Genova fall 2017 book

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Charles E. Daniel Center for Building, Research and Urban Studies Students at San Matteo Cloister, Genova


Students Graduate: Jess Dancer Thu Do Lauren Grzibowski Lauren Ovca Jessica Schultz Laura Sciarrino Jiayi Shen Cullen Smith Elizabeth Widaski Jiayu Zhao


Undergraduate: Eric Bell Colin Bland Tyler Rodgers Christopher Suttle-Ware Administrator Silvia Siboldi Carroll Staff: Cristina Lagomarsino Lucia Ruggiero

Professor in Residence Henrique Houayek* Faculty Nicola Delledonne Saverio Fera Giuditta Poletti Luca Rocco * Family Kelly Houayek Helena Houayek

Students, faculty and staff at the Villa Party September 29, 2017 5

This book is dedicated to the Daniel family and all the donors for their generous support over the years. Mr. and Mrs. Harrison Forrester Little & Associates Architects CU & RW Oakley Mr. Frederick George “Fritz� Roth Mrs. Jeanne G. Fowler Mr. and Mrs. John H. Jameson, Jr. Mr. Raymond Stainback, Thompson Ventulett Stainback & Associates DA Gardner Mr. William Pelham, Pelham Architects, LLC Mr. David Olesker, for the Anne Landsman Isenburger Memorial Fellowship Dr. Cesare Fera, in memoriam Mr. and Mrs. Richard L. Powell Mrs. Mary F. Powell



Notre Dame de Haut - Ronchamp

Pantheon - Rome 8

Tomba Brion - Treviso

Sacro Bosco - Bomarzo

San Salvatore Church - Florence

Villa Rotonda - Vicenza

Villa Malcontenta - Venice

Villa Malcontenta - Venice

Negozio Olivetti - Venice


What’s your favorite thing about living in the villa? “My favorite thing about the villa is the incredible view of the harbor. In the evening, when the sun sets, it is like magic in the air.”


“My favorite thing about villa life by far is the food, and the meals that we all have together.”

“Having so many classmates around to talk to and explore new cities with is my favorite part of villa life.”

“My favorite thing about living in the villa is getting to experience a family style environment. Not only are we getting to know everyone better, but we also get to try lots of regional cuisine!”

“The views of the Mediterranean.”

“I really enjoy the location of the villa. It sits above the bustling medieval core and below the trails of the mountain. Everything is easily accessible by walking, and the views are amazing.”

“My favorite thing about living in the villa is that I am allowed to focus on my work while also having time to explore the city and travel without the distraction of my normal everyday life.”

“My favorite thing about living in the villa is its location between the city down the hill and the park up the hill.”

“Food from Cristina and the beautiful view of the villa.”

“My favorite thing about living in the villa is the fact that we live and work in the same building. Having all of our needs so enclosed makes the villa really feel like a home”

“The short commute to studio.”

“Great views over the city/ ridiculous amount of inside jokes.”

“Enjoy the sea view in the living room and balcony.”

“What I enjoy most about living in the villa is the view to the port from my room. It captures the characteristics of the city and frames a beautiful evening sunset.”

What’s your favorite Cristina dish? “My favorite dish is the beef stew because it reminds me of what my grandmother used to make.”

“Anything with pesto..”

“Cristina’s risotto is hands-down the best rice I’ve ever eaten.”

“Can dessert count? My favorite dish would have to be Crisitina’s homemade gelato! It is definitely the best gelato I have ever had!”

“Pesto pasta.”

“My favorite dish is Cristina’s pesto lasagna.”

“My favorite dish is anything alla pesto di Genovese.”

“Anything with pesto.”

“Pesto and the beef soup with green beans.”

“My favorite dish would have to be the pesto, I’m never disappointed by it.”

“Cristina’s pesto pasta.”

“Risotto <3.”

“Cream pasta.”

“My favorite dish at the villa is the pesto pasta.”


Field Studies: Sketches On Drawing: Design as an aesthetic practice Henrique Houayek The Field Studies class has a premise of learning by the encounter and live experience. Class takes advantage of the unique opportunity and experience students have to attend the Genoa Villa. The purpose of this course is to develop and practice a way of seeing and analyzing the built environment. Explicit in this process is the graphic transformation of that environment onto the two dimensional page. This act is a remarkable process and warrants careful consideration for its usefulness as an analytical tool. The learning process arrives from walking and visiting Genoa and other Italian cities and graphically register these experiences as an architect. Analytical inquiry through drawing can have the reciprocal effect of interpreting the subject and, through the drawing itself, it can also illustrate the process of how the subject is revealed. Simply stated, these analysis drawings are “working drawings”. That is to say, they “work” at providing insightful information and reveal otherwise hidden information about the subject rather than only depicting a landscape scene. Moving beyond a topical tourist photographing, this class focused on strong observation and extensive drawings as a way to record, and memorize interesting architecture and urban moments, as a way to increase the students design repertoire and to become more comfortable in developing and explaining graphically design intents. The unique character and advantage of the “field sketch” is to allow a concentrated amount of time to focus your attention onto a specific place or building in order to discover, analyze and record its complexities. Drawing in the field should be more incisive and exploratory than producing only accurate renderings of a given “scene”.



