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Friday, Feb. 17, 2017

Volume 57 Edition 18

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District faces questions from proposed voucher law

Public schools currently receive state funding on a perstudent basis, meaning that each year an allotted amount of money is given to public schools depending upon their student population. Iowa Republican lawmakers have introduced an Education Savings Account, or ESA, proposal that would establish school vouchers that allow for parents to take their child’s money and decide how to spend it on education, such as tuition for private schools or homeschooling expenses. Many are excited by the new proposal and the potential benefits that it offers. Vouchers would allow for parents to decide where to spend their educational tax dollars and provide more education options for families that struggle financially. Governor Terry Branstad shared his support for the proposal in the Des Moines Register. “We want to continue to provide funding for public education, but we also want to recognize that a lot of families want to have the choice of sending their children to nonpublic schools, home-schooling or virtual academies. We want to make sure all those choices are available, and are as affordable as possible.” Still, others find the proposal to be flawed, stating that it will drain money out of Iowa’s public schools. Junior Arlo Hettle said, “I think that it would be a better use of the government’s time, money and effort to focus on fixing the public schools that people want to leave instead of providing alternatives for those schools.” Developing Nations teacher Jeremiah Longnecker agreed. “The more money that’s diverted from public education the less ability that we have to educate everybody. Basically what you’re doing is taking dollars away from the masses to give to a few who have chosen that public education is not the way to go, and all the sudden you’re inhibiting everybody’s education.” However, supporters of the ESA proposal claim that vouchers will instead provide incentive for failing schools to better their facilities and compete for students. They argue that if parents could decide where to send their

Are you confident that you know what school vouchers are?

If you are confident, are you in favor of school vouchers? (98 responses)

Clare Rolinger Graphic Arguments of Those Arguments of Those in Favor of Vouchers Opposed to Vouchers •Provides families with •Redirects money away from choice for education. public schools or limits the •Parents can determine money they would have where educational tax dollars other wise received. are being spent. •Bleeding kids and dollars •Provide parents with more out of rural schools. choices. •Could hurt public school •Helps parents that struggle system. financially pay for other •Similar effect of open school options. enrollment, an option that •Most students would not currently allows public school leave public schools. students to transfer to a dif•Improves all schools. ferent public school district •If parents can decide and have state per-student where to send their children, dollars follow them. schools would compete for •Could create class gap in those students by trying to schools. provide the best options. •Incentive wouldn’t do much for teachers already trying their best. children, schools would compete for those students by trying to provide the best options. Longnecker does not see the new proposal providing incentive for educators. “It would be one thing if I thought that it was going to provide incentive for me to be a better teacher as a result of it, but that whole premise is based on the fact that people aren’t trying to be as good as they can be, and I think that’s a false premise. In a lot of schools I think that you already have people doing the best that they can. I don’t think it would change what it is that I do or what I strive to do on a daily basis in my classroom.” There is also the concern that vouchers will create a divide between schools in a district — with the wealthy and privileged

attending better off schools and the lower class left attending the remaining institutions. Cedar Falls Mayor Jim described how this issue can be combatted through a greater sense of accountability in schools. “Establishing vouchers will hopefully bring more accountability to whoever’s in charge because they can’t continue to create such a detriment in poor metro areas where kids are going to bad schools. Hopefully this ‘consequence’ will create a greater accountability for people.” Ultimately, vouchers resemble the district’s current concept of open enrollment, which allows public school students to transfer to a different public school district and have state per-student

If school vouchers were legalized, would you attend private school instead of public school? (101 responses)

Poll Conducted by Clare Rolinger dollars follow them. The only difference with vouchers would be that students could transfer to private institutions as well. Superintendent Dan Conrad described the potential effects of the ESA proposal on the Cedar Falls School District. “The impact the vouchers may have on our district could depend on what kinds of restrictions might be placed on how the vouchers can be used. If a parent is allowed the freedom to enroll their children into any school, without restrictions, it could result in serious overcrowding for us. We currently deny many open enrollment requests because we are already overcapacity in many of our schools, he said. “We may also see an increase in parents electing to homeschool their children. It could also impact smaller school districts who are not able to provide the educational opportunities for their students that a larger district may be have in place. Many parents might opt to send their children to schools

that can offer a wide range of opportunities, including such things as Advanced Placement and college level courses, or career and technical courses not available in the smaller district.” While the topic continues to be controversial, Iowa legislators aim to find a common ground to benefit all of the people. “We want every student to be eligible for this program. Exactly how we get there, we’re working with legislators to figure that out,” said Drew Klein, the Iowa state director of Americans for Prosperity in an interview with the Des Moines Register. “We believe every student deserves options.” The cost to launch an ESA program could be high, and the probability of the bill being passed remains unclear, but it is predicted that some sort of proposal, whether it be state-wide or a piloted program, will be put into effect within the next year. By Staff Writer Clare







Friday, Feb. 17, 2017

District family leaving for Thailand next year Bangkok, Thailand, has a population of over eight million, and in mid-July, the city will be gaining a family of three, the Hartmans. Jennifer and Jeff Hartman are taking their youngest son Luke, a fifth grader grader who attends North Cedar Elementary to Thailand. The Hartmans will be leaving their eldest daughter, Savannah, and their middle child, Jake behind. Jake is enrolled in UNI and Savannah at Luther College. The Hartmans have worked out plans to meet up with their eldest during holidays and breaks. “We are planning on them coming to stay with us during Christmas break each year. We are also planning on returning for summer break each year,” Jeff said. Jeff has been teaching AP and honors biology while coaching men’s cross country for 21 years. Jennifer is the principal of North Cedar Elementary and has been working there for 10 years. The Hartmans both plan on continuing their careers in education in Thailand. “Both Jen and I will be working at the American School of Bangkok. I will be teaching high school science and Jen will be the curriculum director. ASB is a private international school that teaches an American curriculum. The school has students from Thailand, Japan, Korea, USA, Canada and 35 other nationalities,” Jeff said. Susan Considine and Scott Bohlmann teach honors biology with Hartman, and both have been working with him for many years. “I started in 2008. I have taught at least one class in common with Mr. Hartman every year but one. I can’t think of a single week that I don’t talk with him about lesson plans, lab activities or the best way to teach a topic,” Bohlmann said. According to Considine, Hartman is a devoted teacher and is invested in his students’ education. “Mr. Hartman genuinely cares about his students and their success in learning. He works very hard as a teacher to help students make connections to difficult material. He also has a way of inspiring kids to work hard in his classes. He provides students with the tools that allow them to experience success at the next level,” Considine said. Students are very apprecia-

tive of Hartman’s teaching. “I really enjoy biology with Mr. Hartman. He explains different topics very well and really cares whether or not his students understand the material. I have biology first hour, and when I get into class, it doesn’t even seem like it’s 8 in the morning,” said Sofia Munoz, an honors biology student and freshman at Peet Junior High. Getting across material is not the only important thing for a teacher. It is extremely important to execute the knowledge in a way the students will absorb the information; Hartman’s students praise him for his ability to do this. “He’s really interesting and has a good style of teaching. He is great at explaining things if we’re confused,” said Jayna Freeman, an honors biology student and freshman at Holmes Junior High. Head coach of men’s cross country and Associate Principal at the high school Troy Becker and coach Hartman have been working together since 1996. They work very well together and have great synergy, and their different personalities help get a lot of things accomplished for the cross country athletes. “He has challenged me a lot on why we do what we do in terms of training. We have made a lot of changes over the years, and he has really pushed for a lot of what we do. His science background has been very valuable in how our programs has improved,” Becker said. The team has gone to State for the last 25 years, and very special men come out of the two coaches’ program. “Coach Hartman is a man of tremendous character and a very loyal friend. He is somebody that you can really count on and is someone that you would completely trust,” Becker said. Andrew Nurse, former student and cross country athlete, has been family friends with the Hartmans ever since he can remember. “I am very close to coach Hartman. My family and his have known each other ever since I was born,” Nurse said. He is also close friends with Jake, coach Hartman’s son, so he has seen all sides of coach Hartman and has received loads of advice from him. “One thing he does that I

“We want to experience living and teaching in another country. The world is a big place, and we want to see a little more of it. We are excited to see nationalities.”

