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2019 Fall Semester Urban Landscape System Studio Professor Wybe Kuitert

SITE ANALYSIS

Nowon Nuwon : Daseop Lim, Yuna Choi, Yulin Shen 천_Weaving River : Hojin Lee, Karam Cheon, Yanghyeon Lee, Yooncho Ahn

NOWON-GU, SEOUL Nowon-Gu Base Map, 2019

Choseon Dynasty map

Topography Map, 1950s

Reference: Na�onal Geographic informa�on ins�tute (국토정보플랫폼)

Reference: Haedong Map, Kyujanggak Ins�tute for Korean Studies

Reference: Korean War Project h�ps://www.koreanwar.org/html/korean_war_topo_maps.html

Aerial Photo, 1978

Population, 2019

Contour

Reference: Seoul Metropolitan Government (서울특별시청)

Reference: Na�onal Geographic Informa�on Ins�tute (국토지리정보원)

Reference: Na�onal Geographic informa�on ins�tute (국토정보플랫폼)

N

Scale 1:30000 0

2.5km

Legend 500m

Legend (person/250m x 250m)

450m 400m

3605 ~ 5405

350m

2772 ~ 3605

300m

2029 ~ 2772

250m 200m

1341 ~ 2029

150m

795 ~ 1341

100m

269 ~ 795

50m

0 ~ 269

0m

Land Use, 1972

Land Use, 2019

Vegetation

Reference: Ministry of Land Infrastructure and Transport (건설부 국립건설연구소)

Reference: Na�onal Spa�al Data Infrastructure Portal (국가공간정보포털)

Reference: Na�onal Spa�al Data Infrastructure Portal (국가공간정보포털)

Legend Fully Irrigated Paddy Field Adjusted Paddy Field Par�ally Irrigated Paddy Field

General Crop Special Crop Vegetable Seedling Apple Pear

Legend

Peach City

Grape

Road

Chestnut

Water

Persimmon

Ar�ficial forest

Bamboo

Grass Agriculture

Mulberry

Concrete Block Logging and rock exposure sites

Pasture

Carpinus laxiflora forest

Dense Forest

Alnus japonica (Thunb)Steud forest

Open Forest

Alnus sibirica Fisch ex Turcz forest

Cut-Over Forest Unproduc�ve Land

Robinia pseudoacacia forest

Legend

Populus tomen�glandulosa T.Lee forest

Golf course

Larix kaempferi(Lamb)Carriere forest

Crop field

Castanea crenata forest

City

Detached house

Pinus rigida forest

Village

Apartments

Pinus koraiensis forest

Market & Business

Pinus densiflora forest

Railroad

Quercus forest

Factory

Betula davurica Pall forest

Educa�on

Ailanthus al�ssima forest

Park & Government owned space

Other forest

Road

Irreversible site

River

Lowland

Industrial Area

Cemetery Reclaimed Land Miscellaneous

Ecological Values and Law

Subsoil

Soil-Landscape

Reference: Environmental Geographic Informa�on Service(환경공간정보서비스) h�ps://egis.me.go.kr/api/preview.do?index=09

Reference: Soil Groundwater Informa�on System(토양지하수정보시스템) h�p://sgis.nier.go.kr/GIS/index.jsp

Reference: Soil Environment Informa�on System (토양환경정보시스템) h�ps://soil.rda.go.kr/soil/koreaSoils/soil

Na�onal Law Informa�on Center(국가법령정보센터) h�p://www.law.go.kr

Legend Type 1: Mountains and hills

Legend

■■

1 Level

Type 2: Mountain foot

2 Level

■■■

3 Level

Type 3: Rolling hills

Separate Management area

■■■■

Residen�al area 1 Level: The main habitats of endangered animals and plants, areas with excellent ecological community, biogeographical distribu�on, representa�ve major plant communi�es, etc. 2 Level: Areas of preserva�on value 3 Level: Developpment and available areas Separate management area: Among the areas protected according to other laws, the areas with historical, cultural and landscape values such as natural parks, ecological and landscape protec�on areas are the areas under the management of urban green space protec�on.

