The Complex Whole
Huang Yue Architecture Works 2012-2015
The Complex Whole Architecture is fragmental. The fragments are parti that form space. They are programs that run the building. They are components that build up structures. They are systems that keep habitants comfortable. Architecture is a complex whole.
CONTENTS In Between Solids Community Library
Eco-Workshop Training and Production Centre of Timber
Urban Courtyard Low-rise Housing
Space Choreography Cooking School
Transforming Slabs Studio Flat for Artist
Miscellaneous Other projects, Artwork, Resume
“Architecture is both an interior and an exterior experience. The best architecture comes from a synthesis of all of the elements that separately comprise a building; from its relationship to the streetscape or skyline to the structure that holds it up, the services that allow it to work, the ecology of the building, the material used, the character of the spaces, the use of light and shade, the symbolism of the form and the way in which it signals its presence in the city or the countryside.”
In Between Solids The proposal of the library of four seperated blocks linked by in-between space takes idea from the local fishing stilt house. With consideration of topography and landscape view, the design is articulated such that the ‘solids’ and the in-between ‘voids’ interact with each other and thus spacial experience is enriched.
In Between Solids
View from footbridge
In-between Solids is a community library in a small fishing village in Tung Chung, HK. The site locates in a small gulf where tidal flux happens twice a day. It is an area with mangrove, mudflats and a hilly mountain at the north back. The adjacent fishing village has a typical stilt-house image. These houses spread along coastline like fingers, reaching out to the sea. Having the impression of such context, the design tries to break down the scale of given program and work closesly with nature.
location satelite map
site photo high tide
site photo low tide
Common Ground on earth
The â€œHeadâ€? reaching out to water --serve as living room, kitchen and for all kinds of social activities
Local stilt house study
Seminar Traditional design
Thinking of solid and void
Articulating solid and void
In Between Solids
Main library space
Taking the concept of fragments, the design develops with thinking of the solid block and the in-between void. The final scheme consists of 4 blocks (reading zone, main library, exhibition, seminar and cafe) with in-between space as entrance, reading area and cafe look-out area.
In Between Solids
In Between Solids
Building exploded diagram
Bird eye view
To maintain the solid and void concept clean, the design uses bearing wall structure to make the interior space flows. Thus the walls serve as both structure and also exterior facade at certain faces. The design adopts a stone cladded facade with vertical openings to conceal structures. As for mechanical system, the design uses drop ceiling system.
The rigid notion of structure as mechanical algorithm has long been abandoned â€“ it is the new age of parallel thinking of architecture and structure, which are connected through engineering, landscape treatment and more broadly cultural issues. Nowadays as environmental issue gets more and more serious, sustainable thinking becomes another important aspect of architecture design.
Eco - Workshop The proposal is an ventilation-oriented massing strategy with efficient timber framing structure. It starts with justifying program massing with simulations and then further develop in detail with primary structure and facade detail.
Eco-Workshop is a local training and production centre for wood building construction. The project explores the potential of the assumed site in Johor Bahru, Malaysia, which is in the hot and humid tropical climate zone. Therefore the design responds to the climate in creating a comfortable environment through the use of passive design strategies. In addition to the climatic considerations, the building is designed to embrace sustainable practices in the selection of materials and building construction system. Along with effeciency and low expanse, the building demonstrates certain architectural quality.
Local climate in Malaysia is extremely hot and humid, making the cooling load for buildings large. Therefore, the design tries to think sustainably by studying the wisdom of vernacular architecture.
Building Materials Traditional Malay houses use lightweight construction of wood, whose low thermal capacity holds little heat and cools at night. The attap roof is an excellent thermal insulator.
Layout & Orientation Traditional Malay houses are randomly arranged. This ensures that wind velocity in the houses in the latter path of the wind will not be substantially reduced. They are always oriented to face east-west direction for religious reasons. The east-west orientation minimizes areas exposed to solar radiation as well as maximizing cross ventilation.
Roof Spaces Ventilation Roof spaces in the traditional Malay houses are properly ventilated by the provision of ventilation joints and panels in the roof construction.
Vegetation The use of coconut trees and other tall trees in the kampong not only provides good shade but also does not block the passage of winds at the house level.
site summer north wind study
summer solstice study 45 degree tilted
summer solstice study 30 degree tilted
final strategy summer solstice
site winter south wind study
winter solstice study 45 degree tilted
winter solstice study 30 degree tilted
final strategy winter solstice
The main concept is to have two separated blocks hugging a courtyard. The strategy is adjusted and justified by simulation of ventilation performance. Not only looking at interior comfort, the project makes use of the contour and designs the landscape such that beauty of tropical nature is more appreciated.