—biology teacher and cross country coach Jeff Hartman leaving to teach in Thailand next year

admire is that I feel like he is living life to his fullest, always following his passions and giving his all to leave an impact on this world,” Nurse said. “Coach Hartman has taught me that patience is key in order to do your best. With the hard work you put in and out of the season, performing at State seems like a lot less pressure when you know you’ve waited and prepared for that particular moment.” Nurse said coach Hartman also has advice about any situation one may think of. “Coach Hartman has taught me that in order to get what you want out of something, you have to put 100 percent effort into it, no matter what the situation is.” Another cross country athlete and student is very appreciative of coach Hartman’s coaching and has also received multiple life lessons from him. “He taught me that any virtues and lessons you learn in cross country can transfer over to everyday life,” sophomore Dawson Bremmer said. Bremmer said coach Hartman stands out because he is a coach that respects all the runners and encourages them equally. “He is a great encourager and makes everyone feel special,” Bremmer said. He added that Hartman is not afraid to give any athlete words of advice and praise for effort they have put in. “During one of my few varsity races, he pulled me aside before the race and said, ‘I am really proud of you and the effort you have put in. Just go out there and have fun!’ Those words were very encouraging,” Bremmer said. Becker said another quality of an exceptional coach is persistency and productivity, and coach Hartman displays these characteristics at all times. “Some of my favorite memories are just sitting together on the bus rides home and coming up with ways to make the program better. I also have a

special memory of watching him complete his Iron Man competition. I was very proud of his determination and accomplishment,” Becker said. His students say not only does Hartman impact athletes’ life, he also does a great job helping students carve out their paths for their futures. “Mr. Hartman has definitely influenced my life. Before taking biology from him, I had never had a subject in school besides electives that stood out to me and made me excited to go to school. There wasn’t a field that I could see myself having a career in. The combination of being able to learn about such an interesting topic from such an influential teacher changed my future,” Munoz said. Jeff and Jennifer Hartman have had experience with different cultures before, having taught overseas before they had children. Since Luke, their youngest son, is now in fifth grade, they want to expose him to new people and cultures. “Our older two kids are successful in college, and this seemed like the right time to move with our fifth grade son, Luke. We love learning from others, and we look forward to meeting new people from around the world. We also hope to travel quite a lot while we are there,” Jennifer said. Not only does Jeff teach science and coach cross country, he has real life experience with sciences. “Mr. Hartman has a strong biological background between his time and work in labs at Mayo Clinic to the numerous years he has taught,” Bohlmann said. “He is able to take this experience and break down complex topics in ways that are easy for students to understand. He is also a master of coming up with demos and review activities on the fly.” With Jeff’s familiarity with other cultures and sciences and his ability to connect with students, he will easily be able

to fit into his new school in Thailand. “Mr. Hartman embraces change in many ways, and so because of him, I’m more determined not to get set in my ways and experience more of what life has to offer,” Considine said. The Hartman family, being interested in culture and meeting new people, already have traveling plans for their upcoming move. “We hope to do a lot of traveling while we are there. There is a lot to explore in Thailand, and we also hope to travel to Cambodia, Vietnam, Singapore and Bali,” Jeff said. “When my wife and I taught in Guam, we visited Bali, and we’ve always wanted to go back. I also really want to visit Angkor Wat in Cambodia, and my son wants to visit the Cambodian landmine museum. Thailand is home to some amazing beaches and lots of beautiful ancient temples,” Jeff said. Jeff and Jennifer both relish Thai food. “I LOVE it!” Jennifer said. “In fact, I’m meeting a friend at Ginger Thai today. I also love Vietnamese food, and we will be very close to Vietnam.” Others are excited about his new adventure with authentic Thai food and think it’s good to try different and new things. “Enjoy the new experiences,” Bohlmann said. “You’ll be in a part of the world most of us would never think to move to. Also, enjoy the food. Thai food is great.” But the best tip for the Hartmans is simple. Live, laugh and embrace the culture. “In all seriousness, I would just tell him to try to immerse himself in the culture and enjoy the opportunity. He is one of the best teachers I know. He knows what he is doing. I would tell him not to worry too much about being in a new environment and trust his knowledge and experience,” senior cross country runner Sam Schillinger said. By Staff Writer Sophia






Friday, Feb. 17, 2017


Speech team, new coaches assess successes at midseason After all of the high school’s group speech teams earned Division I ratings and the large group of Meghan Kern, Heather Wolf, Alexa Balong, Clare Rolinger and Anna Hertz earned an All State on Feb. 4 at the state competition at Dubuque Senior High, coaches Margaret McCawley, Gabriella Holtzman and Chris Apling reflect and prepare for the upcoming individual speech season. “I am so incredibly proud of all of the groups I had the pleasure to coach this year,” Holtzman said. “I was able to work with the three musical theatre groups we had compete. There was so much talent and effort that they put into every practice and at district and state competitions. One of the musical theater groups — “Next to Normal” with Abbie Lund, Joel Ochoa, Sam Schillinger and Sylvia Brown — even attained three I ratings at State, which is one of the highest accomplishments any group can ask for in such a competitive category. Also, the groups finished at State two weeks ago and our group mime was nominated for non-performing All State, which is an incredible honor.” In speech team, the groups can get either a I, II, III or IV as a rating. The I rating is the best possible rating or “superior” and the IV means disqualified. Cedar Falls had groups compete in group mime, improvisation, musical theatre, short film, ensemble acting and readers theatre.

Besides the honors like All State, Holtzman said, “It’s so much fun to coach. You get to see the kids start an idea and build upon it throughout the season until it’s at it’s final performance where all of the thoughts are knitted together in a big masterpiece that they really orchestrate themselves.” She comes with an extensive background of enjoying high school speech. “Prior to being a coach, I was involved in speech team all four years of high school in multiple categories, so I really got to experience the atmosphere and what speech is all about in Iowa,” she said. “Some people even judge the competitions before they start coaching to better understand how everything works behind the scenes. This is what I intend on doing next year.” Unlike Holtzman, one of the team members in speech, Schillinger, said he came in this year with little experience. “I decided to go out for speech because I thought it would be a great experience,” he said. “I didn’t really have much experience performing, but I wanted to give it a try since I get a huge rush from performing, and I love doing it. I was not that confident heading into the season, but my confidence grew along with my appreciation and love for speech. With State ... State was a crazy atmosphere. There was a plethora of talent there. I am so proud of how our team performed. We received superior 1’s across the board. It was

a great day.” Schillinger’s teammate, Lund, shared similar opinions. “I did speech from my sophomore year to senior year, and it has been one of my absolute favorite things about high school. I went out for speech because I had always wanted to try acting, and all the people in speech are so sweet. I’ve made some really great friends through speech. Everyone is accepting of each other, and mistakes are expected. I for one had no experience in acting, but despite that, everyone still took me seriously and tried their hardest to make me into one. I also really love performing and singing for people, so it’s altogether a fun experience.” To obtain the confidence to go with natural talents, Schillinger attributed the team’s success to the talented, dedicated coaches. “Honestly they did a great job for their first year,” he said. “They really gave a lot of good feedback, both positive and negative for our group. I appreciate the time they put in to help us improve.” Again, Lund backed up Schillinger’s views. “Through my experience in speech, I’ve had a different coach every year, but all of them I have loved,” she said. “Mrs. McCawley is just the sweetest person ever, and I’ve loved having her. She’s so funny, yet a very good coach with great insight. Mr. Apling is a very energetic coach with so many ideas, and I liked

Staff, students react to limited curriculum featuring works, accomplishments of black Americans Last year the Oscars faced a wide round of criticism over the lack of representation from black artists, and with Black History month, some district staff and students are viewing the current curricular options in Cedar Falls through the same lens. “I think these voices are essential to have in a classroom. If I don’t have books that show different cultural experiences, I feel like I am selling my students short. Reading is one of the primary ways students understand the world, and to ignore voices is to silence them,” Peet ninth grade English teacher Nate Norby said. While Norby said he wished that the curriculum included more material written by or featuring African-American voices, he noted he does teach some work written by black authors. “This is my first year at Peet, but I plan to use some of [Langston] Hughes’ poetry,” he said,“and I

have taught Maya Angelou in the past and will include some of her poetry.” Since there isn’t enough literature taught in the curriculum written by or featuring a strong black character, Norby offered a few examples students may enjoy reading. “Kwama Alexander is a black author who focuses on sports. I have had multiple students who have read ‘Crossover’ and his other book ‘Booked,’” Norby said. “‘All American Boys’ is is cowritten by a black and a white author and alternates between the experiences of a black teenager and a white teenager. It won the Coretta Scott King award.” Along with his book recommendations, Norby offered his opinion on Black History Month. “I don’t like that there is only an emphasis in February on black voices because they are important all year long. I understand that it is Black History Month, but I help

students find good books any time of the year,” Norby said. Peet freshman Kacia Brown agreed with Norby and said that this is a topic that needs to not only to be discussed more in English, but also other classes throughout her day. “It hasn’t been addressed in any of my classes at all, and I think that it should be addressed in history and even English to talk about reading more books by African American authors,” Brown said. “It affects me because that’s my roots, and it’s fun to learn about some of the great people that made things happen for us.” Brown said that if she was a teacher, she would like to cut out a couple of days or even a week in her schedule to really focus on what Black History Month means. She would talk about people like Martin Luther King, Jr. and Rosa Parks. By Staff Writer Alayna


having him as well. Gabbie is a very experienced actor and made All State individual in high school. She has so many creative and fun ideas, plus she is just an amazing person and the light of my life, so I’ve loved having her as a coach. All of them are very nice and accepting and willing to work with you, and that’s all you can ask for in a coach.” But one thing she really appreciated was that this year’s coaches also knew when to allow the team members to independently step into their roles. “In speech, we have a lot of freedom and responsibility in what our performance will look like. The coaches put us in charge of picking our own performances and setting up our own practice times. That can be helpful.” Holtzman said, “My favorite part about coaching is working with kids who are so willing and eager to receive criticism and critiques. Sometimes it’s hard to give and take advice from someone not much older than you, but they really respected my opinion as a coach and used the ideas thrown at them to create a better performance and to focus on the details. This activity definitely helps young people to break out of their shell and utilize their creative sides. I would highly recommend that everyone do speech team because you will not regret it,” she said. “Especially if you’re on the fence, considering joining. There aren’t a lot of

activities that are so diverse and focused on performing and public speaking that don’t involve a huge and terrifying audience, so helping young people to become comfortable about being themselves and talking in front of groups is one of the most important lessons that anyone can be taught.” Schillinger also sees the skills he’s learned following into his future. “I hope to maybe find some speech opportunities after college to participate in. I really enjoy musical theater, with singing and acting. Who knows? Maybe I will try other categories of speech when I am older. Either way, I am glad I got to experience it this year with some amazing people.” Lund remorsefully will not be able to fit speech into a future college option, but said, “It was so much fun, and it’s sad to think about how I won’t be able to participate in it next year. “If you are thinking about maybe trying speech, my advice to you is that you definitely should. You meet great friends, and it’s an awesome experience — even if you’ve never tried acting. I’ve loved my three years of speech season, so you should definitely give it a try.” The speech team will be in action next at the district competition for individual speech on Feb. 28 in Ackley at AGWSR high school. By Staff Writer Claire


