Issuu on Google+

Avwc wbDR ey‡jwUb K…wl Drcv`bkxjZv Dbœqb Z¡ivwš^ZKiY cÖKí (Avwc) msL¨v 20

BDGmGAvBwWÕi Avw_©K mnvqZvcyó Ges wWGBÕi mn‡hvwMZvq GKwU cÖKí

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GWweøDwW cÖhyw³: wKQz ¸iæZ¡c~Y© wb‡`©kbv

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bvix-‡bZ…Z¡vaxb ¸wU BDwiqv 4 welqK Kg©kvjv ¸wU mv‡ii e¨envi Kg©ms¯’vb m„wó K‡i

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Avwc Kvh©μg ‡m‡Þ¤^i 27 - A‡±vei 24, 2012

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b‡f¤^i 2012 gv‡m Avwc cÖK‡íi Kvh©μg

8

Avwc wbDR ey‡jwUb n‡”Q Avwc cÖK‡íi GKwU gvwmK cÖKvkbv| webv g~‡j¨ weZi‡Yi Rb¨| AvBGdwWwm GKwU cvewjK AvšÍRv©wZK ms¯’v hvi cÖavb Kvhv©jq n‡”Q gvwK©b hy³iv‡óªi Avjvevgv A½iv‡R¨| AvBGdwWwmÕi jÿ¨ n‡jv Dbœqbkxj †`k mg~‡n K…wl Drcv`b e„w×i gva¨‡g Lv`¨ wbivcËv e„w× Kiv| e¨e¯’vcbv m¤úv`K: BkivZ Rvnvu AvevwmK cÖwZwbwa AvBGdwWwm evsjv‡`k BD‡iwkqv wWwfkb Ges Avwc cÖKí mgš^qKvix wWRvBb Ges †j-AvDU: ‰mq` AvdRvj †nv‡mb WvUv g¨v‡bR‡g›U wefvM, Avwc

Avgb †gŠmy‡gi Kvh©μg AvcvZZt †kl| b‡f¤^‡ii †k‡li w`‡K avb KvUv ïiæ n‡j ZLb Avevi bZzb K‡i Kg©e¨¯ÍZv ïiæ n‡e| Gw`‡K AvwcÕi mKj Kg©KZ©v ‡ev‡iv ‡gŠmy‡gi cÖ¯‘wZ‡Z wewfbœ DØy×KiY Kg©Kv‡Û e¨¯Í| K…lK cÖwkÿY; †h mKj K…lK cÖvi‡¤¢B cÖhyw³ MÖn‡Y AvMÖnx Zv‡`i mv‡_ DØy×KiY mfv; DØy×KiY gvV ågY; †÷K‡nvìvi Kg©kvjv Ges I‡cb ¯‹vB †kv - G meB G gv‡m Pjgvb wQj| kxZKvjxb kvK-mewR ‡ivcY B‡Zvg‡a¨B ïiæ n‡q †M‡Q| Avgiv Avkv KiwQ G eQi mewR Pv‡l ¸wU BDwiqvi e¨envi †ek e„w× cv‡e| Avwc wbDR ey‡jwU‡bi G msL¨vq Av‡Q AvwcÕi g„wËKv weÁvbx Rbve gvBbyj Avnmv‡bi GKwU cÖeÜ| `xN© mgq ¸wU BDwiqv e¨envi Ki‡j gvwUi ¯^v‡¯’¨ Zvi wKiæc cÖfve c‡o -‡mUvB n‡”Q G †jLvi DcRxe¨| ch©vqμwgK †fRv‡bv I ïKv‡bv (GWweøDwW) cªhyw³ e¨env‡i K…lK‡`i‡K AvMÖnx Kivi Rb¨ wj‡L‡Qb K…wl we‡klÁ Rbve dRjyj nK| iæwebv Bmjvg wj‡L‡Qb Avwc cÖK‡íi wewfbœ Kg©Kv‡Û AwaK nv‡i bvix‡`i‡K m¤ú„³ Ki‡Z Av‡qvwRZ Avgv‡`i we‡kl Kg©kvjv wb‡q| GQvov MÖvgxY kÖgRxex gvby‡li Dci Avwc cÖK‡íi cÖfve wb‡q GKwU cÖwZ‡e`b i‡q‡Q G ey‡jwU‡b| ***

