags • Hand mirror to show mouth shape for Pronunciation section • Real objects for vocabulary items • Markers and poster sheets for Activity Idea in Activity K • The Immigrant Guide to supplement the Culture Tip conversation • Pronunciation Fun to supplement the pronunciation activities

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By the end of the lesson, students will be able to: • Talk about events and basic planning

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Teacher notes: Use the following suggested definitions for the vocabulary that may be challenging to explain for 3L students: • centerpiece - an object or decoration in the middle of the table

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Warm-up: Greet students. Practice the material from last class by asking a few questions using the grammar and vocabulary. Review homework from last lesson. Listening Track 16

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A: Hey Bria. Did you know it’s Taylor’s birthday this weekend? Bria: Really? We should have a party! A: Yeah – that’s a great idea. Okay, let’s see…Whose house can we use? Bria: Dina has a big living room and a nice backyard. Let’s ask if we can use hers. A: Great. So, we just need to order food, send invitations and make decorations. Bria: My cousin makes great pizzas. I’ll order the food from him. He’ll give us drinks with them too. A: Nice! I’ll sent out invitations and make some decorations. Bria: Perfect. I’ll bring a dessert and we can all help clean up after the party. A: Sounds like a great plan!

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14

WHO’LL BRING DESSERT? Listening warm-up. Track 16: What are they planning?

Pre Explore the picture; ask What do you see in the pictures? Next, point out the warm-up question. Read aloud, write it on board. Play track once. Point to the question on board. Elicit answers.

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Pre Pre

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES Repeat after your teacher. plates cups utensils

make decorations

reserve a space

buy drinks

send invitations

napkins

hire a DJ

flowers

bring a dessert

centerpiece

Listen and repeat after your teacher. Practice the l and r sounds. Hold up one finger if you hear the l sound. Hold up two fingers if you hear the r sound. collect

play

glass

he’ll

we’ll

correct

pray

grass

here

we’re

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order food

Fo

PRONUNCIATION A

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AA

A. Have students repeat each word or phrase after you multiple times. Reference the main image and smaller images above the words and phrases to define the vocabulary.

Teacher Book 3 LEFT

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Pronunciation Read instructions. Read all of the words once. Use a hand mirror to show students the mouth shape for each sound. For the /l/, show your tongue touching the back of your front teeth. Then read the words randomly and ask students to hold up their fingers according to the instructions.


VOCABULARY PRACTICE

BB

Complete the conversation. Use words from the box. A: I’m so excited – I’m getting married in six months!

B. Read instructions and words in box. First, have students work individually and then compare their answers in pairs/groups. Finally, go through the answers together. EXPANSION: Have students role-play the dialog.

DJ plates

B: Wow! What do you need to do before the wedding?

napkins

space A: We need to reserve a (1)_________________, send the (2)____________________,

invitations

(3)_________________ food, and hire a (4)_____________________.

space

B: That’s a lot. Is there anything I can help with? What about a (5)__________________

make

for the food table?

decorations

n

A: No – don’t worry. My mom likes to (6)______________________, so she’ll do that.

order

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B: I saw these very pretty paper (7) _____________ and (8) _____________ at the party store. Would you like to go together to see them?

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C. C C Listen again to Track 16. Check the things they will do. Read instructions. o order food o send invitations o hire a DJ P Play the listening completely o make decorations o reserve a space o bring a dessert through once. Check answers. Track can be repeated multiple times.

o buy drinks

will TIP: Who’ll =I’llWho = I will

we’ll = we will you’ll = you will he’ll = he will she’ll = she will they’ll = they will

Listen to your teacher and repeat. QUESTIONS

H

ANSWERS

send the invitations?

I’ll

send

the invitations. them.

order the food?

She’ll

order

the food. it.

will

Fo

Who

Where

will

the party

be?

It’ll

be

at Dina’s house.

When

will

they

order the food?

They’ll

order

the food on Tuesday.

Student Book 3 LEFT

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76

G

o clean up

LANGUAGE TOOLS

D

F

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A: Yes? Thank you!

LISTENING

D. FOCUS: Q&As in the Future Simple using who, where and when. Read the Tip first. Read the chart aloud and have students repeat.

E

centerpiece

Answer Key:

B. 2. invitations 3. order 4. DJ 5. centerpiece 6. make decorations 7. plates 8. napkins C. send invitations, make decorations, bring a dessert , clean up

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14

GRAMMAR PRACTICE Write the correct form of the word in the blanks. Use the word in parentheses. Practice with a partner. 2. When will we order the food?

1. Who will make the decorations? _________________ make them. (she) She’ll

_______________ order it on Monday. (we) 4. Who will clean up?

3. Who will send the invitations? _________________ send them. (Mira and Jose)

8. Who will make the dessert?

7. When will he go to the party?

He ________________________.

_______________ go at 7. (he)

Match the questions to the answers. a. He will.

2. _____ Where will the party be?

b. We’ll order it Tuesday.

3. _____ When will we send the invitations?

c. We’ll send them out Friday.

4. _____ Who will bring a dessert?

d. They’ll make them.

5. _____ When will we order the food?

e. I’ll hire one.

6. _____ Who will hire a DJ?

f. It’ll be at the rec center.

F. Check answers by reading the question to elicit the response from a student. Ask Do you agree? to the rest of the class.

