Page 1


Meinan Village Community Project, Guangdong, China


Introduction Architect makes, and it is in the heart of the Architect the desire of making that motivates him/her to generate creative ideas in respond to the ever-changing world. Through the practice of making, we sharpen our architectural intuition towards scale, aesthetic and materiality. The Meinan Construction Workshop is a 2-month research, design and construction project to provide 4 temporary pavilions for a youth hostel operating in Meinan Village, Guangdong. Each pavilion of approximately 3m x 3m was designed as a resting place for the villagers in the hot summer, an outdoor venue where the locals and visitors of the hostel would get together. The research stage of the project was conducted by few selected students to understand as much about bamboo construction as possible - material properties, manufacturing process, construction details, etc. Initial pavilion design and full scale construction mock up was done in the design stage to prepare for the 2-week construction workshop where 30 HKDI students, 2 tutors and 3 guest tutors from New York, London and Tokyo travelled to the village to construct the pavilions in August 2016. Students shared a high level of responsibility in this project - they participated in the ‘client meetings’ with the villagers/hostel operators; they developed the design of the pavilions and estimated the materials required; they detailed the construction and built the pavilions from start to finish; they visited most of the villagers at their doors to invite them to join the opening ceremony. Setting up live projects for students is one of the key teaching methodologies at the Hong Kong Design Institute. Real life building project allows students to fully utilize and integrate their knowledge in project management, design coordination, technical construction and communication. It also encourages students to truly think for the users and take ownership of their design. We must thank the Meinan villagers for their tremendous support and confidence. We hope that the Meinan Construction Workshop will be a continuous project that can contribute to improving the c o m munity infrastructure of the village.

Eddie Chan 2


Content Introduction

Eddie Chan

The Envisaged Program

Kuo Jze Yi

Meinan Workshop Life

2

6 - 14

15 - 40

8 Experiments Experiment 1

Catapult

43 - 44

Experiment 2

Geometic shape of the wall

45 - 46

Experiment 3

Flower Baskets

47 - 48

Experiment 4

Curtains

49 - 50

Experiment 5

Bamboo Glove

51 - 52

Experiment 6

Rattan Chair

53 - 54

Experiment 7

Collection Organ

55 - 56

Experiment 8

Ball Chair

57 - 58


4 Structures Structure 1

Take Off • 起飛

60 - 82

Structure 2

Meinen Tower

84 - 106

Structure 3

Fishing Boat

108 - 128

Structure 4

The Meteor

130 - 148

Completion

150 - 162

Reflections Passion of Rural

Chan Wang Sik, Louis

165 - 166

One To One Bamboo Construction

Wong Chin Wai, Eric

167 - 168

Wong Chuk Ming

169 - 170

Chan Tze Ho, Shervan

171 - 172

Li Chun Yin, Tom

173 - 174

Unexpected Trial

Cho Chi Shing

175 - 176

The Key to Success

Wong Tsz Him

177 - 178

Co-Working,Co-Living,Co-Sustaining Mei Nan Mei Nan Time and Patience


Bamboo Feeling

Chan Ka Chun, Ryan

179 - 180

Making, Learning and Sweating

Law Tsz Kin, Kinson

181 - 182

The First Time Around Meinan Village

Tin Tsoi Ling, Teresa

183 - 184

Lai Vince

185 - 186

Lam Chor Mei, CM

187 - 188

Cheung So Shing, Aaron

189 - 190

生。活

Wong Hong Kei, Tommy

191 - 192

建竹遊

Chong Man Po, Michael

193 - 194

Yip Ka Chun, Edmund

195 - 196

Tam Kwan Lam, Gundam

197 - 198

Chan Ngai Tung

199 - 200

由零到一百 梅南義建 空間再造者 感受建築

簡樸竹之旅 梅南村豐竹之旅 與人交流

Credits

201 - 202


The Envisaged Program


The Envisaged Program: Meinan Rural Building Project May 2016

Notebook of the social worker Xiao Yang records the expenses of the workshop

This Bamboo Structure Exploration workshop was setup as part of a continuous program to integrate rural practice project into academic plan of year 2 architecture course of HKDI. This program was designed to combine practice and education, and also design and social work. Due to many practical reasons we have only completed till stage 3 of the original project plan. Fortunately we have managed to build 4 inspiring bamboo structures and that creative energy was carried back to HKDI Kwun Tong Campus from Meinan village when we made many careful bamboo details in the 2016 POB3 course. Below is the original project proposal programmed in May 2016, I hope this serve as a background information to the readers of this book. Kuo Jze Yi 2017.06.09


Project Introduction The rapid urbanization in China has been expanding to the rural regions, where the traditions, local culture and unique living environment are gradually disappearing. The rural lives are confronted by inadequate top-down public and private developments. The idea of Rural Building Project started when we were questioning the following: - How to preserve the traditional wisdom? - Are there other alternative development methods for the village? - What is our responsibility as a design institution in this situation? - What could our teaching staffs and students contribute and gain experience from working on such project? There are obvious opportunities and benefits for both the institution and the village to collaborate in finding a more conscientious bottom-up development that can improve the local live and innovatively preserve the traditions of local wisdom. And for the institution, besides marketing purpose, staffs and students will be able to develop projects in real situation rather than conventional speculative projects. Rural Building Project is being envisaged as a long-term research and practice project of the Architectural Design course of HKDI. Our ultimate goal is to set up a satellite workshop space in the village, the workshop will allow students to explore design ideas without limitations of space and it will simultaneously provide social and commercial opportunities for the village.

10


Propose Project Stages In the first year of the project, the following stages will be tested and evaluated to develop a more effective research framework. The goal of the first year is to reconstruct and build a permanent community structure during the Summer 2017 for social, cultural and educational purpose. Stage 1. May – Aug 2016 (PROJECT INITIATION) 8 students of Year 2 students will participate the work as their Industrial Attachment responsibility, to define the long-term project direction through research and to prepare for the Aug workshop. Stage 2. Aug 2016 (IMPLEMENTATION) 10 days summer workshop in the village to build a temporary community structure with the villagers and 30 students/volunteers, in order to test the collaborations and on site execution possibilities. Stage 3. Sep – Dec 2016 (CONSTRUCTION RESEARCH) 26 hours material experiment course for Year 2 Principal of Buildings. Students will explore the construction and materiality in the village for a week. Ideally the research outcomes of the course will inform the design of the permanent structure in Summer 2017. Stage 4. Jan – May 2017 (DESIGN AND CONTEXT RESEARCH) A design studio focuses on rural development and construction will be established in the 2nd Semester for Year 2 students. 8 – 10 students will participate the studio, develop their design project and propose it to the villagers for execution in Summer 2017. Stage 5. May – Jun 2017 (DESIGN PRODUCTION) 3 – 5 Year 2 students will participate the work as their Industrial Attachment responsibility, to prepare the construction documents and prepare for the building project in the summer. Stage 6. Jul – Aug 2017 (IMPLEMENTATION & CONSTRUCTION) Through out the summer of 2017, the teaching staffs and 15-20 students will participate and complete the community building with the villagers. The project will be re-evaluated afterwards.


Details Of Stage 1. May - Aug 2016 (Project Initiation) 8 Students will participate in this process as their Industrial Attachment compulsory work. They will assist the teaching staffs to initiate the project, plan and prepare the execution of the temporary community structure workshop in August 2016. They will be expected to assist the teaching staff in the following tasks: 1. Carry out research about rural problems in social, political, economical and environmental areas. 2. Meinan Village and proximities background research. 3. Define project brief for August temporary structure installation. 4. Research about traditional construction techniques and materiality. 5. Develop a temporary structure design proposal. (As the backup for August installation.) 6. Liaise with the social workers and villagers in preparation for August installation. 7. Develop future project brief for the year 2 POB material experiment course, Design Studio course and the construction in Summer 2017. 8. Compile the researches into a report. Through out the process students will gain experience in the following: 1. Develop practical skills in running projects and liaising with other parties. 2. Develop administrative skills in project management. 3. Develop research methodologies. 4. Develop fabrication and material understanding in temporary structure construction. 5. Develop verbal and graphic presentation skills for building projects.

12


STAGE 1 SCHEDULE 23 May – 24 June (1 months) Background research, define August project brief, bamboo construction research. 25 – 29 June (5 days) Site visit: Project presentation to villagers about construction location, construction extends, material and logistics. Develop site drawings and surveys. 30 June – 22 July (3.5 weeks) Complete August temporary structure workshop brief, follow up logistics and August preparation. Develop temporary structure design proposal. (As the backup for August installation.) Develop project brief for POB course and Design Studio course. (August Installation project presentation and announcement on 11 July) 25 July – 11 August (3 weeks) Compile all researches into a report.

