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April 2019

Innovative Designs & Publishing • 3245 Freemansburg Avenue • Palmer, PA 18045-7118

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APRIL 2019



Features 6

Preparing for Success: The Pneumatic Specialist Certification Study Manual Update

10 Last Call to Enter 2019 Photo and Video Contest 12 2019 Salary Survey Visit in April to Participate


13 2019 OTC To Celebrate 50 Years 14 Theme Park Thrills Owe Much to Hydraulics and Accumulators 22 The Importance of Fluid Cleanliness In Today's Heavy Machinery 42 Calculating the Hydraulic Pressure To Support Jib Boom Loads

14 Publisher’s Note: The information provided in this publication is for informational purposes only. While all efforts have been taken to ensure the technical accuracy of the material enclosed, Fluid Power Journal is not responsible for the availability, accuracy, currency, or reliability of any information, statement, opinion, or advice contained in a third party’s material. Fluid Power Journal will not be liable for any loss or damage caused by reliance on information obtained in this publication.

Departments 4 8 17 25 30 43 45 46 46

Notable Words Research to Watch IFPS Update NFPA Update Off-Highway Directory Company Listing Then and Now Air Teaser Industry News Classifieds

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PUBLISHER Innovative Designs & Publishing, Inc. 3245 Freemansburg Avenue, Palmer, PA 18045-7118 Tel: 800-730-5904 or 610-923-0380 Fax: 610-923-0390 • Email:

New Ideas Take Shape in the Industry By Jeff Herrin, Vice President of R&D, Danfoss Power Solutions


CHANGE IS THE only constant. While this statement rings true for every industry, those of us in off-highway equipment may be better acquainted with that fact than most. We’re coming out of a phase of fairly steady, consistent evolution of our core fluid power technology. But up until recently, this technology was always based within the core nature of hydraulics and pneumatics to transform power — it evolved steadily over the last 50 years or so.

increasing levels of regulation to machine builders. Whether it’s noise levels, efficiency standards, or strict limits on carbon emissions, the designers of off-highway machines must meet new requirements. In some cases, these strict regulations open the door to advances in technology, like electric solutions, as they operate quieter, with more control, and in some cases, emissions-free. While fluid power systems on these machines are still present, they’re no longer the only end-use power transformer present. It is clear now that electriHow do you stay increasingly relevant fication is here to stay and looking at the next 20 years, knowing will be a pillar in our industhat fluid power is not going to be the try. And while its market only option for OEM designers? penetration is still small, it's growing quickly every year. For companies that are triedA SUNSET ON FLUID POWER? and-true fluid power specialists, it poses an interesting challenge: How do you stay Today, we see an explosion in the use of electronics and software to not only con- increasingly relevant looking at the next 20 trol the fluid power on our machines, but years, knowing that fluid power is not going also enabling new levels of automation to be the only option for OEM designers? and advanced integrated solutions. Companies in our industry that specialize also EVOLUTION STRATEGIES in these digital competencies — rather than We see many companies in the industry in fluid power alone — are gaining market taking one of two approaches. One is to share, as they work to make machines more join the technology party. This can look modern in regard to full engine integration like acquisitions, partnerships or mergand functionality. ers, or building in-house competency in To make matters even more complex, emerging and transforming technologies, we’re also experiencing change through like electrification. Alternatively, we also


APRIL 2019

Founders: Paul and Lisa Prass Associate Publisher: Bob McKinney Editor: Candace Nicholson Technical Editor: Dan Helgerson, CFPAI/AJPP, CFPS, CFPECS, CFPSD, CFPMT, CFPCC - CFPSOS LLC Art Director: Quynh Vo Eastern Region Acct Executive: Norma Abrunzo Western Region Acct Executive: Cindy Hamm Director of Creative Services: Erica Montes Accounting: Donna Bachman, Sarah Varano Circulation Manager: Andrea Karges INTERNATIONAL FLUID POWER SOCIETY 1930 East Marlton Pike, Suite A-2, Cherry Hill, NJ 08003-2141 Tel: 856-489-8983 • Fax: 856-424-9248 Email: • Web: 2019 BOARD OF DIRECTORS President & Chairperson: Timothy M. White, CFPAI/AJPP, CFPS, CFPECS, CFPMIH, CFPMMH, CFPMIP, CFPMT, CFPMM - The Boeing Company Immediate Past President: Dean Houdeshell, PE, CFPAI/AJPP, CFPE, CFPS, CFPIHT, CFPMHT, CFPMHM - Cemen Tech Inc. First Vice President: Jeff Kenney, CFPIHM, CFPMHM, CFPMHT - Hydradyne, LLC Treasurer: Jeff Hodges, CFPAI/AJPP, CFPMHM - Altec Industries, Inc. Vice President Certification: Denis Poirier, Jr., CFPAI/AJPP, CFPHS, CFPIHM, CFPCC Eaton Corporation Vice President Marketing & Public Relations: Scott Nagro, CFPS HydraForce, Inc. Vice President Education: Kenneth Dulinski, CFPAI/AJPP, CFPECS, CFPHS, CFPMIH, CFPMMH - Macomb Community College Vice President Membership: Rocky Phoenix, CFPMHT, CFPMHM - Open Loop Energy, Inc. DIRECTORS-AT-LARGE Chauntelle Baughman, CFPHS - OneHydrauics, Inc. John A. Bibaeff, Jr., CFPHS, CFPCC - Lamb Services, Inc. Randy Bobbitt, CFPHS - Danfoss Power Solutions Cary Boozer, PE, CFPE, CFPS - Motion Industries, Inc. Elisabeth DeBenedetto, CFPS - Argo-Hytos Brandon Gustafson, PE, CFPE, CFPS, CFPIHT, CFPMHM - Graco, Inc. Garrett Hoisington, CFPAI, CFPS, CFPMHM - Open Loop Energy, Inc. James O’Halek, CFPAI/AJPP, CFPMM, CFPCC - The Boeing Company Edwin Rybarczyk, CFPAI/AJPP, CFPS - E. R. Consultants, Inc. Scott Sardina, PE, CFPAI, CFPHS - Waterclock Engineering Mohaned Shahin, CFPS - Parker Hannifin Randy Smith, CFPS - Northrop Grumman Corp. HONORARY DIRECTORS Paul Prass - Innovative Designs & Publishing Elizabeth Rehfus, CFPE, CFPS, Robert Sheaf, CFPAI/AJPP - CFC Industrial Training IFPS STAFF Executive Director: Donna Pollander, ACA Communications Manager: Adele Kayser Technical Director: Thomas Blansett, CFPS, CFPAI Certification Logistics Manager: Susan Apostle Certification Coordinator: Kyle Pollander Bookkeeper: Diane McMahon Administrative Assistant: Beth Borodziuk

Fluid Power Journal (ISSN# 1073-7898) is the official publication of the International Fluid Power Society published bi-monthly with four supplemental issues, including a Systems Integrator Directory, Off-Highway Suppliers Directory, Tech Directory, and Manufacturers Directory, by Innovative Designs & Publishing, Inc., 3245 Freemansburg Avenue, Palmer, PA 18045-7118. All Rights Reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part of any material in this publication is acceptable with credit. Publishers assume no liability for any information published. We reserve the right to accept or reject all advertising material and will not guarantee the return or safety of unsolicited art, photographs or manuscripts.


see companies that are doubling down and truly becoming best-in-industry specialists in fluid power components. The goal here is to extend their usefulness of core products through software controls and integration. However, I believe it will be the multi-technology leaders that have the best long-term strategy to win the future. And as other companies become more targeted and niche, multi-technology businesses will also continue to drive consolidation in our industry. The different forces that are shaping our industry today are coming at a faster pace than ever before. However, this doesn’t mean that our marketplace is going to be unrecognizable in a mere 12 months. There will always be space for those companies who are the absolute best at what they do — whether that be implementing software solutions or producing the best valve technology on the market. Companies who will continue to be set apart from the rest are those who focus on providing value adding solutions in a simple way. Speed and simplicity are always valued.

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GOOD IDEAS WILL STAND APART The technology transformation we’re in will be measured in decades. What that means for all of us is that there’s still time to get a sustainable, long-term business plan in place to prepare for the technology shift. Honestly, there’s never been a more interesting time to be in this industry. The pace at which we do business and the solutions we’re developing are transforming. And while this can create some uncertainty for some, it also means that new ideas and solutions are valued more than ever. Plus, with societal impacts like eliminating harmful emissions and increasing overall well-being to our citizens, there are a lot of compelling reasons to be excited about what’s happening right now. Yes, there are challenges. But those who are addressing the challenges and creating opportunity now will be the ones shaping the future. There’s never been a better time to bring forth good ideas and ensure this industry continues to thrive. 

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Like the Hydraulic Specialist certification, the first resource enhancement for Pneumatic Specialist certification is the creation of animated pneumatic circuits. In this offering, every circuit in the Pneumatic Specialist Study Manual is displayed in color. Each schematic is animated showing the path of fluid flow. (These aren’t narrated. They contain explicit notes or bullet points.) The schematics can be purchased as one complete package and used in conjunction with the Pneumatic Specialist Study Manual to enrich the learning experience by bringing the schematics to life.

The Pneumatic Specialist Certification Study Manual Update By Denis Poirier, Jr., CFPAI/AJPP, CFPS, CFPCC, CFPHS, CFPIHM, Vice President of Certification, The Eaton Corporation – Hydraulics Group If you received the January 2019 edition of the Fluid Power Journal, you might have read the article “Preparing for Success: The Hydraulic Specialist Certification Study Manual Update.” In that article, I explained how using a single source delivery method to prepare for certification, as an International Fluid Power Society Hydraulic Specialist, may not be the best method for everyone. Understanding that people respond differently, when using the same single source delivery method, the IFPS developed additional products to enhance the learning process for everyone. But did you know those same learning resources will be available for the IFPS Pneumatic Specialist Certification by early 2019?


The last option would be to attend an instructor-led review session. This environment appeals to the maximum number of senses and works well for the majority of all learners as it uses visual, textile and audio stimulation. Additionally, you work with an Accredited Instructor, can ask questions, work through practice exams, and interact with others who may share the same experiences and challenges that you do. This is typically the most effective method for knowledge transfer, and in many instances, this is also the most expensive option, as it can require both travel and time away from work. 

If a self-paced program is more your style, then the Pneumatic Specialist Interactive Study Manual is for you. This fully interactive learning system uses audio narration in conjunction with animated schematics to walk you through the Pneumatic Specialist Study Manual one outcome at a time. Developed with the e-learner in mind, this program appeals to the multisensory learner and can be used in conjunction with a printed study manual to expand on the information provided in text. Interactive practice tests and quizzes are also included.


Regardless of your learning style, the IFPS is here to support you every step of the way as you work toward your goal. Visit for more details. 6

APRIL 2019



Linear Electromagnetic Piston Pump



his column will bring you the progress of the pre-competitive research being conducted at member universities that are part of the CCEFP network. This research will help give insight into the future direction of fluid power. The Center for Compact and Efficient Fluid Power (CCEFP) holds a monthly forum, highlighting research, workforce, and special topic presentations. CCEFP is a network of fluid-power-research laboratories, academic faculty, graduate and undergraduate students at nine universities. It is also a National Science Foundation Research Center. For more information on CCEFP, visit Since 2014, the National Fluid Power Association (NFPA) Foundation has supported and is helping to expand the pre-competitive fluid-power-research activities of the CCEFP, dramatically increasing the number of institutions and students impacted by its research program. For more on NFPA, visit www. missionfocus.aspx.