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d Who will make the decorations? 1. _____

Look at the questions. Write the short answers. Use the words in parentheses. 1. Who’ll reserve a space? 2. Who will send the invitations? 3. Who’ll order food? 4. Who’ll make decorations? 5. Who will buy drinks?

She will __________________________________. (she)

__________________________________. (we)

__________________________________. (they) __________________________________. (I)

__________________________________. (he)

Correct the sentences by adding will or ‘ll. Write the complete sentences. 1. We make the decorations tonight.

We’ll make the decorations tonight. ____________________________________________________

2. She makes the food.

____________________________________________________

H. First, have students work individually and then compare their answers in pairs/ groups. Finally, go through the answers together.

Fo

HH

n

___________ be at the park. (It)

You ______________.

GG

_______________ clean up. ( I ) 6. Where will the party be?

5. Who will hire the DJ?

FF

E. Read the instructions. Point out the words in parentheses. NOTE: We can’t use contraction when it’s the last word of the sentence (e.g., 5.8).

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EE

3. He sends out the invitations.

____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________

5. The dinner be at the restaurant.

____________________________________________________

6. You order the food.

____________________________________________________

7. Lori clean up.

____________________________________________________

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4. They reserve the space at the park.

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Answer Key:

E. 2. We’ll 3. They’ll 4. I’ll 5. Will 6. It’ll 7. He’ll 8. will F. 2. f 3. c 4. a 5. b 6. e G. 2. We will. 3. They will. 4. I will. 5. He will. H. 2. She’ll make the food. 3. He’ll send out the invitations. 4. They’ll reserve the space at the park. 5. The dinner will be at the restaurant. 6. You’ll order the food. 7. Lori will clean up. 92

Teacher Book 3 LEFT


I

REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE

Tony’s parents

WHO WILL PAY Ina’s parents

Ina

Ina’s parents

Ina & Tony Ina & her parents Ina & her parents Ina’s parents

Ina & Tony Ina Ina’s parents Ina & Tony

DEADLINE February

November

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Ina & her parents

n

WHO WILL DO IT

ITEM Send wedding invitations Reserve a wedding venue (space) Buy wedding rings Find a wedding dress Make decorations Find a caterer (food and drinks) Buy flowers Reserve a space for the rehearsal dinner Hire a DJ Hire a photographer

Ina’s parents

Tony and Ina’s Wedding Budget

May January May February

Ina & her parents Tony’s parents

Tony Tony’s parents

April May

Ina & Tony Ina

Ina & Tony Ina’s parents

April January

1. Who will pay for the wedding dress?

Ina’s parents will ______________________________________________.

2. Who’ll pay for the wedding rings?

______________________________________________.

3. When will they send out invitations?

______________________________________________.

4. Who’ll reserve the wedding venue?

______________________________________________.

5. Who’ll pay for the rehearsal dinner?

______________________________________________.

6. When will she need to find the dress?

______________________________________________.

7. Who will pay the most for the wedding?

______________________________________________.

8. Who will pay the least for the wedding?

______________________________________________.

J

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I. Read instructions. Look at the wedding plan together. Give students time to read it silently. Then have students answer the questions.

Ina and Tony are getting married. Look at their wedding plan below. Answer the questions.

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HI

CULTURE TIP

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Culture Tip Read the tip and ask students if they can share something about weddings in their native country. Use The Immigrant Guide US culture and social skills section to spark more conversation.

Most married couples in the US wear a wedding ring on the ring finger of the left hand. Is this the same in your native country? What kinds of wedding traditions does your native country have? Who usually pays for the wedding?

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Student Book 3 LEFT

Answer Key:

I. 2. Ina and Tony will. 3. They’ll send them out in February. 4. Ina will. 5. Tony’s parents will. 6. She’ll need to find the dress in January. 7. Ina’s parents will pay the most. 8. Tony’s parents will pay the least.

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Silvia’s class is planning a party for the end of the term. Look at who is bringing items and offering help.

JK

Silvia

• food • decorations

Ming

• food • clean up

Deepa

• dessert • drinks

• dessert • music • decorations

1. Who’ll make food?

Raquel and Silvia will ______________________________________________.

2. Who’ll bring music?

______________________________________________.

3. Who’ll clean up after?

______________________________________________.

4. Who’ll buy drinks?

______________________________________________.

5. Who’ll make decorations?

______________________________________________.

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• space • clean up

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Raquel

Caleb

J. Read instructions and discuss the chart.

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IJ

14

K. EXPANSION: Place students in small groups to brainstorm. Draw one or more charts on the board and have students fill in their names and what they’ll bring. At the end, have each student tell the class orally what he or she will bring.

Pretend you are planning a party for your teacher. Talk about what you will bring and who will bring other things. YOU Bring

Bring

Bring

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Bring

Fo

CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION

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Get to know your partner. Talk about: • what they’ll bring to a class party • a time they went to a wedding or party in the US and what it was like • a time they went to a wedding in their native country and what it was like • their favorite party and why it was their favorite intercambio.org/students

Answer Key:

J. 2. Deepa will. 3. Caleb and Silvia will. 4. Ming will. 5. Raquel and Deepa will. K. Answers will vary.

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Teacher Book 3 LEFT

79


HOMEWORK

Write the correct form of the word in the blanks. Use the word in parentheses. 1. Q: Who will send the invitations? He’ll A: _______________ send them. (he)

A: _______________ reserve it. (we). 4. Q: Who will hire the DJs?