Jessica Schultz 14

The Villa

Jiayi Shen 15

Elizabeth Widaski

Jess Dancer

Lauren Ovca 16

Tyler Rodgers

Lauren Grzibowski

Laura Sciarrino

The Villa

Colin Bland

Chris Suttle-Ware

Thu Do

Eric Bell

Cullen Smith

Jiayu Zhao 17

Carlo Felice Theatre Left: Eric Bell Porta Soprana Top Right: Jiayi Shen San Stefano Bottom Right: Tyler Rodgers 18


San Agostino Church Above: Eric Bell Right: Jiayi Shen 19

San Matteo Cloister Top Left: Eric Bell Bottom Left: Thu Do Bottom Center: Laura Sciarrino Bottom Right: Tyler Rodgers Chiesa Del Gesu Top Right: Jiayi Shen



The Streets of Genova Top: Jiayi Shen Bottom Left: Elizabeth Widaski Bottom Center: Laura Sciarrino Bottom Right: Colin Bland 21

La Lanterna Above: Jiayi Shen Top Left: Jessica Schultz Genova Cityscape Bottom Left: Jessica Schultz 22


Porto Antico Top: Tyler Rodgers Bottom Left: Jiayi Shen Bottom Right: Elizabeth Widaski 23



Boccadasse Above: Eric Bell Opposite Page Top: Lauren Ovca Bottom Left: Colin Bland Bottom Center: Jiayi Shen Bottom Right: Jiayu Zhao 25



Palazzo Doria Tursi Above: Elizabeth Widaski Right: Colin Bland Opposite Page Top: Laura Sciarrino Via Garibaldi Doors Left to Right: Thu Do, Colin Bland, Jessica Schultz, Jiayi Shen, Elizabeth Widaski 27

Genova Piazzas and Churches The structure of the Piazza

Piazzas are among the most spectacular architecture works of the medieval city; its trace and position of its buildings represent principle functions of communal life and civic unity. In this drawing exercise students are encourage to experience Genova’s medieval city piazzas and understand its architectural structure, scale, orientation and architecture. The proposed exercise requires students to choose and investigate, on site, a medieval piazza dimension and scale - its form is reproduced in plan with its building’s facades. The following Piazzas were reproduced:

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1 Piazza Banchi and San Pietro in Banchi Church 2 Piazza San Lorenzo and San Lorenzo Cathedral


3 Piazza Santa Maria di Castello and Santa Maria di Castello Church 4 Piazza San Giorgio and San Giorgio and San Torpete Churches 5 Piazza Scuole Pie and Church of the Holy Name of Mary and the Guardian Angels

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6 Piazza San Matteo and San Matteo Abbey 7 Piazza San Luca and San Luca Church






Lauren Ovca 30

Piazza Banchi

San Pietro Church

Jiayi Shen 31

Eric Bell 32

Piazza San Lorenzo

San Lorenzo Cathedral

Cullen Smith 33

Jess Dancer 34

Piazza Santa Maria di Castello

Santa Maria di Castello Church

Jessica Schultz 35

Chris Suttle-Ware 36

Piazza San Giorgio

San Giorgio Church and San Torpete Church

Jiayu Zhao 37

Tyler Rodgers 38

Piazza Scuole Pie

Church of the Holy Name of Mary and the Guardian Angels

Laura Sciarrino 39

Thu Do 40

Piazza San Matteo

San Matteo Abbey

Lauren Grzibowski 41

Colin Bland 42

Piazza San Luca

San Luca Church

Elizabeth Widaski 43

Beyeler Foundation Above: Lauren Ovca Actelion Corporate Offices Bottom Left: Jiayi Shen Schaulager Foundation Bottom Right: Jiayu Zhao 44


First Group Trip

Basel Cathedral Top Left: Lauren Ovca Top Right: Jiayi Shen Bottom Left: Jessica Schultz Bottom Center: Lauren Ovca Bottom Right: Jiayu Zhao 45