STAGE 1 EXPENSES Printing & modelling = $2,500 1 no. 5 days site visit Return train tickets = $450 x 6 people = $2,700 Local transport = $250 x 6 people = $1,500 4 nights stay + food = $150 x 4 nights x 6 people = $600 Total = $7,300


Details Of Stage 2. Aug 2016 (Implementation) 30 students and volunteers will stay at the Meinan Village during this period and build a temporary community structure with the villagers. In this stage, we will test the construction potentials in the village and evaluate the collaboration process with the villagers. This project will act as the prototype to project the permanent structure project in Summer 2017. STAGE 2 SCHEDULE 11 July Presentation and announcement date of the August workshop 13 – 23 August (11 days) Workshop period

STAGE 2 EXPENSES Local Building Masters fees $200/day x 10 days x 2 masters

= $4000

Building Material, tools and teaching staff transportation

= $16,000 Total = $20,000

Participant expense/person Return train tickets Local transport 10 nights stay + food = $150 x 10 nights Other expenses (drinks, parties, extra materials)

= $450 = $250 = $1500 = $250 Total = $2450

14


Meinan Life


Visit Meinan

The villagers take the student to visit the historical building.Go to visit visit Tulou, Citang and the old building to understand the history and culture.


The villagers are still to live in the old buildings. But some villagers go out to work in town, The new building is the villager come back to build up. That is attract the young people go to town working. Only have the elderly and children in the village.

18


Dormitory


On weekdays,The dormitorywill be used for the library, recreation room and tool room to the villagers. The dormitory have dozens of rooms to outsiders live in. For the outsiders tounderstanding the historical background and culture.

20


Living

The Township Office is next on the dormitory. The day of the guests will be turned into a canteen.The foods is the villager go to the hill to collection and buy the same day.The villagers will provide us with food. And we will help clean up the dishes.


There are do not have washing machine to use. So the students will wash their clothes by hand. And Meinan is wet and often rainning, the clothes will be scenery in the room.

22


Meinan Outside - Arrivals Meikeng Town


24


Meikeng Town

Before buy the tool, The villager introduction some local store of breakfast. The store do not is a fast food. There is making simple food of homemade.


The masters provided some useful information for the shop. And led the students to the town to but high quality tools and materials.The students but the second hand tools and fabrics. The fabrics are used as oirt of roof cover.

26


Activity in Meinan


To learn the local culture and make the relationship between student and villager, the workshop hold the visit event. In the morning, the students divided into two group, they go to the villager's home to learn local cook skills. The villagers teach the students cooking Tofu flower and Lo mai chi.

28


Activity in Meinan


On the night, the students go to villager's home talk with the villager, they are happly to share the villager history, village problem, herself experience for work. Basic on their talk, we know some of the young villager go to the town work. The loacal people feel lonly and helpness to the future.

30


Activity in Meinan


The overea visitor join the workshop, we go to the local dance party. The dancer come from different village. The free system dance comblem the trendy music. The student and villager's dance togatehr. It is one of the bestter experenice with the villager.

32


Activity in Meinan


We buy the firework to paly in the village. The fireworrk experience is very unique because the hong kong law is limit the firework. We play the firework and drink the beer to enjoy the beautiful night. ( In the tommorrow, we get some complaints from the villager because the noise at the night time. )

34


Masters Support


The masters teacher the students of boomboo characteristics.Teach students to use tools, build up skills, joint, need to pay attention to the detail. And the wire can be used to structure sturdy.Answer the questions and suggestion to the student.

36


Work on Site


The students will group of work in the site, they will build up 4 structure and combine them.

38


Sharing


40


8 Experiments


Catapult

Idea

Cheung So Shing, Aaron

We are test different joint detail of the bamboo. We want to make the moveable bamboo joint. We are used the wood sticks to connect the bamboo and keep the volume between the bamboo. Then, when we tread the bamboo, the another side with be put up the wather.

Lee Pak Hoi, Parco Wong Chuk Ming, Ming


Joint

Movable

Joint

Joint 44


Geometric shape of the wall

Idea

Law Tsz Kin, Kinson

We want to make one bamboo to different angles, so the whole experiment is trying total 2 joints. We study the joint of bending and holding a vertial bamboo. These 2 joints are produce a triangle system.

Tam Kwan Lam, Gundam Wong Chin Wai, Eric


Joint

Combine

Joint

Combine 46


Flower Baskets

Idea

Lai Vince, Vince

It is trying to tear the bamboo thin, Also it needs to be burned. To break down the substance of bamboo itself, so those bamboo could be twisted and created different shapes. To make different angles and patterns. We believe bamboo is not only a durable material such as prevent heat and also a potential material to become an art piece.

Ng Ching Lam, Chelffy YIP Ka Chun, Edmund


Weave

Weave

Weave

Weave 48


Curtains

Idea

Cheung Chun Yin, Kelvin

We want to test the bamboo strenght so cutting two faces. We are control the roughness to test bamboo limit strenght.

Chu Wai Kit, Dicky Tin Tsoi Ling, Teresa


Peel

Peel

Peel 50


Bamboo Glove Chan Chun Wan, John Chong Man Po, Michael Ng Wan Ling, Rachel Idea We want to show difference possibilities of bamboo in the same one objects. Firstly, keep it in originally straight at the beginning. To continue, use fire to bend it in several parts. Then weave those skins of bamboo as a fabric to cover up the space which we explode from the bamboo. We make three column and try to weave out their connection with each others.


Experiment

Peel

Weave 52


Rattan Chair Chan Ka Chun, Ryan Chan Tze Ho, Shervan Lam Chor Mei, CM Idea We want to show difference possibilities of bamboo in the same one objects. Firstly, keep it in originally straight at the beginning. To continue, use fire to bend it in several parts. Then weave those skins of bamboo as a fabric to cover up the space which we explode from the bamboo. We make three column and try to weave out their connection with each others.


Distortion

Weave 54


Collection Organ Chan Wang Sik, Louis Chan Ngai Tung Cho Chi Shing

Idea We want to open the bamboo body to make a box. the box can package something. And the that can hide in bamboo.


Cutting

Cutting 56


Ball Chair Li Chun Yin, Tom Wong Hong Kei, Tommy Wong Tsz Him To consider the bamboo banding, we are try to make the simply ball structurre. The bamboo ball have different layer to make it stronger and more like ball shape. Also, we combine different bamboo ball to create the chair. The different scale bamboo connect togather, the effect is bestter.

58


Take Off • 起飛

60


1


2

3

Concept Make curve of bamboo. We are challenging ourselves to make a curvy pavilion in this workshop. Since before saw sample bamboo building is very attractive

62


1

2

3

Form Exploration 1. This is our first testing model which is very interesting. There is a large distorted surface show the rhythm of “lines”. The form is creating an apex which is very outstanding. 2. Another test model exploring the curvy bamboo structure 3 & 4. We were trying to explore the lighting quality of the bamboo structure. We’ve tried the square form and circle form.

4


5

6

The First Wing 5, 6 & 7. We decided to use the triangular unit to construct the pavilion. The triangular units would be sequently arranged to show the curvy surface. It also the most stable structure which is build-able for students. 8 & 9. The bamboo roof create lighting quality and the underneath space is flexible.

7

8

9

64


1

2

3

4


The Second Wing

5

6

7

8

10

11

1. Since the previous model is to simple. This model is trying to lift up both sides of the roof to allow maximum lighting. Also to create a curacy form. 2. The elevation of the design show the roof and structure frame. 3 & 4. Some consideration of how the roof would be constructed 5. Rope testing for each joints 6 & 7. To complete the supplemental structure to make the form more tough. 8. Detail joints study and how five-section be connected together. 9, 10 & 11. Detail joints

9

66


1 to 1 Testing Section Before we went to Mei Nan, we have tried to build up a 1 to 1 model aims to experience the scale and the weight of real materials. This is really importance stage to know the real situation of construction.


1

2

3

Bamboo Joints Test 1. The first bamboo joints to it different- angles. Since our design do not have any perpendicular joint. 2. Bamboo joint and rope method exploring 3. A joint without any other resources but only bamboo and it’s very stable.

68


1 to 1 Construction


1

2

3

1. The first day of construction. We need to introduce the design to our team mate and teach them how to tide up the bamboo by plastic rope. 2. Rainy day, we forgot to bring back the model and drawing. 3. The final model

70


Construction Drawing


This design is composed by 5 individual section. Each section have different dimension. We firstly build up 5 individual section. Then compose them in sequence.