3. Q: Who will order the food? A: _______________ order it. (me)

A: _______________ hire them. (she) 6. Q: Who will clean up?

A: _________________________ will bring drinks. (Harold and Yin)

Complete the To-Do list. GRADUATION PARTY – TO DO’S

A: _______________ clean up. (you)

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5. Q: Who will bring drinks?

LM

Pre P

2. Q: Who will reserve a space?

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KL

Lesson 14 • Who’ll Bring The Dessert

reserve send

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Send invitations • (1) ___________ • Ask Pam to (2) ____________ a space at the rec center. • Check that mom will order the (3) _______________________. • (4) ___________ the DJ. • Make sure Gino and Mark will (5) ____________ the drinks.

hire

bring food

A

Rico will send the invitations. 1. Who’ll send the invitations? _____________________________________________________

rD up

2. Who’ll reserve a space at the rec center? ____________________________________________ (Pam) 3. Who’ll bring the drinks? ______________________________________________ (Gino and Mark) 4. Who’ll order the food? ______________________________________________________ (Mom) 5. Who’ll hire the DJ? ______________________________________________________ (he)

JOURNAL PROMPT

Fo

Write about a party or an event you planned or went to. What was it like? Who did what? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

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____________________________________________________________________________

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Student Book 3 LEFT

Answer Key:

L. 2. We’ll 3. I’ll 4. She’ll 5. Harold and Yin will 6. You’ll M. 2. reserve 3. food 4. hire 5. bring Answers: 2. Pam will reserve a space at the rec center. 3. Gino and Mark will bring the drinks. 4. Mom will order the food. 5. He’ll hire the DJ. intercambio.org/teachers

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L15 I’M LOOKING FORWARD TO IT

What to bring to class: • Table tents / paper to write student name or name tags • Prepared chart for Activity I • Markers and poster sheets for Activity Idea in Activity I • Index cards for sentence scramble • The Immigrant Guide to supplement the Culture Tip conversation • Pronunciation Fun to supplement the pronunciation activities

n

By the end of the lesson, students will be able to: • Talk about different events they are looking forward to in the future • Identify basic activities around retirement and volunteering

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Teacher notes: Read ahead for Lesson 16—Final Review and Progress Check. Prepare how you will lead the Final Review and give the Progress Check. Consider assigning the self-reflection in the Student Book as homework, in addition to the regularly assigned homework at the end of lesson 15. Use the following suggested definitions for the vocabulary that may be challenging to explain for 3L students: • flexible schedule - a schedule that can change; you can work when you want to work

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Warm-up: Greet students. Practice the material from last class by asking a few questions using the grammar and vocabulary. Review homework from last lesson. Listening Track 17

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Fo

Sofia: Hey Ken. How are you doing? Ken: Hi Sofia, I’m good, but it’s so cold and windy today. I’m really looking forward to warmer weather this summer. Sofia: Me too! What are you doing this summer? Ken: My family and I are taking a vacation to visit my aunt and uncle. Sofia: Wow – that’s great. Are you excited about it? Ken: We’re really excited about it! How about you? Sofia: I’m retiring this summer! Ken: Are you looking forward to retiring? Sofia: Yes, I am. I’m looking forward to having a more flexible schedule. Ken: What will you do with your free time? Sofia: I’m excited about working in the garden, spending time with my grandchildren and giving back to my community. Ken: Nice. I’d love to volunteer too, maybe this summer. Sofia: That would be great!

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Teacher Book 3 LEFT


15

I’M LOOKING FORWARD TO IT! Pre Pre

Listening warm-up. Track 17: Are they talking about the future or the past?

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n

Pre Explore the picture; ask What do you see in the pictures? Next, point out the warm-up question. Read aloud, write it on board. Play track once. Point to the question on board. Elicit answers.

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES A. Have students repeat each word or phrase after you multiple times. NOTE: The u in community and schedule is pronounced like you.

Repeat after your teacher.

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AA

spend time with family, friends, kids

retire

learn a new skill

work in the garden

see my friends

give back to my community

travel

have a more flexible schedule

warmer weather

PRONUNCIATION

Fo

Listen and repeat after your teacher. Practice saying I’m, he’s, she’s, we’re, they’re.

A

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

I’m looking forward to retiring. He’s looking forward to traveling. She’s excited about the warmer weather. We’re looking forward to our vacation. They’re excited about spending time with their family.

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Pronunciation Read instructions. Discuss the importance of saying the entire contraction in the sentence. NOTE: Students often leave off the ‘m, ‘s, ‘re when saying these contractions. Even though they are reading the correct version, it can sometimes sound like: “I looking forward to it.”, “He excited about it.”

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VOCABULARY PRACTICE

EE

1

2

3

4

He’s retiring 1. _______________________________________________________.

give back to the community

2. _______________________________________________________.

travel

3. _______________________________________________________.

work in the garden

4. _______________________________________________________.

retire

LISTENING

CC

Listen again to Track 17. Check the things that each person talks about. Ken

Sophia

taking a vacation retiring have a flexible schedule

volunteering

LANGUAGE TOOLS

DD

rD up

working in the garden giving back to the community

FF

Listen to your teacher and repeat. QUESTIONS

Are

doing

next summer?

you

looking forward to

looking forward to

I’m

excited about

retiring. traveling. the warmer weather.

visiting family?

