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HOK E N E R G Y R E S E A R C H FA C I L I T I E S

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“We should free America from its dependence on foreign oil. We must take concrete steps to move us toward energy independence including requiring that 20 percent of the nation’s power supply portfolio come from renewable sources like wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy by 2020, and that a percentage of our nation’s fuel supply is provided by renewable fuels such as ethanol and biodiesel.” - Barack Obama, President of the United States


E N E R G Y R E S E A R C H FA C I L I T I E S A S A M P L E O F O U R P R O J E C T S C U R R E N T LY I N D E S I G N O R R E C E N T LY C O M P L E T E D

K AU S T

K AV L I

RTI

DA N F O R T H

King Abdullah University of Science and Technology

California Institute of Technology, Kavli Nanoscience Institute

Research Triangle Institute, Science and Engineering Building

Donald Danforth Plant Science Center, Enterprise RentA-Car Institute for Renewable Fuels

U - C H I C AG O

S RI

U -W YO M IN G

W EI

William Eckhardt Research Center

Stanford Research Institute

Energy Innovation Center

Wisconsin Energy Institute

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To secure the energy future of the United States, the Department of Energy has

improvement in our energy future,

permanent change in how energy

embarked on a mission to provide

but none of these approaches

is produced and consumed,

the facilities necessary to carry

provides the type of paradigm

researchers around the world

out paradigm shifting research

shift required to make substantial

are beginning to focus on three

into new sources of energy,

long-term impact by providing our

areas that have the promise of

alternative energy, energy storage

nation with the leverage required

yielding significant breakthroughs

and transmission and energy

to shape energy politics for

capable of changing our energy

efficiency.

decades to come.

destiny: production diversity, high-efficiency transmission

At present, the short-term future

As a leader in the design of

and energy storage in the

for energy production appears to

facilities for energy research,

transportation, infrastructure,

be a mix of fossil fuels, nuclear,

HOK is witness to a broad range

natural resources and power

wind, solar, water, biofuels and

of initiatives being under taken by

generation markets.

other emerging technologies.

corporations, governments and

Achieving diversity in the

universities around the world. We

We have observed several

energy supply will help reduce

are acutely aware of these trends

key indicators of this shifting

dependence on foreign sources,

and can offer a unique perspective

focus, including the drive to

improve our carbon footprint

on the forces and priorities being

create more efficient batteries

and have a major influence on

pursued in a highly competitive

for the transportation sector.

climate change. All of these

energy sector – and the impact

This area has received a great

actions together will provide an

of these forces on new projects.

deal of recent attention as the

overall, systemic and incremental

We know that to affect real and

U.S. auto industry attempts to


E N E R GY R E S E A R C H : T H E C H A L L E N G E

reinvent itself in the shadow of bankruptcies and competition from foreign producers who have built an early lead in hybrid vehicles. At the same time, there has been a rise in investment by both the government and auto industry in new companies which are actively producing new electric vehicles that have the potential to reshape how cars are made and distributed, as well as the energy sources they run on. Replacing the internal combustion engine has become a national priority, as transportation is the biggest consumer of foreign oil in the U.S. Focusing on this priority will have the greatest impact on our energy future.

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HOK is proud to be involved in the design of more than 2.5 million square feet of research space to support renewable or bioenergy-related research.


N A N O T EC H N O L O GY A N D T H E F U T U R E O F E N E R GY R E S E A R C H

Governments and corporations

The reach of applied

around the world have recognized

nanotechnology also extends into

that whoever owns battery

the production of more efficient

technology and production owns

solar cells, including advanced

the future of transportation,

substrate materials that are

and by default, will dominate

flexible with greater transmission

the next generation of vehicles.

efficiency, yielding higher energy

Nanotechnology is critical to

densities from active solar power.

the future of energy research

The tools being used to create

because, in order to produce

these technologies come from the

high-density lightweight

semi-conductor industry, which

batteries, new materials and

holds the potential for a reposition

production techniques are

of energy production away from

required. Solving the challenges

fossil fuels and more toward

of the adverse reactions

renewable sources. Harnessing

resulting from the attempts

the power of the “American

at new battery production will

Consumer” to harness the sun

require interdisciplinary research

could be the greatest innovation

capability typically found in

of the 21st Century, and the key

advanced materials laboratories,

to making it happen lies in creating

nanotechnology, molecular

trans-disciplinary research

engineering and synthetic

environments with strong

chemistry applications for bottom-

capabilities in applied physics and

up materials assembly. This

engineering.

particular resolution will be found in the engineering side of quantum mechanics. hok .com