`xN© mgq ¸wU BDwiqvi e¨envi gvwUi ˆRe c`v_©, bvB‡Uªv‡Rb I cywó aviY ÿgZv e„w× K‡i-GKwU mgxÿvi djvdj eZ©gv‡b evsjv‡`‡ki cÖvq mK‡jB Rv‡b ‡h, ¸wU BDwiqv K…wl cÖhyw³i RM‡Z Ggb GK

A‡±vei 31, 2012

D™¢veb hvi e¨env‡i av‡bi djb ev‡o, LiP K‡g Ges GKB mv‡_ bvB‡Uªv‡R‡bi Kvh©KvwiZv e„w× cvq| wewfbœ M‡elYvq †`Lv †M‡Q gvwUi Mfx‡i (PviwU av‡bi Pvivi gvSLv‡b 7-10 †m.wg. gvwUi Mfx‡i) ¸wU BDwiqv ¯’vcb Ki‡j Zv av‡bi djb e„w×mn bvB‡Uªv‡R‡bi AcPq ‡iva K‡i Gi Kvh©KvwiZv e„wׇZ ¸iæZ¡c~Y© Ae`vb ivL‡Q| m¤úªwZ Avwc cÖK‡íi M‡elK‡`i GK AbymÜv‡b †`Lv ‡M‡Q †h, ‡Kv‡bv Rwg‡Z `xN©w`b a‡i ¸wU BDwiqv e¨envi Ki‡j Zv GKw`‡K Drcv`bkxjZv evovq, Avevi Ab¨w`‡K gvwUi ‰Re c`v_©, bvB‡Uªv‡Rb Ges cywó aviY ÿgZvI e„w× K‡i| AvBGdwWwm AvR †_‡K cÖvq wÎk eQi Av‡M GKwU D‡`¨v‡Mi gva¨‡g ¸wU BDwiqvi DcKvwiZvi welqwU mvg‡b wb‡q Av‡m| evsjv‡`‡ki K…wl M‡elYv cÖwZôvb - evsjv‡`k avb M‡elYv BÝwUwUDU (weª), evsjv‡`k K…wl M‡elYv BÝwUwUDU (evwi), evsjv‡`k BÝwUwUDU Ad wbDwK¬qvi G¨vwMÖKvjPvi (webv) Ges Gwkqvi Ab¨vb¨ cÖwZôvbI G D‡`¨v‡Mi mv‡_ mswkøó wQj| 1985 mv‡j evsjv‡`k K…wl M‡elYv KvDwÝj (weGAviwm)-‡Z AbywôZ GK RvZxq Kg©kvjvq ¸wU BDwiqv cÖhyw³i m¤úªmvi‡Yi mycvwik Kiv n‡jI cieZ©x‡Z Gi we¯Ívi †ek mxwgZ wQj| ¸wU BDwiqvi mieivn h‡_ó bv _vKvi Kvi‡YB GgbwU n‡q‡Q e‡j avibv Kiv nq, Z‡e Avwc cÖK‡íi Kvh©μ‡g my¯úófv‡e GB mgm¨vi mgvavb wbwðZ Kiv n‡q‡Q| mv¤úªwZK GK AbymÜv‡b AvwcÕi weÁvbxiv Rvb‡Z cv‡ib Uv½vBj †Rjvi KvwjnvwZ Dc‡Rjvi fevbxcyi Ges †`j`yqvi Dc‡Rjvi Pvjv AvwUqv‡Z wKQz cÖMwZkxj K…lK MZ 20

GB ey‡jwU‡b cÖKvwkZ Z_¨ gvwK©b hy³ivóª miKv‡ii ev BDGmGAvBwW Gi gZv`‡k©i cÖwZdjb bq


