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SUMMARY Volume 1 2022 FOAMWORK 3D PRINTING SEWAGE WASTE DEVELOPING STEEL MORE QUICKLY USING DENS 3D MODELS ROADMAP MARKET OPPORTUNITIES BIODEGRADABLE PHA RESTAURAM: REPAIRING HISTORIC PORCELAIN WITH A 3D PRINTER KVK INNOVATION TOP 100


Innovative Materials Summary volume 1 2022 This is a summary of the most recent edition of Innovative Materials. Want to read the full articles? HERE you will find more information about subscriptions.

Nummer 1 2022

FOAMWORK 3D PRINTING SEWAGE WASTE DEVELOPING STEEL MORE QUICKLY USING DENS 3D MODELS ROADMAP MARKET OPPORTUNITIES BIODEGRADABLE PHA RESTAURAM: REPAIRING HISTORIC PORCELAIN WITH A 3D PRINTER KVK INNOVATION TOP 100

Innovative Materials is an interactive, digital magazine about new and/or innovative applied materials in civil engineering sector, construction, architecture and design.


SUMMARY INNOVATIVE MATERIALS 1 2022 Recyclable plastics based on sugars Researchers from the University of Birmingham (UK) and Duke University (US) have developed a new family of recyclable polymers based on sustainable raw materials and with the same properties as ordinary plastics. To make these new polymers, the scientists used isoidide and isomannide as building blocks, rather than petrochemical derivatives.

4D Printing of Liquid Crystals 4D printing is a technique with which, using a 3D printer, ‘smart’ objects can be made that can move and change shape independently. Marc del Pozo Puig, Chemical Engineering and Chemistry (CEC) of Eindhoven University of Technology, who developed a smart ink that responds to all kinds of environmental stimuli.

An alternative to cotton: bulrush Cotton cultivation and production of cotton has a major, negative impact on the environment. This is mainly due to the land and water use, the amount of pesticides that are used and the CO2 emissions released during transport. That may be different, with bulrush (reed cigar).

New technology sees difference between twelve different types of plastic A Danish research project has led to the development of a new camera technology to see the difference between twelve different types of plastic and to sort plastic based on chemical composition.

Super jelly Researchers at Cambridge University (UK) have developed a jelly-like material that, although 80 percent water, can withstand the pressure of an elephant if it were to step on it.

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SUMMARY INNOVATIVE MATERIALS 1 2022 Smart material for insulating roofing A team of American scientists has developed a new insulating roofing material: - temperature-adaptive radiative coating (TAC) - which, according to the scientists, keeps houses warm in winter and cool in summer, without using natural gas or electricity.

Circulose: recycling thousands of tons of textiles Circulose - an acronym for Circular Cellulose - is a branded instant pulp product that Renewcell makes entirely from textile waste, such as worn jeans and waste from the textile industry.

Constructive reliability of biobased building materials Within the framework of the so-called BRIC project (Biobased Renewable Innovative Constructions), Avans University of Applied Sciences is carrying out accelerated aging tests of the circular biobased biocomposite profiles developed by the project partners.

New vegetable composite: tough as bone and hard as aluminum Wooden cell walls are made up of cellulose fibers. Within each fiber are reinforcing cellulose nanocrystals, (cellulose nanocrystals or CNCs): chains of organic polymers arranged in near-perfect crystal patterns. A team of MIT team developed a composite with a high percentage of CNCs, which could also be deformed well.

FoamWork FoamWork is a project of ETH Zurich. The project investigates how foam 3D printing (F3DP) can be used to create unique shapes for functional, permanent or temporary and recyclable formwork when pouring concrete.

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SUMMARY INNOVATIVE MATERIALS 1 2022 3D printing sewage waste The Dutch circular design studio Omlab, in collaboration with Fillip Studios, developed biodegradable 3D-printed artworks.

Developing steel more quickly using DENS 3D models Last January, the most recent 3D model for the development of new steel grades was presented at the biennial event of the Digitally Enhanced New Steel Product Development (DENS) research program.

Roadmap market opportunities biodegradable PHA There are many market opportunities for PHAs, a family of plastics that are both biobased and biodegradable. Invest-NL and Wageningen University & Research are now going to collaborate to accelerate the market introduction of PHAs. To this end, they have developed a roadmap that shows which PHAs are suitable for which application.

