Hola mahigh school vol 3 issue 1 2014

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Your Life Magazine VOLUME 3 Issue 1 2014

Plan Ahead Nanotechnology SIGN LANGUAGE Also: A Guide to FET Colleges

How do I become a filmmaker? Before answering the question of how one becomes a filmmaker it is important to outline the scope of the film & TV industry.

of the advertising world, the commercial.

There is broadcast television with its news, sports, investigative journalism, inserts, magazine, sitcoms, game and talk shows which involve an assortment of production, research and studio skills.

Choosing a career in the film and television industry is exciting for any young person. But along with the excitement, perceptions of glamour and trendy associations, comes a lot of hard work, dedication, jostling for jobs and long, long hours. In spite of these demanding conditions, many people find the creativity and excitement of bringing a film to life more than makes up for the hard times. You too can realise your dream of being part of this sector if you do the homework, understand the industry and go about the journey in the correct way.

Then there is what is commonly known as ‘long form’ - the mostly location-based television or drama series, or features. There is also animation, corporate or documentary productions. And lastly of course the gem

For more information on the film & TV industry as well as information on educational institutions which offer filmmaking courses you can visit the Gauteng Film Commission website on www.gautengfilm.org.za

The Film & TV industry also referred to as the digital media or audiovisual industry, forms part of the very complex and varied media, entertainment and cultural industries.

Gauteng Film Commission, 56 Main Street, Johannesburg 2001, South Africa Tel +27 (0) 11 833 0409 • info @gautengfilm.org.za An agency of the Gauteng Provincial Government

CONTENTS 04 Editor’s Letter 06 WE NEED WRITERS!!! Get in contact with us

08 Meet some of our Contributors


09 Holla @ US Connect with us

10 In Memorium Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela

14 Sign Languages


What do we not know?

15 Plan Ahead Don’t procrastinate

20 FET Colleges A guide to FET Colleges

15 2 > > > H OLA MAH I G H-S CHO O L

CONTENTS 26 FET Colleges & Universities What is it all about?

30 A Giant Step To A New World Nanotechnology

32 Book Review 36

34 Quotes Game Famous quotations by Madiba

36 Time Travel Is it Real?

38 Is It All Greek? Why some students study Greek


40 2014 Autumn Fashion For Men 42 Iran A New Beginning?

44 In Our Next issue


holamahighschool@gmail.com > > > H O L A M A H IG H - SC H O O L


From the Editor

Editor’s Letter

Did you spot the difference? We now print 90 000 copies which is distributed throughout the entire country. This is now a major publication. It has been possible thanks to Department of Higher Education and Training. This is important as we now go forward in our quest to become THE major publication for all high-school students. We encourage the schools to purchase additional copies as the 90 000 copies will surely not be enough to cater for all interested readers.

We are also having a focus in 2014 on FET colleges. I trust you have heard of these. There is a very interesting article on what FET’s are. Please read it. It puts the entire sector into a different light. Also, to be very scientific: The white paper on the education after high-school is out. We went to the presentation and it was immensely interesting. This entire area has had a total face-lift. Education after high-school is now much more diverse and transparent. Look at it this way. University is of course important but it is not the only thing. It comes down to a few ‘truths’: what do you want to do? Are you academically inclined? A brain surgeon? Or do you want to be an artisan? The opportunities are out there and it is for you to start knowing. We have given you a list of all the state FET colleges. There are more, of course, but that list is HUGE. Try to have a look at what we have given you. There is a lot 4

of future in this.

What else do we have for you? The article by Thapelo on nanotech is rather thought provoking. It is a field where there are a lot of promises, but not so much reality yet. What do you (really) know about sign language? Except what happened in December? Me neither. That is where Fikile comes into it with her article. Of course we have an international angle: IRAN. This is not so easy. But Rofhiwa is on the ball as usual. We will probably have more on Iran as it is a huge topic to cover in one go. … And then: Is it all Greek? This is a fun article. And totally ‘left field’ in many ways. I am impressed by students who seek out to do Greek. It is beyond me, but Jay and her friends are worth admiring. The best we saved for last: The BIG story is of course Mandela. It is easy to write about Mandela. Just look it up and start chucking words on paper. But it is not so easy if you ask the right question: Why was Mandela an inspiration to people in the likes of Obama, and so on? Go beyond the obvious. Go into the core of his personality as Rofhiwa has done. Rose looked at Mandela quotes. These are the one’s we should put up on the wall and look at daily. Good read!


H co n o




10835 H

Aftermath For every action There’s a reaction For everything that is eaten by thee today, Thou shalt be eaten tomorrow For every object thou posses Thou shall be possessed too For every obstacle you do wrong Wrong shall be done to you next For every precious stone that is thine Thou shall a precious stone be to other parties

For every hand ye give Hands as many to equalize to you shall give For the nickels ye give the poor Prayers to you they shall return For every action There’s a reaction But is the actor ready to face ‘em all? By Sello Atlegang Aliaah

From the exciting, edge-of-your-seat world of stockbroking to the highly valued practice of financial planning, the Finance, Accounting,

Finance and Accounting sector?

10835 HolaMyHighSchool Sept 12.indd 1

Services (Fasset) Sector has a career for every aspiring number cruncher. Just some of the many careers in the finance and accounting sector include accountancy, bookkeeping, debt collecting, tax practitioning and accounting technicians. There are so many


Have you considered the number of career options within the

Management Consulting and other Financial

opportunities available in the fields of finance and accounting that the possibilities are truly endless.

2012/08/25 2:58 PM

We Need Writers! Our writers are growing up and getting older. Which is good. BUT... It means that they leave us! Therefore: Would you like to write for us?

What is required? It is rather easy • You have to be in high-school – Grades 10 to 12; • Impeccable in your preferred language. It may not be English; which you will prefer to write in. THAT we will support as we don’t want to be English only; • Passionate about your topic. No dull articles here.

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Bo fu on ww em

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Do you get anything out of it? Well, not money. Unfortunately. Not yet at least... BUT... If we publish your articles you will have: • Your bio appears in the magazine; • A photograph of yourself; • You can put it on your CV; • You can use us as a reference.

Is it important?

What to do


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Email me on ivan@romele.co.za with the following information: Name School Cell number E-mail address And we will come back to you!

YES it is. Look here My name is Rofhiwa and I love to write. I think I’m a rather decent writer too. I took my talent and have used it to express my thoughts on international dealings of the world which have been published in Hola MaHigh School. It has paid off, not only is my work printed for young people in the country to read, but, it also contributed to my getting a bursary from CNBCAFRICA to do my postgraduate studies. Would be a lot harder to get by if I didn’t have platforms like Hola to boost my future. 6


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GET ALL THE ANSWERS AT THESE EXCITING EVENTS AT UJ From 2014 the UJ OPEN DAY format will be changing to give you, the learner, a valuable experience with us. Instead of one large OPEN DAY, we have put together a calendar filled with smaller focused interactions to offer you the best guidance for your future. Booking is essential, so book today by visiting future.uj.mobi either on your phone or PC or click on the My Future UJ Learner Portal Banner on www.uj.ac.za. If you have problems booking please email learnerportal@uj.ac.za or call 011 559 6372. DATE


23 April 2014

Mini Open Day – Grade 12

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Subject Choice Seminars – Grade 9

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Mini Open Day – Grade 12

Choose the r

ight subjects in Gr 9 L earn well in G E arn the ma r 10 r you need in ks Gr 1 Apply on tim 1 e in Gr 12 Register to b e a UJ stude come nt once accepted t o UJ

10 September 2014 Mini Open Day – Grade 11 17 October 2014

Mini Open Day – Grade 11

* Please note these dates may be subject to change.

Individuals, parents, teachers and all groups are welcome – proof of your booking must be presented on entrance. Campus tours will take place on the last Friday of every month, unless there is a public holiday and must also be booked on future.uj.mobi. Please look out for more information in the press and online regarding UJ’s winter schools and other helpful initiatives aimed at keeping you CLEAR about your future!

SMS the keyword ODays to 45813 for any further info on any of these events.* * Standard sms rates apply.

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2014/02/18 12:40 PM


My name is Rofhiwa Madzena. I’m a young woman who is fun and approachable, I’m a budding feminist and I strongly believe that the worth of a woman is second to none, the trick is convincing the rest of the world a challenge I’m ready for! I’m passionate about South Africa and the World and many call me naïve but I believe that we and generations that will follow will achieve world peace!