72


1

2

3

4


5

6

7

Detail Joints 1. Left wing - joint 1 2 & 3. Left wing - Middle joint 1 4. Left wing - Base joint 5. Connection of Middle wing 6. Right wing - joint 1 7. Right wing - joint 2

74


1

2

3


4

5

6

Framework construction 1, 2 & 3. firstly, we build the section. this is the first stage and also there is much problem that we faced like the bamboo is not straight and the joints is hard to make due to the roughness of bamboo. 4 & 5. 5 section completed!! We were going to complete the main structure. We measure the distance and connect 5 section. 6. the joints penetrate 4 bamboos. To complete this joint. the middle two bamboo must be narrow, otherwise we can’t drill through 4 bamboos. but the problem is that the small bamboo is too weak. it is easily squash. so we try to use the bamboo slab and filled the empty space by wood to increase the pressure inside.

76


1

2

3


Roof Construction

4

1. Measuring the surface area of the roof to estimate how many pieces we need. 2. Cut the plastic to suit the edge of the roof 3 & 4. Roof joint making 5. The roof joint is composed by wire bamboo ring and roof material.

5

78


1

2


4

5

6

Pavilion complete 1. The time is running out. We work at night. 2. The lamp was light up the working area. 3. Finishing the facade of the pavilion. 4. Lift up the whole structure. 5. Those bamboo louvre aims to make some shading. But the outcome is quite traditional feeling. 6. Rain test

80


Take - Off This pavilion could be an iconic sculpture in the village since the form is unique. It like a bird take off form the rice field. Very energetic and dynamic. The traditional village building is all pitch roof but the design is a reversal pitch roof. This is a big contrast of the urban context. Also the material is semi-transparent white colour to make this pavilion more outstanding. Regards to the topic, the design lift up both sides to explode the structure to the facade. It totally shows the beauty of the bamboo.

82


Meinan Tower

84


1

3

4

Concept - Bamboo Joints and Joinery Techniques 1&2. The bamboo joint with Screw 3&4. The bamboo joint with rope The idea of this chapter is showing the 2 join 1 bamboo system. The main concept is using 2 bamboo to clip 1 bamboo, make a interlocking system.


A

B

C

D

Concept - Joinery Techniques (Rope) A. Beams formed by 4 or 6 members. B. Central double rafter. C. Lateral double rafter. D. Lateral double rafters.

86


1

2

3

First Model 1. This design use double shelter to be a skylight to attract more sunshine to get inside. 2,3. This design use overlap method to form a curve shape structure. 4. Left elevation

4


1

2

Second test model 1,2. This design is front skylight and side skylight to attract sunshine to get inside. 3,4. This design major structure is triangle combination to interlocking together. 5. Front elevation

3

4

5

88


1

6

7

8


Third test model

2

3

4

5

10

11

1. The facade is use bamboo sheet to arranged in a sequential order 2. The major bamboo structure interlocking together and increase secondary structure for roof surface. 3. The roof facade of lower layer is a piece weaving bamboo. 4,5. This design of characteristic is large skylight in middle. 6. Right elevation 7,8 Section 9,10,11. The bamboo joint interlocking with other bamboo to form a tension to make whole structure stable.

9

90


1

Forth test model 1. This design is all bamboo structure interlocking in a joint. The aim of this design is collect rain in top void. When water go through top void and drop to the plate.


2

4

3

1 to 1 mock-up model 2. All the bamboo insert to same space to interlocking together. 3. The contrast between 1 to 1mockup model and 1 to 10 model. 4. We try to finish a part of facade and stand up the whole structure.

92


1


3

2

Final test model 1. This design use octagon concept to build tower form. 2. Each side bamboo connect to substructure. 3. All thing like component connect together.

94


Construction Drawing

Section AA 1 : 50 Section AA 1 : 50

Section Structure AA 1 : 50 Section Structure AA 1 : 50

Se


Ground

Bamboo Post Steel angle Bracket Threaded rod

Threaded rod

5 Anchor bolt

Concrete

Foundation Detail 1:5

The whole design separate four part which is horizontal cross shaped structure, vertical structure, oblique structure and facade. The bamboo post insert to concrete block and there are steel angle bracket and threaded rod connected between bamboo post and concrete block.

96


CORD繩

Reference CORD繩

CORD繩

CORD繩

CORD繩

CORD繩

CORD繩

CORD繩 CORD繩

CORD繩

Reference


CORD IRON SHEET

CORD IRON SHEET

CORD IRON SHEET

D5

DETAIL 1:5

D5

DETAIL 1:5

D5 areDETAIL D1 & D2. There some cord tie1:5 between vertical bamboo and horizontal bamboo to connect together and the connection form a tension to make the structure more stable. D5. The content show that iron sheet to be a facade system. The cord go through hole in iron sheet and tied to bamboo.

98


1

2

3


4

5

6

Construction Process 1, 2. Firstly, We make four cross shaped bamboo structure which is the horizontal structure to regulate major structure. 3. Cord, nut and bolt was used to fix two sides direction of the bamboo together to form cross shaped. 4, 5. We insert the bamboo in cross shaped structure to form basic vertical structure. 6. Add bamboo in vertical direction of bamboo structure to regulate vertical structure.

100


1

2

3


1. We try to stand up the structure lengthwise and the vertical structure become major structure to support whole design

6

2,3 . The first time to stand up the structure but the structure cannot be stable to stand on the ground. Also, we increase oblique structure and bamboo in vertical structure to make the vertical structure more stable. 4,5. After we increase the additional support and structure. We try to stand up the whole design again. This time we succeed to make it to stand up on ground.

4

102


1

2

3


4

5

6

1. Due to the structure still exist unstable situation so we increase more bamboo post to add more extra support for major structure. 2,3. There are eight surface in exterior. Some surface is like a ladder for people climb to the upper layer. 4. Other surface is facade by bamboo chips to constitute a order combination. 5. Finally, we install last cross shaped bamboo structure in top of major structure to make it more stable. 6. Finished

104


Meinan Tower Introduction Meinan Tower is like landmark in Meinan village. The Whole village of building material used by concrete. Also, The bamboo can highlight whole design and attract people attention. The tower separate three layers while the upper layer is a position for watching view. Due to whole design face to a large piece of field and mountain so the people can sit on the upper layer to enjoy the view. While lower layer is a bigger space for people sleeping and enjoying sunshine.

106


Fishing Boat


1

Idea

2

1. The idea is build the soft roof. For the case study, that use bamboo for two different angle, the case study do not need to buckling the bamboo, but they can make a soft roof. 2. That method can easily cntrol the from and highlight the bent of characteristic. 3. The structure use repeat and rotate the bamboo to do a simple model. And the model do a basic structure.That can cntrol the from of soft.

3


1

Concept 1. The concept two different angleuse bamboo to do a main structure. And use other bamboo repeat arrangment on the main bamboo. Then connect two main bamboo to do a simple model. 2. The hole divided into two part to make a strong contrast.

2

3.Repeat simple model 4 times, that can build the roof. 4. The roof have a hole to attract the sunlight. And the sunlight change with time.

3

4

110


1

2

Test Model 1. For the 1 by 1 test model, alought we have solution to solve the problem for build the structure. 2. The test model high for 7m. That is a problem for build cover. That is a difficult and danger work for before the structure. That the student will change the structure to solve the problem.

112


1

Idea 1. The case study reserved last time idea for soft roof and attract the sunlight. But the roof is follow the width to make different angle bamboo.Cover the different angle bamboo. That can have different soft roof. 2. Under that can see all structure for the roof. When the sunlight passes the structure, that can highlight the sense of structure distance.

2


1

Concept 1. The concept is the people under the roof can feelings the structure.Using the sunligh and the shadow to feelings structure. 2.under the roof have some bamboo shuttle. the structure will reflection on the floor. At a same time, the space is full of light.

2

114


1

2

3

Text Model 1,2,3,4. The main structure is the skeletom of the intermediate. The model is a sturdy structure. But the stent do not have enogh bamboo can support, the structure is easily deformation.

4


1

4

5

2

3

Test Model 1,2,3,4,5. The model is a sturdy structure. And addition some bamboo for the cober user. The bamboo have more layout. The layout use for conntect the cover and the tructure. That can easily to cloth on the cover.

