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News from the library is a bimonthly newsletter providing timely, lively and informative articles on new releases from CIHEAM Bari Institute, the latest additions to the library's collection of books and articles, focus on the most important scientific journals, news from the world's libraries and international associations' activities.

Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari www.iamb.it

DOCUMENTATION CENTRE - CIHEAM BARI

New releases from CIHEAM pag. 1

Contents

The magazine of the month pag. 2 - 7

New releases from CIHEAM Actes de la Conférence EuroMéditerranéenne sur l'Agriculture tenue à Palermo le 27 et 28 Novembre 2014

News pag. 7 - 10 CIHEAM Bari Library Organic Agriculture pag. 11 - 13 FAO Repository Library: reviews Gender pag. 14 - 16 Land and Water Resources Management pag. 17 - 18 Animal production and health pag. 19 - 20 Agriculture pag. 21 - 25 Fisheries and aquaculture pag. 26 - 27 Forestry pag. 28 Food and nutrition pag. 29 - 30 GardenLibrary pag. 31 - 34 CIHEAM Bari Library IPM pag. 35

Editor-in-chief: Luigi Sisto Editorial board: Giuseppe Inchingolo Wanda Occhialini Graphic design and layout: Fabio La Notte

Newsletter N° 3 - 2017 - may/june

Abstract: This meeting focusing on “The role of youth and new generations for the development of agriculture, importance of research and exchange of experiences for a sustainable agriculture”, confirms the strong involvement of Italy in promoting cooperation between Europe and the other Mediterranean States as well as Italy's efforts in placing sustainable agriculture as a top priority of the political agenda. During the conference, we have continued to debate what we started to discuss in 2003, at the first Euro-Mediterranean Conference on Agriculture and Fisheries, held in Venice, and we have anticipated the debates of the Universal Exposition "Feeding the planet, Energy for life", held in Milan shortly after, in 2015. European and Mediterranean governments increasingly recognize the strategic importance of agriculture when facing the upcoming global challenges. On the one hand, our farmers are called to feed an

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ever-growing population, while on the other hand, climate change and global warming jeopardize the capacity of many territories to even maintain their actual level of agricultural production. Moreover, the political crisis that are shaking the Mediterranean highlight the importance of generating wealth and employment in rural areas, in order to counteract rural exodus, migrations and the escalation of radicalism, conflicts and terrorism. Mediterranean youth will play a fundamental role in facing these challenges and in making our agricultural sectors more productive and modern and our rural areas more wealthy. However, the participation of youth in agriculture is declining in all our countries. One of our commitments is therefore to stimulate the interest and enthusiasm of young people in agriculture and fisheries and to support their efforts when setting up a farm or a fishery activity. Boosting research and creating innovation is also fundamental in making agriculture more profitable and more attractive to young people. In this context, it is essential to coordinate the Mediterranean efforts in agricultural research and to strengthen the networks and exchanges between our researchers. The latter should take account of the needs and constraints of farmers, in order to propose innovation that is immediately applicable and also accessible to poor farmers. Infos: Type of publication: Book Author(s): Cosimo Lacirignola, Vincenzo Fersino Publishing house: CIHEAM Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 130 p. Language : English Tags: Agricultural development; Agricultural policies; Agricultural production; Cooperation; Mediterranean region; Rural development; Sustainability agriculture; Young workers.


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The magazine of the month

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The Source Data Table shows the number of citable items in the the JCR year. Citable items are further divided into articles (that is, research articles) and reviews. The table also shows the number of references cited by the articles and reviews in the JCR year. The ratio of references to citable items indicates the average number of references cited by an article or review.)

Agricultural Economics : the Journal of the International Association of Agricultural Economists. - Vol. 1, n. 1 (dec. 1986)-. - Amsterdam [etc.] : Elsevier, 1986-. v. : ill. ; 27 cm. - Bimestrale. - Dal 2005 luogo ed editore cambiano: Oxford : Blackwell. - ISSN 01695150. Full Journal Title: Agricultural Economics : the Journal of the International Association of Agricultural Economists JCR Abbrev. Title: AGR ECON Editors-in-Chief: Awudu Abdulai and Ashok Mishra ISSN: 0169-5150 Issues/Year: 6 Language: ENGLISH Journal Country/Territory: ENGLAND Publisher: BLACKWELL PUBLISHING Subject Categories: AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS, POLICY, SCIENCE. Impact Factor: 1.758 5-Year Impact Factor: 2.099 Availabile in IAMB Library ISI Journal Citation Reports Š Ranking: 2016: 5/17 (Agricultural Economics & Policy); 80/347 (Economics)

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Rank information is included for both the JCR Impact Factor and ESI Total Citations. Category ranking is presented by year in descending order for each category in which the journal is ranked in both the JCR and ESI. JCR Impact Factor table also includes the Quartile and JIF Percentile for each year. ESI Total citations provides rank and quartile, in addition to a graph of Total Citations by JCR years.


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The Cited Journal Graph shows the distribution (by cited year) of citations published in journals during the JCR year to items published in the Journal during the last 10 years. The white/grey division indicates the cited half-life (if < 10.0). Half of the citations are to items that were published more recently than the cited half-life. The two light-orange columns indicate citations used to calculate the Impact Factor (always the 2nd and 3rd columns).

The Citing Journal Graph shows the distribution (by cited year) of citations published in the Journal during the JCR year to items published in journals during the last 10 years. The white/grey division indicates the citing half-life (if < 10.0). Half of the citations are to items that were published more recently than the citing half-life.

The Category box plot depicts the distribution of Impact Factors for all journals in the category. The horizontal line that forms the top of the box is the 75th percentile (Q1). The horizontal line that forms the

bottom is the 25th percentile (Q3). The horizontal line that intersects the box is the median Impact Factor for the category. Box plots are provided for each category in which the journal is indexed.

The Journal Relationships visualization displays the citing or cited data relationships between the parent journal and the top twenty journals in its network. On the diagram, the top twenty cited or citing journals are displayed as arcs on the circle. The size of each arc is indicative of the relative citation relationships to that journal. The thickness of the chords connecting the arcs is demonstrative of the strength of citation relationship between the journals. [Fonte: ISI Web of Knowledge] Overview: Agricultural Economics is the journal of the International Association of Agricultural Economists. The journal serves the IAAE by disseminating some of the most important research results and policy analyses in our discipline from around the world. We aim to cover the economics of agriculture in its broadest sense, from food consumption and nutrition to land use and the environment, at every scale of analysis from households to markets and the macroeconomy. Aims & Scope: Agricultural Economics aims to disseminate the most important research results and policy analyses in our discipline, from all regions of the world. Topical coverage ranges from consumption and nutrition to land use and the environment, at every scale of analysis from households to markets and the macroeconomy. Applicable methodologies include econometric estimation and statistical hypothesis testing, optimization and simulation models, descriptive reviews and policy analyses. We particularly encourage submission of empirical work that can be replicated and tested by others. Keywords:

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Economics, journal,international, association, IAAE, agriculture, development, theory, natural resources, farm management, exchange, structures, rural, journal, article, periodical, analysis, research, entrepreneurship, macroeconomics, policy. Abstracting and Indexing Information: Abstracts on Hygiene & Communicable Diseases (CABI); AgBiotech News & Information (CABI); AgBiotechNet (CABI); AGRICOLA Database (National Agricultural Library); Agricultural & Environmental Science Database (ProQuest); Agricultural Engineering Abstracts (CABI); Agroforestry Abstracts (CABI); Animal Breeding Abstracts (CABI); Biocontrol News & Information (CABI); Biofuels Abstracts (CABI); Biological & Agricultural Index Plus (EBSCO Publishing); BIOSIS (Clarivate Analytics); CAB Abstracts® (CABI); CABDirect (CABI); Crop Physiology Abstracts (CABI); Current Contents: Agriculture, Biology & Environmental Sciences (Clarivate Analytics); Current Contents: Social & Behavioral Sciences (Clarivate Analytics); Dairy Science Abstracts (CABI); EconLit (AEA); Field Crop Abstracts (CABI); Forest Products Abstracts (CABI) Forestry Abstracts (CABI); GEOBASE (Elsevier); Global Health (CABI); Grasslands & Forage Abstracts (CABI); Horticultural Science Abstracts (CABI); Index Veterinarius (CABI); Ingenta Select; International Development Abstracts (Elsevier); ISI Alerting Services. IAAE Information: The International Association of Agricultural Economists (IAAE) has a worldwide membership of agricultural economists and others concerned with agricultural economic problems, organized to: Foster the application of agricultural economics to improve rural economic and social conditions. Advance knowledge of agriculture's economic organization. Facilitate communication and information exchange among those concerned with rural welfare. The journal is also available in electronic format: for access ask to inchingolog@iamb.it Latest articles from Volume 48, Issue 3, May 2017 ISSN: 0169-5150 Motivations to grow energy crops: the role of crop and contract attributes

to examine the effect of crop-contract attributes on the joint discrete-continuous choice decisions to adopt an energy crop and convert acres to it from a status quo use, while controlling for the effect of various farmers' risk and time preferences, sociodemographic characteristics, and availability of crop insurance for conventional crops. We find robust evidence that high discount rates, high upfront establishment costs and need for crop-specific investments create disincentives for adoption and allocation of land to energy crop production. The effects of riskiness of returns and risk aversion are less robust across specifications. The effect of conventional crop insurance on the energy crop adoption decision differs across types of insurance; in particular, farmers with revenue insurance are statistically significantly less likely to adopt an energy crop. Our results have implications for the design of effective contracts and policy incentives to induce the production of energy crops … [read more]. Keywords: Choice experiment; Contract attributes; Crop insurance; Risk and time preferences Wheat variety yield data: Do commercial and public performance tests provide the same information? Frank Kyekyeku Nti, Andrew Barkley Wheat yields from reported performance test results are of economic importance to wheat producers, since their profits depend on selecting the optimal variety for their location. However, our data shows differences in absolute and relative wheat yields between commercial and public wheat breeding program's performance test data in Kansas. Newly available data are used to test if the difference in yields arose from potential selectivity bias, and to determine the contribution of private and public wheat breeding programs to varietal yield improvement during 2007–2012. Both Heckman selection models and multiple regression showed no statistical evidence of the potential presence of selectivity bias rather, managerial practices, agronomic conditions, field location, and inherent genetic traits of the seed variety were identify as the source of yield differences … [read more]. Keywords: Selection bias; Heckman model; Wheat breeding program; Experimental site; Private wheat breeding; Public wheat breeding; Performance tests

Madhu Khanna, Jordan Louviere, Xi Yang Perennial energy crops are a promising source of bioenergy whose production involves production risks, long-term commitment of land and need for crop-specific investments without the coverage of crop insurance potentially available for conventional crops. We conduct a choice experiment in five states in the Midwestern and South-central regions of the U.S.

