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Comenius project 2013-2015


Cities by the sea (ocean)

Visit in Latvia 2013, October – the Baltic Sea near Ventspils


Cities by the sea - PORTO



O Porto tem origem num povoado prĂŠ-romano. Na ĂŠpoca romana designava-se Cale ou Portus Cale, sendo a origem do nome de Portugal. The Port originates from a pre-Roman settlement. In Roman times designated Portus Cale, the origin of the name of Portugal.


 

É nas mais belas encostas do rio Douro que nasce um dos vinhos mais conhecidos do mundo, o vinho do Porto. It is the most beautiful hills of the Douro river, which rises one of the most popular wines in the world, the Port wine.

Rabelos, a type of boat traditionally used to transport barrels of port down the River Douro for storage and aging in caves

Porto Curiositie Devido aos sacrifícios que fizeram para apoiar a preparação da armada que partiu, em 1415, para a conquista de Ceuta, tendo a população do Porto oferecido aos expedicionários toda a carne disponível, ficando apenas com as tripas para a alimentação, tendo com elas confeccionado um prato saboroso que hoje é menu obrigatório em qualquer restaurante. Os naturais do Porto ganharam a alcunha de "tripeiros", uma expressão mais carinhosa. Because of the sacrifices they made to support the preparation of the fleet that sailed in 1415 to the conquest of Ceuta, with the population of Port offered to crusaders all meat available, leaving only the casings for food, taking with them accomplished a tasty dish which is now mandatory in any restaurant menu. Natural Porto won the nickname "tripeiros" a kinder expression.

Folklore musiciens/singers

Cities by the sea - Lisboa


Lisboa 

Lisbon is the capital and the largest city of Portugal.

Is recognised as a global city because of its importance in finance, commerce, media, entertainment, arts, international trade, education and tourism.

Lisbon is one of the oldest cities in the world, and the oldest city in Western Europe.

Ruled by a series of Germanic tribes from the 5th century, it was captured by the Moors in the 8th century. In 1147, the Crusaders under Afonso Henriques reconquered the city and since then it has been a major political, economic and cultural centre of Portugal.

Lisbon has a Subtropical-Mediterranean climate with mild winters and warm to hot summers.

The Discovery Era

Na Era dos Descobrimentos, muito navios de madeira (caravelas, galeões, naus) entraram e saíram do porto de Lisboa rumos a terras de África e do Oriente. In the age of Discovery, many vessels made of wood (caravels; ships, galleons, etc ...) entered and left the port of Lisbon towards the new land Africa and the Orient.


Sweet rice


Belem Pastels

Sea food


Popular festivities

Our heritage: Fado song = saudade (word that as no translation in any other language).


Cities by the sea - SetĂşbal


gastronomy & handicraft

Grilled fish and sea food

Setúbal 

The city of Setúbal, is located on the northern bank of the Sado River estuary approximately 40 kilometres (25 miles) south of Portugal's capital, Lisbon. It is also the seat of the Setúbal District.

In the beginning of the 20th century, Setúbal was the most important center of Portugal's fishing industry, particularly sardines. None of the many factories then created are operating today. However, the existing maritime ports, either traditional, commercial and the new marines, keep the city links to the ocean and water well alive and vibrant. Tourism, based on the beautiful existing natural conditions plus excellent hotels, resorts and infrastructures, is one of the city's most appreciated resources, due to its interconnection location with Sado (river) on one side and Atlantic Ocean on another, having a coast line with both. Also connected with the nearby coast of the Arrábida hills natural park - which offers an unspoiled nature and beautiful beaches to the Atlantic Ocean. A dolphin colony inhabits the Sado River.

Sea & Mountain

Fisherman’s Land

Latvia Sērmūkši primary school

Riga Riga is the capital and largest city of Latvia. With 696618 inhabitants (January 2013), Riga is the largest city of the Baltic states. The city is an important seaport and a major industrial, commercial, cultural and financial centre of the Baltic Sea region. The city lies on the Gulf of Riga, at the mouth of the Daugava. Riga's territory covers 307.17 km2 and lies between 1 and 10 metres above sea level, on a flat and sandy plain.

Riga is the capital and largest city of Latvia. With 696618 inhabitants (January 2013), Riga is the largest city of the Baltic states. The city is an important seaport and a major industrial, commercial, cultural and financial centre of the Baltic Sea region. The city lies on the Gulf of Riga, at the mouth of the Daugava. Riga's territory covers 307.17 km2 and lies between 1 and 10 metres above sea level, on a flat and sandy plain.