Yes,

I am.

retiring?

No,

I’m not.

Student Book 3 LEFT

GG

D. FOCUS: Q&As using look forward to. Read the chart aloud and have students repeat. Both look forward to and excited about are followed by verb + ing or a noun.

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82

ANSWERS

Fo

What are you looking forward to

C. Read instructions. Play the listening track all the way through. Have students do the task individually first and then check in pairs. Finally, check it as a whole class. Track can be repeated multiple times.

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P

warmer weather

B. Read instructions and words in box. Have students do the task individually first and then check in pairs. Finally, check it as a whole class.

n

Look at the pictures for each number. What are they doing? Write sentences. Use words from the box.

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BB

Answer Key:

B. 2. She’s working in the garden. 3. They’re traveling. 4. They’re giving back to the community. C. warmer weather - Sophia and Ken taking a vacation – Ken retiring – Sophia have a flexible schedule – Sophia working in the garden – Sophia giving back to the community – Sophia volunteering - Sophia and Ken 98

Teacher Book 3 LEFT


15

E. Read the GRAMMAR PRACTICE instructions and E E Complete the sentences with the correct form of the words in parentheses. the words in the parentheses. When visiting 1. She’s looking forward to ________________________ her family. (visit) checking answers, 2. They’re excited about ________________________ (retire). point out that the silent “e” at the 3. He’s looking forward to ________________________ (have) a more flexible schedule. end of a word is 4. We’re excited about ________________________ (see) our friends. dropped before 5. Vivian is looking forward to ________________________ (spend) time with her grandchildren. adding - ing.

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6. They’re looking forward to ________________________ (give) back to their community.

Fo

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F. 7. Bernard is excited about ________________________ (learn) a new skill. Read instructions. Have students do the task individually F F Unscramble the sentences. first and then check 1. looking forward to / She’s / having / a more flexible schedule. in pairs. Finally, She’s looking forward to having a more flexible schedule _______________________________________________________________________________. check it as a whole 2. / seeing / his / friends. / excited about / He’s class. EXPANSION: Make sentence _______________________________________________________________________________. scramble cards for 3. looking forward to /new skill. / a / They’re / learning each sentence. Work with one _______________________________________________________________________________. sentence at a time. 4. our / We’re / excited about / vacation. Give each student _______________________________________________________________________________. one card from the sentence. Have 5. warmer weather. / She’s / the / looking forward to students stand up _______________________________________________________________________________. and move around the room to put themselves in the G G Put the conversation in order. correct order. If 1. _______ Chad: Me too, but I don’t know how to dance. there are students 2. _______ Chad: Really? Thanks! I’m always excited about learning new skills. still seated without a word, have them 3. _______ Chad: Yes, they are looking forward to it. They hired a DJ to play salsa music! read the sentence 4. _______ Stephanie: Don’t worry. I can teach you. aloud to check if it’s 1 accurate. 5. _______ Chad: Hey, Stephanie. Are you looking forward to the party this weekend? 6. _______ Stephanie: They did? Wow! I’m looking forward to dancing a lot. 7. ________ Stephanie: Yes, I am really excited about it! Is your family going?

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G OPTION: Photocopy this page. Cut the sentences into strips. Have students work in pairs to put the sentences in order. Then have them role-play the dialog to check for accuracy.

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Answer Key:

E. 2. retiring 3. having 4. seeing 5. spending 6. giving 7. learning F. 2. He’s excited about seeing his friends. 3. They’re looking forward to learning a skill. 4. We’re excited about our vacation. 5. She’s looking forward to the warmer weather. G. 5, 7, 3, 6, 1, 4, 2 intercambio.org/teachers

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REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE

HH

Read the blog post about summer. Look at the people. Circle the correct answers

Warm weather

1

Temperatures are higher, the sun shines longer and it’s a great time of year to enjoy being outside by a pool. READ MORE

H. Read instructions and the blog aloud. Have students do the task individually first and then check in pairs. Finally, check it as a whole class.

II

tio

Summer days and nights are the perfect time for a party, concert or community event. There are many ways to give back to your community during the summer by volunteering at an event or party. READ MORE

2

Relax on the beach or on vacation

3

n

Concerts and community events

Taking a vacation is one of the best ways to enjoy the summer months. You can go sightseeing, take a road trip or relax on the beach.

READ MORE

4

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Get outside

Because the days are longer during the summer, your schedule can be more flexible for going outside and for enjoying parks in your community. READ MORE

Fresh food

5

Donna • hot weather • swimming

READ MORE

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The summer can be one of the best times of year to get fresh fruits and vegetables. The smell of an outdoor BBQ is one of the best smells of the summer.

Juan

• travel • gardening

Ming

Hilda

• BBQ • parties and events

• music • camping

1

2

3

4

5

2. What is Juan looking forward to this summer?

1

2

3

4

5

3. What is Ming looking forward to this summer?

1

2

3

4

5

4. What is Hilda looking forward to this summer?

1

2

3

4

5

5. What are you looking forward to this summer?

1

2

3

4

5

Student Book 3 LEFT

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1. What is Donna looking forward to this summer?

Answer Key:

H. 1. 1; 2. 3; 3. 2; 4. 2 5. Answers will vary. There may be some variation in answers.

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CULTURE TIP Many people enjoy volunteering in the US. Volunteering is a great way to: • Get connected to your neighborhood, town or city • Give back to your community • Learn more about where you live • Get job experience You can find out more about volunteering by looking at community websites and bulletin boards. Have you volunteered before? What did you do?