My name is Sifiso Ngwenya, a grade 10 student at Tiisetsong Secondary School. I love writing and reading stories,novels and just about every thing. I am a blogger and a socialite and I plan to write awesome articles for Hola MaHighSchool. I trust everyone will love my articles and keep reading.

I am Thapelo Moloabi and I reside in Lenasia. I am currently doing my Grade 12 at Highlands North Boy’s High school. I’m a socialite by nature who wants to change the world. Look out for me, because it will happen.

My name is Monica Rose Morapama. I was born in Alexandra 22 years ago when the NP government took the first step towards dismantling discrimination and lifted the ban on the ANC and other political organisations. This is no surprise why am I into politics. And I don’t care if a reader hates one of my stories, just as long as he finishes the book, and review it. My name is Lerato “Pree” Mofokeng. I’m currently doing matric at Midrand High. I’m a very interactive, out-going being and oh my... I love fashion!! I started writing poetry at the age of 11, along with starting art. I may be new, but I’ll surely get you to be a “Hola-Mag-Worm” lol! Although it will come with great challenges, I will not be defeated as I stand by Madiba’s quote: “I learned that courage was not the absence of fear, but the triumph over it. The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid, but he who conquers that fear”.

My name is Innocent Ximba. I am a creative writer and motivational speaker. I have opinions that amaze the world and advice that the youth can relate to. Yours in creative writing, Innocent Ximbaair.

My name is Fikile Unifire Zulu. First and foremost I’m a career driven, bold, diligent, go-getter and self-motivated young lady from Evaton West in the Vaal Triangle. I’m a firm believer in reading because it nurtures ones mind and makes you see the world from a new perspective. I co-founded a non-profit organistation and I also write. I love relaxing with nothing but a book and I enjoy writing. 8


WE ARE NOW ALL OVER THE PLACE Editor Sybil Otterstrom sybil@next-level.co.za holamahighschool@gmail.com Advertising Sales Next Level Management Services cc 011 614 5046/2094 076 360 1792 sybil@next-level.co.za Publishing Romele Publications cc PO Box 53056 Troyeville 2139 011 614 5046/2094 Enquiries Romele Publications cc 32 Eleanor Street Troyville 011 614 5046/2094 sybil@next-level.co.za Production & Art Direction Sybil Schneider gaggle@icon.co.za Publisher Sybil Otterstrom Printing United Litho

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A big heads-up to your lifestyle magazine: Koketso Thubakgale i love ur mag !u guys u rock my world!!!” – Kefentse Hope Guys u duing a gr8 job nd m totally inlove with yo mag. – Refiloe Mawela

Follow us on Twitter @holamahighsch

I’m Raymond Moruku, currently in Grade 12 at Nirvana Secondary School in Lenasia. I’m the RCL president at school, uphold leadership skills that will be essential in the near future of this country. In 2013 I plan to study political science as my passion for politics speaks for itself through my current activities. I’m part of the Ahmed Kathrada Foundation leadership programme which prepares us to become future leaders and deepens non-racialisim. As always,a bolt from the blue,here comes me!!! My name is Sello Atlegang Aliaah, a seed of today, a flower of tomorrow who lives in Soshanguve,a 16 year old who’s in Senthibele High. I’m here to knock you out,so watch out!!! > > > H O L A M A H IG H - SC H O O L


In Memorium



HE PASSING OF the nation’s beloved, Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela brought with it a scamper of stories about who the man really was. Of course many of them were not surprising, for they were resounding tales of his greatness, his humanity and his all-round grandeur but humble nature, particularly towards children. The former president of this county has been revered worldwide, receiving an astronomical number of great accolades. There are plants, bugs and even nuclear particles named after him – he’s certainly a 10


man that became a legend before he even passed. Now, even though the media has always portrayed Nelson Mandela as a hero, he certainly rejected the image that had been created of him by the media. On various occasions insisted that he was “an ordinary man who had become leader because of extraordinary circumstances”. It is true he got trained in Morocco. It is true he was one of the commanders of MK. It is true, that.. well, all of it is probably true.

In Memorium It can be said that the experience of Mandela is not one which can be compared to today’s leaders however the struggles are the same. It is therefore important, as I have mentioned, for our leaders to ensure that Mandela’s great work was not in vain.

him) would not be worth it, unless it could be a free world?

Mandela’s leadership was an illustration that he thought only of his people and the salvation that his hard work would bring to them. As an example, he was open about what was an abomination to publicly discuss – HIV/AIDS – because discussion brings about awareness and solution.

Nelson Mandela was a phenomenal inspiration to virtually every single person in the world and more specifically to the leaders of our world.

He was fearless, a quality desperately needed by our leaders. He was criticized for bringing it out in the open. They tried to shout him down, but he still donned the “I am HIV Positive” T-shirt. Even when you whould think the battle was won, he realised that the war was still on.

It can by no means be said that Mandela was a God who never fumbled along the way; my article has certainly suggested that he was a man like any other. Some of his decisions and interactions were not popular. However, he was never too proud to admit when his actions compromised the progress of the country even though he never compromised on following through on what he thought was a necessary action for the betterment of the country.

So, how come he became an inspiration to people? He was in jail for 27 years, but so were others. He was sentenced by an unjust system, but so were others. He was … but so were many others. What made him different? Let us look at the trial, the (in)famous Rivonia Trial. That is where his most famous quote is from:

“I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons will live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal for which I hope to live for and to see realised. But, My Lord, if it needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die” What now if he did mean it? It is easy to say, but let us imagine that he actually felt that the world (to

It is so easy to say “to die for”. To die for an ice cream. To die for a holiday. But “to die for an ideal”?

Who felt inspired by Mandela? The most fantastic person is Obama. No doubt there.

Here are the key words: Betterment of the country. It is all about integrity and honesty. It was his conviction about being able to have a positive impact on the world which drove him. That can only be achieved by integrity and honesty, even honest mistakes. People can spot a fake and whatever Mandela was, he was no fake. The sentence from his trial shows exactly that. He was prepared to pay the ultimate price – his own death if need be. For you and I. THAT is the inspiration for others. Stand up for what is right. As Obama is doing. As whoever is doing, because of Mandela. We need not always agree with the decisions, but nobody should be able to question our integrity. The inspiration for world leaders is of course to put their country first. To do what is right, all the time. It is the same for us: Do the right thing first time. I believe Mandela meant it. He was prepared to die for this ideal. We need not die on a daily basis for what is right, but we can at least try to live by his ideals and appreciate and respect his sacrifices. By Rofhilwa Madzena > > > H O L A M A H IG H - SC H O O L


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FTER THE INCIDENT that happened at the memorial service of our former President Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela with the man dubbed as the “fake interpreter” Mr Dyantyi, the whole country was left distraught by the ridiculousness of Mr Dyantyi’s alleged use of sign language. That alone left me wondering just how much do we really know about sign language. Sign language is a language which uses manual communication and body language to convey messages between persons involved in a conversation. It includes a combination of hand shapes, hand, arms & body movements and facial expression and it is totally different to oral communication which mostly includes sound patterns.

Language (ASL) used in the US and most parts of Canada is derived from French sign language. Most sign languages used in South Africa show an influence of German and American sign languages. It gets complicated as there are differences between people who have never been able to hear and people who have become deaf. People who have become deaf (in adulthood) have a recollection of sounds which others do not have. How do you then convey concepts? And on top of having different ‘spoken’ languages as the base. Even to this day sign language hasn’t been made our 12th official languages even though it was estimated that in 2011 there were about 700 000 to 2 million sign language users in South Africa.

Remarkably, it is not only hand shapes. There is a range of things to consider. I never knew that.

This is a high proportion of the population and far outstrips some other languages utilized in South Africa.

As opposed to popular belief, sign language is not only used by deaf people, as those who can hear but cannot speak also use it.

Why is it that the language seems to get last preference? If there is or there will be any petition that needs to be signed so the language can be made official then I will gladly offer my signature.

It was in 1620 when Juan Pablo Bonet published a Reduction of Letters and Art for teaching mute people to speak. In the years that followed quite a lot of manuals were published, so it is quite evident that it dates way back. Sign language has English as its dominant language, but American Sign 14


I strongly doubt South Africa will want a repeat of the former President Nelson Mandela’s memorial service saga.


By Fikile Zulu

Cover Story


2005 STUDY in the Journal of

Psychology (vol.145, no3) by Jin Nam Choi, PhD business Professor at Seoul National University differentiates two types of procrastinators.