Riga was founded in 1201 and is a former Hanseatic League member. Riga's historical centre is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, noted for its Art Nouveau/ Jugendstil architecture and 19th century wooden architecture. The city will be the European Capital of Culture in 2014, along with Umea in Sweden.

The city hosted the 2006 NATO Summit, the Eurovision Song Contest 2003 and the 2006 World Ice Hockey Championships. It is home to the European Union’s office of European Regulators for Electronic Communications. Riga is served by Riga International Airport, the largest airport in the Baltic states.

Port of Riga is the largest Latvian port, at the mouth of the Daugava. The port is placed on both sides of the Daugava 15 km in length, and is open to navigation all year round. The total berth length of 13 818 m, maximum draft of the vessel at the berth - 12.2 meters. Port of Riga are two regular passenger and freight / passenger ferry lines connecting Riga to Stockholm and L端beck. Stevedoring company operating 34 ships and 32 agents in the company.

The Gulf of Riga, Bay of Riga, or Gulf of Livonia is a bay of the Baltic sea between Latvia and Estonia. The area of the Gulf of Riga is about 18,000 km². The maximum depth is 67m.

Liepāja Liepāja is an ancient city on the Baltic Sea east coast, located between the sea and Liepāja Lake, where people have been living for more than 750 years. Liepāja is a city of music and culture. Wander in the Northern Fort labyrinths by torchlight, explore for yourself the exotic nature of the Military Port’s architecture or the former prison, look at the art nouveau buildings in the city centre and the unique wooden architecture of the Seaside Park! It is an important port city. Liepāja is the third largest city of Latvia.

A part of Liepāja City which at the end of the 19th century developed as a permanent urban setting for the base of the Navy of Czarist Russia. Apart from numerous military buildings, a magnificent Orthodox Cathedral (1900 − 1903), a prison and a system of defence forts has been preserved here. The Military Port – Karosta – as an independent urban environment developed at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20thcentury.

A part of Liepāja City which at the end of the 19th century developed as a permanent urban setting for the base of the Navy of Czarist Russia. Apart from numerous military buildings, a magnificent Orthodox Cathedral (1900 − 1903), a prison and a system of defence forts has been preserved here. The Military Port – Karosta – as an independent urban environment developed at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20thcentury. Video:

The Latvian Musicians’ Walk of Fame was opened in 2006. The Walk displays 35 plaques with the casts of musicians’ palms in bronze. 10 plaques to existing and former music groups and 5 plaques to musicians, who, regrettably, are walking their road of stardom in another world. The noteworthy first Rock Café of Latvia and the largest guitar are next to it. The 1stRock Café in Latvia is one of the most successful projects of contemporary architecture in Liepāja.

Rock group “Līvi”) Liepāja is called the capital of music, and here everybody has the opportunity to enjoy and feel the rhythms of music to his or her own taste. • Video about Liepāja Walk of Fame: • Song “Forgive me!” (rock group “Līvi”)

Ventspil s In Ventspils are one of bigest harbors in towns in Latvia. Its located in Baltic sea coast. Towns name is comes from Venta river, who flows through the city. With 41,998 inhabitants is the fifth-largest country. Ten months of total cargo turnover of 24,2 tonnes.

In 2011 city came into circulation in its own currency venti - with 5 different denominations: 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100th Venti is nemonitars settlement currency in Ventspils. Town, and it was from Ventspils that the Duke’s fleet set out to kolonize Gambia and Tobago. Metal, amber, and wood-working shops also became important to the city's development. Large amounts of oil and other mineral resources from Russia are loaded aboard ships at Ventspils.

Ventspils is a family-friendly city offering various possibilities both for families living here, and visitors with children from other cities and countries. Harmony between the modern port, innovative plants and factories, and the beautiful and tidy beach that has been flying the Blue flag since 1999 makes Ventspils a very special place.

Comenius participants at the seaside of the Baltic Sea in Ventspils October, 2013

Ventspils is a capital of flowers and fountains; all over the city (even in electrical posts) you can find colourful cow sculptures, but streets, parks, squares and courtyards are decorated with flower sculptures, figurative flower compositions.

Video about Ventspils:


TOWNS AT THE BLACK SEA Tighel Ana-Maria Lupu Denisa Class 7th D


• Constanta is

situated on the Black Sea coast and is the largest city in the SouthEast of Romania. Constanța is also the oldest city in Romania.