Type 4: Local alluvial

Legend Coarse grained soil Sandy loam Silty sandy loam Sandy soil

■■■■■ ■■■■■ ■ ■■■■ Type 5: Dilluvial terrace

Silty clay loam

Clay loam

Type 6: Alluvial plain

Clayey

■■■■■ ■ ■■■

Stony soil

Biotope Evaluation

Natural Water, 2019

River System, 1960s

Reference: The Seoul Research Data Service(서울연구데이터서비스) h�p://data.si.re.kr/node/99

Reference: Na�onal Geographic informa�on ins�tute (국토정보플랫폼)

Reference: Map of Seoul ((新編서울特別市全圖)), 1969

국토환경정보센터 h�p://www.neins.go.kr/gis/mnu01/doc06a.asp

Legend 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Level 5 Level 1 Level: No human interven�on or long-term stable, mature, highly natural, irreplaceable, and absolutely preserved biot 2 Level: Ar�ficial interference, with medium sensi�vity to damage state and reduced sensi�vity, certain level of naturalness and improved ecological value a�er restora�on biotope. 3 Level: High human interference, low sensi�vity to damage state, low naturalness and long-term regenera�on of biotope. 4 Level: Serious human interference and low regenera�on ability biotope. 5 Level: Excessive use of resources and no self-healing ability, non renewable biotope.

Legend Natural well River


[Cheon]

천_Weaving River Danghyeon-cheon Urban Revival: Nowon-Gu, Seoul Urban Landscape System Studio l Professor. Wybe Kuitert Hojin Lee, Karam Jeon, Yanghyeon Lee, Yooncho Ahn

Design Concept

Site Identity 蘆原: Plain of Reed

Environment

Agriculture

Location: Nowon-Gu(蘆原區) (Northeast of Seoul) Area: 35.44km2 Population: 533,904 Population Density: 15,065.01/km2

Community

Living

(Source: http://nowon.kr)

Main Site: Dang Hyeon River (堂峴川)

堂峴川: River of Danggogae 1

1980s Intermittent River

2

2008. Jan Before Channelization

3

4

천: “River” in Chinese character “川,”

2011. July After Channelization

1

2

3

4

“Fabric” in Korean native tongue.

2019. November Nowadays

[

Dang Hyeon River flows in the Danggogae valley between the two big mountains of Nowon-Gu; Mt. Bulam and Mt. Surak. Flowing through Nowon-Gu it enters the Jungrang River, a branch of Han river.

River is a main thread that weaves ‘human’ and ‘nature.’

Problem

Analysis

Strategy

Artificial River System

1966 & 2019 River Map

Natural River System Head Water (Source)

Natural Water Source

]

Natural Ecosystem

Middle Stream (Buffer)

Artificial Water Source

Artificial Ecosystem

Reference: 아시아 경제, http://cm.asiae.co.kr

Reference: Field trip, November

Lower Stream (Buffer)

\

Down Stream (Open Levee) 1966 River 2019 River

Soil Erosion

78,000,000 won / year Costly Maintenance

Reference: 오마이뉴스, http://www.ohmynews.com

Reference: 경향신문, http://www.news.khan.co.kr

Reference: National Geographic Information Institute, http://map.ngii.go.kr, Map of Seoul, 1969

Soil-Landscape Map

Flooding

Erosion & Sedimentation

Sustainable River System

Flood Control Mountain & Foothill Soil Landscape

Meandering River

Green Fields

Local Alluvial Soil Landscape

Channelization

Concrete Field

Reference: 노원신문, http://nowon.newsk.com

Reference: 노원신문, http://nowon.newsk.com

Local Alluvial Soil Landscape Alluvial Plain Landscape No Riparian Area

No Flood Buffer

Reference: 노원신문, http://nowon.newsk.com

Reference: Field trip, November

Reference: Soil Environment Information System https://soil.rda.go.kr/soil/koreaSoils/soil