APRIL 2019

Kickstarting Seamless Electric to Hydraulic Conversion Presented by: James Van de Ven, Associate Professor, University of Minnesota, and Eric Severson, Research Assistant, University of Wisconsin-Madison Institutions: University of Minnesota and University of Wisconsin-Madison


PURPOSE Electric systems are taking over a lot of jobs that hydraulic systems have traditionally held. Despite this, the force and power density of hydraulics really make it the premier choice for energy solutions. James Van de Ven asserts that if his team analyzes both systems, they can create a strategy that will allow industries to move between electrical systems and hydraulic systems in a more compact and efficient manner than today. Additionally, Van de Ven’s team sought to reduce the number of intermittent hydraulic loads in an attempt to reduce energy loss. The primary application where the team feels their project’s success would benefit is the aerospace industry. Robotics could also use a new development in this area as Van de Ven is convinced electro-hydraulic systems are a long-neglected area of exploration for roboticists. Further in the future, the team is also convinced the push toward zero-emission vehicles creates an opportunity to develop a more efficient hydroelectric fuel cell.


PROGRESS With the goal of creating the linear electromagnetic piston pump, Van de Ven plans to reduce the current five-step electric to hydraulic conversion process to a three-step conversion process. His team estimates that a system of six piston pumps will effectively minimize slow ripple and improve overall efficiency. The team’s approach states that the fewer components in a conversion process will not only reduce the weight and volume, but will also

improve the control bandwidth. By seamlessly integrating in both directions, they can also cool the electric motor and electric drive. This will lead to an increased power density. The team also decided to incorporate newly developed wide band gap MOSFETS which enables them to see a faster switching frequency and higher efficiency and power density in the pump.


NEXT STEPS Although the project is in its infancy, the plan moving forward involves a two-year research strategy. In Year 1, the team will focus on model development and prototype design. The tasks include defining the design requirements, constructing the first-order models, increasing model details to inform that design, and selecting prototype parameters in order to optimize the design. In Year 2, the focus will shift to creating a laboratory benchtop prototype. The tasks required to make this a reality include fabricating a prototype machine, conducting experiment testing, and testing the hardware-in-the-loop. As the project develops and new findings affect changes to the research strategy, Van de Ven asserts that the team will relay their progress to the fluid power research community on a regular basis. He also invites industry researchers and fluid power SMEs with expertise in “drive cycle” data for HST charge circuits in various applications to contact him at if they’d like to weigh in and share their thoughts on how his team can adjust their strategy to optimize their model.  WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM • WWW.IFPS.ORG


Last Call to


The IFPS and the Fluid Power Journal are excited to announce the addition of a video contest to its annual photo contest. Both contests will run January 1 through March 31, 2019. The winners will be announced on June 19th – Fluid Power Professionals’ Day!

Visit to enter the contests.

DID SOMEONE SAY PRIZE MONEY? Absolutely! 1st place - $250, 2nd place - $100, 3rd place - $50, People’s Choice - $100 PHOTO CATEGORIES: 1. New Perspective: Photos that show fluid power used in novel ways and from views not everyone gets to see. 2. Teamwork: Photos of people working together using fluid power to get the job done. 3. Fun with Fluid Power: Photos that capture the joy of using, learning, or teaching about hydraulics and pneumatics. 4. The Muscle of Fluid Power: Photos that capture the might of fluid power in action. VIDEO CATEGORIES: Contest submissions must be 90 seconds or less in length. 1. What Is Fluid Power? Explain fluid power to someone outside the industry. 2. Benefits of Certification: How has certification helped in your career? 3. Safety: Everyday safety solutions. 



APRIL 2019


ï‚£ Photo: Foremost IndustrIes



In an effort to combat the skills gap in fluid power and other industries, Fluid Power Journal, in collaboration with the International Fluid Power Society (IFPS), established an online salary survey in order to create a baseline resource for professionals. The survey will run from April 1 through June 30, 2019. Fluid power professionals from all ages, backgrounds, locations, experience, and skill levels will answer questions regarding compensation, benefits, job satisfaction, and how IFPS certifications influence their careers. The results of the survey can assist employers and managers in ensuring that their employees’ salary rates and benefits are comparable to others in the industry, enabling them to attract and maintain top talent. Employees can view how their numbers rank against the averages set forth by their peers, using this information as a guide when seeking new career opportunities or advancing in their current positions.

Visit to participate!



APRIL 2019


2019 OTC To Celebrate 50 Years For four days in May, fluid power professionals from across the offshore industry will come together to share ideas, solutions, and more at the 2019 Offshore Technology Conference in Houston, Texas at NRG Park. OTC is the largest global event dedicated to highlighting technology in the oil and gas sector. An estimated 65,000 professionals are expected to attend this year’s event to interact with more than 2,500 exhibitors from 42 countries. With everything from paper presentations to networking events to technical, panel and poster sessions to offer, fluid power experts will have the opportunity to exchange findings and feedback with offshore businesses from across the globe. In addition to celebrating the 50th anniversary of the OTC, attendees will help set the course for the next 50 years throughout the conference during the following highlights: OTC Golden Anniversary Gala Dinner: While recognizing the industry’s most distinguished individuals and organizations, the event will donate the net proceeds from the dinner to the 2019 beneficiary, Spindletop Charities, which spearheads successful programs targeting child abuse prevention, pediatric medical research, drug and alcohol abuse prevention and rehabilitation, education and scholarships, therapeutic services, and after-school programs. Around the World Series: Global industry leaders will discuss new licensing and business opportunities, as well as recently introduced technologies. Hear the latest information from principals representing: Norway, Australia, Mexico, Canada, France, United Kingdom, Israel, Ghana, and Guyana. Spotlight on New Technology Awards: Each year, the OTC recognizes innovation with the Spotlight on New Technology Award. This program is exclusively for OTC exhibitors and showcases the latest advancements. Join the presentation to see this year's winners who are leading the industry into the future. OTC Energy Challenge: The OTC Energy Challenge is a high school competition that will culminate in an event within the formal OTC program on Tuesday, May 7, 2019. Each team will work in solving a real-world energy challenge. All competing teams will present their findings to the broader OTC audience via an e-poster session and compete for a scholarship prize. WWW.IFPS.ORG • WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM

Marine Renewables Technical Sessions: Join global experts, authors, and peers the first week of May at OTC 2019 to discuss the role renewable energy will play in the future of offshore. Advancements in marine renewables have impacted the offshore sector on a global scale. In response, OTC has expanded its program content and offers technical sessions on wind, hydrokinetic, and gas hydrate advancements. OTC Night at the Ballpark: Join your fluid power colleagues for OTC Night at the Ballpark for an evening of Major League Baseball. Come out to watch the Houston Astros play the Kansas City Royals at Minute Maid Park. 

To learn more about the conference, including how to register, visit the OTC official website at

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APRIL 2019




By Jeffrey Sage, Product Sales Manager - Accumulator and Cooler Division, Parker Hannifin

Most people enjoy theme parks as a place to get away from work, but for those in the hydraulics industry, they are a place to demonstrate their expertise. Behind many of the rides that make your stomach drop or your eyes blink in amazement, accumulators are picking up the stresses and enhancing the performances of hydraulic technology. Behind the scenes, there is complex machinery that must run precisely and smoothly to ensure safe and reliable operation. Whether you are splashing through water, sailing above the tree lines, or being wowed by animations and simulations, powerful equipment that depends on the science and engineering of hydraulics is enriching your activities. And many of these large, powerful hydraulic systems rely on accumulators, hidden from the public view, but critical in their roles.


APRIL 2019


Bladder Accumulator

Piston Accumulator

THE ROLE OF ACCUMULATORS Typically, accumulators installed in hydraulic systems store energy to either provide an extra boost of power, or absorb energy to smooth out pulsations. Accumulators used in theme parks are gas-charged, and are either bladder accumulators or piston accumulators. Bladder accumulators are cylinders that contain a rubber bladder (See illustrations above). Hydraulic oil is kept under pressure when the bladder is inflated with non-flammable compressed gas, often nitrogen. When a ride needs a quick burst of power, a valve opens and releases the pressurized hydraulic fluid. A video of this process can be viewed at Piston accumulators are metal tubes with an enclosed piston. One side of the piston is charged with a pressurized gas and the other side with hydraulic oil. When the ride requires additional power, the pressurized gas pushes against the piston, which forces hydraulic oil back into the ride’s power unit. A video of this process can be viewed at



APRIL 2019


Accumulators often play valuable roles in hydraulic systems that power rides for a variety of reasons. As you can imagine, moving multi-ton cars, coasters and props, often times with rapid acceleration requiring extreme bursts of force. Delivering this concentrated force is taxing on hydraulic systems and can cause jerky movements. Accumulators work to absorb these extreme pressures and movements, store energy, and keep performance consistent – delivering the extra “push” when a hydraulic system needs it. Often there are many accumulators used on each ride. For example, on motion-simulator rides, which have become quite popular since the 1980s, many accumulators are used. These are amazing rides where people feel all the shakes, rattles, and rolls depicted in a movie shown on a large screen. A big surge of energy is needed to move the platform. On one of these motion-simulator rides at a popular national theme park, there are 24 platforms, each with banks of 10-gallon bladder accumulators. Each time the platform moves, a quick burst of energy is needed. These accumulators provide the high acceleration needed to make the ride exciting and memorable.


Safety, of course, must be at the forefront of manufacturing accumulators. A ride that breaks down can cause injuries or worse. Most bladder accumulator failures are from the bladder failing so many companies—like Parker Hannifin—go the extra mile to minimize that issue by making their own bladders for quality control reasons. Knowing how important the chemical process is in the making of these bladders, companies often have their own chemist, who buys the rubber and mixes the bladder compounds. With everything controlled and created in-house, this helps them produce accumulator bladders that are of the highest quality and reliability. And when a piston accumulator fails, it is typically a result of a leak in the rubber seal located on the outer circumference of the piston. A proper functioning seal separates the gas from the oil. Gas molecules are very small and can penetrate through the rubber seal. Companies, then, apply their expertise in rubber composition to develop seals that minimizes the gas permeation, thus extending the life of the piston accumulator. The next time you’re at a theme park waiting to ride, we hope that the greatest energy is the energy of the moment. However, you might take a moment to appreciate the extreme amounts of force and energy required for your favorite ride to give you a hair-raising experience. 



APRIL 2019



UPCOMING EVENTS Fluid Power Technology Conference May 13-15, 2019, Milwaukee, WI IFPS 2019 Annual Meeting September 23–27, 2019, Seattle, WA

Make Your Team Stronger


IFPS CORPORATE COMMITMENT Packages help your bottom line with significant savings and empowers opportunity for improved safety, improved reliability, greater efficiency, and reduced liability for your team. that certify demonstrate higher quality standards to their customers, vendors and • Companies   competitors. • Certified   employees perform better and make fewer mistakes. • IFPS   Certifications are V.A. approved, NFPA and NAM endorsed. Visit •  Onsite Certification review training is available. to learn more or call The IFPS Corporate Commitment Package is designed for 800-308-6005. companies committed to certifying and recertifying 10 to 40 employees with savings from $60.00 – $110.00 per individual!

MOTION+POWER Technology Expo October 15-17, 2019, Detroit, MI IFPS Accredited Instructor & Job Performance Proctor Workshops October 21-23, 2019, Houston, TX

2020 IFPS 2020 Spring Meeting February 24-28, 2020, Tampa, FL IFPE 2020 March 10-14, 2020, Las Vegas, NV

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APRIL 2019



Newly Certified Professionals January 2019

ELECTRONIC CONTROLS SPECIALIST (ECS) Abraham Bensend - OXBO International Corp.

Tyler Rhodes - Virginia Department of Transportation Andrew Ryan - Virginia Department of Transportation Evan Sandidge - Altec Industries, Inc. Ryan Stevenson - Virginia Department of Transportation Andrew Thompson - Virginia Department of Transportation James Watkins - Altec Industries, Inc.

HYDRAULIC SPECIALIST (HS) Michael Deitrich - Danfoss Glen Hansen - KMX Fluid Power Nicholas Kersey - Sun Hydraulics Corporation Terry McCart - MSOE Fluid Power Institute MOBILE HYDRAULIC MECHANIC (MHM) Nathan Allbritton - Altec Industries, Inc. Scott Arbogast - Virginia Department of Transportation Andrew Beach - Virginia Department of Transportation Stephen Esposito - Teco Tampa Electric Co. Jon Gonzalez - Altec Industries, Inc. Matthew Green - Virginia Department of Transportation Chad Grimmer - Teco Tampa Electric Co.

