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ISSN (ONLINE) : 2045 -8711 ISSN (PRINT) : 2045 -869X

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY & CREATIVE ENGINEERING

DECEMBER 2014 VOL - 4 NO - 12

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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY AND CREATIVE ENGINEERING (ISSN:2045-8711) VOL.4 NO.12 DECEMBER 2014

UK: Managing Editor International Journal of Innovative Technology and Creative Engineering 1a park lane, Cranford London TW59WA UK E-Mail: editor@ijitce.co.uk Phone: +44-773-043-0249 USA: Editor International Journal of Innovative Technology and Creative Engineering Dr. Arumugam Department of Chemistry University of Georgia GA-30602, USA. Phone: 001-706-206-0812 Fax:001-706-542-2626 India: Editor International Journal of Innovative Technology & Creative Engineering Dr. Arthanariee. A. M Finance Tracking Center India 66/2 East mada st, Thiruvanmiyur, Chennai -600041 Mobile: 91-7598208700

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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY & CREATIVE ENGINEERING Vol.4 No.12 December 2014

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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY AND CREATIVE ENGINEERING (ISSN:2045-8711) VOL.4 NO.12 DECEMBER 2014

From Editor's Desk Dear Researcher, Greetings! Research article in this issue discusses about motivational factor analysis. Let us review research around the world this month. Internet can be compared with a library. Like a like a library, the Internet is also a source of enjoyable, important and varied information that can be obtained and used by millions of people across the world.The Internet also, like our library contains different forms, like text sound and graphics. Super library does not allow just anybody to browse books or cassettes this facility is available only for authorized members of the library. In a similar way only authorized users of the Internet can access it to obtain information. Internet is a worldwide collection of computer networks. Internet is a cooperative effort of many people and organizations. The computers on the Internet can communicate because they are physically linked and because they share a common language called TCP-IP language that two computers use to communicate. This definition describes acceptable messages and outlines the rules that two computers must follow to exchange those messages. The major transport protocol in Internet Protocol suite. It provides reliable communication between two computers in the network. The network protocol in the internet IP provides a best effort to deliver an IP packet between two networks on the Internet. MANETs are a kind of wireless ad hoc networks that usually has a routable networking environment on top of a Link Layer ad hoc network. The growth of laptops and 802.11/Wi-Fi wireless networking has made MANETs a popular research topic since the mid 1990s. Many academic papers evaluate protocols and their abilities, assuming varying degrees of mobility within a bounded space, usually with all nodes within a few hops of each other. It has been an absolute pleasure to present you articles that you wish to read. We look forward to many more new technologies related research articles from you and your friends. We are anxiously awaiting the rich and thorough research papers that have been prepared by our authors for the next issue.

Thanks, Editorial Team IJITCE

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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY AND CREATIVE ENGINEERING (ISSN:2045-8711) VOL.4 NO.12 DECEMBER 2014

Editorial Members Dr. Chee Kyun Ng Ph.D Department of Computer and Communication Systems, Faculty of Engineering,Universiti Putra Malaysia,UPMSerdang, 43400 Selangor,Malaysia. Dr. Simon SEE Ph.D Chief Technologist and Technical Director at Oracle Corporation, Associate Professor (Adjunct) at Nanyang Technological University Professor (Adjunct) at ShangaiJiaotong University, 27 West Coast Rise #08-12,Singapore 127470 Dr. sc.agr. Horst Juergen SCHWARTZ Ph.D, Humboldt-University of Berlin,Faculty of Agriculture and Horticulture,Asternplatz 2a, D-12203 Berlin,Germany Dr. Marco L. BianchiniPh.D Italian National Research Council; IBAF-CNR,Via Salaria km 29.300, 00015 MonterotondoScalo (RM),Italy Dr. NijadKabbaraPh.D Marine Research Centre / Remote Sensing Centre/ National Council for Scientific Research, P. O. Box: 189 Jounieh,Lebanon Dr. Aaron Solomon Ph.D Department of Computer Science, National Chi Nan University,No. 303, University Road,Puli Town, Nantou County 54561,Taiwan Dr. S.Pannirselvam M.Sc., M.Phil., Ph.D Associate Professor & Head, Department of Computer Science, Erode Arts & Science College (Autonomous),Erode, Tamil Nadu, India. Dr. Arthanariee. A. M M.Sc.,M.Phil.,M.S.,Ph.D Director - Bharathidasan School of Computer Applications, Ellispettai, Erode, Tamil Nadu,India Dr. Takaharu KAMEOKA, Ph.D Professor, Laboratory of Food, Environmental & Cultural Informatics Division of Sustainable Resource Sciences, Graduate School of Bioresources,Mie University, 1577 Kurimamachiya-cho, Tsu, Mie, 514-8507, Japan Dr. M. Sivakumar M.C.A.,ITIL.,PRINCE2.,ISTQB.,OCP.,ICP. Ph.D. Project Manager - Software,Applied Materials,1a park lane,cranford,UK Dr. S.Prasath M.Sc., M.Phil., Ph.D Assistant Professor, Department of Computer Science, Erode Arts & Science College (Autonomous),Erode, Tamil Nadu, India. Dr. Bulent AcmaPh.D Anadolu University, Department of Economics,Unit of Southeastern Anatolia Project(GAP),26470 Eskisehir,TURKEY Dr. SelvanathanArumugamPh.D Research Scientist, Department of Chemistry, University of Georgia, GA-30602,USA.

