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welcome to the design think/ design speak issue of innovate. Credits: Editorial: HKS Communications; Design: HKS Identity Group; Photography: cover: (photos) Daryl Shields, HKS, Inc.; pgs. 2–3: (photos) Daryl Shields, HKS, Inc.; pg. 10: (top left and middle right, photos) Blake Marvin, HKS, Inc., (bottom right, photos) Daryl Shields, HKS, Inc.; pg. 11: (photos) Blake Marvin, HKS, Inc.; pg. 12: (top left, photo) Daryl Shields, HKS, Inc., (bottom row from left to right, photos) Luciano Mortula, Jaime Pharr, Denis Tangney Jr. and dblight, Cherokeedxb; pgs. 18–19: (photos) Daryl Shields, HKS, Inc.; pgs. 26–29: (photos) Daryl Shields, HKS, Inc.; pg. 30: (photos)

Welcome to our conversation about design, our quest to understand where it is taking place, who is speaking and who is listening. Simply put, we believe in the incredible power of design and its ability to transcend the ordinary to the extraordinary in ways we speak, think and live. We believe in creating places that enhance the human spirit and encourage the art of the conversation. Design matters.

Blake Marvin, HKS, Inc.; pg. 31: (top left, photo) Daryl Shields, HKS, Inc., (top right and bottom right, photos) Blake Marvin, HKS, Inc., (bottom left, photo) Darius Kuzmickas; pg. 32: (photo) Blake Marvin, HKS, Inc.; Publishing: Innovative Publishing Ink. Contact: Aran Jackson 502.423.7272

















Dear Reader, Design – what relevance does it have in the way we speak and how we think about the places we live, heal, work, learn and play? This issue of INNOVATE explores these questions for you and provides some insight into “Design Speak. Design Think.” In my 38-year design career, it has been truly exciting to see the trends and changes in the way we experience design. Over the years, we have learned that, while design will continue to evolve, it’s always had a common language that expresses the idea that design matters. In his 1977 book, A Pattern Language, Christopher Alexander described a language-like process that opens the dialogue between the idea and the experience, as well as creates a foundational language. It is fascinating to see how design of the mid-1970s and later has translated into design that we experience today. The constantly evolving “schools” of architecture and design, combined with the fast pace of innovative technology, make design one of the most inspiring professions because of the impact on our complex and critically sensitive world. HKS Design Director Dan Noble believes we are on the cusp of a quantum leap in the design and construction industry. He notes that the basic core relationships, end products of design, and processes of imagining and building the structures we inhabit are in the midst of a monumental sea of change. Read more about his thoughts on the industry in his article, “Is Construction America’s Least-Innovative Industry?” Since the early ’70s, when Earth Day was founded, designers around the world have acknowledged their role as good stewards of the earth. As we continue to keep sustainable practices as a major focus, there is more of an emphasis on the use of energy. Kirk Teske, HKS’s chief sustainability officer, talks with internationally recognized architect, author, educator, energy expert and visionary Ed Mazria. As art and technology continually become more integrated with the environment we live in, we will see vast new and previously unimaginable opportunities for the way we speak and think about design. Our HKS Design Fellowship is dedicated to this very idea. It is our design think tank; its sole purpose is to focus on the communities we are a part of all over the world. In this issue, we also include an “Around the World” conversation with Eduardo Egea, who shares his thoughts on how universal healthcare coverage is affecting healthcare design in Latin America, as well as “Communiqué,” a few pages dedicated to HKS happenings. As you peruse this issue of INNOVATE, you will read how people speak and think about design. What do you have to say? What do you think? Tell us. We would be delighted to hear from you.

H. Ralph Hawkins, FAIA, FACHA, LEED® AP Chairman and CEO HKS, Inc.




The rise of the middle class in Latin America. + According to a Dec. 10, 2012 article in The New York Times, the middle classes in most Latin American countries during the ’60s and ’70s remained relatively small despite decades of robust growth. In countries like Mexico, Brazil and Chile, barely 30 percent of citizens were considered middle class. However, the past decade saw a dramatic shift in this dynamic. The primary factor, according to the Latin American Economic Outlook 2011, is China. Fueled by continued demand for commodities from China, middle class estimates for those same countries now range from 55 percent to 60 percent. Today, The New York Times noted, these countries – along with Uruguay, Costa Rica and to a lesser extent Colombia – all boast a new, middle-class majority.



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Insurance companies traditionally have negotiated with second- and third-party providers for the care of their beneficiaries. Due to the increased demand, providers are now at capacity and are no longer willing to negotiate discounted prices with the insurance companies. At the same time, insurance companies are trying to be more cost-competitive. This has prompted them to become both providers and operators, giving rise to an emerging integrated delivery model in Latin America.


PERCEIVED AS THE PLANET’S MOST UNEQUAL region, Latin America historically has operated with a large gap between rich and poor. In turn, only a privileged few had access to quality, world-class healthcare in the private sector.

Positive changes in socioeconomic conditions throughout Latin America are prompting healthcare facility development.

