INLA News - March/April 2024

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Volume 84 • Issue 2 March | April 2024 Indiana Nursery & Landscape News The Official Publication of the Indiana Nursery & Landscape Association INDIANA GREEN EXPO RECAP PLUS! Awards of Excellence Winners Stantec Native Plant Nursery's 30 Year Celebration 2024 Legislative Update MarApr24.indd 1 3/3/2024 1:24:24 PM
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Indiana Nursery & Landscape News

Volume 84 • Issue 2 - March | April 2024

Indiana Nursery and Landscape News is the official publication of the Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association, Inc. (INLA) and is published bimonthly.

Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association 7915 S. Emerson Ave., Suite 247 Indianapolis, IN 46237

Phone: 317-889-2382

Toll Free: 800-443-7336


Rick Haggard, Executive Director, INLA 765-366-4994 •

Advertising Rates: Media Kit available online at www.

Copy Deadline: First of the month preceding the month of the issue. Reprint permission granted if source is indicated.

Views expressed in articles or editorials do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of the association or its directors, but are those of the writer. Trade names used in articles are for identification only. No discrimination is intended toward similar products and the INLA does not endorse the use of the products mentioned.

Subscriptions: Included with membership to the INLA. Nonmembers: $36.00 per year (six issues per year).

For questions regarding subscriptions, please call INLA at 317-889-2382.


Gabriel Gluesenkamp, President Designscape Horticultural Services 2877 S. TC Steele Road Nashville, IN 47448-9584 812-988-8900; Fax 812-988-2639

Shaun Yeary, President-Elect Greendell Landscape Solutions 749 West State Road 42 Mooresville, IN 46158 317-996-2826; Fax 317-996-2032

Bob Wasson, Vice President Wasson Nursery 13279 E. 126th St. Fishers, IN 46037 317-770-1123

Dean Ricci, Past President Ricci’s Landscape Management, Inc. 502 Norbeh Drive, Hebron, IN 46341 219-996-2682; Fax 219-996-2680

Rick Haggard, Executive Director & Publisher 7915 S. Emerson Ave., #247 Indianapolis, IN 46032 Office: 800-443-7336 or 317-889-2382 Cell: 765-366-4994 S •


Erick Brehob (2026) Brehob Nursery • 317-783-3233

Kyle Daniel — Purdue University 765-494-7621 •

Jill Glover (2026) Schneider Nursery • 812-522-4068

Jason Fritz (2025)

Stantec Native Plant Nursery (574) 5862412

Carlos Reichman (2025) Schuetz Insurance Services (317) 639-5679

Kevin Van Sessen (2024) Blade Cutters, LLC. • 219-661-8206

Kent Wilhelmus (2024)

Second Nature Landscape Management 812-483-7817 •

INDIANA NURSERY & LANDSCAPE NEWS • MARCH | APRIL 2024 1 Inside This Issue: 2 Upcoming Events 4 Executive Director's Letter 4 New INLA Members 6 President's Message 10 Indiana Green Expo Recap 13 Worms: Friend or Foe? 16 Stantec Native Plant Nursery's 30 Year History 20 2024 Legislative Update 22 Awards of Excellence Winners 25 George Brenn's IAH Chapter Study Guide 27 George Brenn's IAH Crossword 28 Directory of Advertisers
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MRTF Field Day, Daniels Turf Center, West Lafayette

IOMA Golf Fundraiser, Twin Lakes Golf Club, Carmel


August 7-9 INLA Summer Tour and Scholarship Event

Visit for updates and new event listings.


INLA Job Board at

FREE JOB POSTING for INLA members! Positions are open to any who wish to respond!

To post an open position at your company, please email and send the job description along with how to apply.

Questions? Contact Rick Haggard, 765-366-4994

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To my awaiting audience for this edition of the Executive Director Letter, I am going to change the focus in acknowledging our INLA Special Achievement Awards presented with a very brief synopsis, of the recipients, with a complete story in the May/June edition of the Indiana Nursery and Landscape News. I would also like to spend a little time in this letter to focus on our upcoming summer event with tentative dates of August 7 & 8, 2024, in North Central Indiana, including South Bend, Walkerton and New Carlisle area. The tentative plans are starting to come into place with the possibilities of the INEF Shooting for Scholarships taking place at Back Forty Sporting Clays in Bourbon, Indiana on Friday August 9, 2024.

Now to the first part of my Executive Director letter regarding acknowledgement of our 2023 Special Achievement Award recipients, as well as our 2022 and 2023 Honorary Members. Please keep in mind there will be a full, respectable recognition of all these recipients in the May/June INLN. The following awards were presented at the end of our Annual Meeting held at the Indiana Convention Center, during the 2024 Indiana Green Expo on January 18, 2024.

The 2023 Indiana Nursery and Landscape Achievement Award was presented by INLA President Gabriel Gluesenkamp, to F.L. “Butch” Edwards Butch has been known for several years within the INLA and nursery industry, as not only a grower, but also recognized for the Windover Gold Ginkgo cultivar, found in his fields during the time he owned Windover Nursery in Naab, Indiana. Windover Gold Ginko is still in the market and sold today, via liners and finished product. Butch has also served on the INLA Board of Directors and his wife Kathy, was a past Executive Director, that many say helped right the INLA (formerly known as IAN) ship.

The 2023 INLA Award of Merit was presented by myself, to The Corydon Group, which represents the Indiana

Outdoor Management Alliance (IOMA) regarding governmental affairs in the state of Indiana. All INLA Members are members of IOMA, as the INLA is one of the charters members. The Corydon Group has been the sole representation of IOMA (formerly known as Green Industry Alliance) and has played a vital and pivotal role during the Water Ban issue in central Indiana in 2012, plus was successful in our green industry being declared Essential during COVID in early 2020. Glad your company was able to continue working during that questionable period?!; you can thank them for this ability to continue working and operating your business with certain restrictions. Chris Gibson, managing partner, Steve Wolff, IOMA legislate liaison, and Kim Williams were scheduled to receive this award, but Kim at the last minute could not attend the event.

During our 2022 Annual Meeting the following Honorary Member recipients could not make the event in person, even though they were recognized at that time. I was fortunate and extremely honored to present 1 of our 2 Honorary Member plaques to Dr. Michael Dana of Purdue University. Dr. Dana, has long been a supporter of the INLA and has invested much of his time with the rewrites of various IAH Chapters over the years, as well as a complete overhaul of the current IAH manual during 2022 and 2023, with hopeful implementation either late 2024 or early 2025.