Review Board Members Dr. Paul Koltun Senior Research ScientistLCA and Industrial Ecology Group,Metallic& Ceramic Materials,CSIRO Process Science & Engineering Private Bag 33, Clayton South MDC 3169,Gate 5 Normanby Rd., Clayton Vic. 3168, Australia Dr. Zhiming Yang MD., Ph. D. Department of Radiation Oncology and Molecular Radiation Science,1550 Orleans Street Rm 441, Baltimore MD, 21231,USA Dr. Jifeng Wang Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Urbana, Illinois, 61801, USA Dr. Giuseppe Baldacchini

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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY AND CREATIVE ENGINEERING (ISSN:2045-8711) VOL.4 NO.12 DECEMBER 2014 ENEA - Frascati Research Center, Via Enrico Fermi 45 - P.O. Box 65,00044 Frascati, Roma, ITALY. Dr. MutamedTurkiNayefKhatib Assistant Professor of Telecommunication Engineering,Head of Telecommunication Engineering Department,Palestine Technical University (Kadoorie), TulKarm, PALESTINE. Dr.P.UmaMaheswari Prof &Head,Depaartment of CSE/IT, INFO Institute of Engineering,Coimbatore.

Dr. T. Christopher, Ph.D., Assistant Professor &Head,Department of Computer Science,Government Arts College(Autonomous),Udumalpet, India. Dr. T. DEVI Ph.D. Engg. (Warwick, UK), Head,Department of Computer Applications,Bharathiar University,Coimbatore-641 046, India. Dr. Renato J. orsato Professor at FGV-EAESP,Getulio Vargas Foundation,São Paulo Business School,RuaItapeva, 474 (8° andar),01332-000, São Paulo (SP), Brazil Visiting Scholar at INSEAD,INSEAD Social Innovation Centre,Boulevard de Constance,77305 Fontainebleau - France Y. BenalYurtlu Assist. Prof. OndokuzMayis University Dr.Sumeer Gul Assistant Professor,Department of Library and Information Science,University of Kashmir,India Dr. ChutimaBoonthum-Denecke, Ph.D Department of Computer Science,Science& Technology Bldg., Rm 120,Hampton University,Hampton, VA 23688 Dr. Renato J. Orsato Professor at FGV-EAESP,Getulio Vargas Foundation,São Paulo Business SchoolRuaItapeva, 474 (8° andar),01332-000, São Paulo (SP), Brazil Dr. Lucy M. Brown, Ph.D. Texas State University,601 University Drive,School of Journalism and Mass Communication,OM330B,San Marcos, TX 78666 JavadRobati Crop Production Departement,University of Maragheh,Golshahr,Maragheh,Iran VineshSukumar (PhD, MBA) Product Engineering Segment Manager, Imaging Products, Aptina Imaging Inc. Dr. Binod Kumar PhD(CS), M.Phil.(CS), MIAENG,MIEEE HOD & Associate Professor, IT Dept, Medi-Caps Inst. of Science & Tech.(MIST),Indore, India Dr. S. B. Warkad Associate Professor, Department of Electrical Engineering, Priyadarshini College of Engineering, Nagpur, India Dr. doc. Ing. RostislavChoteborský, Ph.D. Katedramateriálu a strojírenskétechnologieTechnickáfakulta,Ceskázemedelskáuniverzita v Praze,Kamýcká 129, Praha 6, 165 21 Dr. Paul Koltun Senior Research ScientistLCA and Industrial Ecology Group,Metallic& Ceramic Materials,CSIRO Process Science & Engineering Private Bag 33, Clayton South MDC 3169,Gate 5 Normanby Rd., Clayton Vic. 3168 DR.ChutimaBoonthum-Denecke, Ph.D Department of Computer Science,Science& Technology Bldg.,HamptonUniversity,Hampton, VA 23688 Mr. Abhishek Taneja B.sc(Electronics),M.B.E,M.C.A.,M.Phil.,