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Modeling farmers' decisions on tea varieties in Vietnam: a multinomial logit analysis Phu Nguyen-Van, Cyrielle Poiraud, Nguyen To-The This article analyzes households' choice on tea varieties in Vietnam by using a multinomial logit model. The modeling takes into account the issue of


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unobserved individual heterogeneity and the endogeneity of some explanatory variables (use of chemical and organic fertilizers). The results show that important factors influencing the decision to adopt one type of tea varieties include income, age, household size, farming contract, and use of organic fertilizers, but also membership of professional associations such as the Tea Association and the Farmers Union … [read more]. K e y w o rd s : M u l t i n o m i a l l o g i t ; U n o b s e r v e d heterogeneity; Tea varieties; Vietnam Leveling the field for biofuels: comparing the economic and environmental impacts of biofuel and other export crops in Malawi Franziska Schuenemann, James Thurlow, Manfred Zeller Biofuels often raise the specter of food insecurity, water resource depletion, and greenhouse gas emissions from land clearing. These concerns underpin the “sustainability criteria” governing access to European biofuel markets. However, it is unclear if producing biofuels in low-income countries does exacerbate poverty and food insecurity, and moreover, whether the sustainability criteria should apply to all agricultural exports entering European markets. We develop an integrated modeling framework to simultaneously assess the economic and environmental impacts of producing biofuels in Malawi. We incorporate the effects of land use change on crop water use, and the opportunity costs of using scarce resources for biofuels instead of other crops. We find that biofuel production reduces poverty and food insecurity by raising household incomes. Irrigated outgrower schemes, rather than estate farms, lead to better economic outcomes, fewer emissions, and similar water requirements. Nevertheless, to gain access to European markets, Malawi would need to reduce emissions from ethanol plants. We find that biofuels' economic and emissions outcomes are generally preferable to tobacco or soybeans. We conclude that the sustainability criteria encourage more sustainable biofuel production in countries like Malawi, but are perhaps overly biased against biofuels since other export crops raise similar concerns about food security and environmental impacts … [read more].

Agronomic analyses of new technologies are often conducted under carefully controlled research station programs or trials managed by self-selected farmers. Oftentimes, the technologies are then scaled up with minimal evaluation under real-world conditions. Yet, the interim step between agronomic trials and largescale promotion is crucial to generate evidence on the social and economic impact of technologies that is both internally valid and generalizable. The article focuses on a participatory action research program in Malawi designed to test and identify scalable technology options to intensify the smallholder sector and contribute to poverty reduction and food and nutrition security. We examine the socioeconomic characteristics of farmers testing technologies and find evidence of systematic targeting of better-endowed farmers. After controlling for observable differences using matching and a doubly robust estimator, we find evidence of early positive effects on maize yield and harvest value, although placebo tests suggest possible selection on unobservables. We note that attention should be given to program design and household characterization to better define and improve targeting criteria, technology selection, and external validity … [read more]. K e y w o rd s : I m p a c t e v a l u a t i o n ; S u s t a i n a b l e intensification; Technology adoption; Agricultural policy; Malawi The effect of intellectual property rights on agricultural productivity Mercedes Campi

Targeting, bias, and expected impact of complex innovations on developing-country agriculture: evidence from Malawi

This article explores how the strengthening of intellectual property (IP) protection affects agricultural productivity in a panel of countries for the period 1961–2011. Using an index of IP protection for plant varieties, we study the effect of stronger intellectual property rights (IPRs) on cereal yields and two different types of cereals: Open-pollinated (wheat) and hybrid (maize). We found that the strengthening of IPRs has a positive effect on productivity of cereals for high- and low-income countries. However, we found no significant effect for middle-income countries. In addition, we found that becoming a member of the Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights negatively affects cereal yields. Finally, we found evidence of the existence of nonlinearities in the effect of IPRs on agricultural yields, which confirms a threshold effect of IPRs that also varies for countries of different income level. The findings support the hypothesis that country specificities are important in determining the effect of IPRs and imply that there is no unique system that fits all … [read more].

Beliyou Haile, Carlo Azzarri, Cleo Roberts, David J. Spielman

Keywords: Intellectual property rights; Productivity; Agriculture; International comparison

Keywords: Biofuels; Economic growth; Food security; Water; Malawi

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Erosion mitigation in the Waikato District, New Zealand: economic implications for agriculture

suitable control groups are found. Findings are robust under various alternative specifications… [read more].

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Mario Andres Fernandez, Adam Daigneault Soil erosion, in its various forms, is caused or aggravated by agricultural activities. Mitigation of surface erosion comprises the construction of shelterbelts, fencing, riparian buffering, and stock reduction. Mitigation of mass-movement erosion, in turn, takes the form of spaced planting of trees to maintain a persistent, healthy, and complete ground cover. In this article, we assess the economic implications to agriculture of the adoption of mitigation alternatives for erosion control in the Waikato District, New Zealand. The Waikato District presents a spatial pattern of erosion that affects profitability of dairy, and sheep and beef enterprises. We use the Universal Soil Loss Equation and the New Zealand Empirical Erosion Model to estimate erosion figures that are then fed into an economic-focused, nonlinear, partial equilibrium mathematical programming model of New Zealand land use. Different scenarios are constructed for surface and mass-movement soil erosion targets ranging from 0% to 50% below baseline levels. We find that achieving surface erosion targets is more expensive than massmovement targets, and results in different responses in regional-level costs, land use, enterprise net revenue, and adoption of mitigation alternatives … [read more]. Keywords: Soil degradation; Mitigation efforts; Agrienvironmental policy; Co-benefits

Keywords: Agricultural mechanization through tractor hiring; Returns to scale; Production function; Inverse probability weighted estimator; Nepal Terai; Agricultural transformation. The heterogeneous farm-level impact of the 2005 CAP-first pillar reform: A multivalued treatment effect estimation Roberto Esposti This article aims to evaluate the impact of the 2005 reform of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) on farm production choices as a treatment effect (TE). This impact is measured through alternative metrics of the short-term changes of the output vector. The heterogeneity of the response to the reform is assessed by estimating both average and quantile TE. As this heterogeneous response may depend on the different farm-level CAP support, a multivalued treatment approach is adopted and applied to treated units (i.e., supported farms). This approach is applied to a balanced panel of Italian FADN farms observed over years 2003–2007. Results show that the 2005 reform of the first pillar of the CAP actually had an impact in (re)orienting short-term farm production choices but this response is largely heterogeneous and concentrated in the lower levels of support … [read more].

Custom-hired tractor services and returns to scale in smallholder agriculture: a production function approach

Keywords: Treatment effects; Common Agricultural Policy; Farm production choices.

Hiroyuki Takeshima

“Resistance is futile”: estimating the costs of managing herbicide resistance as a first-order Markov process and the case of U.S. upland cotton producers

Historically, agricultural transformation has often accompanied the increase in the returns to scale. Little direct evidence exists, however, on what actually causes such increase, despite the knowledge of many factors that are associated with this increase. We fill this knowledge gap by testing whether hiring in tractor services has raised returns to scale in agriculture at the household level in Nepal Terai that has undergone rapid growth in the tractor use through custom-hiring services. Using Switching Regression and InverseProbability-Weighted Generalized Method of Moments, we address two sources of endogeneity involved with the estimation of returns to scale; (1) farmers’ self-selection on whether to hire in tractor services and (2) use of inputs in the production function. For both Cobb-Douglas and Translog production function specifications, we find that hiring in tractor services significantly increased the returns to scale in agricultural production by about 0.2 ∼ 0.3 among farm households not owning tractors, for which

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Dayton M. Lambert, James A. Larson, Roland K. Roberts, Burton C. English, Xia “Vivian” Zhou, Lawrence L. Falconer, Robert J. Hogan Jr., Jason L. Johnson, Jeanne M. Reeves A 2012 survey of upland U.S. cotton producers was analyzed to determine the factors contributing to changes in weed management costs (WMCs) after the identification of herbicide-resistant weeds. An ordered probit regression estimated changes in WMC as a firstorder Markov process. The most important determinants of post-resistance cost increases were initial WMCs, adoption of labor-intensive remedial practices, and wick application of herbicides. Cultivation and mechanical/chemical-intensive practices did not increase WMCs. Post-resistance changes in WMC ranged between $85 and $138 ha−1,


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depending on the practices adopted. WMCs increased by $88 ha−1 when cost-neutral practices were adopted. The in-sample aggregate costs of managing herbicide resistance ranged between $25 and $53 million, depending on the types of adopted practices … [read more]. Keywords: Ordered probit; Herbicide resistance; Cotton; Markov transition probabilities; Cost. Do the EU countries import at the same price? The case of coffee Andrea Cerasa, Daniela Buscaglia The establishment of the Economic and Monetary Union was expected to determine price convergence in the market of the European Union, leading to the equilibrium theorized by the law of one price. This article investigates prices convergence in the coffee market among European importers. Coffee is not only a tradable and traded good, but also one of the most valuable traded commodities. We account for different qualities of coffee in a hedonic regression model, which isolate and remove the effects of factors that might affect price dispersion. Adjusted import prices result to be significantly different between European Member States, and do not support the hypothesis of a deepening European market integration … [read more]. Keywords: International trade; Coffee market; Law of one price; Hedonic regression.