Recent years of economic growth in countries such as Chile, Brazil, Mexico, Peru and Colombia have fueled the emergence of a new middle class, with access to private insurance, who are seeking better healthcare options. This has caused a large migration away from the current, unsustainable socialized/public model, which, in turn, is increasing demand for services in the private sector.

At HKS, we listen to what our clients are asking for and have undertaken several projects in Latin America to deliver a better class of healthcare to this underserved market.  

1   A   B   C Insurance giant

Pacifico Peruano Suiza, a subsidiary of Credicorp with headquarters in Lima, Peru, is competing to be the premier integrated delivery leader for Latin America. Pacifico’s leadership selected HKS to design a series of template outpatient facilities in 14 provinces throughout the country. Branding and adaptability have been key drivers in the design of the template. As the demand for private beds increases, Pacifico acquired three existing clinics to meet those needs. HKS, partnering with a local firm, is modernizing these facilities. HKS delivered the design services, which now have expanded to include the design of several greenfield hospitals.

2   In Chile, we are working with

the RedSalud of the Pontificia Universidad Católica (PUC) de Santiago on a system-wide master plan. One of the challenges that face this teaching institution is to produce the top clinicians needed to meet demand. HKS’s Clinical Solutions & Research Group evaluated existing conditions, flows, adjacencies and throughput and developed a plan to incorporate state-of-the-art delivery systems right-sized to fit the local culture.   3   Empreendimento Carlos Gomes is HKS’s first engagement in Brazil, conceptualized by the joint talents of HKS’s healthcare and hospitality practices. Merging hospitality and medical planning principles, the team produced a mortgage package that includes a series of detailed design renderings devised to interest potential investors. Located in the financial district of Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, the mixeduse facility combines under one roof high-end retail areas, full-service diagnostic and treatment modalities, Class A office space and a five-star hotel.

Market forces are changing the way healthcare is delivered throughout Brazil. Healthcare administrators at academic medical centers are recognizing the need to perform more efficiently and become business-focused. Established community hospitals are expanding, due to the move of the middle class to the suburbs. New satellite facilities are opening to capture the growing market share. Latin America’s healthcare providers can’t build facilities fast enough to keep pace with the market. So, what do these healthcare providers need from medical planners and architects? Our clients have expressed many of the same common requirements. “Show us how to design a safe, quality-focused, highperformance, internationally accredited facility” is a universal request.

4   Control of the Panama Canal by

local authorities has fueled expansive projects throughout the Republic of Panama, which present attractive opportunities for foreign investors. The “Caja Social” (Social Security) of the Republic of Panama invited several design-build teams to submit proposals for the 1,200bed Ciudad Hospitalaria project in the city of Clayton near the Pacific access to the canal. Constructora Norberto Odebrecht retained HKS to master plan and conceptualize an award-winning design. HKS delivered the services requested in less than 30 days.  

transplant hospital. To successfully complete the project, HKS drew from a vast resource of former clients, international operators and facility managers to create the ideal business consulting and design team to serve the needs of this entrepre­neurial client. As democracy and economic stability continue to promote confidence in the region, we see a bright future ahead for the healthcare sector, which will continue to positively impact the lives of people throughout Latin America.

5   Colombiana de Trasplante, a

physician group specializing in a niche segment of the healthcare market in Bogota, Colombia, retained HKS as part of a diverse team of consultants. This team assisted with feasibility analysis; planning for JCI Accreditation requirements; master planning, design and commissioning for a new, 120-bed



Pacifico Salud Clinica San Borja Master Plan | Lima, Peru | 86,000 sf new construction and 126,000 sf renovation: A master plan for the future growth of the hospital proposed a new clinical and inpatient care tower, as well as interior and exterior design concepts for the existing building.  | Patient room shown far left |

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Sanatorio Alto Madero Master Plan | Buenos Aires, Argentina | 527,000 sf: A mortgage package study included the financing of a 340-bed hospital and clinics for a private insurance company.  | Exterior view shown top left |

Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile – Red Salud Lean Master Plan | Santiago, Chile: HKS’s Clinical Solutions & Research Group provided benchmarks/recommendations to incorporate lean processes to improve efficiency of services, new emerging technologies and replacement of aging facilities.  | Master plan shown left |


Avenida Carlos Gomes 350 | Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil | 118,000 sf: Master planning services were provided for financing a mixed-used destination facility for the World Cup. Three options were developed: two at 118,000 square feet meeting municipality codes/zoning and a third larger option.  | Exterior option shown right |


Pacifico Salud Prototype Clinic | 1 B   Lima, Peru | 26,900 sf: The design solution embodied Pacifico’s mission to be personal, transparent, responsive and reassuring. The clinic building was designed to be personal through scale, repetition and texture.  | Exterior shown on left page & reception area below |

Ciudad Hospitalaria Panama Design | Clayton, Panama | 3.1 million sf: The architectural concept draws from the contextual fabric of Panama. Connectivity through planning and design was the primary driver for the organization of the new hospital. The historical ambience of the region was reflected by the use of materials and fundamental design elements such as open courtyards and shading devices.  | Master plan shown left |


Pacifico Salud Clinica El Golf Expansion | Lima, Peru | 303,000 sf: HKS provided an assessment for expansion plans and developed a master plan to grow the hospital by 303,000 square feet to 300 beds in four phases, as well as designed a new concept for the front façade.  | Front façade shown right |

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Pacifico Salud Clinica San Borja Master Plan and Pacifico Salud Clinica El Golf Expansion were developed by HKS in association with J-Gaviria Arquitectos.