116


Construction Drawing

Step 1 1:45 Plan

Step 2 1:45 Plan

Step 3 1:45 Plan


Step 1 1:45 Elevation

Step 2 1:45 Elevation

Step 3 1:45 Elevation

118


Step 4

1:45 Plan

1:45 Elevation


Step 5 1:50 Elevation

120


Step 5 1:50 Elevation


Step 5 1:50 Elevation

122


1

1. First, the student build the main structure first. Then use 6 bomboo connect one point for the main structure. Make the 6 bomboo like a joint to easily move. After,they are push up the structure. The structure is rise and the 6 bamboo change with stent. Next, the stent connect the main structure make them have two point is connect. 2. When the basic structure finish, They can connect 4 bamboo of a stent and connect all stent for one bomboo. That will make a mesh structure.

2


3

4

3. The structure front and rear do not have enough support and only use the 10 stent do not sturdy, The structure will easily deformation. 4. The front and rear make a new joint to connect about. For most out stent, on the stent stretched out the bamboo to connect every mesh structure.

124


5. After finish the structure, they test the materials use for cover. 6. They testing the materials for translucent, exterior, color, thickness. While one is suitable of structure.

5

6


7

7. The cover material is translucente. At the night,they test the light by inside to outside. 8. They cutting cover of overlap and make them neat. The structure reflection to the cover. The morning and the night have a compared.

8

126


Fishing Boat Introduction The main structure’s length make the different width. Also,the stent will change a angle. Each one stent is unique, the stent influebces the soft for mesh structure. The structure cover use the penetrating strong. That can introduced the sunlight and the wind. Make the space into nature. And easy to control the soft for material.

128


The Meteor


1

Idea 1. To loo at the oversea case study, The triangle form is very effection and stong. It show the potential of the main structure and the second layer relationship. 2. The japan case study, the special joint show the muti direction connection potential. The main idea is apply the pontential to the structure.

2


Concept

1

1. The sky light effect have more layer. The lighting project the shadow of the bamboo structure. 2. The structure concept is basic on the main tetrahedron structure to expand more triangle structure to cover the volume.The main tetrahedron structure is samply and strong. The structure have different layer .

2

132


Text Model

1

2

3

4

6

7

1,2,3,4. In the beinging, we work the model to test the bamboo pontatial and the feeling. Basic on our study, we learn about the scale of the structure and the interior feeling. It help us to develop the further idea. 5,6,7. Finally, the main idea is to create the main skylight. Then, the model used the triangle form to provide the void in the center. The main structure is flow the triangle form to support the structure. Then, it make the space highter. The cover make the sky light more focus.

5


1

2

3

4

5

1,2,3. To study the internet reference, we try to make the test model to understad the structure. We make the on scale model and fill the colour in the structure. It show the main structure part and the second structure part. Also, we learn the structure strengths and weakness part.

6

4.5.6. Finally, we define the column design and the roof structure design of two part. To consider the size of the bamboo and the structure problem, we make the low one test model. Also, we make the skylight have more layer. The cover provide the skylight and block the rain water.

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1,2,3. After the structure form decided, we are focus on the

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construction detail 4,5. We make some 1:1 model in order to consider the cover and the construction process. The joint study in the 1:25 model. We fix the bamboo by rope.

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4

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1,2,3,4,5. The 1:1 scale joint test. We connect the bamboo by the wood sticks and nylon strip. Also, the joint location inside of the bamboo. It can

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connect the bamboo in the less surface.

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Construction Drawing

PLAN SCALE 1: 50

ELEVATION SCALE 1: 50


PLAN SCALE 1: 50

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940

C

A 750

A

500

580

C

730

900

860

2400 750

860

1600

800

750

surface B

surface D

surface D

surface B

surface C surface A

610

700

B 680

B

1300

1150 800

2500 520 2630

630

2300

surface C

surface A


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0.8CM

D1

PERSPECTIVE VIEW SCALE 1: 5

D2

PERSPECTIVE VIEW SCALE 1: 5

D1

ELEVATION SCALE 1: 20

D2

ELEVATION SCALE 1: 20


D3

PERSPECTIVE VIEW SCALE 1: 5

D4

PERSPECTIVE VIEW SCALE 1: 5

D3

ELEVATION SCALE 1: 20

D4

ELEVATION SCALE 1: 20

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1

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1,2. In the being, the student make the main tetrahedron structure first. They connect the bamboo on the ground level. After that, they move the whole structure to next surface work.

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3. When the basic tetrahedron structure finish, They work the top connection point by the spacial joint called chopsticks joint. The wire reinforce the connection of the bamboo.


1. We make the support to connect two layer bamboo.

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2. To work the expand part triangle structure, the local bamboo master teach the student how to bend the bamboo to make the beautiful joint.

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1. The main structure is close to finish.Then, they reinforce and improve the original footing to put up the structure. 2. To prepare the cover stage. They are make the second structure. The too big surface differ to two surface.

2

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1,2. The cover material is the bamboo piece. We cut each one bamboo to 4 or 8 piece. Also, they connect the bamboo piece to the second structure by the wire.

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2

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The meteor Introduction The structure basic on the main tetrahedron structure to expand triangle structure. The multilayer structure make the spacial lighting effect. The bamboo piece cover continue the original texture of the bamboo. The different directional bamboo piece provide the more layer lighting effect. In the night time, the local people can stand at here to enjoy the starry sky.

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Completion

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Meinan Tower The landmark of the Meinan, so the tower will catch up all the people views. The bottom layer is for people to feed chickens or pigs. The second and third layer is for children to playing and climbing. The upper layer is the viewing deck, villager can stay in this location to look around all view in Meinan.


The Meteor

Fishing Boat

Take Off • 起飛

The enter of the full pavilion. The triangle shape is nice to attach the eye-contract. The interior double volume display the experiment work. It makes the space have some adorn in the big space. The chair display under the structure. The villager can sit in here to chatting.

The middle of the full pavilion. When the sun project the bamboo shadow. The lighting effect is changeable and beautiful. The black fish net cover can make the shadow to the users. It can reduce the heat gets.

The end of the full pavilion. The structure face to best view. It connect to front green land. The structure is the solid cover. It can block the rain water and the sun light.

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1

1. To hold up the structure, the local master make some triangle columns to support the roof structure. All of the participant together lift the structure and someone put the columns under the structure 2. Group members try to use the columns to support the ceiling system. It is showing member’s co-operation.

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3. Take photo with Meinan villagers.

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4. The structure connects to the larger ceiling system. 5. Detail showing the structure connects to the ceiling system. 6. Group members try to make a installation in the ceiling system.

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6

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1

1. When we complete the tower, some of Meinan villagers come to visit our process and encourage our group member. In addition, we take photo with villagers. 2,3,4. For the Meinan Tower, the children can playing or climbing in the second layer, they are very enjoy to playing in this pavilion. 5. Group members playing with Meinan’ villager in Meinan Tower.


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5

3

4

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1

1. When we complete the structure system, we invite the Meinan villager to have a presentation. Introducing the design concepts, ideas and functions, we separate 4 groups to present their own project and the experiments. Due to let the villager know what we are doing, after the presentation, we also have a question time and go to the site visiting. They can use or feel the pavilion.


2. The group member is introducing the pavilion to the local villagers with their rusty mandarin and hope the villagers understand what their are designing. Each group have their own designed pavilion. The villagers are very concentration in the presentation and craving for more informations of their design. In the whole presentations is very harmonious.

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1

1,2,3,4. To celebrate our completion, we took a photo together to commemorate the workshop’s last moments. As we gathered around, we shared drinks and stories for this trip.


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Reflections


Passion of Rural Chan Wang Sik, Louis That is the first time I join the real architecture project, also it is an opportunity for me to recognize more about the rural china. Mei Nam village is one of the rural area between Guangzhou and Shao guan which is need financial support by the Chinese government. It was my first time to live in rural china near 2 weeks, it's made me feel exciting and wonderful. In the other hand, this workshop aims to build a 1 :1 scale architecture, its seem like a big challenge for the students who are no experience. As you know, a design from zero to hundred percent are a lot of process in it. In this workshop, a leader needs to coordinate the whole group mate. I think it was the biggest challenge on it. Every day, we need to wake up on 7 a.m. and had had our breakfast. After that, we started our work until 23 p.m. Its seem very harsh and miserable but if we focus on something which is interesting, it is not a bad thing for us. In the process, I know that most of the students (including me) did not know how to use the tools. We tried to learn how to use the tools and started to join the bamboo at the same time. No doubt, it was a lot of difficulties in the process. That is the important elements to challenge our teamwork. So far so good, we still finished the whole bamboo structure before the deadline. The workshop not only focuses on the bamboo structure; it also provides a chance for us to know more about rural china. We have joined some activities which are held by the social workers, such as made tofu and a fried rice cake with the villagers. I believed that is the good way to raise the communication with the villagers or our students. Also, we still have more time to communicate with the other year students. We can exchange our experiences on studying architecture. Moreover, we can talk about lots of gossips, its seem funny as well. In this two weeks, I can't enjoy the life of rural china at begin. Because of the environment was very disgusting and there were many insects in everywhere. However, thought a few days’ life, I started to learn how to immersed in the local culture of rural china. The national environment made me feel relax and release my pressure. When you live in a fast pace city, you will feel a lot of pressure which comes from your job, study, family or others. It is easy to let you get lost. I think the workshop is also a great opportunity to reboot yourself and find back your passion for design. I also miss the passion of the villagers. Most of the villagers were welcomed the strangers to get in their house, lets chatted and get more communication together. it is the warmest and touch thing that I meet.