Holmes student council raises $700 by delivering wooden flowers For the past week, students at Holmes have been preparing for Valentine’s Day in the form of wooden rose sales. Students could buy a rose for $3 each, $5 for a half dozen and $10 for a dozen. A wide variety of colors were offered, inKatie Mauss Photo cluding red, pink, blue and yellow. On the Math teacher Stacey Yoder refinal day of sales, the ceives a bouquet of roses from student council tallied her students during the student a grand total of over council Valentine’s Day event on $700. “I think sales Feb. 14 at Holmes Junior High. could’ve gone better, year. Last year, a water bottle but we did pretty good,” Vice filler was donated to the school President Lauren Sulentic said. from the student council. This money goes toward On Valentine’s Day, stufunding dances, council-funddents were given their roses ed school improvements and during seventh hour. Each rose the annual “end of year gift.” came with a piece of chocolate Each year, the student to wrap up Valentine’s Day. council provides a gift to the school in the form of improveBy Staff Writer Kate ments or something the students have wanted during the MAUSS




Our View

Tana Gam-Ad Graphic

Aim for balance between life-simplifying gadget and ample time to simply live free of gadgets At the turn of the 20th century, the evolution of technology has been one the fastest ones to date. Technological advances such as electricity, flight and the gasoline engine found expression in modes of transportation and communication. Since then, the evolution of technology in daily and social life has led to the fact that the modernization of information and communication has become the driving force of social evolution. What used to take hours and various gadgets to do can now be accomplished by the tiny little boxes of plastic and metal most people usually keep on their person at all times. The streamlining of technology has definitely helped in many ways, allowing us to do things faster and in the most efficient way possible. With a booming population and increase of work to do, who wouldn’t appreciate the small screens that help us run our lives. Many argue, however, that the influence of our phones and other types of digital technology is becoming too great. Are these revolutionary items a distraction? Or are they just proficient? We think that they are very definitely both. So go ahead, keep your phone on you and feel free to freak when you’ve lost it or every time you drop it. It makes life simpler after all; it and other digital appliances allow for communication, information and for you to get your stuff done. Just remember to take your eyes off those bright screens once in a while and enjoy the actual world around you.

Contact Us The Tiger Hi-Line is a weekly publication of the journalism classes at Cedar Falls High School, 1015 Division Street, Cedar Falls, Iowa 50613. Our website is The Hi-Line is distributed to CFHS students on Fridays to read during their third period classes. Columns and letters do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Hi-Line staff or Cedar Falls Schools. The Hi-Line editorial is presented weekly in the editorial labeled Our View, and it is the view of the majority of the editors listed below. Reader opinions on any topic are welcome and should be sent to The Tiger Hi-Line staff or delivered to room 208. All letters must be signed. Letters must be submitted by 3 p.m. on Monday for publication in the following Friday edition. Letters may not exceed 300 words and may be edited to meet space limitations. Writers should include their contact information for verification. Editor-in-Chief: Tana Gam-Ad Opinion Editor: Brennan Kohls Staff: Macen Adams, Beau Anderson, Jibreel Bailey, Lily Becker, Ben Boezinger, Cassidy Christopher, Noah Dexter, Vipsa Dodiya, Alexis Dowden, Noah Forker, Halie Frahm, Kyandra Gillum, Emma Graening, Ethan Gunnuscio, Cody Hood, Jubilee Joyce, Yoon Ki, Jackson Kliewer, Mercede Kraabel, Olivia Kress, Elise Leasure, Sabine Martin, Luke Mattingly, Kate Mauss, Casey McIntyre, MacKenzie Michael, Kate Middleton, Jack Moody, Andrew Nickey, Albie Nicol, Kaylee Olson, Maddie Palmersheim, Jade Pham, Skylar Promer, Claire Rolinger, Claire Sabino, Kim Salmon, Sohia Schillinger, Lillian Schmid, Mallorie Sckerl, Sydney See, Lexi Sheeley, Emmey Sherbon, Colin Shultz, Lilah Skaar, Sam Spratt, Mia Stark, Brayden Stotser, Alex Templeton, Tehya Tournier, Matthew Walsh, Haley Williams, Alayna Yates



Friday, Feb. 17, 2017

Arts deserve public funding

As President Donald Trump prepares to make dramatic cuts to programs across the nation, his new “blueprint for balance” includes plans on cutting back funding for programs such as The Corporation for Public Broadcasting, the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and The National Endowment for the Arts (NEA). The NEA has already experienced dramatic budget cuts since 2010, dropping $21.5 million (14 percent) to $146 million in 2015. These programs only take up a little over .002 percent of government spending per year, and they bring in more than $704 billion into the U.S. economy. In total, the administration plans on cutting spending to these programs by $10.5 trillion in the next decade. These programs being cut would be a huge loss to the American culture, along with job opportunities. While the funding may go to other “priorities,” Trump fails to realize how impor-

tant these art programs are to America’s culture, and most importantly, America’s future. Cutting down these funds would lessen scholarships, museum funds and arts programs at schools and institutes. These areas already take up very little of government funding, most of it is through donation. Cutting funds would put these programs on the back burner and could ultimately shut them down. Art is such a huge part of American culture. It is a way of expression, an outlet for so many people. If you walk around any town or city, it seems like you can turn your head in any direction and see a mural on the side of a building or a sculpture in the middle of the park. There is a very high chance that those artists were funded by the NEA, and without it, they would not exist. Art teacher Lisa Klenske said she is worried about these budget cuts. “The idea of the people of this country and students in our schools not having access to

the arts is very disturbing to me. The arts add quality to all of our lives. They not only embody our culture. The arts help to define it,” she said. More than 4.74 million people were employed in arts and culture economy in 2013 according to a BEA study. Since these jobs are funded by the government and other donations, it is hard to say if these workers will be impacted by these cuts, but it will definitely put a strain on the art community. As we grow older and career choices seem to be following us around like a shadow on a sunny day, it is our choice to decide if these programs are worth the funding. Go to protests, visit museums, call your senators. Think about all the ways that art has impacted your life. In movies, books and more, art is impacting us from every aspect. It is our choice to determine America’s future, so stand up for what you think is right. By Staff Writer Rachel

“Riots are self defeating and socially destructive.” This quote from Martin Luther King, Jr. perfectly and precisely articulates the problem with holding riots in the name of what you are supporting: you defeat yourself before the opposing team even has a chance. Recently, the University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley) has been the victim of a mass riot hosted in the attempt of stopping a person with a different set of beliefs from speaking there. Milo Yiannopoulos is a journalist from the far-right wing website Breitbart News who gives lectures at colleges around America usually centered around his anti-feminist message, as well as extreme conservative ideas, which (as you can imagine) is not always handled the best by many college students. There have usually been peaceful protests at his rallies of students not wanting his views to be given a podium, but this recent protest at Berkeley was anything but peaceful. The night Yiannopoulos was supposed to give a lecture at Berkeley, chaos struck as the peaceful demonstration melted into chaos. Windows of the school were smashed, a large fire was set, a light pole was pushed over and Yiannopoulos supporters were harassed. A video surfaced of a woman wearing a Make America Great Again hat partaking in an interview at the riot done by a local news team, and after finishing, she

was then pepper sprayed by one of the rioters. There were even some pictures of people being beaten with poles as the demonstration continued to get more and more out of hand. The planned lecture was cancelled, and soon after the riot began, Yiannopoulos got to his nearby hotel safely, with the help of his guards. Soon after the riot took place, he was able to broadcast himself over Fox News, giving him a much broader audience than he would have ever gotten at the college. The entire demonstration was a failure, as the rioters simply gave him and the rest of the right wing exactly what they wanted: something to demonize the left with. “The hard left,” Yiannopoulos remarked in a video he made after entering his hotel, “which has become so utterly antithetical to free speech in the last few years, has taken a turn post-Trump’s election where they simply will not allow any speaker on campus.” The horrible behavior and horrific actions taken have created the perfect view through which anyone who opposes the left wing could use as a way to generalize and distort all of them into freedom-of-speechhating, violent people. Even if this did not give others the opportunity to deceive the public’s views of certain political ideas, though, it would have still been a ridiculous thing to partake in, as no

good could ever come out from them stopping Yiannopoulos. His opinions have a right to be heard, even if one does not enjoy them. All opinions need to be allowed to be spoken, and if you support anything less than that then you cannot say truthfully that you are for freedom of speech. When a left wing person shares ideas at a university, then a right wing person can do the same thing. Competing ideas need to be shared so we can all become more enlightened on what path we should take. I am not saying that criticizing people for what they say is a bad thing. I am not saying that at all, but first you need to listen. Listen to the opinions, listen to the facts, and then weigh them against other ideas. If you determine the opinions are not what will benefit society, then criticizing them is the only reasonable option as a way to demonstrate against the flawed views, but you have to listen to them first. You cannot block them, for when you block them, all you are doing is blocking yourself from a further grounded understanding of society. It can get aggravating. It can get tough, but the knowledge you will gain from multiple perspectives is worth much more than any benefits you could possibly get from censorship. By Staff Writer Jackson


Berkeley riot misrepresents legitimate voices from left





Friday, Feb. 17, 2017

Logan Cole Photo

“Being able to come together and take this picture is very meaningful to me and every other [CFHS] African American. I had fun doing it, and it shows me that we can have fun doing things that are serious as we get the message across.”