A W A R D S  /  W O R K  / P E O P L E  / N E W S  / L E C T U R E S

PROJECT AWARDS +  Phoenix Children’s Hospital/Phoenix, Arizona (Best Healthcare Project, 2012) Arizona Commercial Real Estate Red Awards +  Virginia Commonwealth University Healthcare System Critical Care Hospital/ Richmond, Virginia (VISTA Award Winner, 2012) American Society of Health Care Engineering/American Hospital Association/AIA Academy of Architecture for Health



+  Macau Studio City Hotel Casino Interiors/ Macau, China +  Akron Children’s Hospital Ambulatory Care Center and Critical Care Tower/Akron, Ohio +  Baylor Medical Center at Waxahachie Replacement Hospital/Waxahachie, Texas +  Major League Soccer New Multipurpose Stadium/ New York, New York +  City Center D.C./ Washington, D.C.

Lisa Adams, Design for Dignity Spirit Award, 2012 Byron Chambers, New Breed/Young Guns Award, Stadia magazine, 2012 Trish Martineck, Marketer of the Year, SMPS Dallas/ Fort Worth, 2012 Karen Williams, Fred Pryor Young Architects Forum Achievement Award, AIA Orlando, 2012

“Design began with establishing the brand equity found in the team, its identity and the existing venue. The shape of the opening in the roof, the star on the field and the international identity of the team all greatly influenced the new Cowboys Stadium’s design.” | Mark Williams |





+  Community Link Mission/ Saginaw, Texas

in the world.

An escalating need for food and grocery aid pushed the local Community Link Mission’s pantry storage and service capacity to the limit. The Answer: A new 10,000-square-foot facility – designed pro bono by HKS, Inc. The new Community Link Mission will house space for product display, storage and distribution as well as administrative spaces and multi-purpose rooms, allowing the not-forprofit to serve an additional 1,500 residents each year.

Additional images and descriptions of recent HKS pro bono projects can be found online at: design/social-purpose?ssp=true& gallery=73&id=album.

View of entry and waiting area at Community Link Mission showing curved silo-like design. Cylinder design celebrates the area’s history as home to three of the largest functioning grain storage elevators

The Super Bowl’s Real ROI (SOURCE ARTICLE) Rick Horrow and Karla Swatek. (2012, Feb. 3). The Super Bowl’s Real ROI. Bloomberg Businessweek.

According to Bloomberg Businessweek’s “The Super Bowl’s Real ROI,” host cities have hit the proverbial jackpot including: 150,000 +  celebri-

ties, corporate executives, and well-to-do football fans making $150 million +  in economic impact to the local economy with 175 million +  viewers across the United States tuning in and reaching up to 1 billion people globally.


“Why Would I Do That? A Review of Factors to Consider When Determining Who Should Engage the Geotechnical Consultant” Midwinter Meeting of the American Bar Association Forum on the Construction Industry, Houston, Texas

above View of busy storefront at Lucas Oil Stadium shown before and after the stadium’s grand opening in August 2008.

“Achieving Project Goals through Clinical Integration and Value Creation” ESPN highlights the UT Arlington College Park Center opening  |  FEBRUARY  |

IN THE NEWS top left Proposed design for the ULINE Museum of Music. View shows the west façade used as a 3D projection screen to advertise ongoing venues related to the music performance stage and the museum exhibitions. middle left The UT Arlington band plays for celebrating fans just outside the newly opened College Park Center on the eastern edge of campus. bottom left Mark Williams, HKS principal and senior vice president, who interviewed for the History Channel’s “101 Inventions that Changed the World,” is pictured speaking at the Cowboys Stadium opening celebration.


Rick Bond is featured in the “STIMULUS MONEY AT WORK“ article in Modern Healthcare  |  JANUARY  | HKS Hill Glazier Studio projects are included on Travel+Leisure’s “TOP 500 LIST”  |  JANUARY  | HKS’s Design Fellowship in Washington, D.C. is noted in The Washington Post |  JANUARY  |

The Super Bowl’s real ROI, featuring the HKSdesigned Lucas Oil Stadium, is featured in Bloomberg Businessweek  |  FEBRUARY  | “THE TOP 10 WAYS TO DAZZLE YOUR GUESTS” blog is noted in Hospitality Design  |  FEBRUARY  |

Obras names HKS the No. 9 architecture firm in Mexico, as ranked by client satisfaction  |  MARCH  | Lisa Adams is highlighted for her volunteer efforts working with nonprofits on ABC-7 News Chicago  |  MARCH  | Inhabitat highlights “LIVE BETWEEN,” an extreme mobile pod hotel  |  APRIL  | The HKS-designed Phoenix Children’s Hospital is the topic of an article in ArchDaily  |  MAY | Dan Noble is interviewed regarding “HOW WILL THE FATE OF THE AFFORDABLE CARE ACT IMPACT HEALTH CARE ARCHITECTURE?” in Architectural Record  |  JUNE  | Mark Williams is interviewed for the History Channel’s “101 INVENTIONS THAT CHANGED THE WORLD” series at Cowboys Stadium |  SEPTEMBER  |