1972-81 Land Use Map

Lack of Social Resilience

Buffer Ponds

Woodland

Social Eco-Friendly Program Rice Paddy & Vegetable Fields

Unemployed Elderly Population

Social Segregation

Reference: 중앙일보, https://news.joins.com

Reference: 한국경제, https://www.hankyung.com

Urban Farming Community Reference: 시사종합신문, www.sisatotalnews.com

Public Square Reference: 국립아시아문화전당, http://webzine.acc.go.kr

Pear & Vegetable Fields

Crop Field Residential Area No Landscape Literacy

Lack of Green Open Space

Reference: Field trip, November

Reference: Field trip, November

Unsustainable Urban Development

Reference: Ministry of Land Infrastructure and Transport, http://map.ngii.go.kr

1950s Map & Biotope Map

Education & Walking Trail

Free Open Space

Reference: 노원뉴스 나우 온, http://www.nowonnews.net

Reference: 서울&, http://seouland.com

Sustainable Urban Development Low Biotope Level in the Center

Non-Eco friendly Development

Separation from Nature

Reference: Field trip, November

Reference: 노원신문, http://nowon.newsk.com

Residence in Less Flooded Regions

Low Impact Housing

Nature Involved Development

Reference: BUILD UP, https://www.buildup.eu

Reference: 대구신문, https://www.idaegu.co.kr

Sand bar & Reed Field

Task Force Team

Reference: Wikipedia, https://ko.wikipedia.org

Reference: Field trip, November

Residential Area Low Biotope Area Unnatural Leisure Space

Absence of Neighborhood

Reference: Field trip, November

Reference: 스카이데일리, http://skydaily.com

Reference: Korean War Project, The Seoul Research Data Service https://www.koreanwar.org/html/korean_war_topo_maps.html http://data.si.re.kr/node/99


MASTER PLAN Urban Landscape System Studio I Prof. Wybe Kuitert Hojin Lee, Karam Jeon, Yanghyeon Lee, Yooncho Ahn

Walking Trail Camp Site

Urban Farming Foot Path Public Square

Summer Winter Scale Bar 1:1500

River

Mountain

0

20

50

100m

HEAD WATER AREA

Section A

A

Section B Public Square

Foot Path

Low Impact Housing

Sediment Island

Scale Bar 1:1500

Buffer Pond

Buffer Pond & River

0

20

50

100m

B

Section C Low Impact Housing

Watch Site

Marsh Land

Eco Center & Lab

Scale Bar 1:1500

C

Buffer Pond 0

20

50

100m

Section D Reed Field

Foot Path

Animal Care Center Restaurant

Public Park

Foot Path

D

Scale Bar 1:1500

Open Levee

River

0

20

50

100m

Legend

Scale Bar 1:5000

0 40 80

200

400

600

Potential Vegetation

800

1000m

Tree

Sandy area

Buffer Pond

Foot Path

Urban Farming

Reed Field

Marshland

River

Car Road

Public Square

Green field

Flood Plain

Low Impact housing

DOWN STREAM AREA

Summer Winter

LOWER STREAM AREA

Summer Winter

River

MIDDLE STREAM AREA

Summer Winter


Location Jungnangcheon

N o w o n

N u w o n

: Sanggye-dong, Nowon-gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea

Changdong Seoul Metro Depot

2019 Fall Urban Landscape System Studio Sustainable Urban Design and Waterfront Design

Dobong Driver's License Test Center

Cui Yuna Lim Dasup Shen Yulin Advised by Prof. Wybe Kuitert

S I T E

A N A L Y S I S

History 樓院酒幕 in Choseon Dynasty

1950’s map

Aerial Photograph 1978 + 1960’s River

樓 : Building 院: 1. Courtyard 2. Public place 3. School 4. Hospital 酒: Alcoholic Drink 幕: 1. Tent 2. Screen 3. Ancient office space Railroad Foot Path Waterway

The Site

Rice Fields Haedong Map (해동지도) Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies

Korean War Project https://www.koreanwar.org/html/korean_war_topo_maps.html

Seoul Metropolitan Government (서울특별시청) + Map of Seoul (신편서울특별시전도), 1969

View of Mountains in the Site

Soil-landscape Map

Natural Features Jungnangcheon Good Water Quality, Habitat of various creatures pH 7.5 Large amount of dissolved oxygen. Low amount of heavy metals