I

What are you looking forward to? Why? Look at the list of things people like to do in each season. Check the ones you look forward to doing as well. You can write in other things that you look forward to doing. THINGS PEOPLE LOOK FORWARD TO

I. Read instructions and discuss the chart. Show students a chart you have prepared about yourself.

Swimming

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Playing/watching baseball Fall colors Playing /watching football Visiting family

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Skiing

WHY?

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Hiking

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Culture Tip Read the tip. Brainstorm together different places where students can volunteer in their community. Ask Do you volunteer? Where? Why/why not? I

15

Playing in the snow

Celebrating holidays Going on vacation Gardening

Blooming flowers

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Biking

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Conversation Add extra vocabulary to the board if students need different words.

CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION

Get to know a partner. Talk about what they’re looking forward to doing: • in the summer, fall, winter and spring • when this class term is over • next year • when they retire intercambio.org/students

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HOMEWORK

Read what each person is looking forward to and answer the questions 1. ____ What is she looking forward to? 2. ____ What is he looking forward to this weekend? 3. ____ What are you looking forward to next year? 4. ____ What are they looking forward to? 5. ____ What are you looking forward to this summer? 6. ____What is he looking forward to after class?

a. I’m looking forward to having a flexible schedule. b. She’s looking forward to giving back to the community. c. He’s looking forward to seeing friends this weekend. d. He’s looking forward to sleeping after class. e. I’m looking forward to the weather this summer.

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JJ

Lesson 15 • I’m Looking Forward To It!

KK

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the words in parentheses. 1. Greta is looking forward to ____________________ (spend) time with her family. 2. I’m excited about____________________ (go) on vacation. 3. He’s looking forward to ____________________ (learn) a new skill.

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4. They’re excited about ____________________ (give) back to their community.

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f. They’re looking forward to learning a new skill.

5. We’re looking forward to ____________________ (see) our grandchildren. 6. Miguel is excited about ____________________ (cook) BBQ this summer.

7. She’s looking forward to ____________________ (speak) English better next year.

LL

Put the conversation in order.

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1. ______ Walt: Sure! Can you bring some drinks?

2. ______ Walt: Hi Francis! Are you looking forward to the graduation party tomorrow? 1

3. ______ Francis: Yes, no problem. I can pick up drinks on my way to the party. What time does it start? 4. ______ Francis: Yes, I am! Do you want me to bring something? 5. ______ Walt: 8:00 p.m. See you there!

JOURNAL PROMPT

What are you most looking forward to in the next five years? Why?

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____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

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____________________________________________________________________________ 86

Student Book 3 LEFT

Answer Key:

J. 1. b 2. c 3. a 4. f 5. e 6. d K. 1. spending 2. going 3. learning 4. giving 5. seeing 6. cooking 7. speaking L. 2, 4, 1, 3, 5

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Teacher Book 3 LEFT


L16 REVIEW & PROGRESS CHECK Timing Note: • The Review and Progress Check can take as long as two hours (about one hour each). Be sure to allow for enough time for your students to work uninterrupted on the progress check. • Adapt lesson 16 to fit the needs of your particular teaching situation. For example, if the schedule allows, consider doing the review in one class and the progress check in another.

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Giving the Progress Check: • First, let the students know the schedule for the class. Tell them they can do it! Go over the whole test with students, letting them know that you’ll be pulling them out individually for the oral section. • Let students know they can ask you questions and that this is a time to see what they have learned.

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A: Listening Track • Do the listening together (Activity A). Once complete, students will work on the rest of the progress check at their own pace. You’ll pull students out for the oral section individually. • Explain to the students that you will play the listening 3 times (no exceptions). If in a group, you will all listen together for 3 times. For 1-1 classes, play the track only 3 times, even if your student doesn’t complete the full activity. • Read the instructions together as you would in a normal lesson.

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Listening: Track 18 Brian: Hi Gina! I haven’t seen you in a while! How are you doing? Gina: Hey! I’m okay. I’m a little stressed lately. Brian: Really? Why? Gina: Well, work is overwhelming right now and my family is coming into town. I’m a planning a party for everyone, but I’m worried I don’t have time to run errands. Brian: Can I help you? Gina: That would be great! Brian: What should I do? Gina: Let’s see, I need someone to pick up plates, napkins, cups and utensils. Brian: I’ll do that, no problem. Gina: Thanks Brian! That would be a huge help!

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G: Speaking Repeat the question one time if needed. Do not give prompts to the student. Score explanation: 2 = Understood question, answered question in a complete sentence AND used correct grammar (from any lesson) 1 = Understood question BUT answered with incorrect grammar and/or an incomplete sentence 0 = Did not understand question, did not give answer OR answer did not make sense for question GRADING & SCORING After grading, write the correct number out of 100 at the top of the progress check in the Student Book. Be sure to review any incorrect responses. NOTE: As long as an answer is grammatically correct (whether it uses the structure taught in this level or not), students should be given full credit. SCORING

23 Total pts 1st pg.

Note: When grading, do not count examples as correct. Skip them.