E F F I C I E N T E N E R GY T R A N S M I S S I O N

To realize our future without the

promise of newer more efficient

electric vehicle that is monitored

internal combustion engine, the

materials, more immediate

by the grid, and optimizes

world will need to improve both

impacts will come from the

charging times. If the future

sources of power production and

development of “smart electrical

involves exchanging batteries at

the efficiency of the transmission

grids” and the prevention of loss

what are now gas stations, those

grid. If the primary source of

in transmission. If all we did was

charging devices could be active

energy for our cars and trucks is

improve the efficiency of power

in optimizing demand to conserve

to be electricity, infrastructure

transmission by 10%, there would

energy.

improvements are vital to

be an immediate boost in power

making it practical. Improving

generation capacity that would

HOK is a leader in research

energy production is a long-term

buy us the time to move to a more

facilities for the energy and

investment requiring the kind of

diverse energy base.

nanotechnology sectors. We

catalyst created by a wholesale

know the energy industry

shift to alternative sources and

The primary tools for this research

intimately, having worked

electric vehicles.

are computational. A better

with major energy companies,

understanding of consumption

universities, governments and

To gain immediate impact that

habits and schedules, production

private research institutes on

will make the electric vehicle

demands, distribution and uses

everything ranging from fossil

future practical and yield near-

has the potential to conserve

fuels to alternative energy

term results, research needs

enough energy from existing

development. We have a track

to focus on improving the

generation resources to power

record of creating highly-

efficiency of power transmission

at least a portion of our electric

functional and innovative

through the implementation of

vehicle fleet. It is within reason to

facilities for paradigm-shifting

incremental technologies. While

envision a day when every house

research to occur.

nanotechnology may hold the

has a charging station for their

hok .com


SIZE

5,500,000 sq. ft. SERVICES

Master Planning, Architectural Design, Laboratory Programming/Planning/Design, MEP Engineering, Structural Engineering, Interior Design, Landscape Architecture, Sustainable Design AWA R D S

2011 R&D Magazine “Lab of the Year� 4 L E E D - N C P L AT I N U M


KING ABDULL AH UNIVERSIT Y OF SCIENCE A ND TECHNOLOGY (K AUST )

Thuwal, Saudi Arabia

KAUST is a transformative new international graduate research universitythat brings together the world’s best minds around humanity’s most urgent scientific and technological challenges. Open to men and women from around the world, the university was conceived of by King Abdullah as part of an effort to quickly expand Saudi Arabia’s economy beyond fossil fuels. hok .com


KAUST was envisioned as an entirely new kind of research university, spurring innovation and creativity through a fundamentally different model of organizational structure. KAUST identified four strategic research thrusts and complementary interdisciplinary research centers that apply science and technology to problems of human need and social advancement. Research focuses on the following four thrusts: Energy, Water, Environment, Food and Agriculture. Research centers are developed to support the research thrusts and include: • KAUST Catalysis Center • Clean Combustion Research Center • Plant Stress Genomics Research Center • Solar and Photovoltaics Engineering Research Center • Center for Water Desalination and Reuse • KAUST Advanced Membranes


K AUST

and Porous Materials Center • Red Sea Research Center The flexibility of the universal lab neighborhood allows the co-location of a broad range of multidisciplinary labs with greatly varying environmental and technical requirements. In support of KAUST’s mission of environmental stewardship, HOK designed the campus to rigorous sustainability standards. The campus received a LEED Platinum certification; the largest LEED Platinum project in the world. KAUST is one of the world’s first research universities to build an integrated economic development and technology commercialization program on one campus. Both the organization and the facilities are in place to rapidly take ideas from basic research through

KAUST labs for energy research are designed for flexibility, utilizing a “high hat” center section to accommodate semiscale up research activities

commercialization. hok .com


SIZE

15,000 sq. ft. SERVICES

Architectural Design, Laboratory Programming/Planning/Design


CA LIFORNIA INSTIT U TE OF TECHNOLOGY K AV L I N A N O S C I E N C E I N S T I T U T E

Pasadena, California

HOK programmed, designed and developed centralized, multiuser laboratories for research in nanostructure synthesis, fabrication and characterization. The facility also incorporates a virtual conferencing facility, office space and collaborative interaction space into an existing building.