RestaurAM: Repairing historic porcelain with a 3D printer The Fraunhofer Institute for Ceramic Technologies and Systems IKTS in Dresden, together with a number of companies from Saxony, has investigated a method to repair damage to porcelain art objects, such as small broken porcelain parts, with a 3D printer.

Mycelium ‘styrofoam’ wins Chamber of Commerce Innovation Top 100 Grown.bio from Heerewaarden developed a sustainable alternative to polystyrene foam and thus took first place in the sixteenth Chamber of Commerce Innovation Top 100. The company makes “styrofoam” with mushroom roots on a substrate of agricultural waste. The Chamber of Commerce publishes this ranking every year with 100 concrete innovations in Dutch small and medium-sized enterprises.

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SUMMARY INNOVATIVE MATERIALS 1 2022 The mystery of water-promoted fracture growth on glass A team of researchers from Pusan National University (PNU) has investigated the water-induced cracking behavior of microdefects in both annealed and toughened glass. According to the researchers, the comparative study provides new insights into the origin of glass cracks, which can be useful for glass designers, engineers and architects.

Efficiency record for perovskite solar cell technology A team of researchers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has set a new record in the energy conversion efficiency of solar cells made with perovskite.

http://hightechmaterials.4tu.nl

Select key words and find relevant materials scientists or research groups within 4TU.

High-Tech Materials form the key to innovative and sustainable technology

www.4tu.nl/htm @4TU_HTM

4TU.HTM Research Programme New Horizons in Designer Materials | Visibility and accessibility of Materials Science & Engineering | Annual symposium Dutch Materials | 4TU.Joint Materials Science Activities | web application http://hightechmaterials.4tu.nl

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23 – 24 March • Hybrid Event

Leading Event on Carbon Capture & Utilisation • Strategy & Policy • Green Hydrogen Production • Carbon Capture Technologies • Carbon Utilisation (Power-to-X): Fuels for Transport and Aviation, Building Blocks, Bulk and Fine Chemicals, Advanced Technologies, Artificial Photosynthesis • Innovation Award “Best CO2 Utilisation 2022” Call for Innovation

Vote for the Innovation Innovation Award Sponsor

Innovation Award Co-Organiser

Sponsors

Contact

Organiser

Award “Best CO2 Utilisation 2022”

Dominik Vogt dominik.vogt@nova-institut.de Tel.: +49 2233 / 48 14 49

nova-institute.eu

co2-chemistry.eu

renewable-materials.eu

10-12 May – Cologne, Germany

The stars of Renewable Materials meet in Cologne

RENEWABLE MATERIAL OF THE YEAR 2022

The unique concept of presenting all renewable material solutions at one event hits the mark: bio-based, CO2-based and recycled are the only alternatives to fossil-based chemicals and materials. Preliminary program available. ORGANISED BY

First day • Bio- and CO2-based Refineries • Chemical Industry, New Refinery Concepts • Chemical Recycling

Organiser

Premium Partner

Second day • Renewable Chemicals and Building Blocks • Renewable Polymers and Plastics – Technology and Markets • Fine Chemicals (parallel session) • Innovation Award Innovation Award Sponsor

Sponsors

Third day • Latest nova Research • The Policy & Brands View on Renewable Materials • Biodegradation • Renewable Plastics and Composites

NOVA-INSTITUTE

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INNOVATION AWARD

Call for Innovation Submit your Application for the “Renewable Material of the Year 2022” by 15 March


ADVERTORIAL

Special quartz glass with Sol-Gel technology The Sol-Gel method works by gelling a liquid with SiO2 at room temperature, which is then poured into the desired shape. After drying in the mould, it is removed. The product formed is then further dried in a conditioned drying oven. Finally, the product is sintered at a temperature of approximately 1400 °C. During sintering, the product compacts to the required dimensions. This results in a shrinkage of 50%. In this way both transparent and opaque and black quartz glass can be made. IQS GmbH in Ilmenau has further developed and refined the process with Sol-Gel. They have succeeded in developing three types of quartz glasses with special properties. Transparent The first type is the transparent Verusil; a synthetic quartz glass with a very high chemical purity. Verusil has an OH content of 300 ppm. Verusil is mainly used in optical, analytical and technical applications.

By applying an extra step in the purification process, the chemical contamination of Verusil can be further improved if desired and the content of OH groups can be reduced to almost zero.