2012 International Summit & Exhibition on Health Facility Planning, Design and Construction (PDC) Tampa, Florida

“First Do No Harm: How Design Impacts Safe Care in the Emergency Environment”

“Building Smart Without Compromising Efficiency” Hospital Build Asia 2012, Singapore

“Don’t Fear the Future: Shifting Toward IPD” Construction Owners Association of America (COAA) Leadership Conference, Dallas, Texas

“Designing Smart Hospitals: Building Better Facilities with Less Capital” Hospital Build Middle East 2012, United Arab Emirates

“Straight from the Floor: The Nurses’ Role” The Emergency Department: Considerations for Innovation and Strategic Design Workshop, Washington, D.C.

2012 International Summit & Exhibition on Health Facility Planning, Design and Construction (PDC) Tampa, Florida

“Report from the Guidelines Revision Committee 2010 & 2014 Editions — Facility Guidelines Institute”

“Launching into Research: HKS and CADRE”

The Emergency Department: Considerations for Innovation and Strategic Design Workshop, Washington, D.C.

KA Connect 2012, San Francisco, California

“Protect-in-Place Strategies for Healthcare Settings” HospiArch 2012, Hyderabad, India

“USA Market Analysis Roundtable”

“Stadia Analysis and Implementation, with Brand Analysis Example of Liverpool FC and Commercial Development of Dallas Cowboys” PanStadia Expo 2012, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Stadia Design & Technology Expo 2012, Los Angeles, California




Is Construction America’s Least-Innovative Industry? by Dan Noble, FAIA, FACHA, LEED AP, Executive Vice President/Director of Design, HKS, Inc.

Buildings today are conceived and constructed in much the same way as they were hundreds, if not thousands, of years ago. A design team envisions what can be and draws this up, conferring with a builder on how to get it done. The builder sets out to build the design and confers with the design team about intent. There is much conflict and camaraderie and moments of exhaustion and exhilaration, and then, one day, the building is finished and put to use. This could describe a process today or in the time of Queen Hatshepsut, perhaps the most prolific of all the Egyptian pharaohs. It could describe how we designed and built Hagia Sophia in Constantinople in 525, Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris in 1250, the Empire State Building in 1930 or the Burj Khalifa in 2010.

Hagia Sophia, Notre Dame Cathedral, Empire State Building, Burj Khalifa



We’ve cleaned things up a bit, leveraged research findings, brought more people into the mix, utilized the power of technology and generally put a 21stcentury spin on things, but it could be argued that the basic relationships and processes have evolved at a snail’s pace over the last 2,000 or 3,000 years.

We believe we are on the cusp of a quantum leap in the design and construction industry, that the fundamental core relationships, end product of design and processes of imagining and building the places we inhabit are in the midst of a monumental sea of change. If you can shape it, you can build it. Parametricism, the science of advanced computational design and digital animation in the creation of fluid forms, envisions a new style claiming relevance on all scales from architecture and spatial design to large-scale urban design. Through the use of parametric design, we can input variables that determine space efficiencies, overall sustainability attributes, building skin performance,

and virtually anything you can measure. We can develop a prototypical virtual model of the design and predict how a building will perform before it is erected. Through the use of revolutionary software such as Grasshopper and Rhino, we can take these measured and prescribed building designs into a Revit model and collaborate with all the design consultants to eliminate conflicts between the various trades. Structural beams, ventilation ductwork, electrical raceways and cable tray conflicts will be identified and solved within the virtual building information model (BIM) before ground has been broken.



Haikou Danna Marina Golden Tulip Hotel This project is a combination of hotel and residential units on a waterfront property in Haikou, China. The skin system was influenced by waves on both macro and micro scales. At a micro scale, the person in a hotel room experiences large waves and breaks in the skin through which they are able to see out of the building. However, as we pull away from the building, the waves become less defined and form a sea of ripples, which becomes a canvas for a color-changing architectural lighting system. From a more-technical standpoint, this was a study of “mass customization” and how we can make complex patterns from simple shapes in a costeffective manner. The pattern is comprised of three shapes. Approximately 30 pieces of each shape, either laser-cut or punched, are then merged in a shop to form a truck-sized piece of the skin system. On-site, two or three truck-sized units are merged, lifted into place and mounted to brackets that are at regular intervals. Parametric scripting was used to design and automate the entire system with very little manual labor by the architect. As the project moves forward, scripts can even be developed to generate the necessary documentation for the fabricators, shipping teams and on-site assembly teams. Ultimately, “mass customization” heavily integrates or distills the knowledge and practices of design, fabrication and assembly into scripts to create efficient and beautiful designs.