Top Left: Thu Do Top Right: Jess Dancer Bottom Left: Jessica Schultz Bottom Right: Jiayu Zhao



First Group Trip

Above: Cullen Smith Top Left: Jiayi Shen Bottom Left: Jiayu Zhao Bottom Row: Lauren Ovca


Villa Rotunda Top Left: Lauren Ovca Bottom Left: Cullen Smith Top Right: Jiayu Zhao Bottom Right: Lauren Grzibowski Opposite Page Basilica Palladio Top Left: Jiayi Shen Top Right: Elizabeth Widaski Teatro Olimpico Bottom Left: Tyler Rodgers Venice Palladian Churches Bottom Right (3): Laura Sciarrino 48

Homage to Palladio

First Group Trip


Castelvecchio Top Left: Jiayu Zhao Gipsoteca Top Right: Jiayi Shen Bottom Left: Colin Bland Bottom Center: Laura Sciarrino Fondazione Querini Stamplia Middle Right: Jiayu Zhao Bottom Right: Jess Dance 50

Homage to Carlo Scarpa

First Group Trip

Tomba Brion Top Left: Laura Sciarrino Middle Left: Jess Dancer Bottom Left: Colin Bland Right: Lauren Ovca 51

San Marco Above: Cullen Smith Grand Canal Bottom Left: Colin Bland Church of the Redentore Bottom Right: Elizabeth Widaski 52


First Group Trip

San Giorgio Maggiore Above: Jessica Schultz Bottom Left: Jiayi Shen Ducale Palace Bottom Right: Jess Dancer 53


Independent Travel

Eiffel Tower Top Left: Thu Do Bottom Right: Chris Suttle-Ware Notre Dame Top Right: Eric Bell Bottom Right: Jess Dancer Louvre Bottom Left: Jess Dancer 54

Opposite Page Barcelona Pavilion Top Right: Jiayu Zhao Bottom Right: Jiayi Shen Gaudi’s Works (Casa Mila, Casa Battlo, Parc Guell) Top Left: Colin Bland Bottom Left to Right: Jiayi Shen, Jiayu Zhao, Jiayu Zhao


Independent Travel


England and Ireland Independent Travel



Independent Travel

Opposite Page Buckingham Palace (UK) Top Left: Eric Bell Galway Street (Ireland) Top Right: Jess Dancer White Cliffs of Dover (UK) Bottom Left: Thu Do Trinity College (Ireland) Bottom Center: Tyler Rodgers Bottom Right: Eric Bell

Lisbon Street Top Right: Jiayi Shen San Jeronimo el Real Top Left: Jiayu Zhao Padrao dos Descobrimentos Middle Left: Jiayu Zhao Bottom Left: Jiayi Shen 57


Independent Travel

Split Cottage Above: Lauren Ovca Lovrijenac Top Right: Lauren Ovca Bottom Right: Lauren Ovca Split Palace Middle Right: Lauren Ovca 58


Independent Travel

Stegastein Overlook (Norway) Above: Laura Sciarrino Kamppi Chapel (Finland) Top Left: Laura Sciarrino Tallinn Town Hall (Estonia) Middle Left: Laura Sciarrino Helsinki Cathedral (Finland) Bottom Left: Laura Sciarrino 59


Opposite Page Bruges Windmill (Belgium) Left: Elizabeth Windmill Bruges Town Hall (Belgium) Top Right: Elizabeth Windmill Kijk Kubus (The Netherlands) Middle Right: Jessica Schultz Annastede (The Netherlands) Bottom Right: Jessica Schultz


Independent Travel

Le Corbusier’s La Tourette All: Cullen Smith




Independent Travel

Opposite Page Bellagio Shoreline (Italy) Top: Elizabeth Windmill Lyon Roman Theatre (France) Bottom Left: Thu Do Bottom Center: Jess Dancer Ravello Church (Italy) Bottom Right: Tyler Rodgers

Ravello House (Italy) Left: Tyler Rodgers Amalfi St. Anthony’s Cathedral (Italy) Right: Tyler Rodgers 63



Second Group Trip

Opposite Page Museo Marino Marini Top: Jiayu Zhao Bottom Left: Eric Bell Santa Maria del Fiore Bottom Center: Jessica Schultz Bottom Right: Jessica Schultz

Santa Maria del Fiore Above: Jiayu Zhao Top Left: Jess Dancer Bottom Left: Jiayi Shen 65