Avwc wbDR ey‡jwUb

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Avwc wbDR ey‡jwUb ‡hvMv‡hvM: BkivZ Rvnvu MÖvnvg wW. nv›Uvi wVKvbv: XvKv Awdm: moK bs 62, evox bs 4we, GcvU©‡g›U-we2 ¸jkvb - 2, XvKv -1212 evsjv‡`k ‡dvb: 880-2-9894288 880-2-8817391 d¨v·: 880-2-8826109 I‡qe mvBU: www.aapi-ifdc.org www.ifdc.org ewikvj Awdm: Ò‡RvnivÓ 834 (bZzb) cywjk jvBb †ivW ewikvj ‡dvb: 0431-2176566 h‡kvi Awdm: 1351 cywjk jvBb †ivW Uvwj‡Lvjv, cyivZb Kmev h‡kvi ‡dvb: 0421-60986 Avwc e¨ve¯’vcbvq: BkivZ Rvnvu, cÖKí mgš^Kvix; MÖvnvg wW. nv›Uvi, wPd Ad cvwU©; ‡gvt gwdRyj Bmjvg, wmwbqi G¨vwMÖKvjPvi †¯úkvwjó; W. kvniæL Avn‡g`, ‡gvt dRjyj nK, †gvt BKevj †nv‡mb, W. ew`iæj Bmjvg, G¨vwMÖKvjPvi †¯úkvwjó; ‡gvt mvgmyj Avjg, Aveyj †nv‡mb †gvjøv, gvngy` †nv‡mb, W. G‡KGg dinv`, cÖwkÿY †¯úkvwjó; Wt ‡gvt Avãyj gwR` wgqv, gvBbyj Avnmvb, g„wËKv weÁvbx; †gvt byiæj Bmjvg, gv‡K©U/weR‡bm ‡Wft †¯úkvwjó; ivg cÖmv` †Nvl, ‡gKvwbKvj BwÄwbqvi; Avãyj Iqvnve, K…wl cÖ‡KŠkjx; iæwebv Bmjvg, ‡RÛvi †¯úkvwjó; ‰mq` AvdRvj gvngy` †nv‡mb, wmwbqi WvUv g¨v‡bR‡g›U †¯úkvwjó; dvwib Bmjvg, GgGÛB †¯úkvwjó; G.Gd.Gg. mv‡jn †PŠayix, wPd GKvDb‡U›U; weòz iƒc †PŠayix, cÖkvmwbK I μq Kg©KZv©

GjvKvwUi dmj web¨vm n‡jv - †ev‡iv-cwZZ‡ivcv Avgb| K…lKiv Rvbvb gvwUi Mfx‡i ¸wU BDwiqv cÖ‡qvM K‡i ¸ov BDwiqvi Zzjbvq Zviv av‡bi Drcv`b 20-25 kZvsk †ewk †c‡q‡Qb| GLvbKvi AwaKvsk Rwg gvSvwi DuPz cÖK…wZi| gvwUi eybU cwj †`v-Avuk

†_‡K cwj Gu‡Uj| 2012Õi †g gv‡m Avwc weÁvbxiv GB GjvKvq ¸wU BDwiqv cÖ‡qvMK…Z Ges ¸ov BDwiqv cÖ‡qvMK…Z Rwg †_‡K Avjv`v K‡i 30 wU gvwUi bgybv msMÖn K‡ib| g„wËKv m¤ú` Dbœqb BÝwUwUDU (GmAviwWAvB) Gme bgybv gvbm¤§Z cÖwμqvq we‡kølY K‡i| G‡Z †`Lv hvq ¸wU BDwiqv e¨envi Kiv n‡q‡Q Ggb gvwUi Dcwifv‡M ‰Re c`v_©, †gvU bvB‡Uªv‡Rb Ges bvB‡Uªv‡Rb aviY ÿgZv (Cation Exchange Capacity- CEC) ¸ov BDwiqv e¨envi Kiv n‡q‡Q Ggb Rwg †_‡K †ewk| bx‡Pi mviYx‡Z G m¤úwK©Z Zzjbvg~jK DcvË we¯ÍvwiZfv‡e †`qv n‡jv| gvwUi ‰Re c`v_©: ¸ov BDwiqv e¨eüZ n‡q‡Q Ggb Rwgi gvwUi Dcwifv‡M ‰Re c`v‡_©i cwigvY kZKiv 1.01 ‡_‡K 2.35 fv‡Mi g‡a¨, wKš‘ ¸wU BDwiqv e¨eüZ Rwgi gvwU‡Z Zv kZKiv 2.42 ‡_‡K 3.43 fvM| avibv Kiv n‡”Q †h, BDwiqv mv‡ii Kvh©Ki e¨envi I mwVK e¨e¯’vcbvi d‡j ¸wU BDwiqv e¨eüZ gv‡V ¸ov BDwiqvi Zzjbvq †ewk ev‡qvgvm i‡q‡Q Ges av‡b KywkI