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The primary goal of the Kavli Nanoscience Institute is to bring together research laboratories in order to encourage crossdisciplinary collaboration in the concentrated areas of nanobiotechnology and nanophotonics. HOK designed centralized multiuser laboratories in which to conduct research in nanostructure synthesis, fabrication and characterization. The facility accommodates multiple modalities of imaging including SEM, Cryo-SEM and STEM with special measures taken to control acoustics, vibration and The Kavli Nanoscience Institute brings together multiple research laboratories, encouraging cross-disciplinary collaboration across several areas.

electromagnetic interferences. The facility is based on a “Molecular Foundry� concept. It includes many of the basic tools needed for both top-down and bottom-up nanotechnology explorations, as well as


CA LIFORNIA INSTIT U TE OF TECHNOLOGY

providing space for instrument development, characterization, imaging and some metrology operations. HOK’s design supports research into the development of key enabling technologies that are dependent on finding new, more efficient materials for alternative energy. For instance, the creation of nanostructures that increase the surface area of lithium ions or even pure lithium (in a moisture and oxygen free environment) is one of the keys to the development of an electric car that drives 300 miles on a single charge. The laboratory includes Class 100 and Class 1,000 cleanroom space, special measures to control for vibration and environmental conditions, and MEP and HVAC systems designed to accommodate state-of-the-art equipment with specific shielding needs. hok .com


SIZE

78,000 sq. ft. SERVICES

Facility Programming, Architectural Design


RESE ARCH TRIANGLE INSTITUTE SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING BUILDING

Research Triangle Park, North Carolina

HOK designed the new Science and Engineering Building for Research Triangle Institute (RTI), an independent research organization. RTI sought to reinforce its master plan by positioning this new building on its central mall and accommodating future phases in a more logical, additive manner. The facility houses clean energy research.

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With research programs in energy technology, analytical chemistry and nanotechnology, the laboratories were built and equipped to the exact specifications of those disciplines. Primarily laboratory space (80 percent) including high-bay labs, the building consists of two wings, and was planned with future growth in mind. One wing is occupied by current programs, and the other will be outfitted as needed to accommodate new or expanded programs. The laboratories are highly modular, allowing them to grow The Science and Engineering Building at RTI facilitates scientists and engineers researching and developing solutions to energy-related problems.

and change with RTI’s research needs. Lab areas include: • Energy Technology Labs • Nanotechnology Lab • Exposure Analysis Research Lab • Microanalytical Science Labs • Electron Microscopy Labs • Analytical Chemistry Labs


RESE ARCH TRIANGLE INSTITUTE

RTI’s Energy Researchers are scientists and engineers who conduct applied research and development to solve challenging energy-related problems faced by the power, chemical, and petroleum refining industries, as well as the transportation sector. They work with a variety of industry and government clients to develop technologies that seek to generate cleaner and more efficient sources of energy. HOK’s design for the facility supports a special vibrationfree slab to accommodate a new environmental scanning electron microscope.

hok .com


SIZE

SERVICES

162,000 sq. ft.

Programming, Master Planning, Site Planning, Lab Planning/ Design, Architect of Record, Interior Design, Landscape Architecture, Sustainable Design


DANFORTH PL ANT SCIENCE CENTER ENTERPRISE RENT-A-CAR INSTITUTE FOR RENEWABLE FUELS

St. Louis, Missouri

With a major objective to create a research institute that would put St. Louis at the forefront of plant science discovery, six organizations in the St. Louis region formed a partnership and challenged HOK (with NGP) to create a highly-interactive flexible, sustainable, world-class plant science institute that includes the new Enterprise Rent-a-Car Institute for Renewable Fuels.

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By providing research space to attract and retain the brightest talents, designers set a precedent that would allow for maximum collaboration, interaction and creativity. The three-story building includes facilities for conference and staff amenities, as well as greenhouses with a large headhouse with plant growth chambers and growth rooms. The open, flexible labs are placed in two, three-story blocks with a large atrium between. The lightfilled atrium holds balconies, lounges, meeting rooms and interactive space. Food service, dining, fitness center and a 300seat auditorium round out the The Donald Danforth Plant Science Center is helping to put St. Louis at the forefront of plant science discovery in a flexible, sustainable and interactive Institute.

employee amenities. The Center has consistently been ranked as one of the top 10 research institutes to work in the world, according to Science magazine.