Open Access, Public Access, Meaningful Access: Libraries heard at WSIS Forum and Human Rights Council Article 19 of the Universal Convention on Human Rights offers freedom of access to information for all. This freedom has long been at the heart of the work of libraries. IFLA's presence at the World Summit on the Information Society Forum 2017 and the 35th Session of the Human Rights Council allowed delegates to hear

the skills necessary to make information useful). Promoting Open Access IFLA has advocated for open access to research publications since the early 2000s, arguing that this is key to ensuring that the benefits of science and innovation can spread to the largest possible number of people. When work is produced by public institutions, or using public money, the argument for open access is all the stronger. This is the point IFLA made in a panel looking at the adoption of open access by intergovernmental organisations, alongside the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO), UNESCO, the World Health Organisation, CERN, the European Space Agency, and the Asian Development Bank. UNESCO and WIPO have been particularly active in this field, a point underlined by IFLA in calling for further progress across the board. Promoting Public Access The role of libraries and other community spaces in giving free public access to the Internet will be important for as long as there are people who do not have the money or inclination to get Internet access at home. In a session focusing on the situation of Small Island Developing States, IFLA stressed that libraries can play a vital role in places where an Internet connection can cost as much as the average wage. In addition, by providing a trusted public space, they can bring together other services, and contribute to community building. For public access to work, it is important that there are no unnecessary barriers. IFLA joined a consultation at the Human Rights Council, underlining concerns about the use of filtering technologies and algorithms in controlling Internet access – how can people know whether what they are seeing or posting is being blocked or manipulated? IFLA also highlighted the risk that contract terms and technological protection measures can undermine the rights given to uses through exceptions and limitations to copyright. Promoting Meaningful Access

the library perspective on three aspects of access – open (free for users), public (Internet access in libraries) and meaningful (ensuring that people have

Finally, IFLA highlighted the importance of ensuring that access to information comes with the skills that allow people to use it. With the current concern about fake news, IFLA suggested that the only effective response was to help people of all ages develop the skills necessary to spot lies online. Given the speed at which stories can travel, no regulation could be fast enough. On the positive side, developing skills and attitudes online could help everyone take advantage of the opportunities created by the Internet. There are countless examples of libraries doing this, drawing on their unique, trusted place in the community, and the skills and motivation of their staff. As our societies and the ways in which we access information changes, the role of libraries is changing also. Far from diminishing,

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libraries are as important as ever, not only in terms of their practical work in bridging the digital divide, but also in bringing their values and working methods to the governance of the Internet.

find their place and thrive online. From the most basic ICT skills to the deep critical thinking needed to see through fake news and biases, libraries are actively involved.

The World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) Forum is an annual event bringing together governments, business and civil society, from around the world. This year's theme was how Information and Communications Technologies can help deliver the Sustainable Development Goals. The Human Rights Council meets at least three times a year, and discusses both country specific reports and broader themes, for example freedom of expression or cultural rights.

As well as promoting upcoming work on the Library Map of the Worldand Development and Access to Information, IFLA also joined a discussion on the Right To Be Forgotten. This provided an opportunity to call on decision makers to remember the importance of archiving and preservation. While privacy requirements can justify the removal of links from search results, they should not lead to the irrevocable destruction of materials.

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More than Wires: IFLA Highlights Role of Libraries in Providing Meaningful Internet Access at EuroDIG IFLA and Estonian Librarians together, representing libraries at EuroDIG

IFLA encourages its members to engage in regional and national meetings of the Internet Governance Forum. You can find a list of upcoming meetings here.

Libraries, Human Rights and the Internet: IFLA Engages in Geneva International Telecommunications Union building, Geneva (Photo: Koichi Shibata) Libraries have a major practical role in giving their users access to knowledge and protecting their

With long established worries about the digital divide meeting rapidly growing concerns about fake news, it is clear that alongside the immense benefits the Internet brings, there are also challenges. From the most developed countries in the world, to those which are enjoying connectivity for the first time, there is a need to think beyond the hardware such as computers and wifi emitters. More and more people recognise that it is the 'software' â&#x20AC;&#x201C; the knowledge, skills, behaviours and attitudes of individuals in using the Internet that is crucial. This is also an area where libraries have a major role to play. This is the message that IFLA brought to this year's â&#x20AC;&#x201C; EuroDIG the European Dialogue on Internet Governance, which brought together people from 63 countries, and from across government, intergovernmental organisations, business, academia and civil society, to Tallinn from 5-7 June. Speaking on four different panels, IFLA underlined that their experience, dedication, public service nature, skills, space, and knowledge of community needs make libraries essential to ensure that everyone can

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intellectual freedom. As well as public access to Internet connections, they offer both the hard technology and softer skills necessary to use and make the most of it. They also give the opportunity for people to undertake research, or read for pleasure, in a way that protects privacy as far as possible. Yet they also bring a series of core values, which are as applicable in an Internet-enabled modern information society as they were in a pre-digital age. Free access to information and free expression, transparency about controls or limits in place, a focus on public service, especially to the most vulnerable â&#x20AC;&#x201C; all are already at the heart of librarianship. And as Vint Cerf underlined at a recent event in Washington, the


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values of libraries should also underpin the development of the Internet. In the coming week, IFLA will participate in both the 2017 Conference of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS), and the Human Rights Council. WSIS covers a wide range of subjects connected to the Internet, from access in villages to global regulation and processes. IFLA will be speaking in sessions on open access in intergovernmental organisations, the role of libraries in supporting development in small island developing states, and on the role of digital literacy skills in empowering Internet users. The Human Rights Council will include sessions by the Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression, Professor David Kaye. Professor Kaye will talk about access to information in intergovernmental organisations, freedom of expression questions linked to the fact that more and more of our communication is digital, and responses to the issue of 'fake news'. Bring the Persecution of Librarians to an End: IFLA President Donna Scheeder on the Judgement in the Case of Natalya Sharina Ever since her arrest in October 2015, IFLA has followed closely the case of Natalya Sharina, the former librarian of the Library of Ukrainian Literature in Moscow. Natalya was accused of inciting hatred or animosity toward a social group, and subsequently of misappropriation of funds. IFLA made statements in November 2015, May 2016, September 2016 and December 2016.

With laws and judgements in the European Union and elsewhere emerging from 2013, onwards, IFLA released a statement on the Right to Be Forgotten. In this, IFLA notes that “while the intent of the right to be forgotten is not generally to destroy information or to entirely remove it from availability through the Internet, it makes published information much more difficult to find. In practice, this can, in some cases, have the same effect as removing information”. As a result, the statement underlines the importance of a careful balance between privacy and access, with transparent and proportionate approach to decisionmaking. It also stressed that the removal of links from search engine results should not lead to the destruction of the underlying information. And it encouraged IFLA's members to watch out for similar legislation or judgements in their countries, and to engage in order to protect the principles set out in the statement. On 29 May 2017, library representatives and other civil society organisations were received at the Senate of Chile. The Comisión de Constitución, Legislación, Justicia y Reglamento of the Senate is currently discussing the Draft Law that regulates the protection and treatment of personal data and creates the Protection of Personal Data Agency (Boletines Nos. 11.144-07 and 11.092-97). The debate is now at a first constitutional stage of the legislative process. During their speech at the Commission, library representatives referred to the need to defend access to information as well as the importance of the right to be forgotten and the need to find a balance between this two principles. The President of the Commission recognized that the contributions to the process by library representatives would enrich the discussions.

In light of the judgement in the case of Natalya Sharina, IFLA President Donna Scheeder has made a statement, underlining IFLA's disappointment with the judgement, and calling on Russia, and on governments everywhere, to bring the banning of books and the persecution of librarians to an end. Read the full statement. Don't Forget the Library Voice in the Right to Be Forgotten: Libraries Engage in Chile The Internet has made information easier to share and access than ever before. As long as links remain live, it also means that age is not a barrier to discovery, with search engines able to sort through billions of pages in order to highlight results. This possibility makes a major contribution to the usability of the Internet. At the same time, there have been growing concerns about how easy it can be to discover information that people, for a variety of reasons may wish to consign to history.

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Booktown: ecco le cittadine europee che “vivono” di librerie e festival letterari

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Uno speciale dedicato alle cittadine letterarie d'Europa, che fanno dei libri e delle librerie la loro ragion d'essere, veri paradisi per gli amanti della lettura: dal Galles alla Norvegia, passando per la Spagna, ecco le più interessanti... Sono diverse le piccole cittadine che, avendo alle spalle un passato industriale infelice, hanno deciso di reinventarsi tramite i libri, ospitando letture e festival letterari, aprendo librerie specializzate in ogni campo, testi usati compresi; una delle prime fu Hay-On-Wye, in Galles, nel 1961. Da allora il movimento si è notevolmente ampliato e ha preso il nome di Booktown, dalla piattaforma che connette tutte le “città letterarie” del pianeta, dall'Europa alla Malesia, fino alla Korea. Prendendo spunto da AtlasObscura, vi elenchiamo alcune delle più belle cittadine letterarie europee. Fjærland, Norvegia Fino al 1985 Fjærland, cittadina norvegese il cui primo insediamento risale al tempo dei Vichinghi, era raggiungibile soltanto in barca. Qui libri e librerie si annidano nelle vecchie stalle e in diverse costruzioni rurali e da quando, nel 1996, la città ha aderito al progetto booktown, diventando una città letteraria, attrae ogni anno un flusso costante di turisti, tutti accomunati dall'amore per la lettura.

Redu, Belgio Anche nota come “Village du Livre”, Redu è una

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piccola cittadina che conta all'incirca 400 abitanti sparsi nelle foreste delle Ardenne, e ben 20 librerie; ognuna di queste è specializzata in una disciplina diversa, dalla scienza alla medicina alla nautica, con testi in diverse lingue per il pubblico belga. Ogni agosto Redu ospita la Notte del Libro, durante la quale le librerie tengono aperto tutta la notte. Sedbergh, Inghilterra Sedbergh, in Inghilterra, è diventata una booktown nel 2001, con l'obiettivo di attirare più turisti in città. Oggi a via principale si presenta come una schiera di librerie, tutte una in fila all'altra, e la campagna circostante è passata dal produrre lana all'assicurarsi un futuro nel mondo dei libri. Urueña, Spagna Di Urueña vi avevamo già parlato: è un borgo medioevale spagnolo che conta ben 12 librerie indipendenti per circa 300 abitanti, una vera e propria città del libro. Hay-On-Wye, Galles La prima delle città letterarie, una ridente cittadina del Galles, dove oggi i libri sono veramente ovunque, affacciati ai davanzali e nascosti agli angoli delle strade. Vi si trova perfino un “Honesty bookshop”, una libreria ricca di libri a disposizione di tutti situata vicino alle rovine di un vecchio castello: sopravvive sull'onesta di chi, quando prende un libro, lascia i soldi per pagarlo in una scatola sugli scaffali. di Redazione Il Libraio


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CIHEAM Bari Library Organic Agriculture

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Abstract: Organic agriculture is practiced in 179 countries, and 50.9 million hectares of agricultural land are managed organically by approximately 2.4 million farmers. The global sales of organic food and drink reached 81.6 billion US dollars in 2015, according to Organic Monitor. The 18th edition of The World of Organic Agriculture documents recent developments in global organic agriculture. It includes contributions from representatives of the organic sector from throughout the world and provides comprehensive organic farming statistics that cover surface area under organic management, specific information about land use in organic systems, numbers of farms and other operator types as well as selected market data. The book also contains information on the global market for organic food, the latest developments in organic certification, information on standards and regulations as well as insights into current and emerging trends for organic agriculture in Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America, North America and Oceania. In addition, the volume contains reports about the organic sector in Australia, Canada, the Pacific Islands, Thailand, and the United States of america, as well as brief updates for varous countries in Asia and in Latin America and the Caribbean. The book also include an article about organic cotton from the Textile Exchange and a chapter on the organic and the Fairtrade markets. Type of publication: Book Publishing house: IFOAM & FiBL - Organics International Author(s): Helga Willer, Julia Lernoud Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 338 p. Language : English ISBN 978-3-03736-041-5 Tags: Certification; Organic farming; Organic foods; Organic markets; Statistical analysis; Statistics. The world of organic agriculture : statistics and emerging trends 2016 Abstract: The 17th edition of The World of Organic Agriculture documents recent developments in global organic agriculture. It includes contributions from representatives of the organic sector from throughout the world and provides comprehensive organic farming statistics that cover surface area under organic management, specific information about land use in organic systems, numbers of farms and other operator types as well as selected market data. The book also contains information on the global market for organic food, the latest developments in organic certification, information on standards and regulations as well as insights into current and emerging trends for organic agriculture in Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America, North America and Oceania. In addition, the volume contains reports about the organic sector in Australia, Canada, the Pacific Islands, Thailand, and the United States of america, as well as brief updates for varous countries in Asia and in Latin America and the Caribbean.