John Hagarty - Virginia Department of Transportation James Hemp - Virginia Department of Transportation Chad Henkel - Altec Industries, Inc. Jimmy Hewlett - Georgia Power Company Nathanael Hoffman - Virginia Department of Transportation Steven Murphy - Teco Tampa Electric Co.

MOBILE HYDRAULIC TECHNICIAN (MHT) Bradley Wagner - Manitowoc Crane Group MASTER MECHANIC (MM) – holds IHM, MHM and PM certifications David Gregush - Seattle City Light SPECIALIST (S) – holds HS, PS Certifications Teshale Bekele

February 2019 ELECTRONIC CONTROLS SPECIALIST (ECS) Thomas Patterson - Hydra-Power Systems, Inc. HYDRAULIC SPECIALIST (HS) Abayomi Ajisola Steven Anderson - Air-Hydraulic Systems Ian Bates - Zemarc Adam Bissen - Vermeer Sengaloune Boualavong - Vermeer Allen Canzonieri - Eaton Corporation Travis Hardin - Suffix Darby Kramer Nathan McDaniel - Vermeer Ryan McDermott - Vermeer Jacob Meyer Manly Michaelson - SunSource Amith Nair - Motion Canada John O’Neill - Kundinger Inc. Justin Sears Daniel Soldan Eric Weirup - Vermeer Timothy Whitcomb - Vermeer


APRIL 2019

MOBILE HYDRAULIC MECHANIC (MHM) Michael Andres - Altec Industries, Inc. Donnie Belcher - Virginia Department of Transportation Jeremy Blackford - Altec Industries, Inc. Bruce Bowe - Altec Industries, Inc. Gavin Campbell - Altec Industries, Inc. William Cashmer - Altec Industries, Inc. Eli Chandler - Altec Industries, Inc. Thomas Cole - Georgia Power Company James Conner - Altec Industries, Inc. Christopher Cox - Altec Industries, Inc. Adam Duensing - Altec Industries, Inc. Brantley Ford - Altec Industries, Inc. John Gardner - Virginia Department of Transportation Jared Geer - Altec Industries, Inc. Jamie Gribbon - Altec Industries, Inc. Gordon Harrison - Altec Industries, Inc. Greg Hermann - Altec Industries, Inc. Jason Jaros - Altec Industries, Inc. Marques King - Altec Industries, Inc. Drew King - Virginia Department of Transportation Kyle Klunk - Altec Industries, Inc. Steve Kotajarvi - Altec Industries, Inc.

Jeffrey Lizotte - Altec Industries, Inc. Thomas Marietta - Altec Industries, Inc. Thomas McCrerey - Altec Industries, Inc. Benjamin Niemann - Altec Industries, Inc. Christopher Puett - Altec Industries, Inc. Dustin Ramlow - Altec Industries, Inc. Nicolas Richilano - Altec Industries, Inc. Billy Rogers - Laclede Electric Cooperative Bryan Sageser - Frankfort Plant Board Aaron Schremp - Altec Industries, Inc. Cole Snyder - Altec Industries, Inc. Eric Stewardson - Virginia Department of Transportation Matthew Streit - Altec Industries, Inc. John Swanstrom - Altec Industries, Inc. Aaron Sweeney - Gulf Power Company PNEUMATIC SPECIALIST (PS) Michael Brown - Fluid System Components, Inc. Shannon Winkler - Compact Automation SPECIALIST (S) – holds HS - PS Certifications Collin Doyle - Hydro Air Hughes Michael Walter - Kundinger Fluid Power




Last Call

Nomination Closing April 15

for the Inaugural Class of 2019

THE SUCCESS OF the fluid power industry, both in hydraulics and in pneumatics, is not in its hardware, pumps, valves, cylinders, and hoses, but rather the success is through the efforts of our dedicated individuals: innovators, researchers, application engineers, educators, as well as sales and service personnel. These people are the reasons that our industry continues to thrive. A special award has been established to acknowledge those individuals who have dedicated their careers, and have made significant contributions to fluid power technology. The International Fluid Power Society, 2019 Hall of Fame host, is accepting nominations for the 2019 Inaugural Class of the Fluid Power Hall of Fame. Nominees and award recipients will be announced on June 19, 2019 – Fluid Power Professionals’ Day. Any person can nominate an individual, living or deceased, who demonstrated excellence within their 25+ year fluid power career. Nominations accepted January 1 – April 15, 2019.

ELIGIBILITY FOR THE AWARD • Verifiable   25 cumulative years in the fluid power industry. • Those   nominated will be asked to complete a 13-question application. SELECTION OF AWARD RECIPIENTS •A   panel of judges will review and select the 2019 Inaugural Class of the Fluid Power Hall of Fame.

To nominate someone (other than yourself), visit

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Certification Testing Locations ndividuals wishing to take any IFPS written certification tests can select from convenient locations across the United States and Canada. The IFPS is able to offer these locations through its affiliation with The Consortium of College Testing Centers (CCTC) provided by National College Testing Association (NCTA).  


TESTING DATES FOR ALL LOCATIONS: May 2019 Tuesday 5/7 • Thursday 5/23 June 2019 Tuesday 6/4 • Thursday 6/20 July 2019 Tuesday 7/2 • Thursday 7/25 August 2019 Tuesday 8/6 • Thursday 8/22 September 2019 Tuesday 9/3 • Thursday 9/19

ALASKA Anchorage, AK Fairbanks, AK ALABAMA Auburn, AL Birmingham, AL Huntsville, AL Jacksonville, AL Mobile, AL Montgomery, AL Normal, AL Tuscaloosa, AL ARIZONA Flagstaff, AZ Glendale, AZ Mesa, AZ Phoenix, AZ Prescott, AZ Safford, AZ Scottsdale, AZ Sierra Vista, AZ Tempe, AZ Thatcher, AZ Tucson, AZ Yuma, AZ ARKANSAS Bentonville, AR Hot Springs, AR Little Rock, AR CALIFORNIA Aptos, CA Arcata, CA Bakersfield, CA Encinitas, CA Fresno, CA Irvine, CA Marysville, CA Riverside, CA Salinas, CA San Diego, CA San Jose, CA San Luis Obispo, CA Santa Ana, CA Santa Maria, CA Santa Rosa, CA Yucaipa, CA COLORAD0 Aurora, CO Boulder, CO Colorado Springs, CO Denver, CO Durango, CO Ft. Collins, CO Greeley, CO Lakewood, CO Littleton, CO Pueblo, CO DELAWARE Dover, DE Georgetown, DE FLORIDA Avon Park, FL Boca Raton, FL Cocoa, FL Davie, FL Daytona Beach, FL Fort Pierce, FL Ft. Myers, FL Gainesville, FL Miami Gardens, FL


MARCH 2019

New Port Richey, FL Orlando, FL Panama City, FL Pembroke Pines, FL Pensacola, FL Plant City, FL Sanford, FL Tampa, FL Winter Haven, FL GEORGIA Albany, GA Athens, GA Atlanta, GA Carrollton, GA Dahlonega, GA Dublin, GA Dunwoody, GA Lawrenceville, GA Morrow, GA Oakwood, GA Statesboro, GA Tifton, GA Valdosta, GA HAWAII Laie, HI IDAHO Boise, ID Coeur d ‘Alene, ID Idaho Falls, ID Lewiston, ID Moscow, ID Nampa, ID Rexburg, ID Twin Falls, ID ILLINOIS Carbondale, IL Carterville, IL Champaign, IL Decatur, IL DeKalb, IL Edwardsville, IL Elk Grove, IL Glen Ellyn, IL Joliet, IL Malta, IL Peoria, IL Springfield, IL INDIANA Bloomington, IN Evansville, IN Fort Wayne, IN Gary, IN Indianapolis, IN Kokomo, IN Lafayette, IN Lawrenceburg, IN Madison, IN Muncie, IN New Albany, IN Sellersburg, IN South Bend, IN Terre Haute, IN IOWA Ames, IA Cedar Rapids, IA Iowa City, IA Ottumwa, IA Sioux City, IA Waterloo, IA

KANSAS Lawrence, KS Manhattan, KS Wichita, KS KENTUCKY Bowling Green, KY Covington, KY Highland Heights, KY Louisville, KY Morehead, KY LOUISIANA Bossier City, LA Monroe, LA Natchitoches, LA New Orleans, LA Thibodaux, LA MARYLAND Arnold, MD Bel Air, MD Frederick, MD Hagerstown, MD La Plata, MD Westminster, MD Wye Mills, MD MASSACHUSETTS Boston, MA Bridgewater, MA Danvers, MA Haverhill, MA Holyoke, MA MICHIGAN Ann Arbor, MI Big Rapids, MI Dearborn, MI Dowagiac, MI East Lansing, MI Flint, MI Grand Rapids, MI Kalamazoo, MI Lansing, MI Livonia, MI Mount Pleasant, MI Sault Ste. Marie, MI Troy, MI University Center, MI Warren, MI MINNESOTA Brooklyn Park, MN Eden Prairie, MN Granite Falls, MN Mankato, MN Morris, MN MISSISSIPPI Goodman, MS Mississippi State, MS Raymond, MS University, MS MISSOURI Cape Girardeau, MO Cottleville, MO Joplin, MO Kirksville, MO Park Hills, MO Poplar Bluff, MO Rolla, MO Sedalia, MO St. Joseph, MO St. Louis, MO Warrensburg, MO

MONTANA Bozeman, MT Missoula, MT NEBRASKA Bellevue, NE Lincoln, NE North Platte, NE Omaha, NE NEVADA Henderson, NV North Las Vegas, NV Winnemucca, NV NEW JERSEY Branchburg, NJ Lincroft, NJ Sewell, NJ Toms River, NJ West Windsor, NJ NEW MEXICO Albuquerque, NM Clovis, NM Farmington, NM Portales, NM Santa Fe, NM NEW YORK Brooklyn, NY Buffalo, NY Garden City, NY Middletown, NY New York, NY Syracuse, NY NORTH CAROLINA Apex, NC Asheville, NC Boone, NC Charlotte, NC Durham, NC Fayetteville, NC Greenville, NC Jamestown, NC Misenheimer, NC Pembroke, NC Raleigh, NC Wilmington, NC NORTH DAKOTA Bismarck, ND Fargo, ND OHIO Akron, OH Cincinnati, OH Columbus, OH Fairfield, OH Findlay, OH Kirtland, OH Lima, OH Maumee, OH Newark, OH Rio Grande, OH Toledo, OH Youngstown, OH OKLAHOMA Altus, OK Bethany, OK Edmond, OK Norman, OK Oklahoma City, OK Stillwater, OK Tonkawa, OK Tulsa, OK

OREGON Bend, OR Coos Bay, OR Eugene, OR Gresham, OR Medford, OR Oregon City, OR Portland, OR White City, OR PENNSYLVANIA Bethlehem, PA Bloomsburg, PA Blue Bell, PA Gettysburg, PA Harrisburg, PA Lancaster, PA Newtown, PA Philadelphia, PA Pittsburgh, PA York, PA SOUTH CAROLINA Beaufort, SC Charleston, SC Columbia, SC Conway, SC Greenwood, SC Orangeburg, SC Rock Hill, SC Spartanburg, SC TENNESSE Blountville, TN Clarksville, TN Collegedale, TN Gallatin, TN Johnson City, TN Memphis, TN Morristown, TN Murfreesboro, TN Nashville, TN TEXAS Abilene, TX Arlington, TX Austin, TX Beaumont, TX Brownsville, TX Commerce, TX Corpus Christi, TX Dallas, TX Denison, TX El Paso, TX Houston, TX Laredo, TX Lubbock, TX Lufkin, TX Mesquite, TX Weatherford, TX Wichita Falls, TX UTAH Cedar City, UT Kaysville, UT Logan, UT Ogden, UT Orem, UT Salt Lake City, UT VIRGINIA Daleville, VA Lynchburg, VA Norfolk, VA Roanoke, VA Virginia Beach, VA