Dr. Cliff Sadof was the other recipient of the 2022 Honorary Member distinction and was presented the award by our very own George Brenn, who chaired the IAH Committee along with Dr. Jim Messmer, for let’s just say a number of years. Dr. Sadof, supposedly somewhat retired, has been responsible for most of the pests that has had an impact regarding our industry, such as Emerald Ash Borer, as well as the development of the Plant Doctor App. Also his versatility being bilingual has assisted many communications being in Spanish as well.

The last award presented was by INLA Past President Dean Ricci to the person he refers to as the “Godfather of the IAH” the 2023 INLA Honorary Member, and presenter to Dr. Cliff Sadof for his 2022 Honorary Member distinction, George Brenn. I will

only add a few comments regarding George as the next issue will hopefully capture the true reason why George is the recipient of this award. This award is not just as a recognition for recent contributions, but as it states on the award “We thank you for your though the Years. A quick note, I do not think George will ever stop, investing in our industry and especially the drive to help educate others regarding our IAH Program, which about 2 years ago was deemed by the Indiana Department of Education and Department of Workforce Development, as only 1 of 3 state certified certifications in Indiana for Dual Certification in schools, and industry. George has “volunteered” his own time to go through all the new IAH Manual chapters, and create correspond with Purdue about a glossary, chapter guidelines, quizzes, and testing assimilation. He has shown me what investing in not only our industry, but the people involved can make a difference in a stronger united association, and open a whole gamut of true friends. Thank you, George!

Now a quick “SAVE THE DATES –August 7-9, 2024” INLA Summer Tour and INEF Shooting for Scholarships. There will be a lot more information, regarding this event in the upcoming Newsletter and eNewsletters, but just wanted to make sure everyone marks your calendars. At present and if things work out we plan to make a visit or 2 on the campus of Notre Dame in South Bend as well as a stop or 2 at one of the INLA’s long standing member, INLA Award of Merit recipient and supporter of the INLA/INEF, John Foegley – Foegley Landscape in South Bend landscape projects. Tentative plan is to stop at his 2020 Green Excellence Award Winning project “Civic Square”. I am not 100% certain, but it has been several years since our last visit to North Central Indiana, with Price Nurseries being the host and Swan Lake Resort and conference center being the host hotel. As I always hear in the industry if you never get out and see what others have to offer, you will wilt on the vine.

Keepin it Green, Rick Haggard

Rick Haggard
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Special Achievement Awards

2022 Honorary Member: Dr.

2022 Honorary Member: Dr. Cliff Sadof

2023 Honorary Member: George Brenn

Active Member

Pro Care Hotticultural Serviceds

Lowell Rolsky | Carmel, IN

Associate Member


Eric Novak | Fishers, IN

Indiana University Landscape Nursery

Nicholas Nehring | Bloomington, IN

Wilson Outdoor Solutions LLC

Kacy Wilson | Cutler, IN

2023 Indiana Nursery and Landscape Achievement Award: Butch Edwards Mike Dana 2023 INLA Award of Merit: The Corydon Group, Chris Gibson (right) (left)
boxwoods by
Welcome New INLA Members! Trimming
We have 40,000 trees & shrubs in the ground.
make our own deliveries. Welcome to our Farm & Nursery. 2814 Todd’s Point Road | Simpsonville, KY 40067 502.722.5516 MarApr24.indd 5 3/3/2024 1:24:27 PM
Pruning trees by hand.


A warm winter greeting to all as I’m writing this letter on a weatherman’s dream forecast of 50 degrees and sunny in February. Thinking back to all my previous president’s letters, I realized those who don’t know me probably think I’m a senior citizen because I can’t help but talk about the weather to break the ice in conversation. I refuse to digress though as we continue to have seasonal oddities that us plant nerds can’t help but notice -- like being able to wash your camper outside in December and finding a live tick while doing so (that bug factoid is for you, Cliff).

Last year we found crawling leaf miners in boxwoods at customer’s homes on Feb, 13 and again this year, but more than a week earlier on Feb. 5. Tracking growing degree days is still the best method for finding the right window for treatment; but when it doesn’t get cold enough to reset the bug calendar you might need to call your local University of Florida extension agent to figure out the math for your plant health care schedule. We followed the label last year and are still finding them in multitude at the same locations, so I say that to encourage you we are ALL adjusting to this extreme weather, and no one has the magic bullet to do it right every time.

Onto the practical application of this letter, as we are coming off the INLA’s largest single event of the year. I will leave the detailed re-cap to Rick as I’m sure he has better information than I could give you -- but here are my highlights.

This year we doubled down with MRTF on our education, and it really showed in the diversity of topics and speakers. I spoke with and oversaw many vendors working with potential customers inside the trade show and as our Kentucky affiliate member Kent Abrams said, “If you are writing orders at the booth, you know it’s a good show.” Abrams Nursery also has some of the nicest swag, so be looking for their hats next year.

My biggest takeaway was from an education session with Dr. Charlie Hall of Texas A&M. He showed the current GDP data to prove our global supply chain is back to normal and we have reason to continue optimistic gains for the

landscaping industry over the next few years at minimum. The US census shows that by 2030, 1 in 5 Americans will be over the age of 65, therefore the need for labor services will continue to rise as the workforce of baby boomers continue to retire.

To that point I move directly to the main plot and climax for this story. In every industry I am continually frustrated with what has seemingly become an acceptable level of customer service. Whether it's checking in at a hotel, dealing with cell phone/internet providers, or even purchasing product from a reputable vendor, the general lack of give a (*edited “care”) has hit rock bottom. My kids would say, “I’ll tell you this for free”: YOU CANNOT TAKE GREAT CUSTOMERS AND TEAM MEMBERS FOR GRANTED because some of us care now more than ever.

As the economy levels out the cream of the crop will rise to the top and if you are not continually improving your services you might as well stop digging trees and start working on a shallow grave. Even a good customer can leave you without good reason, so let’s all be sure not to give them one.

We have seen huge growth within the landscape industry in our expanded list of services where customers want their home outdoors to include every amenity they can afford, so there is no excuse for lack of opportunity. Constant and efficient communication with your team and customers will continue to trend as a top priority. Look for ways to increase your visibility in the market at which you are best. Take time to gather and analyze your data to ensure you are pursuing a measurable profit without sacrificing safety and quality. Designscape learned a long time ago just because you mow doesn’t mean you should sell mowers; like the comedian Kevin Heart says, “Stay in your lane”.

The INLA (although non-profit) is like any other landscaping business where we are looking at our industry in the same lens and know it is necessary to grow in our benefits and services to keep our association healthy and thriving.