Type of publication: Book Publishing house: IFOAM & FiBL Author(s): Helga Willer, Julia Lernoud Publication date: 2016 Number of pages : 340 p. Language : English ISBN 978-3-944372-14-3 (IFOAM) ISBN 978-3-03736-306-5 (FiBL) Tags: Certification; Organic farming; Organic foods; Organic markets; Statistical analysis; Statistics.

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Organic Agriculture

The world of organic agriculture : statistics and emerging trends 2017


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Organic Agriculture

Guidelines for Experimental Practice in Organic Greenhouse Horticulture Abstract: The aim of this handbook of experimental guidelines is to help conduct experiments for organic horticulture in greenhouses throughout Europe. It considers vegetables, fruit and ornamental production. Using standardised research procedures for experiments will aid a comparison of results and dissemination of knowledge. The editors have tried to incorporate as many climatic zones, countries and crops as possible in order to represent a wide area of Europe although some smaller crops or certain specific climates could not be included. In 2008, at the occasion of the 16th IFOAM Organic World Congress in Modena, Italy, about 25 participants expressed their interest to work together in the field of research and development for organic greenhouse or protected horticulture. To materialize this a two day workshop was organised in Cologne in 2009 to discuss the subject and how a collaboration could be formalised. This was attended by 45 people from all over Europe and from Canada. It was decided to work together in the field of organic protected horticulture concerning planting material, soil fertility, water management, disease and pest management, climate control and Energy conservation, and sustainability. The group also agreed to submit a COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology) Action on the same subject. In mid 2011 the proposal Towards a sustainable and productive EU organic greenhouse horticulture, in short, BioGreenhouse, was submitted. At the end of 2011 COST approved this proposal as COST Action FA1105 , which aims to build a network of experts working in the field of organic protected horticulture and to develop and communicate, through coordinated international efforts, knowledge for new and improved production strategies, methods and and technologies to support sustainable and productive organic greenhouse/protected horticulture in the EU. Type of publication: Book Publishing house: BioGreenhouse COST Author(s): Koller M., Rayns F., Cubison S. and Schmutz U. Publication date: 2016 Number of pages : 156 p. Language : English ISBN 978-94-6257-534-9 Tags: Organic horticulture; Organic farming; Organic foods; Soil fertility; Greenhouses; Protected horticulture. Organics for tomorrow's food systems : Proceedings of the 4th Organic Conference held in Mikkeli, Finland, 19-21 June 2017-06-29 Abstract: Organic agriculture has been recognized as a driver towards more sustainable agricultural practises and food systems. However, there is a need for progress to meet tomorrow´s agricultural, environmental and societal challenges, to be vital for public health and wellbeing and to have a major impact on global food systems. Research plays a fundamental role for the next step. The aim of the conference is to share and discuss recent research outcomes within organic food and farming and its societal interactions. Dialogue and cooperation between stakeholders are necessary for implementation of research and we welcome participants working in different parts of our food systems. Type of publication: Book Publishing house: Nordic Association of Agricultural Scientists Author(s): Jyrki Aakkula et al. Publication date: 2016 Number of pages : 145 p. Language : English ISSN: 1653-2015 Tags: Organic farming; Organic foods; Human health; Food systems; Food security.

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Abstract: Organic agriculture offers the global promise of a future in which food and other farm products are produced and distributed in a healthy, ecologically sound, truly sustainable and fair manner. Humankind has just begun to realize the multiple benefits of organic agriculture, ranging from ecosystem services to the provisioning of healthier foods. Yet, to reach its full potential, organic farming needs to address many challenges. While organic agriculture today finds itself in a more favourable position than ever, regarding market conditions, government policies, and International institutional support, it still does not have sufficient resources to continue its expansion. The Technology Innovation Platform of IFOAM – Organics International (TIPI) - has developed a vision and strategy, as well as an agenda to advance organic agriculture through research, innovation development, and technology transfer. Today's prevailing agricultural technologies adversely affect human health and the environment. TIPI argues that such practices are incompatibile with the sustainable intensification of global agriculture, which is needed to produce food while addressing climate change and degrading natural resources. Investments in ecosystem services and the development of resilient, yet productive technologies that are fairly shared among all involved in the food chain are more likely to sustain the world's population in a rapidly changing environment. Sustainable pathways to innovation will, however, require the engagement of a wide range of stakeholders in inter- and transdisciplinary ways driven by science. Such an approach seeks to empower rural areas, provide ecologically functional intensification to produce food while harnessing and regenerating ecosystem services, and strengthen resilience to climate change. Furthermore, it aims at providing healthy food that promotes wellbeing and is available to, and affordable for, everyone. TIPI advocates that organic agriculture is a promising approach that can meet these high expectations quantitatively, qualitatively and structurally. However, organic agriculture needs to substantially reinforce its capacities if it is to fulfil its mission to meet the food needs of a world population projected to reach 9 billion by 2050. The new paradigm proposed by TIPI is based on a holistic systems approach, involving farmers, researchers and other stakeholders in innovative processes for the development of open access technologies that can be readily adapted to local conditions. TIPI acknowledges the fact that there are many bottlenecks, which will have to be overcome for this vision to be realized. Nonetheless, TIPI calls upon the global organic community to support its 15-point action plan in order to advance organic agriculture in a constructive and innovative way. TIPI aims at fostering International collaboration in organic agriculture research, engaging and involving all stakeholders that benefit from organic agriculture research, facilitating the exchange of scientific knowledge of organic food and farming systems, and helping to disseminate, apply, and implement innovations and scientific knowledge consistent with the principles of organic agriculture. This document lays down TIPI's Global Vision and Strategy to advance organic agriculture through research, development, innovation, and technology transfer. Type of publication: Book Publishing house: IFOAM & FiBL Author(s): U. Niggli, C. Andres, H. Willer and B.P. Baker Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 52 p. Language : English Tags: Organic farming; Organic foods; Human health; Food systems; Food security.

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Organic Agriculture

A Global Vision and Strategy for Organic Farming Research


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FAO Repository Library reviews: Gender The community land rights of women and youth in Tana River and Turkana Counties : a Synthesis report Abstract: This report focuses on the findings of the assessments carried out in Tana River and Turkana Counties. The report identifies a number of recommendations revolving around awareness creation (community sensitization) by non-governmental organizations to enlighten the communities about their rights and the importance of adhering to constitutional principles such as participation and consultation. Other recommended interventions include proper land use planning, the formation of group ranches for the sustainable management of resources, exposure visits to other communities to exchange ideas on how to move forward on the women's land rights agenda, synergies with relevant offices in the county government, and working with religious leaders and organizations to advocate for women's/youth's rights.

Gender

Type of publication: Book Corporate author(s): Regional Office for Africa Publishing house: FAO Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 24 p. Language : English Tags: Land rights; Role of women; Women; youth; Access to information; Common lands; Dryland management; Land access; Land policies; Land resources; Women's participation. Download File: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i7074e.pdf

Strengthening sector policies for better food security and nutrition results: gender equality Abstract: Rural women make up the majority of food producers in the world, and they are vital to the wellbeing of their families and communities. Yet, in many parts of the world, women face multiple forms of discrimination that affect their potential. They often have less access to resources and fewer opportunities to participate in decision-making processes. The gender and food security policy domains are generally disconnected: food security and nutrition objectives are rarely reflected in gender-related policies, and gender equality concerns are often missing in food security and nutrition policies. This gender guidance note seeks to facilitate policy dialogue on how to best synchronize gender equality and women's empowerment policy objectives and food security and nutrition ones, to enhance coordination between the two policy domains, and ultimately enable women on an equal basis with men to realize their potentials as key partners in improving food security and nutrition. Type of publication: Book Author(s): Petrics H.; Gomez M.; Franchi V. Publishing house: FAO Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 40 p. Language : English Tags: Gender; Role of women; Malnutrition; Nutrition policies. Download File: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i7218e.pdf

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Regional gender equality strategy for the Near East and North Africa 2017-2020 Abstract: This Regional Gender Strategy is designed to enable FAO RNE officers and country officers in the region as well as development practitioners to respond to current regional priorities. As a complement to the FAO Gender Equality Policy, the regional gender strategy will promote coherence and improve efficiency of gender-sensitive programming. The strategy supports the development of easy and efficient approaches and methodologies to adequately address the needs of the different stakeholders and specific groups, particularly the most invisible and under-considered ones among women, men, youth as well as understand the different interactions or synergies. It is aligned with global FAO priorities and their incorporation of gender equality as a cross-cutting theme.

Tags: North Africa; Middle East; Gender; Gender mainstreaming; Family farming; Protection; Resilience to shocks and crises. Download File: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i7116e.pdf National gender profile of agriculture and rural livelihoods: Zimbabwe Abstract: The objective of the assessment is to analyse the agricultural and rural sector of Zimbabwe from a gender perspective at the macro (policy), meso (institutional) and micro (community and household) levels in order to identify gender inequalities in access to critical productive resources, assets, services and opportunities. In particular, the assessment identifies needs and constraints of both women and men in selected FAO areas of competence as well as priorities and gaps. Also, it provides recommendations and guidance to promote gender sensitivity of future programming and projects. Type of publication: Book Corporate author(s): Regional Office for Africa. Publishing house: FAO Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 60 p. Language : English Serial title: Country Gender Assessment Series Tags: Gender mainstreaming; Role of women; Women farmers; Women's participation; Agricultural development; Agricultural policies; Cultural factors. Download File: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i6997e.pdf

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Gender

Type of publication: Book Corporate author(s): FAO Regional Office for the Near East and North Africa Publishing house: FAO Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 25 p. Language : English ISBN: 978-92-5-109733-5


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Yemen Emergency Livelihoods Response Plan. Support to agriculture-based livelihoods in Yemen, January -December 2017 Abstract: The Emergency Livelihoods Response Plan (ELRP) is a tool that allows FAO to scale up its response in Yemen to prevent the already dramatic levels of food insecurity and malnutrition. The ELRP sets out the key emergency agricultural livelihoods interventions to be implemented in Yemen in 2017, within the framework of the Yemen HRP. This document is predominantly for donors and the humanitarian partners in Yemen. Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 28 p. Language : English Tags: Emergencies; Livelihoods; Emergency relief; Agriculture; Gender.

