ROADmapping Health & wellbeing in the UK RAIL industry There are approximately 120,000 people working for the UK rail industry. Recent figures have indicated that sickness costs the industry £316 million a year. Addressing the health of its workforce is therefore a matter of some urgency and could result in an annual saving of £32 million. But it is not just about costs. The evidence suggests that better health and wellbeing also produce a wide range of less tangible benefits, such as improvements to individuals’ capabilities and morale and to employee relations more broadly. However, as with many sector-wide initiatives, one of the challenges is to get agreement and commitment from a large number of diverse stakeholders as to what needs to be done and how to go about doing it. IfM ECS was asked to supply its roadmapping expertise to help develop a ‘health and wellbeing’ roadmap on behalf of a cross-industry group led by the RSSB, supported by the Office of Rail Regulation and including Network Rail, train and freight companies, rolling stock companies, suppliers. Using its roadmapping methodology – a subject of IfM research for more than a decade – IfM ECS worked with over 100 people representing all parts of the industry as well as health experts from outside it. They took part in a series of workshops to develop a health and wellbeing vision and its supporting roadmap. As part of the roadmapping process, the strategy and priorities needed to achieve the industry’s vision until 2019 were agreed and looser objectives were sketched out for the period from 2019 out to 2024. One of the most important aspects of the project was the creation of a
Education and Consultancy Services
Railway Health and Wellbeing Roadmap Strategic Theme
Industry Leadership Rail leaders promote that rail is a good place to work and invest
2014/2015 Set up policy group
Industry can demonstrate control over health
Employee Engagement Employees believe the industry is a place where they can thrive
Behavioural Change Alongside societal aims we contribute to the healthier lives of people
Our Vision GB railway is an industry
Develop a cross industry health and wellbeing charter
Engage board level champions Infuence Policy
Ongoing communication and engagement agenda
Review and agree a set of voluntary medical stds Risk based guidance for rail orgs.
We understand how to keep more people in work
Reporting and Monitoring
ase business c strategy and Rehabilitation
where everyone takes responsibility for Health and Wellbeing and benefits from it
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graphical output which captured and conveyed the key elements of the roadmap in a way that all member of the workforce could understand and respond to. Distilling complex data into easily communicable outputs is an active area of IfM research and the graphic (above) exemplifies this approach. IfM also developed a set of more
• A collaborative approach • Share best practice • Keep it simple
• Evidence based decision making • One size does not fit all • Cost effective
Ownership - Through stakeholder ownership and input the roadmap should continually evolve toward industry needs.
detailed outputs to show the plans relating to the five key strategic themes which emerged from the roadmapping process: Industry leadership Clinical knowledge Reporting and monitoring Employee engagement Behavioural change
These outputs distil large amounts of complex and interconnected data into a clear set of desired outcomes, action plans and success measures and indicators.
Benefits The benefit for the UK rail industry is a coordinated and highly proactive approach to improving health and wellbeing. RSSB is facilitating the implementation of the roadmap on behalf of the industry and, under the guidance of the policy group, will produce resources to support individual company activities. These include a dedicated area of the RSSB site on health and wellbeing, six policy booklets, a health and wellbeing assessment resource, and five research reports.