“Construction may be the least-innovative industry in America, or at least, the least-innovative industry that makes up a sizable chunk of our GDP.”

| The Atlantic Cities |



Sun-shading devices can be designed to allow only reflected north light to enter into a building 365 days a year. Departments can be laid out to maximum efficiencies and most effective grossing factors. The resulting model becomes a shared knowledge resource to support decision-making about a facility from the earliest conceptual decisions through design and construction, and throughout the building’s operational life. BIM extends traditional two-dimensional drawing beyond 3D, augmenting the three primary spatial dimensions (width, height and depth) with the fourth dimension – time and information – and adding the fifth dimension, cost. Therefore, BIM covers more than just geometry. It also covers spatial relationships

and information such as sustainability attributes, geographic information and product information (manufacturers’ details or scheduled information). Our work continues to rely more and more on the collaborative lean processes utilizing integrative teams and IPD (Integrated Project Delivery) teams. We are now working on projects through tri-party agreements where the architect, contractor and owner are contractually bound to one entity promoting teamwork and shared success fees in the form of distributed profits. This encourages the whole team to be responsible for design and methods of construction in an organic, integrated way and eliminates the potential for the ensuing finger-pointing.



Computers, while incredibly fast and efficient at repetitive tasks, are also incredibly dumb. Software gives the hardware a sense of location and a purpose. As we design, we are using a learned and nurtured “architectural logic.” This is what helps us distinguish good design solutions from bad. This logic incorporates a multitude of inputs, which are processed through various mathematical calculations and sketches. The final product is a 2D sketch for a building design. Grasshopper uses nodes and wires to rebuild architectural logic in a graphic form. We input data through sliders and nodes.

Those inputs are connected to math nodes, modeling nodes and computational nodes. At each step, we further develop the idea and it matures, just like it does in our own minds. The final result is a dynamic script that can cycle through thousands of design solutions in 3D while running calculations at pinpoint accuracy in just minutes. When combined with an evolutionary solver, it becomes even more powerful. Now Grasshopper can discern good solutions from bad. It will cycle through tens of thousands of potential solutions, always searching for constant refinement and better answers. While it will never reach a perfect solution, it eventually finds incredibly valuable

and accurate solutions to very complex problems. The process is not like the all-knowing black-box device people claim. Rather, it is a direct extension of the concepts and ideas we think about every day. Through Grasshopper, we take abstract notions of what makes good architecture and refine them into a repeatable process in a search for better answers. At the end of the day, Grasshopper is a tool like others we use. It is a form that digitally represents a design process or digital sketching. Just like our other sketches, they are not carved in stone. We then refine that idea into the final building.




HIGH-PERFORMANCE SKIN FOR FUTURE BUILDING RETROFITS Convection is aided by natural wind pressure differentials from prevailing breezes, drawing cooler air space from below and evacuating warm air out the top.

“Everything around us is technologically evolving, even the features inside our buildings and yet the construction industry itself largely is not.” | The Atlantic Cities |

Our staff freely collaborates with their peers across the world, in real time, on issues that percolate to the surface on a daily basis. We have in-house and public blogs to help disseminate information at an ever-morerapid pace. We now have HKS Design Fellowships in several of our offices, developed to nurture the creative spirit and tap into potentially hidden talent. We have the DIG (Design Innovation Group) design camp, where young designers meet to learn from each other on current and future thinking and best practices within our technology groups. We recently concluded HKS Design Green Week, where leaders from across the planet converged in our Dallas office for an entire week to discuss sustainable strategies and current thinking on this important and emerging topic. So the times they are a-changing … we are, right now, in the midst of a design and construction paradigm shift where the architect, contractor and owner all



operate under one contract within an integrated team, eliminating the adversarial and litigious relationship that has been an all-too-familiar trademark of the building process. Our buildings can be completely built virtually in a model that predicts its performance, detects system clashes and nails the schedule and cost before a spade of dirt is moved. We are immersed in research and development initiatives that inform our designs and allow us to be partners with our clients in their business at hand. Our employees are learning from us, our colleagues and our competitors. We need to embrace technology and infuse our design process with all the fury this information age has to offer in order to fully realize the gravity of this ensuing sea change. This is not your father’s design industry or his great-great-great-great-grandfather’s.

Oslo National Art Museum Competition This study shows the part to whole relationship of the building program for the museum. Each color represents an interpreted volume that will occupy the building’s shell and how it interacts with the vertical transportation core. VERTICAL TRANSPORTATION CORE

We have organized several studios within HKS to respond to the changing landscape now facing our industry: HKS_LINE: (Laboratory for INtensive Exploration): a studio within HKS that will operate as both a design studio and a research and development team, implementing advanced computeraided design and consulting in the areas of site analysis, sustainable design strategies, 3D modeling and development of cladding systems, and R&D efforts on a variety of topics. LINE cultivates talents, skills and relationships to cross pollinate design thinking laterally across industries and our own business sectors.


CADRE: (Center for Advanced Design Research & Evaluation): a nonprofit, 501(c)(3) entity dedicated to improving the design industry’s understanding of the built environment and exploring new ideas that inform design through research and development initiatives. The group’s goal is to improve operational performance, streamline business practices, enhance sustainability, and create overall well-being for the people who use our buildings.