As always if you are looking for help in any area of your business, please reach out to me or Rick. The treasure trove of industry knowledge is greater than you could imagine so all you must do is take the first step and ask. To help our industry grow I encourage you to PLEASE fill out the survey form you received following the event so we can find opportunities to grow the IGE and the INLA.


Brad Pugh (left) and Gabriel Gluesenkamp (right) kicking off the Indiana Green Expo
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So, you could not attend the 2024 version of the Indiana Green Expo, for what I am sure were many viable reasons. This past January 16-19, 2024 ended with over 1400 attendees, as well as 170 plus exhibiting companies utilizing over 220 10x10 booth spaces. In 2024 the exhibitors had an extra day for larger booths 20x20 or larger to set up their displays on January 16, 2024. Many took of advantage of moving in more equipment or larger plant material in the trade show exhibiting area.

The Indiana Green Expo wishes to thank the following Sponsors that assist alleviating some of the inherit costs of putting on an event of this stature.

Corporate Sponsors: Blue Grass Farms of Indiana, Brehob Nurseries, Schuetz Insurance Services/ proud to offer Frankenmuth Insurance, Prove Winners® Color Choice® and Outdoor Environments Group.

Lanyard Sponsor: Syngenta

Lounge Furnishing Sponsor: The Engledow Group

Lounge Break Sponsor: Midwest Groundcovers

Product Showcase Donation Benefitting the INEF Scholarship Fund – Belgard

Education: First Day - January 17, 2024

The fist day was full of very well attended morning and afternoon sessions of workshops, as well as the first day of the 2-day initial training for ICPI (Interlocking Concrete Paver Installation) class with Donny Duke of Arborgold, a certified ICPI instructor. This has changed from the usual full 2 days due to the merger with NCMA, which has created a 1 day only training, but Donny offered a second ½ day training to assists companies with capturing the true cost of a paver installation as well as the opportunities of upselling various hardscape packages and outdoor living spaces. There will no longer be any testing, plus it was stated that there are no longer throw away answers on the tests plus a score of 80% minimum is required. While the various workshops were going on, ranging from various common pests and pathogen issues in our industry, with a focus on certain turf diseases.

The workshops in 2024 focused on First Aid, Landscape Management, and other personal growth components for the middle management entities of your businesses. This day also enabled some 150+ exhibiting companies to begin or adding the final touches to their exhibit booths which

were making a very aesthetic pleasing atmosphere considering the temps outside were bone chilling.

Day 2 - January 18, 2024 First day of Trade Show and Full Education Tracks

As the thrown of attendees started making their way into the Registration area, located outside of Hall F, it was obvious that there were some late or unregistered attendees. You should have seen the crowd as the picture in this edition, is probably about 65% of the actual attendees entering the trade show as others were still being in educational tracks. You will also see pictures of the classroom attendance, which was almost to capacity in several rooms. Please keep in mind the picture waiting outside was the incoming crowd and does not include the some 350 plus registered exhibit booth personnel.

The education tracks on Day 1 included the following while also in many of these sessions garnered Continuing Credit Hours (CCH) for applicator/RT licensing from the Office of the Indiana State Chemist (OISC), as well as Indiana Accredited Horticulturist (IAH -INLA)

Continuing Educational Units (CEU), plus NEW for 2024, a Professional Development Track in the afternoon, as well as a much more substantial Women in the Green Industry track during this time period.. The previous acronyms (CCH) and (CEU) is sometimes confusing to individuals thus the reason for explaining in the previous sentence. Thursday Educational Tracks included the following as well as joint opening session; Lawn Care (full-day), Golf (full day),

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Attendees await the Trade Show's Ribbon Cutting

Landscape Installation and Maintenance (full day), Vegetation Management (half-day), Sports Turf (half-day), Plant Material (half-day), Spanish Track (full day) and Tree Care (3/4 day). Also, Tuesday was the second day of the ICPI Initial Installer Certification with the afternoon part of the day included the Certification Test. While this was all transpiring, educationally speaking, the Trade Show full over varying exhibiting company’s was open from 9:00 am to 5:00 pm, one hour longer by opening at 9:00 am instead of the usual 10:00 am. New for 2023 was also talks on the trade show floor from 1:30 pm to 3:30 pm following the Landscape Challenge from 10:00 am to 1:00 pm. The abbreviated version of the popular landscape challenge lessened by 1 hour and 80 square feet, could only be accomplished by 4 Central 9 students, which were split into 2 teams, due to Prosser Career Center unable to make the trip from New Albany because of ice storm. Also new for 2023 was the implementation of opening the concession stand inside Exhibit Hall F from 10:00 am to 2:00 pm. There were several companies also exhibiting new products in the New Product Showcase designated area. We also handed out some Best of Show Awards for certain categories to our exhibitors. The winners are as follows: Hardgoods – Techo-bloc, Green Goods – Walters Garden/National Nursery Products, Equipment – United Label, and Most interactive – Millcreek Gardens. Congrats to all the winners, your displays and enthusiasm were over the top!

Day 3 – Friday January 19, 2024 Final Trade Show (half day) and Educational Tracks (full day)

While the trade show was open from 9:00 am to 1:00 pm to allow exhibitors to teardown and load up after 1:15 pm, the concessions were open from 9:30 am to 1:30 pm and educational talks on the trade show floor were available from 10:30 am to 12:00 pm. Exhibitors generally prefer to leave when there is less traffic in the Indianapolis Metro area. The educational tracks forFriday included the following tracks; Workshop – Core Pesticide Training, Lawn Care (full day), Golf (full day), Sports Turf (3/4 day), Women at Indiana Green Expo (half day) Equipment Managers (half day), Landscape Installation and Maintenance (full day) including a one hour (9-10 am, talk by Keynote Charlie Hall regarding “Green Industry Outlook 2024”, Nursery Production (half day), Plant Material (half day), Invasive Species (half day), Design (1/4 day) and Business and Marketing (half day).

We trust and hope that with this much diversification of topics as well as the various expertise in the speakers that we assemble will create the need to attend the 2024 IGE, which takes place January 16-19, 2024 at the Indiana Convention Center. The Exhibit Halls being utilized in 2024 will be Exhibit Hall D with move in/out opportunities with weather permitting being allowed via Exhibit Hall E.

On behalf of the Midwest Regional Turf Foundation (MRTF) and the Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association (INLA), partners for the Indiana Green Expo we wish everyone a safe, healthy, and prosperous 2023. See you in person at the Indiana Green Expo 2025!!!!

An Excellent Turnout for 2024! World-Class Education from Purdue University
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Trade Show Vendors showcased everything from live goods to landscape lighting and tools of the trade.

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Worms: Native or Invasive, Friend or Foe?