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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY AND CREATIVE ENGINEERING (ISSN:2045-8711) VOL.4 NO.12 DECEMBER 2014 Assistant Professor in the Department of Computer Science & Applications, at Dronacharya Institute of Management and Technology, Kurukshetra. (India). Dr. Ing. RostislavChotěborský,ph.d, Katedramateriálu a strojírenskétechnologie, Technickáfakulta,Českázemědělskáuniverzita v Praze,Kamýcká 129, Praha 6, 165 21

Dr. AmalaVijayaSelvi Rajan, B.sc,Ph.d, Faculty – Information Technology Dubai Women’s College – Higher Colleges of Technology,P.O. Box – 16062, Dubai, UAE

Naik Nitin AshokraoB.sc,M.Sc Lecturer in YeshwantMahavidyalayaNanded University Dr.A.Kathirvell, B.E, M.E, Ph.D,MISTE, MIACSIT, MENGG Professor - Department of Computer Science and Engineering,Tagore Engineering College, Chennai Dr. H. S. Fadewar B.sc,M.sc,M.Phil.,ph.d,PGDBM,B.Ed. Associate Professor - Sinhgad Institute of Management & Computer Application, Mumbai-BangloreWesternly Express Way Narhe, Pune - 41 Dr. David Batten Leader, Algal Pre-Feasibility Study,Transport Technologies and Sustainable Fuels,CSIRO Energy Transformed Flagship Private Bag 1,Aspendale, Vic. 3195,AUSTRALIA Dr R C Panda (MTech& PhD(IITM);Ex-Faculty (Curtin Univ Tech, Perth, Australia))Scientist CLRI (CSIR), Adyar, Chennai - 600 020,India Miss Jing He PH.D. Candidate of Georgia State University,1450 Willow Lake Dr. NE,Atlanta, GA, 30329 Jeremiah Neubert Assistant Professor,MechanicalEngineering,University of North Dakota Hui Shen Mechanical Engineering Dept,Ohio Northern Univ. Dr. Xiangfa Wu, Ph.D. Assistant Professor / Mechanical Engineering,NORTH DAKOTA STATE UNIVERSITY SeraphinChallyAbou Professor,Mechanical& Industrial Engineering Depart,MEHS Program, 235 Voss-Kovach Hall,1305 OrdeanCourt,Duluth, Minnesota 55812-3042 Dr. Qiang Cheng, Ph.D. Assistant Professor,Computer Science Department Southern Illinois University CarbondaleFaner Hall, Room 2140-Mail Code 45111000 Faner Drive, Carbondale, IL 62901 Dr. Carlos Barrios, PhD Assistant Professor of Architecture,School of Architecture and Planning,The Catholic University of America Y. BenalYurtlu Assist. Prof. OndokuzMayis University Dr. Lucy M. Brown, Ph.D. Texas State University,601 University Drive,School of Journalism and Mass Communication,OM330B,San Marcos, TX 78666 Dr. Paul Koltun Senior Research ScientistLCA and Industrial Ecology Group,Metallic& Ceramic Materials CSIRO Process Science & Engineering Dr.Sumeer Gul Assistant Professor,Department of Library and Information Science,University of Kashmir,India Dr. ChutimaBoonthum-Denecke, Ph.D Department of Computer Science,Science& Technology Bldg., Rm 120,Hampton University,Hampton, VA 23688