Santa Maria Novella Above: Jiayi Shen Bottom Left: Tyler Rodgers Bottom Right: Laura Sciarrino Opposite Page San Spirito Church Top Left: Elizabeth Widaski Top Right: Laura Sciarrino Bottom Left: Jessica Schultz Bottom Center: Jessica Schultz San Lorenzo Cloister Bottom Right: Tyler Rodgers 66


Second Group Trip


Top: Lauren Ovca Bottom Left: Elizabeth Widaski Bottom Right: Colin Bland Opposite Page Top: Jessica Schultz Bottom Left: Elizabeth Widaski Bottom Center: Jiayi Shen Bottom Right: Jess Dancer 68

San Gimignano

Second Group Trip



Second Group Trip Top Left: Jess Dancer Top Right: Laura Sciarrino Bottom Left to Right: Jiayu Zhao, Jiayi Shen, Lauren Ovca, and Jiayi Shen



Second Group Trip

Above: Lauren Grzibowski Top Left: Tyler Rodgers Middle Left: Cullen Smith Bottom Left: Jess Dancer Bottom Right: Eric Bell 71



Second Group Trip

Opposite Page Top: Elizabeth Widaski Bottom Left: Tyler Rodgers Bottom Right: Jess Dancer Top: Cullen Smith Bottom Left: Lauren Ovca Bottom Right: Elizabeth Widaski


Roman Forum Top Left: Elizabeth Widaski Top Right: Jiayi Shen Bottom Right: Lauren Ovca Pantheon Bottom Left: Colin Bland Bottom Center: Lauren Grzibowski



Second Group Trip Colosseum Top Left: Jess Dancer Top Right: Jiayi Shen Roman Forum Bottom Left to Right: Jess Dancer, Colin Bland, Laura Sciarrino, and Lauren Ovca


MAXXI Museum Top Left: Jiayu Zhao Jubilee Church Top Right: Jess Dancer Bottom Left: Jiayu Zhao Bottom Center: Cullen Smith Bottom Right: Thu Do Opposite Page Piazza dell Popolo Top Right: Elizabeth Widaski Bottom Left: Tyler Rodgers Piazza Sapienza Top Left: Lauren Ovca Middle Left: Tyler Rodgers Piazza Navona Bottom Left to Right: Jessica Schultz, Thu Do, and Eric Bell



Second Group Trip


Theory and History

Nicola Delledonne The notions of history and theory have to do with the theme of memory, which is an opportunity to deal with the symbolic language of architecture. This is the reason why the Course of History and Theory of Architecture at the Villa in Genoa is focused on the role of memory in some particular design processes, for the most concerning public buildings and public spaces. The course is based on lectures, whose historical and theoretical subjects should help the students address their design studio. This doesn’t mean that the students are encouraged to find in history and theory ready-made solutions, but only that they can improve their critical skills. In other words, history and theory are considered to be more useful to ask questions than to get answers. Every lecture presents a comparison between buildings from the past and modern/ contemporary buildings, so that the students can understand what lasts and what changes in a specific architectural conception during the centuries. Some examples may clarify this goal. The notion of central plan, which is typical of all Palladio’s country houses sited in Veneto, can be found in a modern building as Giuseppe De Finetti’s Villa Crespi, near Vigevano. The Pompeian houses seem to have been strongly reinterpreted by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe in his unrealized house with three courtyard. The Pantheon in Rome has been evoked in the central part of Altes Museum in Berlin, by Karl Friedrich Schinkel. All the mentioned examples show that an architect can grasp concepts from history in order to make a new theory which has no need to take in consideration historical architectural styles.


Teatro Carlo Felice Opera House: A Gateway to a Melting Pot of Ideas

“Anything with pesto..”

Theory Versus Practice: Comparing Alberti’s Treatise to Palazzo Rucellai

Brunelleschi: Sacred Space versus Public Service Space

Classicism Re-Imagined

Genoa and Venice: A Comparison of Ducal Palaces

A Critical Analysis of the Work and Theory of Pier Luigi Nervi

Analytical Comparison of Piazza del Campo and Piazza San Marco

La Rotonda and the Villa Savoye

Uffizi: The Architecture of an Urban Space

Comparison of Villa Rotonda and The Parthenon

Historic Ties in the Symbolism of Architecture: The Reichstag and the Schwerin Palace