The earth worms we observe in Indiana are all technically non-native species. Any native earth worms were extirpated from the northern regions of the continental United States during the last ice age. Once the glaciers receded, worms were slow to recolonize the northern climates if at all. The worms we now have inhabiting our landscapes came from two major geographic regions, Europe and Asia. The European worms such as Lumbricus terrestris most likely arrived in the root balls of plants imported from Europe or in soil used as ship ballast. It’s less clear how the Asian worms got here but it almost certain they arrived in a similar manner.

Worm ecology can be separated into three different categories epigeic, endogeic, and anecic. Epigeic worms are leaf feeders mainly found on the surface in leaf litter, endogeic worms live in the top soil (upper one to two feet), and anecic species can be found far down into the subsoil. Most people have a positive view of the European species because we see them as soil builders. European nightcrawlers are the worms almost everyone is familiar with. These are the worms that you find on the sidewalk after a hard rain or maybe you use to go out to the lawn or garden with a red light to catch them for the next day’s fishing.

The majority of the European species are endogeic or anecic. Different European species can be found in the upper soil but some species may have burrows as deep as six feet. By moving through the soil they help to turn, drain, aerate, and fertilize the soil. Nightcrawlers feed on and break down organic matter (dead plant material) and incorporate it into the soil. This is favorable in a garden, but not in a forested ecosystem. Typically, the forest floor is covered by a thick layer of dead leaves, branches, and shed bark. This material is in a wide array of states of decomposition. Acting as a nursery for newly emerging seedlings, the leaf litter is dominated by a fungal community, which breaks down the material slowly. When earthworms invade a forest, they begin to feed on this organic matter and incorporate it into the soil. The European species have become widely established and have had a detrimental effect on forest ecosystems. The removal of the leaf litter physically alters the rooting environment for seeds and eliminates the mycorrhizae, which many native plants have an association with.

Earthworm invasion has been linked to a reduction in the diversity of native plant communities and an increase in the establishment and spread of invasive plants like garlic mustard, which have no mycorrhizal associations. These effects have largely gone unnoticed in a landscape or garden setting and the view of earthworms remains a fairly positive one.

Asian jumping worms is a term used for a group of detrimental species, two of the worms are in the Amynthas genus and one in the Metaphire genus. These worms are much less familiar to people because there presence has not been widely known until recently. Prior to 2013 there are few reports of jumping worms but that started to change with their discovery at the University of Wisconsin arboretum. Since then they have been identified in Iowa, Illinois, Minnesota, New York, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Wisconsin. While their European relatives live throughout the soil profile, Asian worms live mainly at the soil surface because they are epigeic. Living at the soil surface in the leaf litter makes them relatively easy to find. When uncovered, they will thrash around violently sometimes to the point of becoming air-born. This unusual reaction is where they get there name from. This different ecological niche is crucial in understanding why they are a problem.

Unlike European worms they do not incorporate organic matter into the soil but deposit their castings (excrement) all over the soil surface. These castings change the appearance of the soil to what is described as gravely in appearance or is likened to used coffee grounds. One of the consequences of the loss of the leaf litter is that soil becomes prone to drying out. The castings are also very high in nutrients. Castings are so high in nutrients that the surrounding plants are not able to uptake all of the nutrients. This results in nutrients being dissolved by the rain and leached out of the soil and washed away. This leads to an increase in nutrient runoff and water pollution.

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on next page


European worms reproduce sexually and live for more than one year. Asian worms are different from European worms because they reproduce asexually by pathenogenesis, which means they do not have to mate. Each year Asian worm’s hatch in the spring from eggs or cysts left in the soil. These young worms grow at great speed through the summer to a length of four or five inches. When fall arrives, they lay their cysts in the soil before they die and the next generation will hatch in the spring.

Because of the speed at which they develop, they consume organic matter even faster than European species of worms. One of the main ways that Asian worms are moved is through cysts in soil. The cysts are about two millimeters in diameter and can even be carried in boot treads. Moving large quantities of soil can also move adults but many times adults are found at the bottom of mulch piles or inside plant material.

Identifying a jumping worm can be a little tricky. The worms are prone to a violent reaction when disturbed. Finding a worm on the soil surface under leaf litter or mulch doesn’t necessarily mean it is an Asian species either. Asian worms typically grow to four or five inches while the European species tend to be six to eight inches in length.

Another diagnostic characteristic is the appearance of the clitellum, pronounced “cli-tel-lum”. The clitellum is the ring around the worm’s body one quarter to a third of the way behind the worms head. On European species the band is slightly raised and has a redder to pink coloration. On Asian species the band is smooth with the rest of the body and is usually a pale cream to white color.

You can check a property for earthworms using a mustard pour. Mix a gallon of water with 1/3 cup of ground yellow mustard seed and pour slowly into the soil. This will drive any worms to the surface. If you have jumping worms, report it and avoid moving plants or soil from your yard. If you believe that you have found a population of jumping worms, do not move any soil, mulch or plants from the area and be sure to clean all tools and equipment thoroughly. Unfortunately, there is not much to be done once an area is infested, which is why it’s key to try and inhibit the spread as much as possible.

If you suspect you have found an Asian jumping worm you can report it by calling 1-866 NO EXOTIC (1-866663-9684), emailing, or by using the EDDmaps app on your phone which can be downloaded at

To learn more regarding this article and more information, please type the following link in your search engine, ( whitley/2023/03/gardeners-urged-to-look-for-invasivejumping-worms.html) and look for videos on YouTube.

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A History of Stantec's Native Plant Nursery CELEBRATING 30 YEARS

In 1994, J.F. New & Associates, Inc. (JF New) opened a new division to supplement their consulting and design offerings: a native plant nursery. What started as plants growing under lights in the founder’s basement has grown into a 175-acre growing facility, and one of the largest suppliers of native plants and seed in the Midwest and East Coast.


In 1989, JF New, an environmental consulting firm was founded in Walkerton, Indiana to help clients navigate the new wetland permitting rules and quickly grew to offer restoration services. After a few years, it became apparent there was a market need for native plants and seed for restoration projects.

In 1994, the mission was “to provide the highest quality native wetland, prairie, and woodland plants and seed for use in restoration and creation of native landscapes and natural wastewater treatment systems.” After a few months, greenhouses were constructed to provide native plants for in-house restoration projects. Seed was hand-collected for use in seed mixes or grown out to start foundation seed plots. A natural marsh on the southern portion of the property was developed to grow and provide native wetland plants and seed.