WASHINGTON Bellingham, WA Bremerton, WA Ellensburg, WA Olympia, WA Seattle, WA Shoreline, WA Spokane, WA WISCONSIN Fond du Lac, WI La Crosse, WI Milwaukee, WI WYOMING Casper, WY Laramie, WY Torrington, WY ASIA Kingdom of Bahrain AUSTRALIA Rockingham, WA CANADA Calgary, AB Edmonton, AB Fort McMurray, AB Lethbridge, AB Lloydminster, AB Olds, AB Red Deer, AB Abbotsford, BC Burnaby, BC Castlegar, BC Delta, BC Kamloops, BC Nanaimo, BC Prince George, BC Richmond, BC Surrey, BC Vancouver, BC Victoria, BC Brandon, MB Winnipeg, MB Bathurst, NB Moncton, NB St. John’s, NL Halifax, NS Brockville, ON Hamilton, ON Mississauga, ON Niagara-on-theLake, ON North Bay, ON North York, ON Ottawa, ON Toronto, ON Welland, ON Windsor, ON Côte Saint-Luc, QB Montrea, QB Montreal, QB Melfort, SK Moose Jaw, SK Nipawin, SK Prince Albert, SK Saskatoon, SK Whitehorse, YT ENGLAND London, ENG NEW ZEALAND Taradale, NZ UNITED KINGDOM Elgin, UK



AVAILABLE IFPS CERTIFICATIONS CFPAI Certified Fluid Power Accredited Instructor

Certification Review Training

CFPAJPP Certified Fluid Power Authorized Job Performance Proctor

In-house Review Training – an IFPS Accredited Instructor will come to your company (minimum 10 individuals)

CFPAJPPCC Certified Fluid Power Authorized Job Performance Proctor Connector & Conductor

HYDRAULIC SPECIALIST (HS) CERTIFICATION REVIEW Onsite review training for small groups – contact for details May 13-16, 2019 - Maumee, OH -  | Written test: May 17, 2019 June 18-20, 2019 - Fairfield, OH -  | Written test: June 21, 2019 September 16-19, 2019 - Maumee, OH -  | Written test: September 20, 2019 October 21-23, 2019 - Fairfield, OH -  | Written test: October 24, 2019 November 4-7, 2019 - Eden Prairie, MN -  | Written test: November 8, 2019   ELECTRONIC CONTROLS (ECS) CERTIFICATION REVIEW Onsite review training for small groups – contact for details October 1-3, 2019 - Fairfield, OH -  | Written test: October 4, 2019   PNEUMATIC SPECIALIST (PS) CERTIFICATION REVIEW Onsite review training for small groups – contact for details October 15-17, 2019 - Fairfield, OH -  | Written test: October 18, 2019   CONNECTOR & CONDUCTOR (CC) CERTIFICATION REVIEW Onsite review training for small groups – contact for details June 10-11, 2019 - Fairfield, OH -  | Written and JP test: June 12, 2019 November 6-7, 2019 - Fairfield, OH -  | Written and JP test: November 8, 2019

CFPE Certified Fluid Power Engineer CFPS Certified Fluid Power Specialist (Must Obtain CFPHS, CFPPS) CFPHS Certified Fluid Power Hydraulic Specialist CFPPS Certified Fluid Power Pneumatic Specialist CFPECS Certified Fluid Power Electronic Controls Specialist CFPMT Certified Fluid Power Master Technician (Must Obtain CFPIHT, CFPMHT, & CFPPT) CFPIHT Certified Fluid Power Industrial Hydraulic Technician CFPMHT Certified Fluid Power Mobile Hydraulic Technician CFPPT Certified Fluid Power Pneumatic Technician CFPMM Certified Fluid Power Master Mechanic (Must Obtain CFPIHM, CFPMHM, & CFPPM) CFPIHM Certified Fluid Power Industrial Hydraulic Mechanic CFPMHM Certified Fluid Power Mobile Hydraulic Mechanic CFPPM Certified Fluid Power Pneumatic Mechanic CFPMIH Certified Fluid Power Master of Industrial Hydraulics (Must Obtain CFPIHM, CFPIHT, & CFPCC) CFPMMH Certified Fluid Power Master of Mobile Hydraulics (Must Obtain CFPMHM, CFPMHT, & CFPCC) CFPMIP Certified Fluid Power Master of Industrial Pneumatics (Must Obtain CFPPM, CFPPT, & CFPCC) CFPCC Certified Fluid Power Connector & Conductor CFPSD Fluid Power System Designer CFPMEC (In Development) Mobile Electronic Controls

MOBILE HYDRAULIC MECHANIC (MHM) CERTIFICATION REVIEW Onsite review training for small groups – contact for details July 22-23, 2019 - Fairfield, OH -  | Written and JP test: July 24-25, 2019 Online Mobile Hydraulic Mechanic Certification Review (for written test) offered through This course takes you through all chapters of the MHM Study Manual (6.5 hours) and every outcome to prepare you for the written MHM test. Members receive 20% off. (Test fees are additional - separate registration required.)   INDUSTRIAL HYDRAULIC MECHANIC (IHM) CERTIFICATION Onsite review training for small groups – contact for details August 26-28, 2019 - Fairfield, OH - CFC Industrial Training | Written and JP test: August 29, 2019   INDUSTRIAL HYDRAULIC TECHNICIAN (IHT) CERTIFICATION REVIEW TRAINING Onsite review training for small groups – contact for details Call for dates. Phone: 513-874-3225 - CFC Industrial Training, Fairfield, Ohio   MOBILE HYDRAULIC TECHNICIAN (MHT) CERTIFICATION REVIEW TRAINING Onsite review training for small groups – contact for details Call for dates. Phone: 513-874-3225 - CFC Industrial Training, Fairfield, Ohio   PNEUMATIC TECHNICIAN (PT) and PNEUMATIC MECHANIC CERTIFICATION REVIEW TRAINING Onsite review training for small groups – contact for details Call for dates. Phone: 513-874-3225 - CFC Industrial Training, Fairfield, Ohio   JOB PERFORMANCE (JP) TRAINING Onsite review training for small groups – contact for details Online Job Performance Review - CFC Industrial Training offers online JP Reviews which includes stations 1-6 of the IFPS mechanic and technician job performance tests. Members may e-mail for a 20% coupon code off the list price or get the code in our Members’ Only area for the entire IFPS Job Performance Review; test not included. LIVE DISTANCE LEARNING JOB PERFORMANCE STATION REVIEW Onsite review training for small groups – contact for details E-mail for information.

CFPIEC (In Development) Industrial Electronic Controls


APRIL 2019




By Robert Ihrig, Applications Engineer – Filter Systems, Hydac, Anthony Maiolo, Applications Engineer – Utility, and Timothy Rodman, Marketing Supervisor, Schroeder Industries

CLEANLINESS HEAVY MACHINERY? MORE LIKE HEAVYWEIGHT HYDRAULICS! In today’s modern equipment, simply maintaining fluid cleanliness in hydraulic systems can reduce the cost of operation by as much as two-thirds. This means improved uptime, higher performance levels, and reduction in cost of operation. While operators rely on modern equipment to get the job done, what does modern equipment rely on? The answer: A highly efficient, reliable, and robust fluid power (hydraulic) system.

OLD SCHOOL VS. NEW SCHOOL Fluid power, as an energy source, can produce high power and higher forces in small volumes compared to electrically driven systems. Now, an average front loader can lift upwards of 2,000 lbs. at a time.


THE TIMES HAVE CHANGED Contemporary equipment like electrical controls are widespread in automated systems. The use of measuring, sensing, and controlling devices requires that the fluid be maintained at consistent cleanliness and temperature levels. Manufacturers are keeping up with this demand by utilizing newer technology in machine parts. This technology can help reduce material waste, promote improved production times, and the overall quality of work. With the demand for higher efficiency, tolerances have become tighter, and parts have become smaller. Tolerances as tight as .0001 of an inch are more frequently used. With that tight of a tolerance, contamination in fluids (even 10x smaller than a grain of table salt) can negatively affect critical system components. Fluid power system repairs represent a significant portion of annual maintenance dollars spent

today. With electric controls and the tolerances becoming so tight, contamination becomes an enormous cause for system repairs. As a way to help combat these issues, we needed a system to measure contamination—which was universal—and readily adaptable across many industries and market sectors today. To overcome this, industries now adhere to the ISO 4406 Cleanliness Standard.

Fig. 1


APRIL 2019



Often times, the contamination causing the most issues in your equipment is not of a size easy to view by the human eye. Most everyone’s fluid “looks clean,” but is in fact riddled with contamination. Particulate contamination of all sizes can originate from many different sources, such as: • Oil containers delivering “new” oil • Original equipment delivered by the OEM • Poor cleanliness standards maintained during equipment operation (e.g., ingression of contaminant from damaged seals or dirty breathers)

WHAT CAN I DO TO PREVENT SYSTEM SHUTDOWNS CAUSED BY CONTAMINATION? By using the ISO 4406 standard to understand fluid cleanliness for controlling contamination and wear in hydraulic systems, operators keep their systems running efficiently and operating “like-new.” In most cases, the implementation of a cleanliness standard is a huge step in the right direction. We’ve broken it down to 7 steps for adhering to this cleanliness standard on the next page.

Fig. 2

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APRIL 2019


Fig. 3

STEP 1 Determine the operating pressures of the system you are applying the cleanliness standards to. While determining the system’s pressure, you must keep in mind these three factors:

• The   environment the system is going to be operating in • Where   a filtration solution will be installed • The   duty cycles required

STEP 2 Determine the flow rates within the machine in question. The questions you need to ask are: • What   are the max and nominal flow rates that my system sees? • Is   there any type of surge or back flow present in my system? STEP 3 Define your most critical component. Identify what component is used the most, and requires the cleanest ISO code reading (refer to Fig. 3). STEP 4 Use the ISO code defined in Step 3, and match it to a micronrated filter element. There is printed literature that best recommends the micron size needed and in direct relation to the ISO code found in Step 3: • 19/17/14   = Z10 filter media • 18/16/13   = Z5 filter media • 15/13/10   = Z3 filter media STEP 5 Recognize the fluid you are using. The type and viscosity of the fluid that runs in your system will help you determine the seal

type and media type needed in a filtration solution, as well as the contamination type (i.e., metal, rust, water, etc.) you are experiencing the most problems with. STEP 6 Determine your maximum operating temperature. Temperature will affect the fluid viscosity. Viscosity will affect the differential pressure, which is important in selecting the proper filter housing size. STEP 7 Piece it all together. With all the information gathered from Steps 1-6, you can calculate the overall system differential pressure. Your solution should result in your clean element pressure drop being less than half of the overall bypass cracking pressure at normal operating temperature and flow. Today’s modern equipment sure does have a lot to worry about. It’s best that OEM hydraulic designers and MRO fleet owners do not let contamination become a problem. 

quality matters.


every time.





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APRIL 2019

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Kuriyama Hydraulic Connections Catalog • Includes new Alfabiotech extra flexible and bio oil resistant hydraulic hoses. • New Flexor TR4XF extra flexible SAE 100 R4 oil return hose.