Comparison of San Carlo Alle Quattro Fontane church and San Andrew’s Cathedral

The Symbol of the Cathedral: A Comparison of the Gothic Style and its Influences


Studio Projects

Henrique Houayek Luca Rocco Nicola Delledonne This FALL 2017 project site is situated at the Genoa historical center, and its theme will include research on the historical Genovese architectural and urban types, urban and city economics, spaces and architecture for social interaction, community gathering and social equity. As part of the current European Union social and political discussions is the challenge of how to deal with the constant arrival of refugees, and immigrants traveling from different regions of Asia and Northern Africa desolate by economic disparity, war and poverty. This phenomenon which has escalated strongly over the last few years has generated a strong debate both at a political scale as well as at an urban view. Italy plays a strong role as it has received a record number of asylum seekers over the last few years. Its geographical position at the center of the Mediterranean Sea as well as its open social and political views to populations in need have made it clear the following aspects: • There are a large population escaping conflict areas searching for peace and better life opportunities; • Cities need to rethink and adapt their models on how to receive and integrate this population to their daily lives and how can this create opportunities of social and economic equity; • Cities will become the ground for experimenting new urban sites and building typologies which aim to work as integrated beacon between these struggling populations; This project aims to bring in discussion with the city the role of architects in search of social equity and democratic urban landscapes. For the semester, students are required to: • Research and understand the phenomenon of population migration, why, how and what happens to them; • Understand concepts of democracy, social justice and social equity; • Develop and test different proposals in the attempt to generates an architectural model which can help improve this social condition and helps creates a new sense of place in a life for these struggling populations. The chosen area is situated on an open lot at the edge of the historical city center and it brings a set of different and interesting challenges to the students. Located at Corzo Maurizio Quadrio, this site today hosts the Progetto Chance (Chance Project) an informal commercial settlement at street level with is majority population of immigrants looking for a way to survive economically and create a small survival economy. 80


Synapse Eric Bell Tyler Rodgers

SYNAPSE is a cultural center dedicated to supporting refugees and the citizens of Genoa, Italy. Located on a previously leftover section between the old and new areas of the city along the ancient sea wall, the city previously lacked identity and a sense of connection to the surrounding urban context. The proposal seeks to not only facilitate a connection between the different levels of the city, but also to facilitate a connection between migrant populations and the people of Genoa, in order to aid in their adjustment and promote a cultural exchange. The center incorporates a series of spaces to provide resources to refugees and enable their interaction with residents of the city, which include outdoor public spaces, communal work areas, a market, housing, offices, and a lecture hall. A series of roof terraces function as open areas were refugees and residents can both enjoy the temperate climate and views of the city. Flexible work spaces throughout the building provide areas were refugees can utilize computers to apply for jobs and take classes directed by citizens of the city. A market on the lower level, similar to the covered markets found throughout Italy, will also encourage residents of the city to come to space, and could provide a source of employment for individuals living in the center. Housing units on the upper levels serve as a means of temporary housing for refugees entering the city. Offices serve as resource centers were refugees can obtain assistance in processing paperwork, finding jobs, booking further travel, and completing citizenship applications. The lecture hall is a place for events, classes, and exhibitions. All of these areas provide spaces where refugees and residents can meet and engage in a sharing of ideas and culture. The site is challenging in its location next to Genoa’s elevated highway. In order to mitigate the effects of the noise emitted from this roadway, as well as to provide a filter for light and air, the structure of the building incorporates a wood screen, and an open pathway that surrounds the interior spaces. This screened pathway serves as an additional space for interaction, shields the interior spaces from direct sunlight during the summer months, and allows for an even circulation of air throughout the structure. Through connection of multiple levels of the city, incorporation of communal spaces, and utilization of a screening system, the project functions as a connector between different parts of the urban context, groups of people, and the interior of the building and the environment, all of which serve to promote the center as a welcoming space for refugees to live and work in the city of Genoa.




The Cores of Cultural Transfusion Jess Dancer

Because of its location on the Mediterranean Sea, Genoa, Italy is a crossroads for immigrants entering Europe. Upon arrival, their basic need for shelter is met while incorporating a transfusion of each individual culture brought with them to this new city. Located in the industrial port of Genoa, the site is sandwiched between the old city wall and a busy highway, serving as the hinge between residential tranquility and the constant bustling activity of the industry. The buildings were intentionally designed to open onto each other instead of the street, reducing the noise impact from the street and port beyond. Raising the program up off the ground allows for the implementation of a series of plazas to bring life to an otherwise vacant and unused area. A central cultural hub serves as the nucleus of integration and permeation between both residents and nonresidents, off which branch the living spaces for the immigrants. A simple, permeated, brick faรงade implements passive design techniques to create temperate unconditioned spaces year-round in this particular climate. This project strives to enlarge the downtown port, extending its public life out further along the coastline, creating a beautiful refuge for migrants and Genovese residents to intermingle and share cultures.




