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Digital Design - Module 02 Semester 1, 2018 HUGH FOSTER

(916339) ALEX WONG STUDIO 10


Week Three

Reading: Kolerevic B. 2003. Architecture in the Digital Age

Kolerevic described three fundamental type of fabrication techniques in the reading. Outline the three techniques and discuss the potential of Computer Numeric Controlled fabrication with parametric modelling. (150 words max)

The three main methods of fabrication techniques specified my Kolerevic include two dimensional, subtractive and additive. Twodimensional fabrication involves the use of CNC routers, laser cutters, waterjets and so forth. As the name suggests the process involves cutting 2 dimensional outlines from a material. The material to be cut will dictate the machine use. Subtractive methods involve the removal of material from a specified geometry. Subtractive enters into 3-dimensional territory by rotating the axis of geometry or drill head operating in the x,y,z plane. The most common and oldest form of subtractive fabrication is CNC routing. Additive fabrication involves the layering of material on top of each other in accordance with the model conditions. The model is essentially sliced into 2d components and then built up layer by layer. The most common additive machinery used in the field of architecture is the 3d printer. All forms of digital fabrication allow for the design/model to go straight from computer to built form, thus eliminating the need for builders to manually fabricate components. Now with the use of parametric modelling, the design is able to be modified and built from the use of a computer, thus allowing for an various iterations and options to be created with ease. The use of parametric and digital fabrication in a utopian scenario can essentially cut out the engineer all together as the computer and machine work in harmony to create infinite possibilities.

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Week Three

Surface Creation

surface script

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Week Three

Surface Creation

Surfaces have been explored in order to convey movement through the twisting geometry. Each surface warping to create differing enclosures and thresholds. Many of these surfaces were unable to be used due to the complex dimension when the waffle structure was added. A simpler geometry was chosen whilst still continuing the ideology of movement and flow.

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Week Four Panels & Waffle

Panels Designed to change with the suns rotation through the use of point attractors, giving the structure an ephemeral quality as it changes through time and space. The rigid triangulated panels has been juxtaposed against the loose flow of the waffle to createsa unified and dynamic form.

Flowing waffle structure creates structural framing with clear boundaries and circulation paths developed through its spiral formation and defined edge.

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Week Four

Laser Cutting

surface1

600.00

600.00

Waffle structure printed on boxboard. Panels printed on ivory card. As a whole, the laser cutting process was very straightforward and provided a clean finish to all cuts. I am happy with my panels and waffle structure laser cut as no detail was lost from computer to physical. All curves were created by unrolling the surface and then making 2d. They were then assigned to their respective layers and to assist with speed all curves were joined to allow one smooth cut. If I were to do this task again I would use doted lines for the fold to allow for a smoother and

surface 2

easier fold.

900.00

900.00

Waffle structure

Panels

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Week Five

Boolean script using point attractors, and variant scale settings in a 3 x 5 grid. Geometry plugged in and custom scale set in order to accommodate to grid. The more complex geometry proved to be the least effective in the Boolean process.

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Week Five

Extremely intricate geometry proved to complex and got lost in the Boolean, thus a medium between complexity and simplicity was found with the end shape. The shape drew inspiration from the previous panels continuing the triangular aesthetic and unity in design. The square based pyramid was mirrored and flipped in order to create a geometry that intersects at multiple points whilst also creating a high degree of complexity.

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Week Five

Isometric

This final form was chosen due to the complex yet unified form. The Massing creates an open and multifaceted geometry, inn order to contrast negative and positive space. Heavy masses can be seen supported by thin joins, creating gravitational illusions through the use of a cantilever. Clear thresholds have been defined through the defined edges of the mass. Compressive and open spaces can be seen throughout the shape as the Mass utilizes light to create a variance of space and function through the use of shadow and time. The cantilever provides shade and protection, whilst also connecting to the external spaces. The shape offers a variety of affordances for occupants.