—Senior DeAndre Terry

—Senior Aurion Redding

Traffic cameras increase driver accountability, safety Two pieces of legislation are making their way through the Iowa Senate at the moment. One would ban trafficenforcement cameras in the state of Iowa, and one would regulate them more carefully and ensure that the funding went only towards building new roads. The measures are proposed in an attempt to prevent cities from installing traffic cameras as an attempt to raise funds for the town. Ultimately, the regulation bill is the way to go over banning traffic cameras. Traffic cameras are a stream of revenue for a city, without a doubt. They are a constant eye in one area of a city, and they are foolproof in catching those who speed, but while they raise money for a city, they also save lives. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration reported that speed cameras reduced injury crashes by


Ninth grade too early for life decisions

What does Black History Month mean to you?

“To me Black History Month is about getting in touch with my roots and learning more about the past, things that have strengthened us and brought us to where we are today. I am very proud of my fellow African American friends for making this picture happen.”


20-25 percent. Traffic cameras aren’t just there as a cash grab; they’re there to attempt to keep people within the law and within a safe driving speed. The regulatory bill would ensure that traffic cameras are being used correctly. Under the proposed bill, the Iowa DOT would need to approve any locations of a traffic regulatory camera in the state, ensuring that they go in areas which need safe drivers. In addition, the money raised from the cameras will only be able to go toward roads, rather than straight into the city’s budget. This bill, as it relates to the abuse of traffic camera funding, is the way to go. It ensures that there is no abuse of traffic enforcement camera funds while still allowing cities to install them to keep their drivers safe. By Staff Writer Noah


It’s the second semester of the school year, and it’s that time again for students to start planning their short-term and long-term futures. Based on my own experience, many students start to feel stress and anxiety around this time. Planning and scheduling the right classes can be stressful for many reasons. Teachers will say, “If you want to go into the science field, make sure you take this class, this class and this class,” though, how are students at the junior high level supposed to know what they actually want to be when they are older? One reason scheduling can be stressful is because student don’t know what they want. We start asking children what they want to be when they are older at about the age of three or four. Sure, some people just use that as a conversation piece, but still. How are small children expected to know what they want to be? Children haven’t even experienced things yet. Most average people don’t find their calling until they’re

in their 30s or 40s. Also, most people change career paths a few times before finding the right fit, so why should teenagers know what they want to do if an adult doesn’t? Students might also feel pressured about their futures because of other people. Families might expect their kids to go to a very prestigious college and get a high paying job or follow in their family members’ footsteps or even go into their families’ businesses. This is a reason that people decide to change careers later in life. Some students might feel discouraged because their favorite things are music and art, but they hear things like, “There is no money in that” or “You’re wasting your time.” This could cause students to go into something that they aren’t interested in and they don’t enjoy. Another reason students might feel stressed is because they feel like have to choose a career based on their favorite or best courses. Going into a job just because you’re good at it doesn’t mean you will like

it forever. Natalie Huffman, a freshmen at Peet Junior High, said, “I feel like it really really kind of goes to people’s heads that they have to know what they want to do right away and they don’t look at as one big picture. Your school days are important, but school is such a small part of life, and there’s so much more of your life to be thinking about.” She puts it perfectly. You don’t need to worry about right now. You are still young and learning new things, so don’t feel pressure to know exactly what you want to do at such an early age. Huffman added, “You don’t need to know what college you’re going to or what you plan on doing because I definitely don’t. It’s good to have a few ideas in mind, but don’t stress it.” And if you’re really unsure about things, you can always talk to teachers or counselors about it, and they can help.

Marijuana, dope, weed, pot, jazz cabbage, the Devil’s lettuce, bud or whatever you might call it should be legalized within all states. Why? It’s healthier than half the things already legalized. Alcohol can be obtained at a certain age, yet it’s worse for our health than weed. Within five minutes of binge drinking, you can die from alcohol poisoning. Alcohol is also a depressant, whereas you can’t overdose on weed, and it gives a euphoric feeling. Weed can slow down development in the brain, but alcohol does the same while it begins to hurt your liver. Many teenagers have started drinking as it is, and it’s unhealthier than pot. Teenagers smoke cigarettes, which are literally cancer sticks. They damage the insides of our bodies along with aging users prematurally, where-

as weed doesn’t do any of that. The high given off while the THC enters your bloodstream can slow things down, but you still have full control of your actions. If enough alcohol is consumed, people tend to black out or blantaly make fools out of themselves. People who are high laugh at everything while experiencing inner personal thoughts of a different dimension. Weed can help artists create masterpieces, and it can help writers write amazing pieces. Their imaginations run wild, and the most creative ideas they could ever dream about are shown to them while high. People bond while high. While high, everything is calming. It’s easier to talk to people, and it allows people to speak freely. It also helps people with depression. The use of pot

helps pull someone out a depressed state due to the euphoric feeling it gives off. Alcohol or cigarettes don’t do nothing to affect our moods, but weed makes people happy to say the least. You gain a better sense of the world, and the world doesn’t seem like such a shitshow when you’re high. It’s easier to fall asleep and have a good night’s sleep. People with insomnia sleep better with the help of weed. Weed isn’t a hallucinante. I understand why shrooms or acid is illegal, but weed doesn’t cause you to see weird things. Weed just makes everything around you seem calm. Overall, weed is healthier than cigarettes and alcohol, yet marijuana isn’t legalized. You can die from cigarettes or drink yourself to death. You can’t with marijuana. By Staff Writer Lexi

By Staff Writer Mia


Weed less dangerous than other legalized substances


6 To preserve hunting and fishing, federal government The



Friday, Feb. 17, 2017


must keep control of public land in western states NateTrajillo TrajilloPhoto Photo Nate

9.14 million

Americans that use public land for hunting.

$22.9 billion The amount of money spent on hunting equipment in 2015.

640 million acres How much land is owned by the Federal government in the West.

Dylan Heide Photo

Dylan Heide Photo




OPINION HI-LINE Transfer of public lands to states bad for sportsmen Friday, Feb. 17, 2017

There are few things the federal government is good for these days, and even then, it’s usually filled with wasteful spending and bureaucracy. Most of the time, when the government takes over and manages something, we, the taxpayers, end up footing a rather large bill for something that we either didn’t need or want, or the Feds mess it all up. But one thing the Feds do actually need to manage and maintain are the public lands in the West. The federal government owns nearly 640 million acres of public land, most of that in the West, on which hunters and outdoorsmen can use these lands for hunting, fishing, hiking and just about anything else. According to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, nearly 72 percent of hunters use public lands for their activities. In 2015, there were roughly 12.7 million Americans over the age of 16 hunting, so that puts 9.14 million people using the public lands for hunting.

see the property mismanaged and eventually sold to energy companies. Recently in the GOP-controlled Congress, a bill was put forth to make the transfer of federally managed and funded lands in the West back to the states easier to do. In the past six months within state and federal legislatures, there have been several bills that all died attempting to seize public land from the U.S. government. Rep. Jason Chaffetz (RUtah) withdrew his bill, H.R. 621 that would’ve sold more than 3 million acres of land in 10 different western states. It was a small win for the hunters and outdoorsman who use the lands of the West. Late last January, Chaffetz also reintroduced another bill that would strip the Bureau of Land Management and Forest Service of their law enforcement duties. This bill has just been referred to the Subcommittee of Conservation and Forestry as of Feb. 13, and it will be awhile before, if it even does, hit Nate Trajillo Photo

prominent than the advantages. There is so much land owned and funded by the feds that the states would not be able to manage it properly. Out West, a lot of that land is primarily a plains and prairie biome, meaning much more maintenance than your front lawn. Every year, a prairie must be burned so that the next year the grass can start over and grow again. With any type of burning, and especially a prairie burn, there are a lot of safety pre-

have been state lands, we would have spent another $45 million – in one summer. That’s a significant amount.” Let’s not forget all the other things to manage on the land. In Wyoming, Nevada and various other states, wild horses are becoming an ongoing management crisis for the Bureau of Land Management. They are over-grazing land where ranchers take their cattle to graze. In an effort to control of the horses, the BLM rounds

“The lands of the West are under attack, and outdoorsmen need to stand tall against the transferring of the land back to the states.” cautions and various steps that go into it. It isn’t just a one time thing managing the prairie. It’s a 24/7, around the clock thing that costs quite a bit of money. Going along with these controlled burns, you have raging wildfires like none other. The bills for fighting

them up and keeps them in pens, which is highly expensive. This expense would be transferred to the states’ residents who would ultimately foot the bill. In 2016, the BLM’s budget was increased to $1.2 billion, quite a bit of that goes to the management of wild mus-