Altering the Perspective on Immigration Thu Do

Focused on the way immigration is perceived, the design proposal is aimed at breaking the boundaries between the people of Genova and incoming immigrants. Moving away from industrial amenities and atmosphere, the project is centered around an outdoor theatre space designated for real, personal conversations on the human scale. Two buildings hug this core that function to connect and celebrate the immigrants’ varying cultures through cuisine, a gallery, market space, and networking services. By taking back the sidewalk space on the site, visitors are guided through a threshold subtracted from either building up towards the centered theatre or to the market area located beneath the seating parallel to the street. These multifunctional areas allow for a fluid adaptation as immigrants come and go from the Genova area. Organized around the idea of an interchange of stories and cultures, the program showcases the lifestyles of immigrants on a personal level in a multitude of ways, such as food, clothes, goods, art, film, speech, and music, creating deeper connections between one person and another.



Bilateral Acculturation through Vertical Heights Lauren Grzibowski

The goal of this building is to create a space for immigrants to come, live, work, and educate themselves and others, while receiving the necessary resources and documentation all in one space. During this integration they will be forming bonds with those in similar situations while creating bonds with the existing city of Genova. The city lies in medieval city of Genova, Italy. It’s exact location is a small abandoned lot that butts against the old medieval wall, once designed to keep people out of the port city, the wall now acts as a support wall to the immigration building, which literally climbs over the wall to connect to the existing residential block. This building is intended to create a low cost living environment for recent immigrants to come and live while selling their goods to help establish themselves as self-sufficient in their new community. To do this, the design uses low-cost materials, maximizes the amount of people per apartment, while allowing for plenty of shared living space, and allows the residents to create their own income. The design relies on a strong passive system to cool the building during most months of the year. Utilizing the small site footprint and building upwards creates a tall but narrow building, allowing most rooms and apartments to have operable windows on both facades creating a more than adequate cross breeze. The climate of a coastal city in Italy is one that receives a large amount of rain during certain seasons. This building will capture excess rainwater through a collection system below the rood garden. The excess rain will pump back into the water system to water the plants along the vertical walls and be filtered to supplement the grey water system. The design utilizes three very sustainable materials, bamboo, concrete, and metal mesh that acts as support for a green wall. All work towards the idea of a sustainable building.



Transition Re-Imagined An Assimilation of Cultures Lauren Ovca Elizabeth Widaski

Mass immigration poses many challenges and opportunities for countries hosting immigrants. While increased care, housing, and employment can be difficult to procure, cities have the chance to assimilate with a new culture and introduce new people to their own. Transitions Re-Imagined seeks to introduce the city to immigrants and refugees by offering temporary housing and means that will help them transition into their new lives. The project also aims to give back to the city by creating much needed green space and community space and providing resources for the both the immigrants and the public. In the simplest terms, this project is about transition of people through spaces, the transition of activity through a community, and the transition of people into new lives.




Support and Connection for Refugees Jessica Schultz Colin Bland Chris Suttle-Ware

IMMERSE is a self-sustaining cultural center that services and hosts refugees on a temporary and as-needed basis in the city of Genova, Italy. The site is situated on a narrow lot positioned just outside of the medieval city wall and the harbor. The leftover strip of land is being programmed to service an underrepresented population as it aids refugees seeking permanent relocation and asylum in Genova or beyond. The project is self-sustaining in that the residing refugees assist in maintaining and managing the facility. This program welcomes refugees, provides for basic needs, connects individuals to social, judiciary, and employment support, and ultimately immerses immigrants into the Italian culture. The program provides quality indoor and outdoor public spaces for temporary residents and the community to interact and open the dialogue that frames perspectives of acceptance and understanding. In order for this social change to take place, the building maximizes the public spaces to maximize interactions with the community 1,129m2 (13,555 sf) of public terraces and outdoor spaces; 625 m2 (6,731 sf) of semi-public space including reception area, classroom, administrative offices, donations center, dining area, kitchen, and a tabacchi store; and 634 m2 (6,824 sf) dedicated to housing the 44 refugees including, six 4-person family-style apartments, three dormitory-style rooms, communal space with a kitchenette, laundry facility, shared restrooms, and a private entrance.



