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News from the library is a bimonthly newsletter providing timely, lively and informative articles on new releases from CIHEAM Bari Institute, the latest additions to the library's collection of books and articles, focus on the most important scientific journals, news from the world's libraries and international associations' activities.

Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari www.iamb.it

DOCUMENTATION CENTRE - CIHEAM BARI

Contents

New releases from CIHEAM pag 1

Newsletter

N° 1 - 2018 - january/february

New releases from CIHEAM

The magazine of the month pag. 2 - 13 News pag. 13 - 15 FAO Repository library: new releases pag. 16 - 31 Garden library pag. 32 - 36

Editor-in-chief: Luigi Sisto Editorial board: Giuseppe Inchingolo Wanda Occhialini Graphic design and layout: Fabio La Notte

Crises and Conflict in the Mediterranean. Agriculture as resilience Abstract: Wars, political instabilities, climate change, migration, population growth, and scarcity of natural resources: the Mediterranean is an intersection of major crises. These crises have a significant impact on food security and agriculture that are of major concern for a large part of the population. Nevertheless, agriculture can also provide means to meet these challenges. In what ways is agriculture a tool of adaptation and mitigation enabling to strengthen the resilience of rural Mediterranean populations? Often criticized for their impact on the environment, what solutions do agricultural activities provide? In this context, this collective work provides a collection of studies, detailed accounts, and analyses written by authors with different backgrounds, on contemporary and historical topics that are related to the Mediterranean region. At the heart of international current events and future food challenges, these analyses present various situations where agriculture, water, and food have a role to play in the prevention and management of crises, tensions and conflict.

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Often underestimated or even forgotten in strategic analysis, these works intend to replace the agricultural and rural development at the heart of the debate in order to feed the debate on the future of the Mediterranean through the perspective of these current issues. Infos: Authors/editor(s): Cosimo Lacirignola Subject area(s): Rural development, Food s e c u r i t y, D e v e l o p m e n t , S u s t a i n a b l e development, Mediterranean region Serial Title: Bibliothèque de l'iReMMO / collection dirigéè par Pierre Blanc et Bruno Péquignot ; 32 Publishing Entities: L'Harmattan (Paris) Publication year: 2018 Number of pages: 216 ISBN/ISSN: 978-2-343-13701-8 EAN13 : 9782343137018 EAN PDF : 9782140057908 Tags: Rural development, Agricultural policies, Agricultural sector, Food chains, Food security, Human health, Human nutrition, Mediterranean region, Sustainable developmet.


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The magazine of the month

Journal of Environmental Quality. - Vol.1, n.1 (January-March 1972)-. - Madison (WI) : American society of agronomy, 1972-. - v. ; 28 cm. - Trimestrale. Testo in inglese. - [ISSN] 0047-2425. Full Journal Title: Journal of Environmental Quality ISO: J. Environ. Qual. JCR Abbrev. Title: J ENVIRON QUAL Editors-in-Chief: C. Wayne Smith and David Myrold ISSN: 0047-2425 Issues/Year: 6 Issues/Year Language: English Journal Country/Territory: United States Publisher: AMER SOC AGRONOMY Subject Categories: ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES - SCIE Impact Factor: 2.344 5-Year Impact Factor: 2.986 H Index: 137 Availabile in CIHEAM Bari Library Aims and Scope The Journal of Environmental Quality (JEQ) is a bimonthly journal published by ASA, CSSA, and SSSA. The JEQ editorial board consists of the editor; technical editors; associate editors; the managing editor; the editors-in-chief of ASA, CSSA, and SSSA; the chief executive officer; and the director of publications. Papers in JEQ cover various aspects of anthropogenic impacts on the environment, including terrestrial, atmospheric, and aquatic systems.

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Emphasis is given to the understanding of underlying processes rather than to monitoring. The journal publishes contributions under the headings of (i) Technical Reports, (ii) Reviews and Analyses, (iii) Environmental Issues, (iv) Technical Notes and Preliminary Communications, (v) Dataset Papers, (vi) Special Sections, (vii) Letters to the Editor, and (viii) Book Reviews. Technical Reports present original research contributions on hypothesis-driven studies. Reviews and Analyses present a scholarly review of the literature on an environmental process. Environmental Issues include discussion of contemporary environmental issues from a combination of scientific, political, legislative, and regulatory perspectives. Technical Notes and Preliminary Communications present and describe analytical techniques, laboratory and field equipment design, computer software, studies of limited scope or preliminary data with compelling results, and unique observations. Dataset papers which present and describe datasets that are accessible to other researchers for developing new studies. Technical Reports and Reviews and Analysis papers must focus on anthropogenic impacts on the environment, including terrestrial, atmospheric, and aquatic systems, with emphasis on the understanding of underlying processes. To be acceptable for consideration in JEQ, a manuscript must make a significant contribution to the advancement of knowledge or toward a better understanding of existing environmental concepts. Abstracting and Indexing Information ISI Current Contents and SCI Expanded, PubMed, SCOPUS, Agricola, Chemical Abstracts Service, and other major indexes. The journal is also available in electronic format: for access ask to inchingolog@iamb.it European review of agricultural economics: Journal Metrics

About Impact Factor & Rancking: measure of the number of times an average paper in this journal is cited. The Journal Impact Factor is published each year by Thomson Reuters. It is a measure of the


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number of times an average paper in a particular journal is cited during the preceding two years. ISI ranking: Journals are often ranked by Impact Factor in an appropriate Thomson Reuters subject category. As there are now two Impact Factors published – two-year and five-year Impact Factors – this rank may differ, so care is needed when assessing these ranked lists to understand which of the two metrics is being used. In addition, journals can be categorized in multiple subject categories, giving them different ranks for each subject. Consequently, a rank should always be in context to the subject category.

graph of Total Citations by JCR years

ESI Total citations provides rank and quartile, in addition to a graph of Total Citations by JCR years. Click View All Years to expand the number of columns displayed.

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The Source Data Table shows the number of citable items in the the JCR year. Citable items are further divided into articles (that is, research articles) and reviews. The table also shows the number of references cited by the articles and reviews in the JCR year. The ratio of references to citable items indicates the average number of references cited by an article or review. Rank Rank information is included for both the JCR Impact Factor and ESI Total Citations. Category ranking is presented by year in descending order for each category in which the journal is ranked in both the JCR and ESI. JCR Impact Factor table also includes the Quartile and JIF Percentile for each year.

Rank information is included for both the JCR Impact Factor and ESI Total Citations. Category ranking is presented by year in descending order for each category in which the journal is ranked in both the JCR and ESI. JCR Impact Factor table also includes the Quartile and JIF Percentile for each year. ESI Total citations provides rank and quartile, in addition to a

The Cited Journal Graph shows the distribution (by cited year) of citations published in journals during the JCR year to items published in the Journal during the last 10 years. The white/grey division indicates the cited half-life (if < 10.0). Half of the citations are to items that were published more recently than the cited half-life. The two light-orange columns indicate citations used to calculate the Impact Factor (always the 2nd and 3rd columns).

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The Category box plot depicts the distribution of Impact Factors for all journals in the category. The horizontal line that forms the top of the box is the 75th percentile (Q1). The horizontal line that forms the bottom is the 25th percentile (Q3). The horizontal line that intersects the box is the median Impact Factor for the category. Box plots are provided for each category in which the journal is indexed.

The Journal Relationships visualization displays the citing or cited data relationships between the parent journal and the top twenty journals in its network. On the diagram, the top twenty cited or citing journals are displayed as arcs on the circle. The size of each arc is indicative of the relative citation relationships to that journal. The thickness of the chords connecting the arcs is demonstrative of the strength of citation relationship between the journals. The Citing Journal Graph shows the distribution (by cited year) of citations published in the Journal during the JCR year to items published in journals during the last 10 years. The white/grey division indicates the citing half-life (if < 10.0). Half of the citations are to items that were published more recently than the citing half-life.

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[Fonte: ISI Web of Knowledge] Latest articles from Volume 47 Issue 1, JanuaryFebruary 2018 Integrated Crop-Livestock Systems and Water Quality in the Northern Great Plains: Review of Current Practices and Future Research Needs Derek R. Faust, Sandeep Kumar, David W. Archer, John R. Hendrickson, Scott L. Kronberg and Mark A. Liebig Integrated crop-livestock systems hold potential to achieve environmentally sustainable production of crop and livestock products. Although previous studies suggest that integrated crop-livestock systems improve soil health, impacts of integrated croplivestock systems on water quality and aquatic ecosystems are largely unknown. This review (i) summarizes studies examining surface water quality and soil leachate for management practices commonly used in integrated crop-livestock systems (e.g., no-till, cover crops, livestock grazing) with emphasis on the Northern Great Plains ecoregion of North America, (ii) quantifies management system effects on nutrient and total suspended solids concentrations and loads, and


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Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari (iii) identifies information gaps regarding water quality associated with integrated crop-livestock systems and research needs in this area. In general, management practices used in integrated croplivestock systems reduced losses of total suspended solids, nitrogen (N), and phosphorus (P) in surface runoff and soil leachate. However, certain management practices (e.g., no-till or reduced tillage) reduced losses of total N (relative median change = −65%), whereas soluble P losses in runoff increased (57%). Conversely, practices such as grazing increased median total suspended solids (22%), nitrate (45%), total N (85%), and total P (25%) concentrations and loads in surface runoff and aquatic ecosystems. An improved understanding of the interactive effects of integrated crop-livestock management practices on surface water quality and soil leachate under current and future climate scenarios is urgently needed. To close this knowledge gap, future studies should focus on determining concentrations and loads of total suspended solids, N, P, and organic carbon in runoff and soil leachate from integrated crop-livestock systems. Keywords: Crop production, Sustainability, Livestock products, Soil fertility, Water quality, Ecosystems. To cite this article: Faust, D. R., S. Kumar, D. W. Archer, J. R. Hendrickson, S. L. Kronberg, and M. A. Liebig. 2018. Integrated Crop-Livestock Systems and Water Quality in the Northern Great Plains: Review of Current Practices and Future Research Needs. J. Environ. Qual. 47:1-15. doi:10.2134/jeq2017.08.0306 A Comprehensive Review of the Fate of Pathogens during Vermicomposting of Organic Wastes Ankita Swati and Subrata Hait Management of both municipal and industrial organic wastes remains a major threat to biota and the environment due to the presence of pathogens in abundance. Vermicomposting employing earthworms is increasingly gaining attention as a sustainable and ecofriendly technique to transform and sanitize a variety of organic wastes into nutrient-rich biofertilizer. Although considerable research has been undertaken to show that vermicomposting can significantly reduce pathogenic contents, there is little effort to summarize the various mechanisms responsible for it. With the aim to assess the fate of pathogens during vermicomposting of various organic wastes, this article provides a comprehensive summary on the occurrence of pathogens in a variety of wastes vis-à-vis pathogens standards, the efficacy of the process for pathogen reduction, and current knowledge of the plausible mechanisms involved. It is evident from the present study that earthworms and endosymbiotic microbes during vermicomposting tend to eliminate pathogens by enhancing enzymatic activities in both gut- and cast-associated processes. Pathogen reduction during vermicomposting can be

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plausibly attributed to direct actions like microbial inhibition due to intestinal enzymatic action, and secretion of coelomic fluids with antibacterial properties, as well as indirect actions like stimulation of endemic microbes leading to competition and antagonism, and aeration by burrowing activity. F u r t h e r, t h e p a t h o g e n r e d u c t i o n d u r i n g vermicomposting is largely selective, and earthworms exert a differential effect according to the earthworm species and whether the pathogen considered is Grampositive or -negative, owing to its cell wall composition. However, further research is necessary to understand the exact mechanisms involved for pathogen reduction during vermistabilization of municipal and industrial organic wastes. Keywords: Organic wastes, Sustainability, Environmental control, Biofertilizers, Industrial wastes, Vermicomposting. To cite this article: Swati, A., and S. Hait. 2018. A Comprehensive Review of the Fate of Pathogens during Vermicomposting of Organic Wastes. J. E n v i r o n . Q u a l . 4 7 : 1 6 - 2 9 . doi:10.2134/jeq2017.07.0265 Greenhouse Gas and Ammonia Emissions from Different Stages of Liquid Manure Management Chains: Abatement Options and Emission Interactions Erangu Purath Mohankumar Sajeev, Wilfried Winiwarter and Barbara Amon Farm livestock manure is an important source of ammonia and greenhouse gases. Concerns over the environmental impact of emissions from manure management have resulted in research efforts focusing on emission abatement. However, questions regarding the successful abatement of manure-related emissions remain. This study uses a meta-analytical approach comprising 89 peer-reviewed studies to quantify emission reduction potentials of abatement options for liquid manure management chains from cattle and pigs. Analyses of emission reductions highlight the importance of accounting for interactions between emissions. Only three out of the eight abatement options considered (frequent removal of manure, anaerobic digesters, and manure acidification) reduced ammonia (3–60%), nitrous oxide (21–55%), and methane (29–74%) emissions simultaneously, whereas in all other cases, tradeoffs were identified. The results demonstrate that a shift from single-stage emission abatement options towards a whole-chain perspective is vital in reducing overall emissions along the manure management chain. The study also identifies some key elements like proper clustering, reporting of influencing factors, and explicitly describing assumptions associated with abatement options that can reduce variability in emission reduction estimates. Prioritization of abatement options according to their functioning can help to determine low-risk emission reduction options, specifically options that alter manure characteristics

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(e.g., reduced protein diets, anaerobic digestion, or slurry acidification). These insights supported by comprehensive emission measurement studies can help improve the effectiveness of emission abatement and harmonize strategies aimed at reducing air pollution and climate change simultaneously. Keywords: Greenhouse gases, Environmental impact, Emission reduction, Sustainability, Air pollution, Climate change. To cite this article: Mohankumar Sajeev, E. P., W. Winiwarter, and B. Amon. 2018. Greenhouse Gas and Ammonia Emissions from Different Stages of Liquid Manure Management Chains: Abatement Options and Emission Interactions. J. Environ. Qual. 47:30-41. doi:10.2134/jeq2017.05.0199 Beyond the Edge: Linking Agricultural Landscapes, Stream Networks, and Best Management Practices R. M. Kreiling, M. C. Thoms and W. B. Richardson Despite much research and investment into understanding and managing nutrients across agricultural landscapes, nutrient runoff to freshwater ecosystems is still a major concern. We argue there is currently a disconnect between the management of watershed surfaces (agricultural landscape) and river networks (riverine landscape). These landscapes are commonly managed separately, but there is limited cohesiveness between agricultural landscape-focused research and river science, despite similar end goals. Interdisciplinary research into stream networks that drain agricultural landscapes is expanding but is fraught with problems. Conceptual frameworks are useful tools to order phenomena, reveal patterns and processes, and in interdisciplinary river science, enable the joining of multiple areas of understanding into a single conceptual–empirical structure. We present a framework for the interdisciplinary study and management of agricultural and riverine landscapes. The framework includes components of an ecosystems approach to the study of catchment–stream networks, resilience thinking, and strategic adaptive management. Application of the framework is illustrated through a study of the Fox Basin in Wisconsin, USA. To fully realize the goal of nutrient reduction in the basin, we suggest that greater emphasis is needed on where best management practices (BMPs) are used within the spatial context of the combined watershed–stream network system, including BMPs within the river channel. Targeted placement of BMPs throughout the riverine landscape would increase the overall buffering capacity of the system to nutrient runoff and thus its resilience to current and future disturbances. Keywords: Agricultural landscape, Best practices, Freshwater ecology, Ecosystems, Watersheds. To cite this article: Kreiling, R. M., M. C. Thoms, and W. B. Richardson. 2018. Beyond the Edge: Linking Agricultural Landscapes, Stream Networks, and Best Management Practices. J. Environ. Qual. 47:42-53.