Industry Leadership Roadmap Detail Clinical Leadership Roadmap Detail
Reporting And Monitoring Roadmap Detail Employee Engagement Industry Roadmap Detail
A particularly successful aspect of IfM ECS’s approach was guiding the development of a set of graphics to communicate the roadmap to everyone working in the industry and encourage ongoing dialogue and engagement.” Darryl Hopper Workforce Health and Wellbeing Project Manager, RSSB
Behavioural Change Roadmap 2014/2015 Detail Leadership and 2014/2015 Employee Monitoring Engagement 2014/2015 Behavioural Change 2014/2015
CP5 2016/17 2016/17 CP5 2016/17
2018 2018 2018
Positive movement in the cost of impaired health within the rail industry – industry survey measures and indicators • Review management of health into initiatives to Success • • Evidence of health and wellbeing provision within rail industry strategies Success measures and indicators • Guidance developed recognising: support health in• A cross industry data collection system is established within industry Success measures and indicators equipment that enters into the rail Transient employees, health conditions • Number of people losing work due to ill health / no of people in rehabilitation schemes / roles provided for those with mental health issues. the supply chain• Increased level of understanding of industry health risk management – Reasons for absence / work-related ill health / RIDDOR / individual health risk indicators system • No. of incidents where OH clinical leadership leads to better industry management – cost savings identified and risks passed on to those lower
• Employee engagement scores improve – organisational anecdote • No. of railway organisations publicly publishing health data (e.g. to shareholders) • Increased support for OH eg. voluntary health standards, no of providers, no of professionals – No. of OH Provisions down the supply chain. • Increases in productivity – organisational anecdote • Measures in place for the changing demographics of the workforce
Success measures and indicators • No. of health courses and trained employees within the industry • Survey use of health surveillance schemes within industry • Survey provision and context of health and wellbeing initiatives (what is available, reactive/proactive, active or passive role of org (e.g. contract out) – create specific category for the supply chain including RTS impact
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Employees believe the industry is over a place IndustryThe can health raildemonstrate industry is acontrol knowledgeable where thrive userthey of thecan health industry Outcome
The industry is proactive about health, employees have healthier working lives
Plans for the roadmap’s five key strategic themes
Roadmapping is a powerful technique for planning an organisation’s capabilities to ensure they are developed to meet policy goals, or in the commercial sector, a company’s business objectives. It was pioneered by Motorola in the 1970s and today it is widely used to address a range of issues, from national research and development strategies to the identification of company-level opportunities and threats. No two roadmapping exercises are the same but they all share a similar approach – bringing together a group of experts into workshops and using graphical templates to help them visualise and develop strategies.
Why the IfM? The IfM is an international centre of roadmapping expertise. It has been researching and developing the application of roadmapping for many years and, through IfM ECS, it has worked with more than 250 public and private sectors organisations and policy-makers including: ABB, Airbus, BAE Systems, Caterpillar, Crown, Kazakhstan Government, Mars, Microsoft, Royal Mail, Society
of Motor Manufacturers and Traders, and the UK Knowledge Transfer Networks, Ministry of Defence and Department of Transport.
Institute for Manufacturing (IfM) Part of the University of Cambridge, the IfM brings together expertise in management, technology and policy to address the full range of industrial issues.
IfM Education and Consultancy Services (IfM ECS) IfM ECS is owned by the University of Cambridge. It transfers to industry and governments the new ideas developed by researchers at the IfM.
MORE INFORMATION To find out more about how IfM ECS’s roadmapping techniques can help your organisation, contact: Dominic Oughton Email: email@example.com www.ifm.eng.cam.ac.uk/ roadmapping
IfM Education and Consultancy Services 17 Charles Babbage Road, Cambridge CB3 0FS, United Kingdom Tel: +44 (0)1223 766141
Key Bold and underlined words are Key top priorities Bold and underlined words are
Key CBA – Cost Benefit Analysis topCPpriorities –underlined Control Period Bold and words are Leadership OHNSARE – Occupational 2014/2015 2016/17 2018 – NationalHealth Skills top priorities – National Institute for Key NICE for Railway CBAHealth –Academy Cost&Benefit Analysis Care words Excellence Bold and underlined are Engineering CBA – Cost Benefit Analysis top priorities To create health change within the rail industry those operating at the highest levels of the railway system hierarchy need to: Key To adequately understand how the health industry relates to and integrates with the railway industry there is a need for senior clinical leadership within rail. This clinical leadership should advise and provide • Show leadership direction toward a shared vision for health management words arelinks Health data collection is needed in order to create cases and make reasoned decisions to drive change within the industry. 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What is roadmapping? “We recognised that improving health and wellbeing across the rail industry had become a priority but that it would require a co-ordinated approach to succeed. The roadmapping process provided by IfM ECS enabled us to bring together large numbers of stakeholders to develop a shared vision and gain commitment to a clear action plan. A Health and Wellbeing policy group has now been set up to oversee the implementation process and to maintain communication with the key stakeholders.