Both LINE and CADRE have strong connections to the universities we collaborate with extensively – including the University of Texas at Arlington, Texas Tech University, Texas A&M University, the Savannah College of Art and Design and Clemson University. Research and development are the lifeblood of innovation. The idea is to leverage the work done by HKS and the schools by utilizing the research tools and resources inherent in a university setting. CSG: (Clinical Solutions Group): an in-house consulting practice focused on strategy, operations, facilities, technology and research services. We provide subject-matter expertise for our clients on a range of pre-design and design efforts. Products include strategic plans, operational plans, volume projections, facility master plans, room-need reports, space programs, medical equipment plans and medical equipment procurement. HKS Urban Design Studio: a studio of architects, planners and designers who infuse our design solutions with an intelligence and performance characteristic that goes beyond the basic prerequisite of providing shelter and considers the community aspects of our existence. More than half our planet now lives in urban centers. How do we address quality-of-life issues in an ever-increasingly dense world? We need to recognize and reflect the fact that we live in this world together by creating exemplary places that improve the human condition and create thoughtful public spaces that are sustainable and responsible.


HKS Design Green: a sustainable consulting studio within HKS that assists our staff in advancing green design processes and strategies. Today, the building sector is the single-largest consumer of energy and natural resources in our nation – a fact we simply cannot ignore. Sustainable design plays a powerful role in conserving these resources while achieving energy independence, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and effectively improving our client’s bottom line. This studio has catalogued sustainable strategies and “lessons learned” from our vast project experience and uses this data on a daily basis to assist our designers in identifying successful and appropriate sustainable design strategies for their projects. ADMINISTRATION


“The Fellowship was not only one of my most fulfilling experiences as a designer but also rewarding as a citizen.”

— Zach Weihrich, University of North Texas

Strengthening Our Communities by Enhancing the Human Experience Imagine … talented fellows, chosen by an architectural jury, coming together for 72 hours to do good and make positive changes in our communities. It’s happening today through the annual HKS Design Fellowship. Created in 2005 as a means to cultivate design talent within the firm, the HKS Design Fellowship has evolved from a community outreach event and grown to include regional programs in Detroit, Washington, D.C. and Atlanta. All of the regional fellowships share the same values and commitment, and promote design while building relationships with their communities. The fellows, who are university students and HKS employees from all over the world, brainstorm, research, design and present their ideas to a community partner, which then turns these ideas into reality. What’s the motivation? Helping people – through excellent and thoughtful design – create a better community in which to live. The HKS Design Fellowship encourages fellows to be part of the solution, part of making change happen, part of the future.


UPCOMING EVENTS HKS DF ATLANTA – Sept. 2012 HKS DF – Nov. 2012 HKS DF D.C. – Feb. 2013 HKS DF DETROIT – Mar. 2013







Getting troubled kids off of the streets and into an active community center was the goal of Vision Regeneration, a nonprofit Dallas County organization providing violence prevention, gang intervention and youth rehabilitation since 1998. The 2010 HKS Design Fellows worked with Omar Jahwar, founder and chief visionary officer of Vision Regeneration, to design a new inner-city community center expansion to help keep teens away from crime in South Dallas/Oak Cliff, thus providing a safe environment for at-risk children.











Fair Park is challenged with a negative public perception as being unsafe. Past disrepair of aging facilities and surrounding neighborhood concerns have perpetuated these perceptions. The HKS Design Fellows worked with the city of Dallas to design an economically sustainable Fair Park that connects with surrounding neighborhoods, increases the number of visitors, improves the visitor experience, creates economic sustainability and promotes the Fair Park brand.



















Located at the southern entry to Northville, the Farmers Market is an architecturally underwhelming space in its current state. The activity and interactions are palpable, but the place needed a significant boost. The design team studied the market’s organization, structure, infrastructure, etc. The designs make the location a more exciting, welcoming place that serves as a gateway into the city, supporting agriculture as well as regional economic activities.




The Uline Arena, the site of the first Beatles performance in the United States, remained vacant for years and is currently being used as a covered parking lot. After speaking with the developer of the property, the team presented a plan with three primary program elements: a performing arts venue, a for-profit music museum and a community music lab. The team’s secondary program includes small-scale retail, restaurants and bars.



ED MAZRIA INITIATING SUSTAINABLE CHANGE Interviewed by: Kirk Teske, AIA, LEED AP BD+C, Chief Sustainability Of ficer, HKS, Inc.

Challenging times shape great leaders. Such is the case with New Mexico architect Edward Mazria, who emerged following the 1973 oil embargo – when the iconic images of the era included angry consumers waiting in long lines at gas pumps, and fuel prices shooting up past $1 a gallon for the first time. U.S. fossil-fuel consumption exceeded domestic production, and the world quickly realized its dependence on fossil fuels. It was also the era when environmentalism emerged as a force for policymaking in Washington. The Department of Energy was established in 1977, and public and private enterprises began to develop renewable energy technologies.



“What we found is that buildings are responsible for about half of all the greenhouse gas emissions.”