PLANNING AHEAD A 2005 study in the Journal of Psychology (vol. 145, no3) by Jin Nam Choi, PhD business Professor at Seoul National University differentiates two types of procrastinators. Passive procrastinators are those people who postpone tasks until the last minute because of the inability to act in a timely manner. Then there are active procrastinators who prefer the time pressure and purposely decide to delay a task but are still able to complete tasks before deadlines and achieve satisfactory results. Planning ahead is when one plans for tasks beforehand and can be beneficial if time management is correctly applied to prioritize, break goals into smaller parts (make sure they are realistic) then tackle them individually, ooze loads

of discipline accompanied by drive. Here’s a step to step guide to planning ahead that I took time to compile just for you. Now breaking down the most important factors we get this very easy-to-read guide.

TIME MANAGEMENT According to a definition given by Wikipedia, it can be defined as an act or process of planning or exercising conscious control over the amount of time spent on specific activities especially to increase effectiveness, efficiency and productivity. How often have you heard or been told to manage your time well because “time wasted is never regained”? Probably more often than you’d imagine. Well, in simple terms managing your time means prioritizing tasks from the most important to the least important so you know what to do. Also remember: Urgent does not mean important! Focus on what is important. > > > H O L A M A H IG H - SC H O O L


Plan Ahead Otherwise you will get caught in a spiral of smaller (urgent) tasks without accomplishing anything. You are busy, but not achieving.

SETTING REALISTIC GOALS Who wants to spend all their energy on unrealistic goals? Definitely not you, therefore it is important to set goals that are realistic, measurable (by time), achievable and break them into smaller parts so that you can be able to tackle them head on and be bound to feel triumphant all the time.

OOZE DISCIPLINE Another way of defining discipline is self-control. Without discipline, the goals you set will be unrealistic and unachievable because you’ll always have high expectations (not that it is a bad thing) and look for an excuse to postpone them which would mean time wasted.

DRIVE This occurs within oneself - it is a strong urge or desire to push oneself to achieve a certain goal. When you are armed with drive and discipline (self-control) it is easy to set realistic goals and use time wisely as you do not have to be stuck going around in circles.

DOCUMENT IT Write it down. Your plan has to be able to be understood fully. Keeping a plan in the head is obviously good, but it might not be enough. Writing it down will also do one more thing: You can see where there are things missing. You can spot the things where you have tried to gloss it over. If you are honest, 16


you know it by instinct, but by writing it down you cannot avoid it. This is the major obstacle in many instances. Plans not documented are therefore not really thought through.

PLANS CAN CHANGE This is obvious but we have a tendency of doing ‘the plan’ and then it is over and done with. A static plan is just to satisfy our conscious that we have done it. But it is not efficient. The plan has to be adapted to the changing circumstances.

BREAK IT DOWN IN SMALLER PARTS Can you eat a one-ton marshmallow? Yes, one bite at a time. Try to do a daily list of tasks to be accomplished. Make sure it is done every day. But is has to be linked to something, so the right place to start is to have a year-plan. Here we are really talking objectives more than tasks. This can be broken into quarterly objectives or monthly objectives. This will then form the weekly list aout of which springs the daily task list. Sounds complicated? Not really.

TRY TO LOOK AT IT THIS WAY My year-plan 1 Pass the subjects X,Y, Z… at 75%. 2 Ensure I have information to choose xx as a future career. 3 Develop a rapport with a tertiary institution. My monthly plan 1 Read the books AA, BB, CC. 2 Qualify for DD. 3 Go to EE for additional information. 4 Attend openday. My Weekly plan

Plan Ahead – … now it is easy!! My daily plan

for one’s soul, there are a lot of people who have a different view.

1 2 3 4

I remember back in November 2012 I went to apply for a National Diploma in Graphic Design at the Vaal University of Technology and got there only to be told the course was already full, and that I should come back the following year in January for late applications.

Read chapter ... Complete as signment FF. Hand in GG. … and so on.

Is it easy? Yes it is. Because you will be rather god at it very fast. Does it help? Try it! It does. But be very honest to yourself and get help on this. It is easy to ask a teacher to assist in formulating such objectives. And when I have finished school? These ‘tricks’ will be so useful in any situation. Procrastinating is a very unappealing habit to carry around as it weighs you down and makes you think you will have enough time to get back to your piling loads of work but the truth is far from that. Lihlohonolo Matsha, a second year Molecular Biology student at the University of Free State says that, “planning ahead makes one manage the work easily and understand what is needed to know in a way that one won’t forget it”. He goes on to emphasise why it is important: “well, it lets you study for a test. “I mean, we are always told to study hard to pass but if you plan how you are going to note your work, know your formulas and so on, that’s studying smart and it guarantees you an absolute pass in the end”. Lihlohonolo is not the only one who thinks being a step ahead of yourself in planning is good

Well, to cut the long story short when I went back in January I was number three hundred plus in a queue. My problem was I kept procrastinating, ended up not even getting a chance to apply because like myself, there were a lot of others who decided to apply late. When one plans then fails to follow through, is it a case of planning to fail or failing to plan? I’ll let you think about that carefully. Like I said before, there are those who perceive things differently such as Thando Ndwandwe, a board member at the Westview Drug and Rehabilitation Center, Acting President at the Interactive Youth Academy and Writer believes “the only way you can carefully plan ahead is when there are no people involved, people who have nothing to lose at least”. It is important but very disappointing. Procrastinating is not all bad. Active minds need to procrastinate so that whatever idea lives inside can be thought through. Haste is as bad as procrastinating. Consideration is not procrastination. Can mature mistakes be eliminated before execution? That’s my radical thought, at least. They might be very wrong but if I procrastinated in answering you I would have waited to > > > H O L A M A H IG H - SC H O O L


Plan Ahead give you a perfect response. … and then you have the “worst” procrastinator: the perfectionist. This is the one who wants to be 100% in a non-perfect world. The one who will collect al facts, consider all angles and in due course come with the perfect answer.

At the end of the day, you have the ultimate power over procrastinating and choosing to plan ahead whatever the case might be. I know now that postponing tasks is never a good idea.

Unfortunately, the world has moved on and it is now irrelevant. This is also a matter of planning: can 80% of the facts lead to a reasonable answer?

Change doesn’t happen overnight and the same applies to procrastination. It won’t stop overnight, you will have to constantly fight the little voice that keeps telling you to do a certain task after a few minutes which lead to an hour, a day and before you know it a week has gone by.

Will the additional 20% add significant value? If not, get on with it. Otherwise, “you missed the boat”! (never mind if it is Titanic, in which instance you will be happy to have missed it, but that is something else.)

Whether you are a passive or active type of procrastinator, this habit can be managed with just a little bit of “I must do this now” line on repeat in your head. Starting from this very instant I am on a mission to practise what I preach.

As human as we are, we do things differently to suit us. However, some things needn’t be carried around because they cause unnecessary avoidable strain.




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Ikhala Public FET College Gwadana Drive Zone D, Ezibeleni, Queenstown 5326 Tel: 047 873 8800 www.ikhalacollege.co.za Ingwe FET College Badibanise Village, Mount Frere 5090 Tel: 039 255 0346 info@ingwecollege.org.za www.ingwecollege.edu.za King Sabata Dalindyebo FET College R61 Queenstown Rd, Cicira Village, Mthatha 5099 Tel: 047 505 1000 www.ksdfetcollege.co.za

FREE STATE Flavius Mareka FET College Cnr Hertzog Road and Fraser St, Sasolburg 1947 Tel: 016 976 0829 www.flaviusmareka.net Goldfields FET College 6 Buren Street, Flamingo Park, Welkom 9459 Tel: 057 910 6000 admin@gfc.za.net http://gfc.za.net/ Majuba College 83 Allen Street Newcastle 2940 Tel: 034 326 4888 www.majuba.edu.za Maluti FET College High Street, Bethlehem 9700 Tel: 058 713 6100 www.malutifet.org