• Constanța was founded as a result

of the Greek colonization of the Black Sea coast in the 7th century. It was called Tomis. Constanta port has 39.26 km², is 30 km long, and it is the fourth largest port at the Black Sea in Europe.

CONSTANTA The romanian "riviera", which is 50 km long, is made up of a continuous belt of 16 seaside resorts . The most impostant are: Mamaia, Eforie Nord, CostineĹ&#x;ti, Neptun most of them are built after 1960. Tourists can visit also the vestiges of the three colonies which were founded there by ancient Greeks in the seventh - sixth centuries BC: Histria to the north, Tomis in the centre (the present-day Constanta, which is the main Romanian sea port, boasting an imposing archaeological museum) and Callatis (the present-day Mangalia), and also the monument from Adamclisi (100 km west).

About Constanta Constanța is the administrative center of the county with the same name and the largest city in the EU Southeastern development region of Romania. Constanța is one of the warmest cities in Romania. According to the 2002 Romanian census, there were 310,471 people living within the city of Constanța, making it the fifth most populous city in Romania.

Constanta- cultural milestones • The National history and • • • •

archeology Museum The Delfinarium The Planetarium Navy Museum Popular art Museum

Callatis of a Greek •was the colony town in the 6th century before our era.

•Callatis changed the name in Mangalia abd became a modern port that was used during 1972-76 for filming some famous series.

• The main tourist objectives • • • • • • • •

in Mangalia: „Callatis” Archeology Museum The Heroes’ Monument The Christian Tomb with psalms St. Mina Church The touristic port Comorova Forest Documaci Hill The tomb with papyrus

• After a half century, the only

papyrus ever discovered in Europe was returned to Mangalia town. The document represents a challenge for the specialists in the entire world, as its message has not bee still deciphered. The papyrus written in the 6th century before Christ was discovered in Mangalia in 1959.

Histria • It is situated on the territory •

of Istria village, on the shore of Sinoe Lake. Built in 657 b.C., it is one of the oldest Greek colonies on the Black Sea coast.



IN GENERAL • Dubrovnik is a city in the south Croatian,

• •

administrative center Dubrovačko-neretvanske county and one of the most important historical and tourist center of the Croatia City Dubrovnik has always been based on maritime trade In the Middle Ages existed as a Dubrovačka Republika the only city state on the east coast of the Adriatic which is comped Venetian Republic

THE HISTORY • The city was founded in the 7th century,

when the Latini from the city Epidaurum sheltered in front invasion of Avars and Slavs on cliff the Lauš, • Later, Slavs built by village on Srđ Mount, on the mainland across from the cliffs and named it Dubrava

• Dubrovnik was initially part of of the

Dalmatian offenses and recognized the authority of the Byzantine Empire. • First time is mentioned in documents 850 around 992 when is burned by the Emperor Samuel. • Venetian Republic, using the a crusade government of Dubrovnik.

• The Republic of Dubrovnik she was

patrician aristocratic republic where the authority had nobility gathered in the Grand Chamber • Dubrovnik Republic is experiencing its peak in the 16th century, when Dubrovnik successfully established trade ties with the Turks, Italy and Spain

• Year in 1667. Dubrovnik was nearly ruined

by a powerful earthquake where is injured a large number people of Dubrovnik, while a lot buildings pulled down. • The early 19th century appears Napoleon, which greatly affects the history of Dubrovnik.

• When the 1815th officially ceased to exist • •

Republic of Dubrovnikis her the territory of was annexed Dalmatia, which is culturally and historically has always belonged The 1941st, the declaration of Independent Croatian State, of her becoming part of Dubrovnik On 1 October 1991., JNA and the Montenegrin volunteers - are beginning an armed attack on Dubrovnik, with the aim of creating a Greater Serbia.

LOCATION • Dubrovnik is located on southern coast of the Adriatic. • The town developed on the eastern coast of the Adriatic • •

Sea, where series of stops and starts the islands the open sea. It lies on the southern slopes in the foothills of Mount the Srđ Wider Dubrovnik area comprises 250 km the debt coastline and islands

CULTURE • The Dubrovnik Summer Festival are

grounded 1949. year • Contain numerous concerts, theatrical and dance performances • Veneration of of St.. Vlachis best manifested on the occasion of the celebration his holiday season 3. 2, are coming to town.