DONALD DANFORTH PL ANT SCIENCE CENTER

In February, 2007, Jack and Susan Taylor gave a $25 million gift to the Danforth Center to create the Enterprise Rent-A-Car Institute for Renewable Fuels. The Institute has expanded the scientific expertise of the Danforth Center to speed up development of plant-based renewable biofuels. These fuels will decrease the level of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and reduce the current dependency on fossil fuels in future years. HOK was the Architect of Record for the plant science research facility, completed in 2001, and most recently provided design services for the laboratory fit-ups to support the new Center for Advanced Biofuels Systems (CABS). The CABS project is made possible by a recently awarded $15 million in grants from the US Department of Energy (DOE) in which the Plant Science Center was asked to be home to one of 46 new, multi-million dollar Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs). The EFRCs will pursue advanced scientific research on energy, including increasing the thermodynamic and kinetic efficiency for select plant and algal-based fuel production systems.

hok .com


SIZE

SERVICES

266,000 sq. ft.

Architectural Design, Laboratory Planning/ Programming/Design, Interior Design, Landscape Architecture


UNIVERSIT Y OF CHICAGO WILLIAM ECKHARDT RESE ARCH CENTER (WERC)

Chicago, Illinois

The University of Chicago selected HOK to design the new state-of-the-art WERC to house engineering-based research labs and support space for the University’s Physical Sciences Division’s applied and theoretical research programs. A series of “Enabling” projects will clear the way for the new facility through a series of phased, coordinated space and departmental moves. hok .com


Phase 1 of the new Center will be comprised of research, support and administrative facilities for Molecular Engineering; Astronomy and Astrophysics; Physics and Computer Sciences; and four physical sciences institutes including the Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, the Computation Institute, the Enrico Fermi Institute and the James Franck Institute. In addition to the administrative and research spaces, the new facility will house 10,000 square feet of clean-room space and related support and core facilities including imaging, synthesis, SIMS, optical and other physical science laboratories. The new building will provide many advantages to both Argonne


UNIVERSIT Y OF CHICAGO

National Laboratory (ANL) and the University, including the ability to recruit outstanding scientists, colocate scientists within Argonnedefined space on campus, and enable Argonne to augment its own strategic interests in molecular engineering as well as their broader scientific agenda by gaining access to the University’s programs in physical, biomedical, and social sciences. Construction is scheduled to begin in fall 2010, with the entire project scheduled to be complete in spring 2014.

S U S TA I N A B L E S T R AT EG I E S

• Site habitat protection • Stormwater harvesting • Alternative transportation • Heat wheel energy recovery • Chilled beams

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SIZE

40,000 sq. ft. SERVICES

Architectural Design, Lab Design/ Planning/Programming


S TA N F O R D R E S E A R C H I N S T I T U T E ( S R I ) - F L O R I D A CENTER FOR OCE A N TECHNOLOGY

St. Petersburg Florida

HOK’s design for this state of the art lab and research facility incorporates vernacular architecture and creates a positive image for SRI as well as the City of St. Petersburg. SRI’s mission includes new wave-generated and algaebased energy technologies.

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located in the City of St. Petersburg’s port area adjacent to the wharf, the facility can support between 65-100 employees in a safe, efficient and tourfriendly environment. The site can accommodate a potential expansion of up to 100,000 square feet. A partnership of the city, Pinellas County and the state provided funding and land to build the new facility. A dilapidated and underutilized warehouse was demolished to accommodate the two-story facility. This research center plans a partnership with neighboring University of South Florida’s Center for Ocean Technology to


SRI - FLORIDA

develop and market products for port security and environmental science. Researchers can develop and test technologies such as the innovative buoy-mounted, wave-powered generator that can generate electricity directly from the motion of waves. Additionally, a research program for developing biofuel from micro-organisms in sea mud is planned. The new building includes laboratory space for developing advanced marine sensors and port security technologies, a stateof-the-art marine operations and deployment shop, and specialized classroom, meeting and office space to support training, conferences, and daily operations.

hok .com


SIZE

COMPLETION

53,500 sq. ft.

2012


U NI V ERSI T Y O F W YO MIN G E N E R G Y I N N O VAT I O N C E N T E R

Laramie, Wyoming

HOK’s design for the facility creates an environment similar to that found in the energy industry or national laboratories by blurring the boundaries of traditional academia; providing flexible labs and cutting-edge technologies such as real-time 3D-visualization. Sophisticated AV linking allows the University to leverage strategic campus and global partnerships with other institutions and industries.

hok .com


SIZE

105,000 sq. ft COMPLETION

2012


WISCONSIN ENERGY INSTIT U TE

Madison, Wisconsin

The first of its kind, WEI will be a world-class facility for multidisciplinary programs in alternative and bio-energy research. Adaptable laboratory facilities support training and outreach activities focused on creating economically viable and environmentally sustainable alternative energy resources, such as the conversion of plant biomass into cellulosic ethanol.

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HOK S+T Energy Research