FET Colleges Motheo FET College, cnr St Georges and Alliwal St, Bloemfontein 9300 Tel: 051 406 9300 www.motheofet.co.za GAUTENG Central Johannesburg College 5 Ubla Avenue, off Princess of Wales Terrace, Parktown 2193 Tel: 011 643 8421 info@cjc.co.za www.cjc.edu.za/ Ekurhuleni East College Sam Ngema Road, Kwa-Thema, Springs 1559 Tel: 011 730 6600 info@eec.edu.za www.eec.edu.za Ekurhuleni West College Cnr. Driehoek and Sol Roads, Germiston 1401 Tel: 011 323 1600 info@ewc.edu.za www.ewc.edu.za Sedibeng College for Further Education and Training 37 Voortrekker Street, Vereeniging 1930 Tel: 016 422 6645 info@sedcol.co.za www.sedcol.co.za South West Gauteng College 1822 A Molele Street, Cnr Koma Road, Molapo, Soweto 4309 Tel: 086 176 8849 headoffice@swgc.co.za www.swgc.co.za Tshwane North College Cnr. Potgieter & Pretorius Streets, Pretoria 0002 Tel: 012 401 1600 central@tnc4fet.co.za www.tnc4fet.co.za

Tshwane South College 85 Francis Baard (formerly known as Schoeman St.), Pretoria 0002 Tel: 086 144 1111 info@tsc.edu.za www.tsc.edu.za Western College for Further Education and Training 42 Johnstone Street, Randfontein 1759 Tel: 011 692 4004 info@westcol.co.za www.westcol.co.za KWAZULU-NATAL Coastal KZN FET College 1 Jameson Crescent, Umbilo 4013 Tel: 031 206 0616 Durban.ckzdur@feta.gov.za www.coastalkzn.co.za Elangeni College for further Education and Training 15 Porstmouth Road, Pinetown 3610 Tel: 031 716 6700 info.elangeni@feta.gov.za www.efet.co.za Thekwini FET College 262 D’Aintree Avenue, Asherville, Durban 4091 Tel: 031 250 8400 info.thekwini@feta.gov.za www.thekwinicollege.co.za Umfolozi College Naboomnek Street, Arboretum, Richards Bay 3900 Tel: 035 902 9501 info.umfcao@feta.gov.za www.umfolozicollege.co.za Umgungundlovu FET College 44 Burger Street, Pietermaritzburg, 3201 Tel: 0860 105 790 www.ufetcollege.co.za > > > H O L A M A H IG H - SC H O O L


FET Colleges Mnambithi College for Further Education and Training 77 Murchison Street, CBA, Ladysmith, 3370 Tel: 036 638 3800 sifiso@mfet.co.za Mthashana FET College 266 South Street Vryheid 3100 KwaZulu Natal Tel: 034 980 1010 info@mthashanafet.co.za www.mthashanafet.co.za

LIMPOPO Capricorn College for FET 16 Market Street, Polokwane 0699 Tel: 015 230 1800 info@capricorncollege.co.za www.capricorncollege.co.za/ Lephalale FET College C/o Nelson Mandela & Ngoako Ramatlhodi Drive, Onverwacht, Lephalale 0557 Tel: 014 763 2252 ceo@lepfet.edu.za www.lephalalefetcollege.co.za Vhembe FET College 203 Sibasa, Unit A, Sibasa 0970 Tel: 015 516 4773 www.vhembefet.co.za Waterberg FET College 36 Hooge Street, Mokopane 0600 Tel: 015 491 8581 hq@waterbergcollege.co.za www.waterbergcollege.co.za Letaba FET College No 1 Claude Wheatley Street, Tzaneen 0850 Tel: 015 307 5440 centraloffice@letabafet.co.za www.letabafet.co.za 22


Mopani South East FET College Cnr Combretium & Harlem, Phalaborwa, 1390 Tel: 015 781 5725 info@mopanicollege.edu.za www.mopanicollege.edu.za MPUMALANGA Ehlanzeni FET College 29 Bell Street, Nelspruit 1200 Tel: 013 752 7105 www.ehlanzenicollege.co.za Gert Sibande FET College No. 18a Dr Beyers Naudé Street, Standerton 2430 Tel: 017 712 9040 info@gsc4u.com www.gscollege.co.za Sekhukhune FET College Stand no 676, Motetema 0473 Tel: 013 269 0278 sekfet@sekfetcol.co.za www.sekfetcol.org Nkangala FET College Cnr Haig & Northey, Witbank 1035 Tel: 013 690 1430 info@nkangalafet.edu.za www.nkangalafet.edu.za

NORTHERN CAPE PROVINCE Northern Cape Rural FET College Steve Naudé Street, Upington 8800 Tel: 054 331 3836 info@ncrfet.co.za www.ncrfet.co.za Nothern Cape Urban FET College 37 Long Street, Kimberley 8300 Tel: 053 839 2063 jbowler@ncufetcollege.edu.za www.ncufetcollege.edu.za

FET Colleges NORTH WEST PROVINCE ORBIT FET College Fatima Bhayat Street, Rustenburg 0299 Tel: 014 592 7014 info@orbitcollege.co.za www.orbitcollege.co.za Taletso FET College Dr Albert Luthuli, Mmabatho 2790 Tel: 018 384 2346 www.taletsofetcollege.co.za Vuselela FET College 8 Bram Fischer Street, Klerksdorp 2571 Tel: 018 406 7800 enquiries@vuselelacollege.co.za www.vuselelacollege.co.za WESTERN CAPE Boland College 85 Bird St, Stellenbosch 7599 Tel: 021 886 7111 www.bolandcollege.com/

College of Cape Town 334 Albert Road, Salt River 7925 Tel: 021 404 6700 www.cct.edu.za False Bay College Main Road, Muizenberg 7945 Tel: 021 003 0600 www.falsebaycollege.co.za Northlink College 80 Voortrekker Road, Belville 7530 Tel: 08600 65465 www.northlink.co.za West Coast College 48 Voortrekker Road, Clicks Building, Malmesbury 7300 Tel: 022 482 1143 enquiries@westcoastcollege.co.za www.westcoastcollege.co.za

Here is a comprehensive list of a select few Private FET’s and Colleges which may be of interest to you! Avusa Media Limited Contact: Mr R Morena Tel: 011 280 3000 Fax: 011 328 2754 Birnam Business College (Pty) Ltd Contact: Mr J Muchivete Tel: 011 887 2540 Fax: 011 887 4678 Boston City Campus and Business College (Pty) Ltd Contact: Mr R Wright-Parkin Tel: 011 485 2838 Fax: 011 485 4591 Brooklyn City College (Pty) Ltd Contact: Mr Ivan Senyomo Tel: 012 342 0206 Fax: 012 324 3465 ESDA Nursing Education Institution

Contact: Ms Yolanda Els Tel: 011 817 2395 Fax: 011 817 5480 FirstRand STI Administration (Pty) Ltd Contact: Ms K Selamolela Tel:012 673 3268 Fax: 012 660 6501 Gijima Holdings (Pty) Ltd Contact: Ms A Verster Tel: 012 657 5000 Fax: 012 675 5400 Intec College (Pty) Ltd Contact: Mr Theuns Laubscher Tel: 021 419 6700 Fax: 021 419 1210 Khulisane Academy (Pty) Ltd Contact: Ms M P Burden > > > H O L A M A H IG H - SC H O O L


FET Colleges Tel: 087 751 3576 Fax: 086 693 3918

Tel: 051 634 2074 Fax: 051 634 2074

Shell and BP South African Petroleum Refineries (Pty) Ltd Contact: Kumaran Gungarajoo Tel: 031 480 1713 Fax: 031 480 1654

Damelin (Pty) Ltd Contact: Dr L Nair Fax: 011 796 2069

Life Healthcare Group (Pty) Ltd Contact: Anupa Singh Tel: 011 219 9000 Fax: 011 219 9001

Edcon Retail Academy (Pty) Ltd Contact: Ms Nivy Moodley Tel: 011 495 6000 Fax: 011 837 5019

Regenesys Management (Pty) Ltd Contact: Welhelmien Hanger Tel: 011 669 5000 Fax: 011 603 0301

Ekurhuleni Computer College (Pty) Ltd Contact: Ms Nolubabalo Mcinga Tel: 011 740 5902 Fax:011 740 5902

SA Maritime School Contact: Ms M Fitt Tel: 031 337 7889 Fax: 031 337 0556

Hatfield Tuition and Skills Development Center (Pty) Ltd Contact: Mr Frederik J Burger Tel: 012 323 5665 Fax:086 537 0452

Sanamik Financial Training and Services (Pty) Ltd Contact: Mr M C Chikeka Tel: 011 339 6688 Fax: 086 562 4331