27 Total pts 2nd pg

At bottom of each progress check page is a point scale. Write the number of correct answers (e.g. 21 / 23 points)

x2

Multiply number of correct answers by 2 for final score out of 100

100 Total points possible intercambio.org/teachers

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16

REVIEW & PROGRESS CHECK Check the items you can do. Review the items you can’t. I can… o talk about things I like to do in different tenses (past, present and future) (lesson 1) o compare different people I know in my life (lesson 2)

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o talk about safety items in my home (lesson 3)

This should have been completed as homework. Pair students to share their responses.

o talk about emergency situations (lesson 3) o compare types of movies and talk about likes and dislikes (lesson 4)

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o share about movies, music and things I like to do (lesson 4) o share ideas about what to do and how to stay safe if a weather event happens (lesson 5) o ask for help when looking for something (lesson 6) o discuss items using this, that, these, those (lesson 10)

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o share things that I used to do in the past and don’t do now (lesson 7) o talk about who owns an item using possessive pronouns (lesson 10) o talk about ways I spend and save money (lesson 11)

o talk about how I’m doing and ask people how they are feeling (lesson 12) o talk about how I reduce, reuse and recycle things (lesson 13) o talk about my plans in the future (lesson 14)

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o make offers to help others at future events (lesson 14)

o ask questions about what people are looking forward to in the future (lesson 15) o tell others about what I’m looking forward to (lesson 15)

Answer the questions.

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1. What is one thing you can do now?

2. Write two questions you know how to ask.

a. ___________________________________________________________________________

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b. ___________________________________________________________________________

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Teacher Book 3 LEFT

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REVIEW & PRACTICE

AA A. EXPANSION: Create flashcards using the listed words. Have pairs play PICTIONARY.

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Choose three words or phrases below. Act them out for your partner and have them guess. Switch. Write the three things your partner acted out. worried stubborn put out a fire shy take out the trash

do the dishes plunge the toilet watch TV hammer a nail work in the garden

indigestion hardworking allergies meditate DJ

take deep breaths make a phone call make a mistake take a walk

clean up itching fall down brave

E

2. ________________________________________________

BB

Match the questions and answers.

2. ______ Who’ll help make decorations?

b. My brother will.

3. ______ Who’ll hire the DJ?

c. She’ll make the dessert.

4. ______ Where will the party be?

d. I’ll send them out on Thursday.

5. ______ When will we order the food?

e. They’ll help make them.

6. ______ Who’ll make dessert?

f. We’ll order the food Friday.

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CC

a. It’ll be at the park.

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1. ______ d When will you send out the invitations?

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3. ________________________________________________

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1. ________________________________________________

Fill in the blank using a few, a little, a lot or any. Use the words in parentheses.

a lot of invitations. (1,000 invitations) 1. I have __________

2. We have _____________________ nails. (5 nails)

3. She has __________ milk left. (less than half a carton) 4. He doesn’t have ___________ trash. (none)

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5. They have _____________ of recycling. (8 bags)

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6. You have ___________ tools. (3 tools)

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Student Book 3 LEFT

Answer Key:

A. Answers will vary. B. 2. e 3. b 4. a 5. f 6. c C. 2. a few 3. a little 4. any 5. a lot of 6. a few intercambio.org/teachers

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DD

1. Christina needs to open a bank account.

_________________________________. She should go to a bank (bank)

2. I have a cold and sore throat.

_________________________________. (doctor)

3. They feel overwhelmed.

______________________________. (take deep breaths)

4. We want to buy a house.

________________________________. (apply for a loan)

5. He wants to watch an exciting movie.

_________________________________. (action movie)

Look at the items and who they belong to. Answer the questions using the correct pronoun.

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Me

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Look at what people need to do. Give them advice.

2. Whose cell phone is this? _________________.

3. Whose dirty dishes are those? _____________ .

4. Whose laptop is that? ____________________.

5. Whose books are these? __________________.

6. Whose trash bags are those? ______________.

7. Whose car is that? _______________________.

8. Whose keys are these? ___________________.

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It’s his 1. Whose hammer is that? ___________________ .

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Answer Key:

D. 2. You should go to the doctor. 3. They should take deep breaths. 4. You should apply for a loan. 5. He should watch an action movie. E. 2. It’s hers. 3. They’re his. 4. It’s mine. 5. They’re mine. 6. Those are theirs. 7. It’s theirs. 8. These are hers.

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Teacher Book 3 LEFT


Review Game. Play with a partner or in a small group. Take turns choosing a category and answering the question. Write your points down for correct answers. Recycling

Pronouns

Feelings and Personalities

Items for a Party

“Will” Contractions

Using “should”

100

100

100

100

100

100

This person plays music at your party.

I will go to the store tomorrow.

I need to open a bank account. Tell me what to do.

TRUE OR FALSE. It’s her hammer. If someone You can recycle Whose makes you Styrofoam. hammer is it? laugh, they are what? 200

200

200

200

200

Name 2 things you can recycle.

It’s my cell phone. Whose is it?

If someone is good at sports they are what?

This food is at the end of the meal.

She will play soccer this weekend.

I need to mail a letter. Tell me what to do.

300

300

300

300

300

300

Ask me the amount of trash I have to throw away.

It’s his wrench. Whose is it?

If someone only thinks of themselves, they are what?

Name 3 things you use to eat food.

They will make a cake for the party.

I need to buy a house. Tell me what to do.

400

400

400

400

400

400

I have many shirts to donate. What’s another word for many?

It’s their car. Whose is it?

If someone won’t listen to others and does things their own way, they are what?