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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY AND CREATIVE ENGINEERING (ISSN:2045-8711) VOL.4 NO.12 DECEMBER 2014 Dr. Renato J. Orsato Professor at FGV-EAESP,Getulio Vargas Foundation,S찾o Paulo Business School,RuaItapeva, 474 (8째 andar)01332-000, S찾o Paulo (SP), Brazil Dr. Wael M. G. Ibrahim Department Head-Electronics Engineering Technology Dept.School of Engineering Technology ECPI College of Technology 5501 Greenwich Road Suite 100,Virginia Beach, VA 23462 Dr. Messaoud Jake Bahoura Associate Professor-Engineering Department and Center for Materials Research Norfolk State University,700 Park avenue,Norfolk, VA 23504 Dr. V. P. Eswaramurthy M.C.A., M.Phil., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Computer Science, Government Arts College(Autonomous), Salem-636 007, India. Dr. P. Kamakkannan,M.C.A., Ph.D ., Assistant Professor of Computer Science, Government Arts College(Autonomous), Salem-636 007, India. Dr. V. Karthikeyani Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Computer Science, Government Arts College(Autonomous), Salem-636 008, India. Dr. K. Thangadurai Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Department of Computer Science, Government Arts College ( Autonomous ), Karur - 639 005,India. Dr. N. Maheswari Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Department of MCA, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, SRM University, Kattangulathur, Kanchipiram Dt - 603 203, India. Mr. Md. Musfique Anwar B.Sc(Engg.) Lecturer, Computer Science & Engineering Department, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Mrs. Smitha Ramachandran M.Sc(CS)., SAP Analyst, Akzonobel, Slough, United Kingdom. Dr. V. Vallimayil Ph.D., Director, Department of MCA, Vivekanandha Business School For Women, Elayampalayam, Tiruchengode - 637 205, India. Mr. M. Moorthi M.C.A., M.Phil., Assistant Professor, Department of computer Applications, Kongu Arts and Science College, India PremaSelvarajBsc,M.C.A,M.Phil Assistant Professor,Department of Computer Science,KSR College of Arts and Science, Tiruchengode Mr. G. Rajendran M.C.A., M.Phil., N.E.T., PGDBM., PGDBF., Assistant Professor, Department of Computer Science, Government Arts College, Salem, India. Dr. Pradeep H Pendse B.E.,M.M.S.,Ph.d Dean - IT,Welingkar Institute of Management Development and Research, Mumbai, India Muhammad Javed Centre for Next Generation Localisation, School of Computing, Dublin City University, Dublin 9, Ireland Dr. G. GOBI Assistant Professor-Department of Physics,Government Arts College,Salem - 636 007 Dr.S.Senthilkumar Post Doctoral Research Fellow, (Mathematics and Computer Science & Applications),UniversitiSainsMalaysia,School of Mathematical Sciences, Pulau Pinang-11800,[PENANG],MALAYSIA. Manoj Sharma Associate Professor Deptt. of ECE, PrannathParnami Institute of Management & Technology, Hissar, Haryana, India RAMKUMAR JAGANATHAN Asst-Professor,Dept of Computer Science, V.L.B Janakiammal college of Arts & Science, Coimbatore,Tamilnadu, India

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Dr. S. B. Warkad Assoc. Professor, Priyadarshini College of Engineering, Nagpur, Maharashtra State, India Dr. Saurabh Pal Associate Professor, UNS Institute of Engg. & Tech., VBS Purvanchal University, Jaunpur, India Manimala Assistant Professor, Department of Applied Electronics and Instrumentation, St Joseph’s College of Engineering & Technology, Choondacherry Post, Kottayam Dt. Kerala -686579 Dr. Qazi S. M. Zia-ul-Haque Control Engineer Synchrotron-light for Experimental Sciences and Applications in the Middle East (SESAME),P. O. Box 7, Allan 19252, Jordan Dr. A. Subramani, M.C.A.,M.Phil.,Ph.D. Professor,Department of Computer Applications, K.S.R. College of Engineering, Tiruchengode - 637215 Dr. SeraphinChallyAbou Professor, Mechanical & Industrial Engineering Depart. MEHS Program, 235 Voss-Kovach Hall, 1305 Ordean Court Duluth, Minnesota 55812-3042 Dr. K. Kousalya Professor, Department of CSE,Kongu Engineering College,Perundurai-638 052 Dr. (Mrs.) R. Uma Rani Asso.Prof., Department of Computer Science, Sri Sarada College For Women, Salem-16, Tamil Nadu, India. MOHAMMAD YAZDANI-ASRAMI Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, Babol"Noshirvani" University of Technology, Iran. Dr. Kulasekharan, N, Ph.D Technical Lead - CFD,GE Appliances and Lighting, GE India,John F Welch Technology Center,Plot # 122, EPIP, Phase 2,Whitefield Road,Bangalore – 560066, India. Dr. Manjeet Bansal Dean (Post Graduate),Department of Civil Engineering,Punjab Technical University,GianiZail Singh Campus,Bathinda -151001 (Punjab),INDIA Dr. Oliver Jukić Vice Dean for education,Virovitica College,MatijeGupca 78,33000 Virovitica, Croatia Dr. Lori A. Wolff, Ph.D., J.D. Professor of Leadership and Counselor Education,The University of Mississippi,Department of Leadership and Counselor Education, 139 Guyton University, MS 38677

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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY AND CREATIVE ENGINEERING (ISSN:2045-8711) VOL.4 NO.12 DECEMBER 2014

Contents Energy Efficient Location Privacy Preserving Based On Service Level Agreement In Mobile Ad-Hoc Network by J.Partha sarathy FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF.FFFFFFFFF.[249]