By 1999, the nursery had grown to 70 acres and divided into three main areas. One area consisted of wetlands for natural growth and amplification of plants and seed collection. The second area consisted of approximately 20 acres of small plots of local genotype prairie grasses and wildflowers. The third area included beds of wetland tree and shrub seedlings. Other infrastructure included two large walk-in coolers for seed storage, a building for office space and shipping operations, and four greenhouses. In addition, the site boasted an operational wastewater treatment wetland, which showcased the capabilities of our wetland scientists.

In the early 2000s, we hired key team members, many of whom are still supporting nursery operations and business development today. With this newly formed team, we focused on developing our staff and managers, with an eye towards quality control and process management. With the help of JF New leadership and outside consultants, weekly and monthly metrics were set and long-term project

management processes were implemented so as to not lose sight of the “big picture” in our daily work. To increase proactive and respectful communication across all levels, the staff completed personality profiles and took teamwork training courses.

During this time, we also began hosting a biannual nursery open house where we invite our clients, vendors, neighbors, and families for a day of tours, networking, educational presentations, and a good meal. The first event was relatively small because we hadn’t worked out the kinks of how to host a high volume of people at the nursery. We don’t remember who made the call, but it was decided that we would provide grilled burgers and hot dogs. Served in the greenhouse. In July. We didn’t do that again.

In 2003, a shift in seed production occurred, replacing small blocks of native plants with long agricultural rows for seed production. These were more efficient to maintain and harvest and allowed us to use a combine instead of harvesting by hand. To increase irrigation capabilities, water wells were drilled, and we invested in a center-pivot irrigation system. We planted cutting banks between seed production rows to promote pollinator habitat and act as windbreaks, which conserved moisture from evaporation. Greenhouse square footage was significantly expanded as well.

We had long-since outgrown the combined office/ shipping/cooler building, so in 2005 a new nursery facility was constructed. During the winter, staff completed the

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earth work, laid the tubing for our in-floor heating system, rough framed the structure, installed trim, laid flooring, hung drywall, painted, and constructed the walk-in cooler. It was a huge effort for the team and a major milestone for the nursery. The building contains our offices, shipping and receiving bays, cooler, and seed mixing areas, as well as most of our seed cleaning equipment. That year our production fields received a major boost as well when we installed 300,000 plugs for seed production.

One thing that has set us apart from other growers is our innovative offerings, including bioengineering solutions. Working with our wetland scientists, engineers, and suppliers, we developed products to revegetate wetland species in challenging growing conditions. Several of these include erosion control materials made of coconut coir pith, either compressed into logs (what we call “coir logs”) or flat mats (RootCarpet™), and then vegetated with native plants and grown out at our nursery. These are then installed onsite for immediate erosion control and quick vegetation establishment. Our first major project occurred in 2007 when we supplied coir logs vegetated with native riparian plants for the Mishawaka Riverwalk in Indiana.

Until 2007, all our greenhouse structures were stand-alone hoop-style greenhouses covered in plastic. These were economical, but air flow wasn’t great, and the sloping side walls made it difficult to fully utilize the space. In February 2007, we constructed the first section of a much larger, more modern gutter-connect greenhouse range. These allowed for better air flow, more uniform temperature control, and more modern growing accessories, like automated travelling irrigation. This style of greenhouse also allows for easy expansion, which was great because we added more bays in 2010, 2011, and 2016.

In 2009, JF New celebrated its 20th year in business with the nursery hitting its 15th anniversary. More stringent quality control practices were implemented for plant production, and we instituted business practices to refine budgeting, set weekly and monthly sales metrics, and improve communication.

In 2010, Cardno, Inc. acquired JF New, causing the nursery to expand ecological services in the upper Midwest. Since then, the nursery’s mission and team have remained the same–to provide clients with great customer service and quality native plants and seed for restoration projects in the Midwest. We continued to expand bioengineering offerings with dedicated growing cribs for coir logs, RootCarpets™, and vegetated mesh containment systems. The Vegetated Mesh Containment Systems (Rock Socks) are mesh tubes filled with compost and gravel, then vegetated with native wetland plants. These are set in standing water, and the weight of the bag allows native plants to establish in streams, lakes, and river channels where turbulent water and loose soils would not allow for traditional planting techniques.

Over the next nine years as Cardno, we expanded with more staff and greenhouse space to meet increasing market demand for native plants and seeds. More acres were put into seed production, and we built a new building for seed storage and cleaning. Several new seed cleaners and harvest

implements were acquired to feed the additional capacity. We refined our systems to keep up with demand and improve on our delivery methods. To streamline shipping, new daily shipping reports were created, custom boxes were designed, and a new plant grading system increased quality control. We also took a hard look at inventory management, which is critical to a nursery business. The year 2019 marked 25 years in business. With the support of loyal clients and a dedicated nursery team, we have continued to grow.

During the 2020 pandemic, we managed to successfully work through one of the most precarious times in history, making big shifts in how we operate. We adapted to follow social distancing and other COVID protocols; the safety of our team and customers remained the top priority. We came out the other end with a stronger team and a resolve to return to normal and appreciate the gifts we are all given.

In December 2021, Cardno was acquired by Stantec. Stantec is a global consulting firm of designers, engineers, and scientists who are dedicated to making our communities a better place to live, work, and play. Stantec’s commitment to building its ecosystem restoration program allows for a natural alignment in mission, service offerings, and clients. Land investments have been made to increase our seed production and plans are in the works for greenhouse expansion.

In late 2022, the nursery made another technological leap with the acquisition of an automated transplanter. Compared to a traditional perennial grower, our plant offerings are very diverse. We regularly grow over 200 different species of plants, ranging from dry sand cacti to submerged wetland plants. Due to our wide array of species, we’ve been reluctant to move from handtransplanting to an automated system. This was one of the best decisions we have ever made. While it isn’t suitable for all species, when it does work, we can crank out four times as many plants in a day with half the staff.

It’s been a great 30 years. We began as a group of passionate people, with no real nursery experience, who were willing to learn and grow within the native nursery

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trade. A culture of customer service, safety, and teamwork helped us to grow and succeed. We want to thank our loyal nursery team and customers who make it all possible.

Unique Challenges

The nursery—a plant nursery and seed manufacturing facility—has always existed within larger consulting firms. It has always been a unique business unit with different needs compared to a service-based firm. Separate software needs, delivery trucks, shipping bays, seed harvesters and cleaners, seasonal staffing, land, and building and machinery assets.

One challenge we face over agricultural and turf seed companies is finding the right machinery for harvesting and cleaning. We often modify traditional combines and equipment to suit our needs. One example is our newest piece of equipment, modeled off a piece of equipment designed to harvest bunches of lavender. We investigated the possibility of ordering one, but the manufacturer was in Ukraine, and it wasn’t feasible to bring the equipment to the US. Instead, we worked with a local fabrication shop to scratch-build a similar piece of equipment specialized for harvesting low-growing bunch grasses and forbs.