mviYx: ¸wU BDwiqv e¨eüZ cøU I ¸ov BDwiqv e¨eüZ cø‡U gvwUi Dcwifv‡M wcGBP, ˆRe c`v_© I bvB‡Uªv‡R‡bi Ae¯’vb m¤ú©‡K GKwU Zzjbvg~jK wPÎ gvwUi bgybv msL¨v

MfxiZv (‡m.wg)

5

0-10

5

10-30

5

30-60

Rwgi ‰ewkó ga¨g DuPz (2-3 gvm e„wói cvwb‡Z cøvweZ _v‡K)

2

wcGBP ¸wU ¸ov BDwiqv BDwiqv

‰Re c`v_© (%) ¸wU ¸ov BDwiqv BDwiqv

bvB‡Uªv‡Rb (%) ¸wU ¸ov BDwiqv BDwiqv

6.77.9

6.37.6

2.423.43

1.012.35

0.180.26

0.050.20

7.58.0

6.97.8

0.872.42

1.081.55

0.080.14

0.080.14

8.08.3

7.28.1

1.01.14

0.741.55

0.071.0

0.041.00


Avwc wbDR ey‡jwUb

msL¨v 20

n‡q‡Q A‡bK †ewk| gv‡V avb MvQ, Lomn Ab¨vb¨ `ªe¨ cu‡P Zv‡Z †ewk cwigvY ‰Re c`v_© ˆZwi n‡q‡Q|

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***

GWweøDwW cÖhyw³: wKQz ¸iæZ¡c~Y© wb‡`©kbv evsjv‡`‡ki gvby‡li cÖavb Lv`¨km¨ avb, Avi Gi Drcv`‡bi AwZ AZ¨šÍ ¸iæZ¡c~Y© DcKiY n‡”Q cvwb| wKš‘ avb Drcv`‡bi Rb¨ cvwbi cÖ‡qvRb A‡bK †ewk| eZ©gvb 3


Avwc wbDR ey‡jwUb

msL¨v 20

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hviv cÖ_‡g GWweøDwW e¨envi Ki‡Qb Zv‡`i Rb¨ wKQz wb‡`©kbv wb‡¤œ cÖ`Ë n‡jv|  avb †ivc‡Yi GK mßvn ci b‡ji wQ`ªhy³ AskwU Rwgi

15 †mw›UwgUvi Mfxi ch©šÍ cy‡Z w`b| b‡ji wfZ‡ii me Kv`v cwi¯‹vi K‡i w`b| g‡b ivL‡Z n‡e, GK GK‡i †gvU 9wU ch©‡eÿY bj cyZ‡Z n‡e| b‡ji wfZ‡ii cvwb¯Íi ‡`‡L gv‡Vi cvwbi Ae¯’v †evSv hv‡e|

***

bvix-‡bZ…Z¡vaxb ¸wU BDwiqv welqK Kg©kvjv

 b‡ji wfZ‡i hZÿY cvwb cy‡ivcywi ïwK‡q bv hv‡e

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Avgb †gŠmy‡g avbKvUv cÖ`k©bx cø‡U avbKvUv

msL¨v

422

10

10

2%

ch©‡eÿY cø‡U avb KvUv

msL¨v

36

2

2

6%

*** 8


AAPI Newsletter Volume 20, October 2012 (Bengali)