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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY AND CREATIVE ENGINEERING (ISSN:2045-8711) VOL.4 NO.12 DECEMBER 2014

Energy Efficient Location Privacy Preserving Based On Service Level Agreement in Mobile Ad-Hoc Network J.Partha sarathy Research Scholar, Anna University, Chennai. E-mail: jpsphd@gmail.com

Abstract--- To establish an Energy Efficient Location Privacy Preserving (EELPP) Protocol for MANETs the intention of network to the location. It makes important reduction in the energy consumption of the mobile nodes batteries by restrictive the area of discover a new direction to a less important zone. Thus, organize packets overhead are considerably reduced. In EELPP an orientation wireless base station is used and the network's round area centered at the base station is alienated into six equivalent sub-areas. At route discovery in its place of flooding control packets to the complete network area, they are flooded to simply the sub-area of the target mobile node. The base station stores locations of the movable nodes in a point table. Service Level Agreement (SLA) supports application server technologies with active resource management; request servers can animatedly alter the quantity of resources assign to hosted applications on-demand so as to get together application-level Quality of Service requirements. To demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed protocol we present simulation using NS-2. Simulation consequences show that EELAR protocol makes a development in control packet above your head and delivery ratio compared to AODV, LAR, and DSR protocols. To reduce the energy cost, nodes are active only during data transmission and the intersection of node creates a larger compound node, to reduce the number of fake packets and also boost solitude preservation. Simulation and analytical results demonstrate that our scheme can provide stronger privacy protection than routing-based schemes and requires much less energy than data preventing based. Keywords— SLA, EELPP, Quality of Service, MANET.

I . INTRODUCTION Mobile ad hoc networks consist of wireless mobile hosts that exchange a few words with each other, in the absence of a fixed transportation.1 Routes among two hosts in a Mobile Ad hoc Network (MANET) may consist of hops from end to end other hosts in the system. Host mobility can cause normalchangeable topology changes. Therefore, the task of finding and maintain routes in MANET is nontrivial. Many protocols have been proposed for mobile ad hoc networks, with the aim of achieving efficient routing [1]. These algorithms differ in the approach used for searching a new route and/or modifying a known route. The aim of AODV route innovation is to set up a bidirectional route from the source to the purpose. Route discovery works by flood the network with route request

(RREQ) packets. Every node that receives the RREQ looks in its direction-finding table to the destination or if it has a new sufficient route to the destination. If it does, it sends a unicast route reply (RREP) communication back to the source; otherwise it rebroadcasts the RREQ in [3]. The RREP is routed back on a temporary reverse route that was created by the RREQ. Each node keeps track of its local connectivity, this is perform either by using intermittent exchange of messages, or by using feedback from the link layer upon unsuccessful transmission. In adding together to the work related to power-efficient algorithms, Location-Aided Routing protocols such as location were also proposed to make informed directionfinding decisions based on in sequence about node location. LAR is different from earlier work related to location-aided routing in that work,when creationdirection-finding decisions [5, 6]. To minimizing the power consumption on end-to-end routes is the major objective. In fussy, the purpose of previous algorithms is to find outa shortest-path route that reaches the end with the smallest number of middle hops at minimize the energy consumption in transmitting a packet. The mobile node’s with the goal of diminishing routingrelated visual projection in mobile and ad hoc networks. It uses location in order of the movable nodes to limit the search for a new route to a smaller area of the ad hoc system which results in a momentous reduction in the number of routing messages and consequently the energy utilization of the mobile nodes batteries is decreaseconsiderably. In order to reduce the control overhead due to screen storm in the network when manage packets are flooded into whole network [8, 9]. II . RELATED WORK A distributed framework which predicts the dependability of the mobile nodes, this construction is implemented with the four different basic constrains for the subtraction of the reliability of the mobile node. The constrains are, A mobile node must stimulate the routing process by means of its collaboration, The organization given by the mobile nodes must be truthful, the direction-finding process of the MANET must be in such a way that the packet has to be send from beginning to end energy efficient path, the message communication complexity regarding the intimation of malicious nodes in the MANET must be very less. In the authors have a second hand status mechanism which incessantly monitors its neighbor nodes in the ad hoc Network. In this each and every node is implemented with