Portal of Opportunity Rethinking Refugee Resources Laura Sciarrino

Portal of Opportunity is designed to reenergize and assimilate the refugee and immigrant community into the local culture. Situated in Genova, Italy on the edge of the dense medieval city and the industrial port, the site serves to create a space for this growing community. Italy’s location on the Mediterranean Sea has resulted in the large numbers of refugees entering the European Union from war-torn and impoverished countries to seek asylum and a new life in Western Europe. As the first stop for many of these refugees, Italy is facing issues due to the inability of the new community to assimilate into the existing culture, the economic responsibility of a larger population, and the misunderstood legal process of immigration and documentation. Portal of Opportunity is designed to create a place within Genova to provide the resources and connections to the city, as well as foster a community. By creating a public ground floor connected to a community building, Portal of Opportunity allows for the fostering of a unique community and the interaction with the larger Genoa population. Elevated above this marketplace, resources buildings provide the basic health and dental needs, along with legal aid, documentation assistance, and language education. To construct this project economically and utilize resources from the city, Portal of Opportunity is designed to use the waste materials from the industrial port as building material. The main building materials are recycled concrete and compressed plastic panels with a 3 meter by 3 meter structural grid of thin recycled steel columns and are protected from the sun and busy adjacent street by a screen constructed out of recycled rebar. This idea of using everything available to you is a similar mindset to that of the refugees trying to restart their lives.



Growing Frame

Genoa’s Green Market and Residence Jiayi Shen

As part of the current European Union social and political discussions is the challenge of how to deal with the constant arrival of refugees, and immigrants traveling from different regions of Asia and Northern Africa desolate by economic disparity, war and poverty. This phenomenon which has escalated strongly over the last few years has generated a strong debate both at a political scale as well as at an urban view. Since most of the houses around the site are mostly street spaces, I made an open structure to make the space as close as possible to the outside world, coupled with the operation of limiting the height and creating the slit space. In the further three-dimensional deformation operation, formed two large functional partition. Concession to restore a public venue is another major design operation. In order to link the urban space on both sides of the North and South, a property of the axis of the site was formed, and for this feature, the design was carried out for elevation and sinking. The design criticizes the current iconic buildings for their pursuit of visual impact and neglect of their true citizenship, leading to buildings often becoming non-human scale urban sculptures. Deconstruction design and application of thinking, the building back to the site as a whole background, the facade of the use of repetitive structural elements to eliminate mass.



The Cove

Sanctuary for the Homeless Cullen Smith

With the number of refugees increasing drastically across the European content in recent years, there has be a spike in individuals living on the streets. In Italy alone there are an estimated 50,700 displaced humans living without shelter or means of decent living. The Cove is a response to this dilemma by re-imagining how a shelter for the homeless can provide both short and long term remedies. Located in Northwestern Italy in the city of Genoa, The Cove sits at the base of Molo district along the existing retaining wall that separates the residents from the freeway that runs along the bay and shipping yard. With 88 beds distributed into ten apartment style units, the inhabitants at The Cove live in small “families� where they share the amenities of the unit and gain social skills while interacting with each other. The units are arranged along a single loaded corridor facing southwest towards the Italian Rivera, and share four open courtyards that separate the units. Each unit opens to these courtyards while facing the adjacent units to promote even further socialization while building the sense of a community within the Cove. Each courtyard houses a series of planters for fruit trees, shrubs and vegetables that are tended to by and intended for the inhabitants. This makes food access easy for the community while also giving these people agricultural knowledge and skills that they can apply in their future. On the roof of the units are lookout decks (that are accessible to the public as well), with a grass floor to reduce solar heat gain in the unit while also providing a comfortable place to rest and enjoy the scenery to the sea. To the back are four greenhouses that can act as terrariums to allow more exotic food to be grown as well as the potential for an aquaponic systems to be introduced. Along the ground floor are offices and open floor store space to provide counseling, medical attention and other needs that can easily be given on site to the inhabitants. The roof of this section of the Cove has been made accessible to the ground floor and the walkway along the retaining wall, adding a pedestrian flow from all possible approaches to the site. The roof is arranged with a passageway and a series of nooks that serve as a temporary market space where the food from the Cove can also be sold to the local residence giving these people business skills, further interaction with the community while also providing a source of income. The Cove blends into an already dense urban space with its concrete formed structure while lightening its feel with its openings and subtracted spaces between units. It provides necessary needs for the less fortunate and interacts with the local residents, allowing for the community as a whole to grow and develop all together.



Re-Home Jiayu Zhao

This project is an answer to the local immigrations problems and located near the sea in Genoa, Italy. The main concept to solve this situation is to open arms to immigrations instead of just closing eyes or isolating them. So, this building provided lots of spaces to help immigrations deal with the work, study and living problems with the market, education center, and apartment. At the same time, the project also wants to integrate the life of local people, immigrations and even tourists together to active the site and help immigrations to get used to the local life easier and really re-home in Genoa.