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One To One Bamboo Construction Wong Chin Wai, Eric The workshop was an exciting experience for me because I can challenge myself to engage in the bamboo design work and bamboo construction work as well as the new lifestyle in Meinan Village. After joining this workshop, I really know the value of the real project. there is a big difference when compare with our school work. the problem that we faced is out of my estimation. the material is not as perfect as our expectation. Some of the bamboo is too narrow and curvy. We have to do more steps to prevent the bamboo break. So we spend more time to produce joints. Of course we learned from challenge. Also, the size, the power and the weight of the real materials is out of our imagination. While we constructing the roof, we decided to finish the frame at the empty land and then move it to site. So that it requires a lot of manpower to deliver a huge roof. Finally, our roof requires at least 12 people to raise up. Moreover, real construction is about teamwork. For me, there are a big trouble in collaboration since most of the people do not experienced in the real construction include me. Therefore, we were face a lot of problem like not really clear about the design or they don't know how to operate the tools. I though everyone knows their position but the fact is that I was fault. Maybe I should clearly assign the work to the teammate base on their ability to increase efficiency. besides, the volunteers in the workshop includes year 1, year 2, year 3 and year out students. I meet some new friend from this workshop. In the school life, there is no interaction between juniors and seniors. Everyone just did their own job. So this workshop is a great opportunity to get interact with others year students. The other purpose of this workshop is to communicate with the villages. We hope to meet new friend in the village but we don't have enough time to hang out or play around. we were doing the construction work most of the time. It would be better if we have one more week. By the way, the villagers are really good. They know a lot skill that we don’t. For Example, they know how to produce oil by nuts, they produce Tofu, they cultivate bees to produce honey. So the villagers are all talented and nice.


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Co-Working, Co-Living, Co-Sustaining Wong Chuk Ming Before the Guangdong Summer workshop, i do not understand the bamboo material and do not know how to use bamboo to make a product or structure. However, i know we will build the 1 to 1 ceiling structure. Hence, we need to find all about bamboo information such as how to make joint,how to make it curve and which tools is for bamboo. Mei Nan Cun is a traditional village where give me the first feeling is so fresh. It is because there is different with Hong Kong.Hong Kong is a busy and noise city, all is fast. However, the village is so quiet and fresh. In addition, the big different i think is people relationship. Mei Nan Cun has less people,but they are so close.Hong Kong has many people,but they are alienation. We can see the villager have their own skill in Mei Nan Cun.For example,they know how to make tofu,how to make a wood sculpture,how to use bamboo to create something etc‌.Apart from this,they can exchange to the other.i think this action can enhance their relationship.Therefore, i think we need to learn from them and try to exchange to the other people. In this workshop,i am one of the leader in the group.Hence,i need to discuss the design and think how to construction with my partner .This workshop is our first time to build the 1 to 1 architecture,so we do not know the construction steps and draw a construction drawings.Therefore, we need to search some construction drawing to be a reference and try to think what we need to draw. I think this is a good step for us to learn more about construction drawings. At the Mei Nan Cun,we faced some problems and need to solve it. The first problem is the bamboo quality is not good, but our design need a stable structure to support. We tried to use wire to fix it, but the wire is so weak. We found the screw and nut can fix it stable. The second problem is how to construction and the land quality, although we have the construction drawings, it is not enough information to build. Our design just have few bamboo to support all structure which looks like a inverted triangle.Hence, the foundation is very important. However, Mei Nan Cun land quality is not suitable to make a foundation. Therefore, considering the safe and construction problem, we think we can not make a inverted triangle. We think triangle form is more suitable for this site. In addition, we change the programme from pavilion to childens’ view tower. The third problem is how to divide work. We do not know each other, but we need to make the process fluently. Hence, each teammate need to try all the part and find which part is good for their own skill. I think this is the fast way to solve the problem and make the process smoothly.


This is a good chance for me to learn the leadership and construction skills. Bamboo is a interesting material which can make structure, fabric or product. I had learn something about bamboo through this workshop. Next, Mei Nan Cun is a nice place. The environment and villager are good. If there have next workshop, i will join it again!

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Mei Nan Mei Nan Chan Tsz Ho, Shervan Mei Nan is a really special place, not because it has breath taking natural environment, not because it has pure and friendly neighbourhood, but because it is a place that we put our sweat, time and belief into something we love, we build.This workshop is to connect the neighbourhood to a public space through building a pavilion (a public space ). To us, this is a really valuable experience to build a 1:1 design. This workshop is leaded by a group of teachers (architect friends ) and students. Some ones who are interested(like me, a graduate)about this workshop were also welcomed to join. Mei Nan is a small village in Shao Guan, Guang Dong, China. 3 hours’ ride from Guang ZhouEast Station, 5 hours’ traveling from Hong Kong. It is a interesting experience about traveling from very city to very countryside. Building getting lower, views getting wider, breath getting deeper as well. Mei Nan is surrounded by high hills that the sun climbs and falls. They are far,but you never feel them so close to your body, never feel you are so part of this nature, never in Hong Kong. We have no enough time to explore every part of Mei Nan, we worked outside where we stay(a hostel renewed from an old mud-brick house by locals ), there was a large front yard, and there was our site, the place that we would like to gather the locals. There were two ways we leaving the hostel to uptown. One is surrounded by bamboos and river. Another one lead us to outside by passing a large pool fill with lotus, neighbours’ house. We usually walk along this road with dogs leading ahead and chickens came from no where. We were split into 4 groups, the whole pavilion is a combination of these 4 design. I am in group 1, the group that loves triangles modules ...... According to the local masters, we were challenging the most complex construction techniques of bamboos. As the matter of fact, we did struggle a lot while we building the modules. Not like the 1:10 model, real bamboo is not completely straight, which means it is almost impossible to make the construction as precise as the model. To make each bamboo in the right position and length, sometimes we need 3 people to finish 1 joint, 2 for holding the bamboos, 1 for prodding a hole that letting a screw can go through 3 bamboos (sometimes 4) at the same time. To make a 4-bamboo-join, those 2,inside should thin enough to follow the screws’ length limitation. The challenge is, the bamboo in that thin will easily break under that pressure, then the joint will be fail. We consulted advice from the local experienced masters and put solid wood into each bamboo before prodding, to fill every space within bamboo, to limit the space that bamboo can transform, to make each bamboo can take more compression. Our group is the only design tend to provide a rain-resistant space. As the matter of fact, we also the first and only ones to “test” the roof under a unexpected heavy rain. That was a day after days with skin burning sun shine, we were trying to install the 3 matter long transparent plastic corrugated sheets. Less than a second, it started to rain, heavier than ever we seen in Mei Nan. Everyone started to rush, but one group, they are not running, instead, each one found a small corner to hide. Those corners were fresh built by themselves. Actually those were just pieces of that roof sheets. One man in black suddenly hold a waterproof camera and tried to record this unique memorial touching moment! That was me. I got wet, from head to socks.


We all got wed. It was cold at the beginning, then it turned into excitement of getting so close to a roof surface then ever, right in front of my face, watching everything got blurry outside, watching water flowing so close, rain dropped on the surface and transformed into different shapes. That moment, it so poetic. Architecture has its limitations in gathering a neighbourhood, and to getting into a neighbourhood, we were not playing an architect, we were playing a dancer! The most happy time to be with the locals, must be dancing with the locals in the square of primary school at night. We don't know each other, but we just go there, line up behind. We don't even know those songs, but everyone just started dancing, trying to catch up the moves. Of cause we failed... So sweaty but we laughed so true from our heart when we finished every song. At least. I believe so. No matter the locals or us. It all happens at the school when night comes. The school transforms into a dancing place, a villagers gathering square, a public space. Architecture is supposed to provide possibilities outside it was supposed to build for.Hope them will dance under the pavilion we built... Then we were succeeded. Talking about Mei Nan, it is also about friendship. I believe we were the group filled with fun the most. We always joked on each other when working, sometimes selfies. We worked late in night and went to a local’s home to have cup noodles and watched TV together (with the local’s families ). Lots of unforgettable moments. Thanks to them, this workshop was full of laughter to me.If someone ask me if I will come back to Mei Nan again next year to build a permanent structure, I would say ....Yes we will, we promised.