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entrance workshop material entrance cloak and toilet lecture room archive office and working area office pantry toilet for archive terrace courtyard exterior storage
81 m2 1006 m2 50 m2 36 m2 54 m2 582 m2 42 m2 9 m2 27 m2 115 m2 127 m2 60 m2
Building plan 18
The building section demonstrates the use of passive design. Double-pitched roof with opening at the top allows hot air exhaust and stimulates ventilation effect. Veranda with large overhang provides shaded walkable space and keeps direct heat gain away from interior space.
The design adapts a simply solid frame timber structure that is efficient and can be locally constructed. To make the structure lighter, the profile of the frame was developed into twin columns and beams, connected by steel plates and tension rods. As for the envelop, the project adopts vertical wood slats with different spacing at different orientation, which avoids extra heat gain from east and west.
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9 10 11
6 16 17
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roof construction: galvanized steel standing seam roofing waterproofing membrane 2x12mm laminated timber sheeting 50mm softwood batten 125mm mineral wool thermal insulation 2x12mm plywood secondary beam, 100x200mm primary laminiated beam, 100x600mm roof window nailed hinge pin joint metal plate let into slit bolt of spacer sleeve twin column, 2 No. 100x400mm 50x50mm softwood batten 40x240mm verticle timber slats curtain wall with timber 15 framing gutter rain chain reinforced metal plate with sliding bearing 15 floor construction: protective finishing 150mm screed slab waterproofing membrane 300mm reinforced concrete slab 15 bed of gravel verandah construction: 50mm pine boarding on bearers 150mm concrete slab bed of gravel retaining wal
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roof construction: galvanized steel standing seam roofing waterproofing membrane laminated timber sheeting 12x12mm roof construction: 50mm softwood batten galvanized steel standing seam roofing 125mm mineral wool thermal insulation waterproofing membrane 2x12mm plywood 2x12mm laminated timber sheeting secondary beam, 100x200mm 50mm softwood batten primary laminiated beam, 100x600mm 125mm mineral wool thermal insulation roof construction: roof2x12mm window plywood galvanized standing seam roofing nailed hingesteel pin joint100x200mm 2waterproofing secondary beam, membrane metal plate let into slit beam, 100x600mm primary laminiated 32x12mm laminated boltroof of spacer sleevetimber sheeting window 450mm softwood batten twinnailed column, 2 No. hinge pin100x400mm joint 5125mm mineral wool thermal insulation 50x50mm softwood batten 62x12mm metalplywood plate let into slit 40x240mm verticle timber slats 7secondary bolt of spacer sleeve beam, 100x200mm curtain with timber framing 8primary twinwall column, 2 No. 100x400mm laminiated beam, 100x600mm gutter 50x50mm softwood batten 9roof window rain40x240mm chain timber slats 10nailed hinge pinverticle joint reinforced metal plate with sliding 11metal curtain wall with timber framingbearing plate let into slit floorgutter construction: 12bolt of spacer sleeve protective finishing 13twin rain chain column, No. 100x400mm 150mm screed2metal slab reinforced plate with sliding bearing 1450x50mm softwood batten waterproofing membrane 1540x240mm floor construction: verticleconcrete timber slats 300mm reinforced slab protective finishing curtain wall with timber framing bed150mm of gravel screed slab gutter verandah construction: waterproofing membrane rain chain 50mm pine reinforced boarding on bearersslab 300mm concrete reinforced metal plate with sliding bearing 150mm concrete bed of gravel slab floor construction: bedverandah of gravel construction: 16protective finishing retaining wal 50mm pine slab boarding on bearers 150mm screed 150mm concrete slab waterproofing membrane bed of gravel concrete slab 300mm reinforced 17bedretaining of gravel wal verandah construction: 50mm pine boarding on bearers 150mm concrete slab bed of gravel retaining wal
Main structure detail exploded
The history of Chinese residential architecture is mainly a history of the courtyard house. The closeness and sociable yard space, the glance of the garden landscape from outside and the privacy of rooms are all of the adorable faces of a courtyard house. In the dense and monolithic development of Hong Kong residential towers, this project argues for a new possibility of urban living.
Urban Courtyard The project starts with analyzing the site of its existing infrastructure. The idea of making courtyard houses comes in the progress of massing trials. The project develops with unit planning and facade rationalizing.