Container sizes have changed over the years. As we primarily grow for large native habitat restoration projects, we want to provide plant plugs in an efficient-to-carry container that uses as little plastic as possible. We originally started growing plants in flats with 50 small growing cells per flat. These didn’t use much plastic, but the small cell size required lots of watering and didn’t allow for good root development. In 2000, we switched to deeper 38-count flats, which allowed for much deeper root growth and more soil volume. The crews loved these because you could easily carry two trays in one hand, allowing you to transport 152 plants at a time. As demand increased and we searched for ways to increase production, we changed over to a new deep cell 50-count tray by T.O. Plastics in 2012. These are similar in depth to the 38-count plug trays, with a slightly larger total volume, but we can grow 32% more plants in the same footprint.

Lessons Learned

After 25 years In The Nursery Business with Stantec's Mark O'Brien

Surround yourself with positive, motivated people. Bad attitudes bring everyone down around them.

Hire enthusiasm. You can always train on the details of the role.

Provide your team with the tools they need to succeed.

Lead by example. Leaders set the ton. Will that be positive? Do you give energy or take energy?

Find good, reliable vendors. Quality and reliability are more important than price.

Don't let there be any surprises. Communicate with your clients if you forsee any issues with their orders well in advance of shipment.

Don't be afraid to charge what your product is worth. In a race to the bottom, everyone loses.

Cut your losses with poor quality material. Spend no time trying to nurse bad material back to life.

Fire bad clients. Clients who are overly demanding and late to pay should be recommended to your competition.

Shipping cost is a reality. Customers are always welcome to pick up.

Use botanical names to avoid confusion.

Make it fun.

- Mark O'Brien

The Celebration

Stantec's 30 Year Anniversary Open House is scheduled for July 19, 2024

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2024 Early Legislative Report

Senate Enrolled Act 216 – Office of Indiana State Chemist, authored by Senator Kyle Walker (R –Lawrence), passed the Senate and will go to the governor's office. Governor Eric Holcomb has seven days to sign, veto, or allow it to become law without his signature. Governor Holcomb has signed or vetoed every bill that reached his desk, and we anticipate he will sign the act without any opposition.

SEA 216 as originally drafted was opposed by much of the industry. It adopted the West Virginia model regarding applicator licensure. Applicators in West Virginia are exempted from licensure if they apply pesticides readily available to the public in big box stores, hardware stores, and garden centers. The professionalism of the industry would have been significantly undermined under that model.

After several drafts, collaborations, and stakeholder input, we worked with the author to address our concerns and find other ways to improve the regulatory and business environment for our industry.

SB 216 Affirms Industry Professionalism and Provides Regulatory Clarity

HEA 1623 (2023) created ambiguity regarding the authority of the Indiana Office of the State Chemist (OISC) and the Indiana Pesticide Review Board (IPRB) and their authority over applicators applying General Use Pesticides (GUP). The law prohibited the OISC and IPRB from making any rules regarding GUPs more stringent than federal law, federal rule, or state law. It also voided any existing rules that are more stringent, concerning GUPs, on July 1, 2023. It called into question licensure for GUP applicators and businesses.

SB 216 codifies that GUP applicators and businesses are licensed in Indiana, and technicians are registered and trained by the OISC.

While most interactions between the industry and the OISC are civil and informative, some have been intimidating, rude, and disrespectful. SB 216 provides clarity and consistency regarding pesticide laws and regulations. It also limits unnecessary interactions with regulators. SB 216 requires OISC to have reasonable suspicion before entering public or private property for an inspection or investigation. OISC must disclose any alleged violation to businesses before making a final determination or assessing a penalty. If during an inspection or investigation, OISC requests documentation, businesses have ten days to collect and provide the requested information. OISC is also limited to five counts for any violation that involves multiple

incidents of the same violation. Finally, for a drift violation to occur there must be enough to cause material harm to the nontarget site.

SB 216 Addresses Workforce Concerns

SB 216 provides for technicians to be trained and work in the field the same day. It provides businesses with a choice of sending trainees to Purdue or other off-site training or staying on-site at the business and completing an OISCprovided online self-study technician training. Upon completion of any training, a technician must notify the OISC and may begin working as a technician immediately.

SB 216 is a win for our industry. It eliminates unnecessary and outdated regulations, ensures fair and reasonable treatment by regulators, reaffirms industry professionalism, and cuts time and expense for training technicians.

Thank you to all who contributed input and helped get us to this win for INLA and our industry.

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INDIANA NURSERY & LANDSCAPE NEWS • MARCH | APRIL 2024 21 W O O D Y W A R E H O U S E N U R S E R Y I N C . HUMANIT’Y’S NATIVE SOLUTIONS Swamp White Oak Quercus bicolor New Jersey Tea Ceanothus americanus Anise Hyssop Agastache foeniculum Contact Us Monday- Friday 8:00-4:30 ** Phone: 317-994-5487 Fax: 317-994-5494 Email: **Scheduled Appointments Only MarApr24.indd 21 3/3/2024 1:24:36 PM

Awards of Excellence Winners

Category: Hardscapes

On January 18, 2024 during the INLA Annual Meeting the Awards Committee, recognized the following winning “Landscape Projects” for 2023. They are going to be listed in this edition of the Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association Newsletter. The Special Achievement Award Winners will be highlighted in the upcoming May/June edition of the Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association Newsletter.

Congratulations to the following recipients and their respective category:

Award Category Sponsor" Oberfields, Jenipher Skaggs

Project Name: The Town Residence, Fishers

Winning Company: Aspen Outdoor Designs, Noblesville

"This project had several challenges including achieving symmetry between the design elements and the existing architecture, capitalizing on views from the house while having a private resort feel, and finally, trying to match the scale of the project to the existing architecture.

To achieve symmetry between the design elements and existing architecture, the pool is centered on the main threestory windows of the house while also being centered on the large, detached garage. This symmetry set the tone from a design standpoint for the entire project. On one axis the large, roofed structure terminates the views from the house. The other axis is terminated on one end by a large two-story garage and on the other end by spruce trees. These axes are reinforced with columns that provide a nice platform for planters.

Capitalizing on views from the house while maintaining a private resort feel was challenging because the clients have a pie shape lot with neighbors sharing two property lines and a ton of exposure to the street. Views were preserved by placing the structure opposite of the house and along one side of the pool… thus creating a destination. Strategically placing design elements and plant material was key to providing privacy to this backyard.