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Time and Patience Li Chun Yin, Tom

In last year, I am glad to have a chance to join a workshop in Meinan village, at mainland. This workshop is doing the bamboo structure for the resident of the Meinan village to have a big open space to gathering and sharing the local culture, such as the cooking culture but it is a temporary structure. For the schedule of the work, first need to research the background of the Meinan village and the detail of bamboo joint how can be more durable and stable. After that, it was the design part. It divide four group to four structures in the same site and it will group together at the final stage. When each group was designed the first idea we need to have a site visit to rethink the idea is work or not. Then, after the site visit we had a month to rethink and redesign to improve the idea, such as the context and the joint part. So that, before to build the real one to one structure, four groups were designed twenty ideas for the backup design and each group choose one to develop and build it. For the construction date, we had two week to build and have a two day workshop for provide some new detail joints. Just 9 days of the construction, there were more than twenty students haven’t one to one construction experience, we only had 400 original bamboo, these enough for the structures. Although there are many details of the problem, but in such a short period of time to find the problems to solve it and complete the task. So that, from this workshop we can earn how to find and solve the problems in the short period. I not know how long of these structures can stand but it is a good experience for me, cause I learnt the team work and patient in this workshop.


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Unexpected Trial Cho Chi Shing

Last year summer holiday, i was join a workshop which organized by HKDI’s tutors, the day started from 13-25 in august. The purpose of the workshop is to build an open kitchen in Meinan villager by using bamboo material and we make it to be a huge structure. In total we have 27 students and 5 “teachers” including tutors and architects stay in the rural village. It is a great opportunity to learn each other, especially the local master was teach us a lot about construction detail and possibility were discovered by their knowledge. It is an experiential changes to work with architects and discuss our mind. In the same time, we really feel honor to participate in this workshop because our institute provided an opportunity to make our dream come true! It is excited that we can handmake the structure to be a pavilion. Honestly, i am quite worry the trip before i go. I haven’t go to a rural village before. I was afraid i can not adapt the environment. I was worry because i haven’t leave my hometown for half month, i will miss them and homesick. Also i have no idea how to build a big structure… Those predictions bin my mind and make me stay in Hong Kong rather to join this workshop.


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The key to Success Wong Tsz Him In Meinan Workshop, I learned many skills that I never know about bamboo, and I was the first time to go to Guangzhou, it is a really amazing feeling. There is a new world and peace in my first feel, I thought that if we made a 1 to 1 scale structure, we will proud of that. When I arrived there, I just thought that so beautiful and quiet place I have ever seen. There is a place just like village, I lived in Hong Kong many years, and Hong Kong is just a concrete city, the feeling is just like you see something you did not see before. Also, we need to divide into groups at first night, I was very worried about how many people will choose our group? Between the parts of choosing, it is just as I thought, there are two to three people chose our group only. Our project is making a boat to be a shelter to block the light, so it's called Boat Shelter. The name can make a feeling to people just think that is modernism, but the system of the design is symmetric and geometry, some people think our project is boring. However, finally Mr. Kuo grouped 4 people to our group, I am really touched at that moment. As I asked them how they think about our group's project, and they answered me that your group's project might be boring, but it is the most clear to explain what our target is and what we are going to do. After this, I work kindly with my groupmates. Although one of our groupmate need to leave first cause of some urgent family problem, we still work hard to keep working on the structure. We failed many times on the structure base but we still try again and again until it work. In our group’s communication, if someone is tired, we will just let him take a break, and we keep working. This can help us to get enough rest and power to work out. Finally, I am really thank you for my groupmates and it is my pleasure to group with them, they will not doubt at us and they think that we have some mistake on the design or on the structure, they will talk to us immediately, and they help us so much. I appreciate that. I thought I can improve my skill at bamboo and try more material related to architectural design, such as timber, glass. Otherwise, I was enjoy this Meinan Workshop, Mr. Kuo gave a great experience to me, though this workshop, I learned many things, such as teamwork, communication, knowledge of bamboo structure. And I know how to make structure by bamboo already, I got confident to test more different materials after this workshop. Finally, I really thank you for Mr. Kuo as I learned many knowledge and get more experience in my life, I think that I am smarter now.


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Bamboo Feeling Chan Ka Chun, Ryan Before I join this summer workshop which not attract me to join it. After I hear this workshop of goal improve local villagers of living and I think this workshop very significant. So I decide to joint this workshop. However, I don’t understand how to apply bamboo in architecture and this is my first time to build a 1 to 1 pavilion in real and use bamboo to apply in design. Also, I try most challenge in my first time. I take charge of group leader in workshop so I have responsibility to ensure group mate of work progress. in addition, there are different part is very difficult to me such as I need to draw construction drawing to make group mate to understand how to build the design through drawing. In addition, this is my first time to make construction drawing which need to understand each step and detail clearly. However, I don’t have any experience in these drawing so the drawing is not clear to show whole construction process. Due to the construction drawing is not clear so we just follow 3d software and model to construct the structure in the construction stage. In fact, if I spend more time to understand the design and reference. I may output a clear construction drawing to give group mate to follow it. Moreover, there are a lot of difficult issues in the construction stage such as bamboo of thickness not in my expectation in construction stage. Although it influenced construction process we still need to fix these issues to finish the structure. However, we deiced to change some part of design to solve this problem. In addition, the major structure cannot be stable to stand on ground so we need to add more support to make it stable. I experience relationship between architecture and human in the whole workshop. We need to understand local villagers of life and culture to apply in my design. We visit different villagers to understand more their living in village and work.


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Making, Learning and Sweating Law Tsz Kin, Kinson As a first-year architecture student, we still keep our architecture experience in scale models and drawings, we never have a chance to ‘’build’’ our own architecture, you never know how hard and complex to construct a real space, how is the feeling when you look at the space you built. We are giving about two weeks to construct a 1 To 1 Bamboo Pavilion and we are totally knowing nothing about how to build a pavilion, what a good start! Fortunately, there is some local bamboo master to teach us how to communicate with the bamboo and our 2 weeks non-stop journey is started. I still remember the awkward moment when getting our bamboo, no one knows how to properly cut it to our construction size, we just cut it with brute force and it is very very hard! After the bamboo master teach we knew some the behavior of bamboo, we need to put the cutting the force right in the middle of the bamboo and split it into two part, also, they also teach us how to use fire to heat up the bamboo so that we can blending the bamboo to shape our space. It is very useful because our design has some triangle shape, with this skills, we can produce a lot of it. In the drawing you can draw all your imagination inside your drawing but when you facing the real material, you need to keep thinking about ‘’is it working?’’ because all of our idea in drawing is romanticized, when we facing the real materials, we need to think about the most important thing structure, sometime you think this is going to work but when you test it, the whole roof fall down, and the second skills we learn for the master is how to use iron wire to reinforce the joint of our design and it work. This is a really good experience to me because I learn that If your really want your design to happen, you need to think about the reality first otherwise it is not going work, but sometimes when you put your mind into the materials you actually can develop a much more detail design and it is also one of the most important things become a successful architect, the materiality is very important. Last but not least, I want to thank you Kuo to provide this amazing workshops, although we are working very slow and knowing nothing about bamboo at that time, you and Mikolaj Still give us the amazing Tutorial, we will never forget how many sweat and effort we are putting in Meinan.