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doi:10.2134/jeq2017.08.0319 Applicability of Eddy Covariance to Estimate Methane Emissions from Grazing Cattle Trevor W. Coates, Marcelo A. Benvenutti, Thomas K. Flesch, Ed Charmley, Sean M. McGinn and Deli Chen Grazing systems represent a significant source of enteric methane (CH4), but available techniques for quantifying herd scale emissions are limited. This study explores the capability of an eddy covariance (EC) measurement system for long-term monitoring of CH4 emissions from grazing cattle. Measurements were made in two pasture settings: in the center of a large grazing paddock, and near a watering point where animals congregated during the day. Cattle positions were monitored through time-lapse images, and this information was used with a Lagrangian stochastic dispersion model to interpret EC fluxes and derive per-animal CH4 emission rates. Initial grazing paddock measurements were challenged by the rapid movement of cattle across the measurement footprint, but a feed supplement placed upwind of the measurements helped retain animals within the footprint, allowing emission estimates for 20% of the recorded daytime fluxes. At the water point, >50% of the flux measurement periods included cattle emissions. Overall, cattle emissions for the paddock site were higher (253 g CH4 m−2 adult equivalent [AE]−1 d−1, SD = 75) and more variable than emissions at the water point (158 g CH4 AE−1 d−1, SD = 34). Combining results from both sites gave a CH4 production of 0.43 g kg−1 body weight, which is in range of other reported emissions from grazing animals. With an understanding of animal behavior to allow the most effective use of tower placement, the combination of an EC measurement platform and a Lagrangian stochastic model could have practical applications for long-term monitoring of fluxes in grazing environments. Keywords: Methane emission, Grazing systems, Emissions, Environmental control, Pollution control. To cite this article: Coates, T. W., M. A. Benvenutti, T. K. Flesch, E. Charmley, S. M. McGinn, and D. Chen. 2018. Applicability of Eddy Covariance to Estimate Methane Emissions from Grazing Cattle. J. Environ. Qual. 47:54-61. doi:10.2134/jeq2017.02.0084 Potential Nitrogen Losses in Relation to Spatially Distinct Soil Management History and Biochar Addition Ben Baechle, Adam S. Davis and Cameron M. Pittelkow Soil functional zone management strategies including ridge tillage have been shown to increase in-row (IR) compared with between-row (BR) soil nitrogen (N) availability due to the development of contrasting soil properties and carbon (C) and N cycling processes. However, potential N losses may also increase for IR


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Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari positions, representing an environmental tradeoff. Although biochar has putative contributions to tightening N cycles, its effect within spatially distinct management zones has not been quantified. This study evaluated the potential for biochar to reduce soil nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions and leachate nitrate (NO3−) concentrations as influenced by changes in soil properties after 5 yr of ridge tillage in a silty clay loam soil. Soil columns for IR and BR positions were treated with and without biochar at 10 Mg ha−1 in a 100-d laboratory incubation (n = 4 replications). Results indicate that biochar increased average daily N2O emissions in IR by 30% but decreased them by 39% in BR. In both positions, biochar decreased NO3− concentrations in soil solution and leachate by 11 to 20% and 10 to 15%, respectively. Our findings suggest that long-term changes in soil C and N cycling processes may increase the potential for N2O emissions in IR compared with BR positions. Although most biochar studies have not accounted for within-field soil variability, our results indicate that biochar may differentially affect soil N2O emissions depending on spatially distinct soil management history. Findings from this laboratory study stress the need for field research evaluating spatial differences in biochar N2O mitigation potential. Keywords: Soil management, Soil fertility, Nitrogen fertilizers, Emissions, Environmental control. To cite this article: Baechle, B., A. S. Davis, and C. M. Pittelkow. 2018. Potential Nitrogen Losses in Relation to Spatially Distinct Soil Management History and Biochar Addition. J. Environ. Qual. 47:62-69. doi:10.2134/jeq2017.06.0246 Nitrogen Management Affects Nitrous Oxide Emissions under Varying Cotton Irrigation Systems in the Desert Southwest, USA Kevin F. Bronson, Doug J. Hunsaker, Clinton F. Williams, Kelly R. Thorp, Sharette M. Rockholt, Stephen J. Del Grosso, Rodney T. Venterea and Edward M. Barnes Irrigation of food and fiber crops worldwide continues to increase. Nitrogen (N) from fertilizers is a major source of the potent greenhouse gas nitrous oxide (N2O) in irrigated cropping systems. Nitrous oxide emissions data are scarce for crops in the arid western United States. The objective of these studies was to assess the effect of N fertilizer management on N2O emissions from furrow-irrigated, overhead sprinklerirrigated, and subsurface drip-irrigated cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) in Maricopa, AZ, on Trix and Casa Grande sandy clay loam soils. Soil test- and canopy-reflectance-based N fertilizer management were compared. In the furrow- and overhead sprinklerirrigated fields, we also tested the enhanced efficiency N fertilizer additive Agrotain Plus as a N2O mitigation tool. Nitrogen fertilizer rates as liquid urea ammonium nitrate ranged from 0 to 233 kg N ha−1. Two applications of N fertilizer were made with furrow irrigation, three applications under overhead sprinkler

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irrigation, and 24 fertigations with subsurface drip irrigation. Emissions were measured weekly from May through August with 1-L vented chambers. N2O emissions were not agronomically significant, but increased as much as 16-fold following N fertilizer addition compared to zero-N controls. Emission factors ranged from 0.10 to 0.54% of added N fertilizer emitted as N2O-N with furrow irrigation, 0.15 to 1.1% with overhead sprinkler irrigation, and <0.1% with subsurface drip irrigation. The reduction of N2O emissions due to addition of Agrotain Plus to urea ammonium nitrate was inconsistent. This study provides unique data on N2O emissions in arid-land irrigated cotton and illustrates the advantage of subsurface drip irrigation as a low N2O source system. Keywords: Irrigation systems, Soil management, Soil fertility, Nitrogen fertilizers, Emissions, Environmental control. To cite this article: Bronson, K. F., D. J. Hunsaker, C. F. Williams, K. R. Thorp, S. M. Rockholt, S. J. Del Grosso, R. T. Venterea, and E. M. Barnes. 2018. Nitrogen Management Affects Nitrous Oxide Emissions under Varying Cotton Irrigation Systems in the Desert Southwest, USA. J. Environ. Qual. 47:7078. doi:10.2134/jeq2017.10.0389 Evaluation of Watershed-Scale Simulations of InStream Pesticide Concentrations from Off-Target Spray Drift Michael F. Winchell, Naresh Pai, Benjamin H. Brayden, Chris Stone, Paul Whatling, John P. Hanzas and Jody J. Stryker The estimation of pesticide concentrations in surface water bodies is a critical component of the environmental risk assessment process required by regulatory agencies in North America, the European Union, and elsewhere. Pesticide transport to surface waters via deposition from off-field spray drift can be an important route of potential contamination. The spatial orientation of treated fields relative to receiving water bodies make prediction of off-target pesticide spray drift deposition and resulting aquatic estimated environmental concentrations (EECs) challenging at the watershed scale. The variability in wind conditions further complicates the simulation of the environmental processes leading to pesticide spray drift contributions to surface water. This study investigates the use of the Soil Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) for predicting concentrations of malathion (O,O-deimethyl thiophosphate of diethyl mercaptosuccinate) in a flowing water body when exposure is a result of off-target spray drift, and assesses the model's performance using a parameterization typical of a screening-level regulatory assessment. Six SWAT parameterizations, each including incrementally more site-specific data, are then evaluated to quantify changes in model performance. Results indicate that the SWAT model is an appropriate tool for simulating watershed scale concentrations of pesticides resulting from off-target

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spray drift deposition. The model predictions are significantly more accurate when the inputs and assumptions accurately reflect application practices and environmental conditions. Inclusion of detailed wind data had the most significant impact on improving model-predicted EECs in comparison to observed concentrations. Keywords: Pesticides, Surface water, Environmental control, Pollution, Watershed management. To cite this article: Winchell, M. F., N. Pai, B. H. Brayden, C. Stone, P. Whatling, J. P. Hanzas, and J. J. Stryker. 2018. Evaluation of Watershed-Scale Simulations of In-Stream Pesticide Concentrations from Off-Target Spray Drift. J. Environ. Qual. 47:7987. doi:10.2134/jeq2017.06.0238 Use of Molecular Markers to Compare Escherichia coli Transport with Traditional Groundwater Tracers in Epikarst Ashley Bandy, Kimberly Cook, Alan E. Fryar and Jason Polk Bacterial contamination of karst aquifers is a global concern as water quality deteriorates in the face of decreasing water security. Traditional abiotic groundwater tracers, which do not exhibit surface properties similar to bacteria, may not be good proxies for risk assessment of bacterial transport in karst environments. This study examined the transport and attenuation of two isolates of Escherichia coli in relation to traditional groundwater tracers (rhodamine WT dye and 1-μm-diam. latex microspheres) through ∼30 m of epikarst in western Kentucky. Differential movement of the four tracers was observed, with tracer behavior dependent on flow conditions. Dye arrived at the sampling site prior to particulates. Molecular biology techniques successfully detected bacteria in the cave and showed attenuation was greater for a bacterial isolate with high attachment efficiency compared with an isolate known to have low attachment efficiency. Microspheres were first detected simultaneously with the low-attachment isolate but attained maximum concentrations during increases in discharge >11 d post-injection. Bacteria were remobilized by storm events >60 d after injection, illustrating the storage capacity of epikarst with regard to potential contaminants. The two bacterial strains were not transported at the same rate within the epikarst, showing breakthroughs during differing storm events and illustrating the importance of cell surface chemistry in the prediction of microorganism movement. Moreover, this study has shown that molecular analysis can be successfully used to target, quantify, and track introduced microbial tracers in karst terrains. Keywords: Groundwater, Watersheds, Water quality, Water security, Biological contamination, Molecular

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biology. To cite this article: Bandy, A., K. Cook, A. E. Fryar, and J. Polk. 2018. Use of Molecular Markers to Compare Escherichia coli Transport with Traditional Groundwater Tracers in Epikarst. J. Environ. Qual. 47:88-95. doi:10.2134/jeq2017.10.0406 Supply and Transport Limitations on Phosphorus Losses from Agricultural Fields in the Lower Great Lakes Region, Canada Janina M. Plach, Merrin L. Macrae, Genevieve A. Ali, Richard R. Brunke, Michael C. English, Gabrielle Ferguson, W. Vito Lam, Tatianna M. Lozier, Kevin McKague, Ivan P. O'Halloran, Gilian Opolko and Christopher J. Van Esbroeck Phosphorus (P) mobilization in agricultural landscapes is regulated by both hydrologic (transport) and biogeochemical (supply) processes interacting within soils; however, the dominance of these controls can vary spatially and temporally. In this study, we analyzed a 5-yr dataset of stormflow events across nine agricultural fields in the lower Great Lakes region of Ontario, Canada, to determine if edge-of-field surface runoff and tile drainage losses (total and dissolved reactive P) were limited by transport mechanisms or P supply. Field sites ranged from clay loam, silt loam, to sandy loam textures. Findings indicate that biogeochemical processes (P supply) were more important for tile drain P loading patterns (i.e., variable flow-weighted mean concentrations ([Cf]) across a range of flow regimes) relative to surface runoff, which trended toward a more chemostatic or transportlimited response. At two sites with the same soil texture, higher tile [Cf] and greater transport limitations were apparent at the site with higher soil available P (STP); however, STP did not significantly correlate with tile [Cf] or P loading patterns across the nine sites. This may reflect that the fields were all within a narrow STP range and were not elevated in STP concentrations (Olsen-P, ≤25 mg kg−1). For the study sites where STP was maintained at reasonable concentrations, hydrology was less of a driving factor for tile P loadings, and thus management strategies that limit P supply may be an effective way to reduce P losses from fields (e.g., timing of fertilizer application). Keywords: Agricultural landscapes, Soil fertility, Surface water, Lakes, Hydrology, Phosphorus. To cite this article: Plach, J. M., M. L. Macrae, G. A. Ali, R. R. Brunke, M. C. English, G. Ferguson, W. V. Lam, T. M. Lozier, K. McKague, I. P. O'Halloran, G. Opolko, and C. J. Van Esbroeck. 2018. Supply and Transport Limitations on Phosphorus Losses from Agricultural Fields in the Lower Great Lakes Region, Canada. J. Environ. Qual. 47:96-105. doi:10.2134/jeq2017.06.0234