Thermal properties • • • •

Coefficient of expansion: 5.5 x 10ˉ7 (20 - 500 °C) Softening temperature: 1460 °C Maximum use temperature short: 1100 °C Maximum operating tempera­ ture - long-term: 925 °C

Chemical impurities (ppm)

Al

Ca

Cu

Fe

K

Li

Mg

N

Ti

Zr

0,5

0,75

0,02

0,30

0,75

0,02

0,10

0,30

0,05

0,05

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ADVERTORIAL White opaque materials

The opaque Diffusil® is available in three different types, each intended for a specific application. Diffusil®-UV is an opaque material with the highest chemical purity and the best optical homogeneity of the Diffusil® family. Only synthetic raw materials of the highest purity are used for production. Diffusil®-UV has a monomodal size distribution of small gas bubbles with a diameter of about 4 m in the material. With their near-perfect spherical shape, these act as ideal optical scattering centers and provide an almost Lambertian scattering characteristic. The amount and size of the gas bubbles in the material can be adjusted according to customer requirements. The material is ideally suited for use as an optical diffuser in a wide wavelength range from UV to IR wavelength. The extremely homogeneously distributed gas bubbles in the material create the opaque appearanceof Diffuse-UV . They are responsible for an almost Lambertian stray light behaviour of the material. IQS offers four different opaci-

Al

Ca

Cu

Fe

K

Li

Mg

<0,15

<0,05

<0,02

<0,05

<0,05

<0,02

<0,02

Chemical contaminants (ppm)

ties with adapted stray light behaviour by the number of bubbles to change: Diffusil®-UV300: approx. 300 million bubbles/cm³ Diffusil®-UV500: approx. 500 million bubbles/cm³ Diffusil®-UV1000: approx. 1,000 million bubbles/cm³ Diffusil®-UV2000: approx. 2,000 million bubbles/cm³

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distributed gas bubbles with a diameter of approximately 4 µm. However, the amount and size of the gas bubbles are fixed and cannot be specially adjusted. Diffusil®-T is mainly used in high temperature applications. It is used, for example, in crucibles. Maximum working temperature (long-term) is 1050 °C.

Diffusil®-S is an opaque material that meets the high purity requirements for use in the semiconductor industry. It contains a higher number but significantly smaller gas bubbles of approximately 4 µm compared to other competing materials. This results in improved thermal and optical properties of this material. Its high reflectivity to infrared radiation makes it the ideal material for use in furnace processes in the manufacture of semiconductors and solar cells.

Black Quartz Glass The third group is the recently developed Zerosil; black fused silica glass with excellent optical absorption properties. It is manufactured using synthetic raw materials through a Sol-Gel process. Zerosil combines the high chemical purity with the excellent optical and thermal properties. Zerosil has a uniform black appearance. This is achieved by the finely divided, light-absorbing carbon nanoparticles of approximately 100 nm diameter in the glass. Zerosil fused silica is mainly used in optical and thermal applications.

Diffusil®-T is manufactured from a mix of synthetically produced raw materials and raw materials of natural origin using a special Sol-Gel process. Due to the special mix of raw materials, it can be used especially in higher temperature ranges, because the softening point is higher. Diffusil®-T also contains evenly

IQS GmbH Ehrenbergstrasse 11 98693 Ilmenau Tel.: +49-3677-20052-0 info@iqs.glass http://iqs.glass

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Center of expertise for materials characterization. Independent, dedicated, objective research and consultancy. ISO 17025 accredited.

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Innovative Materials, the international version of the Dutch magazine Innovatieve Materialen, is now available in English. Innovative Materials is an interactive, digital magazine about new and/or innovatively applied materials. Innovative Materials provides information on material innovations, or innovative use of materials. The idea is that the ever increasing demands lead to a constant search for better and safer products as well as material and energy savings. Enabling these innovations is crucial, not only to be competitive but also to meet the challenges of enhancing and protecting the environment, like durability, C2C and carbon footprint. By opting for smart, sustainable and innovative materials constructors, engineers and designers obtain more opportunities to distinguish themselves. As a platform Innovative Materials wants to help to achieve this by connecting supply and demand. Innovative Materials is distributed among its own subscribers/network, but also through the networks of the partners. In 2019 this includes organisations like M2i, MaterialDesign, 4TU (a cooperation between the four Technical Universities in the Netherlands), the Bond voor Materialenkennis (material sciences), SIM Flanders, FLAM3D, RVO and Material District.


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