MONUMENTS AND ATTRACTIONS • City walls - built of 13 until the 17th century for •

defense purposes and of protection They are long 1940 m, 25 m tall, according mainland 4-6 m thickness of, and seaward 1.5-3 m

• Fort St.. Ivan - fort in the southeast the city • •

walls from 16th centuries. She was protecting entrance into old city port. Offense of is Dubrovnik builders Paskoje Miličević.

• The Pile gate - western doors leading into the city • Town Gate from Ploče - east door leading into the city from the 15th centuries.

INTERESTING • 6th June 2003 in Dubrovnik Marija Petković was • •

declared a Saint Dubrovnik Republic first is country in the world who admitted the United States. It was 1783rd year. Dubrovnik has brought ordinance on the abolition of slavery and the prohibition of the transport of slaves 27th siječnja 1416th year, which is first prohibition of slavery in Europe

OPATIJA Melanija Hamelec

GEOGRAPHY • situated at the foot of the mountain and Nature Park Učka • beautiful nature, parks, old Austrian villas, seaside promenade and beaches for 160 years attract tourists from Europe and the world • Opatija is the leading tourist destination in Croatia for the organization of conferences, seminars and conferences • festivals, concerts, exhibitions and other cultural and sport events Opatija offers year-round cultural entertainment

• Opatija is located on the eastern coast of the Istrian peninsula, and lies at the foot of the mountain Učka • the largest city and capital of Liburnian area extending from Plomin, along the coast and mountain Učka and Ćićarija up holes and Kastva

• Opatija is a tourist town • its tradition and appearance stands out from other tourist cities because his, although short history of a very colorful

CLIME • Opatija is sub-Mediterranean climate which means it is not as in Dalmatia, but temperatures are slightly lower, and rainfall and cloudy days in a year more than in southern regions of the Adriatic

POPULATION • according to the 2001 year the majority live in Opatija Croats (86.9% of the population), while the predominant minority Serbs (2.67%), Slovenes (1.63%) and Italians (1.13%)


Villa Angiolina (1844.)

Opatija park


Grand Hotel Kvarner (1884.) - the first modern hotel on the Croatian Adriatic

Villa Amalia (1890.)

Art Pavilion "Juraj Ĺ porer"

Fountain - Helios i Selena - act sculptors of Hans Rathautsky (1889.)

Girl with a seagull - the sculptor Zvonko Car, placed near the sea 1956th

Madonna (1891.)

Church of Navještenje Blažene Djevice Marije

Hotel Imperial (1885.)

Summer Stage

• On the promenade in Opatija Slatina set the first eight stars • Opatija has embraced the idea, which he refused to Zagreb, to the famous promenade Slatina make known what the stars are up against many citizens Opatija, considering the bad copy that shows Opatija specificity on which to build tourism • Dr. Amir Muzur, mayor of Opatija, accepted and signed a contract in which supports that these stars make • stars are given to: Ivo Robić, Janica Kostelić, Dražen Petrović, Krešimir Ćosić, Oliver Dragojević, Miroslav Krleža, Dragutin Tadijanović, Miroslav Radman and Nikola Tesla

CULTURE • Opatija Fest • Croatian Museum of Tourism

Croatian Museum of Tourism



Basic Rijeka

 The biggest

Croatian port  The third largest city in Croatia  The centar of the Primorskogoranska županija

Flag and Coat of Arms

Pictures of the city

Things you need to visit

NK Rijeka

Riječki karneval

 The rich tradition of Carnival parades and balls

from all over Europe and local customs(zvončari)


These are:Riječke ljetne noći,Ljeto na gradini,Revija lutkarskih kazališta,”Jazz time”,Festival komorne glazbe,Književna nagrada “Drago Gervais”,KRAF

Riječke ljetne noći

Interesting things  The first torpedo was build in Rijeka  The first football match in Croatia was played in

Rijeka  The first newspapers printed were“Notizie del giorno” they were printed in Rijeka  In the 19. and 20. century Riječani used “equal” 4 languages: Croatian,Italian,Hungarian and German

Split Antonio Vlahović

Generall  Split is a city in Croatia situated in the Mediterranean

sea on the eastern shores of the Adriatic Sea.  It has 178,192 inhabitants.  Split is by far the largest Dalmatian city, and the second-largest city of Croatia.  He is one of the largest port cities in Croatia.

Geography  Split is situated on a peninsula between the

eastern part of the Gulf of Kaštela and the Split Channel.  The Marjan hill, rises in the western part of the peninsula.