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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY AND CREATIVE ENGINEERING (ISSN:2045-8711) VOL.4 NO.12 DECEMBER 2014 repute evaluation machine by means of maintain the reputation index and reputation table. For each successful delivery of a node, the reputation index value gets incremented and updated in the standing table. This paper proposes three heuristic search methods for making decision from the obtained values of packet delivery rates of each and every node [1]. MANET in using dynamic Bayesian signaling The heuristics methods are based on number of hops away from the source, single increase and double augmentation, the early audition. In the authors have accessible a second hand reputation mechanism which makes use of reputation values compute by the neighbors of the mobile nodes. In this authors also derives an entrance value to obtain effectual discrimination of the non-corporation, non-trustworthy nodes from the normal node in the MANET. This paper also comes up with an integrated approach for detecting and extenuating selfish nodes. This is implemented based on game theory which investigates the network performance. In the authors have modeled an algorithm based on dynamic Bayesian signaling game for the improving the collaboration among the mobile nodes in ad hoc network. This mechanism discriminates the nodes based on the behavior of normal nodes and a malicious node by earnings of continues monitoring of each and every node by its neighbors. This is implementing by means of the concepts like sequential rationality and random property. In the authors have addressed friendship mechanism for the enhancement of the cooperation of the mobile nodes by optimizing the property, the decrease of false positives i.e. incorrect ID of the selfish nodes can be reduces significantly. This method is implemented in two dissimilar methodologies viz., direct and roundabout friend indirect instrument [1, 2]. In this, author have also analyzed the various aspects of partition in terms of six degrees and also suggested solutions to get find of all types of separation. They also implemented a voting strategy for selective malicious node from normal node. In the authors have analyses different problem that arise while achieving assistance among the mobile node in ad hoc networks. The authors have Levesque measure based on game theory, which derives the probability values of all the nodes participating in the statement. In this, behavior of set of connections is also analyses based on equilibrium function. Cornbach Alpha Coefficient Based Reputation Mechanism (Cactm) In this formulate a Cornbach alpha Coefficient based standing instrument (CACTM) for influential the trust of each and every nodes current in an ad location. MAODV is the multicast protocol used for our imitation study. We employ the group announcement between the nodes in order to study the impact of mean present during group announcement. The reproduction study was accepted out to compare the present concepts� model with the SHRCM model based on the assessment parameter namely Throughput, packet delivery ratio and total overhead by varying the number of mobile nodes and number of compromised nodes deployed for group announcement. The remaining part of the paper is organized as follows. Enumerates a detailed review survey of the some highly developed process works carried out with possible statistical coefficients that could be beneficial for checking

node Consistencies are presented along with the extract of the survey [3]. In the detailed version of the Cornbach alpha coefficient based trust model is depicted. The detailed algorithmic steps for the formulated trust model to be deployed in the MAODV protocol. Application server clustering is discussed, where the servers are cluster like master and Slave format and perform group announcement. The problem with the solution is the server has to be up at all the time in all the nodes of the cluster to meet the necessities. This makes the resource unusable and reduces the throughput of the server which does not used at lower load setting. So that the server has to be up and used at dynamic environment when there is higher load arises. Whenever the number of received http request increases the process of load complementary is comes into play [6]. Every server has the bound in number of request management and could not handle request more than that, also highly loaded server could not provide service at least response time. The load complementary procedure has to point all these issues before development the request to a server. The quality of service of any server or service is depending on throughput and timeliness, reliability. If the server response quickly then it will be good and will increase the throughput of the server [9]. III . PROPOSED APPROACH The mobile ad hoc network is a new model of wireless communication and has gained growing consideration from industry. As in all-purpose network environment, mobile ad-hoc networks have to deal with an assortment of security threats. Due to its nature of active network topology, direction-finding in mobile ad-hoc system plays a vital role for the presentation of the networks. It is reasonable that most security threats target routing protocol the weakest point of the mobile ad-hoc network. There are a variety of study and much research in this field in a challenge to propose more secure protocols. However, there is not a complete routing protocol that can secure the process of a complete network in every situation. Privacy fortification in routing of MANET has paying attention a lot of research efforts. A number of privacy-preserving routing schemes have been brought forward. The unidentified routing protocol mainly considers ambiguity and partial unlink ability in MANET, most of them exploit asymmetric feature of public key cryptosystems to accomplish their goals. Complete unlink ability are not definite due to incomplete content defense. This method use Energy Efficient Location Privacy Preserving Protocol (EELPP) that is an optimization to the Location Aided Routing. EELPP makes significant reduction in the energy consumption of the mobile nodes batteries through restraining the area of discovering a new route to a smaller zone. Thus, control packets overhead are considerably reduced and the mobile nodes life time is increased. 3.1 Estimation of Energy Savings: We next evaluate the energy saved by the proposed probabilistic localization approach. Assume the sensor node has three basic energy consumption types—sensing, transmitting and receiving, and these power values (energy per unit time) areE୹ , Et and Er, respectively. If we select all sensors that reported the target for querying, the total energy