Nate Trajillo Photo

The West is known for its “big game,” such as these Wyoming mule deer. In fiscal year 2014, mule deer tags brought in $7.43 million in Wyoming. Hunters spent roughly $22.9 billion on annual hunting expenditures and created just about 1 million jobs in the hunting industry. All of this money is going into the local economies of the states. Unfortunately, there are those in public office who would like to return these lands to the states, which has its advantages as well, but would more than likely

the floor. Returning public land to the states does have advantages. The states would have more control and could open up the land to energy companies, which could create jobs through the companies that want to refine oil, put up windmills and extract natural gas. This would also increase tax revenue to these states. However, the disadvantages to this are much more

these fires are usually paid for by the federal government. Fighting and managing a wildfire is a very expensive process that requires quite a bit of money, money that these states have already said they don’t have. Wyoming Gov. Matt Mead even said, “I reflect back to 2012. We spent as a state $45 million fighting fires. … If the federal lands that had fires on them would

from hunters and the rest from fisherman. Hunting and fishing account for so much economic revenue in Wyoming that a loss of public land for hunting and fishing would be devastating to their economy. Of course, even past statistics of money, we need to preserve this land. The public land in the West is just about as “wild” as you can find in the country anymore. Millions of people from all around the world travel to the American West to get the sense of wilderness and adventure it still holds. By transferring the lands to the states, all this recreation would be put aside for windmills, and the harvesting of oil and natural gas. The lands of the West are under attack, and outdoorsmen need to stand tall against the transferring of the land back to the states. Hunters provide billions of dollars every year to the states and their local economies, and if the land were to be transferred, everyone except energy producers can Dylan Heide Photo

Outdoorsmen find sanctuary in the rolling hills of Wyoming.

tangs. If the feds transferred the land to the states, state taxes would increase heavily or the land would be sold to independent energy companies. More than likely, it’d be the latter. The public lands in the West already bring in plenty of revenue to their respective states. In one county alone in Wyoming, Albany County, $25.3 million was raised, and $11 million came

say goodbye to what they once were. Even though the federal government isn’t good for much except taking your money every week and wasting it on useless things, they are the only ones equipped and funded for managing the public land in the West. By Opinion Editor Brennan







Friday, Feb. 17, 2017

Sending a Message

Take these steps to contact elected officials Have you ever felt so strongly about a topic that you wanted to make a change? Well, while none of us are in political positions of power, we have the right and opportunity to contact our representatives and tell them about our concerns. No matter what side of the issue you’re on, it only takes about two minutes to get through to your representative or senator in the Iowa legislature. Whether you like a file in the senate or disagree with a bill that has been passed to the house, you can make your voice as a concerned constituent heard. First of all, you need to know who your senator is. At the state level, we have

Chuck Grassley and Joni Ernst as our senators and Rod Blum as our representative. These are the people you should contact if you have a problem with something going on in Washington, D.C. For example, if you have an opinion on the confirmation of one of Trump’s cabinet nominees, these are the people you would call to persuade them to vote no or yes when it comes time for confirmation of a cabinet member.

At, you can find Grassley’s Des Moines

office address, his D.C. office address and addresses of his regional offices here in Iowa, if you wish to send a letter. All of his offices also have a phone number, so you can call any of those to make your voice heard. As for Ernst, you can find her office locations at if you’d like to send a letter. To reach her by phone, you can call any of those offices as well to leave a message. For both senators, you will probably end up reaching a representative, as they often spend most of their time in D.C. And when they’re not in D.C., they’re traveling to town halls and meeting with constituents. So who do you call to change things on the state level? Well, that’s when it’s time to find your senator and your representative. This is determined by what county you live in. At find, you can find your senator, and then also your representatives. These are the

people you would call if you have a problem or you support something that is happening and only affecting the state. Once you find your legislators, you can click on their name, and it will take you to a page where you can see ways to contact them. You can email, call, write a letter

or fax.

So, what if you don’t know anything about issues going on at the state level, but you want to? You can go to legis.iowa. gov/chambers and see the agenda for both the house and senate, listen or watch either chamber, and also look up files. Then, once you find a file you’re passionate about, you can call your representatives. Don’t worry if you don’t know what to say. I’ve written up some example scripts for you. Whether you oppose or support an issue, it’s important you share your thoughts with your reps.

Example Script #1: Opposing a file

Hello, may I speak to Sen./Rep. ______? Hi, my name is ________, and I’m a

concerned constituent calling from (Cedar Falls/Waterloo/Waverly). I wanted to call and urge you to oppose (Senate/House File #). This file would affect the lives of those around me, and I am concerned about how it will negatively affect my community. Thank you so much for your time, I hope you vote no.

Example Script #2: Supporting a file

Hello, may I speak to Sen./Rep. ______? Hi, my name is ________, and I’m a constituent calling from (Cedar Falls/Waterloo/ Waverly). I wanted to call and urge you to support (Senate/House File #). This file would greatly assist the people around me, and I feel it is a good opportunity for the state of Iowa. Thank you so much for your time, I hope you vote yes. So what are you waiting for? There’s no better day than today. Call your legislators and make your voice heard. It may seem so frivolous, but calls do make a difference. Please call and add your voice to the system. By Staff Writer Albie


by Staff Writer Elise


‘America First’ has precendents in isolationism If you asked President Donald Trump if he was an isolationist, you would almost certainly hear a defensive “No!” Trump is a president who has continually emphasised his desire to put “America first,” a belief rooted on restoring American prosperity instead of becoming involved in foreign interests due to the worry of foreign interest superseding and domestic interest. Trump’s policy seemingly includes typical isolationism philosophies, including opposition to alliances and free trade. His recent executive order on the ban of immigration and travel from seven Middle Eastern countries has renewed the fear that Trump’s policies will slowly cut the United States off from the rest of the world. It has become a rising concern that America’s global

business ties will be severed as Trump proposed a 20 percent tariff on Mexico, and he has a track record for opposition to trade deals such as NAFTA, a 1994 trade accord that abolished tariffs between Canada, Mexico and the United States. While these propositions have good intentions to “put America first” (a similar slogan used by isolationists following World War I) and protect American workers, 6 million jobs in the United States depend on trade relations with Mexico alone, and many fear that tariffs and immigration restrictions would only further the existing tensions with other nations and further cut the United States off from it’s position in the global economy. Free trade policies have allowed the US to rise to become

the dominating nation in the global economy. High tariffs increased the price of imported goods, causing domestic manufacturers to charge higher prices. Isolationism in America is nothing new, and can be traced as far back as 1776, and it has come and gone in favor, as in it’s fast rise to prominence in the 1920s. Trump’s propositions do have potential for success, but many argue that the isolationism and tariffs will destroy the international markets. For Trump’s trade and foreign policies to truly meet their intentions and achieve the desired success America needs, a comprehensive glance at how similar policies in the past have worked needs to be examined.






Friday, Feb. 17, 2017

Senior continues winning battle against sensory disorder Senior Cole Voelker was diagnosed with sensory integration disorder at birth, a disorder in which the brain struggles with responding to information from the senses. Though time has assisted in Voelker’s overcoming of large aspects to his disorder, small issues continue to persist. At a young age, Voelker was not able to develop at the same pace as other kids his age. Functions that seem natural for many, came difficult for Voelker. “As a kid I was did not speak, run, eat or make facial expressions very well. I had to go to a doctor to help me figure out how to do these basic things for four years,” Voelker said. Not only did Voelker’s disorder have major impact on daily functions, interaction with other kids became an everyday battle on the playground. “I didn’t have the best coordination at the time, so I was often made fun of. I dreaded kickball and feared being chosen to be ‘it’ in tag because I could never catch anybody. My body was

“Although I still react slowly to things and have my preferences to how certain things should function, I am just as normal has anyone else on earth.” —Senior Cole Voelker

slow to react to everything happening around me.” Voelker’s inability to be quickly responsive affected his social life from a young age, making it highly difficult to make friends. “Since I was slow to react to what other kids were trying to say to me, I was quickly deemed as shy and weird. Back then I had a hard time socializing with my friends. It was so nerve wracking for me to just ask a simple question to one of my friends like, ‘Can I play?’ or, ‘Do you want to come over after school?’’’ Voelker said. In addition, in the struggle to develop relationships, Voelker was advised

to avoid physical activities and participation in sports a young age. “When I was in training to get my senses on track, my doctor told me I would never be able to play sports. If you knew me well in middle school, you would know that my life revolved around sports, and I did really well in all of them as well. My parents ignored this comment by our doctor. They believed I could get past the dysfunction.” Today, Voelker works to improve many of the setbacks he and his family prepared for, and he overcomes the everyday complications he continues to battle. “Today, sports is something I defi-

nitely have improved on and can compete really well in games like basketball, football, soccer and baseball. However, socially I have had to work harder than anything else because being social is not something you learn overnight. Talking with new and unfamiliar people is still very awkward for me. I cope with this by talking with my friends and family and learning through their interactions with new people.” Despite the problems Voelker’s disorder has put and continues to put in his way, Voelker strives for self-improvement and has learned to accept this small aspect of him. “Overall, all it did was slow down who I was to become. Today I am somewhat athletic and can able to socialize well with my friends and family. Although I still react slowly to things and have my preferences to how certain things should function, I am just as normal has anyone else on earth.” By Staff Writer Madison