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Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari Export of Total, Particulate, and Apatite Phosphorus from Forested and Agricultural Watersheds M. L. Ostrofsky, A. G. Stolarski and K. A. Dagen Concentrations of apatite phosphorus (P) have been shown to be greater in the soils of agricultural and disturbed watersheds than in soils of forested watersheds. This observation suggests that changes in the relative concentration of apatite P in the sedimentary record of lakes might be a useful marker for land use changes in the watershed where sediments are dominated by allochthonous loading. To determine if P export in streams is indicative of soil P in the watershed, we measured the export of total, particulate, and apatite P in first-order streams draining four forested and four agricultural watersheds in western Pennsylvania. Streams draining agricultural watersheds exported significantly more total suspended solids (TSS) and more total, particulate, soluble, and apatite P, particularly during periods of high discharge, than did streams draining forested watersheds. Total suspended solids exported from forested watersheds contained similar amounts of apatite P (μg apatite P g−1 TSS), as did agricultural watersheds in spite of lower soil concentrations. However, since agricultural watershed exported almost four times the mass of TSS, the net export of apatite P was greater than from forested streams. These results confirm the increased apatite P export from agricultural watersheds and suggest that inferences drawn from the profiles of apatite P in the sedimentary record of lakes may reliably indicate historical disturbances in watersheds caused by agriculture or other erosional events. Keywords: Agricultural landscapes, Watersheds, Soil fertility, Phosphorus, Forest resilience. To cite this article: Ostrofsky, M. L., A. G. Stolarski, and K. A. Dagen. 2018. Export of Total, Particulate, and Apatite Phosphorus from Forested and Agricultural Watersheds. J. Environ. Qual. 47:106112. doi:10.2134/jeq2017.06.0227 Changes in Water Quality of Grand Lake St. Marys Watershed Following Implementation of a Distressed Watershed Rules Package Stephen J. Jacquemin, Laura T. Johnson, Theresa A. Dirksen and Greg McGlinch Grand Lake St. Marys watershed has drawn attention over the past decade as water quality issues resulting from nutrient loading have come to the forefront of public opinion, political concern, and scientific study. The objective of this study was to assess long-term changes in water quality (nutrient and sediment concentrations) following the distressed watershed rules package instituted in 2011. Since that time, a variety of rules (e.g., winter manure ban) and best management practices (cover crops, manure storage or transfers, buffers, etc.) have been implemented. We used a general linear model to assess variation in total suspended solids, particulate phosphorus, soluble

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reactive phosphorus (SRP), nitrate N, and total Kjeldahl nitrogen concentrations from daily hickasaw

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Creek (drains ∼25% of watershed) samples spanning 2008 to 2016. Parameters were related to flow (higher values during high flows), timing (lower values during winter months), and the implementation of the distressed watershed rules package (lower values following implementation). Overall, reductions following the distressed designation for all parameters ranged from 5 to 35% during medium and high flow periods (with exception of SRP). Reductions were even more pronounced during winter months covered by the manure ban, where all parameters (including SRP) exhibited decreases at medium and high flows between 20 and 60%. While the reductions seen in this study are significant, concentrations are still highly elevated and continue to be a problem. We are optimistic that this study will serve to inform future management in the region and elsewhere. Keywords: Water quality, Watersheds, Lakes, Surface water, Hydrology, Best practices. To cite this article: Jacquemin, S. J., L. T. Johnson, T. A. Dirksen, and G. McGlinch. 2018. Changes in Water Quality of Grand Lake St. Marys Watershed Following Implementation of a Distressed Watershed Rules P a c k a g e . J . E n v i r o n . Q u a l . 4 7 : 11 3 - 1 2 0 . doi:10.2134/jeq2017.08.0338 Arsenic Speciation and Availability in Orchard Soils Historically Contaminated with Lead Arsenate Audrey V. Gamble, Alyssa K. Givens and Donald L. Sparks Lead arsenate is an environmentally hazardous contaminant that was applied as a pesticide in orchards during the early 1900s. Elevated arsenic (As) concentrations persist in soils where lead arsenate was applied. To assess the risk associated with historic lead arsenate contamination, the retention, bioavailability, and speciation of soil As were evaluated in three historically contaminated orchard soils. Stirred-flow desorption studies and in vitro physiologically based extractions were used to assess the mobility and relative bioavailability of soil As, respectively. Synchrotron-based X-ray absorption spectroscopy was used to determine soil As speciation. Arsenic concentrations in former orchard soils ranged from 11.8 to 59.0 mg kg−1. Less than 22% of total As was considered bioavailable according to in vitro extractions. Up to 15% of soil As was desorbed in 10 mM KCl, but desorption with phosphate solutions resulted in release of up to 70% of total As dependent on soil type. Desorption data suggest that arsenate is primarily sorbed via inner-sphere complexation, and elevated concentrations of competing ions in soil solution may increase mobility of soil As. Arsenic was primarily present in the As(V) oxidation state, the less

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mobile form of As. Combined results from X-ray absorption spectroscopy and desorption studies indicate that As primarily exists as sorbed species, likely to ubiquitously present Fe- and Al-oxides in soils. Results demonstrate that soil As from these historically contaminated orchards is mostly in stable, nonhazardous forms, but factors such as Fe- and Aloxide content and land management practices have a significant effect on As transport and bioavailability. Keywords: Soil fertility, Arsenates, Pollutants, Land management, Best practices, Phosphates. To cite this article: Gamble, A. V., A. K. Givens, and D. L. Sparks. 2018. Arsenic Speciation and Availability in Orchard Soils Historically Contaminated with Lead Arsenate. J. Environ. Qual. 47:121-128. doi:10.2134/jeq2017.07.0264 Impact of Nanoparticle Surface Properties on the Attachment of Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles to Sand and Kaolin Weilan Zhang, Arthur P. Schwab, Jason C. White and Xingmao Ma Soil texture has been found to be a critical factor in regulating the fate and transport of cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeO2NPs) in the terrestrial environment. However, the underlying mechanisms for the interactions between CeO2NPs and different components of soil are still poorly understood. The attachment of CeO2NPs onto two typical components of soil (sand and kaolin) in batch experiments were investigated to provide insights into the retention and bioavailability of CeO2NPs in soil. Surface properties of CeO2NPs, including surface charge and surface coating condition, had strong impacts on the interactions between CeO2NPs and soil particles. Positively charged CeO2NPs [CeO2NPs(+)] displayed the greatest attachment onto kaolin, whereas the negatively charged CeO2NPs [CeO2NPs(−)] showed poorest attachment onto sand. The attachment of CeO2NPs onto kaolin was significantly greater than o n to s an d , ir r es p ectiv e o f s u r f ace ch arg e. Homoaggregation of CeO2NPs increased the size of CeO2NPs on the surface of sand and kaolin. Extended Derjaguin–Landau–Verwey–Overbeek (XDLVO) calculations agreed with the experimental observations that surface charge and coating condition of CeO2NPs played a vital role in the homoaggregation and adsorption of CeO2NPs. For CeO2NPs(−) coated with polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), the steric repulsion between soil particles and CeO2NPs increases rapidly with the increase of maximum surface concentration of PVP. Adsorption isothermal fittings indicated that the adsorption of CeO2NPs onto sand and kaolin can be properly described by the Dubinin–Radushkevich isotherm. The results obtained in this study are crucial for the understanding of the fate and transport of engineered nanomaterials in the environment. Keywords: Soil fertility, Sustainability, Soil properties, Environmental control, Soil management,

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Pollution control. To cite this article: Zhang, W., A. P. Schwab, J. C. White, and X. Ma. 2018. Impact of Nanoparticle Surface Properties on the Attachment of Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles to Sand and Kaolin. J. Environ. Qual. 47:129-138. doi:10.2134/jeq2017.07.0284 Decreased Electron Transfer between Cr(VI) and AH 2 DS in the Presence of Goethite Elizabeth J. Tomaszewski and Matthew Ginder-Vogel 9,10-Anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonic acid (AQDS) is commonly used as a model species to examine the influence of quinones on different biogeochemical cycles. The reduced form of this quinone, AH2DS, can donate electrons to the toxic metal species Cr(VI), leading to the precipitation of less soluble Cr(III) phases. Due to the environmental abundance of Fe(III) (oxyhydr)oxides, such as goethite (α-FeOOH), it is important to study the role of these mineral phases on the electron transfer reaction between AH2DS and Cr(VI). In this study, this electron transfer reaction is examined in the presence and absence of goethite at three different ratios of AH2DS/Cr(VI). Ultravioletvisible spectroscopy is used to qualitatively assess the oxidation state of AQDS during reactions with goethite. Iron K-edge and Cr K-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy are used to examine the role of goethite in electron transfer and identify Cr(III) phases that form. Goethite inhibits the extent of Cr(VI) reduction to Cr(III), most notably at the highest ratio of AH2DS/Cr(VI) investigated. Production of semiquinone radical species may limit electron transfer and decrease the yields of Fe(II) and Cr(III), both in the presence and absence of goethite. Understanding abiotic electron transfer reactions that occur in systems with multiple redox active species is important to determine the contribution of abiotic redox reactions to Fe biogeochemical cycling in natural soils. Keywords: Chemical reactions, Soil fertility, Sustainability, Soil properties, Environmental control, Soil management, Pollution control. To cite this article: Tomaszewski, E. J., and M. GinderVogel. 2018. Decreased Electron Transfer between Cr(VI) and AH2DS in the Presence of Goethite. J. E n v i r o n . Q u a l . 4 7 : 1 3 9 - 1 4 6 . doi:10.2134/jeq2017.08.0316 Adsorption of Selenite and Selenate on Ferrihydrite in the Presence and Absence of Dissolved Organic Carbon Jessica E. Favorito, Matthew J. Eick and Paul R. Grossl This study examines selenite [Se(IV)] and selenate [Se(VI)] adsorption on two-line ferrihydrite in the presence and absence of two low-molecular-weight dissolved organic carbon (DOC) species, citric and salicylic acid. Ferrihydrite surface potential measurements were also examined to identify shifts in


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Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari isoelectric points, which suggest possible adsorption mechanisms. Sorption was completed in batch reactor systems at environmentally relevant pH. Our results indicate citric acid suppressed both Se(IV) and Se(VI) sorption on ferrihydrite, which may be caused by competition. This was especially evident at pH 5 to 7 for Se(IV) and pH 5 to 6 for Se(VI). Little sorption suppression was observed for both Se species in the presence of salicylic acid. In the presence of Se(IV) and Se(VI), citric acid adsorption was reduced (pH 5–8). Salicylic acid sorption was almost completely suppressed in the presence of Se(IV) throughout the entire pH range examined, with minimal sorption occurring at pH 5. In the presence of Se(VI), the largest reduction in salicylic acid sorption occurred at pH 5 to 6. Small shifts in the surface potential of ferrihydrite at higher pH suggest that Se(VI) and salicylic acid form weak, outer-sphere complexes. However, at pH 5 and 6, there is a shift in the surface potential measurements to more negative values, indicating possible formation of stronger, inner-sphere complexes. Larger surface potential shifts for Se(IV) and citric acid suggest the formation of strong, inner-sphere complexes. This work demonstrates the ability of low-molecularweight DOC species (particularly for citric acid) to increase Se(IV) and Se(VI) solubility through sorption suppression. Keywords:Carbon, Chemical reactions, Soil fertility, Sustainability, Soil properties, Environmental control, Soil management, Pollution control. To cite this article: Favorito, J. E., M. J. Eick, and P. R. Grossl. 2018. Adsorption of Selenite and Selenate on Ferrihydrite in the Presence and Absence of Dissolved Organic Carbon. J. Environ. Qual. 47:147-155. doi:10.2134/jeq2017.09.0352 Litter Type and Number of Flocks Affect Sex Hormones in Broiler Litter M. L. Cabrera, D. E. Kissel, S. Hassan, J. A. Rema and K. Cassity-Duffey Broiler litter contains 17β-estradiol, estrone, and testosterone, which can contaminate surface waters when surface applied to grasslands and no-till fields. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of litter type (full or cake cleanout), litter treatment (none or sodium bisulfate), and number of flocks raised on the litter (1–5) on sex hormone concentrations. Our results showed that in untreated broiler litter, cake cleanout had greater concentrations of 17β-estradiol, estrone, and testosterone than full cleanout, whereas in litter treated with sodium bisulfate, only the concentration of 17β-estradiol was greater in cake than in full cleanout. The concentrations of 17β-estradiol and estrone in untreated broiler litter increased as the number of flocks increased from one to three, with the largest increase observed for estrone in cake cleanout. We also sampled three broiler houses in brooding and nonbrooding sections during the growout period. We found no differences in hormone concentrations

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between sections of each house, but changes in hormone concentrations during growout varied depending on broiler litter water content. Water