Gender

Download File: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i6980e.pdf

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FAO Repository Library reviews: Land and Water Resources Management Does improved irrigation technology save water? : a review of the evidence Abstract: Unsustainable water use (over-drafted aquifers, seasonally dry rivers, disappearing lakes and wetlands) is a problem across the world. This is especially true in the NENA region, which includes many of the most water-short countries in the world. This review indicates that there are rather few examples of carefully documented impacts of hi-tech irrigation, while there are many examples of projects and programs that assume that water will be saved and productivity increased. The conclusion of this report is that restoring a balance between sustainable supply and consumption of water requires first physical control of the water resource by government or other agencies responsible for sustainable use, followed by interventions to reduce allocations. Within the allocated and controlled quotas, hi-tech irrigation will evolve and spread to the extent that it makes sense for the farmer who wishes to take advantage of the various benefits of hi-tech irrigation. Type of publication: Book Author(s): Perry Chris; Steduto Pasquale. Publishing house: FAO Office: Regional Office for the Near East and North Africa Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 52 p. Language : English ISBN: 978-92-5-109774-8 Tags: Water use efficiency; Natural resources management; Water; Irrigation; Water use; Stakeholders; Renewable resources; Demand irrigation; Water policy; Frameworks. Download File: http://www.fao.org/3/b-i7090e.pdf Facilitators' guide book for farmers field schools Abstract: This publication offers facilitators technical guidance to manage field farm schools to support local famers in all aspects of rice crop management. Technical knowledge gained by farmers will revitalize the rice industry in Fiji and assist food security by alleviating dependance on rice imports. Type of publication: Book Author(s): Parul S.S. Publishing house: FAO Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 48 p. Language : English ISBN: 978-92-5-109732-8 Tags: Rice; Seed cleaning; Agricultural soils; Soil conservation; Rice fields; Pests of plants; Integrated pest management; Capacity building; Farmer field schools; Agricultural extension; Extension materials; Educational courses; Training courses; Soil sampling; Soil improvement; Irrigated rice. Download File: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i7110e.pdf

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Land and Water Resources Management

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Land and Water Resources Management

Case study on the use of Information and Communication Technology in the management of rural groundwater in China Abstract: The objective of this case study is to understand the application of ICT technologies for rural groundwater management in China, and it's impacts on the rural poor. This will help understand the physical and policy context this technology is being applied and expanded, its impact on resource management, and changes in water delivery service to farmers. These understanding will help improve this technology and provide data and information for its replication in other parts of Asia. It will also help understand the capabilities of the ICT within the water sector applications.

Type of publication: Book Author(s): Leshan J.; He L.;Ying L.; Dan D. Publishing house: FAO Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 66 p. Language : English ISBN: 978-92-5-109723-6 Tags: Information and Communication Technologies (icts); Water management; Groundwater; Natural resources management. Download File:

http://www.fao.org/3/a-i7082e.pdf

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FAO Repository Library reviews: Animal production and health

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Abstract: The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) partnered with the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and the Ethiopian Ministry for Livestock and Fishery to hold the first Africa Sustainable Livestock 2050 (ASL2050) Technical Consultation on the 21st and 23rd of February 2017 and the ASL2050 Regional Launch on the 23rd February 2017. Representatives from Burkina Faso, Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, Nigeria and Uganda, as well as numerous partner organisations, attended the technical meeting to discuss the future impacts of livestock sector growth on Africa's environment, public health and livelihoods. In the next 30–40 years, growing demand for meat, milk and eggs will drive significant growth in the African livestock sector. This presents substantial risks to the environment, public health and livelihoods, but also meaningful opportunities for economic growth. ASL2050 will help countries to make long term policy decisions to reduce the risks and maximise the benefits of changing dynamics in the livestock sector. Consensus was reached in three key areas at the technical meeting, representatives agreed to: take a multi-sectoral, multi-stakeholder approach; establish a national steering committee comprising of a representative from each of the ministries in charge of public health, livestock, and the environment, and an FAO representative; launch ASL2050, and prepare a work plan within two months, in each participating country. The consensus was formalised into a recommendations document that was presented and agreed upon at the regional launch, attended by ministers from participating countries. Type of publication: Book Author(s): Burnett, M. Publishing house: FAO Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 36 p. Language : English Serial Title: FAO Animal Production and Health Report ISBN: 978-92-5-109749-6 Tags: Animal health; Livestock raising; Livestock management; Epidemiology; Disease control; Disease transmission; Infectious diseases; Human diseases; Transboundary diseases; Animal products; Food safety; Sustainable agriculture; Agricultural policies; Veterinary medicine; Public health; Environmental protection; Sustainable livelihoods; Meetings; Meat production; Eggs; Milk production. Download File: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i7222e.pdf

Supporting low emissions development in the Ethiopian dairy cattle sector : Reducing enteric methane for food security and livelihoods Abstract: This publication is intended to contribute to the implementation of the livestock and climate change development agenda. The study evaluates the potential for improving productivity while reducing enteric methane emission intensity from dairy production systems in Ethiopia. The overall objective of this study is to support Ethiopia in identifying low-cost strategies to reduce enteric CH4 emissions while contributing to Ethiopia's short-and longterm social and economic development and increasing resilience to climate change. Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 34 p. Language : English ISBN: 978-92-5-109632-1

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Animal production and health

Africa Sustainable Livestock 2050 : Technical Meeting and Regional Launch, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 21-23 February 2017


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Animal production and health

Tags: Animal health; Emission; Dairy cattle; Ethiopia; Greenhouse gases; Livelihoods; Methane emission; Climate change mitigation. Download File: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i6821e.pdf

Water and fodder availability along livestock trade routes in the Horn of Africa : a baseline report Abstract: This report consolidates findings from previous activities by FAO and other stakeholders, and identifies in the four focus countries (Ethiopia, Sudan, Djibouti & Somalia): - the location and direction of the main livestock trade routes, - appropriate sites for rehabilitation & development of strategic livestock water sources, - good practices on fodder production and commercialization units as well as rehabilitation of natural rangelands in production areas and along the livestock export trade routes, and potential sites for replication/upscaling of these practices. Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Corporate author(s): FAO Regional Office for Africa Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 94 p. Language : English ISBN: 978-92-5-109636-9 Tags: Water resources; Animal production; Livestock; Africa. Download File: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i6828e.pdf

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FAO Repository Library reviews: Agriculture

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FAO Achievements in Egypt 1978 - 2016 Abstract: The booklet will include information about all projects that FAO Egypt implemented for Egypt or as part of a regional initiative. It will cover projects implemented in Egypt since 1978 till date. It will also include on-going projects as well as projects that just started. The main sections of the booklet will cover an anlytical summary on the results-based achievements, narrative on activities/achievements/impacts, overview of on-going and starter projects, and a select of success stories.

Tags: Development; Agricultural development; Egypt; Avian influenza; Forestry; Environment; Water resources; Fisheries; Livestock; Risk management; Emergencies. Download File: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i6932e.pdf

The household- and individual-level economic impacts of cash transfer programmes in Sub-Saharan Africa : synthesis report Abstract: This report synthesizes the analysis and findings of a set of seven country impact evaluation studies that explore the impact of cash transfer programmes on household economic decision-making, productive activities and labour allocation in sub-Saharan Africa. The seven countries are Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Results from seven recently completed rigorous impact evaluations of government-run unconditional social cash transfer programmes in sub-Saharan Africa show that these programmes have significant positive impacts on the livelihoods of beneficiary households. In Zambia, the Child Grant programme had large and positive impacts across an array of income generating activities. The impact of the programmes in Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi and Zimbabwe were more selective in nature, while the Livelihood Empowerment Against Poverty programme in Ghana had fewer direct impacts on productive activities, and more on various dimensions of risk management. Type of publication: Book Author(s): Daidone S.; Davis B.;Winters P.; Handa S. Publishing house: FAO Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 66 p. Language : English ISBN: 978-92-5-109635-2 Tags: Cash flow; Smallholders; Family farming; Family budget; Household consumption; Farm budgets; Crop yield; Seeds; Fertilizers; Family labour; Labour allocation; Division of labour; Livelihoods; Off farm employment; Financial policies; Agricultural development; Risk management. Download File: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i6826e.pdf

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Agriculture

Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Corporate author(s): FAO Representation Office in Egypt Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 65 p. Language : English


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FAO-OIV Focus 2016 Table and Dried Grapes: non-alcoholic products of the vitivinicultural sector intended for human consumption

Agriculture

Abstract: This report is a collaboration between the International Organisation of Vine and Wine (OIV) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). It analyses the global market of grapes for direct human consumption (speciďŹ cally for table and dried grapes). It presents the latest data on market size, consumption, domestic production, exports and imports since 2000. The report is comprised of two sections: Section 1 includes general considerations on the food uses of grape products, the nutritional value of grapes and on the basics of viticulture. Section 2 is dedicated to the analysis of the global market of table and dried grapes. It presents the latest data on production, and consumption, as well as exports and imports. Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO and International Organization of Vine and Wine Publication date: 2016 Number of pages : 64 p. Language : English ISBN: 978-92-5-109708-3 Tags: Grapes; Consumption; Beverages; Agricultural trade; Fruit crops; Fruit juices; Dried fruits. Download File: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i7042e.pdf

Integrated Pest Management of major pest and diseases in Eastern Europe and Caucasus Abstract: This book promotes Integrated Pest Management, to contribute to reduced reliance on pesticides and the avoidance of adverse impacts from pesticide use on the health and safety of farming communities, consumers and the environment. Through the IPM approach, technical advice is provided to help plan methods and measures to control major pests and diseases occurring or expected to occur in the countries of Western Asia and Eastern Europe. The speciďŹ c descriptions contain a short summary of the biology of the species, completed with information on methods and tools of monitoring and control. Preventive control methods are also discussed.

Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 110 p. Language : English ISBN: 978-92-5-109144-9 Tags: Integrated pest management; Plant protection; Plant protection equipment; Biological plant protection; Agricultural policies; Pests of plants; Pest insects. Download File: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i5475e.pdf

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Lake Chad Basin crisis - Response strategy (2017-2019) : Mitigating the impact of the crisis and strengthening the resilience and food security of conflict-affected communities

Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 58 p. Language : English ISBN: 978-92-5-109722-9 Tags: Armed conflicts; Economic crises; Resilience to shocks and crises; Migration; Lake Chad; Household food security; Livelihoods; Download File: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i7078e.pdf

City Region Food Systems and Food Waste Management. Linking urban and rural areas for sustainable and resilient development Abstract: This book describes the results of 13 case studies on city region food systems and food waste management. It provides lessons learned on the institutionalisation of city region food policies and programmes; provisioning of national and legal frameworks embedding city region food systems in broader legislation, on strengthening of coordination and collaboration across horizontal and vertical government levels, and on design of specific programmes and policies for sustainable city region food systems. Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Author(s): Dubbeling M.; Bucatariu C.; Santini G.; Vogt C.; Eisenbeiß K.. Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 186 p. Language : English ISBN: 978-92-5-109453-2 Tags: Housing; Sustainable development; Urban development; Urban areas; Urban agriculture; Multiple land use; Food consumption; Periurban areas; Suburban areas; Food policies; Agricultural and rural legislation; Food legislation; Social legislation. Download File: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i6233e.pdf

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Agriculture

Abstract: In the past year, FAO scaled up its capacities and level of interventions to respond to the Lake Chad Basin crisis. In order to address food security and livelihoods-related needs on a larger scale and timeframe, the next relevant step is to provide FAO with a three year Resilience Strategy for the Lake Chad Basin – with focus on Northeast Nigeria. The document presents in a concise and comprehensive manner the impact of the crisis on food security and livelihoods in Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon and Chad. FAO's twin-track approach is developed with emphasis on FAO's strategic framework of intervention, including outcomes, outputs and cross-cutting priorities at the sub-regional level. Focus is also made on the countryspecific plans of action.


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E-agriculture in action Abstract: E-agriculture or ICT in agriculture holds great promise in providing access to innovative solutions to many challenges faced by smallholder resource-poor farmers. Access to the right information at the right time makes a great impact on the livelihoods of communities involved in agriculture and allied activities. This publication presents case studies in innovative use of emerging technologies to signiďŹ cantly improve the living standards of farming communities.

Agriculture

Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 118 p. Language : English ISBN: 978-92-5-109695-6 Tags: Agriculture; Information and Communication Technologies (icts); Food safety; Traceability; Climate change; Development indicators; Rural development; Sustainable development. Download File: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i6972e.pdf

Soils' potential to contribute to offset international aviation emissions Abstract: International aviation is responsible for 1.3 per cent of global anthropogenic CO2 emissions. Even considering the technological and operational improvements planned by the International Civil Aviation Organization, a gap of 523 megatonnes CO2 emissions remains to meet their set emission reduction targets. This informative note presents soil carbon sequestration as an option for offsetting this emissions through a market-based mechanism within the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation. Success stories of FAO projects such as the development and implementation of the Quesungual System in Honduras can enhance soil carbon stocks, thus mitigating increasing contents of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and at the same time improving food security and climate change resilience.

Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Corporate author(s): Land and Water Division Publication date: 2017 Language : English Tags: Soil; Emission; Airplanes. Download File: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i7235e.pdf

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Crop ecology, cultivation and uses of cactus pear. Advance draft prepared for the IX International Congress on Cactus Pear and Cochineal: CAM crops for a hotter and drier world

Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO and International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas Author(s): Inglese P.; Mondragon C.; Nefzaoui A.; Sáenz C. Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 244 p. Language : English Tags: Crops; Ecology; Cultivation; Dry and semi-dry cultivation; Plant morphology; Taxonomy; Opuntia ficus indica; Plant genetic resources. Download File: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i7012e.pdf

Fourth Ministerial Meeting on Commodity Markets and Prices. Long-term Commodity Price Trends and Sustainable Agricultural Development. Abstract: Ministers of Agriculture and Ministers of Trade met on 3 October 2016 at the headquarters of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in Rome to debate and exchange views on policies and strategies within the context of 'Long-term Commodity Price Trends and Sustainable Agricultural Development'. This report presents the topics of discusson of the Ministerial Meeting. Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 44 p. Language : English ISBN: 978-92-5-109744-1 Tags Agricultural development; Sustainable agriculture; Sustainable development; Commodity markets; Agricultural policies; Policies; Financial policies; Food prices; Price policies. Download File: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i7194e.pdf

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Agriculture

Abstract: Climate change is one of the biggest challenges the world must meet today and in the future. Prolonged droughts and desertification are among the issues faced by many countries, especially in Africa and Asia, where the rural poor and smallholders are most heavily affected. If people are to survive in these ever harsher conditions, their crops need to withstand drought, high temperatures and poor soils. Cactus crops are gaining increasing interest across the globe, in particular cactus pear (Opuntia ficus− indica), because of its unique characteristics which provide resilience to the above mentioned harsh conditions. Cactus pear is able to grow on land where no other crops are able to grow; it can be used to restore degraded land and in many countries, such as Ethiopia, it is the only crop that can be relied on when everything else fails. The crop originates in Mexico – still the largest producing and consuming country in the world – but other countries, including Morocco, Ethiopia, South Africa, Kenya, India and Pakistan, are increasing their production and use.


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Fisheries and aquaculture

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FAO Repository Library reviews: Fisheries and aquaculture GFCM High-level conference towards enhanced cooperation on Black Sea fisheries and aquaculture : A declaration to boost regional cooperation in the sector (Bucharest, Romania, 25 October 2016) Abstract: Ministers and high-level representatives from the Black Sea region recently gathered in Bucharest on the occasion of a GFCM High-level Conference towards Enhanced Cooperation on Black Sea Fisheries and Aquaculture where they unanimously adopted a declaration to enhance their cooperation in tackling the most urgent challenges to achieving sustainable fisheries and aquaculture. For the first time in the region, this declaration marks a strong political commitment to adopt a common and collaborative approach to promote the rational exploitation of marine living resources and sustainable aquaculture development, to fight against illegal practices and to mitigate threats to the marine environment. All the Black Sea riparian countries, as well as other important actors in the region, recognized that regional cooperation and synergies were essential for facing the many challenges in the sector. The Bucharest Declaration, as well as the results achieved by the Conference, are particularly relevant in the aftermath of the entry into force of the FAO Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing (PSMA). Through these outcomes, an important step has been made towards the wider ratification and implementation of the PSMA in the region. The High-level Conference was also marked by two important milestones. In light of its increasing interest in GFCM activities in the Black Sea region, the Republic of Moldova took this opportunity to officially request the status of cooperating non-contracting party to the GFCM, as a potential preliminary step towards full membership. Furthermore, a memorandum of understanding was signed between GFCM and Ukraine. This mechanism should enhance the capacity of national experts and institutions dealing with fisheries and aquaculture. More than 100 participants representing GFCM contracting parties (Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Romania, Turkey and the European Union), cooperating non-contracting parties (Georgia and Ukraine) and noncontracting parties (Armenia, Azerbaijan, the Republic of Moldova, Serbia and the Russian Federation) attended the event together with representatives of international organizations and non-governmental organizations with competency in the region. Type of publication: Book Author(s): Srour A.; Massa F.; Bernal M.; Ferri N.; Sessa M.; Bourdenet D.; Carlson A.; Pierraccini J.; Siliman A. Publishing house: FAO Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 81 p. Language : English Serial Title: FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Proceedings ISBN: 978-92-5-109731-1 Tags: Black Sea; Romania; Cooperation; Fisheries; Meetings; Biomass; Stock assessment; Biodiversity conservation; Resource conservation; Riparian zones; European inland waters; Inland waters; Inland fisheries; International agreements. Download File: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i7109e.pdf Review and analysis of international legal and policy instruments related to deep-sea fisheries and biodiversity conservation in the ABNJ Abstract: The purpose of this document is to identify the range of instruments that are relevant to deepsea fishing and its impacts on marine biological diversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction, with a view to providing advice to states on what steps may be necessary to implement these ienstruments at the national level. The document is specifically targeted to government offcials who wish to familiarize themselves with the international instruments related to deep-sea fishing and its impacts on marine biological diversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction, as of January 2017. Type of publication: Book Author(s): Harrison J., Lobach T., Morgera E., Manoa Pio.

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Tags: Legal frameworks; High water; Biodiversity conservation; Fisheries; Illegal practices; Marine fisheries; Marine resources. Download File: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i7009e.pdf

Exploring the human rights-based approach in the context of the implementation and monitoring of the SSF Guidelines Abstract: The SSF Guidelines are based on internationally accepted human rights standards and are to be interpreted and implemented in accordance with those standards. Their objectives are to be met through the promotion of a human rights-based approach (HRBA). This approach seeks to ensure the participation of small-scale fishing communities in non-discriminatory, transparent and accountable decision-making processes by putting particular emphasis on the needs of vulnerable and marginalized groups and developing countries. While the HRBA has been recognized by FAO as a principle that informs the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of programmes and projects,1 there is still limited experience in its practical application in the context of small-scale fisheries (SSF). It is therefore important to explore how the approach could support the implementation and monitoring of the SSF Guidelines. Accordingly, the workshop on “Exploring the human rights-based approach in the context of the implementation and monitoring of the SSF Guidelines” explored what the human rights-based approach means within the context of small-scale fisheries in general and the thematic areas covered by the SSF Guidelines in particular. It discussed what the HRBA entails in terms of the conduct of the various state and non-state actors to whom the SSF Guidelines are addressed as well as the needs of the different stakeholders in the various policy areas, with a view to developing guidance materials for the application of the HRBA in the implementation and monitoring of the SSF Guidelines. Infos: Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Author(s): Yeshanew S.; Franz N.; Westlund L. Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 116 p. Language : English Serial Title: FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Proceedings ; No. 53 ISBN: 978-92-109679-6 Tags: Small-scale fisheries; Fisheries; Human rights; Indigenous peoples; Indigenous tenure systems; Working conditions; Governance; Resource management; Climate change; Disaster risk reduction.

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Fisheries and aquaculture

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Publishing house: FAO Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 96 p. Language : English ISBN: 978-92-5-109700-7


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FAO Repository Library reviews: Forestry Guide for planning, construction and maintenance of forest roads Abstract: The ďŹ rst part of the Manual introduces the main steps of forest road network planning and gives guidance on road construction under different site conditions. It demonstrates good practices to minimize the area used for building purposes, to keep the environmental impact as low as possible and to maintain forest productivity. It describes the machinery suitable for the different construction phases and compares the advantages of machine types. The second part of the Manual introduces the goals and best practices of regular forest road maintenance which is a key operation that enables multi-purpose use of forests. It gives an overview on the main causes of forest road degradation and explains the different maintenance regimes and maintenance activities.