Dobong Mountain

Surak Mountain

Bulam Mountain

20 species of insects 20 species of birds 11 species of fish A

A’

SE (Fluvial deposit) RS (Alluvial sand) HT (Fluvial deposit) B

B’

Jd (Fluvio-marine plain soils) A

YbD2 (Sandy loam)

A’

YcB (Clay loam) DLB (Loam) NkB (Sandy loam) B

SfB (Sandy loam)

B’

SuB (Sandy loam) Jungnangcheon Environment Center 2019

Kakao Road Map

Soil Environment Information System (토양환경정보시스템) https://soil.rda.go.kr/soil/koreaSoils/soil

Transportation

Building Evaluation

National Geographic information institute (국토정보플랫폼)

Urban Features Official Current Land Use

Buildings to Retain Repair Cellar, Attached Office Large scale 2-story industrial hall (1986)

Wheel Cellar Small scale factory building (1985) Natural Green Zone

Cleaning Warehouse

General Residential Zone 3 (Middle and high-rise housing) General Residential Zone 2 (Middle-rise housing)

Subway STN Bus STN

General Residential Zone 1 (Low-rise housing)

Bicycle Path

General Commercial Zone

Road

Semi-industry Zone

Dongbu Arterial Rd

Issue Map

Catchphrase Good space for people,using good ecology. Free open space for everybody!

Jungnangcheon is an important habitat for various creatures.

Problem No connection with Jungnangcheon. Apartment complexes block use of the site and Jungnangcheon. Highway and level differences prevent people from accessing the river. Small waterways connecting the city with the river have disappeared.

Business Office

Pedestrian Passage

Quasi-residential Zone

Urban Planning Information Service Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport (국토교통부)

Small scale factory building (1985)

National Geographic information institute (국토정보플랫폼)

Building Register Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport (국토교통부)


P L A N

Cui Yuna Lim Dasup Shen Yulin Advised by Prof. Wybe Kuitert

2019 Fall Urban Landscape System Studio Sustainable Urban Design and Waterfront Design

Concept

Diagram

N N

1

2

3

Connection with Nature

Space of Culture and Commerce

Intersecting Points

o u

w w

o o

n n

Restore the landscape of Nowon-gu.

The site acts as a green space in the city and uses natural planting and rainwater systems for sustainable use.

Plan a cultural-commercial space with people and nature.

N N

o u

w w

o o

n n

At the intersection, the lost community is restored.

Some of the existing buildings are reused and expanded to serve as a multi-cultural space for all future generations.

Master Plan

S e c t i o n a n d Ve g e t a t i o n C o n c e p t Allium.fistulosum Brassica rapa L.var.gigantum subsp. chinensis Makino

Capsicum annuum

Citrus reticulata

Malus pumila Mill.

Zea mays L.

Triticum aestivum L.

Oryza sativa L.

Solanum tuberosum L.

Daucus carota subsp. sativus

Zelkova serrata

Ginkgo biloba

Buxus koreana Pinus Densiflora

Iris pseudacorus

Phalaris arundinacea var. picta

Miscanthus sacchariflorus

Pennisetum alopecuroides (L.) Spreng.

C B Platanus occidentalis L.

Narcissus tazetta var. chinensis

Imperata cylindrica

C’

B’ Malus pumila var. dulcissima KOIDZ.

A’

Images

Ulmus davidiana var. japonica

Pinus koraiensis

Salix babylonica

Ailanthus altissima

Rhododendron indicum SWEET.

Setaria viridis

Miscanthus sacchariflorus

Acer palmatum

Prunus armeniaca

Prunus serrulata var. spontanea

A

Profile for hojin91

Urban landscape System Studio-2019  

Urban landscape System Studio-2019; Nowon-Gu, Seoul, Korea; guided by Professor Wybe Kuitert, Lab on Landscape in Seoul. The Studio takes Se...

Urban landscape System Studio-2019  

Urban landscape System Studio-2019; Nowon-Gu, Seoul, Korea; guided by Professor Wybe Kuitert, Lab on Landscape in Seoul. The Studio takes Se...

Profile for hojin91
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