Sabine Martin Photos

New bakery to open on Hill New signs on College Hill are evidence of a storefront bakery that will be coming to the Cedar Valley in just a few weeks. Milkbox Bakery is a local business with all baked goods made from scratch. The main baker and owner, Andrea Geary, first got interested in food as a student at the University of Iowa. “When I was an undergrad at the University of Iowa, I was very interested in the idea of self-sufficiency, and I began among other things to grow my own food and cooking things from scratch, which baking came along with,” Geary said. Her speciality in baking began in a pastry shop in Illinois, where she worked for one year and learned how to run a business and master the art of baking. Geary’s first business in Illinois started from an at-home baking side project but then couldn’t be maintained because of the high demand of orders and requests. “Friends and co-workers would always ask me for an extra loaf of bread or whatever I had given them the week before as a gift, where it had kind of grown to the point where I realized I had to turn it into a business or I would start losing money,” she said. So, then Geary opened her own bakery in Illinois in 2003 and operated it until she had her two daughters. Later she and her family moved to

Cedar Falls. In April 2016, she started Milkbox Bakery also as an at-home business in Cedar Falls. Again, as her subscription list grew, it was hard to not expand into the upcoming College Hill storefront location. Milkbox Bakery’s goods are made from scratch with locally sourced ingredients. “I think the fact that I incorporate high-quality, local ingredients and produce everything from scratch is my specialty, and it is really uncommon to find bakeries like that,” Geary said. “Decades ago it used to be the norm, but it does not happen very often now, so I always think of that as my specialty,” she said. Geary’s baked specialities include chocolate brioche, croissants, enormous cinnamon rolls, fruit danishes, sour dough bread, flatbread and cakes. “The first thing I think people will experience when they walk into Milkbox Bakery is the smell. When you walk into a bakery where the food is made from scratch, the smell is overwhelming, and it is something that I think a lot of people haven’t experienced potentially,” Geary said. “I hope when people come to Milkbox they will feel warm and welcomed with the essence of community. I want it to be a place where neighbors and friends will gather.” By Staff Writer Sabine


Pops Music

Logan Cole Photo

Senior Angelle Waltz and the orchestra performed their annual pops concert on Thursday, Feb. 9. The next CFHS musical group to offer a pops concert will be the band on March 6 at 7:30 p.m. in the high school gym.

10 Twitter user’s posts show broader view of Iran The


After the Muslim ban on Jan. 28, Iran, one of the seven countries placed under the banning, retaliated and said it will ban all U.S. citizens from entering the country in response to President Trump's executive order. Jim Cannon, Twitter user, tweeted out, “Who wants to go to Iran?” with imagery of what was a false depiction of Iran. The image claimed to show Iran before and after democracy, the latter being chained up Iranians in long black clothing. It was Soroush Khodaei’s response that was truly incredible. The thread of messages garnered more than 200,000 likes and 100,000 retweets. Soroush sought to prove that Iranians were just normal people with “normal lives” and “not some stereotyped picture you found on Google images that you can use to further your own racist agenda.” “We make art[,] we go to museums[,] we listen to music [and] we go one dates. We’re living, breathing beings with actual lives. Crazy huh?” one of his tweets read. Why did you write the tweets? Answer: I had been wanting to talk about American ignorance toward the Middle East for a while, but I stopped myself every time because, frankly, the reality is that people don't really care. What immediately and ultimately pushed me to do it was an extremely ignorant tweet, the one I quoted in the first tweet in the thread. It was racist, yes, but what frustrated me was how inaccurate and stupid it was. It was a picture of a group of women covered head to toe and in chains, claiming to show women in Iran. It's clear that the picture wasn't taken in Iran, and the replies to the tweet perfectly showcased the gullible and naive nature of Americans. In all honesty, I wouldn't be so angry at Americans if they at least fact checked their racism before spouting it out. I was irritated. Frustrated. It was 7 a.m., I had been up for more than 20 hours, but I felt like I had to speak my mind. I quoted the tweet and let out my frustration and anger. The tweets didn't address the ban directly because, honestly, they had nothing to do with it. They were about ignorance and prejudice. I showed them pictures of Iran and defended the Iranian people's right to individuality, and Americans swarmed into my notifications with awe, guilt or hatred. "Iranians really look like this? I never knew!,” "So Iran isn't war torn? Who


Friday, Feb. 17, 2017

knew? lol,” "Where are the bombs? Are they chilling after planning a terrorist attack?," "If it's so nice there then why don't you move there and leave us alone." Do you feel the discrimination from personally? Answer: Even at a young age I noticed people's views on America, and I was aware of the American view of the Middle East. Today, people in Iran feel American ignorance through the sanctions that broke our economy and moved so many Iranians below the poverty line. Iranian people have many problems under the oppressive government, but being misunderstood and misrepresented through misleading news coverage and propaganda by the U.S. is a huge one for us. How do you feel about the discrimination that your friends face here in America? Answer: I've heard horrible stories from my brown Muslim and non-Muslim friends about the treatment they receive in America, and, honestly, the worst part is how immune they seem to be to all of it. I have a Pakistani friend in Dallas whose mom has been egged several times when walking home in her hijab. Being called a terrorist or told to go back to "Arabia" when you're from Iran in the U.S. is not a big deal to most of my Iranian friends because they put up with far worse things. It's upsetting really. What is quite amusing, though, is that Americans never seem to manage to be educated and racist at the same time. Confusing Sikhs and Muslims, thinking Islam, Isis and Arabia are countries. They assume that the Middle East is just one big desert and that we get around on camels. I could go on. According to my friends, it makes dealing with them a lot easier because they're as uneducated and misinformed about the world as they're racist. How do you feel about the ban that was recently placed? Answer: The ban? I think it was laughable at first. Not to Americans, of course, because all they're doing is keeping out the big scary browns, right? But really, America wants to keep out immigrants? Legal and illegal immigrants? It's only logical! It's for safety! I can't imagine what would happen if a certain group of illegal settlers just walked in, stole land and built settlements


on someone else's home. Who would do such a thing?! Oh wait. The ban was racist and extended calculated. It wasn't about safety. At all. Not that I think any country should've been banned, but just for the sake of making my point, why wasn't Saudi Arabia with us on that list? Because if I recall, most terrorist attacks that involve Middle Eastern people in America have some sort of connection to Saudi Arabia. If the intention was to keep out "terrorism," it's only logical for them to be banned with us, but yet, they're nowhere to be found on that list. I wonder if it has something to do with Saudi being the U.S. of the Middle East or how the two countries benefit from their business and political ties. My brother was actually personally affected by the ban. He and I both study a transfer program that allows us to transfer to the U.S. or Canada after two years. My brother, being older than me, finished first and after waiting MONTHS for his visa, traveling from Malaysia to Iran to Dubai, he finally got it on a Wednesday. He was happy and relieved. And what was announced on Thursday? The ban. He had his visa revoked five days later, and he's headed back to Iran to figure out how to apply to Canada in time. His time and energy were wasted when all he wanted to do was receive an education. There were many others like him. Students that were stopped while on their way to study at Harvard and Cornell, people deported on their way to see their loved ones and the baby that was detained while she had a heart surgery scheduled. Americans are cruel. This is not news. It’s not surprising, but it's crazy to what lengths they will go to justify racism and hatred, even against a baby. Yesterday, Cannon blocked me on Twitter because I criticized his take on the ban. He was against it actually. Was it because of the students? The people visiting their families? The baby in need of an urgent heart surgery? No, no and no. Cannon thought that the ban should be lifted because "Persian girls are hot." So there's some people like that out there too. These type of white men always act like everything exists for their consumption, always caring about something when it seems like they can benefit somehow. Is there anything else you’d like to let people know? Answer: Iranian people are amazing. Our country is rich with history and culture. It's a shame that we're captive un-

After Khodai’s first tweet, his stream of messages exploded with more than 200,000 likes and 100,000 retweets. The messages have also been screenshotted and put on other sites such as Instagram and Tumblr.




Friday, Feb. 17, 2017

der our oppressive regime. Iranian people make the most of the rights and freedom they have. We enjoy ourselves when they don't want us to. We make art when they don't want us to, and we prosper when they don't want us to. We're survivors, and we resist. We're misunderstood and misrepresented. And listen, I live in reality, so I know that things aren't just going to change overnight or that a string of tweets isn't going to enlighten a people who would believe it if you told them that people in the Middle East have wings and purple skin. A people who blindly grabbed their pitchforks and torches when Bush declared war on Iraq, a people who call Obama their "Woke bae president" after he won a Nobel Peace Prize and then went ahead and bombed seven countries. A people who loved Hillary, a war criminal who literally vowed to obliterate Iran and Iranians if she became president, as if we're not real, living, breathing beings with lives and families and dreams and aspirations, but hollow, stereotypical images that feed into a racist agenda, but I want to believe that people do want to be educated. That they want to learn and be better. The last thing I want to say is that we don't want pity. Iranian people don't want your performative guilt or your tears. I've gotten more "I'm sorry's” and "we don't all hate you’s” in the past two weeks to last me a lifetime. At least a 100 messages from people that care more about fixing their American image by saying "not ALL Americans" than to take a step back and look at themselves as people who enable their government, who believe propaganda, who don't care about Syria, about Iraq, about Afghanistan, about Iran. Instead of giving us hollow apologies, do something. Educate yourself and then your friends, parents, siblings and colleagues. Use the privilege you have for something good. Stop believing sourceless information and "news" fed to you by the American media. Stop stereotyping more than 70 million Iranian people because of an inaccurate picture you saw on Tumblr. Learn to filter out false information and propaganda. Learn to find the right sources to get your information from. Resistance isn't just creating hashtags and changing profile pictures. It's making sure you don't spread misinformation, making sure you don't misrepresent and misunderstand people, and finally, making sure you are aware. By Staff Writer Yoon


Khodai tweeted out what he believed would help to dispel some of the misperceptions of Iran with his own pictures of friends.