Jeppe College of Commerce and Computer Studies (Pty) Ltd Contact: Mr H Hlatywayo Tel: 011 333 7846 Fax: 011 337 0379

Sanlam Life Insurance Limited Contact: Dr J Van Zyl Tel: 013 752 5430; Fax: 013 752 7199 Shoprite Checkers (Pty) Ltd Contact: Mr J W Basson Tel: 021 980 4000 Fax: 021 980 4050 South African Academy for Hair and Skincare Technology (Pty) Ltd Contact: Mrs Sonja Wilders Tel: 086 375 5283 Fax: 086 375 5283 City View Business College (Pty) Ltd Contact: Mr U Mwebe Tel: 011 333 8757; Fax: 011 333 8757 Clicks Retailers (Pty) Ltd Contact: Mr W Jordaan Tel: 011 222 5700; Fax: 086 631 8272 CRL Beauty School Contact: Mrs C R Lategan

La Louve Private Hair Academy (Pty) Ltd Contact: Ms D Cilliers Tel: 012 548 1199 Fax: 086 565 2519 Masstores (Pty) Ltd Contact: Ms G Malada Tel 011 797 0000 Fax 011 339 3657 Mediclinic Ltd Contact:Miss Avril Lynne Stroh Tel: 021 809 6500 Fax: 021 886 6233 Menlyn Technical College (Pty) Ltd Contact:Mr B A Yasin Tel: 012 320 7111 Fax: 012 320 7111 Momentum Group Limited Contact: Ms Jeanette Hobson Tel: 012 673 7380 Fax: 086 647 3003



Bridging the teaching gap through Funza Lushaka What is Funza Lushaka and what does it entail? 1.

The Funza Lushaka Bursary programme is a dedicated scheme for students wanting to become teachers.


It is a merit bursary meaning high-performing students aged 30 and below.


Full-cost bursaries are available to enable eligible students to complete a full teaching qualification, a four-year Bachelor of Education degree (B.Ed.); a three-or four-year Bachelor’s degree, followed by a one-year Postgraduate Certificate in Education (PGCE).


The programme is available to students studying at any of the 22 public universities that presently offer initial teacher education studies.

Who qualifies for this bursary? The programme funds students who specialise in nationally identified priority areas, such as: Foundation Phase (Grades R-3): Foundation Phase specialisation: specialization in an African Language.

• •

Intermediate and Senior Phase (Grades 4-6 and 7-9 respectively): You follow a teaching major in one of the following: African languages; English; Mathematics; Natural Sciences; and Technology.

FET phase (Grades 10-12): You follow a teaching major in one of the following: Accounting; African languages; Economics; English; Geography; Mathematics; Mathematical Literacy; Agricultural Sciences; Life Sciences; Physical Sciences; Agricultural Technology; Civil Technology; Electrical Technology; Mechanical Technology; Information Technology; Computer Applications Technology; as well as Engineering Graphics and Design.”

How • • •

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g ar ).

How is the bursary awarded? •

The bursary is awarded on merit. An exemption, an endorsement or an “admission to Bachelor’s degree studies” pass at matric/Grade 12 level.

At least a Level 4 pass or a 60% pass in Standard Grade or 50% in Higher Grade at matric level in the priority area/subject in which the applicant will specialise to teach.

For students who wish to specialise in the Foundation Phase, a pass in Mathematics or Mathematical Literacy at Grade 12 level is required. In addition, a Level 4 pass in a Home Language is required.

What is the application procedure?” •

Applications for the bursary are made on-line at www.funzalushaka.doe.gov.za. Applications are open from 1 October to the first week of January in the following year.

It is important that the student applies for admission at a University, obtain a valid student number and subsequently apply for the Funza Lushaka bursary.

After the application has been completed online, the applicant will be prompted to submit and also make a printout. This will serve as proof of application and must be submitted to the University where he/she has been accepted.



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Employment obligation Recipients of these bursaries will be required to teach at a public school for the same number of years that they receive the bursary.

District-based recruitment for Grade 12 learners A district-based recruitment campaign is coordinated in collaboration with provincial education departments, districts, schools and higher education institutions. The campaign targets learners from rural and poor communities with the aim of attracting well-qualified teachers to teach in rural and remote schools. Information is available at participating schools and District Offices. To apply, and for further information, visit the website: www.funzalushaka.doe.gov.za or www. education.gov.za

> > > H O L A M A H IG H - SC H O O L



FET AND UNIVERSITY – what is it all about

MORE OPTIONS AVAILABLE THAN EVER BEFORE IN TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING Many young people who are currently in the country’s high schools and tertiary institutions are a unique and very special group because they are what we refer to as “the born-free generation”. They have been born and brought up in a democratic South Africa. They have a broader range of possible education and training opportunities at their disposal. While this is an exciting development, it also means that they must have easy access to all the information they are going to need to make informed career choices. The first thing to consider is the fact that the post-school education and training system offers far more options than just what universities have traditionally offered. All these options are in line with the country’s growth and development imperatives, and there is therefore a high and urgent demand for artisans, technicians, engineers and other scarce skills that can be sourced outside of universities. While some young people will be enrolling at universities, a great number of Matriculants stand a better chance of admission in the Science, Engineering and Technology fields at Further Education and Training Colleges (soon to be renamed Technical and Vocational Education and Training Colleges) across the country. If you would like to follow a vocational career path, then FET colleges should be your institution of choice.



Why should you consider studying at an FET College? There are 50 Public FET Colleges with 264 campuses all over the country which offer a range of programmes that cater for most students’ needs and interest. Here are some of the reasons that FET colleges are worth considering: • • •

Because there are so many of them, they are more easily accessible than universities and the fees are also more affordable for most families. FET Colleges offer education and training opportunities which cover the lower-middle, middle and higher-middle skills required by the South African economy. They provide applied and work-oriented study programmes. WHAT OPTIONS ARE AVAILABLE TO YOU IF YOU WANT TO ENROL AT AN FET COLLEGE?

Those who have completed a Grade 12 Certificate with a minimum of a Higher Certificate achievement can consider studying further at an FET College for a National Diploma. The range of programmes available to them includes Engineering, Business Studies, Art, Music and Food Services. To

Information complete the qualification, the student must complete a further 18 months of work placement. Another option is for those who may wish to study towards an apprenticeship to become an artisan. These are in the Civil, Mechanical and Electrical career fields. After the completion of a minimum of an N2 (with 4 relevant subjects), successful candidates can apply to Sector Education and Training Authorities (SETAs) and employers for possible selection into an apprenticeship. A further career path, after completing N3, could be to continue studies in N4. Matriculants who have an inclination to become artisans, e.g. a motor mechanic, plumber, electrician, etc., can register at the National Artisan Development Support Centre (NADSC) in Kwa-Thema by going to their website: http://nadsc.dhet.gov.za, contacting the NADSC Call Centre on 011 736 4400 or by emailing copies of their qualifications to info@eec.hipcc.co.za Out-of-school youth who wish to enter the world of work or need to sharpen their skills can consider the options of learnerships, apprenticeships and skills programmes based on NQF Registered Qualifications, funded via the SETAs. These learnerships consist of a structured learning component and include practical work experience of a specified nature and duration. FET Colleges also offer occupationally-directed programmes that are accredited by the Sector Education and Training Authorities (SETAs) under the auspices of the Quality Council for Trades and Occupations. Among these are programmes that are offered through apprenticeship or learnership agreements between the student, the college and potential employers. PROGRAMMES YOU CAN CONSIDER APPLYING FOR FET colleges offer programmes developed and designed on the basis of covering a number of specific career areas via the NC (V) qualification and Report 191 programmes. The career areas in which an NC (V) qualification can be obtained are: • Civil Engineering and Building Construction; • Drawing Office Practice; • Education and Development:

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Electrical Infrastructure Construction; Engineering and Related Design; Finance, Economics, and Accounting; Hospitality; Information Technology and Computer Science; Management; Marketing; Mechatronics; Office Administration; Primary Agriculture; Primary Health; Process Instrumentation; Process Plant Operations Safety in Society; Tourism; Transport and Logistics.