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contents corresponding to ∼60% water-filled porosity favored a decrease in hormone concentrations with time, whereas a water-filled porosity of 44% was associated with increases in hormone concentration, probably due to slow decomposition rates. Our results suggest that cake cleanout of untreated litter, as well as all cleanouts from houses that have raised several flocks on the same bedding, may be good targets for treatments that can reduce hormone concentrations before the litter is surface applied to fields. Keywords: Ormones, Organic compounds, Watersheds, Water pollution, Environmental control, Soil quality, Soil fertility. To cite this article: Cabrera, M. L., D. E. Kissel, S. Hassan, J. A. Rema, and K. Cassity-Duffey. 2018. Litter Type and Number of Flocks Affect Sex Hormones in Broiler Litter. J. Environ. Qual. 47:156161. doi:10.2134/jeq2017.08.0301 Urea Hydrolysis and Calcium Carbonate Precipitation in Gypsum-Amended Broiler Litter Christopher D. Burt, Miguel L. Cabrera, Michael J. Rothrock Jr and D. E. Kissel Broiler (Gallus gallus domesticus) litter is subject to ammonia (NH3) volatilization losses. Previous work has shown that the addition of gypsum to broiler litter can increase nitrogen mineralization and decrease NH3 losses due to a decrease in pH, but the mechanisms responsible for these effects are not well understood. Therefore, three laboratory studies were conducted to evaluate the effect of gypsum addition to broiler litter on (i) urease activity at three water contents, (ii) calcium carbonate precipitation, and (iii) pH. The addition of gypsum to broiler litter increased ammonium concentrations (p < 0.0033) and decreased litter pH by 0.43 to 0.49 pH units after 5 d (p < 0.0001); however, the rate of urea hydrolysis in treated litter only increased on Day 0 for broiler litter with low (0.29 g H2O g−1) and high (0.69 g H2O g−1) water contents, and on Day 3 for litter with medium (0.40 g H2O g−1) water content (p < 0.05). Amending broiler litter with gypsum also caused an immediate decrease in litter pH (0.22 pH units) due to the precipitation of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) from gypsum-derived calcium and litter bicarbonate. Furthermore, as urea was hydrolyzed, more urea-derived carbon precipitated as CaCO3 in gypsum-treated litter than in untreated litter (p < 0.001). These results indicate that amending broiler litter with gypsum favors the precipitation of CaCO3, which buffers against increases in litter pH that are known to facilitate NH3 volatilization. Keywords: Ormones, Organic compounds, Watersheds, Water pollution, Environmental control,

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Soil quality, Soil fertility. To cite this article: Burt, C. D., M. L. Cabrera, M. J. Rothrock, and D. E. Kissel. 2018. Urea Hydrolysis and Calcium Carbonate Precipitation in GypsumAmended Broiler Litter. J. Environ. Qual. 47:162-169. doi:10.2134/jeq2017.08.0337 Thermocouple Probe Orientation Affects Prescribed Fire Behavior Estimation T. Adam Coates, Alex T. Chow, Donald L. Hagan, Thomas A. Waldrop, G. Geoff Wang, William C. Bridges Jr., Mary-Frances Rogers and James H. Dozier Understanding the relationship between fire intensity and fuel mass is essential information for scientists and forest managers seeking to manage forests using prescribed fires. Peak burning temperature, duration of heating, and area under the temperature profile are fire behavior metrics obtained from thermocoupledatalogger assemblies used to characterize prescribed burns. Despite their recurrent usage in prescribed burn studies, there is no simple protocol established to guide the orientation of thermocouple installation. Our results from dormant and growing season burns in coastal longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Mill.) forests in South Carolina suggest that thermocouples located horizontally at the litter-soil interface record significantly higher estimates of peak burning temperature, duration of heating, and area under the temperature profile than thermocouples extending 28 cm vertically above the litter-soil interface (p < 0.01). Surprisingly, vertical and horizontal estimates of these measures did not show strong correlation with one another (r2 â&#x2030;¤ 0.14). The horizontal duration of heating values were greater in growing season burns than in dormant season burns (p < 0.01), but the vertical values did not indicate this difference (p = 0.52). Field measures of fuel mass and depth before and after fire showed promise as significant predictive variables (p â&#x2030;¤ 0.05) for the fire behavior metrics. However, all correlation coefficients were less than or equal to r2 = 0.41. Given these findings, we encourage scientists, researchers, and managers to carefully consider thermocouple orientation when investigating fire behavior metrics, as orientation may affect estimates of fire intensity and the distinction of fire treatment effects, particularly in forests with litter-dominated surface fuels. Keywords: Forests, Sustainability, Environmental control, Forest conservation, Ecology, Forest ecosystems. To cite this article: Coates, T. A., A. T. Chow, D. L. Hagan, T. A. Waldrop, G. G. Wang, W. C. Bridges, M. Rogers, and J. H. Dozier. 2018. Thermocouple Probe Orientation Affects Prescribed Fire Behavior Estimation. J. Environ. Qual. 47:170-176. doi:10.2134/jeq2017.02.0055

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Cultural Eutrophication Is Reflected in the Stable Isotopic Composition of the Eastern Mudsnail, Nassarius obsoletus Elizabeth Burke Watson, Katelyn Szura, Elisabeth Powell, Nicole Maher and Cathleen Wigand In aquatic ecosystems, biological indicators are used in concert with nutrient concentration data to identify habitat impairments related to cultural eutrophication. This approach has been less commonly implemented in coastal areas due to the dominance of physical conditions in structuring biological assemblage data. Here, we describe the use of the stable isotopic composition of Nassarius obsoletus (Say), the eastern mudsnail, as an indicator of cultural eutrophication for 40 locations in coastal estuaries in New York. We found 15N enrichment in mudsnail tissue where watersheds had high population densities, land use patterns were more urbanized, and when sampling sites were adjacent to wastewater treatment plant discharges. Stable carbon isotopes were responsive to salinity and watershed forest cover, with more saline sites reflecting a predominantly C4 or algal carbon isotopic signature and more forested sites a lighter isotopic signature reflecting greater inputs of C3 terrestrial detrital carbon. Mudsnail nitrogen isotopic composition had a high level of separation between more affected and pristine watersheds (from 6.6 to 14.1â&#x20AC;°), highlighting its utility as an indicator. We thus propose that stable isotope values of estuarine biota, such as the eastern mudsnail, can be used in concert with water quality data to identify areas where improvements in water quality are needed and can also be used to identify sources of detrital carbon to estuarine environments. Keywords: Ecosystems, Environmental control, Water quality, Watersheds, Salinity, Watersheds management. To cite this article: Watson, E. B., K. Szura, E. Powell, N . M a h e r, a n d C . Wi g a n d . 2 0 1 8 . C u l t u r a l Eutrophication Is Reflected in the Stable Isotopic Composition of the Eastern Mudsnail, Nassarius obsoletus. J. Environ. Qual. 47:177-184. doi:10.2134/jeq2017.05.0214 Effect of Dairy Manure Storage Conditions on the Survival of E. coli O157:H7 and Listeria S. Biswas, M. Niu, P. Pandey, J. A. D. R. N. Appuhamy, A. B. Leytem, E. Kebreab and R. S. Dungan Dairy manure is regularly applied to crop fields as a solid or liquid to improve the soil nutrient status. However, pathogens may survive during manure storage and enter the environment during application. In this study, three storage practices were evaluated to understand the survival patterns of Eschericia coli O157:H7 and Listeria spp. in dairy manure using a culture-based approach. To replicate common farm manure storage techniques, solid manure was stacked as piles with periodic turning or as static piles without turning, whereas liquid manure (feces, urine, and


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Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari water) was stored as a slurry in small tanks to simulate lagoon conditions. The E. coli and Listeria levels in the manure samples were determined for 29 wk. Results showed that there was an initial reduction in bacteria levels in the first month; however, both E. coli and Listeria managed to survive in the solid manure piles for the full study period. In slurry samples, E. coli was not detected after 14 wk, but Listeria survived until the end of the experiment at relatively lower levels than in the solid manure piles. Ambient weather and pile size were identified as the main reasons for bacteria survival during the course of the experiment. The outcome of this study is important in terms of understanding pathogen survival in manure piles and slurries prior to their application to crop fields. Keywords: Soil fertility, Organic fertilizers, Composts, Sustainability, Livestock, Cattle. To cite this article: Biswas, S., M. Niu, P. Pandey, J. A. D. R. N. Appuhamy, A. B. Leytem, E. Kebreab, and R. S. Dungan. 2018. Effect of Dairy Manure Storage Conditions on the Survival of E. coli O157:H7 and Listeria. J. Environ. Qual. 47:185-189. doi:10.2134/jeq2017.06.0224

Kindergarten and Media Literacy: Using PBS' 'Arthur' to Start the Conversation

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saw fake news rear its head in ways never seen before. From #Pizzagate to politics, as we scrolled through our social media feeds we saw misinformation spreading like wildfire. We knew that our students were seeing these false stories being passed around as well, and needed to be able to wade through the noise and confusion. We decided to revisit our current curriculum and come up with new and exciting ways to make sure every student had the tools and resources to understand fact from fiction, to find reputable sources and to understand what it means to be media literate. It was time to rethink what we were doing in our libraries and turbo charge our instruction. And that, wonderful readers, is how we found ourselves writing for Programming Librarian. Our renewed and reinvigorated passion for information and media literacy will be coming to you each month in 2018. We hope you enjoy our first post. We'll be musing about lots of topics around information literacy and will even be throwing in some other programming ideas as well. Information literacy for kindergarteners They walk down the hall holding hands. Sometimes at the beginning of the year, they fall asleep on the rug during story time in the library. We know them; we love them: kindergarteners. They are among our most impressionable students, which means the time is right to begin introducing information literacy in the library. The world in which we live is an ever-changing place. Kindergarten students are exposed to much more technology and information that anyone could have ever imagined 10 or 15 years ago. If you, like many of us, ever find yourself wondering how to approach information literacy with the youngest of students, PBS Kids holds a solution for you.

By Donna Mignardi & Jennifer Sturge, Calvert County Public Schools, Prince Frederick, Md. Information literacy skills are a cornerstone to school library instruction. Teacher librarians have taught them for years. Why revisit them now? Before we get into how to use "Arthur" to teach media literacy, we thought it might be nice to give you a little background on why our passion for information literacy programming in school libraries was re-energized and renewed. Introductions: How did we get here? Using resources from the PBS Kids show "Arthur," libraries can teach children how to find reputable sources and understand fact from fiction. Misinformation has always been out there, but 2016

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PBS has designed a guide for librarians, teachers and parents that uses short pieces of the popular children's television show "Arthur" to teach information literacy. Topics include: Advertising, persuasion and techniques used to sell products Censorship Journalists and the role they play in crafting a message Media and the effect on body image, stereotypes and feelings Media and the effect on who and what is “cool” Pictures and captions and their effects on the meaning of a message Techniques that can be used to create messages that support each side of an argument Where to start One of the lessons that really stands out is “Citizen

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Frensky.” In this lesson, geared around "Arthur" episode #606, Francine creates her own newspaper. The newspaper is a tabloid with sensational headlines and embarrassing photos; it's so embarrassing that all of Francine's friends stop speaking to her. Through conversation, students discover how Francine's articles bend the truth and how everyone involved was hurt. It's a gentle introduction to the topic of tabloids and realizing everything you see, hear or read is not always factual. The best part of these lessons is that each comes with a full guide for librarians and every lesson connects not only to information literacy but also to curriculum areas such as math, reading comprehension, writing, science, social studies and heath. You get the joy of using "Arthur" to help young students develop skills in a world of never-ending media and information and the goodwill of the kindergarten teachers for cementing content and curriculum across the school day. Ready to dive in? 'Visit PBS Kids site for parents and teachers, where you can find the lesson plans. [fonte: Programming Librarian, a website of the American Library Association Public Programs Office]

Falling down the Pinterest hole may lead you to believe that you need a well-stocked makerspace and all the latest tech — but don't believe everything you see! While some of the imaginative technology available today is truly incredible, there's plenty any library can do to support YALSA's TTW initiatives and have fun in the process. Here are some budget-friendly Teen Tech Week ideas (this list is NOT comprehensive). And don't forget to register online to receive free access to downloadable TTW graphics and promotional materials! Use what you have Even if your library doesn't have a makerspace or hightech toys, you probably have computers. Hour of Code is free, and computers are optional. If you don't have enough devices, Hour of Code supports paired programming and tutorials feature popular characters in pop culture. Another idea for computer use is to take advantage of Adobe Spark's free software for graphics, video and webpages. If you have an especially large and active teen group, or member branches, TTW activities could be published via a teen-managed Spark Page! A project like this can really support the *sharing* aspect of the #TTW18 mission. For a completely unplugged TTW activity, consider hosting a Tech Take Apart. This class would be great for an IT person to lead (especially if they let you raid their old equipment). Here's an example by Teen Librarian Toolkit workshop where teens used broken tech and a hot glue to make little robots. This example features a cute upcycled bracelet.

Teen Tech Week on a Budget

Similar to Tech Take Apart, DIY tech hacks can deliver a lot of bang for your buck — especially since teens can bring in their own broken or otherwise upgradeable tech. The library can essentially provide basics like safety glasses, electrical tape, pliers and maybe a few snacks.

You don't have to have the latest fancy gadgets to host Teen Tech Week programs at your library.

By ColleenWhittall , Teen Services Librarian, Saratoga Springs (NY) Public Library This year's Teen Tech Week (TTW) theme is Libraries are for Creating, with events taking place March 4 to 10, 2018. Teen Tech Week was created by the Young Adult Library Services Association (YALSA), and this year's theme is aimed at encouraging teens to take advantage of “digital tools offered through the library to become content creators, and to leverage library resources to share out their creations.”

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Crafts count too! Non-tech tech-related crafts like tablet cases, iPad stands, and even a USB locket are a lot of fun for all ages to make, and often just use materials every library already has laying around. Check out more examples here. Consider recycled or upcycled projects to support a sustainability effort that you can tout on social media. If your library has iPads, try a stop motion animation event. Be sure to check out author René Battelle's awesome examples of historic stop motion animation — cool stuff! YALSA's official Teen Tech Week page offers a list of free web apps for stop motion, coding, green screens, app creation, 3D design and others. Go on a field trip


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Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari Many of us are encouraged to find new ways to create community partnerships and take advantage of other community resources. There are several ways to do this, whether you go the more formal route or the flyby-the-seat-of-your-pants route. Use the contacts you already have as far in advance as possible. If you already know the archivist at the local science museum, ask if he or she could take your teen group on a special behind-the-scenes tour of how the museum keeps its exhibits running.

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and their community at large that they may never have known of otherwise. Don't discount this relatively easy, FREE and very fun activity. I liked this one from the Roselle Public Library District.

