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iii. Class tensions 7. Summary of differences a. Both followed similar paths, but Japan on fast forward i. A few decades what it took Britain a century ii. Didn’t have to invent everything – just implement advances b. Private corporations rose up i. Industrialists like Mitsubishi family c. Factories built d. Urbanization increased dramatically e. Reform instituted e. Mutual relation of industrial and scientific developments i. Inventions pushed industrial revolution ii. Industrialization 1. Made European nations richer > more technologically adept > boosted need for scientific knowledge to explore 2. New weaponry in hands of westerners iii. New inventions needed to extract resources from earth – colonies iv. Cotton gin made textile revolution possible 1. Extraction of clean cotton thread from raw cotton balls f. Commonalities i. Goes through the same process whether 18th century Britain as 20th century Nigeria 1. Factories built in areas near towns/cities a. These built near sources of power, transportation, pool of workers 2. Shift of people from countryside to city - urbanization a. Due to…caused by… i. Poor harvests ii. Too little land iii. Too many people to feed 3. Middle class forms a. Factory managers b. Shopowners c. Professionals – lawyers, accountants 4. Brutal working conditions/unsafe and unhealthy living condition leads to reform a. Political reform b. Socioeconomic reform i. Muckrakers – propaganda writers ii. Settlement houses – local buildings for kids/moms – YMCAs f. Comparing scientific revolution to industrial revolution i. Both changed the world 1. Knowledge spread and improvements made across cultures 2. Though there were patents, scientists/inventors built on ideas of colleagues 3. Collaborative effort allows for constant improvement ii. Scientific Revolution – discovering, learning, evaluating, understanding the natural world iii. Industrial Revolution – applying that understanding to natural ends c. Industrial Revolution Flow Chart i. Effects 1. Increase in need for resources and markets a. Colonization i. Rise of nationalism a. Independence movements and revolutions 2. Increase in urbanization a. Increase in social unrest i. Rise of nationalism a. Independence movements and revolutions ii. Changes in social thought – from Enlightenment ideals a. Women’s Emancipation movements b. End of the slave trade c. Rise of unions and laws to protect workers d. Rise of Marxism e. Independence movements and revolutions 3. Improves agricultural techniques which then fuels more industrial revolution C. Changes in patterns of world trade a. European nations seize trading networks from local/regional control