THE CAREER AREAS IN WHICH A REPORT 191 QUALIFICATION CAN BE OBTAINED ARE: • Business Studies • Engineering Studies • Services QUESTIONS TO ASK IF YOU WANT TO REGISTER AT A PRIVATE FET COLLEGE The Department of Higher Education and Training (DHET) has been inundated with complaints from students who have fallen prey to bogus/illegal/unregistered private FET colleges. Students aspiring to further their studies at Private FET Colleges must act responsibly and ask the following questions to any Private FET College they approach: • • • • • •

Is the Private FET College registered with the DHET? If registered, is the certificate for registration displayed? Is the Private FET College registered for the qualification I am interested in? Is the qualification I am interested in listed on the certificate of registration? Is the campus where I want to enroll at registered with the DHET? Do I understand my responsibilities as stated in the learning contract?

Students can check for themselves the registration status of any Private FET College by making a call to the Call Centre: 0800 87 2222 or Login on to: www.dhet.gov.za Makhanya.Kefilwe official spokesperson of the Department of Higher Education and Training > > > H O L A M A H IG H - SC H O O L





n a n o t e c h n o l o g y

ANOTECH HAS THE capability of creating many new materials and devices with a vast range of applications in medicine, electronics, biomaterials and energy production. With a variety of potential applications, nanotechnology (also known as nanotech) is a key technology for the future and governments world-wide have invested billions towards its development. Nanotech is such a huge area and not possible to describe in only one article. I will be writing about Nanotech in a series of articles over the next 3 months. This is just to set the scene and to create interest. I have “harvested� a lot of info from SAASTA (Mr. Mthuthuzeli Zamxaka). This is not a field we have in the curriculum for grade 12. But a lot of the building blocks are there, so read on. Nanotech is already being used to make sunscreens, stain resistance fabrics, and composite materials in cars. Scientists are now looking at new innovations to apply them to make computers and storage devices of extremely small sizes. One company is manufacturing self-cleaning window glass, another made a nanocrystal wound dressing with antibiotics and anti-inflammatory properties. Right now, it is the potential of this new world more than the reality. It has the potential to provide new medications, the potential to cure cancer, destroy pollutants and 30


many more things. As nanotech is an emerging field, there is great debate regarding to what extent will it benefit or pose risks to human health. Nanotech gene therapy has been able to kill ovarian cancer in mice while avoiding side effects, but maybe we have not seen it all yet. My point is that at the moment nanotechnology is primarily a materials technology, but its potential goes far and beyond. While nanotech may sound like futuristic concepts, in fact, micro and nano manufacturing methods are becoming the biggest thing in different industries. Nano manufacturing is a key enabler of the new generation of lithium batteries for electric cars. Let us look at what we are doing in SA: Department of Science and Technology (DST) launched the National Nanotechnology Strategy in 2005. The aim is to look at six areas: Water, energy, health, chemical and bio-processing, mining and minerals and advanced materials and manufacturing. SANI (South African Nanotechnology Initiative) was launched through the initiative of some members of the science community who have interest in nanotechnology. This has support from the Department of Science and Technology. The article series here will look at: • The water field in SA: actual implementations.

Science • Nanotech in the health sector: where are we and is it safe. • Materials science: the nanotech approach. The water field is a reality already, so that will be fairly easy. The health sector is again speculative as there is a lot of research still to be done, although the potential is staggering. Materials science is not new. The application of nanotechnology into this vast field is the new thing. However, it is very speculative and I personally see more potential in this area than actual earth-shattering things. As a spin-off we will also discuss the “silly” question: how can you “see” what you have created if it is at the nano-scale? It is not really a silly question. South Africa invested R120million towards building an electron microscopy centre, the first of its kind on the continent. It is used for “seeing” the structures developed. After all, it is at the atomic level and here we are talking both some impressive piece of hardware, but mostly computer technology again as it is a representation rather than a picture we talk about. However, the technology is again world-class as we are talking “leading-edge”. We actually manipulate at an atomic scale. The magnitude of SA research is again putting us “up there”. All of this leads into one major question: what must I do if I want to be involved in this new world? It is an area which I think we should dive into right away.

Here is a new word: Nano-worker. Either we look at scientists or researchers or we look at people in the industry actually implementing nanotechnology. The first one is not so easy: Math and science will get you to your university of choice. But which one? And exactly what do you study then? The field is big as nanotechnology includes aspects of nearly anything, at least chemistry, physics, materials science, engineering and computer science. It just does not stop there. Biologists, electrical engineers and many more disciplines are needed. So, although it is easy to write nanotech it is not so easy to go study it. For us to keep the development of nanotech improving, we need young and creative scientist. One of the obstacles keeping us from doing so is that learners are not given enough information on science careers. Learners need to understand that science is not for smart people but it’s for hard workers. In other words, anyone can do math and science with the correct mind set. However, it may be easier to look at what you can do afterwards in the nanotech field: One of the founding fathers of it all is Dr. Tshikhudo: You don’t have to be directly involved in nano-materials development. As an expert in your field, you simply need to understand how you can use nanotechnology. Go back to the existing technology and ask: what if we were to incorporate nano-materials? If we take that approach, we can do wonders”. That sort of sums it up on the usage front, I think. By Thapelo Moloabi > > > H O L A M A H IG H - SC H O O L


Book Review The Storyteller — Jodi Picoult The Storyteller tells a gripping and interesting story about Sage Singer who befriends Josef Weber who confides in her about a secret that will change both their lives drastically. After reading the book I found myself flabbergasted because it highlights issues that every individual tends to go through one stage of their lives for instance being self-conscious and hiding behind masks we’ve created, lack of self-esteem, family secrets that threaten to destroy and forgiveness (which proves to be difficult at times). When I first started reading the book (I have read it more than three times) I couldn’t put it down as each time a life lesson would pop up such as persistence, forgiveness and selflessness.





Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela

There are countless people who are sent to jail and aren’t bitter at all, because they can see that their sacrifices were not in vain, and the ideal for which we lived and sacrificed are about to come to fruition. And that removes the bitterness from their hearts - 1993. Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world. Overcoming poverty is not a task of charity; it is an act of justice. Like Slavery and Apartheid, poverty is not natural. It is man-made and it can be overcome and eradicated by the actions of human beings. Sometimes it falls on a generation to be great. You can be that great generation. Let your greatness blossom. A good head and good heart are always a formidable combination. But when you add to that a literate tongue or pen, then you have something very special. Our children are our greatest treasure. They are our future. Those who abuse them tear at the fabric of our society and weaken our nation. Education is the great engine of personal development. It is through education that the daughter of a peasant can become a doctor, that the son of a mine worker can become the head of the mine, that a child of farm workers can become the president of a great nation. It is what we make out of what we have, not what we are given, that separates one person from another. I learned that courage was not the absence of fear, but the triumph over it. The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid, but he who conquers that fear.

I like friends who have independent minds because they tend to make you see problems from all angles. No one is born hating another person because of the colour of his skin, or his background, or his religion. People must learn to hate, and if they can learn to hate, they can be taught to love, for love comes more naturally to the human heart than its opposite. Our deepest fear is not that we are inadequate. Our deepest fear is that we are powerful beyond measure. We ask ourselves who am I to be brilliant, gorgeous, handsome and fabulous? Actually, who are you not to be? Few things make the life of a parent more rewarding and sweet as successful children. For to be free is not merely to cast off one’s chains, but to live in a way that respects and enhances the freedom of others. What counts in life is not the mere fact that we have lived. It is what difference we have made to the lives of others that will determine the significance of the life we lead. The greatest glory in living, lies not in never falling, but in rising every time we fall. There is no passion to be found playing small – in settling for a life that id less than the one you are capable of living. It is not where you start, but how high you aim that matters for success.

Do not judge me by my successes, judge me by how many times I fell down and got back up again.

When a man has done what he considers to be his duty to his people and his country, he can rest in peace. I believe I have made that effort and this is, therefore, why I will sleep for the eternity.

We must use time wisely and forever realize that the time is always ripe to do right.

By Rose Morapama





T I M E T R AV E L is it really real?

HIS IS A lot of speculation and absolute nonsense and really meant to baffle everybody. However, is it real? It is an article I have wanted to write for some time now. All of this is found in Wikipedia, my favourite source of strange information. You will meet many strange concepts and terms in this little article. And we can hardly explain it all, so please look some of it up. It is strange that there are documented ‘tales’ of people having been transported to somewhere else and when they have returned, time has just gone.