What do you send to tell people about the party?

We will go on a road trip for vacation.

I want to get to know my neighbors. Tell me what to do.

500

500

500

500

500

500

It will rain tomorrow.

Ask me for advice about something in your life.

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rD up I have a small amount of paint take to the recycling center. What’s another word for a small amount?

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200

It’s our TV. Whose TV is it?

A

B

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FF

If someone Name one waits and is thing to do to able to work prepare for a through party. Name problems one thing to do without after a party. getting upset, they are what?

C

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My points: ___________________________ Notes:

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F. Group—break your class up into two or more teams. Give each team a chance to pick a category. Give 1-3 minutes for teams to answer or look up correct answers. Have all teams looking up or thinking of an answer at the same time. If one team gets the answer wrong, ask another team for its answer. You can 90 Student Book 3 If LEFT give points to the team that answers correctly. a team gets an answer correct, they can choose the next category in any order. One-on-One – play the game with your student and take turns reading the categories and answering them in any order. You can keep your own points if you want. If a student gets a question wrong, look back together and review the item.

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16

PROGRESS CHECK Total: 50 x 2 = 100

Listen to Track 18. Check how Gina feels. Check the things that Brian will do. (2 points each)

BB

CC

1. o stressed

6. o pick up flowers

2. o relaxed

7. o pick up plates

3. o excited

8. o pick up napkins

4. o worried

9. o pick up cups

5. o tired

10. o pick up milk

Answer Key: Gina: 4 Brian: 7, 8, 9

Write the correct form of the word. Use the words in parentheses. (1 point each) 1. Who’ll help you?

They’ll _____________ (they) help you make dinner.

2. What’ll you do if there’s a flood?

_____________ (I) stay off the roads if there’s a flood.

3. What’ll she need for a cough?

_____________ (she) need cough syrup for a cough.

4. Who’ll sleep in tomorrow?

_____________ (we) sleep in.

5. Where will the party be?

_____________ (it) be at the park.

6. What’ll he do if he’s stressed?

_____________ (he) take a nap.

Circle the correct answer. (1 point each) 1. Q: Whose hammer is that / those?

B. Say Now you will work alone. Answer Key: 2. I’ll 3. She’ll 4. We’ll 5. It’ll 6. He’ll C. Answer Key: 1. that/mine 2. these/hers 3. those/mine 4. that/ours

2. Q: Whose newspapers are this / these? A: They’re her / hers.

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A: It’s my / mine.

3. Q: Whose plastic bags are this / those? A: They’re my / mine.

4. Q: Whose trash is that / those? A: It’s our / ours.

Look at the items Gene has to recycle. Write the name of the item and fill in the blank using a few, a lot, a little or many. (1 point each)

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DD

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P

What Brian will do

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How Gina feels

1

2

A. Say I will play the track 3 times. Read the instructions aloud. Play track 3 times without pausing.

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AA

My score________/ 100

3

D. Answer Key: 2. a little cardboard 3. many, magazines or a lot of, magazines 4. a lot of or many

4

a few cans 1. He has a few___________________________ to recycle.

2. He has _____________________________ to recycle. 3. He has ___________ stacks of ________________________.

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4. He has ____________of bottles to recycle. ________/ 23

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Review Your Answers:

Lesson 1: B.1 Lesson 2: A Lesson 3: G.4 Lesson 4: F.5 Lesson 5: B.2 Lesson 6: B.3 Lesson 7: B.4 Lesson 10: C.1-4, G.1 Lesson 11: A.7-9, F.1-6, G.3 Lesson 12: A.1,3-4, B.6, F.3, G.5 Lesson 13: C.1-4 , D.1-4 Lesson 14: A.7-9, B.5, F.1 Lesson 15: G.2 108

Teacher Book 3 LEFT


E. Answer Key: 2. mine 3. John’s/his 4. sister’s/hers 5. theirs/theirs

EE

Read about the family. Write the name of the family member and pronoun for each object. (1 point each) My sister likes music and is outgoing.

brother’s 1. The movies are my _____________________. his They’re ______________________.

My brother is funny and likes movies.

2. The book is _____________________.

I’m shy and I like to read.

3. The soccer ball is ______________________. It’s ___________________________.

John is friendly and likes to play soccer.

Answer the questions. Use the words in parentheses. (2 points each)

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FF

1. Jennifer can’t buy decorations for the party. What should she do? She should make decorations for the party. ____________________________________________________________________________(make) 2. Chris doesn’t have a bank account. What should he do? ____________________________________________________________________________ (open)

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F. Answer Key: 2. He should open a bank account. 3. They should talk to a counselor. 4. You/We should donate them. 5. You should watch a comedy (movie). 6. She should go to a bank.

4. The CDs are my________________________. They’re ______________________. 5. The bags are _________________________. They’re ______________________.

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They like to shop.

3. Tony and Ari are having marriage problems. Who should they talk to? _________________________________________________________________________(counselor) 4. We have a lot of old clothes. What should we do with them? ___________________________________________________________________________(donate)

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5. I want to watch something silly. What should I watch? __________________________________________________________________________(comedy) 6. Diana wants to get a money order. Where should she go? ____________________________________________________________________________(bank)

GG

STOP. Wait for your teacher. (2 points each) Score

1. 0

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G. Say Activity G is about speaking English. Say, I will ask you a question. You will answer. For example, How are you? (Elicit response.) Follow with questions 1-5 in box below.