At first it seemed a dichotomy for Mazria, who authored the highly lauded The Passive Solar Energy Book in 1979, to call out architects 25 years later as stealth polluters of the environment and fundamentally culpable for climate change. “Architects Pollute” emblazoned the cover of Metropolis in October 2003, where his exhaustive research and reorganization of existing energy statistics revealed the building sector, not smokestacks and automobiles, as the single-largest consumer of fossil fuels and emitter of carbon dioxide emissions in the United States. But, unlike other doomsday prophets, Mazria is highly optimistic that architects will rise to the challenge and solve what he calls the ultimate design problem: catastrophic climate change and geopolitical unrest associated with diminishing fossil fuels. In 2006, Mazria’s nonprofit organization Architecture 2030 launched the 2030 Challenge, calling on the global building sector to design and build carbon-neutral buildings by 2030. With its adoption by the AIA, the Challenge has produced a radical and profound impact on architectural practices. Today, 2030 Districts are emerging in cities across the country – with a focus on improving the efficiency of existing buildings.



I met with Mazria in Chicago, where he passionately shared the stories behind the formative events of his career and gave insight on what else he might have in store. You’ve had such a significant impact on the profession over the years, and it started early in your career with The Passive Solar Energy Book. How did you establish yourself in the emerging era of passive design and then author such an influential book? When sharing this story, I often say life is like bumper cars. You don’t really know where you’re going. You kind of bump into something and end up going in a totally different direction. I had lost out on a job I really wanted at Berkeley in the 1970s that would have changed the course of my career. Instead, I was offered a position to teach a solar design course and studio at the University of Oregon. They assumed that, being from New Mexico, I would have experience in that area. The reality was I knew very little about solar energy. I accepted the offer, but spent six months back in New Mexico working closely with an engineering friend in preparation for the position. His aspirations were to build a solar home, so we pored over nearly every textbook and paper available on the topic of solar energy.

He helped me translate complex engineering and scientific concepts and terminology into architectural design principles, which I then used to design his home. When I arrived at the University of Oregon, I quickly was considered a solar expert. What happened next? Working with brilliant students at the University of Oregon, we further developed building systems around these principles and published them in a white paper for presentation at the second-ever passive solar energy conference. The attendees were mostly engineers. They actually booed when our paper was announced – doubting our claims of having distilled the solar principles into building design and sizing procedures. Our presentation blew the conversation wide open. At that time, engineers were running simulations and conducting test models of systems. We’d done our homework and presented actual design and sizing procedures for different systems. Being a very competitive person and somewhat begrudging the booing at the start of the talk, I ended the presentation by blurting out, “… and we’re putting this in a book. A definitive book.” I had never written anything, except these few papers, in my entire life and

didn’t intend to write a book. However, people at the Department of Energy and the Los Alamos National Lab encouraged me to follow through. The book intentionally avoided technical terminology so that it could appeal to a broad audience – from architects and engineers, to laypeople considering building a new home. I believe that its simple, everyday language was paramount in the book becoming a national best-seller. Can you share with us what prompted the idea of issuing the 2030 Challenge over 25 years later?

researching the available data and found nothing that summarized the building industry. The data was there, but it was not organized in a way that identified the impact of the building sector and the things for which architects are responsible. We design buildings and specify materials and, through design, establish the building’s energy consumption patterns. We listed all these things and then picked through the scattered information, laid it out in a sensible fashion and created metrics for the building sector. What we found is that buildings were responsible for about half of all the greenhouse gas emissions.

Within my architectural practice in Santa Fe, I often conducted desk critiques, and it became apparent our younger staff was eager to know more about why passive design played such a strong role in our building designs. I dusted off several old texts that I used back in Oregon, including Limits to Growth. It contained a chart estimating the world population to be 6 billion by the year 2000. I recall totally dismissing that figure back in the ‘70s – believing it would never happen. However, looking at that chart, I was shocked to see that the prediction had come true. It also had a chart of CO2 projections that was spot-on with where we are today.

Yes, that was a definite “a-ha moment.” People were looking in the wrong place. We knew that we would never get a handle on energy consumption and CO2 emissions unless we addressed the big numbers. I discussed where we should publish this research. Every one of my young architects said, “Metropolis.”

I then became very curious about how much of this pollution was attributable to buildings. Our staff began

I cold-called, bluffed, talked fast and asked Metropolis’ Martin Peterson, “What’s the largest producer of

Was this an “a-ha moment”?

The Metropolis article was a real turning point. How did it happen?






greenhouse gas emissions in the United States?” He said, “It’s the internal combustion engine.” I said, “How about the building sector and the architecture community?” He was not convinced, so I sent him the data. A few weeks later, he called back and said his researchers had confirmed our statistics. The editorial staff at Metropolis agreed to do a cover story in October 2003. Chris Hawthorne, now the architecture writer for the Los Angeles Times, did an incredible lead story, “Architects Pollute.” The 2030 Challenge is a colossal vision that has placed a substantial number of architectural firms on the path to mainstream net-zero-energy buildings by 2030. To what do you attribute its widespread adoption? The Metropolis article pierced the heart of the profession like a dagger. If you think about it, architects invest years learning how to enhance the natural and built environment for the purpose of improving people’s lives. In general, they are predisposed to do the right thing. To say the least, the article stirred up the industry to the point where we created Architecture 2030 to manage the requests for more information. Our message was simple. “We’re the problem, but we’re the



solution,” and that appealed to the profession. In a way, our profession has been given a gift – an opportunity to address the ultimate design problem and save the planet as we know it. The profession realized this and responded. How do you envision the built environment and the architectural practice 100 years from now? Under a business-as-usual scenario, the projections are not good. But, the profession is responding and positive change is occurring rapidly. I expect us to solve this issue. The whole language of architecture and planning is changing – the elements, the building forms, our design processes and the tools we use in our craft. Computerized design and analysis have also been transformational. Until recently, the entire world was designed with a T-square and triangle. Even though we are up against a tremendous time crunch, the design and communication tools that we have at our disposal, combined with the utopian mindset of our young designers, will see us through. HKS was an early adopter of the 2030 Challenge, and it has had a significant impact on our design processes.