TIME TRAVEL IN ANCIENT HISTORY In Hindu mythology, the Mahabharata mentions the story of the King Raivata Kakudmi, who travels to heaven to meet the creator Brahma and is shocked to learn that many ages have passed when he returns to Earth. Another one of the earliest known stories to involve travelling forward in time to a distant future, was the Japanese tale of ‘Urashima Tarō’, It was about a young fisherman named Urashima Taro who visits an undersea palace and stays there for three days. After returning home to his village, he finds himself 300 years in the future, when he is long forgotten, his house in ruins, and his family long dead.

THE GRANDFATHER PARADOX It is obviously fine to go forward in time, but what about backwards in time? And here is the paradox: If I go back in time and kill my grandfather, how can I then be born? And that is the philosophical quest. If you like to watch some of these more strange movies, they have all kind of explanations, but it is still the time machine paradox. There are some theories on this: closed time like curve (CTC) is a world line in a Lorentzian manifold, of a material particle in space time that is ‘closed’, returning to its starting point.

Another very old example of this type of story can be found in the Talmud with the story of Honi HaM’agel who went to sleep for 70 years and woke up to a world where his grandchildren were grandparents and where all his friends and family were dead.

This possibility was first raised by Kurt Gödel in 1949, who discovered a solution to the equations of general relativity (GR) allowing CTCs known as the Gödel metric. Confused already? Don’t be. Gödel is only saying that if you apply general relativity formulas, you can end up with a solution where you return to the starting point.

So the thought of time travel is surely not new. But that does not make it more real!

Interested in his solution? Here it is. But it does get worse!




WORMHOLES This is the Hollywood stuff. And it is good: A wormhole, also known as an Einstein–Rosen bridge, is a hypothetical topological feature of spacetime that would fundamentally be a “shortcut” through spacetime. A wormhole is much like a tunnel with two ends each in separate points in spacetime. We all know that time is curving according to gravity, so this is a possibility. The math is: Theories of wormhole metrics describe the spacetime geometry of a wormhole and serve as theoretical models for time travel. An example of a (traversable) wormhole metric is the following:

ds2 = –c2dt2 + dl2 + (k2 + l2) (dO2 + sin2 O do2).

The principle states that the time line is totally fixed, and any actions taken by a time travelLer were part of history all along, so it is impossible for the time traveller to “change” history in any way.

ALTERNATE TIMELINES In this version of time travel, there are multiple coexisting alternate histories, so that when the travelLer goes back in time, he/she ends up in a new time line where historical events can differ from the time line he/she came from, but his/her original time line does not cease to exist. This means the grandfather paradox can be avoided since even if the time traveller’s grandparent is killed at a young age in the new time line, he/she still

These results suggest that all observed astrophysical black holes may be Einstein–Rosen bridges, each with a new universe inside that formed simultaneously with the black hole in a galaxy. Accordingly, our own Universe may be the interior of a black hole existing inside another universe. Is this now confusing you? not yet? OK, we got more for you.

THE ONLY SOLUTIONS TO THE PARADOX There is a single fixed history, which is selfconsistent and unchangeable. In this version, everything happens on a single time line which does not contradict itself and cannot interact with anything potentially existing outside of it.

survived to have children in the original time line.

PARALLEL UNIVERSES If we accept that, we end up in something rather fascinating: Many-worlds implies that all possible alternative histories and futures are real, each representing an actual “world” (or “universe”). In lay terms, the hypothesis states there is a very large—perhaps infinite—number of universes, and everything that could possibly have happened in our past, but did not, has occurred in the past of some other universe or universes. This is the one I like a lot! > > > H O L A M A H IG H - SC H O O L





ANGUAGE IS THE blood of the soul into

which thoughts run and out of which they grow”. Enlightening words stated by Oliver Wendeall Holmes of which successfully signify the remarkable essence of language.

in words and concepts universally used in the English

Living in a country considerably rich in the vast diversity of languages, interactions with the proud use of our eleven official languages amongst citizens of different races and cultures has advantageously preserved a sense of unity and condoned the vital democracy of speaking one’s language pridefully. As the world inevitably involves, development and progression require us to do as well. Increasing inter-connectedness amongst countries has encouraged that we equip ourselves with a variety of skills, one of which is the learning of foreign languages. I, for one, have gladly ventured into the intriguing language of Modern Greek. Fondly dubbed “perplex” and ultimately the suitable personification of obscurity, within just three months of its study, Modern Greek has taught me that its significance bears a tremendous etymological virtue 38


language. Furthermore, its use remains distinctive in concepts such as Mathematics, Physics, Astronomy, two of my own modules Politics and Philosophy, and many more.

Educagtion With its intricate alphabets and tongue-tying words, Modern Greek has given me a taste of a completely different world, one of which continues to further enlighten me within the due of each lesson.

MY CLASS MATES Dimpho For me Greek has been a very good experience, first time doing a foreign language or just speaking it for that matter. Every time anyone asks me what I’m studying instead of telling the degree, I rather say the modules just for the person asking to notice I have Greek as a module. I always have to be top of my game as everyone around me always become amazed when I tell them I’m studying Greek, and I know for sure that they are going to ask me questions like “how do you say ‘hi’ in Greek?” so, I cannot disappoint. It really sounds like a myth having a black person know how to speak Greek. Studying Greek really makes me stand out of the ordinary (people studying English), and makes me feel unique and special as there are only eight people in our class. I acknowledge the fact that our Greek lecturer is Greek herself, so besides the language itself we also get to be introduced to the culture, get to know more of it and I think this is what makes it even more interesting. It also does help in pretty much most of my other modules as with time, I got to discover that most philosophers I study in Philosophy and Politics are also Greeks, so studying Greek can be more of a basis to my degree, which can also serve as a revision as it would be easier for one to remember a philosopher you studied about over and over again and also know as much as their origin. I do not at all regret studying Greek for one moment.

Kevin Ξέρεις Ελληνικά; that means, “Do you know Greek?” Perhaps when you looked at the strange looking letters you thought ‘weird language’ or perhaps you recognised it immediately but regardless these seemingly foreign letters and words are the basis for which English exists. Learning classical languages, such as Greek and Latin, remains only for those who seek to converse with other people. Learning of the classical languages such as Greek aids in the development of ideas, cognitive

thinking and so too prepares you for most fields such as law and medicine. The practice of languages such as these lessens the cumbersome task of comprehending new terms which one may encounter during their studies. Words such as ‘Neologism’ which is expectedly Greek in itself through the combination of ‘νέος’ (‘new’) and ‘λόγος’ (‘reason’), become easier to understand and allows one to assimilate with content and ideas easier. As is evident, Greek is a progenitor of the English language and we still use many words from the Greek form such as ‘Bibliography’ which stems from ‘βιβλίο’ meaning book and thus we can see we are already speaking some ‘Greek’ in our ‘English’. As far as culture is concerned, through the study of ancient Greek texts, the philosophical ideas, the marketing strategies and the arithmetic functions, we can still see how the Grecian culture is embedded within modernity through the ideals of democracy invented by the Greeks, the epics of stories in Greek literature which still inspires artists and intellectuals alike and the foundation of logic functions of Grecian arithmeticians. The ideas of Great names such as Archimedes and Pythagoras and Plato are still practiced to this day. As an individual in my personal experience with the Greek ethos, I was fortunate to experience the cultural ethos of inclusion and family, and above all that knowledge is power. To quote the aphorism of Socrates <<ΓΝΩΘΙ ΣΑΥΤΟΝ>>, the Greek culture teaches us that the attainment of knowledge and in specific the knowledge of oneself, leads to a better societal individual. The holistic cultural and academic practices which SAHETI have taught me, have enabled me to engage with any topic and link it back to other related ideas and functions such as the immense vocabulary of Greek words which has armed me for the understanding of English terminology and ideas. So it is hereby that I can conclude that, eureka! It is all Greek to us.