What was your favorite drawing from the semester? “My favorite drawing this semester was the villa sketch. I spent a good time drawing in the garden and soaking in this amazing experience. I believe that this drawing was my best and most improved drawing of the semester.”

“I enjoyed drawing the Pompeiian and Roman ruins because they show a history with their crumbling stones and rugged edges.”

“My Bocadasse sketch.”


“My favorite drawing site was Piazza Navona, in Rome.”

“One of my favorite drawings of the semester is my drawing of the Bellagio shoreline because I enjoyed working with the mix of landscape and buildings using charcoal.”

“The piazza drawing exercise was my favorite of the semester. I enjoyed drawing the detailed facades and then using the silhouette cutters to recreate the piazza.”

“My favorite thing about living in the villa is that I am allowed to focus on my work while also having time to explore the city and travel without the distraction of my normal everyday life.”

“My favorite drawings from the semester were the elevations of the pavilions at the Biennale in Venice.”

“Sketch of Museum Marino Marini.”

“My favorite drawing is the Villa Rotonda by Palladio. We had a good amount of time to sit down and sketch so I was able to put a lot of effort into it. The weather was nice and we had the opportunity to make really great sketches.”

“My favorite drawing thus far was in Ronchamp at Le Corbusier’s Notre Dame du Haut. I chose a difficult angle but the building and the landscape allowed me to be more expressive in the composition.”

“Either the Villa drawing or the Pompeii Forum.”

“Sketch of Duomo di Milano.”

“My favorite drawing from the semester is Bernini’s Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi in Rome.”

What building that we visited inspired you the most? “The Coliseum in Rome inspired me because of the technical design and nice spaces for a well preserved architectural ruin. The coliseum visit gave me so many answers to how sports venues are designed today. Since taking the Olympic studio last spring and finally seeing the coliseum in person, this fall, this visit inspired me to continue to pursue sports architecture.” “Although we didn’t go as a group, the Sagrada Familia is by far the most amazing space I have ever experienced. The playful interaction of all the elements of the basilica, plus the light interaction through the stained glass creates an absolutely beautiful design. Of the buildings we visited, my modern favorite was the Conference Pavilion at the Vitra Campus by Tadao Ando. He expertly uses the site to form a relationship between materiality, texture and light. My favorite historic site is the Colosseum. To experience the enormous scale of the space as well as the incredible engineering technologies is truly unforgettable.” “The tower of Pisa has inspired a lot of fear for me. I don’t want to be that guy.” “It was not a building that inspired me, but it was more of an urban landscape in the contemporary area of Milan called Porta Nuova. It was like an amusement park for architecture, however, I was inspired by the way the area between the buildings allowed interactions between the public and the buildings themselves with a water circulating throughout the center of the square and how it was surrounded by seating where people were conversing..”

“Museum Marino Marini.”

“Villa Rotunda, Ronchamp, Vitra Haus.”

“Vitra Fire Station.”

“I was most inspired by the Ronchamp Chapel.”

“The Museum Querini Stapalia Foundation by Carlo Scarpa in Venice inspired me to think further about details and how they can influence the overall impression of the design.”

“The Pantheon is definitely my favorite building that we visited this semester. The structural system and condition for its age are quite impressive.”

“I really enjoyed all of the Carlo Scarpa projects that we visited. They are timeless projects and every detail is thought out.”

“I was most inspired by the Uffizi Gallery in Florence; it’s a great example of the intersection of architecture and urban space and functions very well as a public service.”

“Villa Rotunda.”

“The most inspiring building that I visited would have to be Le Corbusier’s, Convent La Tourette in Eveux, France.”


This book has been produced during the Fall 2017 semester by Henrique Houayek, Professor in Residence, and Laura Sciarrino, Teaching Assistant. It is a sample of the students’ experiences and their work produced while living at the Villa with a selection of over 250 hand drawings with multiple medias, as well as the projects developed for Studio.



The Charles E. Daniel Center for Building, Research and Urban Studies was founded in 1972 by Harlan Ewart McLure and Cesare Fera as one of the first architecture programs in the US to establish a satellite program in Europe. Since its creation, the Genova program has served as a home for Clemson University, captivating and inspiring countless architecture students. The program balances studio experience with studies of Italian architecture, contemporary design, urban practices, culture and field sketching. Students spend about a third of the 15-week semester traveling around Italy and Europe. A resident professor from Clemson is assisted by Italian professors who also practice architecture in Genoa. Visiting critics and lecturers from Italy and Europe come to the center on a regular basis to lecture and critique student work. This book presents the work produced during the FALL 2017 semester with particular emphasis on students’ sketches and field studies.


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