1

2.

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Teacher Notes

2

0

1

2

3. 0

1

2

4. 0

1

2

5. 0

1

2

Lesson 10: Lesson 15: Lesson 11: Lesson 3: Lesson 12:

Student Book 3 LEFT

________/ 27

1. [HOLD up your teacher book] Whose book is this? 2. What are you looking forward to doing next weekend? 3. Where should I go to make a deposit? [Correct answer should include should.] Then, say Now you will ask me questions. For example: “Ask me what my name is.” See if students respond and say “What’s your name?” If they don’t, help them before asking the next two questions. 4. I’m late to work. Ask me why. 5. Ask me how my brother is doing. intercambio.org/teachers

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QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE watch

watched

aim

aimed

work out

worked out

appear

appeared

phrasal verb

apply

applied

argue

argued

arrive

arrived

(be)iam/is/are

was/were

carry

carried

break

broke

clean up

cleaned up

bring

brought

collect

collected

buy

bought

compare

compared

come

came

donate

donated

do

did

enter

entered

drive

drove

evacuate

evacuated

eat

ate

excite

excited

fall

fell

fix

fixed

fall down

fell down

grab

grabbed

feel

felt

happen

happened

get

got

hire

hired

give

gave

learn

learned

go

went

listen

listened

go off

went off

live

lived

grow

grew

meditate

meditated

hear

heard

order

ordered

keep

kept

pick up

picked up

make

made

point

pointed

pay

paid

prevent

prevented

put

put

pull

pulled

ride

rode

recycle

recycled

see

saw

require

required

send

sent

reserve

reserved

sleep

slept

retire

retired

sleep in

slept in

return

returned

speak

spoke

separate

separated

spend

spent

sign

signed

stand

stood

sign up

signed up

sweep

swept

smell

smelled

take

took

smoke

smoking

tell

told

spell

spelled

think

thought

squeeze

squeezed

throw out

threw out

start

started

try

tried

stay

stayed

wear

wore

stay off

stayed off

withdraw

withdrew

use

used

write

wrote

use to

used to

phrasal verb

Irregular Verbs I Know

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Simple Past

Teacher Book 3 LEFT

Phrasal verb = verb + preposition. These usually have a different meaning than the verb alone. I work every day = I go to my job every day. I work out every day = I exercise every day. Modal verb = a special kind of verb that we use to talk about certainty, advice, possibility, ability and others. I can work every day. = I have the ability I should work every day. = it’s a good idea if I work every day

Present Continuous Correct form of be + base form + ing He‘s walking to school right now. We use the present continuous to talk about an action taking place right now. I’m walking to work tomorrow because my car broke down. We can also use the present continuous to talk about the future.

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Present

Gerund= verb + ing. The gerund always works as a noun. Walking is quicker than driving.

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Simple Past

waited

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Present

wait

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Regular Verbs I Know

Past Continuous Past form of be + base form + ing He was walking to school yesterday. We use the past continuous to talk about an action taking place at a certain time in the past. Future with will will + base form of verb I will walk to work next week. We use will to talk about actions in the future or offers. We use will for predictions, promises and when we have not made specific plans.

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w

r

y

w

y

GREEN TEA

BLUE MOON

PURPLE SHIRT

SILVER PIN

WOODEN HOOK w

y

ROSE BOAT r

GRAY DAY

a CUP of MUSTARD

ORANGE DOOR y

TURQUOISE TOY

RED PEPPER

North American English Fifth Edition

OLIVE SOCK

AUBURN DOG

w

y

WHITE TIE

BLACK CAT

BROWN COW

Twentieth Anniversary Edition

The Color Vowel® Chart

K. Taylor, S. Thompson © 2018

All rights reserved. This material or any part of it may not be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without express permission from the claimants. All inquiries should be addressed to info@ColorVowelChart.org www.colorvowelchart.org


Confidence and Connections was developed by Intercambio Uniting Communities to offer practical English language acquisition for adults. The series was designed for both 1-on-1 and group learning environments. The hallmark of this curriculum is its unique focus on building confidence and personal connections between students and teacher. Each lesson culminates with a Connect with Conversation activity, providing students a safe place to practice speaking English while getting to know their fellow students and teacher. In addition, every lesson includes a pronunciation exercise to help students learn and practice the many sounds and rhythm of the language. There are 2 books per level, L (left) and R (right), enabling shorter completion cycles per level. Completing a book builds student confidence and allows a shorter waiting period for a returning student. Together these two books, L and R, complete a level and you can begin with either one. Build your community by teaching and learning English The Intercambio Way™.

Intercambio is a 501 (c) 3 nonprofit organization founded in 2001. In addition to our successful and continually advancing program in Boulder Colorado, we support and share best practices with organizations across the country that use our curriculum, training and resources. We are committed to learning from everyone. Please share ideas or feedback with us at www.intercambio.org/comments $18.00 ISBN 978-1-947639-31-7

51800

www.intercambio.org • resources@intercambio.org 9 781947 639317

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Confidence and Connections Teacher Book Level 3 LEFT  

Intercambio developed this series with input from our adult ESL students, teachers and program partners across the country. You’ll find that...

Confidence and Connections Teacher Book Level 3 LEFT  

Intercambio developed this series with input from our adult ESL students, teachers and program partners across the country. You’ll find that...

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