Forestry

Type of publication: Book Author(s): Begus J.; Pertlik E. Publishing house: FAO Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 64 p. Language : English ISBN: 978-92-5-109710-6 Tags: Construction; Road construction; Maintenance; Guidelines; Planning; Forest roads. Download File: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i7051e.pdf

Living in and from the forests of Central Africa Abstract: Living in and from the forests of Central Africa is intended ďŹ rst and foremost as a fullscale extension tool concerning NWFPs in Central Africa. It is a work on the groups who have always lived in these forests, forests that contribute to every aspect of their daily lives, both material and spiritual, and enable them to survive even in periods of extreme crisis. Infos: Type of publication: Book Author(s): Ndoye O.;Vantomme P. Publishing house: FAO Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 258 p. Language : English Serial Title: Non-wood forest products working paper ISBN: 978-92-5-109489-1 Tags: Central Africa; Forest management; Sustainable forest management; Traditional methods; Traditional technology; Indigenous knowledge; Rain forests; Gnetum; Ricinodendron heudelotii; Biodiversity conservation; Nonwood forest products; Forest products derivation. Download File: http://www.fao.org/3/b-i6399e.pdf

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FAO Repository Library reviews: Food and nutrition

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FAO Somalia - Famine prevention and drought response plan : February - July 2017. Urgent action to change the course of people's lives.

FAO's Famine Prevention and Drought Response Plan is part of a wider humanitarian response involving UN, and international and local NGO partners to prevent a famine this year in Somalia. It complements WFP, UNICEF and other partners' response plans to address the main dimensions of food and nutrition insecurity. Within this Plan, FAO identiďŹ es the distinct needs of rural populations to resist famine, and seeks USD 160 million to urgently support them.

Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Publication date: 2017 Language : English Tags: Sustainable livelihoods; Sustainable development; Agreements; Partnerships; Agricultural development; Development aid; Development organizations; Development agencies; Somalia; Emergencies; Livestock; Famine; Pastoral society; Rural areas; Livelihoods. Download File: http://www.fao.org/3/a-bs155e.pdf

Strengthening sector policies for better food security and nutrition results. Political economy analysis Abstract: A solid understanding of domestic political economy helps to promote policies that are better adapted to country realities. The challenges that many governments faced in responding to food price volatility during the 2008 global food crisis re-focused attention on the political economy and implementing effective national policy responses on food security and nutrition. Understanding the political economy behind public policy-making and implementation is crucial to enhancing the effectiveness of policy support to countries and increases the chances of nationally-led reforms that result in better food security and nutrition outcomes. This political economy analysis note is intended to support policy practitioners and other stakeholders in working in a more politically informed way towards a coherent set of policies across relevant sectors. It demonstrates how political economy analysis can add value to policy support work, gives examples of key political economy challenges in food security and nutrition and shares information on the existing frameworks and analysis tools. Infos: Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO Author(s): Bojic D.; Urban K.. Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 36 p. Language : English Tags: Nutrition; Analysis; Nutrition policies; Food policies. Download File: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i7212e.pdf

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Food and nutrition

Abstract:


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Food and nutrition

West African Food Systems and Changing Consumer Demands. West African Papers December 2016 No.4. Abstract: Fueled by a burgeoning population, urbanisation and income growth, West African food demand is rapidly transforming, with striking increases in total quantities demanded, growing preference for convenience, diversiďŹ cation of diets towards more perishable products, and an increased concern for product quality. These changes provide great opportunities for the West African food system to increase production, value added, job creation and food security. Yet a number of structural and policy constraints continue to threaten the ability of West Africa to seize these opportunities. This paper analyses the key drivers of change and their implications on the various demands facing the food system. It then looks at how different elements of the food system respond to evolving demands, discusses the constraints to more effective responses, and ďŹ nally considers some policy implications and key recommendations, particularly in the context of the ECOWAS-led efforts to develop and implement more effective regional agricultural policies. Type of publication: Book Publishing house: FAO and OECD Author(s): Staatz J., Hollinger F. Publication date: 2016 Number of pages : 26 p. Language : English ISSN: 2414-2026 Tags: Food chains; Food policies; Agricultural development; Agricultural products; Food quality; Food production; Food consumption; Agricultural trade; Rural development. Download File: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i6716e.pdf

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FAO Repository Library reviews: Garden Library

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Abstract: Against the current backdrop of climatic and socioeconomic constraints, dryland farming systems must evolve in order to adapt and respond to a dual challenge - produce more to meet the substantial food needs of growing populations, while also producing better in viable and sustainable ways. Farming systems in these areas have to progress towards production methods that are more productive, natural resource-efficient and climate-proof. In this setting, ecological engineering offers new alternatives for the typical agrosilvopastoral systems that prevail in arid and semiarid regions of sub-Saharan Africa. This requires managing the complexity of the studied systems and replicating the functioning of reference natural ecosystems of the concerned agroecological region - e.g. savannas for West African drylands - and traditional practices, local know-how based on a long history of adaptation to environmental constraints. Different practical options are outlined in this Dossier based especially on West African experience. It is possible to focus on making effective use of the biodiversity of organisms, e.g. plants or soil microorganisms, promoting organic matter and nutrient recycling for associated plants, controlling water cycles, and finally adjusting the landscape organization to foster better crop pest control. However, an integrated vision of the functioning and evolution of agrosilvopastoral systems is required for developing such an approach. Social issues - land, urbanization and migration - and economic issues - basic commodity markets, poverty, etc. - are key factors to be taken into account for the sustainable development of populations in dryland regions of sub-Saharan Africa. Type of publication: Dossier Publishing house: CSFD Author(s): D. Masse, J.-L. Chotte, E. Scopel Publication date: 2015 Number of pages : 64 p. Language : English ISSN: 1772-6964 Tags: Ecological engineering; Agrosilvopastoral systems; Biodiversity; Recycling; Organic matter; Agroforestry. Download File: file:///C:/Users/Giuseppe/Downloads/CSFD_dossier_11%20(3).pdf L'eau douce dans le monde. Abstract: Vouloir embrasser le vaste sujet de “l'eau dans le monde” en un seul numéro des Annales des Mines relève évidemment de la gageure. Des bibliothèques entières sont consacrées à cette question. Il nous a donc fallu faire des choix. J'ai ainsi choisi d'illustrer un certain nombre d'aspects importants en faisant appel à des contributeurs de régions différentes, et ce, selon un plan simple: les enjeux liés au régime physique; les enjeux politiques et sociaux; les réponses institutionnelles et fi nancières. Même si plusieurs auteurs sont français, je n'ai pas souhaité traiter spécifi quement de la situation en France (sauf pour la décrire, brièvement, dans cette introduction). En effet, la France n'est pas le pays où les problèmes sont les plus aigus. J'ai, malgré cela, retenu certains sujets “français “, car l'action de la France sur la scène mondiale est importante (de plus, les lecteurs de ces articles seront vraisemblablement majoritairement français). Malgré ces restrictions et ces choix, l'espace restreint d'un numéro d'une revue m'a contraint à laisser de côté des volets importants. Type of publication: Dossier Publishing house: Conseil général de l'Economie, de l'Industrie, de l'Energie et des Technologies, Ministère de l'Economie et des Finances Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 141 p. Language : French ISSN: 1268-4783

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Garden Library

L'ingénierie écologique pour une agriculture durable dans les zones arides et semi-arides d'Afrique de l'Ouest. Les dossiers thématiques du CSFD.


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Tags: Water resources; Climate change; Water management; Natural resources; Water use; Environmental factors; Water availability. Download File: https://www.cairn.info/revue-responsabilite-et-environnement-2017-2.htm

Garden Library

Guide des forêts urbane et périurbaines. Abstract: Le rôle de la forêt marocaine est multiple, de la préservation des milieux naturels et des paysages, avec la protection des sols et de la ressource en eau, à la production de bois et d'autres services traditionnels comme le pâturage ou la cueillette. Notre société, comme ailleurs, évolue avec le mouvement des populations de la campagne vers les villes, nourrissant l'agrandissement des agglomérations urbaines. Avec cette dynamique, la forêt marocaine se trouve aujourd'hui fréquemment au contact des citadins, située dans l'aire d'influence des villes voire directement intégrée dans l'espace bâti. Ces forêts, soient elles, urbaines ou périurbaines sont soumises à des pressions multiples : urbanisation croissante, fréquentation non organisée, convoitise foncière, …ces dynamiques non maîtrisées compromettent l'équilibre environnemental et la pérennité des écosystèmes forestiers. Des forêt dont la fonction n'est pas utile pour leur contexte urbain, à travers l'amélioration du paysage et des activités nature pour les citadins, font apparaître au sein de ces forêts domaniales récréatives d'intervenants extérieurs (occupations temporaires, communes, promoteurs, …) qui menacent la vocation et l'unité du patrimoine. Dans ces situations urbaines et périurbaines, la gestion de nos forêts doit intégrer une nouvelle dimension paysagère et sociale visible et explicite. Au sein des territoires urbanisés, l'accueil du public en forêt s'impose de manière évidente. Aux forestiers revient le privilège de répondre aux attentes de ce public tout en assurant la pérennité des milieux forestiers. C'est aussi à travers ces forêts paysagères et récréatives que s'esquisse l'idée de la forêt que se font les marocains et les touristes. La forêt périurbaine constitue ici une vitrine du savoir faire des agents forestiers. Aussi, plusieurs forêts urbaines et périurbaines ont-elles pu être préservées jusqu'à aujourd'hui de cet ensemble de pressions par une politique active de mise en valeur récréative (ex. forêt de Harhoura, forêt de Nouzhat Ibn Sina à Rabat, forêt de Aïn Chkef à Fes, forêt de Jbel Hamra à Oujda, etc.). Le nombre croissant de visiteurs qui fréquentent les forêts urbaines et périurbaines constitue un potentiel d'opinion à sensibiliser. La bonne couverture territoriale des forêts récréatives forme une large plate forme à valoriser à des fins environnementales et éducatives. À l'avenir, en plus d'un statut de protection foncière renforcée, la pérennisation des forêts urbaines et périurbaines peut être affirmée par l'exercice de leur rôle social : la population qui connaît et pratique la forêt peut agir spontanément pour la défendre contre des projets destructeurs. Ce guide propose une méthode d'organisation de l'accueil du public dans les forêts situées sous l'influence des villes et fréquentées par les citadins. Il apporte également des orientations en matière de sylviculture adaptée à ces espaces forestiers. Type of publication: Book Publishing house: Haut Commissariat aux Eaux et Forêts et à la Lutte Contre la Désertification Publication date: 2010 Number of pages : 93 p. Language : French Tags: Forests; Urban forests; Water resources; Silviculture; Urban development; Environmental factors. Download File: http://www.eauxetforets.gov.ma/admin/telechargement/fr/Guide_For%C3%AAts_Urbaines_HCEFLCD.pdf