The most beautiful places ď‚— Split waterfront

ď‚— Stadium Poljud

ď‚— Cathedral of St. Duje

ď‚— Marjan



Turkey is a country which is in a of peninsula. position Therefore Turkey has a lot of cities by the sea. İstanbul, İzmir, Antalya are some of the biggest cities by the sea in Turkey.


Turkey is a country which is in a position of peninsula. Therefore Turkey has a lot of cities by the sea. İstanbul, İzmir, Antalya are some of the biggest cities by the sea in Turkey.


Known as Constantinople or Byzantium Istanbul is the biggest Turkish city; it was also the capital of the Ottoman Empire. Istanbul is now a huge motropolis connecting cultures, continents and religions. Istanbul is the largest city in Turkey, constituting the country’s economic, cultural, and historical heart. With the population of 13.9 million, Istanbul is the third-largest city in the world by population within city limits. Istanbul is a transcontinental city, straddling the Bosphorus – one of the world’s busiest waterways – in northwestern Turkey, between the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea. Its commercial and historical center lies in Europe, while a third of its population livesininnorthwestern Asia. Istanbul is located Turkey within the Marmara Region. The Bosphorus, which connects the Sea of Marmara to the Black Sea, divide the city into a European side, Thracian side and an Asian side, Anatolian side. Because of Istanbul’s location between the Sea of Mamara and the Black Sea, the city has a moderate climate. The Bosphorus remains strategically important. It is a major sea access route for Russia and Ukraine. In more recent years, the Turkish Straits have become particularly important for the oil industry. Russian oil, from ports is exported by tankers to western Europe and the U.S. via the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles Straits. The Bosphorus of Istanbul is particularly famous for the historic waterfront houses ‘yalı’ built during the Ottoman period, which stretch along the strait’s European and Asian shorelines. Every year million of tourists come to Istanbul to see and feel the natural and the historical beautiness of it.


Izmir is a large metropolis in the western extremity of Anatolia and the third most populous city in Turkey, after Istanbul and Ankara. Izmir’s metropolitan area extends along the outlying waters of the Gulf of Izmir. Izmir has Turkey’s largest port after Istanbul. Izmir lies on the coast of the Agean Sea. Izmir is famous for not only its industrial functions but also its touristic places. Spa and health tourism is popular in some parts of it. Generally Izmir is known as ‘the pearl of the west’ in Turkey. It has a great nature and a rich historical and cultural heritage.

Also the city is known as ‘beautiful Izmir’ as it is blessed with numerous scenic beauties and is under the effect of the Mediterranean climate. The summer is hot and dry where as the winter is mild. Lush for all seasons, Izmir is one of the biggest pine nut production areas. One of the most beautiful descriptions of this city was made by Heredotus, who was also from Izmir: ‘they have founded the city under the most beautiful sky and the best climate that we know on Earth.’ Thus, the city has earned its place in history. Alacatı, a district of Izmir, is a small town that has a renowened reputation as paradise for wind and kite surfers. The continuous wind but calm sea, gives the perfect conditions for water sports and enjoying the summer sun. Many surf schools, hotels, boutique hotels, and pensions in Alacati town accomodate and host fans of sea and wind, especially when the major event of the Alacati surf festival begins.


Antalya is a city on the Mediterranean coast of southwestern Turkey. It is Turkey’s biggest international sea resort. Antalya is in the south-west Anatolia, on the Mediterranean Gulf of Antalya. The Taurus Mountains of southern Anatolia runs parallel to the Mediterranean in an east-west direction, resulting in the formation of narrow coastal plains surrounded by mountains on three sides and the sea on the fourth. Some parts of the coast feature mountains plunging sharply into the sea, forming small natural bays and peninsulas. Antalya is situated on one such plain where the mountains recede from the shore, consisting of two flat areas formed of travertine rock at a mean height; the city center is on the rocky plain closest the coast. The area is shielded from the northerly winds by the Taurus Mountains. Antalya has a hot summer Mediterranean climate with hot and dry summers and mild and rainy winters.

Antalya is an ideal holiday destination. With exotic beaches, water sports including; scuba diving, sailing, paragliding, rafting, mountain climbing, tracking and much more. The old harbour is now a marina with modern yachts and very nice to spend an evening outside, having a meal or a drink next to the sea.

Antalya is a tourist center with beautiful beaches, hotels to suit all requirements, restaurants, shops, pubs and bars. Many open summer events and concerts are taking place during the summer. Because of all these great features every year lots of tourists come to Antalya to spend their summer holiday in the most enjoyable way.

The End 

Cities by the sea ebook  

Comenius 2013-2015

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