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[fonte: Programming Librarian, a website of the American Library Association Public Programs Office]

If you only have a week to make arrangements, try the local science museum or center anyway. Often, a brief explanation of your purpose can land you a free tour, and you'll make a new contact in the process! Ask your teens to tag the museum in a group photo and share online for a quick thank you. For another low-cost option, consider putting teens and retirees together for a technology-coaching event. Whether in an assisted-living facility or the library l o b b y, m u c h g o o d c a n c o m e o u t o f t h i s intergenerational tech assistance program.

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Lastly, try contacting a fabrication lab or community makerspace. These businesses are often eager to make community members more aware of the services they offer. Freebies Raid your children's department and I guarantee you'll find an assortment of fun costumes, accessories and even backdrops to create a #TTW18 photo booth. Teens can use their own phones, so no equipment is needed. Ask kids to share on the library's social media; just make sure to get permission. If you can/do want to spend a little green, TTW would be a great time to invest in a portable photo printer for events like a photo booth.

Give your events (and Teen Tech Week) a boost by using the #TTW18 hastag when you promote them on social media.

While not the newest, hippest idea on the planet, scavenger ideas are evolving into really cool physical and mental activities that can introduce teens and kids (and adults!) to parts of the library, services offered,

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Newsletter Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari DOCUMENTATION CENTRE - CIHEAM BARI FAO Repository Library reviews: Agriculture

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The future of food and agriculture: Trends and challenges Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Publication date: 2017 Pages: 56 p. ISBN: 978-92-5-109551-5 Agrovoc: Agricultural sector, Climate change, Demography, Natural disasters, Food wastes, Armed conflicts, Social unrest, Resilience to shocks and crises, Transboundary diseases, Sustainable development, Sustainable agriculture, Sustainable livelihoods.

Agriculture

Abstract: What will be needed to realize the vision of a world free from hunger and malnutrition? After shedding light on the nature of the challenges that agriculture and food systems are facing now and throughout the 21st century, the study provides insights into what is at stake and what needs to be done. “Business as usual” is not an option. Major transformations in agricultural systems, rural economies and natural resources management are necessary. The present study was undertaken for the quadrennial review of FAO's strategic framework and for the preparation of the Organization Medium-Term plan 2018-2021. Download file Cite this publication as: FAO. 2017. The future of food and agriculture: Trends and challenges. Rome. 56 p. The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2017. Building resilience for peace and food security. Type of publication: Book Corporate author: Agriculture and Economic Development Analysis Division Office: Economic and Social Development Department Serial Title: The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World Publishing house: FAO Year of publication: 2017 Pages:132 p. ISBN: 978-92-5-109888-2 Agrovoc: Malnutrition, Economic indicators, Statistical data, Data analysis, IFAD, WFP, Human nutrition, Resilience to shocks and crises, UNICEF. Abstract: The international community is committed to ending hunger and all forms of malnutrition worldwide by 2030. While much progress has been made, conflict and human-induced and natural disasters are causing setbacks. This year's The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World warns that the long-term declining trend in undernourishment seems to have come to a halt and may have reversed, largely on account of the above-mentioned factors. Meanwhile, though progress continues to be made in reducing child malnutrition, rising overweight and obesity are a concern in most parts of the world. These and other findings are detailed in the 2017 edition of The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World (formerly, The State of Food Insecurity in the World). For the first time, this year's report is published by an expanded partnership, with UNICEF and WHO now joining FAO, IFAD and WFP. The report also marks a new era in the monitoring of food security and nutrition in the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the UN Decade of Action on Nutrition. To assess progress made towards the goal of ending hunger, the report uses both the traditional measure of the prevalence of undernourishment and a new indicator, the prevalence of severe food insecurity, based on the Food Insecurity Experience Scale. The report further looks at various forms of malnutrition, including trends and situations for child stunting, wasting and overweight and for adult obesity, breastfeeding and anaemia in women. The thematic part of the report sheds light on how the increasing incidence of conflict in the world is affecting food security and nutrition. It also explores how, by improving food security and nutrition and by making rural livelihoods more resilient, it is possible to help prevent conflicts and sustain peace. Download file Cite this publication as: FAO. 2017. The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2017. Building resilience for peace and food security. Rome. 132 p.

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OrganicAgriculture Food and nutrition Fisheries Agriculture

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N° 1 - 2018 - january/february

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A decision guide for rural advisory methods.

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Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Author(s): David, S., Cofini, F. Year of publication: 2017 Pages: 66 p. ISBN: 978-92-5-130019-0 Agrovoc: Advisory services, Agriculture, Extension approaches, Rural development, Sustainability. Abstract: In today's fast-changing world, agricultural producers need support to innovate as well as reliable sources of information, knowledge, skills and technologies along the entire value chain in farming, livestock and fish production. One of the core functions of extension and rural advisory services is to facilitate the access of farmers, their organizations and other market actors to knowledge, information and technologies/practices. To carry out these multi-faceted functions, extension professionals and their organizations need to utilize a broad range of methods and approaches. While nearly every extension and rural advisory service program and project has developed guidelines on how to use and evaluate extension methods and approaches, there is a lack of detailed information and guidance on what factors need to be considered when selecting extension/advisory methods and approaches which are most suited for which purpose and content. The inappropriate selection and use of extension methods may limit the effectiveness of service provision, resulting in diminished impact and a failure to meet clients' needs and demands. This decision guide is intended to help extension professionals and their organizations make informed decisions about which extension method and approach to use for providing information, technologies and services to rural producers and to facilitate interactions and knowledge flow. Expected users include field-based rural advisors, extension managers and programme planners. Download File Cite this publication as: FAO. 2017. A decision guide for rural advisory methods. Rome. 66 pp.

Guideline for packing, shipping, holding and release of sterile flies in area-wide fruit fly control programmes. Second edition. Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Year of publication: 2017 Pages: 150 p. ISBN: 978-92-5-109891-2 Agrovoc: Guidelines, Packaging, Packaging equipment, Aquatic insects, Sterile insect release. Abstract: This guideline is an updated version of the one published in 2007. It is aimed at providing harmonized processes involved in the handling and release of sterile insects after production in mass rearing facilities to FAO or International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) member countries that want to embark on sterile insect technique (SIT) activities. There is also increased interest by the private sector in investing in sterile insect production and/or other SIT activities, and these harmonized guidelines on the post-production phase will facilitate SIT application and foster the commercialization of the SIT. This guideline resulted from two FAO/IAEA consultants' meetings with representatives of relevant SIT programmes, the first held in Sarasota, Florida, United States of America (April 2004) and the second in Vienna, Austria (August 2005). It also resulted from an in depth review of the first edition, conducted in 2014 and 2015 by SIT program managers and scientists working with SIT technology. Download file Cite this publication as: FAO. 2017. Guideline for packing, shipping, holding and release of sterile flies in area-wide fruit fly control programmes. Second edition. Rome. 150 pp.

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Agriculture

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Newsletter Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari DOCUMENTATION CENTRE - CIHEAM BARI FAO Repository Library reviews: Fisheries and aquaculture

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Fisheries and aquaculture

Report of the first meeting of the Ad Hoc Working Group established by the Parties to the Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing, Oslo, Norway, 1–2 June 2017 Type of publication: Report Publishing house: FAO Year of publication: 2017 Pages: 30 p. Serial Title: FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Report (FAO) ISBN: 978-92-5-109959-9 Agrovoc: Responsible fisheries, Code of conduct for responsible fisheries, Port State measures, Regulations, Law of the sea. Abstract: This document contains the report of the first meeting of the Ad Hoc Working Group (Part 6 Working Group) established by the Parties to the Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing, held in Oslo, Norway, from 1 to 2 June 2017. The Part 6 Working Group discussed the main requirements and priorities of developing States in the implementation of the Agreement and recommended that support should consider legal and policy aspects, institutional set-up and capacity, and operations and procedures. It recognized that assistance should be tailored to accommodate the specific needs of countries and regions, and highlighted the importance of linking individual and institutional capacity building. The important support that existing regional fisheries management organization (RFMO) mechanisms can provide in delivering assistance to developing States Parties was recognized. The Part 6 Working Group agreed on draft Terms of Reference for the funding mechanisms to assist developing States Parties to be considered by the Parties at their next meeting. It was agreed that funding mechanisms shall include contribution schemes toward an Assistance Fund, including for projects in support of the implementation of the Agreement. The important linkage between activities supported by the Assistance Fund and FAO's global capacity development programme in support of the Agreement and complementary instruments was emphasized. Download file Cite this publication as: FAO. 2017. Report of the first meeting of the Ad Hoc Working Group established by the Parties to the Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing, Oslo, Norway, 1–2 June 2017. Rome. 30 pp. Voluntary Guidelines for Catch Documentation Schemes Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Year of publication: 2017 Pages: 20 p. ISBN: 978-92-5-130009-1 Agrovoc: Responsible fisheries, Guidelines, Fishery data, Documentation. Abstract: “Catch Documentation Scheme” (CDS), means a system with the primary purpose of helping determine throughout the supply chain whether fish originate from catches taken consistent with applicable national, regional and international conservation and management measures, established in accordance with relevant international obligations. This document, the Voluntary Guidelines for Catch Documentation Schemes, is the direct output of a series of meetings including the Expert Consultation (Rome, July 2015), COFI Sub-Committee on Fish Trade (Agadir, February 2016), Technical Consultation (Rome, April 2016, July 2016 and April 2017) and COFI 32 (Rome, July 2016). The Guidelines were officially adopted by the FAO Conference at its Fortieth Session in July 2017. The content of the Guidelines is divided into seven sections and one annex. In order, these sections are: Scope and Objective, Definition, Basic Principles, Application of Basic Principles, Cooperation and Notification, Recommended Functions and Standards, Cooperation with and Recognition of the Special Requirements of Developing States. The annex includes Information Elements for Catch Certificate and Additional Information along the Supply Chain. Download file Cite this publication as: FAO. 2017. Voluntary Guidelines for Catch Documentation Schemes. Rome. 20 pp.

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OrganicAgriculture Food and nutrition Fisheries Agriculture

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N° 1 - 2018 - january/february

Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari

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Improving our knowledge on small-scale fisheries: data needs and methodologies. Workshop proceedings 27–29 June 2017 Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Year of publication: 2017 Serial Title: FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Proceedings , n. 56 Author(s): X. Basurto, N. Franz, D. Mills, J. Virdin, L. Westlund Pages: 55 p. ISBN: 978-92-5-130018-3 Agrovoc: Small-scale fisheries, Fishery data, Data collection, Data analysis, Methodology, Fishery policies, Sustainable development. Abstract: Small-scale fisheries play an important role in contributing to food security, nutrition, livelihoods and local and national economies. However, there is often limited data and information available (or not easily accessible) on their contributions, and hence small scale fisheries tend to be overlooked and marginalized in policy processes, leading to low levels of support for the sector. The Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication (the SSF Guidelines), adopted by the FAO Committee on Fisheries (COFI) in 2014, provide a policy framework for how to ensure sustainability for small-scale fisheries through a holistic and integrated approach. However, this transformational process needs substantial support to take place and be successful, which may be difficult to obtain in the absence of better data and information on the socio-economic contributions of smallscale fisheries. For this reason, a new study has been proposed by FAO and WorldFish to build upon the 2012 World Bank, FAO and WorldFish Center report Hidden Harvest: The Global Contribution of Capture Fisheries. The new study would deepen the knowledge and encourage data-sharing on small-scale fisheries and their socio-economic contributions, and also aim to make policy- and decision-makers aware of the sector's importance. Download file Cite this publication as: Basurto, X., Franz, N., Mills, D., Virdin, J., Westlund, L. 2017. Improving our knowledge on small-scale fisheries: data needs and methodologies. Workshop proceedings 27-29 June 2017. Rome, FAO. Report of the first meeting of the Parties to the Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing, Oslo, Norway, 29-31 May 2017 Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Year of publication: 2017 Serial Title: FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Report (FAO) , n. 1211 Pages: 40 p. ISBN: 978-92-5-109958-2 Agrovoc: Code of conduct for responsible fisheries, Responsible fisheries, Port State measures, Regulations, Law of the sea. Abstract: This document contains the report of the first meeting of the Parties to the Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing held in Oslo, Norway, from 29 to 31 May 2017. The Parties agreed that FAO assumes the role of Secretariat for the meeting. The need for concerted action by port States, flag States and other States in the implementation of the Agreement, together with the important role of FAO, regional fisheries management organizations (RFMOs) and other international organizations and bodies, was recognized. The Parties noted the value of drawing lessons from existing relevant initiatives of RFMOs and other international organizations. FAO was tasked with developing templates for reporting of information on national contact points, designated ports and other relevant information for the implementation of the Agreement, and to publish the information through a dedicated section within the FAO website. The Parties established the Working Group under Part 6 of the Agreement and its terms of reference were adopted. The Parties called upon the Secretariat to develop a specific web-based questionnaire for the purpose of monitoring implementation of the Agreement, as well as recording challenges faced, which is to be completed every two years initially. Download file Cite this publication as: FAO. 2017. Report of the first meeting of the Parties to the Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing, Oslo, Norway, 29-31 May 2017. Rome. 40 pp.

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Newsletter Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari DOCUMENTATION CENTRE - CIHEAM BARI FAO Repository Library reviews: Food and nutrition

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Europe and Central Asia: Regional Overview of Food Insecurity 2016. The Food Insecurity Transition

Food and nutrition

Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Year of publication: 2017 Pages: 56 p. ISBN: 978-92-5-109659-8 Agrovoc: Malnutrition, Household food security, Central Asia, Eastern Europe, Food policies, Agricultural policies, Nutrition labelling, Product labelling, Food safety, Nutrition education. Abstract: Part I of this year's edition of the State of Food Insecurity in Europe and Central Asia is devoted to the theme of how the nature of food insecurity has evolved in the region over the past 23 years. The familiar four pillars of food security are used to demonstrate how the character of food insecurity in the region has changed substantially, owing to the pro-poor economic growth observed over the past 23 years, particularly in the poorer countries of the region. Today, the main indicators and issues on household food insecurity concern malnutrition, rather than the physical or economic access or stability of access to food. The different characteristics of food insecurity in the ECA region require different policies. Part II discusses a range of policies designed to address the principal malnutrition issues by groups of countries, classified by their predominant food insecurity and malnutrition concerns. Download file Cite this publication as: FAO. 2017. Europe and Central Asia: Regional Overview of Food Insecurity 2016. The Food Insecurity Transition. Rome. 56 p.