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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY AND CREATIVE ENGINEERING (ISSN:2045-8711) VOL.4 NO.12 DECEMBER 2014 consumed for the event happening at time instant t can be evaluated using the following equation: ‫ܧ‬ଵ ሺ‫ݐ‬ሻ = ܰ௥௘௣ ሺ‫ݐ‬ሻሺ‫ܧ‬௧ + ‫ܧ‬௡ ሻܶଵ ‫ܧ‬ଶ ሺ‫ݐ‬ሻ = ܰ௡ ܶ௡ ‫=ܧ‬

ே೙ష೐೙೏

ே೙షೞ೟ೌೝ೟ ௧೐೙೏

‫ܧ‬ሺ‫ݐ‬ሻ

߂‫ ܧ = ܧ‬− ‫ ܵ = ∗ ܧ‬෍ ሺ‫ݕ݃ݎ݁݊݁ ݈ܽݐ݋ݐ‬௡ ሺ‫ݐ‬ሻ ௧೟షೞ೟ೌೝ೟

− ܿ‫݃ݎ݁݊݁ ݀݁݉ݑݏ݊݋‬ሺ‫ݐ‬ሻሻ Where E1 is the energy required for reporting the detection of an object the parameters T1, T2 and T3 denote the lengths of time involved in the transmission and reception, which are directly proportional to the sizes of data, control messages to query sensors, and the detailed sensor data transmitted to the cluster head. The parameter Ts is the time of sensing activity of sensors. The parameters E denotes the total energy in this case for target localization from tstart to tend. Similarly, for the proposed probabilistic localization approach, we have Where ‫ܧ = ܥ‬௥ ܶଵ + ሺ‫ܧ‬௧ + ‫ܧ‬௥ ሻ‫ܧ‬௡௢.௢௙ ௡௢ௗ௘ ௘௡௘௥௚௬ Since ܰ௡ (t) is always less than or equal to ‫ܦ‬௡ (t), We have

∇E ≥ 0 So we consumed energy and rectifying the damage coil or node I during data transmission using magnetic node in network. To show the effectiveness of the proposed protocol we obtainable simulations using NS-2. In addition, reproduction results show that there is a tradeoff sandwiched between decreasing control overhead by increasing number of areas and growing route loss by mounting the number of network areas due to node mobility. This suggests that most favorable number of network area is reliant on the nodes mobility. We have to take a different parameter like as throughput, release ratio, packet wait on the network. In as much as all these protocols strived to decrease power expenditure either at node level or on the network in general, all proposed solution have a kind of trade-off that let go to have clear energy saving. The observed performance metrics based on the reproduction outcome posted by the various algorithms under review. The number of routes recognized during route discovery, the message overheads the cost of performing arts the data packet show and reception by different nodes, normal energy preserved, and the network throughput, and the end-to-end, data packet delay. ENERGY EFFICIENT ALGORITHM

LOCATION

PRIVACY

Forward Packet P } Step 2: If (received A Packet) { Step 3: If (Received Packet==Data_Ack) { Step 4: Route Location base transmission Verify the Id Step 5: If (Verification Successful) Energy save mode { Step 6: Discard the route noted Else { Step 7: Drop the packet Energy loss } Step 8: Repeat the procedure for next packet } }

The data are sending by wireless mobile ad-hoc network from source (S) to destination (D) on network topology. The Packets (P) transmit the data to destination intermediately work from beginning to end from source to destination Energy efficient based broadcast on network. Neighbor discovery node has to collect the data sending and receiving process on the network. The traffic situation to be checked on mobility node, the minimum number of connected set to the objective on the system. It’s more to save the power and shortest path route detection on their network. It is plummeting the packet’s delay and the reduce energy model on their wireless network. The associated set is more wellorganized and scalable network on that time of the network process. IV. PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS The goal of the reproduction is to analyze the behavior of the AODV by deploying Networks. The replication environment is creating in NS-2, a network simulator that provides support for simulate mesh wireless networks. NS-2 using C++ language and it uses the Object Oriented Tool Command Language (OTCL). It came as from Tool Command Language (TCL). They use a setting consisting of 30 wireless nodes roaming over a simulation area of 1200 meters x 1200 meters flat space in payment for 10 seconds of simulation time. The radio and IEEE 802.11 MAC layer models used. Nodes in our simulation move according to accidental Waypoint mobility model, which is in accidental direction with maximum speed from 0 m/s to 20 m/s. A free space proliferation channel is unspecific for the simulation. Hence, the reproduction experiment do not account for the overhead produced when a multicast member leaves a group and the assessment result. Table 1: Simulation parameters