Mzizi I’m doing Greek because it’s one of languages that most things are translated from such as Bible. What pushed me to do it was that I want to study Bible in Greek in years to come so that I can I understand more of it. It’s a great language! By Letlhogonolo Swaratlhe aka Jay > > > H O L A M A H IG H - SC H O O L



MaGents! THE PERFECT PANTS this autumn are

Chinos. Perfect! Can be worn with any outfit. Great to match with Chucks or Vans. The end of summer really doesn’t have to be a sad time. It’s actually great to embrace the autumn fashion trends. It’s the time to wear gents fashion trends that are rich in colour, texture and good loooks. My favourite two colours this autumn are: Grey There are many shades of grey and you can pick and choose according to the best shade that fits your skin tone and complements your entire outfit. Grey blends well worn as a sweater over jeans. Cardigans and light casual jackets are the best grey to wear. Brown Embracing new fashion trends means accepting the change the earth is going through. Brown is an earth tone that embraces the leaves changing and the trees going from Green to brown. I’m no fashion icon but, there are a lot of items that you can wear with brown. Autumn is perfect to pull out some brown boots or a brown hat to flow with the season. And I for one personally recommend military boots. The style is grunge and vintage all in one. When you’re looking for autumn fashion trends 2014, look at the changing trees and leaves for inspiration. New Fashion emerges from the colour you see. If you find that one colour is overwhelming, wear it in small quantities. It can either be a scarf, T-shirt or cardigan. My Advice? Keep playing with the colours until you find what works for you. 40



> > > H O L A M A H IG H - SC H O O L


Current Affairs

IRAN: a new beg i n n i n g ?

Theran capital of Iran


HIS ARTICLE IS probably one of the most difficult to write as the developments are so rapid and far-reaching on a continuous basis. What I write this week may be overtaken by developments and be irrelevant. However, let us try to put some of the factors into perspective. Why is Iran important? Let us try to turn to Wikipedia to just get a few facts:

Globally, it ranks 8th in the world for the amount of books published per year, and was ranked first in scientific progress in the world in 2011. Enough of Wikipedia. Another fact is that Iran is not Arabic. Iran is the old Persia, which is something vastly different. Iran has regular elections and a functional parliament.

In essence: Iran is big and has Comprising a land area of a place in the world. So what Hassan Rouhani 1 648 195 km2, it is the secondwent wrong? largest nation in the Middle East and the 18th largest in the Obviously the US Embassy takeworld; with over 77 million inhabitants, Iran is the over and hostage crisis led to a US rejection of Iran, world’s 17th most populous nation and one of the which was followed by a rejection by the Western oldest civilizations ever. countries as well. Of course these things spin out of control to the extent of sanctions and mutual Iran played a vital role in the Islamic Golden Age, threats. producing numerous influential scientists, scholars, artists, and thinkers. Has it now changed? Why do we call it a new beginning? Although developments hardly ever are Iran is a major regional and middle power, exerting down to just one person, I think we need to credit considerable influence in international energy the new president, Hassan Rouhani, for bringing security and the world economy through its large Iran back in the world. reserves of fossil fuels, which include the largest natural gas supply in the world and the fourthTensions over the Iranian nuclear policy have largest proven petroleum reserves. subsided. Whether real or not, the fear of an 42


Current Affairs Iranian nuclear war capability caused international animosity. Hassan Rouhani spoke to Obama as one of the first things of becoming president. Currently the EU has its foreign policy chief, Baroness Ashton in Iran. All of these efforts are focused on getting Iran back in the world and to take its natural seat among big nations.

Iran needs to be involved in the processes that lead to resolutions.

What is expected of Iran? Let us first look at ‘why’. The international community and the people of this planet demand responsibility from nations. The bigger the nation, the more expectations we have. Such expectations translate into:

The New Beginning is therefore a two-way street: The rest of the world welcomes Iran back and urges Iran to take its rightful place among big responsible nations and for Iran to support universal values by acting as a responsible nation.

• • • • •

The key is that it is not a matter of agreeing with other nations about everything. It is a matter of willingness to be a part of a solution. Solutions to anything will typically always involve compromises and negotiations. Nobody will ever get 100% of their wishes fulfilled, but a workable solution must always be sought.

Partake in settling conflicts in the world Fight terrorism Promote good governance Human rights … and a lot more

If the world is to move forward, these ideals (all United Nation stuff really), must be promoted and adhered to.

Now suddenly we see the most important development and challenge of them all: Iran is needed in the world but there are also responsibilities associated with this.

That, in my opinion, is the new beginning. That is the challenge for both the world and for Iran. The next question is if Iran has the capacity to act on the world-stage. Has Iran got enough leaders with experience and flair? The president, Hassan Rouhani, has certainly the experience based on his interactions in the past (I urge all to read about him. An interesting person in his own right). The cabinet comprises expertise and plenty of PhD’s so the quest is now: Delivery!

So, as an example, the world would expect Iran to be a part of a solution for Syria. After all, Syria is in the backyard of Iran. Iran is the closest bigger power to be a part of a solution. Iran has a border with Russia and cannot be ‘neutral’ in the Ukraine crisis either. Quite the situation Iran finds herself in, but the fact of the matter is that to be considered as a significant actor in the international community,

If you’re anything like me and are tired of the world dancing to the tune of the West, you’d be excited to see what Iran has to offer to the world. Can she introduce an alternative form of governance, from a perspective separate from the hegemonic west, a perspective that translates adequately, the social situations of the rest of the world and contribute to the break-down of the “from the west to the rest” culture that is our reality. By Rofhiwa Madzena > > > H O L A M A H IG H - SC H O O L




N o

We intend to have articles on open-day. This is crucial in the life of a high-school student and is a very serious thing.


FET focus will be further enhanced. We are aiming on interviewing students at FET colleges. Their story should be convincing in terms of what you can expect. It is not university or nothing anymore. Life is far more nuanced now.


Remember, Sifiso is in grade 11 now. His knowledge and sense of fashion is unmatched. We think there is a great future in the fashion or design world awaiting Sifiso. The fashion section will be organized so we have it in the middle as a pull-out. So what is fashion in this respect? We intend to have it as a fashion overview for 2014. What is cool and hot (at the same time) and what is not great. How to match what you have and cool places to look at. The science part will be the last article on the SKA. It is now launched and we will look at the impact in Northern Cape. That is Thapelo. We are planning to expand on Iran. This is something which is changing by the minute. However, it could easily be the Ukraine/Crimea/Russia stuff. It is confusing and complicated, so we havce Rofhiwa on it. Did you read the story about sign language in this issue? Well, we follow up with an article on Braille – the writing for blind people. Fikile is on that. Braille has a similar fascinating story. Quotes and ‘Something Silly’ will be published again. Mostly because I like to do those!

A v a A member of the Old Mutual Group. Nedbank Limited Reg No 1951/000009/06. Authorised financial services and registered credit provider (NCRCP16).

In Our Next Issue

Now, for not being too serious either, we will have a huge fashion focus. This is going to be the master piece of our fashion writer, Sifiso.

A s i y

I m

O c f • • S s m F

B t a N

Looking forward to sharing the next issue with you.



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Nedbank bursary opportunities for 2015 Investing in your future Are you a grade 12 learner looking to further your studies next year? Do you believe that a better future is achievable but don’t you have the means to finance your studies?

A member of the Old Mutual Group. Nedbank Limited Reg No 1951/000009/06. Authorised financial services and registered credit provider (NCRCP16).

Apply for a Nedbank bursary and join a vision-led, values-driven organisation that is building Africa’s most admired bank. If you want to apply for a Nedbank bursary, you must meet the following minimum requirements: You must be completing Grade 12 in 2014 or have completed it in 2013. You must have an aggregate of 65%. You must be in financial need. You must study fulltime at a registered public South African university of the Council of Higher Education or a university of technology. You must be a South African citizen. Our bursary programme can help you fulfil your career aspirations if you intend studying in one of the following fields: • Accounting and CA studies • Agricultural studies • Economics • Mathematics • Property and related studies • Statistics • Actuarial science • Computer science • Quantity surveying • Engineering • Business finance and business management • Human resources • IT • Risk management • Financial planning • Investment management Bursary allocations are aligned with Nedbank’s transformation objectives, and people with disabilities are encouraged to apply. Bursaries are awarded at Nedbank’s sole discretion.

J8088 nghrbursary_A5ad.indd 1

When applying, submit a copy of your Grade 11 results or, if you completed your schooling in 2013, your Grade 12 results. To apply visit nedbank.co.za/bursaries. Applications can also be emailed to bursaries@nedbank.co.za or faxed to 011 295 2756, or you can call us on 011 294 2756. Applications can be delivered to: JHB office Nedbank Bursary Programme, 135 Rivonia Campus, 135 Rivonia Road, Sandown, Sandton, 2196 Attention: Liza Bariamis/Marcel de Villiers DBN office Nedbank Kingsmead, 90 Bram Fischer Road, Durban, 4001 Attention: Jean Webber CPT office Nedbank Foreshore, 57 Heerengracht, Cape Town, 8001 Attention: Courtney Maclons Closing date: 30 April 2014

2013/11/20 4:27 PM

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