Near East and North Africa Regional Overview of Food Insecurity, 2016. Sustainable Agriculture Water Management is Key to Ending Hunger and to Climate Change Adaptation. Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Year of publication: 2017 Pages: 38 p. ISBN: 978-92-5-109648-2 Agrovoc: North Africa, Middle East, Sustainable agriculture, Sustainable development, Climate change adaptation, Food policies, Underfeeding, Malnutrition, Human nutrition, Children. Abstract: The second edition of the Regional Overview of Food Insecurity in the Near East and North Africa 2016 coincides with the adoption of the sustainable development agenda and the seventeen Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the agreement on climate change reached at CCOP21 in Paris. The report, therefore, gives particular attention to food insecurity from the sustainability perspective, in particular the Sustainable Development Goal 2 (SDG2), which aims to end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture. The report uses both the prevalence of undernourishment and the Food Insecurity Experience Scale (FIES) which is an agreed indicator for the tracking of the SDG2. Download file Cite this publication as: FAO. 2017. Near East and North Africa Regional Overview of Food Insecurity, 2016. Sustainable Agriculture Water Management is Key to Ending Hunger and to Climate Change Adaptation. Rome. 38 p.

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Asia and the Pacific Regional Overview of Food Insecurity 2016: Investing in a Zero Hunger Generation

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Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Year of publication: 2016 Pages: 64 p. ISBN: 978-92-5-109514-0 Agrovoc: Household food security, Human nutrition, Malnutrition, Nutrition policies, Dairy farms, Food safety, Animal protein, Protein requirements, Foodborne diseases, Asia and the Pacific, Bacterial toxins, Smallholders, Food consumption. Abstract: The year 2015 marked the end of the global Millennium Development agenda and 2016 heralds a transition to the new 2030 agenda for Sustainable Development. Asia-Pacific Region not only met the MDG target of halving the proportion of people suffering from hunger, but was also the region with the largest reduction in the number of undernourished people in the world. Despite good progress being made by many countries in tackling malnutrition, the overall rate of progress is less than desired and there are several countries and sub-regions where the prevalence rates are still very high. The analysis presented in this report will help encourage dialogue and shape a new public narrative towards eradicating hunger and malnutrition and creating a transformative change for sustainable development. Most governments are taking concrete actions to address the problem and there is a clear recognition of strengthening agriculture and food systems in a manner that brings more affordable, healthier and diverse food options within everyone's reach. This report also introduces a special section which will focus on a different selected key issue or trend affecting food security and nutrition in the region each year. This year, the focus is on the importance of milk and smallholder dairy in view of the remarkable growth in the production and consumption of milk and milk products in the region. The section concludes that the promotion of milk consumption and small-scale dairying offers potential for triple wins in nutrition, rural livelihoods and the environment. Download file Cite this publication as: FAO. 2016. Asia and the Pacific Regional Overview of Food Insecurity 2016: Investing in a Zero Hunger Generation. Rome. 64 pp. Africa regional overview of food insecurity: the challenges of building resilience to shocks and stresses Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Year of publication: 2017 Pagine: 102 p. ISBN 978-92-5-109629-1 Agrovoc: Human nutrition, Malnutrition, Nutrition policies, Household food security, Dairy farms, Food safety, Smallholders, Food consumption. Abstract: Food security and nutrition is at the heart of Africa's development agenda with greater commitment to ending hunger, achieving food security and advancing optimal nutrition for all Africans. The Malabo Commitment to ending hunger, reducing stunting to below 10 percent and underweight to below 5 percent by 2025 is driving African countries to do business differently by engaging in multisectoral processes and evidence-based decision making. This chapter highlights the prevalence of severe food insecurity in the region, and examines three dimensions of food security, namely, availability, access and utilization. Download file Cite this publication as: FAO. 2017. Africa regional overview of food insecurity: the challenges of building resilience to shocks and stresses. Rome. 102 pp.

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Food and nutrition

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Newsletter Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari DOCUMENTATION CENTRE - CIHEAM BARI FAO Repository Library reviews: Social aspects

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Social Protection in Near East and North Africa. Regional Trends. Social Protection and Rural Development in the NENA Region. Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Author: Lorenzon, F. Year of publication: 2016 Pages: 39 p. ISBN: 978-92-5-109542-3

Social aspects

Agrovoc: Protection, Agricultural policies, Social security, Rural development, Middle East, North Africa. Abstract: The NENA region has a diverse landscape in terms of social protection. Programmes range from government-led social assistance to vulnerable groups, subsidies in food and contributory social security and insurance schemes, to informal social protection systems based on religious and cultural traditions. However, efforts to strengthen linkages between social protection and the agricultural sector in NENA need to be further explored by all stakeholders involved in strengthening social protection within member states. Download ďŹ le Cite this publication as: Lorenzon, F. 2016. Social Protection in Near East and North Africa. Regional Trends. Social Protection and Rural Development in the NENA Region. Rome, FAO.

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OrganicAgriculture Food and nutrition Fisheries Agriculture

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N° 1 - 2018 - january/february

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FAO Repository Library reviews: Animal production and health Intervening against bovine trypanosomosis in eastern Africa: mapping the costs and benefits Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Author(s): Shaw, A., Wint, W., Cecchi, G., Torr, G. Year of publication: 2017 Serial Title: PAAT Technical and Scientific Series, Pages: 124 p. ISBN: 978-92-5-109781-6 Agrovoc: Agropastoral syatems, Animal health, Cost benefit analysis, Livestock, Cattle, Africa. Abstract: This book brings together almost a decade's innovative work analysing and illustrating the economics of tsetse and trypanosomosis (T&T) in a spatial context. It builds on a pioneering study West Africa, extending the approach to the tsetse-infested regions of Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan and Uganda. Cattle production systems are categorised as pastoral, agro-pastoral or mixed farming and further subdivided according to their use of draught power and high yielding dairy animals. Twelve cattle production systems are mapped and their production in the absence and presence of trypanosomiasis calculated, providing the basic data for mapping the losses, and hence potential benefits from interventions against T&T. The costs of trypanocides, targets, insecticide-treated cattle, aerial spraying and the sterile insect technique are calculated, applied as appropriate in the context of sustained control activities or the creation of permanent tsetsefree zones. Mapping these costs made it possible to go on to map the benefit-cost ratios. The key findings have been published in three scientific papers. This book provides a wealth of additional background material, maps, tables and references which are particularly valuable to those with an interest in trypanosomiasis, its impact on livestock and cattle production systems and productivity in the sub-region. Download file Cite this publication as: Shaw, A., Wint, W., Cecchi, G., Torr, G. 2017. Intervening against bovine trypanosomosis in eastern Africa: mapping the costs and benefits. Rome, FAO.

EMPRES-Animal health 360. No. 47/2017: Special edition on Lumpy Skin Disease Type of publication: Journal Publishing house: FAO Author(s): Animal Production and Health Division Serial Title: EMPRES-Animal Health 360 Year of publication: 2017 Pages: 64 p. ISBN: 978-92-5-109985-8 Agrovoc: Animal health, Transboundary diseases, Lumpy skin disease, Disease control, Epidemiology, Action plans, Balkans. Abstract: The Emergency Prevention System (EMPRES) is an FAO programme, founded in 1994, with the goal of enhancing world food security, fighting transboundary animal and plant pests and diseases and reducing the adverse impact of food safety threats. EMPRES-Animal Health is the component dealing with the prevention and control of transboundary animal diseases (TADs). Download file Cite this publication as: FAO. 2017. EMPRES-Animal health 360. No. 47/2017: Special edition on Lumpy Skin Disease. Rome. 64 pp.

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Newsletter Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari DOCUMENTATION CENTRE - CIHEAM BARI FAO Repository Library reviews: Climate change

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Tracking Adaptation in Agricultural Sectors. Climate Change Adaptation Indicators. Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Author(s): Semedo, M.A., Salazar, R.C., Frick, M. Year of publication: 2017 Pages: 85 p. ISBN: 978-92-5-130020-6

Climate change

Agrovoc: Agricultural sector, Climate change, Climate change adaptation, Methodology, Monitoring, Evaluation, Evaluation techniques. Abstract: Tracking adaptation processes and outcomes is a continuous process which also encompasses monitoring and evaluation - one of the important elements of the climate change adaptation. A detailed review of existing literature on adaptation tracking tools showed a number of challenges and limitations related to their application in agricultural sectors. Though some of the tools are technically sound, practical use is constrained by non-availability of adequate baseline data and information. In addition, several of these frameworks are individual project specific, complex and thus seldom contribute to better informed policy level decisions and adaptation planning. This paper outlines the importance of tracking adaptation in the context of the implementation of the Paris Agreement and provides a flexible and consistent indicator framework for tracking adaptation in agricultural sectors (includes agriculture, forestry and fisheries and aquaculture) at national level. The framework is based on the recognition that adaptation should be tracked by analyzing a number of different indicators across agricultural sub-sectors. Download file Cite this publication as: Semedo, M.A., Salazar, R.C., Frick, M. 2017. Tracking Adaptation in Agricultural Sectors. Climate Change Adaptation Indicators. Rome, FAO.

Report of the Launching workshop of the Climate Change Adaptation for Eastern Caribbean Fisheries Project ”CC4FISH” Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Author: Iris Monnereau, Raymon van Anrooy Year of publication: 2018 Pages: 35 ISBN: 978-92-5-130081-7 Agrovoc: Caribbean, Barbados, Climate change adaptation, Fisheries. Abstract: The FAO/GEF-funded CC4FISH launching workshop was held in Bridgetown, Barbados, from 7 to 9 February 2017. This was the first meeting of the CC4FISH Project and brought together 27 representatives from the Member Countries, partner organizations and other key stakeholders involved in the delivery of the project, to ensure that there was a common understanding of the project's objectives, inputs, outputs, outcomes and planned activities, as well as the roles and responsibilities of all project partners. The administrative and operational management arrangements established by FAO, together with the monitoring and evaluation and financial reporting processes, were discussed and agreed upon. All project partners developed and presented their annual work plans and budgets (AWP/B) for the implementation of field activities designed to ensure increased resilience and reduced vulnerability to climate change impacts in the Eastern Caribbean fisheries sector. Download file Cite this publication as: Monnereau, I., van Anrooy, R. 2018. Report of the Launching workshop of the Climate Change Adaptation for Eastern Caribbean Fisheries Project ”CC4FISH”. Rome, FAO.

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OrganicAgriculture Food and nutrition Fisheries Agriculture

Documentation Center

Aquaculture

MAI

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Economic

N° 1 - 2018 - january/february

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FAO Repository Library reviews: Economic and social development Commodities and Development Report 2017: Commodity Markets, Economic Growth and Development. Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Year of publication: 2017 Pages: 98 p. ISBN: 978-92-5-109969-8 Agrovoc: Commodity markets, Economic growth, Sustainable development, Developing countries, Foreign trade, Social aspects. Abstract: The majority of developing countries are commodity dependent. Commodity-export-dependent developing countries (hereafter referred to as CDDCs) derive the bulk of their export earnings from primary commodities such as minerals, ores, metals, fuels, agricultural raw materials and food. Countries that have a high ratio of commodity imports to total merchandise trade are considered commodity-import-dependent. Both forms of commodity dependence may cause potentially harmful impacts and affect all dimensions of sustainable development. Most of the developing countries that depend on commodity exports and/or imports are characterized by low human development. The effects of commodity dependence on human development are mediated through numerous direct and indirect channels that link global commodity markets with domestic economic, social and human development conditions. Understanding these links and how they affect short-, medium- and long-term development objectives is important to inform policymaking processes. This issue of the Commodities and Development Report series, produced jointly by UNCTAD and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), seeks to contribute to an understanding of the linkages between commodity markets and development outcomes by highlighting a number of transmission channels through which commodity prices impact an economy. In order to inform policymakers of the expected longterm effects of commodity prices on socioeconomic indicators, a simulation model has been used to project the trajectory of the world economy and commodity prices to 2030. From its analyses, the Report draws a number of lessons, and proposes policy options to address commodity dependence and its effects on socioeconomic development. Several country-level commodity case studies are used to illustrate these effects. Download ďŹ le Cite this publication as: FAO. 2017. Commodities and Development Report 2017: Commodity Markets, Economic Growth and Development. Rome. 98 pp.

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Newsletter Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari DOCUMENTATION CENTRE - CIHEAM BARI FAO Repository Library reviews: Forestry

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Contribution of the Forestry Sector to National Economies, 1990-2011 Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Author: Lebedys, A. , Li, Y. Year of publication: 2014 Serial Title: Forest Finance: Working Paper Pages: 166 p.