182


The First Time Around Meinan Village Tin Tsoi Ling, Teresa It was a long time ago, actually not that long, just last summer. I participated in a two weeks village workshop which is organized by our school tutors and a few co-workers from foreign architects and China social workers. It makes me shocked, Meinan is a developing village that already have some facilities providing for visitors, like hostel which is far beyond the last village workshop I have been. In this trip, I gained some life experience and to build one to one physical bamboo structure by my own hand with teamwork. Yet, the design was not design by myself, the process was great fun and terrific that I never feel before. For me, the atmosphere of the hostel was liked a gathering place and resting place, also like a working place. It is impressive that we work directly right after we brush our tooth and cleaning up, then rest after we finished our work of the day. Since our hostel was next to our working place, I could feel there is a bonding between each group, the group mates and tutors. The tough connection raise the spirits of us to work harder and harder. Moreover, apart from the daily working hour, I do appreciate the time we are resting with group mates. I truly believe my group was the happiest group in the group of three. We work hard and play hard at the same time, this attitude was pretty good as a project team. It is because we could stress out our pressure in any time, improving our bonding, also understand each other in a short period of time. On the other hand, I think working with year two and three students as a graduates could feel the fresh perspective from them too. I used to despise dirty stuff, however, after considering the effect of the life experience and building a one to one pavilion my perception has shifted. Once seemed obvious that it is the first time I have try to build a one to one bamboo structure make me understand the tenser of a fresh bamboo, how long could it last for, the difference from other building material, the texture of bamboo do not like timber that could distort without using glue and tools. Besides, timer do need those stuff to make the distortion. Also, I learn from the bamboo master bamboo could distort when they heated by fire or steam by water. The last two days, we worked through the night and still has not finished our pavilion but we did not give up so easily, finally we make it on the last day. These reminds me every singe steps are so important to a building. Bamboo are the cheaper and long lasting building materials. Well, I would say I feel extremely successful when I saw our elegant pavilion stand on surface and it is the only one that could be water proof and transparency. And we offered a shelter and gathering space for the villagers, wish they like it. I am glad that I had a group of wonderful teammates in this workshop.


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由零到一百 梅南義建 Lai Vince - 第一天 「 我嘅熱情只限於係有冷氣嘅地方。 」 面對三十多度的太陽, 這是我到步後最初的感受。作為一年級生,這一次,有幸跟隨二、三年級生學習並合力建 造一比一的模型。製作過程,由量度、記號、繩結扎法到構件合併。每一步驟,都與下一步有關係。算錯了,便 再來過,大概是對於設計的一種執著。 - 第三天 「 要是在這個村落多過數天,我應該會捨不得離開這裏。 」 除了建築日常,在網絡沒有很流暢的村落,要靠步行半小時才到的市集。習慣急速生活的人,因當刻的環境,步 伐亦隨之調整。所以人開始習慣手機不在身旁,開始主動和身邊人交談,開始結織住鄰近的村民,開始走到球場 跳廣場舞,開始本來不習慣的習慣。 - 第七天 「 第一組是寓工作於娛樂的人 」 剛開始不怎麼說話,至後來互相揶揄大家。某個早晨會到市集吃早餐。某個夜晚會在村裏放煙火。很簡單的生 活,每天卻是笑點不斷。記得竹竿上,還簽了我們的名字。

- 最後一天 分享會 「 請看看身上正在結焦的傷口,每個傷痕都記錄住一個故事。 」 記得第一天,每個人都喊著很辛苦很熱很疲累。然而嘴裏一邊碎碎念著,手卻一邊行動未有停止。不小心受傷 了,會向天責罵一大聲,下一步,還是在繼續。每天起來都會發現,傷口一天比一天多。適時的堅持是需要的。 致第一組的人, 謝謝你們,讓我有機會,不再紙上談兵,而是把每個結構逐一實踐,把理想藍圖,在現實中親手建成的成功感。 那 草原上降落的紙飛機。我 會記一輩子。


186


空間再造者 Lam Chor Mei, CM

空間以一種有形與無形的型態存在於不同地域。每一個人都是空間再造者,小至利用一對耳機都可以製造一個屬 於自己的私人空間。 在梅南村9天8夜的工作坊,深刻地體會到人與空間的互動在都市與鄉村之間 的差別。都市是石屎森林,感覺冷冰 冰的空間,走在街上迎面而來的是被設計好的各種形式的空間,回到家亦然。相反地,在鄉村,空間再造者隨處 可見。家是由自己一磚一瓦搭建的。即使是學校,每個星期總有一晚被轉換身分,搖身一變成為大媽們再展風姿 的廣場舞舞台,成為小朋友卸下學生身分以百厭星的真身嬉戲的遊樂場。平日書聲瑯瑯的學校,今夜是笑聲連連 的遊樂場。 傍晚時分,吃完晚飯。趁天還沒黑, 開始了飯後運動, 獨自一人毫無目的地走上了聯繫著整個村莊的小路上。 白天還搞不明白為什麼有些挨著小路的房子外面會有三兩塊光溜溜的大石頭在呢?還以為是什麼風水陣,原來是 一個不知不覺被造出來的給大家閒聊的空間,三三倆倆聚在一起的鄰居們,又說又笑地分享著即將過去的一天所 發生的趣事。在香港,別說在家門前擺一塊石頭,就算是在空曠的公共空間多擺一張椅子都是阻街,都是違法 的。住在香港的人,大多數都沒有自己再造空間的機會,總是被設定必須在被政府認同的固定空間裏活動。 與之相反,來到鄉村裏有很多的自由空間可以隨意發揮。9天8夜並非來遊山玩水,是一個讓我們放下城市枷鎖, 重拾自由再造空間的機會,把在學校1:50,1:100 的模型以1:1的比例自由地搭建出來。夜以繼日地工作,第8天 我們終於在一個本來只是空曠的石屎地上完成了1:1的小小建築,還邀請了過去7天總是帶著問號來聊天的鄰居們 來參觀我們努力的成果。雖然手工沒有他們做的好,但這小小建築卻能成功地吸引到了路人的目光。小朋友又多 了一個可以嬉戲的地方;鄰居們又多了一個可以閒聊的地方;在附近辛苦耕種的村民又多了一個可以躲開火辣辣 的太陽,舒服地稍作休息的地方。


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感受建築 Cheung So Shing, Aaron

《竹》這個工作坊令我學懂了不少對竹的特性,例如是它的延展性,加工技術和工具使用。 製造一個1:1的模型對我來說是很新穎的事情,因為很多時在學校做的模型很細小,而在梅南村可以體驗一個真實 的模型使我明白真實的建築一棟物件時要注意的事情。 在梅南村•竹工作坊,我深深體驗到由設計轉邊到實物,那一種不可簡單用文字形容的感覺。經過這次體驗更明 白到一個建築是如何影響人的生活和活動,建築不單單是一棟實體的事情,而是如何令建築物內外去體驗這個空 間和事物。 這個工作坊令到自己可以用不同的方式去了解建築,當我們的建築物製成後,有很多小朋友玩,他們並沒有太理 會這個東西是什麼,反而只知道這座5米高的塔只有一個用途。就是讓他們爬上去,爬得愈高愈快就可以獨自享受 到整條村的景觀和玩捉迷藏,會我們本來設計的原因背道而馳,不過這也令我明白設計時要更加要考慮不同年齡 或人物的重要性。 另一方面,在梅南村我體驗到當地人民的生活,他們並沒有太多電子產品,簡單的生活反而也很充實。有時候會 造豆腐花和豆漿,有時候就造當地的小吃和耕作,每天就這樣過雖然辛苦,但很簡單。


190


生。活 Wong Hong Kei, Tommy

從資料搜集,到設計,以至當地工作,我都一一參加其中,整個梅南村中,最另我深刻的就是梅南村的生活,每 一日除了追趕工作進度外,還要同時[生活]在當地。 工作營的日子大部分時間,要抵受太陽的曝曬,連皮膚亦變得更成深色,連外皮亦脫了幾層,真正由外至內都體 驗到太陽的威力。每到下雨的時間,大家衝忙走到旅舍中暫避,被逼停止工作,但雨水洗去身上汗水的舒爽,實 在是大自然的恩惠。每次回到房間總有當地的動物住客,不單是夜間的蚊子和飛蛾,時常亦有蜜蜂,螳螂進到房 內,夜間亦不時聽到青蛙的叫聲,每個梅南的日與夜都與自然同生,同活。 旅舍背後有一大遍的樹林,往飯堂的路途旁邊有綠油油的稻田,稻田上有蜻蜓和飛虫流連其中,鴨子從稻田旁的 水溝遊過,在路上行過會遇上當地村民放養的生畜,鄉村的雞走在地上,一點也不怕陌生人,雞悠然的散步,人 仍在便利店的路途,彼此都是對方的過客,每一步都融入都梅南村的節奏,當地人的生活亦與大自然互相協調, 最深刻的印象是當地的木匠師博養了一箱箱的蜜蜂,以蜂蜜為成品打蠟,亦以蜂蜜沖茶招待訪客,舊的房子以當 地的泥磚,木,竹作為材料,簡單的一口釘,將自然打進屋內. 每個生活的細節都見到當地人與環境的配合。 在我們生活的城市-[香港] ,有很多被設計好的公園和休憩用地,但大多都是被計劃,被掌握的環境,在公園有 諸多的限制,你能感受到自然置於城市當中,但生活仍是被高樓大廈包圍,人的生活受限於城市的模式下。 但在 梅南村的感受完全相反,以自然為主導,人作為環境的配角,享受與尊重自然環境。