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Week Six Task 01

Lofts

1.1

1.2

1.3

Key

1.4

{150,150,150}

{0,0,0}

{150,150,150} {150,150,150}

Attractor / Control Points (X,Y,Z) Attractor / Control Curves

{150,0,150} {150,0,150}

{0,150,150}

{0,105,150}

{150,0,150}

{0,150,150}

Grid Points

{0,150,150} {75,0,150}

{}

{0,0,105}

{150,150,0}

{150,0,0}

{0,150,0} {0,150,0}

{0,150,0}

{150,0,0}

{0,150,0}

{Index Selection}

Paneling Grid & Attractor Point

2.1

{0,0,0} {Index Selection}

{-120,142,478}

{0,0,0}

{90,0,0}

{0,0,0}

2.2

{Index Selection}

{Index Selection}

2.3

2.4

{50,207,173}

{-493,-37,384}

{11,-123,90} {-31,-0.6,4}

Paneling

{Attractor Point Location}

{Attractor Point Location}

{Attractor Point Location}

{Index Selection}

3.1

3.2

3.3

3.4

+

Task 01 Matrix From the initial surfaces created, the point attraction grid finalized in 2.4 spread the grid from one corner of the model to the other, allowing the direction of the panels to flow from bottom to top around the waffle structure. The Panels were then designed to change with the suns rotation through the use of point attractors and light openings as seen in 3.4, thus giving the structure an ephemeral quality as it changes through time and space over the course of a day.

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Week Six Task 02

GRID MANIPULATION

1.1

1.2

1.3

Key

1.4

{0,0,0}

{44,35,240}

Attractor / Control Points (X,Y,Z) Attractor / Control Curves

{0,150,150}

{150,0,150}

{150,0,0}

{POINT ATTRACTOR}

{RANDOM POINT ATTRACTOR}

{Index Selection}

GEOMETRY ITERATIONS

2.1

2.2

2.3

{SPHERE}

{HUMAN SCALE}

{DIAMOND}

GEOMETRY TRANSFORMATION

3.1

3.2

{400,422,0}

3.3

Grid Points

{0,150,0}

{CURVE ATTRACTOR}

2.4

{400,422,0}

{PYRAMID REPETITION}

3.4

{400,422,0}

{-14,-8,256}

{POINT ATTRACTOR}

{POINT ATTRACTOR}

{POINT ATTRACTOR, SCALE}

{POINT ATTRACTOR, SCALE}

Task 02 Matrix There as a fine line between doing complex geometry and grids for the sake of complexity and refining the geometry and grids in order to create Boolean form that harmonises design consideration and new technology. Thus 1.4, 2.4 and 3.4 iterations combine to create a balanced degree of complexity and design consideration, in terms of internal spaces created, threshold and permeability.

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Lofts

1.1

1.2

1.3

Key

1.4

{SPHERE} {150,150,150}

{150,150,150}

{0,0,0}

{150,150,150} {150,0,150}

{0,150,150}

Attractor / Control Points (X,Y,Z)

{HUMAN SCALE}

{DIAMOND}

3.2

3.3

{PYRAMID REPETITION

Attractor / Control Curves {150,0,150} {0,105,150}

{150,0,150}

{0,150,150}

Grid Points

{0,150,150} {75,0,150}

{}

{150,0,0}

{0,150,0}

{0,150,0} {0,150,0}

Final Isometric Views Paneling Grid & Attractor Point

2.1

{-120,142,478}

{0,0,0}

{90,0,0}

{0,0,0}

{Index Selection}

GEOMETRY TRANSFORMATION

Week Six

{0,0,105}

{150,150,0}

{0,150,0}

{Index Selection}

{Index Selection}

{Index Selection}

2.2

2.3

2.4

{50,207,173}

{-493,-37,384}

3.1

{150,0,0}

{400,422,0}

{400,422,0}

3.4

{400,42

{0,0,0}

{-14,-8,256}

{11,-123,90} {-31,-0.6,4} {Attractor Point Location}

{Attractor Point Location}

{Attractor Point Location}

{Index Selection}

{POINT ATTRACTOR} Paneling

3.1

3.2

3.3

{POINT ATTRACTOR}

3.4

+

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{POINT ATTRACTOR, SCALE}

{POINT ATTRACTOR, SC


Appendix

Process

surface point adjustment in grid, GH

panel grid and panels, chnging point attractor and scale parameters to fit design

3d print layout, surface unroll rhino, make 2d.

9x9 grid from surface, curve to grid along xyz,

1 x 5 cut into 10mm surface. Allign pointsi in GH

waffle unrolled into grids using GH Script orientation

10 mm surface GH

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Appendix

Process

origional grin created in gh

grid attracted to point attractor GH

Naturl light insp makerbot file prep for print

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Custom geometry set and moved to centroid of grid. custom scaling applied GH


Appendix

Process

waffle perspective

waffle perspective

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Appendix

Process

MODEL

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M2 JOURNAL  

M2

M2 JOURNAL  

M2

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