Forestry

Agrovoc: Forestry, Commercial forestry, Economic analysis, Gross national product, Employment, National income, Statistical data. Abstract: This paper is the second update of FAO's original report on this topic. It presents information about the contribution of the forestry sector to national economies at the global, regional and country levels. The study presents the status and trends of the forestry sector's contribution (total employment, value-added and export earnings) in the sector and analyses the driving forces behind these trends. It updates the data and analysis to the year 2011. The study gives a reasonable estimation of the general trends in the sector at the regional and global level. However, at the level of individual countries, the use of imputed values for some figures (i.e. FAO estimates rather than published statistics) should be noted and these estimates should be treated with caution. Download file Cite this publication as: Lebedys, A., Li, Y. 2014. Contribution of the Forestry Sector to National Economies, 19902011. Rome, FAO. Regional Strategy and Action Plan for Forest and Landscape Restoration in Asia-Pacific Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Year of publication: 2018 Other Entities Involved: Asia-Pacific Network for Sustainable Forest Management and Rehabilitation (APFNet) Author: Unna Chokkalingam, Kenichi Shono Pages: 28 ISBN: 978-92-5-130140-1 Agrovoc: Forest degradation, Forest Landscape Restoration, Asia and the Pacific, Climate change adaptation. Abstract: Degradation of forests can have severe negative local impacts and farreaching consequences, including soil erosion, loss of biodiversity, greenhouse gas emissions, dust storms, diminished livelihood opportunities and reduced yields of forest products and services. Reversing the adverse conditions requires urgent and scaled-up action, through scientific and holistic landscape-level restoration approaches, balancing both socio-economic and environmental goals and the diverse needs of various sectors and stakeholders in the landscape. The forest and landscape restoration (FLR) approach has gained momentum in recent years. The concept is based on the recognition that trees and forests comprise critical components of rural landscapes and that diversification at landscape levels can enhance ecological and socio-economic resilience while accommodating different site conditions and land management goals. Given the increasing challenge of mitigating and adapting to climate change and vast expanses of degraded landscapes with decreased capacity to provide essential forest products and services, we are seeing increased political interest and commitment to enhance forest cover and functions, and to FLR, at both international and national levels. With this background, the Food and Agriculture Organization Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (FAO RAP) initiated an effort to develop a strategy and action plan for forest and landscape restoration in the region. Download file Cite this publication as: Chokkalingam, U., Shono, K. 2018. Regional Strategy and Action Plan for Forest and Landscape Restoration in Asia-Pacific. Rome, FAO.

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OrganicAgriculture Food and nutrition Fisheries Agriculture

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N° 1 - 2018 - january/february

Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari

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FAO Repository Library reviews: plant production and health

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Pesticide residues in food 2017. Joint FAO/WHO Meeting on Pesticide Residues. Geneva, Switzerland, 12-21 September 2017. Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Year of publication: 2017 Serial Title: FAO Plant Production and Protection Paper , n. 232 Pages: 104 p. ISBN: 978-92-5-130070-1 Agrovoc: Pesticides, Pollution, Pesticide residues, Environmental control, Toxicology. Abstract: The annual Joint Meeting of the FAO Panel of Experts on Pesticide Residues in Food and the Environment and the WHO Core Assessment Group on Pesticide Residues was held in Geneva, Switzerland, from 12 to 21 September 2017. The FAO Panel of Experts had met in preparatory sessions from 07 to 11 September 2017. The Meeting was held in pursuance of recommendations made by previous Meetings and accepted by the governing bodies of FAO and WHO that studies should be undertaken jointly by experts to evaluate possible hazards to humans arising from the occurrence of pesticide residues in foods. During the meeting the FAO Panel of Experts was responsible for reviewing pesticide use patterns (use of good agricultural practices), data on the chemistry and composition of the pesticides and methods of analysis for pesticide residues and for estimating the maximum residue levels that might occur as a result of the use of the pesticides according to good agricultural use practices. The WHO Core Assessment Group was responsible for reviewing toxicological and related data and for estimating, where possible and appropriate, acceptable daily intakes (ADIs) and acute reference doses (ARfDs) of the pesticides for humans. This report contains information on ADIs, ARfDs, maximum residue levels, and general principles for the evaluation of pesticides. The recommendations of the Joint Meeting, including further research and information, are proposed for use by Member governments of the respective agencies and other interested parties. Download file Cite this publication as: FAO. 2017. Pesticide residues in food 2017. Joint FAO/WHO Meeting on Pesticide Residues. Geneva, Switzerland, 12-21 September 2017. Rome. 104 pp.

FAO Repository Library reviews: General interest The story of the David Lubin Memorial Library: 65th Anniversary, 1952-2017 Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Year of publication: 2017 Pages: 149 p. ISBN: 978-92-5-109942-1 Agrovoc: History, Publications, Libraries, Digital libraries, Collections, Documentation, Access to information, Information services, Agriculture, Italy. Abstract: This book tells the story of the historic events that shaped the Library of FAO. It starts with the International Institute of Agriculture (IIA), the predecessor of FAO, founded in 1905 in Rome by King Vittorio Emanuele III upon the initiative of David Lubin. When FAO was founded in 1945 it was quickly decided that it should become the custodian of the IIA and its Library, which at that time was one of the largest agricultural research collections in the world. The FAO Library was officially opened in Rome in 1952 and named the David Lubin Memorial Library in recognition of Lubin's contribution to international cooperation in the field of agriculture. Over the last 65 years the Library has amassed its own collection, collecting and preserving each and every FAO document ever published. Today the David Lubin Memorial Library preserves one and a half million volumes, which together form the memory of FAO. Download file Cite this publication as: FAO. 2017. The story of The FAO Library - 65th Anniversary 1952-2017. Rome. 148 pp.

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Plant production and health General interest

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Newsletter Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari DOCUMENTATION CENTRE - CIHEAM BARI

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FAO Repository Library reviews: Land and water Saving livelihoods saves lives Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Year of publication: 2018 Pages: 74 ISBN: 978-92-5-130238-5

Land and water

Agrovoc: Resilience, Livelihoods, Emergencies, Support measures, Reports, Risk reduction. Abstract: In 2017 famine reared its head, but the international community gave generously and mobilized rapidly to successfully prevent its spread. The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2017 reported both a rise in the absolute number of people affected by chronic hunger since 2014 and an increase in the global prevalence of undernourishment since 2016. Conflict is the main factor behind this rise in hunger, often exacerbated by severe climate events, like the continued drought in the Horn of Africa. While old conflicts continued without any end in sight, new ones were sparked and millions of people fled their homes in a desperate search for safety, shelter and food. Yet, while we despaired of human capacity for violence, we admired the incredible generosity of neighbouring communities, themselves often struggling to survive, who welcomed them, shared their food and homes and did their best to provide immediate support to these displaced populations. The document provides a summary of major achievements under FAO's resilience programme, including emergencies, in 2017. Download file Cite this publication as: FAO. 2018. Saving livelihoods saves lives. Rome. 74 pp. Advancing the role of natural regeneration in large-scale forest and landscape restoration in the Asia-Pacific region Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO, APFNet Year of publication: 2018 Author: Chokkalingam, U., Shono, K., Sarigumba, M. P., Durst, P.B., Leslie, R. Pages: 126 ISBN: 978-92-5-130144-9 Agrovoc: Asia and the Pacific, Landscape conservation, Forest Landscape Restoration, Natural re generation. Abstract: There are numerous global, regional, national and even subnational targets for increasing forest area and forest restoration. In light of these global targets and emerging ambitious national commitments, it is imperative to develop low-cost strategies and techniques for landscape restoration. The most widely used restoration strategies involving planting of tree seedlings are often costly and their application for restoring vast expanses of degraded forest lands in the region may be limited. Case studies and experiences with natural regeneration from the region have shown that natural regeneration significantly reduces the cost of restoration in areas that meet certain conditions. Native species that are adapted to the prevailing conditions re-establish on their own with some assistance, achieving accelerated growth in accordance with natural succession, leading to the recovery of native ecosystems. Restoration strategies based on natural regeneration also provide low-cost opportunities for conserving biodiversity and enhancing ecosystem services, including carbon sequestration and watershed protection. Despite these economic and environmental advantages, natural regeneration is often overlooked when restoration policies and programmes are designed for a number of reasons. These include lack of its recognition as a viable restoration option, perverse incentives favouring clearing of young secondary growth for plantation development or other land uses, lack of institutional support by government agencies and other organizations, unclear tenure and property rights, lack of incentives for local communities, and uncertainty about the restoration processes and outcomes. Download file Cite this publication as: Chokkalingam, U., Shono, K., Sarigumba, M. P., Durst, P.B., Leslie, R. 2018. Advancing the role of natural regeneration in large-scale forest and landscape restoration in the Asia-Pacific region. Rome, FAO.

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OrganicAgriculture Food and nutrition Fisheries Agriculture

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N° 1 - 2018 - january/february

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FAO Repository Library reviews: Gender The Role of Academia in Promoting Gender and Women's Rights Issues in the Arab World and Southern and Central Europe Abstract: This study maps the main academic programmes that provide genderrelated masters and PhDs in the Euro-Mediterranean region with the aim to examine how the academia is dealing with gender and women's rights issues in this region. This publication is a tool for civil society actors, researchers and students who are considering specializing in gender. Indeed it gives an overview of the institutions best capable to offer the necessary scientific and theoretical bases for approaching gender issues and building more egalitarian societies. The way the academic programmes approach gender and women's rights issues are analysed and paralleled, particularly between the programmes in the Arab World, on the one hand, and between the programmes in the Arab World and Southern and Central Europe, on the other hand. This shows us several models, representations and understandings of the role of academia in the struggle for gender equality. The study also reveals the challenges which the academic institutions face to deal with gender, feminism and women's rights issues according to their history and context. Moreover, it highlights the current interactions between these programmes and research, society, the labour market and politics, among others. Type of publication: Book Publishing house: European Institute of the Mediterranean Author(s): Fatima Sadiqi Year of publication: 2018 Pages: 88 p. Agrovoc: Gender analysis, Gender mainstreaming, Role of women, Rural development, Download file Cite this publication as: Sadiqi, F. 2018. The Role of Academia in Promoting Gender and Women's Rights Issues in the Arab World and Southern and Central Europe. Barcelona, IEMed.

Gender and adaptation planning in the agriculture sectors: the case of Uganda Abstract: This case study chronicles Uganda's experiences developing a gender-responsiv National Adaptation Plan for th Agricultural Sector (NAP-Ag) and relate capacity development for gender-responsive planning, budgeting and policy formulation. Lessons learned from these endeavors can provide insights for other countries who are seeking, like Uganda, to align NAP or agricultural sector NAP efforts with national goals as well as the Paris Agreement (Article 7.5), which mandates gender-responsive adaptation actions and capacitybuilding activities. Type of publication: Case study report Publishing house: FAO Year of publication: 2018 Pages: 12 p. Agrovoc: Gender, Uganda, Climate change adaptation, Climate-smart agriculture. Download file Cite this publication as: FAO. 2018. Gender and adaptation planning in the agriculture sectors: the case of Uganda. Rome. 12 pp.

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Gender

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Newsletter Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari DOCUMENTATION CENTRE - CIHEAM BARI Gender and ICTs - Mainstreaming gender in the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) for agriculture and rural development.

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Gender

Abstract: While the digital revolution is reaching rural areas in many developing countries, the rural digital divide continues to present considerable challenges. The problem is even more acute for women, who face a triple divide: digital, rural and gender. This publication looks at the benefits of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) when placed in the hands of men and women working in agriculture and in rural areas. It examines the challenges to be overcome and makes recommendations so that rural communities can take full and equal advantage of the technologies. FAO's E-agriculture 10 Year Review Report on implementation of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) of the Action Line C7. ICT Applications: e-agriculture concludes that while substantial progress has been made in making ICTs available and accessible for rural communities, challenges remain with respect to the following seven critical factors for success: content, capacity development, gender and diversity, access and participation, partnerships, technologies, and finally, economic, social, and environmental sustainability. This publication analyses with the gender lens the seven factors of success, followed by an overview of the general existing barriers to women's access to, control and use of ICTs. Finally, it offers a series of recommendations for better integration of gender in ICT initiatives, based on gender mainstreaming throughout the seven critical factors of success, illustrated with concrete examples. Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Year of publication: 2018 Pages: 88 p. ISBN: 978-92-5-130367-2 Agrovoc: Gender mainstreaming, Communication technology, Agriculture, Rural development. Download file Cite this publication as: FAO. 2018. Gender and ICTs - Mainstreaming gender in the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) for agriculture and rural development. Rome. 88 pp. Women's participation and leadership in fisherfolk organizations and collective action in fisheries: a review of evidence on enablers, drivers and barriers. Abstract: The increased recognition of the multiplicity of roles played by women in, and their crucial contributions to, the fisheries sector exists in stark contrast with the low presence of women in fisherfolk organizations around the globe, and the lack of access to decision-making positions in many formal fisheries-related organizations. This paper summarizes analyses of a global literature review on women in fisherfolk organizations. The aim of the study was to identify positive examples and lessons learned by pointing to the drivers – as well as the enablers and entities identified in the literature – that have a key role in fostering increased women's participation and leadership in collective action in fisheries. State institutions, social movements and civil society organizations, development and conservation projects, religious movements, academia, endogenous mobilization, charismatic individuals and coincidences have been identified as the key enablers of women's participation in collective action. Dwindling resources and the need to secure management roles, modernization, the allocation of fishing rights, economic changes, family welfare and women's rights, are the main drivers identified by the authors as catalysers of women's engagement in collective action. Finally, the paper identifies some of the barriers faced by women to gain equal access to organizations and decision-making. Although more research on the topic is required, there seems to be consensus on the positive effects for women arising from their engagement in modes of collective action. Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Author(s): Alonso-Población, E, Siar, S.V.

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N° 1 - 2018 - january/february

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Year of publication: 2018 Pages: 48 p. ISBN: 978-92-5-130245-3

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Agrovoc: Gender, Gender analysis, Gender mainstreaming, Role of women, Fishermen, Artisanal fisheries, Fishery organizations, Aquaculture. Download file Cite this publication as: Alonso-Población, E, Siar, S.V. 2018. Women's participation and leadership in fisherfolk organizations and collective action in fisheries: a review of evidence on enablers, drivers and barriers. Rome, FAO.