The integration of design-phase energy modeling and establishing an energy budget plays a strong role in shaping our conceptual design. Are you seeing other firms embrace this level of rigor in their processes? Yes, design firms are establishing that capability, realizing that the schematic design phase is critical to high-performance design. The conceptual design must get you in the ballpark of your energy and sustainability goals. That’s what brought about the notion of creating the 2030 Palette, which we plan to release in early 2013. Our hope is that a visual database of truly sustainable planning and design images, concepts, building elements and applications from around the world will influence designers and allow them to synthesize and express powerful concepts three-dimensionally. Let’s switch to public policy. You’ve had some very good success in influencing legislation. Is there any one piece of public policy that you’re most proud of? A number of states, such as California with AB32, have moved ahead with statewide greenhouse gas reduction targets. We worked with state officials and other building sector professionals to help generate some




08 HKS LEED Certified Green Buildings 01 Saint Mary’s Health Care Hauenstein Center 02 Salt River Fields 03 AT&T Executive Education and Conference Center at UTA 04 W Hollywood Hotel and Residences 05 University of North Texas Apogee Stadium

big, bold ideas that California has adopted and is now beginning to implement, such as net-zero-energy by 2030 in commercial buildings, and by 2020 in residential buildings. It’s very aggressive. What about on the federal level?

I think, in the short run, it’s OK. Right now, we talk about fuel switching. Coal plants are expensive to run, and it’s a toxic fuel. Natural gas is cheap. It has about half the CO2 emissions as coal. As a bridge fuel, it’s fine – for a short period in time. But as the built environment expands, we’re going to be in trouble.

In the Bush era, Section 433 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 was passed. It basically adopted the 2030 Challenge’s fossil-fuel-reduction targets for new federal buildings and major renovations of federal buildings. With this mandate, a number of things happened. It allowed architectural firms designing federal buildings to quickly get up to speed on meeting those targeted energy goals. This lead-by-example legislation added additional credibility to the entire concept of phasing out fossil fuels in the built environment.

The last frontier of the world’s oil and gas reserves is in the Arctic, which, ironically, has recently become accessible because of ice melt and global warming. Russia stands to benefit the most here. They control a vast portion of the Arctic, as well as the Northern Sea Route between Asia and Europe – and are positioning themselves to emerge as a dominant global economic power. They already are one of the top two oil exporters in the world and supply a good portion of Europe’s natural gas.

T. Boone Pickens and others have been pushing for legislation, not so much in the interest of climate change but with a goal of national security. There’s some common ground, even though it’s a push toward domestic fuels such as natural gas. What are your thoughts on these efforts?

In the U.S., we need to ask ourselves whether continuing to be dependent on fossil fuels we don’t control, while contributing to dangerous climate change, is in our best interest. We are a coastal nation with more than 50 percent of our population living in coastal areas. Just one meter of sea-level rise would devastate many of our cities and infrastructure. We can’t afford

06 Citigroup Consolidation 07 University of Nevada Las Vegas Greenspun College of Urban Affairs 08 Westlake Corporation 09 MGM CityCenter Block A

it – not from an economic, environmental or strategic point of view. It’s best if we just get off of this stuff. Get everybody else off of it too, and go about the business of creating a truly sustainable and habitable built environment. Mazria believes the industry is going to witness more advanced solutions for complex buildings. He notes that new building technologies are emerging that integrate natural systems with building systems, combined with the latest technology including real-time modeling. “There is a lot of industrious brainpower being invested in developing future design tools that will allow designers to instantly see the positive or negative impacts that occur based on their decisions,” he said. “I tell young designers all the time that I wish I would have had the tools at my disposal that are emerging now. It’s very exciting.”




20 30 HKS is a 2030 Challenge participant

Why? Because it makes sense. At HKS, we incorporate sustainable practices into every project we undertake. How? We listen to our clients and do what makes sense for them. We evaluate each project’s allocated budget and life cycle cost parameters to find a solution that fits.




Sustainability, Sustainability, Sustainability ...


Green Design Firm of the Year for the past three years (ENR Survey)

50 50 percent of professional staff are LEED AP

Industry Leaders

70 70 percent of HKS LEED projects have sustainability services administered in-house

We are industry leaders in Schematic Design Phase Energy Modeling

HKS Design Green

60 60 percent of LEED projects administered in-house exceed client’s certification goals

5-person studio dedicated full-time to sustainability consulting

75 MSF

7.5 MSF

75 million square feet of LEED Certified and Registered projects

Designed the largest LEED Certified building in the world at 7.5 million square feet

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