Friday, Feb. 17, 2017

Poetry by Students, for Students Acting

Acting is the easy part, What’s hard is what comes after. What’s hard is finding a new character, A new life in the next chapter. Actors get paid a lot of money, But I don’t get a dime, Day in and day out, I’m acting all the time.


She walked by. I waved. She walked by. I am invisible I know She can see meOr She is a magnet And I’m facing south (And Her, North).

Actors are known for their craft, But no one sees me ever, I’m lost in the background, Solitary and alone forever.

We just naturally repel, Why does she hate me?

Acting is playing a part, But I’m acting as myself, So send me off cuz I’m crazy, I need some help.

Eventually She

Acting is the easy part, Trust me, I’m an actor, I’m playing a role as I write, Did you consider this factor? Acting is all I can do, So, so long and goodnight, The real me is too gone already, The real me already lost the fight. Acting is the easy part, Until the role you play becomes you, Then you would’ve wished you stopped, And changed your point of view. Actors are what we call famous, Famous last words if I say, Here I am, alone and unknown, Until I live my last day. -Alexandria Bender (Freshman at Peet Junior High) “[My poems] would normally turn into something dark, and at least I think they have a clear meaning. They’re pretty general to people who don’t actually know me, so they can relate to more people than maybe I intended them to.”

I just asked her to STOP.

Just did. -Submitted by Anonymous Many people write about things that have happened to them or what they feel about something. Anonymous said, “I write about my depression, and it helps me to cope.”

Fane We only focus on the pain Love and pleasure is just a fane Without pain there is no gain Let me cry in my rain Let me focus on the pain Some people say forget the pain Live in bliss, stay sane God will put those to shame Who find beauty in pain Who let insanity keep them sane But what is pain without joy? Or joy without pain What is heaven without hell Hell without heaven If you want torture go to purgatory Where they have 9-11

March 7th 2016 is a day I’ll never forget. It was a normal day, All the way up to second period, Eastern Civ. with Mr. Stewart. His phone rang. My dad and stepmom were here to pick me up. ‘Well, that’s odd. I must of had a doctors appointment today.’ I didn’t. I went out to the truck. It’s rusty blue color looked like the sky. I smiled when I saw dad outside the truck waiting for me. He, however, was not smiling. My dad hugged me. “What’s wrong, dad?” “Your mother passed away in her sleep last night.” I knew that he wasn’t lying, but I didn’t want to believe him. She couldn’t pass so soon, could she? ........ A few days later was her funeral. I saw family I haven’t seen in years. Distant cousins and great aunts Even one of my mom’s workers was there. We sang some familiar hymns. Each note on the page stung me Like a thousand black wasps. I asked if later we could listen To Toby Keith’s “Cryin’ For Me.” Because she always told me She wanted that played at her funeral. I’ll never forget the tears I forced down my throat, As each strum of the guitar played on. ........ It’s funny. I had a dream about her last night. I knew she had died. I was crying loudly. But, just then, I heard a door open. I heard the familiar click of her power chair Moving closer to me. We didn’t say anything. I just stood there and hugged her. It’s almost as if I could actually feel it. Her warmth Her thin arms around my stomach My face in her neck, Her thick, greying brown hair tickling my cheek. I gave her as many kisses as I could. Then, the cruel, evil sound of my alarm went off. Waking me up from a dream Of something that’ll never happen again. That dream was the happiest I remember being since she passed. ........ Maybe Just maybe It’s better this way. She doesn’t have to deal With not being able to walk With workers never coming on time With constant pain and bed sores With the ever-present oxygen tanks And with me ignoring her calls. Like the time she called me On March 6th ... I never answered.

-Linzee Harriman (Senior)

From pain comes the greatest beauty From beauty the greatest pain So next time you scorn the pain Remember the greatest treasure comes from rain -Audra Dooley (Freshman at Peet Junior High)

By Staff Writer Mia





Friday, Feb. 17, 2017

Love Leaders Junior Leadership make caring connection to local home In a special project at the Cedar Falls Health Care Center on Sunday, Feb. 12, the members of junior leadership spent the afternoon making and sending Valentine’s Day messages with the residents. At top right and moving down clockwise are Molly Rygh, Andrew McVicker, Emily McVicker, science teacher Marcey Hand and Rygh again.

Rachel Schmid Photos








•JENS LEKMAN: Life Will See You Now •LAWRENCE ENGLISH: Cruel Optimism •RYAN ADAMS: Prisoner •PVT: New Spirit •AQUILO: Silhouette •DUTCH UNCLES: Big Balloon •STRAND OF OAKS: Hard Love •TINARIWEN Elwan






Makeup By Kaylee

with host Kaylee Olson Kaylee will lead you to a new look each week step by step with a variety of makeup techniques. This week’s news feature: Check out how some students use communication devices to interact in classrooms.

Find the video online at h t t p s : / / w w w. y o u t u b e . c o m / watch?v=ZcBlA80rBwo&t=1s


Demonic Declarations Have you ever wanted to sound like a demon from the ninth circle of hell or a howler monkey? No? Well, too bad. I am going to tell you how to do death metal vocals and not rip your throat apart. First of all, most extreme metal vocals come from two branches. The fry scream, which is higher in pitch, is used a lot in nu metal, metalcore and black metal. People like Travis Ryan of Cattle Decapitation can do a melodic high scream that uses this technique. However, the false chord method is one that I am going to be talking about. It is mainly used in death metal, grindcore and deathcore, and it is lower in pitch. Even though there is a method to do extreme vocals, it can still be damaging to your vocal chords, so if it starts to hurt, stop and wait to sing the next day. Also, if you have never sung before and want to start growling, start singing regularly for at least a month before hand.


Friday, Feb. 17, 2017

This way you can learn and utilize proper breathing technique, which is essential for growling. As a singer, you also need to learn how to breathe with your diaphragm. When you breathe, most of the time your chest expands and contracts, so you need to change that so while growling, your stomach is expanding and contracting when you breathe. By using this breathing technique, you can get the air in and out to make the most brutal growls. Let's get started on the basics of technique. First thing to do is to start sighing and making each sigh progressively heavier until a you start to hear a little growl. If you feel any pain, stop and wait until tomorrow to start again. You should feel a rumbling in your chest if you are doing it right. One big thing that you cannot forget is to drink a lot of water; however, do not drink ice cold water, as that will tense up your throat.

Follow these steps for death metal vocals

If you have practiced enough with sighing, then a growl is starting to form. Begin to spit out A E I O U quickly using this growl you have acquired, and this will become a warm up for you. After awhile, you will have the technique on how to growl down, so now it is time to practice some songs. Some songs I recommend to practice are “Crystal Mountain” by Death, “Roots” by Sepultura and “Scourge of Iron” by Cannibal Corpse, for these are great, easy songs to learn. A technique that uses the false chord is called the tunnel throat technique. The main part of its sound is formed by pushing your tongue on your bottom teeth and growling. This makes it sound like a mix between a burp and a vomiting sound. This technique is mainly used in slams, which are chromatic guitar riffs that slow down while the drum speed increases. Using tunnel throat will also make sure that no can un-

derstand you at all. The last that I am going to talk about is microphone placement, so if you are playing an instrument and growling, you won’t have this problem. The biggest mistake that extreme metal vocalists do is cupping the mic. If you don’t know what that is, it is cupping your hands around the head of the mic when ever you sing. People think that this focuses their sound, but it actually thins out your tone and mutes the sound. Also, by cupping the mic, you increase the amount of feedback given so you can’t turn the mic up that much. You shouldn’t have to increase the mic volume that much anyway because growls are very loud to begin with. So if you have followed these tips, you can start making some brutal growls in no time. However, remember, if it hurts, stop and wait. By Staff Writer Alex


In Zelda, these five items among toughest to claim

In the series known as “The Legend of Zelda,” the hero, Link, obtains many items. From a bow, to bombs, to a simple sword and shield, he has many weapons of choice. However, some of these items are not as simple to get as other. These are the top five hardest items to get throughout “The Legend of Zelda” series. This list will include items, upgrades and anything optional that is not required to beat the game, but is helpful. In the position of number five is the Biggoron sword from “The Legend of Zelda, Ocarina of Time 3D.” This item might not seem like that big of an idea, as sword wielding is Links’ main way of fighting. However, this sword is totally optional. When first entering the area where this sword is obtainable, you can buy an item known as the “Biggoron knife.” This is a fake, however, and breaks after a certain amount of time. To obtain the true item, you must do a long and somewhat difficult side quest. This quest requires you to do many timed events without use of your teleportation power, which makes it even harder. However, if you are able to bear through all that and get the sword, it does massive damage, though it makes you move slower. As its not too hard, it gets the place of number five. In the position of number four is the Lv2 sword in “The Legend of Zelda Oracle of Seasons and/ or Oracle of Ages.” This sword is not required, but

it does help a ton in the game itself. As in most RPGs, the higher level a weapon is, the better it is. This weapon is not hard per say to get, but it is more annoying. Once again, it’s a trading quest. What makes this hard is that, the side quest starter is completely out of the way of the main adventure. As this is a 2D Zelda game, you usually go from point A to point B with little trouble. Due to this, you don’t explore much unless you must do something in the area to trigger the dungeons opening. With little exploration done unless you’re a completionist, there is a small chance you’ll find the starter to the trade quest, let alone the entire quest. The third items down on this list are the quiver upgrades in most 3D Zelda games. I group these together because most the time, they are obtained in the same way. In most games, you, in some way, play a minigame. Most the time, it's a simple target shooting mini game. They are simple enough, but this is