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Abstract: Although cities occupy only 2 percent of the planet's surface, their inhabitants use 75 percent of its natural resources; by 2050, 70 percent of the global population will live in cities and towns. Sustainable urban development is crucial, therefore, for ensuring the quality of life of the world's people. Forests and trees in cities, if properly managed, can make important contributions to the planning, design and management of sustainable, resilient urban landscapes. They can help make cities more pleasant, attractive and healthy places in which to live, as well as safer, wealthier and more diverse. A few years ago, FAO initiated a collaborative process to develop voluntary guidelines aimed at optimizing the contributions of forests and trees to sustainable urban development. Scientists, practitioners and public administrators from cities worldwide were brought together to discuss the elements and key challenges of urban forestry, and a smaller team of experts was assembled to distil this vast knowledge. This document is the ultimate result of that process. Intended for a global audience comprising urban decision-makers, civil servants, policy advisors and other stakeholders, it will assist in the development of urban and peri-urban forests that help meet the present and future needs of cities for forest products and ecosystem services. These guidelines will also help increase community awareness of the contributions that forests and trees can make to improving quality of life, and of their essential role in global sustainability. Type of publication: Book Author(s): F. Salbitano, S. Borelli, M. Conigliaro, Y. Chen. Publishing house: FAO Publication date: 2016 Number of pages : 172 p. Language : English Serial Title: FAO Forestry Paper ISBN: 978-92-5-109442-6 Tags: Forests; Urban forests; Water resources; Silviculture; Urban development; Environmental factors. Download File: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i6210e.pdf Caring for our soil Abstract: Il rapporto Caring for our soil presenta marcate linee di continuità con le iniziative RiutilizziAmo l'Italia promosse dal WWF Italia nel 2013 e 2014, iniziative che – coinvolgendo una ampia rete di Università italiane - hanno prodotto testi di riconosciuto spessore dando conto dei posizionamenti culturali, delle linee di tendenza, dei tentativi e dei non trascurabili successi maturati in una situazione nazionale impegnata nel difficile passaggio tra una lunga stagione di sistematico consumo di nuovo suolo (prevalentemente per fini urbani, ma anche per puro e semplice irrazionale spreco ed incuria) ad una stagione animata dalla consapevolezza della rarità e quindi del valore e della difficile riproducibilità di una risorsa la cui scarsità si va manifestando a velocità inarrestabile. I due rapporti RiutilizziAmo l'Italia hanno costituito – il WWF Italia può rivendicare questo merito senza retorica alcuna – un punto di svolta molto significativo nella cultura ambientalista in materia di suolo. Alla tradizionale denuncia - certamente documentata, realistica, in poche parole vera e verificabile – degli sprechi di suolo perpetrati per lunghi anni a beneficio di interessi privati o di malgestiti interessi pubblici, RiutilizziAmo l'Italia ha affiancato con spirito positivo esperienze e testimonianze di alcune risposte attive che con fatica – ma anche con entusiasmo e determinazione – la società italiana stava elaborando e consolidando per concretizzare nuovi e più consapevoli rapporti con il suolo. Esperienze eterogenee espressive di una nuova attenzione al paesaggio rurale, del contrasto crescente alle trasformazioni urbanistiche inutilmente consumatrici di suolo, della sensibilità verso le multiformi biodiversità che non solo permangono ma anche sbocciano negli ambienti urbani, della attenzione al recupero di lacerti urbani dimenticati che – grazie a nuove forme di aggregazione sociale – divengono orti urbani, giardini condivisi, reti ecologiche e parchi, associando in maniera inscindibile valori ambientali e sociali. Sviluppando l'esperienza di RiutilizziAmo l'Italia, il rapporto Caring for our soil intende compiere ulteriori passi in avanti, facendosi interprete delle più recenti innovazioni maturate nel contesto internazionale, innovazioni che ruotano attorno ai paradigmi del Soil Resource

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Guidelines on urban and peri-urban forestry


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Newsletter Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari DOCUMENTATION CENTRE - CIHEAM BARI

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Efficiency e del Land Degradation Neutrality, e che hanno come punto di convergenza la determinazione urgente del Safe and Operating Space cui è dedicata la introduzione di Gianfranco Bologna, che disegna con chiarezza e completezza la collocazione culturale del presente rapporto. Caring for our soil intende quindi essere interprete dei nuovi sguardi e degli approcci più recenti per il governo della risorsa suolo; dando per acquisito l'impegno per contrastare la progressiva trasformazione di suoli naturali od agricoli in suoli urbani, Caring for our soil argomenta e testimonia l'ampio spettro delle azioni suscettibili di incrementare le qualità della risorsa suolo. Uno spettro la cui ampiezza è continuamente alimentata dalla progressiva consapevolezza delle multiformi e preziose dimensioni del suolo. Type of publication: Book Author(s): A. Filpa, S. Lenzi Publishing house: WWF Italia Ong Onlus Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 268 p. Language : Italian ISBN: 978-88-906629-5-9 Tags: Landscape conservation; Ecology; Sustainability; Environmental monitoring; Policies. Download File: http://d24qi7hsckwe9l.cloudfront.net/downloads/caring_for_our_soil_def_low4.pdf

Guidelines of sustainable urban forestry for the Municipality or Rome Abstract: Urban trees are a fundamental component of local environmental quality, and municipalities are increasingly aware of that. Despite the adverse conditions of urban and periurban contexts in which they vegetate, trees deliver a variety of socio-economic and environmental services. To continue benefiting urban communities, they must be managed and planned in a proper way by local administrators. The present Guidelines of sustainable urbano forestry for the Municipality of Rome, written by ISPRA's technical experts in collaboration with Roma Capitale, and available both in an Italian and an English version, aim to support local decision makers and their policies for urban green, through an ecosystem approach for smart planning, able to reduce regular maintenance and reduce external inputs such as water and energy. So better use indigenous species of trees when planning new areas, paying attention to eachone's specific biological characteristics (allergenic potential, typology of root system, VOC emission, etc.), also depending on the functions to be maximized and their proximity to streets and other grey infrastuctures (schools, etc.). If the primary goal of the forestation project is to climate change mitigation, the choice should go to new wooded areas in periruban contexts, while when noisereduction or air pollution mitigation need to be reached, trees can be better located along streets, parking lots, in critical areas. Type of publication: Book Editor(s): D. Mazzella Publishing house: ISPRA Publication date: 2015 Number of pages : 55 p. Language : English Serial Title: Manuali e linee guida ISBN: 978-88-448-0748-1 Tags: Street trees; Environmental quality; Ecology; Landscape conservation; Policies; Urban environment; D o w n l o a d F i l e : h t t p : / / w w w. i s p r a m b i e n t e . g o v. i t / fi l e s / p u b b l i c a z i o n i / m a n u a l i lineeguida/GuidelinessuistainableurbanforestryROMA_Eng.pdf

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N° 3 - 2017 - may/june

Mediterranean Agronomic Institue of Bari

Newsletter

CIHEAM Bari Library: Integrated Pest Management

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Abstract: Over the last few years, olive trees (Olea europaea) have seriously been threatened by the bacterium Xylella fastidiosa, a devastating quarantine organism which affects about than 380 host plants worldwide including crop, ornamental,forestry and natural vegetation species. In 2013, the first outbreak of X. fastidiosa was reported in Puglia (ltaly). lt was a serious shock for the European and Mediterranean regions since itwas associated with the olive quick decline syndrome (OQDS); furthermore, itwas reported to infect more than 28 plant species (except grapevine and citrus), and to be rapidly vector-transmitted by the spittlebug Philaenus spumarius. After the finding in ltaly of the subspecies pauca strain CoDiRO, several interceptions of Xylella occurred in Europe and new outbreaks of different subspecies of the pathogen were reported in France (2015), Germany (2015) and Spain (2016). Thanks to the support of CIHEAM, FAO, IPPC and IOC for the organization of two dedicated international workshops, this book represents a unique opportunity for the main national and international stakeholders to find the most updated information on X. fastidiosa and itsvectors, with a focus on the latest experience and knowledge acquired in Europe. lt includes short notes on the breakthrough of research, the current legislation and other initiatives at EU, Mediterranean and worldwide level on the pathogen, its vector(s), host plant species, surveillance, detection and control measures. In addition, a complete list of scientific publications of the last 10 years is also provided. The information and experiences reported in this book constitute a basis to build national phytosanitary capacity, awarenessraising and advocacy campaigns to combat X. fastidiosa. Type of publication: Book Author(s): A.M. D'Onghia, S. Brunel, F. Valentini Publishing house: CIHEAM Bari Publication date: 2017 Number of pages : 172 p. Language : English ISBN: 978-2-85352-570-1 Tags: Apulia; Bacteria; Diagnosis; Mediterranean region; Olive tree; Plant disease control; Plant diseases; Xylella fastidiosa.

Luigi Sisto e-mail: l.sisto@iamb.it Tel. 080/4606265 Editorial board: Giuseppe Inchingolo e-mail: inchingolog@iamb.it Tel. 080/4606269 Wanda Occhialini e-mail: occhialini@iamb.it Tel. 080/4606266 Graphic design and layout: Fabio La Notte e-mail: lanotte@iamb.it Tel.080/4606221 Editor-in-chief:

La presente newsletter non viene considerata una “testata giornalistica” e neppure un “prodotto editoriale” ai sensi della legge n° 62 del 7.03.2001. I testi e le immagini inserite nella sezione “news” sono tratte da siti internet e, pertanto, considerate di pubblico dominio. Tuttavia i curatori della presente si impegnano a citarne le fonti tramite link ai siti web di riferimento non ritenendosi quindi responsabili del loro contenuto che può essere soggetto a variazioni nel tempo. This newsletter is neither deemed to be a “newspaper” nor an “editorial product” under the terms of law no. 62 of 7 March 2001. Texts and images in the “news” section are taken from Internet websites and are thus considered to be in the public domain. However, the editors of this newsletter are committed to quote the sources through links to the reference websites and, therefore, they shall not be held liable for their content that may be subject to possible changes over time.

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Integrated Pest Management

Xylella fastidiosa & the Olive Quick Decline Syndrome (OQDS) : a serious worldwide challenge for the safeguard of olive trees

News 03 2017  
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