The third challenge was trying to match the scale of the existing architecture to the proposed elements. With the existing house and detached garage being so large, that meant the design elements needed to be large as well. The roofed structure does a great job of matching the scale of the existing architecture by its sheer size, while matching the roof pitch of the house and garage. The overall size of the structure is adequate for housing an outdoor kitchen and bar, fireplace, and lounge area. Blending the structure to the house is a large pool. At either ends of the pool are a sun lounge area with artificial turf and an elevated firepit patio that doubles as a jumping platform. This upper firepit area was a great resolution to the change in elevation from the driveway to the backyard. This grade change provided an opportunity to add the calming sound of water falling into the pool, by way of three spillways.

Although this project had its many challenges, the design team put much thought and analysis of the site into the design to create a cohesive outdoor living space that blends with the existing architecture while providing privacy."

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Category: Special Project - Lighting

Project Name: Eckert Residence, Zionsville

Winning Company: Vive Exterior Design, Fishers

Category: Residential Landscaping

"This exquisite construction project in Zionsville, Indiana seamlessly blends the charm of old town aesthetics with the sleekness of modern architecture. The homeowner's vision of a rustic yet refined hardscape and landscape project is flawlessly executed, creating a captivating ambiance that perfectly complements the overall project. The challenge with the site was the small overall footprint, but packing in every element that the homeowner wanted from the decks, pergola, greenhouse, outdoor garden, low maintenance landscape with high impact, and hardscapes that would fit the design of the home. There are many unique aspects to this design from the raised rusted planters in front that tie into the garden boxes in back that then match the architecture of the homes fireplace on the back deck. A key element in highlighting the beauty of this home is the thoughtfully designed outdoor lighting. The team took great care to ensure that the driveway, walkways, and sitting areas are elegantly illuminated without detracting from the main architectural features of the home or overshadowing the stunning interior lighting. By strategically incorporating adjustable path lights, the driveway is gracefully illuminated, while simultaneously casting a gentle glow on the enchanting hydrangeas on the opposite side, creating a captivating focal point that delights the homeowners and visitors alike. As the sun sets, the combination of the house's lighting and the mesmerizing landscape lighting creates a truly magical curb appeal that leaves a lasting impression. This project is an overall 5 star when it comes down to all of the elements the homeowner was asking for along with the city’s requirements and then the level of detail and creativity."

Award Category Sponsor: Aching Acres Nursery, Chandler

Project Name: Meyer Residence, Fishers

Winning Company: Vive Exterior Design, Fishers

"This beautiful waterfront hardscape and landscape project transformed a 30-year-old property into a stunning oasis. The homeowners recognized the need for a massive upgrade and decided to invest in retaining walls, paver patios, and a complete landscape overhaul.

With a vision of creating a cohesive and visually captivating space, the designer carefully selected materials that would not only enhance the property's aesthetic appeal but also provide interest throughout all seasons of the year. The result is a harmonious blend of textures, colors, and natural elements that truly elevate the property's charm.

To ensure a vibrant and ever-changing landscape, over 20 different varieties of plants and ornamental grasses were carefully chosen and strategically placed. These plants not only require low maintenance but also offer a delightful array of colors and textures that add depth and character to the surroundings. Additionally, seasonal annuals were incorporated into the planters around the pool and decks, providing bursts of vibrant hues that complement the overall design.

To further enhance the ambiance and functionality of the space, lighting was thoughtfully integrated into the project. This not only ensures safety during nighttime activities but also creates a captivating visual experience. The carefully placed lights highlight the walking paths and majestic trees, casting a warm and inviting glow that adds a touch of magic to the waterfront property."

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Category: Maintenance

Project Name: Carmel Residence, Carmel

Winning Company: Vive Exterior Design, Fishers

Category: Special Project - Water Feature

Project Name: Geist Residence, Fishers

Winning Company: Vive Exterior Design, Fishers

"This beautiful property is located in the Carmel Arts and Design District and boasts a stunning combination of functionality and aesthetics.

With a focus on maintaining the property's pristine appearance, our team takes care of various elements, including seasonal landscape maintenance, planters, irrigation, lighting, pool maintenance, paver maintenance, Christmas lighting, and overall lawn mowing and clean up.

Understanding the importance of a healthy and vibrant lawn, we go the extra mile to ensure that the family's three boys have a safe and enjoyable space to play. This includes regular lawn maintenance, aeration, overseeding twice a year, and the application of proper fertilizers and herbicides to promote a lush and thriving lawn.

Additionally, we understand the significance of maintaining the longevity of the pavers, which is why we diligently clean and seal them every other year. This not only enhances their overall appearance but also ensures their durability and longevity."

"This prestigious Geist project encompasses a multitude of challenges and homeowner requirements. While the primary focus was on the complete transformation of the house, particular attention was given to creating an exquisite outdoor entertainment experience for frequent gatherings. The centerpiece of this endeavor was the revitalization of the backyard pool area.

The existing pool, showing signs of wear, underwent a remarkable expansion, resulting in a significantly larger pool. To enhance the enjoyment of guests, a thrilling water slide and a captivating water feature were added. The pool extension of approximately 15 feet allowed for the creation of a luxurious tanning ledge, while a thoughtfully designed pool house served as both an access point to the slide and a functional space for poolside activities.

To further elevate the ambiance, a mesmerizing water feature was incorporated at the end of the pool. This feature not only softened the appearance of the pool house but also provided a soothing soundscape with the gentle flow of running water. The surrounding landscape was carefully curated to complement this tranquil oasis.

In harmony with the pool area, a complementary waterfall was meticulously designed and constructed adjacent to the new spa and fire feature. This additional element added a touch of elegance and visual allure, culminating at the base of the spa, creating a captivating focal point.

The crowning jewel of this project is the custom entry waterfall/sculpture, masterfully crafted by our team. Inspired by the round porte-cochere, this water feature not only impresses with its outstanding sound as it bounces off the ceiling but also adds an architectural element to the overall design. Even during the winter months when it cannot operate due to cold weather, it remains a striking visual statement."

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George Brenn’s IAH Study Guide

The Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association has developed the Indiana Accredited Horticulturist Program to provide a method of self-study and accreditation for individuals in the nursery industry. The goal of this certification and accreditation program is to develop knowledgeable, motivated, professional employees for the landscape nursery industry.

There are over 700 Indiana Accredited Horticulturists and over 125 Master Horticulturists. The success of the program and the upgrading of the personnel in the nursery industry are direct results of the emphasis the Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association have placed on education programs. You are encouraged to take advantage of this valued educational service of your association.

George Brenn, Four Seasons Landscaping Nursery, created this study guide to help teach the material covered in the IAH Manual. His intention was to assist those trying to master the subjects within the manual.