(i). Energy based Packet Transmit Step 1: If (Any Packet sent P) {

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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY AND CREATIVE ENGINEERING (ISSN:2045-8711) VOL.4 NO.12 DECEMBER 2014 V. PERFORMANCE RESUL RESULTS The simulation circumstances are calculated mainly to charge the collision of system concentration on the arrangement of the network model. The collision of arrangement density is deploying 0 – 100 nodes more than a permanent open area topology of 1200m x 1200m using 5m/s node speed and identical source-destination destination connections. AODV have a quantity of metrics that can be used for their presentation network. Throughput Performance This is the output of total number of customary data packets divided by total number of sent data packets.

PARAMETERS

Two Ray Ground

Routing Protocols Area Broadcast Area Transfer Pattern Mobility Model Transfer per Packet

AODV 1200m x 1200m 50-250 m UDP,CBR Random Mobility 512 tes

No.of Packets (Delay)

No.of Packets

REPLICA, Load Balancing

REPLICA, Load Balancing

0 2

4 6 8 Time (min)

10

Fig.3. End to End Delay on network 2

4

6 8 Time (min)

10

Fig.1. 1. Performance of throughput This metric gives an estimate of how efficient a routing protocol is, since the number of routing packets sent per data packet gives an idea of how well the protocol keeps the routing in order updated. The higher the Normal Routing Load metric is, the higher the overhead ead of routing packets and consequently the lower the efficiency of the protocol. Energy Level on Network The energy level on the network is must and most significant one of the quick data communication on their network. its calculated from their each node energy utilization is must of the network. if any node none to data transmit that node to save the energy on the network. Energy consumption = no of packets * initial energy level Remained energy = energy consumption – no of packets in node Energy Level(Joules)

Ns-all-in-one 2.28

Propagation Model

10

0

15

Version

20

100 50

VALUE

REPLICA, Load Balancing

10

5

0

2

4

6 8 Time (min)

10

Fig.2. Energy consumption on network The End-to-End delay They have calculate a average number of delay on network, it includes all possible delay caused by buffering through route detection latency, queuing at the border queue, retransmission delay on medium access control, spread and move time. D = (Tr –Ts)

V. CONCLUSION In our work we have using a neighbor using u Energy Efficient Location Privacy Preserving Protocol (EELPP) that is an optimization to the Location Aided Routing (LAR) for location based data transmission on their network. It has mainly focused on this technique to get better the network performance and energy consumption model on the network. In our future work to implement the network protocol based energy efficient ent data transmission and more security based data transmission on the network. Used Security based routing protocols and reduces data loss on the network. REFERENCES [1]. Mohammad A. Mikki, “Energy Efficient Location Aided Routing Protocol for Wireless MANETs”, Vol. 4, No. 1 & 2, 2009. [2]. P. Thamizharasi, D.Vinoth, “Unobservable PrivacyPrivacy Preserving Routing in MANET”, Volume-2, Volume Issue-3, January 2013. [3]. Karim El Defrawy, Gene Tsudik, “Privacy-Preserving “Privacy Location-Based On-Demand Demand Routing in MANETs”, VOL. 29, Dec 2011. [4]. Ajay Shah, Hitesh Gupta, “Energy Efficient Routing Protocols for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks”, Vol. 1 Issue 5, July – 2012. [5]. Mohamed M. E. A. Mahmoud, “A Cloud-Based Cloud Scheme for Protecting Source-Location Location Privacy against HotspotHotspot Locating Attack in Wireless Sensor Networks”, 2011 [6]. K. Vinoth Kumar, G.Arunsathish, “Privacy-Preserving “Privacy Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks”, Vol.11, No.11, March 2013. [7]. Humaira Nishat, “Energy Efficient Routing Protocols for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks”, Volume 26– 26 No.2, July 2011 [8]. J. Haas, “Secure Data Communication in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks”, VOL. 24, NO. 2, FEB 2006 [9]. Young-Bae Bae KO, “Location-Aided “Location Routing (LAR) in mobile ad hoc networks”, science publication university [10]. Panagiotis,, Papadimitratos, “Secure Data Transmission in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks”, 19 Sep 2010.

Where here Tr is receive Time and Ts is sent Time.

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@IJITCE Publication

IJITCE Dec 2014  

International Journal of Innovative Technology and Creative Engineering (ISSN:2045-8711) December 2014 Issue Vol.4 No.12

IJITCE Dec 2014  

International Journal of Innovative Technology and Creative Engineering (ISSN:2045-8711) December 2014 Issue Vol.4 No.12

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