Gender Strategy for the FNS-CELAC PLAN. Abstract: The objective of this Plan is to contribute to "achieving concrete results that will lead to significant improvements in the quality of life of our peoples, aimed at the eradication of poverty, especially extreme poverty, which guarantee food security with a gender focus and respecting the diversity of dietary habits, in order to meet the challenges of food security and nutrition with a view to eradicating hunger and enjoying the Right to Food, especially in vulnerable sectors of the population". Type of publication: Report Publishing house: FAO Year of publication: 2017 Pages: 26 p. Agrovoc: Gender, Gender analysis, Gender mainstreaming, Role of women, Fishermen, Artisanal fisheries, Fishery organizations, Aquaculture. Download file Cite this publication as: FAO. 2017. Gender Strategy for the FNS-CELAC PLAN. Rome. 26 pp.

Gender Equality in Academia and Research: GEAR Tool Abstract: Institutional change is a strategy aimed at removing the obstacles to gender equality that are inherent in the research system itself, and at adapting institutional practices. Within an institutional change approach, the focus is on the organisation. Research organisations and higher education institutions are invited to implement institutional change relating to human resources management, funding, decisionmaking and research programmes. The main objectives of institutional change are to enhance women's representation and retention at all levels of their scientific careers and to promote the integration of the gender dimension in research and innovation content. Type of publication: Report Publishing house: EIGE - European Institute for Gender Equality Year of publication: 2017 Pages: 60 p. ISBN 978-92-9493-573-1 doi:10.2839/309020 Agrovoc: Gender, Gender analysis, Gender mainstreaming, Role of women, Gender equality. Download file Cite this publication as: EIGE. 2017. Gender Equality in Academia and Research: GEAR Tool. Luxembourg. 60 pp.

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Gender

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Newsletter Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari DOCUMENTATION CENTRE - CIHEAM BARI CIHEAM Bari : Garden Library

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Garden Library

Il futuro delle specie in un mondo più caldo. Gli effetti del cambiamento climatico sulla biodiversità nelle zone prioritarie WWF. Type of publication: report Author(s)/Publishing Entities: Barney Jeffries, Evan Jeffries, Katherine Elliot Publishing house: WWF-UK Year of publication: 2018 Pages: 24 p. Abstract: A fine secolo potremmo assistere ad estinzioni locali in alcuni paradisi come l'Amazzonia, le isole Galapagos e il Mediterraneo. Anche rimanendo entro il limite di 2°C posto dall'accordo sul clima di Parigi, perderemmo il 25% delle specie che popolano le aree chiave per la biodiversità. È uno dei risultati più allarmanti del nuovo studio pubblicato sulla rivista Climatic Change e realizzato da esperti dell'Università dell'East Anglia, della James Cook University e dal WWF. La ricerca ha esaminato l'impatto dei cambiamenti climatici su circa 80.000 specie di piante e animali in 35 delle aree tra le più ricche di biodiversità sul pianeta. Molti decenni di combustione di combustibili fossili, accoppiati ad una crescente deforestazione, stanno avendo un impatto innegabile sulla nostra casa terra. In tutte le regioni del mondo stiamo vedendo i pericoli teorici di ieri diventare la nuova realtà di oggi: gli effetti del riscaldamento globale sono già misurabili, sono negativi ed andranno a peggiorare. A partire dall'innalzamento del livello del mare fino alla ritirata dei ghiacciai, dai sempre più frequenti e gravi eventi meteorologici estremi fino al riscaldamento degli oceani, le conseguenze ambientali di temperature globali più alte si stanno manifestando intorno a noi. Nel frattempo, le società umane – in particolare nelle aree in via di sviluppo – stanno già pagandone i danni in quanto alcune aree diventano inabitabili, la sicurezza alimentare diminuisce, le risorse idriche si riducono e nuove misure sono necessarie per combattere la diffusione delle malattie. Nonostante l'impegno mostrato dalle nazioni del mondo nel raggiungere l'accordo di Parigi sui cambiamenti climatici nel 2015, possiamo aspettarci in futuro molti più danni dovuti ai cambiamenti climatici. E c'è anche qualcos'altro che potremmo vedere: questi impatti ambientali potrebbero portare ad enormi perdite di biodiversità in tutti i continenti e in tutti i gruppi di specie. Questo rapporto riassume un progetto di ricerca innovativo del WWF, che abbiamo condotto in collaborazione con esperti del Tyndall Centre for Climate Change presso l'Università dell'East Anglia. I nostri risultati derivano dall'analisi globale ad oggi più completa degli effetti dei cambiamenti climatici su piante ed animali e dipingono un quadro sorprendente del legame tra le temperature globali e lo stato della fauna selvatica e degli ecosistemi che ci circondano. La ricerca esamina gli impatti previsti di una serie di scenari di riscaldamento su diversi gruppi di specie in 35 "Zone Prioritarie" per la conservazione. Queste regioni contengono buona parte della più ricca e straordinaria biodiversità del pianeta, tra cui molte specie simbolo, in via di estinzione ed endemiche. Mentre i risultati variano, emergono alcuni temi chiave: gli estremi di oggi saranno la normalità di domani; avremo bisogno di sforzi maggiori per mitigare il clima se vogliamo evitare gravi perdite di biodiversità; anche un aumento di 2°C porterà a perdite generalizzate di biodiversità; gli sforzi di conservazione sono cruciali; dobbiamo tagliare le emissioni di gas serra; la pianificazione della conservazione deve considerare i cambiamenti climatici; la consapevolezza è la chiave. Download file Cite this publication as: Jeffries, B., Jeffries, E., Elliot, K. 2018. Il futuro delle specie in un mondo più caldo. Gli effetti del cambiamento climatico sulla biodiversità nelle zone prioritarie WWF. Woking, WWF.

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N° 1 - 2018 - january/february

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Libri musica e giardini …

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Presentato a Bari, presso il Palazzo Ateneo, nel Salone degli Affreschi dell'Università degli Studi di Bari Aldo Moro, il volume l'Italia dei Giardini curato da Vincenzo Cazzato e realizzato dal Touring Club Italiano in collaborazione con l'Associazione Parchi e Giardini d'Italia. L'iniziativa è stata arricchita dalla musica al pianoforte di Anna Maria Scarano e dalle composizioni floreali di Patrizia Loconsole.

L'Italia dei giardini. Viaggio attraverso la bellezza tra natura ed artificio. Italia giardino d'Europa. Nel medioevo i giardini erano confinati ai chiostri dei conventi e, al più, nei cortili di qualche palazzo: furono i Medici a rivoluzionare l'idea di parco e a svilupparla secondo gli ideali rinascimentali di perfezione ed equilibrio. Da allora la penisola è diventata il Paese dei giardini: non c'è famiglia nobile che non ne abbia fatto realizzare uno. Il nostro Paese è uno dei più ricchi nel campo dell'arte dei giardini. Pagina dopo pagina questa guida delinea un suggestivo itinerario tra sorprendenti scenari di architettura e natura. Oltre 300 giardini sono descritti e illustrati, testimonianze del gusto, della storia, del senso della bellezza e dell'autenticità dei luoghi in cui sono stati creati. Un invito alla visita di giardini pubblici e privati che, diversi in ogni regione, si distinguono per la maestria con cui l'uomo ha saputo realizzarli e cerca oggi di preservarne il valore paesaggistico, artistico e culturale. All'inglese, palladiani, esoterici, pieni di statue e ricchi di miti, parchi pubblici e orti botanici: serviva una guida per censire e raccontare almeno i principali. Si chiama “L'Italia dei giardini” ed è pubblicata dal Touring Club Italiano con la collaborazione dell'Associazione Parchi e Giardini d'Italia. Type of publication: book Edited by: Vincenzo Cazzato Publishing house: Touring Serial title: Guide Touring Year of publication: 2016 Pages: 312 p. ISBN: 978-8836569755 Cite this publication as: Touring. 2016. L'Italia dei giardini. Viaggio attraverso la bellezza tra natura ed artificio. Milano. 312 pp.

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Garden Library

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Newsletter Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari DOCUMENTATION CENTRE - CIHEAM BARI

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Hortus Mirabilis

Garden Library

Type of publication: book Author(s)/Publishing Entities: The University of Padova Publishing house: Rizzoli International Publications Serial title: Rizzoli illustrati Year of publication: 2017 Pages: 216 p. ISBN: 978-0847860753 Abstract: Combining historical appeal and the magic of nature, this book offers a fascinating look at one of the oldest and most important gardens, its existence having made a profound contribution to modern science. This beautifully illustrated book captures the wonders of Padua's centuries-old botanical garden, revealing the artistic and architectural features of the complex along with its fabulous collection of plants, some medicinal, some spectacular, and others exceedingly rare. Featuring all-new photography, this book follows the flowering season of the species under study and is accompanied by instructive texts along with anecdotes of scientific and popular interest and incursions into the history of the Italian Renaissance and the civilization of the Republic of Venice. This book makes a wonderful gift for plant lovers and also includes a coloring book of illustrations taken from the photographs. Cite this publication as: Rizzoli International Publications. 2017. Hortus Mirabilis. Milano. 216 pp.

The Book of Seeds: a lifesize guide to six hundred species from around the world Type of publication: book Author(s): Paul Smith Publishing house: The Ivy Press Year of publication: 2018 Pages: 656 p. ISBN: 978-1782405207 Abstract: Seeds are nature's consummate survivors. The next time you admire a field of waving green grassland or a stunning grove of acacia, stop to consider how it got that way—often against incredible odds. Seeds can survive freezing temperatures and drought. They can pass through our digestive systems without damage and weather a trip across the ocean, hitching a ride on marine debris. They can even endure complete desiccation, a feat taken to extraordinary lengths by the date palm, a seed from which was recovered from the palace of Herod the Great was germinated after some two thousand years. The Book of Seeds takes readers through six hundred of the world's seed species, revealing their extraordinary beauty and rich diversity. Each page pairs a beautifully composed photo of a seed—life-size, and, in some cases, enlarged to display fine detail—with a short description, a map showing distribution, and information on conservation status. The whole spectrum of seeds is covered here. There are prolific species like corn and less widely distributed species, like the brilliant blue seeds of the traveler’s palm or the bird of paradise flower, aptly named for its distinctive orange coiffure. There are tiny seeds and seeds weighing up to forty pounds. And while seeds in all their shapes, sizes, and colors grant us sustenance, there are even some we would be wise to treat with caution, such as the rosary pea, whose seeds are considered more toxic than ricin. The essential guide to these complex plant creations, The Book of Seeds offers readers a rare, up-close look that will inspire scientists and nature lovers alike. Cite this publication as: Smith, P. 2018. The Book of Seeds: a lifesize guide to six hundred species from around the world. Brighton, The Ivy Press.

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23 marzo 2018, presentato a Bari il “Nuovo Almanacco BiodiverSO: Biodiversità delle Specie Orticole della Puglia”; il volume raccoglie 240 varietà di ortaggi pugliesi.

Nuovo Almanacco BiodiverSO: Biodiversità delle Specie Orticole della Puglia Type of publication: book Author(s): Rita Accogli, Giulia Conversa, Luigi Ricciardi, Gabriella Sonnante, Pietro Santamaria Coordinator: Pietro Santamaria Publisher: Università degli Studi di Bari Aldo Moro Year of publication: 2018 Pages: 371 p. ISBN: 978-88-6629-024-7

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Newsletter Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari DOCUMENTATION CENTRE - CIHEAM BARI Pierre-Joseph Redoute: The Book of Flowers

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Garden Library

Type of publication: book Author(s)/Publishing Entities: H. Walter Lack Publishing house: Taschen Year of publication: 2018 Pages: 608 p. ISBN: 978-3836568937 Abstract: French flower painter Pierre-Joseph Redouté (1759-1840) devoted himself exclusively to capturing the diversity of flowering plants in watercolor paintings which were then published as copper engravings, with careful botanical descriptions. The darling of wealthy Parisian patrons including Napoleon's wife Josephine, he was dubbed “the Raphael of flowers,” and is regarded to this day as a master of botanical illustration. The Book of Flowers brings together all engravings from Redouté's illustrations of roses and his book Choix des plus belles fleurs (selection of the most beautiful flowers), and the most astounding images from The Lilies. This elegant catalogue brings together all engravings from Redouté's illustrations of Roses and Choix des plus belles fleurs et quelques branches des plus beaux fruits (Selection of the Most Beautiful Blooms and Branches with the Finest Fruits) and the most astounding images from the Lilies. Offering a vibrant overview of Redouté's admixture of accuracy and beauty, it is also a privileged glimpse into the magnificent gardens and greenhouses of a bygone Paris. The author, H Walter Lack, is a professor at the Free University of Berlin and former director of the Berlin-Dahlem Botanical Gardens and Botanical Museum. A leading expert in the history of botany, his research focuses on the global transfer of useful and ornamental plants from a cultural-historical perspective. He's also the author of Taschen's Garden of Eden and The Book of Palms. Cite this publication as: Lack, H.W. 2018. Pierre-Joseph Redoute: The Book of Flowers. Köln, Tasken

Luigi Sisto e-mail: l.sisto@iamb.it Tel. 080/4606265 Editorial board: Giuseppe Inchingolo e-mail: inchingolog@iamb.it Tel. 080/4606269 Wanda Occhialini e-mail: occhialini@iamb.it Tel. 080/4606266 Graphic design and layout: Fabio La Notte e-mail: lanotte@iamb.it Tel.080/4606221

Editor-in-chief:

La presente newsletter non viene considerata una “testata giornalistica” e neppure un “prodotto editoriale” ai sensi della legge n° 62 del 7.03.2001. I testi e le immagini inserite nella sezione “news” sono tratte da siti internet e, pertanto, considerate di pubblico dominio. Tuttavia i curatori della presente si impegnano a citarne le fonti tramite link ai siti web di riferimento non ritenendosi quindi responsabili del loro contenuto che può essere soggetto a variazioni nel tempo. This newsletter is neither deemed to be a “newspaper” nor an “editorial product” under the terms of law no. 62 of 7 March 2001. Texts and images in the “news” section are taken from Internet websites and are thus considered to be in the public domain. However, the editors of this newsletter are committed to quote the sources through links to the reference websites and, therefore, they shall not be held liable for their content that may be subject to possible changes over time.

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News 01-2018  
News 01-2018  
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