Viewing from abutting street
Urban Courtyard is a collective housing design projec. The idea of relating the building to its context is the first stimulation of design strategy. The site is located in Yuen Long, which is mainly a residential area with historical village houses in Hong Kong. Tai Kiu village (had lasted more than 50 years) sits on the eastern side of the site and a river runs along the western side. To respond to the existing village and urban fabric, the design comes up with a strategy of creating two courtyard housing while providing a new urban connection to the village. Therefore, a clear statement of place making is made with two private courtyard for the residents and a public passage and largo.
COMPLEXITY AND CONTRADICTION Mapping of Building Typologies of Yuen Lang Student: HUANG Yue Leevan ID: 1155014305
podium T/TT tower
podium C tower
podium irregular tower
podium # tower
private housing estate
public housing cluster
other public building
Site satelite map
Mapping of adjacent building typologies
The site abuts an old village in which 2 to 3 storey-houses sit densely next to each other. The living ambience here is quiet and slow.
There are plenty of green space around the site, including a lotus pond at the north-east corner of the street block. Several old trees are identified to be preserved.
The site faces the major tunnel that runs across Yuen Long, which provides an opportunity to make riverscape.
The long site is a connection between the MTR station and On Ning Road. It should serve as a public passage.
Section along south-north axis
Section along east-west axis
View of the public largo
Place making of two courtyards and a public largo
Entry into two courtyards
Final strategy Pushing up and down volumn to fit in the scale of context
Configuration of courtyard form Two courtyards form with a middle passage for villagers
Original idea of occupying the boundrary of site to enclose private space
The building massing continues to develop dealing with the issues that the site addressed. By taking the two corners of the long site, the design uses the building mass itself to give privacy and comfortness to courtyards. Moreover, the design makes a gentle transition to the village by pushing the two sides of the block lower and making landscape in the largo entry to the village.
View of north courtyard
View of south courtyard
Ground floor plan
The project further develops in response to the village, the noisy road on northern and southern side and the river view. Every floor 3 units are grouped with a circulation core. Every unit has its living room facing courtyard and toilet and kitchen facing noisy streets. To maximize the benefit of the river view and shading the afternoon sun at the same time, the western facade are designed with recessed balconies.
Typical floor plan
Communal Typical Unit Plan Balcony Percentage: 12 % Number: 4 Typical Size: 71 m2 3 Bedrooms
Percentage: 55 % Number: 25 Typical Size: 49 m2
Percentage: 33 % Number: 30 Typical Size: 31 m2
West elevation view from across the river
The making of connectivity, openness, and publicness in architecture is ever more pressing in the contemporary city, for it alleviates isolation, fosters tolerance, and gives pleasure and meaning to places.
A â€˜dai pai dongâ€™ is characterised by its green-painted steel kitchen, untidy atmosphere, the lack of air conditioning, as well as a variety of low priced great dishes. It is a part of the collective memory of Hong Kong people. The design is a cooking school to showcase and teach both globally and locally the delicacies of Hong Kong cuisine.
Space Choreography The project starts with a research of a restaurant that makes genuine typical Hong Kong snacks. The busy flow of people in the restaurant and the mapping of movement of food-making stimulate the concept of choreographying fluid space.
small but organized dining area
snack stands by the entrance
exit to main kichen
shop behind Garden Street stalls
fat pork noodles
small bar table along mirror wall
noodles cooking table
Space Choreography is a cooking school located in Sha Tin, HK. The researched restaurant - Tong Tat Foodshop - is located in one of the most famous old streets in Garden Street, Mong Kok. Though it is hidden behind the stalls, the shop is always packed with people. Through observation, the movement of customers and the routine of staff are deeperly understood, with the activities in service area to be further anylized.
served area service area main circulation
drink making and disposal
Put on the tray which would be delivered by another staff
Finally add in onions depending on customerâ€™s wish
Add ingredients accordingly with kitchen tongs
Ladle out noodles together with soup
Operation detail study
Conceptual model making
People circulate around. Thus space becomes motional as the people is in motion. The concept of a fluid and linked space for this cooking school comes from research on local restaurant, which scattered service area are linked and functioned through the movement of waitress. The design tries to choreograph this movement of people in using programs through a language of stacking of twisting lattice, which resembles the mapping of movement of dancers. Different configurations were explored based on different layout of programs and finally came up with a most elegant form.
Upper floor reading space
The twisting language provides much possibilities by its everychanging form, especially the spacial quality with light penetrating between lattices. The form goes with programs as each program â€œturnsâ€? to each other through circulation. The major space is then twisting up at the focal point of movement, leaving space underneath for exterior use. For the landscape, the language of twisting steps were adopted , even more strengthening the concept of fluid space. Various level heights would result in steps, platforms and stages, which makes the site more enjoyable for local community.