192


建竹遊 Chong Man Po, Michael

梅南村滿山竹木林,農舍就在林旁,鋪了石屎的小徑一塵不染。這是一個寧靜的農村,鄉村的自然景觀已經被村 內人飽覽得表露無遺,他們深入山林尋找自然。但自然卻找上了他們,鄉村獨有舊宅被自然翻蓋著,單層的建築 亦被新式的住宅替代。但村外人看到他們住的舊居是一種美麗的景觀。 鄉中青年密密出城闖蕩,留下村莊中的只有老人和父母親。以往節日的熱鬧已漸減低,為了重新集結這種鄉村文 化。我們希望由始出發,從集結村內人為目的,建起 4 座以鄉內交流及娛樂為目的的竹建築。 竹的特性易彎輕巧,平常不作主要建築物料用途,而且不耐用。然而,我們這次以竹為主題。以竹的特性為優點, 建成了 4 座供半百人使用的竹室。而且十分輕巧,只需幾名壯漢就可拱起。竹室被設計成屋頂型,內部可以供 5 到 6 人坐涼,通風位設於兩旁,形成對流風。就算炎熱的天氣,於陰下乘涼時亦能感到一陣涼風。 完成了竹室後,村民都受邀而來。當天來了不少的人,場面熱鬧。更有幾個頑童看到竹室後手舞足蹈,一個接一 個爬上竹室。竹雖然易彎但亦可承受幾名兒童的重量,可見竹室結構尚算穩固。然後,村民們都於竹下稍聚,互 相認識。


194


簡樸竹之旅 Yip Ka Chun, Edmund

我是第一次去大陸鄉村的地方。事前就了解當地的少資料和行程,此外已經分組給我們選擇跟隨那位師兄去興建 他們的設計,所以十分期待。而今次的目的地就是梅南村,目的就是幫助村民使用竹這種物料興建休憩空間,之 後把 4 組的設計融合。 為期 13 天的梅南之旅,第 1 天就參觀村內村民的生活。我以為村民隨了耕田和養家畜為生的外,還發現村內的村 民有著不同的生活的,有的是木工高手,養蜂的,而他們都過著簡樸的生活。而回到我們休息及工作的地方都是 十分簡樸。 在之後幾天就跟著師兄的設計去建造,當中學到竹可以透過用燒的方法使竹彎曲,建造一個又一個三角形結構。 但係天有不測風雲,一時就下雨天,一時就炎熱,令到進度有點落後。不過當地的師傅非常好人,隨了教我們如 何用燒的方法使竹彎曲外,還給我們工具,入筍的方式改善設計,使它更鞏固。 其間都有不同趣事發生,例如我們用小組形式研究怎樣只用竹來製造連接位置,而我的小組就使用織 的方法。而 辛苦過後都是值得的,看著它慢慢地興建到最後完成,真是非常興奮。當然唔少得每日的午晚餐都是十分豐富, 至今還回味。


196


梅南村-豐竹之旅 Tam Kwan Lam, Gundam

7 月炎炎夏日,氣溫 32 度,當出發去户外體驗工作營 - 梅南村時,心情頗為複雜。這次會接觸到建築材料 竹, 因 對它非常陌生,所以預先在網上找了同類建築物的資資料,以作準備。 當抵達梅南村時的情況,因原始的村屋,樸素熱情的村民,合作社小賣部的特產,還有遠望的一大片竹林,都令 我非常深刻。 次日,大清早簡單吃過早點,就要開始工作,去尋找適合的竹子做材料,在師傅親切教導下,我們認識到竹子的 特性,又學會怎樣砍竹子的技巧,用鐵絲固定的方法等。這些村民的智慧,令我們更有效率地完成竹涼亭。這個 製成品,是經過構思模型,多次實體嘗試,才慢慢地見到預期效果。回想起每晚大家都帶著疲累的身軀回房間休 息,頸子被灼傷曬得通紅。過程中有激烈的爭論,討論,最後都能合力艱苦地完成,所以成功的一刻,組員和我 都非常興奮。 怱怱地又要踏上歸途,這次實地體驗工作營,令我對建築物材料的應用,特性,有深層次的理解。人與人之間在 工作上的磨合,溝通至為重要。也豐足自己的心靈,獲益良多,相信對日後工作有莫大的裨益。


198


與人交流 Chan Ngai Tung

梅南村是一個平靜的地方 , 當地的人是平易近人 , 好客和熱情 . 我們到梅南村整理行理後 , 當地的村民熱情地帶我們參觀當地 . 在活動行程中 , 我們還有活動是與村民交流 . 在上午 , 我們分組到一位村民家中學習做料理 . 這位村民很耐心教導我們每一位 , 詳細講解需要注意的重點 . 晚上更到一位 村民家中作客 , 過程中十分好客更向我們講解梅南村近年的改變 . 討論中不但令我們了解中國農村面對的問題更了 解梅南村村民會互相幫助解決問題 . 我們在香港進行竹研究時 , 制作的圖紙和模型與當地做的不大相同 . 研究時都只是自己一個人而令到想法不能夠太 過全面 , 因此結構不單止不結實更出現變形的情況 . 我們必須停止制作 , 并且要立刻討論解決方法 . 過程中大家盡 力表達自己的建議 , 而且產生好幾個方法 , 而且要清楚和耐心論述自己的觀點令人明白 . 但時間有所限制 , 所以不 能永無止境地討論 , 反而要不斷試驗作比較 , 幸好最後得到一個更完整和堅固的結構 . 完成後作反思 . 我明白到有問題需要解決井不是一個人可以解決 , 因為一個人的想法太單一 , 而且一組人進行討論 會產生不同的角度來解決問題 . 有如梅南村的村民跟我們討論問題令我們反思問題的根本 . 并要耐心詳細表達自己 意見 , 否則無法進行討論 , 變成一個單向的演講令討論失去意義 . 最後是要果斷實行方案 , 否則只是空談 .


200


Credits Meinan Guest House Social Worker: 張文浩、李紅孩、林基靈、楊麗珍、李玉夢、陳會珍、李喜鳳

Local Masters: 李成錦、陳計生、李才洞

Villagers: 孫武、李河嬌、李雪梅、江韶新、李彩花、李小清、李小茶、譚春秀、羅添花、陳東妹、鮮花

Childrens: 班李琪、李春輝、李金輝、李傑、李彩珠、李詩茹、李詩涵、陳來富、李前、李建鑫

Students: Wong Chin Wai, Eric Chan Wang Sik, Louis Chan Tze Ho, Shervan Tin Tsoi Ling, Teresa Lai Vince Li Wing Yu, Jodie Chan Chun Man, Samson

Chan Ngai Tung Wong Tsz Him Cho Chi Shing Chong Pui Shan, Ice Chong Man Po, Michael Cheung Chun Yin, Kelvin Li Chun Yin, Tom

Chan Ka Chun, Ryan Wong Chuk Ming Chu Wai Kit, Dicky Ng Wan Ling, Rachel Lee Pak Hoi, Parco Cheung So Shing, Aaron Chan Chun Wan, John

Wong Hong Kei, Tommy Lam Chor Mei, CM Ng Ching Lam, Chelffy Yip Ka Chun, Edmund Tam Kwan Lam, Gundam Law Tsz Kin, Kinson


Tutors: Kuo Jze Yi Lecturer Hong Kong Design Institute Eddie Chan Lecturer Hong Kong Design Institute Visiting Tutors: Mikołaj Szoska Lecturer Parsons the New School for Design Keita Tajima Senior lecturer University of East London, Architecture Emu Masuyama Project senior assistant professor Keio University Edited: Kuo Jze Yi Tam Kwan Lam, Gundam Lee Pak Hoi, Parco Chan Ngai Tung Wong Chuk Ming Chan Ka Chun, Ryan Wong Hong Kei, Tommy Wong Chin Wai, Eric Chan Wang Sik, Louis Wong Tsz Him


Meinan Workshop : Bamboo Structure Exploration  

The Meinan Construction Workshop is a 2-month research, design and construction project to provide 4 temporary pavilions for a youth hostel...

Meinan Workshop : Bamboo Structure Exploration  

The Meinan Construction Workshop is a 2-month research, design and construction project to provide 4 temporary pavilions for a youth hostel...

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