another one that is more annoying. On rare occasions you’ll have to buy the upgrade. This is not hard, per say, but they are quite pricy in the games that tend to not give you a lot of money. While the quiver upgrade is not hard, it is difficult enough to be mentioned on this list. The second item on this is the boomerang. More specially for this item, I will be narrowing it down to, once again, “The Legend of Zelda Oracle of Ages and Seasons.” As the boomerang is mostly a dungeon item, these two games are one of the few games to break that pattern. To get the Lv1 boomerang in these games, you must do a dance with corresponding gorons or subrosians. The dances are very similar and show very few, if any, differences, but they are equally annoying. You must match the beat and if you mess up once, you have to start all over. The hardest part is you don't know how many you have to get right to get the item, and while in “Oracle of Seasons,”

it's free, so the only thing you’re “spending” is time. In “Oracle of Ages,” you have to pay, and that adds up. Overall, this is another item that is more annoying than hard to get. This item is optional, as in both these games, you get the Lv2 boomerang as a dungeon item. The benefit of getting it early is just having it early. The final item on this list is Fierce Deity mask from “The Legend of Zelda Majora's Mask 3D.” In “Majora’s Mask,” as implied, masks give you power, and as such, this is the most powerful mask in the game. However, as with all items, it requires a lot of work to get. To get this specific mask, you must collect every other mask in the game. It sounds easy, but there are roughly 24 masks in the game. While many of these are required or in the route to where you're going, many of them require you to do odd things or things you might not want to do. From mini games to long side quests, you will have to do a lot of work. The thing that makes this

harder is the game's special three-day time limit. While you can reset time at any time, if you're just about to finish a quest, you have to reset time and re-do all that. On to the mask itself, it is amazing and all, but there is a catch, much like all powerful items. This item’s catch is that it can only be used when facing a boss. This may seem pointless, but bosses are re-fightable, and you can get this before the final boss of the main story. To add to this, to get the mask you must also complete four very hard and annoying mini-dungeons. Overall, this item is both hard and annoying to get. In conclusion, Link has many equipable items. Some are easy to get, such as his swords. Some are harder to get, or even impossibly hard. However, overall, all of his items are worth getting. Link has very few worthless items, and so there is no item not worth getting. As long as you have patience, you can get all these items with ease. By Staff Writer Noah





Friday, Feb. 17, 2017



Black musicians make statements for tolerance

Black History Month is a month dedicated to the many African Americans in the past who made big impacts on history. They were people who created change and fought for their rights and what they believed in. We have a month for them to commemorate all those important people for standing up and doing something instead of sitting in silence. Many people in the past used their voices to speak up, but today, we use a new way to use our voices: through music. Artists who have something to say and want people to hear it, use their music to send their message or state their thoughts or feelings towards a certain topic. The artists in this selection of songs are black artists who used their music as their way of letting their voices be heard. They are fighting for things such as equality, peace and for everyone to love not only each other, but themselves as well.

“Freedom” by Beyonce (featuring Kendrick Lamar)

Beyonce performed her song “Freedom” from her most recent album, “Lemonade” at the 2016 BET awards as a political statement and protest anthem. Before her performance, she opened with a quote from Martin Luther King, Jr., one of the most important people in history. The song is about the freedom that they continue to fight for, and that nothing and no one can hold them back from because everyone deserves equality.

“i” by Kendrick Lamar

This song contains a lot of topics, considering the police malevolence, religious imagery and empowerment. Despite these serious topics featured in it, the song focuses more on positivity. Kendrick Lamar speaks as a person that has experienced racism in his lyrics, and he stated before that the song was written for inmates and suicidal teens. The song consists of verses that display feel-good vibes and encourages others to love themselves.

“Where is the Love?” by Black Eyed Peas

This upbeat song sends a powerful message for positivity. It encourages love between people of all ages, genders, races and religions. It asks the question, “Where is the love?” because throughout the years from when it was released to present day, it seems like love is nonexistent. With the help of this song, we are all reminded to find love in one another and treat others equally and with compassion.

“I Know Where I’ve Been” by Queen Latifah

Featured in the readaptation of the 1988 version of “Hairspray,” “I Know Where I’ve Been” appears in the movie “Hairspray” from 2007. The song is based on the part of the movie when the black community is marching for integration on the “Corny Collins Show.” The song holds a lot of power and voice for the equality they are fighting for. Queen Latifah also adds a nice touch to the quality of the song.

“Black or White” by Michael Jackson

The tune that was released by the King of Pop in 1991 still lives on as a song that hits home and sends out a message that is still relevant today. “Black or White” is a song for human rights and racial harmony. It features experiences and observations from Jackson himself on racism, and also reminds us that we are all equal. By Staff Writer Jade


Twenty One Pilots remind their fans of their humble beginnings at Grammys On Sunday, Feb 12, the Grammys came on at 7 p.m. Many musicians got their awards and thanked people, just as the Grammys go, but Twenty One Pilots turned some heads when they walked up to receive their first Grammy. They were nominated for Record of the Year with “Stressed Out,” Best Rock Performance with “Heathens” and Best Pop Duo/Group Performance with “Stressed Out,” also. They won the Best Pop Duo/Group Performance. Once Tyler Joseph and Josh Dun were going up to the stage, they started taking their pants off. No one knew why, but they explained it. “This story starts in Columbus, Ohio. It was a few years ago, and it was before Josh and I were able to make money playing music. I called him up and I said ‘Hey Josh, you want to come over to my rental house and watch the Grammys?’ and he said, ‘Yeah, who’s hanging there?’ I said it was just a couple of my roommates just coming to watch the Grammys with us, and as

Thousand Foot Krutch


Christian music can include artists who live instead of sing their faiths

Haley Williams Graphic

The two members of Twenty One Pilots stripped to their underwear to accept their Grammy on Sunday. we were watching, we noticed that every single one of us was in our underwear. Josh turned to me, and we were no one at that time. He said, ‘If we ever go to the Grammys and if we ever win a Grammy, we should receive it in our underwear,’” said Tyler Joseph, the lead singer in Twenty One Pilots, on the stage as he accepted the award.

Joseph also said, “It was amazing to win the Grammy,” and he turned to the camera and said to the people, watching at home also, that they could be next, “so watch out because anyone, from anywhere, can do anything; and this is that.” By Staff Writer Haley


Does Christian music always have to include lyrics about God or things relating to Christianity? That’s a good question. Every member of Thousand Foot Krutch is a devout Christian, and they’ve released 10 albums over the course of 22 years. Not one of their songs references their religion. Skillet, a well-known rock band, is Christian, but their lyrics (disregarding older albums) don’t show it. Whenever they play in a concert, however, they always take a few minutes to pray before they start rocking. Are these bands not considered Christian if the songs don’t speak of their

religion? Yes, and no. Yes, the bands themselves are still Christian bands because of the members themselves. However, bands like Skillet and TFK do not produce what can be classified as Christian music. Quite like how jazz doesn’t need to utilize saxophones and other brass instruments, and country music doesn’t need a twangy guitar and a Southern accent, Christian music also has its own parameters. Unfortunately, these bands (and a lot of others) cannot be considered creators of Christian music. By Staff Writer Ethan






1,000 Club

Friday, Feb. 17, 2017


John Dunlop Photos

At the home game against Waterloo West on Friday, Feb. 3, junior AJ Green became the fifth highest scorer in Tiger history by sinking his 1,000th shot.

Women’s basketball readies for regional game on Saturday Cedar Falls Tigers basketball ended the regular season with a 19-2 record, being third in class 5A. After Cedar Rapids Kennedy defeated Dubuque Senior, 69-34, Cedar Falls will host Kennedy for their first game in the women’s basketball regionals. Kennedy has six wins against 16 losses so far this season. The Tigers have had an outstanding season with 1,214 points, 121 blocks and 177 steals. They are also third in rebounds with 725 rebounds, averaging 34.5 rebounds per game. Players to look for to the lead the team in the postseason are juniors Kiana Barney and Cynthia Wolf. The last four games the

juniors combined for a total of 105 points. The girls are all pretty excited about the opportunity to go to deep into the playoffs. “Oh my god, we work so hard, and we are getting more confident, and we have a lot of team chemistry and looking forward to spending more time with my girls and making it to State,” Barney said. She has 39 points and 277 points this season and is a University of Northern Iowa commit. Freshman Emerson Green, sister of junior Aj Green, is excited about the team getting this far also. “We work really hard and are looking forward to finishing the year together and taking it as far as we can at the Well

[the Wells Fargo Arena in Des Moines], and state champs,” Green said. Although Green doesn’t get much playing time, she has 133 points, 46 assists and 23 blocks so far this season. Game time for the game against Kennedy is this Saturday at 7 p.m. at home. By Staff Writer Jibreel


Junior Kiana Barney adds two points to the Cedar Falls victory at home on Feb. 7 over Dubuque Wahlert, 6621. The Tigers will host Cedar Rapids Kennedy in Regionals on Saturday.

Jessica Avino Photo

Feb 17, 2017 hi line  

The Tiger Hi-Line is produced weekly by the journalism students at Cedar Falls High School.

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