I stroll through the forest, the trees stand in irregular density, here and there a clearing, a bush, shrubbery, no large paths, perhaps meandering trails. I roam around, I discover, I find my own path. Iâ€™m led by curiosity, seduced by a light ray, by a particular sound.
A slab is a floor we stand on, a wall we walk along, a roof we rest underneath. When Mies made Barcelona Pavilion out of slabs, he opened a new age of architecture of slabs not as a part of blocks, but as a free spirit that makes space out of its own presence.
Transforming Slabs The proposal is brought after analyzing precedent case of â€˜slabâ€™ parti and forming program brief of an artist client. It uses the parti to organize space and articulates with different materials, making a total design with structure realization at the end.
Parti configuration trials
Transforming Slabs is a studio flat for artists in Sha Tin, HK. The precedent case, House for Bachelor(1931, demolished), was designed by Mies Van Der Rohe in the Berlin Building Exposition. The design effectively collapsed the division of inside and out, revealing Mies’s interest in blurring the boundaries between architecture and nature. Intersecting the grid were nonstructural, partition-like walls interrupted by expanses of glass. Extending beyond the roof, these walls connected the interior with surrounding courtyard areas and reflecting pool, creating what Mies called “attached garden rooms”.
Realization of concept
breaking boxes into L-slabs and resembling
Trials with model making
bedroom outdoor terrace
study area living area
outdoor exhibition area
For integration of parti and program, the design is organized such that public activities happen at lower floors and private spaces are on top. In-between the slabs are circulation space and light wells.
mirror placed in turning point steel form decking
steel structure column beam partial model
ourdoor wood deck
concrete slab thickness: 40mm
column 152mmx152mm girder 252mmx102mm space in between beams serve as wire container, so as to hide mechanical service
steel form decking thickness: 20mm spanning 1000mm
connection method: bolted and welded
curtian wall framing C-studs
exterior cladding concrete wall
steel frame construction isometric framing diagram
A Scholar House in Campus
A Public Hall in Campus
Room is a container to accommodate human activities. The main theme of the study is the interplay between space, body and furniture. A method is approached by subdividing the spatial volume -- a block -- to achieve hierachical orders.
Hall refers to a single large covered space possible to accommodate multiple collective activities. The main theme of the project is the relationship between space and structure. Activities are realized through the organization of structural elements, which are wooden sticks.
This design of UD Toilet challenges to design and construct in 1:1 scale. The concept is to carve the corner of a cuboid to make space for utilities, day lighting and access at human scale.
Public Housing Facade Intervention The intervention comes after an analysis of Hong Kong Public Housing facade performance (example from an estate of Ma On Shan). By applying a double facade of movable louvres and perforated metal panel, the lighting and heat gain of interior space can be better controlled. The design mainly study in detail how components of the skin are joined and how they attached to existing structure.
RESUME EDUCATION 2011 - 2015 | The Chinese University of Hong Kong | Hong Kong Bachelor of Social Science in Architecture 2008 - 2011 | Guangzhou Zhixin High School | Guangzhou
EXPERIENCE June 2014 - Aug 2014 | Tecon Architectural Design Company | Guangzhou Architectural assistance Housing projects in China, Construction detailing
ACCREDITATION & AWARDS Feb 2015 - present | LEED Green Associate | U.S. Green Building Council May 2014 | Honored Project for Exhibition | CUHK School of Architecture Project U4: Eco-Workshop May 2013 | Honored Project for Exhibition | CUHK School of Architecture Project U2: Transforming Slabs Sep 2012 | “Mr. and Mrs. Chan Foo Chuen” Scholarship | CUHK July 2006 | Grade 10 of Amateur Piano | Music Examination Committee of Chinese Musicians
INVOLVEMENT Apr 2014 - May 2014 | Surin Elephant Conservation Project | Thailand Elephant conservation volunteer Jan 2013 - May 2013 | CUHK Drama Society | CUHK Stage designer Oct 2011 - Dec 2012 | NA Rotaract Service Club | CUHK Promotion designer
LANGUAGES Mandarin | native Cantonese | semi-native
English | fluent, written and spoken French | intermediate
SKILLS AutoCAD Autodesk Revit Google Sketchup Vray Rhinoceros
Adobe Photoshop Adobe Indesign Adobe Illustrator Microsoft Office
Undergraduate work portfolio of architecture. 2012-2015. CUHK.