CHAPTER 9 Study Guide Part 1

DISEASES – What are they? Actually easier to focus on cause of diseases: there are 2 types of diseases:

Biotic (= infectious) diseases are caused by living entities

Abiotic (= non-infectious) diseases are caused by non-living agents and are not transmittable from one plant to another.

Examples of Abiotic Diseases include:

□ Excess of toxic substance in soil or air

□ Lack of essential substance necessary for proper growth

□ Extremes of light, temperature, moisture, etc.

□ People pressure issues

Many Abiotic problems can be prevented by:

□ Proper handling of trees & shrubs

□ Avoiding harmful cultural practices

□ Minimizing exposure to extreme environmental conditions

□ Providing necessary materials for proper plant growth

Most common Abiotic Diseases in landscapes are caused by ignorance of & abuse by people

Biotic Diseases are caused by plant pathogens, which are living organisms.

Fungi – single & multi-celled organisms; feed by decomposing and absorbing organic matter in which they live and grow. Pathogenic fungi have vegetative bodies called mycelium which consist of tiny filamentous strands called hyphae that grow through plant tissues of host. Fungi reproduce via spores, and also have conidia = asexual spores which are responsible for spread of disease organism. These are carried by wind, rain, insects, etc to new hosts. Cool, wet conditions are most favorable for both infection & growth of pathogenic fungi.

Bacteria – microscopic single-celled organisms that multiply by division. Usually infect host plant

@ wounds or natural openings. Generally require warmth & moisture and may not be problematic during dry summer weather, except in irrigated areas. Can be spread by splashing H20, insects, movement of infested plants, soil or by equipment (pruners).

Viruses – submicroscopic particles that require a cell of living host in which to reproduce.

Ornamental viruses rarely kill woody plants and some show no symptoms. Spread by plant feeding insects, infected seeds or equipment. Once infected by a virus, plant is permanently infected as there is no cure for plant viruses.

Nematodes – microscopic, unsegmented multi-cellular roundworms are incredibly numerous. Frequently damage roots, can clog vascular system and are persistent in soil.

Diagnosis - First and most important to managing disease problem is to distinguish between Biotic and Abiotic disease by observing Field Pattern and Plant Host.

Abiotic diseases usually have uniform field pattern and affect many different plant types. Biotic diseases show random field pattern and are host specific (= affecting only 1 plant). Some biotic diseases may show very uniform appearance (like Apple Scab).

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Congratulations New IAHs!

Michael Haskett

Spotts Garden Service, Indianapolis

Kaylee Keigher

Alsip Nursery, Indianapolis

Jeff Mull

Property Pros, Fortville

Why is this diagnosis so important? Because biotic diseases will spread to other nearby plants; Abiotic diseases do not spread and do not require use of pesticides.

IF IN DOUBT ABOUT DIAGNOSIS, Also publishes P&PDL Picture of the Week

Principles of Disease Management –Disease triangle: diseases require 1.) Susceptible Host, 2.) Favorable Environment, 3.) Pathogen

Major control strategy is to eliminate one side of this triangle

1.) Manage or eliminate pathogen

• Use pathogen free seed, cuttings, plants; sterilize tools

• Sanitation: rake and destroy diseased leaves, remove & discard diseased plant parts

• Bury or burn diseased plants

• Sterilize soil

2.) Manage environment (temperature, moisture, wind, light, etc.)

• Watering practices and timing

• Pruning and spacing to improve air movement

• Provide adequate drainage

3.) Manage host

• Plant selection – use disease-resistant varieties

• Cultural practices: site selection, establishment procedures, fertilization, pruning, irrigation

• Minimize plant stress and damage

• Timely applications of pesticides: apply treatment before pathogen has chance to infect plant

Fungicides – act as a “protective coat of paint” which makes plant resistant to attack by pathogen.

Fungicides are only effective IF:

1.) Correct diagnosis identifies pathogen as a fungus

2.) Fungicide is applied correctly (foliar spray or soil drench)

3.) Timing & frequency of application is adequate to treat disease

Foliar applications make a chemical barrier on leaf, stem and flower surfaces: need to keep this barrier active and complete: uniform coverage is critical (spreader sticker)

Soil drench applications – for soil-borne root diseases: Efficacy impacted by soil type & pH

Timing is critical – fungicides usually not effective in controlling disease if pathogen has already infected plant tissues (whoever gets there first, pathogen or fungicide, wins the race)

Fungicides biodegrade fairly rapidly so reapplications are most likely necessary.

Plant growth affects completeness of barrier: newly emerged leaves & shoots are unprotected until sprayed.

If label says reapply in 7 – 14 days, when should you reapply? Weather dependent.

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Quiz Due April 31


IAH No.:



Send answers to: -or- mail to INLA, 7915 S. Emerson Ave., #247, Indianapolis, IN 46237

IAH Quiz

Each quiz will be worth a .5 (onehalf) CEU!

The Indiana Accredited Horticulturist Committee is pleased to provide you an opportunity to earn CEUs (continuing education units) in each issue of the Indiana Nursery and Landscape News.

The IAH quiz offered in each issue can be completed by anyone who is an “Active” (current) IAH (initial or masters).

Each quiz will be worth a .5 (one-half) CEU (continuing education unit) for the completion of the bi-monthly quiz with a pass rate of 80%. Over a 2-year period, you could earn up to 6 CEUs if you take and pass every quiz!

The INLA office will grade the quiz. Questions and answers have been provided by the IAH committee. Thank you and good luck studying!

The Indiana Accredited Horticulturist Committee


- George Brenn, Four Seasons Landscaping Nursery

- Gabriel Gluesenkamp, Designscape Hort Services

Committee Members

- Brian Bunge, Twixwood Nursery

- Wayne Gruber, Niemeyer’s Landscape Supply

- Jim Messmer

- Melissa Mravec, Allen Landscape

- Jodie Overmyer, Marshall County Soil and Water

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MOTHER NATURE’S FINEST, BEST IN THE MIDWEST. For more than 50 years, Brehob has been committed to providing top businesses and landscapers with top notch quality, selection, and availability. Join us as we continue the Brehob tradition of innovation in the green industry. Westfield 4867 Sheridan Road (SR 38) Westfield, IN 46062 317-877-0188 or 877-829-0188 Indianapolis 4316 Bluff Road Indianapolis, IN 46217 317-783-3233 or 800-921-3233 Rick Haggard, INLA Executive Director Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association 7915 S. Emerson Ave., Suite 247 Indianapolis, IN 46237 MARCH | APRIL 2024 Address Service Requested MarApr24.indd 30 3/3/2024 1:24:44 PM
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