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2. 3.

Drove resistance to colonialism in India, China and Africa Drove Europeans to compete with each other to promote national pride by establishing colonies in the first place 4. Drove Chinese peasant movements against Manch government a. Targeted for not being nationalistic enough 5. Drove French to unite behind Napoleon to take over Europe 6. Drove the Japanese to industrialize quickly 7. Drove Egyptians to limit the power of the Ottomans ii. By 1914, the world had become one where people identify strongly with nation 1. Or with the dream of creating own nation iii. Oppressors used nationalistic feelings to justify their superiority iv. Oppressed used their nationalist feelings to justify their rebellion v. Jingoism – belligerent patriotism – British term I. Impact of changing European ideologies on colonial administrations VIII. Diverse interpretations A. What are the debates over the utility of modernization theory as a framework for interpreting events in this period and the next? a. Modernization/Westernization i. Nations become economically prosperous ii. Various social changes occur 1. Improved health care 2. More educational opportunities 3. More rights for women iii. Desire for democratic government will evolve 1. People learn more about what the world holds 2. Give up old ways and attitudes iv. Western Europe cited as proof that in time developing nations will evolve into developed nations b. Dependency Theory i. Developing nations economically dependent will remain 1. Have in past and present history of developed nations draining their resources a. Export agricultural products b. Export natural resources c. Production of assembly-line workers/sweatshop labor 2. Developed nation with access to processing a. Example oil i. Make more money from refined gasoline than crude oil ii. Dependency is inherent in capitalism c. Marxist Theorists i. Dispute both theories from above ii. Socialism only way that developing nations can become viable economic entitites B. What are the debates about the causes of serf and slave emancipation in this period and how do these debates fit into the broader comparisons of labor systems? C. What are the debates over the nature of women’s roles in this period and how do these debates apply to industrialized areas and how do they apply in colonial societies?

IX. Major Comparisons and Snapshots A. B.

Compare the causes and early phases of the industrial revolution in western Europe and Japan Comparative revolutions (compare two of the following: Haitian, American, French, Mexican, and Chinese)


Compare reaction to foreign domination in: the Ottoman Empire, China, India, and Japan


Comparative nationalism


Compare forms of western intervention in Latin America and in Africa


Compare the roles and conditions of women in the upper/middle classes with peasantry/working class in western Europe