Quick Release Couplings

Vehicle Challenge Mentors Connect with University Students and Help Them Succeed


THE NFPA FLUID Power Vehicle Challenge is a competition that challenges college engineering students to redesign a traditional bicycle using hydraulics as the mode of power transmission. This is NFPA’s third year of organizing this competition, and during this time we have seen students’ discovery, energy, innovation, and frustration. We have seen great advice and great connections. We have seen generosity in the middle of a highly competitive race and team spirit that never dies. All of this while supporting learning and the growth of fluid power industry knowledge. Each year we look to improve resources, so starting this year, each university Vehicle Challenge team was assigned an NFPA industry member mentor. The teams can get competition points for checking in with their mentor at least four times throughout the program and submitting a summary of their discussion. Mentors can help with things like vehicle bike design and schematics, component selection, assembly questions, and final adjustments before the competition. They can also be judges at the competition. We are seeing that this program is providing much-needed resources and advice to the teams while giving NFPA members access to very creative engineering students. One of the students participating in the Vehicle Challenge said this about the program: “All in all, we see a lot of benefit in the Mentor Program and the new thoughts it will curate for this year’s competition. We have enjoyed our experience thus far and we look forward to new ones on the horizon.” NFPA’s workforce strategy is to help increase the number of university students educated in fluid power and connect them to NFPA members and careers in the fluid power industry. Through the Vehicle Challenge, we are increasing the number of students learning about fluid power and connecting those The opportunity to mentor and/or judge a Fluid Power Vehicle Challenge students to our members. is reserved for Silver and Gold Pascal Many thanks to our Vehicle Challenge donors. For more information, please sponsors: Bimba, Eaton, Lube-Tech, Parker contact Lynn Beyer at Hannifin, and SunSource. We could not do or (414) 778-3364. this without you. WWW.IFPS.ORG • WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM



Kuriyama Hydraulic Quick Couplers Catalog • For fast and easy connections of hydraulic hoses. • Made from high strength carbon steel with chrome-III zinc plating. • Ideal for agricultural machinery and industrial equipment. A Kuriyama Group Company


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Piranhaflex Non-Conductive Hydraulic Hoses • Series PF267NC has improved flexural rigidity offering increased flexibility for medium pressure hydraulic oil and lubrication lines. • Series PFLT364 for medium pressure Hydraulic lines for fork trucks in cold storage applications. • New P400 Portable Service hose crimper. ™

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APRIL 2019



Connect with Your Industrial Customers at the 2019 MPT Expo 2019 Motion + Power Technology Expo • Oct.15-17, 2019 Cobo Center, Detroit, Michigan


THE 2019 MOTION + Power Technology Expo is set to connect the top manufacturers, suppliers, buyers, and experts in the fluid power, mechanical, and electrical industries. The biennial event will take place in Detroit, Michigan, October 15-17, 2019 at the Cobo Center. Over three action-packed days, end-users will shop the latest technology, products, and services, while exhibitors will gain best practices and new ideas from like-minded colleagues and cross-sector collaboration. Prominent exhibitors will conduct demos and host information-rich seminars as well as offer-up technical expertise. The event will also feature 30-minute presentation sessions with an additional 15-minute Q&A portion on topics like blockchain, cybersecurity, Internet of Things, and more. Don’t miss out on this opportunity to connect with customers and build Reserve your space today! Visit your expertise. NFPA bers receive a discounted to get started. price of $24/sq. ft. for space at the show.

Improve Your Regional Benchmarking and Goal Setting




APRIL 2019

THE NEW U.S. Fluid Power Regional Demand Estimates Report delivers the geographic fluid power data members have long asked for. This Excel-based report is prepared for NFPA by Oxford Economics and profiles the geographic distribution of fluid power products to end-use industries by state, including fluid power sales dollars, fluid power sales percentage, and number of establishments for each industry in every state. The data in this new resource can be used to: • Develop   marketing strategies and procedures. your compa • Benchmark   ny’s sales performance in a particular region against the Visit industry total. to get started. sales targets and • Determine   goals for your company. WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM • WWW.IFPS.ORG


For more information about the Robotics Challenge or to become a reviewer of applications for the scholarship in May, please contact Lynn Beyer at or (414) 778-3364.

NFPA’s Robotics Challenge Scholarship Drives Students to Use Fluid Power


THE NFPA ROBOTICS Challenge is a scholarship program that supports of the missions of FIRST® Robotics and the National Robotics League (NRL). NFPA offers one merit-based scholarship for $40,000 ($10,000 per year for four years) to a high school senior who participates as part of a 2019 FIRST® Robotics or NRL Competition Team. This scholarship may be used to study engineering at any accredited technical college or university in the United States. The goal of this scholarship is to bring awareness of fluid power options in robotics to high school students and to stimulate increased use of fluid power products in these competitions. By getting more students working with fluid power at a young age and seeing all of its benefits, more students considering fluid power careers when they enter a tech school or university. In its third year, the NFPA Robotics Challenge Scholarship gains more notability every year. In our first year, we received 85 applications, and last year we received 105 applications. Every year the number of teams using fluid power increases! The FIRST® Robotics Competition kicked off their competition season on January 5 when they released the game/challenge information for this year. The theme, Destination: Deep Space, offers many opportunities for fluid power to be used in a winning robot! How can you help? If you mentor a FIRST® Robotics or NRL team, work with them to incorporate fluid power into their robot and encourage them to apply for the NFPA Robotics Challenge Scholarship. The application is available at robotics-challenge.


YOUR SOURCE FOR REPLACEMENT HYDRAULIC UNITS FOR MOBILE CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT. Make Hydraulex your first call when you need replacement hydraulic components for your equipment. To learn more, give us a call or visit us at HYDRAULICREPAIR.NET




APRIL 2019


Expert Analysis and Hard Data  Dynamic conferences, meetings and webcasts keep our members up to date on the latest economic conditions,  emerging trends and industry insights for today’s ever‐changing economic climate. 


You have the Ideas, We Provide the Tools  From point‐and‐click online tools that automate time‐consuming calculations, trend analysis, and custom  forecasting to a user‐friendly web dashboard that allows members custom access to industry information.   

Hydraulic and Pneumatic Industry Trends

130.0 120.0 110.0 100.0 90.0 80.0

Mobile Hydraulic

Industrial Hydraulic































70.0 Feb‐14

THE LATEST DATA published by the National Fluid Power Association shows industry shipments of fluid power products for December 2018 increased 8.0% when compared to December 2017 and decreased 4.6% when compared to last month. Mobile hydraulic, industrial hydraulic, and pneumatic shipments increased, in December 2018 when compared to December 2017. Mobile hydraulic, industrial hydraulic, and pneumatic shipments decreased when compared to last month. These charts are drawn from data collected from more than 80 manufacturers of fluid power products by NFPA’s Confidential Shipment Statistics (CSS) program. Much more information is available to NFPA members, which allows them to better understand trends and anticipate change in their market and the customer markets they serve.



Find out how to become part of NFPA by calling Leslie Miller at 414‐778‐3369, or email at   Market information questions?  Contact Eric Armstrong at or 414‐778‐3372.  Hydraulic and Pneumatic Shipments  Hydraulic and Pneumatic Shipments Raw Index Data, Index: 2013=100 Raw Index Data, Index: 2013=100 

Total Pneumatic

participants and compared to the average monthly dollar volume in 2013. For example, the December

2018 total dollar volume for pneumatic shipments are 87.5% of the average monthly dollar volume in     2013. (Base Year 2013 = 100)                            


Reach attendees at industry events via Fluid Power Journal’s geo-fencing program. Through geo-fencing you will be able to tap into a highly targeted audience of potential clients who are actively in the market for your products and services. With geo-fencing we are able to create a virtual geographic boundary around an area by means of GPS or RFID technology. We are then able to serve your digital marketing message to people that enter this virtual fence and have their mobile location services turned on.

SOME POTENTIAL TRADE SHOWS: • Offshore Technology Conference (OTC) - May 6-9, 2019 • The Pack Expo - September 23-25, 2019 • International Construction & Utility Equipment Exposition (ICUEE) - October 1-3, 2019 • Motion & Power Technology Expo - October 15-17, 2019

PACKAGE: • 6 month minimum commitment • 100,000 impressions per month • 5 fences or events (can be a combination) • 1 set of creative • Monthly reporting

Contact your Fluid Power Journal sales rep for more information

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APRIL 2019

This graph of raw index data is generated by the total dollar volume reported to NFPA by CSS participants and compared to the average monthly  dollar volume in 2013.  For example, the December 2018 total dollar volume for pneumatic shipments are 87.5% of the average monthly dollar  This graph of raw index data is generated by the total dollar volume reported to NFPA by CSS volume in 2013.  (Base Year 2013 = 100) 


Pneumatic, Mobile and Industrial Hydraulic Orders Index  140.0

100.0 90.0






Pneumatic, Mobile and Industrial Hydraulic Orders Index

110.0 100.0

Mobile Hydraulic Each point on this graph representsIndustrial Hydraulic the most recent 12 months of orders compared to the previous 12 months of orders. Each Each point on this graph represents the most recent 12 months of orders compared to the previous 12 months of orders.  Each point can be  point can be read as a percentage. For example, 107.9 (the read as a percentage.  For example, 107.9 (the November 2018 level of the industrial hydraulic series) indicates that industrial hydraulic  orders received from December 2017 to November 2018 were 107.9% of the orders received from December 2016 to November 2017.  (Base  November 2018 level of the industrial hydraulic series) indicates Year 2013 = 100)  that industrial hydraulic orders received from December 2017 to November 2018 were 107.9% of the orders received from Total ‐ Hydraulic and Pneumatic Shipments  December 2016 to November 2017. (Base Year 2013 = 100) Mobile Hydraulic Industrial Hydraulic Total Pneumatic

90.0 80.0 70.0

Total Pneumatic

Each point on this graph represents the most recent 12 months of orders compared to the previous 12 months of orders.  Each point can be  110 read as a percentage.  For example, 107.9 (the November 2018 level of the industrial hydraulic series) indicates that industrial hydraulic  orders received from December 2017 to November 2018 were 107.9% of the orders received from December 2016 to November 2017.  (Base  Year 2013 = 100) 


Total ‐ Hydraulic and Pneumatic Shipments

Total ‐ Hydraulic and Pneumatic Shipments 

This graph of 12‐month moving averages shows 110 that in December 2018, both hydraulic and pneumatic shipments increased. (Base Year 100 2013 = 100) 90










Sept. 2018




Oct. 2018

10.3 Total Fluid Power 13.1

Total Fluid Power

Total Pneumatic

Total Hydraulic

This graph of 12‐month moving averages shows that in December 2018, both hydraulic and pneumatic shipments increased. (Base Year 2013  = 100) 

Total Hydraulic   Nov. 2018 10.0 12.6 1.2   This graph of 12‐month moving averages shows that in December 2018, both hydraulic and pneumatic shipments increased. (Base Year 2013  = 100)                  Shipments – Cumulative         year‐to‐date % change   (2018 vs. 2017)     The table above is expressed in terms of cumulative     percent changes. These changes refer to the         percent difference between the relevant cumulative     total for 2018 and the total for the same months   "Serving Industry for 57 years"   in 2017. For example, November 2018 pneumatic 1.6Total Pneumatic

shipments figure of 1.2 means that for the calendar   year through November 2018, pneumatic shipments

increased 1.2% compared to the same time‐period in 2017. (Base Year 2013 = 100)


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Find out how to become part of NFPA by calling Leslie Miller at (414) 778‐3369, or email at Market information questions? Contact Eric Armstrong at or (414) 778‐3372.


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The jib boom is an example of a third class lever. That is, one end of the lever rotates about a pivot, the cylinder acts against the lever somewhere between the two ends, and the free end o is used to move the load.

alculating lating the hydraulic the hydraulic pressure pressure to support to support jib boom jib boom oads. .

boom e jib boom is an example is an example of a third of aclass third lever. class lever. That is, That oneis,end oneofend the of lever the rotates lever rotates about about a stationary a stationary vot, e cylinder the cylinder acts against acts against the lever the somewhere lever somewhere between between the two the ends, two ends, and the and free theend freeofend the of lever the lever used o move to move the load. the load.



Fig. 1: Jib boom

F = F Force =FForce =Fcyl cylinder Force on=cylinder Force onlb.cylinder on Fcyl Force =FForce =Fcyl cylinder Force on=cylinder Force onNcylinder on cylon lb.cylinder lb. Fcyl lb. = cylon N cylinder N N F cyl Fcyl . Eq. FP FP Cylinder Cylinder force Cylinder force Cylinder forceforce P = =Fcyl =Fcyl =P 7yl F 3.7 at an atangle. an at angle. anatangle. an angle. cyl sinθsinθ sin sin θ FPθ= FPerpendicular = Perpendicular F = F Perpendicular = force Perpendicular force force force F = F Perpendicular = Perpendicular F = F Perpendicular = force Perpendicular force force force P P P lb. lb. lb. P lb. P P P N N N N

= F00 b. 3,000 /lb. =0.7071 3,000 / lb. 0.7071 / lb. 0.7071 / 0.7071 cyl

Fig. 3-8 Jib Boom

Solving jib boom crane problems 2. Calculate the mechanical advantage of the load at the end of the Fig. 3-8 Fig. Jib3-8 Boom Jib (such Boom as the example illustrated in Fig.1) for the force acting against the cylinder rod, requires solving for beam, compared to the load that acts perpendicularly to the beam = b. 4,243 lb. = 4,243 lb. lb. F43 cyl Solving jib boom crane problems (such as the example illustrated in Fig. 3-8) for the force acti the vertical loadas at the theas fulcrum. Then, solve the right triangle for theacting at the cylinder rod end olving jib boom jib boom crane crane problems problems (such (such example the example illustrated illustrated in Fig. in 3-8) Fig. for 3-8) the for force the acting force against against the cylinder rod, requires solving for thepin. vertical load at the fulcrum. Then, solve the right trian g. 8e n the beam Fig. 3-8 beam the 3-8 is beam horizontal, the is horizontal, beam is horizontal, isthe horizontal, the support support the support is the vertical, issupport vertical, is vertical, and is and vertical, the the and clevis clevis and the mounted clevis the mounted clevis mounted cylinder mounted cylinder cylinder is mounted is cylinder mounted is mounted at is mounted at at at eder cylinder rod, requires rod, requires solving solving the for vertical the load atnot load the at fulcrum. Then, solve the solve right triangle right triangle formoves the for force that acts against the cylinder on athe line through the center of the rod. force that acts against the cylinder on a line through the center of the rod. e andard of one standard the of standard the angles: standard angles: 45°, angles: 45°, 30° angles: 30° 45°, orfor 60°. or 45°, 30° 60°. This or 30° 60°. This is orvertical usually 60°. is This usually This is usually is not the usually the case. notfulcrum. case. the not As case. soon the As Then, soon case. as As the soon as Asthe cylinder soon asthe cylinder the as cylinder rod the rod moves cylinder rod moves rodthe moves MA = Mechanical advantage MA = Mechanical advantage at rce acts that against acts against the cylinder the cylinder on aexample, line onFig. a through line the center the center ofthe theshown of rod. the rod. beam, e ,he the angles beam, angles the change. angles the change. angles change. For For example, change. example, For For in example, in Fig. 3-9 inthrough 3-9 Fig. the in the Fig. beam 3-9 beam the 3-9 is shown is beam is45° shown is 45° from shown from 45° 45° from the horizontal from horizontal thethe horizontal the while horizontal whilewhilewhile For example, if the load at the end ofbeam the jib boom isthe 1,500 lb., SEL E C T LCOMP ONEN T S FOR H Y DR AUL IC S YS T EMS Mechanical Mech Eq. Eq. Lto 1 1 der cylinder is hemounted is cylinder mounted is mounted to is mounted atohorizontal a to horizontal a to horizontal aground horizontal ground support ground support ground support at aat support 30° a at 30° angle a at angle 30° ato30° angle the toMA angle the beam. to=beam. the Moreover, beam. the Moreover, beam. Moreover, as Moreover, the as the as the as the L L= = Distance to pivot =the Distance to pivot For example, if MA the load at the jib boom is 1,500 lb., the vertical load at the end of th MA end =MA Mechanical advantage advantage 1the 1ofMechanical = mple, r example, if the load if vertical theatload theload at end the of the of jib the boom jibthe boom is 1,500 is 1,500 lb.,3.9 thelb., vertical thebe vertical load atload the at end the ofend the of cylinder cylinder advantage. adva 3.9 atend the end of rod can determined from the extends cylinder der od extends rod extends rod andand extends retracts retracts and and retracts the the angles retracts angles thewill angles the will constantly angles constantly will cylinder constantly willchange. constantly change. change. What What change. willWhat will notWhat not change willL change not will is change not the is change the direction is direction the is direction the direction Eq. Mechanical Mechanical L1 LL1 from rod canEq. be determined balance oftoforces on the lever. d becan determined be determined from the from balance the balance of forces of forces on theon lever. the lever. Lthe =L Distance =2Distance to pivot pivot == Distance = Distance to effort L2MA L 2 beam. 2 to effort 1 1 MA = of ce e o force move the to move force to the move the to beam move beam the which beam the which beam always which always which acts always acts perpendicularly always acts perpendicularly acts perpendicularly perpendicularly (at 90°) (at 90°) (at to the 90°) to (at the beam. 90°) to beam. the to the beam. 3.9 3.9 advantage. advantage. balance of forces on the lever as in Fig.1. L2 L2 Fcyl==Distance Force on Fcyl = Force on cylinder N Distance to effort tocylinder effort lb. L =L 2 Eq. Cylinder fo MA ==6 /F3Pthat = 22toacts F2 = Lifting F2 = force Liftinglb.force lb. Lifting LiftingNthe forceload F3. F2 = force F2perpendicularly = Lifting force F2 = Fcylload 3. thatCalculate acts the the beam atforce the rod the pin. beam atLifting the rod end 2 = Calculate N 3.7perpendicularly at an angle lb. toend N pin. sin θ F = Perpendicular force F = Perpendicular force 3. Calculate 3. Calculate the load the load that that acts acts perpendicularly perpendicularly to the to beam the beam at the at rod the end rod pin. end pin. i L i L F F acts perpendicularly to the beam at the rod end pin. 3. Calculate lb. P N F1= Load F1=lb.Load lb. F1= Load F1=N Load N Force with Force with Eq. F i L the loadPthat 1 1 1 1 F = Load F = Load 3.6

F2 = F2 = L2



Force 1 lb. 1 N = 1 1 = Perpendicular end = Load Perpendicular F2force = Perpendicular force end Perpendicular FcylF=2 3,000 lb.L/ 0.7071 LF = distance to LF1end Load distance toforce pivotend levers 2Perpendicular 2== F force =F Perpendicular = force end end F pivot =F Perpendicular =force Perpendicular force force end end 1

levers. levers. F L1 = Load L1 =distance Load distance to pivotto pivot L1 = Load L1 =distance Load distance to pivotto pivot 2 3.6

2 2 2 2 L2 = Lifting L2 = distance L2 = Lifting L2 = distance Lifting distance to pivotto pivot Lifting distance to pivotto pivot of beam lb. 2 of beam oflb.beam N of beam of beam N of beam of L beam of beam lb. = Lifting lb. N N L2 = Lifting distance to pivot distance pivot Eq. Eq. Eq. F =FMA Jib beam Jib b Eq. Jib beam Jibto beam 2 Mechanical = i MA F i F MA = MA Mechanical = advantage advantage MA = MA Mechanical = Mechanical advantage = 4,243 lb. F MA = Mechanical advantage MA = Mechanical MA = Mechanical advantage advantage MAadvantage = Mechanical advantage 3 3 3 2 22 cyl 3 2 load. load. 3.10 3.10 3.10 3.10 load. load 500 . • 6lb. ft.•=6EF ft. •=3F2 EF ft.=• 1,500 3 ft. lb. • 6 ft. / 3 ft. = 3,000 lb. F F F F = Perpendicular = Perpendicular force force at at = Perpendicular = Perpendicular force force at at 3 3 3 3 force atforce Fat F3 = Perpendicular force Fat F3 = Perpendicular 3 = Perpendicular 3 = Perpendicular force at cylinder rod cylinder rod cylinder rod cylinder rod 1,500 lb. • 6 ft. = EF • 3 ft. lb. lb. N N In Fig. 3-8 the beam is horizontal, the support is vertical, and the clevis mounted cylinder is mounte The force acting against the end of the cylinder rod can be determinedcylinder rod cylindercylinder rod rod cylinder rod

F = MA i F

F = MA i F lb.

00 = 3,000 lb. lb.




one of the standard angles: 45°, 30° or 60°. This is usually not the case. As soon as the cylinder rod m

solving the formed the cylinder, the beam, and the the beam,Fthe = 2angles • 7071change. lb. = 14,142 lb. SEL CT E SEL COMP CSEL T ECOMP CEONEN T Cby TCOMP COMP ONEN T S ONEN FOR ONEN T S right FOR T HS Y TDR Striangle FOR HFOR AUL Y DR HIC Y H AUL DR YS DR AUL YS ICAUL Tby SEMS IC YS ICS T EMS YS S YS T EMS T EMS 3 load in Fig. 3-9 the beam is shown 45° from the horizontal w Calculate 4. Calculate the supported supported by the byFor cylinder theexample, cylinder (F4).(F4). F2 4. = 3,000 lb.the load ee acting force acting against against theusing end the oftrigonometric end the of cylinder the cylinder rodfunctions. can rod becan determined be by solving bythe solving the right the triangle right triangle formed formed the cylinder mounted to asupported horizontal ground support at Use a 30° to the the load the cylinder theangle equation forbeam. Fcyl Moreover, as wall, 4. Calculate 4. determined Calculate load 4. supported Calculate by the theisload cylinder supported (F4). by the by cylinder (F4).(F4). ylinder, the cylinder, the beam, the beam, and the and wall, theusing wall, trigonometric using trigonometric functions. functions. cylinder rod extends and retracts the angles will constantly change. What will not change is the dire The force acting against the end of the cylinder rod can be determined by solving the right triang F = 14,142 lb. / 0.50 = 28,284 lb.  F = Force F =on FForce Fcylinder = Force on = Force cylinder cylinder cylinder F Fcyl =on FForce Fcylinder = Force on = Force cylinder cylinder cylinder of the forcecylto move the beam which always acts perpendicularly (at 90°) to the beam. lb.on on lb. lb. cyllb.= Force cyl cyl Non on N N N FP cylFP FP cyl cyl cyl . Eq.Eq.FP force Cylinder Cylinder force force force byCylinder the Cylinder cylinder, the beam, and the wall, using trigonometric functions. =3.7 Fcyl =FcylFcyl = = at an angle. 7Fcyl3.7 at an angle. at at an an angle. angle. sin θ sinθFPsin θ FθP = Perpendicular =sin Perpendicular FP F=P Perpendicular =force Perpendicular force force Flb. FP = Perpendicular FP F=P Perpendicular =force Perpendicular force lb.force lb. P = lb.Perpendicular N force Nforce N N Study Manual • 04/20/18

3,000 lb. / 0.7071 =0F3,000 lb. Fcyl = / 0.7071 = 3,000 lb. 3,000 / 0.7071 /Fcyl 0.7071 /= 0.7071 cyl

Fcyl = 4,243 lb. In Fig.1 the beam is horizontal, the support is vertical, and the clevis Fig. 2: Fcyl =3F4,243 lb. == 4,243 lb. 4,243 cyl Perpendicular Forces mounted cylinder is mounted at one of the standard angles: 45°, 30° or 60°. g. In the 3-8 In Fig. beam Fig. the 3-8 3-8 beam isthe horizontal, the beam isbeam is is the horizontal, horizontal, support thethe support the isthe vertical, support support is vertical, and is is vertical, vertical, and clevis the and and clevis mounted thethe clevis mounted clevis cylinder mounted mounted cylinder isbeam, mounted cylinder cylinder is mounted mounted mounted at at at Acting Against This ishorizontal, usually not case. As soon asthe the cylinder rod moves the theisatis a Beam of standard one the one ofstandard of the angles: the standard standard angles: 45°,angles: 30° angles: 45°, or30° 45°, 60°. 45°, or30° This 60°. 30° or isThis or 60°. usually 60°. isThis usually This not is usually the is not usually case. the not As not case. the soon the case. Ascase. as soon the AsAs soon as cylinder soon theascylinder as the rod the cylinder moves cylinder rod moves rod rod moves moves angles change. example, in Fig.2 the beam is shown 45° from the horizontal beam, the thethe angles beam, the beam, angles change. the the angles change. angles For change. example, change. ForFor example, For For inexample, Fig. example, in3-9 Fig. the in3-9 in Fig. beam Fig. the 3-9 3-9 beam isthe shown the beam is beam shown 45° is is shown from 45° shown the from 45° 45° horizontal from the from horizontal thethe while horizontal horizontal while while while er cylinder the is the cylinder mounted cylinder is mounted is tois mounted amounted horizontal to cylinder a horizontal to to a ground horizontal a ishorizontal ground support ground ground support support a support 30° at aangle 30° atground at a angle to 30° a 30° the angle tobeam. angle thetobeam. to the Moreover, beam. Moreover, beam. as Moreover, Moreover, theas the asas thethe while the mounted to at a horizontal support at athe 30° angle to 1: In 1: the In the figure shown, shown, the angle the angle between between the the der dcylinder extends cylinder rod extends rod and rod extends retracts extends and retracts and the and retracts angles retracts the angles will thethe constantly angles will angles constantly willwill change. constantly constantly change. What change. change. will What not What will What change not willwill change not is not the change change is direction thefigure is direction is the the direction direction cylinder cylinder rod and rod and boom boom is 30° is 30° and and L1 =L1 2 = • L2. 2 • L2. the beam. Moreover, as always the cylinder rod extends and retracts the angles will eeofto force of the move the force toforce move theto beam to move the move beam which thethe beam which always beam which always which acts perpendicularly acts always perpendicularly acts acts perpendicularly perpendicularly (at 90°) (atto 90°) the (at(at to 90°) beam. 90°) thetobeam. to thethe beam. beam. WhatWhat minimum minimum theoretical theoretical pressure pressure would would therethere constantly change. What will not change is the direction of the force move be into be the in cap the end cap of end anof80 anmm 80 mm bore bore cylinder? cylinder? the beam which always acts perpendicularly to theshown, beam. 1: In (at the90°) figure 1: In thethe angle figure between shown,the the angle between the a. 1.4 MPa.MPa. Fig. Fig. 3-9 3-9 Perpendicular Fig.Perpendicular 3-9 Fig. Perpendicular 3-9 Perpendicular Forces Forces Acting Forces Acting Against Forces Acting Against Acting aAgainst Beam a Beam Against a Beam Beam a. 1.4 rod anda boom cylinder 30° rod and and L1 boom = 2 • is L2.30° and L1 = 2 • L2. The dotted lines shown on Fig.2 cylinder identify right triangles thatis b.can 2.8 2.8 MPa. MPa. What minimum theoretical What pressure minimum would theoretical there pressure would there c. 5.6 c. 5.6 MPa. MPa. solved to calculate the magnitude of the forces that act perpendicularly d. 11.2 d. magnitude 11.2 MPa. MPa. be cap end of an be 80 incalculate the mm cap bore end cylinder? of an 80 mm bore cylinder? The nes dotted d lines shown dotted lines shown on lines shown Fig. onshown Fig. 3-9 on 3-9 Fig. identify on identify Fig. 3-9 right identify 3-9 right identify triangles right triangles right triangles thattriangles that canin that can bethe solved that be can solved can beto solved be calculate tosolved calculate to calculate the to the magnitude the magnitude the magnitude to beam. problems of this e. 12.8 e. 12.8 MPa.MPa. of ces ethat forces the that act forces that act perpendicularly perpendicularly that actthe perpendicularly act perpendicularly toTo the tosolve the beam. tobeam. the to Tobeam. the solve Tobeam. solve To problems solve problems To type: solve problems of this problems of this type: of type: this of this type:type: boom to compute theMPa. 1. Use the vertical angle between the load a.and 1.4 the MPa. a. 1.4 .e the vertical Use 1. vertical the Useangle vertical theangle vertical between angle between angle between the between the loadload the andload and the the load boom andboom the and to boom compute the to compute boom to2.8 compute the to MPa. compute the loadload the thatload that the actsload acts that perpendicularly perpendicularly acts perpendicularly perpendicularly b.that 2.8acts MPa. load that acts perpendicularly to the b. end of the beam. the end toend the oftothe of end the the beam. end ofbeam. the of beam. the beam. c. 5.6 MPa.

c. 5.6 MPa.

F2 =FLoad F2on=jib FLoad on =jibLoad on arm arm jib lb. arm F2 = FLoad = Load F11.2 on=jib FLoad on arm =jibLoad on arm jib N arm 2 = Load 2 arm lb.jibon lb. lb. 2 d. 2 2MPa. N jibon Narm Non q. Eq. Load Load jib Load on jib Load on jibon jib d. 11.2 MPa. F =FF =i F sin i=θsin FF21 θ= i sin F1 iθsinθ 21 1 2 .82 3.8 arm. arm. arm. arm. 2: The 2: The hydraulic hydraulic cylinder cylinder in Fig. in Fig. 3-8 has 3-8 has a bore a bore diameter diameter of 125. of 125. WhatWhat minimum minimum pressure pressure in in e. 12.8 MPa. e. 12.8 MPa. F1 =FLoad = Load F = F Load = Load F = F Load = Load F = F Load = Load 1 1 lb. lb. 1 lb. lb. 1 1 1 N N1 N N the hydraulic the hydraulic cylinder cylinder would would be required be required to hold to hold a load a load of 50ofkN 50atkN the at angles the angles shown? shown? 10,000 lb.of•advantage 0.7071 = 7,071 lb. 3.61 a. 3.61 MPa. MPa. ate .lculate Calculate 2. theCalculate the mechanical mechanical the F2 mechanical the= advantage mechanical advantage advantage the of the load ofload at the of the at load the the end load atend of the the atof end the the beam, of end beam, the compared ofbeam, the compared beam, compared to compared the to a. the load toload that the to that load the acts load acts that that acts acts Fig. 3-9 Perpendicular Forces Acting Against a Beam b. 9.0 b. 9.0 MPa.MPa. ndicularly rpendicularly perpendicularly perpendicularly to the to the beam tobeam the to at beam the the at the beam cylinder atcylinder the at cylinder rod the rod end cylinder end rod end rod end pin. pin. c. 11.5 c. 11.5 MPa.MPa. MPa.MPa. d. 36d. 36 42 APRIL 2019 WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM • WWW.IFPS.ORG dotted on Fig. 3-9 identify right triangles that can be solved to calculate the magn MPa. MPa. lines shown Study e. 41e.The 41 Study Manual Study Manual Study • Manual 04/20/18 • 04/20/18 Manual • 04/20/18 • 04/20/18 Hydra H

of the forces that act perpendicularly to the beam. To solve problems of this type:

T H E N A N D N OW he Journal is celebrating a 25-year milestone in 2019 and reflecting on how far the industry has come since the birth of the magazine. This new column is dedicated to showcasing the growth of fluid power technology. Each article features a product or industry analysis and how it has transformed from its early years. If you have a product or analysis to share with the Journal readers, please contact Candace Nicholson at


1994-2019: 25 Years of Innovation By Cindy Cookson, Director, Global Product Line – Hydraulics, Gates Corporation


THE GATES CORPORATION was founded 108 years ago in 1911, and today, it is a global manufacturer of innovative, highly engineered power transmission and fluid power solutions. The hydraulic hose is just one product in Gates’ broad portfolio of industrial solutions, which are sold in 128 countries for diverse channels and applications. Hydraulic hoses are a critical component of machinery and equipment in industries with demanding performance requirements such as agriculture, construction, forestry, mining, and more. The G2 hose, a stalwart of the Gates Hydraulics portfolio for decades, was designed for use

in high-pressure hydraulic lines in applications across agriculture, energy, transportation, and other demanding industries, and met the historic SAE 100R2 specification. Building on the company’s expertise in materials science, the M2T hose was launched in the 1990s as a compact alternative to G2. M2T set a new standard for wire braid performance by using novel wire reinforcement designs to achieve high pressure performance in a smaller package. Since there was no formal industry standard at the time for this new compact hose construction, Gates collaborated with industry partners and the Society of Automotive Engineers to formalize

such a standard, and the SAE 100R16 specification was published in 1994. Since then, mobile fluid power applications have become more complicated as power output requirements on these systems have increased. At the same time, the available space in engine compartments has shrunk for a number of reasons: industry regulations have limited the overall space available; both environmental considerations and performance needs have driven the introduction of more systems; and added system features like emissions controls, hydrostatic drive lines, and climate control systems compete for space in the drive

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APRIL 2019



compartment. These factors have led to more systems that require advanced technology, while also introducing increased complexity in a smaller space, all of which has driven Gates to further innovate its hose products throughout the last 25 years. Gates introduced its next generation of premium hydraulics in 2018 with the Gates MegaSysTM MXT™ family of hoses that set a new standard for modern fluid power systems. MXT is a shining example of Gates’ commitment to innovation, leveraging technology and materials science to push boundaries and solve problems for customers. Where M2T was a more compact version of G2, MXT is a more compact version of M2T, solving customer challenges such as space constraints, challenging hose routing issues, and system weight. The patent-pending innovations that enable MXT include breakthrough design models for the hose reinforcement that enable wire reinforcements to work more efficiently. MXT also

leverages modern materials to meet or exceed a wide range of global industry standards. It is fully compliant with SAE 100R16, and also performs at other SAE, EN, and ISO standards to cover 90% of wire braid hydraulic applications. MXT weighs up to 30% less, which improves fuel efficiency, allows for easier handling, and reduces shipping costs. MXT was also tested to exceed 600,000 impulse cycles — three times greater than industry standards. Additionally, it is 40% more flexible than legacy Gates products like G2 and M2T, which reduces the speed of installation because the hoses are easier to route — a benefit that also improves ergonomics for installation technicians.

Gates as an organization has also changed during the last 25 years. Gates’ materials science expertise has evolved its portfolio far beyond rubber compounds and have led to increased product performance. Additionally, innovations in manufacturing processes deliver reliable products that meet evolving market needs with a global manufacturing footprint. Gates continues to accelerate the next 25 years of fluid power growth with innovations that address the needs of evolving systems. From performance upgrades to operations improvements to green technologies, Gates is driven by possibility. 


Advancing Strategies for Fleet Improvement WILLIAMSBURG, VA

JUNE 2-5 2019



APRIL 2019



New Problem:

Sizing a Two-Stage Piston Air Compressor By Ernie Parker, CFPAI, CFPSD, CFPS, CFPMM, CFPMT, CFPMIP, CFPMMH, CFPMIH


Given: A two-stage air compressor with an intercooler System Pressure: 120 PSIG. Each stage raises the pressure 60 PSI. Initial air temperature: 70° F Entering air temperature at second stage: 90° F First stage: 3” diameter x 4” stroke Neglect the volume of the intercooler. After the first revolution, the air is just passing through. Find the required diameter for the second stage with the same 4” stroke.

olution to the Previous Problem: Car Hoist

This problem is to show the additional air consumption needed when the air over oil tank is low with oil that is used in car garages for the car hoist. Solving with a full tank of oil: Area of cylinder: 10² x .7854 = 78.54 sq. in Stroke is 8’ 8’ x 12” = 96” Volume of cylinder: 78.54 in² x 96 in = 7,539.84 in³ Cubic feet = 7,539.84 / 1728 (cu. in. / cu. ft.) = 4.36 cu. ft. Compression ratio (C.R.): 100 + 1 = 7.8 C.R. 14.7 SCF: 4.36 CF x 7.8 = 34 SCF when the tank of oil is full when starting to lift Air/Oil Tank is only half full of oil when starting. We now have to pressurize the air/oil tank before the hoist will start to lift Volume of cylinder is 4.36 CF Volume of air/oil tank is 4.36 x 1.5 (size of air/oil tank) = 6.54 CF Half full of oil means we need an additional volume of air that equals 6.54 /2 = 3.27 CF Volume of air needed is: 4.36 (cyl.) + 3.27 (tank) = 7.63 CF SCF = 7.63 x 7.8 C.R. = 59.51 SCF Note: If the tank of oil is only half full, 59.51 / 34 = 1.75 times as much air is needed every time the hoist is fully raised.

Visit to view previous problems.



APRIL 2019




Endress+Hauser Strengthens Market Presence in the U.S.



ENDRESS+HAUSER ANNOUNCED IT plans to build a new 100,000+ square-foot Gulf Coast Regional Center Campus in Pearland, Texas, just outside of the Houston area. The campus will be located in Pearland’s lower Kirby District, in close proximity to the company’s oil and gas customer base. Construction is currently set to begin this year with completion by the end of 2020. “Our recent investments and campus expansions in the U.S. demonstrates our commitment to support our customers,” said Todd Lucey, General Manager of Endress+Hauser, USA. “The new facilities enable us to improve our services, strategically develop and manage additional growth, as well as expand our competencies across the industries we serve.” The project will include a design with emphasis on Regional Texas Architecture. Responsiveness to the local climate, use of regionally authentic interior and exterior materials, and attention to scale are critical to the success of the project. The building will be designed under the guidelines of a LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) Silver project as stipulated by the U.S. Green Building Council, reflecting Endress+Hauser’s sustainability principles.

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ADVERTISER INDEX Company..................................... Page..... Circle Aignep USA.......................................... 12..........308 AKG Of America Inc........................... 19.......... 313 APEM Inc................................................ 7..........304 COXREELS............................................24.......... 316 Cyber-Tech Inc.....................................45.......... 327 Danfoss Power Solutions... Back Cover..........328 Delaware Manufacturing Industries Corp....................................43..........325 Dynatect Manufacturing Inc.............. 11.......... 307 EUFMC 2019........................................44..........326 Flange Lock..........................................13..........309 Flow Ezy Filters Inc.............................41..........324 HAWE Hydraulik.................................... 3.......... 301 Heinrichs USA LLC................................ 5..........303 Hydac International Inc..... Inside Front..........329 Hydraulex Global.................................27..........320 Hydraulics Inc......................................24.......... 317


APRIL 2019

Company..................................... Page..... Circle Hyflow Controls...................................17.......... 312 Kuriyama of America..........................25.......... 318 Lexair Inc..............................Inside Back..........330 Main Manufacturing Products Inc....29..........322 OEM Controls Inc................................41..........323 Otto Controls........................................16...........311 Parker Hannifin Corp. - Accumulator and Cooler Division.................................................23.......... 315 Rheintacho Messtechnik GmbH.......19.......... 314 Rotor Clip Company............................26.......... 319 Ryco Hydraulics...................................10..........306 Super Swivels........................................ 5..........302 Targeted Display Advertising.............28.......... 321 Texcel..................................................... 15..........310 Ultra Clean Technologies..................... 9..........305 Yates Industries Inc............................... 1..........300


Please circle numbers for additional information from our advertisers. 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128


For complimentary information, mail or fax completed form to: c/o iPacesetters P.O. Box 413050 • Naples, FL 34101-6795 Fax: 888-847-6035 TYPE OR PRINT ONLY: Name Title Company Company Address City



Zip Code Fax

Web Address E-Mail Address

129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157

158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186

187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215

216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244

1. Do you specify, select, or influence the purchase of components & systems on new or existing machinery? If yes, in which technologies? (check all that apply) 05  Hydraulic 06  Pneumatic 07  Vacuum 2. What is your primary job title? (check all that apply)

10  Administration 13  Technical

11  Plant Operations 14  Mechanical

3. Which of the following best describes your market focus? A  Aerospace I  Forestry B  Agricultural Machinery J  Furnaces C  Automotive K  Gas & Oilfield Machinery D  Civil Engineering L  Heavy Construction E  Cranes & Equipment F  Drills & Drilling Equipment M  Military Vehicles G  Flame Cutting/Welding N  Construction & Utility Equipment Equipment O  Machine Tools H  Food Machinery P  Government Related 4. Number of employees at this location?

A  1-19

B  20-49

245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273

274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302

D  100-249

5. What is the primary business activity at this location? In the Fluid Power Industry: 56  Manufacturer 57  Distributor Outside the Fluid Power Industry: 59  Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) 6. In which region does your company do business? (check all that apply) 61  East 62  Midwest 63  Southeast 64  Southwest

332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360

361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389

03  Yes 04  No 08  Electronic Controls

12  Engineering 15  Purchasing

A  Marine & Offshore Equipment B  Material Handling Equipment C  Mining Machinery D  Packaging Machinery E  Plastic Machinery F  Presses & Foundry G  Railroad Machinery H  Road Construction/ Maintenance Equipment

C  50-99

303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331

E  250-499

390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418

419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447

448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476

477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505

09  None of these

16  Other

I  Simulators & Test Equipment J  Snow Vehicles, Ski Lifts K  Steel Plants & Rolling Mills L  Truck & Bus Industry M  Textile Machinery N  Woodworking Machines O  Other (specify) P  Fluid Power Industry F  500-999

G  1000+

58  Education 60  End User of Fluid Power Products 65  West

66  National

67  International

7. My Company should be advertising in or submit an article to the Fluid Power Journal. Please contact this person: Name: ___________________________________ Title: _________________________________ Phone: _______________________________________ 8. I wish to receive a free subscription to Fluid Power Journal:

01  Yes

02  No

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Signature Date 9. I would like more information on the following products: (Please check all that apply) 800  Accumulators 805  Filters 808  Hose & Tubing 801  Accessories 806  Gauges & Sensors 809  Hydraulic Fluids 802  Electronic Controls 807  Heat Exchangers, 810  Motors 803  Couplings & Fittings Heaters, Aftercoolers, 811  Pumps 804  Cylinders Dryers 812  Seals & Packing 10. I plan on purchasing the above products in the next: 68  0-3 months 69  3-6 months

70  6-9 months

Please send information about the International Fluid Power Society (check all that apply) 897  Membership 898  Certification 899  Training/Education

71  12+ months

813  Vacuum 814  Valves 815  Software


product information online at

ISSUE: April 2019 EXPIRES: May 31, 2019

SUBSCRIBE BY MAIL FILL OUT THIS CARD COMPLETELY, DETACH, AND MAIL OR FAX IT TO START YOUR SUBSCRIPTION MAIL TO: PO BOX 2548 • ORLANDO, FL 32802-9830 • FAX: 1-866-207-1450 YOU CAN ALSO SUBSCRIBE ONLINE AT WWW.FLUIDPOWERJOURNAL.COM. 01  YES! Please start/continue my complimentary subscription to the Fluid Power Journal Signature (required)

Title (required)

Date (required)




02  NO. Not interested. /


Please Type or Print Clearly: First Name

Middle Initial

Last Name



Web Address


Mail Stop



Zip Code

 Check here if you would like to keep your name, address, phone and fax numbers confidential, and not released to third parties The address above is my:  Home Address  Business Address Which edition would you like to receive?  Print  Digital  Both (View a sample of our PAPERLESS digital edition at 1. Do you specify, select or influence the purchase of components & systems, on new or existing machinery? If yes, which technologies? (check all that apply) 05  Hydraulic 06  Pneumatic 07  Vacuum 08  Electronic Controls

03  Yes

04  No.

09  None of These

2. What is your primary job title? (check only one) 10  Administration: Chairman, President, V.P., Secretary, Treasury, General Manager, Owner, Business Manager, Director, etc. 11  Plant Operations: VP of Manufacturing/ Operation/ Production, Plant Management/ Director/ Manager/ Supervisor/ Superintendent/ Foreman/ Safety Director, etc. 12  Engineering: V.P. Eng., Eng., Design Eng., Director of Eng., Staff Specialist, Chief Eng., Senior Eng., Maintenance/Production Eng., etc. 13  Technical: Chief Tech., Fluid Power Tech., etc. 14  Mechanical: Chief Master Mech., Master Mech., Fluid Power Mech., etc. 15  Purchasing: VP/Director of Purch., Procurement Manager, Buyer, Purch., etc. 16  Other: (please specify)_________________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. Number of employees at this location? A  1-19 B  20-49 C  50-99

D  100-249

E  250-499

F  500-999

4. What is the primary business activity at this location? In the Fluid Power Industry, Outside the Fluid Power Industry 56  Manufacturer 57  Distributor 58  Education 59  Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) 61  Other: (please specify)__________________________________________ 5. Which of the following best describes your market focus? A  Aerospace A  Marine & Offshore Equipment B  Agricultural Machinery B  Material Handling Equipment C  Automotive C  Mining Machinery D  Civil Engineering D  Packaging Machinery E  Cranes E  Plastic Machinery F  Drills & Drilling Equip. F  Presses & Foundry G  Flame Cutting/Welding Equip. G  Railroad Machinery H  Food Machinery H  Road Construct/Maint. Equip. I  Forestry I  Simulators & Test Equipment J  Furnaces J  Snow Vehicles, Ski Lifts K  Gas & Oilfield Machinery K  Steel Plants & Rolling Mills L  Heavy Construction & Equip. L  Truck & Bus Industry M  Military Vehicles M  Textile Machinery N  Construction & Utility Equip. N  Woodworking Machines O  Machine Tools O  Other (specify)_____________ P  Government Related P  Fluid Power Industry

G  1000+

60  End User of Fluid Power Products

MY COMPANY SHOULD BE ADVERTISING IN OR SUBMIT AN ARTICLE TO THE FLUID POWER JOURNAL. PLEASE CONTACT THIS PERSON: NAME:_ _____________________________________ TITLE:_______________________________________



VALVES FOR EVERY APPLICATION From our humble beginnings in 1977 as a high technology supplier of high pressure compressors for submarine life support systems and special pneumatic controls (for the U.S. and Canadian Navies) to our present status as a World Class Manufacturer of Fluid Power Products, Valves and Machine Tool Accessories, Lexair, Inc. delivers the best products possible for today’s global market needs. We offer excellent customer service, product engineering, component machining and manufacturing in our modern state-of-the-art facility.



Car Wash Equipment and Machinery Utility Facilities Foundry Equipment Sandblasting Equipment Oilfield Equipment Water or Wastewater Treatment Plants Corrosion Resistant Valves for Maritime and Off-Shore Applications • Valves for Railcar Service

• • • • • • • • •

Mining Equipment and Machinery Air Compressors and Controls Industrial Air Dryers and Controls Construction Equipment and Machinery Cooling or Refrigeration Heat Exchangers Corrosive Liquid or Chemical Handling General Industrial Machinery Manlifts and Boom Trucks Agricultural Equipment and Machinery

• • • •

Automotive Production Plants Oil and Gas Drilling Equipment Machine Tools and Equipment Water and Geothermal Well Drilling Rigs • Coolant Flow on Buses and Other Vehicles • Food and Packaging Machinery and Equipment


We also provide rapid design, prototyping and manufacturing of custom or modified products. Because of our engineering design team, our decades of experience in the Fluid Power Industry and our expert in-house machining capabilities, we are able to design, manufacture and deliver these products quickly and efficiently.

2025 Mercer Road, Lexington, KY 40511 Ph: 859-255-5001 • Fax: 859-255-6656 • OUR VALVES ARE MADE IN THE USA CIRCLE 330

Change is the only constant

Are you preparing for what’s next? There’s never been a more interesting time to be in this industry. And while new technologies can create uncertainty, it also means that new ideas are valued more than ever. Danfoss can make your next step a simple reality. We’re an industry leader in technology and design — but we’re also your partner. Whether it’s implementing new innovations or specializing your product offering, we have a solution for you.

Learn more at


Profile for Innovative Designs & Publishing, Inc.

Fluid Power Journal April 2019 Issue  

2019 Off Highway Directory, Hydraulics and Pneumatics, theme park, accumulators, fluid cleanliness in heavy machinery

Fluid Power Journal April 2019 Issue  

2019 Off Highway Directory, Hydraulics and Pneumatics, theme park, accumulators, fluid cleanliness in heavy machinery